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Modern Rheumatology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490218/evaluation-of-clinical-prognostic-factors-for-interstitial-pneumonia-in-anti-mda5-antibody-positive-dermatomyositis-patients
#1
Youhei Fujiki, Takuya Kotani, Kentaro Isoda, Takaaki Ishida, Takeshi Shoda, Shuzo Yoshida, Tohru Takeuchi, Shigeki Makino
OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively investigated clinical prognostic factors for interstitial pneumonia (IP) in anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) antibody (Ab)-positive dermatomyositis (DM) patients. METHODS: Subjects comprised 18 patients with anti-MDA5 Ab-positive DM-IP (9 survivors; 9 deaths). RESULTS: Initial serum albumin levels, ferritin levels, and ground-glass opacity (GGO) scores in the right middle lobes were significantly higher in the death group than in the survivor group (p = ...
May 11, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486047/prevalence-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-from-northeastern-brazil-association-with-disease-activity
#2
Kirla Wagner Poti Gomes, Ana Joicy Pinheiro Luz, Marcos Rainier de Brito Felipe, Lara Amorim Beltrão, André Xenofonte Cartaxo Sampaio, Carlos Ewerton Maia Rodrigues
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and controls from Northeastern Brazil and to verify its association with specific RA parameters and cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: The prevalence of MetS was assessed cross-sectionally in 338 RA patients from a single center and 84 age and gender-matched controls from the local community. MetS was defined according to NCEP/ATPIII guidelines. Disease activity was assessed with CDAI, SDAI and DAS28 scores...
May 9, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485997/prophylaxis-of-acute-flares-when-initiating-febuxostat-for-chronic-gouty-arthritis-in-a-real-world-clinical-setting
#3
Jinquan Yu, Qian Qiu, Liuqin Liang, Xiuyan Yang, Hanshi Xu
OBJECTIVE: Flare prophylaxis is recommended during urate-lowering therapy (ULT) despite lack of proven benefit especially when initiating febuxostat. We investigated if colchicine or steroids administration during initiation of febuxostat for chronic gouty arthritis reduces the frequency and/or severity of acute gout flares. METHODS: Patients with confirmed diagnosis of gout starting febuxostat were retrospectively studied. Frequency, severity, and length of flares were analyzed...
May 9, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463088/the-relationship-between-social-support-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-antiphospholipid-hughes-syndrome
#4
Sofia Georgopoulou, Sofia Efraimidou, Sara Jane MacLennan, Fowzia Ibrahim, Thomas Cox
OBJECTIVE: Antiphospholipid (Hughes) syndrome (APS) is recognised as a systemic autoimmune disease defined by recurrent thromboembolic events and/or pregnancy morbidity. Little is known about the psychological burden of this long-term condition. This study aims to explore the relationship between social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with APS. METHODS: A total of 270 patients with a clinical diagnosis of APS participated in a cross-sectional online questionnaire survey...
May 2, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463039/anti-ss-a-ro-antibody-positivity-as-a-risk-factor-for-relapse-in-patients-with-polymyositis-dermatomyositis
#5
Noriko Tatebe, Ken-Ei Sada, Yosuke Asano, Sonia Zeggar, Sumie Hiramatsu, Yoshia Miyawaki, Keiji Ohashi, Michiko Morishita, Takayuki Katsuyama, Eri Katsuyama, Haruki Watanabe, Mariko Narazaki, Katsue Watanabe, Tomoko Kawabata, Jun Wada
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to elucidate predictors of relapse in patients with polymyositis and dermatomyositis (PM/DM). METHODS: Fifty PM/DM patients who achieved disease stabilization at Okayama University Hospital in 2004-2014 were enrolled retrospectively. Candidate predictors such as demographic factors, clinical symptoms, laboratory data, and treatment status were compared. RESULTS: The mean age of enrolled patients was 58 years; 34 were female...
May 2, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463029/high-rate-of-improvement-in-serum-matrix-metalloproteinase-3-levels-at-4-weeks-predicts-remission-at-52-weeks-in-ra-patients-treated-with-adalimumab
#6
Yosuke Hattori, Toshihisa Kojima, Atsushi Kaneko, Daihei Kida, Yuji Hirano, Takayoshi Fujibayashi, Yuichiro Yabe, Takeshi Oguchi, Yasuhide Kanayama, Hiroyuki Miyake, Takefumi Kato, Hideki Takagi, Masatoshi Hayashi, Takayasu Ito, Tomone Shioura, Nobunori Takahashi, Hisato Ishikawa, Koji Funahashi, Naoki Ishiguro
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether serum matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) levels can predict remission in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with adalimumab (ADA). METHODS: Subjects were 114 RA patients continuously treated with ADA for 52 weeks. Predictive factors at baseline and 4 weeks after initiation of ADA therapy for the achievement of remission (28-point count Disease Activity Score-CRP (DAS28-CRP) < 2.3) at 52 weeks were evaluated by multivariate logistic regression analysis...
May 2, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448195/design-characteristics-of-the-corrona-japan-rheumatoid-arthritis-registry
#7
Hisashi Yamanaka, Mitsumasa Kishimoto, Dimitrios A Pappas, Jeffrey D Greenberg, Joel M Kremer, Yoshiya Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective is to prospectively study the comparative safety and effectiveness of older and newer classes of nonbiologic DMARDs (Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs), biologic DMARDs and targeted synthetic therapies approved for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a real-world patient population in Japan. METHODS: Prospective, multicenter, noninterventional, observational study across geographic distribution of both private and public institutions for patients with RA who are newly prescribed one of the following medications: (1) methotrexate; (2) anti-TNF biologic DMARDs; (3) non-TNF biologic DMARDs; and (4) approved JAK inhibitors at the time of enrollment into the registry...
April 27, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448193/safety-and-effectiveness-of-etanercept-for-treatment-of-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-results-from-a-postmarketing-surveillance
#8
Masaaki Mori, Naonobu Sugiyama, Yosuke Morishima, Noriko Sugiyama, Takeshi Kokubo, Syuji Takei, Shumpei Yokota
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this surveillance were to determine safety and effectiveness of etanercept in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). METHODS: In this postmarketing surveillance, patients aged 5-16 years with active polyarthritis JIA were treated with etanercept at the doses approved in the Japanese package insert. The occurrence and seriousness of adverse events (AEs) were assessed using the Japanese Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities version 15...
April 27, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440697/the-prevalence-of-calcification-around-odontoid-process-and-the-incidence-of-crowned-dens-syndrome-in-the-neurosurgical-ward-a-single-institution-s-analysis
#9
Masakazu Sano, Shinya Yamashita, Toyotaka Aiba
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the prevalence and natural history of odontoid calcification and to identify factors related to its progression to crowned dens syndrome (CDS). METHODS: We reviewed a consecutive series of patients who underwent head CT upon admission to the neurosurgical ward of Niigata Prefectural Shibata Hospital. We evaluated the relationship between the presence of odontoid calcification and the patient's age, sex, and primary disorder for admission...
April 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440680/efficacy-and-safety-of-baricitinib-in-japanese-patients-with-active-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-52-week-randomized-single-blind-extension-study
#10
Yoshiya Tanaka, Taeko Ishii, Zhihong Cai, Douglas Schlichting, Terence Rooney, William Macias
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of long-term (64 weeks; 52-week extension of a 12-week study) baricitinib treatment in Japanese patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite methotrexate therapy. METHODS: Patients (N = 145) with active RA were randomized to placebo, 1mg, 2mg, 4mg, or 8mg baricitinib for the first 12 weeks. During the 52-week extension period, patients on 4mg or 8mg baricitinib remained on the same dose and all other patients were re-randomized to 4mg or 8mg baricitinib...
April 25, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397581/comparison-of-the-effects-of-denosumab-with-either-active-vitamin-d-or-native-vitamin-d-on-bone-mineral-density-and-bone-turnover-markers-in-postmenopausal-osteoporosis
#11
Takako Suzuki, Yukio Nakamura, Mizue Tanaka, Mikio Kamimura, Shota Ikegami, Shigeharu Uchiyama, Hiroyuki Kato
Osteoporosis is a worldwide health concern. Although treatment with denosumab plus the active vitamin D alfacalcidol has been found to improve femoral neck (FN) and distal forearm bone mineral density (BMD), there have been no reports on the efficacy or adverse effects of denosumab plus eldecalcitol (ELD) in primary osteoporosis patients. Fifty-six treatment-naïve post-menopausal women with primary osteoporosis were recruited and divided into denosumab plus native vitamin D or denosumab plus ELD. Ultimately, 26 subjects in the native vitamin D group and 24 in the ELD group were analyzed...
April 11, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397554/sauv%C3%A3-kapandji-procedure-with-headless-compression-screw-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis
#12
Atsushi Maeda, Taku Suzuki, Masaki Hasegawa, Takashi Kuroiwa, Kanae Shizu, Katsuhiko Hayakawa, Takashi Tsuji, Katsuji Suzuki, Harumoto Yamada
OBJECTIVE: We examined the surgical outcomes of the Sauvé-Kapandji (S-K) procedure using a headless compression screw and a metal cancellous screw in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: This retrospective study included 41 RA patients who underwent the S-K procedure for distal radioulnar joint disorders with two screws: headless compression screws (HCS group, n = 20) and cannulated cancellous screws (CCS group, n = 21). Clinical and radiographic outcomes were assessed 1 year after surgery...
April 11, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395637/safety-and-effectiveness-of-high-dose-methotrexate-over-8%C3%A2-mg-week-in-2838-japanese-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-postmarketing-surveillance-report
#13
Yasuo Suzuki, Naonobu Sugiyama, Yuri Fukuma, Noriko Sugiyama, Takeshi Kokubo
OBJECTIVES: To confirm the safety and effectiveness of high-dose (>8 mg/week) methotrexate (MTX) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis in Japan. METHODS: A postmarketing surveillance program enrolled Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis starting on high-dose MTX followed up for either 24- or 52-weeks. Analyses for safety, risk factors affecting safety, and effectiveness were conducted. RESULTS: The safety/effectiveness analysis sets included 2838/2779 and 335/326 patients in the 24-weeks and 52-weeks follow-up groups, respectively...
April 11, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395604/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-hyperuricemia-results-of-the-kailuan-cohort-study
#14
Liufu Cui, Lingmin Meng, Guanying Wang, Xiaodong Yuan, Zhanguo Li, Rong Mu, Shouling Wu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to determine the serum uric acid (SUA) level and the prevalence of hyperuricemia (HUA) in Chinese population. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 100,226 employees (79.9% male) of the Kailuan Group using physical examination data in 2006-2007. HUA was defined as SUA >356.9 μmol/L (6.0 mg/dL) for women and SUA >416.4 μmol/L (7.0 mg/dL) for men. We investigated crude and age adjusted HUA prevalence and compared characteristics of subjects with and without HUA in men and women using multivariate logistic regression...
April 11, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395582/current-trends-in-medical-english-education-and-the-japan-college-of-rheumatology-international-school
#15
Eric Hajime Jego, Olga Amengual
In light of the present revolution happening in medical education in Japan as medical schools implement new curricula to conform to global standards, there is a growing demand for more internationalization and higher quality practical medical English education. In response, many institutions including governmental organizations, universities and academic associations are moving ahead with new initiatives to adapt to these changing demands. This paper reviews the current trends and innovations in medical English education in Japan...
April 11, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395581/a-case-control-study-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-revealed-abdominal-obesity-and-environmental-risk-factor-interactions-in-northern-china
#16
Lingyu Fu, Jianming Zhang, Lei Jin, Yao Zhang, Saisai Cui, Meng Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate new and previously hypothesized environmental risk factors and their interaction with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Four hundred patients recently diagnosed with RA and 400 controls frequency-matched by gender and birth year using Propensity Score Matching (PSM) were selected from northern China. Investigation was performed using self-reported data from interviewer-administered surveys. Associations between exposure variables and risk of RA were evaluated using multifactor non-conditional logistic regression...
April 11, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846750/survey-on-attitudes-regarding-eular-recommendations-for-the-role-of-nurses-involved-in-medical-care-of-patients-with-chronic-inflammatory-arthritis-in-japan
#17
Mie Fusama, Hideko Nakahara, Yvonne van Eijk-Hustings, Susan Oliver, Tsutomu Takeuchi
OBJECTIVE: We seek to evaluate the opinions of nurses and doctors in Japan regarding EULAR recommendations for nurses' roles in the management of chronic inflammatory arthritis. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey within Japan. We randomly selected nurses and doctors engaged in consultation of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and assessed their agreement and opinions on the feasibility of implementing EULAR recommendations, including potential barriers...
April 10, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388293/long-term-safety-and-effectiveness-of-adalimumab-for-the-treatment-of-japanese-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-3-year-results-from-a-postmarketing-surveillance-of-552-patients
#18
Masayoshi Harigai, Tsuyoshi Tsuchiya, Katsuyoshi Kawana, Sarina Kurimoto
OBJECTIVES: To determine the safety and effectiveness of and identify associated factors in long-term adalimumab (ADA) treatment of Japanese patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Of 7740 patients participating in the all-case postmarketing surveillance study, 552 were enrolled in the present study and observed for 3 years. The safety and effectiveness of ADA were analyzed in 509 and 430 patients, respectively. RESULTS: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) were reported in 34...
April 7, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350246/frequency-presentation-and-outcome-of-takayasu-arteritis-in-western-australia
#19
Krista Makin, Maxine Isbel, Johannes Nossent
OBJECTIVES: Takayasu arteritis (TAK) is large-vessel vasculitis that predominantly affects young women. There is worldwide variation in the frequency of TAK depending on genetic and/or environmental factors. With Australian data lacking, we describe the epidemiology, clinical features and outcomes of TAK in Western Australia (WA). METHODS: Retrospective case cohort study of incident TAK cases between 1 January 2000 and 30 June 2015 in WA identified from multiple sources...
March 28, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333570/plantar-pressure-and-surgical-indication-of-toe-arthroplasty-for-rheumatoid-forefoot-deformity
#20
Hyunho Lee, Hajime Ishikawa, Yusuke Miyagawa, Chinatsu Takai, Yumi Nomura, Tetsuya Nemoto, Daisuke Kobayashi, Asami Abe, Hiroshi Otani, Satoshi Ito, Kiyoshi Nakazono, Takao Ishii, Shu Saito, Yasuaki Tokuhashi, Akira Murasawa
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to clarify the surgical indication for rheumatoid forefoot deformity according to background characteristics and plantar pressure. METHODS: Patients with rheumatoid arthritis were divided into a non-surgical group (group N) and a surgical group (group S). The former consisted of 225 ft, and the latter consisted of 88 ft. DAS28, Japanese Society for Surgery of the Foot rheumatoid arthritis foot and ankle scale (JSSF scale) and hallux valgus angle (HVA) were evaluated as background characteristics...
March 23, 2017: Modern Rheumatology
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