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Neurological Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341968/the-complex-interrelations-between-two-paroxysmal-disorders-headache-and-epilepsy
#1
REVIEW
Carlo Cianchetti, Giuliano Avanzini, Filippo Dainese, Vincenzo Guidetti
The interrelations between headache/migraine and epileptic seizures are an interesting topic, still lacking a systematization, which is the objective of the present revision. We organize the general setting on: (a) a distinction between pre-ictal, ictal, post-ictal and inter-ictal headaches, assuming "ictal" as epileptic seizure, and (b) the kind of headache, if it is of migraine type or not. Concerning pre-ictal migraine/headache, the necessity of its differentiation from an epileptic headache presenting as an aura of a seizure is stressed; this is connected with the indefiniteness of the term "migralepsy"...
March 24, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332042/the-effect-of-wi-fi-electromagnetic-waves-in-unimodal-and-multimodal-object-recognition-tasks-in-male-rats
#2
Amin Hassanshahi, Seyed Ali Shafeie, Iman Fatemi, Elham Hassanshahi, Mohammad Allahtavakoli, Mohammad Shabani, Ali Roohbakhsh, Ali Shamsizadeh
Wireless internet (Wi-Fi) electromagnetic waves (2.45 GHz) have widespread usage almost everywhere, especially in our homes. Considering the recent reports about some hazardous effects of Wi-Fi signals on the nervous system, this study aimed to investigate the effect of 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi radiation on multisensory integration in rats. This experimental study was done on 80 male Wistar rats that were allocated into exposure and sham groups. Wi-Fi exposure to 2.4 GHz microwaves [in Service Set Identifier mode (23...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332041/two-different-causes-in-a-patient-with-distal-symmetric-axonal-polyneuropathy-churg-strauss-syndrome-and-multiple-myeloma-coincidental-or-associated-with-each-other
#3
LETTER
Seyma Ciftci, Duygu Keskin Gokcelli, Burhanettin Uludag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332040/edinburgh-cognitive-and-behavioural-als-screen-ecas-italian-version-regression-based-norms-and-equivalent-scores
#4
Mattia Siciliano, Luigi Trojano, Francesca Trojsi, Roberta Greco, Manuela Santoro, Giuseppe Basile, Fausta Piscopo, Alfonsina D'Iorio, Manila Patrone, Cinzia Femiano, Mariarosaria Monsurrò, Gioacchino Tedeschi, Gabriella Santangelo
Cognitive assessment for individuals with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) can be difficult because of frequent occurrence of difficulties with speech, writing, and drawing. The Edinburgh Cognitive and Behavioural ALS Screen (ECAS) is a recent multi-domain neuropsychological screening tool specifically devised for this purpose, and it assesses the following domains: executive functions, social cognition, verbal fluency and language (ALS-specific), but also memory and visuospatial abilities (Non-ALS specific)...
March 22, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321516/validation-of-the-german-version-of-the-short-form-of-the-dysfunctional-beliefs-and-attitudes-about-sleep-scale-dbas-16
#5
Christin Lang, Serge Brand, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Uwe Pühse, Flora Colledge, Markus Gerber
Research shows that dysfunctional sleep-related cognitions play an important role in the development, maintenance and exacerbation of insomnia. This study examines the factorial validity, psychometric properties and both concurrent and predictive validity of the German version of the 16-item DBAS (dysfunctional beliefs and attitudes about sleep) scale. Data was collected in 864 vocational students from the German-speaking part of Switzerland (43% females, M age = 17.9 years). Data collection took place twice within a 10-month interval...
March 20, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321515/isolated-optic-neuritis-associated-with-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection-report-of-two-cases-and-literature-review
#6
Seo-Young Choi, You-Jin Choi, Jae-Hwan Choi, Kwang-Dong Choi
Mycoplasma pneumonia is a major pathogen of primary atypical pneumonia and has been known to cause various kinds of extrapulmonary manifestations involving almost all organs of the human body. Optic neuritis associated with M. pneumoniae infection has rarely been described and mostly, it combined other neurological complications including meningitis, meningoencephalitis, myelitis, and peripheral neuropathy. We report two patients who presented with isolated optic neuritis due to M. pneumoniae infection, and reviewed the literatures on five additional patients...
March 20, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315971/sensory-trick-in-task-specific-tremor
#7
LETTER
C F Bagella, L M Romito, V Scaioli, A E Elia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314940/diagnostic-accuracy-of-rem-sleep-behaviour-disorder-screening-questionnaire-a-meta-analysis
#8
Kai Li, Shu-Hua Li, Wen Su, Hai-Bo Chen
A screening tool can greatly facilitate the identification of individuals with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD). Currently, the REM sleep behaviour disorder screening questionnaire (RBDSQ) is widely used, but its diagnostic accuracy has varied across previous studies. The aim of the present study was to systematically assess the diagnostic performance of the RBDSQ. We comprehensively searched for studies that evaluated the diagnostic performance of the RBDSQ. A bivariate mixed-effects model was used to summarize the diagnostic accuracy of the RBDSQ...
March 17, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299452/jasmine-smell-hides-an-unwelcome-surprise-a-case-of-paraneoplastic-limbic-encephalitis-presenting-with-olfactory-epileptic-auras
#9
LETTER
Giovanni Stefanoni, A Formenti, L Tremolizzo, P Remida, C Ferrarese, I Appollonio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293740/the-italian-neuroimaging-network-initiative-inni-enabling-the-use-of-advanced-mri-techniques-in-patients-with-ms
#10
M Filippi, G Tedeschi, P Pantano, N De Stefano, P Zaratin, M A Rocca
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an important paraclinical tool to diagnose and monitor multiple sclerosis (MS). Conventional MRI measures lack of pathological specificity and are weakly correlated with MS clinical manifestations. Advanced MRI techniques are improving the understanding of the mechanisms underlying tissue injury, repair, and functional adaptation in MS; however, they require careful standardization. The definition of standardized methods for the collection and analysis of advanced MRI techniques is central not only to improve the understanding of disease pathophysiology and evolution, but also to generate research hypotheses, monitor treatment, increase cost-effectiveness and power of clinical trials...
March 14, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289849/geo-helminthiasis-among-migrants-in-sicily-a-possible-focus-for-re-emerging-neurocysticercosis-in-europe
#11
Ildebrando Patamia, Piermario Nicotra, Davide Amodeo, Loretta Giuliano, Calogero Edoardo Cicero, Alessandra Nicoletti
A dramatic increasing immigration flow was recorded in Europe during the last years. Only in Sicily 120,239 people arrived in 2014. Immigrants may carry neglected tropical diseases endemic in their origin countries. The aim of our study was to evaluate the frequency of geo-helminthiasis, and in particular of intestinal taeniasis, in a sample of migrants hosted in a large asylum seeker centre in the province of Catania. A stool sample was obtained from all the enrolled subjects and a coproparasitological examination was performed...
March 13, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286897/charcot-marie-tooth-disease-genetic-subtypes-in-the-sardinian-population
#12
Lorefice Lorena, Murru M Rita, Coghe Giancarlo, Fenu Giuseppe, Corongiu Daniela, Frau Jessica, Tranquilli Stefania, Tacconi Paolo, Vannelli Alessandro, Marrosu Giovanni, Mamusa Elena, Cocco Eleonora, Marrosu M Giovanna
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is characterised by great variability of genetic subtypes. This study aimed to assess the genetic subtypes of CMT disease in the Sardinian population. Genetic screening was performed for CMT cases (CMT1, CMT2, and hereditary neuropathy with susceptibility to pressure palsies [HNPP]). A total of 1,043 subjects (119 index cases) were evaluated. In CMT1 index cases (69/119; 58%), PMP22 duplication at 17p11.2 was the most frequent genetic diagnosis (60/69; 87%), followed by mutations in the GJB1 gene (5/69; 7...
March 13, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285454/association-between-hemodynamics-morphology-and-rupture-risk-of-intracranial-aneurysms-a-computational-fluid-modeling-study
#13
Tianlun Qiu, Guoliang Jin, Haiyan Xing, Haitao Lu
The objective of the study was to examine the correlations between intracranial aneurysm morphology and wall shear stress (WSS) to identify reliable predictors of rupture risk. Seventy-two intracranial aneurysms (41 ruptured and 31 unruptured) from 63 patients were studied retrospectively. All aneurysms were divided into two categories: narrow (aspect ratio ≥1.4) and wide-necked (aspect ratio <1.4 or neck width ≥4 mm). Computational fluid dynamics was used to determine the distribution of WSS, which was analyzed between different morphological groups and between ruptured and unruptured aneurysms...
March 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283760/single-blind-randomized-pilot-study-combining-shiatsu-and-amitriptyline-in-refractory-primary-headaches
#14
Veronica Villani, Luca Prosperini, Fulvio Palombini, Francesco Orzi, Giuliano Sette
Complementary alternative medicine, such as shiatsu, can represent a suitable treatment for primary headaches. However, evidence-based data about the effect of combining shiatsu and pharmacological treatments are still not available. Therefore, we tested the efficacy and safety of combining shiatsu and amitriptyline to treat refractory primary headaches in a single-blind, randomized, pilot study. Subjects with a diagnosis of primary headache and who experienced lack of response to ≥2 different prophylactic drugs were randomized in a 1:1:1 ratio to receive shiatsu plus amitriptyline, shiatsu alone, or amitriptyline alone for 3 months...
March 10, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275874/psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures-a-concise-review
#15
REVIEW
Ali A Asadi-Pooya
Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) are commonly diagnosed and treated at epilepsy centers; however, their neurobiology is still poorly understood. Diagnosis relies on a multidisciplinary evaluation and is usually based on different combinations of data. They are diagnosed most reliably by recording a seizure while under video-EEG monitoring. Treatment includes multiple phases. Fewer than 40% of adults with PNES are expected to become seizure-free within 5 years after diagnosis. This article presents a concise review of the current literature about the definition, diagnosis, epidemiology, clinical characteristics, treatment, and prognosis of PNES...
March 8, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275873/blink-reflex-habituation-in-migraine-and-chronic-tension-type-headache
#16
Theodoros Avramidis, Anastasia Bougea, George Hadjigeorgiou, Thomas Thomaides, Alexandros Papadimitriou
ΑBSTRACT: R1 and R2 blink reflex latencies were investigated blind in 55 patients with chronic tension-type headache, 55 patients with migraine, and 55 headache-free controls. Standard electrical stimulation of the supraorbital nerve was applied and the response was recorded from the ipsilateral orbicularis oculi muscles. There were no R1 or R2 latency differences between the three groups. During migraine attacks we observed a statistically significant reduction of R2 amplitude and area. The main finding of our study was the elicitation of the late R2" response at different interstimulus intervals in migraine patients compared to the tension-type headache and control groups...
March 8, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275872/music-intervention-on-cognitive-dysfunction-in-healthy-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Bing Xu, Yi Sui, Chunyan Zhu, Xiaomei Yang, Jin Zhou, Li Li, Li Ren, Xu Wang
The background of this study is to determine whether there is an association between music intervention and cognitive dysfunction therapy in healthy older adults, and if so, whether music intervention can be used as first-line non-pharmacological treatment. The method used in this study is to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical trials that examined the effects of music intervention on patient-relevant and disease-specific outcomes. A comprehensive literature was performed on PubMed, EMbase and the Cochrane Library from inception to September 2016...
March 8, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260188/perilesional-edema-in-brain-metastasis-from-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-as-predictor-of-response-to-radiosurgery-srs
#18
Paolo Tini, Valerio Nardone, Pierpaolo Pastina, Giuseppe Battaglia, Claudia Vinciguerra, Tommaso Carfagno, Giovanni Rubino, Salvatore Francesco Carbone, Lucio Sebaste, Alfonso Cerase, Antonio Federico, Luigi Pirtoli
Radiosurgery (SRS) is widely used in the treatment of brain oligo-metastases from NSCLC. The aim of present study is to evaluate the extent of perilesional edema in brain metastases as predictive factor of treatment response. This single center retrospective study included 42 consecutive patients (January 2011-December 2014) with 1-2 brain metastasis from NSCLC treated with Radiosurgery (SRS). Extent of perilesional edema was measured as maximal extension from the edge of lesion and classified as minor (<10 mm) or major (≥10 mm)...
March 4, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258316/increased-infections-with-%C3%AE-blocker-use-in-ischemic-stroke-a-%C3%AE-2-receptor-mediated-process
#19
Jordan B Starr, David L Tirschwell, Kyra J Becker
Strokes promote immunosuppression, partially from increased sympathetic activity. Altering sympathetic drive with β-blockers has variably been shown to improve stroke outcomes. This study adds to this literature using propensity score matching to limit confounding and by examining the effects of selective and non-selective β-blockers. Prospective data from acute ischemic stroke admissions at a single center from July 2010-June 2015 were analyzed. Outcomes included infection (urinary tract infection [UTI], pneumonia, or bacteremia), discharge modified Rankin Score (mRS), and in-hospital death...
March 3, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251465/the-yield-of-non-elective-inpatient-video-eeg-monitoring-in-adults
#20
Jacques Theitler, Daniella Dassa, Revital Gandelman-Marton
BACKGROUND: Inpatient video-EEG monitoring (VEM) can contribute to the diagnosis and treatment in many of the monitored patients. Most admissions to VEM are elective and are scheduled ahead before the monitoring session. PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the yield of non-elective VEM sessions. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the VEM recordings and medical records of all the patients admitted to our one-bed VEM unit from June 2007 to June 2015...
March 1, 2017: Neurological Sciences
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