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Digestive and Liver Disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102524/the-optimal-bowel-preparation-intervals-before-colonoscopy-a-randomized-study-comparing-polyethylene-glycol-and-low-volume-solutions
#1
Vladimir Kojecky, Jan Matous, Radan Keil, Milan Dastych, Zdena Zadorova, Michal Varga, Radek Kroupa, Jiri Dolina, Miroslav Misurec, Ales Hep, Martin Griva
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The optimal duration of bowel preparation has only been assessed for polyethylene glycol (PEG). The aim of the study was to determine the intervals for achieving a satisfactory quality/tolerability of the preparation using PEG/ascorbic acid (PEGA) and sodium picosulphate/magnesium citrate (SPMC), and to compare them with 4L of PEG. METHODS: A randomized, endoscopist-blinded, multicentre study. The 612 outpatients referred to a colonoscopy, were prepared using PEG, SPMC, PEGA...
November 1, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129478/adalimumab-trough-levels-predict-crohn-s-disease-clinical-course
#2
LETTER
Davide Giuseppe Ribaldone, Tilde Manetta, Giulio Mengozzi, Giorgio Maria Saracco, Rinaldo Pellicano, Marco Astegiano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126645/caught-in-the-act
#3
Rui Gaspar, Helder Cardoso, Rui Morais, Guilherme Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 28, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089265/tenofovir-entecavir-and-lamivudine-in-patients-with-severe-acute-exacerbation-and-hepatic-decompensation-of-chronic-hepatitis-b
#4
Jung Gil Park, Yu Rim Lee, Soo Young Park, Heon Ju Lee, Won Young Tak, Young Oh Kweon, Se Young Jang, Jae Min Chun, Young Seok Han, Keun Hur, Hye Won Lee, Min Kyu Kang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of and mortality after lamivudine (LAM), tenofovir (TDF), and entecavir (ETV) treatment in patients with severe acute chronic hepatitis B (CHB) exacerbation. METHODS: We analyzed 91 patients with severe acute CHB exacerbation treated with LAM (n=28), TDF (n=26), or ETV (n=37) for 10 years. The primary endpoint was overall mortality or liver transplantation (LT) by 48 weeks. The determined predictors of mortality, virologic and biochemical responses, and drug resistance were also evaluated...
October 28, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129477/transrectal-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-paracentesis-for-diagnosis-of-malignant-ascites-in-the-pelvis
#5
Kosuke Minaga, Mamoru Takenaka, Ken Kamata, Masatoshi Kudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103992/no-effect-of-comorbidities-on-the-association-between-social-deprivation-and-geographical-access-to-the-reference-care-center-in-the-management-of-colon-cancer
#6
Quentin Rollet, Véronique Bouvier, Ludivine Launay, Rémy De Mil, Guy Launoy, Olivier Dejardin, Arnaud Alves
BACKGOUND: Patients with colon cancer in France exhibit one of the steepest socioeconomic survival gradients in Europe. Among the putative causes for this situation, comorbidities are frequently incriminated but evidence of this is lacking. AIMS: Measure the influence of social deprivation and geographical access to the reference care center for the management of colon cancer, and the putative role of associated comorbidities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised all 1383 resected colon cancer cases diagnosed between 2005 and 2010 in the area covered by the "Calvados Registry of Digestive Tumors"...
October 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102522/long-term-course-of-precancerous-lesions-arising-in-patients-with-gastric-malt-lymphoma
#7
Anne-Laure Rentien, Michaël Lévy, Christiane Copie-Bergman, Charlotte Gagniere, Jehan Dupuis, Yann Le Baleur, Karim Belhadj, Iradj Sobhani, Corinne Haioun, Jean-Charles Delchier, Aurelien Amiot
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: To evaluate the prevalence and the long-term course of gastric precancerous lesions in patients with GML. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this retrospective single-centre study, we included 179 patients with GML, 70 with gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (GDLBCL) and 152 with Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis (HpG), from January 1995 to January 2014. The presence of atrophic gastritis, intestinal metaplasia and neoplastic lesion has been assessed at baseline and during follow-up...
October 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102523/culture-of-gastric-biopsies-in-celiac-disease-and-its-relationship-with-gastritis-and-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#8
LETTER
Raffaele Borghini, Giuseppe Donato, Mariacatia Marino, Rossella Casale, Antonio Picarelli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089268/oesophageal-motor-function-in-chronic-intestinal-idiopathic-pseudo-obstruction-a-study-with-high-resolution-manometry
#9
Aurelio Mauro, Guido Basilisco, Marianna Franchina, Alessandra Elvevi, Delia Pugliese, Dario Conte, Roberto Penagini
BACKGROUND: Chronic intestinal idiopathic pseudo-obstruction (idiopathic CIPO) is a rare heterogeneous condition for which the different phenotypes are difficult to be established. Oesophageal motility has shown to be impaired in patients with idiopathic CIPO at traditional manometry, whereas no studies have assessed it by high resolution manometry (HRM). AIMS: To evaluate oesophageal motility by HRM in patients with idiopathic CIPO. METHODS: 14 patients with idiopathic CIPO underwent oesophageal HRM...
October 20, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102525/clinical-impact-of-endoscopic-ultrasonography-on-the-management-of-neuroendocrine-tumors-lights-and-shadows
#10
REVIEW
Alessandra Zilli, Paolo Giorgio Arcidiacono, Dario Conte, Sara Massironi
The incidence of gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms has increased in the recent decades. An extensive bibliographical search was performed in PubMed to identify guidelines and primary literature (retrospective and prospective studies, systematic reviews, case series) published mostly between year 1997 and June 2017, using both medical subject heading (MeSH) terms and free-language keywords about the accuracy and diagnostic and therapeutic role of endoscopic ultrasound in the context of gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine neoplasms...
October 19, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089273/histological-features-of-ileitis-differentiating-pediatric-crohn-disease-from-ulcerative-colitis-with-backwash-ileitis
#11
Benjamin Sahn, Vera De Matos, Ronen Stein, Eduardo Ruchelli, Samuel Masur, Andrew J Klink, Robert N Baldassano, David A Piccoli, Pierre Russo, Petar Mamula
BACKGROUND/AIM: Pediatric ileocolonic Crohn disease (CD) may be difficult to distinguish from ulcerative colitis (UC) with backwash ileitis (BWI). The primary aim of the study was to determine the probability of CD in children with a confluent colitis and ileitis when newly diagnosed with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: A retrospective observational study of 100 newly diagnosed patients with IBD was performed. Two pathologists reviewed ileal biopsy specimens for 8 histological features...
October 19, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102521/effect-of-direct-acting-antivirals-on-future-occurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-compensated-cirrhotic-patients
#12
Alessandro Cucchetti, Gennaro D'Amico, Franco Trevisani, Maria Cristina Morelli, Alessandro Vitale, Antonio Daniele Pinna, Matteo Cescon
BACKGROUND: The achievement of high rates of sustained virological response (SVR) with direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) in hepatitis C virus (HCV) infected patients will reduce decompensating terminal events. AIMS: To investigate whether hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) occurrence could change due to the DAA-induced increase in life-expectancy. METHODS: A Markov model was built on clinical data of 494 cirrhotic patients and available literature to estimate probabilities of "death before HCC" and of "HCC occurrence" without and with DAA...
October 18, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089272/post-polypectomy-bleeding-after-colonoscopy-on-uninterrupted-aspirin-non-steroideal-antiflammatory-drugs-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Flavia Pigò, Helga Bertani, Giuseppe Grande, Abate Federica, Sara Vavassori, Rita Luisa Conigliaro
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the risk of post-polypectomy bleeding (PPB) in patients that underwent colorectal polypectomy and exposed to ASA/NSAIDs. METHODS: Relevant publications were identified in MEDLINE/EMBASE for the period 1950-2016. Studies with specified ASA/NSAIDs exposure and bleeding rate were included. Study quality was ascertained according to Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Forest plot was based on fixed or random effect models in relation to the heterogeneity...
October 18, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089267/quadruple-sequential-and-concomitant-first-line-therapies-for-h-pylori-eradication-a-prospective-randomized-study
#14
Vincenzo De Francesco, Stefano Pontone, Annamaria Bellesia, Gaetano Serviddio, Cristina Panetta, Rossella Palma, Angelo Zullo
BACKGROUND: Current Italian guidelines recommend 10-day bismuth-based or bismuth-free (sequential and concomitant) regimens for first-line H. pylori eradication. However, comparison among these regimens is lacking in our country. AIM: To perform a 'head-to-head' comparison among these three therapies as first-line treatment for H. pylori eradication in clinical practice. METHODS: This was a prospective, open-label randomized study enrolling consecutive patients diagnosed with H...
October 18, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089266/unsuspected-schwannomas-of-the-gallbladder
#15
Yi-Xin Lin, Zi-Ming Liu, Yi-Yun Fu, Qian-Bin Jia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089271/transmural-healing-in-crohn-s-disease-beyond-mural-findings
#16
LETTER
Susana Lopes, Patricia Andrade, Rui Cunha, Fernando Magro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089270/donor-diabetes-and-prolonged-cold-ischemia-time-increase-the-risk-of-graft-failure-after-liver-transplant-should-we-need-a-redefinition-of-the-donor-risk-index
#17
LETTER
Davide Ghinolfi, Quirino Lai, Paolo De Simone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089269/erc-vs-direct-cholangioscopy-dawn-of-a-new-reference-standard
#18
Vincent Zimmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089264/transglutaminase-6-antibodies-are-not-yet-mainstream-in-neuro-coeliac-disease
#19
Chris J J Mulder, Maxine D Rouvroye, Anne-Marie van Dam
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126646/transmural-healing-in-crohn-s-disease-beyond-mural-findings-authors-reply
#20
LETTER
Fabiana Castiglione, Anna Testa, Nicola Imperatore, Antonio Rispo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 12, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
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