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Digestive and Liver Disease

Ken Kamata, Mamoru Takenaka, Masakatsu Tsurusaki, Masatoshi Kudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Umberto Basile, Francesca Gulli, Laura Gragnani, Elisa Fognani, Cecilia Napodano, Krizia Pocino, Anna Linda Zignego, Gian Ludovico Rapaccini
HCV is a hepatotropic and lymphotropic virus and is the most frequent cause of "benign" mono-oligoclonal B-lymphocyte proliferation, observed in mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC). The study aims to investigate the presence, prevalence and characteristics of the subclasses of cryoglobulins in HCV-patients to look for a relationship with MC. Fifty HCV-infected patients with cryoglobulins were enrolled. IgG subclasses were characterized in cryoprecipitate, and serum IgG and IgM Rheumatoid Factor (RF) were determined...
June 24, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Nicolas Williet, Léa Clavel, Aurélie Bourmaud, Céline Verot, Nadia Bouarioua, Xavier Roblin, Philippe Merle, Jean-Marc Phelip
INTRODUCTION: Use of sorafenib remains debated in elderly patients treated for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: This was a bicentric retrospective study including all patients ≥75years and treated with sorafenib for advanced HCC between January 2010 and March 2014. RESULTS: Of the 51 patients included (median age: 78 years, range: 75-92; performance status (PS) 0-1: 98%; cirrhosis: 88.2%; Child-Pugh A: 95.6%) all experienced at least one adverse event (AE)...
June 23, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Grégoire Moutel, Nathalie Duchange, Astrid Lièvre, Sylviane Darquy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 21, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Filomena Morisco, Tommaso Stroffolini, Flavia Lucia Lombardo, Maria Guarino, Silvia Camera, Valentina Cossiga, Laura Donnarumma, Ilaria Loperto, Nicola Caporaso
BACKGROUND: Available data on HBV prevalence in Italy are outdated and assessed with studies conducted in small towns. We aimed to evaluate prevalence of and risk factors for HBV infection in the metropolitan area of Naples, 24 years after the introduction of mass vaccination campaign against Hepatitis B in Italy. METHODS: A random systematic sample of the adult general population of Naples was selected from the register of 3 general practitioners in 3 different socio-economic districts...
June 15, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Tommaso Gabbani, Maria Marsico, Patrizia Bernini, Elisabetta Lorefice, Cecilia Grappone, Maria Rosa Biagini, Stefano Milani, Vito Annese
BACKGROUND: The assessment of fibrosis degree in liver diseases is based on several non-invasive techniques, but none has been accurate. AIM: This study employed proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy to identify metabolic profiles in serum and urine, specific for different fibrosis degree in chronic hepatitis C patients. METHOD: 71 plasma, 73 serum, and 578 urine samples were collected. All samples were analyzed using (1)H-NMR spectroscopy technique and three different NMR spectra were acquired for each serum/plasma sample...
June 13, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Stefano Bargiggia, Emanuele Dainese, Fabrizio Parente
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 12, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
A Di Giorgio, A Sonzogni, A Piccichè, G Alessio, E Bonanomi, M Colledan, L D'Antiga
BACKGROUND: Identifying the causes of acute liver failure (ALF) and predictors of death or liver transplantation (LTX) is crucial to decide its management. We aimed to describe features and outcome of ALF in Italian children. METHODS: Retrospective review of cases presenting between 1996-2012. ALF was defined by high transaminases, INR ≥2.0 regardless of hepatic encephalopathy (HE), no evidence of underlying chronic liver disease. RESULTS: 55 children (median age 2...
June 12, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
F S Mennini, P Sciattella, A Marcellusi, B Toraldo, M Koch
INTRODUCTION: Diverticular disease (DD), a herniation of the colonic mucosa through the muscle layer, covers a wide variety of conditions associated with the presence of diverticula in the colon. The most serious form is an acute episode of diverticulitis, which can lead to hospitalization and surgery with various types of consequences. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the economic burden of hospitalizations arising from acute episodes of diverticulitis using data from the administrative databases used in the Marche region in Italy and, as a secondary objective of this real-world data analysis, to study patient outcome variables following initial hospitalization for diverticulitis...
June 8, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Danielle H E Soo, Sayali A Pendharkar, Chirag J Jivanji, Nicola A Gillies, John A Windsor, Maxim S Petrov
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Approximately 40% of patients develop abnormal glucose metabolism after a single episode of acute pancreatitis. This study aimed to develop and validate a prediabetes self-assessment screening score for patients after acute pancreatitis. METHODS: Data from non-overlapping training (n=82) and validation (n=80) cohorts were analysed. Univariate logistic and linear regression identified variables associated with prediabetes after acute pancreatitis...
June 7, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Ihab I El Hajj, Stuart Sherman, Eugene P Ceppa, Glen A Lehman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Claudia Fabrizio, Annalisa Saracino, Luigia Scudeller, Eugenio Milano, Raffaele Dell'Acqua, Giuseppe Bruno, Sergio Lo Caputo, Laura Monno, Michele Milella, Gioacchino Angarano
BACKGROUND: Direct antiviral agents (DAAs) for chronic hepatitis C showed great effectiveness and good safety profile. So far, few data are available about their use in elderly subjects. AIM: To assess management, safety and outcome of DAAs treatments in the elderly. METHODS: This retrospective, single-centre study enrolled all patients aged ≥65 years, compared by age (group A: 65-74 years, group B: ≥75 years), who completed DAAs between February 2015-November 2016...
June 1, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Alberto Mariani, Livia Archibugi, Maria Chiara Petrone, Paolo Giorgio Arcidiacono
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 30, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Ming Yang, Amy K Hara, Ba D Nguyen, Michael C Roarke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 27, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Rossella Cianci, Riccardo Urgesi, Annalisa Tortora, Arianna Amato, Estelle E Newton, Guido Costamagna, Maria Elena Riccioni
This article has been withdrawn at the request of the author(s) and/or editor. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at
May 25, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Roberto Miraglia, Luigi Maruzzelli, Sarah Degiorgio, Angelo Luca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Ihab I El Hajj, Jeffrey J Easler, Eugene P Ceppa, Safi Shahda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Rosangela Muratori, Daniele Mandolesi, Chiara Pierantoni, Davide Festi, Antonio Colecchia, Giuseppe Mazzella, Franco Bazzoli, Francesco Azzaroli
BACKGROUND & PURPOSE: Extra-corporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) can be considered in difficult common bile duct stones (DCBDS), with a success rate greater than 90% but data on stone recurrence after ESWL are limited. We performed a retrospective analysis to evaluate long-term outcomes in patients who underwent ESWL for DCBDS. METHODS: From May 1992 to October 2012, patients who underwent ESWL treatment for DCBDS, not amenable to endoscopic extraction, were included...
May 23, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Caroline Bello, Arne Roseth, Jordi Guardiola, Catherine Reenaers, Alexandra Ruiz-Cerulla, Catherine Van Kemseke, Claudia Arajol, Christian Reinhard, Laurence Seidel, Edouard Louis
The aim of our work was to test the usability of fecal calprotectin (FC) home-based test in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. METHODS: IBD patients were prospectively recruited. They had to measure FC with a dedicated tool and smartphone application, 5 times at two weeks intervals over an 8 weeks period. They had to fill in a usability questionnaire at the first and the last FC measurement. A System Usability Scale (SUS: 0-100) and the Global Score of Usability (GSU: 0-85) were calculated...
May 19, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
Hamzeh Saraireh, Muhannad Al Hanayneh, Habeeb Salameh, Sreeram Parupudi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: Digestive and Liver Disease
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