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International Maritime Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009396/cruise-tap-versus-handshake-using-common-sense-to-reduce-hand-contamination-and-germ-transmission-on-cruise-ships
#1
Eilif Dahl
A firm handshake is a widely used greeting, but contaminated fingers and palms can also transfer bacteria and virus. Hand sanitation is important to prevent spreading of contagious diseases, but to wash hands properly takes too much time to ensure satisfactory compliance. Banning the handshake from health care settings has been proposed, but an alternative, less contagious form of greeting must be substituted. Cruise ships are particular vulnerable to infectious diseases that are transferred from person to person...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009395/seeking-specialist-advice-in-the-context-of-the-pre-employment-medical-examination-getting-the-right-answer-to-the-right-question
#2
Suzanne Louise Stannard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009394/eighty-years-of-cirm-a-journey-of-commitment-and-dedication-in-providing-maritime-medical-assistance
#3
Syed Sarosh Mahdi, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: A review of activities of Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (International Radio Medical Centre, CIRM) from its foundation in 1935 until its 80th anniversary in 2015 was accomplished. CIRM was founded in 1935 to provide medical assistance via radio to ships with no doctor on board and other distant patients who cannot be reached by a doctor. In 1950 CIRM was established as a non-profit-making foundation and has benefited since 1957 from an annual contribution from the Italian government...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009393/a-medical-support-in-offshore-racing-workshop-6-november-2015-sanya-china
#4
Nebojša Nikolić, Ilona Denisenko, Roger Nilson, Spike Briggs, Jean Christophe Fimbault, Arne Johan Ulven, Margriet Pannevis, Simon Forbes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009392/hypertension-among-danish-seafarers
#5
Mingshan Tu, Jorgen Riis Jepsen
BACKGROUND: Due to the high prevalence of arterial hypertension and its role in the development of atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction and stroke, hypertension is a major public health challenge worldwide. There is limited knowledge of the prevalence of hypertension among seafarers who, however, are known to have an excess morbidity and mortality from these disorders. This article addresses the prevalence of hypertension among Danish seafarers and discusses potential risk factors for hypertension in maritime settings...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009391/oral-impacts-on-daily-performances-in-white-collar-port-workers-in-nellore-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Mandava Soundarya Chowdary, Kudlur Maheswarappa Sudhir, Vuyurru Chandrasekhara Reddy, Rachakorda Veera Venkata Sathya Sai Krishna Kumar, Gomasani Srinivasulu
BACKGROUND: Oral diseases not only cause pain, but severely impair large number of individuals and can affect various aspects of life, including oral functions, appearance and interpersonal relationships. The aim of the study was to assess the interrelationship between oral impact on daily performance (OIDP) scores, socio-demographic characteristics, dental caries experience and periodontal status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive epidemiological study was conducted on a sample of 250 white-collar port workers who were willing to participate...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009390/knowledge-attitudes-and-related-practices-of-filipino-seafarers-regarding-cardiovascular-diseases
#7
Ernesto Ramos Gregorio, Jun Kobayashi, John Robert Carabeo Medina, Nymia Pimentel Simbulan
BACKGROUND: Globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) remain the leading cause of mortality. Due to the nature of their work and lifestyle on board, Filipino seafarers have a high propensity towards acquiring CVD. This study aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to CVD of Filipino seafarers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study utilised a descriptive cross-sectional study design. Self-administered questionnaires were distributed among 136 male seafarers who went into a private general hospital for their pre-employment medical examination...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009389/fitness-to-work-a-comparison-of-european-guidelines-in-the-offshore-wind-industry
#8
Alexandra Marita Preisser, Rosalie Victoria McDonough, Volker Harth
Occupational medicine must be able to meet the challenges of rapidly changing technologies and innovations, including the implementation of health and safety standards for physically and psychologically demanding work environments. One such challenge is presented by the offshore wind industry. Here, the demand for "Fitness to Work" regulations for potential employees is justified. An appropriate evaluation has to consider the two aspects "fit for task" and "fit for location and conditions". Guidelines for the fitness testing of offshore employees have been created by various national organisations...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009388/acute-gastrointestinal-haemorrhage-on-board-a-cruise-ship-in-the-antarctic-peninsula
#9
Mathieu Carron, Peter Globokar, Bruno A Sicard
Antarctic tourism on board cruise ships has expanded since the 1990s, essentially in the Antarctic Peninsula. Due to remoteness, medical cases may evolve into life threatening conditions as emergency medical evacuations are challenging. We discuss the case of a young crew member who suddenly fainted with an epigastric pain and abundant rectal bleeding while on board a cruise ship heading to the Deception Island (62°57.6 South, 60°29.5 West), 44 h away from Ushuaia by sea. A medical evacuation was necessary to save the patient whose haemoglobin level rapidly decreased from 11 g/dL to 8...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009387/diving-exposure-and-health-effects-in-divers-working-in-different-areas-of-professional-diving
#10
Ågot Irgens, Kari Troland, Rune Djurhuus, Marit Grønning
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to compare diving exposure and health effects in different areas of professional diving. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Norwegian Labour Inspection Authority's Diving Register contains data on all professional inshore divers who have held a diving certificate at any time since 1980. Of these divers, the "Norwegian diver 2011" questionnaire was completed by 2848 (48.7%). A total of 1167 male divers reported that they often worked in one area of diving only (rescue diving, diving instruction, fish farming, quay/construction work and offshore/oil related)...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009386/detection-of-giardia-intestinalis-infections-in-polish-soldiers-deployed-to-afghanistan
#11
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Monika Konior, Alina Augustynowicz, Anna Lass, Ewa Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Members of the Polish Military Contingent (PMC) have been stationed in Afghanistan since 2002. They typically serve in areas characterised by low standards of sanitation which often leads to the development of food- and waterborne diseases. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of Giardia intestinalis infections among Polish soldiers deployed to Afghanistan. The research study was conducted as part of a programme for prevention of parasitic diseases of the gastrointestinal tract run by the Polish Armed Forces...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009385/a-study-on-mobbing-in-maritime-field-a-case-study-in-the-turkish-maritime-industry
#12
Serdar Kum, Yildiray Ertas
Nowadays, there are many reasons for people to be stressful and restless in their working environments. One of the reasons leading to this situation is known as "mobbing". The term "mobbing" means "bullying of an individual by a group". It usually happens among employees. The main effects of mobbing are the generation of stress and reduction of employee performance at work. In general, research shows that mobbing is particularly common in the public sector. The aim of this research is to understand the frequency of mobbing on employees in the Turkish maritime industry as a case study...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009384/sexual-transmission-of-zika-virus-what-is-the-issue-for-awareness
#13
Beuy Joob, Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681219/prevention-of-sexual-transmission-of-zika-virus
#14
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681218/the-development-and-optimisation-of-a-quantitative-physical-fitness-scoring-system-for-use-amongst-naval-service-personnel
#15
Cliodhna Sargent, Sean Lacey, Cormac Gebruers, Jim O'Mahony
BACKGROUND: A lack of research currently exists in relation to the current physical fitness testing system that is used within the Irish Naval Service, not only in relation to the tests that are used but also in relation to the scores that should be achieved in order to pass the test. As such the aim of this study was to select tests for various components of physical fitness and create a scoring system that could be used to assess individuals more comprehensively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five individuals took part in the study (71 males, 4 females)...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681217/occupational-injuries-and-diseases-among-commercial-fishers-in-finland-1996-2015
#16
Kim O Kaustell, Tiina E A Mattila, Risto H Rautiainen
BACKGROUND: Commercial fishing is recognised as one of the most hazardous professions worldwide. In Finland, commercial fishing has some special characteristics, including fishing on ice during frozen waters, and pluriactivity of the fisher family to gain additional income. The goal of this study was to describe injury characteristics among commercial fishers in Finland during the years 1996-2015. With this information, we wish to promote creation of effective safety campaigns and interventions...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681216/head-injury-in-a-cruise-passenger-during-a-shore-excursion
#17
Eilif Dahl
A 66-year-old overweight insulin-dependent male passenger with diabetes and severe arthritis was on a 4-week circle-Pacific cruise. He fell ashore and hit his head. The ship was about to leave on a non-stop voyage - without any evacuation possibilities for the next 8 days. He was examined and had X-rays taken at the local hospital, but as his head injury was considered mild, he returned to the ship "for 48 hours of observation for signs of intracranial bleeding" - against the ship's doctor's advice. Delayed suspicion of a non-displaced cervical fracture caused extra work and worries and could have, but did not complicate matters...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681215/head-injury-and-anisocoria-on-a-cruise-ship
#18
Eilif Dahl
A previously healthy 65-year-old female passenger presented on the 3rd day of her voyage with a small facial laceration after she fell and hit her forehead, following sudden blurred vision and dizziness. When the ship's doctor noticed that one pupil was much bigger than the other, he feared intracranial bleeding and considered helicopter evacuation. Her symptoms had started shortly after she had removed a transdermal scopolamine patch from behind her ear. Getting scopolamine from her hands in direct contact with the eye surface caused mydriasis...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681214/cruise-ship-s-doctors-company-employees-or-independent-contractors
#19
Eilif Dahl
Traditionally, cruise companies have stated that they are in the transport business but not in the business of providing medical services to passengers. They have claimed not to be able to supervise or control the ship's medical personnel and cruise ship's doctors have therefore mostly been signed on as independent contractors, not employees. A United States court decision from 1988, Barbetta versus S/S Bermuda Star, supported this view and ruled that a ship's owner cannot be held vicariously liable for the negligence of the ship's doctor directed at the ship's passengers...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681213/occupational-asthma-in-maritime-environments-an-update
#20
David Lucas, Brice Lodde, Jørgen Riis Jepsen, Jean-Dominique Dewitte, Dominique Jegaden
In 2006 we published our first review based on the available literature on occupational asthma in maritime environments in the "International Maritime Health" journal. Since then, we have obtained a great deal of new knowledge on asthma in seafood workers and fishermen and on the impact of exposures from sulphites preservatives, container fumigants etc. in maritime workers. This review aims to provide an update of the current knowledge base about occupational asthma in a maritime context and to provide recommendations regarding medical surveillance of workers at risk...
2016: International Maritime Health
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