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International Maritime Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681219/prevention-of-sexual-transmission-of-zika-virus
#1
Anna Kuna, Michał Gajewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681218/the-development-and-optimisation-of-a-quantitative-physical-fitness-scoring-system-for-use-amongst-naval-service-personnel
#2
Cliodhna Sargent, Sean Lacey, Cormac Gebruers, Jim O'Mahony
BACKGROUND: A lack of research currently exists in relation to the current physical fitness testing system that is used within the Irish Naval Service, not only in relation to the tests that are used but also in relation to the scores that should be achieved in order to pass the test. As such the aim of this study was to select tests for various components of physical fitness and create a scoring system that could be used to assess individuals more comprehensively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-five individuals took part in the study (71 males, 4 females)...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681217/occupational-injuries-and-diseases-among-commercial-fishers-in-finland-1996-2015
#3
Kim O Kaustell, Tiina E A Mattila, Risto H Rautiainen
BACKGROUND: Commercial fishing is recognised as one of the most hazardous professions worldwide. In Finland, commercial fishing has some special characteristics, including fishing on ice during frozen waters, and pluriactivity of the fisher family to gain additional income. The goal of this study was to describe injury characteristics among commercial fishers in Finland during the years 1996-2015. With this information, we wish to promote creation of effective safety campaigns and interventions...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681216/head-injury-in-a-cruise-passenger-during-a-shore-excursion
#4
Eilif Dahl
A 66-year-old overweight insulin-dependent male passenger with diabetes and severe arthritis was on a 4-week circle-Pacific cruise. He fell ashore and hit his head. The ship was about to leave on a non-stop voyage - without any evacuation possibilities for the next 8 days. He was examined and had X-rays taken at the local hospital, but as his head injury was considered mild, he returned to the ship "for 48 hours of observation for signs of intracranial bleeding" - against the ship's doctor's advice. Delayed suspicion of a non-displaced cervical fracture caused extra work and worries and could have, but did not complicate matters...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681215/head-injury-and-anisocoria-on-a-cruise-ship
#5
Eilif Dahl
A previously healthy 65-year-old female passenger presented on the 3rd day of her voyage with a small facial laceration after she fell and hit her forehead, following sudden blurred vision and dizziness. When the ship's doctor noticed that one pupil was much bigger than the other, he feared intracranial bleeding and considered helicopter evacuation. Her symptoms had started shortly after she had removed a transdermal scopolamine patch from behind her ear. Getting scopolamine from her hands in direct contact with the eye surface caused mydriasis...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681214/cruise-ship-s-doctors-company-employees-or-independent-contractors
#6
Eilif Dahl
Traditionally, cruise companies have stated that they are in the transport business but not in the business of providing medical services to passengers. They have claimed not to be able to supervise or control the ship's medical personnel and cruise ship's doctors have therefore mostly been signed on as independent contractors, not employees. A United States court decision from 1988, Barbetta versus S/S Bermuda Star, supported this view and ruled that a ship's owner cannot be held vicariously liable for the negligence of the ship's doctor directed at the ship's passengers...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681213/occupational-asthma-in-maritime-environments-an-update
#7
David Lucas, Brice Lodde, Jørgen Riis Jepsen, Jean-Dominique Dewitte, Dominique Jegaden
In 2006 we published our first review based on the available literature on occupational asthma in maritime environments in the "International Maritime Health" journal. Since then, we have obtained a great deal of new knowledge on asthma in seafood workers and fishermen and on the impact of exposures from sulphites preservatives, container fumigants etc. in maritime workers. This review aims to provide an update of the current knowledge base about occupational asthma in a maritime context and to provide recommendations regarding medical surveillance of workers at risk...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681212/health-status-and-occupational-risk-factors-in-greek-small-fisheries-workers
#8
Elpida Frantzeskou, Olaf Chresten Jensen, Athena Linos
BACKGROUND: Fishing is an extremely dangerous occupational activity that predisposes to occupational diseases and accidents. Greece, with about 16,000 km of coastline and its unique morphological characteristics with small islands and peninsulas, represents a strong proof of its great tradition in the fisheries sector since ancient times. The aim of the study was to examine the health status and the health risk factors present in Greek fishery workers, by exploring their working environment, thus providing a current baseline for documentation of the needs for prevention and health promotion...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681211/the-metabolic-syndrome-among-danish-seafarers-a-follow-up-study
#9
Jørgen Riis Jepsen, Hanna B Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS) represents a cluster of risk factors related to insulin resistance. Metabolic syndrome is a strong risk factor for chronic metabolic and cardiovascular diseases and is related to nutritional factors, sleep patterns, work-related stress, fatigue, and physical activity - all of which are critical issues at sea. We have previously demonstrated a MS prevalence of 24.2% in Danish seafarers. This study aimed to follow the trend of MS after 2 years' intervention...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681210/head-trauma-on-cruise-ships
#10
Eilif Dahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364180/announcement
#11
International Marit Health
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364179/zika-virus-infection-what-should-we-not-forget
#12
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364178/-christ-offered-salvation-and-not-an-easy-life-how-do-port-chaplains-make-sense-of-providing-welfare-for-seafarers-an-idiographic-phenomenological-approach-analysis
#13
Tiffany Palmer, Esther Murray
BACKGROUND: The shipping industry has historically leaned towards a biomedical model of health when assessing, treating and caring for seafarers. In recent years there has been more concern for the mental health of seafarers in both the academic literature and the commercial world, however, the psychological and emotional well-being of seafarers still largely falls on the shoulders of the port chaplains. The aim of the study was to explore how port chaplains make sense of providing welfare for seafarers by taking an idiographic, phenomenological approach (IPA)...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364177/environmental-and-health-impact-assessment-for-ports-in-thailand
#14
Chamchan Chanchang, Pornchai Sithisarankul, Thanawat Supanitayanon
Port development in Thailand is an essential part of the national maritime interest in connection with ship and shore activities. The growth of maritime industry and transportation has led to the expansion of ports' areas and capacity. Each port type causes different environmental impacts. Therefore, the Port Authority of Thailand has set up guidelines on ports' environmental management. This is divided into 3 major phases; namely, planning, construction and operation commencement periods. The Report of Environmental and Health Impact Assessment (EIA, HIA and EHIA) is regarded as the environmental management process in the planning period...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364176/thermophysiological-responses-and-work-strain-in-fishermen-on-deep-sea-fishing-vessels
#15
Erik Ulvolden Høye, Mariann Sandsund, Cecilie Thon Heidelberg, Lisbeth Aasmoe, Randi Eidsmo Reinertsen
BACKGROUND: Fishermen working on deep-sea vessels in the Barents and Norwegian Sea are exposed to low air temperatures, strong winds, high humidity, rain, snow and work at different intensities. Few studies have investigated the effect of environmental work factors on the physiology of this occupational group. The aim of the study was to investigate work strain and thermophysiological responses of fishermen on the trawl and factory decks of deep-sea vessels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-five professional male fishermen (age 39 ± 13 years) were recruited to the study which was performed on three trawlers in the Norwegian Sea in April, June and August 2014...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364175/the-workload-of-fishermen-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-danish-commercial-fishermen
#16
Helle Østergaard, Jørgen Riis Jepsen, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff
BACKGROUND: Fishery has always been perceived as a physically demanding industry of a manual character. In recent years the physical work environment has developed positively and consequently the current situation in not fully described in the existing literature. This study aims to describe the work environment of Danish fishermen with regard to their physical workload and ergonomic factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross sectional study was performed on a random sample of active Danish commercial fishermen (response rate: 28%) by means of a questionnaire on demographic and self-reported occupational and health data...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364174/prevalence-of-cannabis-and-cocaine-consumption-in-french-fishermen-in-south-atlantic-region-in-2012-2013-and-its-policy-consequences
#17
Emmanuel Fort, Thierry Lassiège, Alain Bergeret
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to evaluate the use of cannabis and cocaine among fishermen followed in occupational medicine in the ports of Aquitaine and Charente-Maritime (Direction interrégionale de la mer Sud-Atlantique [DIRM-SA]). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thousand fishermen could be recruited during medical regulatory examination by the occupational physicians and nurses of Occupational Health Department for Seamen. RESULTS: About 20% of fishermen were former smokers...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364173/benefits-of-photograph-transmission-for-trauma-management-in-isolated-areas-cases-from-the-french-tele-medical-assistance-service
#18
Emilie Dehours, Marie-Laure Tourneret, Patrick Roux, Julien Tabarly
French maritime tele-medical assistance is currently performed by a telephone consultation associated with complementary transmission of data (photographs, electrocardiograms, etc.) over the internet. Five case reports are presented to illustrate how photo transmission is useful to managing initial care and monitoring isolated patients. Case reports included: Case 1: management of a hand burn; Case 2: management of a finger wound; Case 3: management of an ocular foreign body; Case 4: management of a subungual haematoma; Case 5: management of phlegmon...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364172/bleeding-management-in-remote-environment-the-use-of-fresh-whole-blood-transfusion-and-lyophilised-plasma
#19
Bruno Sicard, Frédéric Marouzé, Céline Roche, Mathieu Carron, Sylvain Ausset, Anne Sailliol
To mitigate medical risks in remote environments, the authors have implemented an innovative integrated medical support solution for bleeding management on board ships since 2013. Fresh whole blood transfusion (FWBT) and lyophilised plasma were put in place to address life threatening haemorrhages in maritime operations in the Arctic and Antarctica. The authors are illustrating the bleeding risks with an actual case occurring in Antarctica prior to the implementation of these procedures. They are presenting the different steps involved in the complex process of FWBT, from blood donors' qualifications to actual transfusions...
2016: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27364171/development-of-software-for-handling-ship-s-pharmacy
#20
Giulio Nittari, Alessandro Peretti, Fabio Sibilio, Nicholas Ioannidis, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: Ships are required to carry a given amount of medicinal products and medications depending on the flag and the type of vessel. These medicines are stored in the so called ship's "medicine chest" or more properly - a ship pharmacy. Owing to the progress of medical sciences and to the increase in the mean age of seafarers employed on board ships, the number of pharmaceutical products and medical devices required by regulations to be carried on board ships is increasing. This may make handling of the ship's medicine chest a problem primarily on large ships sailing on intercontinental routes due to the difficulty in identifying the correspondence between medicines obtained abroad with those available at the national market...
2016: International Maritime Health
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