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International Maritime Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939394/managing-medical-emergencies-risks-and-responses
#1
LETTER
Sue Stannard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939393/chikungunya-virus-infection-immunosuppression-and-respiratory-tract-infections-are-they-associated
#2
LETTER
Liliana Ríos, Alfonso J Rodriguez-Morales, Juan D Castrillón-Spitia, Valentina Henao-SanMartin, José J Londoño, Héctor D Bedoya-Rendón, Javier de Jesús Cárdenas-Pérez, Jaime A Cardona-Ospina, Guillermo J Lagos-Grisales
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939392/awareness-of-health-risks-and-communicable-diseases-among-undergraduate-maritime-students
#3
Taha Talip Türkistanlı, Coşkan Sevgili
BACKGROUND: In case of an emergency related to crew's health the first responsible person on board is the appointed officer of the ship. Sometimes these officers aren't just the only responsible person but also the only available option. Therefore, they are expected to handle various types of cases from disease outbreaks to food poisoning. However, officers on board aren't particularly trained or prepared for such extreme circumstances. Services like Telemedical Assistances may provide great help in such moments, but the first identification and contamination of various diseases might not be possible without previously acquired knowledge and awareness...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939391/hepatitis-e-virus-seroprevalence-in-polish-soldiers-serving-in-harsh-environmental-conditions
#4
Krzysztof Korzeniewski, Justyna Osińska, Jolanta Korsak, Monika Konior
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an under-recognised aetiological factor of viral hepatitis; it is most commonly transmitted via the oral-faecal route, but can also be transmitted by blood or blood products, vertically from an infected mother to the foetus or by transplanted organs. The aim of the study was to present the current seroprevalence of HEV among soldiers from the Polish Special Forces deployed on military operations carried out in harsh environmental conditions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research conducted between October and November 2016 involved 253 active duty soldiers, 237 men and 16 women, aged 26-57, without clinical symptoms of infection, participants in military operations in Asia and Africa...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939390/training-needs-among-maritime-professionals-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Binu Shah, Despena Andrioti, Olaf Chresten Jensen
BACKGROUND: Maritime medical practice includes assessment of fitness, management of medical emergencies and healthcare on board and ashore. A better response to seagoing professionals' health requirements can be achieved when all the respective stakeholders have a common understanding. Training is a powerful tool to raise awareness and in particular continuing professional development is very significant in sustaining competencies of these professionals. The objective of the study was to identify maritime professionals' perceived training needs...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939389/management-of-a-polytrauma-in-the-maritime-environment
#6
Cécile Montocchio-Buadès, Maëlle Daurat, Macha Ducombs, Charles-Edouard Vallet
BACKGROUND: A polytraumatised person is a severely injured patient with an association of several injuries including at least one life-threatening. In an isolated and hostile environment like the maritime environment, the principles of early care and fast evacuation of a polytraumatised person are sometimes difficult to apply. CLINICAL CASE: We report the story of a patient with a bilateral fracture of the lower extremities following an accident on board a Moldavian tugboat off the coasts of Djibouti...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939388/prevalence-of-consumption-of-psychoactive-substances-amongst-dockers
#7
Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Souad Charioui, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: Dockers in the port facilities are exposed to significant psychosocial risks (stress, suffering at work, etc.) related to heavy organisational, environmental, physical, chemical constraints, etc. These workers are particularly affected by the consumption of psychoactive substances because of the dangerousness and complexity of their work. To what extent can these numerous occupational risks be at the origin of behaviour favouring the consumption of psychoactive substances? However, in our country no study has investigated toxic habits in this population...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939387/occupational-safety-and-health-in-maritime-sector-in-morocco-60-years-after-independence-current-state-constraints-and-prospects
#8
Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Frédéric Deschamps, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the situation 60 years after independence, to assess the current state, to highlight the constraints and to propose recommendations for improving occupational health in the maritime sector. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was based on collecting data of: 1) Legislative texts on occupational health and safety; 2) Statistics from administrations (Ministry of Health and Ministry of Marine Fisheries), general medical council of Morocco, scientific societies and associations of occupational health and maritime medicine; 3) Analysis of a self-questionnaire sent to 22 physicians working in fishermen's health services and listed in the yearbook 2017 of the Moroccan Society of Maritime Medicine...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939386/causes-and-circumstances-of-maritime-casualties-and-crew-fatalities-in-british-merchant-shipping-since-1925
#9
Stephen E Roberts, Tim Carter
BACKGROUND: To determine the causes and circumstances of vessel accidents that led to fatalities in British merchant shipping since 1925, and among British seafarers who were employed in non-United Kingdom shipping since 1985. Secondly, to establish trends in vessel accidents and crew fatalities, and associations with type of casualty and location, type of ship, cargo carried and season. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Reviews of annual mortality returns, marine accident investigation reports, death inquiry files, Lloyd's casualty returns, online newspapers, shipwreck websites and other searches over the period from 1925 to 2017 but excluding 1939 to 1946...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939385/violations-of-safe-diving-practices-among-122-diver-fatalities
#10
Karl Shreeves, Peter Buzzacott, Al Hornsby, Mark Caney
BACKGROUND: Diving is a popular recreation with an excellent safety record, with an estimated 1.8 deaths per 1 million dives. This study investigated the relationship between intentional deviation from accepted diving practices (violations) and diver fatalities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors examined 119 incidents/122 diver fatalities that did not involve diver training in North America and the Caribbean, and identified the presence of violations of accepted diving safety practices, as well as if the death was associated with an acute medical event such as heart attack...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939384/analysing-the-effects-of-working-period-on-psychophysiological-states-of-seafarers
#11
Barış Özsever, Leyla Tavacıoğlu
BACKGROUND: Human factor has become a critical issue due to the fact that all operational processes in maritime transportation have been accelerated with technological innovations. Irregular and long working hours, rapid change of working environments and other organisational and/or individual factors have negative impact on the performance of the seafarers as well as other transportation workers and/or shift workers. Seafarers working under the influence of these stressor factors, naturally, are affected from psychophysiological and cognitive aspects, which in return decrease their overall performances...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939383/cruise-ship-pathologies-in-remote-regions
#12
Mathieu Carron, Nicolas Emeyriat, Jacques Levraut, Nicolas Blondeau
BACKGROUND: Navigations on cruise ships are rising and tend to spread to remote areas like polar regions. Our aim was to assess the prevalence of pathologies encountered on a cruise ship navigating in remote areas including Polar Seas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational, descriptive and cross-sectional study was conducted aboard a cruise ship with an overall capacity of 200-264 passengers and 140 crewmembers, sailing in remote areas as the Arctic Ocean and the Antarctic Peninsula over a period of 205 days...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611617/the-paediatric-traveller
#13
Krzysztof Korzeniewski
International travel with children, which is the opportunity for the family to see the world together, has become commonplace. If you are travelling with children the journey needs to be carefully planned, especially in cases of visiting a region with harsh environment or poor sanitation. It is particularly important in terms of thermoregulation (hot climate) and the immune system (protection against pathogens causing infectious and invasive diseases) as these are not fully developed in small children. In addition, it is important to maintain appropriate safety and security measures in the destination area (e...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611616/the-pregnant-traveller
#14
Krzysztof Korzeniewski
Travelling during pregnancy has become increasingly common. Many pregnant women travel for pleasureand recreation and a lot of them continue to work and therefore often travel on business, sometimes to areas with poor standards of sanitation and limited access to health care providers. During pregnancy, it is extremely important that a woman has a regular access to maternal health care, also in temporary destinations, especially in areas characterised by harsh environmental conditions, and places where the prevalence of infectious diseases is high...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611615/health-effects-of-hyperbaric-exposure-on-chamber-attendants-a-literature-review
#15
Richard Pougnet, Laurence Pougnet, David Lucas, Anne Henckes, Brice Loddé, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
BACKGROUND: Inside attendants working in hyperbaric chambers are exposed to risks related to the hyperbaric environment, handling and care. The aim of this study is to review the literature focusing on the impact of this activity on health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a literature review using the Medline database. RESULTS: Eight articles studied decompression illness (DCI). The incidence of DCI ranged from 0 to 37 per 100,000 sessions in hyperbaric chambers (SHC)...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611614/occupational-lung-cancer-among-fisherman-a-triple-case-report
#16
Tarik Ghailan, Mustapha El Ftouh
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organisation places lung cancer as the leading cause of cancer mortality in the world. The fishermen are one of the most important consumers of tobacco, which remains the main risk factor for lung cancer. However, there are no epidemiological data on the role of other causes, particularly occupational ones, in genesis of this disease. The objective of our work is to expose medical and occupational data of 3 fishermen with lung cancer and discuss a possible occupational origin of their pathology...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611613/an-outbreak-of-gastroenteritis-on-board-an-oil-drilling-rig-in-ghana
#17
Michael N K Babayara, Bright Addo
The article describes an outbreak of gastroenteritis which occurred on an oil drilling rig which operated in the Jubilee fields of Ghana (offshore Takoradi) between May 2011 and December 2013. An outbreak occurred on board approximately 10 h following a Christmas day buffet. Various Ghanaian and continental dishes were served during the occasion. Over a 3 day period, a total of 33 cases were recorded at the rig's sick bay. In order to describe the outbreak and determine its possible association with the meals served at the buffet, this case control study was conducted...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611612/maritime-environment-health-risks-related-to-pathogenic-microorganisms-in-seawater
#18
Richard Pougnet, Laurence Pougnet, Ingrid Allio, David Lucas, Jean-Dominique Dewitte, Brice Loddé
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611611/benzodiazepine-prescriptions-on-merchant-ships-without-a-doctor-on-board-analysis-from-medical-records-of-centro-internazionale-radio-medico-cirm
#19
Giulio Nittari, Graziano Pallotta, Marzio Di Canio, Enea Traini, Francesco Amenta
BACKGROUND: Benzodiazepines are drugs widely used for the treatment of anxiety and insomnia. The present study has analysed the prescriptions of this class of drugs among sailing seafarers, to evaluate the appropriateness of prescribed therapies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study assessed the benzodiazepine prescriptions made by Centro Internazionale Radio Medico (CIRM) doctors from 2011 to 2015. A total of 17,844 medical records were examined. Analysis considered the prescriptions of benzodiazepines in monotherapy, or in association with other drugs...
2018: International Maritime Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611610/prevalence-of-skin-diseases-amongst-moroccan-fishermen
#20
Omar Laraqui, Nadia Manar, Salwa Laraqui, Tarik Ghailan, Frédéric Deschamps, Reda Hammouda, Chakib El Houssine Laraqui
BACKGROUND: The main objective was to evaluate the prevalence of skin diseases amongst fishermen, to specify the different clinical forms, associations and most frequent localisations, and to identify potential aetiological factors. The secondary objectives were to assess the knowledge, attitudes and practices of seafarers regarding occupational dermatoses to conduct information, awareness and education campaigns on risk factors and behaviours and to propose adapted prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional survey involved 1102 artisanal fishermen who attended the annual legal medical consultation at the occupational health service...
2018: International Maritime Health
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