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Journal of Orthodontics

Aslam Alkadhimi, Ebrahim A Al-Awadhi
INTRODUCTION: In recent years, extensive research has introduced novel ways of reinforcing orthodontic anchorage using a variety of devices temporarily anchored in bone (miniscrews). Currently, there are numerous manufacturers with different miniscrew designs on the market. AIMS: The aim of this paper is to discuss the key design features of different miniscrew systems on the market. Furthermore, to present clinical selection criteria of miniscrews in different settings taking into account the determinant factors...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Dauro Douglas Oliveira, Bruno Franco de Oliveira, Carolina Morsani Mordente, Gabriela Martins Godoy, Rodrigo Villamarim Soares, Paulo Isaías Seraidarian
The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss a simple and low-cost clinical approach to correct an asymmetric skeletal Class III combined to an extensive dental open bite that significantly compromised the occlusal function and smile aesthetics of an adult male patient. The patient did not accept the idealistic surgical-orthodontic treatment option, neither the use of temporary anchorage devices to facilitate the camouflage of the asymmetrical skeletal Class III/open bite. Therefore, a very simple and inexpensive biomechanical approach using sliding jigs in the mandibular arch was implemented as the compensatory treatment of the malocclusion...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Emma McCrory, Niall Jp McGuinness, Aman Ulhaq
OBJECTIVE: To determine the reproducibility of Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN) scores derived from plaster casts and their three-dimensional (3D) digital equivalents. DESIGN: Pilot study, prospective analytical. SETTING: UK hospital orthodontic department. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty casts and their digital equivalents, representing the pre-treatment malocclusions of patients requiring orthodontic-orthognathic surgical treatment, were scored by four clinicians using IOFTN...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Romeo Patini, Anna Alessandri Bonetti, Andrea Camodeca, Edoardo Staderini, Patrizia Gallenzi
Haematemesis is a worrying sign, generally related to acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding and potentially life-threatening condition. We present a case of a 15-year-old Caucasian girl who was belatedly diagnosed with oral bleeding because it was not related to the most common aetiologic factors. In fact, she was undergoing orthodontic treatment with a Nance palatal arch, an appliance used to reinforce anchorage during teeth movements. In her case haematemesis was a sign of inflammation and necrosis occurring in the palatal mucosa, under the acrylic button of palatal arch...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
C M de Almeida, W L O da Rosa, C T W Meereis, S M de Almeida, J S Ribeiro, A F da Silva, Rafael Guerra Lund
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of orthodontic bonding systems containing different antimicrobial agents, as well as the influence of antimicrobial agent incorporation in the bonding properties of these materials. METHODS: Eight databases were searched: PubMed (Medline), Web of Science, Scopus, Lilacs, Ibecs, BBO, Scielo and Google Scholar. Any study that evaluated antimicrobial activity in experimental or commercial orthodontic bonding systems was included...
March 5, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Sara Hosni, Jayne Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 19, 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Farooq Ahmed, Charlotte Dugdale, Ovais Malik, David Waring
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic therapists (OTs) are the most recent addition to the orthodontic clinical team. The General Dental Council (GDC) and the British Orthodontic Society have formulated guidance and guidelines relating to their scope of practice and level of supervision, however there has been no contemporary UK-based research investigating practice and supervision of OTs. The aim of this study was to investigate the scope of practice and level of supervision of OTs working in the UK...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Tulika Tripathi, Prateek Gupta, Jitender Sharma, Priyank Rai, Vinod Kumar Gupta, Navneet Singh
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to assess levels of serum Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and serum Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and comparing with cervical vertebral maturation index (CVMI) stages. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India. PARTICIPANTS: 150 subjects (75 males and 75 females) in the age group of 8-20 years. METHODS: Subjects were divided into six CVMI stages...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Marcio José da Silva Campos, Karine Simões Silva, Paula Moraes Lupatini, Marcelo Reis Fraga, Robert Willer Farinazzo Vitral
INTRODUCTION: In orthodontic treatment, an increased bone mineral density of the alveolar bone is considered as a risk factor for apical root resorption (ARR), whereas the mineral density of cementum has been associated with root protection against resorption. METHODS: This study aimed at evaluating the grey values (GVs) of the apical third of the root and of the alveolar bone adjacent to maxillary incisors with and without ARR in orthodontic patients. Twenty-one patients under treatment who presented one incisor with ARR and its corresponding contralateral without ARR were selected and submitted to cone-beam computed tomography...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Martyn T Cobourne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Sara Stephens, Howard Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Orthodontics
Devaki Patel, Nigel Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Siobhán Mary McMorrow, Declan T Millett
OBJECTIVES: To report the opinions of specialist orthodontists regarding the profile, characteristics and treatment of adults currently undergoing orthodontic treatment in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) Design/setting: A national cross-sectional questionnaire study in the ROI. METHOD: A pilot-tested questionnaire was distributed to 122 specialist orthodontists in the ROI. Questions addressed general and treatment information for current adult orthodontic patients...
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Sara Hosni, Jayne Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Farhad B Naini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Richard R J Cousley, Mark Bainbridge, P Emile Rossouw
OBJECTIVE: Orthognathic wafers may be made using digital model movements and CAD-CAM technology. This paper analysed the accuracy of maxillary movements using this new process. DESIGN: Retrospective study of pre and post-operative cephalograms. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty consecutive orthognathic patients undergoing bimaxillary osteotomies in a UK hospital. METHODS: Jaw movements were planned using cephalometric and Orthoanalyzer™ software...
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Rachel A Little, David J Spary
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether using figure-of-eight modules affects the rate of lower incisor alignment compared with conventionally tied modules. DESIGN: Prospective randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Orthodontic department at Queen's Hospital, Burton upon Trent, UK. METHODS: One hundred and twenty participants were randomly allocated to conventional module or figure-of-eight module groups, stratified for extraction or non-extraction lower arch treatment...
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Richard R J Cousley, Andrew Gibbons, Jeremy Nayler
Surgical trauma and prolonged extra-alveolar exposure of the donor tooth's root sheath are both complicating factors during tooth autotransplantation surgery. This case report describes a 12-year-old female patient who underwent surgical transplantation of a maxillary second premolar to a central incisor site. A three-dimensional printed analogue of the donor tooth was fabricated from a cone beam (CBCT) scan of the tooth in order to minimise the extra-oral (exposure) time and frequency of trial insertions of the donor tooth into the recipient socket...
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
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