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Journal of Orthodontics

Martyn Cobourne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Jadbinder Seehra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Sara Stephens, Howard Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Nicky David Stanford, Sara Hosni, Tim Morris
Dental concrescence is a rare dental abnormality resulting in the joining of two teeth at the level of the cementum. This is the first reported case of the orthodontic management of a dental concrescence and the options for patient treatment are discussed. In this case, a compromised occlusal result was accepted with restorative masking of the affected teeth.
August 1, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Jessica Howell, Sara Hosni, Jayne Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Ariane Salgado Gonzaga, Bárbara Souza Faria, Layssa Karolinne da Silva Medeiros Melo, Danielly Carlos Melo de Amorim, Hallissa Simplício, Sergei Godeiro Fernandes Rabelo Caldas
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of long-term storage on latex and non-latex orthodontic elastics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of 300 orthodontic elastics, 150 latex and 150 non-latex (American Orthodontics(®) *(AO) and Morelli(®)) of medium force and a standard size of 3/16'' divided into 20 groups, 10 for each manufacturer, with 15 specimens each. The groups (G1*-G10* and G1-G10) were made up based on the manufacturer, storage temperature (ambient and refrigerated), material, and ambient humidity (exposed and non-exposed)...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Guido Artemio Marañón-Vásquez, Luciano Carlos Soldevilla Galarza, Freddy Antonio Tolentino Solis, Cliff Wilson, Fábio Lourenço Romano
Occasionally, orthodontists will be challenged to treat malocclusions and skeletal disharmonies, which by their complexity one might think that the only treatment alternative is the surgical-orthodontic approach. A male patient, aged 17 years old, was diagnosed with a skeletal Class III malocclusion, anterior open bite and negative overjet. An unpleasant profile was the patient's 'chief complaint' showing interest in facial aesthetics improvement. Nevertheless, the patient and his parents strongly preferred a non-surgical treatment approach...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Jennifer Kettle, Zoe Marshman, Philip E Benson, Caroline McCarthy, Gurpreet Pye, Jonathan Sandler, Lindsay Winchester, Andrew Flett
OBJECTIVES: To explore the accessibility, usability and relevance of the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) online information resource (OIR), Your Jaw Surgery. DESIGN: Qualitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: 5 UK sites. PARTICIPANTS: Patients before, during and after treatment for non-cleft skeletal discrepancy. METHODS: Patients were identified at joint clinics and recruited after having time to view the OIR...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Omar H Alkadhi, Mohammed N Zahid, Read S Almanea, Husam K Althaqeb, Turki H Alharbi, Nancy M Ajwa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of using mobile applications active reminders to improve oral hygiene in comparison to verbal oral hygiene instructions. DESIGN: Two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: orthodontic clinics at two branches of a university hospitals of the college of dentistry of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four 12-year-old and older subjects...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Asma Fatima, Ashok Kumar Talapaneni, Abdul Saleh, Safiya Sana, Arshad Hussain
INTRODUCTION: Tooth movement during orthodontic treatment is possible because of mechanical force-induced inflammation and remodelling in the periodontal ligament. Variation in the inflammatory response might be anticipated with initial aligning archwires of different composition. Myloperoxidase (MPO) is an enzyme found in neutrophil granules that represents an important marker of inflammation. The aim of this study was to measure MPO enzyme activity during initial alignment with orthodontic arch wires of different alloy types...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Andrew P Garry, Norah L Flannigan, Lee Cooper, Gleb Komarov, Girvan Burnside, Sue M Higham
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the remineralisation of enamel subsurface lesions treated with fluoride toothpaste (1450 ppm) or a combination of fluoride toothpaste in addition to Tooth Mousse™. DESIGN: An in situ, cross-over, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Orthodontic department at Liverpool University Dental Hospital, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients receiving fixed orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Demineralised subsurface enamel lesions were placed in a carrier and attached onto a fixed orthodontic appliance...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Ama Johal, Amrit Chaggar, Li Fong Zou
OBJECTIVE: The present study used the optical surface laser scanning technique to compare the facial features of patients aged 8-18 years presenting with Class I and Class III incisor relationship in a case-control design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects with a Class III incisor relationship, aged 8-18 years, were age and gender matched with Class I control and underwent a 3-dimensional (3-D) optical surface scan of the facial soft tissues. RESULTS: Landmark analysis revealed Class III subjects displayed greater mean dimensions compared to the control group most notably between the ages of 8-10 and 17-18 years in both males and females, in respect of antero-posterior (P = 0...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Maryam Paknahad, Shoaleh Shahidi, Iman Khaleghi
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the size of the sella turcica are frequently related to pathologies and syndromes. The aim of this was to compare the sella turcica dimensions in patients with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate and non-cleft subjects. METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of three groups consisted of 20 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate; 20 patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate and a control group consisting of 20 non-cleft subjects were the research population in this pilot study...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Sameer Patel, Gavin Mack
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitudes of orthodontic trainees towards orthodontic therapists (OTs) in the UK. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: UK-based orthodontic trainees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to all members of the Training Grades Group of the British Orthodontic Society assessing exposure to OTs and their knowledge regarding current supervision guidelines and scope of practice...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Zak C Sullivan, Jayne E Harrison
A Nance palatal arch is a method of reinforcing anchorage to help prevent mesial movement of maxillary first permanent molars. It is recognised that it is difficult to maintain oral hygiene around the appliance and that iatrogenic damage can occur. We present a case of a 22-year-old male patient in whom the palatal mucosa became necrotic, palatal bone became exposed and long-term periodontal damage occurred. We describe the case, his treatment and the resolution of the inflammation as well as exploring the causes for the damage and alternate treatment options...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
S Haque, P J Sandler, M T Cobourne, P Bassett, A T DiBiase
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study assessed the difference in anchorage loss using 3D superimposition of study models between cases treated with extraction of maxillary first premolars and maxillary second premolars carried out in orthodontic specialist practice. METHOD: Sixty subjects who have undergone extractions of either maxillary first or second premolars as part of their orthodontic treatment were selected. Eligibility criteria included patients with a Class I, mild Class II or III malocclusions, mild-to-moderate crowding with no anchorage reinforcement...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Jessica Howell, Rachel Little, Jayne Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
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