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Journal of Orthodontics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285996/scope-of-practice-and-supervision-of-orthodontic-therapists-in-the-united-kingdom-part-1-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-orthodontic-therapists
#1
Farooq Ahmed, Charlotte Dugdale, Ovais Malik, David Waring
BACKGROUND: Orthodontic therapists (OTs) are the most recent addition to the orthodontic clinical team. The General Dental Council (GDC) and the British Orthodontic Society have formulated guidance and guidelines relating to their scope of practice and level of supervision, however there has been no contemporary UK-based research investigating practice and supervision of OTs. The aim of this study was to investigate the scope of practice and level of supervision of OTs working in the UK...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281939/bone-specific-alkaline-phosphatase-a-potential-biomarker-for-skeletal-growth-assessment
#2
Tulika Tripathi, Prateek Gupta, Jitender Sharma, Priyank Rai, Vinod Kumar Gupta, Navneet Singh
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to assess levels of serum Bone-specific alkaline phosphatase (BALP) and serum Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) and comparing with cervical vertebral maturation index (CVMI) stages. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Maulana Azad Institute of Dental Sciences, New Delhi, India. PARTICIPANTS: 150 subjects (75 males and 75 females) in the age group of 8-20 years. METHODS: Subjects were divided into six CVMI stages...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280412/tooth-root-and-alveolar-bone-grey-values-derived-from-cone-beam-ct-imaging-in-maxillary-incisor-tooth-with-and-without-apical-root-resorption
#3
Marcio José da Silva Campos, Karine Simões Silva, Paula Moraes Lupatini, Marcelo Reis Fraga, Robert Willer Farinazzo Vitral
INTRODUCTION: In orthodontic treatment, an increased bone mineral density of the alveolar bone is considered as a risk factor for apical root resorption (ARR), whereas the mineral density of cementum has been associated with root protection against resorption. METHODS: This study aimed at evaluating the grey values (GVs) of the apical third of the root and of the alveolar bone adjacent to maxillary incisors with and without ARR in orthodontic patients. Twenty-one patients under treatment who presented one incisor with ARR and its corresponding contralateral without ARR were selected and submitted to cone-beam computed tomography...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191124/the-dental-manifestations-and-orthodontic-implications-of-hypoparathyroidism-in-childhood
#4
Amy Arora Gallacher, M N Pemberton, D T Waring
The presence of short dental roots can present challenges to the orthodontist both in terms of identifying its aetiology and in subsequent treatment planning. Uncommon causes include hypoparathyroidism and pseudohypoparathyroidism, where short roots may be seen in combination with other oral manifestations including enamel hypoplasia secondary to low calcium levels. This case report highlights these features and the orthodontic treatment proposed.
November 30, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169307/adult-orthodontics-in-the-republic-of-ireland-specialist-orthodontists-opinions
#5
Siobhán Mary McMorrow, Declan T Millett
OBJECTIVES: To report the opinions of specialist orthodontists regarding the profile, characteristics and treatment of adults currently undergoing orthodontic treatment in the Republic of Ireland (ROI) Design/setting: A national cross-sectional questionnaire study in the ROI. METHOD: A pilot-tested questionnaire was distributed to 122 specialist orthodontists in the ROI. Questions addressed general and treatment information for current adult orthodontic patients...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165045/determination-of-the-centre-of-resistance-during-en-masse-retraction-combined-with-corticotomy-finite-element-analysis
#6
Tanes Ouejiaraphant, Bancha Samruajbenjakun, Ekachai Chaichanasiri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of corticotomy on the change in the centre of resistance of the six maxillary anterior teeth Materials and methods: Three-dimensional finite element models of the maxillary anterior teeth with and without corticotomy were constructed. Brackets (size 0.022 inch × 0.028 inch) were placed passively on all anterior teeth that were set at the centre of the labial surface in the mesio-distal dimension and 3 mm from the incisal edge to the bracket slot in the vertical direction...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160166/scope-of-practice-and-supervision-of-orthodontic-therapists-in-the-united-kingdom-part-2-a-national-cross-sectional-survey-of-orthodontists
#7
Charlotte A Dugdale, Farooq Ahmed, David Waring, Ovais H Malik
OBJECTIVE: Since the introduction of orthodontic therapists (OTs), there has been little research on the scope of practice and the level of supervision they receive. This study investigates how OTs are being utilised and supervised, and how this compares with current recommendations. METHODS AND PARTICIPANTS: A postal cross-sectional survey was mailed to all UK General Dental Council (GDC) registered specialist orthodontists. RESULTS: A 59...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115907/relevant-research-from-orthodontic-journals
#8
Sara Hosni, Jayne Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077552/handling-qualitative-research-outcomes
#9
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215324/letter-to-the-editor
#10
Devaki Patel, Nigel Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980512/the-accuracy-of-maxillary-positioning-using-digital-model-planning-and-3d-printed-wafers-in-bimaxillary-orthognathic-surgery
#11
Richard R J Cousley, Mark Bainbridge, P Emile Rossouw
OBJECTIVE: Orthognathic wafers may be made using digital model movements and CAD-CAM technology. This paper analysed the accuracy of maxillary movements using this new process. DESIGN: Retrospective study of pre and post-operative cephalograms. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty consecutive orthognathic patients undergoing bimaxillary osteotomies in a UK hospital. METHODS: Jaw movements were planned using cephalometric and Orthoanalyzer™ software...
December 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063808/hugo-l-obwegeser-1920-2017-the-father-of-modern-orthognathic-surgery
#12
Farhad B Naini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920540/the-effect-of-conventional-versus-figure-of-eight-module-ligation-on-mandibular-incisor-alignment-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
Rachel A Little, David J Spary
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether using figure-of-eight modules affects the rate of lower incisor alignment compared with conventionally tied modules. DESIGN: Prospective randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Orthodontic department at Queen's Hospital, Burton upon Trent, UK. METHODS: One hundred and twenty participants were randomly allocated to conventional module or figure-of-eight module groups, stratified for extraction or non-extraction lower arch treatment...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885113/a-3d-printed-surgical-analogue-to-reduce-donor-tooth-trauma-during-autotransplantation
#14
Richard R J Cousley, Andrew Gibbons, Jeremy Nayler
Surgical trauma and prolonged extra-alveolar exposure of the donor tooth's root sheath are both complicating factors during tooth autotransplantation surgery. This case report describes a 12-year-old female patient who underwent surgical transplantation of a maxillary second premolar to a central incisor site. A three-dimensional printed analogue of the donor tooth was fabricated from a cone beam (CBCT) scan of the tooth in order to minimise the extra-oral (exposure) time and frequency of trial insertions of the donor tooth into the recipient socket...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881172/from-ideal-occlusion-to-dentofacial-deformity-and-back-to-ideal-an-osteochondroma-treatment-with-lingual-orthodontics
#15
Renato Parsekian Martins, Tatyane Ribeiro Mesquita, Ana Patrícia Sousa Pereira, Isabela Parsekian Martins, Daniel Serra Cassano, João Roberto Gonçalves
This original case report describes the morphologic changes caused by a mandibular condylar osteochondroma (OC) on a female patient and its treatment. The changes were identified by comparing her final records from a previous orthodontic treatment, without the presence of OC, to records taken before a second treatment, with a developed OC. The diagnostics and treatment for the OC and its consequences were described and discussed in this paper. Treatment included orthodontics with a lingual appliance, low condylectomy on the affected side, high condylectomy on the contralateral side, bilateral disc repositioning and orthognathic surgery...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881169/are-orthodontic-systematic-reviews-registered-a-priori-in-prospero
#16
Sofia Sideri, Spyridon N Papageorgiou, Theodore Eliades
INTRODUCTION: Aim of this study was to assess the registration of orthodontic systematic reviews in PROSPERO. METHOD: Seven databases were searched for orthodontic systematic reviews published in 2012-2016. After duplicate study selection and data extraction, descriptive statistics, followed by chi-square/Fisher exact tests were calculated. Finally, bivariable/multivariable regression with relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) was used. RESULTS: A total of 182 orthodontic systematic reviews were identified, 37 (20...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826346/how-accurate-are-theramon%C3%A2-microsensors-at-measuring-intraoral-wear-time-recorded-vs-actual-wear-times-in-five-volunteers
#17
Catherine A Brierley, Philip E Benson, Jonathan Sandler
BACKGROUND: The TheraMon® microsensor is the most recent device developed to measure the wear-time of removable appliances. The accuracy has not been validated intraorally. OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) if the TheraMon® microsensor accurately records time when fixed intraorally, and 2) the effect of the intraoral location on the recorded time. METHODS: A prospective pilot study, using a convenience sample, was carried out in a UK hospital orthodontic department...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805532/etiology-based-dental-and-craniofacial-diagnostics
#18
Martyn Cobourne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783459/relevant-research-from-non-orthodontic-journals
#19
Sara Stephens, Howard Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762889/orthodontic-management-of-a-dental-concrescence-a-case-report
#20
Nicky David Stanford, Sara Hosni, Tim Morris
Dental concrescence is a rare dental abnormality resulting in the joining of two teeth at the level of the cementum. This is the first reported case of the orthodontic management of a dental concrescence and the options for patient treatment are discussed. In this case, a compromised occlusal result was accepted with restorative masking of the affected teeth.
August 1, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
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