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Journal of Orthodontics

Zak C Sullivan, Jayne E Harrison
A Nance palatal arch is a method of reinforcing anchorage to help prevent mesial movement of maxillary first permanent molars. It is recognised that it is difficult to maintain oral hygiene around the appliance and that iatrogenic damage can occur. We present a case of a 22-year-old male patient in whom the palatal mucosa became necrotic, palatal bone became exposed and long-term periodontal damage occurred. We describe the case, his treatment and the resolution of the inflammation as well as exploring the causes for the damage and alternate treatment options...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
S Haque, P J Sandler, M T Cobourne, P Bassett, A T DiBiase
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study assessed the difference in anchorage loss using 3D superimposition of study models between cases treated with extraction of maxillary first premolars and maxillary second premolars carried out in orthodontic specialist practice. METHOD: Sixty subjects who have undergone extractions of either maxillary first or second premolars as part of their orthodontic treatment were selected. Eligibility criteria included patients with a Class I, mild Class II or III malocclusions, mild-to-moderate crowding with no anchorage reinforcement...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Emmett Hegarty, Ciara Campbell, Ektor Grammatopoulos, Andrew T DiBiase, Martyn Sherriff, Martyn T Cobourne
OBJECTIVE: To investigate video content on YouTube™ related to orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: YouTube™ was searched using the terms: orthognathic surgery; orthodontic surgery; jaw surgery; jaw corrective surgery. Inclusion criteria included English language; primary content orthognathic surgery and acceptable audio-visual quality. Videos were sorted into the top 50 for each search term by view-count and into an overall top 60 from the four searches...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Dimitrios Mavreas, Lazaros Tsalikis, Vassilis Karagiannis, Athanasios E Athanasiou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the duration of orthodontic treatment and Gingival Index (GI) scores in Class I malocclusion patients treated with a conventional straight-wire method (CG) or the Damon technique (DT). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel, randomised clinical trial Setting: A postgraduate orthodontic clinic Participants: Patients with a balanced facial profile, a full permanent dentition and Angle's Class I malocclusion with moderate crowding. METHODS: The primary outcome was the duration of orthodontic treatment in months...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Madahar Arun, Qureshi Usman, Ama Johal
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine the quality, accuracy, reliability and usability of Internet information, regarding different orthodontic treatment modalities. METHOD: Google AdWords identified five popular keywords: Cosmetic braces, fixed braces, Removable braces, Quick braces and risks. These were entered in five search engines, with the resultant websites analysed using five validated assessment tools. Intra-examiner reliability was assessed, descriptive and inferential analysis of the data undertaken...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Aldo Giancotti, Federica Paoncelli, Francesco Germano
Growing patients with congenital missing second premolars should be accurately evaluated in order to establish an appropriate treatment plan. The decision whether to close or maintain spaces in dental arches caused by missing teeth should be based on the consideration of biomechanical factors and the aesthetic traits of individual patients. Accordingly, the choice of closing spaces requires an adequate consideration of biomechanical principles in order to avoid detrimental effects on the occlusion and profile...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Aldo Giancotti, Francesco Garino, Gianluca Mampieri
In open bite case treatments, a proper diagnostic differentiation is essential in determining the appropriate corrective procedures. Dental open bites are generally more responsive to treatment with orthodontics alone, whereas skeletal open bites often require a combination of orthodontics and orthognathic surgery. Patient selection and treatment principles for non-surgical open bite treatment routinely include fixed appliances both labial or lingual. However, removable clear aligners have gained a consistent popularity in the treatment of complex cases including open bite malocclusions...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Eamon Howard-Bowles, John Ho-A-Yun, Aman Ulhaq, Niall J P McGuinness
OBJECTIVES: (1) To undertake a service evaluation of the Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN). (2) To determine its suitability to replace the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in the assessment of patients with dentofacial deformity. DESIGN: Laboratory- and questionnaire-based study. SETTING: UK hospital-based orthodontic department. METHODS: Cohen's Kappa was used to assess inter- and intra-operator reliability for the IOTN and the IOFTN against 30 orthognathic patients' models scored to a 'gold standard'...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Wan Salbiah Wan Abdul Razak, Martyn Sherriff, Dirk Bister, Jadbinder Seehra
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the force to debond stainless steel orthodontic brackets bonded to acrylic teeth using different combinations of adhesive and surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred prefabricated upper lateral incisor acrylic teeth were divided into 4 equal groups: Transbond XT® adhesive only (Group 1, control), Transbond XT® adhesive with sandblasting (Group 2), Transbond XT® adhesive with abrasion / + methyl methacrylate (MMA) (Group 3) and Triad® Gel only (Group 4)...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Nicholas Hemmings, Jamie Gwilliam, Gurprit K Bhamrah
INTRODUCTION: After successful completion of orthodontic membership examinations, post-graduate specialty trainees are deemed proficient to work independently in primary care, where some understanding of the costs of providing treatment may be required. Financial management forms part of Module 33 of the Specialty Advisory Committee (SAC) curriculum for orthodontic training. OBJECTIVES: Establish knowledge levels of the cost of orthodontic items by King's College Hospital (KCH) Orthodontic trainees...
March 10, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Anthony J Ireland, Pamela Ellis, Abbie Jordan, Rebecca Bradley, Paul Ewings, Nicola E Atack, Helen Griffiths, Kate House, Matthew B Moore, Scott Deacon, Nicholas Wenger, Victoria Worth, Emma Scaysbrook, Julie C Williams, Jonathan R Sandy
OBJECTIVES: Pain is a common side effect of orthodontic treatment. An objective of this study, part of a large previously reported RCT on pain and analgesic use, was to determine the effect of anxiety on perceived pain and use of analgesia. METHODS: 1000 patients aged 11-17 years, undergoing upper and lower fixed appliance treatment in nine hospital departments were recruited into this two-arm parallel design randomised controlled trial. One arm was given sugar-free chewing gum and the other arm ibuprofen for pain relief...
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Martyn T Cobourne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Stefan Abela, David Tewson, Sharon Prince, Martyn Sherriff, Dirk Bister
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of Le Fort I surgery by comparing planned surgical movements with actual outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A minimum number of seven consecutive cases that had undergone a Le Fort I osteotomy procedure alone or in combination with a mandibular osteotomy from six different hospital units in the East of England between 2009 and 2010 were identified. A total of 56 cases met the inclusion criteria where surgical splints were used and model surgery had been performed...
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Sara Stephens, Howard Moseley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Jayne Harrison, Jessica Howell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Satpal S Sandhu
OBJECTIVE: To validate the factor structure of recently modified Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire (Ortho-SF-MPQ) to assess orthodontic pain; and to test its Measurement Invariance (MI) across gender. METHODS: 180 orthodontic patients were enrolled in this study. 0.016 inch Super-elastic NiTi arch wire was used in 0.022″ × 0.028″ slot pre-adjusted edgewise appliance. After initial arch wire placement, pain was assessed at T1 (24 hours), T2 (day 3), and T3 (day 7) by using the Ortho-SF-MPQ which consists of seven sensory (pressure, sore, aching, tight, throbbing, pulling, miserable) and four affective (uncomfortable, strange, frustrating, annoying) descriptors...
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Lauren J Hardwick, Mark S Sayers, J Timothy Newton
OBJECTIVE: To investigate patients' expectations of lingual orthodontic treatment. DESIGN: In-depth interviews were conducted. A framework analysis was carried out to identify themes, concepts and a typology. SETTING: Two secondary care hospital departments and four primary care orthodontic practices, UK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen new orthodontic patients aged 16-60 years participated in the interviews. All interviews were transcribed verbatim and analysed using framework analysis, including identification of themes within the responses, and typologies of respondents...
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Alexander Spassov, Bernard Braun, Sofija Carceva-Salja, Hartmut Bettin, Dragan Pavlovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
Anna Cala, Joseph Noar, Aviva Petrie, Julian O'Neill
INTRODUCTION: Computer software allows a photograph of patient's face and a photograph of their dental casts to be combined into one image, similar to that seen in a lateral cephalogram. The aim of this study was to assess the agreement between the measurements carried out on this novel composite photographic image and those taken from a lateral cephalogram of the same patient. METHODS: The method involved the superimposition of a photograph of a patient's dental casts onto a photograph of their profile thus creating a composite image...
March 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
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