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Journal of Orthodontics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724341/of-significance-and-relevance
#1
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708012/how-do-patients-perceive-the-british-orthodontic-society-online-information-resource-about-orthognathic-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#2
Jennifer Kettle, Zoe Marshman, Philip E Benson, Caroline McCarthy, Gurpreet Pye, Jonathan Sandler, Lindsay Winchester, Andrew Flett
OBJECTIVES: To explore the accessibility, usability and relevance of the British Orthodontic Society (BOS) online information resource (OIR), Your Jaw Surgery. DESIGN: Qualitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: 5 UK sites. PARTICIPANTS: Patients before, during and after treatment for non-cleft skeletal discrepancy. METHODS: Patients were identified at joint clinics and recruited after having time to view the OIR...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705122/the-effect-of-using-mobile-applications-for-improving-oral-hygiene-in-patients-with-orthodontic-fixed-appliances-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Omar H Alkadhi, Mohammed N Zahid, Read S Almanea, Husam K Althaqeb, Turki H Alharbi, Nancy M Ajwa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of using mobile applications active reminders to improve oral hygiene in comparison to verbal oral hygiene instructions. DESIGN: Two-arm parallel randomised controlled trial. SETTING: orthodontic clinics at two branches of a university hospitals of the college of dentistry of Riyadh Colleges of Dentistry and Pharmacy, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. PARTICIPANTS: Forty-four 12-year-old and older subjects...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705081/an-evaluation-and-comparison-of-myeloperoxidase-enzymatic-activity-during-initial-orthodontic-alignment-an-in-vivo-study
#4
Asma Fatima, Ashok Kumar Talapaneni, Abdul Saleh, Safiya Sana, Arshad Hussain
INTRODUCTION: Tooth movement during orthodontic treatment is possible because of mechanical force-induced inflammation and remodelling in the periodontal ligament. Variation in the inflammatory response might be anticipated with initial aligning archwires of different composition. Myloperoxidase (MPO) is an enzyme found in neutrophil granules that represents an important marker of inflammation. The aim of this study was to measure MPO enzyme activity during initial alignment with orthodontic arch wires of different alloy types...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681698/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-investigate-the-remineralising-potential-of-tooth-mousse%C3%A2-in-orthodontic-patients
#5
Andrew P Garry, Norah L Flannigan, Lee Cooper, Gleb Komarov, Girvan Burnside, Sue M Higham
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the remineralisation of enamel subsurface lesions treated with fluoride toothpaste (1450 ppm) or a combination of fluoride toothpaste in addition to Tooth Mousse™. DESIGN: An in situ, cross-over, randomised controlled trial. SETTING: Orthodontic department at Liverpool University Dental Hospital, UK. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve patients receiving fixed orthodontic treatment. METHODS: Demineralised subsurface enamel lesions were placed in a carrier and attached onto a fixed orthodontic appliance...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678642/a-three-dimensional-soft-tissue-analysis-of-class-iii-malocclusion-a-case-controlled-cross-sectional-study
#6
Ama Johal, Amrit Chaggar, Li Fong Zou
OBJECTIVE: The present study used the optical surface laser scanning technique to compare the facial features of patients aged 8-18 years presenting with Class I and Class III incisor relationship in a case-control design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects with a Class III incisor relationship, aged 8-18 years, were age and gender matched with Class I control and underwent a 3-dimensional (3-D) optical surface scan of the facial soft tissues. RESULTS: Landmark analysis revealed Class III subjects displayed greater mean dimensions compared to the control group most notably between the ages of 8-10 and 17-18 years in both males and females, in respect of antero-posterior (P = 0...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673207/a-cone-beam-computed-tomographic-evaluation-of-the-size-of-the-sella-turcica-in-patients-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#7
Maryam Paknahad, Shoaleh Shahidi, Iman Khaleghi
OBJECTIVE: Changes in the size of the sella turcica are frequently related to pathologies and syndromes. The aim of this was to compare the sella turcica dimensions in patients with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate and non-cleft subjects. METHODS: Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of three groups consisted of 20 patients with unilateral cleft lip and palate; 20 patients with bilateral cleft lip and palate and a control group consisting of 20 non-cleft subjects were the research population in this pilot study...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649934/the-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-orthodontic-trainees-towards-orthodontic-therapists-a-national-survey
#8
Sameer Patel, Gavin Mack
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitudes of orthodontic trainees towards orthodontic therapists (OTs) in the UK. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. SETTING: UK-based orthodontic trainees. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic survey was sent to all members of the Training Grades Group of the British Orthodontic Society assessing exposure to OTs and their knowledge regarding current supervision guidelines and scope of practice...
June 25, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602154/tissue-necrosis-under-a-nance-palatal-arch-a-case-report
#9
Zak C Sullivan, Jayne E Harrison
A Nance palatal arch is a method of reinforcing anchorage to help prevent mesial movement of maxillary first permanent molars. It is recognised that it is difficult to maintain oral hygiene around the appliance and that iatrogenic damage can occur. We present a case of a 22-year-old male patient in whom the palatal mucosa became necrotic, palatal bone became exposed and long-term periodontal damage occurred. We describe the case, his treatment and the resolution of the inflammation as well as exploring the causes for the damage and alternate treatment options...
June 10, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593812/a-retrospective-study-comparing-the-loss-of-anchorage-following-the-extraction-of-maxillary-first-or-second-premolars-during-orthodontic-treatment-with-fixed-appliances-in-adolescent-patients
#10
S Haque, P J Sandler, M T Cobourne, P Bassett, A T DiBiase
INTRODUCTION: This retrospective study assessed the difference in anchorage loss using 3D superimposition of study models between cases treated with extraction of maxillary first premolars and maxillary second premolars carried out in orthodontic specialist practice. METHOD: Sixty subjects who have undergone extractions of either maxillary first or second premolars as part of their orthodontic treatment were selected. Eligibility criteria included patients with a Class I, mild Class II or III malocclusions, mild-to-moderate crowding with no anchorage reinforcement...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463076/youtube%C3%A2-as-an-information-resource-for-orthognathic-surgery
#11
Emmett Hegarty, Ciara Campbell, Ektor Grammatopoulos, Andrew T DiBiase, Martyn Sherriff, Martyn T Cobourne
OBJECTIVE: To investigate video content on YouTube™ related to orthognathic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: YouTube™ was searched using the terms: orthognathic surgery; orthodontic surgery; jaw surgery; jaw corrective surgery. Inclusion criteria included English language; primary content orthognathic surgery and acceptable audio-visual quality. Videos were sorted into the top 50 for each search term by view-count and into an overall top 60 from the four searches...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460562/treatment-duration-and-gingival-inflammation-in-angle-s-class-i-malocclusion-patients-treated-with-the-conventional-straight-wire-method-and-the-damon-technique-a-single-centre-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Eleftherios G Kaklamanos, Dimitrios Mavreas, Lazaros Tsalikis, Vassilis Karagiannis, Athanasios E Athanasiou
OBJECTIVE: To compare the duration of orthodontic treatment and Gingival Index (GI) scores in Class I malocclusion patients treated with a conventional straight-wire method (CG) or the Damon technique (DT). DESIGN: Two-arm, parallel, randomised clinical trial Setting: A postgraduate orthodontic clinic Participants: Patients with a balanced facial profile, a full permanent dentition and Angle's Class I malocclusion with moderate crowding. METHODS: The primary outcome was the duration of orthodontic treatment in months...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639510/relevant-research-from-orthodontic-journals
#13
Jessica Howell, Rachel Little, Jayne Harrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639508/on-the-results-of-clinical-studies
#14
Spyridon N Papageorgiou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639507/corrigendum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639506/orthognathic-surgery-principles-planning-and-practice
#16
Andrew DiBiase
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387601/the-application-of-the-index-of-orthognathic-functional-treatment-need-ioftn-service-evaluation-and-impact
#17
Eamon Howard-Bowles, John Ho-A-Yun, Aman Ulhaq, Niall J P McGuinness
OBJECTIVES: (1) To undertake a service evaluation of the Index of Orthognathic Functional Treatment Need (IOFTN). (2) To determine its suitability to replace the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN) in the assessment of patients with dentofacial deformity. DESIGN: Laboratory- and questionnaire-based study. SETTING: UK hospital-based orthodontic department. METHODS: Cohen's Kappa was used to assess inter- and intra-operator reliability for the IOTN and the IOFTN against 30 orthognathic patients' models scored to a 'gold standard'...
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300497/bond-strength-of-stainless-steel-orthodontic-brackets-bonded-to-prefabricated-acrylic-teeth
#18
Wan Salbiah Wan Abdul Razak, Martyn Sherriff, Dirk Bister, Jadbinder Seehra
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this in-vitro study was to evaluate the force to debond stainless steel orthodontic brackets bonded to acrylic teeth using different combinations of adhesive and surface treatments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred prefabricated upper lateral incisor acrylic teeth were divided into 4 equal groups: Transbond XT® adhesive only (Group 1, control), Transbond XT® adhesive with sandblasting (Group 2), Transbond XT® adhesive with abrasion / + methyl methacrylate (MMA) (Group 3) and Triad® Gel only (Group 4)...
June 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436301/orthodontic-treatment-modalities-a-qualitative-assessment-of-internet-information
#19
Madahar Arun, Qureshi Usman, Ama Johal
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to determine the quality, accuracy, reliability and usability of Internet information, regarding different orthodontic treatment modalities. METHOD: Google AdWords identified five popular keywords: Cosmetic braces, fixed braces, Removable braces, Quick braces and risks. These were entered in five search engines, with the resultant websites analysed using five validated assessment tools. Intra-examiner reliability was assessed, descriptive and inferential analysis of the data undertaken...
April 23, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425833/management-of-missing-second-premolars-using-miniscrews-an-elective-solution-for-critical-anchorage-conditions
#20
Aldo Giancotti, Federica Paoncelli, Francesco Germano
Growing patients with congenital missing second premolars should be accurately evaluated in order to establish an appropriate treatment plan. The decision whether to close or maintain spaces in dental arches caused by missing teeth should be based on the consideration of biomechanical factors and the aesthetic traits of individual patients. Accordingly, the choice of closing spaces requires an adequate consideration of biomechanical principles in order to avoid detrimental effects on the occlusion and profile...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Orthodontics
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