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Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō

Qian-Yun Xi, Yong Jiang, Shuai Zhao, Bin Zeng, Fei Wang, Li-Na Wang, Qing-Yan Jiang, Yong-Liang Zhang
There are many reports that dietary supplementation with plant polysaccharides in pigs might promote their growth, but little is known about the maternal effect of ginseng polysaccharides (GPS) on piglets' growth by dietary supplementation to pregnant and lactating sows. In the current study, the effects of dietary supplementation with GPS on the immunity of sows and growth of their piglets were investigated. Results showed no significant difference among the four groups in the total number of piglets, live piglets, weak piglets and birth weight of piglets, indicating the GPS-treatment has no adverse effect on reproduction...
October 18, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Panfeng Zhao, Xiangshu Piao, Zhikai Zeng, Ping Li, Xiao Xu, Hongliang Wang
We investigated the effects of Forsythia suspensa extract (FSE) and chito-oligosaccharide (COS), alone or together, on performance and health status of weaned piglets. The treatments included a basal diet and three diets with 160 mg/kg COS, 100 mg/kg FSE, or 100 mg/kg FSE and 160 mg/kg COS. Supplementation with COS or FSE alone improved (P < 0.01) average daily gain and feed conversion ratio compared with the basal diet in the first 2 weeks. On day 14, COS or FSE supplementation separately produced stronger (P < 0...
October 18, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Xiang Zi Li, Byung Ki Park, Byuong Chon Hong, Jun Sang Ahn, Jong Suh Shin
This study aims to investigate the effect of soy lecithin on the total cholesterol content, the fatty acid composition and carcass characteristics in the Longissimus dorsi in Hanwoo steers. Hanwoo steers (24 head) were fed two diets: Control (CON) (concentrate + alcohol-fermented feed (AFF)) and soy lecithin treatment (CON + soy lecithin at 0.5% of the AFF). Soy lecithin treatment increased average daily gain, serum concentrations of triglyceride, total cholesterol and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol in the blood...
October 18, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Panfeng Zhao, Xiangshu Piao, Long Pan, Zhikai Zeng, Qingyun Li, Xiao Xu, Hongliang Wang
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been shown to have a role in inflammation. We investigated whether Forsythia suspensa extract (FSE) could exert its antioxidant potential against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammatory liver injury in rats. Rats were orally fed FSE once daily for 7 consecutive days prior to LPS (Escherichia coli, serotype O55:B5) injection. LPS treatment caused liver dysfunction as evidenced by massive histopathological changes and increased serum alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase activities which were ameliorated by FSE pretreatment...
October 17, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Jinhua Sun, Yinglin Chen, Feiyue Qin, Xueting Guan, Wei Xu, Liangmei Xu
Interferons have attracted considerable attention due to their vital roles in the host immune response and low induction of antibiotic resistance. In this study, total RNA was extracted from spleen cells of chicken embryos inoculated with Newcastle disease vaccine, and the full-length chicken interferon-γ (ChIFN-γ) gene was amplified by RT-PCR. The full complementary DNA sequence of the ChIFN-γ gene was 495 bp long and was cloned into the prokaryotic expression vector pProEX™HTb . The plasmid was transformed into Escherichia coli DH5α and the expression of ChIFN-γ was induced by isopropyl β-D-1-thiogalactopyranoside...
October 17, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Hector R Vera-Avila, Jorge Urrutia-Morales, Mario A Espinosa-Martinez, Hector G Gamez-Vazquez, Hector Jimenez-Severiano, Eugenio Villagomez-Amezcua
The effect of goat nutritional condition on the response to biostimulation with sexually active males during different stages of anestrus was determined. Fifty-eight Criollo × Nubian females on high and low body mass index (BMI) diets were used. Each BMI group was divided into two for biostimulation with sexually active males during May (mid-anestrus) or July (transition period). Ovulatory responses to biostimulation were characterized from serum progesterone, as well as the delay for response (first and second ovulations followed by a normal length luteal phase, O-WNLP)...
October 17, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Guoyuan Xiong, Xueqin Gao, Haibo Zheng, Xin Li, Xinglian Xu, Guanghong Zhou
This study evaluated the differences of physico-chemical and nutritional qualities between abnormal colored chicken livers (ANCCLs) and normal colored chicken livers (NCCLs) and the safety of the both livers. Compared with NCCLs, ANCCLs were lower in protein, water contents (P < 0.01), pH and pigment contents (P < 0.05). NCCLs contained higher polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) and saturated fatty acids (SFA) (P < 0.05). The PUFA/SFA ratio of NCCLs was 0.453, higher (P < 0.05) than that of ANCCLs...
October 10, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Jianhui Li, Zhiqiang Miao, Wenxia Tian, Yu Yang, Jundong Wang, Ying Yang
A 3×2 factorial experiment was conducted to determine the effects of rearing system and stocking density on the growth performance, intestinal morphology and fermentation status of broilers. Broilers were kept on three rearing systems: floor litter rearing (FRS), plastic net rearing (NRS) and multilayer cage rearing system (CRS), each with two stocking densities (normal and high stocking densities). Results showed that on 7 to 28 days of age, body weight gain appeared as FRS > NRS > CRS. Whereas, CRS significantly enhanced the weight gain of broilers compared with the other systems subsequently...
October 10, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Masahiko Hirata, Eri Kunieda, Manabu Tobisa
This study conducted four experiments to assess preference of cattle between centipedegrass (Eremochloa ophiuroides; CG) and bahiagrass (Paspalum notatum; BG) under manipulated vegetation conditions. In each experiment, three Japanese Black cows (Bos taurus) were individually allowed to graze four plots of conterminous monocultures of CG and BG (30 min for each 10 × 10 m plot). Vegetation of the plots was the combinations of two patch sizes (coarse and fine; 5 × 10 m and 5 × 5 m, respectively) × two relative availabilities of the grasses (CGtall /BGshort and CGshort /BGtall )...
October 10, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Fengli An, Jianlin Wang
In order to explore the effect of strain on diverging post-hatch muscle properties, muscle regulation during embryo development was investigated in selected and unselected breeds. Four broiler strains were used: JingNing (JN) chicken (a Chinese native chicken), HuangYu (HY) broiler, BaiYu (BY) broiler and Hyline layer (commercial crossbred chickens). Results showed that the four breeds had almost the same characteristic during different incubation periods. BY broilers moved more than JN and Hyline layers from Hamburger & Hamilton stage (HH)24 to HH31 (P < 0...
October 6, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Hanzhen Qiao, Fei Zhang, Wutai Guan, Jianjun Zuo, Dingyuan Feng
The enzymatic properties of four lipases (A, B, C and D) from different strains of Aspergillus niger, were investigated, and a 3-factor mixture design and triangular surface analysis were performed to screen the optimal combi-lipase by observing synergistic effects. Lipases B and D differed in optimal pH, temperature and substrate specificity. A combi-lipase with 31.2% lipase B and 68.8% lipase D (w/w, equal to units of 30.36% and 69.64%) exhibited optimal hydrolytic activity on soybean oil, which exceeded the sum of the combined activities of individual lipases (P < 0...
October 5, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Lixin Deng, Cong He, Yanwei Zhou, Lifan Xu, Huijun Xiong
Transport stress syndrome often appears in beef cattle during ground transportation, leading to changes in their capacity to digest food due to changes in rumen microbiota. The present study aimed to analyze bacteria before and after cattle transport. Eight Xianan beef cattle were transported over 1000 km. Rumen fluid and blood were sampled before and after transport. Real-time PCR was used to quantify rumen bacteria. Cortisol and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) were measured. Cortisol and ACTH were increased on day 1 after transportation and decreased by day 3...
October 3, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Hideyuki Mannen, Riku Yonesaka, Aoi Noda, Takeshi Shimogiri, Ichiro Oshima, Kiyomi Katahira, Misao Kanemaki, Tetsuo Kunieda, Yousuke Inayoshi, Fumio Mukai, Shinji Sasazaki
This study aims to estimate the mitochondrial genetic diversity and structure of Japanese Polled and Kuchinoshima feral cattle, which are maintained in small populations. We determined the mitochondrial DMA (mtDNA) displacement loop (D-loop) sequences for both cattle populations and analyzed these in conjunction with previously published data from Northeast Asian cattle populations. Our findings showed that Japanese native cattle have a predominant, Asian-specific mtDNA haplogroup T4 with high frequencies (0...
September 28, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Balachandar Jayaraman, John K Htoo, Charles M Nyachoti
A total of 180 mixed-sex pigs (Duroc × (Yorkshire × Landrace); average initial body weight of 7.36 ± 0.2 kg) weaned at 21 ± 1 days were fed corn-soybean meal-wheat-based diets to determine the optimal standardized ileal digestible (SID) tryptophan to lysine ratio (Trp : Lys) in a 2 × 5 factorial arrangement (two sanitary conditions: clean (CL) and unclean (UCL), and five dietary treatments (SID Trp : Lys (16, 18, 20, 22 and 24%)). In each sanitary condition, blood was collected on days 0 and 14 to determine plasma urea nitrogen and on day 14, ileal tissue (one pig per pen) was collected for the measurement of gut morphology...
September 28, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Soo Hyun Cho, Geunho Kang, Pilnam Seong, Sunmoon Kang, Changwan Sun, Sunsik Jang, Jin Hyung Cheong, Beomyoung Park, Inho Hwang
To investigate the physico-chemical and sensory properties of striploin muscles, 90 Hanwoo carcasses (QG 1(+) ) were randomly selected within six maturity levels (4 to 9 according to age in months). Results demonstrated that the protein contents at maturity levels 4 and 5 were significantly higher than 9. No significant difference in fat, moisture and collagen contents were found at different maturity levels (P > 0.05). The quantity of collagen type I and ratio of type I to III were observed at higher maturity levels; collagen type III showed significantly high levels (P > 0...
September 28, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo, Rodrigo Gonçalves Mateus, Camila Celeste Brandão Ferreira Ítavo, Alexandre Menezes Dias, Fabio Candal Gomes, Fabiano Ferreira da Silva, Alex Resende Schio, Eriklis Nogueira, Hélène Véronique Petit
The aim was to compare the effects of two production systems on performance, carcass traits and physical-mechanical characteristics of leather from Beefalo-Nellore steers and heifers and to determine if the response to the production system was similar for both genders. A total of 40 Beefalo-Nellore cattle, 20 steers and 20 heifers, were evaluated. Animals were divided into two production systems: slaughtered at 15 (intensive system) or 26 (extensive system) months of age. In the intensive system, all animals received a ration containing 600 g/kg corn silage and 400 g/kg concentrate...
September 20, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Yanjie Guo, Tong Yu, Lei Lei, Anqin Duan, Xiaoling Ma, Huayan Wang
Direct reprogramming is an efficient strategy to convert one cell type to another. In this study, due to the failure of maintaining the undifferentiated state of goat embryotic stem- and induced pluripotent stem-like cells in vitro, we explored an alternative way to directly convert goat fibroblasts to lineage-specific cells. The 'Yamanaka factors' was ectopically expressed in fibroblasts for a short term to situate cells in a metastable state. By culturing with lineage-specific media for 1-2 weeks, the cardiomyocyte-like cells and neurocyte-like cells were generated and confirmed by the quantitative RT-PCR and immunocytochemical staining...
September 15, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Somsook Puangdee, Monchai Duangjinda, Wuttigrai Boonkum, Suporn Katawatin, Sayan Buaban, Mongkol Thepparat
The aims of this study were to estimate, simultaneously, the genetic parameters of test-day milk fat-to-protein ratio (FPR), test-day milk yield (MY), and days-open (DO) in the first two lactations of Thai Holsteins. A total of 76 194 test-day production records collected from 8874 cows with 8674 DO records between 2001 and 2011 from different lactations were treated as separated traits. The estimates of heritability for test-day FPR in the first lactation showed an increasing trend, whereas the estimates in the second lactation showed a U-shape trend...
September 15, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Rong Zhang, Xiaoli Dong, Meng Zhou, Yan Tu, Naifeng Zhang, Kaidong Deng, Qiyu Diao
The objective of this study was to assess the effect of dietary probiotics on rumen fermentation and the bacterial community in dairy calves. Twelve Holstein calves were randomly allocated to three treatments: a basal diet, the basal diet supplemented with Lactobacillus plantarum GF103 (LB) or basal diet supplemented with a mixture of Lactobacillus plantarum GF103 and Bacillus subtilis B27 (LBS). A milk replacer was fed to calves from 8 days of age. A starter and alfalfa hay was offered ad libitum from 21 and 28 days of age, respectively, and the orts were weighted daily...
September 14, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Kang Zhan, Miao Lin, MingMei Liu, YangNan Sui, Haitham Mohammed Babekir, GuoQi Zhao
Primary bovine mammary epithelial cells (BMECs) are not ideal models for long-term studies of lactation mechanisms because these cells in a monolayer culture system cannot be polarized to simulate the physiological functions in vitro. We investigate the effects of different culture models and karyotypes on casein expression in a three-dimensional (3D) culture system. The immortalized cells' karyotypes were analyzed at passages 10, 20, 30 and 40 to detect the effects of chromosome stability. Western blotting examined that whether or not the immortalized cells at passages 5, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 could induce expression of casein in a 3D culture system...
September 13, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
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