journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084024/characterization-of-the-cathelicidin-cluster-in-the-japanese-quail-coturnix-japonica
#1
Taichiro Ishige, Hiromi Hara, Takashi Hirano, Tomohiro Kono, Kei Hanzawa
The Japanese quail has several advantages as a low-fat meat bird with high immunity against diseases. Cathelicidins (CATHs) are antimicrobial peptides that play an important role in innate immunity. The aim of this study was to characterize the CATH cluster in the Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). The Japanese quail CATH (CjCATH) cluster, contains four CATH genes, as in the chicken. The coding sequences of CjCATHs exhibited >85.3% identity to chicken CATHs. The predicted amino acid sequences of the four CjCATH genes contained the cathelin-like domain characteristic of CATH proteins...
January 12, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078817/birth-of-puppies-of-predetermined-sex-after-artificial-insemination-with-a-low-number-of-sex-sorted-frozen-thawed-spermatozoa-in-field-conditions
#2
Yun-Fang Wei, Fang-Liang Chen, Shu-Sheng Tang, Ai-Guo Mao, Li-Guang Li, Lu-Guang Cheng, Chao Chen, Fei-Xiang Li, Bin Wang, Tao Xu, Yue-Jun Zhang, Jing Li, Jiu-Sheng Wan
The aim of this study was to evaluate fertility and sex ratios after artificial insemination in dogs under field conditions. Semen was cryopreserved as unsorted (control) or was separated into X- and Y-chromosome-bearing sperm using a cell sorter. Sixty female dogs were inseminated with frozen-thawed spermatozoa of 100 × 10(6) unsorted (a dose in practice) and 4 × 10(6) sorted (X and Y group, respectively). A total of 20 dogs became pregnant and 126 puppies were born from the three groups. The percentage of parturition was similar for the X (5/20; 25...
January 11, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052518/effects-of-enzymatically-treated-artemisia-annua-l-on-growth-performance-and-some-blood-parameters-of-broilers-exposed-to-heat-stress
#3
Xiaoli Wan, Luyi Jiang, Haoran Zhong, Yufang Lu, Lili Zhang, Tian Wang
To evaluate the effects of enzymatically treated Artemisia annua L. (EA) on growth performance and some blood parameters of broilers exposed to heat stress (HS), 320 22-day-old Arbor Acres male broilers were randomly allotted into five groups with eight replicates of eight birds each. Broilers in the control group were housed at 22 ± 1°C and fed the basal diet. Broilers in the HS, HS-EA0.75 , HS-EA1.00 and HS-EA1.25 groups were reared under HS (34 ± 1°C for 8 h/day and 22 ± 1°C for 16 h/day), and fed basal diet with 0, 0...
January 4, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027593/behavior-of-sheep-fed-babassu-cake-orbygnia-speciosa-as-a-substitution-for-elephant-grass-silage
#4
Ernestina Ribeiro Dos Santos Neta, Kaliandra Souza Alves, Rafael Mezzomo, Daiany Íris Gomes, Luis Rennan Sampaio Oliveira, Francisco Fernando Ramos de Carvalho, Janaina Barros Luz, Natália Gomes Lacerda, Venucia de Diniella Dos Santos Bourdon
This study aimed to evaluate the behavior of sheep fed babassu cake as a substitution for elephant grass silage. The experiment was conducted at the Federal Rural University of Amazonia (Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia - UFRA), Brazil, using 45 sheep housed in individual stalls, with unlimited access to feed and distributed in a completely randomized design with five treatments (0, 12.5, 25, 37.5 and 50% inclusion of babassu cake) and nine replications. All of the treatments contained a roughage-to-concentrate ratio of 40:60...
December 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026141/in-vitro-fermentative-capacity-of-swine-large-intestine-comparison-between-native-lantang-and-commercial-duroc-breeds
#5
Peng Hui Cheng, Juan Boo Liang, Yin Bao Wu, Yan Wang, Vincenzo Tufarelli, Vito Laudadio, Xin Di Liao
Native Lantang and commercial Duroc pigs were used as animal models to evaluate the differences existing in dietary fiber utilization ability between breeds. Animals were fed the same diet from weaning (4 weeks) to 4 months of age. Neutral detergent fiber (NDF) from wheat bran (as substrate) and fecal samples from the two breeds (as inoculum) were used in an in vitro gas production trial. Results showed that cumulative and maximum gas productions were higher in inocula from Lantang than those from the Duroc breed (P < 0...
December 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026086/identification-of-serum-protein-markers-for-early-diagnosis-of-pregnancy-in-buffalo
#6
Lukumoni Buragohain, Trilok Nanda, Arnab Ghosh, Mayukh Ghosh, Rajesh Kumar, Sunil Kumar, Sambhu Sharan Gupta, Arpita Bharali, Ashok K Mohanty, Inderjeet Singh, Ashok Kumar Balhara
Improper or delayed pregnancy diagnosis has significant impact over animal production, particularly in buffaloes which inherently suffer from several reproductive inefficiencies. Thus the present study has undertaken to identify serum protein markers pertaining to early pregnancy diagnosis in buffaloes. Serum samples were collected from 10 pregnant Murrah Buffalo heifers at weekly intervals from days 0-35 post-artificial insemination and from 12 inseminated non-pregnant cyclic buffalo heifers on days 0, 7, 14 and 21...
December 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026080/transcriptomic-gene-profiling-of-porcine-muscle-tissue-depending-on-histological-properties
#7
Katarzyna Ropka-Molik, Anna Bereta, Kacper Żukowski, Katarzyna Piórkowska, Artur Gurgul, Grzegorz Żak
In pig, the histological profile of muscle tissue, especially the proportion of individual fiber types, is one of the main factors affecting meat quality properties. In the present research, RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) by using next generation sequencing method was applied to estimate the whole gene expression profile of Longissimus lumborum muscle of pigs (Large White breed) differing in the percentage of two fiber types (slow-twitch (type I) fibers and fast-twitch glycolytic (type IIB) fibers). The RNA-seq approach allowed us to identify 355 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) indicated as significant (false discovery rate-adjusted P < 0...
December 27, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004872/random-regression-models-to-estimate-genetic-parameters-for-weights-in-murrah-buffaloes
#8
Flavia Rita Ferreira, Francisco Ribeiro de Araujo Neto, Henrique Barbosa Borges, Rusbel Raul Aspilcueta-Borquis, Naudim Alejandro Hurtado-Lugo, Henrique Nunes de Oliveira, Lucia Galvão de Albuquerque, Humberto Tonhati
This article reports genetic analysis of the weight at different ages of Murrah water buffaloes, using random regression models (RRM). Models ranging from third to sixth order polynomial were used to describe direct genetic and animal permanent environmental effects. Contemporary group was included as a fixed effect, and a cubic polynomial was used to model the mean curve of the population. The residual was modeled considering a log-linear function. Two models were selected for study of genetic parameters. The first model included third and sixth order polynomials for direct genetic and animal permanent environmental effects (M36)...
December 22, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957823/effect-of-nutrient-levels-during-the-far-off-period-on-postpartum-productivity-in-dairy-cows
#9
Haruhi Hirabayashi, Kenji Kawashima, Tomoko Okimura, Ayane Tateno, Akitsu Suzuki, Sadaki Asakuma, Naoki Isobe, Taketo Obitsu, Shiro Kushibiki, Toshihisa Sugino
The present study aimed to determine the effects of differing nutrient levels during the far-off period on postpartum metabolism and milk production in lactating cows. Twenty-six multiparous cows were assigned to three dietary treatments in the far-off period: a low-energy diet (L, n = 9, 80% intake of the total digestible nutrients requirement), a moderate-energy diet (M, n = 8, 105%) and a high-energy diet (H, n = 9, 130%). During the close-up period, all cows were provided with 105% intake. After parturition, all cows were fed a lactation diet...
December 12, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957776/health-and-mineral-nutrition-status-of-yaks-in-southern-mustang-nepal
#10
Hajime Kumagai, Mitsumi Nakajima, Hiroki Anzai, Takashi Sakai, Kazato Oishi, Hiroyuki Hirooka, Manoj Kumar Shah
Biochemical values and mineral concentrations in blood plasma were investigated to evaluate the statuses of health and mineral nutrition among yaks in Mustang District, Nepal. In total, 118 plasma samples of female yaks collected in April and September/October of 2013-2015 were offered. Seventy-four percent of yaks showed lower plasma total-cholesterol concentrations than the lowest limit of reference range (100 mg/dL) and the values in spring (83.41 mg/dL) were lower (P < 0.05) than those in autumn (95...
December 12, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935176/effects-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-supplementation-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-biochemical-parameters-for-ammonia-exposed-broilers
#11
Min Lu, Jie Bai, Fengxian Wei, Bin Xu, Quanyou Sun, Jie Li, Gaili Wang, Xiangfang Tang, Hongfu Zhang, Qingqiang Yin, Shaoyu Li
In order to estimate the effect of alpha-lipoic acid (LA) supplementation on relieving ammonia stress of broilers, 180 22-day-old male broilers were assigned to three groups, six replicates in each group and 10 birds per replicate. The three groups were: (1) a control group without ammonia stress; (2) exposure to 70 ppm atmospheric ammonia (AM); (3) exposure to 70 ppm atmospheric ammonia and administration of 300 mg/kg LA (AM + LA). The experimental period was 3 weeks. Results showed that average daily weight gain was increased and feed conversion ratio was decreased in the AM + LA group, compared with the AM group (P < 0...
December 9, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935153/effect-of-storage-on-quality-traits-of-the-semimembranosus-muscle-of-farmed-fallow-deer-dama-dama-bucks-and-does
#12
Agnieszka Ludwiczak, Marek Stanisz, Marta Bykowska, Joanna Składanowska, Piotr Ślósarz
A total of 12 farmed fallow deer bucks and 12 does aged 31-32 months were included in a study on the effect of storage in vacuum packaging on the functionality of venison of the Semimembranosus muscle. All the analyzed meat quality traits were not affected by sex. The storage of meat in vacuum led to: an increase of pH (by 0.13 units; P = 0.001), L* (by 1.85 units; P = 0.002), a* (by 1.15 units; P = 0.013) and chroma (by 1.16 units; P = 0.016), a decrease of free water (by 6.62 percentage points (p...
December 9, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925408/application-of-single-step-genomic-best-linear-unbiased-prediction-with-a-multiple-lactation-random-regression-test-day-model-for-japanese-holsteins
#13
Toshimi Baba, Yusaku Gotoh, Satoshi Yamaguchi, Satoshi Nakagawa, Hayato Abe, Yutaka Masuda, Takayoshi Kawahara
This study aimed to evaluate a validation reliability of single-step genomic best linear unbiased prediction (ssGBLUP) with a multiple-lactation random regression test-day model and investigate an effect of adding genotyped cows on the reliability. Two data sets for test-day records from the first three lactations were used: full data from February 1975 to December 2015 (60 850 534 records from 2 853 810 cows) and reduced data cut off in 2011 (53 091 066 records from 2 502 307 cows). We used marker genotypes of 4480 bulls and 608 cows...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925399/genotype-distribution-and-allele-frequencies-of-the-genes-associated-with-body-composition-and-locomotion-traits-in-myanmar-native-horses
#14
Yu Okuda, Hla Hla Moe, Kyaw Kyaw Moe, Yuki Shimizu, Kenji Nishioka, Takeshi Shimogiri, Hideyuki Mannen, Misao Kanemaki, Tetsuo Kunieda
Myanmar native horses are small horses used mainly for drafting carts or carriages in rural areas and packing loads in mountainy areas. In the present study, we investigated genotype distributions and allele frequencies of the LCORL/NCAPG, MSTN and DMRT3 genes, which are associated with body composition and locomotion traits of horses, in seven local populations of Myanmar native horses. The genotyping result of LCORL/NCAPG showed that allele frequencies of C allele associated with higher withers height ranged from 0...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925366/oral-administration-of-saccharomyces-boulardii-alters-duodenal-morphology-enzymatic-activity-and-cytokine-production-response-in-broiler-chickens
#15
Yajing Sun, Imran Rashid Rajput, Muhammad Asif Arain, Yanfei Li, Dost Muhammad Baloch
The present study evaluated the effects of Saccharomyces boulardii on duodenal digestive enzymes, morphology and cytokine induction response in broiler chicken. A total of 200 birds were allotted into two groups (n = 100) and each group divided into five replications (n = 20). The control group was fed basal diet in addition to antibiotic (virginiamycin 20 mg/kg), and treatment group received (1 × 10(8)  colony-forming units/kg feed) S. boulardii in addition to basal diet lasting for 72 days. The results compared to control group revealed that adenosine triphosphatase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, lipase and trypsin activities were higher, while, no significant improvement was observed in amylase activities in the duodenum of the treatment group...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925358/castration-induced-changes-in-the-expression-profiles-and-promoter-methylation-of-the-ghr-gene-in-huainan-male-pigs
#16
Jing Wang, Junfeng Chen, Jiaqing Zhang, Binwen Gao, Xianxiao Bai, Yali Lan, Ping Lin, Hongxia Guo, Yuan Gao, Baosong Xing
Castration plays a regulatory role in growth and carcass traits, particularly in fat deposition, but its molecular mechanisms are still not clear. The present study showed that castration significantly reduced the serum growth hormone and the responses of the growth hormone receptor (GHR), insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I), IGF-IR and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) to castration were similar in different adipose tissues. However, the GHR expression trends were opposite between the liver and the adipose tissues; bisulfite sequencing PCR (BSP) showed that its methylation in these two tissues was different...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925352/forage-intake-and-weight-gain-of-ewes-is-affected-by-roughage-mixes-during-winter-in-northeastern-china
#17
Zhiming Yang, Yunbo Wang, Xia Yuan, Ling Wang, Deli Wang
We studied the effect of dietary roughage species and their combinations on forage intake and growth rate of ewes during winter in a pastoral-farming area of northeast China. Twenty-five Northeast crossbred ewes (fine-wool sheep × Small-tailed Han sheep) were randomly selected and divided into five groups (G1, G2, G3, G4 and G5). During a 30 day feeding trial, each group of ewes were offered the same basal diet (composed of 0.36 kg chopped maize stalk (10 mm), 0.14 kg corn meal, 0.05 kg soybean meal and 1...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925344/comparison-on-accuracy-of-different-nonlinear-models-in-predicting-growth-of-podolica-bulls
#18
Maria Selvaggi, Vito Laudadio, Angela Gabriella D'Alessandro, Cataldo Dario, Vincenzo Tufarelli
Animal growth does not follow a linear pattern, being explained mathematically by functions that have parameters with biological meaning. These parameters are used to estimate the expected weight of animals at specific ages. Several nonlinear models have been used to describe growth. This study was carried out to estimate the parameters of logistic, Gompertz, Richards and von Bertalanffy growth curve models in a sample of Podolica young bulls to determine the goodness of fit. Animals were weighed every 3 months from birth to 810 days of age...
December 7, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921362/effects-of-mineral-salt-supplement-on-enteric-methane-emissions-ruminal-fermentation-and-methanogen-community-of-lactating-cows
#19
Xiaohua Li, Chong Liu, Yongxing Chen, Rongguang Shi, Zhenhua Cheng, Hongmin Dong
We evaluated the effects of mineral salt supplement on enteric methane emissions, ruminal fermentation and methanogen community of dairy cows over a whole lactation period. Ten Holstein cows fed a total mixed ration (TMR) diet were randomly allocated into two groups, one supplied with mineral salts as the treatment group and the other as the control group. The methane measurement showed that the ingestion of mineral salts lowered enteric methane emissions significantly (P < 0.05), with an average of 10...
December 6, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921350/effects-of-the-standardized-ileal-digestible-valine%C3%A2-%C3%A2-lysine-ratio-on-performance-milk-composition-and-plasma-indices-of-lactating-sows
#20
Yetong Xu, Zhikai Zeng, Xiao Xu, Qiyu Tian, Xiaokang Ma, Shenfei Long, Meijing Piao, Zhibin Cheng, Xiangshu Piao
To determine the effects of standardized ileal digestible (SID) valine : lysine ratio on the performance, milk composition and plasma indices of lactating sows, 32 Large White × Landrace sows (219.78 ± 7.15 kg body weight; parity 1.82 ± 0.62) were allotted to one of four dietary treatments with eight sows per treatment based on parity, back fat thickness and body weight. The sows were fed corn-soybean meal-based diets containing 63, 83, 103 or 123% SID valine : lysine from day 107 of gestation until day 28 of lactation...
December 5, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
journal
journal
35072
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"