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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604022/a-prospective-examination-of-anxiety-as-a-predictor-of-depressive-symptoms-among-asian-american-early-adolescent-youth-the-role-of-parent-peer-and-teacher-support-and-school-engagement
#1
Prerna G Arora, Lorey A Wheeler, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604021/still-i-rise-the-need-for-self-validation-and-self-care-in-the-midst-of-adversities-faced-by-black-women-with-hiv
#2
Sannisha K Dale, Catherine Pierre-Louis, Laura M Bogart, Conall O'Cleirigh, Steven A Safren
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors of trauma and abuse, racial discrimination, HIV stigma, and gender-related stressors (e.g., prioritizing others' needs) have been associated with antiretroviral treatment (ART) nonadherence and poor viral suppression among Black women living with HIV (BWLWH). To inform the development of an intervention addressing these psychosocial factors to improve ART adherence, the authors sought the insight of BWLWH. METHOD: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with 30 BWLWH to gather information on their experiences with trauma, racism, HIV stigma, gender-related stressors, ART adherence, and coping strategies, and their insights on the proposed intervention...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604020/race-related-stress-and-hopelessness-in-community-based-african-american-adults-moderating-role-of-social-support
#3
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581304/the-relationships-between-religiosity-and-youth-internalizing-symptoms-in-african-american-parent-adolescent-dyads
#4
Alyssa L Faro, Laura G McKee, Randi L Garcia, Deborah J Jones
OBJECTIVES: African American (AA) adolescents face a greater risk of internalizing symptoms, including symptoms of both depression and anxiety, compared with other racial groups; yet, relatively less is known about the variables that contribute to internalizing symptoms. With the aim of advancing this work, this study examined factors that may buffer against such symptoms (maternal warmth, religiosity), as well as those that may confer additional risk (maternal psychopathology). METHOD: One hundred ninety-three AA single mothers and their adolescent youth reported on religiosity, maternal warmth and depressive symptoms, and youth internalizing symptoms...
June 5, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493735/greater-than-the-sum-of-its-parts-development-of-a-measure-of-collectivism-among-asians
#5
P Priscilla Lui, David Rollock
OBJECTIVES: Collectivism can contextualize subjective cultural experiences, yet operationalization and measurement approaches for understanding this construct among Asians and Asian Americans have been discrepant. Inconsistency has resulted from diverse levels of analyses, unidimensional versus multidimensional approaches to organizing related subconstructs, and different degrees of cultural specificity of existing instruments. The Brief Collectivism Questionnaire (BCQ) was developed to address these limitations in assessing general collectivism in Asian cultures, while capturing its diverse attitudinal and behavioral manifestations, using a bifactor framework...
May 11, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493734/pubertal-timing-racial-identity-neighborhood-and-school-context-among-black-adolescent-females
#6
Eleanor K Seaton, Rona Carter
OBJECTIVES: This study bridges the empirical research on pubertal timing effects, racial identity, and school and neighborhood context to understand the pubertal development and depression link among Black adolescent females. We examined whether racial identity content dimensions moderated the relation between pubertal timing and depressive symptoms among Black adolescent females and the moderating capacity of school and neighborhood racial composition. METHOD: We administered measures of pubertal development, racial identity, and depressive symptoms to a sample of 217 Black adolescent females, aged 14 to 18...
May 11, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414495/racial-discrimination-racial-identity-and-impostor-phenomenon-a-profile-approach
#7
Donte L Bernard, Lori S Hoggard, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between racial discrimination and the impostor phenomenon (IP) and the moderating influence of racial identity on this relationship. METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven African American college students (68% female; mean age = 18.63) completed measures of racial discrimination, racial identity, and IP during 2 waves of data collection. RESULTS: Utilizing latent profile analyses, 4 patterns of racial identity were identified: Undifferentiated, Multiculturalist, Race-Focused, and Humanist...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414494/discrimination-daily-stress-sleep-and-mexican-origin-adolescents-internalizing-symptoms
#8
Katharine H Zeiders
OBJECTIVE: Using diary and longitudinal data, the current study examined the relations between Mexican-origin youths' ethnic discrimination, daily sleep and stress processes, and internalizing symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (N = 113; 49.6% female, Mage = 15.73 years) participated in an initial in-home interview and reported on ethnic discrimination and internalizing symptoms. They then completed a 3-day diary study and reported on their daily stress and sleep behaviors (i...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394167/a-longitudinal-study-of-immigrants-peer-acceptance-and-rejection-immigrant-status-immigrant-composition-of-the-classroom-and-acculturation
#9
Jens B Asendorpf, Frosso Motti-Stefanidi
OBJECTIVE: In multiethnic classrooms, acceptance and rejection by classmates of one's own versus other ethnicity is influenced by in-group preference, the societal status of the ethnicities, and composition of classrooms. We aimed at (a) confirming these effects for immigrant versus nonimmigrant adolescents in newly formed classrooms, (b) longitudinally studying the change of these effects over the next 2 years, and (c) studying the longitudinal links between immigrants' acculturation and acceptance/rejection by (non)immigrants...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394166/ethnic-racial-discrimination-moderates-the-effect-of-sleep-quality-on-school-engagement-across-high-school
#10
Margaret Dunbar, Sheena Mirpuri, Tiffany Yip
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that school engagement tends to decline across high school. At the same time, sleep problems and exposure to social stressors such as ethnic/racial discrimination increase. The current study uses a biopsychosocial perspective to examine the interactive and prospective effects of sleep and discrimination on trajectories of academic performance. METHOD: Growth curve models were used to explore changes in 6 waves of academic outcomes in a sample of 310 ethnically and racially diverse adolescents (mean age = 14...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394165/do-the-associations-of-parenting-styles-with-behavior-problems-and-academic-achievement-vary-by-culture-results-from-a-meta-analysis
#11
Martin Pinquart, Rubina Kauser
OBJECTIVE: The study tested whether associations of parenting styles with internalizing problems, externalizing problems, and academic achievement vary between ethnic groups in western countries, between different regions of the globe, and by level of collectivism/individualism of individual countries. METHOD: A systematic search in electronic databases and cross referencing identified 428 studies that were included in the random-effects meta-analysis. RESULTS: More ethnic and regional similarities than differences were identified...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394164/the-role-of-ethnic-identity-self-concept-and-aberrant-salience-in-psychotic-like-experiences
#12
David C Cicero, Jonathan R Cohn
OBJECTIVES: Social-cognitive models of psychosis suggest that aberrant salience and self-concept clarity are related to the development and maintenance of psychoticlike experiences (PLEs). People with high aberrant salience but low self-concept clarity tend to have the highest levels of PLEs. Ethnic identity may also be related to PLEs. The current research aimed to (a) replicate the interaction between aberrant salience and self-concept clarity in their association with PLEs in an ethnically diverse sample, (b) examine whether ethnic identity and aberrant salience interact in their association with PLEs, and (c) determine if self-concept clarity and ethnic identity independently interact with aberrant salience in their association with PLEs...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394163/longitudinal-profiles-of-eudaimonic-well-being-in-asian-american-adolescents
#13
Lisa Kiang, Edward Ip
OBJECTIVE: The current study explores whether a well-known model (i.e., Ryff's, 1989, conceptualization of psychological functioning) can be used to examine patterns of eudaimonic well-being among Asian Americans, who are rarely the focus of systematic investigations in positive psychology. METHOD: Hidden Markov modeling, a form of latent transition analysis, was used to analyze longitudinal data from adolescents (N = 180; 49% female; 75% U.S.-born). RESULTS: After establishing measurement validity, analyses revealed 4 profiles of well-being: Flourishing (consistently high on all well-being dimensions), Functioning (consistently moderate), Hindered (consistently low), and Self-Driven Success (high on most dimensions, but moderate levels of positive relationships)...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394162/exposure-to-white-religious-iconography-influences-black-individuals-intragroup-and-intergroup-attitudes
#14
Simon Howard, Samuel R Sommers
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found that exposure to White religious iconography via priming techniques can increase White individuals' anti-Black attitudes. To date, however, no research has examined the influence of exposure to White religious iconography on Black individuals' intragroup and intergroup attitudes. We hypothesized that exposure to White religious iconography would influence Black individuals' intragroup attitudes negatively. METHOD: Black participants (N = 120) were either subliminally exposed to religious images (i...
April 10, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080104/measuring-black-men-s-police-based-discrimination-experiences-development-and-validation-of-the-police-and-law-enforcement-ple-scale
#15
Devin English, Lisa Bowleg, Ana Maria Del Río-González, Jeanne M Tschann, Robert P Agans, David J Malebranche
OBJECTIVES: Although social science research has examined police and law enforcement-perpetrated discrimination against Black men using policing statistics and implicit bias studies, there is little quantitative evidence detailing this phenomenon from the perspective of Black men. Consequently, there is a dearth of research detailing how Black men's perspectives on police and law enforcement-related stress predict negative physiological and psychological health outcomes. This study addresses these gaps with the qualitative development and quantitative test of the Police and Law Enforcement (PLE) Scale...
April 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736105/individual-differences-in-the-impact-of-vicarious-racism-african-american-students-react-to-the-george-zimmerman-trial
#16
Tyler B Mason, Ralitsa S Maduro, Valerian J Derlega, Desi S Hacker, Barbara A Winstead, Jacqueline E Haywood
OBJECTIVE: This research focused on how race-based rejection sensitivity (RS-Race) and components of racial identity intensify negative psychological reactions to an incident of vicarious racism. We examined how these individual difference variables directly and/or indirectly predicted African American students' reactions to the trial of George Zimmerman in the killing of the African American teenager, Trayvon Martin. METHOD: In Study 1, 471 African American students completed measures of RS-Race, thought intrusions about the Zimmerman trial, and outcome variables (negative affect about the Zimmerman trial and forgiveness for Mr...
April 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709973/lay-beliefs-about-emotional-problems-and-attitudes-toward-mental-health-care-among-parents-and-adolescents-exploring-the-impact-of-immigration
#17
Esmée E Verhulp, Gonneke W J M Stevens, Trees V M Pels, Caroline M C Van Weert, Wilma A M Vollebergh
OBJECTIVE: Individuals' lay beliefs about mental health problems and attitudes toward mental health care are thought to be influenced by the cultural background of these individuals. In the current study, we investigated differences between immigrant Dutch and native Dutch parents and adolescents in lay beliefs about emotional problems and attitudes toward mental health care. Additionally, among immigrant Dutch parents, we examined the associations between acculturation orientations and lay beliefs about emotional problems as well as attitudes toward mental health care...
April 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643894/friends-cultural-orientation-as-a-mediator-between-familial-ethnic-socialization-and-ethnic-identity-among-mexican-origin-adolescent-girls
#18
Peter Seung Yoo Kim, Mayra Y Bámaca-Colbert, Ni Jian, Melinda A Gonzales-Backen
OBJECTIVES: Research has indicated that ethnic identity protects ethnic minority youth on various indicators of adjustment, but there is a dearth of research pertaining to contextual influences on ethnic identity. Our study investigated how familial ethnic socialization and best friend's orientation toward Mexican culture influenced ethnic identity among Mexican-origin girls. METHOD: Using a 3-wave longitudinal sample of 175 Mexican-origin adolescent girls (Mage = 13...
April 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454888/the-role-of-mastery-in-the-relationship-between-perceived-ethnic-discrimination-and-depression-the-helius-study
#19
Anne Slotman, Marieke B Snijder, Umar Z Ikram, Aart H Schene, Gonneke W J M Stevens
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the mediating and moderating role of one's sense of mastery in the relationship between perceived ethnic discrimination and depression. METHOD: Questionnaire data from participants of the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting (HELIUS) study were used, containing responses from 9,141 Surinamese, Turkish, Moroccan, and Ghanaian immigrant adults, aged 18 to 70, living in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. RESULTS: Results of path modeling indicated that perceptions of ethnic discrimination were positively related to depression symptomatology, and this relationship was moderated and partially mediated by mastery...
April 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454887/the-influence-of-cultural-orientation-on-associations-between-puerto-rican-adolescent-mothers-parenting-and-toddler-compliance-and-defiance
#20
Lauren E Wood, Josefina M Grau, Erin N Smith, Petra A Duran, Patricia Castellanos
OBJECTIVES: It is imperative that individual differences in the cultural contexts of adolescent mothers, whose parenting is often linked to poor child outcomes, be better understood, especially among Puerto Rican-origin mothers who experience high rates of poverty. Behaviors that mothers use to elicit compliance from their children are important to investigate, because children's ability to engage in regulated, compliant behavior has long-term consequences for their adjustment. This study tested whether mothers' orientation to both American and Latino cultures influenced the associations between such maternal behaviors and compliant and defiant child behaviors...
April 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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