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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Tyler B Mason, Ralitsa S Maduro, Valerian J Derlega, Desi S Hacker, Barbara A Winstead, Jacqueline E Haywood
Objective: This research focused on how race-based rejection sensitivity (RS-Race) and components of racial identity intensify negative psychological reactions to an incident of vicarious racism. We examined how these individual difference variables directly and/or indirectly predicted African American students' reactions to the trial of George Zimmerman in the killing of the African American teenager, Trayvon Martin. Method: In Study 1, 471 African American students completed measures of RS-Race, thought intrusions about the Zimmerman trial, and outcome variables (negative affect about the Zimmerman trial and forgiveness for Mr...
October 13, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Leoandra Onnie Rogers, Andrew N Meltzoff
Objectives: Social categories shape children's lives in subtle and powerful ways. Although research has assessed children's knowledge of social groups, most prominently race and gender, few studies have examined children's understanding of their own multiple social identities and how they intersect. This paper explores how children evaluate the importance and meaning of their racial and gender identities, and variation in these evaluations based on the child's own age, gender, and race. Method: Participants were 222 Black, White, and Mixed-Race children (girls: n = 136; Mage = 9...
October 13, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Stephanie H Cook, Pamela Valera, Benjamin J Calebs, Patrick A Wilson
Objective: The present study examined the moderating effect of adult attachment on the association between childhood traumatic experiences, (i.e., physical abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and being bullied), age of childhood traumatic experience, and young adult depression symptoms among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). Method: Self-report measures of attachment, childhood traumatic experiences, and depression symptoms were collected from a community-based sample of YBGBM living in New York City (n = 228)...
October 13, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Esmée E Verhulp, Gonneke W J M Stevens, Trees V M Pels, Caroline M C Van Weert, Wilma A M Vollebergh
Objective: Individuals' lay beliefs about mental health problems and attitudes toward mental health care are thought to be influenced by the cultural background of these individuals. In the current study, we investigated differences between immigrant Dutch and native Dutch parents and adolescents in lay beliefs about emotional problems and attitudes toward mental health care. Additionally, among immigrant Dutch parents, we examined the associations between acculturation orientations and lay beliefs about emotional problems as well as attitudes toward mental health care...
October 6, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Celia Ching Yee Wong, Alma Correa, Kendall Robinson, Qian Lu
Objectives: Acculturative stress has been linked to psychological distress, but few studies have explored the moderating role of social constraints on this relationship. Social constraints are the perception that social networks are unsupportive to stressor-related discussions. In the present study, the relationship between acculturative stress and psychological distress in Hispanic/Latino and Asian immigrants and the moderating role of social constraints in this relationship were examined. Method: Participants were 306 college students (169 Hispanics/Latinos, 137 Asians; 33...
September 26, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Peter Seung Yoo Kim, Mayra Y Bámaca-Colbert, Ni Jian, Melinda A Gonzales-Backen
Objectives: Research has indicated that ethnic identity protects ethnic minority youth on various indicators of adjustment, but there is a dearth of research pertaining to contextual influences on ethnic identity. Our study investigated how familial ethnic socialization and best friend's orientation toward Mexican culture influenced ethnic identity among Mexican-origin girls. Method: Using a 3-wave longitudinal sample of 175 Mexican-origin adolescent girls (Mage = 13.75), the current study examined best friend's Mexican cultural orientation as a mediator between familial ethnic socialization and ethnic identity with structural equation modeling...
September 19, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
José M Causadias, Eva H Telzer, Richard M Lee
Objective: Culture and biology have evolved together, influence each other, and concurrently shape behavior, affect, cognition, and development. This special section highlights 2 major domains of the interplay between culture and biology. Method: The first domain is neurobiology of cultural experiences-how cultural, ethnic, and racial experiences influence limbic systems and neuroendocrine functioning-and the second domain is cultural neuroscience-the connections between cultural processes and brain functioning...
August 15, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
(no author information available yet)
: Reports an error in "Distant but relative: Similarities and differences in gender role beliefs among African American and Vietnamese American women" by Jasmine A. Abrams, Sarah J. Javier, Morgan L. Maxwell, Faye Z. Belgrave and Anh Bao Nguyen (, 2016[Apr], Vol 22[2], 256-267). In the article, the name of author Anh Bao Nguyen was misspelled as Boa Anh Nguyen. The online version of this article has been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record .) Objectives: Research attempting to identify similarities or disentangle differences in ethnic minority gender role beliefs has been largely absent in the literature, and a gap remains for qualitative examinations of such phenomena...
October 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Anne Slotman, Marieke B Snijder, Umar Z Ikram, Aart H Schene, Gonneke W J M Stevens
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the mediating and moderating role of one's sense of mastery in the relationship between perceived ethnic discrimination and depression. METHOD: Questionnaire data from participants of the Healthy Life in an Urban Setting (HELIUS) study were used, containing responses from 9,141 Surinamese, Turkish, Moroccan, and Ghanaian immigrant adults, aged 18 to 70, living in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. RESULTS: Results of path modeling indicated that perceptions of ethnic discrimination were positively related to depression symptomatology, and this relationship was moderated and partially mediated by mastery...
July 25, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Lauren E Wood, Josefina M Grau, Erin N Smith, Petra A Duran, Patricia Castellanos
OBJECTIVES: It is imperative that individual differences in the cultural contexts of adolescent mothers, whose parenting is often linked to poor child outcomes, be better understood, especially among Puerto Rican-origin mothers who experience high rates of poverty. Behaviors that mothers use to elicit compliance from their children are important to investigate, because children's ability to engage in regulated, compliant behavior has long-term consequences for their adjustment. This study tested whether mothers' orientation to both American and Latino cultures influenced the associations between such maternal behaviors and compliant and defiant child behaviors...
July 25, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Thomas E Fuller-Rowell, David S Curtis, Mona El-Sheikh, Adrienne M Duke, Carol D Ryff, Aleksandra E Zgierska
OBJECTIVES: To examine changes in sleep problems over a 1.5-year period among Black or African American (AA) and White or European American (EA) college students and to consider the role of racial discrimination as a mediator of race differences in sleep problems over time. METHOD: Students attending a large, predominantly White university (N = 133, 41% AA, 57% female, mean age = 18.8, SD = .90) reported on habitual sleep characteristics and experiences of racial discrimination at baseline and follow-up assessments...
July 18, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Edward Burkley, Federica Durante, Susan T Fiske, Melissa Burkley, Angela Andrade
OBJECTIVES: Prejudice against Native Americans as an overall group generally polarizes into positive and negative stereotypic extremes, but distinct subgroups may explain this variability. METHOD: Using college student samples (Study 1), a preliminary study identified common Native American subgroups and then a main study (N = 153, 74% women, 73% White, mean age = 19 years) had participants rate these subgroups on basic dimensions of stereotype content (i.e., warmth and competence), elicited emotions (e...
July 18, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Cory L Cobb, Dong Xie, Alan Meca, Seth J Schwartz
OBJECTIVES: In the present study we sought to examine psychosocial factors among undocumented Latinos/as acculturating to and residing in the United States. METHOD: A community sample of 122 self-reported undocumented Latino/a immigrants was asked to complete questionnaires measuring components of acculturation (i.e., national and ethnic identity, U.S. heritage-cultural knowledge, English and Spanish competency), everyday discrimination (ED), and depressive symptoms...
July 18, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Jessica F Harding, Diane L Hughes, Niobe Way
OBJECTIVES: We explored the socialization goals that African American, Latino, Chinese and White mothers held for their adolescents within 4 domains that are centrally relevant during adolescence-proper demeanor, academics, race/ethnicity, and peers. METHOD: A card sort task and subsequent logistic regression analyses were used to explore mothers' choice of the most important socialization goals for their ethnically/racially diverse 6th-grade adolescents (N = 185)...
July 18, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Yoonsun Choi, Tae Yeun Kim, Dina Drankus Pekelnicky, Kihyun Kim, You Seung Kim
OBJECTIVES: This study examined how cultural orientations influence youth perception of family processes in Korean American families and how these family processes, in turn, predict depressive symptoms and antisocial behaviors among youth. Family processes were examined separately for maternal and paternal variables. METHOD: This study used survey data from Korean American families living in the Midwest (256 youth and their parents) across 2 time periods, spanned over a year...
July 18, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Lauren Rauscher, Bianca D M Wilson
OBJECTIVES: This article explores the complex relationships between race and occupational stressors among an ethnically diverse sample of high school teachers and their implications for women's mental health. METHOD: Interviews with Black, White, and Mexican American teachers suggest that workplaces are organized by subtle forms of gender and racial discrimination as well as White racial privilege; this context shapes women's experiences of occupational stressors...
July 18, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Helen A Neville, William E Cross
OBJECTIVE: The current study was guided by Nigrescence theory (Cross, 1971, 1991) and explored the phenomenon of racial awakening or epiphanic experiences of Black adults. We were interested in describing the context and perceived outcomes of the epiphanies in participants' understanding of what it means to be Black. METHOD: Sixty-four adults participated in racial life narrative interviews. There was an equivalent number of men and women who participated from 4 sites: Australia, Bermuda, South Africa, and the United States...
July 7, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Kimberly J Langrehr, Anita Jones Thomas, Sydney K Morgan
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study is to test a recently established model of racial-ethnic socialization (Langrehr, 2014) among 2 samples of White transracially adoptive parents and to assess whether the proposed model functions similarly after accounting for adopted child race. METHOD: Based on a modified version of the Racial Bias Preparation Scale (Fisher, Wallace, & Fenton, 2000), confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the 3-factor model (i...
July 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Janelle S Peifer, Edith C Lawrence, Joanna Lee Williams, Jen Leyton-Armakan
OBJECTIVES: Many mentoring programs place minority group mentees with majority group mentors. These programs aim to promote beneficial outcomes for their diverse participants. The present study explores mentors of color and White mentors' ethnocultural empathy and ethnic identities in association with their minority group mentees' ethnic identities. METHOD: Our study examined 95 mentoring pairs of middle school girls of color and college student women from both majority and minority group cultural backgrounds...
July 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Linda P Juang, Yishan Shen, Su Yeong Kim, Yijie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To develop a measure of parental racial-ethnic socialization that is appropriate for Asian American families. METHOD: To test the reliability and validity of this new measure, we surveyed 575 Asian American emerging adults (49% female, 79% U.S. born). RESULTS: Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, the results show 7 reliable subscales: maintenance of heritage culture, becoming American, awareness of discrimination, avoidance of other groups, minimization of race, promotion of equality, and cultural pluralism...
July 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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