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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Ana Filipa Madeira, Cicero Roberto Pereira, Ana Gama, Sónia Dias
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants tend to receive a lower quality of healthcare, which can be a sign of healthcare bias. We examined whether this bias in medical care is associated with a legitimizing process involving two psychosocial factors: threat perception and level of intergroup contact. METHOD: One hundred eighty six Portuguese health professionals (55.6% clinicians; 44.4% nurses; 78.5% female; Mage = 45.83, range = 23 and 71) completed a questionnaire on prejudiced attitudes toward immigrants, perceptions of health-specific threats, bias in medical practice and level of contact with immigrant patients...
March 5, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Carolyn M Porta, Michael L Bloomquist, Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Rafael Gutiérrez, Leticia Vega, Rosita Balch, Xiaohui Yu, Daniel K Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To (a) explore the preferences of Mexican parents and Spanish-speaking professionals working with migrant Latino families in Minnesota regarding the Mexican-adapted brief model versus the original conduct problems intervention and (b) identifying the potential challenges, and preferred solutions, to implementation of a conduct problems preventive intervention. METHOD: The core practice elements of a conduct problems prevention program originating in the United States were adapted for prevention efforts in Mexico...
March 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Victoria Chau, Janice V Bowie, Hee-Soon Juon
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated ethnic differences in discrimination and depressive symptoms, and the link between them among foreign-born Asian Americans. This study identifies if depressive symptoms and perceived discrimination differ by Asian ethnicity, and if perceived discrimination is associated with depressive symptoms among foreign-born Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans. METHODS: This study uses data from the Asian American Liver Cancer Prevention Program (N = 600)...
February 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
John A Sauceda, John S Wiebe, Kiana Chan, Bryan A Kutner, Jane M Simoni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether acculturation to U.S. culture is associated with greater posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology through diminished family cohesion among Latinos living with HIV on the U.S.-Mexico border. METHOD: Baseline survey data were analyzed from a sample of Latinos seeking HIV care from a publicly funded HIV clinic in El Paso, Texas. We used a regression-based bootstrapping approach to test our mediation hypothesis...
February 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Christine M McWayne, Jacqueline S Mattis, Sunah Hyun
OBJECTIVES: To better understand within-group variability in positive parenting practices among low-income Black families, the present study, grounded in a multidimensional comparative framework, examined (a) patterns of positive parenting practices among U.S.-born African American parents and Black Caribbean immigrant parents and (b) the extent to which these patterns related to parents' daily family social support, parents' social sensitivities, and children's social-emotional outcomes...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Ylva Svensson, Jesper Berne, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the role of others in ethnic identity development. Three questions were asked: to what extent others are involved in these processes, what roles they play, and whether the roles differed between participant who identified with a majority, minority or mixed ethnic identity. METHOD: An exploratory, narrative approach was used, and written narratives were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The analytic sample consisted of 191 participants (78% female, Mage = 20...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Diamond Y Bravo, Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential mediating and moderating factors in the longitudinal association between contextual stressors (economic hardship, ethnic discrimination) and subsequent engagement in risky behaviors and body mass index (BMI) of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers. METHOD: Participants were Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204) who were recruited from community agencies and high schools in a Southwestern metropolitan area. Contextual stressors and risky behaviors were assessed 3 and 4 years postpartum...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Charles Jardin, Nubia A Mayorga, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Andres G Viana, Carla Sharp, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: Recent work has highlighted the link between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms among Hispanic young adults, but the nature of these relations is not well understood. The present study aimed to clarify the relation between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms by examining anxiety sensitivity, globally and via subfactors, as an explanatory variable. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample of 788 Hispanic college students (80...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Adriana Maldonado, Andrea Preciado, Melissa Buchanan, Kim Pulvers, Devan Romero, Kimberly D'Anna-Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to psychosocial stressors is associated with increases in adverse mental health outcomes and inflammatory markers. Limited research has investigated if acculturative stress, related to cultural adaptation in Latinos, one of the fastest growing minority groups in the United States, follows a similar pattern. This study hypothesized that acculturative stress would be associated with increased mental health symptoms as well as increases in salivary inflammatory markers...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Fatima A Varner, Yang Hou, Tajma Hodzic, Noelle M Hurd, Sheretta T Butler-Barnes, Stephanie J Rowley
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether parenting profiles based on racial socialization and involved-vigilant parenting would compensate for or moderate associations between racial discrimination experiences and academic outcomes and psychological well-being among African American adolescents. METHOD: Participants were 1,363 African American adolescents (Mage = 14.19; 52.3% female) from 3 Midwestern suburban school districts. Latent profile analysis was used to examine whether there were distinct combinations of parenting...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Stephanie A Torres, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago
OBJECTIVES: Given that Latino adolescents endorse more negative mood when compared to their counterparts of other backgrounds (Kann et al., 2016), it is important to evaluate the impact of risk and resilience factors on negative mood among this population. The current study uses daily diary methodology to examine the associations that daily economic stress, daily family stress, familism, and ethnic identity commitment and exploration have with average daily negative mood and variability in daily negative mood...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Prerna G Arora, Lorey A Wheeler, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Katharine H Zeiders
OBJECTIVE: Using diary and longitudinal data, the current study examined the relations between Mexican-origin youths' ethnic discrimination, daily sleep and stress processes, and internalizing symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (N = 113; 49.6% female, Mage = 15.73 years) participated in an initial in-home interview and reported on ethnic discrimination and internalizing symptoms. They then completed a 3-day diary study and reported on their daily stress and sleep behaviors (i...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Jens B Asendorpf, Frosso Motti-Stefanidi
OBJECTIVE: In multiethnic classrooms, acceptance and rejection by classmates of one's own versus other ethnicity is influenced by in-group preference, the societal status of the ethnicities, and composition of classrooms. We aimed at (a) confirming these effects for immigrant versus nonimmigrant adolescents in newly formed classrooms, (b) longitudinally studying the change of these effects over the next 2 years, and (c) studying the longitudinal links between immigrants' acculturation and acceptance/rejection by (non)immigrants...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Margaret Dunbar, Sheena Mirpuri, Tiffany Yip
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that school engagement tends to decline across high school. At the same time, sleep problems and exposure to social stressors such as ethnic/racial discrimination increase. The current study uses a biopsychosocial perspective to examine the interactive and prospective effects of sleep and discrimination on trajectories of academic performance. METHOD: Growth curve models were used to explore changes in 6 waves of academic outcomes in a sample of 310 ethnically and racially diverse adolescents (mean age = 14...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Simon Howard, Samuel R Sommers
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found that exposure to White religious iconography via priming techniques can increase White individuals' anti-Black attitudes. To date, however, no research has examined the influence of exposure to White religious iconography on Black individuals' intragroup and intergroup attitudes. We hypothesized that exposure to White religious iconography would influence Black individuals' intragroup attitudes negatively. METHOD: Black participants (N = 120) were either subliminally exposed to religious images (i...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Ryan N Sharma, Rachel N Casas, Nicole M Crawford, Lauren N Mills
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether geographic access to licensed mental health providers in California is a barrier for underserved populations. METHOD: Data from the master file of the California Board of Psychology and Board of Behavioral Sciences were merged with U.S. Census data to determine the correlations between the concentration of providers and the corresponding sociodemographic characteristics of places in California. RESULTS: This article shows that the concentration of licensed mental health providers in the communities of California varies systematically with the racial, ethnic, age, education, and economic characteristics of those places...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Daniel W Soto, Steve Y Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of interpersonal violence (IPV), scientific understanding of the risk and protective factors for unidirectional and bidirectional IPV, and especially the role of sociocultural variables in these behaviors, is limited. This study investigates the association between ethnic-identity search, ethnic-identity affirmation, perceived discrimination, and unidirectional (victimization only, perpetration only) and bidirectional (reciprocal violence) IPV behaviors among foreign-born and U...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
John Tawa
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have found that racial essentialism negatively affects intergroup behavior (e.g., willingness to relate across outgroups), however this line of inquiry has been limited by 1-dimensional measures of racial essentialism. This paper provides psychometric support for the Beliefs About Race Scale (BARS), a multidimensional measure of racial essentialism. METHOD: Participants included 492 adults recruited on a college campus and in the community...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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