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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Dejun Tony Kong, Phillip M Jolly
OBJECTIVES: Integrating the transactional theory of stress and coping and research on discrimination perception/attribution, we propose a stress model of psychological contract (PC) violation among ethnic minority employees. We argue that ethnic minority employees tend to appraise PC violation as a threat and attribute it to personal ethnic discrimination (as well as low organizational trustworthiness), which in turn leads ethnic minority employees to engage in fear-driven silence as a form of emotion-based withdrawal coping...
November 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Su Yeong Kim, Shanting Chen, Yang Hou, Katharine H Zeiders, Esther J Calzada
OBJECTIVES: Recognizing that immigrant parents socialize their children in specific ways, the current study examines Mexican-origin families' parental socialization profiles using both parental cultural socialization and general parenting dimensions. We seek to understand how these dimensions interact to form culturally grounded parental socialization profiles in a sample of Mexican-origin parents and adolescents. METHOD: There were 604 adolescents, 595 mothers, and 293 fathers within Mexican-origin families self-reporting on 2 cultural socialization dimensions (respeto, independence) and 4 general parenting dimensions (warmth, hostility, monitoring, reasoning)...
November 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Esther J Calzada, Adam Sales
OBJECTIVES: Residential time in the United States appears to be a risk factor for mental health problems among Latinos, according to studies of the immigrant paradox, or a pattern of findings documenting better health for immigrants relative to U.S.-born Latinos. The present study used an acculturative stress model to examine the immigrant paradox with a sample of Mexican-origin mothers. METHOD: Mothers [N = 175; age = 33.52 (10.75)], who were foreign- or U.S.-born, were categorized as more acculturated or less acculturated based on cluster analyses using demographic and language proficiency variables...
October 29, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Gloriana Rodríguez-Arauz, Nairán Ramírez-Esparza, Adrián García-Sierra, Elif G Ikizer, María José Fernández-Gómez
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has documented that Latinos/as value the cultural script Simpatía, a tendency to be kind, polite, and focus on others. No previous study has been able to capture the behavioral markers of Simpatía in a naturalistic environment. METHOD: Behavioral cross-sectional audio data were collected on the daily interactions between Latina and White European mothers with their partners and other adults using a digital audio recorder across 4 days...
October 29, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Rhoda K Moise, Alan Meca, Seth J Schwartz, Jennifer B Unger, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Miguel Ángel Cano, José Szapocznik, Brandy Piña-Watson, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study explored whether cultural identity predicts health lifestyle behaviors. METHOD: Participants included 302 recently immigrated (<5 years in the U.S.) Latinx adolescents (53% boys; mean age 14.51 years at baseline) from Miami and Los Angeles. Participants completed cultural identity measures at baseline and 1-year post baseline. A path analysis was used to estimate associations between cultural identities (ethnic, national, and bicultural) and health lifestyle behaviors (physical activity, diet, and sleep hygiene)...
October 18, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Yishan Shen, Eunjin Seo, Yueqin Hu, Minyu Zhang, Ruth K Chao
OBJECTIVE: Using item response theory, we sought to evaluate measurement invariance of language brokering extent and attitudes in 3 linguistic minority groups of adolescents. METHOD: The sample included 765 (302 Chinese American, 327 Korean American, and 136 Mexican American; 57% females) ninth graders from immigrant families. RESULTS: Differential item functioning was detected for several items, and we retained items with equivalent parameters across 3 groups...
October 11, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Yeonwoo Kim, Esther J Calzada
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigates the association between skin color and academic achievement in young Latino students. METHOD: Data were drawn from a longitudinal study of the early development of Latino children that took place in 24 public elementary schools in New York City. Students included in the present analyses ( N = 750) were 4 and 5 years old when they were enrolled (baseline) and were followed through the end of first grade. Structural equation models and bootstrapping mediation tests were conducted to examine the effects of skin color on academic achievement at the end of first grade, partially mediated by academic and social emotional domains of school readiness in prekindergarten or kindergarten...
October 8, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Andrea L Kulish, Alyson M Cavanaugh, Gabriela L Stein, Lisa Kiang, Laura M Gonzalez, Andrew Supple, Yesenia Mejia
OBJECTIVES: Cultural value endorsement and ethnic-racial identity promote Latino/a adolescent positive adaptation and mitigate the negative impacts of perceived ethnic-racial discrimination. This study explored the intergenerational process of how adolescents develop these cultural characteristics in concert with their experiences of discrimination, focusing on the role of youth-reported maternal ethnic-racial socialization processes. METHOD: Participants included 175 Latino/a adolescent-mother dyads recruited from the 7th and 8th grades in an understudied emerging immigrant destination...
October 4, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Cory L Cobb, Alan Meca, Nyla R Branscombe, Seth J Schwartz, Dong Xie, Maria Cecilia Zea, Cristina A Fernandez, Gardiner L Sanders
OBJECTIVES: We investigated the association between perceived ethnic discrimination with psychological well-being and life satisfaction among a community sample of unauthorized Hispanic immigrants in the United States. We also assessed whether ethnic/racial group identity centrality moderated this relationship. METHOD: A community sample of self-reported unauthorized Hispanics ( N = 140) completed questionnaires assessing perceived ethnic discrimination, ethnic/racial group identity centrality, psychological well-being, and life satisfaction...
October 4, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Bernadette Sánchez, Julia Pryce, Naida Silverthorn, Kelsey L Deane, David L DuBois
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this repeated-measures study was to examine the roles of cultural mistrust and perceived mentor support for ethnic-racial identity in a sample of girls of color. It was hypothesized that mentors' support for ethnic-racial identity measured at baseline would influence relationship quality, as well as the girls' ethnic identity and cultural mistrust, at the end of the intervention, adjusting for baseline measures. It was also hypothesized that girls' cultural mistrust toward Whites at baseline would be negatively associated with mentoring relationship quality at the end of the intervention...
October 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Tamara N Scott, Virginia Gil-Rivas, Fary M Cachelin
OBJECTIVE: Binge eating disorder (BED) is associated with obesity and psychological distress. Although rates in African American (AA) and White women are similar, AA women report more severity of symptoms and higher frequency of binge eating episodes. However, few AA women seek help due to a lack of acknowledgment of sociocultural influences that shape experiences and behaviors related to BED in currently available interventions. Culturally adapted interventions are an important way to acknowledge these sociocultural factors and produce expected outcomes within a specific group...
October 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Cristalís Capielo Rosario, Charles E Lance, Edward A Delgado-Romero, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez
OBJECTIVES: Two studies and data sources were used to empirically compare and cross-validate three bidimensional acculturation measurement models. METHOD: Following a cross-sectional design and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Study 1 examined the models in a sample of Central Florida Puerto Ricans (n = 484). In Study 2, the measurement model was retested on a separate sample of island Puerto Ricans (n = 399). To ensure adequate comparisons across the two samples, measurement invariance tests were performed...
October 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
M Dalal Safa, Rebecca M B White, Nicole E Mahrer, George P Knight, Nancy A Gonzales, Michelle C Pasco
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prospective association (from Mage = 15.84 to 17.38 years) between bicultural competence and mental health among U.S. Mexican-origin adolescents relative to multiple (a) developmental niches, (b) components of bicultural competence, and (c) indicators of mental health. METHOD: Participants included 749 adolescents (49% female, 29.7% Mexico-born) recruited during late childhood and followed through late adolescence. We used latent profile analyses to identify adolescents' developmental niches based on sociocultural characteristics of the family, school, and neighborhood contexts and multiple-group structural equation modeling to examine whether these niches moderated the association between bicultural competence and mental health...
October 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Gabriela Livas Stein, Alyson M Cavanaugh, Laura Castro-Schilo, Yesenia Mejia, Scott W Plunkett
OBJECTIVES: Familism values serve to provide key cultural scripts in Latinx families, and these values have been associated with positive psychosocial outcomes for Latinx youth (Stein et al., 2014). Yet, how familism values intersect with the experience of positive emotions remains relatively unknown. In particular, familism pride may be an important positive emotion that links familism values to positive psychosocial outcomes. To fill this gap in the literature, the current study developed a measure of familism pride and examined its unique prediction to psychosocial outcomes...
October 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Daniel B Lee, Andria B Eisman, Sarah A Stoddard, Melissa K Peckins, Jason E Goldstick, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Jaime Muñoz-Velázquez, Marc A Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: African American (AA) emerging adults may become more vulnerable to the consequences of racial discrimination (discrimination) as many begin to occupy racially mixed contexts. Little is known, however, about whether the effect of discrimination on cortisol concentration varies by neighborhood racial composition. We evaluated whether the percentage of White neighbors qualified the association between discrimination and overall cortisol concentration. METHOD: We used self-report data from the Flint Adolescent Study and block-level census data linked to the participant's home address...
October 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Su Yeong Kim, Minyu Zhang, Katharine H Zeiders, Lester Sim, Marci E J Gleason
OBJECTIVES: Though previous research has indicated that language brokering can be stressful, the findings are mixed, pointing to potential moderators of the association. Guided by an ecological perspective, we examined the role of individual, family, and environmental factors in Mexican American adolescents' acute cortisol responses to language brokering. METHOD: The study consisted of 46 Mexican American adolescents recruited around a metropolitan city in Central Texas...
October 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Todd Lucas, Jacqueline Woerner, Jennifer Pierce, Douglas A Granger, Jue Lin, Elissa S Epel, Shervin Assari, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Believing in justice can protect health. Among marginalized racial minorities however, both endorsing and rejecting beliefs about justice might be critical. The current research examined links between African Americans' beliefs about justice for self and for others and telomere length (TL)-an indicator of biological aging that is increasingly implicated in racial health disparities, with shorter telomeres indicating poorer health. METHOD: Healthy African Americans (N = 118; 30% male; M age = 31...
October 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Colby Chlebowski, Sandy Magaña, Blanche Wright, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
OBJECTIVES: As implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in publicly funded children's mental health services has become increasingly common, concerns have been raised about the appropriateness of specific EBPs to the diverse client populations served in these settings. Exploring stakeholder perspectives can provide direction for refinements of EBPs when delivered with Latinx families. The current study used qualitative methods to examine therapist and Latinx parent perceptions of therapist-parent interactions and the intervention process when therapists are trained to deliver AIM HI ( An Individualized Mental Health Intervention for ASD ), a structured, parent-mediated intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
October 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Isha W Metzger, Temilola Salami, Sierra Carter, Colleen Halliday-Boykins, Riana Elyse Anderson, Maryam M Jernigan, Tiarney Ritchwood
OBJECTIVES: Despite the abundance of research aimed at quantifying the impact of racism on the mental and physical health of African Americans, results remain inconclusive largely because of challenges with operationalization, as well as conflation with the concept of racial discrimination, which may be more readily assessed. The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine whether racial discrimination had an impact on the degree of alcohol use and binge drinking among African American emerging adults, and if so, (b) determine whether perceived stress linked to racially discriminatory experiences moderated these associations...
October 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Dana Saifan, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Miya Barnett, Juan Carlos Gonzalez, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between ethnic minority therapists' reports of acculturation and adaptations made to multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs) in children's community mental health services. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze therapist- and practice-level predictors of Augmenting and Reducing/Reordering adaptations, the two subscales of the Adaptations to Evidence-Based Practices Scale (AES; Lau et al., 2017). METHOD: An online survey was completed by 235 therapists (86% women, M age = 34...
October 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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