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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Sydney K Morgan, Kimberly J Langrehr
OBJECTIVES: In a sample of transracially adoptive parents, this study examined the moderating role of adoption stigma in the relationship between their colorblind attitudes and their perceptions of different forms of discrimination. Specifically, we hypothesized that parents' colorblind attitudes would be negatively related to their perceptions of their adopted children's experiences with racism and their views toward racial microaggressions and institutional racism. We also hypothesized that perceived adoption stigma would moderate these relationships, such that the inverse association between colorblindness and the 3 outcome variables would be weakened by adoption stigma...
August 16, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Daniel B Lee, Andria B Eisman, Sarah A Stoddard, Melissa K Peckins, Jason E Goldstick, Hsing-Fang Hsieh, Jaime Muñoz-Velázquez, Marc A Zimmerman
OBJECTIVES: African American (AA) emerging adults may become more vulnerable to the consequences of racial discrimination (discrimination) as many begin to occupy racially mixed contexts. Little is known, however, about whether the effect of discrimination on cortisol concentration varies by neighborhood racial composition. We evaluated whether the percentage of White neighbors qualified the association between discrimination and overall cortisol concentration. METHOD: We used self-report data from the Flint Adolescent Study and block-level census data linked to the participant's home address...
August 2, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Ana K Marcelo, Tuppett M Yates
OBJECTIVES: Experiences of ethnic-racial discrimination are associated with a host of problems in adolescence and adulthood, yet little is known about if and how such experiences influence children. Likewise, ethnic-racial identity (ERI) research has focused on adolescent and adult development to the detriment of understanding if and how ERI might influence early development, particularly in the context of ethnic-racial discrimination. To address these gaps, this study tested the hypotheses that a) children's perceived experiences of ethnic-racial discrimination would predict elevated behavior problems, and b) children's ERI with respect to their exploration of the meaning of their ethnicity-race and their sense of commitment to their ethnic-racial group(s) would mitigate this relation...
July 30, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Su Yeong Kim, Minyu Zhang, Katharine H Zeiders, Lester Sim, Marci E J Gleason
OBJECTIVES: Though previous research has indicated that language brokering can be stressful, the findings are mixed, pointing to potential moderators of the association. Guided by an ecological perspective, we examined the role of individual, family, and environmental factors in Mexican American adolescents' acute cortisol responses to language brokering. METHOD: The study consisted of 46 Mexican American adolescents recruited around a metropolitan city in Central Texas...
July 30, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Todd Lucas, Jacqueline Woerner, Jennifer Pierce, Douglas A Granger, Jue Lin, Elissa S Epel, Shervin Assari, Mark A Lumley
OBJECTIVE: Believing in justice can protect health. Among marginalized racial minorities however, both endorsing and rejecting beliefs about justice might be critical. The current research examined links between African Americans' beliefs about justice for self and for others and telomere length (TL)-an indicator of biological aging that is increasingly implicated in racial health disparities, with shorter telomeres indicating poorer health. METHOD: Healthy African Americans (N = 118; 30% male; M age = 31...
July 30, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Colby Chlebowski, Sandy Magaña, Blanche Wright, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
OBJECTIVES: As implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in publicly funded children's mental health services has become increasingly common, concerns have been raised about the appropriateness of specific EBPs to the diverse client populations served in these settings. Exploring stakeholder perspectives can provide direction for refinements of EBPs when delivered with Latinx families. The current study used qualitative methods to examine therapist and Latinx parent perceptions of therapist-parent interactions and the intervention process when therapists are trained to deliver AIM HI ( An Individualized Mental Health Intervention for ASD ), a structured, parent-mediated intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
July 19, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Kurt C Organista, Samantha Ngo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to test the relationship between discrimination and psychological distress in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs), including potential protective factors: access to cultural resources (e.g., festivals, people from one's country of origin), including community services perceived to be culturally competent, and contact with family in country of origin (e.g., phone/text, visits). Findings expand our understanding of discrimination-related psychological distress, in a particularly stigmatized population of Latinos, and how cultural and community resources may help mitigate discrimination-related distress...
July 16, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Isha W Metzger, Temilola Salami, Sierra Carter, Colleen Halliday-Boykins, Riana Elyse Anderson, Maryam M Jernigan, Tiarney Ritchwood
OBJECTIVES: Despite the abundance of research aimed at quantifying the impact of racism on the mental and physical health of African Americans, results remain inconclusive largely because of challenges with operationalization, as well as conflation with the concept of racial discrimination, which may be more readily assessed. The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine whether racial discrimination had an impact on the degree of alcohol use and binge drinking among African American emerging adults, and if so, (b) determine whether perceived stress linked to racially discriminatory experiences moderated these associations...
July 5, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Dana Saifan, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Miya Barnett, Juan Carlos Gonzalez, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between ethnic minority therapists' reports of acculturation and adaptations made to multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs) in children's community mental health services. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze therapist- and practice-level predictors of Augmenting and Reducing/Reordering adaptations, the two subscales of the Adaptations to Evidence-Based Practices Scale (AES; Lau et al., 2017). METHOD: An online survey was completed by 235 therapists (86% women, M age = 34...
July 2, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Michael J Zvolensky, Charles Jardin, Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Nubia A Mayorga, Andres G Viana, Rheeda L Walker, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Lorra Garey
There are elevated rates of trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and greater conditional risk of posttraumatic stress disorder among Latinx relative to other racial/ethnic groups. Such trauma-related health disparities serve to exacerbate or maintain acculturative and other types of stress among the Latinx population. Yet, little research has explored what types of individual difference factors may undergird variability in acculturative stress among trauma-exposed Latinx persons. Accordingly, the present investigation examined individual differences in anxiety sensitivity (fear of the negative consequences of stress sensations) in relation to acculturative stress among a large sample of trauma-exposed Latinx young adults ( n = 1,377 persons; M age = 21...
June 28, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Alisia G T T Tran, Jeffrey S Mintert, Jasmín D Llamas, Christina K Lam
OBJECTIVES: There has been little research on the direct and indirect connections between student loan debt and health. The present study tested a transactional stress model (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984a) of student loan debt in which the appraisal of debt as stressful was proposed to mediate the associations between student loan debt amount and perceived health (i.e., self-rated general health, depressive symptomatology). METHOD: The present study draws on a racially/ethnically diverse college student sample ( N = 1,412) from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshman (NLSF)...
June 28, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Christy M Byrd
OBJECTIVES: The current study presents a comprehensive framework of campus racial climate and tests the validity and reliability of a new measure, the School Climate for Diversity Scale-College, in three independent samples. The scale measures 10 dimensions of campus racial climate in the two domains of intergroup interactions (frequency of interaction, quality of interaction, equal status, support for positive interaction, and stereotyping) and campus racial socialization (cultural socialization, mainstream socialization, promotion of cultural competence, colorblind socialization, and critical consciousness socialization)...
June 28, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Prospective relations between parent-adolescent acculturation conflict and mental health symptoms among Vietnamese American adolescents" by Diem Julie Nguyen, Joanna J. Kim, Bahr Weiss, Victoria Ngo and Anna S. Lau ( Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology , 2018[Apr], Vol 24[2], 151-161). In the article, the wrong figure was published for Figure 1. Figure 1 should have shown externalizing models. The correct Figure is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-30936-001...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Jia Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Consumer values, including but not limited to materialism, have received much less attention than other topics within research on Asian Americans. METHODS: Across 3 studies (N = 6,955), the author explored the difference between Asian Americans and White/European Americans on materialism, and the mediating and moderating mechanisms. RESULTS: Studies 1a-1c found Asian Americans, compared to White/European Americans, more strongly endorsed materialistic values...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Yara Mekawi, Nathan R Todd
Despite a growing body of research documenting the negative impact of racial microaggressions on racial and ethnic minorities' wellbeing, there remains debate in society about whether it is acceptable to say racially microaggressive statements. However, no scale exists to assess attitudes about the acceptability of saying such statements. OBJECTIVES: In this study we present an initial validation of a new scale, the Acceptability of Racial Microaggressions Scale (ARMS), which assesses attitudes about how "okay" it is for White individuals to say different types of racially microaggressive statements to racial and ethnic minorities in an interpersonal interaction...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Denise A Chavira, Cristina Bustos, Maritza Garcia, Francisco Reinosa Segovia, Afshan Baig, Bernardo Ng, Alvaro Camacho
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we tailor a child anxiety cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) program to fit the needs of rural Latino/a Spanish-speaking families and examine the feasibility, acceptability, tolerability, and safety of this intervention using 2 modes of service delivery. METHOD: Children (n = 31; age 8-13) with anxiety disorders were recruited from primary care settings and randomized to 1 of 2 modes of parent-mediated CBT bibliotherapy: (1) telephone-delivered, therapist-assisted bibliotherapy (TTB; n = 15), and (2) a more minimal contact, self-directed, bibliotherapy condition (SB; n = 16)...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Valerie Jones Taylor, Randi L Garcia, J Nicole Shelton, Caitlyn Yantis
OBJECTIVES: Three studies explored interpersonal consequences of engaging in interracial interactions after witnessing racial ingroup members' stereotypical behavior. METHOD: Study 1 used experience-sampling methodology to assess ethnic minority students' (n = 119) intergroup anxiety, metastereotypes, and anticipatory behaviors following one of three types of interpersonal interactions: (a) a White person and a racial ingroup member who had behaved stereotypically, (b) a White person and a nonstereotypical ingroup member, or (c) neither...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Jiyoung Park, Abdiel J Flores, Kirstin Aschbacher, Wendy Berry Mendes
OBJECTIVES: Anger expression is assumed to have mostly negative health effects. Yet, evidence is mixed on how anger expression influences African Americans' cardiovascular health. The present research aimed to clarify this link by examining moderating effects of chronic discrimination on the relationship between anger expression and cardiovascular risk among African Americans in experimental (Study 1) and epidemiological (Study 2) studies. METHOD: Study 1 examined how African Americans' trait anger expression was linked to (a) physiologic reactivity to acute social rejection during an interracial encounter (Session 1); and (b) total/HDL cholesterol assessed two months later (Session 2)...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Diana Miconi, Gianmarco Altoè, Silvia Salcuni, Daniela Di Riso, Sami Schiff, Ughetta Moscardino
OBJECTIVE: Although discrimination is a common stressor in the everyday life of immigrant youth, individuals are not equally susceptible to its adverse effects. This cross-sectional study aimed to examine whether cultural orientation preferences and impulse control (IC) moderate the association between perceived discrimination and externalizing problems among Moroccan- and Romanian-origin early adolescents in Italy. METHOD: The sample included 126 Moroccan and 126 Romanian youths (46% girls, 42% first-generation) aged 11-13 years and their parents...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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