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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872328/equal-but-different-effects-of-equality-inclusion-and-cultural-pluralism-on-intergroup-outcomes-in-multiethnic-classrooms
#1
Miriam Schwarzenthal, Maja K Schachner, Fons J R van de Vijver, Linda P Juang
OBJECTIVES: Integrating research on intergroup contact and intercultural relations, we investigated effects of 2 types of cultural diversity norms (equality/inclusion and cultural pluralism) on outgroup orientation and perceived discrimination among students of immigrant and nonimmigrant background. METHOD: Our sample comprised 1,975 6th graders (Mage = 11.53, SDage = 0.69, 47% female) in Germany, of whom 1,213 (61%) were of immigrant background, defined as having at least 1 parent born in a different country...
September 4, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872327/cultural-socialization-attitudes-and-behaviors-examining-mothers-centrality-discrimination-experiences-and-children-s-effortful-control-as-moderators
#2
Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Laudan B Jahromi, Kimberly A Updegraff
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether mothers' cultural socialization attitudes predicted cultural socialization behaviors. In addition, we tested whether this association was moderated by children's effortful control, mothers' ethnic-racial centrality, and mothers' experiences of ethnic discrimination. METHOD: Mexican-origin young mothers (N = 181; Mage = 20.97 years) completed the Cultural Socialization Attitudes Measure, a revised version of the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity, the Child Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form, and the Perceived Discrimination Scale during an interview and then completed the Cultural Socialization Behaviors Measure a year later...
September 4, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872326/was-it-race-or-merit-the-cognitive-costs-of-observing-the-attributionally-ambiguous-hiring-of-a-racial-minority
#3
Kathy Espino-Pérez, Brenda Major, Brenna Malta
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated individual and situational factors that may make observing positive treatment of an ingroup member attributionally ambiguous and cognitively taxing for ethnic minority perceivers. METHOD: 163 Latino/a participants who varied in the perception that Whites are externally motivated to behave positively toward minorities (Perceived External Motivation Scale; PEMS) observed a Latino candidate selected over 2 White candidates by a White Human Resources officer...
September 4, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714709/asian-americans-respond-less-favorably-to-excitement-vs-calm-focused-physicians-compared-to-european-americans
#4
Tamara Sims, Birgit Koopmann-Holm, Henry R Young, Da Jiang, Helene Fung, Jeanne L Tsai
OBJECTIVES: Despite being considered a "model minority," Asian Americans report worse health care encounters than do European Americans. This may be due to affective mismatches between Asian American patients and their European American physicians. We predicted that because Asian Americans value excitement (vs. calm) less than European Americans, they will respond less favorably to excitement-focused (vs. calm) physicians. METHOD: In Study 1, 198 European American, Chinese American, and Hong Kong Chinese community adults read a medical scenario and indicated their preference for an excitement-focused versus calm-focused physician...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714708/ethnic-identity-in-context-of-ethnic-discrimination-when-does-gender-and-other-group-orientation-increase-risk-for-depressive-symptoms-for-immigrant-origin-young-adults
#5
M Alexander Thibeault, Gabriela L Stein, Rosemery O Nelson-Gray
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic discrimination increases risk for depressive symptoms, but less is known about factors that influence the impact of this cultural challenge on psychological adjustment for immigrant-origin college students. Sociocultural identity development is especially relevant during emerging adulthood. Studies examining exacerbating or buffering impacts of ethnic identity have yielded mixed results. The current study examines conditions under which one aspect of ethnic identity, affirmation/belonging, moderates the impact of perceived ethnic discrimination stress on depressive symptoms...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714707/prospective-relations-between-parent-adolescent-acculturation-conflict-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-vietnamese-american-adolescents
#6
Diem Julie Nguyen, Joanna J Kim, Bahr Weiss, Victoria Ngo, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVES: Intergenerational acculturation conflict in immigrant families has been implicated as a risk factor for adolescent maladjustment. However, the directionality and specific family related mediators of this association have not been identified. The present study prospectively examined relations between adolescent reports of perceived acculturation conflict and internalizing and externalizing mental health symptoms. Perceived parent-adolescent relationship strain and perceived parental psychological control were examined as potential mediators...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650181/racial-identity-invalidation-with-multiracial-individuals-an-instrument-development-study
#7
Marisa G Franco, Karen M O'Brien
OBJECTIVES: Racial identity invalidation, others' denial of an individual's racial identity, is a salient racial stressor with harmful effects on the mental health and well-being of Multiracial individuals. The purpose of this study was to create a psychometrically sound measure to assess racial identity invalidation for use with Multiracial individuals (N = 497). METHOD: The present sample was mostly female (75%) with a mean age of 26.52 years (SD = 9.60). The most common racial backgrounds represented were Asian/White (33...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650180/acculturation-acculturative-stressors-and-family-relationships-among-latina-o-immigrants
#8
Georgiana Bostean, Brian Joseph Gillespie
OBJECTIVES: Family relationships, widely recognized as core to Latino cultures, are known to vary for Latina/o immigrants based on time in the United States. Less is known about (a) how acculturation explains differences in family relationships by time in the US, and (b) whether acculturative stressors influence different aspects of immigrants' family relationships. Drawing on an expanded acculturation framework, we explore whether and how attitudinal familism, family contact, and family conflict among immigrant Latina/os vary based on acculturation and acculturative stressors...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650179/political-activism-and-mental-health-among-black-and-latinx-college-students
#9
Elan C Hope, Gabriel Velez, Carly Offidani-Bertrand, Micere Keels, Myles I Durkee
OBJECTIVES: The current study investigates the utility of political activism as a protective factor against experiences of racial/ethnic (R/E) discrimination that negatively affect stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms among Black and Latinx college freshmen at predominately White institutions. METHOD: Data come from the Minority College Cohort Study, a longitudinal investigation of Black and Latinx college students (N = 504; 44% Black). We conducted multiple regression analyses for each mental health indicator and tested for interaction effects...
June 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206779/the-role-of-minority-stress-in-second-generation-black-emerging-adult-college-students-high-risk-drinking-behaviors
#10
Delishia M Pittman, Sara Cho Kim, Carla D Hunter, Ezemenari M Obasi
OBJECTIVE: This study used a minority stress framework to investigate the relationships between multiple stressors (e.g., general life stress, race related stress, and acculturative stress) and high-risk drinking behaviors in a sample of second-generation Black emerging adult college students across the United States. METHOD: Participants (n = 148) were recruited from U.S. colleges and universities as part of a large, multiwave cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Findings from this study mirrored those in the extant literature: the positive relationship between race-related stress and high-risk drinking behaviors found in other marginalized groups...
July 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#11
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
July 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786496/racial-ethnic-differences-in-trauma-exposure-and-mental-health-disorders-in-adolescents
#12
Cristina M López, Arthur R Andrews, Andrea M Chisolm, Michael A de Arellano, Benjamin Saunders, Dean G Kilpatrick
OBJECTIVE: Research has cited increased prevalence of mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and exposure to interpersonal violence for Hispanics and non-Hispanic Black adolescents, as well as ethnic differences in externalizing behavior (e.g., substance use, delinquency). The current study combined these areas by examining racial/ethnic differences in mental health correlates of trauma exposure. METHOD: Interviews were conducted to assess polyvictimization, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), substance use, and delinquency in a nationally representative sample of adolescents (N = 3,614; 15...
July 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736103/adult-attachment-as-a-moderator-of-the-association-between-childhood-traumatic-experiences-and-depression-symptoms-among-young-black-gay-and-bisexual-men
#13
Stephanie H Cook, Pamela Valera, Benjamin J Calebs, Patrick A Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the moderating effect of adult attachment on the association between childhood traumatic experiences, (i.e., physical abuse, emotional abuse, emotional neglect, and being bullied), age of childhood traumatic experience, and young adult depression symptoms among young Black gay and bisexual men (YBGBM). METHOD: Self-report measures of attachment, childhood traumatic experiences, and depression symptoms were collected from a community-based sample of YBGBM living in New York City (n = 228)...
July 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604022/a-prospective-examination-of-anxiety-as-a-predictor-of-depressive-symptoms-among-asian-american-early-adolescent-youth-the-role-of-parent-peer-and-teacher-support-and-school-engagement
#14
Prerna G Arora, Lorey A Wheeler, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604021/still-i-rise-the-need-for-self-validation-and-self-care-in-the-midst-of-adversities-faced-by-black-women-with-hiv
#15
Sannisha K Dale, Catherine Pierre-Louis, Laura M Bogart, Conall O'Cleirigh, Steven A Safren
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors of trauma and abuse, racial discrimination, HIV stigma, and gender-related stressors (e.g., prioritizing others' needs) have been associated with antiretroviral treatment (ART) nonadherence and poor viral suppression among Black women living with HIV (BWLWH). To inform the development of an intervention addressing these psychosocial factors to improve ART adherence, the authors sought the insight of BWLWH. METHOD: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with 30 BWLWH to gather information on their experiences with trauma, racism, HIV stigma, gender-related stressors, ART adherence, and coping strategies, and their insights on the proposed intervention...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604020/race-related-stress-and-hopelessness-in-community-based-african-american-adults-moderating-role-of-social-support
#16
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
June 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581304/the-relationships-between-religiosity-and-youth-internalizing-symptoms-in-african-american-parent-adolescent-dyads
#17
Alyssa L Faro, Laura G McKee, Randi L Garcia, Deborah J Jones
OBJECTIVES: African American (AA) adolescents face a greater risk of internalizing symptoms, including symptoms of both depression and anxiety, compared with other racial groups; yet, relatively less is known about the variables that contribute to internalizing symptoms. With the aim of advancing this work, this study examined factors that may buffer against such symptoms (maternal warmth, religiosity), as well as those that may confer additional risk (maternal psychopathology). METHOD: One hundred ninety-three AA single mothers and their adolescent youth reported on religiosity, maternal warmth and depressive symptoms, and youth internalizing symptoms...
June 5, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493735/greater-than-the-sum-of-its-parts-development-of-a-measure-of-collectivism-among-asians
#18
P Priscilla Lui, David Rollock
OBJECTIVES: Collectivism can contextualize subjective cultural experiences, yet operationalization and measurement approaches for understanding this construct among Asians and Asian Americans have been discrepant. Inconsistency has resulted from diverse levels of analyses, unidimensional versus multidimensional approaches to organizing related subconstructs, and different degrees of cultural specificity of existing instruments. The Brief Collectivism Questionnaire (BCQ) was developed to address these limitations in assessing general collectivism in Asian cultures, while capturing its diverse attitudinal and behavioral manifestations, using a bifactor framework...
May 11, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493734/pubertal-timing-racial-identity-neighborhood-and-school-context-among-black-adolescent-females
#19
Eleanor K Seaton, Rona Carter
OBJECTIVES: This study bridges the empirical research on pubertal timing effects, racial identity, and school and neighborhood context to understand the pubertal development and depression link among Black adolescent females. We examined whether racial identity content dimensions moderated the relation between pubertal timing and depressive symptoms among Black adolescent females and the moderating capacity of school and neighborhood racial composition. METHOD: We administered measures of pubertal development, racial identity, and depressive symptoms to a sample of 217 Black adolescent females, aged 14 to 18...
May 11, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414495/racial-discrimination-racial-identity-and-impostor-phenomenon-a-profile-approach
#20
Donte L Bernard, Lori S Hoggard, Enrique W Neblett
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the association between racial discrimination and the impostor phenomenon (IP) and the moderating influence of racial identity on this relationship. METHOD: One hundred fifty-seven African American college students (68% female; mean age = 18.63) completed measures of racial discrimination, racial identity, and IP during 2 waves of data collection. RESULTS: Utilizing latent profile analyses, 4 patterns of racial identity were identified: Undifferentiated, Multiculturalist, Race-Focused, and Humanist...
April 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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