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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872328/equal-but-different-effects-of-equality-inclusion-and-cultural-pluralism-on-intergroup-outcomes-in-multiethnic-classrooms
#1
Miriam Schwarzenthal, Maja K Schachner, Fons J R van de Vijver, Linda P Juang
OBJECTIVES: Integrating research on intergroup contact and intercultural relations, we investigated effects of 2 types of cultural diversity norms (equality/inclusion and cultural pluralism) on outgroup orientation and perceived discrimination among students of immigrant and nonimmigrant background. METHOD: Our sample comprised 1,975 6th graders (Mage = 11.53, SDage = 0.69, 47% female) in Germany, of whom 1,213 (61%) were of immigrant background, defined as having at least 1 parent born in a different country...
September 4, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872327/cultural-socialization-attitudes-and-behaviors-examining-mothers-centrality-discrimination-experiences-and-children-s-effortful-control-as-moderators
#2
Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Laudan B Jahromi, Kimberly A Updegraff
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether mothers' cultural socialization attitudes predicted cultural socialization behaviors. In addition, we tested whether this association was moderated by children's effortful control, mothers' ethnic-racial centrality, and mothers' experiences of ethnic discrimination. METHOD: Mexican-origin young mothers (N = 181; Mage = 20.97 years) completed the Cultural Socialization Attitudes Measure, a revised version of the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity, the Child Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form, and the Perceived Discrimination Scale during an interview and then completed the Cultural Socialization Behaviors Measure a year later...
September 4, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872326/was-it-race-or-merit-the-cognitive-costs-of-observing-the-attributionally-ambiguous-hiring-of-a-racial-minority
#3
Kathy Espino-Pérez, Brenda Major, Brenna Malta
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated individual and situational factors that may make observing positive treatment of an ingroup member attributionally ambiguous and cognitively taxing for ethnic minority perceivers. METHOD: 163 Latino/a participants who varied in the perception that Whites are externally motivated to behave positively toward minorities (Perceived External Motivation Scale; PEMS) observed a Latino candidate selected over 2 White candidates by a White Human Resources officer...
September 4, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604022/a-prospective-examination-of-anxiety-as-a-predictor-of-depressive-symptoms-among-asian-american-early-adolescent-youth-the-role-of-parent-peer-and-teacher-support-and-school-engagement
#4
Prerna G Arora, Lorey A Wheeler, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604020/race-related-stress-and-hopelessness-in-community-based-african-american-adults-moderating-role-of-social-support
#5
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414494/discrimination-daily-stress-sleep-and-mexican-origin-adolescents-internalizing-symptoms
#6
Katharine H Zeiders
OBJECTIVE: Using diary and longitudinal data, the current study examined the relations between Mexican-origin youths' ethnic discrimination, daily sleep and stress processes, and internalizing symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (N = 113; 49.6% female, Mage = 15.73 years) participated in an initial in-home interview and reported on ethnic discrimination and internalizing symptoms. They then completed a 3-day diary study and reported on their daily stress and sleep behaviors (i...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394167/a-longitudinal-study-of-immigrants-peer-acceptance-and-rejection-immigrant-status-immigrant-composition-of-the-classroom-and-acculturation
#7
Jens B Asendorpf, Frosso Motti-Stefanidi
OBJECTIVE: In multiethnic classrooms, acceptance and rejection by classmates of one's own versus other ethnicity is influenced by in-group preference, the societal status of the ethnicities, and composition of classrooms. We aimed at (a) confirming these effects for immigrant versus nonimmigrant adolescents in newly formed classrooms, (b) longitudinally studying the change of these effects over the next 2 years, and (c) studying the longitudinal links between immigrants' acculturation and acceptance/rejection by (non)immigrants...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394166/ethnic-racial-discrimination-moderates-the-effect-of-sleep-quality-on-school-engagement-across-high-school
#8
Margaret Dunbar, Sheena Mirpuri, Tiffany Yip
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that school engagement tends to decline across high school. At the same time, sleep problems and exposure to social stressors such as ethnic/racial discrimination increase. The current study uses a biopsychosocial perspective to examine the interactive and prospective effects of sleep and discrimination on trajectories of academic performance. METHOD: Growth curve models were used to explore changes in 6 waves of academic outcomes in a sample of 310 ethnically and racially diverse adolescents (mean age = 14...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394162/exposure-to-white-religious-iconography-influences-black-individuals-intragroup-and-intergroup-attitudes
#9
Simon Howard, Samuel R Sommers
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found that exposure to White religious iconography via priming techniques can increase White individuals' anti-Black attitudes. To date, however, no research has examined the influence of exposure to White religious iconography on Black individuals' intragroup and intergroup attitudes. We hypothesized that exposure to White religious iconography would influence Black individuals' intragroup attitudes negatively. METHOD: Black participants (N = 120) were either subliminally exposed to religious images (i...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333478/geographic-distribution-of-california-mental-health-professionals-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-characteristics
#10
Ryan N Sharma, Rachel N Casas, Nicole M Crawford, Lauren N Mills
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether geographic access to licensed mental health providers in California is a barrier for underserved populations. METHOD: Data from the master file of the California Board of Psychology and Board of Behavioral Sciences were merged with U.S. Census data to determine the correlations between the concentration of providers and the corresponding sociodemographic characteristics of places in California. RESULTS: This article shows that the concentration of licensed mental health providers in the communities of California varies systematically with the racial, ethnic, age, education, and economic characteristics of those places...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333477/perceived-discrimination-cultural-identity-development-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-a-sample-of-hispanic-young-adults
#11
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Daniel W Soto, Steve Y Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of interpersonal violence (IPV), scientific understanding of the risk and protective factors for unidirectional and bidirectional IPV, and especially the role of sociocultural variables in these behaviors, is limited. This study investigates the association between ethnic-identity search, ethnic-identity affirmation, perceived discrimination, and unidirectional (victimization only, perpetration only) and bidirectional (reciprocal violence) IPV behaviors among foreign-born and U...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333476/the-beliefs-about-race-scale-bars-dimensions-of-racial-essentialism-and-their-psychometric-properties
#12
John Tawa
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have found that racial essentialism negatively affects intergroup behavior (e.g., willingness to relate across outgroups), however this line of inquiry has been limited by 1-dimensional measures of racial essentialism. This paper provides psychometric support for the Beliefs About Race Scale (BARS), a multidimensional measure of racial essentialism. METHOD: Participants included 492 adults recruited on a college campus and in the community...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301183/the-role-of-age-in-understanding-the-psychological-effects-of-racism-for-african-americans
#13
Tawanda M Greer, Abby Spalding
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to test age as a moderator of the effects of types of racism on psychological symptoms for a sample of 184 African American women. METHOD: We hypothesized that increased age would be associated with greater severity in psychological symptoms in relation to exposure to types of racism. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses were performed to test our hypothesis. RESULTS: Findings revealed significant interactions between institutional racism and age in predicting anxiety...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301182/intergroup-contact-and-prejudice-between-dutch-majority-and-muslim-minority-youth-in-the-netherlands
#14
Paul Vedder, Erlijn Wenink, Mitch van Geel
OBJECTIVES: This study deals with three relatively understudied issues in intergroup contact: negative contact, mediating mechanisms, and the minority perspective. Both direct and extended positive and negative contact experiences are included in the design. Intergroup anxiety is tested as a mediator between different forms of contact and prejudice, and status as Dutch majority or Muslim minority is used as a moderator. METHOD: A sample of 317 Dutch majority (47...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#15
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263621/not-your-model-minority-own-group-activism-among-asian-americans
#16
Julia Tran, Nicola Curtin
OBJECTIVES: Research on Asian American activism is neglected in the collective action literature. This study examined a model of Asian American activism that included a context-specific variable, model minority beliefs, and 3 traditional predictors of collective engagement: experiences of discrimination, collective racial identity, and structural awareness. METHOD: Participants completed a survey on their sociopolitical attitudes and behaviors. All participants identified as Asian American (N = 187; Mage = 32...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252982/social-challenges-faced-by-queer-latino-college-men-navigating-negative-responses-to-coming-out-in-a-double-minority-sample-of-emerging-adults
#17
Asia A Eaton, Desdamona Rios
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we qualitatively examine the social challenges experienced by queer, Latino college men in the coming out process. Using an intersectional perspective informed by the double jeopardy hypothesis, intersectional invisibility, and Latino/a cultural norms, we asked 22 queer Latino college men to describe the major challenges they experienced with their sexual identities. METHOD: To examine the subjective experiences of participants' multiple minority identities, we conducted semistructured interviews...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252980/race-ethnicity-religious-affiliation-and-education-are-associated-with-gay-and-bisexual-men-s-religious-and-spiritual-participation-and-beliefs-results-from-the-one-thousand-strong-cohort
#18
Jonathan M Lassiter, Lena Saleh, Tyrel Starks, Christian Grov, Ana Ventuneac, Jeffrey T Parsons
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the rates of spirituality, religiosity, religious coping, and religious service attendance in addition to the sociodemographic correlates of those factors in a U.S. national cohort of 1,071 racially and ethnically diverse HIV-negative gay and bisexual men. METHOD: Descriptive statistics were used to assess levels of spirituality, religiosity, religious coping, and religious service attendance. Multivariable regressions were used to determine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics, religious affiliation, and race/ethnicity with four outcome variables: (1) spirituality, (2) religiosity, (3) religious coping, and (4) current religious service attendance...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080103/empirical-influence-of-the-multicultural-guidelines-a-brief-report
#19
Nadya A Fouad, Mercedes Santana, Arpita Ghosh
OBJECTIVE: In 2002, the American Psychological Association (APA) Council of Representatives approved the "Guidelines for Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice and Organizational Change for Psychologists." The Guidelines have been downloaded 64,153 times from the APA website from 2007 to 2013, and have been cited nearly 900 times. This suggests that the Guidelines have influenced education, training, research, and practice in psychology. However, it is unclear how the Guidelines have influenced these domains...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714709/asian-americans-respond-less-favorably-to-excitement-vs-calm-focused-physicians-compared-to-european-americans
#20
Tamara Sims, Birgit Koopmann-Holm, Henry R Young, Da Jiang, Helene Fung, Jeanne L Tsai
OBJECTIVES: Despite being considered a "model minority," Asian Americans report worse health care encounters than do European Americans. This may be due to affective mismatches between Asian American patients and their European American physicians. We predicted that because Asian Americans value excitement (vs. calm) less than European Americans, they will respond less favorably to excitement-focused (vs. calm) physicians. METHOD: In Study 1, 198 European American, Chinese American, and Hong Kong Chinese community adults read a medical scenario and indicated their preference for an excitement-focused versus calm-focused physician...
July 17, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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