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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301183/the-role-of-age-in-understanding-the-psychological-effects-of-racism-for-african-americans
#1
Tawanda M Greer, Abby Spalding
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to test age as a moderator of the effects of types of racism on psychological symptoms for a sample of 184 African American women. METHOD: We hypothesized that increased age would be associated with greater severity in psychological symptoms in relation to exposure to types of racism. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses were performed to test our hypothesis. RESULTS: Findings revealed significant interactions between institutional racism and age in predicting anxiety...
March 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301182/intergroup-contact-and-prejudice-between-dutch-majority-and-muslim-minority-youth-in-the-netherlands
#2
Paul Vedder, Erlijn Wenink, Mitch van Geel
OBJECTIVES: This study deals with three relatively understudied issues in intergroup contact: negative contact, mediating mechanisms, and the minority perspective. Both direct and extended positive and negative contact experiences are included in the design. Intergroup anxiety is tested as a mediator between different forms of contact and prejudice, and status as Dutch majority or Muslim minority is used as a moderator. METHOD: A sample of 317 Dutch majority (47...
March 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#3
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
March 9, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263621/not-your-model-minority-own-group-activism-among-asian-americans
#4
Julia Tran, Nicola Curtin
OBJECTIVES: Research on Asian American activism is neglected in the collective action literature. This study examined a model of Asian American activism that included a context-specific variable, model minority beliefs, and 3 traditional predictors of collective engagement: experiences of discrimination, collective racial identity, and structural awareness. METHOD: Participants completed a survey on their sociopolitical attitudes and behaviors. All participants identified as Asian American (N = 187; Mage = 32...
March 6, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252982/social-challenges-faced-by-queer-latino-college-men-navigating-negative-responses-to-coming-out-in-a-double-minority-sample-of-emerging-adults
#5
Asia A Eaton, Desdamona Rios
OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we qualitatively examine the social challenges experienced by queer, Latino college men in the coming out process. Using an intersectional perspective informed by the double jeopardy hypothesis, intersectional invisibility, and Latino/a cultural norms, we asked 22 queer Latino college men to describe the major challenges they experienced with their sexual identities. METHOD: To examine the subjective experiences of participants' multiple minority identities, we conducted semistructured interviews...
March 2, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252981/psychological-predictors-of-cultural-diversity-support-at-work
#6
Annemarie M F Hiemstra, Eva Derous, Marise Ph Born
OBJECTIVES: As diversity management activities become more prominent worldwide it is important to understand psychological reactions to them to ensure success, but empirical evidence is lacking. This study investigated employees' and managers' intentions and behavior to promote cultural diversity at work in a variety of organizations in the Netherlands, using Ajzen's theory of planned behavior. METHOD: Predictors of intentions to promote cultural diversity at work (N = 670) and actual behavior after 6 months were assessed among managers and employees using self-reports in a 2-wave survey design...
March 2, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252980/race-ethnicity-religious-affiliation-and-education-are-associated-with-gay-and-bisexual-men-s-religious-and-spiritual-participation-and-beliefs-results-from-the-one-thousand-strong-cohort
#7
Jonathan M Lassiter, Lena Saleh, Tyrel Starks, Christian Grov, Ana Ventuneac, Jeffrey T Parsons
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the rates of spirituality, religiosity, religious coping, and religious service attendance in addition to the sociodemographic correlates of those factors in a U.S. national cohort of 1,071 racially and ethnically diverse HIV-negative gay and bisexual men. METHOD: Descriptive statistics were used to assess levels of spirituality, religiosity, religious coping, and religious service attendance. Multivariable regressions were used to determine the associations between sociodemographic characteristics, religious affiliation, and race/ethnicity with four outcome variables: (1) spirituality, (2) religiosity, (3) religious coping, and (4) current religious service attendance...
March 2, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230388/familial-ethnic-socialization-gender-role-attitudes-and-ethnic-identity-development-in-mexican-origin-early-adolescents
#8
Delida Sanchez, Tiffany A Whittaker, Emma Hamilton, Sarah Arango
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relations between familial ethnic socialization and ethnic identity development in 438 Mexican-origin (n = 242 boys and n = 196 girls) preadolescents. In addition, machismo and marianismo gender role attitudes were examined as potential mediators in this link. METHOD: Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) of the Familial Ethnic Socialization Scale (FES), Machismo Measure (MM), Marianismo Beliefs Scale (MBS), and the Ethnic Identity Brief Scale (EISB) were conducted to test the factor structure with a preadolescent Mexican-origin sample...
February 23, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206779/the-role-of-minority-stress-in-second-generation-black-emerging-adult-college-students-high-risk-drinking-behaviors
#9
Delishia M Pittman, Sara Cho Kim, Carla D Hunter, Ezemenari M Obasi
OBJECTIVE: This study used a minority stress framework to investigate the relationships between multiple stressors (e.g., general life stress, race related stress, and acculturative stress) and high-risk drinking behaviors in a sample of second-generation Black emerging adult college students across the United States. METHOD: Participants (n = 148) were recruited from U.S. colleges and universities as part of a large, multiwave cross-sectional study. RESULTS: Findings from this study mirrored those in the extant literature: the positive relationship between race-related stress and high-risk drinking behaviors found in other marginalized groups...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206778/personal-and-cultural-identity-development-in-recently-immigrated-hispanic-adolescents-links-with-psychosocial-functioning
#10
Alan Meca, Raha F Sabet, Colleen M Farrelly, Cynthia G Benitez, Seth J Schwartz, Melinda Gonzales-Backen, Elma I Lorenzo-Blanco, Jennifer B Unger, Byron L Zamboanga, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati, Simona Picariello, Sabrina E Des Rosiers, Daniel W Soto, Monica Pattarroyo, Juan A Villamar, Karina M Lizzi
OBJECTIVES: This study examined directionality between personal (i.e., coherence and confusion) and cultural identity (i.e., ethnic and U.S.) as well as their additive effects on psychosocial functioning in a sample of recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents. METHOD: The sample consisted of 302 recent (<5 years) immigrant Hispanic adolescents (53% boys; Mage = 14.51 years at baseline; SD = .88 years) from Miami and Los Angeles who participated in a longitudinal study...
February 16, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125241/linking-parental-socialization-about-discrimination-to-intergroup-attitudes-the-role-of-social-dominance-orientation-and-cultural-identification
#11
Jenny C Su, Peter H Gries, I-Ching Lee, Alisia G T T Tran
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the interaction of parental socialization about discrimination and social dominance orientation (SDO) in predicting the cultural identity and intergroup attitudes of the Minnanese, an ethnic group in Taiwan that faced systematic discrimination during the early decades of Chinese Nationalist rule. Because high SDO individuals tend to support group-based dominance, we hypothesized that under high preparation for bias, which may reinforce narratives that place the historically disadvantaged Taiwanese in a subordinate position, Minnanese high in SDO would identify less with Taiwanese and more with Chinese (the historically high-status outgroup) compared with their low SDO counterparts...
January 26, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080104/measuring-black-men-s-police-based-discrimination-experiences-development-and-validation-of-the-police-and-law-enforcement-ple-scale
#12
Devin English, Lisa Bowleg, Ana Maria Del Río-González, Jeanne M Tschann, Robert P Agans, David J Malebranche
OBJECTIVES: Although social science research has examined police and law enforcement-perpetrated discrimination against Black men using policing statistics and implicit bias studies, there is little quantitative evidence detailing this phenomenon from the perspective of Black men. Consequently, there is a dearth of research detailing how Black men's perspectives on police and law enforcement-related stress predict negative physiological and psychological health outcomes. This study addresses these gaps with the qualitative development and quantitative test of the Police and Law Enforcement (PLE) Scale...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080103/empirical-influence-of-the-multicultural-guidelines-a-brief-report
#13
Nadya A Fouad, Mercedes Santana, Arpita Ghosh
OBJECTIVE: In 2002, the American Psychological Association (APA) Council of Representatives approved the "Guidelines for Multicultural Education, Training, Research, Practice and Organizational Change for Psychologists." The Guidelines have been downloaded 64,153 times from the APA website from 2007 to 2013, and have been cited nearly 900 times. This suggests that the Guidelines have influenced education, training, research, and practice in psychology. However, it is unclear how the Guidelines have influenced these domains...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080102/not-just-sticks-and-stones-indirect-ethnic-discrimination-leads-to-greater-physiological-reactivity
#14
Virginia W Huynh, Que-Lam Huynh, Mary-Patricia Stein
OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of indirect ethnic discrimination on physiological reactivity (i.e., cortisol, blood pressure, heart rate) in Latino emerging adults. METHOD: Participants (N = 32) were randomly assigned to be exposed to indirect ethnic discrimination (experimental condition) or not (control condition) while undergoing a cognitive stress task. RESULTS: Greater total cortisol output was observed in participants in the experimental condition, relative to those in the control condition...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080101/racial-discrimination-and-psychological-health-among-polynesians-in-the-u-s
#15
G E Kawika Allen, Hokule'a Conklin, Davis K Kane
OBJECTIVES: There is a dearth of research on the mental health of Polynesians residing in the United States. The aims of this study were to examine experiences of racial discrimination, self-esteem, trait anger, satisfaction with life, and psychological well-being among 628 Polynesians (e.g., Native Hawaiian, Tongan, Samoan, Fijian, Tahitian, Maori; 60% women (n = 378) and 40% men (n = 249); mean age = 28.7). METHOD: Measures were administered through an online survey to 628 Polynesians residing in the United States...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045310/neural-systems-for-reflected-and-direct-self-appraisals-in-chinese-young-adults-exploring-the-role-of-the-temporal-parietal-junction
#16
Jennifer H Pfeifer, Caitlin E V Mahy, Junaid S Merchant, Chunhui Chen, Carrie L Masten, Andrew J Fuligni, Matthew D Lieberman, Jared Lessard, Qi Dong, Chuansheng Chen
OBJECTIVES: Although cortical midline structures (CMS) are the most commonly identified neural foundations of self-appraisals, research is beginning to implicate the temporal-parietal junction (TPJ) in more interdependent self-construals. The goal of this study was to extend this research in an understudied population by (a) examining both direct (first-person) and reflected (third-person) self-appraisals across 2 domains (social and academics), and (b) exploring individual differences in recruitment of the TPJ during reflected self-appraisals...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045309/cultural-differences-and-similarities-in-beliefs-practices-and-neural-mechanisms-of-emotion-regulation
#17
Yang Qu, Eva H Telzer
OBJECTIVE: The current research examined whether culture shapes the beliefs, practices, and neural basis of emotion regulation. METHOD: Twenty-nine American and Chinese participants reported their implicit theory of emotion and frequency of reappraisal use. They also underwent an fMRI scan while completing an emotion regulation task. RESULTS: Chinese (vs. American) participants reported more frequent use of reappraisal, which was mediated by their higher incremental theory of emotion (i...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045308/everyday-unfair-treatment-and-multisystem-biological-dysregulation-in-african-american-adults
#18
Anthony D Ong, David R Williams, Ujuonu Nwizu, Tara L Gruenewald
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence suggests that chronic exposure to unfair treatment or day-to-day discrimination increases risk for poor health, but data on biological stress mechanisms are limited. This study examined chronic experiences of unfair treatment in relation to allostatic load (AL), a multisystem index of biological dysregulation. METHOD: Data are from a sample of 233 African-American adults (37-85 years; 64% women). Perceptions of everyday unfair treatment were measured by questionnaire...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045307/the-effects-of-economic-and-sociocultural-stressors-on-the-well-being-of-children-of-latino-immigrants-living-in-poverty
#19
Marina M Mendoza, Julia Dmitrieva, Krista M Perreira, Eliana Hurwich-Reiss, Sarah Enos Watamura
OBJECTIVE: This article explored whether preschoolers' physical (body mass index [BMI] and salivary cortisol levels) and psychological (internalizing/externalizing behaviors) well-being were predicted by economic hardship, as has been previously documented, and further, whether parental immigration-related stress and/or acculturation level moderated this relationship in low-income Latino families. METHOD: The sample for the current study included 71 children of Latino immigrants (M = 4...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045306/examining-the-association-between-perceived-discrimination-and-heart-rate-variability-in-african-americans
#20
LaBarron K Hill, Lori S Hoggard, Ashley S Richmond, DeLeon L Gray, Dewayne P Williams, Julian F Thayer
OBJECTIVE: Previous research attempting to delineate the role of discrimination in racial/ethnic disparities in hypertension has focused largely on blood pressure, which is chiefly governed by the sympathetic branch of the autonomic nervous system. Consequently, few studies have considered the role of the parasympathetic branch and particularly its regulation of the heart via the vagus nerve. METHOD: In the present cross-sectional study, we employed hierarchical linear regressions to examine associations between perceived ethnic discrimination and resting heart rate variability (HRV), an important biomarker of parasympathetic cardiac modulation and overall health, in a sample (N = 103) of young, healthy African American participants (58% female, Mage = 19...
January 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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