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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

Colby Chlebowski, Sandy Magaña, Blanche Wright, Lauren Brookman-Frazee
OBJECTIVES: As implementation of evidence-based practices (EBPs) in publicly funded children's mental health services has become increasingly common, concerns have been raised about the appropriateness of specific EBPs to the diverse client populations served in these settings. Exploring stakeholder perspectives can provide direction for refinements of EBPs when delivered with Latinx families. The current study used qualitative methods to examine therapist and Latinx parent perceptions of therapist-parent interactions and the intervention process when therapists are trained to deliver AIM HI ( An Individualized Mental Health Intervention for ASD ), a structured, parent-mediated intervention for autism spectrum disorder (ASD)...
July 19, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Kurt C Organista, Samantha Ngo
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study is to test the relationship between discrimination and psychological distress in Latino migrant day laborers (LMDLs), including potential protective factors: access to cultural resources (e.g., festivals, people from one's country of origin), including community services perceived to be culturally competent, and contact with family in country of origin (e.g., phone/text, visits). Findings expand our understanding of discrimination-related psychological distress, in a particularly stigmatized population of Latinos, and how cultural and community resources may help mitigate discrimination-related distress...
July 16, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Isha W Metzger, Temilola Salami, Sierra Carter, Colleen Halliday-Boykins, Riana Elyse Anderson, Maryam M Jernigan, Tiarney Ritchwood
OBJECTIVES: Despite the abundance of research aimed at quantifying the impact of racism on the mental and physical health of African Americans, results remain inconclusive largely because of challenges with operationalization, as well as conflation with the concept of racial discrimination, which may be more readily assessed. The purpose of the current study was to: (a) determine whether racial discrimination had an impact on the degree of alcohol use and binge drinking among African American emerging adults, and if so, (b) determine whether perceived stress linked to racially discriminatory experiences moderated these associations...
July 5, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Dana Saifan, Lauren Brookman-Frazee, Miya Barnett, Juan Carlos Gonzalez, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined associations between ethnic minority therapists' reports of acculturation and adaptations made to multiple evidence-based practices (EBPs) in children's community mental health services. Multilevel modeling was used to analyze therapist- and practice-level predictors of Augmenting and Reducing/Reordering adaptations, the two subscales of the Adaptations to Evidence-Based Practices Scale (AES; Lau et al., 2017). METHOD: An online survey was completed by 235 therapists (86% women, M age = 34...
July 2, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Michael J Zvolensky, Charles Jardin, Andrew H Rogers, Jafar Bakhshaie, Nubia A Mayorga, Andres G Viana, Rheeda L Walker, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Lorra Garey
There are elevated rates of trauma exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms, and greater conditional risk of posttraumatic stress disorder among Latinx relative to other racial/ethnic groups. Such trauma-related health disparities serve to exacerbate or maintain acculturative and other types of stress among the Latinx population. Yet, little research has explored what types of individual difference factors may undergird variability in acculturative stress among trauma-exposed Latinx persons. Accordingly, the present investigation examined individual differences in anxiety sensitivity (fear of the negative consequences of stress sensations) in relation to acculturative stress among a large sample of trauma-exposed Latinx young adults ( n = 1,377 persons; M age = 21...
June 28, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Alisia G T T Tran, Jeffrey S Mintert, Jasmín D Llamas, Christina K Lam
OBJECTIVES: There has been little research on the direct and indirect connections between student loan debt and health. The present study tested a transactional stress model (Lazarus & Folkman, 1984a) of student loan debt in which the appraisal of debt as stressful was proposed to mediate the associations between student loan debt amount and perceived health (i.e., self-rated general health, depressive symptomatology). METHOD: The present study draws on a racially/ethnically diverse college student sample ( N = 1,412) from the National Longitudinal Survey of Freshman (NLSF)...
June 28, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Christy M Byrd
OBJECTIVES: The current study presents a comprehensive framework of campus racial climate and tests the validity and reliability of a new measure, the School Climate for Diversity Scale-College, in three independent samples. The scale measures 10 dimensions of campus racial climate in the two domains of intergroup interactions (frequency of interaction, quality of interaction, equal status, support for positive interaction, and stereotyping) and campus racial socialization (cultural socialization, mainstream socialization, promotion of cultural competence, colorblind socialization, and critical consciousness socialization)...
June 28, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Kenneth D Locke, Pamela Sadler, Kelly McDonald
OBJECTIVE: In the current paper, we sought to clarify when and why Asian Americans/Canadians and European Americans/Canadians differ in self-consistency (the consistency of personality traits across situations). METHOD: European Canadian (n = 220) and second-generation Asian Canadian (n = 166) undergraduates (Mage = 19 years) described the traits they expressed and the traits others wanted them to express (i.e., injunctive norms, or injunctions) in four different social situations (i...
June 14, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Laura M Bogart, Sannisha K Dale, Gary K Daffin, Kinjal N Patel, David J Klein, Kenneth H Mayer, David W Pantalone
OBJECTIVES: Discrimination is associated with worse health. Although interventions have been developed to improve coping with general stressors and chronic illness, no literature to date has reported the development and testing of an intervention specifically to address coping with discrimination. We examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of Still Climbin', a pilot intervention created to improve coping with discrimination experienced by HIV-positive Black sexual minority men, who face significant HIV-related disparities...
June 14, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
James M Ellis, Candice S Powell, Cynthia P Demetriou, Carmen Huerta-Bapat, A T Panter
OBJECTIVES: Studies have described the experiences of racial microaggressions in everyday life and on college campuses, yet prior research has not explored how microaggressions and microaffirmations are experienced by students who are first in their family to attend college. METHOD: This qualitative investigation of 296 open-ended survey responses described the lived experiences of first-generation college students at a large, public, predominately White institution...
June 14, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Gustavo Carlo, Cara Streit, Lisa Crockett
OBJECTIVES: We hypothesized that parental and peer support, empathy-related traits, and prosocial moral reasoning would positively predict altruistic prosocial behaviors, and negatively predict selfish-motivated prosocial behaviors, in U.S. Latino youth. METHOD: Three-hundred and 6 U.S. Latina/o adolescents (M age = 15.50 years; SD = .42 years; 46% girls; 81.0% self-identified as U.S. Mexican) from communities in the Northern Great Plains completed measures of parental and peer support, perspective taking and empathic concern, prosocial moral reasoning, and two types of prosocial behaviors...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Femke van der Werf, Maykel Verkuyten, Borja Martinovic, Caroline Ng Tseung-Wong
OBJECTIVES: We investigated adolescents' understandings of national group membership in multicultural Mauritius. We hypothesized that tolerance toward different cultures would be an important criterion for being Mauritian. In addition, national identity was expected to be defined in terms of "being," "feeling," and "doing." The type of definition, and whether stopping being Mauritian is perceived as possible, was expected to depend on age and national identification...
May 24, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Alexander Krieg, Yiyuan Xu
OBJECTIVE: Abundant research has shown that Asian Americans tend to score higher on standardized social anxiety measures than do European Americans. The current study explored how this cultural difference in social anxiety may be explained by cultural differences in self-construals and threat appraisal between Asian Americans and European Americans. METHOD: Participants were 310 Asian Americans and 249 European Americans recruited from a large university in Hawaii who completed questionnaires online in exchange for course credit...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Germán A Cadenas, Bianca L Bernstein, Terence J G Tracey
OBJECTIVES: We used the model of critical consciousness (CC; Freire, 1973) to examine college persistence in a sample of Hispanic Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) college students in contrast to Hispanic and non-Hispanic White U.S. citizens. To do this, we looked to social cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) to clarify the development of CC and its association with college persistence in students facing marginalization due to immigration status and racial/ethnic identity...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Emily Sáez-Santiago
OBJECTIVES: The available literature on ethnic identity among Puerto Ricans has focused on those living in the United States, with little to no attention placed on examining ethnic identity and psychological constructs among youth living in Puerto Rico. Using a colonial mentality framework, the current study examined the associations between ethnic identity, cultural stress, and self-concept among adolescent boys and girls living in Puerto Rico. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study surveyed participants (N = 187) recruited from several junior high schools in the metropolitan area in Puerto Rico...
May 17, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Prospective relations between parent-adolescent acculturation conflict and mental health symptoms among Vietnamese American adolescents" by Diem Julie Nguyen, Joanna J. Kim, Bahr Weiss, Victoria Ngo and Anna S. Lau ( Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology , 2018[Apr], Vol 24[2], 151-161). In the article, the wrong figure was published for Figure 1. Figure 1 should have shown externalizing models. The correct Figure is provided in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2017-30936-001...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Jia Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVES: Consumer values, including but not limited to materialism, have received much less attention than other topics within research on Asian Americans. METHODS: Across 3 studies (N = 6,955), the author explored the difference between Asian Americans and White/European Americans on materialism, and the mediating and moderating mechanisms. RESULTS: Studies 1a-1c found Asian Americans, compared to White/European Americans, more strongly endorsed materialistic values...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Lauren L Mitchell, Ummul-Kiram Kathawalla, Alex A Ajayi, Jillian Fish, Sarah C Nelson, Lovey H M Peissig, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: Ethnic identity development is considered a central task of adolescence and emerging adulthood for ethnic minority individuals. Although the process of developing a coherent ethnic identity has received attention from researchers, there has been little work done to elucidate the content of ethnic identity. This study uses an inductive mixed-methods approach to address 1 aspect of ethnic identity content: typicality, or the degree of perceived similarity individuals feel to their ethnic-racial group...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Yara Mekawi, Nathan R Todd
Despite a growing body of research documenting the negative impact of racial microaggressions on racial and ethnic minorities' wellbeing, there remains debate in society about whether it is acceptable to say racially microaggressive statements. However, no scale exists to assess attitudes about the acceptability of saying such statements. OBJECTIVES: In this study we present an initial validation of a new scale, the Acceptability of Racial Microaggressions Scale (ARMS), which assesses attitudes about how "okay" it is for White individuals to say different types of racially microaggressive statements to racial and ethnic minorities in an interpersonal interaction...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
Denise A Chavira, Cristina Bustos, Maritza Garcia, Francisco Reinosa Segovia, Afshan Baig, Bernardo Ng, Alvaro Camacho
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we tailor a child anxiety cognitive-behavior therapy (CBT) program to fit the needs of rural Latino/a Spanish-speaking families and examine the feasibility, acceptability, tolerability, and safety of this intervention using 2 modes of service delivery. METHOD: Children (n = 31; age 8-13) with anxiety disorders were recruited from primary care settings and randomized to 1 of 2 modes of parent-mediated CBT bibliotherapy: (1) telephone-delivered, therapist-assisted bibliotherapy (TTB; n = 15), and (2) a more minimal contact, self-directed, bibliotherapy condition (SB; n = 16)...
July 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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