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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781633/from-self-construal-to-threat-appraisal-understanding-cultural-differences-in-social-anxiety-between-asian-americans-and-european-americans
#1
Alexander Krieg, Yiyuan Xu
OBJECTIVE: Abundant research has shown that Asian Americans tend to score higher on standardized social anxiety measures than do European Americans. The current study explored how this cultural difference in social anxiety may be explained by cultural differences in self-construals and threat appraisal between Asian Americans and European Americans. METHOD: Participants were 310 Asian Americans and 249 European Americans recruited from a large university in Hawaii who completed questionnaires online in exchange for course credit...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781632/ethnicity-moderates-the-benefits-of-perceived-support-and-emotional-expressivity-on-stress-reactivity-for-asian-americans-and-euro-americans
#2
Shu-Wen Wang, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether ethnicity moderated the benefits of perceived support and emotion expressivity on stress responses (cortisol, negative mood, task performance) during a lab stress task for Asian Americans and Euro Americans. We hypothesized that perceived support and emotion expressivity would be less beneficial for Asian Americans (relative to Euro Americans), for whom support seeking and emotional expressivity are less aligned with cultural values. METHOD: A majority female sample (72%) of 83 Asian American (first generation, n = 30; second generation, n = 53) and 50 Euro American college students completed the Trier Social Stress Test...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781631/critical-consciousness-and-intent-to-persist-through-college-in-daca-and-u-s-citizen-students-the-role-of-immigration-status-race-and-ethnicity
#3
Germán A Cadenas, Bianca L Bernstein, Terence J G Tracey
OBJECTIVES: We used the model of critical consciousness (CC; Freire, 1973) to examine college persistence in a sample of Hispanic Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) college students in contrast to Hispanic and non-Hispanic White U.S. citizens. To do this, we looked to social cognitive career theory (Lent, Brown, & Hackett, 1994) to clarify the development of CC and its association with college persistence in students facing marginalization due to immigration status and racial/ethnic identity...
May 21, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771548/boricua-de-pura-cepa-ethnic-identity-cultural-stress-and-self-concept-in-puerto-rican-youth
#4
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Emily Sáez-Santiago
OBJECTIVES: The available literature on ethnic identity among Puerto Ricans has focused on those living in the United States, with little to no attention placed on examining ethnic identity and psychological constructs among youth living in Puerto Rico. Using a colonial mentality framework, the current study examined the associations between ethnic identity, cultural stress, and self-concept among adolescent boys and girls living in Puerto Rico. METHOD: The current cross-sectional study surveyed participants (N = 187) recruited from several junior high schools in the metropolitan area in Puerto Rico...
May 17, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504786/justifying-treatment-bias-the-legitimizing-role-of-threat-perception-and-immigrant-provider-contact-in-healthcare
#5
Ana Filipa Madeira, Cicero Roberto Pereira, Ana Gama, Sónia Dias
OBJECTIVE: Immigrants tend to receive a lower quality of healthcare, which can be a sign of healthcare bias. We examined whether this bias in medical care is associated with a legitimizing process involving two psychosocial factors: threat perception and level of intergroup contact. METHOD: One hundred eighty six Portuguese health professionals (55.6% clinicians; 44.4% nurses; 78.5% female; Mage = 45.83, range = 23 and 71) completed a questionnaire on prejudiced attitudes toward immigrants, perceptions of health-specific threats, bias in medical practice and level of contact with immigrant patients...
April 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494170/bi-national-cross-validation-of-an-evidence-based-conduct-problem-prevention-model
#6
Carolyn M Porta, Michael L Bloomquist, Diego Garcia-Huidobro, Rafael Gutiérrez, Leticia Vega, Rosita Balch, Xiaohui Yu, Daniel K Cooper
OBJECTIVES: To (a) explore the preferences of Mexican parents and Spanish-speaking professionals working with migrant Latino families in Minnesota regarding the Mexican-adapted brief model versus the original conduct problems intervention and (b) identifying the potential challenges, and preferred solutions, to implementation of a conduct problems preventive intervention. METHOD: The core practice elements of a conduct problems prevention program originating in the United States were adapted for prevention efforts in Mexico...
April 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154560/racial-discrimination-experiences-and-african-american-youth-adjustment-the-role-of-parenting-profiles-based-on-racial-socialization-and-involved-vigilant-parenting
#7
Fatima A Varner, Yang Hou, Tajma Hodzic, Noelle M Hurd, Sheretta T Butler-Barnes, Stephanie J Rowley
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether parenting profiles based on racial socialization and involved-vigilant parenting would compensate for or moderate associations between racial discrimination experiences and academic outcomes and psychological well-being among African American adolescents. METHOD: Participants were 1,363 African American adolescents (Mage = 14.19; 52.3% female) from 3 Midwestern suburban school districts. Latent profile analysis was used to examine whether there were distinct combinations of parenting...
April 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872327/cultural-socialization-attitudes-and-behaviors-examining-mothers-centrality-discrimination-experiences-and-children-s-effortful-control-as-moderators
#8
Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Laudan B Jahromi, Kimberly A Updegraff
OBJECTIVES: The current study examined whether mothers' cultural socialization attitudes predicted cultural socialization behaviors. In addition, we tested whether this association was moderated by children's effortful control, mothers' ethnic-racial centrality, and mothers' experiences of ethnic discrimination. METHOD: Mexican-origin young mothers (N = 181; Mage = 20.97 years) completed the Cultural Socialization Attitudes Measure, a revised version of the Multidimensional Inventory of Black Identity, the Child Behavior Questionnaire-Very Short Form, and the Perceived Discrimination Scale during an interview and then completed the Cultural Socialization Behaviors Measure a year later...
April 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714707/prospective-relations-between-parent-adolescent-acculturation-conflict-and-mental-health-symptoms-among-vietnamese-american-adolescents
#9
Diem Julie Nguyen, Joanna J Kim, Bahr Weiss, Victoria Ngo, Anna S Lau
OBJECTIVES: Intergenerational acculturation conflict in immigrant families has been implicated as a risk factor for adolescent maladjustment. However, the directionality and specific family related mediators of this association have not been identified. The present study prospectively examined relations between adolescent reports of perceived acculturation conflict and internalizing and externalizing mental health symptoms. Perceived parent-adolescent relationship strain and perceived parental psychological control were examined as potential mediators...
April 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389149/the-association-of-perceived-discrimination-and-depressive-symptoms-among-chinese-korean-and-vietnamese-americans
#10
Victoria Chau, Janice V Bowie, Hee-Soon Juon
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated ethnic differences in discrimination and depressive symptoms, and the link between them among foreign-born Asian Americans. This study identifies if depressive symptoms and perceived discrimination differ by Asian ethnicity, and if perceived discrimination is associated with depressive symptoms among foreign-born Chinese, Korean, and Vietnamese Americans. METHODS: This study uses data from the Asian American Liver Cancer Prevention Program (N = 600)...
February 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389148/acculturation-family-cohesion-and-mental-health-among-latinos-living-with-hiv-on-the-u-s-mexico-border
#11
John A Sauceda, John S Wiebe, Kiana Chan, Bryan A Kutner, Jane M Simoni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to investigate whether acculturation to U.S. culture is associated with greater posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology through diminished family cohesion among Latinos living with HIV on the U.S.-Mexico border. METHOD: Baseline survey data were analyzed from a sample of Latinos seeking HIV care from a publicly funded HIV clinic in El Paso, Texas. We used a regression-based bootstrapping approach to test our mediation hypothesis...
February 1, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604021/still-i-rise-the-need-for-self-validation-and-self-care-in-the-midst-of-adversities-faced-by-black-women-with-hiv
#12
Sannisha K Dale, Catherine Pierre-Louis, Laura M Bogart, Conall O'Cleirigh, Steven A Safren
OBJECTIVES: Psychosocial factors of trauma and abuse, racial discrimination, HIV stigma, and gender-related stressors (e.g., prioritizing others' needs) have been associated with antiretroviral treatment (ART) nonadherence and poor viral suppression among Black women living with HIV (BWLWH). To inform the development of an intervention addressing these psychosocial factors to improve ART adherence, the authors sought the insight of BWLWH. METHOD: Qualitative semistructured interviews were conducted with 30 BWLWH to gather information on their experiences with trauma, racism, HIV stigma, gender-related stressors, ART adherence, and coping strategies, and their insights on the proposed intervention...
January 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172573/profiles-of-culturally-salient-positive-parenting-practices-among-urban-residing-black-head-start-families
#13
Christine M McWayne, Jacqueline S Mattis, Sunah Hyun
OBJECTIVES: To better understand within-group variability in positive parenting practices among low-income Black families, the present study, grounded in a multidimensional comparative framework, examined (a) patterns of positive parenting practices among U.S.-born African American parents and Black Caribbean immigrant parents and (b) the extent to which these patterns related to parents' daily family social support, parents' social sensitivities, and children's social-emotional outcomes...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172572/a-narrative-approach-to-the-role-of-others-in-ethnic-identity-formation
#14
Ylva Svensson, Jesper Berne, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the role of others in ethnic identity development. Three questions were asked: to what extent others are involved in these processes, what roles they play, and whether the roles differed between participant who identified with a majority, minority or mixed ethnic identity. METHOD: An exploratory, narrative approach was used, and written narratives were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The analytic sample consisted of 191 participants (78% female, Mage = 20...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172571/processes-underlying-mexican-origin-adolescent-mothers-bmi
#15
Diamond Y Bravo, Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential mediating and moderating factors in the longitudinal association between contextual stressors (economic hardship, ethnic discrimination) and subsequent engagement in risky behaviors and body mass index (BMI) of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers. METHOD: Participants were Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204) who were recruited from community agencies and high schools in a Southwestern metropolitan area. Contextual stressors and risky behaviors were assessed 3 and 4 years postpartum...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172570/clarifying-the-relation-of-acculturative-stress-and-anxiety-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-among-hispanic-college-students
#16
Charles Jardin, Nubia A Mayorga, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Andres G Viana, Carla Sharp, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: Recent work has highlighted the link between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms among Hispanic young adults, but the nature of these relations is not well understood. The present study aimed to clarify the relation between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms by examining anxiety sensitivity, globally and via subfactors, as an explanatory variable. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample of 788 Hispanic college students (80...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154561/acculturative-stress-mental-health-symptoms-and-the-role-of-salivary-inflammatory-markers-among-a-latino-sample
#17
Adriana Maldonado, Andrea Preciado, Melissa Buchanan, Kim Pulvers, Devan Romero, Kimberly D'Anna-Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to psychosocial stressors is associated with increases in adverse mental health outcomes and inflammatory markers. Limited research has investigated if acculturative stress, related to cultural adaptation in Latinos, one of the fastest growing minority groups in the United States, follows a similar pattern. This study hypothesized that acculturative stress would be associated with increased mental health symptoms as well as increases in salivary inflammatory markers...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154559/stress-and-cultural-resilience-among-low-income-latino-adolescents-impact-on-daily-mood
#18
Stephanie A Torres, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago
OBJECTIVES: Given that Latino adolescents endorse more negative mood when compared to their counterparts of other backgrounds (Kann et al., 2016), it is important to evaluate the impact of risk and resilience factors on negative mood among this population. The current study uses daily diary methodology to examine the associations that daily economic stress, daily family stress, familism, and ethnic identity commitment and exploration have with average daily negative mood and variability in daily negative mood...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604022/a-prospective-examination-of-anxiety-as-a-predictor-of-depressive-symptoms-among-asian-american-early-adolescent-youth-the-role-of-parent-peer-and-teacher-support-and-school-engagement
#19
Prerna G Arora, Lorey A Wheeler, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604020/race-related-stress-and-hopelessness-in-community-based-african-american-adults-moderating-role-of-social-support
#20
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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