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Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172573/profiles-of-culturally-salient-positive-parenting-practices-among-urban-residing-black-head-start-families
#1
Christine M McWayne, Jacqueline S Mattis, Sunah Hyun
OBJECTIVES: To better understand within-group variability in positive parenting practices among low-income Black families, the present study, grounded in a multidimensional comparative framework, examined (a) patterns of positive parenting practices among U.S.-born African American parents and Black Caribbean immigrant parents and (b) the extent to which these patterns related to parents' daily family social support, parents' social sensitivities, and children's social-emotional outcomes...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172572/a-narrative-approach-to-the-role-of-others-in-ethnic-identity-formation
#2
Ylva Svensson, Jesper Berne, Moin Syed
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to explore the role of others in ethnic identity development. Three questions were asked: to what extent others are involved in these processes, what roles they play, and whether the roles differed between participant who identified with a majority, minority or mixed ethnic identity. METHOD: An exploratory, narrative approach was used, and written narratives were analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. The analytic sample consisted of 191 participants (78% female, Mage = 20...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172571/processes-underlying-mexican-origin-adolescent-mothers-bmi
#3
Diamond Y Bravo, Chelsea L Derlan, Adriana J Umaña-Taylor, Kimberly A Updegraff, Laudan B Jahromi
OBJECTIVE: To examine potential mediating and moderating factors in the longitudinal association between contextual stressors (economic hardship, ethnic discrimination) and subsequent engagement in risky behaviors and body mass index (BMI) of Mexican-origin adolescent mothers. METHOD: Participants were Mexican-origin adolescent mothers (N = 204) who were recruited from community agencies and high schools in a Southwestern metropolitan area. Contextual stressors and risky behaviors were assessed 3 and 4 years postpartum...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172570/clarifying-the-relation-of-acculturative-stress-and-anxiety-depressive-symptoms-the-role-of-anxiety-sensitivity-among-hispanic-college-students
#4
Charles Jardin, Nubia A Mayorga, Jafar Bakhshaie, Lorra Garey, Andres G Viana, Carla Sharp, Jodi Berger Cardoso, Michael J Zvolensky
OBJECTIVES: Recent work has highlighted the link between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms among Hispanic young adults, but the nature of these relations is not well understood. The present study aimed to clarify the relation between acculturative stress and depression/anxiety symptoms by examining anxiety sensitivity, globally and via subfactors, as an explanatory variable. METHOD: A cross-sectional sample of 788 Hispanic college students (80...
November 27, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154561/acculturative-stress-mental-health-symptoms-and-the-role-of-salivary-inflammatory-markers-among-a-latino-sample
#5
Adriana Maldonado, Andrea Preciado, Melissa Buchanan, Kim Pulvers, Devan Romero, Kimberly D'Anna-Hernandez
OBJECTIVES: Exposure to psychosocial stressors is associated with increases in adverse mental health outcomes and inflammatory markers. Limited research has investigated if acculturative stress, related to cultural adaptation in Latinos, one of the fastest growing minority groups in the United States, follows a similar pattern. This study hypothesized that acculturative stress would be associated with increased mental health symptoms as well as increases in salivary inflammatory markers...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154560/racial-discrimination-experiences-and-african-american-youth-adjustment-the-role-of-parenting-profiles-based-on-racial-socialization-and-involved-vigilant-parenting
#6
Fatima A Varner, Yang Hou, Tajma Hodzic, Noelle M Hurd, Sheretta T Butler-Barnes, Stephanie J Rowley
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to test whether parenting profiles based on racial socialization and involved-vigilant parenting would compensate for or moderate associations between racial discrimination experiences and academic outcomes and psychological well-being among African American adolescents. METHOD: Participants were 1,363 African American adolescents (Mage = 14.19; 52.3% female) from 3 Midwestern suburban school districts. Latent profile analysis was used to examine whether there were distinct combinations of parenting...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154559/stress-and-cultural-resilience-among-low-income-latino-adolescents-impact-on-daily-mood
#7
Stephanie A Torres, Catherine DeCarlo Santiago
OBJECTIVES: Given that Latino adolescents endorse more negative mood when compared to their counterparts of other backgrounds (Kann et al., 2016), it is important to evaluate the impact of risk and resilience factors on negative mood among this population. The current study uses daily diary methodology to examine the associations that daily economic stress, daily family stress, familism, and ethnic identity commitment and exploration have with average daily negative mood and variability in daily negative mood...
November 20, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604022/a-prospective-examination-of-anxiety-as-a-predictor-of-depressive-symptoms-among-asian-american-early-adolescent-youth-the-role-of-parent-peer-and-teacher-support-and-school-engagement
#8
Prerna G Arora, Lorey A Wheeler, Sycarah Fisher, Jessica Barnes
OBJECTIVE: The current study sought to examine the prospective relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among Asian American (AA) early adolescents, a crucial period for the development of depression among youth. Further, as guided by cultural-ecological frameworks, a second aim of this study was to identify protective factors (i.e., parent support, peer support, teacher support, and school engagement) that might buffer the relationship between anxiety and depressive symptoms among this understudied population...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604020/race-related-stress-and-hopelessness-in-community-based-african-american-adults-moderating-role-of-social-support
#9
Mary O Odafe, Temilola K Salami, Rheeda L Walker
OBJECTIVES: The mental health outcomes associated with racial discrimination are well documented in scientific literature. Despite strong links to mental illness, hopelessness is largely overlooked as a consequence of discrimination in empirical research. The current study examined the association of race-related stress and hopelessness in a community sample of African American adults. Utilizing a risk-resilience framework, we examined multiple dimensions of social support as plausible protective factors against the negative effects of race-related stress...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414494/discrimination-daily-stress-sleep-and-mexican-origin-adolescents-internalizing-symptoms
#10
Katharine H Zeiders
OBJECTIVE: Using diary and longitudinal data, the current study examined the relations between Mexican-origin youths' ethnic discrimination, daily sleep and stress processes, and internalizing symptoms. METHOD: Adolescents (N = 113; 49.6% female, Mage = 15.73 years) participated in an initial in-home interview and reported on ethnic discrimination and internalizing symptoms. They then completed a 3-day diary study and reported on their daily stress and sleep behaviors (i...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394167/a-longitudinal-study-of-immigrants-peer-acceptance-and-rejection-immigrant-status-immigrant-composition-of-the-classroom-and-acculturation
#11
Jens B Asendorpf, Frosso Motti-Stefanidi
OBJECTIVE: In multiethnic classrooms, acceptance and rejection by classmates of one's own versus other ethnicity is influenced by in-group preference, the societal status of the ethnicities, and composition of classrooms. We aimed at (a) confirming these effects for immigrant versus nonimmigrant adolescents in newly formed classrooms, (b) longitudinally studying the change of these effects over the next 2 years, and (c) studying the longitudinal links between immigrants' acculturation and acceptance/rejection by (non)immigrants...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394166/ethnic-racial-discrimination-moderates-the-effect-of-sleep-quality-on-school-engagement-across-high-school
#12
Margaret Dunbar, Sheena Mirpuri, Tiffany Yip
OBJECTIVE: Previous research has indicated that school engagement tends to decline across high school. At the same time, sleep problems and exposure to social stressors such as ethnic/racial discrimination increase. The current study uses a biopsychosocial perspective to examine the interactive and prospective effects of sleep and discrimination on trajectories of academic performance. METHOD: Growth curve models were used to explore changes in 6 waves of academic outcomes in a sample of 310 ethnically and racially diverse adolescents (mean age = 14...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394162/exposure-to-white-religious-iconography-influences-black-individuals-intragroup-and-intergroup-attitudes
#13
Simon Howard, Samuel R Sommers
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have found that exposure to White religious iconography via priming techniques can increase White individuals' anti-Black attitudes. To date, however, no research has examined the influence of exposure to White religious iconography on Black individuals' intragroup and intergroup attitudes. We hypothesized that exposure to White religious iconography would influence Black individuals' intragroup attitudes negatively. METHOD: Black participants (N = 120) were either subliminally exposed to religious images (i...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333478/geographic-distribution-of-california-mental-health-professionals-in-relation-to-sociodemographic-characteristics
#14
Ryan N Sharma, Rachel N Casas, Nicole M Crawford, Lauren N Mills
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether geographic access to licensed mental health providers in California is a barrier for underserved populations. METHOD: Data from the master file of the California Board of Psychology and Board of Behavioral Sciences were merged with U.S. Census data to determine the correlations between the concentration of providers and the corresponding sociodemographic characteristics of places in California. RESULTS: This article shows that the concentration of licensed mental health providers in the communities of California varies systematically with the racial, ethnic, age, education, and economic characteristics of those places...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333477/perceived-discrimination-cultural-identity-development-and-intimate-partner-violence-among-a-sample-of-hispanic-young-adults
#15
Myriam Forster, Timothy J Grigsby, Daniel W Soto, Steve Y Sussman, Jennifer B Unger
OBJECTIVE: Despite the prevalence of interpersonal violence (IPV), scientific understanding of the risk and protective factors for unidirectional and bidirectional IPV, and especially the role of sociocultural variables in these behaviors, is limited. This study investigates the association between ethnic-identity search, ethnic-identity affirmation, perceived discrimination, and unidirectional (victimization only, perpetration only) and bidirectional (reciprocal violence) IPV behaviors among foreign-born and U...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333476/the-beliefs-about-race-scale-bars-dimensions-of-racial-essentialism-and-their-psychometric-properties
#16
John Tawa
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have found that racial essentialism negatively affects intergroup behavior (e.g., willingness to relate across outgroups), however this line of inquiry has been limited by 1-dimensional measures of racial essentialism. This paper provides psychometric support for the Beliefs About Race Scale (BARS), a multidimensional measure of racial essentialism. METHOD: Participants included 492 adults recruited on a college campus and in the community...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301183/the-role-of-age-in-understanding-the-psychological-effects-of-racism-for-african-americans
#17
Tawanda M Greer, Abby Spalding
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the current study was to test age as a moderator of the effects of types of racism on psychological symptoms for a sample of 184 African American women. METHOD: We hypothesized that increased age would be associated with greater severity in psychological symptoms in relation to exposure to types of racism. Moderated hierarchical regression analyses were performed to test our hypothesis. RESULTS: Findings revealed significant interactions between institutional racism and age in predicting anxiety...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301182/intergroup-contact-and-prejudice-between-dutch-majority-and-muslim-minority-youth-in-the-netherlands
#18
Paul Vedder, Erlijn Wenink, Mitch van Geel
OBJECTIVES: This study deals with three relatively understudied issues in intergroup contact: negative contact, mediating mechanisms, and the minority perspective. Both direct and extended positive and negative contact experiences are included in the design. Intergroup anxiety is tested as a mediator between different forms of contact and prejudice, and status as Dutch majority or Muslim minority is used as a moderator. METHOD: A sample of 317 Dutch majority (47...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277684/it-is-not-black-and-white-discrimination-and-distress-in-hawai-i
#19
Krysia N Mossakowski, Turro Wongkaren, Fàanofo Lisaclaire Uperesa
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates whether the strength of the relationship between perceived discrimination and psychological distress varies by race/ethnicity, gender, and the number of years of residence in Hawai'i. METHOD: Our sample consisted of 1,036 undergraduate students at a university in Hawai'i and the survey was conducted in 2012-2013. The sample was composed of 55% women and the average age was 21. The students reported their racial/ethnic backgrounds as White (19%), Japanese (21%), Filipino (16%), Chinese (10%), Native Hawaiian (14%), Pacific Islander (4%), other Asian (6%), and other race/ethnicity (10%)...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263621/not-your-model-minority-own-group-activism-among-asian-americans
#20
Julia Tran, Nicola Curtin
OBJECTIVES: Research on Asian American activism is neglected in the collective action literature. This study examined a model of Asian American activism that included a context-specific variable, model minority beliefs, and 3 traditional predictors of collective engagement: experiences of discrimination, collective racial identity, and structural awareness. METHOD: Participants completed a survey on their sociopolitical attitudes and behaviors. All participants identified as Asian American (N = 187; Mage = 32...
October 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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