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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462846/effect-of-detomidine-or-romifidine-constant-rate-infusion-on-plasma-lactate-concentration-and-inhalant-requirements-during-isoflurane-anaesthesia-in-horses
#1
MChie Niimura Del Barrio, Rachel C Bennett, J M Lynne Hughes
OBJECTIVE: Influence of detomidine or romifidine constant rate infusion (CRI) on plasma lactate concentration and isoflurane requirements in horses undergoing elective surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, blinded, clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 24 adult healthy horses. METHODS: All horses were administered intramuscular acepromazine (0.02 mg kg(-1)) and either intravenous detomidine (0.02 mg kg(-1)) (group D), romifidine (0...
March 30, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599890/the-epibox-a-simple-tool-to-train-epidural-injection-technique-in-small-animals
#2
LETTER
Yves Moens, Hendrik Lehmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549943/do-heat-and-moisture-exchangers-in-the-anaesthesia-breathing-circuit-preserve-body-temperature-in-dogs-undergoing-anaesthesia-for-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#3
Latifa Khenissi, Gwen Covey-Crump, Toby G Knowles, Joanna Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the use of a heat and moisture exchanger (HME) preserves body temperature in dogs weighing <10 kg anaesthetised for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Thirty-one client-owned dogs. METHODS: Dogs were assigned randomly to a treatment group [HME (n = 16) or no HME (n = 15)]. Dogs were pseudorandomised according to the premedication they were administered, either dexmedetomidine or no dexmedetomidine...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501489/hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-compared-with-0-9-nacl-administered-to-greyhounds-with-haemorrhagic-shock
#4
Duana McBride, Anthea L Raisis, Giselle Hosgood, Lisa Smart
OBJECTIVE: To determine the cardiovascular and acid-base effects of 6% hydroxyethyl starch (HES) 130/0.4 and 0.9% sodium chloride (NaCl) administered to anaesthetized greyhounds with haemorrhagic shock. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental, complete randomized block design. ANIMALS: Twelve healthy adult greyhounds. METHODS: After 60 minutes of isoflurane anaesthesia, 48 mL kg(-1) of blood was removed to induce hypotension...
March 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599889/effects-of-thiopentone-propofol-and-alfaxalone-on-laryngeal-motion-during-oral-laryngoscopy-in-healthy-dogs
#5
Tesh M Smalle, Marthinus J Hartman, Lynette Bester, Roxanne K Buck, Geoffrey T Fosgate, Gareth E Zeiler
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of thiopentone, propofol and alfaxalone on arytenoid cartilage motion and establish the dose rates to achieve a consistent oral laryngoscopy examination. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised crossover study. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult Beagle dogs. METHODS: Each dog was randomly administered three induction agents with a 1-week washout period between treatments. Thiopentone (7.5 mg kg(-1)), propofol (3 mg kg(-1)) or alfaxalone (1...
March 3, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495454/intratesticular-and-incisional-line-infiltration-with-ropivacaine-for-castration-in-medetomidine-butorphanol-midazolam-sedated-dogs
#6
Yishai Kushnir, Noa Toledano, Liat Cohen, Tali Bdolah-Abram, Yael Shilo-Benjamini
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether intratesticular and incisional ropivacaine infiltration produces sufficient intra- and postoperative analgesia for castrating dogs under sedation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, controlled clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-three healthy dogs weighing 5.8-35.6 kg admitted for castration. METHODS: Dogs were sedated with medetomidine (0.01 mg kg(-1)), butorphanol (0.2 mg kg(-1)) and midazolam (0...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461127/comparison-of-lidocaine-and-lidocaine-epinephrine-for-the-paravertebral-brachial-plexus-block-in-dogs
#7
Amélie Choquette, Jérôme R E Del Castillo, Maxim Moreau, Martin Guillot, Kate Alexander, Jean-Jacques Kona-Boun, Dominique Gauvin, Eric Troncy
OBJECTIVE: To compare the motor and sensory block efficacy and duration of a modified paravertebral brachial plexus block (PBPB) after administration of lidocaine alone (LI) or combined with epinephrine (LE). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, crossover study. ANIMALS: A total of eight healthy female Beagle dogs. METHODS: Under general anesthesia, modified PBPB was performed on the left thoracic limb using neurostimulation and/or ultrasound guidance to administer lidocaine (2 mg kg(-1); 0...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457828/skin-lesions-following-pregabalin-administration-in-a-cat
#8
LETTER
Louise Clark, Ronan S Doyle, Sally Shroeder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457827/ventilation-distribution-assessed-with-electrical-impedance-tomography-and-the-influence-of-tidal-volume-recruitment-and-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-dogs
#9
Aline M Ambrosio, Tatiana P A Carvalho-Kamakura, Keila K Ida, Barbara Varela, Felipe S R M Andrade, Lara L Facó, Denise T Fantoni
OBJECTIVE: To examine the intrapulmonary gas distribution of low and high tidal volumes (VT) and to investigate whether this is altered by an alveolar recruitment maneuver (ARM) and 5 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) during anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: Fourteen client-owned bitches weighing 26 ± 7 kg undergoing elective ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: Isoflurane-anesthetized dogs in dorsal recumbency were ventilated with 0 cmH2O PEEP and pressure-controlled ventilation by adjusting the peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) to achieve a low (7 mL kg(-1); n = 7) or a high (12 mL kg(-1); n = 7) VT...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456603/does-systemic-lidocaine-reduce-ketamine-requirements-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-calves
#10
Josiane Lauper, Vincent Marolf, Olivier Levionnois, Esther Schelling, Mireille Meylan, Claudia Spadavecchia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether an intravenous (IV) lidocaine bolus in calves premedicated with xylazine-butorphanol reduces the amount of ketamine required to allow endotracheal intubation. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: In total, 41 calves scheduled for elective umbilical surgery. METHODS: Calves were randomly assigned to one of two groups (L: lidocaine or S: saline). The calves were administered xylazine (0...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455211/comparison-of-intratesticular-lidocaine-sacrococcygeal-epidural-lidocaine-and-intravenous-methadone-in-cats-undergoing-castration-a-prospective-randomized-investigator-blind-clinical-trial
#11
Rocio Fernandez-Parra, Luca Zilberstein, Cyril Fontaine, Chiara Adami
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare three analgesic protocols for feline castration. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: Forty-nine client-owned cats. METHODS: Cats were injected with intramuscular (IM) dexmedetomidine (15 μg kg(-1)) and alfaxalone (3 mg kg(-1)) and assigned randomly to one of three treatment groups. Group ITL (n = 15) were administered intratesticular 2% lidocaine (0...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389221/welfare-law-and-ethics-in-the-veterinary-intensive-care-unit-a-discussion-of-the-different-types-of-suffering-that-patients-may-endure-in-the-veterinary-intensive-care-unit-the-legal-limits-to-that-suffering-and-the-ethics-underpinning-at-what-point-that-suffering
#12
REVIEW
Peter S Fordyce
OBJECTIVES: In UK law, allowing an animal protected under the Animal Welfare Act 2006 (AWA 2006) (as devolved) to suffer 'unnecessarily' may render the person responsible for it to prosecution. The act does not define suffering, although 'case law' suggests that suffering encompasses more than pain. Clinicians responsible for animals under their care in the intensive care unit (ICU) are likely to also be responsible in law for the welfare of those animals, and may be called upon to justify why any suffering was necessary, or more likely, why they did not act to end any suffering when it became 'unnecessary'...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359616/recognising-the-boundary-between-heroism-and-futility-in-veterinary-intensive-care
#13
EDITORIAL
Richard Eddie Clutton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342761/cardiovascular-tolerance-of-intravenous-bupivacaine-in-broiler-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus-anesthetized-with-isoflurane
#14
Peter M DiGeronimo, Anderson F da Cunha, Bruno Pypendop, João Brandão, Rhett Stout, Max Rinaldi, Thomas N Tully
OBJECTIVE: To determine the median effective dose (ED50) of intravenous (IV) bupivacaine associated with a 50% probability of causing clinically relevant cardiovascular effects [defined as 30% change in heart rate (HR) or mean arterial pressure (MAP)] in chickens anesthetized with isoflurane. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized up-and-down study. ANIMALS: A total of 14 Ross-708 broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) weighing 1.70-2.75 kg. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341107/comparison-of-clinical-effects-of-epidural-levobupivacaine-morphine-versus-bupivacaine-morphine-in-dogs-undergoing-elective-pelvic-limb-surgery
#15
Ilaria Cerasoli, Alexandru Tutunaru, Alessia Cenani, Juan Ramirez, Johann Detilleux, Marc Balligand, Charlotte Sandersen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy, in terms of the amount of rescue analgesia required, and the clinical usefulness of epidural injection of morphine with bupivacaine or levobupivacaine for elective pelvic limb surgery in dogs during a 24-hour perioperative period. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 26 dogs weighing 31.7 ± 14.2 (mean ± standard deviation) kg and aged 54 ± 36 months. METHODS: All dogs were premedicated with methadone intravenously (0...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302419/intravenous-15-isoflurane-lipid-nanoemulsion-for-general-anesthesia-in-dogs
#16
Claudio C Natalini, Carolina L Krahn, Priscila B S Serpa, Joanna E Griffith, Ricardo Miyasaka de Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of a new intravenous (IV) nanoemulsified isoflurane formulation for maintenance of general anesthesia in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, experimental study. ANIMALS: Seven healthy, mature, mixed-breed dogs, three male and four female, weighing 11.5 ± 1.5 kg. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced with propofol for instrumentation. Measurements were obtained before administration of either inhaled isoflurane (Iso-I) or IV 15% isoflurane-loaded lipid nanoemulsion (Iso-nano)...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259429/effects-of-xylazine-and-dexmedetomidine-on-equine-articular-chondrocytes-in%C3%A2-vitro
#17
Francesco Mancini, Sara Nannarone, Sandra Buratta, Giuseppina Ferrara, Anna Maria Stabile, Matteo Vuerich, Isabella Santinelli, Alessandra Pistilli, Elisabetta Chiaradia
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of xylazine and dexmedetomidine on equine chondrocytes, in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study. STUDY MATERIAL: Equine articular chondrocytes from five male horses. METHODS: Chondrocytes were isolated from healthy equine articular cartilage of the metacarpo/metatarsophalangeal joints. Cell viability was assessed using the WST-8 assay by exposing chondrocytes to xylazine (0...
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259428/nonfatal-infusion-pump-related-venous-air-embolism-in-a-dog
#18
LETTER
Cristina Costa-Farré, Carlos Torrente, Carmen Diaz Bertrana, Ignacio A Gomez de Segura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259427/ultrasound-guided-placement-of-an-epidural-catheter-for-repeated-brachial-plexus-drug-administration-in-a-dog
#19
LETTER
Enzo Vettorato, Olivier Taeymans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259426/laplace-s-law-in-a-little-lung
#20
LETTER
Alice R Bird, Sean D Langton, Matthew W McMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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