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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723230/effect-of-morphine-methadone-hydromorphone-or-oxymorphone-on-the-thermal-threshold-following-intravenous-or-buccal-administration-to-cats
#1
Bruno H Pypendop, Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Jan E Ilkiw
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of morphine, methadone, hydromorphone or oxymorphone on the thermal threshold in cats, following buccal and intravenous (IV) administration. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult female ovariohysterectomized cats weighing 4.5 ± 0.4 kg. METHODS: Morphine sulfate (0.2 mg kg(-1) IV or 0.5 mg kg(-1) buccal), methadone hydrochloride (0.3 mg kg(-1) IV or 0...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27334862/symbols-in-veterinary-anaesthesia-and-analgesia-a-tower-of-babel
#2
EDITORIAL
Yves Moens, Gordon Drummond
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109568/use-of-a-perfusion-index-to-confirm-the-presence-of-sciatic-nerve-blockade-in-dogs
#3
Bonnie J Gatson, Fernando L Garcia-Pereira, Michelle James, Shelia Carrera-Justiz, Daniel D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perfusion index (PI) as a determinant of regional nerve block success following sciatic nerve blockade with bupivacaine in dogs undergoing stifle surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Ten adult dogs, aged 5.6 ± 2.6 years and weighing 36.9 ± 16.8 kg, undergoing a tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with acepromazine (0.03 mg kg(-1) ) and hydromorphone (0...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26918855/clinical-effects-and-pharmacokinetic-variables-of-romifidine-and-the-peripheral-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-antagonist-mk-467-in-horses
#4
Annemarie de Vries, Soile Ae Pakkanen, Marja R Raekallio, Abel Ekiri, Mika Scheinin, Polly M Taylor, Outi M Vainio
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of MK-467 on sedation quality, and cardiopulmonary and pharmacokinetic variables in horses sedated intravenously (IV) with romifidine. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, randomized, crossover design. ANIMALS: Seven healthy mares. METHODS: Romifidine (80 μg kg(-1) ; R) and MK-467 (200 μg kg(-1) ; MK) were administered IV alone and in combination (R + MK). Levels of sedation and borborygmi were scored...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915679/sonographic-evaluation-of-epidural-and-intrathecal-injections-in-cats
#5
Pablo E Otero, Natali Verdier, Andrea S Zaccagnini, Santiago E Fuensalida, Matias Sclocco, Diego A Portela, Samanta Waxman
OBJECTIVES: To describe the ultrasonographic anatomy of the caudal lumbar spine in cats and to detect ultrasound (US) signs associated with epidural or intrathecal injection. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-six client-owned cats. METHODS: Transverse (position 1) and parasagittal (position 2) two-dimensional US scanning was performed over the caudal lumbar spine in all cats. Midline distances between the identified structures were measured...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915545/cardiopulmonary-effects-and-anaesthesia-recovery-quality-in-horses-anaesthetized-with-isoflurane-and-low-dose-s-ketamine-or-medetomidine-infusions
#6
M Paula Larenza Menzies, Simone K Ringer, Aude Conrot, Regula Theurillat, Katharina Kluge, Annette Pn Kutter, Michelle Jackson, Wolfgang Thormann, Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate cardiopulmonary effects and anaesthesia recovery quality in horses anaesthetized with isoflurane receiving medetomidine or S-ketamine infusions. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Fifty horses undergoing elective surgery. METHODS: After acepromazine and flunixin meglumine premedication, horses received medetomidine (7 μg kg(-1) ) intravenously (IV). Anaesthesia was induced with midazolam and racemic ketamine (Med treatment group; 2...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913836/analgesic-efficacy-of-an-oral-transmucosal-spray-formulation-of-meloxicam-alone-or-in-combination-with-tramadol-in-cats-with-naturally-occurring-osteoarthritis
#7
Beatriz P Monteiro, Mary P Klinck, Maxim Moreau, Martin Guillot, Paulo Vm Steagall, Daniel K Edge, Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Johanne Martel-Pelletier, Dominique Gauvin, Jérôme Re Del Castillo, Eric Troncy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of meloxicam oral transmucosal spray (OTMS) alone and with tramadol in cats with osteoarthritis (OA). STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded study. ANIMALS: Fifteen geriatric cats weighing 4.5 ± 1.0 kg. METHODS: Healthy cats with OA were randomly administered a placebo (every 12 hours orally) and meloxicam OTMS (approximately 0.05 mg kg(-1) every 24 hours) (group M, n = 7), or tramadol (3 mg kg(-1) every 12 hours orally) and meloxicam OTMS (group TM, n = 8) for 25 days...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913706/continuous-positive-airway-pressure-cpap-decreases-pulmonary-shunt-in-anaesthetized-horses
#8
Martina Mosing, Paul MacFarlane, David Bardell, Laura Lüthi, Peter J Cripps, Regula Bettschart-Wolfensberger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on intrapulmonary shunt, cardiac output and oxygen delivery in horses subjected to a 6 hour period of general anaesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, experimental, crossover study. ANIMALS: Ten healthy adult horses. METHODS: Following medetomidine, diazepam and ketamine administration, orotracheal intubation was performed and horses positioned in dorsal recumbency...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900762/comparison-of-lidocaine-levobupivacaine-or-ropivacaine-for-distal-paravertebral-thoracolumbar-anesthesia-in-ewes
#9
Alice R Oliveira, Marcelo A Araújo, Paulo Ha Jardim, Stephanie C Lima, Paula V Leal, Fabrício O Frazílio
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of lidocaine, levobupivacaine, or ropivacaine on the onset time and duration of anesthesia of the flank of ewes, using the distal paravertebral thoracolumbar approach. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized experimental study. ANIMALS: Twenty-six healthy mixed-breed ewes (46 ± 3.1 kg). METHODS: Thoracolumbar paravertebral nerve blocks were performed using the distal approach in sheep for ruminal fistulation...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26849108/cardiovascular-respiratory-and-metabolic-responses-to-apnea-induced-by-atlanto-occipital-intrathecal-lidocaine-injection-in-anesthetized-horses
#10
Alonso Guedes, Monica Aleman, Eric Davis, Caitlin Tearney
OBJECTIVE: To determine physiologic responses to apnea-induced severe hypoxemia in anesthetized horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Six university-owned horses with a median (range) body weight of 500 (220-510) kg and aged 13.5 (0.8-24.0) years scheduled for euthanasia. METHODS: Xylazine-midazolam-ketamine-anesthetized horses breathing room air spontaneously were instrumented with a facial artery catheter for pressure measurement and blood sampling, and were made apneic with atlanto-occipital intrathecal lidocaine (4 mg kg(-1) )...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531058/ampakine-cx1942-attenuates-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression-and-corrects-the-hypoxaemic-effects-of-etorphine-in-immobilized-goats-capra-hircus
#11
Anna J Haw, Leith Cr Meyer, John J Greer, Andrea Fuller
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether CX1942 reverses respiratory depression in etorphine-immobilized goats, and to compare its effects with those of doxapram hydrochloride. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, crossover experimental trial conducted at 1753 m.a.s.l. ANIMALS: Eight adult female Boer goats (Capra hircus) with a mean ± standard deviation mass of 27.1 ± 1.6 kg. METHODS: Following immobilization with 0.1 mg kg(-1) etorphine, goats received one of doxapram, CX1942 or sterile water intravenously, in random order in three trials...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531057/isoflurane-mac-determination-in-dogs-using-three-intensities-of-constant-current-electrical-stimulation
#12
Marivaldo R Figueiró, Joao Hn Soares, Fabio O Ascoli, Stephen Werre, Ignacio Á Gómez de Segura
OBJECTIVES: To compare isoflurane minimum alveolar concentrations (MACs) in dogs determined using three intensities of constant-current electrical stimulation applied at the tail, and thoracic and pelvic limbs, and to compare isoflurane MACs obtained with all combinations of electrical stimulation and anatomic site with those obtained using the tail clamp as the noxious stimulus. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized trial. ANIMALS: Six mixed-breed, adult female dogs aged 1-2 years and weighing 11...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374608/professor-emeritus-e-wynn-jones-mrcvs-frcvs-phd
#13
R S Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321891/response
#14
LETTER
Debbie Wilson, Peter Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296696/letter-to-the-editor
#15
LETTER
Ronald Samuel Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890432/the-effects-of-acupuncture-point-pericardium-6-on-hydromorphone-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-healthy-dogs
#16
Elizabeth M Scallan, Bradley T Simon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of needling at acupuncture point Pericardium 6 on hydromorphone-induced nausea and vomiting. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical study. ANIMALS: Eighty-one mixed-breed, healthy dogs aged 1.8 ± 1.6 years and weighing 14.5 ± 5.6 kg, admitted for elective ovariohysterectomy (n = 75) or castration (n = 6). METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to one of three groups: acupuncture at Pericardium 6 (AT, n = 27); alternative acupuncture at Lung 5 (ST, n = 27), and no acupuncture (CT, n = 27)...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878827/nalbuphine-and-butorphanol-reverse-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression-but-increase-arousal-in-etorphine-immobilized-goats-capra-hircus
#17
Anna J Haw, Leith Cr Meyer, Andrea Fuller
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of two opioid agonist-antagonists, nalbuphine and butorphanol, in reversing etorphine-induced respiratory depression in immobilized goats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, experimental trial conducted at 1753 m.a.s.l. ANIMALS: Eight adult female Boer goats (Capra hircus). METHODS: Eight minutes following immobilization with an intramuscular injection of 0.1 mg kg(-1) etorphine, goats were given one of nalbuphine (0...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872297/single-syringe-ketamine-propofol-for-induction-of-anaesthesia-in-rabbits
#18
Martín Santos, Ana Viñuela, Angela A Vela, Francisco J Tendillo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare three intravenous (IV) doses of a ketamine-propofol admixture (ketofol) for induction of anaesthesia in unpremedicated rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized 'blinded' trial. ANIMALS: Twenty-one healthy female New Zealand rabbits weighing 2.7 ± 0.1 kg. METHODS: Animals were allocated randomly into three groups of seven animals and received 1 (KP1), 3 (KP3) or 5 (KP5) mg kg(-1) of both ketamine and propofol in a 1:1 mg kg(-1) ratio admixture...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872141/prevention-of-laryngospasm-with-rocuronium-in-cats-a-dose-finding-study
#19
Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Diego A Portela, Lucia Borlle, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed
OBJECTIVE: To identify the dose of rocuronium that will prevent a laryngeal response to water spraying of the glottis in anesthetized cats. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy, adult, short-haired cats, aged 1-4 years, weighing 3.2-6.0 kg. METHODS: Each cat was anesthetized four times and administered one of four doses of rocuronium (0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.6 mg kg(-1) ) in random order. The larynx was observed with a video-endoscope inserted through a laryngeal mask airway...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871261/does-inflammation-induced-by-ultraviolet-b-and-heat-rekindling-alter-pain-related-behaviour-in-rats
#20
Melissa Smith, Collette Taylor, Nirosha Weerasinghe, Stella Koutsikou, Bridget Lumb, Jo Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether induction of the ultraviolet B and heat rekindling (UVB/HR) model alters burrowing behaviour in rats. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Sixteen adult male Wistar rats weighing 250-300 g. METHODS: In the UVB/HR group (n = 8), UV irradiation was delivered to the heel area of the right plantar pelvic limb paw at a dose of 1000 mJ cm(-2) , using a narrow-band UVB light source...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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