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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739649/desaturation-times-between-dogs-preoxygenated-via-face-mask-or-flow-by-technique-before-induction-of-anesthesia
#1
Barbara Ambros, Maria Valentina Carrozzo, Teela Jones
OBJECTIVE: To compare time to desaturation after induction of anesthesia following administration of oxygen via face mask or flow-by for 3 minutes. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: A group of six healthy adult dogs weighing 15.0 ± 3.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized twice separated by 14 days. Intramuscular administration of dexmedetomidine (4 μg kg-1 ), acepromazine (0.01 mg kg-1 ) and butorphanol (0...
April 10, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705688/survey-of-how-different-groups-of-veterinarians-manage-the-use-of-neuromuscular-blocking-agents-in-anesthetized-dogs
#2
Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed
OBJECTIVE: To analyze practice habits associated with the use, reversal and monitoring of nondepolarizing neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBAs) in dogs by different groups of veterinarians. STUDY DESIGN: Online anonymous survey to veterinarians. POPULATION: Data from 390 answered surveys. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to e-mail list servers of the American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia (ACVAA-list), Sociedad Española de Anestesia y Analgesia Veterinaria (SEEAV-list), Colégio Brasileiro de Anestesiologia Veterinária (Brazilian College of Veterinary Anesthesiology; CBAV-list) and American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists (ACVO-list) to elicit information regarding use of NMBAs and reversal agents, monitoring techniques, criteria for redosing, reversing and assessing adequacy of recovery of neuromuscular function...
March 23, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716836/cardiovascular-and-respiratory-effects-of-two-doses-of-fentanyl-in-the-presence-or-absence-of-bradycardia-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-dogs
#3
Allan J Williamson, Joao Hn Soares, Natalia Henao-Guerrero, Roberto McAlister Council-Troche, Noah D Pavlisko
OBJECTIVE: To compare the cardiopulmonary effects of low and high doses of fentanyl before and after the correction of bradycardia in isoflurane-anesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized crossover trial. ANIMALS: Eight healthy male Beagle dogs weighing 11.1 ± 1.3 kg [mean ± standard deviation (SD)] and aged approximately 1 year. METHODS: The dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane [1.3 × minimum alveolar concentration (MAC)] on two occasions and fentanyl was administered intravenously; either low-dose fentanyl, loading dose (33 μg kg-1 ) and infusion (0...
March 19, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625919/ultrasound-guided-lateral-and-subcostal-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-calves-a-cadaveric-study
#4
Alessandro Mirra, Alois von Rotz, Marta Schmidhalter, Lara Moser, Daniela Casoni, Claudia Spadavecchia
OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess the ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block feasibility in calf cadavers, to compare two injection volumes and to evaluate possible undesired solution spreads. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, anatomic study. ANIMALS: A group of 15 bovine cadavers weighing 47±11 kg (mean±standard deviation). METHODS: Lateral (n = 24) and subcostal (n = 12) TAP block approaches were assessed...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705687/pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamic-effects-in-koi-carp-cyprinus-carpio-following-immersion-in-propofol
#5
Ayako Oda, Kristen M Messenger, Liliana Carbajal, Lysa P Posner, Brett R Gardner, Scott H Hammer, Anthony J Cerreta, Gregory A Lewbart, Kate M Bailey
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypothesis that plasma propofol concentration (PPC) is associated with anesthetic effect in koi carp administered propofol by immersion. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Twenty mature koi carp (mean ± standard deviation, 409.4 ± 83.7 g). METHODS: Fish were immersed in propofol (5 mg L-1 ). Physiological variables and induction and recovery times were recorded. In phase I, blood was sampled for PPC immediately following induction and at recovery...
March 12, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661678/effect-of-predosing-versus-slow-administration-of-propofol-on-the-dose-required-for-anaesthetic-induction-and-on-physiologic-variables-in-healthy-dogs
#6
Mathieu Raillard, Emma J Love, Pamela J Murison
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of the timing of propofol administration on the dose required for induction of anaesthesia and commonly measured physiological effects. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, investigator-blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 32 healthy dogs aged 6-144 months and weighing 3.5-47.2 kg. METHODS: Premedication was intramuscular acepromazine (0.025 mg kg-1 ) and methadone (0.25 mg kg-1 )...
March 6, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606557/continuous-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-for-analgesia-in-three-dogs-with-abdominal-pain
#7
LETTER
Flávio Av Freitag, Viviane L Bozak, Michele Pw do Carmo, Tilde R Froes, Juan Cm Duque
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628390/editorial
#8
EDITORIAL
Fergus Coutts, Louise Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759902/peri-anaesthetic-mortality-and-nonfatal-gastrointestinal-complications-in-pet-rabbits-a-retrospective-study-on-210-cases
#9
Hoi W Lee, Hanna Machin, Chiara Adami
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and the associated risk factors of peri-anaesthetic mortality and gastrointestinal complications in pet rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. ANIMALS: A total of 185 pet rabbits admitted to the Exotic Referal Service of Beaumont Sainsbury's Animal Hospital over the period 2009-2016. METHODS: The clinical records of the rabbits were obtained from the database...
February 27, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655977/dexmedetomidine-or-fentanyl-cardiovascular-stability-and-analgesia-during-propofol-ketamine-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-experimental-pigs
#10
Andreas Lervik, Joanna Raszplewicz, Birgit Ranheim, Susanna Solbak, Simen F Toverud, Henning A Haga
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiovascular function and response to nociception during total intravenous anaesthesia in pigs with propofol, ketamine and either dexmedetomidine or fentanyl administered as a continuous infusion. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, randomized, balanced, crossover study ANIMALS: Eight immunocastrated male, mixed breed pigs with a mean ± standard deviation body weight of 26.4 ± 1.9 kg for dexmedetomidine and 27.5 ± 3.8 kg for fentanyl treatment...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628389/effects-of-buprenorphine-butorphanol-or-tramadol-premedication-on-anaesthetic-induction-with-alfaxalone-in-common-marmosets-callithrix-jacchus
#11
Jaco Bakker, Sandra Roubos, Edmond J Remarque, Saskia S Arndt, Peter W Kronen, Jan Am Langermans
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and physiological effects of intravenous (IV) alfaxalone alone or in combination with buprenorphine, butorphanol or tramadol premedication in marmosets. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, crossover design. ANIMALS: Nine healthy marmosets (391 ± 48 g, 3.7 ± 2.2 years old). METHODS: Meloxicam 0.20 mg kg-1 subcutaneously, atropine 0.05 mg kg-1 intramuscularly (IM) and either buprenorphine 20 μg kg-1 IM (BUP-A), butorphanol 0...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627201/perioperative-analgesic-effects-of-an-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-with-a-mixture-of-bupivacaine-and-lidocaine-in-cats-undergoing-ovariectomy
#12
Despoina Skouropoulou, Luca Lacitignola, Paola Centonze, Angela Simone, Alberto M Crovace, Francesco Staffieri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perioperative analgesic effects of a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with a mixture of lidocaine and bupivacaine administered to cats undergoing ovariectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, randomized, prospective, blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 20 healthy cats. METHODS: Robenacoxib (2 mg kg-1 ) was administered subcutaneously 0.5 hour before intramuscular (IM) administration of ketamine (5 mg kg-1 ), methadone (0...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550176/anatomic-analysis-of-the-equine-mental-foramen-and-rostral-mandibular-canal-using-computed-tomography
#13
Jennifer E Rawlinson, Luke Bass, Luis Campoy, Ashton Broman, Benjamin Prytherch
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the anatomy of the mental foramen and determine associations with age, weight, sex and breed. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. ANIMALS: Forty-one horses, 0.6-25.2 years and weighing 136-820 kg. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) studies of equine heads performed over 5 years were evaluated in multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstruction. Measurements obtained were positioning of the foramen along the mandible, foramen height and width, foramen-canal angulation and rostral canal mineralization...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534859/effects-of-ketamine-constant-rate-infusions-on-cardiac-biomarkers-and-cardiac-function-in-dogs
#14
Leandro G Franco, Carlos Henrique M Wilges, Daniel P Junior, Sofia A Cerejo, Lilian T Nishimura, Isabela P Bittar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of ketamine continuous rate infusions (CRI) at two dose rates on cardiovascular function and serum creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) and troponin I in healthy conscious dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, prospective, crossover, randomized, blinded study. ANIMALS: Eight adult mixed-breed dogs, aged 6±1 years and weighing 19±8.6 kg (mean±standard deviation). METHODS: Dogs were administered an intravenous bolus of ketamine (0...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506859/comparison-of-acid-base-and-electrolyte-changes-following-administration-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-42-in-a-saline-and-a-polyionic-solution-in-anaesthetized-dogs
#15
Katja N Adamik, Rafael Obrador, Judith Howard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.42) in either a buffered, electrolyte-balanced (HES-BAL) or saline (HES-SAL) carrier solution on electrolyte concentrations and acid-base parameters in healthy anaesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomised clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 40 client-owned dogs undergoing general anaesthesia for elective surgical procedures or diagnostic imaging. METHODS: During anaesthesia, dogs were intravenously administered 15 mL kg-1 of either HES-SAL (n = 20) or HES-BAL (n = 20) over 30-40 minutes...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428302/anaesthetic-induction-with-alfaxalone-in-the-ball-python-python-regius-dose-response-and-effect-of-injection-site
#16
Lauren E James, Catherine Ja Williams, Mads F Bertelsen, Tobias Wang
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the minimum dose of intramuscular alfaxalone required to facilitate intubation for mechanical ventilation, and to investigate the impact of cranial versus caudal injection on anaesthetic depth. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised crossover study. ANIMALS: Six healthy juvenile ball pythons (Python regius). METHODS: Three dosages (10, 20 and 30 mg kg-1 ) of alfaxalone were administered to each python in a caudal location with a minimum 2 weeks washout...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428300/a-case-of-postanaesthetic-recurarization-because-of-residual-atracurium-in-the-intravenous-fluid-line-in-a-dog
#17
LETTER
Chiara De Gennaro, Enzo Vettorato, Federico Corletto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426677/comparison-of-the-effects-of-alfaxalone-and-propofol-with-acepromazine-butorphanol-and-or-doxapram-on-laryngeal-motion-and-quality-of-examination-in-dogs
#18
Denise I Radkey, Robert J Hardie, Lesley J Smith
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of alfaxalone and propofol, with and without acepromazine and butorphanol followed by doxapram, on laryngeal motion and quality of laryngeal examination in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, crossover, blinded study. ANIMALS: Ten female Beagle dogs, aged 11-13 months and weighing 7.2-8.6 kg. METHODS: The dogs were administered four intravenous (IV) treatments: alfaxalone (ALF), alfaxalone+acepromazine and butorphanol (ALF-AB), propofol (PRO) and propofol+AB (PRO-AB)...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415861/effective-plasma-alfaxalone-concentration-to-produce-immobility-in-male-neutered-cats
#19
Bruno H Pypendop, Kristine T Siao, M G Ranasinghe, Kirby Pasloske
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effective plasma alfaxalone concentration for the production of immobility in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective up-and-down study. ANIMALS: Sixteen 1-2 year old male castrated research cats. METHODS: Cats were instrumented with catheters in a jugular and a medial saphenous vein. Alfaxalone was administered via the medial saphenous catheter, using a target-controlled infusion system. The infusion lasted for approximately 32 minutes...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452891/effect-of-topical-application-of-2-lidocaine-gel-on-corneal-sensitivity-of-clinically-normal-equine-eyes
#20
Alain Regnier, Iris Berton, Didier Concordet, Jean-Yves Douet
OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree and duration of corneal anaesthesia provided by topical application of a non-ophthalmic 2% lidocaine gel in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, 'blinded', randomized prospective study. ANIMALS: Twelve adult horses without relevant ocular abnormalities. METHODS: Baseline corneal touch threshold (CTT) measurements were obtained bilaterally by use of a Cochet-Bonnet aesthesiometer just prior to topical treatment...
March 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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