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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29933902/a-question-of-time
#1
EDITORIAL
Peter J Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 5, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903423/comparison-of-morphological-changes-and-tactile-sensitivity-of-the-pharynx-and-larynx-between-four-standing-sedative-and-analgesic-protocols-in-eight-adult-healthy-horses
#2
Guillaume Manneveau, Jeanne Lecallard, Chantal Thorin, Hugo Pamela, Caroline Tessier
OBJECTIVE: To compare the topographic modifications and tactile sensitivity of the pharynx and larynx after administration of four sedative and analgesic protocols in standing horses. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, observer-blinded, crossover study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy mares. METHODS: Five protocols were evaluated: 1) xylazine and butorphanol administered intravenously (IV); 2) detomidine and butorphanol administered IV; 3) xylazine administered IV and lidocaine topically; 4) detomidine administered IV and lidocaine topically and 5) no analgesia or sedation (control)...
May 1, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655977/dexmedetomidine-or-fentanyl-cardiovascular-stability-and-analgesia-during-propofol-ketamine-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-experimental-pigs
#3
Andreas Lervik, Joanna Raszplewicz, Birgit Ranheim, Susanna Solbak, Simen F Toverud, Henning A Haga
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiovascular function and response to nociception during total intravenous anaesthesia in pigs with propofol, ketamine and either dexmedetomidine or fentanyl administered as a continuous infusion. STUDY DESIGN: Blinded, randomized, balanced, crossover study ANIMALS: Eight immunocastrated male, mixed breed pigs with a mean ± standard deviation body weight of 26.4 ± 1.9 kg for dexmedetomidine and 27.5 ± 3.8 kg for fentanyl treatment...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29636309/topical-vapocoolant-spray-reduces-nociceptive-response-to-ear-notching-in-neonatal-piglets
#4
Sabrina Lomax, Evelyn Hall, Lauren Oehlers, Peter White
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a vapocoolant spray (VS) to provide local anaesthesia for piglets during ear notching. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized study. ANIMALS: Eleven 10 day old and forty 3-5 day old Large White piglets. METHODS: Temperature validation studies using thermocouples and a temperature data logger were conducted on dead and live tissue to determine optimal spray distance and duration to reduce tissue temperature to below 10 °C...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628390/editorial
#5
EDITORIAL
Fergus Coutts, Louise Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628389/effects-of-buprenorphine-butorphanol-or-tramadol-premedication-on-anaesthetic-induction-with-alfaxalone-in-common-marmosets-callithrix-jacchus
#6
Jaco Bakker, Sandra Roubos, Edmond J Remarque, Saskia S Arndt, Peter W Kronen, Jan Am Langermans
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical and physiological effects of intravenous (IV) alfaxalone alone or in combination with buprenorphine, butorphanol or tramadol premedication in marmosets. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, crossover design. ANIMALS: Nine healthy marmosets (391 ± 48 g, 3.7 ± 2.2 years old). METHODS: Meloxicam 0.20 mg kg-1 subcutaneously, atropine 0.05 mg kg-1 intramuscularly (IM) and either buprenorphine 20 μg kg-1 IM (BUP-A), butorphanol 0...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627202/critical-incident-technique-analysis-applied-to-perianesthetic-cardiac-arrests-at-a-university-teaching-hospital
#7
Erik H Hofmeister, Rachel A Reed, Michele Barletta, Molly Shepard, Jane Quandt
OBJECTIVE: To apply the critical incident technique (CIT) methodology to a series of perianesthetic cardiac arrest events at a university teaching hospital to describe the factors that contributed to cardiac arrest. STUDY DESIGN: CIT qualitative analysis of a case series. ANIMALS: A group of 16 dogs and cats that suffered a perioperative cardiac arrest between November 2013 and November 2016. METHODS: If an arrest occurred, the event was discussed among the anesthesiologists...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627201/perioperative-analgesic-effects-of-an-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-with-a-mixture-of-bupivacaine-and-lidocaine-in-cats-undergoing-ovariectomy
#8
Despoina Skouropoulou, Luca Lacitignola, Paola Centonze, Angela Simone, Alberto M Crovace, Francesco Staffieri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the perioperative analgesic effects of a transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block with a mixture of lidocaine and bupivacaine administered to cats undergoing ovariectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Controlled, randomized, prospective, blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 20 healthy cats. METHODS: Robenacoxib (2 mg kg-1 ) was administered subcutaneously 0.5 hour before intramuscular (IM) administration of ketamine (5 mg kg-1 ), methadone (0...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625919/ultrasound-guided-lateral-and-subcostal-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-calves-a-cadaveric-study
#9
Alessandro Mirra, Alois von Rotz, Marta Schmidhalter, Lara Moser, Daniela Casoni, Claudia Spadavecchia
OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess the ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block feasibility in calf cadavers, to compare two injection volumes and to evaluate possible undesired solution spreads. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, anatomic study. ANIMALS: A group of 15 bovine cadavers weighing 47±11 kg (mean±standard deviation). METHODS: Lateral (n = 24) and subcostal (n = 12) TAP block approaches were assessed...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625918/in-response-to-stress-related-biomarkers-in-dogs-administered-regional-anaesthesia-or-fentanyl-for-analgesia-during-stifle-surgery-a-comment
#10
LETTER
Marta Romano, Diego A Portela, Pablo E Otero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625917/alfaxalone-anaesthesia-in-lemur-catta-following-dexmedetomidine-butorphanol-midazolam-sedation
#11
Eugenio Gaudio, Laura Voltan, Giulia Maria De Benedictis
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical effects and quality of sedation, induction, maintenance and recovery in Lemur catta after dexmedetomidine-butorphanol-midazolam sedation and alfaxalone anaesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. ANIMALS: Six male L. catta weighing 3.0 ± 0.6 kg undergoing surgical castration. METHODS: Lemurs were sedated with intramuscular dexmedetomidine (0.015 mg kg-1 ), butorphanol (0...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625916/agreement-between-invasive-blood-pressures-measured-in-three-peripheral-arteries-in-anaesthetized-horses-under-clinical-conditions
#12
Keely A T Wilson, Anthea L Raisis, Eleanor A Drynan, Guy D Lester, Giselle L Hosgood
OBJECTIVE: To determine agreement between invasive blood pressures measured in three peripheral arteries in anaesthetized horses undergoing elective surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective balanced incomplete block design. ANIMALS: A total of 18 client-owned horses. METHODS: Invasive blood pressure (IBP) was measured simultaneously in one of the following three combinations: 1) transverse facial and facial artery; 2) transverse facial and metatarsal artery; and 3) facial and metatarsal artery...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559203/transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-ponies-a-preliminary-anatomical-study
#13
Caroline F Baldo, Daniel Almeida, Erin Wendt-Hornickle, Alonso Guedes
OBJECTIVE: To describe a single-site transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block technique in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive, experimental anatomical study. ANIMALS: Four adult pony cadavers. METHODS: Freshly euthanized ponies were positioned in dorsal recumbency. A 6-13 MHz linear ultrasonic probe was used to scan the abdominal wall bilaterally midway between the last rib and iliac crest in search of the TAP location...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555147/evaluation-of-sedative-and-antinociceptive-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-midazolam-and-dexmedetomidine-midazolam-in-tegus-salvator-merianae
#14
Shayne P Bisetto, Cristiano F Melo, Adriano B Carregaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dexmedetomidine, midazolam and dexmedetomidine-midazolam for sedation and antinociception in tegus. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, randomized, blinded study. ANIMALS: Six healthy tegus (Salvator merianae) weighing 1.6±0.3 kg. METHODS: Tegus were administered intramuscularly saline (0.5 mL; CON), dexmedetomidine (0.2 mg kg-1 ; DX), midazolam (1 mg kg-1 ; MZ) and dexmedetomidine-midazolam (same doses; DM)...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550176/anatomic-analysis-of-the-equine-mental-foramen-and-rostral-mandibular-canal-using-computed-tomography
#15
Jennifer E Rawlinson, Luke Bass, Luis Campoy, Ashton Broman, Benjamin Prytherch
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the anatomy of the mental foramen and determine associations with age, weight, sex and breed. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective descriptive study. ANIMALS: Forty-one horses, 0.6-25.2 years and weighing 136-820 kg. METHODS: Computed tomography (CT) studies of equine heads performed over 5 years were evaluated in multiplanar and three-dimensional reconstruction. Measurements obtained were positioning of the foramen along the mandible, foramen height and width, foramen-canal angulation and rostral canal mineralization...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534859/effects-of-ketamine-constant-rate-infusions-on-cardiac-biomarkers-and-cardiac-function-in-dogs
#16
Leandro G Franco, Carlos Henrique M Wilges, Daniel P Junior, Sofia A Cerejo, Lilian T Nishimura, Isabela P Bittar
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of ketamine continuous rate infusions (CRI) at two dose rates on cardiovascular function and serum creatine kinase MB isoenzyme (CK-MB) and troponin I in healthy conscious dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental, prospective, crossover, randomized, blinded study. ANIMALS: Eight adult mixed-breed dogs, aged 6±1 years and weighing 19±8.6 kg (mean±standard deviation). METHODS: Dogs were administered an intravenous bolus of ketamine (0...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506859/comparison-of-acid-base-and-electrolyte-changes-following-administration-of-6-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-42-in-a-saline-and-a-polyionic-solution-in-anaesthetized-dogs
#17
Katja N Adamik, Rafael Obrador, Judith Howard
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a 6% hydroxyethyl starch (130/0.42) in either a buffered, electrolyte-balanced (HES-BAL) or saline (HES-SAL) carrier solution on electrolyte concentrations and acid-base parameters in healthy anaesthetized dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomised clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 40 client-owned dogs undergoing general anaesthesia for elective surgical procedures or diagnostic imaging. METHODS: During anaesthesia, dogs were intravenously administered 15 mL kg-1 of either HES-SAL (n = 20) or HES-BAL (n = 20) over 30-40 minutes...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428302/anaesthetic-induction-with-alfaxalone-in-the-ball-python-python-regius-dose-response-and-effect-of-injection-site
#18
Lauren E James, Catherine Ja Williams, Mads F Bertelsen, Tobias Wang
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the minimum dose of intramuscular alfaxalone required to facilitate intubation for mechanical ventilation, and to investigate the impact of cranial versus caudal injection on anaesthetic depth. STUDY DESIGN: Randomised crossover study. ANIMALS: Six healthy juvenile ball pythons (Python regius). METHODS: Three dosages (10, 20 and 30 mg kg-1 ) of alfaxalone were administered to each python in a caudal location with a minimum 2 weeks washout...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428300/a-case-of-postanaesthetic-recurarization-because-of-residual-atracurium-in-the-intravenous-fluid-line-in-a-dog
#19
LETTER
Chiara De Gennaro, Enzo Vettorato, Federico Corletto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426677/comparison-of-the-effects-of-alfaxalone-and-propofol-with-acepromazine-butorphanol-and-or-doxapram-on-laryngeal-motion-and-quality-of-examination-in-dogs
#20
Denise I Radkey, Robert J Hardie, Lesley J Smith
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of alfaxalone and propofol, with and without acepromazine and butorphanol followed by doxapram, on laryngeal motion and quality of laryngeal examination in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, crossover, blinded study. ANIMALS: Ten female Beagle dogs, aged 11-13 months and weighing 7.2-8.6 kg. METHODS: The dogs were administered four intravenous (IV) treatments: alfaxalone (ALF), alfaxalone+acepromazine and butorphanol (ALF-AB), propofol (PRO) and propofol+AB (PRO-AB)...
May 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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