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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865952/sedative-and-physiological-effects-of-brimonidine-tartrate-ophthalmic-solution-in-healthy-cats
#1
Niwako Ogata, Teppei Kanda, Mizuki Kawahata, Takayasu Ichikawa, Yuki Matsumoto, Waka Morimitsu, Yukiko Nishino, Takamasa Itoi, Kayo Furumoto
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution on sedation, heart rate (HR), respiratory frequency (fR), rectal temperature (RT) and noninvasive mean arterial pressure (MAP) in healthy cats. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded crossover study, with 1 week washout between treatments. ANIMALS: Six healthy purpose-bred cats. METHODS: Brimonidine tartrate ophthalmic solution 0.1% (one or two drops; 58...
July 3, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888803/effects-of-pneumoperitoneum-and-of-an-alveolar-recruitment-maneuver-followed-by-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-on-cardiopulmonary-function-in-sheep-anesthetized-with-isoflurane-fentanyl
#2
Jéssica C Rodrigues, Francisco J Teixeira-Neto, Sofia A Cerejo, Nathalia Celeita-Rodríguez, Natache A Garofalo, Juliany G Quitzan, Thalita L A Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of pneumoperitoneum alone or combined with an alveolar recruitment maneuver (ARM) followed by positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on cardiopulmonary function in sheep. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, crossover study. ANIMALS: A total of nine adult sheep (36-52 kg). METHODS: Sheep were administered three treatments (≥10-day intervals) during isoflurane-fentanyl anesthesia and volume-controlled ventilation (tidal volume: 12 mL kg(-1)) with oxygen: CONTROL (no intervention); PNEUMO (120 minutes of CO2 pneumoperitoneum); PNEUMOARM/PEEP (PNEUMO protocol with an ARM instituted after 60 minutes of pneumoperitoneum)...
June 7, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807576/evaluation-of-three-tidal-volumes-10-12-and-15%C3%A2-ml%C3%A2-kg-1-in-dogs-for-controlled-mechanical-ventilation-assessed-by-volumetric-capnography-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Seline Bumbacher, Johannes P Schramel, Martina Mosing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate three routinely used tidal volumes (VT; 10, 12 and 15 mL kg(-1)) for controlled mechanical ventilation (CMV) in lung-healthy anaesthetized dogs by assessing alveolar ventilation (VTalv) and dead space (DS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 36 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Dogs were randomly allocated to a VT of 10 (G10), 12 (G12) or 15 (G15) mL kg(-1). After induction CMV was started...
May 8, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821424/the-effect-of-postsurgical-pain-on-attentional-processing-in-horses
#4
Louise Dodds, Laura Knight, Kate Allen, Joanna Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of postsurgical pain on the performance of horses in a novel object and auditory startle task. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty horses undergoing different types of surgery and 16 control horses that did not undergo surgery. METHODS: The interaction of 36 horses with novel objects and a response to an auditory stimulus were measured at two time points; the day before surgery (T1) and the day after surgery (T2) for surgical horses (G1), and at a similar time interval for control horses (G2)...
May 5, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583773/anesthetic-synergy-between-two-n-alkanes
#5
Robert J Brosnan, Fabíola B Fukushima, Trung L Pham
OBJECTIVE: N-butane and n-pentane can both produce general anesthesia. Both compounds potentiate γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor function, but only butane inhibits N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptors. It was hypothesized that butane and pentane would exhibit anesthetic synergy due to their different actions on ligand-gated ion channels. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of four Xenopus laevis frogs and 43 Sprague-Dawley rats...
May 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528758/comparison-of-arterial-blood-pressure-measurements-obtained-invasively-or-oscillometrically-using-a-datex-s-5-compact-monitor-in-anaesthetised-adult-horses
#6
Tyfane T Yamaoka, Derek Flaherty, Patricia Pawson, Marian Scott, Adam Auckburally
OBJECTIVE: To assess agreement between noninvasive blood pressure (NIBP) oscillometrically-derived values from a multiparameter monitor (Datex Ohmeda S/5 Compact) with those obtained by invasive blood pressure (IBP) measurement in anaesthetised horses undergoing elective surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 40 healthy adult horses. METHODS: Horses were anaesthetised with various anaesthetic protocols (based on clinical requirements)...
May 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416162/pharmacokinetics-of-buprenorphine-following-constant-rate-infusion-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-ovariectomy
#7
Andrea Barbarossa, Julie Rambaldi, Massimo Giunti, Anna Zaghini, Marco Cunto, Daniele Zambelli, Simond Valgimigli, Francesco Santoro, Noemi Romagnoli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pharmacokinetics of buprenorphine and its main active metabolite, norbuprenorphine, after administration of an intravenous loading dose followed by constant rate infusion (CRI) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of seven healthy dogs undergoing elective ovariectomy. METHODS: Buprenorphine was administered as a loading dose (intravenous bolus of 15 μg kg(-1)) followed by CRI (2...
May 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778513/cardiopulmonary-effects-of-reverse-trendelenburg-position-at-5%C3%A2-and-10%C3%A2-in-sevoflurane-anesthetized-steers
#8
Marcelo A Araújo, Maurício Deschk, Juliana T Wagatsuma, Beatriz P Floriano, Carlos E Siqueira, Valéria Nls Oliva, Paulo Sp Santos
OBJECTIVE: To assess the cardiopulmonary effects caused by reverse Trendelenburg position (RTP) at 5° and 10° in sevoflurane-anesthetized yearling steers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study. ANIMALS: Eight Holstein steers aged (mean ± standard deviation) 12 ± 2 months and weighing 145 ± 26 kg. METHODS: In the first phase of the study, the individual minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of sevoflurane was determined using electrical stimulation...
April 26, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863931/diabetes-mellitus-does-not-affect-the-neuromuscular-blocking-action-of-atracurium-in-dogs
#9
Elizabeth A Leece, Louise Clark
OBJECTIVE: To compare the duration of action of atracurium in diabetic and nondiabetic dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 26 diabetic and 29 nondiabetic dogs. METHODS: Following preanaesthetic medication and intravenous (IV) propofol induction, anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Atracurium 0.2 mg kg(-1) IV was administered to provide neuromuscular blockade (NMB) and the responses (twitches; T) to train-of-four nerve stimulation were recorded by palpation and electromyography (EMG)...
April 25, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882371/comparison-of-subcutaneous-dexmedetomidine-midazolam-versus-alfaxalone-midazolam-sedation-in-leopard-geckos-eublepharis-macularius
#10
Grayson A Doss, Dustin M Fink, Kurt K Sladky, Christoph Mans
OBJECTIVE: To compare dexmedetomidine-midazolam with alfaxalone-midazolam for sedation in leopard geckos (Eublepharis macularius). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, complete crossover study. ANIMALS: Nine healthy adult leopard geckos. METHODS: Geckos were administered a combination of dexmedetomidine (0.1 mg kg(-1)) and midazolam (1.0 mg kg(-1); treatment D-M) or alfaxalone (15 mg kg(-1)) and midazolam (1...
April 24, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865953/ventilatory-incidents-monitored-by-electrical-impedance-tomography-in-an-anaesthetized-orangutan-pongo-abelii
#11
LETTER
Martina Mosing, Muriel Sacks, Stamatios A Tahas, Elisabeth Ranninger, Stephan H Böhm, Ivo Campagnia, Andreas D Waldmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728945/clasper-flaring-in-a-guitarfish-zapteryx-brevirostris-elasmobranchii-rhinobatidae-under-anesthesia
#12
LETTER
Natascha Wosnick, Bianca S Rangel, Renan A Moreira, Carolina A Freire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739108/use-of-cis-atracurium-to-maintain-moderate-neuromuscular-blockade-in-experimental-pigs
#13
Alexandru Tutunaru, Julien Dupont, Vincent Huberty, Mostafa Ibrahim, Didier Serteyn, Charlotte Sandersen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the dose of cis-atracurium needed to produce a moderate neuromuscular blockade (NMB) in pigs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Seven pigs [five females and two males; median (range) body weight: 47 (36-64) kg]. METHODS: Pigs were premedicated with intramuscular midazolam (0.3 mg kg(-1)) and ketamine (7 mg kg(-1)). Anaesthesia was induced with intravenous (IV) propofol 3 (1-4) mg kg(-1) and maintained with isoflurane in oxygen...
April 15, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693970/development-of-a-sedation-protocol-using-orally-administered-tiletamine-zolazepam-acepromazine-in-free-roaming-dogs
#14
Hsiao-Chun Huang, Shih-Wei Huang, Kuan-Hua Yu, Jiann-Hsiung Wang, Jui-Te Wu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sedative effects in dogs of tiletamine-zolazepam-acepromazine (TZA) or ketamine-flunitrazepam (KF) administered orally and to evaluate the effectiveness of encapsulated TZA for capturing free-roaming dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study followed by a field trial. ANIMALS: Six research dogs and 27 free-roaming dogs. METHODS: In a pilot study, six research dogs were administered liquid TZA (20 mg kg(-1) tiletamine-zolazepam and 2 mg kg(-1) acepromazine) or liquid KF (50 mg kg(-1) ketamine and 2 mg kg(-1) flunitrazepam) orally: treatment 1, forcefully squirting liquid medication into the mouth; treatment 2, encapsulating liquid medication for administration in canned food; treatment 3, administering liquid medication mixed with gravy...
April 14, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687474/alfaxalone-for-maintenance-of-anaesthesia-in-ponies-undergoing-field-castration-continuous-infusion-compared-with-intravenous-boluses
#15
Julia Deutsch, Abel Ekiri, Annemarie de Vries
OBJECTIVE: To compare alfaxalone as continuous intravenous (IV) infusion with intermittent IV injections for maintenance of anaesthesia in ponies undergoing castration. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, 'blinded' clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 33 entire male Welsh ponies undergoing field castration. METHODS: After preanaesthetic medication with IV detomidine (10 μg kg(-1)) and butorphanol (0.05 mg kg(-1)), anaesthesia was induced with IV diazepam (0...
April 14, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888802/yamamoto-new-scalp-acupuncture-for-postoperative-pain-management-in-cats-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#16
Matheus R Ribeiro, Carolina B de Carvalho, Ricardo H Z Pereira, Gabriel M Nicácio, Rejane B Brinholi, Renata N Cassu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the analgesic efficacy of Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture (YNSA) as an adjuvant for postoperative pain management in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty cats aged (mean ± standard deviation) 25 ± 9 months and weighing 2.7 ± 0.6 kg undergoing ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: The cats were sedated with intramuscular (IM) ketamine (5 mg kg(-1)), midazolam (0...
April 13, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716684/a-comparison-of-retrobulbar-and-two-peribulbar-regional-anesthetic-techniques-in-dog-cadavers
#17
Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Peter J Pascoe, Erik R Wisner, Nili Kahane, Philip H Kass, David J Maggs
OBJECTIVE: To compare injectate distribution and likelihood of regional anesthesia to the orbit following retrobulbar (RB) or peribulbar (PB) injections in dog cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, masked study. ANIMALS: Twenty-four dog cadavers (aged 5.5-17 years, 2.0-36.3 kg). METHODS: Orbits underwent one of three injection techniques with bupivacaine 0.5% and iohexol (1:1): ventrolateral RB injection (1-2 mL; 15 orbits), medial canthal PB injection (2-8 mL; PB-1; 16 orbits), or dorsomedial and ventrolateral PB injections (each 1-4 mL; PB-2; 16 orbits)...
April 13, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844293/the-effect-of-maropitant-on-intraoperative-isoflurane-requirements-and-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-dogs-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Adam Swallow, Eva Rioja, Tim Elmer, Alex Dugdale
OBJECTIVE: To establish if preoperative maropitant significantly reduced intraoperative isoflurane requirements and reduced clinical signs associated with postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twenty-four healthy, client-owned dogs undergoing routine ovariohysterectomy. METHODS: Premedication involved acepromazine (0.03 mg kg(-1)) combined with methadone (0...
April 12, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663042/pharmacokinetics-of-dexmedetomidine-mk-467-and-their-combination-following-intramuscular-administration-in-male-cats
#19
Bruno H Pypendop, Juhana Honkavaara, Jan E Ilkiw
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pharmacokinetics of dexmedetomidine, MK-467 and their combination following intramuscular (IM) administration to cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized crossover experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of eight healthy adult male castrated cats aged 1-2 years. METHODS: Cats were administered dexmedetomidine (25 μg kg(-1)) IM (treatment D25IM) or intravenously (IV; treatment D25IV); MK-467 (600 μg kg(-1)) IM (treatment MK600IM) or IV (treatment MK600IV); or dexmedetomidine (25 μg kg(-1)) IM with 300, 600 or 1200 μg kg(-1) MK-467 IM (treatments D25MK300IM, D25MK600IM and D25MK1200IM)...
April 9, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720393/maxillary-nerve-blocks-in-horses-an-experimental-comparison-of-surface-landmark-and-ultrasound-guided-techniques
#20
Stephanie Stauffer, Beckie Cordner, Jonathon Dixon, Thomas Witte
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this preliminary proof-of-concept study was to evaluate and compare the success and complication rate of infiltration of the maxillary nerve of cadaver heads using previously described surface landmarks, standard ultrasound and a novel needle guidance positioning ultrasound system (SonixGPS). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, anatomical, method-comparison study. ANIMALS: Thirty-eight equine cadaver heads. METHODS: Twenty-six veterinary students performed the three methods consecutively on cadaver heads using an 18 gauge, 8...
April 6, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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