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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30420257/dexmedetomidine-low-dose-followed-by-constant-rate-infusion-and-antagonism-by-atipamezole-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-cats-an-echocardiographic-study
#1
Elizabeth R Carvalho, Tatiana Champion, Francielli Ambrosini, Gabrieli A da Silva, Gabrielle C Freitas, Ricardo G D'Otaviano de Castro Vilani
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a low dose of dexmedetomidine (DEX) followed by constant rate infusion (CRI) and reversal with atipamezole on systolic and diastolic functions in isoflurane-anesthetized healthy cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. ANIMALS: A group of 11 client-owned adult cats. METHODS: Baseline transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) was performed, followed by intramuscular (IM) administration of DEX (5 μg kg-1 )...
September 27, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344028/evaluation-of-neuraxial-anesthesia-in-bearded-dragons-pogona-vitticeps
#2
Tatiana H Ferreira, Christoph Mans
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility, success rate, onset, duration and extent of motor/sensory block following intrathecal injection of lidocaine in bearded dragons (Pogona vitticeps). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: A group of eight adult bearded dragons (0.333 ± 0.048 kg). METHODS: The animals were sedated with alfaxalone (15 mg kg-1 ) subcutaneously. Neuraxial injections were performed with 1% lidocaine (2 mg kg-1 ) or 0...
September 19, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30361113/effects-of-12-and-17-cmh-2-o-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-applied-after-alveolar-recruitment-maneuver-on-pulmonary-gas-exchange-and-compliance-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-horses
#3
Felipe Srm Andrade, Lara L Facó, Keila K Ida, Luis Clc Silva, Denise T Fantoni, Aline M Ambrósio
OBJECTIVE: To compare static compliance (Cst ) and alveolar-arterial oxygen tension difference [P(a-a)O2 ] between positive end-expiratory pressures (PEEP) of 7, 12 and 17 cmH2 O applied after an alveolar recruitment maneuver (RM) in isoflurane-anesthetized horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 30 healthy adult horses undergoing arthroscopic surgery. METHODS: Animals in dorsal recumbency and mechanically ventilated with a tidal volume of 14 mL kg-1 and 7 cmH2 O PEEP (control; n = 6) were subjected to an RM by increasing PEEP from 7 to 22 cmH2 O in 5 cmH2 O increments at 5 minute intervals, and then decreased similarly to PEEP of 17 (RM17; n = 8), 12 (RM12; n = 8) or 7 cmH2 O (RM7; n = 8)...
September 7, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316696/evaluation-and-comparison-of-postoperative-analgesic-effects-of-dexketoprofen-and-methadone-in-dogs
#4
Álvaro J Gutiérrez-Bautista, Juan Morgaz, María Del Mar Granados, Rafael J Gómez-Villamandos, Juan M Dominguez, José A Fernandez-Sarmiento, Daniel Aguilar-García, Rocío Navarrete-Calvo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse effects of dexketoprofen and methadone using a noninferiority trial, during the first 24 postoperative hours in dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 38 healthy dogs undergoing orthopaedic surgery. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with dexmedetomidine [1 μg kg-1 intravenously (IV)] followed by dexketoprofen (1 mg kg-1 IV; group DK) or methadone (0...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316695/a-comparison-of-the-effect-of-propofol-and-alfaxalone-on-laryngeal-motion-in-nonbrachycephalic-and-brachycephalic-dogs
#5
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Daisy Norgate, Gert Ter Haar, Nicola Kulendra, Kata Orsolya Veres-Nyéki
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of propofol and alfaxalone on laryngeal motion under a light plane of anaesthesia in nonbrachycephalic and brachycephalic dogs anaesthetized for nonemergency procedures. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 48 client-owned dogs (24 nonbrachycephalic and 24 brachycephalic). METHODS: A standardized premedication of methadone (0.2 mg kg-1 ) and acepromazine (0...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30314798/a-clinical-study-to-evaluate-the-cardiopulmonary-characteristics-of-two-different-anaesthetic-protocols-for-immobilization-of-healthy-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Victoria Strong, Torsten Möller, Ann-Sofie Tillman, Stefan Träff, Louise Guevara, Mike Martin, Sharon Redrobe, Kate White
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the cardiopulmonary characteristics of two different anaesthetic protocols (tiletamine/zolazepam ± medetomidine) and their suitability for the immobilization of healthy chimpanzees undergoing cardiac assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical, longitudinal study. ANIMALS: Six chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) aged 4-16 years weighing 19.5-78.5 kg were anaesthetized on two occasions. METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced with tiletamine/zolazepam (TZ) (3-4 mg kg-1 ) or tiletamine/zolazepam (2 mg kg-1 ) and medetomidine (0...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30309716/cardiac-troponin-i-in-dogs-anaesthetized-with-propofol-and-sevoflurane-the-influence-of-medetomidine-premedication-and-inspired-oxygen-fraction
#7
Maja Vasiljević, Vanja Krstić, Sanja Stanković, Petra Zrimšek, Alenka Nemec Svete, Alenka Seliškar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate changes in serum cardiac troponin I (cTnI) concentrations in dogs in which medetomidine was used for sedation or for premedication prior to anaesthesia with propofol and sevoflurane. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 66 client-owned dogs. METHODS: The dogs were sedated with medetomidine (0.04 mg kg-1 ) intravenously (IV) (group M; n = 20) and left to breath room air or anaesthetized with propofol (6...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30305232/two-point-ultrasound-guided-transversus-abdominis-plane-injection-in-canine-cadavers-a-pilot-study
#8
Emma K Johnson, Sébastien H Bauquier, Jennifer E Carter, Ted Whittem, Thierry Beths
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the spread of a two-point transversus abdominis plane (TAP) injection in canine cadavers. Compared with previous techniques, the two-point TAP injection was developed to increase the consistency of local anaesthetic spread to the nerve segments T11, T12, L1, L2 and L3. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental trial. ANIMALS: Five fresh canine cadavers. METHODS: Two-point TAP injections were performed under ultrasound guidance by a single trained individual in canine cadavers (15...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301665/sedative-effect-of-intramuscular-medetomidine-with-and-without-vatinoxan-mk-467-and-its-reversal-with-atipamezole-in-sheep
#9
Magdy Adam, Marja R Raekallio, Outi M Vainio
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of the peripherally acting α2 -adrenoceptor antagonist vatinoxan (MK-467) on the sedative properties of medetomidine (MED) when injected intramuscularly (IM) in the same syringe and on reversal of this sedation with atipamezole in sheep. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, crossover experimental trial. ANIMALS: Eight healthy adult female sheep. METHODS: Sheep received MED (30 μg kg-1 IM) alone or combined in the same syringe with vatinoxan (300 μg kg-1 IM, MED+VAT) with a 2 week washout period...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301664/metabolic-acidosis-during-general-anaesthesia-presumed-systemic-toxicity-caused-by-topical-dorzolamide-in-a-dog
#10
LETTER
William Jm McFadzean, Jo Murrell, David Donaldson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301663/effect-of-benzodiazepines-on-the-dose-of-alfaxalone-needed-for-endotracheal-intubation-in-healthy-dogs
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Maria Italiano, Rebecca Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the dose-sparing effect of midazolam or diazepam on the dose of alfaxalone required to achieve endotracheal intubation in premedicated dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, 'blinded', controlled clinical trial. ANIMALS: Ninety healthy dogs anaesthetized for elective surgery or diagnostic procedures. METHODS: Saline (0.1 mL kg-1 ), or midazolam or diazepam (0.2, 0.3, 0.4 or 0.5 mg kg-1 ) intravenously (IV) was randomly assigned; investigators were unaware of group designation...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301662/limited-fluid-volume-resuscitation-lfvr-in-severe-shock-unresponsive-to-initial-fluid-challenge-a-pilot-study-in-10-cats
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Elisabetta Giudice, Chiara Crinò, Francesco Macrì, Simona Di Pietro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of limited fluid volume resuscitation (LFVR) administration in cats with severe shock that was unresponsive to initial conventional resuscitation (CR) with isotonic crystalloids. STUDY DESIGN: Clinical pilot study. ANIMALS: Ten client-owned cats with non-cardiogenic shock, unresponsive to CR. METHODS: After an initial ineffective CR with isotonic crystalloids (15-20 mL kg-1 in 15 minutes), LFVR was started...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30301661/comparison-of-intraperitoneal-ropivacaine-and-bupivacaine-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Carlotta Lambertini, Katharina Kluge, Marta Lanza-Perea, Rodolfo Bruhl-Day, Karin S Kalchofner Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: To compare postoperative analgesia following either intraperitoneal (IP) ropivacaine or bupivacaine in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy (OVH) in the scope of multimodal analgesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 45 privately owned dogs undergoing OVH, aged 37 ± 28 months and weighing 11.3 ± 4.5 kg. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with acepromazine (0.05 mg kg-1 ) and morphine (0...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30297131/colon-constipation-in-horses-after-sustained-release-buprenorphine-administration
#14
Olivier L Levionnois, Claudia Graubner, Claudia Spadavecchia
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the pharmacological profile and side effects of buprenorphine administered as a sustained-release formulation in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Pilot trial. ANIMALS: A total of four experimental horses, aged 18-27 years and weighing 508-578 kg. METHODS: Buprenorphine (0.1 mg kg-1 ) was mixed as a freshly prepared sterile solution with a sustained-release drug carrier. It was administered by the subcutaneous (n = 2) or intramuscular (n = 2) route...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30297130/effect-of-oral-trazodone-on-the-minimum-alveolar-concentration-of-isoflurane-in-dogs
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Elizabeth A Hoffman, Turi K Aarnes, Carolina H Ricco Pereira, Phillip Lerche, Richard M Bednarski, Mary A McLoughlin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of oral trazodone on the minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) of isoflurane in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective blinded, single-observer, randomized crossover experimental study. ANIMALS: Six adult (age 6.8 ± 1.6 months) healthy dogs (three males and three females), weighing 24.8 ± 3.4 kg (mean ± standard deviation). METHODS: Each dog was anesthetized twice with a minimum of 7 days between anesthetic episodes...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30268798/life-threatening-hyperkalaemia-in-a-diabetic-dog-undergoing-anaesthesia-for-elective-phacoemulsification
#16
LETTER
Paolo Monticelli, Charlotte Dawson, Chiara Adami
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30262441/cardiopulmonary-effects-and-recovery-characteristics-of-horses-anesthetized-with-xylazine-ketamine-with-midazolam-or-propofol
#17
Adrianna M Sage, Stephanie Cj Keating, Kara M Lascola, David J Schaeffer, Stuart C Clark-Price
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate cardiopulmonary and recovery characteristics of horses administered total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with xylazine and ketamine combined with midazolam or propofol. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: A group of eight adult horses, aged 7-22 years, weighing 493-740 kg. METHODS: Horses were administered xylazine (1 mg kg-1 ) intravenously (IV), and anesthesia was induced with ketamine (2...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257797/impact-of-trendelenburg-head-down-and-reverse-trendelenburg-head-up-position-on-respiratory-and-cardiovascular-function-in-anaesthetized-horses
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Anna Binetti, Martina Mosing, Muriel Sacks, Luc Duchateau, Frank Gasthuys, Stijn Schauvliege
OBJECTIVE: To describe the cardiorespiratory effects of a change in table position in anaesthetized horses. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, randomized, experimental study. ANIMALS: Six adult horses (mean body weight 621 ± 59 kg, aged 13 ± 4 years). METHODS: The horses were anaesthetized twice in dorsal recumbency. They were either placed in the Trendelenburg position (head down; HD) followed by reverse Trendelenburg position (head up; HU) or in reverse order...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30254000/description-of-an-ultrasound-guided-thoracic-paravertebral-block-technique-and-the-spread-of-dye-in-dog-cadavers
#19
Tatiana H Ferreira, Leandro B C Teixeira, Carrie A Schroeder, Cristina de Miguel Garcia, Kristopher M Schroeder
OBJECTIVES: To describe an ultrasound-guided thoracic paravertebral block and determine the distribution after injection of two volumes of methylene blue in dog cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental cadaveric study. ANIMALS: Twelve dog cadavers weighing 11 ± 3 kg. METHODS: Ultrasound-guided injections aimed at the fifth thoracic (T5) paravertebral space were performed in randomized order using 0.1 or 0.3 mL kg-1 dye solution (six dogs for each volume)...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253999/an-investigation-of-the-effects-of-intratesticular-alfaxalone-and-lidocaine-during-castration-in-piglets
#20
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Trina M Hancock, Nigel A Caulkett, Ed A Pajor, Leanna Grenwich
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intratesticular injection of an alfaxalone-lidocaine combination can induce anesthesia and provide a rapid recovery in piglets undergoing surgical castration. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized experimental study. ANIMALS: A group of 30 male piglets, aged 2-10 days, weighing 1.3-4.6 kg. METHODS: Animals were randomly divided into three equal groups for intratesticular administration of alfaxalone + lidocaine: high dose (group HD; 8 mg kg-1  + 2...
November 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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