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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723230/effect-of-morphine-methadone-hydromorphone-or-oxymorphone-on-the-thermal-threshold-following-intravenous-or-buccal-administration-to-cats
#1
Bruno H Pypendop, Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Jan E Ilkiw
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of morphine, methadone, hydromorphone or oxymorphone on the thermal threshold in cats, following buccal and intravenous (IV) administration. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: Six healthy adult female ovariohysterectomized cats weighing 4.5 ± 0.4 kg. METHODS: Morphine sulfate (0.2 mg kg(-1) IV or 0.5 mg kg(-1) buccal), methadone hydrochloride (0.3 mg kg(-1) IV or 0...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109568/use-of-a-perfusion-index-to-confirm-the-presence-of-sciatic-nerve-blockade-in-dogs
#2
Bonnie J Gatson, Fernando L Garcia-Pereira, Michelle James, Shelia Carrera-Justiz, Daniel D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perfusion index (PI) as a determinant of regional nerve block success following sciatic nerve blockade with bupivacaine in dogs undergoing stifle surgery. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective clinical trial. ANIMALS: Ten adult dogs, aged 5.6 ± 2.6 years and weighing 36.9 ± 16.8 kg, undergoing a tibial plateau leveling osteotomy. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with acepromazine (0.03 mg kg(-1) ) and hydromorphone (0...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26900762/comparison-of-lidocaine-levobupivacaine-or-ropivacaine-for-distal-paravertebral-thoracolumbar-anesthesia-in-ewes
#3
Alice R Oliveira, Marcelo A Araújo, Paulo Ha Jardim, Stephanie C Lima, Paula V Leal, Fabrício O Frazílio
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of lidocaine, levobupivacaine, or ropivacaine on the onset time and duration of anesthesia of the flank of ewes, using the distal paravertebral thoracolumbar approach. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized experimental study. ANIMALS: Twenty-six healthy mixed-breed ewes (46 ± 3.1 kg). METHODS: Thoracolumbar paravertebral nerve blocks were performed using the distal approach in sheep for ruminal fistulation...
November 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531058/ampakine-cx1942-attenuates-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression-and-corrects-the-hypoxaemic-effects-of-etorphine-in-immobilized-goats-capra-hircus
#4
Anna J Haw, Leith Cr Meyer, John J Greer, Andrea Fuller
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether CX1942 reverses respiratory depression in etorphine-immobilized goats, and to compare its effects with those of doxapram hydrochloride. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, crossover experimental trial conducted at 1753 m.a.s.l. ANIMALS: Eight adult female Boer goats (Capra hircus) with a mean ± standard deviation mass of 27.1 ± 1.6 kg. METHODS: Following immobilization with 0.1 mg kg(-1) etorphine, goats received one of doxapram, CX1942 or sterile water intravenously, in random order in three trials...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531057/isoflurane-mac-determination-in-dogs-using-three-intensities-of-constant-current-electrical-stimulation
#5
Marivaldo R Figueiró, Joao Hn Soares, Fabio O Ascoli, Stephen Werre, Ignacio Á Gómez de Segura
OBJECTIVES: To compare isoflurane minimum alveolar concentrations (MACs) in dogs determined using three intensities of constant-current electrical stimulation applied at the tail, and thoracic and pelvic limbs, and to compare isoflurane MACs obtained with all combinations of electrical stimulation and anatomic site with those obtained using the tail clamp as the noxious stimulus. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized trial. ANIMALS: Six mixed-breed, adult female dogs aged 1-2 years and weighing 11...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27374608/professor-emeritus-e-wynn-jones-mrcvs-frcvs-phd
#6
R S Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321891/response
#7
LETTER
Debbie Wilson, Peter Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27296696/letter-to-the-editor
#8
LETTER
Ronald Samuel Jones
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26890432/the-effects-of-acupuncture-point-pericardium-6-on-hydromorphone-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-in-healthy-dogs
#9
Elizabeth M Scallan, Bradley T Simon
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of needling at acupuncture point Pericardium 6 on hydromorphone-induced nausea and vomiting. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical study. ANIMALS: Eighty-one mixed-breed, healthy dogs aged 1.8 ± 1.6 years and weighing 14.5 ± 5.6 kg, admitted for elective ovariohysterectomy (n = 75) or castration (n = 6). METHODS: Dogs were randomly assigned to one of three groups: acupuncture at Pericardium 6 (AT, n = 27); alternative acupuncture at Lung 5 (ST, n = 27), and no acupuncture (CT, n = 27)...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26878827/nalbuphine-and-butorphanol-reverse-opioid-induced-respiratory-depression-but-increase-arousal-in-etorphine-immobilized-goats-capra-hircus
#10
Anna J Haw, Leith Cr Meyer, Andrea Fuller
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate and compare the efficacy of two opioid agonist-antagonists, nalbuphine and butorphanol, in reversing etorphine-induced respiratory depression in immobilized goats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, experimental trial conducted at 1753 m.a.s.l. ANIMALS: Eight adult female Boer goats (Capra hircus). METHODS: Eight minutes following immobilization with an intramuscular injection of 0.1 mg kg(-1) etorphine, goats were given one of nalbuphine (0...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872297/single-syringe-ketamine-propofol-for-induction-of-anaesthesia-in-rabbits
#11
Martín Santos, Ana Viñuela, Angela A Vela, Francisco J Tendillo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare three intravenous (IV) doses of a ketamine-propofol admixture (ketofol) for induction of anaesthesia in unpremedicated rabbits. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized 'blinded' trial. ANIMALS: Twenty-one healthy female New Zealand rabbits weighing 2.7 ± 0.1 kg. METHODS: Animals were allocated randomly into three groups of seven animals and received 1 (KP1), 3 (KP3) or 5 (KP5) mg kg(-1) of both ketamine and propofol in a 1:1 mg kg(-1) ratio admixture...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26872141/prevention-of-laryngospasm-with-rocuronium-in-cats-a-dose-finding-study
#12
Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Diego A Portela, Lucia Borlle, Luis Campoy, Robin D Gleed
OBJECTIVE: To identify the dose of rocuronium that will prevent a laryngeal response to water spraying of the glottis in anesthetized cats. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy, adult, short-haired cats, aged 1-4 years, weighing 3.2-6.0 kg. METHODS: Each cat was anesthetized four times and administered one of four doses of rocuronium (0.1, 0.2, 0.3 and 0.6 mg kg(-1) ) in random order. The larynx was observed with a video-endoscope inserted through a laryngeal mask airway...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26871261/does-inflammation-induced-by-ultraviolet-b-and-heat-rekindling-alter-pain-related-behaviour-in-rats
#13
Melissa Smith, Collette Taylor, Nirosha Weerasinghe, Stella Koutsikou, Bridget Lumb, Jo Murrell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether induction of the ultraviolet B and heat rekindling (UVB/HR) model alters burrowing behaviour in rats. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Sixteen adult male Wistar rats weighing 250-300 g. METHODS: In the UVB/HR group (n = 8), UV irradiation was delivered to the heel area of the right plantar pelvic limb paw at a dose of 1000 mJ cm(-2) , using a narrow-band UVB light source...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26870925/intraperitoneal-bupivacaine-with-or-without-incisional-bupivacaine-for-postoperative-analgesia-in-dogs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#14
Karin S Kalchofner Guerrero, Ivo Campagna, Rodolfo Bruhl-Day, Cecilia Hegamin-Younger, Tomas G Guerrero
OBJECTIVE: Intraperitoneal (IP) bupivacaine provides postoperative analgesia in dogs undergoing ovariohysterectomy (OHE) alone or in combination with incisional (INC) bupivacaine. This study investigated whether the combination of INC and IP bupivacaine is superior to IP bupivacaine alone. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: Thirty-nine privately owned dogs undergoing OHE, aged 25 ± 23 months and weighing 11...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848935/behavioral-and-cardiopulmonary-effects-of-dexmedetomidine-alone-and-in-combination-with-butorphanol-methadone-morphine-or-tramadol-in-conscious-sheep
#15
Luisa Pb Borges, Lilian T Nishimura, Leonardo L Carvalho, Sofia A Cerejo, Adam Auckburally, Ewaldo Mattos-Junior
OBJECTIVE: To compare cardiopulmonary and sedative effects following administration of dexmedetomidine alone or with butorphanol, methadone, morphine or tramadol in healthy sheep. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: Six Santa Inês sheep, five females, one male, aged 12-28 months and weighing 40.1 ± 6.2 kg. METHODS: Sheep were assigned treatments of dexmedetomidine (0.005 mg kg(-1) ; D); D and butorphanol (0...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848816/effects-of-orally-administered-enalapril-on-blood-pressure-and-hemodynamic-response-to-vasopressors-during-isoflurane-anesthesia-in-healthy-dogs
#16
Amanda E Coleman, Molly K Shepard, Chad W Schmiedt, Erik H Hofmeister, Scott A Brown
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether preanesthetic administration of enalapril, compared with placebo, results in a greater decline in blood pressure (BP) or decreased responsiveness of BP to isotonic fluids or vasopressors in healthy dogs during isoflurane anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, experimental, placebo-controlled, blinded, crossover study. ANIMALS: Twelve healthy, female, purpose-bred beagles. METHODS: Dogs underwent the following week-long treatment protocols, each preceded by a 1 week washout period: oral placebo twice daily (PLA); oral enalapril, 0...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833994/clinical-effects-of-midazolam-or-lidocaine-co-induction-with-a-propofol-target-controlled-infusion-tci-in-dogs
#17
Enzo Minghella, Adam Auckburally, Patricia Pawson, Marian E Scott, Derek Flaherty
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the propofol requirement, cardiovascular and respiratory variables using midazolam or lidocaine with a propofol target-controlled infusion (PTCI) for induction of anaesthesia in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled blinded clinical trial. ANIMALS: Sixty client-owned dogs [American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) I-II] undergoing surgical procedures. METHODS: Thirty minutes after premedication with acepromazine (0...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26821767/two-methods-to-adapt-the-human-haemoglobin-oxygen-dissociation-algorithm-to-the-blood-of-white-rhinoceros-ceratotherium-simum-and-to-determine-the-accuracy-of-pulse-oximetry
#18
Agnes Haymerle, Felix Knauer, Chris Walzer
OBJECTIVES: To adapt the algorithm for the calculation of oxygen saturation to the blood characteristics of the white rhinoceros by two different methods and to determine the accuracy of conventional pulse oximetry measurements. STUDY DESIGN: Adaptation of two mathematical models of the oxygen dissociation curve (ODC). ANIMALS: Twenty-five captive white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum), including 12 males and 13 females, aged 6-32 years. METHODS: During 33 anaesthetic events, 94 arterial blood gas samples with 72 simultaneous pulse oximetry measurements were analysed...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26782994/adverse-reactions-following-administration-of-contrast-media-for-diagnostic-imaging-in-anaesthetized-dogs-and-cats-a-retrospective-study
#19
Stefania Scarabelli, Peter Cripps, Eva Rioja, Briony Alderson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate incidences of adverse reaction after the administration of contrast media. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational study. ANIMALS: Animals included 356 dogs and 58 cats receiving non-ionic iodinated contrast agents, and 425 dogs and 49 cats receiving gadolinium-based contrast agents. METHODS: Anaesthesia records of dogs and cats receiving intravenous (IV) gadobutrol for magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or IV iohexol for computed tomography (CT) were reviewed...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26671659/determination-of-the-minimum-infusion-rate-of-propofol-required-to-prevent-purposeful-movement-of-the-extremities-in-response-to-a-standardized-noxious-stimulus-in-goats
#20
Jacques P Ferreira, Patience S Ndawana, Loveness N Dzikiti, Brighton T Dzikiti
OBJECTIVE: To determine the minimum infusion rate (MIR) of propofol required to prevent purposeful movement in response to a standardized stimulus in goats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy goats (four does, four wethers). METHODS: Anaesthesia was induced with 4 mg kg(-1) propofol intravenously (IV). A continuous IV infusion of propofol at 0.6 mg kg(-1)  minute(-1) was initiated immediately to maintain anaesthesia...
September 2016: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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