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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237685/evaluation-of-a-new-handheld-point-of-care-blood-gas-analyser-using-100-equine-blood-samples
#1
David Bardell, Eleanor West, J Mark Senior
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the Enterprise point-of-care blood analysis system (EPOC) produces results in agreement with two other blood gas analysers in regular clinical use (i-STAT and Radiometer ABL77) and to investigate the precision of the new machine when used with equine whole blood. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, non-blinded, comparative laboratory analyser study. ANIMALS: Horses admitted to a university teaching hospital requiring arterial or venous blood gas analysis as part of their routine clinical management...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237684/effects-of-dexmedetomidine-combined-with-ropivacaine-on-sciatic-and-femoral-nerve-blockade-in-dogs
#2
Thomas A Trein, Beatriz P Floriano, Juliana T Wagatsuma, Joana Z Ferreira, Guilherme L da Silva, Paulo S P Dos Santos, Sílvia H V Perri, Valéria Nls Oliva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate motor and sensory blockade of combining dexmedetomidine with ropivacaine, administered perineurally or systemically, for femoral and sciatic nerve blocks in conscious dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, experimental study. ANIMALS: Seven healthy Beagle dogs, aged 3.3 ± 0.1 years and weighing 11.0 ± 2.4 kg. METHODS: Dogs were anesthetized with isoflurane on three separate occasions for unilateral femoral and sciatic nerve blocks and were administered the following treatments in random order: perineural ropivacaine 0...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237683/the-effect-of-mk-467-a-peripheral-%C3%AE-2-adrenoceptor-antagonist-on-dexmedetomidine-induced-sedation-and-bradycardia-after-intravenous-administration-in-conscious-cats
#3
Juhana Honkavaara, Bruno Pypendop, Heta Turunen, Jan Ilkiw
OBJECTIVE: To determine a dose of MK-467, a peripheral α2-adrenoceptor antagonist, which, when administered intravenously (IV) concomitantly with 25 μg kg(-1) of dexmedetomidine, will prevent bradycardia without altering sedation in cats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, blinded, experimental, crossover study. ANIMALS: Eight healthy, adult, purpose-bred cats. METHODS: Cats were administered seven IV treatments were administered at least 2 weeks apart, consisting of dexmedetomidine 12...
February 22, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330727/evaluation-of-bam-butorphanol-azaperone-medetomidine-in-captive-african-lion-panthera-leo-immobilization
#4
Aleksandr Semjonov, Vladimir Andrianov, Jacobus P Raath, Toomas Orro, Derik Venter, Liesel Laubscher, Silke Pfitzer
OBJECTIVE: The combination of butorphanol, azaperone and medetomidine (BAM) with subsequent antagonism by naltrexone-yohimbine or naltrexone-atipamezole was evaluated for reversible immobilization of captive African lions (Panthea leo). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, clinical trial. ANIMALS: Twenty lions, 11 males and nine females, weighing 38-284 kg were immobilized in South Africa. METHODS: The BAM volume dose rate administered was 0...
February 8, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318987/a-clinical-evaluation-of-the-pharmacokinetics-and-pharmacodynamics-of-intravenous-alfaxalone-in-cyclodextrin-in-male-and-female-rats-following-a-loading-dose-and-constant-rate-infusion
#5
Kate L White, Stuart Paine, John Harris
OBJECTIVE: To characterise, as a clinical study, the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics and describe the hypnotic effect of the neurosteroid alfaxalone (3α-hydroxy-5 α-pregnane-11, 20-dione) formulated with 2-hydroxypropyl-β-cyclodextrin in male and female rats. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental laboratory study. ANIMALS: A total of 12 (six male and six female) adult, aged-matched Sprague Dawley rats. METHODS: Surgery and instrumentation was performed under isoflurane anaesthesia in an oxygen/nitrous oxide mixture (1:2) and local anaesthetic infiltration...
February 1, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259429/effects-of-xylazine-and-dexmedetomidine-on-equine-articular-chondrocytes-in%C3%A2-vitro
#6
Francesco Mancini, Sara Nannarone, Sandra Buratta, Giuseppina Ferrara, Anna Maria Stabile, Matteo Vuerich, Isabella Santinelli, Alessandra Pistilli, Elisabetta Chiaradia
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of xylazine and dexmedetomidine on equine chondrocytes, in vitro. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, experimental study. STUDY MATERIAL: Equine articular chondrocytes from five male horses. METHODS: Chondrocytes were isolated from healthy equine articular cartilage of the metacarpo/metatarsophalangeal joints. Cell viability was assessed using the WST-8 assay by exposing chondrocytes to xylazine (0...
January 17, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262499/preliminary-study-of-a-teaching-model-for-ultrasound-guided-peripheral-nerve-blockade-and-effects-on-the-learning-curve-in-veterinary-anesthesia-residents
#7
Luciano C B A da Silva, Fábio P Sellera, Ronaldo G Gargano, Thais C Rossetto, Giancarlo B Gomes, Fabiano T Miyahira, Fábio Futema, Silvia R G Cortopassi
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of an experimental colloid model for teaching veterinary anesthesia residents ultrasound-guided technique for nerve blockade. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded and randomized. METHODS: Colloid models were constructed for practice in ultrasound-guided needle location. Nine veterinary anesthesia residents with no prior experience of ultrasound-guided technique for nerve blocks were randomly divided into three groups...
January 12, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259428/nonfatal-infusion-pump-related-venous-air-embolism-in-a-dog
#8
LETTER
Cristina Costa-Farré, Carlos Torrente, Carmen Diaz Bertrana, Ignacio A Gómez de Segura
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237681/assessment-of-distribution-of-ventilation-and-regional-lung-compliance-by-electrical-impedance-tomography-in-anaesthetized-horses-undergoing-alveolar-recruitment-manoeuvres
#9
Tamas D Ambrisko, Johannes Schramel, Klaus Hopster, Sabine Kästner, Yves Moens
OBJECTIVE: To examine changes in the distribution of ventilation and regional lung compliances in anaesthetized horses during the alveolar recruitment manoeuvre (ARM). STUDY DESIGN: Experimental study in which a series of treatments were administered in a fixed order on one occasion. ANIMALS: Five adult Warmblood horses. METHODS: Animals were anaesthetized (xylazine, midazolam-ketamine, isoflurane), placed in dorsal recumbency and ventilated with 100% oxygen using peak inspiratory pressure (PIP) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) of 20 cmH2O and 0 cmH2O, respectively...
January 12, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342761/cardiovascular-tolerance-of-intravenous-bupivacaine-in-broiler-chickens-gallus-gallus-domesticus-anesthetized-with-isoflurane
#10
Peter M DiGeronimo, Anderson F da Cunha, Bruno Pypendop, João Brandão, Rhett Stout, Max Rinaldi, Thomas N Tully
OBJECTIVE: To determine the median effective dose (ED50) of intravenous (IV) bupivacaine associated with a 50% probability of causing clinically relevant cardiovascular effects [defined as 30% change in heart rate (HR) or mean arterial pressure (MAP)] in chickens anesthetized with isoflurane. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized up-and-down study. ANIMALS: A total of 14 Ross-708 broiler chickens (Gallus gallus domesticus) weighing 1.70-2.75 kg. METHODS: Anesthesia was induced and maintained with isoflurane...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330726/provision-of-physiological-data-and-reference-values-in-awake-and-anaesthetized-female-sheep-aged-6-12-months
#11
Tim Kampmeier, Philip Arnemann, Michael Heßler, Sebastian Rehberg, Andrea Morelli, Martin Westphal, Matthias Lange, Hugo Van Aken, Christian Ertmer
OBJECTIVE: To provide physiological data and reference values in awake and anaesthetized sheep aged 6-12 months. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. ANIMALS: Data from 260 female sheep of the species Ovis orientalis aries aged 6-12 months were extracted from 10 experimental trials. METHODS: Data from pulmonary arterial thermodilution in awake (cohort 1; n = 109) and anaesthetized animals (cohort 2; n = 81), and transpulmonary thermodilution in anaesthetized animals (cohort 3; n = 70) were analysed...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318988/analgesic-effects-of-morphine-and-butorphanol-in-broiler-chickens
#12
Preet M Singh, Craig B Johnson, Brett Gartrell, Sheryl Mitchinson, Antony Jacob, Paul Chambers
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate analgesic efficacies of morphine and butorphanol in lame broiler chickens. STUDY DESIGN: Double blind, randomized, controlled experimental study. ANIMALS: In study 1, 36 lame and 36 sound chickens. In study 2, 48 lame and 48 sound chickens. METHODS: Sound and lame chickens were gait scored and randomly assigned into four groups: sound-drug, sound-placebo, lame-drug, and lame-placebo in study 1...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291587/comparison-of-sedation-and-mechanical-antinociception-induced-by-intravenous-administration-of-acepromazine-and-four-dose-rates-of-dexmedetomidine-in-donkeys
#13
Ignacio Lizarraga, Fernanda Castillo-Alcala, Lauren S Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the sedative and antinociceptive effects of four dosages of dexmedetomidine in donkeys. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, controlled, crossover, Latin-square, blinded study. ANIMALS: Six healthy, castrated, adult, standard donkeys. METHODS: Dexmedetomidine (2, 3, 4 and 5 μg kg(-1); D2, D3, D4 and D5), acepromazine (0.1 mg kg(-1)) and saline were administered intravenously to each donkey and a 1 week interval was allowed between successive trials on each animal...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259427/ultrasound-guided-placement-of-an-epidural-catheter-for-repeated-brachial-plexus-drug-administration-in-a-dog
#14
LETTER
Enzo Vettorato, Olivier Taeymans
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258815/comparison-between-the-effects-of-postanesthetic-xylazine-and-dexmedetomidine-on-characteristics-of-recovery-from-sevoflurane-anesthesia-in-horses
#15
Alonso G P Guedes, Caitlin C Tearney, Alessia Cenani, Fabio Aristizabal, Jorge Nieto
OBJECTIVE: To compare postanesthetic xylazine and dexmedetomidine on recovery characteristics from sevoflurane anesthesia in horses. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, crossover study. ANIMALS: Six geldings, mean±standard deviation (SD) (range), 17±4 (11-24) years and 527±80 (420-660) kg. METHODS: Horses were anesthetized with sevoflurane for 60 minutes under standardized conditions for a regional limb perfusion study. In recovery, horses were administered either xylazine (200 μg kg(-1)) or dexmedetomidine (0...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214221/relationship-between-the-melanocortin-1-receptor-mc1r-variant-r306ter-and-physiological-responses-to-mechanical-or-thermal-stimuli-in-labrador-retriever-dogs
#16
Tania E Perez, Katrina L Mealey, Neal S Burke, Tamara L Grubb, Michael H Court, Stephen A Greene
OBJECTIVE: Variants in the MC1R gene have been associated with red hair color and sensitivity to pain in humans. The study objective was to determine if a relationship exists between MC1R genotype and physiological thermal or mechanical nociceptive thresholds in Labrador Retriever dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: Thirty-four Labrador Retriever dogs were included in the study following public requests for volunteers...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190788/a-comparison-of-cardiopulmonary-effects-and-anaesthetic-requirements-of-two-dexmedetomidine-continuous-rate-infusions-in-alfaxalone-anaesthetized-greyhounds
#17
Setefilla Quirós-Carmona, Rocío Navarrete, Juan M Domínguez, María Del Mar Granados, Rafael J Gómez-Villamandos, Pilar Muñoz-Rascón, Daniel Aguilar, Francisco J Funes, Juan Morgaz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of two dexmedetomidine continuous rate infusions on the minimum infusion rate of alfaxalone for total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA), and subsequent haemodynamic and recovery effects in Greyhounds undergoing laparoscopic ovariohysterectomy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized and blinded clinical study. ANIMALS: Twenty-four female Greyhounds. METHODS: Dogs were premedicated with dexmedetomidine 3 μg kg(-1) and methadone 0...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259426/laplace-s-law-in-a-little-lung
#18
LETTER
Alice R Bird, Sean D Langton, Matthew W McMillan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215814/what-is-the-evidence-the-issue-of-verifying-correct-needle-position-during-epidural-anaesthesia-in-dogs
#19
REVIEW
Chiara Adami, Karine Gendron
OBJECTIVES: To review the methods for verifying the needle position while performing epidural anaesthesia in dogs, and to discuss the advantages, disadvantages, usefulness and reliability of each technique in the experimental and clinical research setting. DATABASES USED: PubMed, Scopus, Google Scholar and the Basel University Library online catalogues; the latter, which was provided by the University of Berne, were used as databases. The results were filtered manually based on the titles and abstracts in order to narrow the field...
January 9, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237682/the-influence-of-demeanor-on-scores-from-two-validated-feline-pain-assessment-scales-during-the-perioperative-period
#20
Mandy Buisman, Michelle M M Hasiuk, Marta Gunn, Daniel S J Pang
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of demeanor on validated pain assessment scales. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blind, clinical trial. ANIMAL POPULATION: Thirty three adult domestic cats scheduled for orchiectomy. METHODS: Cats were assessed for pain pre (baseline) and 1, 2, 4 hours postoperatively using two validated pain scales [Composite Measures Pain Scale-Feline (rCMPS-F) and UNESP-Botucatu multidimensional composite pain scale (psychomotor and pain expression subscales; U-B MCPS-psych and -painex)], and a demeanor scale...
January 8, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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