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Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193900/changes-in-endotracheal-tube-intracuff-pressure-and-air-leak-pressure-over-time-in-anesthetized-beagle-dogs
#1
Chi Won Shin, Won-Gyun Son, Min Jang, Hyunseok Kim, Hyungjoo Han, Jeesoo Cha, Inhyung Lee
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate endotracheal tube intracuff pressure (Pcuff ) changes over time and the effect of these changes on air leak pressure (Pleak ). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective experimental study. ANIMALS: A group of nine healthy adult Beagle dogs. METHODS: In part I, in vitro measurements of Pcuff were recorded for 1 hour in eight endotracheal tubes subjected to four treatments: room temperature without lubricant (RT0L), room temperature with lubricant (RTWL), body temperature without lubricant (BT0L), and body temperature with lubricant (BTWL)...
July 26, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145048/effects-of-two-fentanyl-constant-rate-infusions-on-thermal-thresholds-and-plasma-fentanyl-concentrations-in-awake-cats
#2
Maria Valentina Carrozzo, Jane Alcorn, Barbara Ambros
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pharmacokinetics and effects on thermal thresholds (TT) of two fentanyl constant rate infusions in awake cats. STUDY DESIGN: A blinded, randomized crossover study. ANIMALS: A group of six healthy female cats, aged 3 ± 1 years, weighing 4.1 ± 0.7 kg. METHODS: Skin temperature (TSKIN ) and TT were evaluated using a wireless TT device. TSKIN, TT, sedation score (SS) and blood samples were collected before an intravenous loading dose (LD; over 5 seconds) and at specific time points during (360 minutes) and after infusion...
July 26, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30122634/the-impact-of-pain-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-transdermal-flunixin-meglumine-administered-at-the-time-of-cautery-dehorning-in-holstein-calves
#3
Michael D Kleinhenz, Nicholas K Van Engen, Patrick J Gorden, Katie E Kleinhenz, Butch Kukanich, Suzanne M Rajewski, Philip Walsh, Johann F Coetzee
OBJECTIVE: To study the influence of pain on the pharmacokinetics and anti-inflammatory actions of transdermal flunixin administered at dehorning. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, crossover, clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 16 male Holstein calves, aged 6-8 weeks weighing 61.3 ± 6.6 kg. METHODS: Calves were randomly assigned to one of two treatments: transdermal flunixin and dehorning (PAIN) or transdermal flunixin and sham dehorning (NO PAIN)...
July 17, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093320/description-of-a-regional-anaesthesia-technique-for-the-dorsal-cranium-in-the-dog-a-cadaveric-study
#4
Yishai Kushnir, Gal S Marwitz, Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Joshua Milgram
OBJECTIVE: To identify landmarks and to describe a technique for nerve blockade of the dorsal cranium in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Anatomic cadaveric study. ANIMALS: A total of 39 dog cadavers, weighing 18.0 ± 9.7 kg (mean ± standard deviation). METHODS: The study was performed in three parts. In the initial part, cadavers were dissected to determine the location of the frontal, zygomaticotemporal, and major occipital nerves, and to identify prominent landmarks for their blockade...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093319/an-alveolar-recruitment-maneuver-followed-by-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-improves-lung-function-in-healthy-dogs-undergoing-laparoscopy
#5
Caterina Di Bella, Luca Lacitignola, Salvatore Grasso, Paola Centonze, Antonella Greco, Rossella Ostuni, Antonio Crovace, Francesco Staffieri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of an alveolar recruitment maneuver (ARM) followed by 5 cmH2 O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) in dogs undergoing laparoscopy. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized clinical study. ANIMALS: A group of 20 dogs undergoing laparoscopic ovariectomy. METHODS: Dogs were sedated with acepromazine and methadone intramuscularly; anesthesia was induced with propofol intravenously and maintained with inhaled isoflurane...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30093318/comparison-of-different-methods-to-calculate-venous-admixture-in-anaesthetized-horses
#6
Johannes Pam van Loon, Janny C de Grauw, Hugo van Oostrom
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare different methods to determine venous admixture (Q˙s /Q˙t ) in anaesthetized horses. The first objective was to estimate Q˙s /Q˙t using jugular venous blood oxygen content (Q˙s /Q˙tjugular ), and a fixed value for the oxygen extraction (F-shunt). The second objective was to assess the influence of blood pressure and positioning on oxygen extraction. The third objective was to perform regression analysis between jugular and mixed venous blood oxygen tensions...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082182/reversal-of-ventricular-fibrillation-with-esmolol-in-an-anaesthetized-cat
#7
LETTER
Carolina Meira, Tony Glaus, Simone K Ringer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082181/comparison-of-fentanyl-and-hydromorphone-constant-rate-infusions-for-pain-management-in-dogs-in-an-intensive-care-unit
#8
Patricia Biello, Shane W Bateman, Carolyn L Kerr
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and quality of analgesia provided by constant rate infusions (CRIs) of hydromorphone and fentanyl in dogs in the intensive care unit (ICU). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 29 client-owned dogs. METHODS: Dogs prescribed a μ-opioid agonist infusion for postsurgical or medical pain were randomized to be administered either hydromorphone (0...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30082180/cardiorespiratory-effects-of-a-7%C3%A2-reverse-trendelenburg-position-in-anaesthetized-horses-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Stijn Schauvliege, Anna Binetti, Luc Duchateau, Jacoba Johanna van Dijk, Frank Gasthuys
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the cardiorespiratory effects of a 7° reverse Trendelenburg position (RTP) in anaesthetized horses. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, non-blinded clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 125 horses undergoing elective surgery in dorsal recumbency. METHODS: Horses were allocated to one of three weight classes and assigned to be positioned either on a horizontal table or on a table in 7° RTP, according to a randomized block design...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078533/agreement-among-anesthesiologists-regarding-postoperative-pain-assessment-in-dogs
#10
Erik H Hofmeister, Michele Barletta, Molly Shepard, Benjamin M Brainard, Cynthia M Trim, Jane Quandt
OBJECTIVE: To establish evidence for the validity and reliability of three commonly used pain scales in dogs when assessed by video by specialists in anesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Mixed-method test-retest observational study. SUBJECTS: A group of six American College of Veterinary Anesthesia and Analgesia board-certified specialists and 31 postoperative dogs. METHODS: The evaluators scored 31 dogs using a visual analogue scale (VAS), numeric rating scale (NRS), and Glasgow pain scale (GPS)...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078532/epidural-anesthesia-in-egyptian-water-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-a-comparison-of-lidocaine-xylazine-and-a-combination-of-lidocaine-and-xylazine
#11
Mohamed M Shokry, Abdelhaleem H Elkasapy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and compare the analgesic effects of a combination of lidocaine and xylazine to lidocaine or xylazine administered alone for epidural anesthesia in Egyptian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, 'blinded', crossover experimental study. ANIMALS: A total of 12 female Egyptian water buffalo. METHODS: Buffalo were randomly assigned to one of three epidural treatments administered through the sacrococcygeal joint: a local anesthetic (2% lidocaine, 0...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30078531/comparison-of-intraocular-pressure-and-pupil-diameter-after-sedation-with-either-acepromazine-or-dexmedetomidine-in-healthy-dogs
#12
Fabiana Micieli, Ludovica Chiavaccini, Barbara Lamagna, Giancarlo Vesce, Bruna Santangelo
OBJECTIVE: To compare intraocular pressure (IOP) and pupillary diameter (PD) following intravenous (IV) administration of dexmedetomidine and acepromazine in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized experimental trial. ANIMALS: A group of 16 healthy adult dogs aged (mean ± standard deviation) 4.9 ± 3.3 years and weighing 15.7 ± 9.6 kg, without pre-existing ophthalmic disease. METHODS: IV dexmedetomidine hydrochloride (0...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077556/effects-of-midazolam-before-or-after-alfaxalone-for-co-induction-of-anaesthesia-in-healthy-dogs
#13
Ana Zapata, Francisco G Laredo, Mayte Escobar, Amalia Agut, Marta Soler, Eliseo Belda
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of alternating the order of midazolam and alfaxalone administration on the incidence of behavioural changes, alfaxalone induction dose and some cardiorespiratory variables in healthy dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, controlled, clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 33 client-owned dogs undergoing elective procedures. METHODS: Following intramuscular acepromazine (0.02 mg kg-1 ) and morphine (0...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077555/is-the-world-health-organization-analgesic-ladder-obsolete-or-is-it-relevant-to-contemporary-veterinary-practice
#14
EDITORIAL
Louise Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077554/the-clinical-efficacy-of-emla-cream-for-intravenous-catheter-placement-in-client-owned-dogs
#15
Hugo van Oostrom, Toby G Knowles
OBJECTIVE: To assess the reaction of client-owned dogs to intravenous (IV) catheter placement after applying a local anaesthetic (EMLA) or placebo cream for either 30 or 60 minutes. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomized, blinded, placebo-controlled, clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 202 client-owned dogs of various breeds. METHODS: With owner consent, dogs were randomly allocated to one of four treatment groups: EMLA 60 minutes, EMLA 30 minutes, Placebo 60 minutes and Placebo 30 minutes...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30077553/comparison-of-sedation-in-dogs-methadone-or-butorphanol-in-combination-with-dexmedetomidine-intravenously
#16
Toby Trimble, Rebecca J Bhalla, Elizabeth A Leece
OBJECTIVE: Opioids can be combined with alpha-2-adrenoreceptor agonists to sedate dogs for radiography. The study investigated the sedative effects of methadone or butorphanol in combination with dexmedetomidine in dogs undergoing stifle radiography. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, randomized, clinical trial. ANIMALS: A total of 52 healthy dogs requiring sedation for stifle radiography were enrolled. METHODS: Dogs were assessed for body condition [body condition score (BCS)], temperament and pain using the short-form composite measure pain scale (CMPS-SF)...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076118/corrigendum-to-dexmedetomidine-or-fentanyl-cardiovascular-stability-and-analgesia-during-propofolketamine-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-in-experimental-pigs-vet-anaesth-analg-45-2018-295-308
#17
Andreas Lervik, Joanna Raszplewicz, Birgit Ranheim, Susanna Solbak, Simen F Toverud, Henning A Haga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30076117/use-of-ultrasonography-to-confirm-epidural-catheter-position-in-a-cat
#18
LETTER
Hanna Machin, Tristan Merlin, Jaime Viscasillas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30064914/effects-of-subcutaneous-alfaxalone-alone-and-in-combination-with-dexmedetomidine-and-buprenorphine-in-guinea-pigs-cavia-porcellus
#19
Carolyn M Doerning, Michael P Bradley, Patrick A Lester, Megan H Nowland
OBJECTIVE: To characterize alfaxalone administered subcutaneously (SC) in guinea pigs, both alone and in combination with dexmedetomidine and buprenorphine. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, blinded, crossover study. ANIMALS: A total of 15 healthy female guinea pigs weighing 400-600 g. METHODS: Alfaxalone (10, 20 and 40 mg kg-1 ) was administered SC to three guinea pigs as a pilot dose-finding study. Alfaxalone (20 mg kg-1 ; A20 ) was selected for comparison against combination protocols of alfaxalone (15 and 20 mg kg-1 ) with dexmedetomidine (0...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30057008/pharmacokinetics-of-alfaxalone-infusions-context-sensitive-half-time-and-recovery-times-in-male-neutered-cats
#20
Bruno H Pypendop, M G Ranasinghe, Kirby Pasloske
OBJECTIVES: To determine the context-sensitive half-time of alfaxalone following intravenous infusions of various durations. To estimate the time necessary for plasma concentration to decrease by up to 95%. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective randomized and simulation studies. ANIMALS: A group of six 1-year-old male castrated research cats. METHODS: Cats were instrumented with catheters in a jugular and a medial saphenous vein...
September 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
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