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Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006270/first-identification-of-naegleria-species-and-vahlkampfia-ciguana-in-nile-water-cairo-egypt-seasonal-morphology-and-phylogenetic-analysis
#1
Ayman A El-Badry, Sayeda M Aufy, Eman S El-Wakil, Enas M Rizk, Soheir S Mahmoud, Nahed Y Taha
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In Egypt, there is a scarcity of data concerning Naegleria (N.) family, with a shortage of phylogenetic studies. This study's aim was molecular detection, sequencing and phylogenetic analysis of morphologically identified Nagleria and to determine natural seasonal distribution of Nagleria species in water sources of Greater Cairo, Egypt. METHODS: A total of 120 water samples were collected during each season over a year. Every water sample was filtrated and cultured on non-nutrient agar (NNA)...
July 3, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30017562/changes-in-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-nontyphoid-salmonella-in-children-in-southern-taiwan-1997-2016
#2
Hsiao-Yu Lo, Fu-Ping Lai, Yao-Jong Yang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the changing trends in serogroup distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility of nontyphoid Salmonella (NTS) isolated from children in the past two decades in Taiwan. METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled patients aged younger than 18 years with culture-proven NTS infection in a tertiary medical center from 1997 to 2016. Data on age, Salmonella serogroup, culture sample, and antimicrobial susceptibility were obtained from medical records...
July 2, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970350/beneficial-effects-of-the-commercial-lactic-acid-bacteria-product-vigiis-101-on-gastric-mucosa-and-intestinal-bacterial-flora-in-rats
#3
Li Kao, Te-Hua Liu, Tsung-Yu Tsai, Tzu-Ming Pan
BACKGROUND: Gastric mucosal integrity is maintained through achieving a balance between potentially detrimental and protective factors. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of Vigiis 101 powder, a product consisting of dried Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei NTU 101 bacteria, on intestinal bacterial flora and acute damage to the gastric mucosa induced by pylorus ligation. METHOD: Acute gastric injury were induced by pylorus ligation. Rats were orally treated with the vehicle or 0...
June 23, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934035/identification-and-characterization-of-a-streptococcus-suis-immunogenic-ornithine-carbamoytransferase-involved-in-bacterial-adherence
#4
Yang Wang, Li Yi, Li-Yun Sun, Yi-Chen Liu, Wen-Yan Wen, Xiao-Kang Li, Jing-Jing Mei, Ke Ding, Ting-Cai Wu, Daniel Grenier
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus suis (SS) is a major swine pathogen and a serious zoonotic pathogen causing septicemia and meningitis in piglets and humans. Using an immunoproteomic approach, we previously brought evidence that ornithine carbamoytransferase (OCT) may represent a vaccine candidate to protect against S. suis biofilm-related and acute infections. METHOD: In this study, the gene encoding OCT was cloned into the expression vector pET-28a and the recombinant protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958866/severe-community-acquired-pneumonia-due-to-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-coinfection-in-an-influenza-a-h1n1-pdm09-patient
#5
LETTER
I-Chia Su, Kai-Ling Lee, Hsin-Yi Liu, Han-Chuan Chuang, Li-Yuan Chen, Yuarn-Jang Lee
Coinfection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients with influenza is rare. Herein, we report a 39-year-old female patient who presented with severe community-acquired pneumonia due to coinfection with influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 and P. aeruginosa, which progressed to multifocal pneumonia with a fatal outcome.
June 8, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921525/liver-abscess-caused-by-coexisting-salmonella-enteritidis-and-entamoeba-histolytica-in-a-hiv-infected-patient
#6
LETTER
Pei Lin, Wen-Chien Ko, Wei-Chen Lin, Ming-Chi Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934034/factors-associated-with-severity-and-mortality-in-patients-with-confirmed-leptospirosis-at-a-regional-hospital-in-northern-taiwan
#7
Hua-Kung Wang, Mong-Hong Lee, Yee-Chun Chen, Po-Ren Hsueh, Shan-Chwen Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The clinical, epidemiological, and laboratory factors associated with disease severity and mortality from confirmed leptospirosis patients in Taiwan are not well known. This retrospective study examined patients with suspected leptospirosis admitted to En-Chu-Kong Hospital, a regional teaching hospital in northern Taiwan. METHODS: From January 2002 to July 2014, 733 suspected cases were reported to the National Reference Laboratory, 57 of which were identified as laboratory and clinical confirmed...
June 6, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907536/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-carriage-and-infection-among-patients-with-diabetic-foot-ulcer
#8
Shin-Yi Lin, Nai-Yu Lin, Yu-Yao Huang, Chi-Chun Hsieh, Yhu-Chering Huang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the prevalence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) nasal carriage in patients with diabetic foot ulcer (DFU) in Taiwan, and to assess the concordance between colonizing and clinical MRSA isolates from the patients. METHOD: A total of 354 nasal specimens were collected from 112 to 242 diabetic patients with and without foot ulcer, respectively. MRSA clinical isolates from DFU wound cultures were collected for comparison. RESULTS: Nasal carriage rate of S...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907539/serum-trough-level-as-a-postmarketing-quality-measure-of-generic-vancomycin-products
#9
Ya-Wen Tsai, Yu-Chiang Wang, Shian-Sen Shie, Min-Chi Chen, Yhu-Chering Huang, Chih-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: The vancomycin trough level (VTL) is the most widely used pharmacokinetic parameter for monitoring its clinical efficacy. Whether the VTL is affected in patients receiving different vancomycin products has not previously been determined. METHODS: From 2005 to 2015, five vancomycin products, including the innovator (designated as VAN-Lilly) and four generic versions (designated as VAN-A, VAN-B, VAN-C and VAN-D), were sequentially used in a teaching hospital...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907538/middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus-mers-cov-infection-during-pregnancy-report-of-two-cases-review-of-the-literature
#10
LETTER
Sarah H Alfaraj, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq, Ziad A Memish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907537/first-report-on-giardia-duodenalis-assemblage-f-in-slovakian-children-living-in-poor-environmental-conditions
#11
Jana Pipiková, Ingrid Papajová, Viktória Majláthová, Jindřich Šoltys, Júlia Bystrianska, Ingrid Schusterová, Veronika Vargová
BACKGROUND: Giardiasis is one of the most common gastrointestinal infections of humans and animals attributable to complex of eight morphologically identical genetic assemblages, further divided into sub-assemblages. Disease is common for a wide range of hosts and genetic characterization is needed for better understanding of multifaceted epidemiology for this protozoan parasite. The aim of this study was to identify genetic heterogeneity in assemblages and sub-assemblages of Giardiaduodenalis circulating among the children population living in deprived socioeconomic conditions...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907535/three-months-of-rifapentine-and-isoniazid-for-latent-tuberculosis-infection-in-hemodialysis-patients-high-rates-of-adverse-events
#12
Shang-Yi Lin, Yi-Wen Chiu, Po-Liang Lu, Shang-Jyh Hwang, Tun-Chieh Chen, Min-Han Hsieh, Yen-Hsu Chen
The consequences of once-weekly rifapentine plus isoniazid for 3 months (3HP) against latent tuberculosis infections in hemodialysis patients have not been studied before. This is the first study to evaluate the safety and tolerability of 3HP in this population and revealed a completion rate of 65.4%. The therapy was not associated with hepatotoxicity, but with high rates of adverse events (69.2%).
June 2, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891358/identification-of-streptococcus-sinensis-from-a-patient-with-endocarditis-using-maldi-tof-mass-spectrometry-16s-rdna-and-soda-based-phylogeny
#13
LETTER
Julien Goret, Thomas Baudinet, Fabrice Camou, Nahéma Issa, Prune Gaillard, Gaëtane Wirth, Carine Greib, Laurent Barandon, Francis Mégraud, Cécile Bébéar, Olivia Peuchant, Armelle Ménard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 29, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29886011/policy-driven-revolution-of-prescription-record-in-outpatient-use-of-fluoroquinolones
#14
Shu-Chen Kuo, Shu-Man Shih, Tsai-Ling Yang Lauderdale, I-Shou Chang, Yee-Chun Chen, Chao A Hsiung, Shang-Chwen Chang
OBJECTIVE: A policy initiated in 2001 by Taiwan's National Health Insurance (NHI) Administration has effectively reduced outpatient antibiotic use except fluoroquinolones (FQs). The influence of differential regulation policy of narrow-spectrum versus broad-spectrum FQs on the prescriptions is unknown. METHODS: This study analyzed the claim records of oral FQs prescription at outpatient visits during 2000-2010 using the NHI Research Database and compared prescriptions for narrow-spectrum FQs, which are inactive against Streptococcus pneumoniae and lack formulary restriction, with those for broad-spectrum FQs...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884449/effectiveness-of-half-a-tablet-efavirenz-plus-2-nucleos-t-ide-reverse-transcriptase-inhibitors-as-maintenance-therapy-with-the-guidance-of-therapeutic-drug-monitoring-among-virologically-suppressed-hiv-positive-patients-a-prospective-study
#15
Sung-Hsi Huang, Shu-Wen Lin, Sui-Yuan Chang, Ya-Ting Lin, Hsin-Yun Sun, Wen-Chun Liu, Yi-Ching Su, Chien-Ching Hung, Shan-Chwen Chang
BACKGROUND: Optimal efavirenz (EFV) dose that minimizes adverse effects while maintaining efficacy has yet to be elucidated. With a therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM)-guided strategy, we assessed the effectiveness of half-a-tablet EFV plus 2 nucleos(t)ide reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) in HIV-infected Taiwanese who had achieved viral suppression with full-dose (600 mg) EFV. METHODS: HIV-infected adults receiving EFV-containing regimens who had plasma mid-dose EFV concentration (C12) ≥2...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884448/invasive-pneumococcal-disease-in-indian-adults-11-years-experience
#16
Ranjith Jayaraman, Rosemol Varghese, Jones Lionel Kumar, Ayyanraj Neeravi, Devika Shanmugasundaram, Ravikar Ralph, Kurien Thomas, Balaji Veeraraghavan
PURPOSE: To investigate the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD), prevalent serotypes, and pattern of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) in Indian adults. METHODS: Prospective laboratory based surveillance of IPD was carried out in >18 years age group between January 2007 and July 2017, from a tertiary care hospital in South India. All Streptococcus pneumoniae culture positives from blood, CSF and sterile body fluids were characterized to identify the serotypes and AMR...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859782/two-fatal-cases-of-aeromonas-dhakensis-bacteremia-and-necrotizing-fasciitis-in-severe-dengue-patients
#17
LETTER
Hsu-Liang Chang, Po-Lin Chen, Shang-Yi Lin, Tun-Chieh Chen, Ko Chang, Wen-Chien Ko, Po-Liang Lu, Yen-Hsu Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844003/antifungal-susceptibility-of-clinical-isolates-of-25-genetically-confirmed-aspergillus-species-collected-from-taiwan-and-mainland-china
#18
Ying Li, He Wang, Yu-Pei Zhao, Ying-Chun Xu, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND: To investigate the in vitro antifungal susceptibilities of 25 genetically confirmed Aspergillus species collected from Taiwan and Mainland China. METHODS: A total of 390 non-duplicate and consecutive Aspergillus isolates representing of 25 species recovered from clinical sources at two teaching hospitals in Taiwan and Mainland china were preserved for this study. In vitro antifungal susceptibility testing (AFST) of those Aspergillus isolates against seven antifungal agents was performed using Sensititre YeastOne (SYO) system...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807723/active-and-passive-immunizations-with-htsa-a-streptococcal-heme-transporter-protein-protect-mice-from-subcutaneous-group-a-streptococcus-infection
#19
Yingli Song, XiaoLan Zhang, Minghui Cai, Chunmei Lv, Yuan Zhao, Deqin Wei, Hui Zhu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: HtsA (Streptococcus heme transporter A) is the lipoprotein component of the streptococcal heme ABC transporter (HtsABC). The aim of this study is to investigate whether the HtsA protein has immunoprotective effect against group A Streptococcus (GAS) infection in mice. METHODS: The HtsA protein was purified by sequential chromatography on Ni-sepharose, DEAE-sepharose and Phenyl-sepharose, CD-1 mice were actively immunized with ALUM (control) or HtsA/ALUM, and passively immunized with control or anti-HtsA serum...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807722/candida-albicans-aro1-affects-cell-wall-integrity-biofilm-formation-and-virulence
#20
Ying-Chieh Yeh, Hung-Yen Wang, Chung-Yu Lan
BACKGROUND: Candida albicans is an opportunistic pathogen capable of causing life-threatening systemic infections. The C. albicans ARO1 gene encodes an arom multifunctional enzyme, which can possibly catalyze reactions of the shikimate pathway to synthesize aromatic amino acids. However, the functions of C. albicans Aro1 have not been extensively characterized. METHODS: ARO1 knockdown mutant strain was constructed, using a tetracycline-regulated (TR) expression system...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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