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Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583353/the-recognition-and-characterisation-of-finnish-clostridium-difficile-isolates-resembling-pcr-ribotype-027
#1
Marcela Krutova, Otakar Nyc, Jana Matejkova, Ed J Kuijper, Jari Jalava, Silja Mentula
PURPOSE: To characterise and compare twenty-eight Finnish Clostridiumdifficile RT027-like isolates, selected based on the presence of 18 bp deletion in the tcdC gene and toxin gene profile (A, B, binary), with eleven RT027 isolates from different Finnish geographical areas and time periods. METHODS: Twenty-eight C. difficile RT027-like isolates and 11 RT027 comparative strains were characterised by capillary-electrophoresis (CE) ribotyping, multi-locus variable tandem-repeats analysis (MLVA), multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), and sequencing of tcdC and gyrA gene fragments...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559152/anti-apoptotic-activity-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-ns5-protein-in-human-medulloblastoma-cells-treated-with-interferon-%C3%AE
#2
Jing-Ru Weng, Chun-Hung Hua, Chao-Hsien Chen, Su-Hua Huang, Ching-Ying Wang, Ying-Ju Lin, Lei Wan, Cheng-Wen Lin
BACKGROUND: Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) non-structural protein 5 (NS5) exhibits type I interferon (IFN) antagonists, contributing to immune escape, and even inducing viral anti-apoptosis. This study investigated the anti-apoptotic mechanism of JEV NS5 protein on type I IFN-induced apoptosis of human medulloblastoma cells. METHODS: Vector control and NS5-expressing cells were treated with IFN-β, and then harvested for analyzing apoptotic pathways with flow cytometry, Western blotting, subcellular localization, etc...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625801/clinical-features-antifungal-susceptibility-and-outcome-of-candida-guilliermondii-fungemia-an-experience-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-mid-taiwan
#3
Ting-Yu Tseng, Tsung-Chia Chen, Cheng-Mao Ho, Po-Chang Lin, Chia-Huei Chou, Chia-Ta Tsai, Jen-Hsien Wang, Chih-Yu Chi, Mao-Wang Ho
BACKGROUNDS: Candida guilliermondii is rarely isolated from clinical specimen. C. guilliermondii fungemia is seldom reported in the literature. The aims of this study were to report the clinical features, antifungal susceptibility, and outcomes of patients with C. guilliermondii fungemia. METHODS: From 2003 to 2015, we retrospectively analyzed the clinical and laboratory data of patients with C. guilliermondii fungemia in a tertiary hospital in mid-Taiwan. We performed a multivariable logistic regression analysis to identify the risk factors of mortality...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089098/toward-a-collaborative-model-of-pandemic-preparedness-and-response-taiwan-s-changing-approach-to-pandemics
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan Schwartz, Muh-Yong Yen
BACKGROUND: Over time, as newly emerging infectious diseases have become increasingly common and more easily spread, it has become clear that traditional response mechanisms have proven inadequate to the task of prevention and control. PURPOSE: To explore whether enhanced cooperation with local government and community institutions can effectively supplement traditional state-centric public health epidemic responses. METHODS: Drawing on Taiwan as a case study, we assess the role of the whole-of-society approach to epidemic response as arises from the collaborative governance literature...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289531/increasing-resistance-to-fluoroquinolones-among-haemophilus-species-in-southern-taiwan
#5
LETTER
Chia-Ming Chang, Hung-Jen Tang, Li-Rong Wang, Hsin-I Shih, Chi-Chang Huang, Nan-Yao Lee, Ching-Chi Lee, Wen-Chien Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26947590/characterization-of-a-novel-qepa3-variant-in-enterobacter-aerogenes
#6
Dongguo Wang, Xitian Huang, Jiayu Chen, Yonghua Mou, Yongxiao Qi
Five isolates harboring qepA were studied by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplification and relevant methods. One was determined to be a novel qepA3 from Enterobacter aerogenes, and four involved three qepA1 and one qepA2 determinants from Escherichia coli; the qepA3 changed five amino acids. These results characterized genetic structures A, B, C, D, and E.
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26733350/vertebral-tuberculosis-complicated-with-retropharyngeal-parathoracic-and-huge-iliopsoas-abscess-successfully-treated-with-image-guided-percutaneous-drainage
#7
LETTER
Veng-Kai Tang, Han-Lin Hsu, Tai-Chin Hsieh, Wen-Sen Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26271142/diversity-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-lineages-in-french-polynesia
#8
Djaltou Aboubaker Osman, Michael Phelippeau, Michel Drancourt, Didier Musso
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: French Polynesia is an overseas territory located in the South Pacific. The incidence of tuberculosis in French Polynesia has been stable since 2000 with an average of 20 cases/y/100,000 inhabitants. Molecular epidemiology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in French Polynesia is unknown because M. tuberculosis isolates have not been routinely genotyped. METHODS: From 2009 to 2012, 34 isolates collected from 32 French Polynesian patients were identified as M...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26260863/improving-dengue-viral-antigens-detection-in-dengue-patient-serum-specimens-using-a-low-ph-glycine-buffer-treatment
#9
Wen-Fan Shen, Jedhan Ucat Galula, Gwong-Jen J Chang, Han-Chung Wu, Chwan-Chuen King, Day-Yu Chao
BACKGROUND/PURPOSES: Early diagnosis of dengue virus (DENV) infection to monitor the potential progression to hemorrhagic fever can influence the timely management of dengue-associated severe illness. Nonstructural protein 1 (NS1) antigen detection in acute serum specimens has been widely accepted as an early diagnostic assay for dengue infection; however, lower sensitivity of the NS1 antigen-capture enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Ag-ELISA) in secondary dengue viral infection has been reported...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26254825/roles-of-bcl-2-and-caspase-9-and-3-in-cd30-induced-human-eosinophil-apoptosis
#10
Hye Jin Lee, Eun-Kyoung Lee, Young Eun Seo, Youn Ho Shin, Hwan Soo Kim, Yoon Hong Chun, Jong-Seo Yoon, Hyun Hee Kim, Man Yong Han, Chang-Keun Kim, Kyu-Earn Kim, Young Yull Koh, Jin Tack Kim
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Activation of cell surface CD30 by immobilized anti-CD30 monoclonal antibodies (mAb) induces strong apoptosis in human eosinophils. This anti-CD30 mAb-induced eosinophil apoptosis is inhibited by the addition of inhibitors of p38, ERK1/2 mitogen-activated protein kinases, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase. However, there is little data investigating the role of Bcl-2 and caspases in eosinophil apoptosis induced by anti-CD30 mAb. We sought to determine whether anti-CD30 mAb induces human eosinophil apoptosis via Bcl-2 and caspase pathways...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26231299/fast-and-efficient-detection-of-tuberculosis-antigens-using-liposome-encapsulated-secretory-proteins-of-mycobacterium-tuberculosis
#11
Dileep Tiwari, Shafiul Haque, Ram P Tiwari, Arshad Jawed, Thavendran Govender, Hendrik G Kruger
PURPOSE: A rapid and efficient diagnostic test was developed for the detection of Mycobacterium tuberculosis antigens in serum samples of active tuberculosis (TB) and extrapulmonary TB patients via a liposomal agglutination-based method. METHODS: A rapid card test has been developed to facilitate the recognition of high-affinity binding rabbit raised purified culture filtrate protein antibodies coupled on the surface of activated liposomal preparation. In the presence of TB antigens, the polyclonal antibodies bound to the liposomal particles demonstrate a visible agglutination reaction...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26220305/epidemiology-of-human-influenza-a-h7n9-infection-in-hong-kong
#12
Yiu-Hong Leung, May-Kei To, Tsz-Sum Lam, Shui-Wah Yau, Oi-Shan Leung, Shuk-Kwan Chuang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: We conducted a case series study to review the epidemiology of human influenza A(H7N9) infection reported in Hong Kong. METHODS: We reviewed case records of confirmed human cases of influenza A(H7N9) infection reported in Hong Kong in the 2013-2014 winter season. We compared the median viral shedding duration and interval from illness onset to initiation of oseltamivir treatment between severe and mild cases. We estimated the incubation period of influenza A(H7N9) virus from cases with a single known date of poultry exposure...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26206326/burden-of-invasive-mold-disease-in-patients-with-acute-myelogenous-leukemia-and-in-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#13
LETTER
Xin-Yi Yang, Wei-Ting Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26066544/lower-levels-of-igg1-in-comparison-with-igg2a-are-associated-with-protective-immunity-against-leishmania-tropica-infection-in-balb-c-mice
#14
Mosayeb Rostamian, Saeed Sohrabi, Hanie Kavosifard, Hamid M Niknam
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Leishmania (L.) tropica is the causative agent of different forms of human leishmaniasis. There is little information about the role of Leishmania-specific antibodies in the immune response against L. tropica infection. The aim of this study is to evaluate the role of Leishmania-specific antibodies and their immunoglobulin G (IgG) isotypes in L. tropica infection. METHODS: L. tropica at two different doses (high dose, 10(6) parasites/mouse and low dose, 10(3) parasites/mouse) were used for infection of BALB/c mice...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26063206/knowledge-of-human-social-and-behavioral-factors-essential-for-the-success-of-community-malaria-control-intervention-programs-the-case-of-lomahasha-in-swaziland
#15
Sabelo V Dlamini, Chien-Wei Liao, Zandile H Dlamini, Jameson S Siphepho, Po-Ching Cheng, Ting-Wu Chuang, Chia-Kwung Fan
BACKGROUND: Although malaria control programs have made rapid progress recently, they neglect important social and behavioral factors associated with the disease. Social, political, and cultural factors are involved in malaria control, and individuals in a community may be comfortable in behaving in ways that, to an outsider, may seem contrary to commonly held perceptions. Malaria control efforts can no longer afford to overlook the multidimensional human contexts that create and support varying notions of malaria and its prevention, treatment, and control...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26055693/immunogenicity-and-safety-of-the-new-reduced-dose-tetanus-diphtheria-vaccine-in-healthy-korean-adolescents-a-comparative-active-control-double-blind-randomized-multicenter-phase-iii-study
#16
Seung Beom Han, Jung-Woo Rhim, Hye Jo Shin, Sang Yong Kim, Jong-Hyun Kim, Hyun-Hee Kim, Kyung-Yil Lee, Hwang Min Kim, Young Youn Choi, Sang Hyuk Ma, Chun Soo Kim, Dong Ho Kim, Dong Ho Ahn, Jin Han Kang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: A new reduced-dose tetanus-diphtheria (Td) vaccine was developed in Korea, and phase I and II clinical trials were successfully undertaken. We conducted this double-blind, randomized, multicenter phase III clinical trial to assess the immunogenicity and safety of the new Td vaccine. METHODS: Healthy adolescents 11-12 years of age were enrolled and randomized to receive the new Td vaccine (study group) or a commercially available Td vaccine (control group)...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26055690/molecular-characterization-of-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-salmonella-isolates-first-identification-of-a-plasmid-carrying-qnrd-or-oqxab-in-taiwan
#17
Cheng-Yen Kao, Chun-An Chen, Yi-Fang Liu, Hsiu-Mei Wu, Chien-Shun Chiou, Jing-Jou Yan, Jiunn-Jong Wu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to characterize antibiotic-nonsusceptible Salmonella isolates in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 76 Salmonella isolates showing lower susceptibility to cephalosporins or quinolones were identified from 1416 clinical isolates from 1999 to 2008. Minimal inhibitory concentrations for selected antimicrobial agents were tested by the agar dilution method. Antibiotic resistance-related genes were determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) combined with sequencing...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26055688/distribution-of-different-efflux-pump-genes-in-clinical-isolates-of-multidrug-resistant-acinetobacter-baumannii-and-their-correlation-with-antimicrobial-resistance
#18
Ming-Feng Lin, Yun-You Lin, Chi-Chao Tu, Chung-Yu Lan
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Efflux pumps are one of the major mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii. This study aimed to understand the distribution of different types of pump genes in clinical isolates of multidrug-resistant A. baumannii (MDRAB) and to reveal the relationship between their presence and expression with antimicrobial resistance. METHODS: MDRAB isolates were collected from five hospitals in Taiwan. Different categories of pump genes, including adeB, adeJ, macB, abeM, abeS, emrA-like, emrB-like, and craA, were chosen, and their presence in the collected isolates was determined...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26055687/risk-factors-for-sepsis-related-death-in-children-and-adolescents-with-hematologic-and-malignant-diseases
#19
Hirozumi Sano, Ryoji Kobayashi, Akihiro Iguchi, Daisuke Suzuki, Kenji Kishimoto, Kazue Yasuda, Kunihiko Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to elucidate risk factors for mortality after developing sepsis in pediatric patients with hematologic and malignant disorders. METHODS: A total of 90 patients (43 boys, 47 girls) with various hematologic and malignant diseases who experienced sepsis between June 2006 and March 2014 were enrolled. Clinical and laboratory features of 134 episodes of sepsis observed in the 90 patients were compared between those with and without sepsis-related death which was defined as death within 14 days after sepsis...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26051222/seroprevalence-of-bartonella-henselae-in-patients-awaiting-heart-transplant-in-southern-italy
#20
Antonietta Picascia, Chiara Pagliuca, Linda Sommese, Roberta Colicchio, Amelia Casamassimi, Francesco Labonia, Gabiria Pastore, Caterina Pagliarulo, Annunziata Gaetana Cicatiello, Francesco Castaldo, Concetta Schiano, Ciro Maiello, Ernesto Mezza, Francesco Paolo D'Armiento, Paola Salvatore, Claudio Napoli
BACKGROUND: Bartonella henselae is the etiologic agent of cat-scratch disease. B. henselae infections are responsible for a widening spectrum of human diseases, although often symptomless, ranging from self-limited to life-threatening and show different courses and organ involvement due to the balance between host and pathogen. The role of the host immune response to B. henselae is critical in preventing progression to systemic disease. Indeed in immunocompromised patients, such as solid organ transplant patients, B...
April 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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