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Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108782/purulent-pericarditis-complicating-cardiac-tamponade-in-a-uremic-patient-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus
#1
LETTER
Weng-Chio Tam, Wen-Sen Lee, Chung-Yi Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108783/implementation-of-a-national-bundle-care-program-to-reduce-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-intensive-care-units-in-taiwan
#2
Chih-Cheng Lai, Cong-Tat Cia, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Yung-Chung Kung, Zhi-Yuan Shi, Yin-Ching Chuang, Chun-Ming Lee, Wen-Chien Ko, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study assessed the effect of the central line bundle on the rate of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) in intensive care units (ICUs) in Taiwan. METHODS: This national study was conducted in 27 ICUs with 404 beds total, including 15 medical ICUs, 11 surgical ICUs, and one mixed ICU. The study period was divided into two phases: a pre-intervention (between June 1, 2011 and October 31, 2011) and intervention phase (between December 1, 2011 and October 31, 2012)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100793/discrimination-of-culture-negative-pyelonephritis-in-children-with-suspected-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-and-negative-urine-culture-results
#3
Jun Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, urine electrolytes, and urine sodium-potassium ratio (uNa/K) could be useful markers for discriminating children with culture negative pyelonephritis (CNP) from children with suspected febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) and negative urine culture results. METHODS: We examined 264 children experiencing their first fUTI consecutively admitted to our hospital between January 2011 and October 2014...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104015/early-prosthetic-joint-infection-due-to-ureaplasma-urealyticum-benefit-of-16s-rrna-gene-sequence-analysis-for-diagnosis
#4
LETTER
Caroline Rouard, Sabine Pereyre, Sophie Abgrall, Christelle Guillet-Caruba, Pierre Diviné, Nadège Bourgeois-Nicolaos, Sandrine Roy, Véronique Mangin d'Ouince, Cécile Bébéar, Thierry Bégué, Florence Doucet-Populaire
Detection of the most frequently bacteria involved in prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is usually performed by conventional cultures. We report a case of early PJI due to Ureaplasma urealyticum, diagnosed by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, which highlights the interest of molecular methods if fastidious bacteria are involved in PJI.
October 24, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100794/serotype-distribution-and-clinical-correlation-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-causing-invasive-disease-in-infants-and-children-in-taiwan
#5
Chiao-Wei Lo, Hao-Chuan Liu, Chien-Chung Lee, Chia-Ling Lin, Chyi-Liang Chen, Mei-Jy Jeng, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae, or group B Streptococcus (GBS), remains to be one of the leading pathogens causing invasive infections in infants. METHODS: The clinical GBS isolates from sterile sites of patients younger than 18 years old were collected from October 1998 to December 2014 in two hospitals in Taiwan. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Every isolate was serotyped with a multiplex PCR assay. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was performed in representative isolates of different serotypes...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150362/prevalence-of-pediculus-capitis-in-schoolchildren-in-battambang-cambodia
#6
Chien-Wei Liao, Po-Ching Cheng, Ting-Wu Chuang, Kuan-Chih Chiu, I-Chen Chiang, Juo-Han Kuo, Yun-Hung Tu, Yu-Min Fan, Hai-Tao Jiang, Chia-Kwung Fan
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Pediculus capitis is the most common human ectoparasite. When it feeds on the blood through the scalp of its host, the anticoagulant in its saliva causes scalp inflammation and itching, and consequent scratching by the host causes further inflammation from bacterial infection. P. capitis infestation is currently a common parasitic dermatosis and a critical public health concern in underdeveloped countries. METHODS: Through naked eye inspection of P...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050749/impact-of-reduced-tigecycline-susceptibility-on-clinical-outcomes-of-acinetobacter-bacteremia
#7
Yea-Yuan Chang, Yuag-Meng Liu, Chang-Pan Liu, Shu-Chen Kuo, Te-Li Chen
The higher 14-day mortality rate for patients with Acinetobacter bacteremia receiving tigecycline appropriately compared to other appropriate antibiotics (36.4% versus 14.2%, P = 0.028) was due to the poor effect of tigecycline for isolates with a minimum inhibitory concentration of 2 μg/mL (63.6% of 11 versus 14.2% of 127, P = 0.001).
October 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046249/humoral-immunity-to-mumps-in-a-highly-vaccinated-population-in-taiwan
#8
Yu-Huai Ho, Chen-Chi Tsai, Ya-Wen Tsai, Yu-Chiang Wang, Tzou-Yien Lin, De-Jen Lee, Chih-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: A resurgence of mumps was noted recently and outbreaks were increasingly reported in populations with high vaccine coverage. We aimed to evaluate the seroprevalence to mumps in Taiwan, where a two-dose childhood mumps-containing vaccine program, with a high coverage rate, had been implemented for >20 years. METHODS: The anti-mumps IgG was determined in 3552 participants of all ages in Taiwan. The age-specific seropositivity rates were calculated and the sociodemographic variables associated with the seronegative sera were analyzed with a logistic regression method...
October 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037802/the-impact-of-inoculum-size-on-the-activity-of-cefoperazone-sulbactam-against-multidrug-resistant-organisms
#9
Ping-Chin Chang, Chi-Chung Chen, Ying Chen Lu, Chih-Cheng Lai, Hui-Ling Huang, Yin-Ching Chuang, Hung-Jen Tang
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess the in vitro activity of cefoperazone alone and different cefoperazone-sulbactam ratios against different inoculum sizes of multidrug resistant organisms. METHODS: Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of cefoperazone, cefoperazone-sulbactam at fixed ratio of 1:1 and 2:1 against a normal inoculum size of 5 × 10(5) CFU/ml and a high inoculum size of 5 × 10(7) CFU/ml were measured. RESULTS: Each 33 isolates of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichiacoli, ESBL-producing Klebsiellapneumoniae, carbapenem-resistant E...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046248/clinical-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes-of-vancomycin-resistant-enterococcus-faecium-bacteremia
#10
Jung-Jr Ye, Shian-Sen Shie, Chun-Wen Cheng, Jeng-How Yang, Po-Yen Huang, Ting-Shu Wu, Ming-Hsun Lee, Ching-Tai Huang
BACKGROUND: Vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE-fm) bacteremia causes significant mortality in hospitalized patients. We sought to investigate clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes, and microbiological eradication associated with VRE-fm bacteremia. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted and included 210 adult patients admitted between January 1, 2011 and December 31, 2015. RESULTS: The mean Pitt bacteremia score was 4...
October 5, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050748/pediatric-kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-a-clinicopathologic-study-and-the-therapeutic-effects-of-hydroxychloroquine
#11
Yung-Chih Lin, Hsiu-Hui Huang, Bao-Ren Nong, Po-Yen Liu, Ying-Yao Chen, Yung-Feng Huang, Yee-Hsuan Chiou, Herng-Sheng Lee
BACKGROUND: To investigate the clinical features of Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease (KFD) in children, and place an emphasis on the therapeutic effects of hydroxychloroquine as monotherapy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all children diagnosed with KFD during the period January 1992 to September 2016 at a tertiary medical center in Taiwan. RESULTS: 40 patients were histopathologically confirmed as KFD, and the mean age of the patients was 13...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021105/invasive-pneumococcal-pneumonia-caused-by-13-valent-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine-types-in-children-with-different-schedules
#12
Hong-Yi Lee, Yu-Chia Hsieh, Ching-Chuan Liu, Yi-Chuan Huang, Kuang-Yi Chang, Hsin Chi, Luan-Yin Chang, Yhu-Chering Huang, Li-Min Huang
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, the age group with the greatest incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease is 2-5 years of age, which is different from other countries. This study was conducted to identify risk factors and different 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) schedules associated with vaccine-type invasive pneumococcal pneumonia (IPP) despite prior vaccination. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted prospectively between August 2012 and December 2015 at five participating medical centers...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988665/the-epidemiology-of-non-typhoidal-salmonella-gastroenteritis-and-campylobacter-gastroenteritis-in-pediatric-inpatients-in-northern-taiwan
#13
Chien-Fang Tseng, Nan-Chang Chiu, Ching-Ying Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Fu-Yuan Huang, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Campylobacter and Non-typhoidal Salmonella (NTS) are the two most common bacterial pathogens associated with acute gastroenteritis in children. This study aims to elucidate the epidemiology of Campylobacter and NTS gastroenteritis and develop a scoring system to differentiate them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study enrolled 886 children ≤18 years of age, hospitalized due to acute gastroenteritis with stool culture-proven Campylobacter or NTS infection from July 2012 to December 2015...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126804/clinical-significance-of-human-cytomegalovirus-viruria-and-the-effect-of-antiviral-therapy-in-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplant-recipients
#14
Wei-Lu, Su-Jung Chen, Shiang-Fen Huang, Yu-Jiun Chan, Fu-Der Wang, Hsin-Pai Chen
BACKGROUND: Cytomegalovirus (CMV) causes life-threatening infections in immunocompromised host. The clinical significance of asymptomatic CMV viruria in patients receiving hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) remains unclear. This study aims to clarify whether antiviral therapy is associated with a favorable clinical outcome. METHODS: HSCT recipients whose urine was culture-positive for CMV were retrospectively reviewed and followed. Viruria episodes were divided according to whether or not antiviral therapy was used...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988664/epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-in-otitis-media-in-taiwanese-children
#15
Ying-Chun Cho, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Ching-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Concerns about non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) in otitis media (OM) have grown after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). We aim to better understand the clinical role of NTHi in pediatric OM. METHODS: Middle ear fluid samples from children <18 years with OM were obtained from 2010 to 2015. For culture-positive episodes (Streptococcus pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Streptococcus pyogenes), patients' demographic and clinical information were reviewed and analyzed...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964650/community-acquired-legionnaires-disease-at-a-medical-center-in-northern-taiwan
#16
Wei-Fang Kao, Jann-Tay Wang, Wang-Huei Sheng, Yee-Chun Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Legionella pneumophila had been recognized as an important pathogen for community-acquired pneumonia. We aimed to investigate clinical features and outcomes of patients with Legionnaires' disease at a tertiary medical center in northern Taiwan. METHODS: From June 2012 to February 2017, a retrospective review of adult community-acquired. Legionnaires' disease at a medical center was conducted. All Legionella infections were confirmed by positive urinary Legionella antigen assay, sera indirect immunofluorescence assay, or sputum culture for Legionella...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951015/effectiveness-of-an-ultraviolet-c-disinfection-system-for-reduction-of-healthcare-associated-pathogens
#17
Jui-Hsuan Yang, Un-In Wu, Huei-Min Tai, Wang-Huei Sheng
BACKGROUND: Healthcare-associated infections caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) pathogens are significantly associated with increased mortality and morbidity. Environmental cleaning can reduce transmission of these pathogens but is often inadequate. Adjunctive methods are warranted to enhance the effectiveness of disinfection particularly in hospital settings where healthcare-associated infections are of major concern. METHODS: We conducted a study to examine the effectiveness of a mobile, automatic device, Hyper Light Disinfection Robot (model: Hyper Light P3), which utilized ultraviolet-C (UV-C) to kill MDR-Pseudomonas aeruginosa, MDR- Acinetobacter baumannii, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecium (VRE), Mycobacterium abscessus and Aspergillus fumigatus...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988663/risk-factors-for-healthcare-associated-infection-caused-by-carbapenem-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#18
Li-Hsin Tsao, Chih-Yi Hsin, Hsin-Yi Liu, Han-Chuan Chuang, Li-Yuan Chen, Yuarn-Jang Lee
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The incidence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA) related healthcare-associated infection (HAI) has increased in recent year worldwide. This study is to investigate the risk factors associated with CRPA infections in a university hospital setting in Taiwan to provide more information for clinician and infection control system. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted from January 1st, 2009 to June 30th, 2014...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943144/the-epidemiology-antibiograms-and-predictors-of-mortality-among-critically-ill-patients-with-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections
#19
Shin-Huei Kuo, Wei-Ru Lin, Jun-You Lin, Chung-Hao Huang, Ya-Ting Jao, Pei-Wen Yang, Jong-Rung Tsai, Wen-Hung Wang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Ching-Tzu Hung, Po-Liang Lu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: For high risk of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in patients of intensive care units (ICUs) and scarcely epidemiology and therapeutic recommendations in Asia, we aimed to evaluate the annual change in epidemiology, antibiogram, and risk factors for 14-day mortality. METHODS: A retrospective study of ICUs patients with CLABSIs at a medical center in Taiwan (2010-2016), where central line care bundle implemented since 2014, by reviewing clinical data, pathogens, and the antibiogram...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939136/exercise-induced-bronchoconstriction-in-children-with-asthma-an-observational-cohort-study
#20
Li-Lun Lin, Shu-Jung Huang, Liang-Shiou Ou, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Kuo-Chieh Tsao, Kuo-Wei Yeh, Jing-Long Huang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: The diagnosis of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB) was established by changes in lung function after exercise challenge. The prevalence of EIB and factors related to EIB were not fully described in children with asthma. The aim of this study was to investigate the prevalence and predictors of EIB in children with asthma. METHODS: A total of 149 children with physician-diagnosed asthma above 5 years of age underwent standardized treadmill exercise challenge for EIB and methacholine challenge for airway hyper-responsiveness from October 2015 to December 2016...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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