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Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728904/clostridium-tetani-bacteremia-in-a-patient-with-cirrhosis-following-transarterial-chemoembolization-treatment-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
LETTER
Chih-Cheng Lai, Chi-Chung Chen, Hui-Jine Hsu, Yin-Ching Chuang, Hung-Jen Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716360/comparison-of-synergism-between-colistin-fosfomycin-and-tigecycline-against-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae-isolates-or-with-carbapenem-resistance
#2
Yee-Huang Ku, Chi-Chung Chen, Mei-Feng Lee, Yin-Ching Chuang, Hung-Jen Tang, Wen-Liang Yu
PURPOSE: To investigate the synergistic and bactericidal effects of antimicrobial combinations of any two of colistin, fosfomycin and tigecycline against the nine extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (KP) clinical isolates, including 4 carbapenem-susceptible strains and five imipenem and/or meropenem-resistant strains. METHODS: In vitro synergism and bactericidal activity of combination of colistin, fosfomycin and tigecycline were evaluated by time-kill studies in standard inoculum of bacterial densities of a suspension containing 5 × 10(5) CFU/mL by using 1/2× MIC for each alone, and both 1/2× and 1/4× MIC for any two drugs...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711431/highly-prevalent-emmstg840-0-and-emmstc839-0-types-of-erythromycin-non-susceptible-group-g-streptococcus-isolated-from-bacteremia-in-southern-taiwan
#3
Po-Xing Zheng, Yuen-Chi Chan, Chien-Shun Chiou, Cheng-Lu Hsieh, Chuan Chiang-Ni, Jiunn-Jong Wu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Group G Streptococcus (GGS) infections in human have increased. Treatment relied on antibiotic therapy, including erythromycin. However, information regarding the dominant strains and erythromycin susceptibility in GGS bacteremia is limited. METHODS: A total of 134 GGS were isolated from patients with bacteremia in a university hospital of southern Taiwan during 1993-2010. The erythromycin susceptibility was determined by disc diffusion and agar dilution assays...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709840/rapidly-progressive-glomerulonephritis-due-to-coexistent-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-and-anti-myeloperoxidase-antibody
#4
LETTER
Chung-Yi Cheng, Tso-Hsiao Chen, Yuh-Moe Sue, Wen-Sen Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734675/safety-and-effectiveness-of-tocilizumab-in-treating-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-three-year-study-in-taiwan
#5
Ching-Tsai Lin, Wen-Nan Huang, Chia-Wei Hsieh, Yi-Ming Chen, Der-Yuan Chen, Tsu-Yi Hsieh, Yi-Hsing Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the long-term safety and effectiveness of tocilizumab (TCZ) for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in a real-world clinical setting in Taiwan. METHOD: All refractory RA patients who initiated intravenous TCZ between August 2012 and March 2015 were enrolled. Data on patient characteristics, drug safety and effectiveness were collected. RESULTS: A total of 114 RA patients were recruited. Despite the majority of them (93%) had previous biologic failure, 43...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712817/clinical-features-and-dynamic-ordinary-laboratory-tests-differentiating-dengue-fever-from-other-febrile-illnesses-in-children
#6
Chih-Ho Chen, Yi-Chuan Huang, Kuang-Che Kuo, Chung-Chen Li
BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is not easily to be diagnosed before presentation of the classic symptoms. The study aimed to investigate the clinical features and dynamic laboratory tests in pediatric patients to facilitate dengue diagnosis. METHODS: This retrospective study examined the medical records of all pediatric patients who were clinically suspected to have dengue from June to December 2014. Laboratory-positive dengue cases were confirmed by detecting non-structural protein NS1, reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction of dengue virus, and dengue-specific IgM seroconversion...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711436/a-simple-method-for-rapid-microbial-identification-from-positive-monomicrobial-blood-culture-bottles-through-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry
#7
Jung-Fu Lin, Mao-Cheng Ge, Tsui-Ping Liu, Shih-Cheng Chang, Jang-Jih Lu
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Rapid identification of microbes in the bloodstream is crucial in managing septicemia because of its high disease severity, and direct identification from positive blood culture bottles through matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) can shorten the turnaround time. Therefore, we developed a simple method for rapid microbiological identification from positive blood cultures by using MALDI-TOF MS. METHODS: We modified previously developed methods to propose a faster, simpler and more economical method, which includes centrifugation and hemolysis...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711435/prevalence-and-comparative-analysis-of-the-type-iv-secretion-system-in-aggregatibacter-actinomycetemcomitan
#8
Chih-Chin Liu, Chang-Hua Chen, Chuan Yi Tang, Kuan-Hsueh Chen, Zhao-Feng Chen, Shih-Hao Chang, Chi-Ying Tsai, Ming-Li Liou
BACKGROUD/PURPOSE: Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans has emerged as one of the aetiological agents in periodontal disease. Although Type IV secretion systems (T4SSs) are widely distributed in many bacteria, the genetic features and distribution of T4SSs in A. actinomycetemcomitans remain unclear. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of A. actinomycetemcomitans serotypes and their T4SSs in a Taiwanese population. METHODS: A comparative analysis of 20 A...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698043/pulmonary-empyema-caused-by-co-infections-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-and-fusobacterium-necrophorum-a-rare-case-of-lemierre-syndrome
#9
LETTER
Fu-Lun Chen, Shio-Shin Jean, Tsong-Yih Ou, Fang-Lan Yu, Wen-Sen Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 30, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728905/perceptions-of-clostridium-difficile-infections-among-infection-control-professionals-in-taiwan
#10
Yuan-Pin Hung, Jen-Chieh Lee, Hsiao-Ju Lin, Chun-Wei Chiu, Jia-Ling Wu, Hsiao-Chieh Liu, I-Hsiu Huang, Pei-Jane Tsai, Wen-Chien Ko
BACKGROUND: High Clostridium difficile colonization and infection rates among hospitalized patients had been noted in Taiwan. Nevertheless, the cognition about clinical diagnosis and management of CDI among infection control professionals in Taiwan is not clear. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 24-item survey questionnaire about the diagnosis, therapy, or infection control policies toward CDI was distributed in the annual meeting of the Infectious Disease Society of Taiwan (IDST) in October 2015 and Infectious Control Society of Taiwan (ICST) in April 2016...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720318/immunogenicity-and-protective-efficacy-of-a-newly-developed-tri-component-diphtheria-tetanus-and-acellular-pertussis-vaccine-in-a-murine-model
#11
Dong Ho Huh, Seung Beom Han, Hye Jo Shin, Dong Ho Ahn, Gi Sub Choi, Kyu Ri Kang, Bo Ram Kim, Jin Han Kang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although assessing the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of acellular pertussis (aP) vaccines via murine model studies faces limitations, preliminary assessments have been achieved by evaluating respiratory challenge and humoral and cellular immunity. METHODS: We performed a long-term intranasal respiratory challenge with reference and clinically isolated strains of Bordetella pertussis. Simultaneously, we assessed humoral and cellular immunity for evaluating the immunogenicity of a newly developed tri-component diphtheria-tetanus-aP (DTaP) vaccine...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716364/the-influence-of-breastfeeding-in-breast-fed-infants-with-atopic-dermatitis
#12
Hao-Pai Lin, Bor-Luen Chiang, Hsin-Hui Yu, Jyh-Hong Lee, Yu-Tsan Lin, Yao-Hsu Yang, Li-Chieh Wang
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether breastfeeding should be discontinued for exclusively breast-fed infants with atopic dermatitis (AD). METHODS: Eighty-seven exclusively breast-fed infants with AD were enrolled in a prospective observational study. The infants were divided into 3 groups: breastfeeding only (BM group), partial breastfeeding and partial partially hydrolyzed whey formula (pHF-W) (Partial group) and pHF-W only (DC group). The extent and severity of AD were evaluated with the Patient-Oriented SCORing Atopic Dermatitis (PO-SCORAD) index at enrollment and 3 and 6 months later...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716362/phosphoenolpyruvate-phosphotransferase-system-components-positively-regulate-klebsiella-biofilm-formation
#13
Yu-Tze Horng, Chi-Jen Wang, Wen-Ting Chung, Huei-Jen Chao, Yih-Yuan Chen, Po-Chi Soo
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the leading causes of device-related infections (DRIs), which are associated with attachment of bacteria to these devices to form a biofilm. The latter is composed of not only bacteria but also extracellular polymeric substances (EPSes) consisting of extracellular DNAs, polysaccharides, and other macromolecules. The phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP):carbohydrate phosphotransferase system (PTS) regulates diverse processes of bacterial physiology...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716361/aggregatibacter-aphrophilus-culture-negative-endocarditis-diagnosed-by-16s-rrna-gene-sequencing-in-excised-mitral-valve-a-case-report
#14
LETTER
Yu Liao, Chwan-Yau Luo, Wen-Chien Ko, Po-Lin Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716359/predictors-of-polymyxin-b-treatment-failure-in-gram-negative-healthcare-associated-infections-among-critically-ill-patients
#15
Bahiah Ismail, Mohd Nazri Shafei, Azian Harun, Saedah Ali, Mahamarowi Omar, Zakuan Zainy Deris
BACKGROUND: With increasing prevalence and spread of multidrug resistant Gram-negative infections, parenteral polymyxins resurged in clinical practice. The primary aim of the study was to determine the predictors of treatment failure and in-hospital mortality among critically ill patients treated with polymyxin B. METHODS: Demographic data, underlying diseases, procedures and details on polymyxin B therapy were retrospectively analyzed in a cohort of 84 patients who received intravenous polymyxin B in an intensive care unit from 2010 to 2014...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712819/clinical-characteristics-radiologic-findings-risk-factors-and-outcomes-of-serum-galactomannan-negative-invasive-pulmonary%C3%A2-aspergillosis
#16
Jiwon Jung, Mi Young Kim, Yong Pil Chong, Sang-Oh Lee, Sang-Ho Choi, Yang Soo Kim, Jun Hee Woo, Sung-Han Kim
BACKGROUND: The sensitivity of galactomannan (GM) assay is suboptimal for detecting invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) in serum samples. However, the clinical characteristics, radiologic findings, and outcomes in patients with GM-negative IPA have not been fully elucidated. METHODS: Over a 7-year period, adult patients with proven or probable IPA by the EORTC/MSG definition were retrospectively enrolled. Patients with negative GM results and positive Aspergillus spp...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711439/updates-on-k13-mutant-alleles-for-artemisinin-resistance-in-plasmodium-falciparum
#17
REVIEW
Myo Thura Zaw, Nor Amalina Emran, Zaw Lin
BACKGROUND: In the fight against malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum, the successes achieved by artemisinin were endangered by resistance of the parasites to the drug. Whole genome sequencing approach on artemisinin resistant parasite line discovered k13 gene associated with drug resistance. In vitro and in vivo studies indicated mutations in the k13 gene were linked to the artemisinin resistance. METHODOLOGY: The literatures published after April, 2015 up to December, 2016 on k13 mutant alleles for artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum and relevant literatures were comprehensively reviewed...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711434/an-infant-with-klebsiella-oxytoca-septic-arthritis
#18
LETTER
Olof Hertting, Ola Gremark, Owe Källman, Linda Guler, Jonas Bergström
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709841/characterization-of-susceptibility-variants-of-poliovirus-grown-in-the-presence-of-favipiravir
#19
Tohru Daikoku, Mineyuki Mizuguchi, Takayuki Obita, Takeshi Yokoyama, Yoshihiro Yoshida, Masaya Takemoto, Kimiyasu Shiraki
BACKGROUND: T-705 (favipiravir) is a potent inhibitor of RNA-dependent RNA polymerases of influenza viruses and no favipiravir-resistant virus has been isolated. Poliovirus RNA polymerase has been well characterized and isolation of resistant virus was examined in poliovirus. METHODS: Susceptibility variants of poliovirus I (Sabin strain) were isolated during passages in the presence of favipiravir and characterized for their susceptibility and the sequence of RNA polymerase...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709839/fungal-immunomodulatory-protein-fve-could-modulate-airway-remodel-through-by-affect-il17-cytokine
#20
Yu-Tzu Lee, Chia-Ta Wu, Hai-Lun Sun, Jiunn-Liang Ko, Ko-Haung Lue
BACKGROUND: Asthma is one of the most common allergic diseases. Our previous studies have reported that FIP-fve in acute allergic mouse model can reduce inflammation, improve the balance of the Th1/Th2 system. However, the effects of reducing airway remodeling on FIP-fve is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that orally administrated FIP-fve should be able to reduce airway remodeling in chronic allergic models. METHODS: The chronic asthma animal model was established with 6-8 weeks female Balb/c mice...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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