journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30424947/effect-of-multi-ethnicity-and-ancestry-on-prevalence-of-allergic-disease
#1
Jin Tack Kim, Hwan Soo Kim, Yoon Hong Chun, Jong-Seo Yoon, Hyun Hee Kim
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Differences exist among racial and ethnic groups in the prevalence and severity of allergic diseases. However, influence of population admixing on allergic disease has not been studied. We examined the effect of population admixing on the occurrence of allergic disease. METHODS: We reviewed the data of 68,043 adolescents who participated in the 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, which provides a sample that is representative of the entire Korean middle school and high school student population...
October 31, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30409760/treatment-of-allergic-rhinitis-reduces-acute-asthma-exacerbation-risk-among-asthmatic-children-aged-2-18-years
#2
Chiu-Lin Yu, Wan-Ting Huang, Chuang-Ming Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Asthma and allergic rhinitis (AR) frequently coexist in the same individuals in childhood and adolescence. We evaluated whether AR had an impact on acute exacerbation (AE) and whether intranasal corticosteroid (INCS) and second-generation antihistamines (SGH) for AR modified the association of AR with AE in asthmatics aged 2-6 years and 7-18 years. METHODS: Using the National Health Research Institutes (NHRI) Database 2005 of Taiwan, we investigated patients who had been diagnosed with asthma in the years 2000 through 2012 and who had then been followed-up with for at least one year...
October 25, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30404740/galectin-9-like-from-angiostrongylus-cantonensis-young-adult-worms-modulates-eosinophil-chemotaxis-in-vitro
#3
Jiun-Jye Wang, Zong-Sheng Wu, Li-Yu Chung, Chi-Yu Lu, Chuan-Min Yen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Eosinophils are recruited to the brain of mice after infection with Angiostrongylus canonensis. Several factors produced by infected mice are well known playing the role to chemoattract eosinophils from the blood into the brain. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether Angiostronylus cantonensis young-adult worms (AcYA) have components which have eosinophilic chemotactic activity. METHODS: Eosinophil chemotactic activity of AcYA was tested by Boyden blind-well chamber technique...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30360951/evaluation-of-cost-effectiveness-of-peginterferon-plus-ribavirin-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-treatment-and-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-among-hiv-infected-patients-in-the-prison-and-community-settings
#4
Cheng-Pin Chen, Chien-Yu Cheng, Huachun Zou, Chun-Han Cheng, Shu-Hsing Cheng, Cheng-Kuo Chen, Ching-Hsiang Chen, Ming-Jong Bair
BACKGROUND: In Taiwan, the majority of chronic hepatitis C carriers with HIV co-infection are intravenous drug users and inmates in correctional facilities. Peginterferon and ribavirin (PegIFN/RBV) have been the standard-of-care for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection more than decades. We evaluated the estimated cost-effectiveness of PegIFN/RBV from the National Health Insurance Research Database, covering the population of Taiwan from 1998 to 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is an observational study, and study during was 2010-2016 and a total of 239 patients were treated with PegIFN/RBV...
October 12, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30348614/evaluation-of-ompk36-allele-groups-on-clinical-characteristics-and-virulence-features-of-klebsiella-pneumoniae-from-bacteremia
#5
Fangling Du, Dan-Dan Wei, La-Gen Wan, Xian-Wei Cao, Wei Zhang, Yang Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study investigated the implications of ompK36 allele groups on clinical and microbiological features of patients with Klebsiellapneumoniae bacteremia. METHODS: A total of 80 K. pneumoniae bloodstream isolates were collected and then divided into four ompK36 allele groups. Clinical characteristics, bacterial antibiotic resistance and virulence determinants were analyzed, including resistance and virulence genes, hypermucoviscosity phenotype, K capsule serotypes, biofilm formation, serum killing, neutrophil phagocytosis, and mouse lethality studies...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30341022/mycoplasma-pneumoniae-in-pediatric-patients-do-macrolide-resistance-and-or-delayed-treatment-matter
#6
Tzu-I Yang, Tu-Hsuan Chang, Chun-Yi Lu, Jong-Min Chen, Ping-Ing Lee, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common pathogen for pneumonia in children, especially in the post-pneumococcal conjugate vaccination era. Though self-limited disease was found in the majority of the patients, severe diseases occurred occasionally. The emergence of macrolide resistance was reported worldwide. It is important to delineate whether macrolide resistance or delayed treatment affects outcome. METHODS: We retrospectively collected pediatric patients with M...
October 9, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316727/implementation-of-a-national-quality-improvement-program-to-enhance-hand-hygiene-in-nursing-homes-in-taiwan
#7
Chih-Cheng Lai, Min-Chi Lu, Hung-Jen Tang, Yen-Hsu Chen, Yi-Hui Wu, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Li-Hung Wu, Wen-Chien Ko, Po-Ren Hsueh, Yu-Hui Chen
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study investigated the cause of hand hygiene deficit, and further implemented a quality improvement program using WHO's hand-hygiene strategy to enhance the compliance of hand hygiene in the nursing home in Taiwan. METHODS: This prospective study was conducted in eleven nursing homes in Taiwan from January 2015 to December 2016. After intervention, we monitor the compliance, and accuracy of hand hygiene. In addition, we also calculated the number of episodes of infection per 1000 resident-days in each nursing home in the intervention period (July-December 2015) and post-intervention period (January-October 2016)...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30322746/invasive-mold-infections-in-acute-leukemia-patients-undergoing-allogeneic-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation
#8
Sheng-Hsuan Chien, Yao-Chung Liu, Chia-Jen Liu, Po-Shen Ko, Hao-Yuan Wang, Liang-Tsai Hsiao, Tzeon-Jye Chiou, Jin-Hwang Liu, Jyh-Pyng Gau
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Patients with acute leukemia undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) are exposed to high risk of developing invasive fungal infections, and the invasive mold infections (IMIs) are becoming more and more common after transplantation. Here, we conducted a retrospective study to analyze demographics, microbiology, and risk factors for IMIs development in adult acute leukemia patients undergoing allo-HSCT. METHODS: We reviewed 245 adult acute leukemia patients undergoing allo-HSCT from January 2003 to December 2014...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30316726/real-world-effectiveness-of-direct-acting-antiviral-agents-for-chronic-hepatitis-c-in-taiwan-real-world-data
#9
Chun-Ming Hong, Chen-Hua Liu, Tung-Hung Su, Hung-Chih Yang, Pei-Jer Chen, Yu-Wen Chen, Jia-Horng Kao, Chun-Jen Liu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Treatment of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) has entered a new era since the introduction of direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). Numerous clinical trials have shown that treatment response as well as tolerability of DAAs are superior to those of conventional therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin. However, the results of clinical trials may not be directly applied to real-world practice. Therefore our study tried to investigate the effectiveness of various DAA regimens in Taiwanese patients with chronic hepatitis C...
September 26, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293925/concurrent-campylobacter-jejuni-bacteremia-and-intussusception-in-an-immunocompetent-five-year-old-child
#10
LETTER
Po-Wei Wu, Chih-Chien Wang
Bacterial enteritis has been reported to be a risk factor for childhood intussusception. However, no case report concerning children with concurrent Campylobactor bacteremia and intussusception were found in the literature. Herein, we report a 5-year-old male preschool child who presented symptoms of infectious diarrhea, and ileocecal type intussuscepton and Campylobactor jejuni bacteremia were found after a series of investigations.
September 24, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30293926/monitoring-early-developed-low-bone-mineral-density-in-hiv-infected-patients-by-intact-parathyroid-hormone-and-circulating-fibroblast-growth-factor-23
#11
Kuan-Yu Chen, Ching-Hsun Wang, Te-Yu Lin, Chan-Yuan Chang, Chang-Lin Liu, Yu-Chun Hsiao, Ching-Ching Hung, Ning-Chi Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: HIV-infected patients have a high prevalence of low bone mineral density (BMD), but BMD changes remain unclear. This cross-sectional retrospective observational study aimed to characterize the prevalence and associated factors of low BMD in HIV patients. METHODS: Between 1 January 2015 and 31 December 2016, all patients aged 20 years or greater who sought for HIV care were included. BMD was measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Multivariable analyses of the association with HIV disease status, treatment and anthropometric parameters were performed...
September 22, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30287184/increased-age-and-proton-pump-inhibitors-are-associated-with-severe-clostridium-difficile-infections-in-children
#12
Tu-Hsuan Chang, Wei-Yun Hsu, Tzu-I Yang, Chun-Yi Lu, Po-Ren Hsueh, Jong-Min Chen, Ping-Ing Lee, Li-Min Huang, Luan-Yin Chang
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is increasing in children. We aimed to compare the clinical characteristics between CDI and colonization and to identify the risk factors for severe diseases of CDI in children. METHOD: We retrospectively reviewed 124 children (1-18 years old) from 2011 to 2018. CDI was defined as diarrhea (≥3 loose stool in the past 24 h) with confirmed toxigenic strain. Colonization was defined as presence of C. difficile without clinical symptoms...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30274893/risk-factors-for-and-molecular-characteristics-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-nasal-colonization-among-healthy-children-in-southern-taiwan-2005-2010
#13
Chih-Ho Chen, Kuang-Che Kuo, Kao-Pin Hwang, Tzou-Yien Lin, Yhu-Chering Huang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Nasal colonization of Staphylococcus aureus is a well-defined risk factor for subsequent infection. This study investigated the prevalence of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in southern Taiwan and aimed to identify the host factors for S. aureus colonization and the virulence factor of Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) genes. METHODS: In a hospital-based study in Kaohsiung from Oct. 2005 to Dec. 2010, we performed nasal swab in the healthy children aged 2-60 months...
September 20, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30274894/comparisons-of-clinical-features-and-outcomes-between-elizabethkingia-meningoseptica-and-other-glucose-non-fermenting-gram-negative-bacilli-bacteremia-in-adult-icu-patients
#14
Wei-Chih Chen, Yen-Wen Chen, Hsin-Kuo Ko, Wen-Kuang Yu, Kuang-Yao Yang
BACKGROUND: Clinical information of Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (EM) bacteremia in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is limited and the impact on outcomes uncertain. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical features and impact of EM bacteremia compared to other glucose non-fermenting Gram-negative bacilli (GNF-GNB) bacteremia in ICU patients. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study enrolled 70 patients who developed GNF-GNB bacteremia after ICU admission, including 19 cases of EM bacteremia (19/70, 27...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30292763/prevalence-and-molecular-characteristics-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-among-nasal-carriage-strains-isolated-from-emergency-department-patients-and-healthcare-workers-in-central-taiwan
#15
Tsung-Hua Wu, Chun-Yi Lee, Hui-Ju Yang, Yu-Ping Fang, Yu-Fen Chang, Shu-Ling Tzeng, Min-Chi Lu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Screening and identification of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) carriage are helpful for controlling MRSA dissemination in hospitals. The aim of our study was to determine the prevalence of nasal carriages and diversity of MRSA among patients and healthcare workers (HCWs) at two regional hospitals in Taiwan. METHODS: Nasal swabs were obtained prospectively from 204 patients visiting the emergency department (ED) and 326 HCWs in two regional hospitals in Changhua, Taiwan, between February 2015 and June 2015...
September 15, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30266544/the-diagnostic-value-of-serological-studies-in-pediatric-patients-with-acute-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-infection
#16
Lih-Ju Lin, Fu-Chieh Chang, Hsin Chi, Wai-Tim Jim, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Ching-Ying Huang, Nan-Chang Chiu, Lung Chang
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma pneumoniae is a common pathogen of respiratory tract infections in pediatric patients. Serological studies are traditional methods for the diagnosis. However, early diagnosis of M. pneumoniae infections remains problematic. We investigate the value of early serum immunoglobulin A (IgA), in addition to immunoglobulin G (IgG), and immunoglobulin M (IgM) levels, in children infected with M. pneumoniae. METHODS: From August 2016 to February 2017, we enrolled pediatric patients based on both clinical symptoms and chest x-ray, and confirmed by positive throat culture for M...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253996/protective-effect-of-n-acetylcysteine-in-prosthetic-joint-infection-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#17
Chan-Yuan Chang, Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Chang-Huei Tsao, Fu-Huang Lin, Feng-Yee Chang, Shih-Ta Shang, Yung-Chih Wang
PURPOSE: This nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study evaluated the protective effect of N-acetylcysteine against prosthetic joint infection after hip or knee joint replacement. METHODS: Patients receiving N-acetylcysteine after hip or knee joint replacement between 2000 and 2015 were identified from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. Each patient receiving N-acetylcysteine was matched to four controls based on age, sex, and index year...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30245205/impact-of-prior-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-treatment-outcomes-of-hcap-and-cap-patients-in-intensive-care-units
#18
Fan-Min Lin, Jia-Yih Feng, Wen-Feng Fang, Chieh-Liang Wu, Chong-Jen Yu, Meng-Chih Lin, Shih-Chi Ku, Chang-Wen Chen, Chih-Yen Tu, Kuang-Yao Yang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: It is controversial whether healthcare-associated pneumonia (HCAP) belongs to a unique clinical entity or it shares common characteristics with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The impact of prior pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in clinical presentation and treatment outcome of ICU-admitted CAP and HCAP patients also remains unknown. METHODS: We report a nationwide, multi-center, retrospective study. ICU-admitted CAP and HCAP patients from six medical centers in Taiwan were enrolled for analysis...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30241988/microbiological-features-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-infective-endocarditis-in-adults-with-and-without-hemodialysis-a-10-year-retrospective-study-in-northern-taiwan
#19
Chien-Yao Wang, Yung-Chih Wang, Ya-Sung Yang, Chan-Yuan Chang, Kuan-Yu Chen, Jiun-Ji Lai, Jung-Chung Lin, Feng-Yee Chang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSES: Infective endocarditis (IE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Data on the differences in the microbiological features as well as clinical characteristics and outcomes of HD and non-HD patients with IE are limited. METHODS: Medical records of patients (aged over 20 years) with IE were retrospectively reviewed from January 2008 to June 2017 in a tertiary care center in Northern Taiwan. Those with definite or possible IE were included in the study...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30228089/the-incidence-rate-trend-and-microbiological-aetiology-of-prosthetic-joint-infection-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-13-years-experience-from-a-tertiary-medical-center-in-taiwan
#20
Yu-Ping Wang, Cheng-Fong Chen, Hsin-Pai Chen, Fu-Der Wang
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves the patient's quality of life by relieving pain, correcting the deformity, and helping the patient resume normal activities. However, post-TKA prosthetic joint infection leads to implant failure, is difficult to treat, and causes a significant burden both economically and health-wise. Therefore, an understanding of the current trends in this infection and microbiology data is essential for preventing and treating it. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on 10,768 patients who underwent primary TKA at Taipei Veterans General Hospital, Taiwan, from 2002 to 2014...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
journal
journal
35067
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"