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Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317173/identification-of-a-proteomic-biomarker-associated-with-invasive-st1-serotype-vi-group-b-streptococcus-by-maldi-tof-ms
#1
Hsiao-Chuan Lin, Jang-Jih Lu, Lee-Chung Lin, Cheng-Mao Ho, Kao-Pin Hwang, Yu-Ching Liu, Chao-Jung Chen
BACKGROUND: Group B Streptococcus (GBS) is an important invasive pathogen in neonates, pregnant women and the elderly. Serotype VI GBS, which has been rarely reported globally, has emerged as a significant pathogen in Asia. However, traditional serologic latex agglutination (LA) methods may fail to type isolates that lack of or low expression of CPS. METHODS: A total of 104 GBS strains were analyzed by MALDI-TOF MS. Multiplex PCR and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) were also performed to confirm their strains...
December 30, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289552/community-acquired-bacteremic-pneumonia-due-to-pasteurella-multocida-subspecies-multocida-in-a-patient-with-poor-control-diabetes-mellitus
#2
LETTER
Wen-Sen Lee, Fu-Lun Chen, Cheng-Hui Wang, Tsong-Yih Ou, Yi-Hsuan Lin, Shio-Shin Jean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287696/capnocytophaga-sputigena-pneumonia-and-bacteremia-in-a-patient-with-diabetes-and-gastric-cancer
#3
LETTER
Shih-Hao Lo, Yung-Yun Chang, Ya-Ting Jao, Wen-Hung Wang, Po-Liang Lu, Yen-Hsu Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289551/role-of-tubulointerstitial-lesions-in-predicting-renal-outcome-among-pediatric-onset-lupus-nephritis-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Chao-Yi Wu, Hui-Ping Chien, Huang-Yu Yang, Tsung-Chieh Yao, Min-Hua Tseng, Mei-Chin Yu, Kuo-Wei Yeh, Jing-Long Huang
BACKGROUND: Raising evidence suggested a prognostic utility of tubulointerstitial lesions in lupus nephritis (LN). The exact prevalence of tubulointerstitial abnormalities and its predictive value among pediatric onset systemic lupus erythematous (pSLE) cases, however, remained unknown. METHODS: Sixty-seven pSLE subjects diagnosed with LN with initial renal samples available were enrolled and followed for an average of 6.49 ± 3.06 years. Renal histology was evaluated according to the International Society of Nephrology/Renal Pathology Society classification, National Institute of Health classification and tubulointerstitial activity index (TIAI)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273286/genetic-analysis-of-virulence-and-antimicrobial-resistant-plasmid-pou7519-in-salmonella-enterica-serovar-choleraesuis
#5
Chyi-Liang Chen, Lin-Hui Su, Rajendra Prasad Janapatla, Chun-Yen Lin, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic Salmonella enterica serovar Choleraesuis (S. Choleraesuis), causing paratyphoid in pigs and bacteremia in humans, commonly carry a virulence plasmid and sometimes a separate antimicrobial-resistant plasmid or merging together. This study aimed to analyze the likely mechanism of how to form a virulence-resistance chimera of plasmid in S. Choleraesuis. METHODS: Whole plasmid sequence of pOU7519 in S. Choleraesuis strain OU7519 was determined using shotgun cloning and sequencing...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254653/influenza-virus-infections-from-0-to-2-years-of-age-a-birth-cohort-study
#6
Tamara Teros-Jaakkola, Laura Toivonen, Linnea Schuez-Havupalo, Sinikka Karppinen, Ilkka Julkunen, Matti Waris, Ville Peltola
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Influenza vaccine has been recommended in Finland since 2007 for all children of 6-35 months of age and in 2009 for those ≥6 months against pandemic influenza. We investigated the incidence of influenza and vaccine effectiveness in a birth cohort of children in 2008-2011. METHODS: We followed 923 children from birth to 2 years of age for respiratory tract infections. A nasal swab sample for PCR for influenza A and B viruses was taken at the onset of acute respiratory infections...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198953/national-bundle-care-program-implementation-to-reduce-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-intensive-care-units-in-taiwan
#7
Chin-Chuan Kao, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Chih-Yu Chen, Ching-Tzu Hung, Ying-Chun Chen, Li-Hsiang Su, Zhi-Yuan Shi, Jein-Wei Liu, Chang-Pan Liu, Yin-Ching Chuang, Wen-Chien Ko, Yen-Hsu Chen, Shu-Hui Tseng, Chun-Ming Lee, Min-Chi Lu, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study investigated the impact of implementing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) bundle care on the rates of VAP in intensive care units (ICUs) in Taiwan. METHODS: A total of 10 ICUs (bed number, 170), including surgical (SICUs) (n = 7), cardiovascular/surgical (CV/S-ICUs) (n = 1), and medical ICUs (MICUs) (n = 2) from 10 hospitals (7 medical center hospitals and 3 regional hospitals) were enrolled in this quality-improvement project...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198954/metabolic-reprogramming-of-hydrogenosomal-amino-acids-in-trichomonas-vaginalis-under-glucose-restriction
#8
Kuo-Yang Huang, Seow-Chin Ong, Chih-Ching Wu, Chia-Wei Hsu, Hsin-Chung Lin, Yi-Kai Fang, Wei-Hung Cheng, Po-Jung Huang, Cheng-Hsun Chiu, Petrus Tang
BACKGROUND: Glucose is the major energy source that is converted to pyruvate for ATP generation in the trichomonad hydrogenosome. Under glucose restriction (GR), the regulation of amino acids metabolism is crucial for trichomonad growth and survival. RNA-sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis has been used to identify differentially expressed genes in Trichomonas vaginalis under GR, leading to significant advances in understanding adaptive responses of amino acid metabolism to GR. However, the levels of amino acid metabolites modulated by GR are unknown in T...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198952/update-on-fosfomycin-modified-genes-in-enterobacteriaceae
#9
REVIEW
Tsung-Ying Yang, Po-Liang Lu, Sung-Pin Tseng
The long-used antibiotic fosfomycin has recently been re-evaluated as a potential regimen for treating extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE). Fosfomycin is known for its robust bactericidal effect against ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae and CRE. However, fosfomycin-modified genes have been reported in transposon elements and conjugative plasmids, resulting in fosfomycin resistance in parts of East Asia. Here we review reports of fosfomycin-modified (fos) genes in Enterobacteriaceae and assess the efficacy of fosfomycin against multidrug-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169972/detection-of-circulating-igg-autoantibody-to-fc%C3%AE%C2%B5ri%C3%AE-in-sera-from-chronic-spontaneous-urticaria-patients
#10
Bastsetseg Ulambayar, Yi-Hsing Chen, Ga-Young Ban, Ji-Ho Lee, Chang-Gyu Jung, Eun-Mi Yang, Hae-Sim Park, Young-Min Ye
BACKGROUNDS: Chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU) is a common skin disorder characterized by itchy wheals of at least 6 weeks in duration, wherein the autoimmune mechanism is involved to activate IgE receptors (FcεRIα) on mast cells. We aimed to assess levels of IgG autoantibody against FcεRIα in sera from CSU patients using dot-blot immunoassay. METHODS: We performed a hospital-based cross-sectional study of 125 CSU patients (64 ASST-positive, 61 ASST-negative) and 64 age-and sex-matched healthy controls...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158081/streptococcus-pyogenes-nuclease-a-spna-mediated-virulence-does-not-exclusively-depend-on-nuclease-activity
#11
Callum Chalmers, Adrina Hema J Khemlani, Chae Ryeong Sohn, Jacelyn Mei San Loh, Catherine Jia-Yun Tsai, Thomas Proft
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus pyogenes, or Group A Streptococcus (GAS), is a human pathogen that causes a wide range of diseases, including pharyngitis, necrotizing fasciitis and toxic shock syndrome. The bacterium produces a large arsenal of virulence factors, including the cell wall-anchored Streptococcus pyogenes nuclease A (SpnA), which facilitates immune evasion by degrading the DNA backbone of neutrophil extracellular traps. SpnA consists of a C-terminal endo/exonuclease domain and a N-terminal domain of unknown function...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191475/evaluation-of-bruker-biotyper-and-vitek-ms-for-the-identification-of-candida-tropicalis-on-different-solid-culture-media
#12
He Wang, Ying Li, Xin Fan, Tzong-Shi Chiueh, Ying-Chun Xu, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the performance of the Bruker Biotyper matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) and Vitek MS systems for identification of genetically-confirmed blood isolates of Candida tropicalis that had been grown on several types of culture media commonly used for primary fungal isolation. METHODS: Isolates included 105 from the National China Hospital Invasive Fungal Surveillance Net program (CHIF-NET) and 120 from National Taiwan University Hospital (NTUH)...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167061/implementation-and-outcomes-of-hospital-wide-computerized-antimicrobial-approval-system-and-on-the-spot-education-in-a-traumatic-intensive-care-unit-in-taiwan
#13
Tsung-Yu Huang, Chien-Hui Hung, Li-Ju Lai, Hui-Ju Chuang, Chien-Chen Wang, Pei-Tzu Lin, Wei-Hsiu Hsu
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Inappropriate prescribing of antibiotics is a major health-care problem in intensive care units (ICUs). This study evaluates the impact of a direct hospital-wide computerized antimicrobial approval system (HCAAS) and on-the-spot education for practitioners in a neurosurgical ICU in Taiwan. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records monthly of patients who were admitted to the neurosurgical ICU during a period of 7 years and 7 months...
November 11, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158082/successful-treatment-by-fecal-microbiota-transplantation-for-japanese-patients-with-refractory-clostridium-difficile-infection-a%C3%A2-prospective-case-series
#14
Shigeki Bamba, Atsushi Nishida, Hirotsugu Imaeda, Osamu Inatomi, Masaya Sasaki, Mitsushige Sugimoto, Akira Andoh
We prospectively enrolled four Japanese patients with refractory Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) and were treated with a single fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT). The average age of the patients was 83.7 years. All patients had a successful clinical course for up to 3 months without any adverse events.
November 5, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158080/risk-stratified-management-strategies-for-hbv-reactivation-in-ra-patients-receiving-biological-and-targeted-therapy-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Yi-Ming Chen, Sheng-Shun Yang, Der-Yuan Chen
It is estimated that more than two billion people around the world have been infected by Hepatitis B virus (HBV). Reactivation of HBV (rHBV) is a potentially fatal complication after biological therapy. With the increasing use of biologics and targeted therapy in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients who are refractory to conventional synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs, rHBV in those with past infection has become increasingly problematic, especially in HBV-endemic regions. Among those receiving biological therapy, the risk of rHBV varies according to the status of HBV infection and the degree of biologic-related immunosuppression...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108782/purulent-pericarditis-complicating-cardiac-tamponade-in-a-uremic-patient-caused-by-staphylococcus-aureus
#16
LETTER
Weng-Chio Tam, Wen-Sen Lee, Chung-Yi Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108783/implementation-of-a-national-bundle-care-program-to-reduce-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-intensive-care-units-in-taiwan
#17
Chih-Cheng Lai, Cong-Tat Cia, Hsiu-Tzy Chiang, Yung-Chung Kung, Zhi-Yuan Shi, Yin-Ching Chuang, Chun-Ming Lee, Wen-Chien Ko, Po-Ren Hsueh
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: This study assessed the effect of the central line bundle on the rate of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSI) in intensive care units (ICUs) in Taiwan. METHODS: This national study was conducted in 27 ICUs with 404 beds total, including 15 medical ICUs, 11 surgical ICUs, and one mixed ICU. The study period was divided into two phases: a pre-intervention (between June 1, 2011 and October 31, 2011) and intervention phase (between December 1, 2011 and October 31, 2012)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100793/discrimination-of-culture-negative-pyelonephritis-in-children-with-suspected-febrile-urinary-tract-infection-and-negative-urine-culture-results
#18
Jun Ho Lee
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the C-reactive protein (CRP) level, urine electrolytes, and urine sodium-potassium ratio (uNa/K) could be useful markers for discriminating children with culture negative pyelonephritis (CNP) from children with suspected febrile urinary tract infection (fUTI) and negative urine culture results. METHODS: We examined 264 children experiencing their first fUTI consecutively admitted to our hospital between January 2011 and October 2014...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104015/early-prosthetic-joint-infection-due-to-ureaplasma-urealyticum-benefit-of-16s-rrna-gene-sequence-analysis-for-diagnosis
#19
LETTER
Caroline Rouard, Sabine Pereyre, Sophie Abgrall, Christelle Guillet-Caruba, Pierre Diviné, Nadège Bourgeois-Nicolaos, Sandrine Roy, Véronique Mangin d'Ouince, Cécile Bébéar, Thierry Bégué, Florence Doucet-Populaire
Detection of the most frequently bacteria involved in prosthetic joint infection (PJI) is usually performed by conventional cultures. We report a case of early PJI due to Ureaplasma urealyticum, diagnosed by 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis, which highlights the interest of molecular methods if fastidious bacteria are involved in PJI.
October 24, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100794/serotype-distribution-and-clinical-correlation-of-streptococcus-agalactiae-causing-invasive-disease-in-infants-and-children-in-taiwan
#20
Chiao-Wei Lo, Hao-Chuan Liu, Chien-Chung Lee, Chia-Ling Lin, Chyi-Liang Chen, Mei-Jy Jeng, Cheng-Hsun Chiu
BACKGROUND: Streptococcus agalactiae, or group B Streptococcus (GBS), remains to be one of the leading pathogens causing invasive infections in infants. METHODS: The clinical GBS isolates from sterile sites of patients younger than 18 years old were collected from October 1998 to December 2014 in two hospitals in Taiwan. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed. Every isolate was serotyped with a multiplex PCR assay. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was performed in representative isolates of different serotypes...
October 24, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
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