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Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

Miaomiao Xin, Jan Sterba, Anna Shaliutina-Kolesova, Borys Dzyuba, Jaroslava Lieskovska, Serhii Boryshpolets, Mohammad Abdul Momin Siddique, Vitaliy Kholodnyy, Ievgen Lebeda, Otomar Linhart
The loss of sperm quality in sterlet (Acipenser ruthenus) due to freeze-thaw process in cryopreservation was investigated in the present study. Two antifreeze proteins (AFPI or AFPIII) were used at different concentrations of 0.1, 1, 10, and 100 μg/mL. We compared motility, curvilinear velocity, and plasma membrane integrity of fresh, cryopreserved sperm, and sperm cryopreserved in the presence of antifreeze proteins. Fresh sperm (control) had 85 ± 4% motility and 160 ± 2 μm/s curvilinear velocity, respectively...
July 18, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Muzi Zhang, Chengdong Hou, Ming Li, Yunxia Qian, Wenbin Xu, Fanxing Meng, Rixin Wang
In the intensive culture systems, excessive feeding leads to ammonia accumulation, which results in lipid metabolism disorder. However, little information is available on the modulation of lipid metabolism in fish as affected by feeding frequency and ammonia stress. In this study, weight gain increased as feeding frequency increased from one to four times daily, but feed conversion ratio is opposite. The highest survival was found in ammonia group when fish was fed two times daily. Liver ammonia content increased as feeding frequency increased from one to four times daily, and the highest brain ammonia content was found when fish was fed four times daily...
July 17, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Wei Liu, Xing Lu, Ming Jiang, Fan Wu, Juan Tian, Changgeng Yang, Lijuan Yu, Hua Wen
A 40-day feeding trial was conducted to investigate whether feeding a low-protein diet (25%) once daily for either 10 (L10H30) or 20 (L20H20) days then re-feeding a high-protein diet (35%) thrice daily elicit compensatory growth (CG) in genetically improved farmed tilapia (GIFT), Oreochromis niloticus (11.02 ± 0.05 g). Fish on the control treatment were fed 35% protein diet over 40 days (H40). Fish were stocked into nine 100-L tanks (30 fish per tank) with 3 replicate tanks for each group. Growth performance, feed utilization, proximate composition of body compartment, serum biochemical parameters, and hepatopancreatic histology and expressions of some genes related to inflammatory cytokine were evaluated every 10 days...
July 9, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Wenhao Zhou, Samad Rahimnejad, Kangle Lu, Lina Wang, Wenbin Liu
Fatty liver of cultured fish often correlates closely with poor growth and low harvest yield. Some Chinese herbs can reduce hepatic fat storage. This study aimed to examine lipid-lowering effect of berberine (BBR) in blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala). Triplicate groups of fish were fed four experimental diets: low-fat diet (LFD, 5% fat), high-fat diet (HFD, 15% fat), and HFD supplemented with 50 or 100 mg BBR/kg diet (BBR50, BBR100). After 8-week feeding, growth performance, liver histology and fat deposition, and hepatic genes expression were examined...
July 8, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Heba S Hamed, Yasser S El-Sayed
To assess the ameliorative effects of Moringa oleifera (MO) leaf extract on haematological and biochemical changes, liver DNA damage and oxidative stress biomarkers in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) exposed to a sublethal concentration (0.52 mg/l) of pendimethalin (PM). Tilapia fish were allocated into four equal groups in tri-replicates as follows: first group was the control group, second group was treated with MO (20 ml/30 l water), third group was exposed to 0.52 mg PM/l and fourth group was exposed to 0...
July 7, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
HuaTao Li, SiYi Tang, WenHao Du, Jun Jiang, PeiYuan Peng, Ping Yuan, YiHong Liao, Jiao Long, SiShun Zhou
Firstly, a linoleic and linolenic acid emulsion and fish feeds were incubated with graded levels of ethoxyquin (EQ) and petroleum ether extract, ethyl acetate extract (EAE), ethanol extract and aqueous extract of Angelica sinensis. The results showed that EQ and extracts of Angelica sinensis (EAs) inhibited lipid oxidation in material above. Of all of the examined EAs, EAE showed the strongest protective effects against the lipid oxidation. Moreover, EAE at high concentrations showed a stronger inhibitory effect on lipid oxidation than that of EQ...
July 6, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Carine F Souza, Matheus D Baldissera, Carla C Zeppenfeld, Sharine Descovi, Lenita M Stefani, Bernardo Baldisserotto, Aleksandro S da Silva
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1 ) is an environmental toxicant and neurotoxic compound that induces the production of free radicals, causing oxidative stress. Creatine kinase (CK) is a central controller of energy metabolism in tissues with a large and fluctuating energy demand, and it is highly susceptible to inactivation by free radicals and oxidative damage. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate whether a diet for freshwater silver catfish (Rhamdia quelen) containing AFB1 inhibits cerebral CK activity, as well as the involvement of the oxidative stress on this inhibition...
July 6, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Mehwish Faheem, Nusrat Jahan, Saba Khaliq, Khalid Parvez Lone
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) affect the neuroendocrine system which in turn influences the reproductive regulation. Neuronal genes disrupted by EDCs are the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (gnrh2), the Kiss/GPR54 system that regulates gonadotropin release and cyp19b gene encoding brain aromatase. In the present study, pubertal Catla catla expected to spawn for first the time in the coming season were exposed to graded concentration of bisphenol-A (10, 100, 1000 μg/l) for 14 days. Messenger RNA (mRNA) levels of neuroendocrine genes, i...
July 3, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Hongxia Li, Xiao Meng, Wenju Wan, Hanliang Liu, Minmin Sun, Hongwei Wang, Jiting Wang
A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of chromium picolinate (Cr-Pic) on growth performance, body composition, and biochemical parameters in Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Five experimental diets were formulated with high-protein diet (HP), low-protein diet (LP), and LP + 0.6, 1.2, or 1.8 mg kg-1 Cr, respectively. Each diet was randomly assigned to four replicate groups of 30 fish per aquarium in a water-circulated rearing system for 60 days. Dietary 1.2 or 1.8 mg kg-1 Cr inclusion significantly affects the final body weight, weight gain rate, specific growth rate, feed efficiency rate, and protein efficiency ratio of tilapia compare to the LP diet...
July 1, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Gonca Alak, Arzu Ucar, Aslı Çilingir Yeltekin, Selim Çomaklı, Veysel Parlak, Ismail Hakkı Taş, Mustafa Özkaraca, Ahmet Topal, Esra Manavoğlu Kirman, İsmail Bolat, Muhammed Atamanalp, Hasan Türkez
We aimed to investigate the modulating effects of dietary borax on the pathways in rainbow trout brain exposed to copper. For this aim, a comprehensive assessment was performed including biochemical (acetylcholinesterase (AChE), malondialdehyde (MDA), oxidative DNA damage (8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), and caspase-3 levels) and transcriptional parameters (heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and cytochromes P450 (CYP1A), glutathione peroxidase (gpx), superoxide dismutase (sod), and catalase (cat)) parameters and immunohistochemically staining of 8-OHdG...
June 29, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Gersende Maugars, Marie-Chanteuse Manirafasha, Evelyse Grousset, Viviane Boulo, Jehan-Hervé Lignot
Gene expression of key ion transporters (the Na+ /K+ -ATPase NKA, the Na+ , K+ -2Cl- cotransporter NKCC1, and CFTR) in the gills, opercular inner epithelium, and pseudobranch of European seabass juveniles (Dicentrarchus labrax) were studied after acute transfer up to 4 days from seawater (SW) to freshwater (FW). The functional remodeling of these organs was also studied. Handling stress (SW to SW transfer) rapidly induced a transcript level decrease for the three ion transporters in the gills and operculum...
June 19, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Genciana Terova, Simona Rimoldi, Marisol Izquierdo, Cristina Pirrone, Wafa Ghrab, Giovanni Bernardini
Currently, the larviculture of many marine fish species with small-sized larvae depends for a short time after hatching, on the supply of high-quality live zooplankton to ensure high survival and growth rates. During the last few decades, the research community has made great efforts to develop artificial diets, which can completely substitute live prey. However, studies aimed at determining optimal levels of minerals in marine larvae compound feeds and the potential of novel delivery vectors for mineral acquisition has only very recently begun...
June 17, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Naghmeh Jafari, Bahram Falahatkar, Mir Masoud Sajjadi
The effect of various feeding strategies was evaluated on growth performance and biochemical parameters in two sizes of Siberian sturgeon (465.75 ± 11.18 and 250.40 ± 12 g) during 45 days. Fish were distributed into six experimental treatments including large fish with satiation feeding (LA), small fish with satiation feeding (SA), large fish with 50% satiation feeding (LR), small fish with 50% satiation feeding (SR), large starved fish (LS), and small starved fish (SS). Differences in final weight between LA and LR treatments were not noticeable, whereas SA and SR treatments showed significant differences...
June 16, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Wei Liu, Xiaoxu Liu, Changwen Wu, Lihua Jiang
The large yellow croaker (Larimichthys crocea) has low hypoxia tolerance compared with other fish species, and the mRNA levels of hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α in its brain do not change markedly under hypoxic conditions. In this study, we investigated noncoding transcription in the hypoxic response mechanism of L. crocea. We generated a catalog of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) from the brain of L. crocea individuals under hypoxic stress, investigated lncRNA expression patterns, and analyzed the HIF signaling pathway by RNA sequencing...
June 15, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Oliana Carnevali, Stefania Santangeli, Isabel Forner-Piquer, Danilo Basili, Francesca Maradonna
Over the past 25 years, extensive research in vertebrate species has identified several genomic pathways altered by exposures to anthropogenic chemicals with hormone-like activity mediated by their interaction with nuclear receptors. In addition, many pollutants have been shown to interfere with non-genomic (non-classical) pathways, but this mechanism of endocrine disruption is still poorly understood. Recently, the number of publications describing the effects of Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) on fish reproduction, focusing on the deregulation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-gonadal axis as well as on gamete quality, significantly increased...
June 11, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Ozlem Yilmaz, Amélie Patinote, Thaovi Nguyen, Julien Bobe
Scrutiny of the zebrafish (Danio rerio) genomic database confirmed eight functional vitellogenin (vtg) genes, each with one or two transcript variants, and the encoded Vtg polypeptides were structurally and functionally characterized in detail by in silico and experimental analyses. There were five type I (vtgs1, 4, 5, 6, and 7), two type II (vtg2 and vtg8), and one type III (vtg3) vtg gene(s) encoding three major types of Vtg protein based on subdomain structure (Vtg-I, Vtg-II, and Vtg-III, respectively). Among various tissues of mature zebrafish, transcripts of the eight vtg genes were detected by RNA-Seq only in liver and intestine, with liver being the main site of vtg expression...
June 7, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Lucas Campos Maltez, Luis André Luz Barbas, Lilian Fiori Nitz, Lucas Pellegrin, Marcelo Hideo Okamoto, Luís André Sampaio, José Maria Monserrat, Luciano Garcia
This study evaluated the effects of short-term exposure to sublethal levels of nitrite on oxidative stress parameters and histology of juvenile Brazilian flounder Paralichthys orbignyanus. An assessment of fish recovery was also performed. Fish were exposed to 0.08 (control), 5.72, 10.43, and 15.27 NO2 -N mg L-1 for 10 days followed by the same recovery time. Gill, liver, and muscle samples were collected after 1, 5, and 10 days of exposure and after recovery for the measurement of antioxidant capacity against peroxyl radicals (ACAP), glutathione-S-transferase (GST) activity, content of non-protein (NPSH) and protein thiols (PSH), and lipid peroxidation levels by thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) content...
June 1, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Leszek Satora, Jennifer Mytych, Anna Bilska-Kos
Bronze corydoras (Corydoras aeneus) is a small diurnal activity fish from South America. Under hypoxia conditions, it uses the posterior part of the intestine as an accessory respiratory organ. The present PCR studies demonstrated higher expression of HIF-1α (hypoxia-inducible factor) gene in the respiratory than that in digestive part of bronze corydoras intestine. Further, immunolocalization studies using antibodies specific to HIF-1α and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) revealed the presence of HIF-1α epitopes in the intestine of Corydoras aeneus...
May 23, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Muh Ali Arsyad, Takashi Akazawa, Chie Nozaki, Makoto Yoshida, Kenichi Oyama, Tatsuo Mukai, Masahiro Ogawa
Olive leaf is known to have the high polyphenol content of 6-9% in dry weight. We investigated the effects of olive leaf powder (OLP) supplemented to fish feed on muscle protein of red sea bream (Pagrus major). Fish reared with feed containing 8% OLP for 40 days had 1.4 times higher myofibril content and 2.2 times higher acid-soluble collagen content than fish reared with control feed for the same period. On the other hand, sarcoplasmic protein content and collagenase activity of the muscle were almost the same between the control fish and OLP-diet fish...
May 22, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Mayra L González-Félix, Delbert M Gatlin, Martin Perez-Velazquez, Ken Webb, Armando García-Ortega, Michael Hume
Sciaenops ocellatus has a long history in aquaculture and many difficulties associated with its commercial culture have been addressed and successfully resolved; nevertheless, further research in lipid nutrition could address more comprehensive questions on the way these nutrients are utilized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate S. ocellatus growth and lipase gene expression in response to increasing dietary lipid supplementation. Four experimental diets were formulated to provide 3, 10, 16, or 23% lipid using menhaden fish oil...
May 22, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
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