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Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

Junming Deng, Kun Wang, Kangsen Mai, Liqiao Chen, Lu Zhang, Haifeng Mi
A feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the effects of replacing fish meal with rubber seed meal (RSM) on growth, nutrient utilization, and cholesterol metabolism of tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus × Oreochromis aureus). Five experimental diets were formulated with 0, 150, 300, 450, and 600 g kg(-1) RSM replacing graded levels of fish meal, respectively. Each diet was randomly assigned to triplicate groups of 25 fish (initial average weight 65.3 g) per aquarium in a rearing system maintained at 29 ± 1 °C for 8 weeks...
June 14, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Lin Zeng, Chun-Xiang Ai, Yong-Hong Wang, Jian-She Zhang, Chang-Wen Wu
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of abrupt salinity stress (12, 26 (control), and 40) on lipid peroxidation, activities and mRNA levels of antioxidant enzymes (Cu/Zn-SOD, CAT, GPx, and GR), and gene expression of the Nrf2-Keap1 signaling molecules at different times (6, 12, 24, and 48 h) in the liver of large yellow croaker Pseudosciaena crocea. The results showed that lipid peroxidation was sharply reduced at 6 h and increased at 12 h before returning to control levels in the hypo-salinity group...
June 14, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Sonja K Stell, Peter Moller
This paper explores the plasticity of sexually dimorphic characters in subadult female Brevimyrus niger, an African weakly electric mormyrid species. Thirty-five fish were exposed in a staggered fashion (five fish a week) to aromatizable 17α-methyltestosterone over a period of 7 weeks; 18 fish served as untreated controls. 17α-MT induced precocious vitellogenesis that mirrored the natural maturational process during seasonal ovarian recrudescence. At the same time, 17α-MT exposure resulted in complete masculinization of the females' anal fin support structure normally observed during rainy season in adult males...
June 6, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Danli Jiang, Yubo Wu, Di Huang, Xing Ren, Yan Wang
Stress has a considerable impact on welfare and productivity of fish, and blood glucose level of fish may be a factor modulating stress response. This study evaluated the effect of blood glucose level and handling on acute stress response of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella. Fish were intraperitoneally injected with glucose at 0, 0.2, 0.5, and 1.0 mg g(-1) body mass (BM) and then were exposed to handling for 5 min. Glucose injection resulted in increase of plasma glucose level and liver glycogen content and decrease of plasma lactate level...
June 6, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Li-Juan Nie, Shi-Jian Fu
Fish generally perform routine swimming behaviors during food digestion; thus, changes in swimming performance and adjustments to spontaneous behavior resulting from digestion can have important ecological significance for wild fishes. The effects of feeding on metabolism, spontaneous activity, fast-start escape movement, and critical swimming speed (U crit) were investigated in five cyprinids with different habitat preferences, specifically the Chinese crucian carp (Carassius auratus), common carp (Cyprinus carpio), black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus), Chinese bream (Parabramis pekinensis), and qingbo (Spinibarbus sinensis)...
May 31, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Chang-Hong Cheng, Sheng-Wei Luo, An-Li Wang, Zhi-Xun Guo
Apoptosis plays a crucial role in many biological processes, including development, cellular homeostasis, and immune responses. Bax inhibitor-1 (BI-1) is an anti-apoptotic protein that protects cells from endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis. In this study, a BI-1 gene from the pufferfish Takifugu obscurus (Pf-BI-1) was identified and characterized. The full length of Pf-BI-1 cDNA was 1387 bp, including a 5'-UTR of 82 bp, a 3'-UTR of 591 bp containing a poly-(A) tail, and an open reading frame (ORF) of 714 bp that encodes a polypeptide of 237 amino acids...
May 29, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Minglin Wu, Jiaqi Wang, Zhipeng Wang, Jinliang Zhao, Yuting Hu, Xiaowu Chen
Alkaline phosphatases (Alps) belong to a class of phosphate transferases that dephosphorylate lipopolysaccharide (LPS), adenosine triphosphate, and nucleotides. In this study, a 1874-base pair (bp) intestinal alp cDNA sequence was cloned from Lateolabrax maculatus and designated as Lm-alpi. It contained a 1611 bp open reading frame which encoded a protein with 537 amino acids. Protein sequence alignment showed that Lm-AlpI shared 29.8-79.8% identity with its homologs. Lm-AlpI catalytic sites contained three metal ion sites (two Zn(2+) and one Mg(2+)), referring to D73, H184, D348, H349, H352, H464, D389, and H390 residues, which are essential for enzymatic activity and conservation in different organisms...
May 28, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Yonghua Jiang, Kunhuang Han, Shihai Chen, Yilei Wang, Ziping Zhang
cMyc is a vital transcription factor that involves in the regulation of cell proliferation, growth, differentiation, and apoptosis. In the present study, cMyc in Larimichthys crocea (Lc-cMyc) was cloned and analyzed for investigating its function. The full-length cDNA of Lc-cMyc was 2089 bp encoding a 440-amino-acid protein (Lc-cMyc). Lc-cMyc had the characteristic helix-loop-helix-leucine-zipper (HLH-LZ) DNA-binding domain and highly conservative in evolution. The expression of Lc-cMyc was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and in situ hybridization, respectively...
May 27, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Dan-Dan Zhang, Xin-Ming Gao, Yong-Qiang Zhao, Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Spermatogenesis is a highly ordered process in the differentiation of male germ cells. Nuclear morphogenesis is one of the most fundamental cellular transformations to take place during spermatogenesis. These striking transformations from spermatogonia to spermatozoa are a result of phase-specific adaption of the cytoskeleton and its association with molecular motor proteins. KIFC1 is a C-terminal kinesin motor protein that plays an essential role in acrosome formation and nuclear reshaping during spermiogenesis in mammals...
May 23, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Chibuisi G Alimba, Raphael D Ajiboye, Olakunle S Fagbenro
Hospital effluents contain myriad of mutagens and genotoxins capable of increasing DNA damage in aquatic biota. African mudfish, Clarias gariepinus, are exposed to genotoxins when cultured in swamps and derelict water bodies often contaminated by effluents. Moreover, its DNA is susceptible to xenobiotic-induced lesions since it lacks L-gulonolactone oxidase and hence cannot synthesize L-ascorbic acid. This study investigated 96-h acute toxicity and protective effects of dietary ascorbic acid (AA) against micronucleus (MN) and abnormal nuclear (NAs) formation in C...
May 19, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Raquel Tatiane Pereira, Thaiza Rodrigues de Freitas, Izabela Regina Cardoso de Oliveira, Leandro Santos Costa, Fabricio Andrés Vigliano, Priscila Vieira Rosa
Endocrine cells (ECs) act as a luminal surveillance system responding to either the presence or absence of food in the gut through the secretion of peptide hormones. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of feeding and fasting on the EC peptide-specific distribution along the intestine of Nile tilapia. We assessed the density of ECs producing gastrin (GAS), cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in nine segments of the intestine using immunohistochemistry...
May 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Jun-Hwan Kim, Hee-Ju Park, Kyeong-Wook Kim, In-Ki Hwang, Do-Hyung Kim, Chul Woong Oh, Jung Sick Lee, Ju-Chan Kang
Juvenile sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria (mean length 15.5 ± 1.9 cm, mean weight 68.5 ± 4.8 g), were used to evaluate the effects on growth, oxidative stress, and non-specific immune responses by changes of water temperature (8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20 °C) and salinity (100 (35.0), 90 (31.5), 80 (28.0), 70 (24.5), 60 (21.0), 50 (17.5), and 40% (14.0) (‰)) for 4 months. The growth performance was significantly increased at the temperature of 12 and 14 °C, and the feed efficiency was notably decreased at the temperature of 18 °C...
May 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Di Wang, Yong-Qiang Zhao, Ying-Li Han, Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Prohibitin (PHB) is an evolutionarily conserved mitochondrial membrane protein. It plays a vital role in cell proteolysis, senescence, and apoptosis and is associated with spermatogenesis and sperm quality control in mammals. To study the characteristics of the PHB gene and its potential roles during spermatogenesis in Boleophthalmus pectinirostris, we cloned a 1153-bp full-length cDNA from the testis of B. pectinirostris with an open reading frame of 816 bp, which encodes 272 amino acid residues. Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis revealed the presence of phb mRNA in all the tissues examined, with higher expression levels found in the testis, kidney, intestine, and muscle tissues...
May 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Deng-Hang Yu, Jia-Zhi Chang, Gui-Fang Dong, Jun Liu
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the replacement of fish oil (FO) by soybean oil (SO) on growth performance, liver lipid peroxidation, and biochemical composition in juvenile Chinese sucker, Myxocyprinus asiaticus. Fish (13.7 ± 0.2 g) in triplicate were fed five experimental diets in which 0% (FO as control), 40% (SO40), 60% (SO60), 80% (SO40), and 100% (SO100) FO were replaced by SO. The body weight gain of fish fed SO40, SO60, or SO80 diet was similar to FO group, but diets that have 100% soybean oil as dietary lipid significantly reduced fish growth (P < 0...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Mahdi Naderi, Saeed Keyvanshokooh, Amir Parviz Salati, Alireza Ghaedi
The main aim of the present study was to assess the effects of chronic high stocking density on liver proteome of rainbow trout. Rainbow trout juveniles (42.6 ± 2.3 g average body weight) were randomly distributed into six tanks at two stocking densities (low stocking density (LD) = 20 kg m(-3) and high stocking density (HD) = 80 kg m(-3)). Both treatments were performed in triplicate tanks for a period of 60 days. High stocking density caused a reduction in the growth performance compared with LD fish...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Soleiman Hasanpour, Amir Parviz Salati, Bahram Falahatkar, Hamid Mohammadi Azarm
Lipid content of diet is very susceptible to oxidation, especially when stored for a long time, so for evaluating protective effects of green tea in fish received oxidized oil, this study was done. Lipid content of diet was replaced by oxidized fish oil (OFO) in 0, 50, and 100%. Green tea extract (GTE) was added to diet in three levels, 0, 5, and 100 mg/kg giving a total of nine experimental diets. Two hundred and seventy sturgeon hybrid of Sterlet (Huso huso ♀ × Acipenser ruthenus ♂) with initial weight of 212...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Yin Zhang, Yang Li, Xiao Liang, Jian Gao
A 9-week feeding experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary vitamin E (VE) supplementation on growth performance, liver fatty acid composition, lipid peroxidation and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) genes expressions in blunt snout bream juveniles. Fish (average initial weight: 0.59 g) were fed diet supplemented with 0, 50, 100, 300 and 500 mg α-tocopherol acetate/kg in triplicates, which were found to, respectively, contain 11.2, 56.3, 114.6, 306.5 and 588.4 mg α-tocopherol/kg diet...
May 8, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Xiang-Fei Li, Chao Xu, Guang-Zhen Jiang, Ding-Dong Zhang, Wen-Bin Liu
This study aimed to characterize the full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1b (FBP1b) from fish Megalobrama amblycephala, and investigate its transcriptional response to glucose administration after the adaptation to high-carbohydrate diets. The cDNA obtained covered 1435 bp with an open reading frame of 1014 bp. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed a high degree of conservation (76-96%) among most fish and other vertebrates, retaining one N-linked glycosylation site, one N-terminal acetylation site, 13 phosphorylation sites, one fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) active site, five metal-binding sites, four substrate-binding sites, and several AMP-binding sites...
May 4, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Xi Yuan, Yi-Hong Zhou, Ying-Ping Huang, Wen-Tao Guo, David Johnson, Qing Jiang, Jin-Jie Jing, Zhi-Ying Tu
Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis) is a critically endangered species. A flume-type respirometer, with video, was used to conduct two consecutive stepped velocity tests at 10, 15, 20, and 25 °C. Extent of recovery was measured after the 60-min recovery period between trials, and the recovery ratio for critical swimming speed (U crit) averaged 91.88% across temperatures. Temperature (T) effects were determined by comparing U crit, oxygen consumption rate (MO 2), and tail beat frequency (TBF) for each temperature...
May 4, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
Wei-Guang Kong, Si-Si Li, Xiao-Xuan Chen, Yu-Qing Huang, Ying Tang, Zhi-Xin Wu
The aim of this study is to explore the effect of Aeromonas hydrophila on the intestinal mucosal barrier structure and intestinal permeability in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Histopathological examinations showed that A. hydrophila induced severe intestinal lesions, including inflammatory cell infiltration and intestinal villus fusion and swelling. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-10 and MyD88 was significantly increased after infection with A. hydrophila...
April 19, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
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