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Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527047/dietary-ascorbic-acid-reduced-micronucleus-and-nuclear-abnormalities-in-clarias-gariepinus-burchell-1822-exposed-to-hospital-effluent
#1
Chibuisi G Alimba, Raphael D Ajiboye, Olakunle S Fagbenro
Hospital effluents contain myriad of mutagens and genotoxins capable of increasing DNA damage in aquatic biota. African mudfish, Clarias gariepinus, are exposed to genotoxins when cultured in swamps and derelict water bodies often contaminated by effluents. Moreover, its DNA is susceptible to xenobiotic-induced lesions since it lacks L-gulonolactone oxidase and hence cannot synthesize L-ascorbic acid. This study investigated 96-h acute toxicity and protective effects of dietary ascorbic acid (AA) against micronucleus (MN) and abnormal nuclear (NAs) formation in C...
May 19, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501979/endocrine-cells-producing-peptide-hormones-in-the-intestine-of-nile-tilapia-distribution-and-effects-of-feeding-and-fasting-on-the-cell-density
#2
Raquel Tatiane Pereira, Thaiza Rodrigues de Freitas, Izabela Regina Cardoso de Oliveira, Leandro Santos Costa, Fabricio Andrés Vigliano, Priscila Vieira Rosa
Endocrine cells (ECs) act as a luminal surveillance system responding to either the presence or absence of food in the gut through the secretion of peptide hormones. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of feeding and fasting on the EC peptide-specific distribution along the intestine of Nile tilapia. We assessed the density of ECs producing gastrin (GAS), cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8), neuropeptide Y (NPY), and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in nine segments of the intestine using immunohistochemistry...
May 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501978/growth-performance-oxidative-stress-and-non-specific-immune-responses-in-juvenile-sablefish-anoplopoma-fimbria-by-changes-of-water-temperature-and-salinity
#3
Jun-Hwan Kim, Hee-Ju Park, Kyeong-Wook Kim, In-Ki Hwang, Do-Hyung Kim, Chul Woong Oh, Jung Sick Lee, Ju-Chan Kang
Juvenile sablefish, Anoplopoma fimbria (mean length 15.5 ± 1.9 cm, mean weight 68.5 ± 4.8 g), were used to evaluate the effects on growth, oxidative stress, and non-specific immune responses by changes of water temperature (8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, and 20 °C) and salinity (100 (35.0), 90 (31.5), 80 (28.0), 70 (24.5), 60 (21.0), 50 (17.5), and 40% (14.0) (‰)) for 4 months. The growth performance was significantly increased at the temperature of 12 and 14 °C, and the feed efficiency was notably decreased at the temperature of 18 °C...
May 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501977/characterization-of-mitochondrial-prohibitin-from-boleophthalmus-pectinirostris-and-evaluation-of-its-possible-role-in-spermatogenesis
#4
Di Wang, Yong-Qiang Zhao, Ying-Li Han, Cong-Cong Hou, Jun-Quan Zhu
Prohibitin (PHB) is an evolutionarily conserved mitochondrial membrane protein. It plays a vital role in cell proteolysis, senescence, and apoptosis and is associated with spermatogenesis and sperm quality control in mammals. To study the characteristics of the PHB gene and its potential roles during spermatogenesis in Boleophthalmus pectinirostris, we cloned a 1153-bp full-length cDNA from the testis of B. pectinirostris with an open reading frame of 816 bp, which encodes 272 amino acid residues. Real-time quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis revealed the presence of phb mRNA in all the tissues examined, with higher expression levels found in the testis, kidney, intestine, and muscle tissues...
May 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488194/replacement-of-fish-oil-with-soybean-oil-in-diets-for-juvenile-chinese-sucker-myxocyprinus-asiaticus-effects-on-liver-lipid-peroxidation-and-biochemical-composition
#5
Deng-Hang Yu, Jia-Zhi Chang, Gui-Fang Dong, Jun Liu
This study was designed to evaluate the effect of the replacement of fish oil (FO) by soybean oil (SO) on growth performance, liver lipid peroxidation, and biochemical composition in juvenile Chinese sucker, Myxocyprinus asiaticus. Fish (13.7 ± 0.2 g) in triplicate were fed five experimental diets in which 0% (FO as control), 40% (SO40), 60% (SO60), 80% (SO40), and 100% (SO100) FO were replaced by SO. The body weight gain of fish fed SO40, SO60, or SO80 diet was similar to FO group, but diets that have 100% soybean oil as dietary lipid significantly reduced fish growth (P < 0...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488193/effects-of-chronic-high-stocking-density-on-liver-proteome-of-rainbow-trout-oncorhynchus-mykiss
#6
Mahdi Naderi, Saeed Keyvanshokooh, Amir Parviz Salati, Alireza Ghaedi
The main aim of the present study was to assess the effects of chronic high stocking density on liver proteome of rainbow trout. Rainbow trout juveniles (42.6 ± 2.3 g average body weight) were randomly distributed into six tanks at two stocking densities (low stocking density (LD) = 20 kg m(-3) and high stocking density (HD) = 80 kg m(-3)). Both treatments were performed in triplicate tanks for a period of 60 days. High stocking density caused a reduction in the growth performance compared with LD fish...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488192/effects-of-dietary-green-tea-camellia-sinensis-l-supplementation-on-growth-performance-lipid-metabolism-and-antioxidant-status-in-a-sturgeon-hybrid-of-sterlet-huso-huso-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-acipenser-ruthenus-%C3%A2-fed-oxidized-fish-oil
#7
Soleiman Hasanpour, Amir Parviz Salati, Bahram Falahatkar, Hamid Mohammadi Azarm
Lipid content of diet is very susceptible to oxidation, especially when stored for a long time, so for evaluating protective effects of green tea in fish received oxidized oil, this study was done. Lipid content of diet was replaced by oxidized fish oil (OFO) in 0, 50, and 100%. Green tea extract (GTE) was added to diet in three levels, 0, 5, and 100 mg/kg giving a total of nine experimental diets. Two hundred and seventy sturgeon hybrid of Sterlet (Huso huso ♀ × Acipenser ruthenus ♂) with initial weight of 212...
May 10, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484897/effects-of-dietary-vitamin-e-supplementation-on-growth-performance-fatty-acid-composition-lipid-peroxidation-and-peroxisome-proliferator-activated-receptors-ppar-expressions-in-juvenile-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala
#8
Yin Zhang, Yang Li, Xiao Liang, Jian Gao
A 9-week feeding experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary vitamin E (VE) supplementation on growth performance, liver fatty acid composition, lipid peroxidation and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPAR) genes expressions in blunt snout bream juveniles. Fish (average initial weight: 0.59 g) were fed diet supplemented with 0, 50, 100, 300 and 500 mg α-tocopherol acetate/kg in triplicates, which were found to, respectively, contain 11.2, 56.3, 114.6, 306.5 and 588.4 mg α-tocopherol/kg diet...
May 8, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474196/molecular-characterization-of-fructose-1-6-bisphosphatase-1b-in-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala-and-the-transcriptional-response-to-glucose-loading-after-the-adaptation-to-high-carbohydrate-diets
#9
Xiang-Fei Li, Chao Xu, Guang-Zhen Jiang, Ding-Dong Zhang, Wen-Bin Liu
This study aimed to characterize the full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1b (FBP1b) from fish Megalobrama amblycephala, and investigate its transcriptional response to glucose administration after the adaptation to high-carbohydrate diets. The cDNA obtained covered 1435 bp with an open reading frame of 1014 bp. Sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis revealed a high degree of conservation (76-96%) among most fish and other vertebrates, retaining one N-linked glycosylation site, one N-terminal acetylation site, 13 phosphorylation sites, one fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase (FBPase) active site, five metal-binding sites, four substrate-binding sites, and several AMP-binding sites...
May 4, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474195/effects-of-temperature-and-fatigue-on-the-metabolism-and-swimming-capacity-of-juvenile-chinese-sturgeon-acipenser-sinensis
#10
Xi Yuan, Yi-Hong Zhou, Ying-Ping Huang, Wen-Tao Guo, David Johnson, Qing Jiang, Jin-Jie Jing, Zhi-Ying Tu
Chinese sturgeon (Acipenser sinensis) is a critically endangered species. A flume-type respirometer, with video, was used to conduct two consecutive stepped velocity tests at 10, 15, 20, and 25 °C. Extent of recovery was measured after the 60-min recovery period between trials, and the recovery ratio for critical swimming speed (U crit) averaged 91.88% across temperatures. Temperature (T) effects were determined by comparing U crit, oxygen consumption rate (MO 2), and tail beat frequency (TBF) for each temperature...
May 4, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425012/a-study-of-the-damage-of-the-intestinal-mucosa-barrier-structure-and-function-of-ctenopharyngodon-idella-with-aeromonas-hydrophila
#11
Wei-Guang Kong, Si-Si Li, Xiao-Xuan Chen, Yu-Qing Huang, Ying Tang, Zhi-Xin Wu
The aim of this study is to explore the effect of Aeromonas hydrophila on the intestinal mucosal barrier structure and intestinal permeability in grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella). Histopathological examinations showed that A. hydrophila induced severe intestinal lesions, including inflammatory cell infiltration and intestinal villus fusion and swelling. Messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of the inflammatory cytokines TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8, IL-10 and MyD88 was significantly increased after infection with A. hydrophila...
April 19, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409385/the-effect-of-dietary-folic-acid-on-biochemical-parameters-and-gene-expression-of-three-heat-shock-proteins-hsps-of-blunt-snout-bream-megalobrama-amblycephala-fingerling-under-acute-high-temperature-stress
#12
Daniella Fatmata Sesay, Habte-Michael Habte-Tsion, Qunlan Zhou, Mingchun Ren, Jun Xie, Bo Liu, Ruli Chen, Liangkun Pan
The effects of dietary folic acid on biochemical parameters and gene expression of three heat shock proteins (HSPs) of blunt snout bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) fingerling under acute high temperature stress. Six dietary folic acid groups (0.0, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0, and 10.0) mg/kg diets were designed and assigned into 18 tanks in three replicates each (300 l/tank) and were administered for 10 weeks in a re-circulated water system. The fingerlings with an initial weight of 27.0 ± 0.03 g were fed with their respective diets four times daily...
April 13, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405870/the-effect-of-temperature-on-the-resting-and-post-exercise-metabolic-rates-and-aerobic-metabolic-scope-in-shortnose-sturgeon-acipenser-brevirostrum
#13
Yueyang Zhang, James D Kieffer
The effects of acclimation temperature (15, 20, 25 °C) on routine oxygen consumption and post-exercise maximal oxygen consumption rates (MO2) were measured in juvenile shortnose sturgeon (Acipenser brevirostrum LeSueur, 1818). The routine MO2 of shortnose sturgeon increased significantly from 126.75 mg O2 h(-1) kg(-1) at 15 °C to 253.13 mg O2 h(-1) kg(-1) at 25 °C. The temperature coefficient (Q 10) values of the routine metabolic rates ranged between 1.61 and 2.46, with the largest Q 10 values occurring between 15 and 20 °C...
April 12, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401329/interactive-effects-of-dietary-leucine-and-isoleucine-on-growth-blood-parameters-and-amino-acid-profile-of-japanese-flounder-paralichthys-olivaceus
#14
Liping Wang, Yuzhe Han, Zhiqiang Jiang, Menglei Sun, Bin Si, Fei Chen, Ning Bao
A 60-day feeding trial was conducted to assess the interactions of dietary leucine (Leu) and isoleucine (Ile) on Japanese flounder. Fish of 2.69 ± 0.04 g were fed experimental diets containing two levels of Leu (2.58 and 5.08% of diet) combined with three levels of Ile (1.44, 2.21, and 4.44% of diet), respectively. After the feeding trial, growth, proximate composition, muscle total amino acid profile, blood parameters, mucus lysozyme activity, and stress tolerance to freshwater were measured. Statistically significant (P < 0...
April 12, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389904/cylindrospermopsin-effects-on-cell-viability-and-redox-milieu-of-neotropical-fish-hoplias-malabaricus-hepatocytes
#15
R C Silva, S Liebel, H H P de Oliveira, W A Ramsdorf, J R E Garcia, S M F O Azevedo, V F Magalhães, C A Oliveira Ribeiro, F Filipak Neto
Cylindrospermopsin (CYN) is a cyanotoxin that is cytotoxic to a wide variety of cells, particularly to the hepatocytes. In this study, the toxic effects of purified CYN were investigated in primary cultured hepatocytes of Neotropical fish Hoplias malabaricus. After isolation, attachment, and recovery for 72 h, the cells were exposed for 72 h to 0, 0.1, 1.0, 10, and 100 μg l(-1) of CYN. Then, cell viability and a set of oxidative stress biomarker responses were determined. Catalase, superoxide dismutase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and glutathione S-transferase activities were not affected by exposure to CYN...
April 7, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386657/study-on-the-morphology-histology-and-enzymatic-activity-of-the-digestive-tract-of-gymnocypris-eckloni-herzenstein
#16
Lizhu Yang, Jing Fang, Xi Peng, Hengmin Cui, Min He, Zhicai Zuo, Yi Zhou, Zhuangzhi Yang
The present research was conducted to study the morphology, histology and enzymatic activities of the digestive tract of Gymnocypris eckloni by light and transmission electron microscopes as well as by enzyme assays. The digestive tract of G. eckloni consisted of the oropharyngeal cavity, oesophagus and intestine. The wall of the digestive tract was composed of mucosa, submucosa, muscularis and serosa but lacked muscularis mucosa and glands. The stratified epithelium of the oropharyngeal cavity and oesophagus contained numerous mucous cells...
April 7, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382489/influence-of-leucine-enkephalin-on-pituitary-ovary-axis-of-the-cichlid-fish-oreochromis-mossambicus
#17
Vijayalaxmi, C B Ganesh
The present investigation was conducted to elucidate the influence of an opioid peptide, leucine-enkephalin (L-ENK), on the reproductive axis of the tilapia Oreochromis mossambicus. In the first experiment, administration (i.p.) of 25, 100, and 300 μg L-ENK to the stripped female tilapia, for a period of 22 days, resulted in a significantly higher number of stage I follicles compared to those of initial controls and experimental controls, whereas the mean number of stage II and III follicles and serum levels of E2 did not significantly differ among different experimental groups...
April 5, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374186/vitamin-d3-affects-innate-immune-status-of-european-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax-l
#18
M Dioguardi, F A Guardiola, M Vazzana, A Cuesta, M A Esteban, M Cammarata
The effects of vitamin D3 dietary administration on certain innate immune parameters on the expression of immune-related genes in head-kidney (HK) and gut were investigated in European sea bass Dicentrarchus labrax. Vitamin D3 (vD3) was orally administered to fish in a commercial pellet food supplemented with 0 (control); 3750; 18,750; or 37,500 U kg(-1). Furthermore, gut histology was considered. This study showed a modulation in the activities examined in fish fed with the addition of vD3. After just 2 weeks of administration, diet supplementation with the vitamin resulted in increased phagocytic ability, while serum peroxidase content was increased in fish fed with all experimental diets after 4 weeks, no significant differences were observed in protease, anti-protease, natural haemolytic complement activities and total IgM level...
April 3, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349418/comparing-the-effects-of-different-dietary-organic-acids-on-the-growth-intestinal-short-chain-fatty-acids-and-liver-histopathology-of-red-hybrid-tilapia-oreochromis-sp-and-potential-use-of-these-as-preservatives
#19
Mahdi Ebrahimi, Nor Hafizah Daeman, Chou Min Chong, Ali Karami, Vikas Kumar, Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar, Nicholas Romano
Dietary organic acids are increasingly being investigated as a potential means of improving growth and nutrient utilization in aquatic animals. A 9-week study was performed to compare equal amounts (2%) of different organic acids (sodium butyrate, acetate, propionate, or formate) on the growth, muscle proximate composition, fatty acid composition, cholesterol and lipid peroxidation, differential cell counts, plasma biochemistry, intestinal short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) level, and liver histopathology to red hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis sp...
March 27, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343271/protein-degradation-systems-in-the-skeletal-muscles-of-parr-and-smolt-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-l-and-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-l
#20
Nadezda P Kantserova, Liudmila A Lysenko, Alexey E Veselov, Nina N Nemova
Although protein degradation limits the rate of muscle growth in fish, the role of proteolytic systems responsible for degrading myofibrillar proteins in skeletal muscle is not well defined. The study herein aims to evaluate the role of calpains (calcium-activated proteases) and proteasomes (ATP-dependent proteases) in mediating muscle protein turnover at different life stages in wild salmonids. Protease activities were estimated in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) and brown trout (Salmo trutta L.) parr and smolts from the Indera River (Kola Peninsula, Russia)...
March 26, 2017: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
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