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Photosynthesis Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350323/william-e-vidaver-1921-2017-an-innovator-enthusiastic-scientist-inspiring-teacher-and-a-wonderful-friend
#1
A H Jay Burr, Aaron Vidaver, Ulrich Schreiber, Doug Bruce, Danielle J Donnelly
William (Bill) E. Vidaver (February 2, 1921-August 31, 2017), who did his Ph.D. with Laurence (Larry) R. Blinks at Stanford (1964) and a postdoc with C. Stacy French (1965), taught and did research at Simon Fraser University (SFU) for almost 30 years. Here he published over 80 papers in photosynthesis-related areas co-authored by his graduate students, postdocs, visiting professors and SFU colleagues. He developed a unique high-pressure cuvette for the study of oxygen exchange and studied high-pressure effects in photosynthesis...
January 19, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332243/photosystem-i-with-benzoquinone-analogues-incorporated-into-the-a1-binding-site
#2
Hiroki Makita, Gary Hastings
Time-resolved FTIR difference spectroscopy has been used to study photosystem I (PSI) particles with three different benzoquinones [plastoquinone-9 (PQ), 2,6-dimethyl-1,4-benzoquinone (DMBQ), 2,3,5,6-tetrachloro-1,4-benzoquinone (Cl4BQ)] incorporated into the A1 binding site. If PSI samples are cooled in the dark to 77 K, the incorporated benzoquinones are shown to be functional, allowing the production of time-resolved (P700+A1--P700A1) FTIR difference spectra. If samples are subjected to repetitive flash illumination at room temperature prior to cooling, however, the time-resolved FTIR difference spectra at 77 K display contributions typical of the P700 triplet state (3P700), indicating a loss of functionality of the incorporated benzoquinones, that occurs because of double protonation of the incorporated benzoquinones...
January 13, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330702/ptac10-an-s1-domain-containing-component-of-the-transcriptionally-active-chromosome-complex-is-essential-for-plastid-gene-expression-in-arabidopsis-thaliana-and-is-phosphorylated-by-chloroplast-targeted-casein-kinase-ii
#3
Qing-Bo Yu, Tuan-Tuan Zhao, Lin-Shan Ye, Ling Cheng, Ying-Qian Wu, Chao Huang, Zhong-Nan Yang
In higher plant chloroplasts, the plastid-encoded RNA polymerase (PEP) consists of four catalytic subunits and numerous nuclear-encoded accessory proteins, including pTAC10, an S1-domain-containing protein. In this study, pTAC10 knockout lines were characterized. Two ptac10 mutants had an albino phenotype and severely impaired chloroplast development. The pTAC10 genomic sequence fused to a four-tandem MYC tag driven by its own promoter functionally complemented the ptac10-1 mutant phenotype. pTAC10 was present in both the chloroplast stroma and thylakoids...
January 12, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322483/structural-integrity-of-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803-phycobilisomes-evaluated-by-means-of-differential-scanning-calorimetry
#4
Nia Petrova, Svetla Todinova, Hajnalka Laczko-Dobos, Tomas Zakar, Sindhujaa Vajravel, Stefka Taneva, Zoltan Gombos, Sashka Krumova
Phycobilisomes (PBSs) are supramolecular pigment-protein complexes that serve as light-harvesting antennae in cyanobacteria. They are built up by phycobiliproteins assembled into allophycocyanin core cylinders (ensuring the physical interaction with the photosystems) and phycocyanin rods (protruding from the cores and having light-harvesting function), the whole PBSs structure being maintained by linker proteins. PBSs play major role in light-harvesting optimization in cyanobacteria; therefore, the characterization of their structural integrity in intact cells is of great importance...
January 10, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322482/variation-in-cell-size-of-the-diatom-coscinodiscus-granii-influences-photosynthetic-performance-and-growth
#5
Dong Yan, John Beardall, Kunshan Gao
Cell size has implications for the package effect in photon absorption as well as for metabolic scaling of metabolism. In this study, we have avoided species-related differences by using isolates of the marine planktonic diatom Coscinodiscus granii with cells of different sizes and grown at different light intensities to investigate their energy allocation strategies. To make full use of incident light, several fold variations in cellular chlorophyll a content were employed across cell size. This modulation of pigment-related light absorbance was deemed effective as similar light absorbing capacities were found in all treatments...
January 10, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294241/gordon-research-conference-on-photosynthesis-photosynthetic-plasticity-from-the-environment-to-synthetic-systems
#6
Christopher Gisriel, Shai Saroussi, Silvia Ramundo, Petra Fromme, Govindjee
Here, we provide a summary of the 2017 Gordon Research Conference on Photosynthesis: "Photosynthetic plasticity: from the environment to synthetic systems". This conference was held at the Grand Summit Resort Hotel at Sunday River, Newry, Maine, USA, from July 16 to 21, 2017. We have also included here a brief description of the Gordon Research Seminar (for students and post-docs) held during 2 days preceding this conference. Following the conclusion of the conference's scientific program, four young scientists (Han Bao, Vivek Tiwari, Setsuko Wakao, and Usha Lingappa) were recognized for their research presentations, each of whom received a book as a gift from one of us (Govindjee)...
January 2, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285578/characterization-of-mercury-ii-induced-inhibition-of-photochemistry-in-the-reaction-center-of-photosynthetic-bacteria
#7
Gábor Sipka, Mariann Kis, Péter Maróti
Mercuric contamination of aqueous cultures results in impairment of viability of photosynthetic bacteria primarily by inhibition of the photochemistry of the reaction center (RC) protein. Isolated reaction centers (RCs) from Rhodobacter sphaeroides were exposed to Hg2+ ions up to saturation concentration (~ 103 [Hg2+]/[RC]) and the gradual time- and concentration-dependent loss of the photochemical activity was monitored. The vast majority of Hg2+ ions (about 500 [Hg2+]/[RC]) had low affinity for the RC [binding constant Kb ~ 5 mM-1] and only a few (~ 1 [Hg2+]/[RC]) exhibited strong binding (Kb ~ 50 μM-1)...
December 28, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280045/binding-of-pigments-to-the-cyanobacterial-high-light-inducible-protein-hlic
#8
Mahendra Kumar Shukla, Manuel J Llansola-Portoles, Martin Tichý, Andrew A Pascal, Bruno Robert, Roman Sobotka
Cyanobacteria possess a family of one-helix high-light-inducible proteins (HLIPs) that are widely viewed as ancestors of the light-harvesting antenna of plants and algae. HLIPs are essential for viability under various stress conditions, although their exact role is not fully understood. The unicellular cyanobacterium Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 contains four HLIPs named HliA-D, and HliD has recently been isolated in a small protein complex and shown to bind chlorophyll and β-carotene. However, no HLIP has been isolated and characterized in a pure form up to now...
December 26, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256108/correction-to-arctic-micromonas-uses-protein-pools-and-non-photochemical-quenching-to-cope-with-temperature-restrictions-on-photosystem-ii-protein-turnover
#9
Guangyan Ni, Gabrielle Zimbalatti, Cole D Murphy, Audrey B Barnett, Christopher M Arsenault, Gang Li, Amanda M Cockshutt, Douglas A Campbell
In Table 2 of the original publication, all instances of krec in the Parameter and Equation columns should read krecinact.
December 18, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236208/effects-of-photosynthetic-photon-flux-density-frequency-duty-ratio-and-their-interactions-on-net-photosynthetic-rate-of-cos-lettuce-leaves-under-pulsed-light-explanation-based-on-photosynthetic-intermediate-pool-dynamics
#10
Tomohiro Jishi, Ryo Matsuda, Kazuhiro Fujiwara
Square-wave pulsed light is characterized by three parameters, namely average photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD), pulsed-light frequency, and duty ratio (the ratio of light-period duration to that of the light-dark cycle). In addition, the light-period PPFD is determined by the averaged PPFD and duty ratio. We investigated the effects of these parameters and their interactions on net photosynthetic rate (P n) of cos lettuce leaves for every combination of parameters. Averaged PPFD values were 0-500 µmol m-2 s-1...
December 13, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230609/comparative-assessment-of-chloroplast-transcriptional-responses-highlights-conserved-and-unique-patterns-across-triticeae-members-under-salt-stress
#11
Saeid Mirzaei, Mehdi Mansouri, Ghasem Mohammadi-Nejad, Gaurav Sablok
Chloroplast functional genomics, in particular understanding the chloroplast transcriptional response is of immense importance mainly due to its role in oxygenic photosynthesis. As a photosynthetic unit, its efficiency and transcriptional activity is directly regulated by reactive oxygen species during abiotic and biotic stress and subsequently affects carbon assimilation, and plant biomass. In crops, understanding photosynthesis is crucial for crop domestication by identifying the traits that could be exploited for crop improvement...
December 11, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214522/on-the-source-of-non-linear-light-absorbance-in-photosynthetic-samples
#12
Jan Nauš, Dušan Lazár, Barbora Baránková, Barbora Arnoštová
This study presents a mathematical model, which expresses the absorbance of a photosynthetic sample as a non-linear polynomial of selected reference absorbance. The non-linearity is explained by inhomogeneities of a product of pigment concentration and light path length in the sample. The quadratic term of the polynomial reflects the extent of inhomogeneities, and the cubic term is related to deviation of the product distribution from a symmetric one. The model was tested by measurements of suspension of unstacked tobacco thylakoid membranes of different chlorophyll concentrations in cuvettes of different thicknesses...
December 6, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185137/chlorophyll-fluorescence-as-a-tool-for-nutrient-status-identification-in-rapeseed-plants
#13
Hazem M Kalaji, Wojciech Bąba, Krzysztof Gediga, Vasilij Goltsev, Izabela A Samborska, Magdalena D Cetner, Stella Dimitrova, Urszula Piszcz, Krzysztof Bielecki, Kamila Karmowska, Kolyo Dankov, Agnieszka Kompała-Bąba
In natural conditions, plants growth and development depends on environmental conditions, including the availability of micro- and macroelements in the soil. Nutrient status should thus be examined not by establishing the effects of single nutrient deficiencies on the physiological state of the plant but by combinations of them. Differences in the nutrient content significantly affect the photochemical process of photosynthesis therefore playing a crucial role in plants growth and development. In this work, an attempt was made to find a connection between element content in (i) different soils, (ii) plant leaves, grown on these soils and (iii) changes in selected chlorophyll a fluorescence parameters, in order to find a method for early detection of plant stress resulting from the combination of nutrient status in natural conditions...
November 28, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159723/anatomical-and-diffusional-determinants-inside-leaves-explain-the-difference-in-photosynthetic-capacity-between-cypripedium-and-paphiopedilum-orchidaceae
#14
Zhong-Hui Yang, Wei Huang, Qiu-Yun Yang, Wei Chang, Shi-Bao Zhang
Comparing with other angiosperms, most members within the family Orchidaceae have lower photosynthetic capacities. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Cypripedium and Paphiopedilum are closely related phylogenetically in Orchidaceae, but their photosynthetic performances are different. We explored the roles of internal anatomy and diffusional conductance in determining photosynthesis in three Cypripedium and three Paphiopedilum species, and quantitatively analyzed their diffusional and biochemical limitations to photosynthesis...
November 20, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151177/mechanisms-of-drought-induced-dissipation-of-excitation-energy-in-sun-and-shade-adapted-drought-tolerant-mosses-studied-by-fluorescence-yield-change-and-global-and-target-analysis-of-fluorescence-decay-kinetics
#15
Hisanori Yamakawa, Ivo H M van Stokkum, Ulrich Heber, Shigeru Itoh
Some mosses stay green and survive long even under desiccation. Dissipation mechanisms of excess excitation energy were studied in two drought-tolerant moss species adapted to contrasting niches: shade-adapted Rhytidiadelphus squarrosus and sun-adapted Rhytidium rugosum in the same family. (1) Under wet conditions, a light-induced nonphotochemical quenching (NPQ) mechanism decreased the yield of photosystem II (PSII) fluorescence in both species. The NPQ extent saturated at a lower illumination intensity in R...
November 18, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124653/salt-stress-effects-on-the-photosynthetic-electron-transport-chain-in-two-chickpea-lines-differing-in-their-salt-stress-tolerance
#16
Nuran Çiçek, Abdallah Oukarroum, Reto J Strasser, Gert Schansker
The main objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of salt stress on the photosynthetic electron transport chain using two chickpea lines (Cicer arietinum L.) differing in their salt stress tolerance at the germination stage (AKN 87 and AKN 290). Two weeks after sowing, seedlings were exposed to salt stress for 2 weeks and irrigated with 200 ml of 200 mM NaCl every 2 days. The polyphasic OJIP fluorescence transient and the 820-nm transmission kinetics (photosystem I) were used to evaluate the effects of salt stress on the functionality of the photosynthetic electron transport chain...
November 9, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124652/red-shift-in-the-spectrum-of-a-chlorophyll-species-is-essential-for-the-drought-induced-dissipation-of-excess-light-energy-in-a-poikilohydric-moss-bryum-argenteum
#17
Yutaka Shibata, Ahmed Mohamed, Koichiro Taniyama, Kentaro Kanatani, Makiko Kosugi, Hiroshi Fukumura
Some mosses are extremely tolerant of drought stress. Their high drought tolerance relies on their ability to effectively dissipate absorbed light energy to heat under dry conditions. The energy dissipation mechanism in a drought-tolerant moss, Bryum argenteum, has been investigated using low-temperature picosecond time-resolved fluorescence spectroscopy. The results are compared between moss thalli samples harvested in Antarctica and in Japan. Both samples show almost the same quenching properties, suggesting an identical drought tolerance mechanism for the same species with two completely different habitats...
November 9, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124651/novel-quantitative-insights-into-carbon-sources-for-synthesis-of-poly-hydroxybutyrate-in-synechocystis-pcc-6803
#18
Vaishali Dutt, Shireesh Srivastava
Many freshwater cyanobacteria accumulate polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) under nitrogen or phosphorus deprivation. While prior literature has shed lights on transcriptomic and metabolomic changes in the model cyanobacterium Synechocystis PCC 6803 cells, the quantitative contributions of the newly fixed carbon following nitrogen deprivation or the externally added acetate to PHB synthesis are not clear. Similarly, it is not clear how photomixotrophy affects precursor contributions. In this study, we show that (i) the pre-growth mode (photoautotrophic or photomixotrophic), while significantly impacting glycogen levels, does not have any significant effect on PHB levels, (ii) the carbon fixed following nitrogen deprivation contributes 26% of C for PHB synthesis in photoautotrophically pre-grown cells and its contribution to the PHB synthesis goes down with the addition of acetate at the resuspension phase or with photomixotrophic pre-growth, (iii) the acetate added at the start of nitrogen deprivation, doubles the intracellular PHB levels and contributes 44-48% to PHB synthesis and this value is not greatly affected by how the cells were pre-grown...
November 9, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119426/c-terminal-residues-of-ferredoxin-nad-p-reductase-from-chlorobaculum-tepidum-are-responsible-for-reaction-dynamics-in-the-hydride-transfer-and-redox-equilibria-with-nadp-nadph
#19
Daisuke Seo, Tomoya Asano
Ferredoxin-NAD(P)(+) reductase ([EC 1.18.1.2], [EC 1.18.1.3]) from Chlorobaculum tepidum (CtFNR) is structurally homologous to the bacterial NADPH-thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), but possesses a unique C-terminal extension relative to TrxR that interacts with the isoalloxazine ring moiety of the flavin adenine dinucleotide prosthetic group. In this study, we introduce truncations to the C-terminal residues to examine their role in the reactions of CtFNR with NADP(+) and NADPH by spectroscopic and kinetic analyses...
November 8, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098572/crystal-structure-of-psb27-from-arabidopsis-thaliana-determined-at-a-resolution-of-1-85%C3%A2-%C3%A3
#20
Cheng Xingxing, Liu Jiuyang, Zhang Huan, Li Fudong, Zhang Shuya, Xu Min, Ruan Ke, Wang Yuhua, Fu Aigen
Proper biogenesis and maintenance of photosynthetic thylakoid membrane complexes are essential for the photosynthetic light reactions. A thylakoid lumenal protein, Psb27, plays a vital role in assembly or/and maintenance of photosystem II (PSII). In cyanobacteria, it is a small lipoprotein docked to the lumenal side of PSII, and functions in the assembly of the Mn4Ca cluster and in the PSII repair cycle. However, Psb27 from Arabidopsis thaliana is not a lipoprotein, and it is involved in PSII repair and acclimation to fluctuating light stress, suggesting a functional divergence between Arabidopsis Psb27 and cyanobacterial Psb27s...
November 2, 2017: Photosynthesis Research
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