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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146175/-the-impact-of-the-type-of-hospital-and-delivery-on-the-gestational-age-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-city-2013-2014
#1
Priscila Ribeiro Raspantini, Marina Jorge de Miranda, Zilda Pereira da Silva, Gizelton Pereira Alencar, Simone Grilo Diniz, Marcia Furquim de Almeida
Introduction: There was a left-shift on the distribution curve of gestational age (GA) and a reduction of the proportion of live births of 40 weeks, when compared to the expected standard in many countries. Objective: To study the distribution of gestational age births in São Paulo city (SP) and its relationship with the type of hospital and delivery. Methods: Data were extracted from Live Birth Information System (SINASC) linked to the National Database of Health Establishments (CNES) in 2013 and 2014...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146174/bullying-and-associated-factors-in-adolescents-in-the-southeast-region-according-to-the-national-school-based-health-survey
#2
Flávia Carvalho Malta Mello, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Marilurdes Silva Farias, Lidiane Cristina da Silva Alencastro, Marta Angélica Iossi Silva
Objective: To estimate the prevalence of bullying from the perspective of victims in students from the Southeast region of Brazil and analyze its association with individual variables and family context. Methods: Information on 19,660 adolescents from the National School-based Health Survey was analyzed, calculating the association between bullying and sociodemographic variables, risk behaviors, mental health, and family background. Multivariate analysis and the calculation of odds ratio and confidence intervals were performed...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146173/potential-effectiveness-of-strategies-to-promote-oral-health-in-primary-health-care-comparative-study-among-brazilian-capitals-and-regions
#3
Antonio Dercy Silveira, Samuel Jorge Moysés, Solena Ziemer Kusma, Simone Tetu Moysés
Objective: To evaluate the potential effectiveness of strategies of Oral Health Promotion (OHP), which are carried out by teams in primary health care (PHC) in Brazilian capitals and regions. Methods: A sample of 1,848 dentists were interviewed (1,819 valid responses) working in the PHC of 26 capitals and the Federal District. The Effectiveness of the Assessment Tool for the Promotion of Oral Health Strategies was used. It is composed of 23 indicators grouped into three dimensions: oral health, health public policies, and human and social development...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146172/regional-differences-and-factors-associated-with-the-number-of-prenatal-visits-in-brazil-analysis-of-the-information-system-on-live-births-in-2013
#4
Juliana Cristine Dos Anjos, Antonio Fernando Boing
Objective: To investigate factors associated with seven or more prenatal visits, in Brazil, in 2013. Methods: Cross-sectional study from the database of Information System on Live Births. The association of explanatory variables was tested with prenatal visits by means of the analysis of single and multiple multinomial regressions. The spatial distribution of prenatal visits according to the Brazilian municipalities was also analyzed. Results: It was found that 2...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146171/urban-transmission-of-schistosomiasis-new-epidemiological-situation-in-the-forest-area-of-pernambuco
#5
Elainne Christine de Souza Gomes, Millena Carla da Silva Mesquita, Vitorina Nerivânia Covello Rehn, Wheverton Ricardo Correia do Nascimento, Rodrigo Loyo, Constança Simões Barbosa
Introduction: Schistosomiasis is considered an endemic disease in Vitória de Santo Antão, Pernambuco, a district which has presented both high incidence and prevalence of it for decades. Poor environmental conditions lead to contamination of water sources in rural areas, which are used by the population during daily activities, resulting in typical transmission. Recently, there has been evidence of vector snails in urban areas, which could set a new model for schistosomiasis transmission in this district...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146170/the-ethics-of-in-vivo-calibrations-in-oral-health-surveys
#6
Flávia Reis de Andrade, Paulo Capel Narvai, Miguel Ângelo Montagner
Objectives: To analyze the ethics of in vivo calibration, using the discourse of the administrators of the National Oral Health Survey (SBBrasil 2010) as a starting point. Method: This is a qualitative research involving semi-structured individual interviews with 12 members of the Steering Group and Technical Advisory Committee of the Ministry of Health, and two coordinators, one State and the other Municipal. The discourse of the collective subject technique was used for data analysis...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146169/chagas-disease-transmission-by-consumption-of-game-meat-systematic-review
#7
Luiz Henrique Conde Sangenis, Marco Antonio Prates Nielebock, Ceumara da Silva Santos, Mateus Curty Carriello da Silva, Glauber Motta Ribeiro Bento
Objective: To evaluate the influence of game meat consumption in Chagas disease (CD) transmission, the conditions under which it occurs and the frequency of reports in the literature. Methods: Through systematic review, databases PubMed, LILACS, MEDLINE, and SciELO were consulted, and articles written in Portuguese, English, and Spanish were included, with no limitation over publication date. We used the following descriptors: oral, transmission, meat, wild animals, hunt, carnivory, and Chagas disease...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146168/colorectal-cancer-prevalence-linked-to-human-papillomavirus-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#8
Thaisa Pelizzer, Caroline Pieta Dias, Julia Poeta, Tânia Torriani, Cristian Roncada
Introduction: Colorectal cancer is one of the most prevalent types of tumors worldwide. Deaths caused by these malignant tumors remain high and have stayed practically at the same level for the last few decades. Among the established risk factors for the development of cancer are infections due to pathogens or viruses. Among the viruses, the human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most prevalent, with over 180 strains, 40 of which are directly related to anogenital infections. Objective: Systematically assess the main studies which link HPV to colorectal cancer with meta-analysis...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146167/incidence-and-mortality-from-colon-and-rectal-cancer-in-midwestern-brazil
#9
Anderson Gomes de Oliveira, Maria Paula Curado, Alice Koechlin, José Carlos de Oliveira, Diego Rodrigues Mendonça E Silva
Objective: To describe the incidence and mortality rates from colon and rectal cancer in Midwestern Brazil. Methods: Data for the incidence rates were obtained from the Population-Based Cancer Registry (PBCR) according to the available period. Mortality data were obtained from the Mortality Information System (SIM) for the period between 1996 and 2008. Incidence and mortality rates were calculated by gender and age groups. Mortality trends were analyzed by the Joinpoint software...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146166/ten-year-survival-and-prognostic-factors-for-breast-cancer-in-the-southeast-region-of-brazil
#10
Vívian Assis Fayer, Maximiliano Ribeiro Guerra, Jane Rocha Duarte Cintra, Maria Teresa Bustamante-Teixeira
Introduction: Breast cancer is an important public health issue in many parts of the world. Thus, it shows relevant incidence and is considered one of the main causes of death from cancer among women. Objective: To analyze ten-year survival and prognostic factors in women with invasive breast cancer. Methods: The cohort was composed of 195 women assisted in an oncology referral center in the municipality of Juiz de Fora, state of Minas Gerais, Brazil, who were diagnosed with the disease in 2000 and 2001...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146165/quality-and-completeness-improvement-of-the-population-based-cancer-registry-of-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-linkage-technique-use
#11
Stela Verzinhasse Peres, Maria do Rosário Dias de Oliveira Latorre, Luana Fiengo Tanaka, Fernanda Alessandra Silva Michels, Monica La Porte Teixeira, Claudia Medina Coeli, Márcia Furquim de Almeida
Objective: The aim of this study was to improve the quality of information and data completeness through probabilistic and deterministic record linkage between Population-based Cancer Registry of São Paulo (PBCR-SP) for incident cancer cases, death database and drugs/medical procedures database. Methods: We used the database of the PBCRP-SP composed of 343,306 incident cancer cases in the municipality of São Paulo in the period between 1997 and 2005 with ages raging from under 1 to 106 years old, from both sexes...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146164/violence-against-women-in-different-stages-of-the-life-cycle-in-brazil-an-exploratory-study
#12
Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Gigliana Maria Sobral Cavalcante, Efigênia Ferreira E Ferreira, Sérgio d'Avila
Objective: The aim of this study was to describe the profile of violence against women in different life cycles, according to the sociodemographic characteristics of the victims and offenders. Methods: A cross-sectional and exploratory study was performed based on 1,388 police reports during a four-year period, in a metropolitan area of Northeast Brazil. The dependent variable was the type of aggression suffered by the victims. The independent variables were sociodemographic characteristics of the victims and offenders...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146163/adherence-to-the-follow-up-of-the-newborn-exposed-to-syphilis-and-factors-associated-with-loss-to-follow-up
#13
Marjorie Cristiane Feliz, Adeli Regina Prizybicien, Andrea Maciel Rossoni, Tony Tahnus, Adriane Miro Vianna Benke Pereira, Cristina Rodrigues
Introduction: All newborns exposed to syphilis in pregnancy must have outpatient follow-up. The interruption of this follow-up especially threatens those children who were not treated at birth. Objective: To describe the clinical, epidemiological, and sociodemographic characteristics of pregnant women with syphilis and their newborns, and to investigate the factors associated with the discontinuation of the follow-up. Methods: This is an observational, descriptive, analytical, and retrospective study of medical records of 254 children exposed to syphilis, who were assisted at the Congenital Infectious Clinic of the university hospital of the Universidade Federal do Paraná, between 2000 and 2010...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146162/use-of-primary-diagnosis-during-hospitalization-in-the-unified-health-system-sistema-%C3%A3-nico-de-sa%C3%A3%C2%BAde-to-qualify-information-regarding-the-underlying-cause-of-natural-deaths-among-the-elderly
#14
Angela Maria Cascão, Maria Helena Prado de Mello Jorge, Antonio José Leal Costa, Pauline Lorena Kale
Introduction: Ill-defined causes of death are common among the elderly owing to the high frequency of comorbidities and, consequently, to the difficulty in defining the underlying cause of death. Objective: To analyze the validity and reliability of the "primary diagnosis" in hospitalization to recover the information on the underlying cause of death in natural deaths among the elderly whose deaths were originally assigned to "ill-defined cause" in their Death Certificate...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146161/providers-compliance-with-practice-guidelines-of-prenatal-and-neonatal-care-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-2004-versus-2012
#15
Renata Jaccottet Freitas, Tiago Neuenfeld Munhoz, Iná da Silva Dos Santos, Flávio Sérgio Chiuchetta, Fernando Barros, Aline Coletto, Alicia Matijasevich
Objective: To evaluate providers' compliance with practice guidelines of prenatal and neonatal care in order to reduce neonatal mortality. Methods: Uncontrolled before-and-after study designed to evaluate changes that occurred between 2004 and 2012, after the interventions proposed by the Municipality Committee of Research on Child Deaths, Foetal and Maternal Death (COMAI) on the frequency of the process indicators for perinatal assistance improvement. A total of 254 patients were studied in 2004 and 259 patients in 2012...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146160/depression-among-the-elderly-a-population-based-study-in-southern-brazil
#16
Inês Gullich, Suele Manjourani Silva Duro, Juraci Almeida Cesar
This study assessed the prevalence of depression and associated factors among Brazilian elderly in Arroio Trinta, Southern Brazil. During home visits, a questionnaire was administered to all people aged 60 or older living in the municipality in 2013. The Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form (GDS-15) was used. The χ 2 test was performed to compare proportions and Poisson regression with robust adjustment of variance in the multivariate analysis. The effect measure applied was the prevalence ratio. The prevalence of depression among 552 (out of 568) elderly studied was 20...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849282/-response-to-the-debate-the-use-of-icf-in-health-research-a-reflection-on-limits-and-possibilities
#17
Luciana Castaneda, Heitor Silveira, Shamyr Sulyvan Castro
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849281/-functioning-assessment-in-brazilian-health-surveys-discussions-about-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-based-tools
#18
Shamyr Sulyvan de Castro, Luciana Castaneda, Eduardo Santana de Araújo, Cássia Maria Buchalla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849280/pap-smear-in-incarcerated-women
#19
Celene Aparecida Ferrari Audi, Silvia Maria Santiago, Maria da Graça Garcia Andrade, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco
In Brazil, in 2012, 6.4% of the prison population was made up of women. The aim of the study was to verify the coverage of the Pap smear according to sociodemographic characteristics and health problems reported among incarcerated women. Cross-sectional study conducted from August 2012 to July 2013, considering the records of 702 inmates aged between 25 and 64 years and the duration of imprisonment (not less than 12 months). The average age of the women surveyed was 34.7 years. The performance of cervical cytology was reported by 26...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849279/oral-health-status-and-functional-capacity-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#20
Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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