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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160445/epidemiological-profile-of-tuberculosis-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-municipality-from-2006-to-2013
#1
Priscila Fernanda Porto Scaff Pinto, Cássio Silveira, Maria Josefa Penon Rujula, Francisco Chiaravalloti, Manoel Carlos Sampaio de Almeida Ribeiro
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis is a serious public health problem that still persists in the world and in Brazil. The municipality of São Paulo, Brazil, is among the prioritized ones in the country for disease control. OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiological profile of all new tuberculosis cases in São Paulo municipality reported between the years 2006 and 2013. METHODS: The variables selected for the study were: socioeconomic, demographic and clinical-epidemiologic obtained through the online information system TB-WEB...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160444/family-context-and-the-physical-activity-of-adolescents-comparing-differences
#2
Cynthia Graciane Carvalho Ramos, Roseli Gomes de Andrade, Amanda Cristina de Souza Andrade, Amanda Paula Fernandes, Dário Alves da Silva Costa, César Coelho Xavier, Fernando Augusto Proietti, Waleska Teixeira Caiaffa
INTRODUCTION: Family context plays an important role with regard to the physical activity (PA) of adolescents. Intense changes in family composition, including an increase of single-parent structures can affect behavior. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of PA, between boys and girls of 11-17 years old, and investigate its association with family context variables. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study "The BH Health Study" was conducted in two health districts of Belo Horizonte...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160443/body-fat-redistribution-and-changes-in-lipid-and-glucose-metabolism-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#3
Rebeca Antunes Beraldo, André Pereira Dos Santos, Mariana Palma Guimarães, Helena Siqueira Vassimon, Francisco José Albuquerque de Paula, Dalmo Roberto Lopes Machado, Maria Cristina Foss-Freitas, Anderson Marliere Navarro
INTRODUCTION: The HIV lipodystrophy syndrome is characterized by changes in metabolism, and body composition that increase cardiovascular risk of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) using highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of lipodystrophy and changes in lipid and glucose metabolism in PLWHA in use of HAART. METHODS: For the anthropometric evaluation we measured weight, height and abdominal circumference (AC)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160442/effects-of-socioeconomic-position-and-social-mobility-on-linear-growth-from-early-childhood-until-adolescence
#4
Ana Paula Muraro, Rita Adriana Gomes de Souza, Paulo Rogério Melo Rodrigues, Márcia Gonçalves Ferreira, Rosely Sichieri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of socioeconomic position (SEP) in childhood and social mobility on linear growth through adolescence in a population-based cohort. METHODS: Children born in Cuiabá-MT, central-western Brazil, were evaluated during 1994 - 1999. They were first assessed during 1999 - 2000 (0 - 5 years) and again during 2009 - 2011 (10 - 17 years), and their height-for-age was evaluated during these two periods.Awealth index was used to classify the SEP of each child's family as low, medium, or high...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160441/psychosocial-hearing-disadvantage-and-associated-factors-among-construction-workers-in-mato-grosso-brazil
#5
Andréia Cristina Munzlinger Dos Santos, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, Gabriela Coelho Pereira de Luccia, Clóvis Botelho, Delma Regina Della Riva
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence and to analyze the factors associated with self-reported hearing handicap by construction workers in the state of Mato Grosso, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 866 construction and heavy construction workers. Participants responded to an epidemiological survey subdivided in: identification data, sociodemographic data; lifestyle; work environment characteristics; occupational exposure factors; hearing protection measures; and hearing handicap inventory to quantify the psychosocial consequences of work-related hearing loss...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160440/comparing-definitions-of-spatial-relations-for-the-analysis-of-geographic-disparities-in-mortality-within-a-bayesian-mixed-effects-framework
#6
Diego Fernando Rojas-Gualdrón
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the conceptual and technical differences between three definitions of spatial relations within a Bayesian mixed-effects framework: classical multilevel definition, spatial multiple membership definition and conditional autoregressive definition with an illustration of the estimate of geographic disparities in early neonatal mortality in Colombia, 2011-2014. METHODS: A registry based cross-sectional study was conducted. Births and early neonatal deaths were obtained from the Colombian vital statistics registry for 2011-2014...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160439/causality-in-pharmacoepidemiology-and-pharmacovigilance-a-theoretical-excursion
#7
Daniel Marques Mota, Ricardo de Souza Kuchenbecker
The article presents some considerations about causality in Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacovigilance. To begin, we provide a brief introduction about the importance of the issue, noting that the understanding of causal relationships is considered one of science's greatest achievements and has been, over time, a continuous and central concern of philosophers and epidemiologists. Next, we describe definitions and types of causes, demonstrating their influences on pharmacoepidemiological thought. After that, we present Rothman's multi-causal model as one of the founding explanations of multiple causality and the issue of causality assessment...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160438/psychiatric-admission-and-readmission-in-a-general-hospital-of-porto-alegre-sociodemographic-clinic-and-use-of-network-for-psychosocial-care-characteristics
#8
Gabriela Lemos de Pinho Zanardo, Luísa Horn de Castro Silveira, Cristianne Maria Famer Rocha, Kátia Bones Rocha
INTRODUCTION: The revolving door phenomenon is characterized by repeated and frequent psychiatric readmissions. OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate sociodemographic, clinic, and follow-up characteristics in health services associated to psychiatric admissions and readmissions of inpatients in a general hospital of Porto Alegre. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional study with a sample of 96 participants. RESULTS: More than half of the sample (53...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160437/access-and-adherence-to-medication-among-people-with-diabetes-in-brazil-evidences-from-pnaum
#9
Micheline Marie Milward de Azevedo Meiners, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Luciano Santos Pinto Guimarães, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Edgar Merchan-Hamann
OBJECTIVE: To describe people with diabetes in Brazil and to compare their sociodemographic characteristics, access and self-reported adherence to diabetes prescribed drugs. METHODS: Data analysis from the National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of the Rational Use of Medicines, a household survey, with sampling by clusters, according to sex and age domains and national and macro-regional representativeness. Adults (≥ 20 years old) who reported having diabetes constituted the sample...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160436/use-of-injected-heroin-and-risk-of-hepatitis-c-in-three-cities-in-colombia
#10
Dedsy Yajaira Berbesi-Fernández, Angela Maria Segura-Cardona, Liliana Patricia Montoya-Velez, Alexandra Ángel Santamaría
INTRODUCTION: Hepatitis C is one of the most neglected diseases by governments internationally. OBJECTIVE: Identify the prevalence of hepatitis C and associated injection drug users in three cities of factors Colombia. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 668 injecting drug users recruited through respondent-driven sampling, inquired about demographic characteristics and risk behaviors. Laboratory testing was used on filter paper and cases of hepatitis C viral load tests with RNA were confirmed...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160435/risk-factors-in-cardiovascular-disease-mortality-associated-with-high-exposure-to-vehicular-traffic
#11
Poliany Cristiny de Oliveira Rodrigues, Emerson Soares Dos Santos, Sandra de Souza Hacon, Eliane Ignotti
OBJECTIVE: To identify areas and risk factors in cardiovascular disease (CD) mortality associated with air pollution from high exposure to vehicular traffic. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of CD mortality in 2,617 individuals aged 45-85 years living in the urban area of Cuiabá and Várzea Grande, Mato Grosso State, Brazil, between 2009 and 2011. We used the residential proximity of up to 150 meters to a roadway of great vehicle flow as a proxy of high exposure to air pollution from vehicular traffic...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160434/brazilian-health-survey-2013-relation-between-alcohol-use-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-by-sex-in-brazil
#12
Ísis Eloah Machado, Maristela Goldnadel Monteiro, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Francisco Carlos Félix Lana
OBJECTIVE: To analyze sociodemographic factors associated with alcohol use according to gender in Brazil. METHODS: Cross-sectional study using data from 2013 Brazilian Health Survey about 60,202 adults. We analyzed recent alcohol use and heavy episodic drinking in the 30 days prior to the research stratified by gender. The covariates were: age, educational level, skin color, marital status, and place of residence. RESULTS: The prevalence of recent alcohol use was 26...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160433/individual-and-contextual-level-factors-associated-with-client-initiated-hiv-testing
#13
Claudia Renata Dos Santos Barros, Eliana Miura Zucchi, Lilia Blima Schraiber, Ivan França
BACKGROUND: Knowing the reasons for seeking HIV testing is central for HIV prevention. Despite the availability of free HIV counseling and testing in Brazil, coverage remains lacking. METHODS: Survey of 4,760 respondents from urban areas was analyzed. Individual-level variables included sociodemographic characteristics; sexual and reproductive health; HIV/AIDS treatment knowledge and beliefs; being personally acquainted with a person with HIV/AIDS; and holding discriminatory ideas about people living with HIV...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160432/hypertriglyceridemic-waist-phenotype-and-nutritional-factors-a-study-with-participants-of-elsa-brasil
#14
Juliana Rodrigues de Andrade, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Taísa Sabrina Silva Pereira, José Geraldo Mill, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between fat and fiber intakes and the hypertriglyceridemic waist phenotype (HWP). METHODS: Cross-sectional survey conducted from the baseline of Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Health Adult (ELSA-Brasil). Anthropometric measurements were conducted and the body mass index was calculated (BMI). Participants were classified according to the presence of HWP when waist circumference ≥ 102 and ≥ 88 cm, respectively, in men and women, and triglycerides ≥ 150 mg/dL...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160431/classification-of-deaths-in-women-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-acquired-immunodeficiency-syndrome-in-pregnancy-and-childbirth
#15
Manuella Coutinho Brayner, Sandra Valongueiro Alves
OBJECTIVE: To reclassify deaths of women infected with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in pregnancy and childbirth in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil, from 2000 to 2010. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory study, developed from the following steps: translation to Portuguese of the item "HIV and aids" of the United Nations document "The WHO application of ICD-10 to deaths during pregnancy, childbirth and the puerperium: DCI MM 2012"; development of a classification algorithm of deaths of women living with the human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in pregnancy and childbirth; and reclassification of deaths by a group of experts...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160430/-10th-brazilian-congress-of-epidemiology
#16
EDITORIAL
Antonio Fernando Boing, Maria Amélia Veras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658385/risk-factors-related-to-the-global-burden-of-disease-in-brazil-and-its-federated-units-2015
#17
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes, Ísis Eloah Machado, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Daisy Maria Xavier de Abreu, Lenice Harumi Ishitani, Gustavo Velásquez-Meléndez, Mariangela Carneiro, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi
Objective: To analyze the global burden of disease related to disability adjusted life years (DALYs) attributed to selected risk factors in Brazil and its 27 Federated Units. Methods: Databases from the Global Burden of Disease study in Brazil and its Federated Units were used, estimating the summary exposure value (SEV) for selected environmental, behavioral, and metabolic risk factors (RFs), and their combinations. The DALYs were used as the main metric. The ranking of major RFs between 1990 and 2015 was compiled, comparing data by sex and states...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658384/increase-in-the-burden-of-dengue-in-brazil-and-federated-units-2000-and-2015-analysis-of-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#18
Valdelaine Etelvina Miranda de Araújo, Juliana Maria Trindade Bezerra, Frederico Figueiredo Amâncio, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Mariângela Carneiro
Objective: To describe the main metrics on dengue generated by Global Burden of Disease (GBD) Study 2015, for Brazil and its 27 federated units, in the years 2000 and 2015. Methods: The metrics described were: incidence and mortality rates by dengue, standardized by age, years of life lost (YLL), years lived with disability (YLD), and disability-adjusted life years (DALY) (in absolute frequency and age-standardized rates). The estimated metrics were presented with uncertainty intervals (UI 95%) for the years 2000 and 2015, accompanied by the relative percentages of changes...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658383/the-burden-of-disease-attributable-to-mental-and-substance-use-disorders-in-brazil-global-burden-of-disease-study-1990-and-2015
#19
Cecília Silva Costa Bonadiman, Valéria Maria de Azeredo Passos, Meghan Mooney, Mohsen Naghavi, Ana Paula Souto Melo
Introduction: Mental and substance use disorders (MD) are highly prevalent and have a high social and economic cost. Objective: To describe the burden of disease attributable to mental and substance use disorders in Brazil and Federated Units in 1990 and 2015. Methods: Descriptive study of the burden of mental and substance use disorders, using age-standardized estimates from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015: years of life lost due to premature mortality (YLL); years lived with disability (YLD); and disability-adjusted life year (DALY=YLL+YLD)...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658382/hiv-aids-mortality-in-brazil-2000-2015-are-there-reasons-for-concern
#20
Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães, Mariângela Carneiro, Daisy Maria Xavier de Abreu, Elisabeth Barboza França
Introduction and objective: Mortality studies are essential for the monitoring of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Quality and completeness of data from the mortality information system (SIM) require complementary approaches. Methods: Two sources of data were used to assess mortality trends due to HIV/AIDS in Brazil from 2000 and 2014/15: a) data from the SIM published by the Department of STDs, AIDS, and viral hepatitis, and b) Global Burden of Disease 2015 (GBD 2015) studies...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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