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Bo Hu, Derek F Harris, Dennis R Dean, T Leo Liu, Zhi-Yong Yang, Lance C Seefeldt
Nitrogenases catalyze biological dinitrogen (N2) reduction to ammonia (NH3), and also reduce a number of non-physiological substrates, including carbon dioxide (CO2) to formate (HCOO-) and methane (CH4). Three versions of nitrogenase are known (Mo-, V-, and Fe-nitrogenase), each showing different reactivities towards various substrates. Normally, electrons for substrate reduction are delivered by the Fe protein component of nitrogenase, with energy coming from the hydrolysis of 2 ATP to 2 ADP+2 Pi for each electron transferred...
December 5, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Islem Gandouzi, Mihaela Tertis, Andreea Cernat, Amina Bakhrouf, Maria Coros, Stela Pruneanu, Cecilia Cristea
The design and development of an electrochemical sensor for the sensitive and selective determination of pyoverdine, a virulence factor secreted by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, bacteria involved in nosocomial infections is presented in this work. The presence of pyoverdine in water and body fluids samples can be directly linked to the presence of the Pseudomonas bacteria, thus being a nontoxic and low cost marker for the detection of water pollution as well as for the biological contamination of other media. The sensor was elaborated using layer-by-layer technique for the deposition of a graphene‑gold nanoparticles composite film on the graphite-based screen printed electrode, from aqueous suspension...
December 5, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Slađana Strmečki, Emil Paleček
Previously, it has been shown that proteins and some polysaccharides (PSs) catalyse hydrogen evolution, producing electrochemical signals on mercury electrodes. The catalytic hydrogen evolution reaction (CHER) of the above-mentioned biomacromolecules was studied by voltammetric and chronopotentiometric stripping (CPS) methods. To obtain more information about electrode processes involving CHER, here we used protein such as BSA, and chitosan as a PS; in addition, we investigated dextran as a control PS not involved in CHER...
November 29, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Leila Mahmoudi, Felix Zelder, Reinhard Kissner
Determination of a representative formal redox potential of the Fe(II)/Fe(III) redox couple in cyanhaemoglobin, at pH=7 and related to the state in solution, was the objective of this work. It was achieved at low concentrations of the protein (5μM) to circumvent undesired adsorption. Square-wave voltammetry instead of classical cyclic voltammetry was applied because this method is more sensitive and provides information on the formal redox potential and reversibility, even for rapid processes. We obtained E°'=-0...
November 27, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Eva-Maria Laux, Frank F Bier, Ralph Hölzel
Employing electric phenomena for the spatial manipulation of bioparticles from whole cells down to dissolved molecules has become a useful tool in biotechnology and analytics. AC electrokinetic effects like dielectrophoresis and AC electroosmosis are increasingly used to concentrate, separate and immobilize DNA and proteins. With the advance of photolithographical micro- and nanofabrication methods, novel or improved bioanalytical applications benefit from concentrating analytes, signal enhancement and locally controlled immobilization by AC electrokinetic effects...
November 23, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Mihaela Puiu, Camelia Bala
Redox-tagged peptides have emerged as functional materials with multiple applications in the area of sensing and biosensing applications due to their high stability, excellent redox properties and versatility of biomolecular interactions. They allow direct observation of molecular interactions in a wide range of affinity and enzymatic assays and act as electron mediators. Short helical peptides possess the ability to self-assemble in specific configurations with the possibility to develop in highly-ordered, stable 1D, 2D and 3D architectures in a hierarchical controlled manner...
November 23, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Edris Hoseinzadeh, Abbas Rezaee, Mahdi Farzadkia
In this study, a microbial electrochemical system (MES) was designed to evaluate the effects of a low frequency-low voltage alternating electrical current on denitrification efficacy in the presence of ibuprofen as a low biodegradable organic carbon source. Cylindrical carbon cloth and stainless steel mesh electrodes containing a consortium of heterotrophic and autotrophic bacteria were mounted in the wall of the designed laboratory-scale bioreactor. The effects of inlet nitrate concentration (50-800mgL-1), retention time (2...
November 21, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Kazhal Ghanbari, Mahmoud Roushani
In the present study, we report a facile approach to employ gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) and thiol graphene quantum dots (GQD-SH) as the nanomaterial for ultrasensitive detection of streptomycin (STR). Based on this strategy, a GQD-SH was immobilized onto the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE). AuNPs have been immobilized on SH groups of GQDs through bonding formation of AuS and Apt have been loaded on the electrode surface through the interaction between thiol group of aptamer. By incubating STR as a target onto the surface of the prepared Apt/AuNPs/GQD-SH/GCE as a proposed nanoaptasensor, the Apt/STR complex was formed and the changes of the electrochemical signal were evaluated with the EIS technique...
November 21, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Tangqing Wu, Cheng Sun, Wei Ke
Although many mechanisms have been proposed to explain the microbiologically assisted cracking (MAC) of steel and copper, a theoretical interpretation is necessary. In this paper, we attempt to give a theoretical interpretation of sulfate/nitrate reducing bacteria (SRB/NRB)-assisted cracking using Ee-pH diagrams. Under the combined actions of SRB/NRB and external stress, the cell potential (Ecell) and the corrosion current density of the corrosion reaction increase, such that the corrosion reactions become more thermodynamically favorable...
November 16, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Laura Rago, Sarah Zecchin, Stefania Marzorati, Andrea Goglio, Lucia Cavalca, Pierangela Cristiani, Andrea Schievano
Recently, terracotta has attracted interest as low-cost and biocompatible material to build separators in microbial fuel cells (MFCs). However, the influence of a non-conductive material like terracotta on electroactive microbiological communities remains substantially unexplored. This study aims at describing the microbial pools developed from two different seed inocula (bovine and swine sewage) in terracotta-based air-breathing MFC. A statistical approach on microbiological data confirmed different community enrichment in the MFCs, depending mainly on the inoculum...
November 11, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Marina Mlakar, Vlado Cuculić, Sanja Frka, Blaženka Gašparović
Detailed investigation of Cu (II) binding with natural lipid phosphatidylglycerol (PG) in aqueous solution was carried out by voltammetric measurements at the mercury drop electrode, complemented by monolayer studies in a Langmuir trough and electrophoretic measurements, all used as models for hydrophobic cell membranes. Penetration of copper ions into the PG layer was facilitated by the formation of hydrophilic Cu-Phenanthroline (Phen) complex in the subphase, followed by the mixed ligand Cu-Phen-PG complex formation at the hydrophobic interface...
November 11, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Uddin M Jalal, Gyeong Jun Jin, Kyu Shik Eom, Min Ho Kim, Joon S Shim
In this work, a Lab-on-a-Chip (LOC) platform is used to electromagnetically actuate magnetic bead chains for an enhanced immunoassay. Custom-made electromagnets generate a magnetic field to form, rotate, lift and lower the magnetic bead chains (MBCs). The cost-effective, disposable LOC platform was made with a polymer substrate and an on-chip electrochemical sensor patterned via the screen-printing process. The movement of the MBCs is controlled to improve the electrochemical signal up to 230% when detecting beta-type human chorionic gonadotropin (β-hCG)...
November 6, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
E Huttunen-Saarivirta, P Rajala, M Marja-Aho, J Maukonen, E Sohlberg, L Carpén
In this work, six common stainless steel grades were compared with respect to ennoblement characteristics, corrosion performance and tendency to biofouling in brackish sea water in a pilot-scale cooling water circuit. Two tests were performed, each employing three test materials, until differences between the materials were detected. Open circuit potential (OCP) was measured continuously in situ. Potentiodynamic polarization and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) measurements were conducted before and after the tests...
November 5, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
David Pinto, Thibaud Coradin, Christel Laberty-Robert
In microbial fuel cells, electricity generation is assumed by bacterial degradation of low-grade organics generating electrons that are transferred to an electrode. The nature and efficiency of the electron transfer from the bacteria to the electrodes are determined by several chemical, physical and biological parameters. Specifically, the application of a specific potential at the bioanode has been shown to stimulate the formation of an electro-active biofilm, but the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood...
October 31, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Tomás García-Sánchez, Adeline Muscat, Isabelle Leray, Lluis M Mir
The effects of pyroelectricity on cell membrane permeability had never been explored. Pyroelectricity consists in the generation of an electric field in the surface of some materials when a change in temperature is produced. In the present study, tourmaline microparticles, which are known to display pyroelectrical properties, were subjected to different changes in temperature upon exposure to cells in order to induce an electric field at their surface. Then, the changes in the permeability of the cell membrane to a cytotoxic agent (bleomycin) were assessed by a cloning efficacy test...
October 19, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Cheng Li, Keaton Larson Lesnik, Hong Liu
Extracellular electron transfer between syntrophic partners needs to be efficiently maintained in methanogenic environments. Direct extracellular electron transfer via electrical current is an alternative to indirect hydrogen transfer but requires construction of conductive extracellular structures. Conductive mechanisms and relationship between conductivity and the community composition in mixed-species methanogenic biofilms are not well understood. The present study investigated conductive behaviors of methanogenic biofilms and examined the correlation between biofilm conductivity and community composition between different anaerobic biofilms enriched from the same inoculum...
October 19, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Le-Xing You, Li-Dan Liu, Yong Xiao, You-Fen Dai, Bi-Lian Chen, Yan-Xia Jiang, Feng Zhao
The extracellular electron transfer (EET) mechanism of an isolated Gram-positive Bacillus megaterium strain (LLD-1), identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing and physiological analysis, was investigated in the present study. The electrochemical activity of strain LLD-1 was confirmed by electrochemical E-t and amperometric I-t tests. Flavins in culture suspension from strain LLD-1 were further proved to be able to act as electron shuttles, strengthening the electron transfer from LLD-1 to the electrode. The output voltage and current output were increased 2...
October 16, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Abudukeremu Kadier, Mohd Sahaid Kalil, Kuppam Chandrasekhar, Gunda Mohanakrishna, Ganesh Dattatraya Saratale, Rijuta Ganesh Saratale, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi, Periyasamy Sivagurunathan
Microbial electrolysis cells (MECs) are perceived as a potential and promising innovative biotechnological tool that can convert carbon-rich waste biomass or wastewater into hydrogen (H2) or other value-added chemicals. Undesired methane (CH4) producing H2 sinks, including methanogens, is a serious challenge faced by MECs to achieve high-rate H2 production. Methanogens can consume H2 to produce CH4 in MECs, which has led to a drop of H2 production efficiency, H2 production rate (HPR) and also a low percentage of H2 in the produced biogas...
October 14, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Pan Yi, Kui Xiao, Chaofang Dong, Shiwen Zou, Xiaogang Li
The role played by mould in the electrochemical migration (ECM) behaviour of an immersion silver finished printed circuit board (PCB-ImAg) under a direct current (DC) bias was investigated. An interesting phenomenon is found whereby mould, especially Aspergillus niger, can preferentially grow well on PCB-ImAg under electrical bias and then bridge integrated circuits and form a migration path. The cooperation of the mould and DC bias aggravates the ECM process occurring on PCB-ImAg. When the bias voltage is below 15V, ECM almost does not occur for Ag coating...
October 14, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
Valentina Grippo, Su Ma, Roland Ludwig, Lo Gorton, Renata Bilewicz
Lipidic cubic phase systems (LCPs) are excellent carriers for immobilized enzymes due to their biocompatibility and well-defined nanoporous structure. Lipidic cubic phases act as a convenient matrix to incorporate enzymes and hold them in the vicinity of electrode surfaces in their fully active forms. Corynascus thermophilus cellobiose dehydrogenase (CtCDH) was trapped in a monoolein cubic phase, which increased not only its stability, but also its catalytic performance with both enhanced mediated and direct electron transfer with electrodes...
October 13, 2017: Bioelectrochemistry
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