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Journal of Vascular Access

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792384/percutaneous-leadless-pacemaker-implantation-in-a-patient-with-bilateral-venous-thoracic-outlet-syndrome
#1
Niek Eg Beurskens, Fleur Vy Tjong, Reinoud E Knops, Ron Jg Peters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783914/early-application-of-an-intermittent-pneumatic-compression-device-is-safe-and-results-in-proximal-arteriovenous-fistula-enlargement
#2
Sanjay Desai, Amit Mitra, Ed Arkans, Tej M Singh
INTRODUCTION: Delays in arteriovenous fistula maturation can cause care delays and increased costs. Increased distention pressure and intermittent wall shear stress may dilate veins based on prior research. Early use of non-invasive devices may help assist clinical arteriovenous fistula dilation. METHODS: This was an Institutional Review Board approved study. After arteriovenous fistula creation, a novel, intermittent pneumatic compression device (Fist Assist® ) was applied 15 cm proximal to arteriovenous fistula enabling 60 mmHg of cyclic compression for 6 h daily for 30 days...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749281/is-the-removal-of-a-central-venous-catheter-always-necessary-in-the-context-of-catheter-related-right-atrial-thrombosis
#3
Luigi Rossi, Pasquale Libutti, Francesco Casucci, Piero Lisi, Annalisa Teutonico, Carlo Basile, Carlo Lomonte
Catheter-related right atrial thrombosis is a severe and life-threatening complication of central venous catheters in both adult and young patients. Catheter-related right atrial thrombosis can occur with any type of central venous catheters, utilized either for hemodialysis or infusion. Up to 30% of patients with central venous catheter are estimated to be affected by catheter-related right atrial thrombosis; however, neither precise epidemiological data nor guidelines regarding medical or surgical treatment are available...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742957/abnormalities-of-vascular-histology-and-collagen-fiber-configuration-in-patients-with-advanced-chronic-kidney-disease
#4
Michael Allon, Silvio H Litovsky, Jason Chieh Sheng Tey, Chad A Sundberg, Yingying Zhang, Zhen Chen, Yun Fang, Alfred K Cheung, Yan-Ting Shiu
INTRODUCTION: Several histologic features have been identified in the upper-extremity arteries and veins of patients with advanced chronic kidney disease, which may affect arteriovenous fistula maturation. However, it is unclear whether these chronic kidney disease vascular features are abnormal. METHODS: We obtained upper-extremity arterial and venous specimens from 125 advanced chronic kidney disease patients undergoing arteriovenous fistula creation and from 15 control subjects...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742952/a-pilot-study-to-measure-vascular-compliance-changes-during-fistula-maturation-using-open-source-software
#5
Barry Belmont, Dae Woo Park, Albert Shih, Matthew Leavitt, Brett Plattner, Peter K Henke, William F Weitzel
PURPOSE: Autogenous arteriovenous fistulas are the preferred access for hemodialysis. Yet when created, fistulas often fail to mature, requiring surgical or radiologic interventions before their use. This pilot study measures the vascular wall elasticity and flow gradient using an open-source ultrasound software program designed to aid in assessing fistula maturation. METHODS: A total of seven end-stage renal disease patients were enrolled for our study after providing informed consent...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722288/ultrasound-guided-central-venous-tip-confirmation-via-right-external-jugular-vein-using-a-right-supraclavicular-fossa-view
#6
Mariko Kosaka, Yoshimasa Oyama, Tetsuya Uchino, Yojiro Ogihara, Hironori Koga, Chihiro Shingu, Shigekiyo Matsumoto, Takaaki Kitano
INTRODUCTION: Ultrasound-guided central venous catheter tip confirmation has a potential to precisely locate the central venous catheter, preventing its misplacement, using real-time guidance. This observational study sought to determine the accuracy of central venous catheter tip positioning via the external jugular vein via a supraclavicular fossa view under ultrasound guidance. METHODS: In total, 77 patients scheduled for central venous catheter insertion via the right external jugular vein were enrolled...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722286/new-insertion-support-device-assisted-the-accurate-placement-of-tunneled-cuffed-catheter-first-experience-of-10-cases
#7
Toshiaki Ohara, Kazufumi Sakurama, Satoshi Hiramatsu, Toshimasa Karai, Toshiaki Sato, Yuta Nishina
INTRODUCTION: The tunneled cuffed catheter is used in hemodialysis patients for whom an arteriovenous fistula or arteriovenous graft is not suitable or for bridging usage of them. Accurate placement of a tunneled cuffed catheter is necessary for safe hemodialysis, but placement is sometimes difficult because of individual body differences. We developed a new device to support accurate placement of the tunneled cuffed catheter. In this study, we report our first clinical experience of the device...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701120/comparison-of-two-types-of-catheters-through-femoral-vein-catheterization-in-patients-with-lung-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy-a-retrospective-study
#8
Binbin Xu, Jinghui Zhang, Siyuan Tang, Jianmei Hou, Mengdan Ma
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effects and complications of different types of peripherally inserted central catheters through femoral vein catheterization in patients with lung cancer undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 158 patients with lung cancer undergoing implantation of a venous access through femoral vein catheterization was performed. The patients were divided into two groups by convenience sampling: the single-lumen silicone Groshong peripherally inserted central catheters with valved tip were used in patients in group A, the single-lumen power-injectable polyurethane peripherally inserted central catheters with no valve were used in patients in group B...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701119/does-blood-flow-restriction-training-increase-the-diameter-of-forearm-vessels-in-chronic-kidney-disease-patients-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Jefferson Bn Barbosa, Tuíra O Maia, Priscila S Alves, Shirley D Bezerra, Elaine Csc Moura, Ana Irene C Medeiros, Helen Kb Fuzari, Lívia G Rocha, Patrícia Em Marinho
INTRODUCTION: Blood flow restriction training can be used as an alternative to conventional exercise in chronic kidney disease patients with indication of arteriovenous fistula. OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the efficacy of blood flow restriction training in the diameter and distensibility change of the cephalic vein and the diameter and flow of the radial artery, muscle strength and forearm circumference in chronic kidney disease patients with arteriovenous fistula pre-creation...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683086/chlorhexidine-coated-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-reduce-fibroblastic-sleeve-formation-in-an-in-vivo-ovine-model
#10
Charles J Sylvia, Molly A Wagel, Kamna Giare-Patel, Taylor A Spangler, Eugene M Breznock, Nisha Gupta
PURPOSE: This study compared an antimicrobial and anti-thrombogenic peripherally inserted central catheter treated with a chlorhexidine-based technology, a peripherally inserted central catheter with bulk distributed fluoro-oligomers, and a poly 2-methoxyethyl acrylate-based peripherally inserted central catheter to an untreated peripherally inserted central catheter (control) in an ovine model at 14 and 30 days post-implant. METHODS: One of four types of peripherally inserted central catheters was surgically implanted into the left jugular vein of each of 18 sheep for 14 or 30 days...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681225/the-united-kingdom-and-ireland-experience-of-the-haemodialysis-reliable-outflow-graft-for-vascular-access
#11
James P Hunter, Simon R Knight, N Inston, D Ridway, A Tavakoli, S Suttie, D Kingsmore, T Brown, S Sultan, J Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: To describe the UK and Ireland experience of the Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft in complex vascular access. DESIGN: Observational, multi-centre case series. METHODS: Data from any patient undergoing Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow graft were collected from eight UK and one Irish centre. Any Haemodialysis Reliable Outflow procedure between July 2013 and May 2016 was included. Demographics, primary and secondary patency rates, and complications were analysed...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651905/the-intracavitary-electrocardiography-method-for-tip-location-of-jugular-internal-vein-access-device-in-infants-of-less-than-5-kg-a-pilot-study
#12
Rossella Mastroianni, Antonella Capasso, Gaetano Ausanio
PURPOSE: This is a prospective observational study conducted by neonatologists in neonatal intensive care unit from Sant'Anna and San Sebastiano Hospital, Caserta, Italy. The objective of the study is to verify the feasibility of intracavitary electrocardiography method for tip location of central venous access device in infants of less than 5 kg and evaluate the accuracy of the method in comparison with post-procedural echocardiographical verification of the tip position. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 27 patients weighted between 0...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642730/long-term-outcomes-of-bovine-pericardial-patch-angioplasty-for-recurrent-stenosis-in-vascular-access-a-uk-single-centre-experience
#13
Owain Fisher, Lewis Meecham, Pauline Buxton, Jocelyn Legge, Jack Fairhead, Sriram Rajagopalan, John Asquith, Arun Pherwani
INTRODUCTION: Stenosis of an arteriovenous fistula or arteriovenous graft for dialysis is a common problem. Stenosis may lead to a number of problems including failure of the fistula. Treatment of stenosis is commonly with percutaneous angioplasty or surgical patch angioplasty with autologous vein or synthetic graft or patch. Here we report the use of bovine pericardial patch angioplasty as an alternative mode of patch angioplasty when percutaneous intervention has failed. METHODS: Patients with fistulae treated with bovine patch angioplasty between 2013 and 2016 were identified from a prospectively maintained renal access database (Cyberren® )...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642728/tunnelling-a-midline-catheter-when-the-traffic-light-shifts-from-yellow-to-green
#14
Adam Fabiani, Lorella Dreas, Gianfranco Sanson
INTRODUCTION: A safe, largely used practice for difficult venous access patients is positioning a catheter in deeper veins under ultrasound guide. However, the risk of complications is increased when there is a high catheter-to-vein ratio or when the insertion site is in a zone with particular anatomical/physiological characteristics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 60-year-old woman admitted to a post-operative intensive care unit after cardiac surgery had a complicated post-operative course...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629603/evaluation-of-emla-cream-for-relieving-pain-during-needle-insertion-on-totally-implantable-venous-access-device
#15
Lijuan Yin, Shudi Jiang
PURPOSE: Needle insertion is a routine procedure performed on cancer patients with totally implantable venous access device. Although this procedure is painful for most of the patients, it is regularly performed without topical application of local anesthetics. In our study, we assess the degree of pain associated with different duration times of EMLA cream. METHODS: A total of 361 cancer patients with totally implantable venous access devices were randomly divided into three groups: group 1-placebo, group 2-30 min after application of EMLA, and group 3-60 min after application of EMLA...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627998/physical-examination-of-the-hemodialysis-arteriovenous-fistula-to-detect-early-dysfunction
#16
Kenneth Abreo, Bakhtiar M Amin, Adrian P Abreo
The maintenance of vascular access patency for end-stage renal disease patients on hemodialysis is necessary for survival. Many nephrologists, nurse practitioners, and nurses have limited experience with the physical examination of the arteriovenous fistula. In this review, we define key terms used in the assessment of an arteriovenous fistula. We discuss the arteriovenous fistula physical exam, including details of inspection, palpation, and auscultation. Using these concepts, we review the abnormal findings that can assist practitioners in determining the location of a stenosis...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614907/haemodialysis-access-thrombosis-outcomes-after-surgical-thrombectomy-versus-catheter-directed-thrombolytic-infusion
#17
Linn Koraen-Smith, Matteus Krasun, Matteo Bottai, Ulf Hedin, Carl M Wahlgren, Peter Gillgren
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is one of the most common complications of dialysis vascular access and is a significant source of morbidity and healthcare-associated costs. In this retrospective study, outcomes for surgical thrombectomy and thrombolysis after access thrombosis in patients with arteriovenous fistulas or prosthetic grafts (arteriovenous grafts) were analysed. METHODS: All patients with a primary episode of dialysis access thrombosis between 2005 and 2013 were included which yielded 131 patients with 149 episodes of access thrombosis (108 arteriovenous grafts; 41 arteriovenous fistulas)...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592765/alternative-surgical-procedure-for-treating-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-in-a-hemodialysis-patient
#18
Chen L Yao, Zheng L Tan, Ran Tian, Peng Miao, Xin Chen, Zheng Y Yu
BACKGROUND: The incidence of superior vena cava syndrome has been increasing in hemodialysis patients with the widespread use of dialysis catheters. Although endovascular intervention remains the primary choice for treatment, the long-term patency rate is not optimistic. Occlusive lesions are often encountered that cannot be opened using this intervention. Therefore, we chose to present this case involving a pericardial patch used to reconstruct the superior vena cava in the treatment of catheter-associated chronic superior vena cava occlusion...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592529/a-novel-technique-of-axillary-vein-puncture-involving-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheters-for-a-small-basilic-vein
#19
Fumito Saijo, Yoshinobu Odaka, Mitsuhisa Mutoh, Yu Katayose, Hiromi Tokumura
PURPOSE: Peripherally inserted central venous catheters are some of the most useful devices for vascular access used globally. Peripherally inserted central venous catheters have a low rate of fatal mechanical complications when compared to non-tunnel central venous catheters. However, as peripherally inserted central venous catheter access requires a smaller vein, there is a high risk of thrombosis. The axillary vein (confluence of the basilic and brachial veins) can serve as an access for cannulation...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29591533/peritoneal-dialysis-catheter-insertion-surgery-and-management
#20
Kazunari Yoshida, Daisuke Ishii
Peritoneal access surgery is the first step to achieve successful peritoneal dialysis. It is important to perform easy, safe, and less invasive surgery of peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion. Secure peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion will lead to less infection, that is, exit site, tunnel infection, and peritonitis, which sometimes result in peritoneal dialysis discontinuation. To avoid these undesirable results, we should perform good and proper peritoneal dialysis insertion surgery. In this article, we describe peritoneal dialysis catheter insertion surgery and its management...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Vascular Access
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