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Physical Therapy in Sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645094/quality-assessment-of-shoulder-plyometric-exercises-examining-the-relationship-to-scapular-muscle-activity
#1
Maya Calé-Benzoor, Annelies Maenhout, Michal Arnon, Gershon Tenenbaum, Mia Werrin, Ann Cools
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate performance quality of shoulder plyometric exercises, and examine the relationship to scapular muscle activation during an intense exercise bout. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 32 healthy university students (male/female: 14/18) volunteers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects performed 10 plyometric exercises...
May 12, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641201/pelvic-and-hip-kinematics-during-single-leg-drop-landing-are-altered-in-sports-participants-with-long-standing-groin-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
L Janse van Rensburg, M Dare, Q Louw, L Crous, J Cockroft, L Williams, B Olivier
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the differences in three-dimensional pelvic and hip kinematics during a single-leg drop-landing task in active sports participants with long-standing groin pain compared to healthy matched controls. DESIGN: This was a descriptive study incorporating a cross-sectional design. SETTING: The study was conducted at the Unit for Human Movement Analysis, Stellenbosch University, South Africa. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample was comprised of 20 male club level soccer, rugby, running and cycling participants between the ages of 18 and 55 years...
May 12, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549243/australian-football-players-experiencing-groin-pain-exhibit-reduced-subscale-scores-of-activities-of-daily-living-and-sport-and-recreation-on-the-hagos-questionnaire-a-case-control-study
#3
Michael K Drew, Gregory Lovell, Thorvaldur S Palsson, Pauline E Chiarelli, Peter G Osmotherly
OBJECTIVES: To report normative responses to the HAGOS questionnaire for Australian football players and to determine whether any of the HAGOS questionnaire sub scales can differentiate players with and without groin pain. DESIGN: Case-control. SETTING: Clinical setting. PARTICIPANTS: Professional (n = 66) and semi-professional (n = 9) Australian football (AF) players with current groin pain (n = 16) and controls (n = 57) without current groin pain...
April 20, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499192/handgrip-strength-is-associated-with-anthropometrics-variables-and-sex-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-providing-reference-values
#4
Pedro Ángel Latorre Román, David Mora López, Beatriz Berrios Aguayo, Alejandro Robles Fuentes, Felipe García-Pinillos, Melchor Martínez Redondo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of age, sex and anthropometric variables in handgrip strength and to determine norm-referenced values for preschool children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1215 children, aged 3-6 years (590 girls and 625 boys). INTERVENTION: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Handgrip strength (HS), measured by the CAMRY hydraulic hand dynamometer (EH101; Camry, Guangdong Province, China)...
April 5, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578252/stretching-position-can-affect-levator-scapular-muscle-activity-length-and-cervical-range-of-motion-in-people-with-a-shortened-levator-scapulae
#5
Hyo-Jung Jeong, Heon-Seock Cynn, Chung-Hwi Yi, Jang-Whon Yoon, Ji-Hyun Lee, Tae-Lim Yoon, Bo-Been Kim
OBJECTIVES: Levator scapulae (LS) muscle stretching exercises are a common method of lengthening a shortened muscle; however, the appropriate stretching position for lengthening the LS in people with a shortened LS remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different stretching exercise positions on the LS and introduce effective stretching exercise methods to clinicians. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four university students (12 men, 12 women) with a shortened LS were recruited...
April 4, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364615/strength-and-endurance-training-reduces-the-loss-of-eccentric-hamstring-torque-observed-after-soccer-specific-fatigue
#6
Martyn J Matthews, Kate Heron, Stefanie Todd, Andrew Tomlinson, Paul Jones, Anne Delextrat, Daniel D Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of two hamstring training protocols on eccentric peak torque before and after soccer specific fatigue. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two university male soccer players. DESIGN: Isokinetic strength tests were performed at 60°/s pre and post fatigue, before and after 2 different training interventions. A 45-min soccer specific fatigue modified BEAST protocol (M-BEAST) was used to induce fatigue. Players were randomly assigned to a 4 week hamstrings conditioning intervention with either a maximum strength (STR) or a muscle endurance (END) emphasis...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364614/life-history-and-point-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-pre-professional-and-professional-dancers
#7
Christopher T V Swain, Elizabeth J Bradshaw, Douglas G Whyte, Christina L Ekegren
OBJECTIVES: To investigate lifetime history and point prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in pre-professional and professional dancers and to identify any demographic or physical factors associated with LBP in dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: One pre-professional ballet school, two pre-professional university dance programs, and a professional nationally touring ballet company. PARTICIPANTS: Male and female classical ballet and contemporary dancers aged 12 years old and above...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279844/practices-attitudes-towards-recovery-in-elite-asian-uk-adolescent-athletes
#8
Andrew M Murray, Anthony P Turner, John Sproule, Marco Cardinale
OBJECTIVES: Assess current practice and attitudes towards recovery in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Questionnaires were administered either via print or online questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS: Athletes and coaches from within Asia were surveyed (n = 112 & 53), with a comparative sample in the UK (n = 53 & 8). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition. RESULTS: Adolescent athletes perceive a variety of recovery modalities as important, though prioritise active recovery, nutrition and sleep...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262355/the-importance-of-a-neck-exam-in-sport-related-concussion-cervical-schwannoma-in-post-concussion-syndrome
#9
David M Langelier, Kathryn J Schneider, John Hurlbert, Chantel T Debert
OBJECTIVE: Few cases of cervical schwannoma have been reported following head trauma. The present case, involves a schwannoma of the C2 spinal nerve mimicking post-concussion symptoms following a sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: University of Calgary, Sport Medicine Clinic, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. RESULTS: We report a 28 year old, athlete who developed headache, dizziness, photophobia, and neck pain following a cycling accident...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262354/effects-of-joint-stabilizers-on-proprioception-and-stability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Matthew Driller, Ishan Ghai
OBJECTIVE: The current review and meta-analysis systematically investigated the effect of joint stabilizers on proprioception, postural stability, and neurological activity. METHODS: Systematic identification of published literature was performed on online databases; Scopus, PEDro, SportDiscus, and EMBASE, followed by a critical PEDro methodological quality appraisal. Data from the studies were extracted and summarized in a tabular format. RESULTS: Of 2954 records, 50 studies, involving 1443 participants met our inclusion criteria...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256397/the-effects-of-a-combined-static-dynamic-stretching-protocol-on-athletic-performance-in-elite-gaelic-footballers-a-randomised-controlled-crossover-trial
#11
Martin Loughran, Philip Glasgow, Chris Bleakley, Joseph McVeigh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of three different static-dynamic stretching protocols on sprint and jump performance in Gaelic footballers. DESIGN: Double-blind, controlled, crossover trial. SETTING: Sports Institute research environment. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen male elite level Gaelic footballers, aged 18-30 years, completed three stretching protocols. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Athletic performance was measured by countermovement jump height and power, and timed 10 m, 20 m, and 40 m sprints...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254581/the-effects-of-tissue-flossing-on-ankle-range-of-motion-and-jump-performance
#12
Matthew W Driller, Ryan G Overmayer
OBJECTIVES: Tissue compression and partial vascular occlusion using band flossing results in re-perfusion of blood to the muscle tissue that may ultimately increase range of motion (ROM) and reduce risk of injury. However, the effect of band flossing on ankle ROM and jump performance is yet to be evaluated. DESIGN: In a crossover design, participants performed a number of tests pre and post the application of a floss band to one ankle (FLOSS), with the contralateral ankle acting as the control (CON)...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254580/validation-of-an-inertial-measurement-unit-for-the-measurement-of-jump-count-and-height
#13
Kerry MacDonald, Roald Bahr, Jennifer Baltich, Jackie L Whittaker, Willem H Meeuwisse
OBJECTIVES: To validate the use of an inertial measurement unit (IMU) for the collection of total jump count and assess the validity of an IMU for the measurement of jump height against 3-D motion analysis. DESIGN: Cross sectional validation study. SETTING: 3D motion-capture laboratory and field based settings. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen elite adolescent volleyball players. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Participants performed structured drills, played a 4 set volleyball match and performed twelve counter movement jumps...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242554/the-effect-of-elastic-therapeutic-taping-on-lumbar-extensor-isokinetic-performance
#14
Harry J Knapman, Tom Fallon, Matthew O'Connor, Lee A Titmus, Sherrie T Choy, Claire Hornsby, Jon F Marsden, Gary L Shum
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of elastic therapeutic tape when applied overlaying the lumbar extensors on different measures of muscle performance, compared to a placebo taping technique and a no-tape control. DESIGN: A cross-sectional experimental study. SETTING: A biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty one participants received three taping conditions in a randomised order: elastic therapeutic tape, a placebo tape and a no-tape control...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236712/a-biomechanical-evaluation-of-the-combined-elevation-test
#15
Sam Allen, Gemma Phillips, Steve McCaig
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate biomechanically the relationships between the outcome of the Combined Elevation Test, its component joint motions, and thoracic spine angles. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 18 elite swimmers and triathletes (11 males and 7 females). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Combined Elevation Test outcome in forehead and chin positions. Individual joint contributions to test outcome...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190632/effects-of-a-paraspinal-lumbar-tape-application-during-7-days-on-the-perceived-area-of-tape-contact
#16
Stefan Funk, Roy Finke, Stefan Zeh, Tobias Siebert, Christian Puta
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the changes of the perceived area of tape contact during a lumbar tape application that lasted 7 days. DESIGN: Single group, repeated measures study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three healthy collegiate students in sports science. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived area of tape contact was collected by preparing a drawing of their individual perceived tape outline into a printed body image...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188077/development-of-a-preliminary-evidence-based-neuromusculoskeletal-exercise-guideline-to-reduce-injury-risk-in-the-lower-limb
#17
REVIEW
Michael E Lehr, Devin Kime, Cayce Onks, Matthew Silvis, Megan Streisel
Athletic participation growth has resulted in increased exposures and neuromusculoskeletal (NMSK) non-contact injuries. Based on current evidence, the primary objective of this literature review is to create a preliminary evidence-based NMSK exercise guideline, addressing these intrinsic modifiable risk factors. Systematic searches were conducted September 2014 prior to data extraction utilizing CINAHL Plus (1995 to September 2014), MEDLINE (1995 to September 2014), and Academic Search Premier (1995 to September 2014)...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161188/hip-muscle-strength-is-decreased-in-middle-aged-recreational-male-athletes-with-midportion-achilles-tendinopathy-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
B Habets, H W Smits, F J G Backx, R E H van Cingel, B M A Huisstede
OBJECTIVE: Investigating differences in hip muscle strength between athletes with Achilles tendinopathy (AT) and asymptomatic controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional case-control study. SETTING: Sports medical center. PARTICIPANTS: Twelve recreational male athletes with mid-portion AT and twelve matched asymptomatic controls. OUTCOME MEASURES: Isometric strength of the hip abductors, external rotators, and extensors was measured using a handheld dynamometer...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159498/corrigendum-to-the-within-day-and-between-day-reliability-of-using-sacral-accelerations-to-quantify-balance-performance-phys-ther-sport-vol-17-2015-45-50
#19
Jonathan M Williams, Christopher Dorey, Suzannah Clark, Carol Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153457/corrigendum-to-an-investigation-into-the-reliability-and-variability-of-wobble-board-performance-in-a-healthy-population-using-the-smartwobble-instrumented-wobble-board-physical-therapy-in-sport-vol-15-3-2014-143-147
#20
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