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Physical Therapy in Sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310055/the-effect-of-additional-joint-mobilization-on-neuromuscular-performance-in-individuals-with-functional-ankle-instability
#1
Yi-Fen Shih, Hsiang-Ting Yu, Wen-Yin Chen, Kwong-Kum Liao, Hsiu-Chen Lin, Yea-Ru Yang
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of joint mobilization and exercise training on neuromuscular performance in individuals with functional ankle instability (FAI). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Forty five subjects with FAI were randomized into three groups: control (CG, n = 15, 27.9 ± 6.6yr), training (TG, n = 15, 26.9 ± 5.8yr) and mobilization with training group (MTG, n = 15, 26.5 ± 4.8yr). INTERVENTION: Four weeks of neuromuscular training for TG; neuromuscular training and joint mobilization for MTG...
December 20, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174999/effect-of-upper-body-plyometric-training-on-physical-performance-in-healthy-individuals-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Deepika Singla, M Ejaz Hussain, Jamal Ali Moiz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of upper body plyometric training (UBPT) on physical performance parameters such as strength, ball throwing speed, ball throw distance and power in healthy individuals. METHODS: PubMed, Scopus, ResearchGate and ERIC databases were searched up to August 2017. Selection of articles was done if they described the outcomes of an upper body plyometric exercise intervention; included measures of strength, ball throwing speed, ball throw distance, or power; included healthy individuals; used a randomized control trial; and had full text available in English language...
November 11, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245027/multidimensional-impact-of-low-dye-taping-on-low-load-hopping-in-individuals-with-and-without-plantar-fasciitis
#3
Tarbie Van Tonder, Garry T Allison, Diana Hopper, Tiffany L Grisbrook
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate the acute effect of low-Dye, placebo and no tape on motor behaviour in individuals with plantar fasciitis (PF). DESIGN: Prospective, experimental. SETTING: Motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Ten participants with PF and ten matched controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Hopping behaviour (lower-limb stiffness and ankle angle at peak loading) were evaluated during low-load sleigh hopping, during three taping conditions...
November 8, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29274455/biomechanical-analysis-of-the-shoulder-of-swimmers-after-a-maximal-effort-test
#4
Felipe S Serenza, Anamaria S Oliveira, Bruno L S Bedo, Fàbio P Mariano, Rodrigo Aquino, Martin Warner, Paulo R P Santiago
OBJECTIVES: To compare the kinematics and electromyography of the periscapular muscles in swimmers before and after a 3-min maximal effort test. PARTICIPANTS: 16 competitive swimmers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Infrared cameras were used to record kinematics in the scapular plane in synchronization with the electromyography system. RESULTS: There was an increase in internal rotation in all angles (p < 0.05), an increase of the anterior tilt, with 120° of elevation (p = 0...
November 6, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29257984/the-prevalence-and-impact-of-low-back-pain-in-pre-professional-and-professional-dancers-a-prospective-study
#5
Christopher T V Swain, Elizabeth J Bradshaw, Douglas G Whyte, Christina L Ekegren
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in pre-professional and professional dancers and its impact on dance participation, care-seeking and medication use. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: One pre-professional ballet school, two pre-professional university dance programs, and a professional ballet company. PARTICIPANTS: Male and female classical ballet and contemporary dancers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: An initial questionnaire collected demographic and LBP history data...
November 3, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175595/the-development-of-an-instructional-video-for-the-teaching-of-acupressure-for-pain-management-in-acute-musculoskeletal-injuries-a-knowledge-translation-study
#6
Aleksandra Katarzyna Mącznik, Anthony Gerard Schneiders, Josie Athens, Stephen John Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: To survey potential stakeholders to obtain information relevant to the production of a video on teaching acupressure for sports injury management, and gain feedback from potential users on the prototype video. DESIGN: Focus groups and online survey methods nested within a knowledge translation framework. PARTICIPANTS: Four focus groups (n = 24) were conducted, two with sports medics and two with sports physiotherapists as a part of the development of a prototype video...
October 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967563/are-kinesio-taping-and-kinesiology-taping-the-same
#7
LETTER
Jung-Hoon Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963917/asymmetrical-abdominal-muscle-morphometry-is-present-in-injury-free-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-prospective-observational-study
#8
Candice Martin, Benita Olivier, Natalie Benjamin
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine if abdominal muscle thickness, activation and symmetry are associated with prospective in-season injury among adolescent cricket pace bowlers. DESIGN: A quantitative, prospective, observational study design was used. SETTING: Data was collected at an indoor venue at a secondary school. PARTICIPANTS: 28 injury-free, male, adolescent pace bowlers between the ages of 13 and 18 participated...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950149/tissue-flossing-on-ankle-range-of-motion-jump-and-sprint-performance-a-follow-up-study
#9
Matthew Driller, Kelsi Mackay, Blair Mills, Francisco Tavares
OBJECTIVES: Previous results from our laboratory suggest that band flossing results in increased ankle range of motion (ROM) and jump performance 5-min following application. However, the time-course of such benefits is yet to be examined. DESIGN: Parallel group design. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 69 recreational athletes (32 male/37 female). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Participants performed a weight-bearing lunge test (WBLT), a counter-movement jump (CMJ) and a 15 m sprint test (SPRINT) pre and up to 45-min post application of a floss band to both ankles (FLOSS) or without flossing of the ankle joints (CON)...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950148/the-influence-of-foot-position-on-lower-leg-muscle-activity-during-a-heel-raise-exercise-measured-with-fine-wire-and-surface-emg
#10
Hiroshi Akuzawa, Atsushi Imai, Satoshi Iizuka, Naoto Matsunaga, Koji Kaneoka
OBJECTIVE: Exercises for lower leg muscles are important to improve function. To examine the influence of foot position on lower leg muscle activity during heel raises. DESIGN: Cross-sectional laboratory study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fourteen healthy men participated in this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The muscle activity levels of the tibialis posterior (TP), peroneus longus (PL), flexor digitorum longus (FDL) and medial gastrocnemius (MG) were measured...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923589/an-investigation-into-the-immediate-effects-of-pelvic-taping-on-hamstring-eccentric-force-in-an-elite-male-sprinter-a-case-report
#11
Ben Macdonald
BACKGROUND: Hamstring Injuries commonly cause missed training and competition time in elite sports. Injury surveillance studies have demonstrated high injury and re-injury rates, which have not improved across sports despite screening and prevention programmes being commonplace. The most commonly suggested intervention for hamstring prevention and rehabilitation is eccentric strength assessment and training. CASE DESCRIPTION: This case study describes the management of an elite sprinter with a history of hamstring injury...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917146/construct-validity-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-the-gymnastic-functional-measurement-tool-in-the-classification-of-female-competitive-gymnasts-in-canada
#12
Joseph Kaldas, Céline Bisson, Annie-Claude Hogue, Catherine Apinis, Djamal Berbiche, Nathaly Gaudreault
OBJECTIVES: To determine the construct validity and the inter-rater reliability of the Gymnastic Functional Measurement Tool (GFMT) within the parameters of the Canadian classification of female competitive gymnasts. DESIGN: Validity and Reliability study. SETTING: The GFMT was administered by evaluators who had no previous knowledge of the competing level of the gymnasts. To determine the construct validity, a multiple linear regression analysis was carried out between the GFMT scores and the gymnasts' competition level to obtain the coefficient of determination...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#13
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673759/biomechanical-and-functional-efficacy-of-knee-sleeves-a-literature-review
#14
REVIEW
Nahdatul Aishah Mohd Sharif, Siew-Li Goh, Juliana Usman, Wan Kamarul Zaman Wan Safwani
BACKGROUND: Knee sleeves are widely used for the symptomatic relief and subjective improvements of knee problems. To date, however, their biomechanical effects have not been well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether knee sleeves can significantly improve the biomechanical variables for knee problems. METHOD: Systematic literature search was conducted on four online databases - PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and Springer Link - to find peer-reviewed and relevant scientific papers on knee sleeves published from January 2005 to January 2015...
November 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156445/autologous-tenocyte-implantation-into-shoulder-tendon-pathology-in-an-elite-swimmer
#15
Laura M Schwab, Peter Blanch, Mark Young
INTRODUCTION: The use of novel bioengineer treatment techniques such as Autologous Tenocyte Implantation (ATI) have shown promising improvements in both pain ratings and functional outcomes in elbow, gluteal and shoulder tendon pathology. This case will review the injury timeline of ATI intervention in an elite male swimmer with subscapularis tendon pathology and investigate whether ATI has a concomitant healing effect associated with improved functional outcomes. METHODS: A palmaris longus tendon biopsy was performed and cells were expanded by in-vitro culture...
October 13, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248350/effectiveness-of-kinesiology-tape-on-sports-performance-abilities-in-athletes-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Jennifer C Reneker, Lisa Latham, Ryan McGlawn, Matthew R Reneker
OBJECTIVE: Establish the effectiveness of kinesiology tape (KT) on sports performance abilities compared to that of other tapes or no tape with consideration to the application methodology, timeframe, and outcome measurement. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and PEDro databases were systematically searched. The following inclusion criteria were applied: 1) participants were healthy athletes, 2) compared any brand of dynamic KT to other types of tape (sham or therapeutic) and/or no tape, 3) measured some construct of functional sports performance, 4) involved randomization...
October 9, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149639/translation-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-measurement-properties-of-the-brazilian-version-of-the-identification-of-functional-ankle-instability-idfai-questionnaire
#17
Bruna Reclusa Martinez, Andrea D Lopes Sauers, Cintia Lopes Ferreira, Luciana de Castro Lugli, Paola Christina Gama Turchetto, Carrie L Docherty, Liu Chiao Yi
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to describe the translation and cultural adaptation, and to test the validity and reliability of the Brazilian version of the Identification of Functional Ankle Instability (IdFAI) questionnaire. DESIGN: This was a clinical measurement. SETTING: This research took place at the Federal University of Sao Paulo in Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty college students participated in the translation and cultural adaptation, while another 50 students participated in the measurements (validity and reliability)...
October 7, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172095/innovations-and-pitfalls-in-the-use-of-wearable-devices-in-the-prevention-and-rehabilitation-of-running-related-injuries
#18
Richard W Willy
Running-related injuries are common and are associated with a high rate of reoccurrence. Biomechanics and errors in applied training loads are often cited as causes of running-related injuries. Clinicians and runners are beginning to utilize wearable technologies to quantify biomechanics and training loads with the hope of reducing the incidence of running-related injuries. Wearable devices can objectively assess biomechanics and training loads in runners, yet guidelines for their use by clinicians and runners are not currently available...
October 6, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033213/managing-risk-when-treating-the-injured-runner-with-running-retraining-load-management-and-exercise-therapy
#19
EDITORIAL
C J Barton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156219/scapular-upward-rotation-position-is-symmetrical-in-swimmers-without-current-shoulder-pain
#20
Sally J McLaine, Karen A Ginn, James W Fell, Marie-Louise Bird
OBJECTIVES: A history of shoulder pain is common in swimmers and may influence scapular position, possibly increasing the risk of shoulder pain recurring. The aim of this study was to establish and compare bilateral static measures of scapular upward rotation in swimmers (14-20 years), some with a history of shoulder pain but all currently pain free, in two different elevated positions of shoulder abduction. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, observational study. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-five swimmers without current shoulder pain...
September 22, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
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