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Physical Therapy in Sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964928/absolute-and-relative-reliability-of-isokinetic-and-isometric-trunk-strength-testing-using-the-isomed-2000-dynamometer
#1
Ralf Roth, Lars Donath, Eduard Kurz, Lukas Zahner, Oliver Faude
OBJECTIVES: The present study aimed to assess the between day reliability of isokinetic and isometric peak torque (PT) during trunk measurement on an isokinetic device (IsoMed 2000). DESIGN: Test-retest-protocol on five separate days. PARTICIPANTS: Fifteen healthy sport students (8 female and 7 male) aged 21 to 26. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: PT was assessed in isometric back extension and flexion as well as right and left rotation...
November 30, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856169/pulsed-electromagnetic-field-ameliorates-cartilage-degeneration-by-inhibiting-mitogen-activated-protein-kinases-in-a-rat-model-of-osteoarthritis
#2
Jun Zhou, Yuan Liao, Haitao Xie, Ying Liao, Huifang Liu, Yahua Zeng, Neng Li
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the effects of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) on cartilage degeneration, and expression of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), in an experimental rat model of osteoarthritis induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). DESIGN: Experimental. SETTING: University animal laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 30 male Sprague-Dawley rats. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: We performed histological examination, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, to assess cartilage degeneration, urine C-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type II collagen (CTX-II), and mRNA expression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Jun N-terminal kinase (c-Jun), p38, and MMPs...
October 27, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863793/plantar-pressure-asymmetry-and-risk-of-stress-injuries-in-the-foot-of-young-soccer-players
#3
Renato R Azevedo, Emmanuel S da Rocha, Pedro S Franco, Felipe P Carpes
BACKGROUND: Asymmetries in the magnitude of plantar pressure are considered a risk factor for stress fracture of the fifth metatarsal in soccer athletes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the presence of plantar pressure asymmetries among young soccer athletes. DESIGN: Observational. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty young adolescents divided into a soccer player group (n = 15) or a matched control group (n = 15)...
October 24, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776927/the-energetic-cost-of-gait-retraining-a-pilot-study-of-the-acute-effect
#4
Andrew D Townshend, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, Mark W Creaby
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the acute effect of gait retraining aimed at reducing tibial peak positive acceleration (PPA) on energetic cost (VO2). DESIGN: Intervention with a pre/post-test design. SETTING: University biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 12 healthy male runners (23.4 ± 5.3 years, 179.7 ± 4.3 cm, 75.6 ± 9.2 kg). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Tibial PPA and oxygen consumption (VO2) were measured after a five minute baseline run and at the end of a gait retraining session aimed at minimizing tibial PPA...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776926/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-subacromial-space-in-healthy-subjects-performing-three-different-positions-of-shoulder-abduction-in-both-loaded-and-unloaded-conditions
#5
Stefano Longo, Alberto Corradi, Giovanni Michielon, Francesco Sardanelli, Luca Maria Sconfienza
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space (SS) narrowing may result in unsafe contact of rotator cuff tendons and bursa with the acromion, possibly promoting rotator cuff pathologies and pain. We measured SS in asymptomatic subjects after three movements employed for shoulder muscles' training. PARTICIPANTS AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Twenty-five males (age 24±5years; stature 175±8 cm; body mass 74±12 kg) underwent SS ultrasound evaluation while executing with (WL) and without (NL) 4-kg load: 90° shoulder abduction (SA) without humerus rotation (90°neutral); 90° SA maximal humeral external rotation (90°er); maximum SA (above 90°) during upright row (UR)...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769805/bodybuilding-induced-mondor-s-disease-of-the-chest-wall
#6
Christian Tröbinger, Christian J Wiedermann
OBJECTIVE: To describe the association of bodybuilding abdominal exercise with the development of superficial sclerosing thrombophlebitis of the anterolateral thoracoabdominal wall. DESIGN: A single case study. SETTING: University-affiliated regional community hospital. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 54-year-old man presented with an otherwise unremarkable past medical history 4 weeks after the start of left-sided chest discomfort...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769804/the-effects-of-swimming-fatigue-on-shoulder-strength-range-of-motion-joint-control-and-performance-in-swimmers
#7
Martyn J Matthews, Daniel Green, Helen Matthews, Emma Swanwick
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of training induced fatigue on shoulder strength, ROM, joint position sense, and stroke length in elite competitive swimmers. METHODS: Seventeen national level swimmers performed maximum isometric strength (internal and external rotation), ROM, and joint position sense tests before and after a fatiguing 8 × 100 m training set. Stroke length, heart rate, blood lactate and blood glucose levels were recorded throughout. RESULTS: Peak blood lactate, blood glucose levels, and heart rate increased significantly (P < 0...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726942/is-there-a-link-between-previous-exposure-to-sport-injury-psychology-education-and-uk-sport-injury-rehabilitation-professionals-attitudes-and-behaviour-towards-sport-psychology
#8
Caroline A Heaney, Claire L Rostron, Natalie C Walker, Alison J K Green
OBJECTIVES: The use of sport psychology strategies during sport injury rehabilitation can lead to several positive outcomes such as improved adherence and self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the sport psychology related attitudes and behaviours of UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals (SIRPs) who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury to those who had not. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Ninety-four SIRPs (54 physiotherapists and 40 sports therapists with a mean of 9...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707631/stabilization-exercise-compared-to-general-exercises-or-manual-therapy-for-the-management-of-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Jordana Moura Lopes, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Anderson Araujo, Alécio Brasileiro, Camila Sousa, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo
AIM: We performed a systematic review with a meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of stabilization exercises versus general exercises or manual therapy in patients with low back pain. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Scielo, and CINAHL (from the earliest date available to November 2014) for randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy of stabilization exercises compared to general exercises or manual therapy on pain, disability, and function in patients with low back pain...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697389/effects-of-prophylactic-knee-bracing-on-knee-joint-kinetics-and-kinematics-during-netball-specific-movements
#10
Jonathan K Sinclair, Hayley Vincent, Jim D Richards
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a prophylactic knee brace on knee joint kinetics and kinematics during netball specific movements. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty university first team level female netball players. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Participants performed three movements, run, cut and vertical jump under two conditions (brace and no-brace). 3-D knee joint kinetics and kinematics were measured using an eight-camera motion analysis system...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693921/can-the-functional-movement-screen%C3%A2-be-used-to-capture-changes-in-spine-and-knee-motion-control-following-12-weeks-of-training
#11
David M Frost, Tyson A C Beach, Troy L Campbell, Jack P Callaghan, Stuart M McGill
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether objective measures of spine and frontal plane knee motion exhibited during Functional Movement Screen™ (FMS) task performance changed following a movement-guided fitness (MOV) and conventional fitness (FIT) exercise intervention. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled experiment. Before and after 12 weeks of exercise, participants' kinematics were quantified while performing the FMS and a series of general whole-body movement tasks...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693100/diagnostic-validity-of-physical-examination-tests-for-common-knee-disorders-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Simon Décary, Philippe Ouellet, Pascal-André Vendittoli, Jean-Sébastien Roy, François Desmeules
INTRODUCTION: More evidence on diagnostic validity of physical examination tests for knee disorders is needed to lower frequently used and costly imaging tests. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews (SR) and meta-analyses (MA) evaluating the diagnostic validity of physical examination tests for knee disorders. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in five databases until January 2016. Methodological quality was assessed using the AMSTAR...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693099/distinct-cut-task-strategy-in-australian-football-players-with-a-history-of-groin-pain
#13
Suzi Edwards, Hiram C Brooke, Jill L Cook
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the differences in the magnitude of movement variability and strategies utilized during an unanticipated cut task between players with and without a history of groin pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional design. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIANTS: Male Australian football players with (HISTORY; n = 7) or without (CONTROL; n = 10) a history of groin pain. OUTCOME MEASURES: Three-dimensional ground reaction forces (GRF) and kinematics were recorded during 10 successful trials of an unanticipated cut task, and isokinetic hip adduction and abduction strength...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693098/serratus-anterior-and-trapezius-muscle-activity-during-knee-push-up-plus-and-knee-plus-exercises-performed-on-a-stable-an-unstable-surface-and-during-sling-suspension
#14
Brian Horsak, Marion Kiener, Andreas Pötzelsberger, Tarique Siragy
OBJECTIVES: Push-up plus variations are commonly prescribed to clients during shoulder rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to compare electromyographic (EMG) activities of the serratus anterior (SA), upper (UT), and lower trapezius (LT) during a knee push-up plus and knee-plus exercise performed on various surfaces. STUDY DESIGN: Within-subjects Repeated-Measure Design. PARTICIPANTS: 19 healthy, young female participants performed both exercises on a stable and unstable surface and during sling-suspension...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689901/the-ability-of-athletes-with-long-standing-groin-pain-to-maintain-a-stable-lumbopelvic-position-a-laboratory-study
#15
Ulrik McCarthy Persson, Rebecca M O'Sullivan, Dylan Morrissey, Jennifer Wallace
OBJECTIVES: The ability to maintain a lumbopelvic position (LPP) was assessed in athletes with a history of long-standing groin pain (LSGP) and athletes without LSGP. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: University motion analysis laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty male athletes-15 with a history of LSGP (>12 weeks) and 15 without. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Maintenance of LPP was assessed using a pressure biofeedback unit (PBU) during supine single leg lift (SLL), single leg extension (SLE) and bent knee fallout (BKFO)...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665391/the-effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-the-color-intensity-of-superficial-skin-hematomas-a-pilot-study
#16
Stefano Vercelli, Claudio Colombo, Francesca Tolosa, Andrea Moriondo, Elisabetta Bravini, Giorgio Ferriero, Sartorio Francesco
OBJECTIVES: To analyze the effects of kinesio taping (KT) -applied with three different strains that induced or not the formation of skin creases (called convolutions)- on color intensity of post-surgical superficial hematomas. DESIGN: Single-blind paired study. SETTING: Rehabilitation clinic. PARTICIPANTS: A convenience sample of 13 inpatients with post-surgical superficial hematomas. INTERVENTIONS: The tape was applied for 24 consecutive hours...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665249/intra-rater-reliability-and-agreement-of-various-methods-of-measurement-to-assess-dorsiflexion-in-the-weight-bearing-dorsiflexion-lunge-test-wblt-among-female-athletes
#17
Argia Langarika-Rocafort, José Ignacio Emparanza, José F Aramendi, Julen Castellano, Julio Calleja-González
OBJECTIVES: To examine the intra-observer reliability and agreement between five methods of measurement for dorsiflexion during Weight Bearing Dorsiflexion Lunge Test and to assess the degree of agreement between three methods in female athletes. DESIGN: Repeated measurements study design. SETTING: Volleyball club. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five volleyball players. MAIN OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Dorsiflexion was evaluated using five methods: heel-wall distance, first toe-wall distance, inclinometer at tibia, inclinometer at Achilles tendon and the dorsiflexion angle obtained by a simple trigonometric function...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665248/the-identification-of-risk-factors-for-ankle-sprains-sustained-during-netball-participation
#18
Alison S Attenborough, Peter J Sinclair, Tristan Sharp, Andrew Greene, Max Stuelcken, Richard M Smith, Claire E Hiller
OBJECTIVES: Ankle sprains account for a large percentage of injuries sustained in netball. The identification of risk factors for ankle sprain is the preliminary action required to inform future prevention strategies. DESIGN: Prospective study. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-four netball players from club and inter-district teams. METHODS: Preseason data were collected for; vertical jump height, perceived ankle instability, sprain history, arthrometry inversion-eversion angles, star excursion balance test reach distances, the number of foot lifts during unilateral stance and demi-pointe balance test results...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665247/multimodal-impairment-based-physical-therapy-for-the-treatment-of-patients-with-post-concussion-syndrome-a-retrospective-analysis-on-safety-and-feasibility
#19
Patrick Grabowski, John Wilson, Alyssa Walker, Dan Enz, Sijian Wang
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate implementation, safety and feasibility of multimodal, impairment-based physical therapy (PT) combining vestibular/oculomotor and cervical rehabilitation with sub-symptom threshold exercise for the treatment of patients with post-concussion syndrome (PCS). SETTING: University hospital outpatient sports medicine facility. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients (12-20 years old) meeting World Health Organization criteria for PCS following sport-related concussion referred for supervised PT consisting of sub-symptom cardiovascular exercise, vestibular/oculomotor and cervical spine rehabilitation...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662790/ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-influences-lateral-step-down-test-scores-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#20
Terry L Grindstaff, Nadyne Dolan, Sam K Morton
OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) between three groups of individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) based on Lateral Step Down Test quality of movement. The secondary purpose was to quantify the relationship between ankle dorsiflexion ROM and Lateral Step Down Test scores. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine participants with CAI...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
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