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Physical Therapy in Sport

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673759/biomechanical-and-functional-efficacy-of-knee-sleeves-a-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
Nahdatul Aishah Mohd Sharif, Siew-Li Goh, Juliana Usman, Wan Kamarul Zaman Wan Safwani
BACKGROUND: Knee sleeves are widely used for the symptomatic relief and subjective improvements of knee problems. To date, however, their biomechanical effects have not been well understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether knee sleeves can significantly improve the biomechanical variables for knee problems. METHOD: Systematic literature search was conducted on four online databases - PubMed, Web of Science, ScienceDirect and Springer Link - to find peer-reviewed and relevant scientific papers on knee sleeves published from January 2005 to January 2015...
May 6, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647204/return-to-competition-after-an-achilles-tendon-rupture-using-both-on-and-off-the-field-load-monitoring-as-guidance-a-case-report-of-a-top-level-soccer-player
#2
Maurizio Fanchini, Franco M Impellizzeri, Karin Grävare Silbernagel, Franco Combi, Franco Benazzo, Mario Bizzini
OBJECTIVES: To describe the Return to competition after Achilles Tendon rupture (ATR) in an elite soccer player. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Return to sport (RTS) of a professional soccer player who suffered an ATR during a match. The RTS phase started 15 weeks after surgery and specific on-field activities were gradually introduced. Criteria used to monitor the transition through the different phases were strength and endurance of the calf muscle and ability to sustain specific on-field training loads (TL) monitored with Global Positioning System and heart-rate system...
April 29, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667897/rate-of-force-development-and-muscle-activation-of-trunk-muscles-in%C3%A2-women-with-and-without-low-back-pain-a-case-control-study
#3
Denise Martineli Rossi, Mary Hellen Morcelli, Adalgiso Coscrato Cardozo, Benedito Sérgio Denadai, Mauro Gonçalves, Marcelo Tavella Navega
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the rate of force development (RFD) and the rate of electromyography rise (RER) of global and local trunk muscles in women with and without low back pain. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-eight women divided into low back pain (LBP, n = 14) and control groups (CG, n = 14) participated in this study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects performed isometric contractions of trunk using an isokinetic dynamometer, and simultaneously the electromyography (EMG) signals were collected for global (rectus abdominis and longissimus thoracic) and local (internal oblique and multifidus) muscles...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654811/return-to-running-following-knee-osteochondral-repair-using-an-anti-gravity-treadmill-a-case-report
#4
Karen Hambly, Somruthai Poomsalood, Emma Mundy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of an anti-gravity treadmill return to running programme on self-efficacy and subjective knee function following knee osteochondral surgery. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 39-year-old otherwise healthy female endurance runner with a left knee femoral cartilage grade 3-4 defect 3 cm(2). The patient underwent single step arthroscopic microfracture with Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate. An AlterG(®) anti-gravity treadmill was used to manipulate loading during a graduated phased return to running over 8 weeks...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645094/quality-assessment-of-shoulder-plyometric-exercises-examining-the-relationship-to-scapular-muscle-activity
#5
Maya Calé-Benzoor, Annelies Maenhout, Michal Arnon, Gershon Tenenbaum, Mia Werrin, Ann Cools
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to evaluate performance quality of shoulder plyometric exercises, and examine the relationship to scapular muscle activation during an intense exercise bout. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: University laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: 32 healthy university students (male/female: 14/18) volunteers. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Subjects performed 10 plyometric exercises...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641201/pelvic-and-hip-kinematics-during-single-leg-drop-landing-are-altered-in-sports-participants-with-long-standing-groin-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
L Janse van Rensburg, M Dare, Q Louw, L Crous, J Cockroft, L Williams, B Olivier
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the differences in three-dimensional pelvic and hip kinematics during a single-leg drop-landing task in active sports participants with long-standing groin pain compared to healthy matched controls. DESIGN: This was a descriptive study incorporating a cross-sectional design. SETTING: The study was conducted at the Unit for Human Movement Analysis, Stellenbosch University, South Africa. PARTICIPANTS: The study sample was comprised of 20 male club level soccer, rugby, running and cycling participants between the ages of 18 and 55 years...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578252/stretching-position-can-affect-levator-scapular-muscle-activity-length-and-cervical-range-of-motion-in-people-with-a-shortened-levator-scapulae
#7
Hyo-Jung Jeong, Heon-Seock Cynn, Chung-Hwi Yi, Jang-Whon Yoon, Ji-Hyun Lee, Tae-Lim Yoon, Bo-Been Kim
OBJECTIVES: Levator scapulae (LS) muscle stretching exercises are a common method of lengthening a shortened muscle; however, the appropriate stretching position for lengthening the LS in people with a shortened LS remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of different stretching exercise positions on the LS and introduce effective stretching exercise methods to clinicians. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-four university students (12 men, 12 women) with a shortened LS were recruited...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549243/australian-football-players-experiencing-groin-pain-exhibit-reduced-subscale-scores-of-activities-of-daily-living-and-sport-and-recreation-on-the-hagos-questionnaire-a-case-control-study
#8
Michael K Drew, Gregory Lovell, Thorvaldur S Palsson, Pauline E Chiarelli, Peter G Osmotherly
OBJECTIVES: To report normative responses to the HAGOS questionnaire for Australian football players and to determine whether any of the HAGOS questionnaire sub scales can differentiate players with and without groin pain. DESIGN: Case-control. SETTING: Clinical setting. PARTICIPANTS: Professional (n = 66) and semi-professional (n = 9) Australian football (AF) players with current groin pain (n = 16) and controls (n = 57) without current groin pain...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499192/handgrip-strength-is-associated-with-anthropometrics-variables-and-sex-in-preschool-children-a-cross-sectional-study-providing-reference-values
#9
Pedro Ángel Latorre Román, David Mora López, Beatriz Berrios Aguayo, Alejandro Robles Fuentes, Felipe García-Pinillos, Melchor Martínez Redondo
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of age, sex and anthropometric variables in handgrip strength and to determine norm-referenced values for preschool children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Schools. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1215 children, aged 3-6 years (590 girls and 625 boys). INTERVENTION: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Handgrip strength (HS), measured by the CAMRY hydraulic hand dynamometer (EH101; Camry, Guangdong Province, China)...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412221/opportunities-for-women-in-sport-in-brazil-expectations-after-rio-2016
#10
EDITORIAL
Luciana D Mendonça, Natália F N Bittencourt, Giulianne Trevisan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237770/the-reliability-of-physical-examination-tests-for-the-clinical-assessment-of-scapular-dyskinesis-in-subjects-with-shoulder-complaints-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Toni Lange, Filip Struyf, Jochen Schmitt, Jörg Lützner, Christian Kopkow
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to summarize and evaluate intra- and interrater reliability research of physical examination tests used for the assessment of scapular dyskinesis. BACKGROUND: Scapular dyskinesis, defined as alteration of normal scapular kinematics, is described as a non-specific response to different shoulder pathologies. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, EMBASE, AMED and PEDro until March 20th, 2015...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162938/a-systematic-review-of-the-reliability-of-diagnostic-ultrasound-imaging-in-measuring-tendon-size-is-the-error-clinically-acceptable
#12
REVIEW
Sean Mc Auliffe, Karen Mc Creesh, Helen Purtill, Kieran O'Sullivan
BACKGROUND: Diagnostic ultrasound (US) is a commonly used imaging modality for visualising tendon pathology and morphology. In comparison to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), diagnostic US is perceived to have a higher risk of error when evaluating tendon size. AIM: To systematically assess the evidence regarding the Intra rater and Inter rater reliability of diagnostic US measurements of tendon size. DATA SOURCES: Eight electronic databases were searched using an agreed set of keywords...
July 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364615/strength-and-endurance-training-reduces-the-loss-of-eccentric-hamstring-torque-observed-after-soccer-specific-fatigue
#13
Martyn J Matthews, Kate Heron, Stefanie Todd, Andrew Tomlinson, Paul Jones, Anne Delextrat, Daniel D Cohen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of two hamstring training protocols on eccentric peak torque before and after soccer specific fatigue. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two university male soccer players. DESIGN: Isokinetic strength tests were performed at 60°/s pre and post fatigue, before and after 2 different training interventions. A 45-min soccer specific fatigue modified BEAST protocol (M-BEAST) was used to induce fatigue. Players were randomly assigned to a 4 week hamstrings conditioning intervention with either a maximum strength (STR) or a muscle endurance (END) emphasis...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364614/life-history-and-point-prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-pre-professional-and-professional-dancers
#14
Christopher T V Swain, Elizabeth J Bradshaw, Douglas G Whyte, Christina L Ekegren
OBJECTIVES: To investigate lifetime history and point prevalence of low back pain (LBP) in pre-professional and professional dancers and to identify any demographic or physical factors associated with LBP in dancers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: One pre-professional ballet school, two pre-professional university dance programs, and a professional nationally touring ballet company. PARTICIPANTS: Male and female classical ballet and contemporary dancers aged 12 years old and above...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279844/practices-attitudes-towards-recovery-in-elite-asian-uk-adolescent-athletes
#15
Andrew M Murray, Anthony P Turner, John Sproule, Marco Cardinale
OBJECTIVES: Assess current practice and attitudes towards recovery in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Questionnaires were administered either via print or online questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS: Athletes and coaches from within Asia were surveyed (n = 112 & 53), with a comparative sample in the UK (n = 53 & 8). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The approaches and attitudes to recovery in both training and competition. RESULTS: Adolescent athletes perceive a variety of recovery modalities as important, though prioritise active recovery, nutrition and sleep...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262355/the-importance-of-a-neck-exam-in-sport-related-concussion-cervical-schwannoma-in-post-concussion-syndrome
#16
David M Langelier, Kathryn J Schneider, John Hurlbert, Chantel T Debert
OBJECTIVE: Few cases of cervical schwannoma have been reported following head trauma. The present case, involves a schwannoma of the C2 spinal nerve mimicking post-concussion symptoms following a sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Case study. SETTING: University of Calgary, Sport Medicine Clinic, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. RESULTS: We report a 28 year old, athlete who developed headache, dizziness, photophobia, and neck pain following a cycling accident...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262354/effects-of-joint-stabilizers-on-proprioception-and-stability-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Shashank Ghai, Matthew Driller, Ishan Ghai
OBJECTIVE: The current review and meta-analysis systematically investigated the effect of joint stabilizers on proprioception, postural stability, and neurological activity. METHODS: Systematic identification of published literature was performed on online databases; Scopus, PEDro, SportDiscus, and EMBASE, followed by a critical PEDro methodological quality appraisal. Data from the studies were extracted and summarized in a tabular format. RESULTS: Of 2954 records, 50 studies, involving 1443 participants met our inclusion criteria...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256397/the-effects-of-a-combined-static-dynamic-stretching-protocol-on-athletic-performance-in-elite-gaelic-footballers-a-randomised-controlled-crossover-trial
#18
Martin Loughran, Philip Glasgow, Chris Bleakley, Joseph McVeigh
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of three different static-dynamic stretching protocols on sprint and jump performance in Gaelic footballers. DESIGN: Double-blind, controlled, crossover trial. SETTING: Sports Institute research environment. PARTICIPANTS: Seventeen male elite level Gaelic footballers, aged 18-30 years, completed three stretching protocols. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Athletic performance was measured by countermovement jump height and power, and timed 10 m, 20 m, and 40 m sprints...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254581/the-effects-of-tissue-flossing-on-ankle-range-of-motion-and-jump-performance
#19
Matthew W Driller, Ryan G Overmayer
OBJECTIVES: Tissue compression and partial vascular occlusion using band flossing results in re-perfusion of blood to the muscle tissue that may ultimately increase range of motion (ROM) and reduce risk of injury. However, the effect of band flossing on ankle ROM and jump performance is yet to be evaluated. DESIGN: In a crossover design, participants performed a number of tests pre and post the application of a floss band to one ankle (FLOSS), with the contralateral ankle acting as the control (CON)...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254580/validation-of-an-inertial-measurement-unit-for-the-measurement-of-jump-count-and-height
#20
Kerry MacDonald, Roald Bahr, Jennifer Baltich, Jackie L Whittaker, Willem H Meeuwisse
OBJECTIVES: To validate the use of an inertial measurement unit (IMU) for the collection of total jump count and assess the validity of an IMU for the measurement of jump height against 3-D motion analysis. DESIGN: Cross sectional validation study. SETTING: 3D motion-capture laboratory and field based settings. PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen elite adolescent volleyball players. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Participants performed structured drills, played a 4 set volleyball match and performed twelve counter movement jumps...
May 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
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