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Physical Therapy in Sport

Patrick S Pabian, Leonardo Oliveira, Jennifer Tucker, Morris Beato, Carlos Gual
Due to the high incidence of sports concussion, various health and medical providers are likely to encounter athletes who have sustained such an injury. Management of concussion necessitates coordinated care by the members of the sports medicine team due to its pathophysiology and complexity of management during recovery. All members of the sports medicine team must possess contemporary knowledge of concussion management as well as strong interprofessional communication skills to ensure effective care and safe return to sports participation...
September 9, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Mansueto Gomes-Neto, Jordana Moura Lopes, Cristiano Sena Conceição, Anderson Araujo, Alécio Brasileiro, Camila Sousa, Vitor Oliveira Carvalho, Fabio Luciano Arcanjo
AIM: We performed a systematic review with a meta-analysis to examine the efficacy of stabilization exercises versus general exercises or manual therapy in patients with low back pain. DESIGN: We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane Controlled Trials, Scielo, and CINAHL (from the earliest date available to November 2014) for randomized controlled trials that examined the efficacy of stabilization exercises compared to general exercises or manual therapy on pain, disability, and function in patients with low back pain...
August 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Dean Huffer, Wayne Hing, Richard Newton, Mike Clair
The aim was to critically evaluate the literature investigating strength training interventions in the treatment of plantar fasciitis and improving intrinsic foot musculature strength. A search of PubMed, CINHAL, Web of Science, SPORTSDiscus, EBSCO Academic Search Complete and PEDRO using the search terms plantar fasciitis, strength, strengthening, resistance training, intrinsic flexor foot, resistance training. Seven articles met the eligibility criteria. Methodological quality was assessed using the modified Downs and Black checklist...
August 18, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Caroline A Heaney, Claire L Rostron, Natalie C Walker, Alison J K Green
OBJECTIVES: The use of sport psychology strategies during sport injury rehabilitation can lead to several positive outcomes such as improved adherence and self-efficacy. The purpose of this study was to compare the sport psychology related attitudes and behaviours of UK sport injury rehabilitation professionals (SIRPs) who had studied the psychological aspects of sport injury to those who had not. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: Ninety-four SIRPs (54 physiotherapists and 40 sports therapists with a mean of 9...
August 12, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Jonathan K Sinclair, Hayley Vincent, Jim D Richards
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a prophylactic knee brace on knee joint kinetics and kinematics during netball specific movements. DESIGN: Repeated measures. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty university first team level female netball players. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS: Participants performed three movements, run, cut and vertical jump under two conditions (brace and no-brace). 3-D knee joint kinetics and kinematics were measured using an eight-camera motion analysis system...
August 11, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Simon Décary, Philippe Ouellet, Pascal-André Vendittoli, Jean-Sébastien Roy, François Desmeules
INTRODUCTION: More evidence on diagnostic validity of physical examination tests for knee disorders is needed to lower frequently used and costly imaging tests. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a systematic review of systematic reviews (SR) and meta-analyses (MA) evaluating the diagnostic validity of physical examination tests for knee disorders. METHODS: A structured literature search was conducted in five databases until January 2016. Methodological quality was assessed using the AMSTAR...
August 5, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Brian Horsak, Marion Kiener, Andreas Pötzelsberger, Tarique Siragy
OBJECTIVES: Push-up plus variations are commonly prescribed to clients during shoulder rehabilitation. The purpose of this study was to compare electromyographic (EMG) activities of the serratus anterior (SA), upper (UT), and lower trapezius (LT) during a knee push-up plus and knee-plus exercise performed on various surfaces. STUDY DESIGN: Within-subjects Repeated-Measure Design. PARTICIPANTS: 19 healthy, young female participants performed both exercises on a stable and unstable surface and during sling-suspension...
August 5, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Guilherme S Nunes, Marcos de Noronha
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact different ways to define reference balance can have when analysing time to stabilization (TTS). Secondarily, to investigate the difference in TTS between people with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty recreational athletes (25 CAI, 25 controls). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: TTS of the center of pressure (CoP) after maximal single-leg vertical jump using as reference method the single-leg stance, pre-jump period, and post-jump period; and the CoP variability during the reference methods...
August 1, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
I J R Tak, R F H Langhout, S Groters, A Weir, J H Stubbe, G M M J Kerkhoffs
OBJECTIVE: The association between groin pain and range of motion is poorly understood. The aim of this study was to develop a test to measure sport specific range of motion (SSROM) of the lower limb, to evaluate its reliability and describe findings in non-injured (NI) and injured football players. DESIGN: Case-controlled. SETTING: 6 Dutch elite clubs, 6 amateur clubs and a sports medicine practice. PARTICIPANTS: 103 NI elite and 83 NI amateurs and 57 football players with unilateral adductor-related groin pain...
July 31, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Janice K Loudon
The world of triathlon has expanded to include all ages and both sexes. One of the largest growing age groups is the master female athlete. It is important for the physical therapist to understand the special needs of this population in order to adequately care for master female athletes so they can participate at a high level and injury-free. Biology of aging, injury prevention and a suggested training program are presented in this Masterclass article.
July 31, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Terry L Grindstaff, Nadyne Dolan, Sam K Morton
OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) between three groups of individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) based on Lateral Step Down Test quality of movement. The secondary purpose was to quantify the relationship between ankle dorsiflexion ROM and Lateral Step Down Test scores. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine participants with CAI...
July 29, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
T O Smith, A de Medici, U Oduoza, A Hakim, B Paton, G Retter, F S Haddad, A Macgregor
OBJECTIVES: To explore the musculoskeletal health of retired professional ballet dancers in the United Kingdom (UK). DESIGN: Online national survey. PARTICIPANTS: Retired professional ballet dancers living in the UK. METHODS: The survey explored: what musculoskeletal injuries or diseases are experienced by retired professional ballet dancers; which anatomical regions were affected by musculoskeletal injuries or diseases in retired professional ballet dancers; whether ballet dancers were forced to retire from professional ballet due to musculoskeletal injuries or disease...
July 29, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Osman H Ahmed, Richard Weiler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
K L Holt, D P Raper, C E Boettcher, G S Waddington, M K Drew
OBJECTIVES: To investigate inter and intra-rater reliability of hand held (HHD) and externally fixed (EFD) dynamometry for shoulder internal (IR) and external rotation (ER) strength and their correlation to isokinetic testing. DESIGN: Within participant, inter and intra-rater reliability study. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty active, healthy male and female participants underwent testing by two examiners. OUTCOME MEASURES: Intra-class coefficients (ICC), percentage standard error of measurement (%SEM), and percentage minimal detectable change (%MDC) were calculated for inter-rater, intra-day and intra-rater, inter-week reliability...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Jill Thein-Nissenbaum
The postpartum period in a woman's life is filled with numerous changes, including physical changes, changes in sleep habits, and learning how to best care for a newborn. A common goal among postpartum women is to either begin or resume an active lifestyle, which often includes physical activity such as running, biking and swimming. The postpartum athlete may discover barriers that prevent her from returning to or beginning an exercise routine. These obstacles include muscle weakness, fatigue, depression and physical changes that require exercise modification...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
C J Clark, S Clark, C Dorey, J Williams
OBJECTIVES: To investigate concurrent validity of the Functional Difficulties Questionnaire (FDQ-9) using balance tasks on the SMARTwobbleboard. Poor balance is associated with reduced physical activity which may impact on quality of life. There is a requirement to use simple tests to assess balance so that suitable interventions can be employed to ameliorate poor balance and enhance uptake of physical activity. DESIGN: Observational study employing 30 healthy volunteers who completed the FDQ-9 and undertook three balance tasks on the SMARTwobbleboard: double leg stance eyes open (DLSEO); double leg stance eyes closed (DLSEC) and single leg stance eyes open (SLSEO)...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Paulo Barreira, Ara Kassarjian, João Pedro Araújo, Ruben Ferreira, João Espregueira Mendes
OBJECTIVE: To describe a case of a professional football player with significant imaging findings despite a rather innocuous clinical presentation with gradual onset of calf pain and who was able to continue training and playing with minor medical intervention. To discuss some of the limitations of existing muscle injury grading systems and their potential to cover the full range of injury presentations for calf injuries. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: A professional football player was assessed by physical examination, clinical testing and imaging (MRI) after a gradual onset of a calf injury...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
Silvia Ortega-Cebrian, Nicolleta Luchini, Rodney Whiteley
BACKGROUND: Dry needling (DN) is reported to decrease pain and improve functional movements yet the mechanisms remain unclear. Changes in muscle tone and other mechanical properties after DN could contribute to these findings but have not been investigated. OBJECTIVES: Examine EMG and passive mechanical properties of the quadriceps muscle before and after DN. DESIGN: EMG, MyotonPro and clinical measurements were taken pre and post DN. SETTING: Rehabilitation department at Aspetar Sports Medicine Hospital, Qatar...
September 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
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