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Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890889/what-research-tells-us-about-reading-instruction
#1
Rebecca Treiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890888/ending-the-reading-wars-reading-acquisition-from-novice-to-expert
#2
Anne Castles, Kathleen Rastle, Kate Nation
There is intense public interest in questions surrounding how children learn to read and how they can best be taught. Research in psychological science has provided answers to many of these questions but, somewhat surprisingly, this research has been slow to make inroads into educational policy and practice. Instead, the field has been plagued by decades of "reading wars." Even now, there remains a wide gap between the state of research knowledge about learning to read and the state of public understanding...
June 2018: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611455/increasing-vaccination-putting-psychological-science-into-action
#3
Noel T Brewer, Gretchen B Chapman, Alexander J Rothman, Julie Leask, Allison Kempe
Vaccination is one of the great achievements of the 20th century, yet persistent public-health problems include inadequate, delayed, and unstable vaccination uptake. Psychology offers three general propositions for understanding and intervening to increase uptake where vaccines are available and affordable. The first proposition is that thoughts and feelings can motivate getting vaccinated. Hundreds of studies have shown that risk beliefs and anticipated regret about infectious disease correlate reliably with getting vaccinated; low confidence in vaccine effectiveness and concern about safety correlate reliably with not getting vaccinated...
December 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29611454/commentary-vaccines-protecting-health-and-saving-lives
#4
Victor J Dzau
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211975/moving-toward-the-future-in-the-diagnosis-of-mental-disorders
#5
Paul S Appelbaum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211974/three-approaches-to-understanding-and-classifying-mental-disorder-icd-11-dsm-5-and-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-s-research-domain-criteria-rdoc
#6
Lee Anna Clark, Bruce Cuthbert, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, William E Narrow, Geoffrey M Reed
The diagnosis of mental disorder initially appears relatively straightforward: Patients present with symptoms or visible signs of illness; health professionals make diagnoses based primarily on these symptoms and signs; and they prescribe medication, psychotherapy, or both, accordingly. However, despite a dramatic expansion of knowledge about mental disorders during the past half century, understanding of their components and processes remains rudimentary. We provide histories and descriptions of three systems with different purposes relevant to understanding and classifying mental disorder...
September 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395654/better-informed-juries-will-yield-more-reliably-just-outcomes-a-commentary-on-wixted-and-wells-2017
#7
Andre M Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395653/if-i-m-certain-is-it-true-accuracy-and-confidence-in-eyewitness-memory
#8
Elizabeth F Loftus, Rachel L Greenspan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395652/distilling-the-confidence-accuracy-message-a-comment-on-wixted-and-wells-2017
#9
Laura Mickes, Steven E Clark, Scott D Gronlund
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395651/erratum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395650/the-relationship-between-eyewitness-confidence-and-identification-accuracy-a-new-synthesis
#11
REVIEW
John T Wixted, Gary L Wells
The U.S. legal system increasingly accepts the idea that the confidence expressed by an eyewitness who identified a suspect from a lineup provides little information as to the accuracy of that identification. There was a time when this pessimistic assessment was entirely reasonable because of the questionable eyewitness-identification procedures that police commonly employed. However, after more than 30 years of eyewitness-identification research, our understanding of how to properly conduct a lineup has evolved considerably, and the time seems ripe to ask how eyewitness confidence informs accuracy under more pristine testing conditions (e...
May 2017: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697853/corrigendum
#12
(no author information available yet)
Original article: Bailey, J. M., Vasey, P. L., Diamond, L. M., Breedlove, S. M., Vilain, E., & Epprecht, M. (2016). Sexual orientation, controversy, and science. Psychological Science in the Public Interest, 17, 45-101. (doi:10.1177/1529100616637616)The original version of this article omitted the word "not" in the following sentence: "However, to acknowledge this does imply that the social environment shapes sexual orientation" (p. 76). This has been corrected in the most recent online version to read "However, to acknowledge this does not imply that the social environment shapes sexual orientation...
October 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697852/brain-training-pessimism-but-applied-memory-optimism
#13
Jennifer A McCabe, Thomas S Redick, Randall W Engle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697851/do-brain-training-programs-work
#14
REVIEW
Daniel J Simons, Walter R Boot, Neil Charness, Susan E Gathercole, Christopher F Chabris, David Z Hambrick, Elizabeth A L Stine-Morrow
In 2014, two groups of scientists published open letters on the efficacy of brain-training interventions, or "brain games," for improving cognition. The first letter, a consensus statement from an international group of more than 70 scientists, claimed that brain games do not provide a scientifically grounded way to improve cognitive functioning or to stave off cognitive decline. Several months later, an international group of 133 scientists and practitioners countered that the literature is replete with demonstrations of the benefits of brain training for a wide variety of cognitive and everyday activities...
October 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113562/sexual-orientation-controversy-and-science
#15
REVIEW
J Michael Bailey, Paul L Vasey, Lisa M Diamond, S Marc Breedlove, Eric Vilain, Marc Epprecht
SummaryOngoing political controversies around the world exemplify a long-standing and widespread preoccupation with the acceptability of homosexuality. Nonheterosexual people have seen dramatic surges both in their rights and in positive public opinion in many Western countries. In contrast, in much of Africa, the Middle East, the Caribbean, Oceania, and parts of Asia, homosexual behavior remains illegal and severely punishable, with some countries retaining the death penalty for it. Political controversies about sexual orientation have often overlapped with scientific controversies...
September 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27113561/sexual-orientation-categories-or-continuum-commentary-on-bailey-et-al-2016
#16
Ritch C Savin-Williams
Bailey et al. (2016) have provided an excellent, state-of-the-art overview that is a major contribution to our understanding of sexual orientation. However, whereas Bailey and his coauthors have examined the physiological, behavioral, and self-report data of sexual orientation and see categories, I see a sexual and romantic continuum. After noting several objections concerning the limitations of the review and methodological shortcomings characteristic of sexual-orientation research in general, I present evidence from research investigating in-between sexualities to support an alternative, continuum-based perspective regarding the nature of sexual orientation for both women and men...
September 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26769745/so-much-to-read-so-little-time-how-do-we-read-and-can-speed-reading-help
#17
REVIEW
Keith Rayner, Elizabeth R Schotter, Michael E J Masson, Mary C Potter, Rebecca Treiman
The prospect of speed reading--reading at an increased speed without any loss of comprehension--has undeniable appeal. Speed reading has been an intriguing concept for decades, at least since Evelyn Wood introduced her Reading Dynamics training program in 1959. It has recently increased in popularity, with speed-reading apps and technologies being introduced for smartphones and digital devices. The current article reviews what the scientific community knows about the reading process--a great deal--and discusses the implications of the research findings for potential students of speed-reading training programs or purchasers of speed-reading apps...
May 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26769744/speed-reading-you-can-t-always-get-what-you-want-but-can-you-sometimes-get-what-you-need
#18
COMMENT
David A Balota
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635334/the-impact-of-psychological-science-on-policing-in-the-united-states-procedural-justice-legitimacy-and-effective-law-enforcement
#19
Tom R Tyler, Phillip Atiba Goff, Robert J MacCoun
The May 2015 release of the report of the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing highlighted a fundamental change in the issues dominating discussions about policing in America. That change has moved discussions away from a focus on what is legal or effective in crime control and toward a concern for how the actions of the police influence public trust and confidence in the police. This shift in discourse has been motivated by two factors-first, the recognition by public officials that increases in the professionalism of the police and dramatic declines in the rate of crime have not led to increases in police legitimacy, and second, greater awareness of the limits of the dominant coercive model of policing and of the benefits of an alternative and more consensual model based on public trust and confidence in the police and legal system...
December 2015: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635333/will-the-current-crisis-in-police-legitimacy-increase-crime-research-offers-a-way-forward
#20
Philip J Cook
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
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