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Functional & Integrative Genomics

Na Wang, Renkai Wang, Ruoqing Wang, Songlin Chen
The Chinese tongue sole (Cynoglossus semilaevis) is a typical female heterogamete species that exhibits female-biased sexual size dimorphism, which has severely hindered the sustainable development of the species in aquaculture. In the present study, four important somatotropic and reproductive tissues including brain, pituitary, liver, and gonad from 15 females and 15 males were used for transcriptome analysis via RNA-seq. A mean of 37,533,991 high-quality clean reads was obtained from each library and 806, 1482, 818, and 14,695 differentially expressed genes in female and male were identified from the brain, pituitary, liver, and gonad, respectively (fold change ≥ 2 and q < 0...
March 12, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Aditi Jain, Saurabh Anand, Neer K Singh, Sandip Das
The impact of polyploidy on functional diversification of cis-regulatory elements is poorly understood. This is primarily on account of lack of well-defined structure of cis-elements and a universal regulatory code. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report on characterization of sequence and functional diversification of paralogous and homeologous promoter elements associated with MIR164 from Brassica. The availability of whole genome sequence allowed us to identify and isolate a total of 42 homologous copies of MIR164 from diploid species-Brassica rapa (A-genome), Brassica nigra (B-genome), Brassica oleracea (C-genome), and allopolyploids-Brassica juncea (AB-genome), Brassica carinata (BC-genome) and Brassica napus (AC-genome)...
March 12, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Sarita Pandey, Anurag Kirti, Arvind Kumar, Hema Rajaram
The ubiquitous SbcCD exonuclease complex has been shown to perform an important role in DNA repair across prokaryotes and eukaryotes. However, they have remained uncharacterized in the ancient and stress-tolerant cyanobacteria. In the cyanobacterium Anabaena sp. strain PCC7120, SbcC and SbcD homologs, defined on the basis of the presence of corresponding functional domains, are annotated as hypothetical proteins, namely Alr3988 and All4463 respectively. Unlike the presence of sbcC and sbcD genes in a bicistronic operon in most organisms, these genes were distantly placed on the chromosome in Anabaena, and found to be negatively regulated by LexA...
March 9, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Jacklyn Thomas, Megan J Bowman, Andres Vega, Ha Ram Kim, Arijit Mukherjee
Auxins can induce the formation of nodule-like structures (NLS) in plant roots even in the absence of rhizobia and nitrogen-fixing bacteria can colonize these structures. Interestingly, NLS can be induced in roots of both legumes and non-legumes. However, our understanding of NLS formation in non-legumes at a molecular level is limited. This study aims to investigate NLS formation at a developmental and molecular level in Brachypodium distachyon. We treated Brachypodium roots with the synthetic auxin, 2,4-D, to induce NLS at a high frequency (> 80%) under controlled conditions...
March 6, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Nan Li, Han Wu, Qiangqiang Ding, Huihui Li, Zhifei Li, Jing Ding, Yi Li
In the original version of this article the "Acknowledgements" and the "Competing interests" were inadvertently omitted. The information missing in the original article is now given below.
March 3, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Sezgi Biyiklioglu, Burcu Alptekin, B Ani Akpinar, Andrea C Varella, Megan L Hofland, David K Weaver, Brian Bothner, Hikmet Budak
The wheat stem sawfly (WSS), Cephus cinctus Norton (Hymenoptera: Cephidae), is an important pest of wheat and other cereals, threatening the quality and quantity of grain production. WSS larvae feed and develop inside the stem where they are protected from the external environment; therefore, pest management strategies primarily rely on host plant resistance. A major locus on the long arm of wheat chromosome 3B underlies most of the variation in stem solidness; however, the impact of stem solidness on WSS feeding has not been completely characterized...
February 22, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Jia-Min Zhang, Xiao-Lu Zhu, Jing Xue, Xiao Liu, X Long Zheng, Ying-Jun Chang, Kai-Yan Liu, Xiao-Jun Huang, Xiao-Hui Zhang
Our understanding of the pathogenesis of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) remains limited due to the complexity and heterogeneity of the disease. Recently, we observed that bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) derived from ITP patients exhibited growth defects and functional abnormalities that might be involved in the breakdown of self-tolerance. However, the underlying mechanism remains unclear. In this study, we profiled the expression of both mRNAs and miRNAs by utilizing the microarray technique and deciphered the mechanism underlying the impairment of MSCs derived from ITP patients (MSC-ITP)...
February 13, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Fathi Abouhajer, Saeed El-Ashram, Musafiri Karama, Shujian Huang, Jian-Feng Liu
We have set up an ex vivo ovine ruminal model, which can mimic the multicellular process to explore the early steps in Salmonella typhimurium lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation using RNA-seq technology. Ovine ruminal explants were collected for histological and transcriptional analysis and supernatants collected to quantitate lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) enzymes. A total of 8 and 523 genes were significantly over-expressed between LPS-treated and control tissues at 6 and 12 h, respectively. However, six and seven hundred and thirteen genes were substantially repressed between the aforementioned tissues, correspondingly...
February 10, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Yuwei Zhang, Yang Tao, Yang Li, Jinshun Zhao, Lina Zhang, Xiaohong Zhang, Changzheng Dong, Yangyang Xie, Xiaoyu Dai, Xinjun Zhang, Qi Liao
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is among one of the most prevalent and lethiferous diseases worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are commonly accepted to function as a key regulatory factor in human cancer, but the potential regulatory mechanisms of CRC-associated lncRNA are largely obscure. Here, we integrated several expression profiles to obtain 55 differentially expressed (DE) lncRNAs. We first detected lncRNA interactions with transcription factors, microRNAs, mRNAs, and RNA-binding proteins to construct a regulatory network and then create functional enrichment analyses for them using bioinformatics approaches...
January 26, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Nan Li, Han Wu, Qiangqiang Ding, Huihui Li, Zhifei Li, Jing Ding, Yi Li
Anthocyanins are naturally occurring secondary metabolites, responsible for the color of many plants. The Arabidopsis thaliana MYB90/PAP2 (production of anthocyanin pigment 2) was introduced into tomato to study its effect on anthocyanin accumulation. The transgenic tomato displayed much greater anthocyanin accumulation than wild type in all plant organs, but the organs were not fully purple in color except for the stamen. The expression of anthocyanin biosynthetic genes and an anthocyanin-related basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) gene SlAN1 was significantly increased in the transgenic line, suggesting that ectopic expression of AtPAP2 increases the expression of anthocyanin-related structural and regulatory genes to enhance anthocyanin content...
January 26, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Ronghua Wang, Yi Mei, Liang Xu, Xianwen Zhu, Yan Wang, Jun Guo, Liwang Liu
Heat stress (HS) causes detrimental effects on plant morphology, physiology, and biochemistry that lead to drastic reduction in plant biomass production and economic yield worldwide. To date, little is known about HS-responsive genes involved in thermotolerance mechanism in radish. In this study, a total of 6600 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) from the control and Heat24 cDNA libraries of radish were isolated by high-throughput sequencing. With Gene Ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis, some genes including MAPK, DREB, ERF, AP2, GST, Hsf, and Hsp were predominantly assigned in signal transductions, metabolic pathways, and biosynthesis and abiotic stress-responsive pathways...
January 13, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Mithil J Parekh, Sushil Kumar, Ranbir S Fougat, Harshvardhan N Zala, Ramesh J Pandit
Cotton (Gossypium spp.) is an imperative economic crop of the globe due to its natural textile fiber. Molecular mechanisms of fiber development have been greatly revealed in allotetraploid cotton but remained unexplored in Gossypium herbaceum. G. herbaceum can withstand the rigors of nature like drought and pests but produce coarse lint. This undesirable characteristic strongly needs the knowledge of fiber development at molecular basis. The present study reported the transcriptome sequence of the developing fiber of G...
January 13, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Huijing Liu, Yu Xi, Guorong Liu, Yuqiang Zhao, Ji Li, Minggang Lei
Myogenesis is accompanied by a number of changes in gene expression in mammals, and the transcriptional events that underlie these processes have not been yet fully elucidated. In this study, RNA-seq was used to comprehensively compare the transcription profiles of skeletal muscle between Tongcheng (TC) and Yorkshire (YK) pigs at 40, 55, 63, 70, and 90 days of gestation. One thousand three hundred seventeen and 691 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were detected in TC and YK, respectively, among which 321 DEGs were shown to be common in TC and YK...
January 10, 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Devinder Sandhu, Manju V Pudussery, Rakesh Kaundal, Donald L Suarez, Amita Kaundal, Rajandeep S Sekhon
One important mechanism plants use to cope with salinity is keeping the cytosolic Na+ concentration low by sequestering Na+ in vacuoles, a process facilitated by Na+/H+ exchangers (NHX). There are eight NHX genes (NHX1 through NHX8) identified and characterized in Arabidopsis thaliana. Bioinformatics analyses of the known Arabidopsis genes enabled us to identify six Medicago truncatula NHX genes (MtNHX1, MtNHX2, MtNHX3, MtNHX4, MtNHX6, and MtNHX7). Twelve transmembrane domains and an amiloride binding site were conserved in five out of six MtNHX proteins...
December 26, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Wen-Ting Dai, Yi-Xuan Zou, Robin R White, Jian-Xin Liu, Hong-Yun Liu
The initiation and maintenance of lactation are complex phenomena governed by biochemical and endocrine processes in the mammary gland (MG). Although DNA-based approaches have been used to study the onset of lactation, more comprehensive RNA-based techniques may be critical in furthering our understanding of gene alterations that occur to support lactation in the bovine MG. To further determine how gene profiles vary during lactation compared with the dry period, RNA-seq transcriptomic analysis was used to identify differentially expressed genes (DEG) in bovine MG tissues from animals that were lactating and not lactating...
December 23, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Yu Wang, Wei Zheng, Weijun Zheng, Jianchu Zhu, Zhenshan Liu, Jinxia Qin, Hongxia Li
Optimizing the antenna size by reducing the chlorophyll (Chl) content is an effective strategy to improve solar energy conversion efficiencies in dense crop monocultures. To elucidate the physiological and molecular mechanisms that regulate Chl biosynthesis and understand the effects of lower Chl content on the photosynthetic process, a light-intensity-dependent yellow-green wheat mutant (Jimai5265yg) was characterized to determine its morphological, histological, physiological, and transcriptional differences with wild type...
December 21, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Rangjin Xie, Xiaoting Pan, Jing Zhang, Yanyan Ma, Shaolan He, Yongqiang Zheng, Yingtao Ma
Citrus, as one of the most economically important fruits worldwide, is adversely affected by salinity stress. However, its molecular mechanisms underlying salinity tolerance are still not clear. In this study, next-generation RNA-seq technology was applied to analyze the gene expression profiling of citrus roots at 3 time points over a 24-h period of salt treatment. A total of 1831 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were identified. Among them, 1195 and 1090 DEGs were found at 4 and 24 h, of which 454 were overlapped...
December 20, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Ramireddy Sriroopreddy, C Sudandiradoss
Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) has gained considerable attention as it oversteps about 15% of the deaths caused by breast cancer in women and is well known for its aggressive impact, high proliferation rate, intensity of tumor, and metastasis. In this study, we have given a new insight into TNBC, by introducing an integrative network methodology to understand the complexity of the candidate genes in TNBC. In the course of this analysis, the central network was constructed by refining the candidate genes present in the various databases...
December 19, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Navneet Kaur, Anshu Alok, Shivani, Navjot Kaur, Pankaj Pandey, Praveen Awasthi, Siddharth Tiwari
The clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/CRISPR-associated protein 9 (Cas9) has been reported for precise genome modification in many plants. In the current study, we demonstrate a successful mutation in phytoene desaturase (RAS-PDS) of banana cv. Rasthali using the CRISPR/Cas9 system. Two PDS genes were isolated from Rasthali (RAS-PDS1 and RAS-PDS2), and their protein sequence analysis confirmed that both PDS comprises conserved motifs for enzyme activity. Phylogenetic analysis of RAS-PDS1 and RAS-PDS2 revealed a close evolutionary relationship with other monocot species...
January 2018: Functional & Integrative Genomics
Arunava Mandal, Awdhesh Kumar Mishra, Priya Dulani, Mehanathan Muthamilarasan, Shweta Shweta, Manoj Prasad
Armadillo repeat family is well-characterized in several plant species for their involvement in multiple regulatory processes including growth, development, and stress response. We have previously shown a three-fold higher expression of ARM protein-encoding in tomato cultivar tolerant to tomato leaf curl New Delhi virus (ToLCNDV) compared to susceptible cultivar upon virus infection. This suggests the putative involvement of ARM proteins in defense response against virus infection; however, no comprehensive investigation has been performed to address this inference...
December 17, 2017: Functional & Integrative Genomics
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