journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Traffic

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799689/fusion-and-scission-of-membranes-ubiquitous-topological-transformations-in-cells
#1
Roland L Knorr, Noboru Mizushima, Rumiana Dimova
2016 Nobel Prizes were awarded to Yoshinori Ohsumi for autophagy and to David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz for topological transitions. Both of these phenomena are intrinsically related when it comes to membranes. Here, we give a brief account on topological transformations of lipid membranes, commonly known as membrane fusion and membrane scission, and introduce the underlying topological invariant, the genus. The genus of a shape is a useful concept to distinguish unambiguously the processes of membrane fusion/scission and offers a simple method to describe complex, cellular membrane structures, such as fenestrated cristae...
August 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799243/escherichia-coli-k1-utilises-host-macropinocytic-pathways-for-invasion-of-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#2
Lip Nam Loh, Elizabeth M C McCarthy, Priyanka Narang, Naveed A Khan, Theresa H Ward
Eukaryotic cells utilise multiple endocytic pathways for specific uptake of ligands or molecules, and these pathways are commonly hijacked by pathogens to enable host cell invasion. Escherichia coli K1, a pathogenic bacterium that causes neonatal meningitis, invades the endothelium of the blood-brain barrier, but the entry route remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that the bacteria trigger an actin-mediated uptake route, stimulating fluid phase uptake, membrane ruffling and macropinocytosis. The route of uptake requires intact lipid rafts as shown by cholesterol depletion...
August 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755404/the-dense-core-vesicle-maturation-protein-cccp-1-binds-rab-2-and-membranes-through-its-c-terminal-domain
#3
Jérôme Cattin-Ortolá, Irini Topalidou, Annie Dosey, Alexey J Merz, Michael Ailion
Dense-core vesicles (DCVs) are secretory organelles that store and release modulatory neurotransmitters from neurons and endocrine cells. Recently, the conserved coiled-coil protein CCCP-1 was identified as a component of the DCV biogenesis pathway in the nematode C. elegans. CCCP-1 binds the small GTPase RAB-2 and colocalizes with it at the trans-Golgi. Here we report a structure-function analysis of CCCP-1 to identify domains of the protein important for its localization, binding to RAB-2, and function in DCV biogenesis...
July 28, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753226/golgi-%C3%AE-1-4-fucosyltransferase-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-partially-localizes-at-the-nuclear-envelope
#4
Stephan Rips, Manuel Frank, Annegret Elting, Jan Niklas Offenborn, Antje von Schaewen
We analyzed plant-derived α1,4-Fucosyltransferase (FucTc) homologs by reporter fusions and focused on representatives of the Brassicaceae and Solanaceae. Arabidopsis thaliana AtFucTc-GFP or tomato LeFucTc-GFP restored Lewis-a formation in a fuctc mutant, confirming functionality in the trans-Golgi. AtFucTc-GFP partly accumulated at the nuclear envelope (NE) not observed for other homologs or truncated AtFucTc lacking the N-terminus or catalytic domain. Analysis of At/LeFucTc-GFP swap constructs with exchanged cytosolic, transmembrane and stalk (CTS), or only the CT regions, revealed that sorting information resides in the membrane anchor...
July 28, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746801/an-automated-quantitative-image-analysis-tool-for-the-identification-of-microtubule-patterns-in-plants
#5
Christine Faulkner, Ji Zhou, Alexandre Evrard, Gildas Bourdais, Dan MacLean, Heidrun Häweker, Peter Eckes, Silke Robatzek
High throughput confocal imaging poses challenges in the computational image analysis of complex subcellular structures such as the microtubule cytoskeleton. Here, we developed CellArchitect, an automated image analysis tool that quantifies changes to subcellular patterns illustrated by microtubule markers in plants. We screened microtubule-targeted herbicides and demonstrate that high throughput confocal imaging with integrated image analysis by CellArchitect can distinguish effects induced by the known herbicides indaziflam and trifluralin...
July 26, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731566/heterogeneity-in-kinesin-function
#6
Babu J N Reddy, Suvranta Tripathy, Michael Vershinin, Marvin Tanenbaum, Jing Xu, Michelle Mattson-Hoss, Karim Arabi, Dail Chapman, Tory Doolin, Changbong Hyeon, Steven P Gross
The kinesin family proteins are often studied as prototypical molecular motors; a deeper understanding of them can illuminate regulation of intracellular transport. It is typically assumed that they function identically. Here we find that this assumption of homogeneous function appears incorrect: variation among motors' velocities in vivo and in vitro is larger than the stochastic variation expected for an ensemble of 'identical" motors. When moving on microtubules, slow and fast motors are persistently slow, and fast, respectively...
July 21, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727280/two-novel-effectors-of-trafficking-and-maturation-of-the-yeast-plasma-membrane-h-atpase
#7
Yosef Geva, Jonathan Crissman, Eric C Arakel, Natalia Gómez-Navarro, Silvia G Chuartzman, Kyle R Stahmer, Blanche Schwappach, Elizabeth A Miller, Maya Schuldiner
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the entry site of proteins into the endomembrane system. Proteins exit the ER via COPII vesicles in a selective manner, mediated either by direct interaction with the COPII coat or aided by cargo receptors. Despite the fundamental role of such receptors in protein sorting, only a few have been identified. To further define the machinery that packages secretory cargo and targets proteins from the ER to Golgi membranes, we used multiple systematic approaches, which revealed two uncharacterized proteins that mediate the trafficking and maturation of Pma1, the essential yeast plasma membrane proton ATPase...
July 20, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697281/transport-of-the-alpha-subunit-of-the-l-type-calcium-channel-through-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-occurs-prior-to-localization-to-triads-and-requires-the-beta-subunit-but-not-stac3-in-skeletal-muscles
#8
Jeremy W Linsley, I-Uen Hsu, Wenjai Wang, John Y Kuwada
Contraction of skeletal muscle is initiated by excitation-contraction (EC) coupling during which membrane voltage is transduced to intracellular Ca(2+) release. EC coupling requires dihydropyridine receptors (DHPR) located at triads, which are junctions between the transverse (T) tubule and SR membranes, that sense membrane depolarization in the T tubule membrane. Reduced EC coupling is associated with ageing, and disruptions of EC coupling result in congenital myopathies for which there are few therapies. The precise localization of DHPRs to triads is critical for EC coupling, yet trafficking of the DHPR to triads is not well understood...
July 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696565/the-er-is-the-sorting-core-facility-in-the-golgi-lacking-protozoan-giardia-lamblia
#9
Nahuel Zamponi, Emiliano Zamponi, Gonzalo F Mayol, Adriana Lanfredi-Rangel, Staffan G Svärd, María C Touz
Our understanding of protein and lipid trafficking in eukaryotic cells has been challenged by the finding of different forms of compartmentalization and cargo processing in protozoan parasites. Here, we show that, in the absence of a Golgi compartment in Giardia, proteins destined for secretion are directly sorted and packaged at specialized ER regions enriched in COPII coatomer complexes and ceramide. We also demonstrated that ER-resident proteins are retained at the ER by the action of a KDEL receptor, which, in contrast to other eukaryotic KDEL receptors, showed no interorganellar dynamic but instead acts specifically at the limit of the ER membrane...
July 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696551/sorting-without-a-golgi-complex
#10
REVIEW
Maria C Touz, Nahuel Zamponi
The ER-Golgi-target organelle route is one of the most studied events and has fascinated researchers for years. However, the conservative mechanism of protein sorting and delivery is now being challenged by the finding of unconventional pathways driving protein sorting and transport. Protozoa parasites are being rediscovered as good models for analyzing alternative targeting pathways, associated with their ability to adapt to diverse environments and hosts. Here, we have gathered all the available information about secretory protein trafficking in Giardia lamblia, with a focus on how this protozoan parasite is able to sort and direct proteins to different compartments in the absence of a Golgi complex...
July 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627726/the-arl3-and-arl1-gtpases-co-operate-with-cog8-to-regulate-selective-autophagy-via-atg9-trafficking
#11
I-Hao Wang, Yi-Jie Chen, Jia-Wei Hsu, Fang-Jen S Lee
The Arl3-Arl1 GTPase cascade plays important roles in vesicle trafficking at the late Golgi and endosomes. Subunits of the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) complex, a tethering factor, are important for endosome-to-Golgi transport and contribute to the efficient functioning of the cytoplasm-to-vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway, a well-known selective autophagy pathway. According to our findings, the Arl3-Arl1 GTPase cascade co-operates with Cog8 to regulate the Cvt pathway via Atg9 trafficking. arl3cog8Δ and arl1cog8Δ exhibit profound defects in aminopeptidase I maturation in rich medium...
June 19, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574194/the-big-and-intricate-dreams-of-little-organelles-embracing-complexity-in-the-study-of-membrane-traffic
#12
REVIEW
Allen P Liu, Roberto J Botelho, Costin N Antonescu
Compartmentalization of eukaryotic cells into dynamic organelles that exchange material through regulated membrane traffic governs virtually every aspect of cellular physiology including signal transduction, metabolism and transcription. Much has been revealed about the molecular mechanisms that control organelle dynamics and membrane traffic and how these processes are regulated by metabolic, physical and chemical cues. From this emerges the understanding of the integration of specific organellar phenomena within complex, multiscale and nonlinear regulatory networks...
June 2, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691777/structure-and-evolution-of-enth-and-vhs-enth-like-domains-in-tepsin
#13
Tara L Archuleta, Meredith N Frazier, Anderson E Monken, Amy K Kendall, Joel Harp, Airlie J McCoy, Nicole Creanza, Lauren P Jackson
Tepsin is currently the only accessory trafficking protein identified in adaptor-related protein 4 (AP4)-coated vesicles originating at the trans-Golgi network (TGN). The molecular basis for interactions between AP4 subunits and motifs in the tepsin C-terminus have been characterized, but the biological role of tepsin remains unknown. We determined X-ray crystal structures of the tepsin epsin N-terminal homology (ENTH) and VHS/ENTH-like domains. Our data reveal unexpected structural features that suggest key functional differences between these and similar domains in other trafficking proteins...
September 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485852/vaccinia-virus-proteins-a36-and-f12-e2-show-strong-preferences-for-different-kinesin-light-chain-isoforms
#14
William N D Gao, David C J Carpentier, Helen A Ewles, Stacey-Ann Lee, Geoffrey L Smith
Vaccinia virus (VACV) utilizes microtubule-mediated trafficking at several stages of its life cycle, of which virus egress is the most intensely studied. During egress VACV proteins A36, F12 and E2 are involved in kinesin-1 interactions; however, the roles of these proteins remain poorly understood. A36 forms a direct link between virions and kinesin-1, yet in its absence VACV egress still occurs on microtubules. During a co-immunoprecipitation screen to seek an alternative link between virions and kinesin, A36 was found to bind isoform KLC1 rather than KLC2...
August 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597533/erratum
#15
Víctor Hugo Cornejo, Alejandro Luarte, Andrés Couve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471062/pharmacologically-increasing-microtubule-acetylation-corrects-stress-exacerbated-effects-of-organophosphates-on-neurons
#16
Anand N Rao, Ankita Patil, Zachary D Brodnik, Liang Qiang, Rodrigo A España, Kimberly A Sullivan, Mark M Black, Peter W Baas
Many veterans of the 1990-1991 Gulf War contracted Gulf War Illness (GWI), a multisymptom disease that primarily affects the nervous system. Here, we treated cultures of human or rat neurons with diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP), an analog of sarin, one of the organophosphate (OP) toxicants to which the military veterans were exposed. All observed cellular defects produced by DFP were exacerbated by pretreatment with corticosterone or cortisol, which, in rat and human neurons, respectively, serves in our experiments to mimic the physical stress endured by soldiers during the war...
July 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471021/syntaxin-4-mediates-endosome-recycling-for-lytic-granule-exocytosis-in-cytotoxic-t-lymphocytes
#17
Waldo A Spessott, Maria L Sanmillan, Vineet V Kulkarni, Margaret E McCormick, Claudio G Giraudo
Adaptive and innate immunity utilize the perforin-killing pathway to eliminate virus-infected or cancer cells. Cytotoxic T-lymphocytes (CTLs) and natural killer cells mediate this process by releasing toxic proteins at the contact area with target cells known as immunological synapse (IS). Formation of a stable IS and exocytosis of toxic proteins requires persistent fusion of Rab11a recycling endosomes with the plasma membrane (PM) that may assure the delivery of key effector proteins. Despite the importance of the recycling endosomal compartment, the membrane fusion proteins that control this process at the IS remain elusive...
July 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382714/enzyme-reversal-to-explore-the-function-of-yeast-e3-ubiquitin-ligases
#18
Chris MacDonald, Stanley Winistorfer, Robert M Pope, Michael E Wright, Robert C Piper
The covalent attachment of ubiquitin onto proteins can elicit a variety of downstream consequences. Attachment is mediated by a large array of E3 ubiquitin ligases, each thought be subject to regulatory control and to have a specific repertoire of substrates. Assessing the biological roles of ligases, and in particular, identifying their biologically relevant substrates has been a persistent yet challenging question. In this study, we describe tools that may help achieve both of these goals. We describe a strategy whereby the activity of a ubiquitin ligase has been enzymatically reversed, accomplished by fusing it to a catalytic domain of an exogenous deubiquitinating enzyme...
July 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513089/editorial-overview-celebrating-the-advances-in-cell-biology-from-china
#19
EDITORIAL
Sharon A Tooze, Quan Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504462/endocytic-activity-of-hiv-1-vpu-phosphoserine-dependent-interactions-with-clathrin-adaptors
#20
Charlotte A Stoneham, Rajendra Singh, Xiaofei Jia, Yong Xiong, John Guatelli
HIV-1 Vpu modulates cellular transmembrane proteins to optimize viral replication and provide immune-evasion, triggering ubiquitin-mediated degradation of some targets but also modulating endosomal trafficking to deplete them from the plasma membrane. Interactions between Vpu and the heterotetrameric clathrin adaptor protein (AP) complexes AP-1 and AP-2 have been described, yet the molecular basis and functional roles of such interactions are incompletely defined. To investigate the trafficking signals encoded by Vpu, we fused the cytoplasmic domain (CD) of Vpu to the extracellular and transmembrane domains of the CD8 α-chain...
May 14, 2017: Traffic
journal
journal
34949
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"