journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Traffic

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902452/mgrn1-mediated-ubiquitination-of-%C3%AE-tubulin-regulates-microtubule-dynamics-and-intracellular-transport
#1
Rukmini Mukherjee, Priyanka Majumder, Oishee Chakrabarti
MGRN1 mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin regulates microtubule stability and mitotic spindle positioning in mitotic cells. This study elucidates the effect of MGRN1 mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin in interphase cells. Here, we show that MGRN1 mediated ubiquitination regulates dynamics of EB1 labelled plus ends of microtubules. Intracellular transport of mitochondria and endosomes are affected in cultured cells where functional MGRN1 is depleted. Defects in microtubule-dependent organellar transport are evident in cells where noncanonical K6 mediated ubiquitination of α-tubulin by MGRN1 is compromised...
September 13, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869701/nup42-and-ip6-coordinate-gle1-stimulation-of-dbp5-ddx19b-for-mrna-export-in-yeast-and-human-cells
#2
Rebecca L Adams, Aaron C Mason, Laura Glass, Aditi, Susan R Wente
The mRNA lifecycle is driven through spatiotemporal changes in the protein composition of mRNA particles (mRNPs) that are triggered by RNA-dependent DEAD-box protein (Dbp) ATPases. As mRNPs exit the nuclear pore complex (NPC) in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, this remodeling occurs through activation of Dbp5 by inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6 )-bound Gle1. At the NPC, Gle1 also binds Nup42, but Nup42's molecular function is unclear. Here we employ the power of structure-function analysis in S. cerevisiae and human (h) cells, and find that the high-affinity Nup42-Gle1 interaction is integral to Dbp5 (hDDX19B) activation and efficient mRNA export...
September 4, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857423/pikfyve-activity-regulates-reformation-of-terminal-storage-lysosomes-from-endolysosomes
#3
Christin Bissig, Ilse Hurbain, Graça Raposo, Guillaume van Niel
The protein complex composed of the kinase PIKfyve, the phosphatase FIG4 and the scaffolding protein VAC14 regulates the metabolism of phosphatidylinositol 3,5-bisphosphate, which serves as both a signaling lipid and the major precursor for phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate. This complex is involved in the homeostasis of late endocytic compartments, but its precise role in maintaining the dynamic equilibrium of late endosomes, endolysosomes and lysosomes remains to be determined. Here, we report that inhibition of PIKfyve activity impairs terminal lysosome reformation from acidic and hydrolase-active, but enlarged endolysosomes...
August 31, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857378/snare-proteins-in-membrane-trafficking
#4
REVIEW
Tuanlao Wang, Liangcheng Li, Wanjin Hong
SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive fusion protein attachment protein receptors) are the core machinery mediating membrane fusion. In this review, we provide an update on the recent progress on SNAREs regulating membrane fusion events, especially, the more detailed fusion processes dissected by well developed biophysical methods and in vitro single molecule analysis approaches. We also briefly summarize the relevant research from Chinese laboratories and highlight the significant contributions on our understanding of SNARE mediated membrane trafficking from scientists in China...
August 31, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846184/yeast-and-other-lower-eukaryotic-organisms-for-studies-of-vps13-proteins-in-health-and-disease
#5
REVIEW
Weronika Rzepnikowska, Krzysztof Flis, Sandra Muñoz-Braceras, Regina Menezes, Ricardo Escalante, Teresa Zoladek
Human Vps13 proteins are associated with several diseases, including the neurodegenerative disorder Chorea-acanthocytosis (ChAc), yet the biology of these proteins is still poorly understood. Studies in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Dictyostelium discoideum, Tetrahymena thermophila and Drosophila melanogaster point to the involvement of Vps13 in cytoskeleton organization, vesicular trafficking, autophagy, phagocytosis, endocytosis, proteostasis, sporulation and mitochondrial functioning. Recent findings show that yeast Vps13 binds to phosphatidylinositol lipids via four different regions and functions at membrane contact sites, enlarging the list of Vps13 functions...
August 28, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837239/the-role-of-s-acylation-in-protein-trafficking
#6
REVIEW
Jose L Daniotti, Maria P Pedro, Javier Valdez Taubas
Protein S-acylation, also known as palmitoylation, consists of the addition of a lipid molecule to one or more cysteine residues through a thioester bond. This modification, which is widespread in eukaryotes, is thought to affect over 12% of the human proteome. S-acylation allows the reversible association of peripheral proteins with membranes or, in the case of integral membrane proteins, modulates their behavior within the plane of the membrane. This review focuses on the consequences of protein S-acylation on intracellular trafficking and membrane association...
August 24, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799689/fusion-and-scission-of-membranes-ubiquitous-topological-transformations-in-cells
#7
Roland L Knorr, Noboru Mizushima, Rumiana Dimova
2016 Nobel Prizes were awarded to Yoshinori Ohsumi for autophagy and to David Thouless, Duncan Haldane and Michael Kosterlitz for topological transitions. Both of these phenomena are intrinsically related when it comes to membranes. Here, we give a brief account on topological transformations of lipid membranes, commonly known as membrane fusion and membrane scission, and introduce the underlying topological invariant, the genus. The genus of a shape is a useful concept to distinguish unambiguously the processes of membrane fusion/scission and offers a simple method to describe complex, cellular membrane structures, such as fenestrated cristae...
August 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799243/escherichia-coli-k1-utilises-host-macropinocytic-pathways-for-invasion-of-brain-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#8
Lip Nam Loh, Elizabeth M C McCarthy, Priyanka Narang, Naveed A Khan, Theresa H Ward
Eukaryotic cells utilise multiple endocytic pathways for specific uptake of ligands or molecules, and these pathways are commonly hijacked by pathogens to enable host cell invasion. Escherichia coli K1, a pathogenic bacterium that causes neonatal meningitis, invades the endothelium of the blood-brain barrier, but the entry route remains unclear. Here we demonstrate that the bacteria trigger an actin-mediated uptake route, stimulating fluid phase uptake, membrane ruffling and macropinocytosis. The route of uptake requires intact lipid rafts as shown by cholesterol depletion...
August 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755404/the-dense-core-vesicle-maturation-protein-cccp-1-binds-rab-2-and-membranes-through-its-c-terminal-domain
#9
Jérôme Cattin-Ortolá, Irini Topalidou, Annie Dosey, Alexey J Merz, Michael Ailion
Dense-core vesicles (DCVs) are secretory organelles that store and release modulatory neurotransmitters from neurons and endocrine cells. Recently, the conserved coiled-coil protein CCCP-1 was identified as a component of the DCV biogenesis pathway in the nematode C. elegans. CCCP-1 binds the small GTPase RAB-2 and colocalizes with it at the trans-Golgi. Here we report a structure-function analysis of CCCP-1 to identify domains of the protein important for its localization, binding to RAB-2, and function in DCV biogenesis...
July 28, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753226/golgi-%C3%AE-1-4-fucosyltransferase-of-arabidopsis-thaliana-partially-localizes-at-the-nuclear-envelope
#10
Stephan Rips, Manuel Frank, Annegret Elting, Jan Niklas Offenborn, Antje von Schaewen
We analyzed plant-derived α1,4-fucosyltransferase (FucTc) homologs by reporter fusions and focused on representatives of the Brassicaceae and Solanaceae. Arabidopsis thaliana AtFucTc-green fluorescent protein (GFP) or tomato LeFucTc-GFP restored Lewis-a formation in a fuctc mutant, confirming functionality in the trans-Golgi. AtFucTc-GFP partly accumulated at the nuclear envelope (NE) not observed for other homologs or truncated AtFucTc lacking the N-terminus or catalytic domain. Analysis of At/LeFucTc-GFP swap constructs with exchanged cytosolic, transmembrane and stalk (CTS), or only the CT regions, revealed that sorting information resides in the membrane anchor...
July 28, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746801/an-automated-quantitative-image-analysis-tool-for-the-identification-of-microtubule-patterns-in-plants
#11
Christine Faulkner, Ji Zhou, Alexandre Evrard, Gildas Bourdais, Dan MacLean, Heidrun Häweker, Peter Eckes, Silke Robatzek
High throughput confocal imaging poses challenges in the computational image analysis of complex subcellular structures such as the microtubule cytoskeleton. Here, we developed CellArchitect, an automated image analysis tool that quantifies changes to subcellular patterns illustrated by microtubule markers in plants. We screened microtubule-targeted herbicides and demonstrate that high throughput confocal imaging with integrated image analysis by CellArchitect can distinguish effects induced by the known herbicides indaziflam and trifluralin...
July 26, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731566/heterogeneity-in-kinesin-function
#12
Babu J N Reddy, Suvranta Tripathy, Michael Vershinin, Marvin E Tanenbaum, Jing Xu, Michelle Mattson-Hoss, Karim Arabi, Dail Chapman, Tory Doolin, Changbong Hyeon, Steven P Gross
The kinesin family proteins are often studied as prototypical molecular motors; a deeper understanding of them can illuminate regulation of intracellular transport. It is typically assumed that they function identically. Here we find that this assumption of homogeneous function appears incorrect: variation among motors' velocities in vivo and in vitro is larger than the stochastic variation expected for an ensemble of "identical" motors. When moving on microtubules, slow and fast motors are persistently slow, and fast, respectively...
July 21, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727280/two-novel-effectors-of-trafficking-and-maturation-of-the-yeast-plasma-membrane-h-atpase
#13
Yosef Geva, Jonathan Crissman, Eric C Arakel, Natalia Gómez-Navarro, Silvia G Chuartzman, Kyle R Stahmer, Blanche Schwappach, Elizabeth A Miller, Maya Schuldiner
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the entry site of proteins into the endomembrane system. Proteins exit the ER via coat protein II (COPII) vesicles in a selective manner, mediated either by direct interaction with the COPII coat or aided by cargo receptors. Despite the fundamental role of such receptors in protein sorting, only a few have been identified. To further define the machinery that packages secretory cargo and targets proteins from the ER to Golgi membranes, we used multiple systematic approaches, which revealed 2 uncharacterized proteins that mediate the trafficking and maturation of Pma1, the essential yeast plasma membrane proton ATPase...
July 20, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696565/the-er-is-the-sorting-core-facility-in-the-golgi-lacking-protozoan-giardia-lamblia
#14
Nahuel Zamponi, Emiliano Zamponi, Gonzalo F Mayol, Adriana Lanfredi-Rangel, Staffan G Svärd, María C Touz
Our understanding of protein and lipid trafficking in eukaryotic cells has been challenged by the finding of different forms of compartmentalization and cargo processing in protozoan parasites. Here, we show that, in the absence of a Golgi compartment in Giardia, proteins destined for secretion are directly sorted and packaged at specialized ER regions enriched in COPII coatomer complexes and ceramide. We also demonstrated that ER-resident proteins are retained at the ER by the action of a KDEL receptor, which, in contrast to other eukaryotic KDEL receptors, showed no interorganellar dynamic but instead acts specifically at the limit of the ER membrane...
July 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696551/sorting-without-a-golgi-complex
#15
REVIEW
Maria C Touz, Nahuel Zamponi
The endoplasmic reticulum-Golgi-target organelle route is one of the most studied events and has fascinated researchers for years. However, the conservative mechanism of protein sorting and delivery is now being challenged by the finding of unconventional pathways driving protein sorting and transport. Protozoa parasites are being rediscovered as good models for analyzing alternative targeting pathways, associated with their ability to adapt to diverse environments and hosts. Here, we have gathered all the available information about secretory protein trafficking in Giardia lamblia, with a focus on how this protozoan parasite is able to sort and direct proteins to different compartments in the absence of a Golgi complex...
July 11, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697281/transport-of-the-alpha-subunit-of-the-voltage-gated-l-type-calcium-channel-through-the-sarcoplasmic-reticulum-occurs-prior-to-localization-to-triads-and-requires-the-beta-subunit-but-not-stac3-in-skeletal-muscles
#16
Jeremy W Linsley, I-Uen Hsu, Wenjia Wang, John Y Kuwada
Contraction of skeletal muscle is initiated by excitation-contraction (EC) coupling during which membrane voltage is transduced to intracellular Ca(2+) release. EC coupling requires L-type voltage gated Ca2+ channels (the dihydropyridine receptor or DHPR) located at triads, which are junctions between the transverse (T) tubule and sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membranes, that sense membrane depolarization in the T tubule membrane. Reduced EC coupling is associated with ageing, and disruptions of EC coupling result in congenital myopathies for which there are few therapies...
September 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691777/structure-and-evolution-of-enth-and-vhs-enth-like-domains-in-tepsin
#17
Tara L Archuleta, Meredith N Frazier, Anderson E Monken, Amy K Kendall, Joel Harp, Airlie J McCoy, Nicole Creanza, Lauren P Jackson
Tepsin is currently the only accessory trafficking protein identified in adaptor-related protein 4 (AP4)-coated vesicles originating at the trans-Golgi network (TGN). The molecular basis for interactions between AP4 subunits and motifs in the tepsin C-terminus have been characterized, but the biological role of tepsin remains unknown. We determined X-ray crystal structures of the tepsin epsin N-terminal homology (ENTH) and VHS/ENTH-like domains. Our data reveal unexpected structural features that suggest key functional differences between these and similar domains in other trafficking proteins...
September 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504462/endocytic-activity-of-hiv-1-vpu-phosphoserine-dependent-interactions-with-clathrin-adaptors
#18
Charlotte A Stoneham, Rajendra Singh, Xiaofei Jia, Yong Xiong, John Guatelli
HIV-1 Vpu modulates cellular transmembrane proteins to optimize viral replication and provide immune-evasion, triggering ubiquitin-mediated degradation of some targets but also modulating endosomal trafficking to deplete them from the plasma membrane. Interactions between Vpu and the heterotetrameric clathrin adaptor protein (AP) complexes AP-1 and AP-2 have been described, yet the molecular basis and functional roles of such interactions are incompletely defined. To investigate the trafficking signals encoded by Vpu, we fused the cytoplasmic domain (CD) of Vpu to the extracellular and transmembrane domains of the CD8 α-chain...
August 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485852/vaccinia-virus-proteins-a36-and-f12-e2-show-strong-preferences-for-different-kinesin-light-chain-isoforms
#19
William N D Gao, David C J Carpentier, Helen A Ewles, Stacey-Ann Lee, Geoffrey L Smith
Vaccinia virus (VACV) utilizes microtubule-mediated trafficking at several stages of its life cycle, of which virus egress is the most intensely studied. During egress VACV proteins A36, F12 and E2 are involved in kinesin-1 interactions; however, the roles of these proteins remain poorly understood. A36 forms a direct link between virions and kinesin-1, yet in its absence VACV egress still occurs on microtubules. During a co-immunoprecipitation screen to seek an alternative link between virions and kinesin, A36 was found to bind isoform KLC1 rather than KLC2...
August 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28477369/sorting-nexin-27-interactome-in-t-lymphocytes-identifies-zona-occludens-2-dynamic-redistribution-at-the-immune-synapse
#20
María Tello-Lafoz, Gonzalo Martínez-Martínez, Cristina Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Juan Pablo Albar, Morgan Huse, Severine Gharbi, Isabel Merida
T Lymphocyte recognition of antigens leads to the formation of a highly organized structure termed immune synapse (IS) by analogy with the neuronals synapse. Sorting nexin 27 (SNX27) controls the endosomal traffic of PSD95, Dlg1, ZO-1 (PDZ) domain-interacting proteins, and its alteration is associated with impaired synaptic function and neurological diseases. In T-lymphocytes, SNX27-positive vesicles polarize to the IS, the identity of SNX27 interactors in these conditions nonetheless remains unknown. Here we used proteomics to analyze the SNX27 interactome purified from IS-forming T cells, and confirmed the conserved nature of the SNX27/WASH/retromer association in hematopoietic cells...
August 2017: Traffic
journal
journal
34949
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"