journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Traffic

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421662/the-outer-membrane-vesicles-secretion-system-type-zero
#1
REVIEW
Andrea Guerrero-Mandujano, Cecilia Hernández-Cortez, J Antonio Ibarra, Graciela Castro-Escarpulli
Gram-negative bacteria have mechanisms through which they can colonize and survive in different environments, such as the secretion systems types (1-6) that have been widely studied and characterized. Nowadays, some authors have proposed extracellular structures, such as the outer membrane vesicles, to be considered as an additional and independent secretion system. The outer membrane vesicles are spherical particles of 50-250 nm in diameter; they originate in the outer membrane, therefore, they have a very similar composition to the latter...
April 19, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407399/abnormal-rab11-rab8-vesicles-cluster-in-enterocytes-of-patients-with-microvillus-inclusion-disease
#2
Georg F Vogel, Andreas R Janecke, Iris M Krainer, Karin Gutleben, Barbara Witting, Sally G Mitton, Sahar Mansour, Antje Ballauff, Joseph T Roland, Amy C Engevik, Ernest Cutz, Thomas Müller, James R Goldenring, Lukas A Huber, Michael W Hess
Microvillus Inclusion Disease (MVID) is a congenital enteropathy characterized by accumulation of vesiculo-tubular endomembranes in the subapical cytoplasm of enterocytes, historically termed "secretory granules". However, neither their identity nor pathophysiological significance is well defined. Using immunoelectron microscopy and tomography we studied biopsies from MVID patients (3x Myosin 5b mutations, 1x Syntaxin3 mutation) and compared them to controls and genome-edited CaCo2 cell models, harboring relevant mutations...
April 13, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393448/spatial-specific-functions-in-retrograde-neuronal-signalling
#3
REVIEW
Eitan Erez Zahavi, Roy Maimon, Eran Perlson
Neurons are highly polarized cells, possessing long axons that can extend to more than 1-meter long in adult humans. In order to survive and maintain proper functions, neurons have to respond accurately in both space and time to intra- or inter-cellular cues. The regulation of these comprehensive responses involves ligand-receptor interactions, trafficking and local protein synthesis. Alterations in these mechanisms can lead to cellular dysfunction and disease. Although studies on the transport and localization of signalling endosomes along the axon have shed light on some central pathways of neuronal survival and growth as well as synapse function, little is known about the spatiotemporal mechanisms that allow the same molecule to signal differently at diverse subcellular locations and in specific neuronal populations...
April 10, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382714/enzyme-reversal-to-explore-the-function-of-yeast-e3-ubiquitin-ligases
#4
Chris MacDonald, Stanley Winistorfer, R Marshall Pope, Michael E Wright, Robert C Piper
The covalent attachment of ubiquitin onto proteins can elicit a variety of downstream consequences. Attachment is mediated by a large array of E3 ubiquitin ligases, each thought be subject to regulatory control and to have a specific repertoire of substrates. Assessing the biological roles of ligases, and in particular, identifying their biologically relevant substrates has been a persistent yet challenging question. In this study we describe tools that may help achieve both of these goals. We describe a strategy whereby the activity of a ubiquitin ligase has been enzymatically reversed, accomplished by fusing it to a catalytic domain of an exogenous deubiquitinating enzyme...
April 6, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371052/recent-progress-in-autophagic-lysosome-reformation
#5
REVIEW
Yang Chen, Li Yu
Autophagic lysosome reformation (ALR) is the terminal step of autophagy and is essential for maintaining lysosome homeostasis during autophagy. During ALR, tubules are extruded from autolysosomes, and small vesicles named proto-lysosomes, which are composed of lysosomal membrane components, are generated from these tubules. Eventually, proto-lysosomes mature into functional lysosomes. In this review, we will summarize recent progress in understanding the regulation, mechanisms and physiological functions of ALR...
March 31, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371106/cell-biology-in-china-focusing-on-the-lysosome
#6
REVIEW
Chonglin Yang, Xiaochen Wang
The view that lysosomes are merely the recycling bins of the cell has changed greatly during recent years. Lysosomes are now known to play a central role in signal transduction, cellular adaptation, plasma membrane repair, immune responses and many other fundamental cellular processes. In conjunction with the seminal discoveries made by international colleagues, many important questions regarding lysosomes are being addressed by Chinese scientists. In this review, we briefly summarize recent exciting findings in China on lysosomal signaling, biogenesis, integrity and physiological functions...
March 30, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371047/hai-2-stabilizes-inhibits-and-regulates-sea-cleavage-dependent-secretory-transport-of-matriptase
#7
Annika W Nonboe, Oliver Krigslund, Christoffer Soendergaard, Signe Skovbjerg, Stine Friis, Martin Nybo Andersen, Vincent Ellis, Makiko Kawaguchi, Hiroaki Kataoka, Thomas H Bugge, Lotte K Vogel
It has recently been shown that HAI-2 is able to suppress carcinogenesis induced by overexpression of matriptase, as well as cause regression of individual established tumors in a mouse model system. However, the role of HAI-2 is poorly understood. In the present study we describe three mutations in the binding loop of the HAI-2 Kunitz domain 1 (K42N, C47F, and R48L) that cause a delay in the SEA domain cleavage of matriptase, leading to accumulation of non-SEA domain cleaved matriptase in the ER. We suggest that, like other known SEA domains, the matriptase SEA domain auto-cleaves and reflects that correct oligomerization, maturation, and/or folding has been obtained...
March 28, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321960/hiv-infection-is-influenced-by-dynamin-at-three-independent-points-in-the-viral-life-cycle
#8
Anupriya Aggarwal, Tina L Hitchen, Lars Ootes, Samantha McAllery, Andrew Wong, Khanh Nguyen, Adam McCluskey, Phillip J Robinson, Stuart G Turville
CD4 T cells are important cellular targets for HIV-1, yet the primary site of HIV fusion remains unresolved. Candidate fusion sites are either the plasma membrane or from within endosomes. One area of investigation compounding the controversy of this field, is the role of the protein dynamin in the HIV life cycle. To understand the role of dynamin in primary CD4 T cells we combined dynamin inhibition with a series of complementary assays based on single particle tracking, HIV fusion, detection of HIV DNA products and active viral transcription...
March 21, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295920/importin-%C3%AE-1-targeting-by-hepatitis-c-virus-ns3-4a-protein-restricts-irf3-and-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-of-ifnb1-antiviral-response
#9
Bridget Gagné, Nicolas Tremblay, Alex Y Park, Martin Baril, Daniel Lamarre
In this study, newly identified host interactors of hepatitis C virus (HCV) proteins were assessed for a role in modulating innate immune response. The analysis revealed enrichment for components of the nuclear transport machinery and the crucial interaction with NS3/4A protein in suppression of interferon-β (IFNB1) induction. Using a comprehensive microscopy-based high-content screening approach combined to the gene silencing of nuclear transport factors, we showed that NS3/4A-interacting proteins control the nucleocytoplasmic trafficking of IFN regulatory factor 3 (IRF3) and NF-κB p65 upon Sendai virus (SeV) infection...
March 13, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28276191/deleting-the-dag-kinase-dgk1-augments-yeast-vacuole-fusion-through-increased-ypt7-activity-and-altered-membrane-fluidity
#10
Gregory E Miner, Matthew L Starr, Logan R Hurst, Rutilio A Fratti
Diacylglycerol (DAG) is a fusogenic lipid that can be produced through phospholipase C activity on phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate [PI(4,5)P2 ], or through phosphatidic acid (PA) phosphatase activity. The fusion of Saccharomyces cerevisiae vacuoles requires DAG, PA and PI(4,5)P2 , and the production of these lipids is thought to provide temporally specific stoichiometries that are critical for each stage of fusion. Furthermore, DAG and PA can be interconverted by the DAG kinase Dgk1 and the PA phosphatase Pah1...
March 9, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267259/the-axonal-transport-motor-kinesin-2-navigates-microtubule-obstacles-via-protofilament-switching
#11
Gregory J Hoeprich, Keith J Mickolajczyk, Shane R Nelson, William O Hancock, Christopher L Berger
Axonal transport involves kinesin motors trafficking cargo along microtubules that are rich in microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs). Much attention has focused on the behavior of kinesin-1 in the presence of MAPs, which has overshadowed understanding the contribution of other kinesins such as kinesin-2 in axonal transport. We have previously shown that, unlike kinesin-1, kinesin-2 in vitro motility is insensitive to the neuronal MAP Tau. However, the mechanism by which kinesin-2 efficiently navigates Tau on the microtubule surface is unknown...
March 7, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248450/regulation-of-dynein-dynactin-driven-vesicular-transport
#12
REVIEW
Jia-Jia Liu
Most of the long-range intracellular movements of vesicles, organelles and other cargoes are driven by microtubule (MT)-based molecular motors. Cytoplasmic dynein, a multisubunit protein complex, with the aid of dynactin, drives transport of a wide variety of cargoes towards the minus end of MTs. In this article, I review our current understanding of the mechanisms underlying spatiotemporal regulation of dynein-dynactin-driven vesicular transport with a special emphasis on the many steps of directional movement along MT tracks...
March 1, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224728/%C3%AE-2-dependent-endocytosis-of-n-cadherin-is-regulated-by-%C3%AE-catenin-to-facilitate-neurite-outgrowth
#13
Yi-Ting Chen, Chin-Yin Tai
Circuit formation in the brain requires neurite outgrowth throughout development to establish synaptic contacts with target cells. Active endocytosis of several adhesion molecules facilitates the dynamic exchange of these molecules at the surface and promotes neurite outgrowth in developing neurons. The endocytosis of N-cadherin, a calcium-dependent adhesion molecule, has been implicated in the regulation of neurite outgrowth, but the mechanism remains unclear. Here, we identified that a fraction of N-cadherin internalizes through clathrin-mediated endocytosis (CME)...
February 22, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220989/global-and-local-mechanisms-sustain-axonal-proteostasis-of-transmembrane-proteins
#14
REVIEW
Víctor Hugo Cornejo, Alejandro Luarte, Andrés Couve
The control of neuronal protein homeostasis or cursive is tightly regulated both spatially and temporally, assuring accurate and integrated responses to external or intrinsic stimuli. Local or autonomous responses in dendritic and axonal compartments are crucial to sustain function during development, physiology and in response to damage or disease. Axons are responsible for generating and propagating electrical impulses in neurons, and the establishment and maintenance of their molecular composition are subject to extreme constraints exerted by length and size...
February 21, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191915/routes-and-mechanisms-of-post-endosomal-cholesterol-trafficking-a-story-that-never-ends
#15
REVIEW
Jie Luo, Luyi Jiang, Hongyuan Yang, Bao-Liang Song
Mammalian cells acquire most exogenous cholesterol through receptor-mediated endocytosis of low-density lipoproteins (LDLs). After internalization, LDL cholesteryl esters are hydrolyzed to release free cholesterol, which then translocates to late endosomes (LEs)/lysosomes (LYs) and incorporates into the membranes by coordinated actions of Niemann-Pick type C (NPC) 1 and NPC2 proteins. However, how cholesterol exits LEs/LYs and moves to other organelles remain largely unclear. Growing evidence has suggested that nonvesicular transport is critically involved in the post-endosomal cholesterol trafficking...
February 13, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128492/beyond-attachment-roles-of-dc-sign-in-dengue-virus-infection
#16
Ping Liu, Marc Ridilla, Pratik Patel, Laurie Betts, Emily Gallichotte, Lidea Shahidi, Nancy L Thompson, Ken Jacobson
Dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3-grabbing non-integrin (DC-SIGN), a C-type lectin expressed on the plasma membrane by human immature dendritic cells, is a receptor for numerous viruses including Ebola, SARS and dengue. A controversial question has been whether DC-SIGN functions as a complete receptor for both binding and internalization of dengue virus (DENV) or whether it is solely a cell surface attachment factor, requiring either hand-off to another receptor or a co-receptor for internalization...
January 27, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266105/c9orf72-at-the-intersection-of-lysosome-cell-biology-and-neurodegenerative-disease
#17
REVIEW
Joseph Amick, Shawn M Ferguson
The discovery that expansion of a hexanucleotide repeat within a noncoding region of the C9orf72 gene causes amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal dementia raised questions about C9orf72 protein function and potential disease relevance. The major predicted structural feature of the C9orf72 protein is a DENN (differentially expressed in normal and neoplastic cells) domain. As DENN domains are best characterized for regulation of specific Rab GTPases, it has been proposed that C9orf72 may also act through regulation of a GTPase target...
May 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248449/protein-transport-in-growing-and-steady-state-cilia
#18
REVIEW
Karl F Lechtreck, Julie C Van De Weghe, James Aaron Harris, Peiwei Liu
Cilia and eukaryotic flagella are threadlike cell extensions with motile and sensory functions. Their assembly requires intraflagellar transport (IFT), a bidirectional motor-driven transport of protein carriers along the axonemal microtubules. IFT moves ample amounts of structural proteins including tubulin into growing cilia likely explaining its critical role for assembly. IFT continues in non-growing cilia contributing to a variety of processes ranging from axonemal maintenance and the export of non-ciliary proteins to cell locomotion and ciliary signaling...
May 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156030/er-to-golgi-blockade-of-nascent-desmosomal-cadherins-in-serca2-inhibited-keratinocytes-implications-for-darier-s-disease
#19
Ning Li, Moonhee Park, Shengxiang Xiao, Zhi Liu, Luis A Diaz
Darier's disease (DD) is an autosomal dominantly inherited skin disorder caused by mutations in sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) -ATPase 2 (SERCA2), a Ca(2+) pump that transports Ca(2+) from the cytosol to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Loss of desmosomes and keratinocyte cohesion is a characteristic feature of DD. Desmosomal cadherins (DC) are Ca(2+) -dependent transmembrane adhesion proteins of desmosomes, which are mislocalized in the lesional but not perilesional skin of DD. We show here that inhibition of SERCA2 by 2 distinct inhibitors results in accumulation of DC precursors in keratinocytes, indicating ER-to-Golgi transport of nascent DC is blocked...
April 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067430/exogenous-lysophospholipids-with-large-head-groups-perturb-clathrin-mediated-endocytosis
#20
Ieva Ailte, Anne Berit D Lingelem, Audun S Kvalvaag, Simona Kavaliauskiene, Andreas Brech, Gerbrand Koster, Paul G Dommersnes, Jonas Bergan, Tore Skotland, Kirsten Sandvig
In this study, we have investigated how clathrin-dependent endocytosis is affected by exogenously added lysophospholipids (LPLs). Addition of LPLs with large head groups strongly inhibits transferrin (Tf) endocytosis in various cell lines, while LPLs with small head groups do not. Electron and total internal reflection fluorescence microscopy (EM and TIRF) reveal that treatment with lysophosphatidylinositol (LPI) with the fatty acyl group C18:0 leads to reduced numbers of invaginated clathrin-coated pits (CCPs) at the plasma membrane, fewer endocytic events per membrane area and increased lifetime of CCPs...
March 2017: Traffic
journal
journal
34949
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"