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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497707/multiple-physical-healthcare-needs-among-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-findings-from-a-health-examination-study
#1
Saana Eskelinen, Eila Sailas, Kaisla Joutsenniemi, Matti Holi, Tuomas H Koskela, Jaana Suvisaari
BACKGROUND: Despite the abundant literature on physical comorbidity, the full range of the concurrent somatic healthcare needs among individuals with schizophrenia has rarely been studied. AIMS: This observational study aimed to assess the distressing somatic symptoms and needs for physical health interventions in outpatients with schizophrenia, and factors predicting those needs. METHODS: A structured, comprehensive health examination was carried out, including a visit to a nurse and a general practitioner on 275 outpatients with schizophrenia...
May 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486095/concurrent-adversities-and-suicide-attempts-among-sami-and-non-sami-adolescents-the-norwegian-arctic-adolescent-study-naahs
#2
Bjørn Reigstad, Siv Kvernmo
BACKGROUND: Little is known about connections between adolescent suicide attempts (SA) and concurrent adversities. AIMS: In a cross-sectional study, the authors wanted to investigate prevalences, additive effects of adversities, family and peer relations, gender, divorce and poverty, and ethnic differences between Sami and non-Sami youth. METHODS: In an adolescent community population encompassing 4881 adolescents of 15-16 years of age, youth with and without self-reports of attempted suicide the last year were compared on 12 concurrent adversities, on scales assessing family and peer functioning, and on sociodemographic variables...
May 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486094/a-pharmacodynamic-modelling-and-simulation-study-identifying-gender-differences-of-daily-olanzapine-dose-and-dopamine-d2-receptor-occupancy
#3
Andy R Eugene, Jolanta Masiak
BACKGROUND: Gender differences in treatment response rates for patients treated with antipsychotics are known. However, the literature lacks a pharmacodynamic model to allow for gender-based clinical trial simulations from modelling parameters for Olanzapine and dopamine D2 receptor occupancy. Thus, the primary aim of this analysis is to test and quantify the effect of gender on the pharmacodynamics of Olanzapine. METHODS: Population pharmacodynamic modelling was performed using non-linear mixed effects modelling in MONOLIX, while the Clinical Trial Simulations were performed using R for statistical programming...
May 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472591/association-between-personality-traits-and-escitalopram-treatment-efficacy-in-panic-disorder
#4
Ülle Võhma, Mait Raag, Innar Tõru, Anu Aluoja, Eduard Maron
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence to suggest that personality factors may interact with the development and clinical expression of panic disorder (PD). A greater understanding of these relationships may have important implications for clinical practice and implications for searching reliable predictors of treatment outcome. AIMS: The study aimed to examine the effect of escitalopram treatment on personality traits in PD patients, and to identify whether the treatment outcome could be predicted by any personality trait...
May 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471329/-mechanical-restraint-confounders-risk-alliance-score-testing-the-clinical-validity-of-a-new-risk-assessment-instrument
#5
Lea Deichmann Nielsen, Per Bech, Lise Hounsgaard, Frederik Alkier Gildberg
BACKGROUND: Unstructured risk assessment, as well as confounders (underlying reasons for the patient's risk behaviour and alliance), risk behaviour, and parameters of alliance, have been identified as factors that prolong the duration of mechanical restraint among forensic mental health inpatients. AIM: To clinically validate a new, structured short-term risk assessment instrument called the Mechanical Restraint-Confounders, Risk, Alliance Score (MR-CRAS), with the intended purpose of supporting the clinicians' observation and assessment of the patient's readiness to be released from mechanical restraint...
May 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417648/danish-translation-and-validation-of-kessler-s-10-item-psychological-distress-scale-k10
#6
Camilla Thelin, Benjamin Mikkelsen, Gunnar Laier, Louise Turgut, Bente Henriksen, Lis Raabaek Olsen, Jens Knud Larsen, Sidse Arnfred
BACKGROUND: Psychological distress is a trans-diagnostic feature of mental suffering closely associated with mental disorders. Kessler's 10-item Psychological Distress Scale (K10), a scale with sound psychometric properties, is widely used in epidemiological studies. AIM: To translate and investigate whether K10 is a reliable and valid rating scale for the measurement of psychological distress in a Danish population. METHODS: The translation was carried out according to official WHO translation guidelines...
April 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379736/correction-to-study-of-behavioral-disorders-in-children-with-primary-enuresis
#7
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367711/improvement-of-cycloid-psychosis-following-electroconvulsive-therapy
#8
Jonas Holm, Ole Brus, Ullvi Båve, Mikael Landen, Johan Lundberg, Pia Nordanskog, Lars von Knorring, Axel Nordenskjöld
BACKGROUND: The treatment of choice for cycloid psychosis has traditionally been electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), but there is a lack of studies on its effectiveness. AIMS: The primary aim of this register study was to determine the rates of remission and response after ECT for cycloid psychosis. The secondary aim was to examine possible predictors of outcome. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Quality Register for ECT in Sweden...
April 3, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367660/talking-about-parental-substance-abuse-with-children-eight-families-experiences-of-beardslee-s-family-intervention
#9
Heljä Pihkala, Neda Dimova-Bränström, Mikael Sandlund
BACKGROUND: Many children are affected by parental substance use disorder. Beardslee's family intervention (BFI) is a family-based psycho-educative method for children of mentally ill parents, used in psychiatric practise in several Nordic countries. The method has also been used to some extent when a parent suffers from substance use disorder. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the family members' experiences of the BFI when a parent has a diagnosis of substance use disorder, to gain new knowledge about the process of the BFI in this area...
April 3, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362191/increase-in-depression-diagnoses-and-prescribed-antidepressants-among-young-girls-a-national-cohort-study-2000-2013
#10
Charlotte Wessel Skovlund, Lars Vedel Kessing, Lina Steinrud Mørch, Øjvind Lidegaard
AIMS: To analyse trends in depression diagnoses and antidepressant use according to age and gender. METHODS: Nationwide cohort study including all women and men of 10-49 years living in Denmark during 2000-2013. The Psychiatric Registry and Prescription Registry provided data on depression diagnoses and antidepressant medication, respectively. Incidence rates as well as 1-year prevalence rates were calculated. RESULTS: The incidence and 1-year prevalence rates of depression diagnoses increased during 2000-2013...
March 31, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349749/life-threatening-effects-of-antipsychotic-drugs-1st-edition
#11
Mikkel Højlund, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345387/multimodal-treatment-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-6-month-follow-up
#12
Nezla S Duric, Jørg Assmus, Doris Gundersen, Alisa Duric Golos, Irene B Elgen
BACKGROUND: Different treatment approaches aimed at reducing attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) core symptoms are available. However, factors such as intolerance, side-effects, lack of efficacy, high new technology costs, and placebo effect have spurred on an increasing interest in alternative or complementary treatment. AIM: The aim of this study is to explore efficacy of multimodal treatment consisting of standard stimulant medication (methylphenidate) and neurofeedback (NF) in combination, and to compare it with the single treatment in 6-month follow-up in ADHD children and adolescents...
March 27, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326863/use-of-patient-controlled-psychiatric-hospital-admissions-patients-perspective
#13
Trine Ellegaard, Vibeke Bliksted, Kirsten Lomborg, Mimi Mehlsen
BACKGROUND: By patient-controlled admission (PCA), psychiatric patients with a PCA contract can initiate a brief admission without a health professional gatekeeper. However, research regarding use of PCA is scarce. AIMS: In this Danish multi-centre study, motives for and satisfaction with PCA were explored. METHODS: During a 1-year period, patients from 11 Danish mental health units evaluated PCA using a questionnaire developed for the purpose...
March 22, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318346/use-of-patient-controlled-psychiatric-hospital-admissions-mental-health-professionals-perspective
#14
Trine Ellegaard, Mimi Mehlsen, Kirsten Lomborg, Vibeke Bliksted
BACKGROUND: In a patient-controlled admission (PCA) programme, the decision about hospital admission is made solely by the patient, with no gatekeeper function allocated to the mental health professionals (MHPs). Current knowledge about how MHPs experience and evaluate PCA is sparse. AIMS: This Danish multi-centre study examined the MHP assessment of the PCA programme in daily clinical practice, and compared PCA evaluations made by MHPs and patients. METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and a survey conducted over the course of a year at all Danish mental health units included in the PCA programme...
March 20, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290763/psychosocial-risk-factors-and-treatment-of-new-onset-and-recurrent-depression-during-the-post-partum-period
#15
Pirjo Kettunen, Jukka Hintikka
BACKGROUND: When developing maternity care services, it is important to know how psychosocial factors affect the course of post-partum depression (PPD), and how depressed mothers are treated. AIMS: The aim of this study is to assess how adverse childhood experiences, poor present support and violence, and low socioeconomic status (SES) associate with PPD, specifically in new onset and recurrent post-partum depression. The second aim is to assess the treatment received for PPD...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290749/identification-of-eating-disorder-symptoms-in-danish-adolescents-with-the-scoff-questionnaire
#16
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
BACKGROUND: Eating disorders often develop in adolescence and, therefore, instruments are needed that are useful to detect risk behaviour in young people. The SCOFF is a 5-item screening instrument, named SCOFF as an acronym of keywords from the questions. It has been used widely in adult samples, but studies that evaluate the scale in adolescents are missing. AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the psychometric properties of the SCOFF in adolescents aged 11-20 years and for the first time validate the questionnaire in Danish...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290743/brain-anatomy-of-symptom-stratification-in-schizophrenia-a-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#17
Giuseppe Delvecchio, Alessandra Lorandi, Cinzia Perlini, Marco Barillari, Mirella Ruggeri, A Carlo Altamura, Marcella Bellani, Paolo Brambilla
BACKGROUND: Although some Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) studies have investigated the relationship between clinical severity and neuroanatomical alterations in patients with schizophrenia (SCZ), the biological signature associated with illness severity in schizophrenia is still uncertain. Therefore, this study aims to investigate structural brain abnormalities in SCZ, with particular regards to the identification of potential deficits associated with the severity of illness. METHODS: In total, 1...
March 14, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287325/a-12-year-old-boy-with-fahr-disease-accompanying-a-diagnosis-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Tayfun Kara, İsmail Akaltun
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413940/elevated-mrna-expression-of-caspr3-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#19
Mitsuo Okita, Yuta Yoshino, Jun-Ichi Iga, Shu-Ichi Ueno
BACKGROUND: Recently, it was reported that antipsychotic treatment reverted Contactin Associated Protein-Like 3 (CASPR3, same as CNTNAP3) mRNA expressions in leukocytes of schizophrenia (SCZ) subjects to the same levels as healthy controls. CASPR3 was expressed in various regions of the mice brain (cortex, frontal lobes, corpus callosum, hippocampus, etc.). Thus, this study evaluated CASPR3 mRNA expression in SCZ subjects to find a new clue of schizophrenia pathogenesis. METHODS: One hundred SCZ subjects and 100 age-matched controls were compared...
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413939/corrigendum
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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