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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464976/elevated-levels-of-c-reactive-protein-and-il-6-among-the-antipsychotic-medicating-schizophrenia-patients-of-siliguri-west-bengal-india
#1
Jiwan Gurung, Dependra Chamlagai, Nirmal Kumar Bera, Tapas Kumar Chaudhuri, Bisu Singh
PURPOSE: Chronic, low-grade inflammation is a proposed etiological factor associated with schizophrenia. Thus, various studies have been conducted to understand the role of inflammatory process in schizophrenia by using inflammatory maker C-reactive protein (CRP) with conflicting findings. Inadvertently, studies of CRP among the Indian schizophrenia patients are very few. Therefore, the present study was undertaken to investigate the role of inflammatory process among Indian Bengalee schizophrenia patients of Siliguri, using the marker CRP and its stimulating cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6)...
February 21, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447060/treatment-of-selective-mutism-based-on-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-psychopharmacology-and-combination-therapy-a-systematic-review
#2
Kasper Rud Østergaard
BACKGROUND: Selective mutism (SM) is a debilitating childhood anxiety disorder characterized by a persistent lack of speech in certain social settings and is considered hard to treat. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and pharmacological treatments are the best described treatments in the literature. AIM: To test whether there is evidence on treatment based on CBT, medication or a combination of these. METHODS: Systematic and critical review of the literature on CBT and/or pharmacological treatments of SM...
February 15, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426262/the-relationship-between-theory-of-mind-and-insight-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#3
Rıza Gökçer Tulacı, Eylem Şahin Cankurtaran, Kadir Özdel, Nefise Öztürk, Erkan Kuru, İlker Özdemir
BACKGROUND: It is known that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients with poor insight display more severe neuropsychological impairments than other patients with OCD. There are limited studies of OCD and theory of mind (ToM). AIM: To investigate ToM skills in patients with OCD and the relationship between insight and ToM skills by comparing OCD patients with good and poor insight. METHODS: Eighty patients with OCD and 80 healthy controls completed the structured clinical interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders, the Yale Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale, the Beck Anxiety and Beck Depression Inventories, and the Brown Assessment of Beliefs Scale...
February 9, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411685/a-confirmative-clinimetric-analysis-of-the-36-item-family-assessment-device
#4
Nina Timmerby, Fiammetta Cosci, Maggie Watson, Claudio Csillag, Florence Schmitt, Barbara Steck, Per Bech, Mikael Thastum
BACKGROUND: The Family Assessment Device (FAD) is a 60-item questionnaire widely used to evaluate self-reported family functioning. However, the factor structure as well as the number of items has been questioned. A shorter and more user-friendly version of the original FAD-scale, the 36-item FAD, has therefore previously been proposed, based on findings in a nonclinical population of adults. AIMS: We aimed in this study to evaluate the brief 36-item version of the FAD in a clinical population...
February 7, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382250/the-effect-of-individual-enabling-and-support-on-empowerment-and-depression-severity-in-persons-with-affective-disorders-outcome-of-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Susann Porter, Ulrika Bejerholm
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of Individual Enabling and Support (IES) on empowerment and depression severity as compared to Traditional Vocational Rehabilitation (TVR) in people with affective disorders at 12 months follow-up. Additionally, longitudinal changes within the intervention groups and the correlation over time between empowerment and depression severity were evaluated. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial of two intervention groups, IES (n = 33) and TVR (n = 28), was performed with measurement points at baseline, 6, and 12 months...
January 30, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373933/outcomes-of-clients-in-need-of-intensive-team-care-in-flexible-assertive-community-treatment-in-sweden
#6
Bengt Svensson, Lars Hansson, Annika Lexén
BACKGROUND: Flexible Assertive Community Treatment (Flexible ACT) has been implemented in Sweden during recent years due to increasing interest in integrated services for people with severe mental illness. To date, few studies have been done on Flexible ACT effectiveness. AIMS: The overall aim of this study was to explore the extent to which clients assigned to the Flexible ACT board for ACT intensive care were stabilized with improved everyday functioning, social outcomes, and changes in healthcare use...
January 26, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316832/cost-effectiveness-of-supported-employment-adapted-for-people-with-affective-disorders
#7
Sanjib Saha, Ulrika Bejerholm, Ulf-G Gerdtham, Johan Jarl
OBJECTIVE: The individual enabling and support (IES) model was effective in gaining competitive employment for people with affective disorders compared with traditional vocational rehabilitation (TVR) services in a randomized controlled trial in a Swedish setting. The object of this study is to perform a cost-effectiveness analysis of IES comparing to TVR. METHODS: We considered the costs of intervention and productivity gain due to increased competitive employment...
January 9, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308715/exploring-the-relationship-between-vitamin-d-and-mania-correlations-between-serum-vitamin-d-levels-and-disease-activity
#8
Neslihan Altunsoy, Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Merve Cingi Yirun, Ayşegül Kılıçarslan, Çiğdem Aydemir
BACKGROUND: Several studies suggest an association between hypovitaminosis D and mood disorders including major depressive disorder, seasonal affective disorder and premenstrual dysphoric disorder. On the other hand, there is not enough study about acute manic episode and hypovitaminosis D. This data insufficient zone led us to study on whether vitamin D deficiency is associated with acute manic episode and has an impact on disease activity Methods: Thirty-one patients with bipolar disorder in remission, 26 patients with acute manic episode and 40 healthy controls with no major psychopathology were recruited in this study...
January 7, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278968/clinical-improvement-relapse-and-treatment-adherence-with-paliperidone-palmitate-1-month-formulation-1-year-treatment-in-a-naturalistic-outpatient-setting
#9
Rosaria Di Lorenzo, Michela Cameli, Chiara Piemonte, Marisa Bolondi, Giulia Landi, Gabriella Pollutri, Ludovica Spattini, Valentina Moretti, Paola Ferri
PURPOSE: To evaluate paliperidone palmitate 1-month formulation (PP1M) effectiveness in a naturalistic outpatient psychiatric setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We collected data from 50 outpatients affected by schizophrenia disorders treated with PP1M for 12 months in an Italian Mental Health Department. After analyzing selected demographic, clinical and pharmacological variables, we performed mirror analysis to compare psychiatric hospitalizations and urgent consultations required by the same patient 6 and 12 months before and after PP1M implementation (primary outcome)...
December 27, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276896/outcome-of-depressive-and-anxiety-disorders-among-young-adults-results-from-the-longitudinal-finnish-health-2011-study
#10
Teija Kasteenpohja, Mauri Marttunen, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Jonna Perälä, Samuli I Saarni, Jaana Suvisaari
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: We investigated the outcomes and outcome predictors of depressive and anxiety disorders in a general population sample of young adults with a lifetime history of these disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample was derived from a nationally representative two-stage cluster sample of Finns aged 19-34 years. The original study was carried out in 2003-2005, and the follow-up in 2011. We investigated participants diagnosed with a depressive or anxiety disorder based on a SCID interview (excluding those with only a single specific phobia) (DAX-group, N = 181)...
December 25, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258381/diagnostic-accuracy-of-the-montgomery-%C3%A3-sberg-depression-rating-scale-parent-report-among-adolescent-psychiatric-outpatients
#11
C Torres Soler, S Olofsdotter, S Vadlin, M Ramklint, K W Nilsson, K Sonnby
BACKGROUND: The diagnostic accuracy of the parent report of the Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS-P) for the screening of major depressive disorder (MDD) in adolescents has not been evaluated. AIM: The aim was to explore the psychometric properties and diagnostic accuracy of the MADRS-P in general child and adolescent psychiatric outpatient services in Sweden. METHOD: The study was a validation and a diagnostic accuracy study...
December 19, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254427/clinical-profiles-and-temporal-patterns-of-psychiatric-emergency-room-visitors-in-sweden
#12
Manuela Schmidt, Joakim Ekstrand, Anita Bengtsson Tops
AIMS: To describe persons visiting the psychiatric emergency room (PER) in Sweden and to compare persons who frequently (PFV) and infrequently (PIFV) visit PERs in terms of group size, age, gender, PER location inside versus outside the home municipality, diagnosis (ICD 10), temporal patterns of visits and hospital admissions. METHODS: This register study included all visits to PERs in one Swedish county over 3 years, 2013-2015 (N = 67,031 visits). The study employed descriptive statistics as well as Chi-square tests combined with Bonferroni correction to compare PFV with PIFV...
December 18, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235396/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-bdnf-serum-level-in-women-with-first-episode-depression-correlation-with-clinical-and-metabolic-parameters
#13
Maria Skibinska, Pawel Kapelski, Aleksandra Rajewska-Rager, Joanna Pawlak, Aleksandra Szczepankiewicz, Beata Narozna, Joanna Twarowska-Hauser, Monika Dmitrzak-Weglarz
BACKGROUND: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) influences neuron differentiation during development, as well as the synaptic plasticity and neuron survival in adulthood. BDNF has been implicated in the pathogenesis of psychiatric disorders and its serum level is a potential biomarker for depression. The aim of this study was to examine serum levels of BDNF in first-episode depression and its correlation with clinical and metabolic parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was performed on a group of 60 women: 30 diagnosed with a first-episode of depression and 30 healthy controls...
December 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216786/a-study-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-cd157-aim2-and-jarid2-genes-in-han-chinese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#14
Weiming Mo, Jun Liu, Zengyu Zhang, Hong Yu, Aiping Yang, Fei Qu, Pingfang Hu, Zhuo Liu, Fengpei Hu
PURPOSE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental brain disorders caused by genetic and environmental factors. The objective of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes related to immune function were associated with ASD in Chinese Han children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 201 children with ASD and 200 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were recruited from September 2012 to June 2106. A TaqMan probe-based approach was used to genotype SNPs corresponding to rs28532698 and rs4301112 in CD157, rs855867 in AIM2, and rs2237126 in JARID2...
December 7, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189086/case-series-of-diagnostic-shift-from-bipolar-disorder-to-schizoaffective-disorder
#15
Lucas Argolo, Fabrício Batista, Severino Bezerra-Filho, Flávio Kapczinski, Ângela Miranda-Scippa
OBJECTIVE: To describe three cases of diagnostic shift from bipolar I disorder (BD) to schizoaffective disorder (SAD). METHODS: BD patients were clinically assessed and followed up in a mood disorder program. A questionnaire was applied to assess clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, and a Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-I) was conducted. RESULTS: We identified three patients with diagnosis conversion to SAD from 2005 to 2016...
November 30, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125018/the-glasgow-antipsychotic-side-effects-scale-for-clozapine-in-inpatients-and-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-or-schizoaffective-disorder
#16
Dragana Ignjatović Ristić, Dan Cohen, Andrea Obradović, Katarina Nikić-Đuričić, Marija Drašković, Darko Hinić
BACKGROUND: The inconsistency in clinician and patient ratings of clozapine-induced side effects underscore the need to supplement clinician-based estimates of side effects with patient-reported ones. AIMS: The main aims of the study are validation of the Glasgow antipsychotic side-effects scale for clozapine (GASS-C) in Serbian inpatients/outpatients with schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder and recommendations for its future use, based on common and rare clozapine-associated side-effects...
February 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171317/basal-blood-dhea-s-cortisol-levels-predicts-emdr-treatment-response-in-adolescents-with-ptsd
#17
Mirac Baris Usta, Yusuf Yasin Gumus, Gokce Nur Say, Abdullah Bozkurt, Berkan Şahin, Koray Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: In literature, recent evidence has shown that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis can be dysregulated in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and HPA axis hormones may predict the psychotherapy treatment response in patients with PTSD. In this study, it was aimed to investigate changing cortisol and DHEA-S levels post-eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy and the relationship between treatment response and basal cortisol, and DHEA-S levels before treatment...
November 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168423/vitamin-d-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Kemal Utku Yazici, Ipek Percinel Yazici, Bilal Ustundag
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that vitamin D deficiency may lead to dysfunctional changes in the brain and may be associated with neuropsychiatric diseases. AIMS: The present study aims to investigate vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase levels in children and adolescents diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and compared them to healthy controls. Additionally, the correlation of OCD symptom severity with serum vitamin D level will be analyzed...
November 23, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161919/the-effects-of-adhd-on-cognitive-performance
#19
Emma Claesdotter, Matti Cervin, Sofia Åkerlund, Maria Råstam, Magnus Lindvall
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and impairing neurodevelopmental disorder. The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a computerized test battery with standardized procedures and solid psychometric properties targeting multiple neuropsychological functions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to look at the effects of ADHD on cognitive performance using CANTAB expressed as a statistical interaction term in regression modeling...
November 21, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141491/association-of-psychosis-affective-disorders-and-diseases-affecting-the-immune-system
#20
Jeanette Brun Larsen, Valentina Cabral Iversen, Solveig Klæbo Reitan
Purpose of the article: There are indications of altered immune activity in depressed and psychotic patients compared to healthy controls in several studies. To explore the clinical importance of this phenomenon we examined the relation between different disorders affecting the immune system and psychoses and depression, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 276 patients consecutively admitted to a psychiatric acute ward were included in the study. Of these 41 patients fulfilled the criteria for ICD-10 F20-29 (psychotic) diagnosis and 157 patients a F30-39 (affective) diagnosis...
November 16, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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