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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764272/does-s100b-have-a-potential-role-in-affective-disorders-a-literature-review
#1
Hilda Kroksmark, Maj Vinberg
BACKGROUND: S100B is a calcium-binding protein located in glial cells; it is regarded as a potential biomarker in affective disorders. AIM: To review the literature investigating the role of S100B in patients with affective disorders. METHOD: A systematic review of original English language studies investigating S100B in serum, cerebrospinal fluid, plasma and lymphocytes, in patients with affective disorders, was conducted. The literature search was conducted within the PubMed database...
May 15, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730963/screening-for-intellectual-disabilities-a-validation-of-the-hayes-ability-screening-index-for-in-patients-with-substance-use-disorder
#2
Kirsten J Braatveit, Torbjørn Torsheim, Oddbjørn Hove
BACKGROUND: There is a reason to believe that many individuals with substance use disorder (SUD) in contact with services have an undiagnosed intellectual disability (ID). Assessing ID in persons with SUD can be challenging due to the influence of substances, time consumption, and specific requirements for the education of the assessor. On the other hand, an undiagnosed condition may lead to a lack of treatment adjustment and may result in drop-out from treatment or lack of treatment effect...
May 7, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720022/cause-specific-mortality-in-finnish-forensic-psychiatric-patients
#3
Ilkka Ojansuu, Hanna Putkonen, Jari Tiihonen
PURPOSE: To analyze the causes of mortality among patients committed to compulsory forensic psychiatric hospital treatment in Finland during 1980-2009 by categorizing the causes of mortality into somatic diseases, suicides and other unnatural deaths. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The causes of mortality were analyzed among 351 patients who died during the follow-up. Standardized mortality ratio (SMR) was calculated as the ratio of observed and expected number of deaths by using the subject-years methods with 95% confidence intervals, assuming a Poisson distribution...
May 2, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714082/an-overview-of-which-health-domains-to-consider-and-when-to-apply-them-in-measurement-based-care-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorders
#4
Per Bech, Nina Timmerby
INTRODUCTION: Measurement-based care (MBC) transfers the scientific principle from controlled clinical trials to the daily routine treatment to improve the care of patients with anxiety and depression. AIM: Within the pharmacopsychometric triangle in which the domain of desired clinical effect of treatment is balanced against the domain of undesired treatment side effects in terms of the domain of restored well-being. The relevance of these domains both in the controlled clinical trials and in the MBC trials will be tested...
May 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703121/validation-of-the-inventory-of-interpersonal-problems-iip-64-a-comparison-of-swedish-female-outpatients-with-anorexia-nervosa-or-bulimia-nervosa-and-controls
#5
Karolin Lindberg, Lauri Nevonen, Sanna Aila Gustafsson, Erika Nyman-Carlsson, Claes Norring
AIM: The aim of the study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP-64) and to compare levels of interpersonal distress in Swedish female outpatients with anorexia nervosa or bulimia nervosa with age- and gender-matched controls. METHODS: Totally, 401 participants were included; anorexia nervosa (n = 74), bulimia nervosa (n = 85) and controls (n = 242). All participants completed the IIP-64. The eating disorder (ED) patients also filled out the Eating Disorder Inventory-2/3 (EDI)...
April 27, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703119/individuals-experiences-with-brief-admission-during-the-implementation-of-the-brief-admission-sk%C3%A3-ne-rct-a-qualitative-study
#6
Marjolein Helleman, Lars-Gunnar Lundh, Sophie I Liljedahl, Daiva Daukantaité, Sofie Westling
BACKGROUND: Brief admission (BA) is an adjunctive treatment option for individuals with self-harming behavior, having traits of borderline personality disorder (BPD). It is offered alongside outpatient psychotherapy for the purpose of strengthening autonomy, self-reflection and self-care and to increase the likelihood of being able to stay in therapy by avoiding lengthy inpatient hospitalizations. AIMS: To investigate participants' experiences with BA during the pilot phase of the Brief Admission Skåne Randomized Controlled Trial (BASRCT), in order to detect possible strengths and limitations of the intervention and gain knowledge to facilitate implementation of BA at other treatment centers...
April 27, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688152/personality-traits-and-escitalopram-treatment-outcome-in-major-depression
#7
Anu Aluoja, Innar Tõru, Mait Raag, Triin Eller, Ülle Võhma, Eduard Maron
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRI) have proven to be effective in treatment of depression. Still, treatment efficacy varies significantly from patient to patient and about 40% of patients do not respond to initial treatment. Personality traits have been considered one source of variability in treatment outcome. AIM: Current study aimed at identifying specific personality traits that could be predictive of treatment response and/or the dynamics of symptom change in depressive patients...
April 24, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688116/association-between-altered-lipid-profiles-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-boys
#8
Sibelnur Avcil
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder, which is multifactorial, complex, and seen most commonly in childhood. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis that altered serum lipid profiles are associated with ADHD. METHODS: The study inluded 32 boys diagnosed with ADHD according to DSM-IV-R criteria and a control group of 29 healthy subjects. All patients were assessed with The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia Present and Lifetime Version, the Turgay DSM-IV-based Disruptive Behavior Disorders Child and Adolescent Rating and Screening Scale, the Conners Parent Rating Scale-Revised Long Form, and the Conners Teacher Rating Scale...
April 24, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658395/delaying-initiation-of-electroconvulsive-treatment-after-administration-of-the-anaesthetic-agent-and-muscle-relaxant-reduces-the-necessity-of-re-stimulation
#9
Márton Asztalos, Peter Matzen, Rasmus W Licht, Kristian Bjørn Hessellund, Alexander Sartorius, René Ernst Nielsen
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of delaying initiation of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) after administration of anaesthetic agent and muscle relaxant. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study utilizing a case-based analysis comparing number of re-stimulations, length of seizures, number of ECTs per series and stimulation dosage before and after introducing a new treatment regimen. In 2013, ECT was initiated approximately 60-90 seconds after administration of thiopental and succinylcholine...
April 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656671/the-reliable-change-index-rci-of-the-who-5-in-primary-prevention-of-mental-disorders-a-measurement-based-pilot-study-in-positive-psychiatry
#10
Per Bech, Lone Lindberg, Stine B Moeller
INTRODUCTION: Primary prevention of mental disorders is a major issue in positive psychiatry. Adjustment disorder is one of the very few discrete mental disorders linked to an etiological factor, namely psychosocial stressors given rise to a maladaptive reaction with a course of symptoms vanishing with the removal of the stressor. We have focused on a measurement-based method to prevent the development of an adjustment disorder. AIM: The aim of this study has been to analyze from an ongoing Worklife Barometer Survey in which the World Health Organization Well-Being Scale (WHO-5) has been applied to prevent distress leading to an adjustment disorder...
April 14, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644923/patients-characteristics-and-their-influence-on-course-of-fear-during-agoraphobic-symptom-provocation-may-ss-n-ri-treatment-compensate-unfavorable-individual-preconditions
#11
Jens Plag, Moritz B Petzold, Johanna Gechter, Carolin Liebscher, Andreas Ströhle
BACKGROUND: Patients' characteristics and antidepressants are discussed to be relevant in the context of phobic exposure. AIMS: To identify patients characteristics associated with a differential course of fear during disorder-specific symptom provocation as well as to elucidate the effect of selective serotonin-(noradrenalin-) reuptake inhibitors [SS(N)RI] on development of fear in the context of re-exposure to the phobic stimuli. METHODS: Twenty-eight clinically well-characterized patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia (PD/AG) were classified into subjects who show a reduction of fear ('Fear-') during a symptom provocation via a picture-based paradigm (T1) and those who did not ('Fear+')...
April 12, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644919/high-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-in-schizophrenia-independent-of-infectious-and-metabolic-parameters
#12
Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Irem Ekmekci Ertek, Asiye Uğraş Dikmen, Erol Göka
BACKGROUND: Immunological and inflammatory mechanisms play an important role in schizophrenia. In the literature, there are studies investigating neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) association with schizophrenia. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to compare NLR values between patients with schizophrenia and healthy controls. In addition, the study aimed to investigate the relationship between NLR and disease severity and some metabolic/inflammatory parameters. METHODS: Fifty-two patients diagnosed with schzophrenia and 53 healthy controls were included in the study...
April 12, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607717/psychometric-evaluation-of-the-swedish-version-of-rosenberg-s-self-esteem-scale
#13
Mona Eklund, Martin Bäckström, Lars Hansson
BACKGROUND: The widely used Rosenberg's self-esteem scale (RSES) has not been evaluated for psychometric properties in Sweden. AIMS: This study aimed at analyzing its factor structure, internal consistency, criterion, convergent and discriminant validity, sensitivity to change, and whether a four-graded Likert-type response scale increased its reliability and validity compared to a yes/no response scale. METHODS: People with mental illness participating in intervention studies to (1) promote everyday life balance (N = 223) or (2) remedy self-stigma (N = 103) were included...
April 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569961/through-measurement-positive-care-in-psychiatry-is-conquered
#14
P Bech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 23, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560777/outreach-visits-improve-referral-of-alcohol-dependent-patients-from-psychiatric-hospital-to-continued-care-a-randomized-trial
#15
Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Bent Nielsen
PURPOSE: Many patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) fail to initiate outpatient treatment after being discharged from inpatient detoxification. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of outreach visits (OV) on subsequent attendance in outpatient AUD treatment. METHODS: Patients admitted to a detoxification unit at a mental health hospital were randomized to either referral as usual (TAU) or OV. OV involved a nurse from the outpatient clinic meeting the patients at the hospital and advising them about outpatient treatment, presenting an 'attendance contract' and offering a first appointment...
March 21, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546787/patient-reported-outcome-measures-proms-examination-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-two-measures-for-burden-of-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-depression-or-anxiety
#16
Per Bech, Stephen Fitzgerald Austin, Marianne Engelbrecht Lau
INTRODUCTION: Patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) for anxiety and depressive disorders are an important aspect of measurement-based care. AIM: The aim of the study was to perform a clinimetric analysis of two PROMs scales in patents with depression and anxiety. METHODS: Patients completed a 10-item version (SCL-10) of the Symptom Checklist to measure burden of symptoms and a brief 5-item version of World Health Organization Well-being scale (WHO-5) to measure quality of life...
March 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29523041/cardiometabolic-risk-factors-physical-activity-and-psychiatric-status-in-patients-in-long-term-psychiatric-inpatient-departments
#17
Petter Andreas Ringen, Ann Faerden, Bjørnar Antonsen, Ragnhild S Falk, Asgeir Mamen, Eline B Rognli, Dag K Solberg, Ole A Andreassen, Egil W Martinsen
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases are a major cause for the markedly reduced life expectancy in people with severe mental illness (SMI). Hospital departments should provide adequate prevention of cardiometabolic risk by optimizing prevention and treatment. Characteristics of cardiometabolic risk factors in inpatients are still not well known. We aimed to describe the status of cardiometabolic risk factors in inpatients with SMI and identify associations with psychiatric status and treatment...
March 9, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519188/thiol-disulphide-homeostasis-in-schizophrenia-patients-with-positive-symptoms
#18
Kübranur Ünal, Gamze Erzin, Rabia Nazik Yüksel, Murat Alisik, Özcan Erel
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to investigate the dynamic thiol/disulphincide homeostasis in patients with schizophrenia who have positive psychotic indications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-four patients (26 males, 18 females; mean age = 34.40 ± 8.98 years) accepted at the Department of Psychiatry of the Ankara Numune Training and Research Hospital and 33 healthy controls (15 males, 18 females; mean age of 30.30 ± 8.48 years) were included in the study...
March 8, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488437/investigating-the-relationship-between-plasma-neuropeptide-s-levels-and-clinical-depression
#19
Hayriye Baykan, Onur Durmaz, Ozgur Baykan, Merve Sahin Can, Hayrettin Kara, Adnan Adil Hismiogullari, Tunay Karlidere
PURPOSE: Neuropeptide-S (NPS) is a novel 20-amino acid peptide, mainly expressed in the central nervous system and endocrine tissues. NPS has been linked to anxiety and fear-related behaviors. The association of NPS with depression in a human population has not been previously examined. The aim of the current study was to explore the potential association of NPS with clinical depression and comorbid anxiety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-nine patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder and seventy-eight controls were included in the study...
February 28, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488416/neurodevelopmental-disorders-prevalence-and-comorbidity-in-children-referred-to-mental-health-services
#20
Berit Hjelde Hansen, Beate Oerbeck, Benedicte Skirbekk, Beáta Éva Petrovski, Hanne Kristensen
BACKGROUND: Accurate prevalence rates of the neurodevelopmental disorders (ND) and comorbid conditions in child and adolescent mental health services (CAMHS) are essential for treatment planning and organization of health care. However, valid and reliable prevalence estimates from Nordic CAMHS populations are scarce, and the published findings vary. AIMS: To report prevalence rates of ND (attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: ADHD, tic disorder: TD or autism spectrum disorder: ASD) and comorbid disorders by a validated diagnostic instrument in children referred to CAMHS outpatient clinics...
February 28, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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