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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152333/experiences-of-self-injury-and-aggression-among-women-admitted-to-forensic-psychiatric-care
#1
Heidi Selenius, Susanne Strand
BACKGROUND: Self-injury and institutional violence are well-known characteristics of female forensic psychiatric patients, but research on patients' experiences of these behaviours is limited. AIM: The aim of the study was to investigate how female forensic psychiatric patients describe their self-injury and aggression. METHODS: The authors performed qualitative in-depth interviews with 13 female forensic psychiatric inpatients. The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis...
February 2, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125326/attitudes-towards-people-with-depression-and-schizophrenia-among-social-service-workers-in-denmark
#2
Kamilla Bjørkøe Jensen, Per Vendsborg, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft
BACKGROUND: Mental health-related stigma is a major public health issue, and is an obstacle to the possibility for successful treatment, recovery, and reintegration. AIM: To examine attitudes towards mental illness among employees in the social services. METHODS: The study design was part of a large randomized trial, and data presented in this study are baseline data from this trial. Respondents completed a baseline questionnaire to assess the respondents' attitudes...
January 26, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125323/increased-levels-of-5ht2a-receptor-mrna-expression-in-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-major-depression-correlations-with-severity-and-duration-of-illness
#3
Meysam Amidfar, Yong-Ku Kim, Lejla Colic, Mohammad Arbabi, Gholamhossein Mobaraki, Gholamreza Hassanzadeh, Martin Walter
BACKGROUND: Neuroimaging, immunologic, and pharmacologic studies have emphasized the role of 5-HT2A and 5-HT3A serotonin receptors in the pathophysiology of major depression. AIM: The aim of this study was to measure the relative expression of 5-HT2A and 5-HT3A receptor mRNA in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHOD: 5-HT2A and 5-HT3A receptor mRNA expressions were examined in PBMCs of 25 medication-naïve-patients with MDD, 25 medication-free MDD patients, and 25 healthy controls...
January 26, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112009/treatment-profiles-in-a-danish-psychiatric-university-hospital-department
#4
Niels Okkels, Rasmus Beyer Mogensen, Lea Catherine Crean, Claus Høstrup Vestergaard, Søren Skadhede, Camilla Rasmussen, Jan Walter Dhillon Shanmuganathan, Kenneth Brandt Hansen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen
BACKGROUND: Despite concerns about rising treatment of psychiatric patients with psychotropic medications and declining treatment with psychotherapy, actual treatment profiles of psychiatric patients are largely unknown. AIMS: To describe patterns in the treatment of patients in a large psychiatric university hospital department. METHODS: A descriptive mapping of treatment of in- and outpatients in a psychiatric department at Aarhus University Hospital Risskov, Denmark...
January 23, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105893/-it-will-get-even-better-preliminary-findings-from-a-trauma-focused-psychotherapy-effectiveness-study-reveal-false-positive-patients-long-term-outcome-expectations-after-the-treatment
#5
Evaldas Kazlauskas, Lina Jovarauskaite, Egle Mazulyte, Paulius Skruibis, Migle Dovydaitiene, Jonas Eimontas, Paulina Zelviene
BACKGROUND: There is considerable evidence that outcome expectations may predict psychotherapy outcomes. However, little is known about the long-term outcome expectations following the end of the treatment. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate patients' long-term outcome expectations after trauma-focused post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) psychotherapy in a single group effectiveness study. METHODS: Twenty participants with various traumatic experiences who completed the Brief Eclectic Psychotherapy for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (BEPP) and all the assessments were included into the study...
January 20, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084151/study-of-behavioural-disorders-in-children-with-primary-enuresis
#6
Azam Mohsenzadeh, Shokoufeh Ahmadipour, Ali Farhadi, Korosh Shahkarami
BACKGROUND: Enuresis results in behavioural disorder in children. This study investigated the behavioural disorders in children possessing primary enuresis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 children with primary enuresis were referred to children's hospital Khorramabad; the census method was used in this study. Data were collected using a short screening instrument for enuresis psychological problems, the reliability and validity of which have been confirmed in previous studies...
January 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084134/psychometric-properties-of-the-finnish-version-of-the-young-person-s-clinical-outcomes-in-routine-evaluation-yp-core-questionnaire
#7
Vera Gergov, Jari Lahti, Mauri Marttunen, Jari Lipsanen, Chris Evans, Klaus Ranta, Aarno Laitila, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: An increasing need exists for suitable measures to evaluate treatment outcome in adolescents. YP-CORE is a pan-theoretical brief questionnaire developed for this purpose, but it lacks studies in different cultures or languages. AIMS: To explore the acceptability, factor structure, reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of the Finnish translation of YP-CORE. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Helsinki University Central Hospital...
January 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084126/eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q-and-clinical-impairment-assessment-cia-clinical-norms-and-functional-impairment-in-male-and-female-adults-with-eating-disorders
#8
Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Kristin Stedal, Øyvind Rø
AIM: The aim of the current study was to collect clinical normative data for the Clinical Impairment Assessment questionnaire (CIA) and the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) from adult patients with eating disorders (EDs). This study also examined unique contributions of eating disorder (ED) symptoms on levels of ED-related impairment. METHODS: A sample of 667 patients, 620 females and 47 males, was recruited from six specialist centres across Norway...
January 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079488/association-analysis-of-ank3-variants-with-bipolar-disorder-in-the-korean-population
#9
Chul-Hyun Cho, Soojin Kim, Dongho Geum, Heon-Jeong Lee
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric disorder characterized by alternating mood episodes, including major depressive, hypomanic, and manic episodes. Previous genetic studies of BD have reported several genes as potentially associated with BD. The ANK3 gene has been identified as a possible BD susceptibility gene in genome-wide association analyses. AIMS: The goal of the present study was to evaluate the association of ANK3 variants with BD in the Korean population...
January 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079463/influence-of-abcb1-polymorphisms-and-serum-concentrations-on-venlafaxine-response-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#10
Gul Ozbey, Feryal Cam Celikel, Birgul Elbozan Cumurcu, Derya Kan, Berna Yucel, Ekrem Hasbek, Ferda Percin, Ismail Cüneyt Guzey, Canan Uluoglu
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics and the pharmacodynamics of antidepressants show large inter-individual variations which result in unpredictable clinical responses. AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of ABCB1 polymorphisms and the serum concentrations on the efficacy and tolerability of venlafaxine in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Fifty-two outpatients who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for MDD were recruited for the study...
January 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997274/the-efficacy-of-psychoeducation-on-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-trial-with-a-2-year-follow-up
#11
Jørgen Aagaard, Leslie Foldager, Ahmad Makki, Vibeke Hansen, Klaus Müller-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of psychoeducation is well documented in the treatment of relapse prevention of schizophrenia, and recently also in bipolar disorder; however, for recurrent depression only few controlled studies focusing on the efficacy of psychoeducation have been conducted. AIMS: This randomized study tests the efficacy of treatment-as-usual supplemented with a psychoeducative programme for patients with recurrent depression, treated at Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) in Denmark...
December 20, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981876/how-many-different-symptom-combinations-fulfil-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-major-depressive-disorder-results-from-the-crescend-study
#12
Seon-Cheol Park, Jae-Min Kim, Tae-Youn Jun, Min-Soo Lee, Jung-Bum Kim, Hyeon-Woo Yim, Yong Chon Park
BACKGROUND: The polythetic nature of major depressive disorder (MDD) in DSM- IV and DSM-5 inevitably leads to diagnostic heterogeneity. AIMS: This study aimed to identify the number of depressive symptom combinations actually fulfilling the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria that can be found in Korean MDD patients and the relative frequencies of each combination. METHODS: Using the data from the Clinical Research Center for Depression (CRESCEND) study in South Korea, we enrolled 853 MDD patients diagnosed using DSM-IV and scored as 8 or more on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD)...
December 16, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957886/self-rated-psychopathic-traits-in-a-sample-of-treatment-seeking-adolescent-girls-with-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-comparisons-to-girls-in-the-community
#13
Svetlana Oshukova, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Jouko Miettunen, Riikka Marttila, Eeva T Aronen, Mauri Marttunen, Matti Kaivosoja, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy research has thus far focused mostly on child, male, and delinquent samples, but the results are most likely non-generalizable to adolescent girls with mental health disorders. AIM: The present study aimed to compare self-rated psychopathic traits between female psychiatric outpatients and girls in the community, and to investigate how psychopathic traits relate to psychiatric disorders. METHOD: The outpatient sample comprised 163 girls aged 15-17-years recruited from municipal mental health services...
December 13, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924662/empathy-and-its-relationship-with-cognitive-and-emotional-functions-in-alcohol-dependency
#14
Almila Erol, Asusinem Akyalcin Kirdok, Nabi Zorlu, Serap Polat, Levent Mete
BACKGROUND: Empathy can be defined as the ability to understand the other's thoughts and feelings. It contains both cognitive and emotional components. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the empathy ability of patients with alcohol dependency in association with cognitive and emotional functions, after acute detoxification and during long-term abstinence. METHODS: Thirty-three alcohol dependent inpatients that completed a detoxification process and stayed abstinent throughout the study, and 33 healthy comparison subjects that matched the patients for age, gender, and education level were included in the study...
December 7, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102103/corrigendum
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885889/the-assessment-of-skin-picking-in-adolescence-psychometric-properties-of-the-skin-picking-scale-revised-german-version
#16
Christina Gallinat, Nancy J Keuthen, Annette Stefini, Matthias Backenstrass
BACKGROUND: Skin picking disorder has received growing attention since the release of DSM-5, yet there are no evidence-based assessment instruments for adolescent samples. AIM: The present study examines the psychometric properties of the Skin Picking Scale-Revised (SPS-R, German version) in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 76 adolescents (96% female) completed the SPS-R, the Clinical Psychological Diagnostic System (KPD-38), and a questionnaire assessing demographics and clinical characteristics online...
February 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834101/outcome-of-first-episode-acute-and-transient-psychotic-disorder-in-hong-kong-chinese-a-20-year-retrospective-follow-up-study
#17
Johannes Yin Kwong Poon, Chi Ming Leung
BACKGROUND: 'Acute and transient psychotic disorder' (ATPD) is a category in ICD-10 marked by psychosis with acute onset and early remission. It remains relatively under-researched, despite controversies over its nosological status in the current classification system. AIMS: (1) To assess the changes in diagnosis over time in patients initially diagnosed as ATPD. (2) To identify factors predicting changes in diagnosis, and compare the long-term outcomes of various patterns of diagnostic shift...
February 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796193/il6-174g%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-genetic-polymorphism-influences-antidepressant-treatment-outcome
#18
Serafim Carvalho, Marlene Santos, Luís Lima, Jorge Mota-Pereira, Paulo Pimentel, Dulce Maia, Diana Correia, Sofia Gomes, Agostinho Cruz, Rui Medeiros
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a condition associated with dysregulated cytokine levels; among these, IL6. Furthermore, genetic variations within cytokine genes have been proposed to predict antidepressant treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the role of IL6-174G > C and IL6R D358A A > C functional polymorphisms in antidepressant treatment phenotypes, specifically remission, relapse, and treatment resistant depression (TRD)...
February 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774832/gender-differences-in-first-onset-schizophrenia-spectrum-psychoses
#19
Sanni Talonen, Juha Väänänen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Mental health profiles differ between boys and girls from puberty onwards. It is not known whether differences also extend to symptom presentation in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. It may be that girls and boys are not treated entirely equally by the professionals. AIMS: To study gender differences in symptom profiles, family adversities, pathway to care, and characteristics of inpatient treatment at the first episode of diagnosed schizophrenia spectrum disorder (F20-29) among adolescents aged 13-17...
February 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774828/integrating-mental-health-in-primary-healthcare-in-low-income-countries-changing-the-future-for-people-with-mental-disorders
#20
Carina Winkler Sørensen, Ole Bæk, Per Kallestrup, Jessica Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Untreated mental disorders are a huge challenge for healthcare systems worldwide. Treatment possibilities are particularly scarce in low-income countries (LICs). WHO estimates that up to 85% of all people with a mental disorder in LICs do not have access to evidence-based treatment. AIMS: This paper seeks to explore the rationale behind the WHO recommendations for improving mental health services in LICs. At the core of these recommendations is an integration of mental health services into existing primary healthcare...
February 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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