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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

Jenny Guidi, Chiara Rafanelli, Giovanni A Fava
PURPOSE: There are several clinical areas where psychological well-being may play an important role: the assessment of the dynamic balance between ill-being and well-being; reduction of incidence, prevention of recurrence and achievement of full recovery in psychiatric disorders such as depression; patient's satisfaction and perceived change after treatment. The aim of this article is to discuss the clinical role of Well-Being Therapy (WBT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A critical review of the literature concerned with psychological well-being and its treatment was performed...
November 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Kyu Young Lee, Yong Min Ahn, Se Hyun Kim, Hee-Gyoo Kang, Eun-Jeong Joo
BACKGROUND: A circadian rhythm disturbance is one of the essential components of the phenotype of bipolar disorder. It has been reported that casein kinase 1 epsilon (CSNK1E), a member of the clock gene family, is associated with psychiatric phenotypes. OBJECTIVES: We performed a genetic association study to determine the genetic role of CSNK1E in bipolar disorder and circadian rhythm disturbances in the Korean population. METHODS: The present study included 215 patients with bipolar disorder and 773 controls...
November 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Anneli Pitkänen, Hanna-Mari Alanen, Olli Kampman, Esa Leinonen
BACKGROUND: Dementia is associated with progressive deterioration in multiple cognitive domains, functional impairment and neuropsychiatric symptoms (NPS). AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the factors associated with the outcome of NPS and daily functioning in patients with dementia during acute psychogeriatric hospitalization. MATERIALS AND METHOD: The data (n = 175) were collected between 2009 and 2013 in naturalistic settings on one acute psychogeriatric ward at one university hospital in Finland...
November 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Hyun Ju You, Seo-Eun Cho, Seung-Gul Kang, Seong-Jin Cho, Kyoung-Sae Na
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg2+ ), an endogenous N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist, has received increased attention recently because of its role in the pathophysiology of and treatment response in depression. However, whether Mg2+ level is decreased in depression is not firmly established. We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to help making consensus for the association between Mg2+ levels and depression. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted in the electronic database resources PubMed and Embase...
November 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Boris Karpov, Grigori Joffe, Kari Aaltonen, Jorma Oksanen, Kirsi Suominen, Tarja Melartin, Ilya Baryshnikov, Maaria Koivisto, Martti Heikkinen, Erkki T Isometsä
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to psychiatric treatment is a common clinical problem, leading to unfavourable treatment outcome and increased healthcare costs. AIM: The aim of this study was to investigate the self-reported adherence and attitudes to outpatient visits and pharmacotherapy in specialized care psychiatric patients. METHODS: Within the Helsinki University Psychiatric Consortium (HUPC) pilot study, in- and outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder (SSA, n  =  113), bipolar disorder (BD, n  =  99), or depressive disorder (DD, n  =  188) were surveyed about their adherence and attitudes towards outpatient visits and pharmacotherapy...
November 16, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Lone Lindberg, Gabriele Bech-Andersen, Susan Søndergaard, Christina Ellervik, SÖren Dinesen Østergaard, Klaus Martiny
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Cecilie Schultz, Rikke Lambek, David Højgaard, Ingrid Söchting, Mikael Thastum, Per Hove Thomsen, Katja Anna Hybel
AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the psychometric properties of a Danish version of the Obsessive Beliefs Questionnaire - Child Version (OBQ-CV). The OBQ-CV assesses dysfunctional beliefs concerning responsibility/threat estimation, perfectionism/uncertainty, and importance/control of thoughts, which according to cognitive theories are important in the development and maintenance of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). METHODS: The study included a pediatric sample (age 7-17 years) consisting of 57 children and adolescents with OCD, 49 children and adolescents with an anxiety disorder (AD), and 58 typically developing (TD) children and adolescents without a psychiatric diagnosis...
November 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Özlem Miman, Özlem Özcan, Süheyla Ünal, Metin Atambay
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common neuropsychiatric illness. Although the etiology of OCD is still unknown, recent investigations have associated development of OCD with infectious illness. Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a neurotropic protozoan parasite that causes infection of the central nervous system. In the last decade, a lot of researches have focused on the possible relationship between exposure to T. gondii and neuropsychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia...
November 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Ulrika Bejerholm, David Roe
BACKGROUND: One goal within positive psychiatry is to support the personal recovery of persons with mental illness and providing opportunities for well-being. AIM: The current article aims to introduce readers to the concept of personal recovery and the potential and importance of recovery-oriented services and measures. METHODS: A literature review was conducted to help consider the domains of 'personal recovery', 'recovery-oriented services/interventions', and 'measures'...
November 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Sebastián Peña, Jaana Suvisaari, Tommi Härkänen, Niina Markkula, Suoma Saarni, Janne Härkönen, Pia Mäkelä, Seppo Koskinen
AIMS: This study aimed to examine changes in prevalence and correlates of alcohol-use disorders (AUD) between 2000 and 2011. We also explored the impact of using multiple imputation on prevalence estimates, to address survey nonresponse. METHODS: The study used a Finnish nationally representative survey of adults aged 30 years and older in 2000 and in 2011. The Munich Composite International Diagnostic Interview (M-CIDI) was used to diagnose AUD in 6005 persons in 2000 (response rate 75%) and 4381 in 2011 (response rate 55%)...
November 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Kamaldeep Bhui
BACKGROUND: Although radicalisation is invoked to explain how people become terrorists, there is little empirical evidence. AIMS: To set out the approaches to understand radicalisation, ethical and definitional issues, and how public health approaches may help. METHODS: A non-systematic narrative review. RESULTS: Radicalisation is proposed to explain how people become terrorists. Factors such as social connections, political engagement, group belonging, mental illnesses and other social and cultural influence show a complex interplay that we are still trying to understand...
November 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Dinesh Bhugra
BACKGROUND: Cultures play a significant role not only in the causation and management of emotional distress and psychiatric disorders but also in sexual variation and attitudes towards sexual minority groups. AIM: To discuss the potential impact of culture on sexual minorities. METHOD: This lecture reviews the relation between sexuality, culture and mental health. RESULTS: Cultures define what is deviant and unacceptable or even illegal...
November 1, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Ursula Werneke, Dinesh Bhugra
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Kamaldeep Bhui
BACKGROUND: Neuroscience is now promising significant advances in medical practice, such that it can improve the art and science of personalized medicine. A new discipline of cultural neuroscience is now forming, and few clinicians, researchers or educators are aware of it. AIMS: To set out a brief synopsis of cultural neuroscience. METHODS: A narrative, nonsystematic, review of experts on cultural psychiatry and cultural neuroscience. RESULTS: Cultural neuroscience proposes that culture and biology have co-evolved with mutually beneficial affordances inhuman abilities that promote positive selection that help people to flourish...
October 31, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Anton Filip Svensson, Maher Khaldi, Ingemar Engström, Katsiaryna Matusevich, Axel Nordenskjöld
PURPOSE: To compare the rate of remission, rate of response, change in depressive symptoms, and adverse effects between repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective case-control study, 35 patients treated for depression with rTMS (left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, 90% observed motor threshold, 10 Hz, 2000 pulses/session, 15 sessions) at Örebro University Hospital, Sweden (cases), were compared with a matched group of 35 patients treated for depression with ECT (controls)...
October 25, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Minna Valkonen-Korhonen, Hanna Leinola, Mervi Könönen, Eini Niskanen, Maija Purhonen, Maarit Pakarinen, Anu Ruusunen, Soili M Lehto, Esa Mervaala, Kirsi Honkalampi, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Heimo Viinamäki
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Prevention of the recurrence of major depression and its residual symptoms requires effective treatment. Our aim was to study the effects of bifrontal active rTMS controlled by sham rTMS in treatment-resistant unipolar major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with treatment-resistant MDD were randomized into two groups. One group received a total of 30 sessions of active bifrontal rTMS (10 Hz rTMS on left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) and 1 Hz rTMS on right DLPFC) and the other group received bilateral sham rTMS on five days a week for six weeks...
October 23, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Emilie Sylvest Wieben, Bent Nielsen, Anette Søgaard Nielsen, Kjeld Andersen
PURPOSE: This study examined 6-month drinking outcomes of elderly patients compared with middle-aged patients in a clinical sample after initiation of outpatient treatment for alcoholism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a clinical prospective cohort study, 1398 consecutive patients from a municipality outpatient alcohol clinic were included. A total of 208 elderly patients aged from 60 to 82 years and 1190 middle-aged patients from 40 to 59 years participated in the study...
October 23, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Fredrik Holth, Fredrik Walby, Thea Røstbakken, Ingeborg Lunde, Petter Andreas Ringen, Ruth Kari Ramleth, Kristin Lie Romm, Tone Tveit, Terje Torgersen, Øyvind Urnes, Elfrida Hartveit Kvarstein
BACKGROUND: Extreme self-harming behavior is a major challenge for patients and health services. Nevertheless, this patient population is poorly described in research literature. AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the volume of patients with extensive psychiatric hospitalization due to extreme self-harming behaviors, the extent of severe medical sequelae, and collaboration problems within health services. METHODS: In a national screening investigation, department managers in 83 adult psychiatric inpatient institutions across all health regions in Norway were invited to participate in a brief, prepared, telephone interview...
October 23, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Anne Sofie Odgaard, Mette Kragh, Erik Roj Larsen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: During recent years, there has been an increased focus on reducing use of mechanical restraint in psychiatric care. Studies show that implementing an assessment tool could potentially prevent or decrease the number of episodes of mechanical restraint. This study aims to examine the association between use of the Danish assessment tool for psychiatric inpatients diagnosed with mania (MAS-M) and mechanical restraint to highlight if number, type, and duration of restraint could be prevented or reduced by this procedure...
October 23, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
Oddur Ingimarsson, James H MacCabe, Engilbert Sigurdsson
Purpose of the article: Clozapine is the only evidence based treatment for treatment-resistant schizophrenia. Constipation is a well known side effect of clozapine treatment. The aims of this study are to describe the prevalence of constipation and ileus during clozapine treatment of patients with schizophrenia in Iceland and to assess the concomitant use of medication that can cause constipation, and laxatives used to treat constipation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We identified 188 patients treated with clozapine by searching the electronic health records of Landspitali, the National University Hospital, during the study period 1...
October 22, 2018: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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