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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216786/a-study-of-single-nucleotide-polymorphisms-in-cd157-aim2-and-jarid2-genes-in-han-chinese-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#1
Weiming Mo, Jun Liu, Zengyu Zhang, Hong Yu, Aiping Yang, Fei Qu, Pingfang Hu, Zhuo Liu, Fengpei Hu
PURPOSE: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a group of developmental brain disorders caused by genetic and environmental factors. The objective of this study was to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes related to immune function were associated with ASD in Chinese Han children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 201 children with ASD and 200 age- and gender-matched healthy controls were recruited from September 2012 to June 2106. A TaqMan probe-based approach was used to genotype SNPs corresponding to rs28532698 and rs4301112 in CD157, rs855867 in AIM2, and rs2237126 in JARID2...
December 7, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189086/case-series-of-diagnostic-shift-from-bipolar-disorder-to-schizoaffective-disorder
#2
Lucas Argolo, Fabrício Batista, Severino Bezerra-Filho, Flávio Kapczinski, Ângela Miranda-Scippa
OBJECTIVE: To describe three cases of diagnostic shift from bipolar I disorder (BD) to schizoaffective disorder (SAD). METHODS: BD patients were clinically assessed and followed up in a mood disorder program. A questionnaire was applied to assess clinical and socio-demographic characteristics, and a Structured Clinical Interview (SCID-I) was conducted. RESULTS: We identified three patients with diagnosis conversion to SAD from 2005 to 2016...
November 30, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171317/basal-blood-dhea-s-cortisol-levels-predicts-emdr-treatment-response-in-adolescents-with-ptsd
#3
Mirac Baris Usta, Yusuf Yasin Gumus, Gokce Nur Say, Abdullah Bozkurt, Berkan Şahin, Koray Karabekiroğlu
OBJECTIVE: In literature, recent evidence has shown that the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis can be dysregulated in patients with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and HPA axis hormones may predict the psychotherapy treatment response in patients with PTSD. In this study, it was aimed to investigate changing cortisol and DHEA-S levels post-eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy and the relationship between treatment response and basal cortisol, and DHEA-S levels before treatment...
November 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168423/vitamin-d-levels-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#4
Kemal Utku Yazici, Ipek Percinel Yazici, Bilal Ustundag
BACKGROUND: Recent studies showed that vitamin D deficiency may lead to dysfunctional changes in the brain and may be associated with neuropsychiatric diseases. AIMS: The present study aims to investigate vitamin D, calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase levels in children and adolescents diagnosed with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and compared them to healthy controls. Additionally, the correlation of OCD symptom severity with serum vitamin D level will be analyzed...
November 23, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161919/the-effects-of-adhd-on-cognitive-performance
#5
Emma Claesdotter, Matti Cervin, Sofia Åkerlund, Maria Råstam, Magnus Lindvall
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common and impairing neurodevelopmental disorder. The Cambridge Neuropsychological Test Automated Battery (CANTAB) is a computerized test battery with standardized procedures and solid psychometric properties targeting multiple neuropsychological functions. AIMS: The aim of this study was to look at the effects of ADHD on cognitive performance using CANTAB expressed as a statistical interaction term in regression modeling...
November 21, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141491/association-of-psychosis-affective-disorders-and-diseases-affecting-the-immune-system
#6
Jeanette Brun Larsen, Valentina Cabral Iversen, Solveig Klæbo Reitan
Purpose of the article: There are indications of altered immune activity in depressed and psychotic patients compared to healthy controls in several studies. To explore the clinical importance of this phenomenon we examined the relation between different disorders affecting the immune system and psychoses and depression, respectively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 276 patients consecutively admitted to a psychiatric acute ward were included in the study. Of these 41 patients fulfilled the criteria for ICD-10 F20-29 (psychotic) diagnosis and 157 patients a F30-39 (affective) diagnosis...
November 16, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132244/adipocytokines-and-ghrelin-level-of-bipolar-patients-from-manic-episode-to-euthymic-episode
#7
Özgür Korhan Tunçel, Gökhan Sarısoy, Birşen Bilgici, Ozan Pazvantoğlu, Eda Çetin, Ebru Kaynar Tunçel
PURPOSE: Obesity and metabolic syndrome (MeS) are more frequently observed in bipolar patients than the general population. This may result from the differences of adipocytokines and ghrelin levels in bipolar disorder. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We evaluated the leptin, adiponectin, resistin and ghrelin levels in bipolar patients (n = 30) in manic episode and in a control group (n = 30). After treatment, the same patients were evaluated again during the euthymic episode...
November 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126365/suicidal-ideation-suicide-attempts-and-psychological-distress-among-intoxicated-adolescents-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#8
Varpu Puuskari, Terhi Aalto-Setälä, Erkki Komulainen, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Studies have emphasized screening for psychiatric disorders, especially suicide risk in emergency departments. Psychiatric disorders and experimentation with alcohol increase in adolescence and intoxications among patients challenge the staff in emergency departments. AIMS: This study examined the degree of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicidal behavior in adolescents, and the extent to which they differed from non-suicidal patients in terms of alcohol use, psychological distress, self-esteem, and perceived social support...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125018/the-glasgow-antipsychotic-side-effects-scale-for-clozapine-in-inpatients-and-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-or-schizoaffective-disorder
#9
Dragana Ignjatović Ristić, Dan Cohen, Andrea Obradović, Katarina Nikić-Đuričić, Marija Drašković, Darko Hinić
BACKGROUND: The inconsistency in clinician and patient ratings of clozapine-induced side effects underscore the need to supplement clinician-based estimates of side effects with patient-reported ones. AIMS: The main aims of the study are validation of the Glasgow antipsychotic side-effects scale for clozapine (GASS-C) in Serbian inpatients/outpatients with schizophrenia or schizo-affective disorder and recommendations for its future use, based on common and rare clozapine-associated side-effects...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124989/perceived-rather-than-actual-overweight-is-associated-with-mental-health-problems-in-adolescence
#10
Vilma Lankinen, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Overweight and perceived overweight are common among adolescents. The nature of the relationship between overweight/perceived overweight and mental health problems is still unclear. AIMS: The aim of this study was to examine whether actual overweight, perceived overweight or both are associated with internalizing and externalizing disorders among adolescents. METHODS: Data were collected by two similar school surveys in all Finnish-speaking secondary schools in Tampere (population 200,000) in the academic years 2002-2003 and 2012-2013...
November 10, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117747/substance-use-among-danish-psychiatric-patients-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Tina Sørensen, Hans Søe Riis Jespersen, Maj Vinberg, Ulrik Becker, Ola Ekholm, Anders Fink-Jensen
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric disorders have a greater risk of mortality than the general population. Use or abuse of substances, including alcohol, play a crucial part in this context. Moreover, it is well known that drug use can worsen psychopathology and reduce treatment compliance. However, the magnitude of these problems among Danish psychiatric patients has not been studied previously. AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate substance use among psychiatric patients in the Capital Region of Denmark...
November 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113575/making-sense-of-mental-health-service-changes
#12
Hanna Putkonen, Pamela J Taylor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108448/the-relationship-between-neutrophil-lymphocyte-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-and-cognitive-functions-in-bipolar-disorder
#13
Demet Sağlam Aykut, Filiz Civil Arslan, Evrim Özkorumak Karagüzel, Gizem Aral, Serdar Karakullukçu
OBJECTIVE: Inflammation is an important factor in pathophysiology of bipolar disorder. Neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) analysis are used to predict peripheral inflammation. The aim of this study is to calculate neutrophil-lymphocyte and platelet-lymphocyte ratios, which are inflammatory markers, and investigate their effect on cognitive functions in euthymic patients with objective bipolar disorder. METHOD: Twenty - eight patients with type-I bipolar disorder and 22 healthy controls matched for age, gender and educational status were included in the study...
November 6, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105551/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-patient-health-questionnaire-9-to-evaluate-major-depression-in-a-primary-care-sample-in-latvia
#14
Jelena Vrublevska, Marcis Trapencieris, Elmars Rancans
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the most common mental disorders in primary care settings and is often underdiagnosed and undertreated by general practitioners (GPs). To date, no depression screening instruments have been validated for use in primary care settings in Latvia. The aim of this study was to establish the validity and cutoff score of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) among primary care patients in Latvia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During a one-week period, all consecutive patients aged 18 years or older visiting their GP of health concerns at 6 primary care settings were invited to complete the PHQ-9 questionnaire in their native language (Latvian or Russian)...
November 6, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081248/case-mix-tool-costs-and-effectiveness-in-improving-primary-care-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-services
#15
Kirsi Riihimäki, Ainomaija Heiska-Johansson, Eeva Ketola
BACKGROUND: Despite its importance in improving care and developing services, high-quality data evaluating cost-effectiveness and services in different case-mix populations is scarce in primary care. AIMS: The objective was to investigate the service use of those mental health and substance abuse patients, who use lots of services. METHODS: Primary health care diagnosis-related groups (pDRG) is a tool to evaluate service provider system and improve efficiency, productivity and quality...
October 28, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073823/mechanical-restraint-and-characteristics-of-patient-staff-and-shifts-in-a-psychiatric-ward
#16
Johanne Sofie Kodal, Jesper Nørgaard Kjær, Erik Roj Larsen
BACKGROUND: The use of coercion is a balance between depriving the patients' autonomy and dignity and preventing endangerment of the body or health of self or others. It is of importance to obtain more knowledge about mechanisms leading to mechanical restraint in the attempt of reducing it. OBJECTIVE: To analyse for associations between incidence of mechanical restraint (MR) and staffing level, staff demographics, patient characteristics, type of shift (day/evening/night) and change of shifts...
October 26, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069997/correction-to-m-johansson-et-al-psychometric-testing-of-a-swedish-version-of-the-apathy-evaluation-scale
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065768/clinical-characteristics-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-older-vs-young-adults
#18
Umut Altunoz, Ahmet Kokurcan, Sevinc Kirici, Gulbahar Bastug, Erguvan Tugba Ozel-Kizil
BACKGROUND: Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) is one of the most common anxiety disorders in older people. Although GAD in older adults seems to differ in many aspects like clinical presentation, severity and treatment response, there is a paucity of comparative research. AIMS: The aim of the study is to compare the clinical presentation of GAD between older and young adults. METHODS: One hundred and two non-demented older patients (age ≥65) and 64 young patients (age <45) who were diagnosed with GAD according to the DSM-IV-TR criteria were included to the study...
October 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037120/test-anxiety-and-self-esteem-in-senior-high-school-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Seda Aybüke Sarı, Günal Bilek, Ekrem Çelik
PURPOSE: In this study, it is aimed to determine the level of test anxiety and self-esteem in the high school students preparing for the university exam in Bitlis, Turkey, and to investigate the effect of test anxiety on self-esteem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven-hundred and twenty-four high school students who were preparing for the university entrance examination in Bitlis participated in the study. A questionnaire which includes socio-demographic data form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Revised Test Anxiety Scale was prepared as an e-questionnaire for the students to fill easily and uploaded to the Bitlis State Hospital's website...
October 16, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022840/irritable-temperament-and-lifetime-psychotic-symptoms-as-predictors-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder
#20
Gianluca Serafini, Pierre A Geoffroy, Andrea Aguglia, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
PURPOSE: Affective temperaments, hopelessness, alexithymia, and anxiety/agitation symptoms may play a significant role in the psychopathological characteristics of bipolar disorder (BD). Here, we aimed to investigate the eventual association between the mentioned explanatory variables and anxiety/agitation symptoms in BD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited at the Section of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, University of Genoa (Italy), 92 BD inpatients having a mean age of 52 (±13...
October 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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