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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084151/study-of-behavioural-disorders-in-children-with-primary-enuresis
#1
Azam Mohsenzadeh, Shokoufeh Ahmadipour, Ali Farhadi, Korosh Shahkarami
BACKGROUND: Enuresis results in behavioural disorder in children. This study investigated the behavioural disorders in children possessing primary enuresis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 children with primary enuresis were referred to children's hospital Khorramabad; the census method was used in this study. Data were collected using a short screening instrument for enuresis psychological problems, the reliability and validity of which have been confirmed in previous studies...
January 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084134/psychometric-properties-of-the-finnish-version-of-the-young-person-s-clinical-outcomes-in-routine-evaluation-yp-core-questionnaire
#2
Vera Gergov, Jari Lahti, Mauri Marttunen, Jari Lipsanen, Chris Evans, Klaus Ranta, Aarno Laitila, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: An increasing need exists for suitable measures to evaluate treatment outcome in adolescents. YP-CORE is a pan-theoretical brief questionnaire developed for this purpose, but it lacks studies in different cultures or languages. AIMS: To explore the acceptability, factor structure, reliability, validity, and sensitivity to change of the Finnish translation of YP-CORE. METHODS: The study was conducted at the Department of Adolescent Psychiatry, Helsinki University Central Hospital...
January 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084126/eating-disorder-examination-questionnaire-ede-q-and-clinical-impairment-assessment-cia-clinical-norms-and-functional-impairment-in-male-and-female-adults-with-eating-disorders
#3
Camilla Lindvall Dahlgren, Kristin Stedal, Øyvind Rø
AIM: The aim of the current study was to collect clinical normative data for the Clinical Impairment Assessment questionnaire (CIA) and the Eating Disorder Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q) from adult patients with eating disorders (EDs). This study also examined unique contributions of eating disorder (ED) symptoms on levels of ED-related impairment. METHODS: A sample of 667 patients, 620 females and 47 males, was recruited from six specialist centres across Norway...
January 13, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079488/association-analysis-of-ank3-variants-with-bipolar-disorder-in-the-korean-population
#4
Chul-Hyun Cho, Soojin Kim, Dongho Geum, Heon-Jeong Lee
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorder (BD) is a major psychiatric disorder characterized by alternating mood episodes, including major depressive, hypomanic, and manic episodes. Previous genetic studies of BD have reported several genes as potentially associated with BD. The ANK3 gene has been identified as a possible BD susceptibility gene in genome-wide association analyses. AIMS: The goal of the present study was to evaluate the association of ANK3 variants with BD in the Korean population...
January 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079463/influence-of-abcb1-polymorphisms-and-serum-concentrations-on-venlafaxine-response-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#5
Gul Ozbey, Feryal Cam Celikel, Birgul Elbozan Cumurcu, Derya Kan, Berna Yucel, Ekrem Hasbek, Ferda Percin, Ismail Cüneyt Guzey, Canan Uluoglu
BACKGROUND: The pharmacokinetics and the pharmacodynamics of antidepressants show large inter-individual variations which result in unpredictable clinical responses. AIM: The aim of the study was to examine the effect of ABCB1 polymorphisms and the serum concentrations on the efficacy and tolerability of venlafaxine in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). METHODS: Fifty-two outpatients who met the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria for MDD were recruited for the study...
January 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997274/the-efficacy-of-psychoeducation-on-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-trial-with-a-2-year-follow-up
#6
Jørgen Aagaard, Leslie Foldager, Ahmad Makki, Vibeke Hansen, Klaus Müller-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of psychoeducation is well documented in the treatment of relapse prevention of schizophrenia, and recently also in bipolar disorder; however, for recurrent depression only few controlled studies focusing on the efficacy of psychoeducation have been conducted. AIMS: This randomized study tests the efficacy of treatment-as-usual supplemented with a psychoeducative programme for patients with recurrent depression, treated at Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) in Denmark...
December 20, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981876/how-many-different-symptom-combinations-fulfil-the-diagnostic-criteria-for-major-depressive-disorder-results-from-the-crescend-study
#7
Seon-Cheol Park, Jae-Min Kim, Tae-Youn Jun, Min-Soo Lee, Jung-Bum Kim, Hyeon-Woo Yim, Yong Chon Park
BACKGROUND: The polythetic nature of major depressive disorder (MDD) in DSM- IV and DSM-5 inevitably leads to diagnostic heterogeneity. AIMS: This study aimed to identify the number of depressive symptom combinations actually fulfilling the DSM-IV diagnostic criteria that can be found in Korean MDD patients and the relative frequencies of each combination. METHODS: Using the data from the Clinical Research Center for Depression (CRESCEND) study in South Korea, we enrolled 853 MDD patients diagnosed using DSM-IV and scored as 8 or more on the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD)...
December 16, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957886/self-rated-psychopathic-traits-in-a-sample-of-treatment-seeking-adolescent-girls-with-internalizing-and-externalizing-disorders-comparisons-to-girls-in-the-community
#8
Svetlana Oshukova, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Jouko Miettunen, Riikka Marttila, Eeva T Aronen, Mauri Marttunen, Matti Kaivosoja, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Psychopathy research has thus far focused mostly on child, male, and delinquent samples, but the results are most likely non-generalizable to adolescent girls with mental health disorders. AIM: The present study aimed to compare self-rated psychopathic traits between female psychiatric outpatients and girls in the community, and to investigate how psychopathic traits relate to psychiatric disorders. METHOD: The outpatient sample comprised 163 girls aged 15-17-years recruited from municipal mental health services...
December 13, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924662/empathy-and-its-relationship-with-cognitive-and-emotional-functions-in-alcohol-dependency
#9
Almila Erol, Asusinem Akyalcin Kirdok, Nabi Zorlu, Serap Polat, Levent Mete
BACKGROUND: Empathy can be defined as the ability to understand the other's thoughts and feelings. It contains both cognitive and emotional components. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the empathy ability of patients with alcohol dependency in association with cognitive and emotional functions, after acute detoxification and during long-term abstinence. METHODS: Thirty-three alcohol dependent inpatients that completed a detoxification process and stayed abstinent throughout the study, and 33 healthy comparison subjects that matched the patients for age, gender, and education level were included in the study...
December 7, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885889/the-assessment-of-skin-picking-in-adolescence-psychometric-properties-of-the-skin-picking-scale-revised-german-version
#10
Christina Gallinat, Nancy J Keuthen, Annette Stefini, Matthias Backenstrass
BACKGROUND: Skin picking disorder has received growing attention since the release of DSM-5, yet there are no evidence-based assessment instruments for adolescent samples. AIM: The present study examines the psychometric properties of the Skin Picking Scale-Revised (SPS-R, German version) in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 76 adolescents (96% female) completed the SPS-R, the Clinical Psychological Diagnostic System (KPD-38), and a questionnaire assessing demographics and clinical characteristics online...
November 25, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844498/adolescents-newly-diagnosed-with-eating-disorders-have-structural-differences-in-brain-regions-linked-with-eating-disorder-symptoms
#11
Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Anna Larsen, Julia Stark, Mathias Rask-Andersen, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Helgi B Schiöth, Samantha J Brooks
BACKGROUND: Adults with eating disorders (ED) show brain volume reductions in the frontal, insular, cingulate, and parietal cortices, as well as differences in subcortical regions associated with reward processing. However, little is known about the structural differences in adolescents with behavioural indications of early stage ED. AIM: This is the first study to investigate structural brain changes in adolescents newly diagnosed with ED compared to healthy controls (HC), and to study whether ED cognitions correlate with structural changes in adolescents with ED of short duration...
November 15, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834103/interventions-to-improve-lifestyle-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-concurrent-mental-illness-and-substance-use
#12
Anette Juel, Christina Blanner Kristiansen, Nikolaj Juul Madsen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Peter Hjorth
BACKGROUND: Patients with co-existence of psychiatric disorders and substance use have an increased risk of premature death. This is attributable to a higher prevalence of physical comorbidities and a lifestyle related to substance use. Furthermore, they experience low quality-of-life (QoL). Studies addressing lifestyle interventions for these patients are warranted. AIMS: To investigate the physical health and QoL in patients with co-existence of psychiatric disorders and substance use, and to analyse for changes in their (a) health, (b) substance use, and (c) QoL after a 24-month health-promotion programme...
November 11, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834101/outcome-of-first-episode-acute-and-transient-psychotic-disorder-in-hong-kong-chinese-a-20-year-retrospective-follow-up-study
#13
Johannes Yin Kwong Poon, Chi Ming Leung
BACKGROUND: 'Acute and transient psychotic disorder' (ATPD) is a category in ICD-10 marked by psychosis with acute onset and early remission. It remains relatively under-researched, despite controversies over its nosological status in the current classification system. AIMS: (1) To assess the changes in diagnosis over time in patients initially diagnosed as ATPD. (2) To identify factors predicting changes in diagnosis, and compare the long-term outcomes of various patterns of diagnostic shift...
November 11, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796193/il6-174g%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-genetic-polymorphism-influences-antidepressant-treatment-outcome
#14
Serafim Carvalho, Marlene Santos, Luís Lima, Jorge Mota-Pereira, Paulo Pimentel, Dulce Maia, Diana Correia, Sofia Gomes, Agostinho Cruz, Rui Medeiros
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a condition associated with dysregulated cytokine levels; among these, IL6. Furthermore, genetic variations within cytokine genes have been proposed to predict antidepressant treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the role of IL6-174G > C and IL6R D358A A > C functional polymorphisms in antidepressant treatment phenotypes, specifically remission, relapse, and treatment resistant depression (TRD)...
October 31, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796153/discriminant-validity-of-the-12-item-version-of-the-general-health-questionnaire-in-a-swedish-case-control-study
#15
Andreas Lundin, Jill Åhs, Nina Åsbring, Kyriaki Kosidou, Henrik Dal, Petter Tinghög, Fredrik Saboonchi, Christina Dalman
BACKGROUND: The 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is widely used as a proxy for Affective Disorders in public health surveys, although the cut-off points for distress vary considerably between studies. The agreement between the GHQ-12 score and having a clinical disorder in the study population is usually unknown. AIMS: This study aimed to assess the criterion validity and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the GHQ-12 in the Swedish population...
October 31, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774843/employment-outcome-and-predictors-of-competitive-employment-at-2-year-follow-up-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-programme-for-individuals-with-schizophrenia-in-a-high-income-welfare-society
#16
Stig Evensen, Torill Ueland, June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Helen Bull, Ole Klungsøyr, Egil W Martinsen, Erik Falkum
BACKGROUND: Employment is an important part of recovery for individuals with schizophrenia. The employment rate for this group is as low as 10% in Norway, and major system related barriers to employment are evident. AIMS: This study reports the competitive employment outcome at 2-year follow-up of a vocational rehabilitation study augmented with cognitive remediation (CR) or elements from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
October 24, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774832/gender-differences-in-first-onset-schizophrenia-spectrum-psychoses
#17
Sanni Talonen, Juha Väänänen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Mental health profiles differ between boys and girls from puberty onwards. It is not known whether differences also extend to symptom presentation in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. It may be that girls and boys are not treated entirely equally by the professionals. AIMS: To study gender differences in symptom profiles, family adversities, pathway to care, and characteristics of inpatient treatment at the first episode of diagnosed schizophrenia spectrum disorder (F20-29) among adolescents aged 13-17...
October 24, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774828/integrating-mental-health-in-primary-healthcare-in-low-income-countries-changing-the-future-for-people-with-mental-disorders
#18
Carina Winkler Sørensen, Ole Bæk, Per Kallestrup, Jessica Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Untreated mental disorders are a huge challenge for healthcare systems worldwide. Treatment possibilities are particularly scarce in low-income countries (LICs). WHO estimates that up to 85% of all people with a mental disorder in LICs do not have access to evidence-based treatment. AIMS: This paper seeks to explore the rationale behind the WHO recommendations for improving mental health services in LICs. At the core of these recommendations is an integration of mental health services into existing primary healthcare...
October 24, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701952/add-on-mirtazapine-improves-orgasmic-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-treated-with-first-generation-antipsychotics
#19
Viacheslav Terevnikov, Jan-Henry Stenberg, Jari Tiihonen, Mark Burkin, Grigori Joffe
AIM: Sexual dysfunction, common in schizophrenia, may be further exaggerated by antipsychotics, especially those of First Generation (FGAs), and antidepressants, such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRs). Mirtazapine, an antidepressant characterized by its different action mechanism compared with that of the majority of other antidepressants, may improve SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction in patients with depression. It is unknown, however, whether mirtazapine improves sexual functioning in schizophrenia...
January 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643401/cost-effectiveness-of-anorexia-nervosa-in-qalys
#20
Veera Pohjolainen, Pirjo Räsänen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Salla Koponen, Hasse Karlsson
BACKGROUND: The costs of treating eating disorders are often considered high. AIMS: The objective was to perform a cost-utility analysis to estimate the cost-effectiveness of treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Thirty-nine patients entering treatment of AN completed the 15D health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaire before and 2 years after the start of treatment. Direct hospital costs were obtained. Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained were calculated and cost-utility assessed...
January 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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