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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885889/the-assessment-of-skin-picking-in-adolescence-psychometric-properties-of-the-skin-picking-scale-revised-german-version
#1
Christina Gallinat, Nancy J Keuthen, Annette Stefini, Matthias Backenstrass
BACKGROUND: Skin picking disorder has received growing attention since the release of DSM-5, yet there are no evidence-based assessment instruments for adolescent samples. AIM: The present study examines the psychometric properties of the Skin Picking Scale-Revised (SPS-R, German version) in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 76 adolescents (96% female) completed the SPS-R, the Clinical Psychological Diagnostic System (KPD-38), and a questionnaire assessing demographics and clinical characteristics online...
November 25, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844498/adolescents-newly-diagnosed-with-eating-disorders-have-structural-differences-in-brain-regions-linked-with-eating-disorder-symptoms
#2
Linda Solstrand Dahlberg, Lyle Wiemerslage, Ingemar Swenne, Anna Larsen, Julia Stark, Mathias Rask-Andersen, Helena Salonen-Ros, Elna-Marie Larsson, Helgi B Schiöth, Samantha J Brooks
BACKGROUND: Adults with eating disorders (ED) show brain volume reductions in the frontal, insular, cingulate, and parietal cortices, as well as differences in subcortical regions associated with reward processing. However, little is known about the structural differences in adolescents with behavioural indications of early stage ED. AIM: This is the first study to investigate structural brain changes in adolescents newly diagnosed with ED compared to healthy controls (HC), and to study whether ED cognitions correlate with structural changes in adolescents with ED of short duration...
November 15, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834103/interventions-to-improve-lifestyle-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-concurrent-mental-illness-and-substance-use
#3
Anette Juel, Christina Blanner Kristiansen, Nikolaj Juul Madsen, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Peter Hjorth
BACKGROUND: Patients with co-existence of psychiatric disorders and substance use have an increased risk of premature death. This is attributable to a higher prevalence of physical comorbidities and a lifestyle related to substance use. Furthermore, they experience low quality-of-life (QoL). Studies addressing lifestyle interventions for these patients are warranted. AIMS: To investigate the physical health and QoL in patients with co-existence of psychiatric disorders and substance use, and to analyse for changes in their (a) health, (b) substance use, and (c) QoL after a 24-month health-promotion programme...
November 11, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834101/outcome-of-first-episode-acute-and-transient-psychotic-disorder-in-hong-kong-chinese-a-20-year-retrospective-follow-up-study
#4
Johannes Yin Kwong Poon, Chi Ming Leung
BACKGROUND: 'Acute and transient psychotic disorder' (ATPD) is a category in ICD-10 marked by psychosis with acute onset and early remission. It remains relatively under-researched, despite controversies over its nosological status in the current classification system. AIMS: (1) To assess the changes in diagnosis over time in patients initially diagnosed as ATPD. (2) To identify factors predicting changes in diagnosis, and compare the long-term outcomes of various patterns of diagnostic shift...
November 11, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796193/il6-174g%C3%A2-%C3%A2-c-genetic-polymorphism-influences-antidepressant-treatment-outcome
#5
Serafim Carvalho, Marlene Santos, Luís Lima, Jorge Mota-Pereira, Paulo Pimentel, Dulce Maia, Diana Correia, Sofia Gomes, Agostinho Cruz, Rui Medeiros
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder is a condition associated with dysregulated cytokine levels; among these, IL6. Furthermore, genetic variations within cytokine genes have been proposed to predict antidepressant treatment outcome. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the role of IL6-174G > C and IL6R D358A A > C functional polymorphisms in antidepressant treatment phenotypes, specifically remission, relapse, and treatment resistant depression (TRD)...
October 31, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796153/discriminant-validity-of-the-12-item-version-of-the-general-health-questionnaire-in-a-swedish-case-control-study
#6
Andreas Lundin, Jill Åhs, Nina Åsbring, Kyriaki Kosidou, Henrik Dal, Petter Tinghög, Fredrik Saboonchi, Christina Dalman
BACKGROUND: The 12-item version of the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is widely used as a proxy for Affective Disorders in public health surveys, although the cut-off points for distress vary considerably between studies. The agreement between the GHQ-12 score and having a clinical disorder in the study population is usually unknown. AIMS: This study aimed to assess the criterion validity and to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the GHQ-12 in the Swedish population...
October 31, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774843/employment-outcome-and-predictors-of-competitive-employment-at-2-year-follow-up-of-a-vocational-rehabilitation-programme-for-individuals-with-schizophrenia-in-a-high-income-welfare-society
#7
Stig Evensen, Torill Ueland, June Ullevoldsæter Lystad, Helen Bull, Ole Klungsøyr, Egil W Martinsen, Erik Falkum
BACKGROUND: Employment is an important part of recovery for individuals with schizophrenia. The employment rate for this group is as low as 10% in Norway, and major system related barriers to employment are evident. AIMS: This study reports the competitive employment outcome at 2-year follow-up of a vocational rehabilitation study augmented with cognitive remediation (CR) or elements from cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) for individuals with schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
October 24, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774832/gender-differences-in-first-onset-schizophrenia-spectrum-psychoses
#8
Sanni Talonen, Juha Väänänen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: Mental health profiles differ between boys and girls from puberty onwards. It is not known whether differences also extend to symptom presentation in schizophrenia spectrum disorders. It may be that girls and boys are not treated entirely equally by the professionals. AIMS: To study gender differences in symptom profiles, family adversities, pathway to care, and characteristics of inpatient treatment at the first episode of diagnosed schizophrenia spectrum disorder (F20-29) among adolescents aged 13-17...
October 24, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774828/integrating-mental-health-in-primary-healthcare-in-low-income-countries-changing-the-future-for-people-with-mental-disorders
#9
Carina Winkler Sørensen, Ole Bæk, Per Kallestrup, Jessica Carlsson
BACKGROUND: Untreated mental disorders are a huge challenge for healthcare systems worldwide. Treatment possibilities are particularly scarce in low-income countries (LICs). WHO estimates that up to 85% of all people with a mental disorder in LICs do not have access to evidence-based treatment. AIMS: This paper seeks to explore the rationale behind the WHO recommendations for improving mental health services in LICs. At the core of these recommendations is an integration of mental health services into existing primary healthcare...
October 24, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739347/neuronal-nitric-oxide-synthase-polymorphisms-in-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#10
Muruvvet Topaloglu, Erdem Tuzun, Huseyin Gulec, Elif Sinem Bireller, Bedia Cakmakoglu, Cem Ismail Kucukali
BACKGROUND: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a mental disease characterized by recurrent and intrusive thoughts and repetitive behaviours that negatively affect the quality-of-life of the patients. Recent studies have implicated the participation of neuronal nitric oxide in OCD pathogenesis as a neurotransmitter modulator. AIMS: To identify whether variations in neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) genes may render individuals susceptible to OCD development...
October 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739343/self-assessed-limited-prosocial-emotions-do-not-distinguish-community-youth-with-psychosocial-problems-from-those-without-them
#11
Svetlana Oshukova, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Matti Kaivosoja, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: In DSM 5, conduct disorder was expanded with the new specifier 'with limited prosocial emotions (LPE)'. These callous-unemotional traits have been emphasized as the 'core' of psychopathy syndrome providing greater information about current and future impairment. Individuals with callous-unemotional traits have shown elevated levels of impairment, and these traits have been suggested to serve as a useful indicator for psychiatric vulnerability and psychosocial maladjustment also among community youth...
October 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739334/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-self-referral-to-inpatient-treatment-and-treatment-as-usual-in-patients-with-severe-mental-disorders
#12
Vidir Sigrunarson, Inger Elise Opheim Moljord, Aslak Steinsbekk, Lasse Eriksen, Gunnar Morken
BACKGROUND: There has been a call for increased patient autonomy and participation in psychiatry. Some Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) have implemented services called 'self-referral to inpatient treatment' (SRIT) for patients with severe mental disorders. AIMS: To investigate whether SRIT could yield better outcomes after 12 months in use of mental health services for people with severe mental disorders than Treatment As Usual (TAU). METHODS: This was a randomized controlled trial at a CMHC in Norway comparing SRIT and TAU in 12 months...
October 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701993/mentally-disordered-offenders-in-sweden-differentiating-recidivists-fromnon-recidivists-in-a-10-year-follow-up-study
#13
Hedvig Krona, Marielle Nyman, Helena Andreasson, Nicolas Vicencio, Henrik Anckarsäter, Märta Wallinius, Thomas Nilsson, Björn Hofvander
BACKGROUND: Forensic psychiatric patients present a challenge as they manifest severe mental disorders together with criminal behaviour. There are well-known risk factors for criminal behaviour in the general population, yet knowledge of what predicts reconviction in the Swedish forensic population in the long-term perspective is still insufficient. AIMS: The study aims to (1) describe background and clinical characteristics of forensic psychiatric patients in a 10-year follow-up, (2) analyse risk factors associated with recidivism, and (3) test the predictive validity of risk factors for general and violent criminality...
October 5, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701952/add-on-mirtazapine-improves-orgasmic-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-treated-with-first-generation-antipsychotics
#14
Viacheslav Terevnikov, Jan-Henry Stenberg, Jari Tiihonen, Mark Burkin, Grigori Joffe
AIM: Sexual dysfunction, common in schizophrenia, may be further exaggerated by antipsychotics, especially those of First Generation (FGAs), and antidepressants, such as Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRs). Mirtazapine, an antidepressant characterized by its different action mechanism compared with that of the majority of other antidepressants, may improve SSRI-induced sexual dysfunction in patients with depression. It is unknown, however, whether mirtazapine improves sexual functioning in schizophrenia...
October 5, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701935/surrogate-markers-of-visceral-fat-and-response-to-anti-depressive-treatment-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-prospective-exploratory-analysis
#15
Morten Tønning, Dorthe Petersen, Marie Steglich-Petersen, Claudio Csillag
BACKGROUND: Body mass index (BMI) and body weight have been shown to be associated to treatment outcome in patients with major depressive disorder, but this relationship is not clear. Visceral fat might be an underlying mechanism explaining this relationship. AIMS: The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate whether visceral fat, as measured by hip-to-waist ratio and waist circumference, affects treatment outcome in patients with major depressive disorder in patients attending a hospital psychiatric care unit in Denmark...
October 5, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670756/fire-setting-performed-in-adolescence-or-early-adulthood-predicts-schizophrenia-a-register-based-follow-up-study-of-pre-trial-offenders
#16
Annika Thomson, Jari Tiihonen, Jouko Miettunen, Matti Virkkunen, Nina Lindberg
BACKGROUND: Aggressive and disruptive behaviours often precede the onset of serious mental illnesses. Fire-setting is a type of crime that is associated with psychotic disorders. AIM: The aim of this prospective follow-up study was to investigate if fire-setting performed in adolescence or early adulthood was associated with future diagnoses of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. METHODS: The consecutive sample consisted of 111 Finnish 15-25-year old males with fire-setting crimes, decreed to a pre-trial forensic psychiatric examination in 1973-1998, and showing no past nor current psychosis at the time of examination...
September 27, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658459/resistin-as-an-inflammatory-marker-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-treated-with-clozapine
#17
Jari-Pekka Klemettilä, Olli Kampman, Niko Seppälä, Merja Viikki, Mari Hämäläinen, Eeva Moilanen, Esa Leinonen
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with excess cardiovascular comorbidity and mortality related to lifestyle factors, such as lack of physical activity, poor diet, and smoking. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome is increased among patients with schizophrenia, with the highest rates among patients on clozapine treatment. Smoking, obesity, physical inactivity, airway inflammation and obstruction, and adipose tissue and inflammatory marker activation are related in systemic inflammation...
September 23, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643401/cost-effectiveness-of-anorexia-nervosa-in-qalys
#18
Veera Pohjolainen, Pirjo Räsänen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Salla Koponen, Hasse Karlsson
BACKGROUND: The costs of treating eating disorders are often considered high. AIMS: The objective was to perform a cost-utility analysis to estimate the cost-effectiveness of treatment of anorexia nervosa (AN). METHODS: Thirty-nine patients entering treatment of AN completed the 15D health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaire before and 2 years after the start of treatment. Direct hospital costs were obtained. Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) gained were calculated and cost-utility assessed...
September 19, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626513/specificity-and-sensitivity-of-the-beck-hopelessness-scale-for-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents-entering-early-intervention-service
#19
Niklas Granö, Jorma Oksanen, Santeri Kallionpää, Mikko Roine
Previous studies have shown an association between hopelessness and suicidal behaviour in clinical populations. The aim of the study was to investigate sensitivity, specificity, and predictive validity of the Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) for suicidal ideation in adolescents who show early risk signs on the psychiatric disorder continuum. Three-hundred and two help-seeking adolescents (mean age = 15.5 years) who were entering an early intervention team at Helsinki University Central Hospital, Finland, completed questionnaires of BHS and suicidal ideation, derived from Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II)...
September 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27626363/are-eating-disorders-and-their-symptoms-increasing-in-prevalence-among-adolescent-population
#20
Jessi Litmanen, Sari Fröjd, Mauri Marttunen, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino
BACKGROUND: A debate concerns whether eating disorders are increasing in prevalence. The role of socio-economic status (SES) for adolescent eating disorders (ED) is another matter of debate. AIMS: To ascertain whether self-reported eating disorders or their symptoms have increased in prevalence in adolescent population from the early 2000s to early 2010s. METHODS: A person-identifiable classroom survey, Adolescent Mental Health Cohort study, was carried out among the 9th graders in comprehensive schools in Tampere, Finland, during academic year 2002-2003, and replicated among then 9th graders during academic years 2012-2013...
September 14, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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