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Nordic Journal of Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037120/test-anxiety-and-self-esteem-in-senior-high-school-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Seda Aybüke Sarı, Günal Bilek, Ekrem Çelik
PURPOSE: In this study, it is aimed to determine the level of test anxiety and self-esteem in the high school students preparing for the university exam in Bitlis, Turkey, and to investigate the effect of test anxiety on self-esteem. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Seven-hundred and twenty-four high school students who were preparing for the university entrance examination in Bitlis participated in the study. A questionnaire which includes socio-demographic data form, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and Revised Test Anxiety Scale was prepared as an e-questionnaire for the students to fill easily and uploaded to the Bitlis State Hospital's website...
October 16, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022840/irritable-temperament-and-lifetime-psychotic-symptoms-as-predictors-of-anxiety-symptoms-in-bipolar-disorder
#2
Gianluca Serafini, Pierre A Geoffroy, Andrea Aguglia, Giulia Adavastro, Giovanna Canepa, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore
PURPOSE: Affective temperaments, hopelessness, alexithymia, and anxiety/agitation symptoms may play a significant role in the psychopathological characteristics of bipolar disorder (BD). Here, we aimed to investigate the eventual association between the mentioned explanatory variables and anxiety/agitation symptoms in BD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We recruited at the Section of Psychiatry, Department of Neuroscience, University of Genoa (Italy), 92 BD inpatients having a mean age of 52 (±13...
October 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022751/prospective-psychometric-characterization-of-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty-patients
#3
Silas Hinsch Gylvin, Anders Fink-Jensen, Henrik Kehlet, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen, Mogens Berg Laursen, Kirill Gromov, Henrik Morville Schroder, Susanne Jung Høvsgaard, Heidi Raahauge Wede, Phillip Raphael Kyle, Per Bech
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric conditions and psychopharmacological treatments have been demonstrated to be important risk-factors for prolonged hospital length of stay, readmission and morbidity, following fast-track total hip (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). AIMS: The aim of the study was to provide a detailed description of the preoperative psychiatric characteristics of a well-defined patient population undergoing THA and TKA, using the 90-item Symptom Checklist (SCL-90-R)...
October 12, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990850/the-relationship-between-toxoplasma-gondii-igg-antibodies-and-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-a-new-approach
#4
İsmail Akaltun, Soner Sertan Kara, Tayfun Kara
AIM: Toxoplasma gondii may play a role in the development of psychiatric diseases by affecting the brain. The purpose of this study was to examine the relation between serum toxoplasma IgG positivity and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) in children and adolescents. METHOD: Sixty patients diagnosed with OCD and 60 patients with GAD presenting to the pediatric psychiatry clinic, together with 60 control group subjects with no psychiatric diagnosis, were included in the study...
October 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990835/children-exposed-to-a-natural-disaster-psychological-consequences-eight-years-after-2004-tsunami
#5
Petra Adebäck, Abbe Schulman, Doris Nilsson
BACKGROUND: There is a need for studies that follow up children and adolescents for many years post disaster since earlier studies have shown that exposure during natural disasters constitutes a risk factor for poor psychological health. AIMS: The main aim was to examine whether there was an association between severity of exposures during a natural disaster experienced in childhood or adolescence and posttraumatic stress symptoms, psychological distress, self-rated health, diagnosis of depression, anxiety or worry, thoughts about or attempted suicide, physical symptoms or daily functioning eight years later in young adulthood...
October 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990833/prevalence-of-restless-legs-symptoms-according-to-depressive-symptoms-and-depression-type-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Piritta Auvinen, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Hannu Koponen, Hannu Kautiainen, Katariina Korniloff, Tiina Ahonen, Mauno Vanhala
BACKGROUND: Restless legs syndrome is a sensorimotor disorder and it is associated with several other diseases especially mental illnesses. AIMS: To analyze the relationship between the symptoms of restless legs syndrome and the severity of depressive symptoms and the prevalence of restless legs symptoms in depression subtypes. METHODS: A cross-sectional study of primary care patients in the Central Finland Hospital District. The prevalence of restless legs symptoms was studied in 706 patients with increased depressive symptoms and 426 controls without a psychiatric diagnosis by using a structured questionnaire...
October 9, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959904/body-composition-does-not-affect-serum-levels-of-cathelicidin-ll-37-in-elderly-women-with-unipolar-depression
#7
Ewa Szczepocka, Elżbieta Kozłowska, Ewa Brzezińska-Błaszczyk, Adam Wysokiński
OBJECTIVES: Antimicrobial peptides are components of the innate immune system. Cathelicidin LL-37 plays an important role in antimicrobial defense, exerts proinflammatory effect and strongly affects the immune system functioning. Our recent study revealed that serum concentration of LL-37 is increased in elderly women with depression. The aim of this study is to evaluate serum LL-37 levels in elderly women with depression and to compare them with non-depressed elderly women, matched for anthropometric and body composition parameters...
September 29, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937861/increased-suicides-during-new-year-but-not-during-christmas-in-sweden-analysis-of-cause-of-death-data-2006-2015
#8
Gergö Hadlaczky, Sebastian Hökby
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have investigated the impact of the Christmas and New Year holiday on suicide rates. However, no such data has yet been published on Swedish suicides. AIMS: To examine the occurrence of suicides on these dates in Sweden between 2006 and 2015. METHODS: The suicide count for each date between December 15th and January 15th was obtained from the Swedish cause of death registry. The observations were transformed to Z-scores to enable calculation of p-values...
September 22, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933586/parents-in-adult-psychiatric-care-and-their-children-a-call-for-more-interagency-collaboration-with-social-services-and-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#9
Maria Afzelius, Margareta Östman, Maria Råstam, Gisela Priebe
BACKGROUND: A parental mental illness affects all family members and should warrant a need for support. AIM: To investigate the extent to which psychiatric patients with underage children are the recipients of child-focused interventions and involved in interagency collaboration. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a psychiatric services medical record database consisting of data regarding 29,972 individuals in southern Sweden and indicating the patients' main diagnoses, comorbidity, children below the age of 18, and child-focused interventions...
September 21, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875773/use-of-mechanical-and-pharmacological-restraint-over-an-eight-year-period-and-its-relation-to-clinical-factors
#10
Solveig Klæbo Reitan, Anne-Sofie Helvik, Valentina Iversen
BACKGROUND: Use of restraint and finding the balance between security and ethics is a continuous dilemma in clinical psychiatry. In daily clinic and in planning health-care service, knowledge on the characteristics of restraint situations is necessary to optimize its use and avoid abuse. METHODS: We describe characteristics in the use of pharmacological and mechanical restraint in psychiatric acute wards in a hospital in Middle Norway over an eight-year period. Data on all cases of mechanical and pharmacological restraint from 2004 to 2011 were retrospectively collected from hand-written protocols...
September 6, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871848/personality-characteristics-and-individual-factors-associated-with-ptsd-in-firefighters-one-month-after-extended-wildfires
#11
Constantin Psarros, Christos Theleritis, Nikolaos Kokras, Dimitris Lyrakos, Angelos Koborozos, Olga Kakabakou, Georgios Tzanoulinos, Panagiota Katsiki, Joanna Despoina Bergiannaki
BACKGROUND: Firefighters participate in activities with intense physical and psychological stress and are constantly at risk to develop various psychopathological reactions. AIMS: To investigate psychological reactions in firefighters one month after devastating wildfires in Greece, during August 2007, which lead to the devastation of large areas and the death of 43 people among whom three were firefighters. METHODS: One month after the wildfires, a joint task force of mental health clinicians was organized in order to provide psychological support and to investigate the psychological consequences of wildfires to firefighters...
September 5, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868945/social-phobia-depression-and-eating-disorders-during-middle-adolescence-longitudinal-associations-and-treatment-seeking
#12
Klaus Ranta, Juha Väänänen, Sari Fröjd, Rasmus Isomaa, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Mauri Marttunen
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal associations between social phobia (SP), depression and eating disorders (EDs), and the impact of antecedent SP and depression on subsequent treatment seeking for EDs have rarely been explored in prospective adolescent population studies. AIM: We aimed to examine these associations in a large-scale follow-up study among middle adolescents. METHOD: We surveyed 3278 Finnish adolescents with a mean age of 15 years for these disorders...
September 4, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846054/severe-clinical-events-in-100-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-retrospective-clinical-description-using-a-system-specific-psychopathological-approach
#13
Moritz E Wigand, Fabian U Lang, Lea Reichhardt, Thomas G Schulze, Sebastian Walther, Thomas Becker, Markus Jäger
Catatonic states and numerous other severe clinical events can complicate the course of schizophrenia. Whether these severe courses are associated with particular system-specific symptom dimensions remain unclear. Aim is to assess the frequency of severe clinical events in a clinical population and to investigate the association of these events with sociodemographic data and system-specific psychopathology, combining qualitative and quantitative data. We performed a comprehensive retrospective description of a well-described and geographically stable sample of 100 patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder and linked severe clinical events with sociodemographic data at inclusion into the study (as indicators of social functioning) and symptoms at first admission, classified with the Bern Psychopathology Scale (BPS)...
August 28, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844162/the-association-of-measures-of-the-serotonin-system-personality-alcohol-use-and-smoking-with-risk-taking-traffic-behavior-in-adolescents-in-a-longitudinal-study
#14
Kadi Luht, Diva Eensoo, Liina-Mai Tooding, Jaanus Harro
Studies on the neurobiological basis of risk-taking behavior have most often focused on the serotonin system. The promoter region of the gene encoding the serotonin transporter contains a polymorphic site (5-HTTLPR) that is important for the transcriptional activity, and studies have demonstrated its association with brain activity and behavior. Another molecular mechanism that reflects the capacity of the central serotonin system is the activity of the enzyme monoamine oxidase (MAO) as measured in platelets...
August 26, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836484/the-influence-of-crisis-resolution-treatment-on-employment-a-retrospective-register-based-comparative-study
#15
Emely Ek Blæhr, Jacob Vagner Madsen, Nanna Limskov Stærk Christiansen, Pia Vedel Ankersen
Crisis resolution treatment (CRT) is a short-term acute psychiatric home-based treatment offered as an alternative to hospitalization. The purpose of CRT is to support patient recovery by maintaining and improving competencies in relation to everyday life. Individuals with mental disorders are at increased risk of leaving the labor market, which is a central aspect of everyday life. Thus, a primary outcome of interest is whether CRT enables higher employment compared with traditional hospitalization. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of CRT compared with hospitalization in relation to attempted or committed suicides, admissions, readmissions and employment...
August 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836480/anxiety-and-depression-in-adolescents-with-adhd-and-autism-spectrum-disorders-correlation-between-parent-and-self-reports-and-with-attention-and-adaptive-functioning
#16
Maria Davidsson, Nicklas Hult, Carina Gillberg, Charlotte Särneö, Christopher Gillberg, Eva Billstedt
BACKGROUND: Adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactive disorder (ADHD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at high risk of anxiety and depression. This is important to identify in the clinical assessment to understand its impact. AIMS: The aim of this study is to investigate the correlation between parent- and self-reports of anxiety and depression in adolescents with ADHD or ASD, as well as the correlation with adaptive functioning and performance on an attention test...
August 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836472/the-finnish-clinical-outcome-in-routine-evaluation-outcome-measure-psychometric-exploration-in-clinical-and-non-clinical-samples
#17
Kirsi Honkalampi, Aarno Laitila, Hanna Juntunen, Kristiina Lehmus, Aino Piiparinen, Iida Törmänen, Mikko Inkinen, Chris Evans
The Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) is a 34-item self-report measure designed to monitor changes in psychiatric patients. It has been translated into 25 languages, including Finnish. This is the first psychometric exploration of Finnish CORE-OM data. The aim of the study is to examine acceptability, internal consistency and convergent validity of the Finnish CORE-OM scores. Translation of the CORE-OM from English to Finnish was undertaken according to recommended protocols...
August 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836471/changes-in-antipsychotics-and-other-psychotropic-drugs-during-a-30-month-lifestyle-intervention-among-outpatients-with-schizophrenia
#18
Mikkel Højlund, Anja Friis Elliott, Nikolaj Juul Madsen, Anne Grethe Viuff, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Peter Hjorth
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia have high risk of early death from diabetes and cardiovascular diseases, partly because of poor lifestyle and partly because of long-lasting exposure to antipsychotic treatment. AIMS: To investigate the influence of a lifestyle intervention program on changes in psychotropic medication in a non-selected cohort of patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Observational study of outpatients in the Central Denmark Region during a 30-month lifestyle program...
August 24, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800269/the-connections-among-suicidal-behavior-lipid-profile-and-low-grade-inflammation-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-specific-relationship-with-the-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio
#19
Okan Ekinci, Asli Ekinci
OBJECTIVES: The role of inflammation and lipid metabolism in the pathophysiology of suicidal behavior has received particular attention in recent years. The neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) has been suggested as a new and more reliable indicator of low-grade inflammation. NLR has been found to be altered in major depressive disorder (MDD) and has been related to various factors, including chronic stress and impulsivity that were previously reported to be related to suicidal behavior...
August 11, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750571/a-50-bp-ins-del-polymorphism-at-the-promoter-region-of-the-superoxide-dismutase-1-and-bipolar-disorder-type-1
#20
Nazanin Kordestanian, Mostafa Saadat
Bipolar disorder type 1 (BPD) is a chronic psychiatric illness and is associated with oxidative stress. Superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1; OMIM: 147450) metabolizes highly reactive and more dangerous superoxide radicals into less reactive molecules. A functional 50-bp insertion/deletion (Ins/Del) polymorphism in the promoter region of the gene has been reported. The primary aim of the current case-control study was to explore whether the SOD1 Ins/Del polymorphism associated with the risk of BPD. A secondary aim was to investigate the association between the study polymorphism and age of onset of BPD...
July 28, 2017: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
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