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Advances in Physiology Education

Stephen J Brown, Nicola Power, Alex Bowmar, Shannon Foster
The population diversity of New Zealand is due to the unique fusion of indigenous peoples of Polynesian origin (Māori), western European colonization (Pākehā), and more recent (20th century) immigration from the Pacific region (Pasifika). However, disparities in tertiary education indicate that Māori and Pasifika students are more likely to drop out during their first year of study and are less likely to complete their qualification than their Pākehā peers. Higher levels of course engagement may increase first-year grades, elevate academic performance, and encourage persistence between the first and second years of study...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Marcella Martins de Vasconcelos Vaena, Luiz Anastacio Alves
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Thanapat Vanichnatee, Chantacha Sitticharoon, Punyapat Maprapho, Issarawan Keadkraichaiwat, Nipith Charoenngam, Rungnirand Praditsuwan
An early clinical exposure project conducted by clinical students aimed to promote direct clinical experience to preclinical students. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of the project on academic achievement and study attitudes and habits between participating and nonparticipating students before ( test 1) and after the project ( test 2) in the second preclinical year and at the end of the first semester of the first clinical year ( test 3), with a subgroup analysis of the first (lowest) to third (highest) tertile of the score...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Predrag Vujovic, Michael Chirillo, Dee U Silverthorn
Understanding osmolarity and tonicity is one of the more challenging endeavors undertaken by students of the natural sciences. We asked students who completed a course in animal physiology to submit an essay explaining what they found most perplexing about this subject, and what in-class activities proved most useful to them. Students had difficulty distinguishing osmolarity from tonicity and determining tonicity based on the solution's composition. The most useful activities were questions requiring simultaneous consideration of both osmolarity and tonicity...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Patricia A Halpin, Lynelle Golden, Karah Zane Hagins, Steve Waller, Chaya Gopalan
An APS Teaching Section symposium entitled "Examining the Changing Landscape of Course Delivery and Student Learning" was offered at the Experimental Biology conference on April 24th, 2017, in Chicago, IL. The symposium focused on alternative delivery modes of physiology education, from undergraduate to professional programs. Lecture used to be the gold standard and proven method by which students learned, but the course delivery method is rapidly changing. While there is still significant skepticism about the quality and level of student engagement in online learning, it is being offered widely due to increased demand and due to other benefits, such as the flexibility and convenience...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Rafael Bravo, Lierni Ugartemendia, Javier Cubero, Cihangir Uguz, Ana B Rodríguez
Research in the health sciences devotes much attention to overweight and obesity and, consequently, to body composition. In recent years, traditional body measures have been questioned as efficient variables in health sciences due to the fact that they cannot give information about body fat mass. Our aim is to teach how to analyze body composition through anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance analysis to our "Physiology of Vegetative and Reproductive Functions" students, who are studying for their degree in Biology...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Christine A Kauffman, Megan Derazin, Abdo Asmar, Jonathan D Kibble
Studies completed with undergraduate populations have shown that attendance positively correlates with academic performance. A marked decline in classroom attendance within medical school has recently been noticed with the availability of video capture of lectures and other online material. This study compares these in the era of online material. It took place during the second-year Gastrointestinal and Renal Systems module. Attendance was mandatory at team-based learning and case-based learning sessions on new material and voluntary at lectures (29 sessions) and case-based learning on material previously covered (9 sessions)...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Lauren Fragapane, Wei Li, Bertha Ben Khallouq, Zixi J Cheng, David M Harris
High-fidelity patient simulation (HFPS) is expensive in money and faculty resources. There has been a recent push to increase the use of HFPS for undergraduates to teach basic science. However, it is still unclear if HFPS is superior to other cost-effective modalities for learning, and there have been limited studies comparing HFPS directly with other methods. The purpose of this study was to compare learning between three groups: 1) students who participated in a HFPS after reading material (RS); 2) students who reread material (RR) individually; and 3) students who had no intervention or reading (CON)...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Kelli P Carter, Luanna B Prevost
The relationship between structure and function is a core concept in physiology education. Written formative assessments can provide insight into student learning of the structure and function relationship, which can then inform pedagogy. However, question order may influence student explanations. We explored how the order of questions from different cognitive levels affects student explanations. A junior level General Physiology class was randomly split in half. One-half of the students answered, "Define the principle: form reflects function," followed by "Give an example of the principle: form reflects function" (format DX), whereas the other half answered, "Give an example of the principle: form reflects function," followed by "Define the principle: form reflects function" (format XD)...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Nan Xiao, Der Thor, Meixun Zheng, Joshua Baek, Grace Kim
The flipped classroom has been shown to have positive outcomes in learning. However, relatively little has been reported on the implementation of it in dental education. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the flipped classroom on predoctoral dental students' learning. Two consecutive classes of dental students learned the physiology of the autonomic nervous system through the nonflipped (traditional lecture) or the flipped approach. Students' learning was assessed with an identical quiz at the end of the module...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Dawn Davies, Frances M MacMillan
This workshop was held at the Teaching Satellite Meeting of the International Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS), August 5-8, 2017, in Buzios, Rio de Janiero, Brazil. The satellite meeting was attended by physiology educators from across the globe, of whom 34 attended this workshop. The aim of the workshop was to explore how experimental design is taught to students of physiology in different institutions, to consider the aspects that students find challenging, to share good practice, and to think about how experimental design teaching could be improved...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Kay Louise Colthorpe, Haruna Abe, Louise Ainscough
Physiology courses are considered to be challenging for students to master due to the highly conceptual nature of the discipline and the substantial cognitive effort required to understand disciplinary knowledge. Students must choose appropriate learning strategies to develop their understanding, as their choices may influence both their understanding and their academic achievement. The primary aim of this study was to develop an understanding of why students experience difficulties with physiology and how they respond when facing the challenge of learning this discipline...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Barry W Fitzgerald
The X-Men are an ensemble of superheroes whose powers are associated with the X-Gene, a mutant genetic factor. The powers exhibited by each character differ and are dependent on how the X-Gene has modified their individual genomes. For instance, Wolverine possesses regenerative healing, Storm can control local weather systems, and Colossus can create an impenetrable "organic steel" layer around his body. Thanks to the establishment of the superhero genre in modern cinema, audiences are familiar with Colossus from films such as X-Men: Days of Future Past and Deadpool...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Asmaa M AlMohanna, Mohammed E Suliman, Noran A AlEssa, Said Y Khatib, Abdallah A Saeed, Muaawia A Hamza
The aim of the study was to explore the factors associated with the recall of basic medical physiology knowledge among medical interns and to determine the level of retained basic science knowledge. Two hundred and four interns, 114 women and 90 men, working in two major tertiary medical care centers, King Fahad Medical City (KFMC; 29 students) and King Khalid University Hospital (KKUH; 117 students), in Riyadh city, participated in the study. An anonymous knowledge test with 10 validated multiple-choice questions was developed specifically for this purpose...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Rui Seabra Machado, Pâmela Billig Mello-Carpes
Physiology education research aims to investigate teaching-learning aspects and methods specifically applied to physiology teaching and learning. In this paper exploring Brazilian research public data and information from the Brazilian Physiological Society Teaching Committee, we investigated the status of this research topic (physiology education) in Brazil. The data showed that physiology education research needs to be more recognized and supported in Brazil, and more physiologists may become interested in research in this field...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Catherine Loudon, Aide Macias-Muñoz
Different versions of multiple-choice exams were administered to an undergraduate class in human physiology as part of normal testing in the classroom. The goal was to evaluate whether the number of options (possible answers) per question influenced the effectiveness of this assessment. Three exams (each with three versions) were given to each of two sections during an academic quarter. All versions were equally long, with 30 questions: 10 questions with 3 options, 10 questions with 4, and 10 questions with 5 (always one correct answer plus distractors)...
December 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Louise A Horrigan
Laboratory practical programs are expected to fulfill many roles in the learning process, including the development of laboratory skills and problem-solving skills. However, little is known about the role of laboratory practical classes in the conceptual learning of physiology. Therefore, the main aims of this study were to identify some of the threshold concepts in physiology and to explore the role of our laboratory practical program in helping students to tackle these concepts. An online questionnaire gathered opinions from students on the value of the laboratory classes in helping them to learn...
September 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Felipe P Carpes, Pâmela B Mello-Carpes, Jose Ignacio Priego Quesada, Pedro Pérez-Soriano, Rosario Salvador Palmer, Rosa M Cibrian Ortiz de Anda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Gabriela Aprigia Monteferrante, Maysa Mariana Cruz, Guilherme Mogadouro, Victoria de Oliveira Fantini, Patrícia Oliveira Castro, Patricia Anne Halpin, Camilo Lellis-Santos
Physiology teaching resources have advanced to include innovative pedagogical approaches that meet the learning expectations of the current generation of students, while at the same time ensuring content delivery is accurate and the use of technologies is appropriate. We developed a quick experimental assay protocol to introduce the basic concepts of cardiac rhythms, and to demonstrate simultaneously that smartphone applications are a reliable and cost-effective tool for data collection in teaching the scientific method and performing physiology activities...
September 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
Angela L Mahaffey
Human physiology is a core physical sciences course for health professions students, such as nurses and exercise science majors. The concepts of human physiology lay the foundation for health professions courses, such as pathophysiology. The National Council Licensing Exam for registered nurses (a timed nursing licensure exam) and the American College of Sports Medicine timed licensure exams for exercise sciences students have a framework consisting of human physiology concepts and are computer adaptive testing (CAT) assessments...
September 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
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