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Advances in Physiology Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188201/a-day-of-immersive-physiology-experiments-increases-knowledge-and-excitement-towards-physiology-and-scientific-careers-in-native-american-students
#1
Bryan K Becker, Alicia M Schiller, Irving H Zucker, Eric A Eager, Liliana P Bronner, Maurice Godfrey
Underserved minority groups are disproportionately absent from the pursuit of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. One such underserved population, Native Americans, are particularly underrepresented in STEM fields. Although recent advocacy and outreach designed toward increasing minority involvement in health care-related occupations have been mostly successful, little is known about the efficacy of outreach programs in increasing minority enthusiasm toward careers in traditional scientific professions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188200/stop-think-a-simple-approach-to-encourage-the-self-assessment-of-learning
#2
Richard Guy, Bruce Byrne, Marian Dobos
A simple "stop think" approach was developed to encourage the self-assessment of learning. A key element was the requirement for students to rate their feeling of difficulty before [FOD(pre)] and after [FOD(post)] completing each of three authentic anatomy and physiology concept map exercises. The cohort was divided into low- (group L) and high-performing (group H) groups (based on final subject marks). Both FOD(pre) (group L) and FOD(post) (groups L and H) were significantly negatively correlated with score for some maps...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188199/back-to-the-future-revisiting-the-physiological-cost-of-negative-work-as-a-team-based-activity-for-exercise-physiology-students
#3
Matthew A Kilgas, Steven J Elmer
We implemented a team-based activity in our exercise physiology teaching laboratory that was inspired from Abbott et al.'s classic 1952 Journal of Physiology paper titled "The physiological cost of negative work." Abbott et al. connected two bicycles via one chain. One person cycled forward (muscle shortening contractions, positive work) while the other resisted the reverse moving pedals (muscle lengthening contractions, negative work), and the cost of work was compared. This study was the first to link human whole body energetics with isolated muscle force-velocity characteristics...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188198/best-practices-in-summative-assessment
#4
REVIEW
Jonathan D Kibble
The goal of this review is to highlight key elements underpinning excellent high-stakes summative assessment. This guide is primarily aimed at faculty members with the responsibility of assigning student grades and is intended to be a practical tool to help throughout the process of planning, developing, and deploying tests as well as monitoring their effectiveness. After a brief overview of the criteria for high-quality assessment, the guide runs through best practices for aligning assessment with learning outcomes and compares common testing modalities...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188197/teaching-a-changing-paradigm-in-physiology-a-historical-perspective-on-gut-interstitial-cells
#5
REVIEW
Bernard T Drumm, Salah A Baker
The study and teaching of gastrointestinal (GI) physiology necessitates an understanding of the cellular basis of contractile and electrical coupling behaviors in the muscle layers that comprise the gut wall. Our knowledge of the cellular origin of GI motility has drastically changed over the last 100 yr. While the pacing and coordination of GI contraction was once thought to be solely attributable to smooth muscle cells, it is now widely accepted that the motility patterns observed in the GI tract exist as a result of a multicellular system, consisting of not only smooth muscle cells but also enteric neurons and distinct populations of specialized interstitial cells that all work in concert to ensure proper GI functions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143830/how-should-repeated-gross-mistakes-in-textbooks-be-treated
#6
LETTER
Milorad Letić
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143829/the-value-of-homemade-phantoms-for-training-veterinary-students-in-the-ultrasonographic-detection-of-radiolucent-foreign-bodies
#7
Carolina Mariano Beraldo, Érika Rondon Lopes, Raduan Hage, Maria Cristina F N S Hage
Ingested or penetrating foreign bodies are common in veterinary medicine. When they are radiolucent, these objects become a diagnostic challenge, but they can be investigated sonographically. However, successful object identification depends on the skill of the sonographer. Considering that these cases appear randomly during hospital routines, it is not always possible to train all students to identify them correctly. Therefore, the aim of this study was to produce homemade simulations of radiolucent foreign bodies for veterinary student demonstrations that could be identified sonographically and to evaluate the acceptability, applicability, and usefulness of these simulations according to a visual analog scale questionnaire and subjective questions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143828/home-based-vs-laboratory-based-practical-activities-in-the-learning-of-human-physiology-the-perception-of-students
#8
Ben-Hur S Neves, Caroline Altermann, Rithiele Gonçalves, Marcus Vinícius Lara, Pâmela B Mello-Carpes
Different tools have been used to facilitate the teaching and learning process in different areas of knowledge. Practical activities represent a form of teaching in which students not only listen to theoretical concepts but are also able to link theory and practice, and their importance in the biological sciences is notable. Sometimes, however, there is neither the time nor the resources to promote laboratory practices in physiology classes. In this sense, home-based practical activities may be an interesting alternative...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143827/glucose-metabolism-from-mouth-to-muscle-a-student-experiment-to-teach-glucose-metabolism-during-exercise-and-rest
#9
Tobias Engeroff, Johannes Fleckenstein, Winfried Banzer
We developed an experiment to help students understand basic regulation of postabsorptive and postprandial glucose metabolism and the availability of energy sources for physical activity in the fed and fasted state. Within a practical session, teams of two or three students (1 subject and 1 or 2 investigators) performed one of three different trials: 1) inactive, in which subjects ingested a glucose solution (75 g in 300 ml of water) and rested in the seated position until the end of the trial; 2) prior activity, in which the subject performed 15 min of walking before glucose ingestion and a subsequent resting phase; and 3) postactivity, in which the subject ingested glucose solution, walked (15 min), and rested afterwards...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143826/institutional-and-technological-barriers-to-the-use-of-open-educational-resources-oers-in-physiology-and-medical-education
#10
Christopher Hassall, David I Lewis
Open educational resources (OERs) are becoming increasingly common as a tool in education, particularly in medical and biomedical education. However, three key barriers have been identified to their use: 1) lack of awareness of OERs, 2) lack of motivation to use OERs, and 3) lack of training in the use of OERs. Here, we explore these three barriers with teachers of medical and biomedical science to establish how best to enhance the use of OERs to improve pedagogical outcomes. An online survey was completed by 209 educators, many of whom (68...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143825/a-survey-of-first-year-biology-student-opinions-regarding-live-lectures-and-recorded-lectures-as-learning-tools
#11
D C Simcock, W H Chua, M Hekman, M T Levin, S Brown
A cohort of first-year biology students was surveyed regarding their opinions and viewing habits for live and recorded lectures. Most respondents (87%) attended live lectures as a rule (attenders), with 66% attending more than two-thirds of the lectures. In contrast, only 52% accessed recordings and only 13% viewed more than two-thirds of the available recordings. Respondents regarded lectures as efficient for information delivery (75%), and 89% enjoyed live lectures because they were useful for learning (89%), understanding coursework (94%), and keeping up with the subject (93%)...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143824/medical-students-vs-family-physicians-assessment-of-practical-and-logical-values-of-pathophysiology-multiple-choice-questions
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Damir Secic, Dzenana Husremovic, Eldan Kapur, Zaim Jatic, Nina Hadziahmetovic, Benjamin Vojnikovic, Almir Fajkic, Amir Meholjic, Lejla Bradic, Amila Hadzic
Testing strategies can either have a very positive or negative effect on the learning process. The aim of this study was to examine the degree of consistency in evaluating the practicality and logic of questions from a medical school pathophysiology test, between students and family medicine doctors. The study engaged 77 family medicine doctors and 51 students. Ten questions were taken from cardiac pathophysiology and 10 questions from pulmonary pathophysiology, and each question was assessed on the criteria of practicality and logic...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143823/introductory-anatomy-and-physiology-in-an-undergraduate-nursing-curriculum
#13
S J Brown, S White, N Power
Using an educational data mining approach, first-year academic achievement of undergraduate nursing students, which included two compulsory courses in introductory human anatomy and physiology, was compared with achievement in a final semester course that transitioned students into the workplace. We hypothesized that students could be grouped according to their first-year academic achievement using a two-step cluster analysis method and that grades achieved in the human anatomy and physiology courses would be strong predictors of overall achievement...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143822/student-perceptions-and-learning-outcomes-of-blended-learning-in-a-massive-first-year-core-physiology-for-allied-health-subjects
#14
Janelle Page, Terri Meehan-Andrews, Nivan Weerakkody, Diane L Hughes, Joseph A Rathner
Evidence shows that factors contributing to success in physiology education for allied health students at universities include not only their high school achievement and background but also factors such as confidence with their teachers and quality of their learning experience, justifying intensive and continued survey of students' perceptions of their learning experience. Here we report data covering a 3-yr period in a physiology subject that has been redesigned for blended and online presentation. Consistent with previous reports, we show that when we undertook a blended mode of delivery, students demonstrated better grades than traditional modes of teaching; however the absence of didactic teaching in this subject resulted in lower grades overall...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143821/the-effectiveness-of-tbl-with-real-patients-in-neurology-education-in-terms-of-knowledge-retention-in-class-engagement-and-learner-reactions
#15
Mustafa Kemal Alimoglu, Selda Yardım, Hilmi Uysal
In our medical school, we changed from a lecture-based method to a team-based learning (TBL) method to teach "polyneuropathies" in the neurology clerkship starting from the 2014 to 2015 academic year. Real patients were used instead of written scenarios in TBL sessions. This study aimed to compare former lecture-based and the current TBL methods in terms of knowledge retention, in-class learner engagement, and learner reactions. First, we determined in-class engagement and satisfaction of the students for the lectures given in the 2013-2014 academic year...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143820/cardiac-electrophysiology-normal-and-ischemic-ionic-currents-and-the-ecg
#16
REVIEW
Richard E Klabunde
Basic cardiac electrophysiology is foundational to understanding normal cardiac function in terms of rate and rhythm and initiation of cardiac muscle contraction. The primary clinical tool for assessing cardiac electrical events is the electrocardiogram (ECG), which provides global and regional information on rate, rhythm, and electrical conduction as well as changes in electrical activity associated with cardiac disease, particularly ischemic heart disease. This teaching review is written at a level appropriate for first- and second-year medical students...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143819/performing-international-outreach-phun-week-in-an-australian-primary-school
#17
Patricia A Halpin
Physiology Understanding (PhUn) Week is an annual science outreach program sponsored by the American Physiological Society in which K-12 students learn about physiology through meeting a physiologist and performing an experiment. Performing PhUn Week at an Australian private primary school during a family vacation in 2014 enabled me to receive a fellowship to return the following year for further implementation. To set up the outreach, I contacted the assistant principal of a public primary school, and she connected me with the physical education (PE) teacher...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143818/superhero-physiology-the-case-for-captain-america
#18
EDITORIAL
Stanley P Brown, JohnEric W Smith, Matthew McAllister, LeeAnn Joe
Using pop icons in the science classroom represents a creative way to engage often-distracted students in a relevant and, perhaps more importantly, fun way. When the pop icon is as universally known as Captain America, the pedagogical stage is set. However, when the movies can also be employed to link dramatic references to the science concepts at hand, we may have a very powerful tool by which linkages between fiction and science can be forged. In this regard, Captain America's performances in several movies to date can be used to explain actual science...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143817/science-after-school-way-cool-a-course-based-approach-to-teaching-science-outreach
#19
EDITORIAL
Kathleen S Curtis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143816/promoting-the-aps-chapter-program-by-sharing-its-history-best-practices-and-how-to-guide-for-establishing-new-chapters
#20
Mari K Hopper
Early establishment of physiological societies in Oklahoma and Ohio demonstrated the benefits of networking physiologists and paved the way for establishing the APS Chapter Program. Designed to promote the general objectives of the APS, the Chapter Program was officially launched in 1995, with Ohio being the first recognized chapter. There are 13 active chapters regularly engaged in numerous activities designed to advance physiology education and research. In the hopes that others will recognize the important offerings of state chapters and consider organizing one, the aims for this paper are to 1) share a brief history, 2) provide rationale for chapter initiation, and 3) describe the process involved in establishing a chapter...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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