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Advances in Physiology Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446316/impact-of-the-inbre-summer-student-mentored-research-program-on-undergraduate-students-in-arkansas
#1
Jean C McSweeney, Teresa J Hudson, Latrina Prince, Helen Beneš, Alan J Tackett, Caroline Miller Robinson, Roger Koeppe, Lawrence E Cornett
The Institutional Development Award (IDeA) program, housed within the National Institute for General Medical Sciences, administers the Networks of Biomedical Research Excellence (INBRE) as a strategic mission to broaden the geographic distribution of National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding within the United States. Undergraduate summer student mentored research programs (SSMRP) are a common feature of INBRE programs and are designed to increase undergraduate student interest in research careers in the biomedical sciences...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446315/left-ventricular-volume-analysis-as-a-basic-tool-to-describe-cardiac-function
#2
Peter L M Kerkhof, Tatiana Kuznetsova, Rania Ali, Neal Handly
The heart is often regarded as a compression pump. Therefore, determination of pressure and volume is essential for cardiac function analysis. Traditionally, ventricular performance was described in terms of the Starling curve, i.e., output related to input. This view is based on two variables (namely, stroke volume and end-diastolic volume), often studied in the isolated (i.e., denervated) heart, and has dominated the interpretation of cardiac mechanics over the last century. The ratio of the prevailing coordinates within that paradigm is termed ejection fraction (EF), which is the popular metric routinely used in the clinic...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446314/improving-physiology-learning-and-understanding-by-adding-outreach-activities-to-the-teaching-report-of-the-iups-and-adinstruments-teaching-workshop-2017
#3
Pâmela B Mello-Carpes, Felipe Pivetta Carpes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446313/digital-chalk-talk-videos-improve-knowledge-and-satisfaction-in-renal-physiology
#4
John K Roberts, Saumil M Chudgar, Deborah Engle, Elizabeth K McClain, Emma Jakoi, Michael Berkoben, Ruediger W Lehrich
The authors began a curriculum reform project to improve the experience in a Renal Physiology course for first-year medical students. Taking into account both the variety of learning preferences among students and the benefits of student autonomy, the authors hypothesized that adding digital chalk-talk videos to lecture notes and live lectures would improve student knowledge, course satisfaction, and engagement. The authors measured performance on the renal physiology exam before (the traditional curriculum) and for 2 yr after implementation of the new curriculum...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446312/interactive-laboratory-classes-enhance-neurophysiological-knowledge-in-thai-medical-students
#5
Nicha Wongjarupong, Danai Niyomnaitham, Pitchamol Vilaisaktipakorn, Tanawin Suksiriworaboot, Shaun Peter Qureshi, Saknan Bongsebandhu-Phubhakdi
Interactive laboratory class (ILC) is a two-way communication teaching method that encourages students to correlate laboratory findings with materials from lectures. In Thai medical education, active learning methods are uncommon. This paper aims to establish 1) if ILCs would effectively promote physiology learning; 2) if effectiveness would be found in both previously academically high-performing and low-performing students; and 3) the acceptability of ILCs to Thai medical students as a novel learning method...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446311/a-practical-approach-to-incorporating-twitter-in-a-college-course
#6
Yuri Feito, Chris Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357271/using-hawkeye-from-the-avengers-to-communicate-on-the-eye
#7
Barry W Fitzgerald
Superheroes, such as Iron Man, Captain America, Wonder Woman, Batman, and Hawkeye, have appeared in numerous films, displaying their range of incredible superpowers and abilities. Therefore, it is unsurprising that many people would not only wish to attain these powers, but also to learn about scientific accessibility to these powers. Popular culture characters such as superheroes can provide a unique platform for the communication of difficult scientific concepts. In the classroom, these characters can be used to communicate learning objectives to students in an interesting, fun, and accessible manner by taking advantage of student familiarity with the characters...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357270/the-k-inbre-symposium-a-10-institution-collaboration-to-improve-undergraduate-education
#8
Sarah E Velasquez, K Abraham, Tim G Burnett, Bridgett Chapin, William J Hendry, Sam Leung, Michael E Madden, Virginia Rider, John A Stanford, Robert E Ward, Stephen K Chapes
The Kansas-IDeA Network of Biomedical Research Excellence (K-INBRE) is an infrastructure-building program funded by the National Institute of General Medical Sciences. Undergraduate education, through undergraduate research, is a key component of the program. The K-INBRE network includes 10 higher education institutions in Kansas and northern Oklahoma, with over 1,000 student participants in 16 yr. Since 2003, the K-INBRE has held an annual state-wide research symposium that includes national and regional speakers and provides a forum for undergraduates to give platform and poster presentations...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357269/involving-a-real-patient-in-the-design-and-implementation-of-case-based-learning-to-engage-learners
#9
Bonny L Dickinson, Wendy Lackey, Maria Sheakley, Lisa Miller, Susan Jevert, Brandy Shattuck
Real patients offer unique opportunities to develop authentic, engaging, and transformative learning experiences for students. Patients are widely employed to teach clinical and interpersonal skills in the clerkship phase of their medical education (M3-M4), but have not been extensively included in the preclinical curriculum (M1-M2) when students are focused on acquiring foundational biomedical science knowledge. To maximize learning and help students connect foundational and clinical science concepts to real-world clinical problems, we involved a real patient in the creation and implementation of a case-based learning (CBL) activity in our preclinical curriculum...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357268/a-moodle-based-blended-learning-solution-for-physiology-education-in-montenegro-a-case-study
#10
Natasa Popovic, Tomo Popovic, Isidora Rovcanin Dragovic, Oleg Cmiljanic
This study evaluates the impact of web-based blended learning in the physiology course at the Faculty of Medicine, University of Montenegro. The two main goals of the study were: to determine the impact of e-learning on student success in mastering the course, and to assess user satisfaction after the introduction of e-learning. The study compared a group of students who attended the physiology course before, with a group of students who attended the physiology course after the Moodle platform was fully implemented as an educational tool...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357267/variation-in-behavioral-engagement-during-an-active-learning-activity-leads-to-differential-knowledge-gains-in-college-students
#11
Lara D LaDage, Samantha L Tornello, Jennilyn M Vallejera, Emily E Baker, Yue Yan, Anik Chowdhury
There are many pedagogical techniques used by educators in higher education; however, some techniques and activities have been shown to be more beneficial to student learning than others. Research has demonstrated that active learning and learning in which students cognitively engage with the material in a multitude of ways result in better understanding and retention. The aim of the present study was to determine which of three pedagogical techniques led to improvement in learning and retention in undergraduate college students...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341817/setting-national-guidelines-for-physiology-undergraduate-degree-programs
#12
Erica A Wehrwein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341816/red-cell-indexes-made-easy-using-an-interactive-animation-do-students-and-their-scores-concur
#13
Upasana Kachroo, Elizabeth Vinod, Sivakumar Balasubramanian, Jesi W, Neetu Prince
A good understanding of red cell indexes can aid medical students in a considerable manner, serving as a basis to unravel both concepts in red cell physiology and abnormalities associated with the same. In this study, we tried to assess whether an interactive animation was helpful in improving student comprehension and understanding of red cell indexes compared with conventional classroom teaching. Eighty-eight first-year MBBS students participated, of which 44 were assigned to group A and 44 were assigned to group B after randomization...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341815/development-and-validation-of-simulated-virtual-patients-to-impart-early-clinical-exposure-in-endocrine-physiology
#14
Akriti Gupta, Satendra Singh, Farah Khaliq, Upreet Dhaliwal, S V Madhu
In the country presently, preclinical medical students are not routinely exposed to real patients. Thus, when they start clinical postings, they are found to have poor clinical reasoning skills. Simulated virtual patients (SVPs) can improve clinical skills without endangering real patients. This pilot study describes the development of two SVPs in endocrine physiology and their validation in terms of acquisition of clinical knowledge and student engagement. Two SVPs, Nandini Sharma (unintentional weight gain) and Sunil Yadav (polyuria), were created and published on the i-Human Patients platform through an iterative, interdisciplinary, and transdisciplinary collaborative process using the conceptual framework of Kim et al...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341814/utilizing-a-rat-delayed-implantation-model-to-teach-integrative-endocrinology-and-reproductive-biology
#15
Rodney D Geisert, Michael F Smith, Amanda L Schmelzle, Jonathan A Green
In this teaching laboratory, the students are directed in an exercise that involves designing and performing an experiment to determine estrogen's role in regulating delayed implantation (diapause) in female rats. To encourage active participation by the students, a discussion question is provided before the laboratory exercise in which each student is asked to search the literature and provide written answers to questions and to formulate an experiment to test the role of ovarian estrogen in inducing implantation in female rats...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341813/regenerative-medicine-a-vehicle-to-infuse-laboratory-bench-modules-into-an-exercise-physiology-curriculum
#16
Jason M Brown, Breonte S Guy, Dawn X Henderson, C Edward Ebert, Jill Harp, Chad D Markert
Regenerative medicine is a novel discipline that both excites undergraduates and may be used as a vehicle to expose students to scientific concepts and opportunities. The goal of this article is to describe the implementation of a National Science Foundation-funded Targeted Infusion Project in which underrepresented minority undergraduates are exposed to laboratory-bench skills and summer research opportunities that they may not have encountered otherwise. A 3-wk infusion of laboratory-bench and data presentation skills, in the context of a regenerative medicine/bioengineering project, aimed to engage students and expose them to opportunities as summer researchers and teaching assistants...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341812/optional-anatomy-and-physiology-e-learning-resources-student-access-learning-approaches-and-academic-outcomes
#17
Richard Guy, Bruce Byrne, Marian Dobos
Anatomy and physiology interactive video clips were introduced into a blended learning environment, as an optional resource, and were accessed by ~50% of the cohort. Student feedback indicated that clips were engaging, assisted understanding of course content, and provided lecture support. Students could also access two other optional online resources, lecture capture recordings and an interactive atlas of anatomy, and individuals were tracked with respect to their access behavior, learning approach, and subject score...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341811/impact-of-distance-education-via-interactive-videoconferencing-on-students-course-performance-and-satisfaction
#18
Olga M Klibanov, Christian Dolder, Kevin Anderson, Heather A Kehr, J Andrew Woods
The impact of distance education via interactive videoconferencing on pharmacy students' performance in a course was assessed after implementation of a distance campus. Students filled out a "Student Demographic Survey" and a "Precourse Knowledge Assessment" at the start of the course and a "Postcourse Knowledge Assessment" and a "Postcourse Student Perceptions Survey" at the end of the course. The primary end point, a comparison of course grades (%) between the main and distance campuses, was examined using the two-sample t-test...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341810/beyond-formative-assessments-to-enrich-student-learning
#19
Kulamakan Kulasegaram, Patangi K Rangachari
Formative assessments can enhance and enrich student learning. Typically, these have been used to provide feedback against end-of-course standards and prepare students for summative assessments of performance or measurement of competence. Here, we present the case for using assessments for learning to encompass a wider range of important outcomes. We discuss 1) the rationale for using assessment for learning; 2) guiding theories of expertise that inform assessment for learning; 3) theoretical and empirical evidence; 4) approaches to rigor and validation; and 5) approaches to implementation at multiple levels of the curriculum...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341809/modified-directed-self-learning-sessions-in-physiology-with-prereading-assignments-and-pecha-kucha-talks-perceptions-of-students
#20
Reem Rachel Abraham, Sharmila Torke, James Gonsalves, Sareesh Naduvil Narayanan, M Ganesh Kamath, Jay Prakash, Kiranmai S Rai
The present study reports perceptions of first-year undergraduate medical students ( n = 120), regarding modified directed self-learning (DSL) sessions in physiology. Students were provided with prereading assignments (faculty developed PowerPoint slides containing diagrams with incomplete labeling/flowcharts with missing steps) pertaining to the DSL topic 1 wk before the scheduled small-group DSL presentations. During DSL presentation sessions, which were facilitated by teachers, a few students individually presented learning objectives in the specified topic...
March 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
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