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Advances in Physiology Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761719/chicken-intestine-an-alternative-to-the-mammalian-intestine-for-physiology-experimentation
#1
Neetu Prince, Vinay Oommen, Anand Bhaskar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761718/explorations-in-statistics-the-log-transformation
#2
Douglas Curran-Everett
Learning about statistics is a lot like learning about science: the learning is more meaningful if you can actively explore. This thirteenth installment of Explorations in Statistics explores the log transformation, an established technique that rescales the actual observations from an experiment so that the assumptions of some statistical analysis are better met. A general assumption in statistics is that the variability of some response Y is homogeneous across groups or across some predictor variable X. If the variability-the standard deviation-varies in rough proportion to the mean value of Y, a log transformation can equalize the standard deviations...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761717/2017-meeting-of-the-national-directors-of-graduate-studies-in-pharmacology-and-physiology
#3
Tanya R Victor, Kaitlyn K Thompson, Joey V Barnett, Kelly D Karpa
The National Directors of Graduate Studies biennial meeting is a forum for directors from pharmacology and physiology graduate programs to discuss challenges and best practices for programs that are preparing trainees to be successful in the biomedical workforce. The 2017 meeting was held on the campus of Stony Brook University in Stony Brook, NY. Over the course of the 3-day event, several themes evolved, including graduate education training and curricula, diversity and career development, and scientific rigor and communication...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761716/from-cheese-curls-to-fatty-acid-structure-using-commonplace-analogies-to-teach-science-to-nonmajors
#4
Kathleen Petri Seiler, Jane Huggins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761715/a-survey-of-student-engagement-with-multiple-resources-in-an-undergraduate-physiology-course-retrieve-or-look-it-up
#5
Lisa C Anderson
Retrieval practice, a deep-learning technique in which the learner attempts to recall a concept of interest from memory, has been shown to be more effective than surface-learning techniques, such as rereading a textbook. Accordingly, textbook publishers are developing supplemental resources that are purported to improve student learning outcomes by encouraging deep learning and critical thinking. The purpose of this study is to 1) survey students in a physiology course about their use of multiple course resources; and 2) assess the effect of self-reported engagement in course resources on learning outcomes, as assessed by comparing course grades...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761714/design-and-implementation-of-a-student-taught-course-on-research-in-regenerative-medicine
#6
Daniel Naveed Tavakol, Cara J Broshkevitch, William H Guilford, Shayn M Peirce
In the Undergraduate School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) at the University of Virginia (UVa), there are few opportunities for undergraduate students to teach, let alone develop, an introductory course for their major. As two undergraduate engineering students (D. N. Tavakol and C. J. Broshkevitch), we were among the first students to take advantage of a new initiative at UVa SEAS to offer student-led courses. As part of this new program, we designed a 1000-level, 1-credit, pass-fail course entitled Introduction to Research in Regenerative Medicine...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761713/blockage-of-the-tracheal-bronchus-effects-on-blood-oxygen-content-partial-pressure-of-oxygen-and-intrapulmonary-shunt
#7
Adrienne K Ho, Anthony M-H Ho, Glenio B Mizubuti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761712/an-alternative-introduction-to-reading-and-evaluating-the-primary-literature-for-beginning-graduate-students
#8
David C Randall, Bobby R Baldridge
Students are challenged in transitioning from acquiring knowledge and understanding through reading textbooks to their learning to select, read, evaluate, and synthesize the primary literature. A customary approach to teaching this transition to beginning graduate students is for a faculty member to assign "readings" from the recent literature that promise to become key publications; such assignments generally underscore recent, novel scientific content. We advocate here an alternative approach for coaching students very early in their training: first, to read, analyze, and discuss a paper that highlights critically important features of effective and valid experimental design; and, second, to study a paper that can be shown historically to have fundamentally changed the way in which physiological function is understood...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761711/a-simple-model-for-demonstrating-the-factors-affecting-glomerular-filtration-rate
#9
Anand Bhaskar, Vinay Oommen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761710/who-s-the-boss-determining-the-control-pathways-of-cardiovascular-and-cellular-immune-responses-to-acute-stress
#10
Kate M Edwards, Nathan B Morris
Acute stress responses are known to include increases in heart rate and blood pressure, as well as increases in the number of circulating immune cells, all of which are governed by the autonomic nervous system. This laboratory practical measures cardiovascular and circulating immune cell responses to a passive (cold pressor) and active (mental arithmetic) acute stress task in student participants. The results allow them to examine the different patterns of autonomic response they elicit (approximated by heart rate and blood pressure responses), and knowledge of these responses can then be used to infer the governing autonomic aspect of the increases in circulating immune cells from the results...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761709/close-squeeze-open-introducing-the-cardiac-cycle-and-pressure-volume-loop
#11
Mark A Milanick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761708/the-potential-of-interprofessional-education-to-translate-physiology-curricula-effectively-into-future-team-based-healthcare
#12
Scott Edwards, Patricia E Molina, Kathleen H McDonough, Donald E Mercante, Tina Patel Gunaldo
Incorporating active interprofessional education (IPE) opportunities into the classroom setting is a potentially effective mechanism to enhance student learning both in the basic sciences and for future interprofessional collaboration. We integrated an IPE exercise into a graduate-level human physiology course at our health sciences center that enrolled physician assistant (PA), physical therapy (PT), and graduate studies students. Our activity adopted and targeted the four Interprofessional Education Collaborative (IPEC) competency domains of values/ethics (VE), roles/responsibilities, interprofessional communication, and teams and teamwork (TT)...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676617/a-useful-hand-mnemonic-to-demonstrate-ion-channel-gating
#13
S Mehran Hosseini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676616/laboratory-practical-to-study-the-differential-innervation-pathways-of-urinary-tract-smooth-muscle
#14
Benjamin E Rembetski, Caroline A Cobine, Bernard T Drumm
In the mammalian lower urinary tract, there is a reciprocal relationship between the contractile state of the bladder and urethra. As the bladder fills with urine, it remains relaxed to accommodate increases in volume, while the urethra remains contracted to prevent leakage of urine from the bladder to the exterior. Disruptions to the normal contractile state of the bladder and urethra can lead to abnormal micturition patterns and urinary incontinence. While both the bladder and urethra are smooth-muscle organs, they are differentially contracted by input from cholinergic and sympathetic nerves, respectively...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676615/walter-b-cannon-s-world-war-i-experience-treatment-of-traumatic-shock-then-and-now
#15
Kathy L Ryan
Walter B. Cannon (1871-1945), perhaps America's preeminent physiologist, volunteered for service with the Army Expeditionary Force (AEF) during World War I. He initially served with Base Hospital No. 5, a unit made up of Harvard clinicians, before moving forward to the front lines to serve at a casualty clearing station run by the British. During his time there, he performed research on wounded soldiers to understand the nature and causes of traumatic shock. Subsequently, Cannon performed animal experimentation on the causes of traumatic shock in the London laboratory of Dr...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676614/sourcebook-update-intestinal-smooth-muscle-contractility-and-autonomic-control
#16
Philip D Langton
This laboratory practical requires first-year students to anticipate the effects of drugs active at cholinergic and adrenergic receptors on gut motility in order to design experiments during an authentic inquiry exercise. Rather than specifying a strict sequence of drug additions that aim to provide ideal demonstrations of pharmacological and physiological antagonism, I have instead designed switches into the drugs provided and set students, working in small teams, the task of identifying the switched drugs, an inquiry activity...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676613/workshop-report-using-social-media-and-smartphone-applications-in-practical-lessons-to-enhance-student-learning-in-b%C3%A3%C2%BAzios-brazil-august-6-8-2017
#17
Camilo Lellis-Santos, Patricia A Halpin
Cost-effective student engagement poses a challenge for instructors, especially those who may not be familiar with new technologies and mobile devices. In this workshop, participants, experienced and discussed two ways of using smartphones in physiology classes: to engage in an online learning environment for discussions, and to make physiological measurements. Participants signed up for individual Twitter accounts and learned how to tweet, retweet, message, use a URL shortener, and use hashtags. They then went on to locate articles on an assigned topic from the Twitter accounts of credible science sources ( American Journal of Physiology, The Scientist, CDC...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676612/the-use-of-an-open-ended-student-led-activity-to-aid-in-the-learning-and-understanding-of-action-potential
#18
Rui Seabra Machado, Pâmela Billig Mello-Carpes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676611/retrieval-practice-in-the-form-of-online-homework-improved-information-retention-more-when-spaced-5-days-rather-than-1-day-after-class-in-two-physiology-courses
#19
Caitlin N Cadaret, Dustin T Yates
Studies have shown that practicing temporally spaced retrieval of previously learned information via formal assessments increases student retention of the information. Our objective was to determine the impact of online homework administered as a first retrieval practice 1 or 5 days after introduction of physiology topics on long-term information retention. Students in two undergraduate courses, Anatomy and Physiology (ASCI 240) and Animal Physiological Systems (ASCI 340), were presented with information on a specific physiological system during each weekly laboratory and then completed an online homework assignment either 1 or 5 days later...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676610/assessment-of-a-fourth-grade-phun-week-experiment-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#20
Patricia A Halpin, John E Sparrow, Heather Cantagallo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
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