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Advances in Physiology Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676617/a-useful-hand-mnemonic-to-demonstrate-ion-channel-gating
#1
S Mehran Hosseini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676616/laboratory-practical-to-study-the-differential-innervation-pathways-of-urinary-tract-smooth-muscle
#2
Benjamin E Rembetski, Caroline A Cobine, Bernard T Drumm
In the mammalian lower urinary tract, there is a reciprocal relationship between the contractile state of the bladder and urethra. As the bladder fills with urine, it remains relaxed to accommodate increases in volume, while the urethra remains contracted to prevent leakage of urine from the bladder to the exterior. Disruptions to the normal contractile state of the bladder and urethra can lead to abnormal micturition patterns and urinary incontinence. While both the bladder and urethra are smooth-muscle organs, they are differentially contracted by input from cholinergic and sympathetic nerves, respectively...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676615/walter-b-cannon-s-world-war-i-experience-treatment-of-traumatic-shock-then-and-now
#3
Kathy L Ryan
Walter B. Cannon (1871-1945), perhaps America's preeminent physiologist, volunteered for service with the Army Expeditionary Force (AEF) during World War I. He initially served with Base Hospital No. 5, a unit made up of Harvard clinicians, before moving forward to the front lines to serve at a casualty clearing station run by the British. During his time there, he performed research on wounded soldiers to understand the nature and causes of traumatic shock. Subsequently, Cannon performed animal experimentation on the causes of traumatic shock in the London laboratory of Dr...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676614/sourcebook-update-intestinal-smooth-muscle-contractility-and-autonomic-control
#4
Philip D Langton
This laboratory practical requires first-year students to anticipate the effects of drugs active at cholinergic and adrenergic receptors on gut motility in order to design experiments during an authentic inquiry exercise. Rather than specifying a strict sequence of drug additions that aim to provide ideal demonstrations of pharmacological and physiological antagonism, I have instead designed switches into the drugs provided and set students, working in small teams, the task of identifying the switched drugs, an inquiry activity...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676613/workshop-report-using-social-media-and-smartphone-applications-in-practical-lessons-to-enhance-student-learning-in-b%C3%A3%C2%BAzios-brazil-august-6-8-2017
#5
Camilo Lellis-Santos, Patricia A Halpin
Cost-effective student engagement poses a challenge for instructors, especially those who may not be familiar with new technologies and mobile devices. In this workshop, participants, experienced and discussed two ways of using smartphones in physiology classes: to engage in an online learning environment for discussions, and to make physiological measurements. Participants signed up for individual Twitter accounts and learned how to tweet, retweet, message, use a URL shortener, and use hashtags. They then went on to locate articles on an assigned topic from the Twitter accounts of credible science sources ( American Journal of Physiology, The Scientist, CDC...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676612/the-use-of-an-open-ended-student-led-activity-to-aid-in-the-learning-and-understanding-of-action-potential
#6
Rui Seabra Machado, Pâmela Billig Mello-Carpes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676611/retrieval-practice-in-the-form-of-online-homework-improved-information-retention-more-when-spaced-5-days-rather-than-1-day-after-class-in-two-physiology-courses
#7
Caitlin N Cadaret, Dustin T Yates
Studies have shown that practicing temporally spaced retrieval of previously learned information via formal assessments increases student retention of the information. Our objective was to determine the impact of online homework administered as a first retrieval practice 1 or 5 days after introduction of physiology topics on long-term information retention. Students in two undergraduate courses, Anatomy and Physiology (ASCI 240) and Animal Physiological Systems (ASCI 340), were presented with information on a specific physiological system during each weekly laboratory and then completed an online homework assignment either 1 or 5 days later...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676610/assessment-of-a-fourth-grade-phun-week-experiment-on-the-cardiovascular-system
#8
Patricia A Halpin, John E Sparrow, Heather Cantagallo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676609/generation-of-life-in-a-test-tube-albert-szent-gyorgyi-bruno-straub-and-the-discovery-of-actin
#9
Jack A Rall
This is a story about a great scientist, luck, great discovery that changed the future direction of muscle research, war, a clandestine war mission, postwar politics, and an attempt to rewrite scientific history. Albert Szent-Gyorgyi, at 44 yr of age, won the Nobel Prize in 1937 for his work on vitamin C and the establishment of the groundwork of the citric acid cycle. He now wanted to investigate one of the fundamental aspects of life and settled on the study of muscle contraction. The Szent-Gyorgyi laboratory in Hungary during World War II demonstrated that contraction could be reproduced in vitro by threads consisting of just two proteins, myosin and the newly discovered protein by Bruno Straub that they called actin...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676608/exercise-is-medicine-student-pharmacists-perceptions-and-knowledge-of-exercise-prescription
#10
Amie J Dirks-Naylor, Carrie L Griffiths, Mark A Bush
With healthcare costs on the rise, a global initiative was launched in 2007, called Exercise is Medicine, to prescribe and counsel patients on exercise to aid in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases. Since community pharmacists are one of the most accessible healthcare providers, this is an opportunity for pharmacists to also engage in this initiative. This study aimed to assess pharmacy student perceptions and knowledge on exercise to determine whether they are adequately prepared to counsel patients on exercise prescription...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676607/meeting-report-iups-and-adinstruments-2017-teaching-workshop
#11
Fernanda Klein Marcondes, Lais Tono Cardozo, Kelly Cristina Gaviao Luchi, Muhammad Irfannuddin, Christina Karatzaferi, Maria José Rocha, Robert G Carroll
Every 4 yr, the International Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) Teaching Workshop is held as a traditional satellite event of the IUPS Congress. The 2017 satellite workshop was held August 5-8, 2017 in Búzios, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The workshop provided an opportunity for discussion and experiences in physiology teaching for educators at various levels, graduate students, and undergraduate students. This report describes the workshop activities and reports the participants' perceptions of this event...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616580/use-of-case-based-or-hands-on-laboratory-exercises-with-physiology-lectures-improves-knowledge-retention-but-veterinary-medicine-students-prefer-case-based-activities
#12
Renee M McFee, Andrea S Cupp, Jennifer R Wood
Didactic lectures are prevalent in physiology courses within veterinary medicine programs, but more active learning methods have also been utilized. Our goal was to identify the most appropriate learning method to augment the lecture component of our physiology course. We hypothesized that case-based learning would be well received by students and would be more effective at helping them learn physiological concepts compared with more traditional laboratory exercises. In this study, approximately one-half of the laboratory sessions for the two-semester course were dedicated to traditional hands-on laboratory exercises, whereas the remaining one-half of the sessions were dedicated to case-based exercises...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616579/all-play-and-no-work-skits-and-models-in-teaching-skeletal-muscle-physiology
#13
Anandit John Mathew, Niranjini Chandrasekaran, Vinay Oommen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616578/building-community-by-serving-the-community
#14
Valerie S VanRyn, Erica A Wehrwein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616577/collaborative-group-testing-improves-learning-and-knowledge-retention-of-human-physiology-topics-in-second-year-medical-students
#15
Mario Vázquez-García
The present study examined the relationship between second-year medical students' group performance and individual performance in a collaborative-learning environment. In recent decades, university professors in the scientific and humanistic disciplines have successfully put into practice different modalities of collaborative approaches to teaching. Essentially, collaborative approach refers to a variety of techniques that involves the joint intellectual effort of a small group of students, which encourages interaction and discussion among students and professors...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616576/social-media-interruption-affects-the-acquisition-of-visually-not-aurally-acquired-information-during-a-pathophysiology-lecture
#16
Jane R Marone, Shivam C Thakkar, Neveen Suliman, Shannon I O'Neill, Alison F Doubleday
Poor academic performance from extensive social media usage appears to be due to students' inability to multitask between distractions and academic work. However, the degree to which visually distracted students can acquire lecture information presented aurally is unknown. This study examined the ability of students visually distracted by social media to acquire information presented during a voice-over PowerPoint lecture, and to compare performance on examination questions derived from information presented aurally vs...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616575/organizing-a-large-scale-physiology-understanding-phun-week-event-at-a-science-center
#17
Valerie S VanRyn, James M Poteracki, Micaela Balzer, Erica A Wehrwein
For the past 6 yr, the Department of Physiology at Michigan State University (MSU) has partnered with Impression 5 Science Center in Lansing, MI. Together, we host a day-long community engagement event on a Saturday each year in early November coinciding with the American Physiological Society's Physiology Understanding Week. The purpose was to provide a fun and memorable hands-on experience for children and families. This paper describes the detailed planning and logistics. The event takes place in the main exhibit space at the science center, generally has 15-17 physiology activities stations set up as booths run by volunteers, and the event runs as an open-house format...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616574/the-art-of-talking-about-science-beginning-to-teach-physiology-students-how-to-communicate-with-nonscientists
#18
Andrew M Petzold, Robert L Dunbar
The ability to clearly disseminate scientific knowledge is a skill that is necessary for any undergraduate student within the sciences. Traditionally, this is accomplished through the instruction of scientific presentation or writing with a focus on peer-to-peer communication at the expense of teaching communication aimed at a nonscientific audience. One of the ramifications of focusing on peer-to-peer communication has presented itself as an apprehension toward scientific knowledge within the general populace...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616573/physiology-learning-for-veterinary-students-impact-of-guided-practices-on-students-opinion-and-physiological-parameters
#19
Francisco A García-Vázquez, Raquel Romar, Joaquín Gadea, Carmen Matás, Pilar Coy, Salvador Ruiz
Over recent decades, education has increasingly focused on student-centered learning. Guided practices represent a new way of learning for undergraduate students of physiology, whereby the students turn into teacher-students and become more deeply involved in the subject by preparing and teaching a practical (laboratory) class to their peers. The goal was to assess the students' opinions about guided practices and how physiological parameters change during the activity. For this objective, two experiments were performed...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29616572/science-reflects-history-as-society-influences-science-brief-history-of-race-race-correction-and-the-spirometer
#20
Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
Spirometers are used globally to diagnose respiratory diseases, and most commercially available spirometers "correct" for race. "Race correction" is built into the software of spirometers. To evaluate pulmonary function and to make recordings, the operator must enter the subject's race. In fact, the Joint Working Party of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society recommends the use of race- and ethnic-specific reference values. In the United States, spirometers apply correction factors of 10-15% for individuals labeled "Black" and 4-6% for people labeled "Asian...
June 1, 2018: Advances in Physiology Education
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