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Advances in Physiology Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138219/developing-a-tool-for-observing-group-critical-thinking-skills-in-first-year-medical-students-a-pilot-study-using-physiology-based-high-fidelity-patient-simulations
#1
Khoa Nguyen, Bertha Ben Khallouq, Amanda Schuster, Christopher Beevers, Nyla Dil, Denise Kay, Jonathan D Kibble, David M Harris
Most assessments of physiology in medical school use multiple choice tests that may not provide information about a student's critical thinking (CT) process. There are limited performance assessments, but high-fidelity patient simulations (HFPS) may be a feasible platform. The purpose of this pilot study was to determine whether a group's CT process could be observed over a series of HFPS. An instrument [Critical Thinking Skills Rating Instrument CTSRI)] was designed with the IDEAS framework. Fifteen groups of students participated in three HFPS that consisted of a basic knowledge quiz and introduction, HFPS session, and debriefing...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138218/lecture-attendance-improves-success-in-medical-physiology
#2
Enver Ahmet Demir, Okan Tutuk, Hatice Dogan, Duygu Egeli, Cemil Tumer
The educators have underlined the importance of lecture attendance for decades. Nowadays, students have ample online educational sources, which began a debate on the necessity of in-class lectures. In the present study, we investigated the influence of lecture attendance on the exam success. To this aim, we adopted a novel approach and matched second-year medicine students' answers in three interim exams with the lectures related to those questions. Thereby, we were able to evaluate if attending lectures increases the chance of giving a correct answer to the exam question generated from the attended lecture...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138217/effectiveness-of-interprofessional-education-in-renal-physiology-curricula-for-health-sciences-graduate-students
#3
Lisa M Harrison-Bernard, Mihran V Naljayan, Jane M Eason, Donald E Mercante, Tina P Gunaldo
The primary purpose of conducting an interprofessional education (IPE) experience during the renal physiology block of a graduate-level course was to provide basic science, physical therapy, and physician assistant graduate students with an opportunity to work as a team in the diagnosis, treatment, and collaborative care of a patient with acute kidney injury. The secondary purpose was to enhance the understanding of basic renal physiology principles with a patient case presentation of renal pathophysiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138216/autonomic-regulation-of-the-immune-system-in-cardiovascular-diseases
#4
François M Abboud, Madhu V Singh
The autonomic nervous system is a powerful regulator of circulatory adjustments to acute hemodynamic stresses. Here we focus on new concepts that emphasize the chronic influence of the sympathetic and parasympathetic systems on cardiovascular pathology. The autonomic neurohumoral system can dramatically influence morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease through newly discovered influences on the innate and adaptive immune systems. Specifically, the end-organ damage in heart failure or hypertension may be worsened or alleviated by pro- or anti-inflammatory pathways of the immune system, respectively, that are activated through neurohumoral transmitters...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138215/physiology-undergraduate-degree-requirements-in-the-u-s
#5
Valerie S VanRyn, James M Poteracki, Erica A Wehrwein
Course-level learning objectives and core concepts for undergraduate physiology teaching exist. The next step is to consider how these resources fit into generalizable program-level guidelines for Bachelor of Science (BS) degrees in Physiology. In the absence of program-level guidelines for Physiology degree programs, we compiled a selective internal report to review degree requirements from 18 peer BS programs entitled "Physiology" in the United States (U.S.). There was a range of zero to three required semesters of math, physics, physics laboratory, general biology, biology laboratory, general chemistry, chemistry laboratory, organic chemistry, organic chemistry laboratory, biochemistry, biochemistry laboratory, anatomy, anatomy laboratory, core systems physiology, and physiology laboratory...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138214/sport-science-internships-for-learning-a-critical-view
#6
EDITORIAL
James J Malone
Sport science has gained vast popularity with students who have an interest in both physiology and the underpinning mechanisms of exercise concerning performance and health. The high numbers of graduates each year, coupled with the low number of graduate positions working in sports, has led to a high level of competition between students. To stand out from the crowd, sport science students may undertake an internship placement as part of their course, designed to enhance theoretical, practical, and soft skills in an applied setting...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138213/whether-we-know-it-or-not-our-educational-perceptions-and-decisions-are-shaped-by-race
#7
EDITORIAL
Donald M Johnson, Heidi L Lujan, Stephen E DiCarlo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066606/which-way-do-the-ions-go-a-graph-drawing-exercise-for-understanding-electrochemical-gradients
#8
Gregory J Crowther
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066605/evaluation-of-performance-and-perceptions-of-electronic-vs-paper-multiple-choice-exams
#9
Shannon Washburn, James Herman, Randolph Stewart
In the veterinary professional curriculum, methods of examination in many courses are transitioning from the traditional paper-based exams to electronic-based exams. Therefore, a controlled trial to evaluate the impact of testing methodology on examination performance in a veterinary physiology course was designed and implemented. Formalized surveys and focus group discussions were also used to determine student attitudes toward the examination formats. In total, 134 first-year veterinary students and 11 PhD/MS students were administered a total of 4 exams throughout 1 semester (2 on paper and 2 electronically) using a split-halves design...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066604/the-control-of-ventilation-during-exercise-a-lesson-in-critical-thinking
#10
Richard M Bruce
Learning the basic competencies of critical thinking are very important in the education of any young scientist, and teachers must be prepared to help students develop a valuable set of analytic tools. In my experience, this is best achieved by encouraging students to study areas with little scientific consensus, such as the control mechanisms of the exercise ventilatory response, as it can allow greater objectivity when evaluating evidence, while also giving students the freedom to think independently and problem solve...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066603/reminiscing-about-jan-evangelista-purkinje-a-pioneer-of-modern-experimental-physiology
#11
Icilio Cavero, Jean-Michel Guillon, Henry H Holzgrefe
This article reminisces about the life and key scientific achievements of Jan Evangelista Purkinje (1787-1869), a versatile 19th century Czech pioneer of modern experimental physiology. In 1804, after completing senior high school, Purkinje joined the Piarist monk order, but, after a 3-yr novitiate, he gave up the religious calling "to deal more freely with science." In 1818, he earned a Medical Doctor degree from Prague University by defending a dissertation on intraocular phenomena observed in oneself. In 1823, Purkinje became a Physiology and Pathology professor at the Prussian Medical University in Breslau, where he innovated the traditional teaching methods of physiology...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066602/in-appreciation-charles-m-tipton-and-the-history-of-physiology
#12
EDITORIAL
Kathy L Ryan, Jay B Dean, Douglas Curran-Everett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978521/the-2-hour-marathon-what-do-students-think
#13
Steven J Elmer, Michael J Joyner, Jason R Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978520/comparative-effectiveness-of-a-mnemonic-use-approach-vs-self-study-to-interpret-a-lateral-chest-x-ray
#14
Michael Thompson, Dallin Johansen, Russell Stoner, Allison Jarstad, Robert Sorrells, Michele L McCarroll, Wade Justice
The chest X-ray is the most commonly performed medical imaging study; however, the lateral chest film intimidates many physicians and medical students. The lateral view is more difficult to interpret than the frontal view but provides important information that is either not visible or not as evident on frontal view, and inability to read it may lead to missed diagnoses and more expensive imaging. The objective of this study was to assess a novel mnemonic-based approach to teaching medical students to proficiently read a lateral film using a prospective pilot study...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978519/evaluation-of-chest-ultrasound-integrated-teaching-of-respiratory-system-physiology-to-medical-students
#15
Matteo Paganini, Michela Bondì, Alessandro Rubini
Ultrasound imaging is a widely used diagnostic technique, whose integration in medical education is constantly growing. The aim of this study was to evaluate chest ultrasound usefulness in teaching respiratory system physiology, students' perception of chest ultrasound integration into a traditional lecture in human physiology, and short-term concept retention. A lecture about respiratory physiology was integrated with ultrasound and delivered to third-year medical students. It included basic concepts of ultrasound imaging and the physiology of four anatomic sectors of the body of a male volunteer, shown with a portable ultrasound device (pleural sliding, diaphragmatic movement, inferior vena cava diameter variations, cardiac movements)...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978518/collective-and-experimental-research-project-for-master-s-students-on-the-pathophysiology-of-obesity
#16
Virginie Bourlier, Caroline Conte, Colette Denis, Cédric Dray, Pascale Guillou, Manuela Belliure, Anne Lorsignol, Marion Noël, Bénédicte Buffin-Meyer
We describe here a collective and experimental research project-based learning (ERPBL) for master's students that can be used to illustrate some basic concepts on glucose/lipid homeostasis and renal function around a topical issue. The primary objective of this ERPBL was to strengthen students' knowledge and understanding of physiology and pathophysiology. The secondary objectives were to help students to develop technical/practical abilities and acquire transversal skills with real-world connections. Obesity is a worldwide public health problem that increases the risk for developing type 2 diabetes and nephropathies...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978517/an-interactive-online-approach-to-small-group-student-presentations-and-discussions
#17
Der Thor, Nan Xiao, Meixun Zheng, Ruidan Ma, Xiao Xi Yu
Student presentations had been widely implemented across content areas, including health sciences education. However, due to various limitations, small-group student presentations in the classroom may not reach their full potential for student learning. To address challenges with presentations in the classroom, we redesigned the assignment by having students present and discuss online using VoiceThread, a cloud-based presentation and discussion tool. First-year students pursuing a Doctor of Dental Surgery degree were assigned into small groups to present physiology content and to discuss that content online...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978516/the-physics-of-an-academic-career
#18
EDITORIAL
Merry L Lindsey, Lisandra E de Castro Brás
We adopted well-known physics equations to illustrate concepts for developing a successful academic career plan. Formulas for distance, force, momentum, and power are used to explain how to define goals and set a pace that maximizes success potential. Formulas for synergy, balance, and stress are used to highlight common obstacles encountered by both junior (untenured and early career) and established faculty and provide ways to circumvent or limit damage from setbacks. Combined, these formulas provide tips for thriving in an academic environment...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818834/designing-and-implementing-a-physiology-course-for-a-new-doctoral-occupational-therapy-program-with-student-feedback
#19
Barbara E Goodman, Moses N Ikiugu
Recently, the Occupational Therapy Department requested a custom-designed medical physiology course for the students in the new occupational therapy doctoral program. The first author, a physiologist with extensive experience in teaching both undergraduate preprofessional and medical students in human physiology, was recruited to design and implement the course. The course was designed to be consistent with the constructivist philosophy that guides the occupational therapy curriculum. The course was offered for the first time during fall/spring 2015/2016 and included both first- and second-year occupational therapy doctoral students...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818833/using-whiteboards-to-support-college-students-learning-of-complex-physiological-concepts
#20
Caron Y Inouye, Christine L Bae, Kathryn N Hayes
Research underscores the importance of retrieval-based practice and application of knowledge for meaningful learning. However, the didactic lecture format continues to persist in traditional university physiology courses. A strategy called whiteboarding, where students use handheld dry erase boards and work in small groups to actively retrieve, discuss, and apply concepts presented in the lecture, has the potential to address challenges associated with actively engaging students in science courses for greater learning...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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