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Journal of Nursing Scholarship

Fabio D'Agostino, Ercole Vellone, Antonello Cocchieri, John Welton, Massimo Maurici, Barbara Polistena, Federico Spandonaro, Maurizio Zega, Rosaria Alvaro, Gianfranco Sanson
PURPOSE: To investigate whether the number of nursing diagnoses on hospital admission is an independent predictor of the hospital length of stay. DESIGN: A prospective observational study was carried out. A sample of 2,190 patients consecutively admitted (from July to December 2014) in four inpatient units (two medical, two surgical) of a 1,547-bed university hospital were enrolled for the study. METHODS: Data were collected from a clinical nursing information system and the hospital discharge register...
November 9, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Marie-Louise Luiking, Birgit Heckemann, Parveen Ali, Connie Dekker-van Doorn, Sumana Ghosh, Angela Kydd, Roger Watson, Harshida Patel
PURPOSE: Worldwide, more than 214 million people have left their country of origin. This unprecedented mass migration impacts health care in host countries. This article explores and synthesizes literature on the healthcare experiences of migrants. DESIGN: A meta-ethnography study of qualitative studies was conducted. METHODS: Eight databases (Medline, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature [CINAHL], PsycINFO, Embase, Web of Science, Migration Observatory, National Health Service Scotland Knowledge Network, and Adaptive Spectrum and Signal Alignment [ASSIA]) were searched for relevant full-text articles in English, published between January 2006 and June 2016...
November 2, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Reshmi Mathew, Kathleen Markey, Jill Murphy, Brid O' Brien
PURPOSE: The purpose of this integrative literature review is to examine the evidence on factors affecting patient safety during robotic-assisted and laparoscopic surgeries. DESIGN: Systematic review of papers published between 2011 and 2016 that identified factors affecting safety during robotic-assisted and laparoscopic surgeries, in the areas of colorectal, general, urological, and gynecological surgeries. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Embase, and Medline databases were performed...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Leorey N Saligan
PURPOSE: To describe the collaborative framework used by National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) investigators to advance symptom science and to provide a research exemplar. MODEL: The National Institutes of Health (NIH) Symptom Science Model (SSM) was developed to guide symptom science researchers to understand the molecular underpinnings of symptoms using innovative "omics" approaches. The process begins with a review of the literature to understand the state of the science of the symptoms of interest and is followed by cross-sectional, case-controlled, or longitudinal studies to identify potential biological correlates of these symptoms...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Helen Wright, Lin Zhao, Melanie Birks, Jane Mills
PURPOSE: Registered nurses and midwives require a degree of genomic literacy if they are to adequately communicate with other healthcare professionals and provide optimal care to patients, their families, and the community. Several studies have been conducted internationally to assess the genomic literacy of nurses; however, the genomic literacy of Australian registered nurses and midwives has not been investigated. The aim of this study was to measure the genomic literacy of Australian registered nurses and midwives through assessing participants' understandings of genomic concepts most critical to nursing and midwifery practice, as well as their perceived knowledge and attitude towards genomics in nursing and midwifery practice...
October 27, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Marcella Remer Thompson, Donna Schwartz Barcott
PURPOSE: This article introduces the importance and nature of the role of the nurse scientist as a knowledge broker. DESIGN: A systematic literature review was completed using a modified version of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) appraisal tool to trace the emergence and characteristics of the knowledge broker role across disciplines internationally and in the United States. METHODS: Salient publications were identified using PubMed, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Sociological Abstracts, and ProQuest Dissertations & Theses, as well as hand searches and searches of the grey literature...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Kirsi Coco, Mari Kangasniemi, Teemu Rantanen
PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to analyze and compare elderly care personnel attitudes toward care robots in Finland and Japan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey in Finland and Japan. METHODS: The Finnish sample was collected from care personnel in home care facilities in five municipalities in 2016. The Japanese sample was collected from personnel in two rehabilitative day centers and three residential care homes for the elderly in the north of Honshu Island in 2017...
October 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Tamilyn Bakas, Debi Sampsel, Jahmeel Israel, Ameya Chamnikar, Angela Ellard, John Greer Clark, Megan Gresham Ulrich, Dieter Vanderelst
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: With the growth in the aging population, and shortage of primary care providers, telehealth programs are needed to optimize healthy independent living for older adults. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a nurse-led intervention program delivered through a telepresence robot to promote healthy lifestyles and address chronic illness management among older adults living independently in a retirement community. Telepresence robots provide two-way video-mediated communication with remote in-home navigation...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Glenda Wildschut, Pat M Mayers
PURPOSE: This article describes the work of the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC) in examining the role of the health sector in human rights violations in the protracted conflicts during apartheid. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: The enabling legislation contained in the Promotion of National Healing and Reconciliation Act of 1995 allowed for in-depth examination of violations and complicity in human rights abuses. We provide an overview of the process of the public hearings, soliciting submissions, examining evidence of abuse, personal testimony of conflict in situations of dual accountability, and ultimately the recommendations made by the TRC...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Mary Regan, Mary B Engler, Bernice Coleman, Sandra Daack-Hirsch, Kathleen A Calzone
PURPOSE: To establish the knowledge needed to integrate the multiple branches of omics into nursing research to accelerate achieving the research recommendations of the Genomic Nursing Science Blueprint. METHODS: The creation of the Genomic Knowledge Matrix occurred in three phases. In phase 1, the Omics Nursing Science and Education Network (ONSEN) Education Workgroup completed an evidence, bioinformatics, and technology review to inform the components of the Matrix...
October 1, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Ana Carla Ferreira Silva Dos Santos, Edilene Curvelo Hora Mota, Valmira Dos Santos, Carla Kalline Alves Cartaxo Freitas, Maria do Socorro Claudino Barreiro, Lyvia de Jesus Andrade Dos Santos, Joseilze Santos de Andrade, Geferson Messias Teles Vasconcelos, João Paulo Almeida Freitas
OBJECTIVE: To validate the defining characteristics of the nursing diagnosis "labile emotional control" in traumatic brain injury (TBI) outpatients. DESIGN: This was a descriptive, cross-sectional, quantitative study. METHODS: Thirty-one Brazilian nurses who were experts in the area of TBI answered a semistructured questionnaire on the diagnosis "labile emotional control" based on NANDA-International (NANDA-I) Taxonomy II (2015-2017) using a Likert-type scale to rate the 13 defining characteristics...
September 30, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Noel Maalouf, Abbas Sidaoui, Imad H Elhajj, Daniel Asmar
PURPOSE: Driven by the shortage in qualified nurses and the high percentage of aging populations, the past decade has witnessed a significant growth in the use of robots in nursing, especially in countries like Japan. This article is a scoping review of the different tracks in which robots are used in nursing. Whereas assistive robots are used for physical care, including service and monitoring tasks, social assistive robots focus on the cognitive and emotional well-being of patients in need of companionship...
September 27, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Kevin L Joiner, Margaret L Holland, Margaret Grey
PURPOSE: The purpose was to test associations among stressful life events, frequency of missed insulin doses, and glycemic control in young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). DESIGN: The study was a cross-sectional descriptive secondary analysis. METHODS: Data from 2,921 participants (ages 18-26 years) in the U.S. T1D Exchange Clinic Registry were analyzed. Report of a stressful life event was defined as one or more positive responses on a 17-item stressful life events index and defined as a dichotomous variable (yes or no)...
September 24, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Irena Papadopoulos, Christina Koulouglioti
PURPOSE: The aim of the present review is to explore the influence of culture on attitudes towards humanoid and animal-like robots. DESIGN: An integrative review of current evidence. METHODS: Medline, CINAHL, PsycInfo, PubMed, and Google Scholar were searched from 2000 to 2017. A total of 22 articles met the inclusion criteria and were retrieved and analyzed. FINDINGS: Culture influences attitudes and preferences towards robots, but due to the limitations of the reviewed studies, concrete conclusions cannot be made...
September 21, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Uba Backonja, Amanda K Hall, Ian Painter, Laura Kneale, Amanda Lazar, Maya Cakmak, Hilaire J Thompson, George Demiris
PURPOSE: To explore the social impact of, comfort with, and negative attitudes towards robots among young, middle-aged, and older adults in the United States. DESIGN: Descriptive, cross-sectional. Conducted in 2014-2015 in an urban area of the western United States using a purposive sample of adults 18 years of age or older. METHODS: Respondents completed a survey that included the Negative Attitudes Toward Robots Scale (NARS) and two questions taken or modified from the European Commission's Autonomous System 2015 Report...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Peggy L Chinn, Adeline Falk-Rafael
PURPOSE: To present a theoretical model that grounds teaching and learning in nursing in the focus, values, and ideals of nursing as a discipline. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCTS: The critical caring pedagogy model was formed by integrating Falk-Rafael's theory of critical caring in public health nursing, Noddings' philosophy of caring education, and Chinn's theory of peace and power. METHODS: The model of critical caring pedagogy was developed by logical analysis of the three organizing constructs and the conceptual relationships between and among these constructs...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Jasmine L Jacobs-Wingo, Jeffrey Schlegelmilch, Maegan Berliner, Gloria Airall-Simon, William Lang
PURPOSE: Many nurses are trained inadequately in emergency preparedness (EP), preventing them from effectively executing response roles during disasters, such as chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear, and explosive (CBRNE) events. Nurses also indicate lacking confidence in their abilities to perform EP activities. The purpose of this article is to describe the phased development of, and delivery strategies for, a CBRNE curriculum to enhance EP among nursing professionals. The New York City (NYC) Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (DOHMH) and the National Center for Disaster Preparedness at Columbia University's Earth Institute led the initiative...
September 17, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Therese S Richmond, Matthew Foman
PURPOSE: This purpose of this article is to frame firearm violence as a health and public health problem, to illustrate the magnitude of the problem, to examine factors that increase the risk to be injured by a firearm, or conversely, that confer protection, and to identify relevant priority areas for nursing science. ORGANIZING CONSTRUCT: Firearm violence results in physical and psychological injuries and is a global health priority. Firearm violence is categorized as intentional (interpersonal and self-inflicted) and unintentional (interpersonal and self-inflicted) and accounts for an estimated 196,000 to 220,000 nonconflict deaths annually...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Shu-Chuan Chen, Cindy Jones, Wendy Moyle
PURPOSE: In recent years, there has been an increase in the number of studies using social robots to improve psychological well-being. This systematic review investigates the effect of social robot interventions for depression in older adults. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) method was used to identify and select existing studies. Nine electronic databases were searched for relevant studies. Methodological quality was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute Meta-Analysis of Statistics Assessment and Review Instrument...
September 9, 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Diana J Mason, Laura Nixon, Barbara Glickstein, Sarah Han, Kristi Westphaln, Laura Carter
PURPOSE: To determine if nurses are represented in health news stories more frequently today than 20 years ago when Sigma Theta Tau International Nursing Honorary Society published The Woodhull Study on Nursing and the Media, which found that nurses were cited as sources in only 4% of the stories. DESIGN: Content analysis of health news stories for the month of September 2017 in the same publications used in the original Woodhull study. METHODS: Searches with Nexis and Webhose identified 2,243 articles related to health care published by the news outlets in September 2017...
November 2018: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
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