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Progress in Transplantation

Mehri Barabadi, Sanaz Keshavarz Shahbaz, Farshad Foroughi, Morteza Hosseinzadeh, Mohsen Nafar, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Aliakbar Amirzargar
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of allograft dysfunction by noninvasive biomarker tests is preferable to invasive allograft biopsies and has been extensively considered in recent years. This study aims to evaluate blood and urinary forkhead box P3 (FOXP3) messenger RNA (mRNA) expression in renal transplant recipients in an attempt to determine whether differential diagnosis of graft dysfunction is feasible using mRNA profiles. METHODS: We analyzed FOXP3 mRNA expression in paired urinary and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) samples...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Rebecca P Winsett
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Harriet Rosanne Etheredge, Claire Penn, Jennifer Watermeyer
INTRODUCTION: South Africa is faced with very low deceased organ donor numbers. Often, sociocultural practices, which are thought to be fundamentally opposed to deceased organ donation, are hailed as the cause. However, other factors such as context, social perceptions, and clinical environment may play a role. AIM: The aim of this article is to present research that explored communication in organ transplant and identified barriers to organ donation decisions in a province of South Africa...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Amy D Waterman, John Devin Peipert
INTRODUCTION: Dialysis centers must provide transplant education to patients but often do not address the risks and benefits of living and deceased donor transplant. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: In a group randomized controlled trial of 20 dialysis centers and 253 patients, we assessed whether the Explore Transplant education program increased patients' readiness to pursue transplant, transplant knowledge, informed transplant decision-making, discussions about transplant with potential living donors, pursuit and receipt of living or deceased donor transplant, and whether these effects varied by race...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Dami Ko, Rebecca J Muehrer, Lisa C Bratzke
INTRODUCTION: Although self-management is essential for liver transplant recipients, there is no review that has synthesized findings related to self-management in this population. OBJECTIVE: This narrative review aimed to synthesize the current findings and identify the gaps in knowledge about self-management in liver recipients. METHODS: A search of PubMed, CINAHL Plus, PsychINFO, ProQuest, and Web of Science was conducted using the following terms: [Self-care OR Self-management OR Health behavior] AND [Liver transplantation]...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Dario Gulin, Edvard Galic, Jozica Sikic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Meghann McKane, Debra A Dodd, Bret A Mettler, Kari A Wujcik, Justin Godown
BACKGROUND: Many pediatric heart transplant recipients live a significant distance from their transplant center. This results in families either traveling long distances or relying on outside physicians to assume aspects of their care. Distance has been implicated to play a role in congenital heart disease outcomes, but its impact on heart transplantation has not been reported. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of distance on pediatric heart transplant outcomes. METHODS: The Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients database was queried for all pediatric heart transplant recipients from large US children's hospitals (1987-2014)...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
James R Rodrigue, Richard Luskin, Helen Nelson, Alexandra Glazier, Galen V Henderson, Francis L Delmonico
INTRODUCTION: Unfavorable attitudes and insufficient knowledge about donation after cardiac death among critical care providers can have important consequences for the appropriate identification of potential donors, consistent implementation of donation after cardiac death policies, and relative strength of support for this type of donation. The lack of reliable and valid assessment measures has hampered research to capture providers' attitudes. Design and Research Aims: Using stakeholder engagement and an iterative process, we developed a questionnaire to measure attitudes of donation after cardiac death in critical care providers (n = 112) and examined its psychometric properties...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Xinyun Liang, Olusegun Famure, Yanhong Li, S Joseph Kim
CONTEXT: Valganciclovir is used not only for cytomegalovirus prophylaxis after kidney transplantation but can also induce leukopenia, thereby making patients more susceptible to other infections. The epidemiology of leukopenia in patients on valganciclovir remains poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and risk factors for leukopenia in patients receiving valganciclovir for cytomegalovirus prophylaxis after kidney transplantation. METHODS: In this single-center, retrospective, cohort study, we included kidney recipients transplanted from January 1, 2003, to December 31, 2010, to determine the incidence and risk factors for leukopenia in patients who received valganciclovir for cytomegalovirus prophylaxis...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Jackeline Iseler, John Fox, Kelly Wierenga
BACKGROUND: The 30-day readmission rate for patients with a left ventricular assist device implantation at a large, urban, Midwest hospital system (from October 2013 to September 2014) was estimated at 32.1%. PROBLEM STATEMENT: Readmission rates were a concern at this facility. Review of the readmissions, change in practice, and home expectations of patients and families have identified an opportunity to improve the transitions of care for this left ventricular assist device (LVAD) program...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Jonathan E Hullmann, Paul J Mather
BACKGROUND: Despite ventricular assist devices (VADs) becoming more common in heart failure (HF) treatment, it is still uncertain which patients are more prone to complications. One potential risk factor is increased body mass index (BMI), which is known to increase both all-cause mortality and mortality from ischemic heart disease; however, the role of the BMI in predicting morbidity and mortality following device implantation is unclear. METHODS: The study population for this single-institution retrospective chart review consisted of 136 patients with HF, who underwent VAD implantation between 2004 and 2015...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Carsten Schumacher, Hendrik Eismann, Lion Sieg, Lars Friedrich, Dirk Scheinichen, Florian W R Vondran, Kai Johanning
CONTEXT: Liver transplantation is a complex intervention, and early anticipation of personnel and logistic requirements is of great importance. Early identification of high-risk patients could prove useful. We therefore evaluated prognostic values of recipient parameters commonly available in the early preoperative stage regarding postoperative 30- and 90-day outcomes and intraoperative transfusion requirements in liver transplantation. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients undergoing first liver transplantation at Hannover Medical School between January 2005 and December 2010 were included in this retrospective study...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Yefei Zhang, Maha R Boktour
INTRODUCTION: The United Network for Organ Sharing (UNOS) instituted the Share 35 policy in June 2013 in order to reduce death on liver transplant waitlist. The effect of this policy on patient survival among patients with gender- and race-mismatched donors has not been examined. RESEARCH QUESTION: To assess the impact of Share 35 policy on posttransplantation patient survival among patients with end-stage liver disease (ESLD) transplanted with gender- and race-mismatched donors...
June 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Wade Delk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Laura A Siminoff, Heather M Gardiner, Maureen Wilson-Genderson, Teresa J Shafer
BACKGROUND: There is a discrepancy between the reported increase in donor conversion rates and the number of organs available for transplant. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data obtained from the Scientific Registry of Transplant Recipients from January 2003 through December 2015 was performed. The primary outcomes were the (1) number of brain-dead donors from whom solid organs were recovered and (2) number of the organs transplanted. Descriptive statistics and growth plots were used to examine the trajectory of organ donation, recovery, and transplantation outcomes over the 11-year period...
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Chiara Minà, Sergio Bagnato, Antonino Sant'Angelo, Calogero Falletta, Gabriele Di Gesaro, Valentina Agnese, Fabio Tuzzolino, Giuseppe Galardi, Francesco Clemenza
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral neuropathy can affect patients with heart failure, though its prevalence is unknown. After heart transplantation, it can influence the postoperative course and quality of life, but screening for neuromuscular disease is not routinely performed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the factors associated with neuropathy in a population of patients with heart failure who are candidates for heart transplantation. STUDY DESIGN: Data regarding patients' clinical history, including recent hospitalizations, were collected...
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Juraj Miklušica, Ivana Dedinská, Blažej Palkoci, Alexander Sendrey, Mariana Lajčiaková, Martin Vojtko, Denisa Osinová, L'udovít Laca
Delayed graft function continues to pose a significant challenge to clinicians in the context of kidney transplantation. The objective of this retrospective, 5-year analysis is to identify the parameters of beating heart donors and those of recipients that affect the delayed development of graft function. The monitored group was composed of 152 beating heart donors and 179 recipients. Delayed graft function was identified in 32 (17%) patients. The predictor for development of delayed graft function was the body mass index of the donor (odds ratio: 1...
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Antonio Ríos, A López-Navas, A López-López, F J Gómez, J Iriarte, R Herruzo, G Blanco, F J Llorca, A Asunsolo, P Sánchez, P R Gutiérrez, A Fernández, M T de Jesús, L Martínez Alarcón, M Del Olivo, L Fuentes, J R Hernández, J Virseda, J Yelamos, J A Bondía, A M Hernández, M A Ayala, P Ramírez, P Parrilla
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the level of understanding of the brain death concept among medical students in universities in Spain. METHODS: This cross-sectional sociological, interdisciplinary, and multicenter study was performed on 9598 medical students in Spain. The sample was stratified by geographical area and academic year. A previously validated self-reported measure of brain death knowledge (questionnaire Proyecto Colaborativo Internacional Donante sobre la Donación y Transplante de Organos) was completed anonymously by students...
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Flávio Geraldo Rezende Freitas, Fábio Lombardi, Eduardo Souza Pacheco, Tainá Veras de Sandes-Freitas, Laila Almeida Viana, Hélio Tedesco-Silva Junior, José Osmar Medina-Pestana, Antônio Tonete Bafi, Flavia Ribeiro Machado
INTRODUCTION: There is a paucity of data regarding the complications in kidney transplant patients who may require intensive care unit (ICU) management, despite being the most common solid organ transplant worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To identify the main reasons for ICU admission and to determine the factors associated with hospital mortality in kidney transplant recipients. DESIGN: This single-center retrospective cohort study was conducted between September 2013 and June 2014, including all consecutive kidney transplant patients requiring ICU admission...
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
Gian Piero Guerrini, Domenico Pinelli, Elena Marini, Vittorio Corno, Michela Guizzetti, Marco Zambelli, Alessandro Aluffi, Lisa Lincini, Stefano Fagiuoli, Alessandro Lucianetti, Michele Colledan
CONTEXT: Liver transplantation (LT) is considered the ideal therapy for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) having cirrhosis but the shortage of liver donors and the risk of dropout from the wait list due to tumor progression severely limit transplantation. A new prognostic score, the HCC-model for end-stage liver disease (HCC-MELD), was developed by combining α-fetoprotein (AFP), MELD, and tumor size, to improve risk stratification of dropout in patients with HCC. OBJECTIVES: In this study, we investigated the ability of the HCC-MELD score in predicting the posttransplant for patients fulfilling Milan criteria (MC)...
March 2018: Progress in Transplantation
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