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Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice

Louise P Hoyle, Emma Smith, Catherine Mahoney, Richard G Kyle
Violence and aggression toward nurses are global concerns. Despite repeated research on causal factors and widespread zero tolerance campaigns, rates of violence and aggression have not declined. Violence and aggression toward nurses can negatively affect their health and ultimately patient care. Media reporting of violence and aggression toward nurses might shape people's perceptions of the profession, perhaps impeding nurse recruitment and retention efforts in the face of global nursing shortages. The purpose of this study was to determine how print media in Scotland depicted reports of violence and aggression toward nurses...
October 18, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Roberta Heale, Simone Dahrouge, Sharon Johnston, Joan E Tranmer
Nurse practitioners (NPs) in Ontario work in a number of settings, including physician-led, interprofessional Family Health Teams (FHTs). However, many aspects of NP practice within the FHTs are unknown. Our study aimed to describe the characteristics of NP practice in FHTs and the relationships between NPs and physicians within this model. This cross-sectional descriptive study analyzed NP service and diagnostic code data collected for every NP patient encounter from 2012 to 2015. Encounter data were linked to health administrative data housed at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences to allow for comparison with physician service and diagnostic codes...
August 15, 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Elissa Ladd, Madrean Schober
Nurses around the world are increasingly prescribing and managing pharmaceutical agents. Prescribing by nurses is currently based on varying nursing roles, depending on national and regional norms and practices. Prescribing occurs within the advance practice, advanced level, and task-sharing roles, depending on the country. It is evolving both within and outside of traditional regulatory frameworks. Therefore, the purpose of this article is to describe the nurse prescribing globally among various nursing roles that support and facilitate the practice...
February 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Ashley Weber, Tondi M Harrison, Deborah Steward, Susan Ludington-Hoe
Prematurity is the largest contributor to perinatal morbidity and mortality. Preterm infants and their families are a significant vulnerable population burdened with limited resources, numerous health risks, and poor health outcomes. The social determinants of health greatly shape the economic and psychosocial resources that families possess to promote optimal outcomes for their preterm infants. The purposes of this article are to analyze the resource availability, relative risks, and health outcomes of preterm infants and their families and to discuss why universal paid family leave could be one potential public policy that would promote optimal outcomes for this infant population...
February 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Patrick O'Byrne, Jean Daniel Jacob, Lauren Orser
The provision of HIV medications to HIV-negative persons after exposure to HIV is known as postexposure prophylaxis (PEP). Because this prevention strategy is primarily only available in emergency rooms, we piloted a nurse-led community-based PEP program in Ottawa from September 2013 through August 2015. As part of evaluating this program, we conducted qualitative interviews with persons who initiated PEP. Twelve men who had engaged in condomless anal sex with other males participated. Thematic analysis of the interview transcripts highlighted that PEP was considered unmentionable because the participants' saw it as proof of past behavior that was perceived negatively...
February 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Marie Ghazal, Betty Rambur
Free clinics have been a source of health care for uninsured and low-income Americans for half a century and serve some of the nation's most vulnerable within their home community. Despite parallels to nursing's significant involvement in the formation of free public clinics and commitment to care for all, there is paucity of nursing literature about free clinics. This article details the history of U.S. free clinics and the intersections among free clinics and value-based care, health reform, and tax reform, including the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 and the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act of 2017...
February 2018: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Sally S Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
(no author information available yet)
Kovner, C. T., Brewer, C. S., Fatehi, F., Jun, J. (2014). What does nurse turnover rate mean and what is the rate. Policy, Politics, & Nursing Practice, 15(3-4), 64-71. doi: 10.1177/1527154414547953 The authors wish to make a correction to the above referenced article. Table 4 provides very misleading data, because all the settings and hospital only rates were calculated differently and therefore the rows should not be compared. [Table: see text] The first row (now Table 4a ) includes RN jobs only in any setting...
November 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Ashley Waddell, Jeffrey M Adams, Jacqueline Fawcett
This study was designed to describe and quantify the experiences of nurse leaders working to influence policy and to build consensus for priority skills and knowledge useful in policy efforts within the context of a nursing conceptual framework. The conceptual model for nursing and health policy and the Adams influence model were combined into a conceptual framework used to guide this two-round modified Delphi study. Twenty-two nurse leaders who were members of a state action coalition participated in the Round 1 focus group; 15 of these leaders completed the Round 2 electronic survey...
November 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Susana J Calderon, Caroline Mallory, Michelle Malin
While most states allow minors 12 years and older to consent to services for contraception, prenatal care, or sexually transmitted infections, the same adolescents are required to have parental consent for even preventive oral health care. Many adolescents are denied access to preventive oral health care because of the challenge of securing parental consent for care when parents are unwilling, unable, or unavailable to consent. Our purpose is to examine the barriers to preventive oral health care for U.S. adolescents related to parental consent laws, explore the issues surrounding these laws, and recommend policy changes...
November 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Elizabeth White
Health care systems in England and the United States are under similar pressures to provide higher quality, more efficient care in the face of aging populations, increasing care complexity, and rising costs. In 2010 and 2011, major strategic reports were published in the two countries with recommendations for how to strengthen their respective nursing workforces to address these challenges. In England, it was the 2010 report of the Prime Minister's Commission on the Future of Nursing and Midwifery, Front Line Care: The Future of Nursing and Midwifery in England...
November 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Jean Edward, Nageen Mir, Denise Monti, Enbal Shacham, Mary C Politi
States that did not expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in the United States have seen a growth in the number of individuals who fall in the assistance gap, defined as having incomes above the Medicaid eligibility limit (≥44% of the federal poverty level) but below the lower limit (<100%) to be eligible for tax credits for premium subsidies or cost-sharing reductions in the marketplace. The purpose of this article is to present findings from a secondary data analysis examining the characteristics of those who fell in the assistance gap ( n = 166) in Missouri, a Medicaid nonexpansion state, by comparing them with those who did not fall in the assistance gap ( n = 157)...
November 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Sally S Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Lauren E Pfeifer, Judith A Vessey
Over the past several years, researchers have postulated that Magnet® organizations improve collegiality and potentially could mitigate workplace bullying and lateral violence (BLV). In order to synthesize and evaluate the existing literature on BLV in the Magnet® setting, an integrative review was conducted. The final analysis consisted of 11 articles (8 quantitative and 3 qualitative studies) and revealed that researchers still use a variety of terms to define and measure BLV. Several of the studies used blended samples of both Magnet® and non-Magnet nurses, making it difficult to evaluate for response differences...
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Jackie Prokop, Marie LaPres, Brad Barron, Jon Villasurda
As the number of individuals in the United States with chronic conditions and the associated costs in caring for these individuals continues to rise, there is a need to transform how health care services are delivered. Under Section 2703 of the Affordable Care Act of 2010, the federal government provides state Medicaid programs the opportunity to improve care coordination for people with chronic conditions in a person-centered approach through the establishment of health homes. Given the complexity of care for Medicaid beneficiaries with chronic conditions, addressing the social determinants of health and providing integrated care are central to effectively improving health outcomes and generating cost-savings...
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Carol L Schmitt, Laurel E Curry, Ghada Homsi, Pamela A Williams, LaShawn M Glasgow, Deanna Van Hersh, Jeffrey Willett, Todd Rogers
Obesity increases the risk for leading causes of death, including cardiovascular disease and some cancers. Midwestern and southern states have the highest obesity rates-in Kansas, one in every three adults is obese. We compared the willingness of Kansas adults and opinion leaders to pay more in taxes to fund obesity prevention policies. In 2014, we asked a representative sample of 2,203 Kansas adults (response rate 15.7%) and 912 opinion leaders (response rate 55%) drawn from elected office and other sectors, including business and health, whether they would pay an additional $50 in annual taxes to support five policies that improve access to healthy foods and opportunities for physical activity...
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Cheryl Perry, Jan Emory
Nurses are one of the largest groups of policy stakeholders in the health-care workforce, yet their influence on policy is not necessarily commensurate with their numbers. Since 2011, grassroots action coalitions have emerged to advance the profession's impact on health-care policy. In one state, a partnership among professional nursing organizations, policy stakeholders, and academics resulted in educational presentations focused on political advocacy knowledge and skills. The goal of this project was to bring awareness to nurses and nursing students about their potential contributions to the political and advocacy processes that shape health policy...
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Nancy C O'Rourke, Sybil L Crawford, Nancy S Morris, Joyce Pulcini
Twenty-eight states have laws and regulations limiting the ability of nurse practitioners (NPs) to practice to the full extent of their education and training, thereby preventing patients from fully accessing NP services. Revisions to state laws and regulations require NPs to engage in the political process. Understanding the political engagement of NPs may facilitate the efforts of nurse leaders and nursing organizations to promote change in state rules and regulations. The purpose of this study was to describe the political efficacy and political participation of U...
August 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
Sally S Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Policy, Politics & Nursing Practice
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