journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Attachment & Human Development

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143567/couple-relationship-quality-and-offspring-attachment-security-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#1
Evelyn S Tan, Jennifer E McIntosh, Emily J Kothe, Jessica E Opie, Craig A Olsson
This paper provides a meta-analytic examination of strength and direction of association between parents' couple relationship quality and early childhood attachment security (5 years and under). A comprehensive search of four EBSCOhost databases, Informit, Web of Science, and grey literature yielded 24 studies meeting eligibility criteria. Heterogeneity of the couple quality construct and measurement was marked. To disaggregate potentially differentially acting factors, we grouped homogeneous studies, creating two predictor variables defined as "positive dyadic adjustment" and "inter-parental conflict"...
November 16, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105598/parental-reflective-functioning-and-executive-functioning-in-mothers-with-substance-use-disorder
#2
Ulrika Håkansson, Kerstin Söderström, Reidulf Watten, Finn Skårderud, Merete Glenne Øie
Having a substance use disorder (SUD) may adversely affect caregiving capacities. Reflective functioning (RF) and executive functioning (EF) are both important capacities for sensitive parenting, and are often impaired in a SUD. Only a few studies have explored the possible association between the two phenomena. In this study, we used a neuropsychological test battery to assess EF, and the Parent Development Interview to assess RF in a sample of mothers with a SUD (N = 43). Although parental RF (PRF) was associated with EF, when controlled for intelligence (IQ) and mental health, there was no significant association between EF and PRF...
November 6, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105563/challenges-related-to-migration-and-child-attachment-a-pilot-study-with-south-asian-immigrant-mother-child-dyads
#3
Vanessa Lecompte, Diana Miconi, Cécile Rousseau
This pilot study examined psychological, social and cultural risk factors for child insecure attachment in a sample of South Asian immigrant families experiencing high migration stress in Montreal, Canada. Thirty-three participants were recruited through a local Health and Social Service organization. Maternal anxiety and depression, social support, and national and religious sense of belonging were assessed. Child attachment behaviors were coded from a 15 min free play period. Results indicated that maternal depressive symptoms were related to lower child attachment security scores...
November 6, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959921/a-short-term-longitudinal-study-of-correlates-and-sequelae-of-attachment-security-in-autism
#4
Agata Rozga, Erik Hesse, Mary Main, Robbie Duschinsky, Leila Beckwith, Marian Sigman
In this short-term longitudinal study, 30 preschool-aged children with autism were first observed in Ainsworth's Strange Situation Procedure and, separately, interacting with the primary caregiver in the home. One year later, each child completed both a developmental assessment and an observational assessment of empathic responding. Behaviors typical for children with autism were distinguished from behaviors suggestive of relationally based attachment disorganization. Forty-five percent of the children were classified as securely attached...
September 29, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959920/similarities-and-differences-regarding-changes-in-attachment-preferences-and-attachment-styles-in-relation-to-romantic-relationship-length-longitudinal-and-concurrent-analyses
#5
Tomotaka Umemura, Lenka Lacinová, Kristína Kotrčová, R Chris Fraley
This study examines whether attachment preferences and attachment styles with different figures (mother, father, romantic partner, and friends) change over the course of a romantic relationship. Study 1 employed a three-wave longitudinal sample of Czech young adults who were currently in a romantic relationship (N = 870; mean age = 21.57; SD = 1.51; 81% females). Multilevel modeling analyses revealed that, as romantic relationships progressed, attachment preferences for romantic partners increased and preferences for friends decreased...
September 29, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952412/disorganized-attachment-and-defense-exploring-john-bowlby-s-unpublished-reflections
#6
Samantha Reisz, Robbie Duschinsky, Daniel J Siegel
Main and Solomon were the first to create a formal infant Strange Situation classification of attachment disorganization. Bowlby's reflections on the underlying psychological processes of such behaviors, however, began early in his career, including the term "disorganization." Most of these remained unpublished but are available through the John Bowlby Archive. Bowlby saw affective experiences as the source of the attachment behavioral system's organization and regulation, and he introduced the term "effector equipment" to describe the emergent organization of attention, expectation, affect, and behavior to orchestrate responses to the environment...
September 27, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948864/artificial-neural-network-coding-of-the-child-attachment-interview-using-linguistic-data
#7
Amanda Venta, Ericka Ball Cooper, Yael Shmueli-Goetz, Carla Sharp
Assessing attachment in adolescents is important due to relations between insecurity and psychopathology. The child attachment interview (CAI) holds promise in this regard, but is time-consuming to code, which may render it inaccessible. The aim of this study was to develop computerized neural network models to predict attachment classifications on the CAI and to determine whether the models could achieve the CAI's benchmark qualification of 80% on reliability training cases. Four hundred and ninety interviews from inpatient adolescents served as model training and testing samples...
September 26, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925329/reflective-functioning-maternal-attachment-mind-mindedness-and-emotional-availability-in-adolescent-and-adult-mothers-at-infant-3-months
#8
Cristina Riva Crugnola, Elena Ierardi, Maria Paola Canevini
The study evaluated reflective functioning (RF), maternal attachment, mind-mindedness, and emotional availability among 44 adolescent mother-infant dyads and 41 adult mother-infant dyads. At infant age 3 months, mother-infant interaction was coded with the mind-mindedness coding system and Emotional Availability Scales; mother attachment and RF were evaluated with the Adult Attachment Interview (AAI). Adolescent mothers (vs. adult mothers) were more insecure and had lower RF; they were also less sensitive, more intrusive and hostile, and less structuring of their infant's activity; they used fewer attuned mind-related comments and fewer mind-related comments appropriate to infant development...
September 19, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868975/attachment-representations-of-school-aged-korean-children-comparing-family-drawing-and-narrative-assessments-in-a-clinical-and-a-community-sample
#9
Mi Kyoung Jin, Unsun Chung, Nancy Hazen
This study explored the links between two different methods of assessing children's attachment representations, a narrative task (the Manchester Attachment Story Task, MCAST) and a drawing task (the Family Drawing Task, FDT), in a clinical sample of 51 and a community sample of 45 Korean children aged 7-9. In both samples, attachment classifications derived from the MCAST were related to attachment classifications and global ratings derived from the FDT. In addition, rates of insecure attachment determined by MCAST classifications and by FDT global scales indicative of insecure attachment were higher in the clinical sample than the community sample...
September 4, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840781/the-role-of-ethnicity-and-socioeconomic-status-in-southeast-asian-mothers-parenting-sensitivity
#10
Jeremy Heng, Jeffry Quan, Lit Wee Sim, Shamini Sanmugam, Birit Broekman, Jean-François Bureau, Michael J Meaney, Joanna D Holbrook, Anne Rifkin-Graboi
Past research indicates that socioeconomic status (SES) accounts for differences in sensitivity across ethnic groups. However, comparatively little work has been conducted in Asia, with none examining whether ethnicity moderates the relation between SES and sensitivity. We assessed parenting behavior in 293 Singaporean citizen mothers of 6-month olds (153 Chinese, 108 Malay, 32 Indian) via the Maternal Behavioral Q-Sort for video interactions. When entered into the same model, SES (F(1,288) = 17.777, p < ...
August 25, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745146/disorganized-attachment-in-infancy-a-review-of-the-phenomenon-and-its-implications-for-clinicians-and-policy-makers
#11
Pehr Granqvist, L Alan Sroufe, Mary Dozier, Erik Hesse, Miriam Steele, Marinus van Ijzendoorn, Judith Solomon, Carlo Schuengel, Pasco Fearon, Marian Bakermans-Kranenburg, Howard Steele, Jude Cassidy, Elizabeth Carlson, Sheri Madigan, Deborah Jacobvitz, Sarah Foster, Kazuko Behrens, Anne Rifkin-Graboi, Naomi Gribneau, Gottfried Spangler, Mary J Ward, Mary True, Susan Spieker, Sophie Reijman, Samantha Reisz, Anne Tharner, Frances Nkara, Ruth Goldwyn, June Sroufe, David Pederson, Deanne Pederson, Robert Weigand, Daniel Siegel, Nino Dazzi, Kristin Bernard, Peter Fonagy, Everett Waters, Sheree Toth, Dante Cicchetti, Charles H Zeanah, Karlen Lyons-Ruth, Mary Main, Robbie Duschinsky
Disorganized/Disoriented (D) attachment has seen widespread interest from policy makers, practitioners, and clinicians in recent years. However, some of this interest seems to have been based on some false assumptions that (1) attachment measures can be used as definitive assessments of the individual in forensic/child protection settings and that disorganized attachment (2) reliably indicates child maltreatment, (3) is a strong predictor of pathology, and (4) represents a fixed or static "trait" of the child, impervious to development or help...
December 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705103/mother-child-emotion-dialogues-the-disrupting-effect-of-maternal-history-of-communal-sleeping
#12
Nina Koren-Karie, Ora Aviezer
The study examined associations between mothers' upbringing background (kibbutz vs. home) and maternal-sensitive guidance of emotional conversations with their preschool children; children's cooperation and exploration; and the coherence of their conversations. Using a quasi-experimental design, 112 children and their mothers (72 kibbutz raised, 40 home) completed the Autobiographical Emotional Event Dialogue. We hypothesized that maternal kibbutz upbringing would be associated to lower levels of mothers' sensitive guidance of the conversations, children's lower cooperation and exploration, and lower overall coherence...
December 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612690/attachment-as-a-predictor-of-non-response-to-cbt-treatment-in-children-with-anxiety-disorders
#13
Monika Walczak, Barbara Hoff Esbjørn, Sonja Breinholst
Children's and parents' attachment patterns have been linked with the presence of pediatric anxiety disorders. The present study examined the role of attachment in predicting cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) treatment outcomes. A total of 69 children aged 7-13 years were assessed using a semi-structured interview, and treated with CBT. Differences between responders and nonresponders with regard to pretreatment characteristics were explored, and the predictive power of factors significantly different between groups was assessed using binominal logistic regression...
December 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504008/maternal-resolution-of-preterm-birth-from-1-to-18-months
#14
Maya Yaari, Inbal Millo, Ayelet Harel-Gadassi, Edwa Friedlander, Benjamin Bar-Oz, Smadar Eventov-Friedman, David Mankuta, Nurit Yirmiya
Preterm birth can be traumatic for some mothers, involving feelings of grief over the hoped-for full-term pregnancy. In this longitudinal study, we interviewed 50 mothers of preterm infants, using the reaction to diagnosis interview when their child was 1 month and 18 months old. We examined change and stability in resolution status over time. Additionally, we explored possible predictors of resolution trajectories between 1 and 18 months. Findings indicated that resolution at 1 month was not yet common...
October 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805141/inhibited-attachment-disordered-behavior-in-institutionalized-preschool-children-links-with-early-and-current-relational-experiences
#15
Raquel Corval, Jay Belsky, Joana Baptista, Paula Oliveira, Ana Mesquita, Isabel Soares
Inhibited attachment disordered behavior (IADB) is characterized by difficulty in establishing an attachment relationship with a primary caregiver; is associated with persistent social and emotional problems; and is observed most frequently in contexts of pathological care such as institutional rearing. Here, we seek to enhance understanding of the conditions that give rise to IADB among institutionalized children by examining prior family experiences of neglect and deprivation and concurrent relational experiences at the institution...
August 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805138/corrigendum
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 14, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797194/contributions-of-early-adversity-to-pro-inflammatory-phenotype-in-infancy-the-buffer-provided-by-attachment-security
#17
Jeffrey R Measelle, Jennifer C Ablow
Adversity early in life is associated with systemic inflammation by adolescence and beyond. At present, few studies have investigated the associations between different forms of adversity and inflammation during infancy, making it difficult to specify the origins of disease vulnerability. This study examined the association between multiple forms of early adversity - socioeconomic status disadvantage, familial stress, maternal depression, and security of attachment - and individual differences in a composite measure of pro-inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha) and the inflammatory protein C-reactive protein that were collected via saliva when (n = 49) children were 17 months old...
August 11, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753089/emerging-criteria-for-the-low-coherence-cannot-classify-category
#18
Anna Maria Speranza, Giampaolo Nicolais, Carola Maggiora Vergano, Nino Dazzi
As suggested by Main et al., to respond to the need for an adaptation of the existing Adult Attachment Interview (AAI) coding system, especially regarding the application to nonnormative samples, this study presents additional criteria that characterize the low-coherence cannot classify (CC) category. Three AAIs were selected from a sample of parents of maltreated children. All transcripts indicated a very low coherence, with no evidence of contradictory insecure discourse strategies. Moreover, global category descriptors were identified, together with specific indices of discourse characteristics and features that highlight the breakdown in reasoning and discourse experienced by the speakers...
July 28, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753087/clarifying-the-meaning-of-attachment-disorganization
#19
Howard Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714772/can-typical-us-home-visits-affect-infant-attachment-preliminary-findings-from-a-randomized-trial-of-healthy-families-durham
#20
Lisa J Berlin, Tiffany L Martoccio, Karen Appleyard Carmody, W Benjamin Goodman, Karen O'Donnell, Janis Williams, Robert A Murphy, Kenneth A Dodge
US government-funded early home visiting services are expanding significantly. The most widely implemented home visiting models target at-risk new mothers and their infants. Such home visiting programs typically aim to support infant-parent relationships; yet, such programs' effects on infant attachment quality per se are as yet untested. Given these programs' aims, and the crucial role of early attachments in human development, it is important to understand attachment processes in home visited families. The current, preliminary study examined 94 high-risk mother-infant dyads participating in a randomized evaluation of the Healthy Families Durham (HFD) home visiting program...
July 17, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
journal
journal
34864
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"