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Journal of Psychiatric Practice

Brendan D Kelly, Emmanuel Umama-Agada, Aoife Curley, Richard M Duffy, Muhammad Asghar, Jane Gilhooley
BACKGROUND: While involuntary psychiatric admission and treatment are common, little is known about what impact different diagnoses have on specific features of involuntary admission and on how involuntary status is terminated (eg, by psychiatrists or tribunals, which are independent, court-like bodies reviewing involuntary admissions). METHODS: We studied 2940 admissions, 423 (14.4%) of which were involuntary, at 3 psychiatry units covering a population of 552,019 individuals in Dublin, Ireland...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
David A Kahn
In this issue of the journal, 2 case reports are presented that illustrate explicit influences of structural brain lesions on psychiatric symptoms. In both cases, the patients had preexisting, classically diagnosed psychiatric disorders-schizophrenia in the first case and bipolar I disorder in the second case. In the first case, a 61-year-old woman with chronic paranoid schizophrenia experienced a marked reduction in psychotic symptoms after bilateral frontal strokes. In the second case, a 60-year-old man who had experienced manic and depressive episodes since his 20s developed partial complex seizures after having repeated head trauma in his 40s, with subsequent onset of chronic personality changes associated with temporal lobe epilepsy that made his psychiatric treatment a greater challenge...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Jennifer L Yehl, Cory M Klippel, Alfred T Frontera, F Andrew Kozel
Bipolar I disorder and interictal personality syndrome have many overlapping characteristics that are difficult to distinguish. There is scant literature focused on interictal personality syndrome and no case reports to date detailing patients with comorbid bipolar pathology. We describe an individual with a history of bipolar I disorder who developed right temporal lobe epilepsy after several head injuries. He subsequently exhibited symptoms consistent with interictal personality syndrome that were independent of his bipolar symptomatology...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Michael B Centorino, Glenn Catalano, Laura C Grimsich, Roula M Antoun
Strokes have been shown to result in psychiatric phenomena that can range from mood disorders to psychosis. Ablative neurosurgeries have been performed with the goal of reducing the burden of psychiatric symptoms following such cerebrovascular accidents. In this report, we review poststroke psychiatric manifestations, and then present the case of a woman with schizophrenia whose thought disorder improved following a hemorrhagic stroke. Not only did she require less medication, but her remaining symptoms were significantly less impairing than they had previously been...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Susan G Lazar, Meiram Bendat, Glen Gabbard, Kenneth Levy, Nancy McWILLIAMS, Eric M Plakun, Jonathan Shedler, Frank Yeomans
The founding members of the Coalition for Psychotherapy Parity present Clinical Necessity Guidelines for Psychotherapy, Insurance Medical Necessity and Utilization Review Protocols, and Mental Health Parity. These guidelines support access to psychotherapy as prescribed by the clinician without arbitrary limitations on duration or frequency. The authors of the guidelines first review the evidence that psychotherapy is effective, cost-effective, and often provides a cost-offset in decreased overall medical expenses, morbidity, mortality, and disability...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Zachary D Zuschlag, Jeffrey E Korte, Mark Hamner
BACKGROUND: A strong association has been shown to exist between schizophrenia and suicide; however, research examining suicidality in the prodromal phase of psychotic disorders is limited. This study aimed to meet this need by examining potential risk factors for lifetime suicide attempts in a population of individuals with attenuated psychosis syndrome (APS), as defined in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders as a condition for further study...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Susan J Wenze, Cynthia L Battle
PURPOSE: Many parents of multiples experience elevated mental health symptoms in the perinatal period. This population often presents with unique treatment needs and barriers to care; however, no tailored interventions have been developed for pregnant or postpartum mothers of multiples and/or their partners. This study involved an initial exploration of the perceived mental health treatment needs, preferences, and barriers to care in this population, as a first step toward developing such an intervention...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Amy T Peters, Sally M Weinstein, Ashley Isaia, Anna VAN Meter, Courtney A Zulauf, Amy E West
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of pediatric bipolar disorder (BD) is important for allocating appropriate treatment, but it is complicated by significant heterogeneity in symptom presentation and high rates of comorbidity. Investigating clinical subtypes of the disorder may help to clarify diagnostic boundaries and inform targeted treatment. This study used a full diagnostic instrument to examine symptom patterns among youth with BD. METHOD: Trained interviewers completed the Washington University Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia (WASH-U-KSADS) with 71 children (7 to 13 y of age) and families as part of the baseline assessment for a randomized clinical trial of Child- and Family-focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CFF-CBT) compared with treatment as usual (TAU) for pediatric BD...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Maria I Lapid, Diane McNally Forsyth, Teresa L Hegard, Emily A Jazdzewski, Jane E Clobes, Debra A Ryan, Christopher Sola, Bruce Sutor, Simon Kung
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify clinical and psychosocial factors involved in transitioning hospitalized patients receiving electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) from the inpatient to the outpatient setting and to propose an algorithm to guide clinicians with this process. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was completed for adult patients discharged from a psychiatric hospital from 2002 to 2012 who had an acute course of ECT that was initiated in the hospital and completed as an outpatient...
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
John M Oldham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Michelle Colder Carras, Ramin Mojtabai, Bernadette Cullen
OBJECTIVE: Popular media applications have been shown to benefit people with severe mental illness by facilitating communication and social support, helping patients cope with or manage symptoms, and providing a way to monitor or predict mental health states. Although many studies of technology use by individuals with severe mental illness have focused primarily on use of social media, this study provides additional information about use of Internet applications such as blogs, wikis (websites that allow collaborative editing of content and structure by users), video games, and Skype by a community psychiatry population...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
David A Kahn
In this issue of the journal, 2 case reports are presented that describe rare but serious side effects of commonly used medications. These cases illustrate dilemmas in clinical decision-making. The first describes the induction of seizures by low-dose venlafaxine in a predisposed individual, and the second describes the development of mild but significant leukopenia with sequential trials of olanzapine and risperidone. The association between a drug and a rare but potentially serious side effect in an individual patient can be difficult to determine with precision, and the decision to press ahead and try to work around the reaction, versus stopping the likely offender and finding a substitute, is a matter for seasoned clinical judgment...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Luke Sy-Cherng Woon, Chun Keat Tee, Lydia Lay Yen Gan, Kanit Tha Deang, Lai Fong Chan
Leukopenia is a known hematological side effect of atypical antipsychotics. We report a case of an antipsychotic-naive patient with schizophrenia who developed leukopenia after a single dose of olanzapine, which worsened during subsequent treatment with risperidone. Normalization of the white blood cell counts occurred within 24 hours of risperidone discontinuation. Possible synergistic mechanisms underlying olanzapine-induced and risperidone-induced leukopenia are discussed. This case highlights the challenges in identifying and managing nonclozapine antipsychotic-induced leukopenia in a susceptible patient...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Chuanzhong Ye, Megan Ninneman, Judd S Christian, Fanglin Zhang, Dominique Musselman
Venlafaxine is a selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor commonly used for the treatment of depression. Although listed as an adverse reaction, seizure activity associated with a therapeutic dose of venlafaxine has rarely been documented. A review of the literature reveals only 2 cases of venlafaxine-induced seizures, both of which were generalized tonic-clonic seizures in patients on doses at the higher end of the therapeutic range. We report the case of a 44-year-old woman undergoing antituberculosis therapy who suffered complex partial seizures after ingestion of a low therapeutic dose of venlafaxine extended release (ER)...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Eric M Plakun
This column compares a clinical perspective on the continuum of care for mental health and substance use disorders with a different perspective derived from publicly available insurance company documents and experience dealing with managed care utilization reviewers. The latter perspective tends to determine the need for access to levels of care based on the need for crisis stabilization, whereas the generally accepted clinical standard is more nuanced than the need for crisis stabilization alone. The column proposes that this discrepancy in perspectives makes a substantial contribution to disagreements between treating clinicians, such as therapists, and insurance utilization reviewers concerning the medical necessity of various requested levels of care...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Sheldon H Preskorn
This column is the fifth in a series examining the advances being made in central nervous system drug development because of advances in molecular pharmacology and an improved understanding of the neurobiology underlying disturbances in brain function including psychiatric illnesses. This column covers the special animal and human studies conducted as part of the development of suvorexant, which is the first in the class of dual orexin 1 and 2 receptor antagonists to be approved; it has an indication for the treatment of disturbances in sleep onset and maintenance...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Shian Ming Tan, Kah Foo Victor Kwok, Kelly A Zainal, Huei Yen Lee
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of cases of older onset anorexia nervosa (AN) has increased in recent years. However, the literature on late-onset AN has been inconclusive. The goal of this study was to compare late-onset with early-onset cases of AN. METHODS: Cases of AN presenting to an eating disorders treatment service were identified and the associated medical records were studied retrospectively. RESULTS: Of the 577 cases of AN that were studied, 7...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Temilola Salami, Mollie Gordon, John Coverdale, Phuong T Nguyen
Human trafficking is a major public health concern that brings about deleterious psychological consequences and sequelae. Although a number of risk and protective factors for the health consequences of human trafficking victims have been identified, there is a dearth of information in the area of treatment. Specifically, we found no articles comparing the different components of prevailing trauma treatment strategies, and the potential usefulness of these strategies in the treatment of human trafficking victims...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Mollie Gordon, Temilola Salami, John Coverdale, Phuong T Nguyen
Human trafficking is an outrageous human rights violation with potentially devastating consequences to individuals and the public health. Victims are often underrecognized and there are few guidelines for how best to identify, care for, and safely reintegrate victims back into the community. The purpose of this paper is to propose a multifaceted, interdisciplinary, and interprofessional guideline for providing care and services to human trafficking victims. Databases such as PubMed and PsycINFO were searched for papers outlining human trafficking programs with a primary psychiatric focus...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
Nuria Berrocal-Izquierdo, Miquel Bioque, Miguel Bernardo
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Cerebrovascular disease (CVD), especially in its asymptomatic forms, is relatively common in patients with serious mental illness (SMI). Nevertheless, the literature on this topic is scarce and sometimes contradictory. Antipsychotic medications, especially atypical agents, play an important role in the overall cardiovascular health of these patients. The goal of this study was to analyze the frequency of CVD in patients with and without SMI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared the frequency of CVD, including silent forms, in a group of patients without mental illness and without a history of taking antipsychotic medication, with another group of patients diagnosed with SMI who had received antipsychotic treatment...
March 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
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