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HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528269/bariatric-surgery-for-the-obese-patients-undergoing-liver-transplantation-the-case-for
#1
Anya Adair
The incidence of obesity is rising exponentially. This is having a direct impact on liver transplantation due to an increase in NAFLD disease and numbers of overweight and obese patients requiring transplantation. There is now evidence suggesting that obesity has a negative impact on both graft and patient survival. There remains an imbalance between number of donors available and patients requiring transplantation. We therefore need to ensure we make the best use of the organs available, optimizing graft and patient survival in those fortunate enough to receive an organ...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528268/optimistic-honesty-understanding-surgeon-and-patient-perspectives-on-hopeful-communication-in-pancreatic-cancer-care
#2
Kim Blakely, Paul J Karanicolas, Frances C Wright, Lesley Gotlib Conn
BACKGROUND: Prognosis conversations between surgical oncologists and patients with pancreatic cancer are critically important and challenging. Surgeons and their patients often have discrepant understandings of prognosis despite extensive conversations. Little is known about how surgeons approach prognosis conversations with these patients; patients' experiences with these conversations are also not well understood. This qualitative study sought to better understand surgeon and patient perspectives on communication in pancreatic cancer care with a view toward improvement...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528267/using-mri-to-non-invasively-and-accurately-quantify-preoperative-hepatic-steatosis
#3
Callisia N Clarke, Haesun Choi, Ping Hou, Catherine H Davis, Jingfei Ma, Asif Rashid, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Thomas A Aloia
BACKGROUND: The obesity epidemic has significantly increased the incidence and severity of hepatic steatosis in liver surgery patients and liver donors, potentially impacting postoperative liver regeneration and function. Development of a non-invasive means to quantify hepatic steatosis would facilitate selection of candidates for liver resection and transplant donation. METHODS: An IRB-approved protocol prospectively enrolled 28 patients with liver tumors requiring hepatic resection...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528266/response-to-altman-et%C3%A2-al
#4
LETTER
Wilson Petrushnko, Justin S Gundara, Philip R De Reuver, Greg O'Grady, Jaswinder S Samra, Anubhav Mittal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526400/surgeons-opinions-of-legal-practice-in-bile-duct-injury-following-cholecystectomy
#5
Alex Gordon-Weeks, Harsh Samarendra, John de Bono, Zahir Soonawalla, Michael Silva
INTRODUCTION: Litigation for bile duct injury following laparoscopic cholecystectomy places financial strain on the health service, causes significant patient morbidity and adversely affects the patient and surgeon. Claimants argue that the injury itself is evidence of negligence. METHODS: A questionnaire addressing views on BDI causation was sent to members of AUGIS working in the National Health Service, UK. Response themes and responses were compared between groups of surgeons...
May 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522378/a-comparative-study-of-risk-factors-for-pancreatic-fistula-after-pancreatoduodenectomy-or-distal-pancreatectomy
#6
James M Halle-Smith, Eduardo Vinuela, Rachel M Brown, James Hodson, Zergham Zia, Simon R Bramhall, Ravi Marudanayagam, Robert P Sutcliffe, Darius F Mirza, Paolo Muiesan, John Isaac, Keith J Roberts
BACKGROUND: Evidence associates various biometric and histological variables such as steatosis and absence of fibrosis as risk factors for post-operative pancreatic fistula (POPF) after pancreatoduodenectomy (PD). Following distal pancreatectomy (DP), the association between these factors and POPF is less clear. This study of patients, drawn from the same background population, undergoing PD or DP at a single centre is a comparative study of the risk factors for POPF after these two operations...
May 15, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499749/a-double-blinded-prospective-randomized-trial-comparing-the-effect-of-anatomic-versus-non-anatomic-resection-on-hepatocellular-carcinoma-recurrence
#7
Xiaobin Feng, Yongjie Su, Shuguo Zheng, Feng Xia, Kuansheng Ma, Jun Yan, Xiaowu Li, Wei Tang, Shuguang Wang, Ping Bie, Jiahong Dong
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of anatomic resection (AR) versus non-anatomic resection (NAR) on recurrence rates in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: Eligible patients were randomized to AR or NAR from January 2006 to July 2007 at a single center. The primary outcome was the 2-year recurrence-free survival (RFS). Secondary outcomes were postoperative complications, time to first recurrence, 1-, 3-, and 5-year RFS, and overall survival (OS)...
May 9, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495439/the-impact-of-expanded-indications-on-short-term-outcomes-for-resection-of-malignant-tumours-of-the-liver-over-a-30-year-period
#8
Daniel Azoulay, Prashant Bhangui, Gérard Pascal, Chady Salloum, Paola Andreani, Philippe Ichai, Faouzi Saliba, Chetana Lim
BACKGROUND: There are two philosophical approaches to planning liver resection for malignancy: one strives towards zero postoperative mortality by stringent selection of candidates, thus inherently limiting patients selected; the other, accepts a low yet definite postoperative mortality rate, and offers surgery to all those with potential gain in survival. The aim of this study was to retrospectively analyse an alternative and evolving strategy, and its impact on short-term outcomes. METHOD: 3118 consecutive hepatectomies performed in 2627 patients over 3 decades (1980-2011) were analysed...
May 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495438/african-americans-have-a-lower-prevalence-of-portal-vein-thrombosis-at-the-time-of-liver-transplantation
#9
Dmitri Bezinover, Ethan Reeder, Faisal Aziz, Fuat Saner, Patrick McQuillan, Zakiyah Kadry, Thomas Riley, Dmitri Guvakov, Piotr K Janicki
BACKGROUND: Perioperative vascular thrombotic events in patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. METHODS: In this retrospective UNOS database analysis, we evaluated the prevalence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) and factors contributing to PVT development in different ethnic groups. RESULTS: Of the 47 953 LT performed between 2002 and 2015, we identified 3642 cases of PVT. African Americans (AA) had a significantly lower prevalence of PVT compared to other ethnic groups (p = 0...
May 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495437/case-controlled-study-comparing-peri-operative-and-cancer-related-outcomes-after-major-hepatectomy-and-parenchymal-sparing-hepatectomy-for-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#10
Jeffrey T Lordan, John K Roberts, James Hodson, John Isaac, Paolo Muiesan, Darius F Mirza, Ravi Marudanayagam, Robert P Sutcliffe
INTRODUCTION: Liver resection is potentially curative in selected patients with colorectal liver metastases (CLM). There has been a trend towards parenchyma sparing hepatectomy (PSH) rather than major hepatectomy (MH) due to lower perioperative morbidity. Although data from retrospective series suggest that long-term survival after PSM are similar to MH, these reports may be subject to selection bias. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of PSH and MH in a case-controlled study...
May 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495436/factors-relevant-to-persistent-upper-abdominal-pain-after-cholecystectomy
#11
Jing Zhang, Qiang Lu, Yi-Fan Ren, Jian Dong, Yi-Ping Mu, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Cholecystectomy is a routine procedure for treatment of upper abdominal pain (UAP) and other atypical symptoms associated with gallstones. UAP, however, persists in some cases postoperatively. The present study was to identify the risk factors relevant to persistent UAP after cholecystectomy. METHODS: 1714 symptomatic patients undergoing cholecystectomy for gallstones were enrolled. All the patients were asked to complete a biliary symptom questionnaire...
May 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495435/validation-of-clinical-risk-score-for-colorectal-liver-metastases-resected-in-a-contemporary-multicenter-cohort
#12
Paul Beamish, Madeline Lemke, Jennifer Li, Elijah Dixon, Mauro T Abraham, Roberto Hernandez Alejandro, Sean Bennett, Guillaume Martel, Paul J Karanicolas
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in care for colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) have lengthened 5-year survival. In this new era, prognostic tools such as the clinical risk score (CRS) for colorectal liver metastases require reevaluation. METHODS: Patients undergoing resection for CRLM between 2008 and 2012 at 4 specialty hepatobiliary centers in Canada (N = 740) were stratified by CRS and analyzed in Kaplan-Meier survival curves. Primary outcome of overall survival (OS) and secondary outcome of recurrence-free survival (RFS)...
May 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495434/patterns-of-recurrence-and-long-term-outcomes-in-patients-who-underwent-pancreatectomy-for-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasms-with-high-grade-dysplasia-implications-for-surveillance-and-future-management-guidelines
#13
Aaron U Blackham, Matthew P Doepker, Barbara A Centeno, Gregory Springett, Jose M Pimiento, Mokenge Malafa, Pamela J Hodul
BACKGROUND: While intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms (IPMNs) with high-grade dysplasia (HGD) are thought to represent non-invasive, high-risk lesions, its natural history following resection is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of HGD-IPMN patients (1999-2015) was performed. Recurrence patterns and clinical outcomes following pancreatectomy were analyzed and the indications for surgery were explored based on current guidelines. RESULTS: HGD was diagnosed in 100 of 314 patients (32%) following pancreatectomy for IPMN...
May 8, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479010/prognostic-value-of-combined-preoperative-prognostic-nutritional-index-and-body-mass-index-in-hcc-after-hepatectomy
#14
Fei Ji, Yao Liang, Shunjun Fu, Dubo Chen, XiuQin Cai, Shaoqiang Li, Baogang Peng, Lijian Liang, Yunpeng Hua
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition and immunological status are associated with survival in many cancers. Prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and body mass index (BMI) are recognized immune-nutritional indices and associated with postoperative outcome in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients. However, this association is still controversial. Our aim was to determine whether the combination of PNI and BMI is better than either alone in HCC patients' prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Preoperative PNI and BMI, patient demographics, clinical and pathological data from 322 HCC patients were collected and analyzed...
May 3, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28465090/factors-associated-with-fatal-liver-failure-after-extended-hepatectomy
#15
Stéphanie Truant, Mehdi El Amrani, Cécile Skrzypczyk, Emmanuel Boleslawski, Géraldine Sergent, Mohamed Hebbar, Sébastien Dharancy, François-René Pruvot
BACKGROUND: Posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is the leading cause of posthepatectomy mortality. This study aimed to revisit the etiology and pattern of PHLF and its role in posthepatectomy morbidity and mortality. METHODS: The pattern and etiology of PHLF and subsequent morbidity and mortality were analysed in the subgroup of patients without cirrhosis undergoing an extended hepatectomy (≥4 segments) over a 5 year period. PHLF was defined using ISGLS criteria and/or 50-50 and/or peak serum bilirubin >7 mg/dl...
April 29, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438427/systematic-review-of-perioperative-and-survival-outcomes-of-liver-resections-with-and-without-preoperative-portal-vein-embolization-for-colorectal-metastases
#16
REVIEW
Natasha Ironside, Richard Bell, Adam Bartlett, John McCall, James Powell, Sanjay Pandanaboyana
BACKGROUND: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate perioperative and long term outcomes in patients who underwent PVE prior to liver resection for colorectal liver metastases. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase and the Cochrane library was performed in accordance with PRISMA guidelines. Studies including patients who underwent liver resection with and without PVE (N-PVE) were included. RESULTS: Thirteen studies including 1345 were included of which 539 patients had PVE and 806 had N-PVE...
April 21, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438426/importance-of-the-distinction-between-quality-of-methodology-and-quality-of-reporting
#17
LETTER
Douglas G Altman, Willi Sauerbrei, Lisa M McShane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 21, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433254/does-adjuvant-therapy-improve-overall-survival-for-stage-ia-b-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#18
Katherine T Ostapoff, Emmanuel Gabriel, Kristopher Attwood, Boris W Kuvshinoff, Steven J Nurkin, Steven N Hochwald
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines recommend adjuvant chemotherapy for resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, no studies have addressed its survival benefit for stage I patients as they comprise <10% of PDAC. METHODS: Using the NCDB 2006-2012, resected PDAC patients with stage I disease who received adjuvant therapy (chemotherapy or chemoradiation) were analyzed. Factors associated with overall survival (OS) were identified. RESULTS: 3909 patients with resected stage IA or IB PDAC were identified...
April 19, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427830/liver-transplantation-for-hereditary-hemorrhagic-telangiectasia-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Emanuele Felli, Pietro Addeo, François Faitot, Gennaro Nappo, Constantin Oncioiu, Philippe Bachellier
AIM: To evaluate the indications, timing and results of liver transplantation in patients affected by hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), by undertaking a systematic review of the current literature. METHODS: Electronic bibliographical databases were searched on MEDLINE and Pubmed according to the PRISMA criteria. A total of 58 articles were initially found, 11 have been excluded because of single center series later included in the European Liver transplant Registry (ELTR), already reported in this study...
April 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427829/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-hepatic-resection-versus-transarterial-chemoembolization-for-solitary-large-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
REVIEW
Claire L Stevens, Andrew Awad, Saleh M Abbas, David A K Watters
BACKGROUND: Surgical techniques and pre-operative patient evaluation have improved since the initial development of the Barcelona clinic liver cancer staging system. The optimal treatment for solitary hepatocellular carcinoma ≥5 cm remains unclear. The aim of this study was to review the long-term survival outcomes of hepatic resection versus transarterial chemoembolisation (TACE) for solitary large tumours. METHODS: EMBASE, MEDLINE, Pubmed and the Cochrane database were searched for studies comparing resection with TACE for solitary HCC ≥5 cm...
April 17, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
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