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Paediatric Respiratory Reviews

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258885/systematic-review-of-instruments-aimed-at-evaluating-the-severity-of-bronchiolitis
#1
REVIEW
Carlos E Rodriguez-Martinez, Monica P Sossa-Briceño, Gustavo Nino
OBJECTIVE: No recent studies have performed a systematic review of all available instruments aimed at evaluating the severity of bronchiolitis. The objective of the present study was to perform a systematic review of instruments aimed at evaluating the severity of bronchiolitis and to evaluate their measurement properties. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature was performed in order to identify studies in which an instrument for evaluating the severity of bronchiolitis was described...
February 15, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283301/can-we-trust-what-parents-tell-us-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Paul L P Brand, Sandra van Dulmen
Taking a history is a key diagnostic instrument in paediatric consultations. Numerous issues potentially reduce the history's reliability. Therefore, paediatricians have always expressed ambivalence regarding history taking from parents, both valuing and distrusting it. In this review, we describe how parents build and present a description of their child's health issues in the conceptual framework of self-regulation theory. We performed a systematic review on the literature on the reliability of history taking...
February 9, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209474/daytime-sleepiness-in-children-when-a-quiet-child-is-not-necessarily-a-good-thing
#3
EDITORIAL
Carole L Marcus
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159510/immune-and-inflammatory-response-in-bronchiolitis-due-to-respiratory-syncytial-virus-and-rhinovirus-infections-in-infants
#4
REVIEW
Silvia Vandini, Elisabetta Calamelli, Giacomo Faldella, Marcello Lanari
Bronchiolitis is a common disease in infancy, mostly due to Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Rhinovirus. In addition to acute infection, viral bronchiolitis is responsible for sequelae including recurrent wheezing and asthma. The analysis of the viral characteristics and of the pathogenesis of the infection shows differences between the two viruses that may be helpful for the development of therapies and preventive strategies.
January 16, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185814/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-pulmonary-hypertension-in-children
#5
REVIEW
David G Ingram, Alvin V Singh, Zarmina Ehsan, Brian F Birnbaum
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a common pediatric breathing disorder, affecting 1-5% of all children. Pulmonary hypertension (PH), a severe complication of OSA, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Despite this important relationship between OSA and PH, there is sparse literature addressing this subject in children. This review will examine the putative relationship between OSA and PH, synthesize the available literature in children, and suggest a reasonable approach, despite limited data, for clinicians...
January 11, 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237418/micrornas-in-lung-development-and-disease
#6
REVIEW
Dustin Ameis, Naghmeh Khoshgoo, Barbara M Iwasiow, Phillip Snarr, Richard Keijzer
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small (∼22 nucleotides), non-coding RNA molecules that regulate gene expression post-transcriptionally by inhibiting target mRNAs. Research into the roles of miRNAs in lung development and disease is at the early stages. In this review, we discuss the role of miRNAs in pediatric respiratory disease, including cystic fibrosis, asthma, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia.
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139427/tobacco-vaccine-preventable-diseases-and-malnutrition-more-to-be-done-to-prevent-respiratory-disease
#7
EDITORIAL
Dominic A Fitzgerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029591/cardiorespiratory-interactions-in-paediatrics-it-s-almost-always-the-circulation-stupid
#8
REVIEW
M L Rigby, M Rosenthal
The interaction of the heart and lungs is probably the most important aspect of life and survival. Fortunately, it is not difficult to understand the fundamentals. The purpose of the lungs and their ventilation is to present oxygen to the circulation via the alveoli and to receive carbon dioxide from the circulation and then expel it. The relations of the heart and lungs and the matching of blood flow to the various organs with ventilation and lung perfusion may be disrupted by a variety of congenital or acquired heart malformations...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27964951/topical-cystic-fibrosis-transmembrane-conductance-regulator-gene-replacement-for-cystic-fibrosis-related-lung-disease
#9
L A Perry, J C Penny-Dimri, A A Aslam, T W Lee, K W Southern
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843119/potential-nutrients-for-preventing-or-treating-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia
#10
REVIEW
Liya Ma, Ping Zhou, Josef Neu, Hung-Chih Lin
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a frequent complication occurring in extremely preterm infants. Despite recent advances in newborn medicine, the incidence of BPD does not appear to have changed markedly, and specific treatments and prevention strategies are still lacking. Nutrition plays an important role in normal lung development and maturation. Malnutrition may delay somatic growth and new alveoli development, thus aggravating pulmonary injury involved in the pathogenesis of BPD. However, few nutrients have been investigated for their potential to mitigate the pathogenesis of BPD...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27839656/respiratory-complications-in-children-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
H-L Tan, D S Urquhart
Prader Willi syndrome, resulting from the partial deletion or lack of expression of a region of genes on the paternal chromosome 15, has a number of phenotypic features which predispose affected patients to ventilatory problems. These include generalised hypotonia, abnormal arousal and ventilatory responses to hypoxia and hypercapnia, scoliosis and frequently, obesity. The spectrum of the resulting respiratory complications thus runs from sleep disordered breathing, to aspiration and respiratory functional impairment...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818068/relation-between-asthma-and-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-is-the-association-causal
#12
REVIEW
Jose A Castro-Rodriguez, Pablo E Brockmann, Carole L Marcus
Over the last few decades, asthma and sleep disordered breathing (SDB) in children have experienced similar increases in prevalence, and have both been shown to have airway inflammation, leading investigators to postulate an association between asthma and SDB. However, whether this relationship is causal or not needs to be proven. In this manuscript, we use the most widely accepted epidemiologic criteria for causality, the Bradford Hill criteria, to test step-by-step whether the relation between asthma and SBD in children is causal or not...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793738/interventions-to-prevent-respiratory-diseases-nutrition-and-the-developing-world
#13
REVIEW
Tasneem Karim, Mohammad Muhit, Gulam Khandaker
Malnutrition is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries and nutrition plays a critical role in both acute and chronic respiratory conditions. Inadequacies in the nutritional requirements of a developing lung in utero and in early life can compromise the respiratory system integrity and result in poor lung function, reduced protection against infections, greater likelihood of acute illnesses in childhood and chronic illness in adulthood. Nutritional interventions harness great potential in reducing respiratory illness related morbidity and mortality in the developing world...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746158/physical-activity-outcomes-following-preterm-birth
#14
REVIEW
John Lowe, Michael Cousins, Sarah J Kotecha, Sailesh Kotecha
Physical activity (PA) is an important mediator of health and disease. Many correlates may play an important role in explaining differences in PA between populations; however, the role of birth outcomes such as prematurity on levels of PA is relatively poorly represented in the literature. Children born preterm may be at risk for reduced levels of PA as they have increased respiratory symptoms as well as decrements in lung function and exercise capacity. Emerging evidence suggests that the effects are prevalent across the whole range of gestational age...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743958/maternal-obesity-and-childhood-wheezing-and-asthma
#15
REVIEW
Franca Rusconi, Maja Popovic
Obesity represents one of the major public health problems worldwide, with an increased prevalence also among women of reproductive age. Maternal pre-pregnancy overweight and obesity are important risk factors for a number of maternal and foetal/neonatal complications. The objective of this review is to provide an overview of the most recent evidence regarding the associations between pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity and wheezing and asthma in childhood. Potential mechanisms, mediators and confounding factors involved in these associations are also discussed...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245407/slipping-rib-syndrome-an-elusive-diagnosis
#16
REVIEW
Nelson L Turcios
Slipping rib syndrome remains rarely recognized and frequently undiagnosed or misdiagnosed. Awareness of this condition may prevent extensive and unnecessary diagnostic evaluation and avoid chronic debilitating pain. Persistent lower chest and/or upper abdomen pain after analgesic treatment may suggest the possibility of this disorder. The diagnosis of this syndrome, is a clinical one, based on history and the hooking maneuver. A few cases have been published in the literature, giving no clear consensus about the treatment of this condition...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237408/question-9-what-is-the-role-for-bronchoscopy-and-bronchoalveolar-lavage-in-cystic-fibrosis
#17
REVIEW
Dominic A Fitzgerald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26482273/reducing-tobacco-smoking-and-smoke-exposure-to-prevent-preterm-birth-and-its-complications
#18
REVIEW
Mary-Ann Wagijo, Aziz Sheikh, Liesbeth Duijts, Jasper V Been
Tobacco smoking and smoke exposure during pregnancy are associated with a range of adverse health outcomes, including preterm birth. Also, children born preterm have a higher risk of complications including bronchopulmonary dysplasia and asthma when their mothers smoked during pregnancy. Smoking cessation in early pregnancy can help reduce the adverse impact on offspring health. Counselling interventions are effective in promoting smoking cessation and reducing the incidence of preterm birth. Peer support and incentive-based approaches are likely to be of additional benefit, whereas the effectiveness of pharmacological interventions, including nicotine replacement therapy, has not definitely been established...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26364006/vaccines-to-prevent-pneumonia-in-children-a-developing-country-perspective
#19
REVIEW
Jacquie N Oliwa, Ben J Marais
Pneumonia accounted for 15% of the 6.3 million deaths among children younger than five years in 2013, a total of approximately 935,000 deaths worldwide. Routine vaccination against common childhood illnesses has been identified as one of the most cost-effective strategies to prevent death from pneumonia. Vaccine-preventable or potentially preventable diseases commonly linked with respiratory tract infections include Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenza type-b (Hib), pertussis, influenza, measles, and tuberculosis...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26187717/smoking-cessation-in-adolescents-targeted-approaches-that-work
#20
REVIEW
Susan Towns, Joseph R DiFranza, Geshani Jayasuriya, Tracey Marshall, Smita Shah
Smoking Cessation in adolescents can be considered in a developmental context to enable the clinician to individualise the appropriate assessment and management of the young person they are seeing whether it is in a primary or tertiary care setting. Adolescence is a time of rapid neurocognitive and hormonal change with these factors affected by personality and behavioural factors as well as family, cultural and psychosocial context. Adolescents are uniquely vulnerable to smoking initiation and nicotine addiction throughout these years...
March 2017: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
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