journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522255/sustainability-of-community-led-total-sanitation-outcomes-evidence-from-ethiopia-and-ghana
#1
Jonny Crocker, Darren Saywell, Jamie Bartram
We conducted a study to evaluate the sustainability of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) outcomes in Ethiopia and Ghana. Plan International, with local actors, implemented four CLTS interventions from 2012 to 2014: health extension worker-facilitated CLTS and teacher-facilitated CLTS in Ethiopia, and NGO-facilitated CLTS with and without training for natural leaders in Ghana. We previously evaluated these interventions using survey data collected immediately after implementation ended, and concluded that in Ethiopia health extension workers were more effective facilitators than teachers, and that in Ghana training natural leaders improved CLTS outcomes...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506523/integration-of-population-census-and-water-point-mapping-data-a-case-study-of-cambodia-liberia-and-tanzania
#2
Weiyu Yu, Nicola A Wardrop, Robert Bain, Jim A Wright
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 has expanded the Millennium Development Goals' focus from improved drinking-water to safely managed water services. This expanded focus to include issues such as water quality requires richer monitoring data and potentially integration of datasets from different sources. Relevant data sets include water point mapping (WPM), the survey of boreholes, wells and other water points, census and household survey data. This study examined inconsistencies between population census and WPM datasets for Cambodia, Liberia and Tanzania, and identified potential barriers to integrating the two datasets to meet monitoring needs...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501484/response-to-letter-to-the-editor
#3
LETTER
Simone Scheithauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479080/behind-the-figures-high-active-tuberculosis-cases-among-eritrean-asylum-seekers-in-germany
#4
LETTER
Merhawi T Gebrezgi, Adriana Jimenez, Gladys E Ibanez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457892/exposure-sources-and-their-relative-contributions-to-urinary-phthalate-metabolites-among-children-in-taiwan
#5
Chu-Chih Chen, Yin-Han Wang, Shu-Li Wang, Po-Chin Huang, Shu-Chun Chuang, Mei-Huei Chen, Bai-Hsiun Chen, Chien-Wen Sun, Hsiao-Chun Fu, Ching-Chang Lee, Ming-Tsang Wu, Mei-Lien Chen, Chao A Hsiung
Phthalate exposure is omnipresent and known to have developmental and reproductive effects in children. The aim of this study was to determine the phthalate exposure sources and their relative contributions among children in Taiwan. During the first wave of the Risk Assessment of Phthalate Incident in Taiwan (RAPIT), in 2012, we measured 8 urinary phthalate metabolites in 226 children aged 1-11 years old and in 181 children from the same cohort for the wave 2 study in 2014. A two-stage statistical analysis approach was adopted...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456381/high-prevalence-and-moderate-diversity-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-the-u-bends-of-high-risk-units-in-hospital
#6
Amélie Varin, Benoît Valot, Pascal Cholley, Camille Morel, Michelle Thouverez, Didier Hocquet, Xavier Bertrand
The presence of P. aeruginosa in water supply is clearly identified as a risk factor for P. aeruginosa infection in critical care units, even if routes of transmission are often unclear and remain a matter of debate. We determined here the frequency of U-bends contaminated with P. aeruginosa in high-risk units and described the population structure of this opportunistic pathogen in a non-outbreak situation. Eighty-seven U-bends from sinks of rooms in five wards were sampled 3 times and P. aeruginosa was detected in 121 of the 261 (46...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457891/a-comparison-of-parallel-dust-and-fibre-measurements-of-airborne-chrysotile-asbestos-in-a-large-mine-and-processing-factories-in-the-russian-federation
#7
Eleonora Feletto, Sara J Schonfeld, Evgeny V Kovalevskiy, Igor V Bukhtiyarov, Sergey V Kashanskiy, Monika Moissonnier, Kurt Straif, Joachim Schüz, Hans Kromhout
INTRODUCTION: Historic dust concentrations are available in a large-scale cohort study of workers in a chrysotile mine and processing factories in Asbest, Russian Federation. Parallel dust (gravimetric) and fibre (phase-contrast optical microscopy) concentrations collected in 1995, 2007 and 2013/14 were used to determine if dust to fibre conversion factors can be estimated. MATERIALS/SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Daily medians of multiple parallel dust and fibre concentrations by sampling points were used to derive fibre to dust ratios...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420543/serum-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-and-prostate-cancer-risk-a-case-cohort-study
#8
Jung-Eun Lim, Chungmo Nam, Jiyeon Yang, Koon Ho Rha, Kyung-Min Lim, Sun Ha Jee
It is still unclear whether persistent organic pollutants (POPs) exposure increases the prostate cancer incidence risk. This prospective cohort study evaluated the associations between serum POPs concentrations and prostate cancer risk. Within a case-cohort study, we identified 110 people diagnosed with prostate cancer and randomly selected 256 sub-cohort participants without prostate cancer. Serum concentrations of 32 polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) congeners and 19 organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were measured...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433639/optimization-of-atrazine-and-imidacloprid-removal-from-water-using-biochars-designing-single-or-multi-staged-batch-adsorption-systems
#9
Abhishek Mandal, Neera Singh
BACKGROUND: Contamination of surface and ground water by pesticides from agricultural runoff and industrial discharge is one of the main causes of aqueous contaminations world over. Biochar, agricultural waste derived highly aromatic substance produced after pyrolysis and carbonification of biomass have exhibited good adsorption capacity for pesticides and can be used to develop on-site bio-purification systems for organic contaminant removal from polluted waters. However, high amounts of adsorbent required in single stage-batch sorption plant increases the cost of water treatment; therefore, multistage plant systems were investigated...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411064/health-benefits-of-a-reduction-of-pm10-and-no2-exposure-after-implementing-a-clean-air-plan-in-the-agglomeration-lausanne-morges
#10
Alberto Castro, Nino Künzli, Thomas Götschi
Exposure to urban air pollution has been associated with adverse effects on cardio-vascular and respiratory health, both short and long term. Consequently, governments have applied policies to reduce air pollution. Quantitative health impact assessments of hypothetic changes in air pollution have been conducted at national and global level, but assessments of observed air pollution changes associated with specific clean air policies at a local or regional scale remain scarce. This study estimates health impacts attributable to a decrease in PM10 and NO2 exposure in the Agglomeration of Lausanne-Morges (ALM), Switzerland, between 2005 and 2015, corresponding to the implementation period of a supra-municipal plan of measures to reduce air pollution in different sectors such as transport, energy, and industry (called Plan OPair 05)...
April 5, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392402/does-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-increase-sensitivity-to-ammonia-exposure
#11
Marlene Pacharra, Stefan Kleinbeck, Michael Schäper, Meinolf Blaszkewicz, Klaus Golka, Christoph van Thriel
Allergic inflammation in the upper airways represents a wide-spread health issue: Little is known about whether it increases sensitivity to airborne chemicals thereby challenging established exposure limits that neglect such differences in susceptibility. To investigate the role of pre-existing allergic inflammation, 19 subjects with seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR) and 18 control subjects with low risk of sensitization were exposed for 4h to ammonia in two concentrations (cross-over design): 2.5ppm (odor threshold) and 0-40ppm (occupational exposure limit: 20ppm TWA)...
April 2, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416464/microbiological-quality-of-water-in-a-city-with-persistent-and-recurrent-waterborne-diseases-under-tropical-sub-rural-conditions-the-case-of-kikwit-city-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#12
Alexis B Nienie, Periyasamy Sivalingam, Amandine Laffite, Patience Ngelinkoto, Jean-Paul Otamonga, Alphonse Matand, Crispin K Mulaji, Emmanuel M Biey, Pius T Mpiana, John Poté
The availability of safe drinking water in sub-Saharan countries remains a major challenge because poor sanitation has been the cause of various outbreaks of waterborne disease due to the poor microbiological quality of water used for domestic purposes. The faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) used in the present study included Escherichia coli (E. coli) and Enterococcus (ENT). FIB and aerobic mesophilic bacteria (AMB) were quantified during July 2015 (dry season) and November 2015 (rainy season) in order to assess the quality of drinking water from wells (n=3; P1-P3), and two rivers, the River Lukemi (RLK, n=3) and River Luini (RLN, n=2) in the city of Kikwit, which is located in the province of Kwilu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416465/15-years-of-monitoring-occupational-exposure-to-respirable-dust-and-quartz-within-the-european-industrial-minerals-sector
#13
Hicham Zilaout, Jelle Vlaanderen, Remko Houba, Hans Kromhout
INTRODUCTION: In 2000, a prospective Dust Monitoring Program (DMP) was started in which measurements of worker's exposure to respirable dust and quartz are collected in member companies from the European Industrial Minerals Association (IMA-Europe). After 15 years, the resulting IMA-DMP database allows a detailed overview of exposure levels of respirable dust and quartz over time within this industrial sector. Our aim is to describe the IMA-DMP and the current state of the corresponding database which due to continuation of the IMA-DMP is still growing...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392401/toxicoanthropology-phthalate-exposure-in-relation-to-market-access-in-a-remote-forager-horticulturalist-population
#14
Marissa Sobolewski, Bernard Weiss, Melanie Martin, Michael Gurven, Emily Barrett
Phthalates are a class of plasticizing chemicals produced in high volume and widely found in consumer products. Evidence suggests that phthalates may have non-monotonic effects on reproductive hormone activity. With exposure to phthalates virtually ubiquitous among industrialized populations, identifying unexposed and/or minimally exposed human populations is essential for understanding the effects of low level exposures. Our primary objective was to quantify urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations in the Tsimane', a remote population of Bolivian forager-horticulturalists...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372941/antineoplastic-drug-residues-inside-homes-of-chemotherapy-patients
#15
Antje Böhlandt, Yulia Sverdel, Rudolf Schierl
Chemotherapy treatment of cancer patients has shifted from inpatient to outpatient administration. Thus, family members are potentially exposed to cytotoxic drug residues from patients' excretions inside their homes. The study's aim was to evaluate the surface contamination and the potential uptake of antineoplastic drug residues by family members at home of chemotherapy patients. Overall, 265 wipe samples from 13 homes were taken at two times after chemotherapy from different surfaces (toilet, bathroom, kitchen)...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377209/editorial-8th-international-water-and-health-seminar
#16
EDITORIAL
Mats Leifels, Caroline Delaire
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396010/analysis-of-the-variability-of-the-pharmacokinetics-of-multiple-drugs-in-young-adult-and-elderly-subjects-and-its-implications-for-acceptable-daily-exposures-and-cleaning-validation-limits
#17
REVIEW
Anthony J Streeter, Ellen C Faria
The elderly constitute a significant, potentially sensitive, subpopulation within the general population, which must be taken into account when performing risk assessments including determining an acceptable daily exposure (ADE) for the purpose of a cleaning validation. Known differences in the pharmacokinetics of drugs between young adults (who are typically the subjects recruited into clinical trials) and the elderly are potential contributors affecting the interindividual uncertainty factor (UFH) component of the ADE calculation...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460996/water-borne-protozoa-parasites-the-latin-american-perspective
#18
REVIEW
Félix Manuel Rosado-García, Milena Guerrero-Flórez, Gabriele Karanis, María Del Carmen Hinojosa, Panagiotis Karanis
Health systems, sanitation and water access have certain limitations in nations of Latin America (LA): typical matters of developing countries. Water is often contaminated and therefore unhealthy for the consumers and users. Information on prevalence and detection of waterborne parasitic protozoa are limited or not available in LA. Only few reports have documented in this field during the last forty years and Brazil leads the list, including countries in South America and Mexico within Central America region and Caribbean islands...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372942/human-biomonitoring-reference-values-derived-for-persistent-organic-pollutants-in-blood-plasma-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey-2007-2011
#19
Douglas A Haines, Cheryl Khoury, Gurusankar Saravanabhavan, Kate Werry, Mike Walker, Morie Malowany
Nationally representative human biomonitoring data on persistent organic pollutants (POPs) including organochlorine pesticides (OCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) are available through the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). We have used a systematic approach building on the reference interval concept proposed by the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry to derive human biomonitoring reference values (RV95s) for selected POPs in blood plasma in the general Canadian population...
March 18, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336442/total-coliform-and-e-coli-in-public-water-systems-using-undisinfected-ground-water-in-the-united-states
#20
Michael J Messner, Philip Berger, Julie Javier
Public water systems (PWSs) in the United States generate total coliform (TC) and Escherichia coli (EC) monitoring data, as required by the Total Coliform Rule (TCR). We analyzed data generated in 2011 by approximately 38,000 small (serving fewer than 4101 individuals) undisinfected public water systems (PWSs). We used statistical modeling to characterize a distribution of TC detection probabilities for each of nine groupings of PWSs based on system type (community, non-transient non-community, and transient non-community) and population served (less than 101, 101-1000 and 1001-4100 people)...
March 14, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
journal
journal
34835
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"