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International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

Jaymie R Meliker, Caterina Vacchi-Suzzi, James Harrington, Keith Levine, Li-Yung Lui, Douglas C Bauer, Eric Orwoll, Deborah M Kado
OBJECTIVES: There is growing evidence that urine cadmium is a temporally stable biomarker indicative of long-term cadmium exposure; however questions remain with regard to generalizability to older persons, the impact of changes in smoking behavior, and the degree of temporal stability when repeat sample collection spans years instead of weeks or months. METHODS: Using archived samples from cohorts of older men (Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS-US)) and women (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF)) (mean age = 80 at study visit 2), we analyzed two morning urine samples each from 39 men and 18 women with a diverse self-reported smoking history...
November 3, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Morgan N Caridi, Michael J Humann, Xiaoming Liang, Feng-Chiao Su, Aleksandr B Stefaniak, Ryan F LeBouf, Marcia L Stanton, M Abbas Virji, Paul K Henneberger
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested an association of asthma onset and exacerbation with cleaning and disinfecting activities in a number of industries, including healthcare. The objective of the current study was to investigate the association of asthma and related outcomes with occupations and tasks in urban healthcare workers in the United States. METHODS: A questionnaire was implemented in a sample of workers from nine healthcare occupations in New York City...
October 13, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Julianna Berthe Leijssen, Marieke Brigitte Snijder, Erik Johan Timmermans, Ellen Generaal, Karien Stronks, Anton Eduard Kunst
BACKGROUND: Although there is growing evidence that depressed mood is affected by road traffic noise, previous results are not fully consistent. Furthermore, to our knowledge, no previous research has assessed ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities in the association of noise exposure with depressed mood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between road traffic noise with depressed mood and to determine to what extent this association varies between ethnic and socioeconomic groups...
October 10, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Mònica Guxens, Roel Vermeulen, Ilona Steenkamer, Johan Beekhuizen, Tanja G M Vrijkotte, Hans Kromhout, Anke Huss
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the exposure of young children to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) and potentially associated health effects. We assessed the relationship of RF-EMF exposure from different sources and screen time exposure with emotional and behavioural problems in 5-year-old children. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including 3102 children aged 5 years from the Amsterdam Born Children and their Development (ABCD) study, in the Netherlands...
October 9, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Symielle A Gaston, Nicolle S Tulve
OBJECTIVE: There is limited research on the association between phthalates and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Among adolescents, phthalate exposure, which can occur from multiple sources, has been linked to several risk factors for MetS. The objective was to investigate the association between urinary phthalate metabolite concentrations (i.e., mono-ethyl phthalate (MEP), mono-n-butyl phthalate (MnBP), mono-isobutyl phthalate (MiBP), mono-benzyl phthalate (MBzP), mono-(3-carboxylpropyl) phthalate (MCPP), and di(2-ethylhexyl phthalate (DEHP)) and MetS in adolescents aged 12-19 years using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data (2003-2014)...
October 5, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Alison Connolly, Kate Jones, Ioannis Basinas, Karen S Galea, Laura Kenny, Padraic McGowan, Marie A Coggins
BACKGROUND: The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) has recently classified glyphosate as a Group 2A 'probably carcinogenic to humans'. Due to this carcinogenic classification and resulting international debate, there is an increased demand for studies evaluating human health effects from glyphosate exposures. There is currently limited information on human exposures to glyphosate and a paucity of data regarding glyphosate's biological half-life in humans. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to estimate the human half-life of glyphosate from human urine samples collected from amenity horticulture workers using glyphosate based pesticide products...
October 4, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Krista Y Christensen, Michelle Raymond, Jon Meiman
BACKGROUND: Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a class of contaminants used in many industrial applications and consumer products. Certain PFAS are regulated or voluntarily limited due to concern about environmental persistence and adverse health effects. OBJECTIVES: In this analysis we examine PFAS levels and their association with metabolic syndrome and its components, using a representative sample of the U.S. POPULATION: <AbstractText Label="METHODS" NlmCategory="METHODS">Data on PFAS levels and metabolic syndrome components were collected from the 2007-2008, 2009-2010, 2011-2012, and 2013-2014 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
October 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Geneviève Van Maele-Fabry, Laurence Gamet-Payrastre, Dominique Lison
BACKGROUND: The role that pesticides in the domestic environment might play in the etiology of childhood leukemia remains a subject of controversy. Recent studies often reached inconsistent conclusions. OBJECTIVE: To update our earlier systematic review on the association between residential/household/domestic exposure to pesticides and childhood leukemia, and to explore potential sources of heterogeneity not previously assessed. METHODS: A systematic search of studies published in English between January 2009 and June 2018 was conducted in MEDLINE, and a "snowball searching" was performed from the reference list of identified publications and from Web of Science citations...
September 26, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Claire Masson, Constance Minebois, Catherine Braux, Isabelle Pelloux, Leïla Marcus, Valérie Belin, Fabrice Cneude, Béatrice Prillard, Thierry Debillon, Caroline Landelle, Marie Reine Mallaret
This study analyzes the bacteriological quality of breast milk samples destined to direct milk donation to preterm infants under 34 Gestational Weeks (GW) hospitalized in a neonatology and a neonatal intensive care unit of a French university hospital. All samples of breast milk destined to direct milk donation between April 2007 and December 2016 were included. A sample was defined as compliant if its total flora was less than 106 Colony Forming Units per milliliter (CFU/mL) and in the absence of Staphylococcus aureus and other pathogens...
September 25, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Carmen Anthonj, Bernd Diekkrüger, Christian Borgemeister, Thomas Kistemann
BACKGROUND: Risk perceptions have the potential of motivating and shaping health-related behaviour, i.e. the application of protective health measures. They may reduce or accelerate the risk and exposure to diseases and are therefore valuable, particularly in environments such as wetlands that entail multiple risk factors exposing humans to disease-causing infectious agents. METHODS: We assessed the risk perceptions towards infectious disease exposure in the Kenyan Ewaso Narok Swamp and evaluated whether the perceived risks reflect the actual risk factors...
September 24, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Chunzhe Duan, Evelyn Talbott, Maria Brooks, Sung Kyun Park, Rachel Broadwin, Karen Matthews, Emma Barinas-Mitchell
INTRODUCTION: Effects of more than one-year exposure to air pollution on atherosclerosis is seldom studied. This paper aims to examine the association between five-year exposure to particulate matter ≤2.5 μm (PM2.5 ), ozone (O3 ) and atherosclerosis observed about seven years later in late midlife women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted among 1188 women of the Study of Women's Health Across the Nation (SWAN) from five sites, Detroit, MI; Oakland, CA; Pittsburgh, PA; Chicago, IL; and Newark, NJ, with available data on both air pollutant exposure and carotid ultrasound scans...
September 17, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Nicolas Beauval, Marie Verrièle, Anne Garat, Isabelle Fronval, Romain Dusautoir, Sébastien Anthérieu, Guillaume Garçon, Jean-Marc Lo-Guidice, Delphine Allorge, Nadine Locoge
Owing to their harmful effects on human health, the presence of carbonyl compounds in e-cigarette aerosols raises concerns. To date, the reported concentration levels in e-vapors vary greatly between studies and several factors that markedly influence carbonyl emission during vaping have been highlighted including the heating temperature, the power supply, the device architecture, the filling level of the tank and the main e-liquid constituents. This study investigated the impact of puffing regimen parameters on the carbonyl composition of e-cigarette aerosols with the aim of: (1) better estimating the variability of carbonyl emissions depending on puffing conditions; (2) highlighting puffing profiles that increase the exposure to carbonyls; and (3) estimating to what extent puffing topography could be implied in the variability of carbonyl concentrations reported in the current literature...
September 13, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Julie Watson, Robert Dreibelbis, Robert Aunger, Claudio Deola, Katrice King, Susan Long, Rachel P Chase, Oliver Cumming
In humanitarian emergency settings there is need for low cost and rapidly deployable interventions to protect vulnerable children, in- and out-of-school, from diarrhoeal diseases. Handwashing with soap can greatly reduce diarrhoea but interventions specifically targeting children's handwashing behaviour in humanitarian settings have not been tested. Traditional children's handwashing promotion interventions have been school-focused, resource-intensive and reliant on health-based messaging. However, recent research from non-humanitarian settings and targeting adults suggests that theory-based behaviour change interventions targeting specific motives may be more effective than traditional handwashing interventions...
September 13, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Hoda Fakour, Shang-Lien Lo
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are suspected carcinogens and reproductive toxicants commonly found in chlorinated drinking water. This study investigates the formation of THMs and their associated risks during different tea brewing habits. Three main categories of tea (black, oolong, and green) under various brewing conditions and drinking water sources were tested. Tea samples prepared in ordinary thermos flask formed significant levels of total THM (TTHM). The highest TTHM formation came from black tea made with tap water, plausibly due to higher concentrations of reactive THM precursors...
September 1, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
David C Shoults, Nicholas J Ashbolt
UV disinfection is a relatively simple and cost-efficient disinfection method, especially for in-home greywater treatment. In this study, a bench scale experiment was performed using a LED collimated UV-C beam with a peak wavelength of 256 nm to determine if potentially pathogenic bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus may become enriched in a semi-recirculating greywater system with UV as the sole disinfection step. A statistically significant (P < 0.001) decreasing trend in UV-C efficacy was observed between the 1st and 6th UV exposure-growth cycles of S...
August 31, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Claire Marant Micallef, Kevin D Shield, Jérôme Vignat, Isabelle Baldi, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers, Anabelle Gilg Soit Ilg, Pascal Guénel, Ann Olsson, Lesley Rushton, Sally J Hutchings, Enora Cléro, Dominique Laurier, Pascale Scanff, Freddie Bray, Kurt Straif, Isabelle Soerjomataram
BACKGROUND: Recent and comprehensive estimates for the number of new cancer cases in France attributable to occupational exposures are lacking. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the number of new cancer cases attributable to occupational exposures, using a newly developed methodology and the most recent data, for a comprehensive set of occupational carcinogens in France in 2015. METHODS: Surveys among employees, the national labor force data, a cohort of agricultural workers, national monitoring of workers exposed to ionizing radiation and job-exposure matrix in France were used...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Pasqualina Laganà, Gabriella Caruso, Ilaria Corsi, Elisa Bergami, Valentina Venuti, Domenico Majolino, Rosabruna La Ferla, Maurizio Azzaro, Simone Cappello
The retrieval of a polystyrene macro-plastic piece stranded on the shores in King George Island (South Shetlands, Antarctica) gave the opportunity to explore the associated bacterial flora. A total of 27 bacterial isolates were identified by molecular 16s rRNA gene sequencing and 7 strains were selected and screened for their ability to produce biofilm and antibiotic susceptibility profiles. All the bacterial isolates were able to produce biofilm. The Kirby-Bauer disk diffusion susceptibility test to 34 antibiotics showed multiple antibiotic resistances against the molecules cefuroxime and cefazolin (belonging to cephalosporins), cinoxacin (belonging to quinolones) and ampicillin, amoxicillin + clavulanic acid, carbenicillin and mezlocillin (belonging to beta-lactams)...
August 30, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Stanislas Abrard, Mathieu Bertrand, Timothée De Valence, Thierry Schaupp
INTRODUCTION: Firefighters have occupational exposure to toxic compounds during firefighting, but not only. Surface contamination of equipment has never been studied in French firefighters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study measured the surface load in benzo [a]pyrene (BaP), a carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, on the outer surface of fire jackets, personal protective equipment and tools used by firefighters after a live fire training in a closed environment...
August 29, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Wendy A Wattigney, Elizabeth Irvin-Barnwell, Zheng Li, Stephanie I Davis, Susan Manente, Junaid Maqsood, Deanna Scher, Rita Messing, Nancy Schuldt, Syni-An Hwang, Kenneth M Aldous, Elizabeth L Lewis-Michl, Angela Ragin-Wilson
Over the past century, industrialization and urban practices have resulted in the contamination of the Great Lakes ecosystem-the world's largest surface freshwater system-that provides drinking water and recreation to more than 40 million residents. In 2010, the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative was launched to accelerate efforts to protect and restore the Great Lakes and surrounding areas. Funded by GLRI, the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry initiated the Biomonitoring of Great Lakes Populations (BGLP) program...
August 25, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Andrea Spinazzè, Andrea Cattaneo, Francesca Borghi, Luca Del Buono, Davide Campagnolo, Sabrina Rovelli, Domenico M Cavallo
An experimental probabilistic approach for health risk assessment was applied for graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs). The hazard assessment indicated a low level of toxicity for the GNPs. The benchmark dose method, based on sub-chronic and chronic inhalation exposure studies, was used to quantify a guidance value (BMCh ) for occupational inhalation exposure to GNPs, expressed as a lognormal distribution with a geometric mean ± geometric standard deviation of 0.212 ± 7.79 mg/m3 and 9.37 × 104  ± 7...
August 24, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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