journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629640/is-physical-activity-a-modifier-of-the-association-between-air-pollution-and-arterial-stiffness-in-older-adults-the-sapaldia-cohort-study
#1
Simon Endes, Emmanuel Schaffner, Seraina Caviezel, Julia Dratva, Daiana Stolz, Christian Schindler, Nino Künzli, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Nicole Probst-Hensch
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Air pollution and insufficient physical activity have been associated with inflammation and oxidative stress, molecular mechanisms linked to arterial stiffness and cardiovascular disease. There are no studies on how physical activity modifies the association between air pollution and arterial stiffness. We examined whether the adverse cardiovascular effects of air pollution were modified by individual physical activity levels in 2823 adults aged 50-81 years from the well-characterized Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution and Lung and Heart Diseases (SAPALDIA)...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606699/integrated-assessment-of-exposure-to-pm2-5-in-south-india-and-its-relation-with-cardiovascular-risk-design-of-the-chai-observational-cohort-study
#2
Cathryn Tonne, Maëlle Salmon, Margaux Sanchez, V Sreekanth, Santhi Bhogadi, Sankar Sambandam, Kalpana Balakrishnan, Sanjay Kinra, Julian D Marshall
While there is convincing evidence that fine particulate matter causes cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, little of the evidence is based on populations outside of high income countries, leaving large uncertainties at high exposures. India is an attractive setting for investigating the cardiovascular risk of particles across a wide concentration range, including concentrations for which there is the largest uncertainty in the exposure-response relationship. CHAI is a European Research Council funded project that investigates the relationship between particulate air pollution from outdoor and household sources with markers of atherosclerosis, an important cardiovascular pathology...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596086/use-microbiological-effectiveness-and-health-impact-of-a-household-water-filter-intervention-in-rural-rwanda-a-matched-cohort-study
#3
Miles A Kirby, Corey L Nagel, Ghislaine Rosa, Marie Mediatrice Umupfasoni, Laurien Iyakaremye, Evan A Thomas, Thomas F Clasen
Unsafe drinking water is a substantial health risk contributing to child diarrhoea. We investigated impacts of a program that provided a water filter to households in rural Rwandan villages. We assessed drinking water quality and reported diarrhoea 12-24 months after intervention delivery among 269 households in the poorest tertile with a child under 5 from 9 intervention villages and 9 matched control villages. We also documented filter coverage and use. In Round 1 (12-18 months after delivery), 97.4% of intervention households reported receiving the filter, 84...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602619/the-impact-of-sanitation-on-infectious-disease-and-nutritional-status-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
REVIEW
Matthew C Freeman, Joshua V Garn, Gloria D Sclar, Sophie Boisson, Kate Medlicott, Kelly T Alexander, Gauthami Penakalapati, Darcy Anderson, Amrita G Mahtani, Jack E T Grimes, Eva A Rehfuess, Thomas F Clasen
BACKGROUND: Sanitation aims to sequester human feces and prevent exposure to fecal pathogens. More than 2.4 billion people worldwide lack access to improved sanitation facilities and almost one billion practice open defecation. We undertook systematic reviews and meta-analyses to compile the most recent evidence on the impact of sanitation on diarrhea, soil-transmitted helminth (STH) infections, trachoma, schistosomiasis, and nutritional status assessed using anthropometry. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We updated previously published reviews by following their search strategy and eligibility criteria...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592358/engineering-waterborne-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-out-of-a-critical-care-unit
#5
Mark I Garvey, Craig W Bradley, Martyn A C Wilkinson, Christina Bradley, Elisabeth Holden
OBJECTIVE: To describe engineering and holistic interventions on water outlets contaminated with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and the observed impact on clinical P. aeruginosa patient isolates in a large Intensive Care Unit (ICU). DESIGN: Descriptive study. SETTING: Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham (QEHB), part of University Hospitals Birmingham (UHB) NHS Foundation Trust is a tertiary referral teaching hospital in Birmingham, UK and provides clinical services to nearly 1 million patients every year...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579229/residential-exposure-to-traffic-noise-and-leisure-time-sports-a-population-based-study
#6
Nina Roswall, Gunn Ammitzbøll, Jeppe Schultz Christensen, Ole Raaschou-Nielsen, Steen Solvang Jensen, Anne Tjønneland, Mette Sørensen
BACKGROUND: Traffic levels have been found a significant environmental predictor for physical inactivity. A recent study suggested that traffic noise annoyance was associated with lower physical activity. OBJECTIVES: We investigated associations between modelled residential traffic noise and leisure-time sports. METHODS: In the Diet, Cancer and Health cohort, we performed cross-sectional analyses using data from the baseline questionnaire (1993-97), and longitudinal analyses of change between baseline and follow-up (2000-02)...
May 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606700/the-distribution-of-blood-concentrations-of-lead-pb-cadmium-cd-chromium-cr-and-manganese-mn-in-residents-of-the-german-ruhr-area-and-its-potential-association-with-occupational-exposure-in-metal-industry-and-or-other-risk-factors
#7
Nadine Bonberg, Beate Pesch, Nadin Ulrich, Susanne Moebus, Lewin Eisele, Anja Marr, Marina Arendt, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Thomas Brüning, Tobias Weiss
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the metal distribution in blood samples from the general population and the risk of having high metal concentration for metal workers. METHODS: Metal concentrations were determined in archived blood samples from 1411 men and 1410 women (median age 59 and 57 years, respectively) collected at baseline (2000-2003) of the prospective Heinz Nixdorf Recall Study. Retrospective information on working in metal industry was obtained from previous follow-up survey (2011-2014)...
May 24, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596087/enabling-the-sustainable-faecal-sludge-management-service-delivery-chain-a-case-study-of-dense-settlements-in-kigali-rwanda
#8
Jean Baptiste Akumuntu, Uta Wehn, Martin Mulenga, Damir Brdjanovic
The lack of access to basic sanitation is a global concern and alarmingly prevalent in low- and middle- income countries. In the densely populated settlements of these countries, on-site sanitation systems are usually the only feasible option because dwellers there have no sewers in place to connect to. Using on-site sanitation facilities results in an accumulation of faecal sludge which needs to be properly managed to ensure the well-being of the users as well as the surrounding environment. Unfortunately, often the conditions for faecal sludge management (FSM) within dense settlements are adverse and thus hamper sustainable FSM...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592357/physicochemical-parameters-affecting-the-perception-of-borehole-water-quality-in-ghana
#9
Alexandra V Kulinkina, Jeanine D Plummer, Kenneth K H Chui, Karen C Kosinski, Theodora Adomako-Adjei, Andrey I Egorov, Elena N Naumova
Rural Ghanaian communities continue using microbiologically contaminated surface water sources due in part to undesirable organoleptic characteristics of groundwater from boreholes. Our objective was to identify thresholds of physical and chemical parameters associated with consumer complaints related to groundwater. Water samples from 94 boreholes in the dry season and 68 boreholes in the rainy season were analyzed for 18 parameters. Interviews of consumers were conducted at each borehole regarding five commonly expressed water quality problems (salty taste, presence of particles, unfavorable scent, oily sheen formation on the water surface, and staining of starchy foods during cooking)...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619549/fetal-exposure-to-lead-during-pregnancy-and-the-risk-of-preterm-and-early-term-deliveries
#10
Lu Cheng, Bin Zhang, Wenqian Huo, Zhongqiang Cao, Wenyu Liu, Jiaqiang Liao, Wei Xia, Shunqing Xu, Yuanyuan Li
Studies have reported the association between lead exposure during pregnancy and preterm birth. However, findings are still inconsistent. This prospective birth cohort study evaluated the risks of preterm and early-term births and its association with prenatal lead exposure in Hubei, China. A total of 7299 pregnant women were selected from the Healthy Baby Cohort. Maternal urinary lead levels were measured by the Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry. The associations between tertiles of urinary lead levels and the risks of preterm and early-term deliveries were assessed using multiple logistic regression models...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529020/nosocomial-legionellosis-and-invasive-aspergillosis-in-a-child-with-t-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#11
Rhoikos Furtwängler, Uwe Schlotthauer, Barbara Gärtner, Norbert Graf, Arne Simon
Invasive aspergillosis of the lungs and the central nervous system and Legionella pneumophilia serotype 1 infection of the lungs were diagnosed in a 22-month old child during inpatient induction treatment for T-lymphoblastic leukemia. Environmental investigations i.e. samples from the hospital water system did not reveal any Legionella. The patient may have been exposed to waterborne pathogens despite terminal water filtration due to a technical device to release residual tap water from the hose after showering...
May 13, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529019/assessing-patterns-and-determinants-of-latrine-use-in-rural-settings-a-longitudinal-study-in-odisha-india
#12
Antara Sinha, Corey L Nagel, Wolf P Schmidt, Belen Torondel, Sophie Boisson, Parimita Routray, Thomas F Clasen
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring of sanitation programs is often limited to sanitation access and coverage, with little emphasis on use of the facilities despite increasing evidence of widespread non-use. OBJECTIVES: We assessed patterns and determinants of individual latrine use over 12 months in a low- income rural study population that had recently received latrines as part of the Government of India's Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in coastal Puri district in Odisha, India...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522255/sustainability-of-community-led-total-sanitation-outcomes-evidence-from-ethiopia-and-ghana
#13
Jonny Crocker, Darren Saywell, Jamie Bartram
We conducted a study to evaluate the sustainability of community-led total sanitation (CLTS) outcomes in Ethiopia and Ghana. Plan International, with local actors, implemented four CLTS interventions from 2012 to 2014: health extension worker-facilitated CLTS and teacher-facilitated CLTS in Ethiopia, and NGO-facilitated CLTS with and without training for natural leaders in Ghana. We previously evaluated these interventions using survey data collected immediately after implementation ended, and concluded that in Ethiopia health extension workers were more effective facilitators than teachers, and that in Ghana training natural leaders improved CLTS outcomes...
May 9, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506523/integration-of-population-census-and-water-point-mapping-data-a-case-study-of-cambodia-liberia-and-tanzania
#14
Weiyu Yu, Nicola A Wardrop, Robert Bain, Jim A Wright
Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 6 has expanded the Millennium Development Goals' focus from improved drinking-water to safely managed water services. This expanded focus to include issues such as water quality requires richer monitoring data and potentially integration of datasets from different sources. Relevant data sets include water point mapping (WPM), the survey of boreholes, wells and other water points, census and household survey data. This study examined inconsistencies between population census and WPM datasets for Cambodia, Liberia and Tanzania, and identified potential barriers to integrating the two datasets to meet monitoring needs...
May 4, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501484/response-to-letter-to-the-editor
#15
LETTER
Simone Scheithauer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479080/behind-the-figures-high-active-tuberculosis-cases-among-eritrean-asylum-seekers-in-germany
#16
LETTER
Merhawi T Gebrezgi, Adriana Jimenez, Gladys E Ibanez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457892/exposure-sources-and-their-relative-contributions-to-urinary-phthalate-metabolites-among-children-in-taiwan
#17
Chu-Chih Chen, Yin-Han Wang, Shu-Li Wang, Po-Chin Huang, Shu-Chun Chuang, Mei-Huei Chen, Bai-Hsiun Chen, Chien-Wen Sun, Hsiao-Chun Fu, Ching-Chang Lee, Ming-Tsang Wu, Mei-Lien Chen, Chao A Hsiung
Phthalate exposure is omnipresent and known to have developmental and reproductive effects in children. The aim of this study was to determine the phthalate exposure sources and their relative contributions among children in Taiwan. During the first wave of the Risk Assessment of Phthalate Incident in Taiwan (RAPIT), in 2012, we measured 8 urinary phthalate metabolites in 226 children aged 1-11 years old and in 181 children from the same cohort for the wave 2 study in 2014. A two-stage statistical analysis approach was adopted...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456381/high-prevalence-and-moderate-diversity-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-the-u-bends-of-high-risk-units-in-hospital
#18
Amélie Varin, Benoît Valot, Pascal Cholley, Camille Morel, Michelle Thouverez, Didier Hocquet, Xavier Bertrand
The presence of P. aeruginosa in water supply is clearly identified as a risk factor for P. aeruginosa infection in critical care units, even if routes of transmission are often unclear and remain a matter of debate. We determined here the frequency of U-bends contaminated with P. aeruginosa in high-risk units and described the population structure of this opportunistic pathogen in a non-outbreak situation. Eighty-seven U-bends from sinks of rooms in five wards were sampled 3 times and P. aeruginosa was detected in 121 of the 261 (46...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539190/water-sanitation-and-hygiene-in-schools-status-and-implications-of-low-coverage-in-ethiopia-kenya-mozambique-rwanda-uganda-and-zambia
#19
Camille Morgan, Michael Bowling, Jamie Bartram, Georgia Lyn Kayser
Adequate access to water, sanitation, and hygiene (WaSH) in schools impacts health, educational outcomes, and gender disparities. Little multi-country research has been published on WaSH in rural schools in Sub-Saharan Africa. In this multi-national cross-sectional WaSH study, we document WaSH access, continuity, quality, quantity, and reliability in 2270 schools that were randomly sampled in rural regions of six Sub-Saharan African countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Mozambique, Rwanda, Uganda, and Zambia. Data collection included: school WaSH surveys containing internationally established WaSH indicators, direct observation, and field- and laboratory-based microbiological water quality testing...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457891/a-comparison-of-parallel-dust-and-fibre-measurements-of-airborne-chrysotile-asbestos-in-a-large-mine-and-processing-factories-in-the-russian-federation
#20
Eleonora Feletto, Sara J Schonfeld, Evgeny V Kovalevskiy, Igor V Bukhtiyarov, Sergey V Kashanskiy, Monika Moissonnier, Kurt Straif, Joachim Schüz, Hans Kromhout
INTRODUCTION: Historic dust concentrations are available in a large-scale cohort study of workers in a chrysotile mine and processing factories in Asbest, Russian Federation. Parallel dust (gravimetric) and fibre (phase-contrast optical microscopy) concentrations collected in 1995, 2007 and 2013/14 were used to determine if dust to fibre conversion factors can be estimated. MATERIALS/SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Daily medians of multiple parallel dust and fibre concentrations by sampling points were used to derive fibre to dust ratios...
April 13, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
journal
journal
34835
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"