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International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

A M Voigt, H A Faerber, G Wilbring, D Skutlarek, C Felder, R Mahn, D Wolf, P Brossart, T Hornung, S Engelhart, M Exner, R M Schmithausen
Antibiotics represent one of the most important drug groups used in the management of bacterial infections in humans and animals. Due to the increasing problem of antibiotic resistance, assurance of the antibacterial effectiveness of these substances has moved into the focus of public health. The reduction in antibiotic residues in wastewater and the environment may play a decisive role in the development of increasing rates of antibiotic resistance. The present study examines the wastewater of 31 patient rooms of various German clinics for possible residues of antibiotics, as well as the wastewater of five private households as a reference...
January 5, 2019: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Tewodros Rango Godebo, Christopher J Paul, Marc A Jeuland, Redda Tekle-Haimanot
Biomonitoring of chemical concentrations in humans is important for detecting, monitoring, and addressing a wide range of health threats. However, it is virtually absent across many African nations, including Ethiopia. This study aims to determine urinary concentrations for metals and trace elements in populations living in the central Ethiopian Rift Valley. The region is unindustralized, rural, and characterized by unique geologic rifting and volcanic activities that have produced vast pyroclastic materials, forming its aquifer and fertile agricultural soils...
January 3, 2019: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Maria-Iosifina Kasdagli, Klea Katsouyanni, Konstantina Dimakopoulou, Evangelia Samoli
BACKGROUND: Recent epidemiological findings investigate effects of exposure to air pollution on neurodegenerative disease. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the association between air pollution exposure and Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS: We performed an extensive literature search in PubMed and Google Scholar databases and further searched for unpublished results in conference abstracts until November 2018. We identified 102 unique studies referring to air pollution and PD, from which 15 were included in the meta-analyses...
December 31, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Charline Warembourg, Xavier Basagaña, Chiara Seminati, Jeroen de Bont, Berit Granum, Sarah Lyon-Caen, Cyntia B Manzano-Salgado, Isabelle Pin, Amrit K Sakhi, Valérie Siroux, Rémy Slama, Jose Urquiza, Martine Vrijheid, Cathrine Thomsen, Maribel Casas
INTRODUCTION: Hypertensive disorders during pregnancy are one of the leading causes of maternal and offspring mortality and morbidity. Exposure to environmental chemicals is suspected to increase blood pressure (BP) but few studies have investigated the impact of non-persistent chemicals, in particular among pregnant women. METHODS: Women included in the study were 152 volunteer participants in the Human Early-Life Exposome (HELIX) project. They provided 3 urine samples daily over one week in two pregnancy trimesters (at around 18 and 32 weeks of gestation) to assess their exposure to phthalates (10 metabolites), phenols (7 compounds) and organophosphate pesticides (4 metabolites)...
December 27, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Michelle Moffa, Ryan Cronk, Donald Fejfar, Sarah Dancausse, Leslie Acosta Padilla, Jamie Bartram
BACKGROUND: There are well-established relationships between health and homelessness, and shelters can facilitate the transmission of diseases and contribute to their prevention. Adequate environmental health conditions and hygiene behaviors in homeless shelters are fundamental to the health of their clients, a marginalized population. We report the status of environmental health conditions and hygiene behaviors in homeless shelters and associated health outcomes; interventions to improve these conditions, behaviors, and outcomes; and obstacles to improvement...
December 21, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Amélie Crépet, Marie Vanacker, Corinne Sprong, Waldo de Boer, Urska Blaznik, Marc Kennedy, Chris Anagnostopoulos, Despo Louca Christodoulou, Jiří Ruprich, Irena Rehurkova, José Luis Domingo, Bodil Hamborg Jensen, Francesca Metruccio, Angelo Moretto, Liesbeth Jacxsens, Pieter Spanoghe, David Senaeve, Hilko van der Voet, Jacob van Klaveren
Populations are exposed to mixtures of pesticides through their diet on a daily basis. The question of which substances should be assessed together remains a major challenge due to the complexity of the mixtures. In addition, the associated risk is difficult to characterise. The EuroMix project (European Test and Risk Assessment Strategies for Mixtures) has developed a strategy for mixture risk assessment. In particular, it has proposed a methodology that combines exposures and hazard information to identify relevant mixtures of chemicals belonging to any cumulative assessment group (CAG) to which the European population is exposed via food...
December 19, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Xue Feng Hu, Kavita Singh, Tiff-Annie Kenny, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: It is generally believed that cardiovascular disease (CVD) is rare in the Inuit population because of their traditional marine-based diet, but the evidence is inconsistent. OBJECTIVE: To describe the cardiovascular health profile of Canadian Inuit, including disease prevalence, risk factors, country food consumption, and contaminant exposure, and compare to that of the general Canadian population. METHODS: Cardiovascular outcomes and risk factors were obtained for 2070 Inuit adults aged 20-79 years from the Inuit Health Survey (IHS, 2007-2008) and for 3464 general Canadian adults aged 20-79 years from the Canadian Health Measures Survey, Cycle 1 (CHMS, 2007-2009) and Cycle 3 (2012-2013)...
December 18, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Bo-Yi Yang, Iana Markevych, Joachim Heinrich, Gayan Bowatte, Michael S Bloom, Yuming Guo, Shyamali C Dharmage, Bin Jalaludin, Luke D Knibbs, Lidia Morawska, Zhengmin Min Qian, Duo-Hong Chen, Huimin Ma, Da Chen, Shao Lin, Mo Yang, Kang-Kang Liu, Xiao-Wen Zeng, Li-Wen Hu, Guang-Hui Dong
BACKGROUND: Residing in greener places may be protective against diabetes mellitus (DM) but evidence is scarce and comes mainly from developed countries. OBJECTIVES: To investigate associations of residential greenness with DM prevalence and glucose-homeostasis markers in Chinese adults and whether these associations were mediated by air pollution, physical activity, and body mass index. METHODS: In 2009, a total of 15,477 adults from the cross-sectional 33 Communities Chinese Health Study provided blood samples and completed a questionnaire...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Jennyfer Wolf, Richard Johnston, Paul R Hunter, Bruce Gordon, Kate Medlicott, Annette Prüss-Ustün
OBJECTIVES: The impact on diarrhoea of sanitation interventions has been heterogeneous. We hypothesize that this is due to the level of prevailing faecal environmental contamination and propose a Faecal Contamination Index (FAECI) of selected WASH indicators (objective 1). Additionally, we provide estimates of the proportion of the population living in communities above certain sanitation coverage levels (objective 2). METHODS: Objective 1: Faecal contamination post-intervention was estimated from WASH intervention reports...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Maya Negev, Na'ama Teschner, Anat Rosenthal, Hagai Levine, Clara Lew-Levy, Nadav Davidovitch
Health systems worldwide need to be adapted to cope with growing numbers of migrants and to climate-exacerbated morbidity. Heatwaves, water stress, desertification, flooding, and sea level rise are environmental stressors that increase morbidity, mortality, and poor mental health in Sub-Saharan Africa. While most migration is intra-African, climate change is also affecting migration patterns outside the continent. To tackle the health challenges induced by these events, such as infectious diseases and malnutrition, health care providers in Sub-Saharan Africa and in receiving countries in Europe must adapt their systems to provide appropriate health services to these communities...
November 28, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Taylor M Etzel, Joseph M Braun, Jessie P Buckley
Perfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are persistent endocrine disrupting chemicals found in industrial and commercial products. Previous research has shown that other endocrine disrupting chemicals such as phthalates and bisphenol A may alter circulating levels of vitamin D; however, no research has examined associations between PFAS and vitamin D biomarkers. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 7040 individuals aged 12 years and older participating in the 2003-2010 cycles of the United States National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
November 28, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Udo Buchholz, Franziska Reber, Ann-Sophie Lehfeld, Bonita Brodhun, Walter Haas, Benedikt Schaefer, Fabian Stemmler, Christina Otto, Corinna Gagell, Christian Lück, Ronny Gamradt, Maxi Heinig, Christian Meisel, Uwe Kölsch, Martin Eisenblätter, Heiko J Jahn
In Germany community-acquired Legionnaires' disease is usually caused by the species Legionella pneumophila. Recurrent cases of Legionnaires' disease are rarely reported and are due either to a second infection (reinfection) or a relapse of a previous case. We report a case of recurrent Legionnaires' disease in an 86-year-old female patient infected with Legionella pneumophila serogroup 1, monoclonal antibody-subtype Knoxville, sequence type unknown. Between the two disease incidents the patient had completely recovered...
November 27, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Sukumaran P Divya, A A Mohamed Hatha
The goal of this study was to investigate the involvement of a tropical Indian estuary in the emergence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs)-harboring hypervirulent E. coli of global significance. A total of 300 E. coli isolates was tested for antibiotic susceptibility to β-lactams, aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, quinolones, sulphonamides, tetracyclines, and trimethoprim. The E. coli isolates were screened for the presence of antibiotic resistance genes (blaTEM , blaCTX-M , tetA, tetB, sul1, sul2, strA, aphA2, catI, dhfr1, and dhfr7), integrase (int1, int2, and int3), Shiga toxin genes (stx1 and stx2) and extraintestinal virulence genes (papAH, papC, sfa/focDE, kpsMT II, and iutA)...
November 26, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Mihai Zamfir, Doris G Gerstner, Sandra M Walser, Jürgen Bünger, Thomas Eikmann, Stefanie Heinze, Annette Kolk, Dennis Nowak, Monika Raulf, Helmut Sagunski, Nadja Sedlmaier, Roland Suchenwirth, Gerhard A Wiesmüller, Klaus-Michael Wollin, Irene Tesseraux, Caroline E W Herr
Although exposure to high levels of microbial bioaerosols can be linked to the deterioration of the human respiratory system, precise exposure levels responsible for such effects are still unknown. A previous systematic review concluded that there was not enough information in the studies in humans to derive an exposure-response relationship. Thus, the aim of this systematic review was to derive exposure limits for microbial bioaerosols based on health effects in experimental animal studies. A systematic search was done in MEDLINE (PubMed) for long-term in vivo exposure of the respiratory system via inhalation of a quantified microbial bioaerosol...
November 26, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Emanuele Sozzi, Mahnoor Baloch, Joseph Strasser, Michael B Fisher, Mats Leifels, Juan Camacho, Nadia Mishal, Sam F Elmes, Grace Allen, Gregory Gadai, Lexi Valenti, Mark D Sobsey
In situ physico-chemical disinfection of high risk faecal waste is both effective and widely used as a sanitation management strategy for infection prevention and control. Systematic tests where the performance of alternative physico-chemical disinfection methods is systematically compared and optimized must be based on reliable protocols. These protocol are currently not adequately addressing the neutralization related issues: the neutralization of the tested disinfectant after specified conditions of concentration and contact time (CT) is necessary to prevent continued disinfection after the intended contact time; moreover such neutralization is often necessary in practice and on a large scale to prevent adverse health and ecological impacts from remaining disinfectant after the target CT is achieved...
November 10, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Jaymie R Meliker, Caterina Vacchi-Suzzi, James Harrington, Keith Levine, Li-Yung Lui, Douglas C Bauer, Eric Orwoll, Deborah M Kado
OBJECTIVES: There is growing evidence that urine cadmium is a temporally stable biomarker indicative of long-term cadmium exposure; however questions remain with regard to generalizability to older persons, the impact of changes in smoking behavior, and the degree of temporal stability when repeat sample collection spans years instead of weeks or months. METHODS: Using archived samples from cohorts of older men (Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS-US)) and women (Study of Osteoporotic Fractures (SOF)) (mean age = 80 at study visit 2), we analyzed two morning urine samples each from 39 men and 18 women with a diverse self-reported smoking history...
November 3, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Nicolas Beauval, Marie Verrièle, Anne Garat, Isabelle Fronval, Romain Dusautoir, Sébastien Anthérieu, Guillaume Garçon, Jean-Marc Lo-Guidice, Delphine Allorge, Nadine Locoge
Owing to their harmful effects on human health, the presence of carbonyl compounds in e-cigarette aerosols raises concerns. To date, the reported concentration levels in e-vapors vary greatly between studies and several factors that markedly influence carbonyl emission during vaping have been highlighted including the heating temperature, the power supply, the device architecture, the filling level of the tank and the main e-liquid constituents. This study investigated the impact of puffing regimen parameters on the carbonyl composition of e-cigarette aerosols with the aim of: (1) better estimating the variability of carbonyl emissions depending on puffing conditions; (2) highlighting puffing profiles that increase the exposure to carbonyls; and (3) estimating to what extent puffing topography could be implied in the variability of carbonyl concentrations reported in the current literature...
January 2019: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Feiby L Nassan, Tim I M Korevaar, Brent A Coull, Niels E Skakkebæk, Stephen A Krawetz, Molly Estill, Elizabeth J Hait, Joshua R Korzenik, Jennifer B Ford, Ralph A De Poortere, Maarten A Broeren, Alan C Moss, Thomas R Zoeller, Russ Hauser
BACKGROUND: Dibutyl phthalate (DBP) is an endocrine disruptor and used in some medication coatings, such as mesalamine for treatment inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). OBJECTIVES: To determine whether high-DBP from some mesalamine medications alters thyroid function. METHODS: Seventy men with IBD, without thyroid disease or any radiation history participated in a crossover-crossback prospective study and provided up to 6 serum samples (2:baseline, 2:crossover, 2:crossback)...
January 2019: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Morgan N Caridi, Michael J Humann, Xiaoming Liang, Feng-Chiao Su, Aleksandr B Stefaniak, Ryan F LeBouf, Marcia L Stanton, M Abbas Virji, Paul K Henneberger
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have suggested an association of asthma onset and exacerbation with cleaning and disinfecting activities in a number of industries, including healthcare. The objective of the current study was to investigate the association of asthma and related outcomes with occupations and tasks in urban healthcare workers in the United States. METHODS: A questionnaire was implemented in a sample of workers from nine healthcare occupations in New York City...
October 13, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Julianna Berthe Leijssen, Marieke Brigitte Snijder, Erik Johan Timmermans, Ellen Generaal, Karien Stronks, Anton Eduard Kunst
BACKGROUND: Although there is growing evidence that depressed mood is affected by road traffic noise, previous results are not fully consistent. Furthermore, to our knowledge, no previous research has assessed ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities in the association of noise exposure with depressed mood. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between road traffic noise with depressed mood and to determine to what extent this association varies between ethnic and socioeconomic groups...
October 10, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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