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International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

Mats Leifels, Kwanrawee Sirikanchana, Skorn Mongkolsuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Milena Villarini, Sara Levorato, Tania Salvatori, Elisabetta Ceretti, Sara Bonetta, Annalaura Carducci, Tiziana Grassi, Samuele Vannini, Francesco Donato, Silvia Bonetta, Marco Verani, Antonella de Donno, Silvia Bonizzoni, Alberto Bonetti, Massimo Moretti, Umberto Gelatti
BACKGROUND: Recent data support the hypothesis that genetic damage occurring early in life during childhood can play an important role in the development of chronic diseases in adulthood, including cancer. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this paper, part of the MAPEC_LIFE project, is to describe the frequency of micronuclei and meta-nuclear alterations in exfoliated buccal cells of 6-8year-old Italian children recruited in five Italian towns (i.e., Brescia, Torino, Pisa, Perugia and Lecce) with different air pollution levels...
June 15, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Christina Hartmann, Maria Uhl, Stefan Weiss, Sigrid Scharf, Jürgen König
Reference values (RV95 ) are statistically derived values comprising the rounded 95th percentiles within the 95% confidence interval and indicate the upper margin of background exposure to chemical substances in a population at a given time period. Based on representative national human biomonitoring data on several urinary phthalate metabolites in children, adolescents and adults from 2010 to 2011, RV95 were derived for the Austrian population based on a IUPAC guideline and the recommendation of the German Human Biomonitoring Commission...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Winnie Schnass, Anke Hüls, Andrea Vierkötter, Ursula Krämer, Jean Krutmann, Tamara Schikowski
Childhood eczema results from an interplay of genetic and environmental factors including Traffic-Related Air Pollution (TRAP). In contrast, little is known about eczema in the elderly in general and its association with TRAP in particular. Animal experiments indicate that the arylhydrocarbon receptor (AHR) might link TRAP and eczema. We investigated (i) incidence and prevalence of eczema in elderly women, (ii) its association with long-term TRAP exposure and (iii) the effect modification by AHR polymorphism rs2066853...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
William Mueller, Claire J Horwell, Andrew Apsley, Susanne Steinle, Stephanie McPherson, John W Cherrie, Karen S Galea
During volcanic eruptions and their aftermath, communities may be concerned about the impacts of inhaling volcanic ash. Access to effective respiratory protection (RP) is therefore important for many people in volcanic areas all over the world. However, evidence to support the use of effective RP during such crises is currently lacking. The aim of this study was to build the first evidence base on the effectiveness of common materials used to protect communities from ash inhalation in volcanic crises. We obtained 17 forms of RP, covering various types of cloth through to disposable masks (typically used in occupational settings), which communities are known to wear during volcanic crises...
April 22, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Stephanus J L Linde, Anja Franken, Johannes L du Plessis
Adverse respiratory and skin health effects have been associated with occupational exposure to soluble platinum (Pt). However, the relationship between skin exposure and urinary Pt excretion has not yet been investigated. In this study we examined the relationship between skin and respiratory exposure to soluble Pt and urinary Pt excretion at two South African precious metals refineries. The skin and respiratory exposure to soluble Pt as well as the urinary Pt excretion of forty precious metals refinery workers was assessed simultaneously using Ghostwipes™, Methods for the Determination of Hazardous Substances method 46/2 and spot urine tests, respectively...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Susana Vaz Nery, Isaac Bennett, Naomi E Clarke, Audrie Lin, Ziaur Rahman, Mahbubur Rahman, Archie C A Clements
Environmental enteropathy (EE) is characterised by subclinical inflammation and hyperpermeability of the small intestine, hypothesised to be caused by recurrent ingestion of faecal bacteria. It has been suggested that EE may be a contributor to malnutrition and growth delays seen in children living in unsanitary conditions. We measured putative faecal EE markers myeloperoxidase (MPO) (ng/mL) and alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) (mg/g) in stool samples collected from 133 children aged 1-5 years in 16 communities enrolled in the WASH for WORMS randomised controlled trial in Timor-Leste...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Kateri Bertran, Andrew Clark, David E Swayne
Airborne transmission of H5N1 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) viruses has occurred among poultry and from poultry to humans during home or live-poultry market slaughter of infected poultry, and such transmission has been experimentally reproduced. In this study, we investigated simple, practical changes in the processing of H5N1 virus-infected chickens to reduce infectious airborne particles and their transmission. Our findings suggest that containing the birds during the killing and bleeding first step by using a disposable plastic bag, a commonly available cooking pot widely used in Egypt (halla), or a bucket significantly reduces generation of infectious airborne particles and transmission to ferrets...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Ann S Ojeda, Jeffrey Widener, Christopher E Aston, R Paul Philp
Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is an irreversible, lethal kidney disease that occurs in regions of the Balkans where residents drink untreated well water. A key factor contributing to the development of BEN may be consumption of dissolved organic matter leached from low-rank coal called lignite. This hypothesis-known as lignite-water hypothesis-was first posed for areas of the Balkans. It is possible that a BEN-like condition exists in the United States (US) Gulf Coast region in parts of the Mississippi Embayment and the Texas Coastal Uplands aquifers -Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas, for instance-that rely heavily on groundwater from aquifers that contain lignite...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Jillian Ashley-Martin, Linda Dodds, Tye E Arbuckle, Adrienne S Ettinger, Gabriel D Shapiro, Mandy Fisher, Patricia Monnier, Anne-Sophie Morisset, William D Fraser, Maryse F Bouchard
Epidemiological studies have hypothesized that both insufficient and excess blood manganese (Mn) levels during pregnancy are associated with reduced fetal growth. This literature is characterized by inconsistent results and a limited focus on women with exposures representative of the general North American population. We examined the relationship between maternal and cord blood Mn levels and fetal growth among women enrolled in the Maternal-Infant Research on Environmental Chemicals Study (MIREC). Mothers with singleton, term infants and complete maternal first and third trimester blood Mn data were eligible for inclusion in the present study (n = 1519)...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Sara V Flanagan, Jessie A Gleason, Steven E Spayd, Nicholas A Procopio, Megan Rockafellow-Baldoni, Stuart Braman, Steven N Chillrud, Yan Zheng
Exposure to naturally occurring arsenic in groundwater is a public health concern, particularly for households served by unregulated private wells. At present, one of the greatest barriers to exposure reduction is a lack of private well testing due to difficulties in motivating individual private well owners to take protective actions. Policy and regulations requiring testing could make a significant contribution towards universal screening of private well water and arsenic exposure reduction. New Jersey's Private Well Testing Act (PWTA) requires tests for arsenic during real estate transactions; however, the regulations do not require remedial action when maximum contaminant levels (MCLs) are exceeded...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Susanne Steinle, Anne Sleeuwenhoek, William Mueller, Claire J Horwell, Andrew Apsley, Alice Davis, John W Cherrie, Karen S Galea
Inhalation of ash can be of great concern for affected communities, during and after volcanic eruptions. Governmental and humanitarian agencies recommend and distribute a variety of respiratory protection (RP), most commonly surgical masks. However, there is currently no evidence on how effective such masks are in protecting wearers from volcanic ash. In Part I of this study (Mueller et al., 2018), we assessed the filtration efficiency (FE) of 17 materials from different forms of RP against volcanic ash and a surrogate, low-toxicity dust, Aloxite...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Stéphane Joost, José Haba-Rubio, Rebecca Himsl, Peter Vollenweider, Martin Preisig, Gérard Waeber, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Raphaël Heinzer, Idris Guessous
INTRODUCTION: Daytime sleepiness is highly prevalent in the general adult population and has been linked to an increased risk of workplace and vehicle accidents, lower professional performance and poorer health. Despite the established relationship between noise and daytime sleepiness, little research has explored the individual-level spatial distribution of noise-related sleep disturbances. We assessed the spatial dependence of daytime sleepiness and tested whether clusters of individuals exhibiting higher daytime sleepiness were characterized by higher nocturnal noise levels than other clusters...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Rachel Peletz, Joyce Kisiangani, Mateyo Bonham, Patrick Ronoh, Caroline Delaire, Emily Kumpel, Sara Marks, Ranjiv Khush
BACKGROUND: Water quality testing is critical for guiding water safety management and ensuring public health. In many settings, however, water suppliers and surveillance agencies do not meet regulatory requirements for testing frequencies. This study examines the conditions that promote successful water quality monitoring in Africa, with the goal of providing evidence for strengthening regulated water quality testing programs. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We compared monitoring programs among 26 regulated water suppliers and surveillance agencies across six African countries...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Jihoon Park, Chungsik Yoon, Kiyoung Lee
In the field of exposure science, various exposure assessment models have been developed to complement experimental measurements; however, few studies have been published on their validity. This study compares the estimated inhaled aerosol doses of several inhalation exposure models to experimental measurements of aerosols released from consumer spray products, and then compares deposited doses within different parts of the human respiratory tract according to deposition models. Exposure models, including the European Center for Ecotoxicology of Chemicals Targeted Risk Assessment (ECETOC TRA), the Consumer Exposure Model (CEM), SprayExpo, ConsExpo Web and ConsExpo Nano, were used to estimate the inhaled dose under various exposure scenarios, and modeled and experimental estimates were compared...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Ulla Haverinen-Shaughnessy, Maria Pekkonen, Virpi Leivo, Tadas Prasauskas, Mari Turunen, Mihkel Kiviste, Anu Aaltonen, Dainius Martuzevicius
BACKGROUND: Driven by climate change mitigation, EU countries are committed to improve energy efficiency of their building stock by implementing the energy performance of buildings directive (EPBD). Should higher energy efficiency result in better indoor environmental quality (IEQ), this policy could also be seen as an opportunity to improve public health across Europe. OBJECTIVES: This paper focuses on the assessment of the effects of energy retrofits on occupant satisfaction with IEQ and health in multifamily buildings...
July 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Katherine Connolly, Mwaura Mbutu, Jamie Bartram, David Fuente
The ability of water and wastewater utilities to provide safe and reliable water and sanitation services now and in the future will be determined, in part, by their resilience to climate change. Investment in infrastructure, planning, and operational practices that increase resilience are affected, in turn, by how water sector professionals perceive the risks posed to utilities by climate change and its related impacts. We surveyed water sector professionals at the 2016 African Water Association's Congress in Nairobi, Kenya to assess their perceptions of climate-specific and general risks that may disrupt utility service...
June 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Paul Melstrom, Connie Sosnoff, Bartosz Koszowski, Brian A King, Rebecca Bunnell, Grace Le, Lanqing Wang, Meridith Hill Thanner, Brandon Kenemer, Shanna Cox, B Rey DeCastro, Tim McAfee
Evidence suggests exposure of nicotine-containing e-cigarette aerosol to nonusers leads to systemic absorption of nicotine. However, no studies have examined acute secondhand exposures that occur in public settings. Here, we measured the serum, saliva and urine of nonusers pre- and post-exposure to nicotine via e-cigarette aerosol. Secondarily, we recorded factors affecting the exposure. Six nonusers of nicotine-containing products were exposed to secondhand aerosol from ad libitum e-cigarette use by three e-cigarette users for 2 h during two separate sessions (disposables, tank-style)...
June 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Young-Min Kim, Jihyun Kim, Kwon Jung, Soomi Eo, Kangmo Ahn
The effects of weather and air pollution on atopic dermatitis (AD) flares have not been well investigated. To investigate the effects of particulate matter (PM) on AD symptoms by weather type, a total of 125 young children (76 boys and 49 girls) under 6 years of age with AD living in Seoul, Korea, were enrolled as a panel and followed for 17 months between August 2013 and December 2014. AD symptoms were recorded on a daily basis, including itching, sleep disturbance, erythema, dry skin, oozing, and edema. Daily weather was classified into 7 categories according to spatial synoptic classification (SSC)...
June 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Michel Lafforgue, Laure Gerard, Celine Vieillard, Marguerite Breton
The Baie des Veys (Normandy, France) has abundant stocks of shellfish (oyster and cockle farms). Water quality in the bay is affected by pollutant inputs from a 3500 km2 watershed and notably occasional episodes of contamination by faecal coliforms. In order to characterise enterobacterial loads and develop a plan of action to improve the quality of seawater and shellfish in the bay, a two-stage modelling procedure was adopted. This focused on Escherichia coli and included a catchment model describing the E...
June 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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