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International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908668/associations-between-urinary-biomarkers-of-oxidative-stress-and-air-pollutants-observed-in-a-randomized-crossover-exposure-to-steel-mill-emissions
#1
Guillaume Pelletier, Marc Rigden, Lisa Marie Kauri, Robin Shutt, Mamun Mahmud, Sabit Cakmak, Premkumari Kumarathasan, Errol M Thomson, Renaud Vincent, Gayle Broad, Ling Liu, Robert Dales
The effects of industrial air pollution on human health have not been as thoroughly investigated as those of urban air pollution which originates mostly from automotive transport. To better assess the health impacts of point sources of industrial air pollution, a randomized crossover exposure study was conducted. Sixty one young and healthy volunteers were randomly assigned to spend five consecutive eight-hour days near a steel mill or at a location five kilometres away. After a nine or sixteen-day washout period, volunteers spent another five consecutive days at the second site...
November 25, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908667/concentrations-of-polychlorinated-dibenzodioxins-polychlorodibenzofurans-and-polychlorobiphenyls-in-women-of-reproductive-age-in-italy-a-human-biomonitoring-study
#2
Anna Maria Ingelido, Vittorio Abate, Annalisa Abballe, Fulvia Lucia Albano, Tatiana Battista, Valter Carraro, Michele Conversano, Rosa Corvetti, Silvia De Luca, Silva Franchini, Anna Rita Fulgenzi, Laura Giambanco, Nicola Iacovella, Anna Laura Iamiceli, Antonio Maiorana, Francesco Maneschi, Valentina Marra, Flavia Pirola, Maria Grazia Porpora, Enrico Procopio, Nicola Suma, Silvia Valentini, Luisa Valsenti, Valerio Vecchiè, Elena De Felip
BACKGROUND: Polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDDs), polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDFs), and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) are persistent organic pollutants that represent a major concern for women of reproductive age because of the neurodevelopmental effects associated to perinatal exposure. OBJECTIVES: This study was aimed at characterizing exposure of women of reproductive age to PCDDs, PCDFs, and PCBs as a function of residence in different Italian Regions, in areas at presumable different environmental contamination and human exposure to these pollutants...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881290/mercury-eicosapentanoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-demonstrate-limited-effect-on-plasma-paraoxonase-1-activity-and-blood-pressure-among-avid-seafood-consumers-in-the-long-island-study-of-seafood-consumption-ny-usa
#3
Charles Miller, Roxanne Karimi, Qiao Zhang, Jie Yang, Jaymie Meliker
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Moderate fish consumption is recommended for prevention of coronary heart disease (CHD) as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) have known beneficial effects on risk factors such as reducing blood pressure (BP) and increasing paraoxonase-1 (PON-1) activity. However concomitant methylmercury (MeHg) exposure from fish consumption may mitigate these benefits and the net effect on BP and PON-1 activity has not been extensively studied in western populations consuming diverse seafood types...
November 17, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876543/in-utero-and-childhood-ddt-dde-pbde-and-pcbs-exposure-and-sex-hormones-in-adolescent-boys-the-chamacos-study
#4
Brenda Eskenazi, Stephen A Rauch, Rachel Tenerelli, Karen Huen, Nina T Holland, Robert H Lustig, Katherine Kogut, Asa Bradman, Andreas Sjodin, Kim G Harley
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT), polybrominated diphenyl ether (PBDE) flame retardants, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are believed to be endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) in humans and animals. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship of in utero and childhood exposure to these purported EDCs and reproductive hormones in adolescent boys who participated in CHAMACOS, an ongoing birth cohort in California's Salinas Valley. We measured o,p'- and p,p'-DDT, p,p'- DDE, PBDEs and PCBs in serum collected from mothers during pregnancy or at delivery and from their sons at 9 years...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865710/new-human-biomonitoring-methods-for-chemicals-of-concern-the-german-approach-to-enhance-relevance
#5
Marike Kolossa-Gehring, Ulrike Fiddicke, Gabriele Leng, Jürgen Angerer, Birgit Wolz
In Germany strong efforts have been made within the last years to develop new methods for human biomonitoring (HBM). The German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) and the German Chemical Industry Association e. V. (VCI) cooperate since 2010 to increase the knowledge on the internal exposure of the general population to chemicals. The projects aim is to promote human biomonitoring by developing new analytical methods Key partner of the cooperation is the German Environment Agency (UBA) which has been entrusted with the scientific coordination...
November 10, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863804/phthalate-metabolites-in-24-h-urine-samples-of-the-german-environmental-specimen-bank-esb-from-1988-to-2015-and-a-comparison-with-us-nhanes-data-from-1999-to-2012
#6
Holger M Koch, Maria Rüther, André Schütze, André Conrad, Claudia Pälmke, Petra Apel, Thomas Brüning, Marike Kolossa-Gehring
The German Environmental Specimen Bank (ESB) continuously collects 24-h urine samples since the early 1980s in Germany. In this study we analyzed 300 urine samples from the years 2007 to 2015 for 21 phthalate metabolites (representing exposure to 11 parent phthalates) and combined the data with two previous retrospective measurement campaigns (1988 to 2003 and 2002 to 2008). The combined dataset comprised 1162 24-h urine samples spanning the years 1988 to 2015. With this detailed set of human biomonitoring data we describe the time course of phthalate exposure in Germany over a time frame of 27 years...
November 9, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825598/reference-levels-and-relationships-of-nine-elements-in-first-spot-morning-urine-and-24-h-urine-from-210-chinese-children
#7
Xuan Zhang, Xiaoyong Cui, Chunye Lin, Jin Ma, Xitao Liu, Yuxiang Zhu
Toxic elements have caused great concern due to their adverse health effects. Biological monitoring is generally considered to be a useful tool to assess human exposure to these elements during risk assessment. To better interpret the biological monitoring data, elemental reference values are critical. The major objectives of this study were to clarify whether first-spot morning urine can serve as a surrogate for 24-h urine and to determine the concentration reference interval of some elements in Chinese children's urine...
November 2, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816435/a-review-of-human-biomonitoring-data-used-in-regulatory-risk-assessment-under-canada-s-chemicals-management-program
#8
REVIEW
Angelika Zidek, Kristin Macey, Leona MacKinnon, Mikin Patel, Devika Poddalgoda, Yi Zhang
As a part of the Chemicals Management Plan launched in 2006, the Government of Canada is assessing and managing, where appropriate, the potential health and ecological risks associated with approximately 4300 substances under the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (1999). Since that time, nearly 3000 substances have been assessed, with human biomonitoring (HBM) data playing an increasingly important role for some substances. Case studies are presented, including both inorganic and organic substances (i.e...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789189/co-exposure-to-non-persistent-organic-chemicals-among-american-pre-school-aged-children-a-pilot-study
#9
Antonia M Calafat, Xiaoyun Ye, Liza Valentin-Blasini, Zheng Li, Mary E Mortensen, Lee-Yang Wong
BACKGROUND: General population human biomonitoring programs such as the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) in the United States suggest that chemical exposures are common. Exposures during childhood may affect health later in life, but biomonitoring data in NHANES among pre-school aged children are limited. METHODS: A convenience group of 122 3-5year old American boys and girls were recruited in 2013 for a pilot study to assess the feasibility of collecting urine from young children and analyzing it for select chemical exposure biomarkers for future NHANES...
October 21, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789190/quantitative-analysis-of-organophosphate-insecticide-metabolites-in-urine-extracted-from-disposable-diapers-of-toddlers-in-japan
#10
Naoko Oya, Yuki Ito, Keisuke Hioki, Yuya Asai, Arisa Aoi, Yuka Sugiura, Jun Ueyama, Tomoko Oguri, Sayaka Kato, Takeshi Ebara, Michihiro Kamijima
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Epidemiological studies linking insecticide exposure to childhood neurodevelopment have been gaining global attention. Despite the rapid development of the central nervous system in early childhood, studies regarding the biological monitoring of insecticide exposure in diapered children are limited. In this study, we aimed to clarify the concentrations of organophosphate (OP) insecticide metabolites in toddler urine extracted from disposable diapers in Japan. METHODS: We recruited diapered children from the Aichi regional subcohort participants of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS) at the time of their 18-month checkup...
October 20, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776932/human-biomonitoring-reference-values-for-metals-and-trace-elements-in-blood-and-urine-derived-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey-2007-2013
#11
Gurusankar Saravanabhavan, Kate Werry, Mike Walker, Douglas Haines, Morie Malowany, Cheryl Khoury
Human biomonitoring reference values are statistical estimates that indicate the upper margin of background exposure to a given chemical at a given time. Nationally representative human biomonitoring data on 176 chemicals, including several metals and trace elements, are available in Canada from 2007 to 2013 through the Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS). In this work, we used a systematic approach based on the reference interval concept proposed by the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry to derive reference values (RV95s) for metals and trace elements...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825597/the-impact-of-sanitation-interventions-on-latrine-coverage-and-latrine-use-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Joshua V Garn, Gloria D Sclar, Matthew C Freeman, Gauthami Penakalapati, Kelly T Alexander, Patrick Brooks, Eva A Rehfuess, Sophie Boisson, Kate O Medlicott, Thomas F Clasen
BACKGROUND: An estimated 2.4 billion people still lack access to improved sanitation and 946 million still practice open defecation. The World Health Organization (WHO) commissioned this review to assess the impact of sanitation on coverage and use, as part of its effort to develop a set of guidelines on sanitation and health. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We systematically reviewed the literature and used meta-analysis to quantitatively characterize how different sanitation interventions impact latrine coverage and use...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816434/exposure-to-environmental-chemicals-among-korean-adults-updates-from-the-second-korean-national-environmental-health-survey-2012-2014
#13
Wookhee Choi, Suejin Kim, Yong-Wook Baek, Kyungho Choi, Keejae Lee, Sungkyoon Kim, Seung Do Yu, Kyunghee Choi
National biomonitoring program can offer solid scientific evidence on exposure profiles of environmental chemicals at a national level, and provide a snapshot of changing exposure level over time. Therefore, several countries have maintained such programs for developing environmental health policies. The Korean National Environmental Health Survey (KoNEHS) was designed to understand the level of human exposure to environmental chemicals by time and location, and to identify possible sources of such exposure...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720133/assessing-the-impact-of-sanitation-on-indicators-of-fecal-exposure-along-principal-transmission-pathways-a-systematic-review
#14
Gloria D Sclar, Gauthami Penakalapati, Heather K Amato, Joshua V Garn, Kelly Alexander, Matthew C Freeman, Thomas Clasen
OBJECTIVE: Fecal-oral transmission of enteric and other pathogens due to poor sanitation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in low- or middle-income settings. Few studies have investigated the impact of sanitation on indicators of transmission, a prerequisite to achieving health gains. This review attempts to summarize the literature to date. METHODS: We searched leading databases to identify studies that address the effect of sanitation on various transmission pathways including fecal pathogens or indicator bacteria in drinking water, hand contamination, sentinel toys, food, household and latrine surfaces and soil, as well as flies and observations of human feces...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743851/perfluorinated-alkylated-substances-and-brominated-flame-retardants-in-serum-of-the-czech-adult-population
#15
Lenka Sochorová, Lenka Hanzlíková, Milena Černá, Anna Drgáčová, Alena Fialová, Andrea Švarcová, Tomáš Gramblička, Jana Pulkrabová
Persistent organic pollutants, such as perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are widespread in the environment and most of them are bioaccumulated in wildlife and humans. The present study is the first investigation to reveal the PFAS and BFR levels of serum samples in the adult population of the Czech Republic. Altogether, 300 serum samples from blood donors in four cities were examined. In all samples 19 PFASs and 33 BFRs, including some of their metabolites, were targeted...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720132/sex-specific-influence-on-the-relationship-between-maternal-exposures-to-persistent-chemicals-and-birth-outcomes
#16
Anna Carita Callan, Andrea Lee Hinwood, Jane Heyworth, Duong Trong Phi, Jon Ø Odland
Prenatal exposure to persistent pollutants has been associated with adverse birth outcomes, although few studies have investigated the influence of the sex of the infant. Sex specific differences have been associated with neurobehavioural impacts from environmental exposures with limited and contrary findings in relation to persistent pollutants. This study investigated the relationships between maternal exposure to a range of metals, polychlorinated biphenyls and pesticides measured in biological samples and birth outcomes with a specific focus on the sex of the infant...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717751/chemical-quality-and-regulatory-compliance-of-drinking-water-in-iceland
#17
Maria J Gunnarsdottir, Sigurdur M Gardarsson, Gunnar St Jonsson, Jamie Bartram
Assuring sufficient quality of drinking water is of great importance for public wellbeing and prosperity. Nations have developed regulatory system with the aim of providing drinking water of sufficient quality and to minimize the risk of contamination of the water supply in the first place. In this study the chemical quality of Icelandic drinking water was evaluated by systematically analyzing results from audit monitoring where 53 parameters were assessed for 345 samples from 79 aquifers, serving 74 water supply systems...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692573/new-specific-and-sensitive-biomonitoring-methods-for-chemicals-of-emerging-health-relevance
#18
Gabriele Leng, Wolfgang Gries
In this publication the challenges to cope for the aim to obtain innovative biomonitoring methods in our laboratory are visualized for di(2-propylheptyl)phthalate, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene, 4-nonylphenol, 4-tert-octylphenol, 3-(4-methylbenzylidene)camphor, 4,4'-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, and Hexabromocyclododecane. For these substances new specific markers were explored based on animal or human kinetic data with urine being the preferred matrix compared to blood. The determination of these markers was complex in all cases, because the sample preparation as well as the detection by high performance liquid chromatography, capillary gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometers or high resolution mass spectrometry should enable the lowest possible detection limit by use of minimal biological sample volumes...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692571/the-added-value-of-a-surveillance-human-biomonitoring-program-the-case-of-flehs-in-flanders-belgium
#19
Hans Reynders, Ann Colles, Bert Morrens, Maja Mampaey, Dries Coertjens, Gudrun Koppen, Greet Schoeters, Ilse Loots, Hana Chovanova, Wim Winderickx, Karen Van Campenhout
Since 2002, the Flemish Government decided to carry out the Flemish Environment and Health Survey (FLEHS), an extended human biomonitoring (HBM) program, which is integrated in the environmental health policy. Through the FLEHS studies, a vast amount of data such as biomarkers of exposure and effect, exposure-effect associations, time trends and geographical differences, became available to the Flemish policy makers. In order to facilitate the policy interpretation, a phased action-plan was developed collaboratively by FLEHS researchers and policy makers...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667192/aircraft-road-and-railway-traffic-noise-as-risk-factors-for-heart-failure-and-hypertensive-heart-disease-a-case-control-study-based-on-secondary-data
#20
Andreas Seidler, Mandy Wagner, Melanie Schubert, Patrik Dröge, Karin Römer, Jörn Pons-Kühnemann, Enno Swart, Hajo Zeeb, Janice Hegewald
BACKGROUND: Several studies point to an elevated risk for cardiovascular diseases induced by traffic noise. AIMS: We examined the association between aircraft, road traffic and railway noise and heart failure or hypertensive heart disease (HHD) in a large case-control study. METHODS: The study population consisted of individuals that were insured by three large statutory health insurance funds in the Rhine-Main area of Germany. Based on insurance claims and prescription data, 104,145 cases of heart failure or HHD diagnosed 2006-10 were identified and compared with 654,172 control subjects...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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