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International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

Anna-Sara Claeson, Eva Palmquist, Steven Nordin
BACKGROUND: Individuals with environmental intolerance (EI) react to exposure from different environmental sources at levels tolerated by most people and that are below established toxicological and hazardous thresholds. The main aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of attributing symptoms to chemical and physical sources in the environment among individuals with different forms of self-reported EI and in referents. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from a population-based study, the Västerbotten Environmental Health Study (n = 3406), were used and individuals with self-reported EI to chemicals, buildings, electromagnetic fields and sounds as well as a group with multiple EIs were identified...
March 6, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Mohan Amarasiri, Masaaki Kitajima, Akiho Miyamura, Ricardo Santos, Silvia Monteiro, Takayuki Miura, Shinobu Kazama, Satoshi Okabe, Daisuke Sano
Circulation of human noroviruses in water environments is suspected to be genotype-dependent, but the established primer and probe sets for noroviruses are usually genogroup-specific, which do not allow to compare the genotype-specific properties, such as persistence in water environments and resistance to disinfectants. In this study, quantitative PCR assays were designed for genotype-specific quantification of four epidemiologically important genotypes, GII.3, GII.4, GII.6, and GII.17. Developed assays were tested using norovirus positive stool samples which were previously confirmed to present target genotypes of this study...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Elizabeth R Daly, Benjamin P Chan, Elizabeth A Talbot, Julianne Nassif, Christine Bean, Steffany J Cavallo, Erin Metcalf, Karen Simone, Alan D Woolf
BACKGROUND: Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are synthetic chemicals used in manufacturing that resist environmental degradation, can leach into drinking water, and bioaccumulate in tissues. Some studies have shown associations with negative health outcomes. In May 2014, a New Hampshire public drinking water supply was found to be contaminated with PFAS from a former U.S. Air Force base. OBJECTIVES: We established a serum testing program to assess PFAS exposure in the affected community...
February 20, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Peter Heitland, Helmut D Köster
Most of the Se in human serum is bound to selenoprotein P (SEPP1) in which Se is present in form of selenocysteine. The SEPP1 is a new possible biomarker for the Se status and for this reason we developed a fast, simple and reliable method for the quantitative determination of SEPP1 in serum by affinity chromatography coupled to ICP-MS. It is possible to separate SEPP1 from other selenoproteins in serum in only 5 min, which allows high sample throughput in clinical laboratories. Measured and certified concentrations of total Se and Se(SEPP1) are in good agreement for the reference material SRM 1950...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Harris Héritier, Danielle Vienneau, Maria Foraster, Ikenna C Eze, Emmanuel Schaffner, Laurie Thiesse, Franziska Ruzdik, Manuel Habermacher, Micha Köpfli, Reto Pieren, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Mark Brink, Christian Cajochen, Jean Marc Wunderli, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Martin Röösli
BACKGROUND: Most epidemiological noise studies consider 24 h average noise exposure levels. Our aim was to exploratively analyze the impact of noise exposure at different time windows during day and night on cardiovascular mortality. METHODS: We generated Switzerland-wide exposure models for road traffic, railway and aircraft noise for different time windows for the year 2001. Combined noise source equivalent continuous sound levels (Leq ) for different time windows at the most exposed façade were assigned to each of the 4...
February 17, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Claire Philippat, Jacqueline Barkoski, Daniel J Tancredi, Bill Elms, Dana Boyd Barr, Sally Ozonoff, Deborah H Bennett, Irva Hertz-Picciotto
INTRODUCTION: Organophosphates are widely used pesticides that have been shown to affect child neurodevelopment. Previous studies that explored their potential effects on Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) relied either on proxies of external exposure or on questionnaires completed by the parents to identify autism-like behaviors but did not provide a clinical diagnosis of ASD. AIMS: We studied the associations between prenatal biologic markers for exposure to organophosphate pesticides and the risk of having a child with ASD or other developmental concerns (ODC)...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Jona M Johnson, Luke P Naeher, Xiaozhong Yu, Stephen L Rathbun, Jessica L Muilenburg, Jia-Sheng Wang
BACKGROUND: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) conventions bring hundreds to thousands of e-cigarette users together socially regularly across the world. E-cigarette secondhand exposures to chemicals in this environment, likely the public setting with the highest concentration of e-cigarette secondhand aerosol, have not been characterized. METHODS: Air sampling for formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein, nicotine, and propylene glycol was conducted at three e-cigarette conventions and one smaller event from April 2016 to March 2017 in three states in the Southeastern United States...
February 10, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Evdochia Adoamnei, Jaime Mendiola, Miriam Moñino-García, Fernando Vela-Soria, Luz M Iribarne-Durán, Mariana F Fernández, Nicolás Olea, Niels Jørgensen, Shanna H Swan, Alberto M Torres-Cantero
BACKGROUND: Benzophenone (BP)-type ultraviolet (UV) light filters are chemicals frequently added to personal care products, insect repellents, sunscreens, and beverage and food packaging to diminish the harmful effects of UV sunlight on human skin or foodstuffs. BP-type UV filters have shown negative effects on male reproduction function in in vitro and animal models, but human epidemiologic studies are limited. The goal of this study was to examine associations between urinary concentrations of BP-type UV filters and semen quality and reproductive hormone levels...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Luísa Correia-Sá, Monika Kasper-Sonnenberg, Claudia Pälmke, André Schütze, Sónia Norberto, Conceição Calhau, Valentina F Domingues, Holger M Koch
In this study we analyzed one of the most comprehensive sets of 21 urinary phthalate metabolites representing exposure to 11 parent phthalates (DEP, DMP, DiBP, DnBP, BBzP, DEHP, DiNP, DiDP, DCHP, DnPeP, DnOP) in first morning urine samples of 112 Portuguese children (4-18 years) sampled in 2014/15. The study population consisted of two groups: group 1 with normal weight/underweight children (N = 43) following their regular diet and group 2 with obese/overweight children (N = 69) following a healthy diet (with nutritional counselling)...
February 6, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Shaoping Yang, Yafei Tan, Hui Mei, Fang Wang, Na Li, Jinzhu Zhao, Yiming Zhang, Zhengmin Qian, Jen Jen Chang, Kevin M Syberg, Anna Peng, Hong Mei, Dan Zhang, Yan Zhang, Shunqing Xu, Yuanyuan Li, Tongzhang Zheng, Bin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that ambient air pollution exposure during pregnancy is associated with stillbirth occurrence. However, the results on the associations between ambient air pollutants and stillbirths are inconsistent and little is known about the gestational timing of sensitive periods for the effects of ambient air pollutants exposure on stillbirth. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine whether exposure to high levels of ambient air pollutants in a Chinese population is associated with an increased risk of stillbirth, and determine the gestational period when the fetus is most susceptible...
February 5, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Michiel A van den Dries, Anjoeka Pronk, Mònica Guxens, Suzanne Spaan, Trudy Voortman, Vincent W Jaddoe, Todd A Jusko, Matthew P Longnecker, Henning Tiemeier
BACKGROUND: In the Netherlands organophosphate (OP) pesticides are frequently used for pest control in agricultural settings. Despite concerns about the potential health impacts of low-level OP pesticides exposure, particularly in vulnerable populations, the primary sources of exposure remain unclear. The present study was designed to investigate the levels of DAP metabolites concentrations across pregnancy and to examine various determinants of DAP metabolite concentrations among an urban population of women in the Netherlands...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Agostino Di Ciaula
The spread of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) is rising and health effects are still under investigation. RF-EMF promote oxidative stress, a condition involved in cancer onset, in several acute and chronic diseases and in vascular homeostasis. Although some evidences are still controversial, the WHO IARC classified RF-EMF as "possible carcinogenic to humans", and more recent studies suggested reproductive, metabolic and neurologic effects of RF-EMF, which are also able to alter bacterial antibiotic resistance...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Monica K Silver, Jie Shao, Chai Ji, Binquan Zhu, Lin Xu, Mingyan Li, Minjian Chen, Yankai Xia, Niko Kaciroti, Betsy Lozoff, John D Meeker
BACKGROUND: Occupational studies suggest that exposure to organophosphate insecticides (OPs) can lead to vision or hearing loss. Yet the effects of early-life exposure on visual and auditory function are unknown. Here we examined associations between prenatal OP exposure and grating visual acuity (VA) and auditory brainstem response (ABR) during infancy. METHODS: 30 OPs were measured in umbilical cord blood using gas chromatography tandem mass spectrometry in a cohort of Chinese infants...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Chinmoy Sarkar, Chris Webster, John Gallacher
BACKGROUND: With an estimated one billion hypertension cases worldwide, the role of the built environment in its prevention and control is still uncertain. The present study aims to examine the associations between neighbourhood walkability and hypertension in a large and diverse population-based cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the association between neighbourhood walkability and blood pressure outcomes for N = 429,334 participants drawn from the UK Biobank and aged 38-73 years...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Katharina Tondera, Kassandra Klaer, Silke Roder, Ira Brueckner, Martin Strathmann, Thomas Kistemann, Christiane Schreiber, Johannes Pinnekamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Hao Wang, Per Sikora, Carolin Rutgersson, Magnus Lindh, Tomas Brodin, Berndt Björlenius, D G Joakim Larsson, Heléne Norder
Sewage contains a mixed ecosystem of diverse sets of microorganisms, including human pathogenic viruses. Little is known about how conventional as well as advanced treatments of sewage, such as ozonation, reduce the environmental spread of viruses. Analyses for viruses were therefore conducted for three weeks in influent, after conventional treatment, after additional ozonation, and after passing an open dam system at a full-scale treatment plant in Knivsta, Sweden. Viruses were concentrated by adsorption to a positively charged filter, from which they were eluted and pelleted by ultracentrifugation, with a recovery of about 10%...
February 1, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Veronika Pilz, Kathrin Wolf, Susanne Breitner, Regina Rückerl, Wolfgang Koenig, Wolfgang Rathmann, Josef Cyrys, Annette Peters, Alexandra Schneider
BACKGROUND: Long-term exposure to ambient air pollution contributes to the global burden of disease by particularly affecting cardiovascular (CV) causes of death. We investigated the association between particle number concentration (PNC), a marker for ultrafine particles, and other air pollutants and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) as a potential link between air pollution and CV disease. METHODS: We cross-sectionally analysed data from the second follow up (2013 and 2014) of the German KORA baseline survey which was conducted in 1999-2001...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Peder Wolkoff
There is a long-standing dispute about indoor air humidity and perceived indoor air quality (IAQ) and associated health effects. Complaints about sensory irritation in eyes and upper airways are generally among top-two symptoms together with the perception "dry air" in office environments. This calls for an integrated analysis of indoor air humidity and eye and airway health effects. This overview has reviewed the literature about the effects of extended exposure to low humidity on perceived IAQ, sensory irritation symptoms in eyes and airways, work performance, sleep quality, virus survival, and voice disruption...
January 31, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Francesco Riva, Sara Castiglioni, Elena Fattore, Angela Manenti, Enrico Davoli, Ettore Zuccato
Emerging Contaminants (ECs) are ubiquitous in waters, arousing concern because of their potential risks for human health and the environment. This study investigated the presence of multiple classes of ECs in 21 wells over the drinking water network of Milan, in the most inhabited and industrialized area of Italy, and assessed the risks for consumers. Samples were analyzed using liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Human risk assessment (HRA) was conducted by comparing the measured concentrations with drinking water thresholds from guidelines or calculated in this study; first considering the exposure to each single EC and then the entire mixture...
January 16, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Rongrong Sheng, Changchang Li, Qiong Wang, Lianping Yang, Junzhe Bao, Kaiwen Wang, Rui Ma, Chuansi Gao, Shao Lin, Ying Zhang, Peng Bi, Chuandong Fu, Cunrui Huang
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing concerns about the health effects of climate change, the extent to which workers are affected by hot weather is not well documented. This study aims to investigate the association between high temperatures and work-related injuries using data from a large subtropical city in China. METHODS: We used workers' compensation claims to identify work-related injuries in Guangzhou, China during 2011-2012. To feature the heat effect, the study period was restricted to the warm seasons in Guangzhou (1 May-31 October)...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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