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International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health

Ziliang Wang, Dekun Li, Maohua Miao, Hong Liang, Jianping Chen, Zhijun Zhou, Chunhua Wu, Wei Yuan
BACKGROUND: Bisphenol A (BPA) is an environmental endocrine disruptor and is found in many consumer products. Animal studies suggest that BPA may perturb pubertal development in males, although studies in humans are limited. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the association between BPA exposure and pubertal onset and progression among school-aged boys in Shanghai, China. METHODS: A total of 671 boys aged 9-18 years from three schools (one elementary, one middle, and one high school) in Shanghai were enrolled in a cross-sectional study...
October 15, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Borami Ahn, Shin-Hye Kim, Mi-Jung Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess blood cadmium levels in Korean adolescents with respect to demographic and lifestyle factors. METHODS: We analyzed data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2013, totaling 1472 adolescents aged 10-18 years. Geometric means of blood cadmium were calculated using a complex samples general linear model to compare blood levels in different demographic and lifestyle groups. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were also used to find predictors for high blood cadmium (>90th percentile)...
October 11, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Gloria D Sclar, Gauthami Penakalapati, Heather K Amato, Joshua V Garn, Kelly Alexander, Matthew C Freeman, Thomas Clasen
OBJECTIVE: Fecal-oral transmission of enteric and other pathogens due to poor sanitation is a major cause of morbidity and mortality, especially in low- or middle-income settings. Few studies have investigated the impact of sanitation on indicators of transmission, a prerequisite to achieving health gains. This review attempts to summarize the literature to date. METHODS: We searched leading databases to identify studies that address the effect of sanitation on various transmission pathways including fecal pathogens or indicator bacteria in drinking water, hand contamination, sentinel toys, food, household and latrine surfaces and soil, as well as flies and observations of human feces...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Lenka Sochorová, Lenka Hanzlíková, Milena Černá, Anna Drgáčová, Alena Fialová, Andrea Švarcová, Tomáš Gramblička, Jana Pulkrabová
Persistent organic pollutants, such as perfluorinated alkylated substances (PFASs) and brominated flame retardants (BFRs) are widespread in the environment and most of them are bioaccumulated in wildlife and humans. The present study is the first investigation to reveal the PFAS and BFR levels of serum samples in the adult population of the Czech Republic. Altogether, 300 serum samples from blood donors in four cities were examined. In all samples 19 PFASs and 33 BFRs, including some of their metabolites, were targeted...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Anna Carita Callan, Andrea Lee Hinwood, Jane Heyworth, Duong Trong Phi, Jon Ø Odland
Prenatal exposure to persistent pollutants has been associated with adverse birth outcomes, although few studies have investigated the influence of the sex of the infant. Sex specific differences have been associated with neurobehavioural impacts from environmental exposures with limited and contrary findings in relation to persistent pollutants. This study investigated the relationships between maternal exposure to a range of metals, polychlorinated biphenyls and pesticides measured in biological samples and birth outcomes with a specific focus on the sex of the infant...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Philippa Douglas, Sean F Tyrrel, Robert P Kinnersley, Michael Whelan, Philip J Longhurst, Anna L Hansell, Kerry Walsh, Simon J T Pollard, Gillian H Drew
Bioaerosols are released in elevated quantities from composting facilities and are associated with negative health effects, although dose-response relationships are unclear. Exposure levels are difficult to quantify as established sampling methods are costly, time-consuming and current data provide limited temporal and spatial information. Confidence in dispersion model outputs in this context would be advantageous to provide a more detailed exposure assessment. We present the calibration and validation of a recognised atmospheric dispersion model (ADMS) for bioaerosol exposure assessments...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Maria J Gunnarsdottir, Sigurdur M Gardarsson, Gunnar St Jonsson, Jamie Bartram
Assuring sufficient quality of drinking water is of great importance for public wellbeing and prosperity. Nations have developed regulatory system with the aim of providing drinking water of sufficient quality and to minimize the risk of contamination of the water supply in the first place. In this study the chemical quality of Icelandic drinking water was evaluated by systematically analyzing results from audit monitoring where 53 parameters were assessed for 345 samples from 79 aquifers, serving 74 water supply systems...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Carlotta Malagoli, Sofia Costanzini, Julia E Heck, Marcella Malavolti, Gianfranco De Girolamo, Paola Oleari, Giovanni Palazzi, Sergio Teggi, Marco Vinceti
BACKGROUND: Exposure to pesticides has been suggested as a risk factor for childhood leukemia, but definitive evidence on this relation and the specific pesticides involved is still not clear. OBJECTIVE: We carried out a population-based case-control study in a Northern Italy community to assess the possible relation between passive exposure to agricultural pesticides and risk of acute childhood leukemia. METHODS: We assessed passive pesticide exposure of 111 childhood leukemia cases and 444 matched controls by determining density and type of agricultural land use within a 100-m radius buffer around children's homes...
September 21, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Gabriele Leng, Wolfgang Gries
In this publication the challenges to cope for the aim to obtain innovative biomonitoring methods in our laboratory are visualized for di(2-propylheptyl)phthalate, 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxytoluene, 4-nonylphenol, 4-tert-octylphenol, 3-(4-methylbenzylidene)camphor, 4,4'-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate, and Hexabromocyclododecane. For these substances new specific markers were explored based on animal or human kinetic data with urine being the preferred matrix compared to blood. The determination of these markers was complex in all cases, because the sample preparation as well as the detection by high performance liquid chromatography, capillary gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometers or high resolution mass spectrometry should enable the lowest possible detection limit by use of minimal biological sample volumes...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Hans Reynders, Ann Colles, Bert Morrens, Maja Mampaey, Dries Coertjens, Gudrun Koppen, Greet Schoeters, Ilse Loots, Hana Chovanova, Wim Winderickx, Karen Van Campenhout
Since 2002, the Flemish Government decided to carry out the Flemish Environment and Health Survey (FLEHS), an extended human biomonitoring (HBM) program, which is integrated in the environmental health policy. Through the FLEHS studies, a vast amount of data such as biomarkers of exposure and effect, exposure-effect associations, time trends and geographical differences, became available to the Flemish policy makers. In order to facilitate the policy interpretation, a phased action-plan was developed collaboratively by FLEHS researchers and policy makers...
September 20, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Andreas Seidler, Mandy Wagner, Melanie Schubert, Patrik Dröge, Karin Römer, Jörn Pons-Kühnemann, Enno Swart, Hajo Zeeb, Janice Hegewald
BACKGROUND: Several studies point to an elevated risk for cardiovascular diseases induced by traffic noise. AIMS: We examined the association between aircraft, road traffic and railway noise and heart failure or hypertensive heart disease (HHD) in a large case-control study. METHODS: The study population consisted of individuals that were insured by three large statutory health insurance funds in the Rhine-Main area of Germany. Based on insurance claims and prescription data, 104,145 cases of heart failure or HHD diagnosed 2006-10 were identified and compared with 654,172 control subjects...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Megan Weil Latshaw, Ruhiyyih Degeberg, Surili Sutaria Patel, Blaine Rhodes, Ewa King, Sanwat Chaudhuri, Julianne Nassif
The United States lacks a comprehensive, nationally-coordinated, state-based environmental health surveillance system. This lack of infrastructure leads to: • varying levels of understanding of chemical exposures at the state & local levels • often inefficient public health responses to chemical exposure emergencies (such as those that occurred in the Flint drinking water crisis, the Gold King mine spill, the Elk river spill and the Gulf Coast oil spill) • reduced ability to measure the impact of public health interventions or environmental policies • less efficient use of resources for cleaning up environmental contamination Establishing the National Biomonitoring Network serves as a step toward building a national, state-based environmental health surveillance system...
September 17, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Katharina Roser, Anna Schoeni, Martin Röösli
The aim of this study is to prospectively investigate whether exposure to radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (RF-EMF) emitted by mobile phones and other wireless communication devices is related to behavioural problems or concentration capacity in adolescents. The HERMES (Health Effects Related to Mobile phonE use in adolescentS) study sample consisted of 439 Swiss adolescents aged 12-17 years. Behavioural problems were assessed using the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), concentration capacity of the adolescents was measured by means of a standardized computerized cognitive test named FAKT...
September 17, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Manuella Lech Cantuaria, Helen Suh, Per Løfstrøm, Victoria Blanes-Vidal
The assignment of exposure is one of the main challenges faced by environmental epidemiologists. However, misclassification of exposures has not been explored in population epidemiological studies on air pollution from biodegradable wastes. The objective of this study was to investigate the use of different approaches for assessing exposure to air pollution from biodegradable wastes by analyzing (1) the misclassification of exposure that is committed by using these surrogates, (2) the existence of differential misclassification (3) the effects that misclassification may have on health effect estimates and the interpretation of epidemiological results, and (4) the ability of the exposure measures to predict health outcomes using 10-fold cross validation...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Tamar Berman, Rebecca Goldsmith, Hagai Levine, Itamar Grotto
The use of human biomonitoring (HBM) as a tool for environmental health policy and research is developing rapidly in Israel. Despite challenges in securing political and financial support for HBM, the Ministry of Health has initiated national HBM studies and has utilized HBM data in environmental health policy decision making. Currently, the Ministry of Health is collecting urine samples from children and adults in the framework of the National Health and Nutrition Study (MABAT), with the goal of ongoing surveillance of population exposure to pesticides and environmental tobacco smoke, and of combining HBM data with data on diet and health behavior...
September 16, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
M Kraft, K Rauchfuss, S Sievering, M Wöckner, F Neugebauer, H Fromme
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are a substance group of 209 theoretically possible compounds. The human body burden of PCBs is commonly calculated based on so-called indicator congeners such as PCB 138, PCB 153 and PCB 180, which are analyzed in human blood. The German "Human Biomonitoring (HBM) Commission" assumes that the sum of these indicator congeners multiplied by a factor of 2 represents the total PCB burden. This norm is based on data obtained from exposure studies after dietary intake. Data from indoor air shows a different congener pattern, which might lead to a relatively higher intake of lower chlorinated PCBs by inhalation...
September 14, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Stephan Gabet, Jocelyne Just, Rémy Couderc, Nathalie Seta, Isabelle Momas
BACKGROUND: Allergic sensitisation is poorly documented in infants. This study aims to provide new insights into allergic sensitisation patterns and related factors in infancy. METHODS: This study concerns 1860 infants involved in the Pollution and Asthma Risk: an Infant Study (PARIS) population-based birth cohort who had a standardised health examination when 18 months old, from 2004 to 2008. Sensitisation was assessed by measurements of serum specific IgE to 12 food and 4 inhalant allergens and defined by IgE≥0...
September 13, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Max Scherer, Holger M Koch, Andre Schütze, Nikola Pluym, Dusan Krnac, Gerhard Gilch, Edgar Leibold, Gerhard Scherer
2-(4-tert-Butylbenzyl)propionaldehyde, also known as lysmeral, lilial or lily-aldehyde (CAS No 80-54-6) is a synthetic fragrance used in a variety of consumer products like perfumes, after shave lotions, cosmetics and others. Due to its broad application, lysmeral was selected for the development of a biomonitoring method for the general population within the frame of the cooperation project of the Federal Ministry for the Environment (BMUB) and the German Chemical Industry Association (VCI). The project also comprises the identification of suitable biomarkers of exposure in human urine as well as basic toxicokinetic data after defined, experimental exposure...
September 12, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Meike Paschke, Christoph Hutzler, Frank Henkler, Andreas Luch
According to European legislation, tobacco additives may not increase the toxicity or the addictive potency of the product, but there is an ongoing debate on how to reliably characterize and measure such properties. Further, too little is known on pyrolysis patterns of tobacco additives to assume that no additional toxicological risks need to be suspected. An on-line pyrolysis technique was used and coupled to gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS) to identify the pattern of chemical species formed upon thermal decomposition of 19 different tobacco additives like raw cane sugar, licorice or cocoa...
September 4, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Milena Černá, Vladimíra Puklová, Lenka Hanzlíková, Lenka Sochorová, Růžena Kubínová
Since 1991 a human biomonitoring network has been established in the Czech Republic as part of the Environmental Health Monitoring System, which was set out by the Government Resolution. During the last quarter-century, important data was obtained to characterize exposure to both children and adult populations to significant toxic substances from the environment, to development trends over time, to establish reference values and compare them with existing health-related values. Moreover, the saturation of population with several essential substances as selenium, zinc, copper or iodine has also been monitored...
September 3, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
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