journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Trauma & Dissociation

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565758/the-disorder-specific-psychological-impairment-in-complex-ptsd-a-flawed-working-model-for-restoration-of-trust
#1
Andreas Laddis
This article methodically gathers concepts and findings from related disciplines to propose that there is a fundamental, disorder-specific psychological impairment, which defines Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as etiologically different from simple PTSD. This impairment is a flawed working model for restoration of trust when one partner fears betrayal. This working model is legacy of childhood relationships with manipulative caretakers who kept the child powerless to test the trustworthiness of their reasons to break promises and to fail the child's expectations...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565750/reconsidering-the-autohypnotic-model-of-the-dissociative-disorders
#2
Paul F Dell
The dissociative disorders field and the hypnosis field currently reject the autohypnotic model of the dissociative disorders, largely because many correlational studies have shown hypnotizability and dissociation to be minimally related (r = .12). Curiously, it is also widely accepted that dissociative patients are highly hypnotizable. If dissociative patients are highly hypnotizable because only highly hypnotizable individuals can develop a dissociative disorder - as the author proposes - then the methodology of correlational studies of hypnotizability and dissociation in random clinical and community samples would necessarily be constitutively unable to detect, and statistically unable to reflect, that fact...
March 22, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558288/altered-states-of-consciousness-among-inpatients-in-a-trauma-program
#3
Colin A Ross, Elena Browning
A set of measures of trauma, dissociation, altered states of consciousness, and spiritual experiences was administered to a convenience sample of 100 inpatients in a hospital Trauma Program. The inpatients had an average Dissociative Experiences Scale score of 42.3 and an average Adverse Childhood Experiences Scale score of 6.6, both of which are very high. Both trauma and dissociation correlated significantly with measures of pathological altered states of consciousness (ASC) but not with adaptive, normal spiritual experiences as measured by the Spiritual Orientation Inventory and the ASC Scale...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558282/the-keepers-the-stunning-illumination-of-a-cover-up-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-institutional-betrayal
#4
Bethany L Brand, Shawntel J Collins, Linda E McEwen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547072/use-of-the-adult-attachment-projective-picture-system-in-the-formulation-of-a-case-of-an-adolescent-refugee-with-ptsd
#5
Manuela Gander, Diana Diamond, Anna Buchheim, Kathrin Sevecke
Forced displacements and their psychosocial consequences in adolescent refugees and their families have received increasing attention in recent years. Although supportive family relations play a key role in buffering the impact of traumatization in adolescents, parental ability to provide such is often subject to extreme pressure. Under conditions of forced dislocation and fear, maladaptive interpersonal strategies in the parent-child relationships may develop, contributing to the onset of psychopathology. We explore new aspects of attachment-related issues for the understanding and treatment of adolescent refugees who have experienced multiple traumas in their childhood...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547063/assessing-the-existence-of-dissociative-ptsd-in-sub-acute-patients-of-whiplash
#6
Maj Hansen, Philip Hyland, Cherie Armour, Tonny E Andersen
Numerous studies investigating dissociative posttraumatic stress disorder (D-PTSD) have emerged. However, there is a lack of studies investigating D-PTSD following a wider range of traumatic exposure. Thus, the present study investigates D-PTSD using latent class analysis (LCA) in sub-acute patients of whiplash and associated risk factors. The results of LCA showed a three-class solution primarily distributed according to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity and thus no indication of D-PTSD...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29543578/childhood-trauma-and-dissociative-symptoms-predict-frontal-eeg-asymmetry-in-borderline-personality-disorder
#7
Stoyan Popkirov, Vera Flasbeck, Uwe Schlegel, Georg Juckel, Martin Brüne
Frontal EEG asymmetry (FEA) has been studied as both state and trait parameter in emotion regulation and affective disorders. Its significance in borderline personality disorder (BPD) remains largely unknown. Twenty-six BPD patients and 26 healthy controls underwent EEG before and after mood induction using aversive images. A slight but significant shift from left- to right-sided asymmetry over prefrontal electrodes occurred across all subjects. In BPD baseline FEA over F7 and F8 correlated significantly with childhood trauma and functional neurological "conversion" symptoms as assessed by respective questionnaires...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601293/a-resilience-framework-sexual-health-trajectories-of-youth-with-maltreatment-histories
#8
Nicole M Fava, Laina Y Bay-Cheng, Thomas H Nochajski, Julie C Bowker, Timothy Hayes
There is a wealth of knowledge regarding negative sexual outcomes experienced by youth with childhood maltreatment (CM) histories, yet a dearth of research examines healthy sexual development among these youth. This gap exists despite evidence of resilience highlighting alternative and healthy physical, social, and psychological futures for youth who were abused. This study tested whether trajectories of resilience identified in studies of psychological functioning were applicable to sexual health. Using data from the first four waves of the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health, latent class growth analysis was conducted among individuals with histories of CM (N = 1,437)...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601292/treatment-experiences-among-lgbt-veterans-with-discrimination-based-trauma-exposure-a-pilot-study
#9
Jillian C Shipherd, Mollie A Ruben, Nicholas A Livingston, Andrew Curreri, Avy A Skolnik
Past research suggests that rates of trauma exposure and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are elevated among lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) veterans compared to heterosexual and cisgender veterans. Given higher rates of trauma exposure and PTSD, and the culture associated with the Department of Defense's history of policies excluding LGBT people, it is important to understand if LGBT veterans are seeking PTSD treatment following discrimination-based traumatic events, where they seek care, and if they are satisfied with treatment...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601291/on-hate-crime-victimization-rates-types-and-links-with-suicide-risk-among-sexual-orientation-minority-special-interest-group-members
#10
Robert J Cramer, Susan Wright, Molly M Long, Nestor D Kapusta, Matt R Nobles, Tess M Gemberling, Hayley J Wechsler
Hate crimes remain pressing traumatic events for sexual orientation minority adults. Previous literature documents patterns in which hate crime victimization is associated with elevated risk for poor mental health. The present paper held 2 aims to advance literature. First, we investigated the rates and types of hate crime victimization among sexual orientation minority adults. Second, adopting a mental health amplification risk model, we evaluated whether symptoms of depression, impulsivity, or post-traumatic stress exacerbated the hate crime victimization-suicide risk link...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601290/a-comparison-of-risk-factors-for-various-forms-of-trauma-in-the-lives-of-lesbian-gay-bisexual-and-heterosexual-homeless-youth
#11
Kimberly A Tyler, Rachel M Schmitz
Numerous homeless youth experience trauma prior to leaving home and while on the street. Bullying and trading sex (i.e. exchanging sexual favors for survival items such as food) are additional forms of trauma experienced by many homeless youth. Although lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) homeless youth experience higher rates of child abuse compared to their heterosexual counterparts, there is a paucity of research comparing these two groups. As such, we compare whether difficulties finding items of necessity (e...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601289/sexuality-and-trauma-intersections-between-sexual-orientation-sexual-functioning-and-sexual-health-and-traumatic-events
#12
Alec M Smidt, Melissa G Platt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601288/emotional-numbing-symptoms-partially-mediate-the-association-between-exposure-to-potentially-morally-injurious-experiences-and-sexual-anxiety-for-male-service-members
#13
Arjun Bhalla, Elizabeth Allen, Keith Renshaw, Jessica Kenny, Brett Litz
Service members (SMs) returning from deployment are at risk of a range of sexual problems, some of which are thought to be related to psychological issues that may arise during deployment or combat. The current study sought to examine whether exposure to potentially morally injurious events (PMIEs) was associated with sexual anxiety (SA) above and beyond combat exposure and whether any such association was mediated by post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom clusters. These questions were tested using data from self-report surveys collected from 221 partnered male Army (Active Duty, National Guard, or Reserve) SMs at three separate time points...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601287/sexual-vs-non-sexual-trauma-sexual-satisfaction-and-function-and-mental-health-in-female-veterans
#14
Jennifer DiMauro, Keith D Renshaw, Rebecca K Blais
Trauma in general, and sexual assault in particular, is associated with serious mental health and functional problems. The quality of sexual satisfaction/function may be particularly impacted by sexual assault, and such sexual problems may account for some of the broader mental health and functioning impairments in sexual assault survivors. Accordingly, we examined self-reports of sexual health and mental health in a sample of 255 female veterans in committed, monogamous relationships who provided data regarding sexual assault (n = 153) or nonsexual trauma (n = 102)...
July 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547079/polyvictimization-and-externalizing-symptoms-in-foster-care-children-the-moderating-role-of-executive-function
#15
Sarah R Horn, Leslie E Roos, Kathryn G Beauchamp, Jessica E Flannery, Philip A Fisher
Prior research has identified the role of childhood maltreatment in externalizing problems and executive function (EF) deficits, but minimal work has been done to characterize the effects of co-occurring maltreatment types, defined as polyvictimization. Here, we sought to characterize the association between polyvictimization and externalizing problems in a sample of foster care children aged 3-4 years (N = 84) and examine how EF may mediate or moderate that relationship. A moderation model was supported in that only polyvictimized children with EF scores 1...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547078/poly-victimization-from-different-methodological-approaches-using-the-juvenile-victimization-questionnaire-are-we-identifying-the-same-victims
#16
Anna Segura, Noemí Pereda, Georgina Guilera
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine whether three different methodological approaches used to assess poly-victimization that apply the Juvenile Victimization Questionnaire (JVQ; Finkelhor, Hamby, Ormrod, & Turner, 2005) identify the same group of adolescent poly-victims. METHOD: The sample consisted of 1,105 adolescents (590 males and 515 females), aged 12-17 years old (M = 14.52, SD = 1.76) and recruited from seven secondary schools in Spain. The JVQ was used to assess lifetime and past-year experiences of victimization...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547077/testing-gender-differentiated-models-of-the-mechanisms-linking-polyvictimization-and-youth-offending-numbing-and-callousness-versus-dissociation-and-borderline-traits
#17
Patricia K Kerig, Crosby A Modrowski
The increasing prevalence of girls in the juvenile justice system suggests the importance of examining whether models of adolescent offending are differentiated by gender. Polyvictimization has emerged as a robust predictor of youth justice involvement, especially for girls, and research exploring mechanisms underlying the link between polyvictimization and offending suggests further gender differences in that callous-unemotional (CU) traits have been implicated in samples of boys whereas borderline personality (BP) traits have been implicated amongst girls...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547076/ptsd-and-dissociation-symptoms-as-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-polyvictimization-and-psychosocial-and-behavioral-problems-among-justice-involved-adolescents
#18
Julian D Ford, Ruby Charak, Crosby A Modrowski, Patricia K Kerig
Polyvictimization (PV) has been shown to be associated with psychosocial and behavioral impairment in community and high risk populations, including youth involved in juvenile justice. However, the mechanisms accounting for these adverse outcomes have not been empirically delineated. Symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and dissociation are documented sequelae of PV and are associated with a wide range of behavioral/emotional problems. This study used a cross-sectional research design and bootstrapped multiple mediation analyses with self-report measures completed by a large sample of justice-involved youth (N = 809, ages 12-19 years old, 27% female, 46...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547075/digital-poly-victimization-the-increasing-importance-of-online-crime-and-harassment-to-the-burden-of-victimization
#19
Sherry Hamby, Zach Blount, Alli Smith, Lisa Jones, Kimberly Mitchell, Elizabeth Taylor
Many forms of victimization, including bullying and property crime, are increasingly moving online, but most studies of poly-victimization still primarily focus on in-person crime and violence. Few studies have examined the importance of incorporating technology-based victimizations for assessing the true burden of violence. The purpose of this study is to explore whether digital poly-victimization contributes to post-traumatic stress and anxiety/dysphoria symptoms after controlling for in-person poly-victimization...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547074/polyvictimization-in-childhood-and-its-adverse-impacts-across-the-lifespan-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#20
Julian D Ford, Brianna C Delker
Although much empirical work has focused on the adverse impact of specific types of childhood victimization (e.g., sexual, physical, or emotional abuse), researchers and clinicians increasingly are recognizing the prevalence of polyvictimization, or exposure to multiple types of victimization. Polyvictimization during formative developmental periods may have detrimental and potentially lifelong biopsychosocial impacts over and above the effects of exposure to specific types of adversity. In this guest editorial, we summarize the key questions and findings for six empirical studies on polyvictimization included in this Special Issue of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation...
May 2018: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
journal
journal
34823
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"