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Journal of Trauma & Dissociation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997287/acute-dissociative-reaction-to-spontaneous-delivery-in-a-case-of-total-denial-of-pregnancy-diagnostic-and-forensic-aspects
#1
Vedat Şar, Nazan Aydın, Onno van der Hart, A Steven Frankel, Meriç Şar, Oğuz Omay
This article presents the history of a 21-year-old female college student with total denial of pregnancy who experienced an acute dissociative reaction during the spontaneous delivery at home without medical assistance where the newborn died immediately. Psychiatric examination, self-report questionnaires, legal documents, and witness reports have been reviewed in evaluation of the case. Evidence pointed to total denial of pregnancy, that is, until delivery. The diagnoses of an acute dissociative reaction to stress (remitted) and a subsequent PTSD were established in a follow-up examination conducted 7 months after the delivery...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918879/auditory-hallucinations-and-ptsd-in-ex-pows
#2
Laura Crompton, Yael Lahav, Zahava Solomon
Literature has suggested that auditory hallucinations might be prevalent in the general population and could be linked to the experience of trauma. This prospective study examines the prevalence of auditory hallucinations in trauma survivors and its association with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, over time. Former prisoners of war (ex-POWs) from the 1973 Yom Kippur War (n = 99) with and without PTSD and comparable veterans (n = 103) were assessed twice, in 1991 (T1) and 2003 (T2) in regard to auditory hallucinations and PTSD symptoms...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918877/a-longitudinal-examination-of-peritraumatic-emotional-responses-and-their-association-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-and-major-depressive-disorder-among-veterans
#3
Eden Engel-Rebitzer, Michelle J Bovin, Shimrit K Black, Raymond C Rosen, Terence M Keane, Brian P Marx
Research has revealed a significant association between several peritraumatic emotional responses and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Preliminary research has also linked peritraumatic emotional responses with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder (MDD). The majority of this research has been cross-sectional, thereby making it difficult to determine the extent to which the various peritraumatic emotional responses may increase risk for, or serve as a premorbid marker of, PTSD and MDD. This study examined the longitudinal role of peritraumatic emotional responses on the subsequent development of PTSD and MDD in a sample of US military veterans...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918876/awareness-of-identity-alteration-and-diagnostic-preference-between-borderline-personality-disorder-and-dissociative-disorders
#4
Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyuz, Emre Tayakısı, Ezgi F Öğülmüş, Doğuş Sönmez
AIM: This study inquires into identity alteration among college students and its relationship to borderline personality disorder (BPD) and/or dissociative disorders (DDs). METHODS: Steinberg Identity Alteration Questionnaire (SIAQ), Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ), and self-report screening tool of the BPD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-BPD) were administered to 1301 college students. Participants who fit the diagnostic criteria of BPD (n = 80) according to the clinician-administered SCID-BPD and 111 non-BPD controls were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV DDs (SCID-D) by two psychiatrists blind to the group membership and scale scores...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841738/case-report-improvement-in-dissociative-symptoms-with-mixed-amphetamine-salts
#5
Timothy M Scarella, Jamie R Franzen
Symptoms of dissociation, including dissociative amnesia, depersonalization, and derealization, commonly develop in individuals subject to chronic and repeated trauma during development. This includes the trauma of environmental inability to facilitate development of adequate cognitive strategies for coping with strong negative emotions. Dissociation likely involves dysregulated balance of prefrontal inhibition of limbic structures and inadequate regulation of attentional bias by both prefrontal and limbic systems...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782795/childhood-trauma-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-patients-with-depressive-disorder-in-primary-care-in-chile
#6
Verónica Vitriol, Alfredo Cancino, Marcelo Leiva-Bianchi, Carlos Serrano, Soledad Ballesteros, Andrea Asenjo, Cristian Cáceres, Soledad Potthoff, Carolina Salgado, Francisca Orellana, Marcela Ormazábal
: Childhood trauma is associated with different psychiatric disorders during adulthood. These disorders are often presented in comorbidity with depression. OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship between psychiatric comorbidities and childhood traumatic events in patients with depression in Chile. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-four patients with major depression were assessed using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview and a screening for childhood trauma...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775492/dsm-5-turkish-validity-and-reliability-of-dissociative-symptoms-severity-scale-child-form
#7
Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Dilek Ergin, Nesrin Şen Celasin, Handan Özek Erkuran, Duygu Karaarslan, Siğnem Öztekin, Bengisu Uzel Tanrıverdi, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
The goal of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale-Child Form. The scale was prepared by translating and then back translating the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale. The study groups included one group of 30 patients diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder who were treated in a child and adolescent psychiatry unit and a second group of 83 healthy volunteers from middle and high schools in the community. For assessment, the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (ADES) was used in addition to the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775489/head-injury-screening-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-brief-report
#8
Kerry L Gagnon, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: Although the importance of traumatic brain injury has gained public attention in recent years, relatively little attention has been paid to head injuries among women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). The present study screened for lifetime exposure to mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBIs) among a sample of women who had experienced recent IPV (median days since target incident = 26). METHOD: Participants included ethnically diverse women whose IPV experiences were reported to law enforcement...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736465/the-prevalence-of-deliberate-self-harm-and-its-relationships-to-trauma-and-dissociation-among-iranian-young-adults
#9
Habib Niyaraq Nobakht, Karl Yngvar Dale
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of deliberate self-harm and its relationships to childhood and recent trauma and different patterns of dissociative features. A total of 100 male and 100 female college students were administered a 58-item questionnaire designed to detect the extent of dissociation, deliberate self-harm, and trauma history. Participants with deliberate self-harm behaviors reported more traumatic experiences and dissociative features than participants without such behaviors. Furthermore, the prevalence of deliberate self-harm (i...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736373/factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-dissociative-ability-scale
#10
María José Pérez-Fabello, Alfredo Campos
Everybody has dissociative ability to some extent, though this may vary from one individual to another. Several tests have been designed to measure dissociative ability, such as the Dissociative Ability Scale (Fisher, Johnson, & Elkins, 2013). Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Spanish version of this test in a sample of 204 undergraduates seeking a fine arts degree at the University of Vigo (Spain). The reliability and validity of the Dissociative Ability Scale was found to be satisfactory for measuring dissociative ability...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732452/the-symptoms-of-trauma-scale-sots-psychometric-evaluation-and-gender-differences-with-adults-diagnosed-with-serious-mental-illness
#11
Julian D Ford, Andres R Schneeberger, Irina Komarovskaya, Kristina Muenzenmaier, Dorothy Castille, Lewis A Opler, Bruce Link
A new clinician rating measure, the Symptoms of Trauma Scale (SOTS), was administered to adult psychiatric outpatients (46 men, 47 women) with severe mental illness who reported a history of trauma exposure and had recently been discharged from inpatient psychiatric treatment. SOTS composite severity scores for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), complex PTSD (cPTSD), and total PTSD/cPTSD severity had acceptable internal consistency reliability...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740903/volume-17-reviewers-for-the-journal-of-trauma-dissociation
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740902/subscription-editorial-board-eov
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440470/a-brief-report-on-the-status-of-the-journal-of-trauma-dissociation
#14
Jennifer J Freyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27427782/collusion-torture-and-inequality-understanding-the-actions-of-the-american-psychological-association-as-institutional-betrayal
#15
Jennifer M Gómez, Carly P Smith, Robyn L Gobin, Shin Shin Tang, Jennifer J Freyd
The Hoffman Report (Hoffman et al., 2015) documented devastating information about the American Psychological Association (APA) and the profession of psychology in the United States, prompting a public apology and a formal commitment by APA to correct its mistakes (APA, 2015). In the current article, we utilize betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1997), including betrayal blindness (e.g., Freyd, 1996; Tang, 2015) and institutional betrayal (Smith & Freyd, 2014b), to understand and learn from APA's behaviors. We further situate this discussion in the context of inequality, both within APA and in American society generally...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27046664/dissociation-mediates-the-relationship-between-childhood-maltreatment-and-subclinical-psychosis
#16
Charles Lewis Cole, Katherine Newman-Taylor, Fiona Kennedy
More than a third of the population report childhood adversity, and these experiences are associated with an increased risk of clinical and subclinical psychosis. The reason why some people go on to develop mental health problems and others do not is a key question for study. It has been hypothesized that dissociative processes mediate the relationship between early adversity and psychosis. The current study assessed whether dissociation, and specifically depersonalization (one component of dissociation), plays a mediating role in the relationship between childhood maltreatment and both hallucination proneness and delusional ideation...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26943233/parallel-lives-a-phenomenological-study-of-the-lived-experience-of-maladaptive-daydreaming
#17
Eli Somer, Liora Somer, Daniela S Jopp
This qualitative study describes the lived experience of maladaptive daydreaming (MD), an excessive form of unwanted daydreaming that produces a rewarding experience based on a created fantasy of a parallel reality associated with a profound sense of presence. A total of 21 in-depth interviews with persons who self-identified as struggling with MD were analyzed utilizing a phenomenological approach. Interviewees described how their natural capacity for vivid daydreaming had developed into a time-consuming habit that resulted in serious dysfunction...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913382/associations-between-nonauditory-hallucinations-dissociation-and-childhood-adversity-in-first-episode-psychosis
#18
Eleanor Longden, Allan O House, Mitch G Waterman
Although repeated associations have been found between adversity exposure (particularly exposure to childhood sexual abuse), dissociation, and auditory hallucinations in the context of psychosis, there is little comparable research examining hallucinations in other modalities. This study aimed to determine whether cumulative adversity exposure influences the likelihood of experiencing visual, tactile, olfactory, and gustatory hallucinations among psychosis patients and whether measures of dissociation are significantly associated with nonauditory hallucinations when exposure to childhood adversity and psychological distress are adjusted for...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26011396/childhood-trauma-and-complex-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-in-older-adults-a-study-of-direct-effects-and-social-interpersonal-factors-as-potential-mediators
#19
Sandy Krammer, Birgit Kleim, Keti Simmen-Janevska, Andreas Maercker
Childhood traumatic events may lead to long-lasting psychological effects and contribute to the development of complex posttraumatic sequelae. These might be captured by the diagnostic concept of complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) as an alternative to classic posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). CPTSD comprises a further set of symptoms in addition to those of PTSD, namely, changes in affect, self, and interpersonal relationships. Previous empirical research on CPTSD has focused on middle-aged adults but not on older adults...
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689860/hearing-voices-dissociation-and-the-self-a-functional-analytic-perspective
#20
Ciara McEnteggart, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Jacqui Dillon, Jos Egger, Joseph E Oliver
In the current article, we review existing models of the etiology of voice hearing. We summarize the argument and evidence that voice hearing is primarily a dissociative process involving critical aspects of self. We propose a complementary perspective on these phenomena that is based on a modern behavioral account of complex behavior known as relational frame theory. This type of approach to voice hearing concerns itself with the functions served for the individual by this voice hearing; the necessary history, such as trauma, that establishes these functions; and the relevant dissociative processes involving self and others...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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