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Journal of Trauma & Dissociation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841738/case-report-improvement-in-dissociative-symptoms-with-mixed-amphetamine-salts
#1
Timothy M Scarella, Jamie R Franzen
Symptoms of dissociation, including dissociative amnesia, depersonalization, and derealization, commonly develop in individuals subject to chronic and repeated trauma during development. This includes the trauma of environmental inability to facilitate development of adequate cognitive strategies for coping with strong negative emotions. Dissociation likely involves dysregulated balance of prefrontal inhibition of limbic structures and inadequate regulation of attentional bias by both prefrontal and limbic systems...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27782795/childhood-trauma-and-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-patients-with-depressive-disorder-in-primary-care-in-chile
#2
Verónica Vitriol, Alfredo Cancino, Marcelo Leiva-Bianchi, Carlos Serrano, Soledad Ballesteros, Andrea Asenjo, Cristian Cáceres, Soledad Potthoff, Carolina Salgado, Francisca Orellana, Marcela Ormazábal
: Childhood trauma is associated with different psychiatric disorders during adulthood. These disorders are often presented in comorbidity with depression. OBJECTIVE: To establish the relationship between psychiatric comorbidities and childhood traumatic events in patients with depression in Chile. METHODS: Three hundred and ninety-four patients with major depression were assessed using the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview and a screening for childhood trauma...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775492/dsm-5-turkish-validity-and-reliability-of-dissociative-symptoms-severity-scale-child-form
#3
Şermin Yalın Sapmaz, Dilek Ergin, Nesrin Şen Celasin, Handan Özek Erkuran, Duygu Karaarslan, Siğnem Öztekin, Bengisu Uzel Tanrıverdi, Ertuğrul Köroğlu, Ömer Aydemir
The goal of this study was to assess the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale-Child Form. The scale was prepared by translating and then back translating the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale. The study groups included one group of 30 patients diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder who were treated in a child and adolescent psychiatry unit and a second group of 83 healthy volunteers from middle and high schools in the community. For assessment, the Adolescent Dissociative Experiences Scale (ADES) was used in addition to the DSM-5 Dissociative Symptoms Severity Scale...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775489/head-injury-screening-and-intimate-partner-violence-a-brief-report
#4
Kerry L Gagnon, Anne P DePrince
OBJECTIVE: While the importance of traumatic brain injury (TBI) has gained public attention in recent years, relatively little attention has been paid to head injuries among women who have experienced intimate partner violence (IPV). The present study screened for lifetime exposure to mild traumatic brain injuries (mTBI) among a sample of women who experienced recent IPV (median days since target incident = 26). METHOD: Participants included ethnically diverse women whose IPV experiences were reported to law enforcement...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736465/the-prevalence-of-deliberate-self-harm-and-its-relationships-to-trauma-and-dissociation-among-iranian-young-adults
#5
Habib Niyaraq Nobakht, Karl Yngvar Dale
This study aims to investigate the prevalence of Deliberate self-harm and its relationship to childhood and recent trauma and different patterns of dissociative features. 100 men and 100 women among college students were administered a 58-item questionnaire designed to detect the extent of dissociation, Deliberate self-harm and trauma history, respectively. Participants with Deliberate self-harm behaviors reported more traumatic experiences and dissociative features than participants without such behaviors...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736373/factor-structure-and-reliability-of-the-spanish-version-of-the-dissociative-ability-scale
#6
María José Pérez-Fabello, Alfredo Campos
Everybody has dissociative ability to some extent, though this may vary from one individual to another. Several tests have been designed to measure dissociative ability, such as the Dissociative Ability Scale (Fisher, Johnson, & Elkins, 2013). Thus, the aim of this study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Spanish version of this test in a sample of 204 undergraduates seeking a fine arts degree at the University of Vigo (Spain). The reliability and validity of the Dissociative Ability Scale was found to be satisfactory for measuring dissociative ability...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732452/the-symptoms-of-trauma-scale-sots-psychometric-evaluation-and-gender-differences-with-adults-diagnosed-with-serious-mental-illness
#7
Julian D Ford, Andres R Schneeberger, Irina Komarovskaya, Kristina Muenzenmaier, Dorothy Castille, Lewis A Opler, Bruce Link
A new clinician rating measure, the Symptoms of Trauma Scale (SOTS), was administered to adult psychiatric outpatients (46 men, 47 women) with severe mental illness who reported a history of trauma exposure and had recently been discharged from inpatient psychiatric treatment. SOTS composite severity scores for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, and Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), complex PTSD (cPTSD), and total PTSD/cPTSD severity had acceptable internal consistency reliability...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689860/hearing-voices-dissociation-and-the-self-a-functional-analytic-perspective
#8
Ciara McEnteggart, Yvonne Barnes-Holmes, Jacqui Dillon, Jos Egger, Joseph E Oliver
In the current article, we review existing models of the etiology of voice hearing. We summarize the argument and evidence that voice hearing is primarily a dissociative process involving critical aspects of self. We propose a complementary perspective on these phenomena that is based on a modern behavioral account of complex behavior known as relational frame theory. This type of approach to voice hearing concerns itself with the functions served for the individual by this voice hearing; the necessary history, such as trauma, that establishes these functions; and the relevant dissociative processes involving self and others...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689788/experiences-of-therapeutic-relationships-on-hospital-wards-dissociation-and-making-connections
#9
Sarah Parry, Mike Lloyd, Jane Simpson
An interpretive phenomenological analysis sought to explore how people reporting moderate to high levels of dissociation experienced relationships with multidisciplinary hospital ward staff. Three superordinate themes were developed. First, the theme "multiple me and multiple them" explores the instability experienced by the participants as they managed their dissociative experiences alongside many inconsistencies. Second, "recognizing, meeting, or neglecting interpersonal and care needs" reflects on participants' needs within therapeutic relationships...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27689689/evidence-for-phase-based-psychotherapy-as-a-treatment-for-dissociative-identity-disorder-comorbid-with-major-depressive-disorder-and-alcohol-dependence
#10
Brianna E Pollock, Jenny Macfie, L Christian Elledge
We report on the treatment and successful outcome of a 58-year-old Native American male with a history of complex trauma presenting with dissociative identity disorder (DID) and major depressive disorder. The treatment included a trauma-informed phase-based psychotherapy as recommended by the International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation for treating DID. We assessed symptoms at baseline and at three additional time points over the course of 14 months. We utilized the Reliable Change Index to examine statistically significant change in symptoms over the course of treatment...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681414/depersonalization-and-derealization-in-self-report-and-clinical-interview-the-spectrum-of-borderline-personality-disorder-dissociative-disorders-and-healthy-controls
#11
Vedat Sar, Firdevs Alioğlu, Gamze Akyuz
Depersonalization (DEP) and derealization (DER) were examined among college students with and without borderline personality disorder (BPD) and/or dissociative disorders (DDs) by self-report and clinician assessment. The Steinberg Depersonalization Questionnaire (SDEPQ), the Steinberg Derealization Questionnaire (SDERQ), the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, and the screening tool of the BPD section of the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-BPD) were administered to 1,301 students. Those with BPD (n = 80) according to the SCID-BPD and 111 non-BPD controls were evaluated using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders by a psychiatrist blind to the diagnosis...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681284/the-extent-of-dissociation-in-borderline-personality-disorder-a-meta-analytic-review
#12
Andrea Scalabrini, Marco Cavicchioli, Andrea Fossati, Cesare Maffei
Several authors have studied dissociation within the borderline personality disorder (BPD) population and postulated 3 dissociative subgroups. Conversely, other authors suggest that dissociation may play a central role in the development of trauma-related disorders and specifically in BPD. Nevertheless, the role of dissociation in BPD seems to be controversial. Our aim is to perform a meta-analytic review of the literature to evaluate the extent of dissociation in BPD compared to other psychopathological disorders to clarify its role in this specific condition...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681156/sleep-problems-and-dissociation-in-preschool-victims-of-sexual-abuse
#13
Martine Hébert, Rachel Langevin, Elisa Guidi, Anne Claude Bernard-Bonnin, Claire Allard-Dansereau
OBJECTIVE: Child sexual abuse (CSA) is associated with a host of deleterious impacts, yet little is known about the short-term correlates in children. This study aimed to investigate the association between dissociation and sleep problems in a sample of preschool-age sexual abuse victims while controlling for potentially confounding variables, including gender, age, polytrauma, CSA characteristics, and parental distress. METHOD: The sample consisted of 179 children (ages 3-6 years) and their non-offending parents...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673351/the-role-of-clinical-experience-diagnosis-and-theoretical-orientation-in-the-treatment-of-posttraumatic-and-dissociative-disorders-a-vignette-and-survey-investigation
#14
Martin J Dorahy, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Christa Krüger, Bethany L Brand, Vedat Şar, Jan Ewing, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Pam Stavropoulos, Warwick Middleton
Controversy exists regarding the merits of exposure-based treatments for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) versus a phased approach when prominent dissociative symptoms are present. The first aim of this study was to examine the degree to which diagnosing dissociation in two traumatized patients' vignettes influenced clinicians' preference for phase-oriented treatment and whether clinicians' treatment experience contributed to their treatment preference. The second aim was to assess the extent to which participants had observed traumatized patients worsen when treated with exposure therapy or phase-oriented therapy and whether the theoretical orientation and treatment experience of the clinician were related to the observed deterioration...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636557/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-outpatients-with-depression-still-a-missed-diagnosis
#15
Panagiotis Kostaras, Joanna-Despina Bergiannaki, Constantin Psarros, Dimitrios Ploumbidis, Charalambos Papageorgiou
Co-morbidity between Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a well-established fact, but has been less studied among MDD patients, and even less among outpatients. We assessed the prevalence and characteristics of MDD-PTSD co-morbid patients in a sample of MDD outpatients in an effort to elucidate possible causes of MDD-PTSD co-morbidity. A semi-structured clinical interview was applied to 101 outpatients with MDD. Sociodemographic factors, psychiatric history, the presence of PTSD and MDD-PTSD co-morbidity were recorded...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740903/volume-17-reviewers-for-the-journal-of-trauma-dissociation
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27740902/subscription-editorial-board-eov
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440470/a-brief-report-on-the-status-of-the-journal-of-trauma-dissociation
#18
Jennifer J Freyd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435299/rates-of-traumatization-and-psychopathology-in-criminal-justice-involved-women
#19
Doreen D Salina, Caleb Figge, Daphna Ram, Leonard A Jason
Prior research has consistently found disproportionate rates of traumatization and psychopathology in criminal justice-involved women. The current study aimed to characterize rates of traumatization, psychopathology, and diagnostic comorbidity in women involved with the justice system. Furthermore, this study examined the role of posttraumatic stress symptoms in the association between traumatic events and levels of self-esteem. Participants were 185 women from the Chicagoland area with current or previous (past 2 years) involvement with the criminal justice system...
July 19, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429395/using-the-past-to-fertilize-but-not-determine-the-future-reflections-on-dissociation-in-the-isstd
#20
Martin J Dorahy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 18, 2016: Journal of Trauma & Dissociation
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