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Current Atherosclerosis Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019290/psammomys-obesus-a-natural-diet-controlled-model-for-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-diseases
#1
REVIEW
Rajneesh Chaudhary, Ken R Walder, Christoph E Hagemeyer, Jagat R Kanwar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review specifically summarises and reports terrestrial mammals of the gerbil subfamily, known as Israeli sand rats or Psammomys obesus (P. obesus) as a diet-controlled, unique, polygenic rodent model for research in the areas of obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. The animal model closely mimics phenotypic and pathophysiological resemblance with human populations. RECENT FINDINGS: The physiological status and biochemical composition in P...
July 17, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987642/commentary-on-implementing-a-mediterranean-style-diet-outside-the-mediterranean-region
#2
REVIEW
Markos Klonizakis, Ahmad Alkhatib, Geoff Middleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 9, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974260/advances-in-coronary-no-reflow-phenomenon-a-contemporary-review
#3
REVIEW
Ahmadreza Karimianpour, Anbukarasi Maran
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coronary artery no-reflow phenomenon is an incidental outcome of percutaneous coronary intervention in patients presenting with acute myocardial infarction. Despite advances in pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic therapies, coronary no-reflow phenomenon occurs more commonly than desired. It often results in poor clinical outcomes and remains as a relevant consideration in the cardiac catheterization laboratory. In this systematic review, we have sought to discuss the topic in detail, and to relay the most recent discoveries and data on management of this condition...
July 5, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974259/stroke-risk-and-vascular-dementia-in-south-asians
#4
REVIEW
Vineeta Singh, Mandip S Dhamoon, Suvarna Alladi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: South Asians (SA) are at a higher risk for stroke and vascular dementia due to the disproportionate burden of diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia. This review summarizes the rationale for screening, early detection, and aggressive control of metabolic factors, and critically examines the published literature on primary and secondary stroke prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: South Asians have a higher prevalence of diabetes than non-SA. SA with diabetes are at a higher risk of recurrent ischemic stroke and have a higher incidence of stroke-related dementia compared to non-South Asians...
July 5, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915890/correction-to-cardiovascular-disease-prevention-training-opportunities-the-challenges-and-future-directions
#5
Anum Saeed, Kaustubh Dabhadkar, Salim S Virani, Peter H Jones, Christie M Ballantyne, Vijay Nambi
The original version of this article contains errors in Table 3. "At least 1 project/publication in the year" and "> 1 publication per year" have been switched under the titles of "Clinical Track" and "Physician-Scientist track".
June 19, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884916/vascular-access-related-complications-in-women-temporal-trends-emerging-data-and-the-current-state-of-interventional-cardiology-practice
#6
REVIEW
Yohan Chacko, Rushi V Parikh, Jennifer A Tremmel
Women undergoing cardiac catheterization, percutaneous coronary intervention, transcatheter aortic valve replacement, and other structural heart interventions have a significantly higher risk of vascular complications and bleeding than men, leading to significant morbidity and mortality. This review highlights the importance of recognizing female sex as a specific and independent risk factor, and focuses on mechanisms of increased risk and strategies to minimize that risk. Smaller caliber peripheral vessels, low body weight, variations in platelet reactivity, and inappropriate dosing of anticoagulant and antiplatelet agents are the currently identified mechanisms for elevated bleeding and vascular complication risk in women...
June 8, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858704/peripheral-arterial-disease-in-women-an-overview-of-risk-factor-profile-clinical-features-and-outcomes
#7
Qurat-Ul-Ain Jelani, Mikhail Petrov, Sara C Martinez, Lene Holmvang, Khaled Al-Shaibi, Mirvat Alasnag
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is the third most common manifestation of cardiovascular disease (CVD), following coronary artery disease (CAD) and stroke. PAD remains underdiagnosed and under-treated in women. RECENT FINDINGS: Women with PAD experience more atypical symptoms and poorer overall health status. The prevalence of PAD in women increases with age, such that more women than men have PAD after the age of 40 years. There is under-representation of PAD patients in clinical trials in general and women in particular...
June 2, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785667/cerebral-autoregulation-in-stroke
#8
REVIEW
Pedro Castro, Elsa Azevedo, Farzaneh Sorond
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cerebral autoregulation (CA) is a mechanism that maintains cerebral blood flow constant despite fluctuations in systemic arterial blood pressure. This review will focus on recent studies that measured CA non-invasively in acute cerebrovascular events, a feature unique to the transcranial Doppler ultrasound. We will summarize the rationale for CA assessment in acute cerebrovascular disorders and specifically evaluate the existing data on the value of CA measures in relation to clinical severity, guiding management decisions, and prognostication...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785665/why-weight-an-analytic-review-of-obesity-management-diabetes-prevention-and-cardiovascular-risk-reduction
#9
REVIEW
L I Igel, K H Saunders, J J Fins
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In this review, we examine one of the ironies of American health care-that we pay more for disease management than disease prevention. Instead of preventing type 2 diabetes (T2DM) by treating its precursor, obesity, we fail to provide sufficient insurance coverage for weight management only to fund the more costly burden of overt T2DM. RECENT FINDINGS: There is a vital need for expanded insurance coverage to help foster a weight-centric approach to T2DM management...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785493/mindset-and-communication-barriers-in-the-diffusion-of-bariatric-surgery
#10
REVIEW
Daniel Gero, Bors Hulesch, Marco Bueter
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cumulating evidence is available to demonstrate the efficacy of bariatric surgery (BS) in achieving weight loss and optimizing comorbidities. However, currently, only a minority of eligible patients approaches bariatric centers. The underuse of BS can no longer be explained by the lack of evidence supporting its beneficial outcomes along with its favorable safety-profile, rather, by the supporting infrastructure, insurance coverage, and mindset of society, including potential patients and allied healthcare professionals...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781063/anticoagulation-resumption-after-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#11
REVIEW
Yan-Guang Li, Gregory Y H Lip
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Decision-making on resuming oral anticoagulant (OAC) after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) evokes significant debate among clinicians. Such patients have been excluded from randomized clinical trials. This review article provides a comprehensive summary of the evidence on anticoagulation resumption after ICH. RECENT FINDINGS: OAC resumption does not increase the risk of recurrent ICH and can also reduce the risk of all-cause mortality. OAC cessation exposes patients to a significantly higher risk of thromboembolism, which could be reduced by resumption...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781062/antioxidants-in-the-fight-against-atherosclerosis-is-this-a-dead-end
#12
REVIEW
Paola Toledo-Ibelles, Jaime Mas-Oliva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to focus on the outcome of recent antioxidant interventions using synthetic and naturally occurring molecules established as adjuvant strategies to lipid-lowering or anti-inflammatory therapies designed to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS: To date, accumulated evidence regarding oxidation as a pro-atherogenic factor indicates that redox biochemical events involved in atherogenesis are indeed a very attractive target for the management of cardiovascular disease in the clinic...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781057/cardiovascular-disease-prevention-training-opportunities-the-challenges-and-future-directions
#13
REVIEW
Anum Saeed, Kaustubh Dabhadkar, Salim S Virani, Peter H Jones, Christie M Ballantyne, Vijay Nambi
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide, necessitating major efforts in prevention. This review summarizes the currently available training opportunities in CVD prevention for fellows-in-training (FITs) and residents. We also highlight the challenges and future directions for CVD prevention as a field and propose a structure for an inclusive CVD prevention training program. RECENT FINDINGS: At present, there is a lack of centralized training resources for FITs and residents interested in pursuing a career in CVD prevention...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781051/prehospital-prediction-of-large-vessel-occlusion-in-suspected-stroke-patients
#14
REVIEW
Kevin J Keenan, Charles Kircher, Jason T McMullan
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent advances in endovascular thrombectomy have made acute ischemic stroke due to a large vessel occlusion more treatable than ever. Rapid access to treatment remains paramount and multiple large vessel occlusion prediction scales have been created to enhance prehospital identification and triage of these patients. This review summarizes the current state of large vessel occlusion prediction scales, proposes a set of ideal scale features, and discusses the future of these scales and prehospital neurological emergency response systems...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781047/a-survey-on-coronary-atherosclerotic-plaque-tissue-characterization-in-intravascular-optical-coherence-tomography
#15
REVIEW
Alberto Boi, Ankush D Jamthikar, Luca Saba, Deep Gupta, Aditya Sharma, Bruno Loi, John R Laird, Narendra N Khanna, Jasjit S Suri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Atherosclerotic plaque deposition within the coronary vessel wall leads to arterial stenosis and severe catastrophic events over time. Identification of these atherosclerotic plaque components is essential to pre-estimate the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and stratify them as a high or low risk. The characterization and quantification of coronary plaque components are not only vital but also a challenging task which can be possible using high-resolution imaging techniques...
May 21, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779130/the-present-and-the-future-of-genetic-testing-in-familial-hypercholesterolemia-opportunities-and-caveats
#16
REVIEW
Amanda J Hooper, John R Burnett, Damon A Bell, Gerald F Watts
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We summarize recent advances in the understanding of genetic testing in familial hypercholesterolemia (FH), the use of expanded FH next-generation sequencing panels, and directions for future research. RECENT FINDINGS: The uptake of massively parallel sequencing in research and diagnostic laboratories has enabled expanded testing for FH and its phenocopies, with the added advantage that copy number variants can be detected. However, increasing the number of genes tested increases the number of variants detected, which may or may not be pathogenic...
May 19, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777448/triad-of-the-ischemic-cardiovascular-disease-in-people-living-with-hiv-association-between-risk-factors-hiv-infection-and-use-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#17
REVIEW
Hugo Ribeiro Zanetti, Edmar Lacerda Mendes, Antonio Carlos Palandri Chagas, Maria Odila Gomes Douglas, Leandro Teixeira Paranhos Lopes, Leonardo Roever, Alexandre Gonçalves, Elmiro Santos Resende
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review is focused on cardiovascular risk factors in HIV-infected people. RECENT FINDINGS: Antiretroviral therapy (ART) has significantly increased the life expectancy of HIV-infected people. Thus, this population has experienced non-HIV-related diseases, mainly cardiovascular diseases. Thus, in our review, we intend to understand the cardiovascular risk factors that trigger this situation. We have demonstrated that both ART and traditional cardiovascular risk factors contribute to the development of cardiovascular disease in HIV-infected people...
May 18, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766349/recent-developments-in-the-role-of-coenzyme-q10-for-coronary-heart-disease-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Jessica Ayers, Jamie Cook, Rachel A Koenig, Evan M Sisson, Dave L Dixon
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines recent randomized clinical trials evaluating the role of coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) in the management of coronary heart disease. RECENT FINDINGS: CoQ10 is one of the most commonly used dietary supplements in the USA. Due to its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, CoQ10 has been studied extensively for possible use in managing coronary heart disease. One of the most common applications of CoQ10 is to mitigate statin-associated muscle symptoms (SAMS) based on the theory that SAMS are caused by statin depletion of CoQ10 in the muscle...
May 16, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728772/implementing-a-mediterranean-style-diet-outside-the-mediterranean-region
#19
REVIEW
Karen J Murphy, Natalie Parletta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Populations surrounding the Mediterranean basin have traditionally reaped health benefits from a Mediterranean diet (MedDiet), which may benefit Westernized countries plagued by chronic disease. But is it feasible to implement beyond the Mediterranean? To answer this question, we present evidence from randomized controlled trials that achieved high dietary compliance rates with subsequent physical and mental health benefits. RECENT FINDINGS: In the 1960s, the Seven Countries Study identified dietary qualities of Mediterranean populations associated with healthy aging and longevity...
May 4, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696447/preserving-cardiovascular-health-in-young-children-beginning-healthier-by-starting-earlier
#20
REVIEW
Linda Van Horn, Eileen Vincent, Amanda M Perak
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goals of this paper are to review current literature regarding maternal-fetal-pediatric diet and nutritional factors related to preserving cardiovascular health in the very young child and the emerging data implicating nutritional influences on neurodevelopmental factors. Questions related to maternal diet and influences of human milk on child's growth, neurodevelopment, and risk of developing obesity were addressed. RECENT FINDINGS: The majority of US women in their reproductive years have overweight or obese status thereby increasing the risk of developing obesity in their children...
April 25, 2018: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
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