journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Atherosclerosis Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315200/radiation-induced-cardiovascular-disease
#1
REVIEW
Deepa Raghunathan, Misha Iftikhar Khilji, Saamir A Hassan, Syed Wamique Yusuf
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Thoracic radiation therapy is an effective treatment for several malignancies, such as Hodgkin's lymphoma and breast cancer. Over the years, however, the incidence of cardiovascular events has increased in these patients, notably in younger survivors who do not have traditional risk factors. This review summarizes the pathology, incidence, clinical presentation, and management of cardiac events after radiation therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Mediastinal radiation therapy accelerates the atherosclerosis process, resulting in early onset coronary artery disease...
May 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315199/hiv-infection-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-beyond-coronary-artery-disease
#2
REVIEW
Revery P Barnes, John Charles A Lacson, Hossein Bahrami
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) increasingly afflicts people living with HIV (PLWH) in the contemporary era of antiretroviral therapy (ART). Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most widely studied cardiovascular problem in PLWH; however, less is known about other clinically relevant subtypes of CVD such as heart failure (HF), cerebrovascular disease, sudden cardiac death, pericardial diseases, and pulmonary hypertension. This paper reviews evidence of other subtypes of CVD as emerging issues in the post-ART era...
May 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315198/erratum-to-the-role-of-adipocytokines-in-coronary-atherosclerosis
#3
Luca Liberale, Aldo Bonaventura, Alessandra Vecchiè, Matteo Casula, Franco Dallegri, Fabrizio Montecucco, Federico Carbone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315181/update-on-the-management-of-chronic-total-occlusions-in-coronary-artery-disease
#4
REVIEW
Kathleen Kearney, Ravi S Hira, Robert F Riley, Arun Kalyanasundaram, William L Lombardi
PURPOSE OF THE REVIEW: Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in about a third of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and can pose a significant challenge during percutaneous revascularization. However, advances in CTO percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategies, devices, and algorithms have led to significant improvements in successful treatment of CTOs. This review summarizes current management of CTOs in the context of modern PCI techniques and current evidence. RECENT FINDINGS: The hybrid algorithm now provides a standardized, teachable approach to CTO PCI, and success rates are approximately 90% in experienced hands...
April 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265887/coronary-artery-disease-in-hiv-infected-patients-downside-of-living-longer
#5
REVIEW
John Charles A Lacson, Revery P Barnes, Hossein Bahrami
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has increased the life expectancy of patients with HIV infection, allowing them to live longer with this chronic medical condition and consequently experiencing conditions such as cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Several studies have investigated the increased risk of CVD in people living with HIV (PLWH). However, less is known about the exact mechanisms involved in this increased risk. Also, specific guidelines for management of CVD in PLWH have not been developed yet...
April 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243807/using-mobile-health-mhealth-technology-in-the-management-of-diabetes-mellitus-physical-inactivity-and-smoking
#6
REVIEW
Hasan Rehman, Ayeesha K Kamal, Saleem Sayani, Pamela B Morris, Anwar T Merchant, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cardiovascular mortality remains high due to insufficient progress made in managing cardiovascular risk factors such as diabetes mellitus, physical inactivity, and smoking. Healthy lifestyle choices play an important role in the management of these modifiable risk factors. Mobile health or mHealth is defined as the use of mobile computing and communication technologies (i.e., mobile phones, wearable sensors) for the delivery of health services and health-related information...
April 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243806/influence-of-erythrocyte-membrane-stability-in-atherosclerosis
#7
REVIEW
Mario da Silva Garrote-Filho, Morun Bernardino-Neto, Nilson Penha-Silva
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to show how an excess of cholesterol in the erythrocyte membrane contributes stochastically to the progression of atherosclerosis, leading to damage in blood rheology and O2 transport, deposition of cholesterol (from trapped erythrocytes) in an area of intraplaque hemorrhage, and local exacerbation of oxidative stress. RECENT FINDINGS: Cholesterol contained in the membrane of erythrocytes trapped in an intraplaque hemorrhage contributes to the growth of the necrotic nucleus...
April 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229431/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy
#8
REVIEW
Sahar Naderi, Sandra A Tsai, Abha Khandelwal
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although pregnancy-related deaths are rare in the USA, they are on the rise and have more than doubled in the last 20 years. A substantial portion of these deaths are related to cardiovascular disease, specifically hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). In this review, we will discuss the definitions and proposed pathophysiology of HDP as well as its potential role in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. RECENT FINDINGS: Placental hypoperfusion may lead to an imbalance in proangiogenic and antiangiogenic factors, notably an increase in soluble fms-like tyrosine kinsase-1 (sFlt-1), thereby leading to endothelial dysfunction...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220461/new-generation-coronary-stents-current-data-and-future-directions
#9
REVIEW
Ankur Kalra, Hasan Rehman, Sahil Khera, Braghadheeswar Thyagarajan, Deepak L Bhatt, Neal S Kleiman, Robert W Yeh
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Drug-eluting stents are the mainstay in the treatment of coronary artery disease using percutaneous coronary intervention. Innovations developed to overcome the limitations of prior generations of stents include biodegradable polymer stents, drug-eluting stents without a polymer, and bioabsorbable scaffolds. Our review briefly discusses the clinical profiles of first- and second-generation coronary stents, and provides an up-to-date overview of design, technology, and clinical safety and efficacy profiles of newer generation coronary stents discussing the relevant clinical trials in this rapidly evolving area of interventional cardiology...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210975/alcohol-and-cardiovascular-disease-how-much-is-too-much
#10
REVIEW
Augustin Toma, Guillaume Paré, Darryl P Leong
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Previous research suggests that low-moderate alcohol consumption may have cardioprotective effects, while heavy or binge-pattern drinking is harmful. New evidence and research methodology may inform safe thresholds of alcohol use. This review examines recent evidence regarding alcohol's effect on cardiovascular disease, with a special consideration of pattern, drink type, and total quantity. RECENT FINDINGS: New epidemiologic research confirms the potential harmful cardiovascular effects of heavy episodic alcohol use and does not support the previous observation that low-moderate alcohol use protects against stroke...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210974/mobile-health-mhealth-technology-for-the-management-of-hypertension-and-hyperlipidemia-slow-start-but-loads-of-potential
#11
REVIEW
Hasan Rehman, Ayeesha K Kamal, Pamela B Morris, Saleem Sayani, Anwar T Merchant, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hypertension and hyperlipidemia represent two major risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Mobile health or mHealth is defined as the use of mobile phone and wireless technologies to support the achievement of health objectives. Management of hypertension, and to some extent hyperlipidemia, has often employed mHealth interventions given lower cost and greater patient engagement compared to traditional methods. These interventions include the use of text messaging, wireless devices, and mobile phone applications...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194569/the-role-of-inflammation-in-cardiovascular-outcome
#12
REVIEW
Fabrizio Montecucco, Luca Liberale, Aldo Bonaventura, Alessandra Vecchiè, Franco Dallegri, Federico Carbone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to update the pathophysiological role of innate immune response in the cardiovascular (CV) disease outcomes, particularly focusing on coronary atherosclerosis and heart failure. RECENT FINDINGS: Inflammatory processes comprised with the innate immunity reaction are believed to actively trigger CV disease development and final clinical events. For instance, by releasing proteases and neutrophil extracellular traps, neutrophil recruitment and activation might strongly influence atherosclerotic plaque stability...
March 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185154/the-role-of-adipocytokines-in-coronary-atherosclerosis
#13
REVIEW
Luca Liberale, Aldo Bonaventura, Alessandra Vecchiè, Casula Matteo, Franco Dallegri, Fabrizio Montecucco, Federico Carbone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review is to overview the pathophysiological role of adipocytokines in atherogenesis, focusing on their potential role as biomarkers of coronary disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Several lines of evidence indicated adipose tissue not only as depot but rather as an endocrine organ. In this context, the balance between pro- and anti-inflammatory adipocytokines has been shown to critically regulate vascular homeostasis in both physiological and pathophysiological conditions...
February 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185153/role-of-the-gut-on-glucose-homeostasis-lesson-learned-from-metabolic-surgery
#14
REVIEW
V Kamvissi-Lorenz, M Raffaelli, S Bornstein, G Mingrone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bariatric surgery was initially intended to reduce weight, and only subsequently was the remission of type two diabetes (T2D) observed as a collateral event. At the moment, the term "metabolic surgery" is used to underline the fact that this type of surgery is performed specifically to treat diabetes and its metabolic complications, such as hyperlipidemia. RECENT FINDINGS: Randomized, controlled studies have recently supported the use of bariatric surgery, and in particular of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) as an effective treatment for decompensated T2D...
February 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161836/what-we-learned-with-recent-network-meta-analyses-on-atherosclerosis-prevention-and-treatment
#15
REVIEW
Arturo Giordano, Mariangela Peruzzi, Antonino G M Marullo, Giacomo Frati, Sebastiano Sciarretta, Giovanni Napolitano, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The management of atherosclerosis requires a complex integration of the knowledge on its pathophysiology, patient values, and the synthesis of the global scientific evidence informing on its prevention and treatment. Novel statistical methods such as umbrella reviews and network meta-analyses (NMAs) offer a unique opportunity for integrating different sources of evidence stemming from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) or internally valid observational studies. We aimed to provide an updated perspective on the most important contributions of recent network meta-analyses on atherosclerosis prevention and treatment...
February 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130654/the-genetic-architecture-of-coronary-artery-disease-current-knowledge-and-future-opportunities
#16
REVIEW
Jaana Hartiala, William S Schwartzman, Julian Gabbay, Anatole Ghazalpour, Brian J Bennett, Hooman Allayee
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: We provide an overview of our current understanding of the genetic architecture of coronary artery disease (CAD) and discuss areas of research that provide excellent opportunities for further exploration. RECENT FINDINGS: Large-scale studies in human populations, coupled with rapid advances in genetic technologies over the last decade, have clearly established the association of common genetic variation with risk of CAD. However, the effect sizes of the susceptibility alleles are for the most part modest and collectively explain only a small fraction of the overall heritability...
February 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130653/addressing-knowledge-gaps-in-the-2013-acc-aha-guideline-on-the-assessment-of-cardiovascular-risk-a-review-of-recent-coronary-artery-calcium-literature
#17
REVIEW
Vasanth Sathiyakumar, Roger S Blumenthal, Khurram Nasir, Seth S Martin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Coronary artery calcium (CAC) has been proposed as an integrator of information from traditionally measured, non-traditionally measured, and unmeasured risk factors for coronary atherosclerosis. The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Guideline on the Assessment of Cardiovascular Risk identified several knowledge gaps regarding CAC, including radiation risks, cost-effectiveness, and improving discrimination and reclassification of estimated risk over the Pooled Cohort Equations in the ACC/AHA Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Estimator...
February 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127710/vitamin-d-calcium-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-d-vantageous-or-d-etrimental-an-era-of-uncertainty
#18
REVIEW
Kathleen Chin, Lawrence J Appel, Erin D Michos
While the function of vitamin D in regulating calcium homeostasis is well established, there has been growing interest in its role in the prevention of numerous chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (CVD). There is mounting epidemiological evidence suggesting that vitamin D deficiency is linked to increased CVD risk. However, the results of previous vitamin D supplementation trials have yielded mixed results in regards to cardiovascular health, and the results of ongoing large-scale randomized controlled trials are not yet available...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120314/evaluating-periodontal-treatment-to-prevent-cardiovascular-disease-challenges-and-possible-solutions
#19
REVIEW
Anwar T Merchant, Salim S Virani
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Periodontal disease is correlated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in observational studies, but a causal connection has not been established. The empirical evidence linking periodontal disease and CVD consists of a large body of observational and mechanistic studies, but a limited number of clinical trials evaluating the effects of periodontal treatment on surrogate CVD endpoints. RECENT FINDINGS: No randomized controlled trial has been conducted to evaluate the effect of periodontal treatment on CVD risk...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108860/early-cardioversion-in-atrial-fibrillation-earlier-is-better-but-not-always-and-maybe-not-immediately
#20
REVIEW
Paloma G Piña, Alexandru B Chicos
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in humans. One of its important features is the tendency to become more persistent over time, even in the absence of underlying progressive heart disease. Conversion and maintenance of sinus rhythm by pharmacological or electrical methods become increasingly difficult the longer the arrhythmia persists. Electrical, mechanical, structural, and autonomic remodeling processes have been implicated in the mechanisms of AF initiation, perpetuation, and progression...
January 2017: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
journal
journal
34820
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"