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Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766892/religion-and-body-weight-a-review-of-quantitative-studies
#1
REVIEW
Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary, Jeffery Sobal, Elaine Wethington
Increasing interest in relationships between religion and health has encouraged research about religion and body weight, which has produced mixed findings. We systematically searched 11 bibliographic databases for quantitative studies of religion and weight, locating and coding 85 studies. We conducted a systematic review, analysing descriptive characteristics of the studies as well as relevant religion-body weight associations related to study characteristics. We summarized findings for two categories of religion variables: religious affiliation and religiosity...
August 2, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752527/interleukin-15-in-obesity-and-metabolic-dysfunction-current-understanding-and-future-perspectives
#2
REVIEW
Y Duan, F Li, W Wang, Q Guo, C Wen, Y Li, Y Yin
Obesity rises rapidly and is a major health concern for modern people. Importantly, it is a major risk factor in the development of numerous chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recently, interleukin (IL)-15 has attracted considerable attention as a potential regulator for the prevention and/or treatment of obesity and T2DM. The beneficial effects include increased loss of fat mass and body weight, improved lipid and glucose metabolism, reduced white adipose tissue inflammation, enhanced mitochondrial function, alterations in the composition of muscle fibres and gut bacterial and attenuated endoplasmic reticulum stress...
July 28, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742949/strategies-to-increase-the-efficacy-of-using-gut-microbiota-for-the-modulation-of-obesity
#3
REVIEW
J Li, M S Riaz Rajoka, D Shao, C Jiang, M Jin, Q Huang, H Yang, J Shi
Obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges of the 21st century. The adjustment of gut microbiota is often recommended as an efficient strategy to treat obesity. This modulation of gut microbiota can be performed by many methods, including dietary intervention, antibiotic application, the use of prebiotics and probiotics, bariatric surgery and faecal microbiota transplantation. In most cases, positive effects have been observed in response to treatment, but invalid and even contrary effects have also been observed in some cases due to factors that are unrelated to intervention methods, such as genetic factors, patient age or gender, environmental microbiota, climate, geography and lifestyle...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742946/the-association-between-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
C C A Santana, J O Hill, L B Azevedo, T Gunnarsdottir, W L Prado
Previous studies have found that obesity could influence academic performance. The aim of this study was to systematically review the scientific evidence on the association between obesity and academic performance in school children. A systematic review of English articles was undertaken by using databases PubMed/Medline, ERIC, LILACS, SciELO and Web of Science. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies examining the association between obesity and academic performance in children and adolescents, published between January 1990 and December 2016, were included...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730679/weighing-in-on-international-growth-standards-testing-the-case-in-australian-preschool-children
#5
REVIEW
C L Pattinson, S L Staton, S S Smith, S G Trost, E F Sawyer, K J Thorpe
Overweight and obesity in preschool-aged children are major health concerns. Accurate and reliable estimates of prevalence are necessary to direct public health and clinical interventions. There are currently three international growth standards used to determine prevalence of overweight and obesity, each using different methodologies: Center for Disease Control (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Obesity Task Force (IOTF). Adoption and use of each method were examined through a systematic review of Australian population studies (2006-2017)...
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730655/high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-interval-training-the-lack-of-equalisation-an-ongoing-problem
#6
LETTER
L V Andreato, D R Coimbra, T de Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730613/overweight-but-unseen-a-review-of-the-underestimation-of-weight-status-and-a-visual-normalization-theory
#7
REVIEW
E Robinson
Although overweight and obesity are widespread across most of the developed world, a considerable body of research has now accumulated, which suggests that adiposity often goes undetected. A substantial proportion of individuals with overweight or obesity do not identify they are overweight, and large numbers of parents of children with overweight or obesity fail to identify their child as being overweight. Lay people and medical practitioners are also now poor at identifying overweight and obesity in others...
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730659/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-the-lack-of-equalization-an-ongoing-problem
#8
LETTER
M A Wewege, R E Ward, A Keech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721697/interventions-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-or-increase-water-intake-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
E J Vargas-Garcia, C E L Evans, A Prestwich, B J Sykes-Muskett, J Hooson, J E Cade
A systematic review and meta-analyses were conducted to evaluate the effects of interventions to reduce sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) or increase water intakes and to examine the impact of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) in consumption patterns. Randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials published after January 1990 and until December 2016 reporting daily changes in intakes of SSB or water in volumetric measurements (mL d(-1) ) were included. References were retrieved through searches of electronic databases and quality appraisal followed Cochrane principles...
July 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707455/human-brown-adipose-tissue-as-a-target-for-obesity-management-beyond-cold-induced-thermogenesis
#10
REVIEW
R K C Loh, B A Kingwell, A L Carey
Elevating energy expenditure via adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a potential strategy to reverse obesity. Much early enthusiasm for this approach, based on rodent studies, was tempered by the belief that BAT was relatively inconsequential in healthy adult humans. Interest was reinvigorated a decade ago when a series of studies re-identified BAT, primarily in upper thoracic regions, in adults. Despite the ensuing explosion of pre-clinical investigations and identification of an extensive list of potential target molecules for BAT recruitment, our understanding of human BAT physiology remains limited, particularly regarding interventions which might hold therapeutic promise...
July 14, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707426/influence-of-neighbourhood-safety-on-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#11
REVIEW
R An, Y Yang, A Hoschke, H Xue, Y Wang
Unsafe residential neighbourhoods are thought to be a risk factor for childhood obesity by discouraging physical activity while encouraging sedentary behaviours, but findings from cross-sectional studies are susceptible to selection bias (e.g. children who are obese disproportionately reside in unsafe neighbourhoods). A literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar for articles published until January 2017 that used baseline neighbourhood safety levels to predict future weight-related behaviours and body-weight status among children aged 17 years and younger...
July 14, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677302/the-association-between-childcare-arrangements-and-risk-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
L Black, K Matvienko-Sikar, P M Kearney
Over 80% of preschool-aged children experience non-parental childcare. Childcare type has the potential to influence weight outcomes, but its impact on childhood overweight/obesity is not well established. This review aims to (i) systematically evaluate the effects of childcare type on childhood overweight/obesity risk and (ii) investigate the impact of childcare intensity and age at commencement. Five electronic databases were searched for observational studies quantifying an association between childcare type ≤5 years and weight outcomes <18 years...
July 4, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660671/do-e-cigarettes-induce-weight-changes-and-increase-cardiometabolic-risk-a-signal-for-the-future
#13
REVIEW
A Verhaegen, L Van Gaal
The prevalence of non-cigarette tobacco use in electronic cigarettes, also called vaping, is rapidly increasing, especially in adolescents and young adults, due to attractive marketing techniques promoting them as healthier alternatives to conventional tobacco cigarettes. Although smoking is associated with weight loss, it increases insulin resistance and attributes to other features of the metabolic syndrome, increasing the cardiometabolic risk profile. Whether vaping has the same deleterious effects on metabolic parameters as regular cigarette smoke has not yet been studied thoroughly in humans...
June 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660651/a-vicious-circle-in-chronic-lymphoedema-pathophysiology-an-adipocentric-view
#14
REVIEW
F Cucchi, L Rossmeislova, L Simonsen, M R Jensen, J Bülow
Chronic lymphoedema is a disease caused by a congenital or acquired damage to the lymphatic system and characterized by complex chains of pathophysiologic events such as lymphatic fluid stasis, chronic inflammation, lymphatic vessels impairment, adipose tissue deposition and fibrosis. These events seem to maintain and reinforce themselves through a positive feedback loop: regardless of the initial cause of lymphatic stasis, the dysfunctional adipose tissue and its secretion products can worsen lymphatic vessels' function, aggravating lymph leakage and stagnation, which can promote further adipose tissue deposition and fibrosis, similar to what may happen in obesity...
June 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635182/the-effect-of-flaxseed-supplementation-on-body-weight-and-body-composition-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-45-randomized-placebo-controlled-trials
#15
REVIEW
M Mohammadi-Sartang, Z Mazloom, H Raeisi-Dehkordi, R Barati-Boldaji, N Bellissimo, J O Totosy de Zepetnek
Flaxseed consumption may be inversely associated with obesity; however, findings of available randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are conflicting. The present study aimed to systematically review and analyse RCTs assessing the effects of flaxseed consumption on body weight and body composition. PubMed, Medline via Ovid, SCOPUS, EMBASE and ISI Web of Sciences databases were searched up to November 2016. Mean changes in body composition indices including body weight, body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference were extracted...
June 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589678/barriers-and-facilitators-to-young-children-s-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-literature
#16
REVIEW
K R Hesketh, R Lakshman, E M F van Sluijs
Positive activity behaviours (i.e. higher physical activity [PA]/lower sedentary behaviour [SB]) are beneficial from infancy, yet evidence suggests that young children (0- to 6-year-olds) are relatively inactive. To better understand the perceived influences on these behaviours and to aid intervention development, this paper systematically synthesizes the extensive qualitative literature regarding perceived barriers and facilitators to PA and SB in young children (0-6 years old). A search of eight electronic databases (July 2016) identified 43 papers for inclusion...
June 6, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569010/interpersonal-discrimination-and-markers-of-adiposity-in-longitudinal-studies-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
C de O Bernardo, J L Bastos, D A González-Chica, M A Peres, Y C Paradies
While the impact of interpersonal discrimination on mental health is well established, its effects on physical health outcomes have not been fully elucidated. This study systematically reviewed the literature on the prospective association between interpersonal discrimination and markers of adiposity. Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, PsycInfo, SciELO, LILACS, Google Scholar, Capes/Brazil and ProQuest databases were used to retrieve relevant information in November 2016. The results from the 10 studies that met the inclusion criteria support an association between interpersonal self-reported discrimination and the outcomes...
May 31, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560820/children-s-and-parents-opinions-on-the-sport-related-food-environment-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
M Smith, L Signal, R Edwards, J Hoek
Sport is a key setting for interventions to address child obesity given its obesogenic nature. Understanding children's and parents' opinions on the sport-related food environment is critical in developing effective programmes and policies to improve children's health. This systematic review synthesizes quantitative and qualitative research examining children's and parents' opinions on the sport-related food environment. During July 2016, a range of electronic databases of academic and grey literature were searched...
May 31, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560794/a-novel-marketing-mix-and-choice-architecture-framework-to-nudge-restaurant-customers-toward-healthy-food-environments-to-reduce-obesity-in-the-united-states
#19
REVIEW
V I Kraak, T Englund, S Misyak, E L Serrano
This review identified and adapted choice architecture frameworks to develop a novel framework that restaurant owners could use to promote healthy food environments for customers who currently overconsume products high in fat, sugar and sodium that increase their risk of obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases. This review was conducted in three steps and presented as a narrative summary to demonstrate a proof of concept. Step 1 was a systematic review of nudge or choice architecture frameworks used to categorize strategies that cue healthy behaviours in microenvironments...
May 31, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557246/extended-calorie-restriction-suppresses-overall-and-specific-food-cravings-a-systematic-review-and-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
C N Kahathuduwa, M Binks, C K Martin, J A Dawson
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have concluded that calorie restriction for at least 12 weeks is associated with reduced food cravings, while others have shown that calorie restriction may increase food cravings. We addressed this ambiguity in a systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: We searched for studies conducted on subjects with obesity, implemented calorie restriction for at least 12 weeks and measured food cravings pre-intervention and post-intervention...
May 30, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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