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Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30194696/low-carbohydrate-diets-for-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-of-the-systematic-reviews
#1
C Churuangsuk, M Kherouf, E Combet, M Lean
Low-carbohydrate diets are being widely recommended, but with apparently conflicting evidence. We have conducted a formal systematic review of the published systematic reviews of RCTs between low-carbohydrate vs. control (low-fat/energy-restricted) diets in adults with overweight and obesity. In MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Knowledge and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, searched from inception to September 2017, we identified 12 systematic reviews, 10 with meta-analyses. Differences in methods, study quality, weight change and citations of published systematic reviews were assessed by AMSTAR-2...
September 7, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30188610/obesity-in-the-global-haemophilia-population-prevalence-implications-and-expert-opinions-for-weight-management
#2
J Wilding, N Zourikian, M Di Minno, K Khair, N Marquardt, G Benson, M Ozelo, C Hermans
Overweight and obesity may carry a significant disease burden for patients with haemophilia (PWH), who experience reduced mobility due to joint inflammation, muscle dysfunction and haemophilic arthropathy. This review aimed to define the prevalence and clinical impact of overweight/obesity in the global population of PWH. A detailed literature search pertaining to overweight/obesity in haemophilia in the last 15 years (2003-2018) was conducted, followed by a meta-analysis of epidemiological data. The estimated pooled prevalence of overweight/obesity in European and North American PWH was 31%...
September 6, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30180304/effect-of-acupuncture-and-intervention-types-on-weight-loss-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
S-Y Kim, I-S Shin, Y-J Park
This study aimed to evaluate the effect of acupuncture and intervention types on weight loss. We searched electronic databases, including Embase, PubMed, CENTRAL, RISS, KISS and CNKI, for randomized controlled trials that used acupuncture to treat obesity before June 2017. We found 27 trials involving 32 intervention arms and 2,219 patients. Acupuncture plus lifestyle modification (LM) was more effective than LM alone (Hedges' g = 1.104, 95% CI = 0.531-1.678) and sham acupuncture plus LM (Hedges' g = 0...
September 4, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30176183/weight-bias-among-exercise-and-nutrition-professionals-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
G A Panza, L E Armstrong, B A Taylor, R M Puhl, J Livingston, L S Pescatello
Obesity affects approximately one-third of American adults. Recent evidence suggests that weight bias may be pervasive among both exercise and nutrition professionals working with adults who have obesity. However, the published literature on this topic is limited. This review aimed to (i) systematically review existing literature examining weight bias among exercise and nutrition professionals; (ii) discuss the implications of this evidence for exercise and nutrition professionals and their clients; (iii) address gaps and limitations of this literature; and (iv) identify future research directions...
September 3, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160009/plating-up-appropriate-portion-sizes-for-children-a-systematic-review-of-parental-food-and-beverage-portioning-practices
#5
L Kairey, K Matvienko-Sikar, C Kelly, M C McKinley, E M O'Connor, P M Kearney, J V Woodside, J M Harrington
Consumption of larger portion sizes is associated with higher energy intake and weight status in children. As parents play a pivotal role in child feeding, we synthesized literature on 'parental portioning practices' using a mixed methods systematic design to inform future strategies addressing portion sizes served to children. Electronic databases PubMed, EMBASE, SCOPUS, PsycINFO and CINAHL Plus were searched. Two reviewers independently screened 385 abstracts and assessed 71 full-text articles against eligibility criteria: studies assessing portioning of foods or beverages by parent(s) with ≥1 child aged 2-12 years...
August 29, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156016/defining-metabolically-healthy-obesity-in-children-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
S Damanhoury, A S Newton, M Rashid, L Hartling, J L S Byrne, G D C Ball
We conducted a scoping review to identify definitions of metabolically healthy obesity (MHO), describe gaps in the literature, and establish a universal definition of MHO in children. We searched electronic databases from January 1980 to June 2017 and grey literature. Experimental, quasi-experimental, or observational studies were eligible for inclusion if they (i) included a definition of MHO that identified risk factors, cut-off values, and the number of criteria used to define MHO, and (ii) classified 2-18 year olds as overweight or obese...
August 28, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156007/effectiveness-of-exercise-training-after-bariatric-surgery-a-systematic-literature-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
A Bellicha, C Ciangura, C Poitou, P Portero, J-M Oppert
We aimed to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of controlled trials assessing exercise training programs in patients with obesity undergoing bariatric surgery. We systematically searched exercise training studies performed after bariatric surgery published up to June 2017. Studies reporting changes in body composition, physical fitness, functional capacity, objectively measured physical activity, quality of life or relevant health outcomes were included. The review protocol is available from PROSPERO (CRD42017069380)...
August 28, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155959/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-lifestyle-interventions-in-women-of-reproductive-age-with-overweight-or-obesity-the-effects-on-symptoms-of-depression-and-anxiety
#8
REVIEW
L van Dammen, V Wekker, S R de Rooij, H Groen, A Hoek, T J Roseboom
Obesity is a rising problem, especially among women of reproductive age. Overweight and obesity reduce both physical and mental health. Lifestyle interventions could have beneficial effects on both, but an overview of the effects on mental health, especially in women of reproductive age, is currently lacking. Therefore, the aim of this review was to assess the effect of lifestyle interventions on symptoms of depression and anxiety in women of reproductive age with overweight or obesity. The databases MEDLINE, EMBASE and PsycINFO were searched from inception to June 2018 for published randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
August 28, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144275/changes-in-food-reward-during-weight-management-interventions-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
P Oustric, C Gibbons, K Beaulieu, J Blundell, G Finlayson
BACKGROUND: Does food reward increase or decrease during weight management attempts? Excessive food intake is the main behavioural determinant of obesity; therefore, a better understanding of food reward and its relationship with food intake and weight outcomes could contribute to more effective weight management solutions. METHODS: This systematic review assessed the role of changes in food reward (directly or indirectly measured) during weight management interventions...
August 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144260/role-of-gut-microbiota-in-chronic-low-grade-inflammation-as-potential-driver-for-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease-a-systematic-review-of-human-studies
#10
REVIEW
I C L van den Munckhof, A Kurilshikov, R Ter Horst, N P Riksen, L A B Joosten, A Zhernakova, J Fu, S T Keating, M G Netea, J de Graaf, J H W Rutten
A hallmark of obesity is chronic low-grade inflammation, which plays a major role in the process of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ACVD). Gut microbiota is one of the factors influencing systemic immune responses, and profound changes have been found in its composition and metabolic function in individuals with obesity. This systematic review assesses the association between the gut microbiota and markers of low-grade inflammation in humans. We identified 14 studies which were mostly observational and relatively small (n = 10 to 471)...
August 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30074676/a-systematic-review-of-the-vitamin-b12-folate-and-homocysteine-triad-across-body-mass-index
#11
REVIEW
N Wiebe, C J Field, M Tonelli
OBJECTIVE: Multiple studies have explored the association between serum or plasma vitamin B12 status and obesity, in part because of the relationship between elevated homocysteine concentrations and atherosclerosis. This review will address the inconsistent finding of these studies with the objective of determining whether vitamin B12 concentrations are lower in people with higher body mass indices. DESIGN: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched to February 2017. Observational studies in general and clinical populations comparing serum/plasma B12 concentrations across groups of different body mass indices were selected...
August 3, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30051952/effects-of-meaningful-weight-loss-beyond-symptomatic-relief-in-adults-with-knee-osteoarthritis-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
I J H Chu, A Y T Lim, C L W Ng
Existing clinical guidelines recommend weight loss for adults with knee osteoarthritis and obesity, but the supporting evidence to date remains inadequate. There is also no pooled data on physical function and quality of life. This study aims to examine the efficacy of weight loss on pain, self-reported disability, physical function and quality of life in adults with knee osteoarthritis and obesity. A systematic database search (from 1990 to June 2017) was conducted, and seven studies were eligible for inclusion...
July 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30047228/work-related-psychosocial-factors-and-metabolic-syndrome-onset-among-workers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
K Watanabe, A Sakuraya, N Kawakami, K Imamura, E Ando, Y Asai, H Eguchi, Y Kobayashi, N Nishida, H Arima, A Shimazu, A Tsutsumi
BACKGROUND: Work-related psychosocial factors have been associated with metabolic syndrome. However, no systematic reviews or meta-analyses have evaluated this association. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted, using PubMed, Embase, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES and the Japan Medical Abstracts Society. Eligible studies included those that examined the previously mentioned association; had a longitudinal or prospective cohort design; were conducted among workers; provided sufficient data for calculating odds ratios, relative risks or hazard ratios with 95% confidence intervals; were original articles in English or Japanese; and were published no later than 2016...
July 25, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30035851/the-association-between-antibiotic-use-in-infancy-and-childhood-overweight-or-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
S A Miller, R K S Wu, M Oremus
PURPOSE: Antibiotic use is associated with alteration of the gut microbiome and metabolic activity. As childhood obesity is a predisposing factor for adult obesity, addressing childhood risk factors to weight gain in early life is important. This review aims to investigate the association between infant antibiotic exposure (aged < 24 months) and childhood obesity or overweight. METHODS: Articles were retrieved from CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL, Embase and MEDLINE...
July 23, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30035343/eating-on-the-movie-screen
#15
S Rössner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 23, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30019442/a-systematic-review-of-strategies-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-0-year-to-5-year-olds
#16
REVIEW
K A Vercammen, J M Frelier, C M Lowery, M E McGlone, C B Ebbeling, S N Bleich
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to summarize evidence for strategies designed to reduce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among children aged 0 to 5 years. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, ERIC, Cab Abstracts and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials are the electronic databases searched in this systematic review. STUDY SELECTION: Each included study evaluated an intervention to reduce SSB consumption in children aged 0 to 5 years, was conducted in a high-income country and was published between 1 January 2000 and 15 December 2017...
July 18, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30160002/the-role-and-impact-of-community-health-workers-in-childhood-obesity-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
K Schroeder, R McCormick, A Perez, T H Lipman
Childhood obesity increases the risk for poor health during childhood, as well as for adult obesity and its associated comorbidities. Children from racial/ethnic minority groups or who live in poverty experience elevated rates of obesity. One potential method for reducing childhood obesity disparities is to involve community health workers (frontline public health workers who are trusted members of and/or have an unusually close understanding of the community served). The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to explore the role and effectiveness of community health workers in childhood obesity interventions...
October 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30156044/the-effectiveness-of-ehealth-interventions-on-physical-activity-and-measures-of-obesity-among-working-age-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
L M Cotie, S A Prince, C G Elliott, M C Ziss, L A McDonnell, K A Mullen, S Hiremath, A L Pipe, R D Reid, J L Reed
Physical inactivity and obesity are modifiable risk factors for cardiovascular disease, particularly in women. eHealth interventions may increase physical activity and improve obesity-related outcomes among women. The objective of this study was to review the evidence of the effectiveness of eHealth interventions to increase moderate-to-vigorous physical activity among working-age women. The secondary objective was to examine their effectiveness on improving obesity-related outcomes. A comprehensive search strategy was developed for eight electronic databases; through July 2016...
October 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30144269/experiences-of-using-very-low-energy-diets-for-weight-loss-by-people-with-overweight-or-obesity-a-review-of-qualitative-research
#19
C Harper, J Maher, A Grunseit, R V Seimon, A Sainsbury
Although very low energy diets (VLEDs) are the most successful non-surgical, non-pharmacological treatment for obesity, they are underutilized, and little is known about experiences of people using VLEDs for weight loss. This systematic review synthesizes qualitative studies investigating participants' experiences of undertaking a VLED composed of total meal replacement products to lose weight. Of the 4,911 articles screened, three studies met criteria for inclusion. Thematic synthesis was used to analyse the study findings...
October 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30092609/the-effect-of-exercise-training-on-intrahepatic-triglyceride-and-hepatic-insulin-sensitivity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
J A Sargeant, L J Gray, D H Bodicoat, S A Willis, D J Stensel, M A Nimmo, G P Aithal, J A King
This systematic review and meta-analysis determined the impact of structured exercise training, and the influence of associated weight loss, on intrahepatic triglyceride (IHTG) in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). It also examined its effect on hepatic insulin sensitivity in individuals with or at increased risk of NAFLD. Analyses were restricted to studies using magnetic resonance spectroscopy or liver biopsy for the measurement of IHTG and isotope-labelled glucose tracer for assessment of hepatic insulin sensitivity...
October 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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