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Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788533/weight-bias-internalization-and-health-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
R L Pearl, R M Puhl
A robust literature has documented the negative health effects of being the target of weight bias. Weight bias internalization (WBI) occurs when individuals apply negative weight stereotypes to themselves and self-derogate because of their body weight. Compared with experiences of weight bias, less is known about the relationship between WBI and mental and physical health, although more literature on this topic has emerged in recent years. The current systematic review identified 74 studies assessing the relationship between WBI and health and interventions designed to reduce WBI and improve health...
May 22, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786159/gestational-dyslipidaemia-and-adverse-birthweight-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
REVIEW
J Wang, D Moore, A Subramanian, K K Cheng, K A Toulis, X Qiu, P Saravanan, M J Price, K Nirantharakumar
BACKGROUND: Low and high birthweight is known to increase the risk of acute and longer-term adverse outcomes, such as stillbirth, infant mortality, obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. Gestational dyslipidaemia is associated with a numbers of adverse birth outcomes, but evidence regarding birthweight is still inconsistent to reliably inform clinical practice and treatment recommendations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between maternal gestational dyslipidaemia and neonatal health outcomes, namely, birthweight, metabolic factors and inflammatory parameters...
May 21, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781096/weight-loss-interventions-for-adults-with-overweight-obesity-and-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
L Cooper, C G Ryan, L J Ells, S Hamilton, G Atkinson, K Cooper, M I Johnson, J P Kirwan, D Martin
Worldwide prevalence of adult overweight and obesity is a growing public health issue. Adults with overweight/obesity often have chronic musculoskeletal pain. Using a mixed-methods review, we aimed to quantify the effectiveness and explore the appropriateness of weight loss interventions for this population. Electronic databases were searched for studies published between 01/01/90 and 01/07/16. The review included 14 randomized controlled trials that reported weight and pain outcomes and three qualitative studies that explored perceptions of adults with co-existing overweight/obesity and chronic musculoskeletal pain...
May 20, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775239/fracture-risk-after-bariatric-surgery-a-possible-involvement-of-physical-activity
#4
LETTER
T Sugiyama
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775235/effects-of-mindfulness-on-weight-loss
#5
LETTER
K Bergman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768728/evaluation-of-complex-community-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-interventions
#6
REVIEW
D Karacabeyli, S Allender, S Pinkney, S Amed
BACKGROUND: Multi-setting, multi-component community-based interventions have shown promise in preventing childhood obesity; however, evaluation of these complex interventions remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to systematically review published methodological approaches to outcome evaluation for multi-setting community-based childhood obesity prevention interventions and synthesize a set of pragmatic recommendations. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched from inception to 6 July 2017...
May 16, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761610/pathways-and-mechanisms-linking-dietary-components-to-cardiometabolic-disease-thinking-beyond-calories
#7
REVIEW
K L Stanhope, M I Goran, A Bosy-Westphal, J C King, L A Schmidt, J-M Schwarz, E Stice, A C Sylvetsky, P J Turnbaugh, G A Bray, C D Gardner, P J Havel, V Malik, A E Mason, E Ravussin, M Rosenbaum, J A Welsh, C Allister-Price, D M Sigala, M R C Greenwood, A Astrup, R M Krauss
Calories from any food have the potential to increase risk for obesity and cardiometabolic disease because all calories can directly contribute to positive energy balance and fat gain. However, various dietary components or patterns may promote obesity and cardiometabolic disease by additional mechanisms that are not mediated solely by caloric content. Researchers explored this topic at the 2017 CrossFit Foundation Academic Conference 'Diet and Cardiometabolic Health - Beyond Calories', and this paper summarizes the presentations and follow-up discussions...
May 14, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701299/a-cumulative-meta-analysis-of-the-effects-of-individual-physical-activity-interventions-targeting-healthy-adults
#8
REVIEW
R Love, J Adams, E M F van Sluijs, C Foster, D Humphreys
Despite a large and increasing evidence base on physical activity interventions, the high rates of physical inactivity and associated chronic diseases are continuing to increase globally. The purpose of this cumulative meta-analysis was to investigate the evolution of randomized controlled trial evidence of individual-level physical activity interventions to asses if new trials are contributing novel evidence to the field. Through a two-staged search process, primary studies examining the effects of interventions targeted at increasing physical activity within healthy adult populations were pooled and selected from eligible systematic reviews...
April 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701298/effects-of-multidisciplinary-interventions-on-weight-loss-and-health-outcomes-in-children-and-adolescents-with-morbid-obesity
#9
REVIEW
J Zolotarjova, G Ten Velde, A C E Vreugdenhil
OBJECTIVE: Morbid obesity is the fastest growing subcategory of childhood obesity, associated with an increased health risk that persists into adulthood. There is an urgent need to develop multifaceted interventions that target initial and long-term lifestyle changes. This review investigates the effects of multidisciplinary interventions on weight loss and health outcomes in children and adolescents with morbid obesity. The influence of age, gender and family participation on health outcomes and intensive treatment alternatives are explored...
April 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701297/inter-individual-differences-in-weight-change-following-exercise-interventions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
P J Williamson, G Atkinson, A M Batterham
Previous reports of substantial inter-individual differences in weight change following an exercise intervention are often based solely on the observed responses in the intervention group. Therefore, we aimed to quantify the magnitude of inter-individual differences in exercise-mediated weight change. We synthesized randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of structured, supervised exercise interventions. Fourteen electronic databases were searched for relevant studies published up to March 2017. Search terms focused on structured training, RCTs and body weight...
April 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691969/obesity-and-the-food-system-transformation-in-latin-america
#11
REVIEW
B M Popkin, T Reardon
The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region faces a major diet-related health problem accompanied by enormous economic and social costs. The shifts in diet are profound: major shifts in intake of less-healthful low-nutrient-density foods and sugary beverages, changes in away-from-home eating and snacking and rapid shifts towards very high levels of overweight and obesity among all ages along with, in some countries, high burdens of stunting. Diet changes have occurred in parallel to, and in two-way causality with, changes in the broad food system - the set of supply chains from farms, through midstream segments of processing, wholesale and logistics, to downstream segments of retail and food service (restaurants and fast food chains)...
April 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676510/economic-evaluations-of-system-based-obesity-interventions-the-case-for-a-new-approach
#12
REVIEW
D Sonntag, R Sweeney, D Litaker, M Moodie
System-based interventions are of increasing interest as they seek to modify environments (e.g. socio-cultural system, transport system or policy system) that promote development of conditions such as obesity and its related risk factors. In our commentary, we draw attention to features of the system-based approach that may explain the relative absence of economic evaluations of the cost-effectiveness of these interventions, needed to guide decision-making on which to deploy. We present and discuss potentially applicable methods and alternative approaches based on our experiences in two major system-based interventions currently underway (in Melbourne, Australia and Gaggenau, Germany) that begin to fill this gap...
April 20, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676508/applications-of-social-network-analysis-to-obesity-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
S Zhang, K de la Haye, M Ji, R An
People's health behaviours and outcomes can be profoundly shaped by the social networks they are embedded in. Based on graph theory, social network analysis is a research framework for the study of social interactions and the structure of these interactions among social actors. A literature search was conducted in PubMed and Web of Science for articles published until August 2017 that applied social network analysis to examine obesity and social networks. Eight studies (three cross-sectional and five longitudinal) conducted in the US (n = 6) and Australia (n = 2) were identified...
April 20, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671938/interventions-aimed-at-preventing-and-reducing-overweight-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents-a-meta-synthesis
#14
REVIEW
A Kobes, T Kretschmer, G Timmerman, P Schreuder
The prevalence of child and adolescent obesity has been a major worldwide problem for decades. To stop the number of youth with overweight/obesity from increasing, numerous interventions focusing on improving children's weight status have been implemented. The growing body of research on weight-related interventions for youth has been summarized by several meta-analyses aiming to provide an overview of the effectiveness of interventions. Yet, the number of meta-analyses is expanding so quickly and overall results differ, making a comprehensive synopsis of the literature difficult...
April 19, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29603583/sustaining-obesity-prevention-in-communities-a-systematic-narrative-synthesis-review
#15
REVIEW
J Whelan, P Love, L Millar, S Allender, C Bell
Obesity is a global problem for which sustainable solutions are yet to be realized. Community-based interventions have improved obesity-related behaviours and obesity in the short term. Few papers have explored how to make the interventions and their intended outcomes sustainable. The aim of this paper is to identify factors that contribute to the sustainability of community-based obesity prevention interventions and their intended outcomes. A systematic narrative synthesis review was conducted of published community-based obesity prevention interventions to identify factors contributing to intervention sustainability...
March 30, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573216/glucose-impairments-and-insulin-resistance-in-prostate-cancer-the-role-of-obesity-nutrition-and-exercise
#16
REVIEW
K M Di Sebastiano, J H Pinthus, W C M Duivenvoorden, M Mourtzakis
BACKGROUND: Hyperinsulinemia, obesity and related metabolic diseases are associated with prostate cancer development. Prostate cancer patients undergoing androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) are at increased risk for metabolic syndrome, cardiovascular disease and diabetes, while pre-existing metabolic conditions may be exacerbated. PURPOSE: An integrative approach is used to describe the interactions between insulin, glucose metabolism, obesity and prostate cancer...
March 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573189/assessment-of-physical-activity-intensity-and-duration-in-the-paediatric-population-evidence-to-support-an-a-priori-hypothesis-and-sample-size-in-the-agreement-between-subjective-and-objective-methods
#17
REVIEW
M V Nascimento-Ferreira, A C F De Moraes, P V Toazza Oliveira, T Rendo-Urteaga, L Gracia-Marco, C L M Forjaz, L A Moreno, H B Carvalho
We aimed to provide evidence for an a priori hypothesis and sample size for subjectively assessing physical activity intensity and duration in paediatric population, adopting objective methods as the reference. We searched electronic databases, reference lists and author databases. Correlation coefficients were pooled as an indicator of agreement estimates. We found 183 agreement analyses (94.5% based on correlation coefficients) from 89 studies that met our inclusion criteria. We identified four physical activity parameters addressing intensity and two parameters addressing duration...
March 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573123/the-association-between-psychological-factors-and-breastfeeding-behaviour-in-women-with-a-body-mass-index-bmi-%C3%A2-30-kg-m-2-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
S Lyons, S Currie, S Peters, T Lavender, D M Smith
Breastfeeding can play a key role in the reduction of obesity, but initiation and maintenance rates in women with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥30 kg m-2 are low. Psychological factors influence breastfeeding behaviours in the general population, but their role is not yet understood in women with a BMI ≥30 kg m-2 . Therefore, this review aimed to systematically search and synthesize the literature, which has investigated the association between any psychological factor and breastfeeding behaviour in women with a BMI ≥30 kg m-2 ...
March 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527783/comprehensive-review-and-annotation-of-susceptibility-snps-associated-with-obesity-related-traits
#19
REVIEW
S-S Dong, Y-J Zhang, Y-X Chen, S Yao, R-H Hao, Y Rong, H-M Niu, J-B Chen, Y Guo, T-L Yang
We aimed to summarize the results of genetic association studies for obesity and provide a comprehensive annotation of all susceptibility single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). A total of 72 studies were summarized, resulting in 90,361 susceptibility SNPs (738 index SNPs and 89,623 linkage disequilibrium SNPs). Over 90% of the susceptibility SNPs are located in non-coding regions, and it is challenging to understand their functional significance. Therefore, we annotated these SNPs by using various functional databases...
March 12, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521029/insight-into-the-development-of-obesity-functional-alterations-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#20
REVIEW
F Louwen, A Ritter, N N Kreis, J Yuan
Obesity is associated with a variety of disorders including cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus and cancer. Obesity changes the composition and structure of adipose tissue, linked to pro-inflammatory environment, endocrine/metabolic dysfunction, insulin resistance and oxidative stress. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) have multiple functions like cell renewal, spontaneous repair and homeostasis in adipose tissue. In this review article, we have summarized the recent data highlighting that ASCs in obesity are defective in various functionalities and properties including differentiation, angiogenesis, motility, multipotent state, metabolism and immunomodulation...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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