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Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913977/the-effect-of-diet-or-exercise-on-ectopic-adiposity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
W Hens, D Vissers, D Hansen, S Peeters, J Gielen, L Van Gaal, J Taeymans
OBJECTIVE: Ectopic fat depostion in youth with obesity is associated with an increased cardiovascular disease risk. The aim of this meta-analysis was to summarize the evidence for the use of diet and/or exercise on ectopic adiposity in this population. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analysis statement. Clinical trials that assessed ectopic fat deposition and included study arms with diet and/or exercise were searched in PubMed, PEDro and the Cochrane database...
September 14, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901677/natriuretic-peptides-in-the-control-of-lipid-metabolism-and-insulin-sensitivity
#2
REVIEW
K Verboven, D Hansen, J W E Jocken, E E Blaak
Natriuretic peptides have long been known for their cardiovascular function. However, a growing body of evidence emphasizes the role of natriuretic peptides in human substrate and energy metabolism, thereby connecting the heart with several insulin-sensitive organs like adipose tissue, skeletal muscle and liver. Obesity may be associated with an impaired regulation of the natriuretic peptide system, also indicated as a natriuretic handicap. Evidence points towards a contribution of this natriuretic handicap to the development of obesity, type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiometabolic complications, although the causal relationship is not fully understood...
September 12, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875575/can-weight-gain-be-prevented-in-women-receiving-treatment-for-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-intervention-studies
#3
REVIEW
Z O Thomson, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Obesity and weight gain have been associated with poor disease-specific and health-related outcomes in women with breast cancer. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of weight gain prevention interventions among women with breast cancer. METHODS: Completed and ongoing trials evaluating a behaviourally based dietary intervention with or without physical activity and with a focus on weight gain prevention during treatment for breast cancer were reviewed...
September 6, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872224/birth-weight-early-life-weight-gain-and-age-at-menarche-a-systematic-review-of-longitudinal-studies
#4
REVIEW
F Juul, V W Chang, P Brar, N Parekh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Adiposity in pre- and postnatal life may influence menarcheal age. Existing evidence is primarily cross-sectional, failing to address temporality, for which the role of adiposity in early life remains unclear. The current study sought to systematically review longitudinal studies evaluating the associations between birth weight and infant/childhood weight status/weight gain in relation to menarcheal age. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Global Health (Ovid) and CINAHL were systematically searched...
September 4, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869998/changes-in-consumption-of-added-sugars-from-age-13-to-30%C3%A2-years-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#5
REVIEW
E M Winpenny, T L Penney, K Corder, M White, E M F van Sluijs
Added sugar intake during adolescence has been associated with weight gain and cardiometabolic risk factors. Moreover, dietary habits may persist into adulthood, increasing chronic disease risk in later life. This systematic review investigated changes in intake of added sugars between the ages of 13 and 30 years. Literature databases were searched for longitudinal studies of diet during adolescence or early adulthood. Retrieved articles were screened for studies including multiple measures of intake of sugars or sugary foods from cohort participants between the ages of 13 and 30...
September 4, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849612/does-stress-influence-sleep-patterns-food-intake-weight-gain-abdominal-obesity-and-weight-loss-interventions-and-vice-versa
#6
REVIEW
N R W Geiker, A Astrup, M F Hjorth, A Sjödin, L Pijls, R C Markus
Decades of research have reported only weak associations between the intakes of specific foods or drinks and weight gain and obesity. Randomized controlled dietary intervention trials have only shown very modest effects of changes in nutrient intake and diet composition on body weight in obese subjects. This review summarizes the scientific evidence on the role mental stress (either in or not in association with impaired sleep) may play in poor sleep, enhanced appetite, cravings and decreased motivation for physical activity...
August 28, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766892/religion-and-body-weight-a-review-of-quantitative-studies
#7
REVIEW
Karen Hye-Cheon Kim Yeary, Jeffery Sobal, Elaine Wethington
Increasing interest in relationships between religion and health has encouraged research about religion and body weight, which has produced mixed findings. We systematically searched 11 bibliographic databases for quantitative studies of religion and weight, locating and coding 85 studies. We conducted a systematic review, analysing descriptive characteristics of the studies as well as relevant religion-body weight associations related to study characteristics. We summarized findings for two categories of religion variables: religious affiliation and religiosity...
August 2, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752527/interleukin-15-in-obesity-and-metabolic-dysfunction-current-understanding-and-future-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Y Duan, F Li, W Wang, Q Guo, C Wen, Y Li, Y Yin
Obesity rises rapidly and is a major health concern for modern people. Importantly, it is a major risk factor in the development of numerous chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Recently, interleukin (IL)-15 has attracted considerable attention as a potential regulator for the prevention and/or treatment of obesity and T2DM. The beneficial effects include increased loss of fat mass and body weight, improved lipid and glucose metabolism, reduced white adipose tissue inflammation, enhanced mitochondrial function, alterations in the composition of muscle fibres and gut bacterial and attenuated endoplasmic reticulum stress...
July 28, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742949/strategies-to-increase-the-efficacy-of-using-gut-microbiota-for-the-modulation-of-obesity
#9
REVIEW
J Li, M S Riaz Rajoka, D Shao, C Jiang, M Jin, Q Huang, H Yang, J Shi
Obesity is one of the most serious global public health challenges of the 21st century. The adjustment of gut microbiota is often recommended as an efficient strategy to treat obesity. This modulation of gut microbiota can be performed by many methods, including dietary intervention, antibiotic application, the use of prebiotics and probiotics, bariatric surgery and faecal microbiota transplantation. In most cases, positive effects have been observed in response to treatment, but invalid and even contrary effects have also been observed in some cases due to factors that are unrelated to intervention methods, such as genetic factors, patient age or gender, environmental microbiota, climate, geography and lifestyle...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742946/the-association-between-obesity-and-academic-performance-in-youth-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
C C A Santana, J O Hill, L B Azevedo, T Gunnarsdottir, W L Prado
Previous studies have found that obesity could influence academic performance. The aim of this study was to systematically review the scientific evidence on the association between obesity and academic performance in school children. A systematic review of English articles was undertaken by using databases PubMed/Medline, ERIC, LILACS, SciELO and Web of Science. Cross-sectional and longitudinal studies examining the association between obesity and academic performance in children and adolescents, published between January 1990 and December 2016, were included...
July 25, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730679/weighing-in-on-international-growth-standards-testing-the-case-in-australian-preschool-children
#11
REVIEW
C L Pattinson, S L Staton, S S Smith, S G Trost, E F Sawyer, K J Thorpe
Overweight and obesity in preschool-aged children are major health concerns. Accurate and reliable estimates of prevalence are necessary to direct public health and clinical interventions. There are currently three international growth standards used to determine prevalence of overweight and obesity, each using different methodologies: Center for Disease Control (CDC), World Health Organization (WHO) and International Obesity Task Force (IOTF). Adoption and use of each method were examined through a systematic review of Australian population studies (2006-2017)...
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730655/high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-interval-training-the-lack-of-equalisation-an-ongoing-problem
#12
LETTER
L V Andreato, D R Coimbra, T de Carvalho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730613/overweight-but-unseen-a-review-of-the-underestimation-of-weight-status-and-a-visual-normalization-theory
#13
REVIEW
E Robinson
Although overweight and obesity are widespread across most of the developed world, a considerable body of research has now accumulated, which suggests that adiposity often goes undetected. A substantial proportion of individuals with overweight or obesity do not identify they are overweight, and large numbers of parents of children with overweight or obesity fail to identify their child as being overweight. Lay people and medical practitioners are also now poor at identifying overweight and obesity in others...
July 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730659/reply-to-letter-to-the-editor-high-intensity-interval-training-vs-moderate-intensity-continuous-training-the-lack-of-equalization-an-ongoing-problem
#14
LETTER
M A Wewege, R E Ward, A Keech
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721697/interventions-to-reduce-consumption-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-or-increase-water-intake-evidence-from-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
E J Vargas-Garcia, C E L Evans, A Prestwich, B J Sykes-Muskett, J Hooson, J E Cade
A systematic review and meta-analyses were conducted to evaluate the effects of interventions to reduce sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) or increase water intakes and to examine the impact of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) in consumption patterns. Randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials published after January 1990 and until December 2016 reporting daily changes in intakes of SSB or water in volumetric measurements (mL d(-1) ) were included. References were retrieved through searches of electronic databases and quality appraisal followed Cochrane principles...
July 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707455/human-brown-adipose-tissue-as-a-target-for-obesity-management-beyond-cold-induced-thermogenesis
#16
REVIEW
R K C Loh, B A Kingwell, A L Carey
Elevating energy expenditure via adaptive thermogenesis in brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a potential strategy to reverse obesity. Much early enthusiasm for this approach, based on rodent studies, was tempered by the belief that BAT was relatively inconsequential in healthy adult humans. Interest was reinvigorated a decade ago when a series of studies re-identified BAT, primarily in upper thoracic regions, in adults. Despite the ensuing explosion of pre-clinical investigations and identification of an extensive list of potential target molecules for BAT recruitment, our understanding of human BAT physiology remains limited, particularly regarding interventions which might hold therapeutic promise...
July 14, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707426/influence-of-neighbourhood-safety-on-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#17
REVIEW
R An, Y Yang, A Hoschke, H Xue, Y Wang
Unsafe residential neighbourhoods are thought to be a risk factor for childhood obesity by discouraging physical activity while encouraging sedentary behaviours, but findings from cross-sectional studies are susceptible to selection bias (e.g. children who are obese disproportionately reside in unsafe neighbourhoods). A literature search was conducted in the Cochrane Library, PubMed, Web of Science and Google Scholar for articles published until January 2017 that used baseline neighbourhood safety levels to predict future weight-related behaviours and body-weight status among children aged 17 years and younger...
July 14, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677302/the-association-between-childcare-arrangements-and-risk-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-childhood-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
L Black, K Matvienko-Sikar, P M Kearney
Over 80% of preschool-aged children experience non-parental childcare. Childcare type has the potential to influence weight outcomes, but its impact on childhood overweight/obesity is not well established. This review aims to (i) systematically evaluate the effects of childcare type on childhood overweight/obesity risk and (ii) investigate the impact of childcare intensity and age at commencement. Five electronic databases were searched for observational studies quantifying an association between childcare type ≤5 years and weight outcomes <18 years...
July 4, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660671/do-e-cigarettes-induce-weight-changes-and-increase-cardiometabolic-risk-a-signal-for-the-future
#19
REVIEW
A Verhaegen, L Van Gaal
The prevalence of non-cigarette tobacco use in electronic cigarettes, also called vaping, is rapidly increasing, especially in adolescents and young adults, due to attractive marketing techniques promoting them as healthier alternatives to conventional tobacco cigarettes. Although smoking is associated with weight loss, it increases insulin resistance and attributes to other features of the metabolic syndrome, increasing the cardiometabolic risk profile. Whether vaping has the same deleterious effects on metabolic parameters as regular cigarette smoke has not yet been studied thoroughly in humans...
June 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660651/a-vicious-circle-in-chronic-lymphoedema-pathophysiology-an-adipocentric-view
#20
REVIEW
F Cucchi, L Rossmeislova, L Simonsen, M R Jensen, J Bülow
Chronic lymphoedema is a disease caused by a congenital or acquired damage to the lymphatic system and characterized by complex chains of pathophysiologic events such as lymphatic fluid stasis, chronic inflammation, lymphatic vessels impairment, adipose tissue deposition and fibrosis. These events seem to maintain and reinforce themselves through a positive feedback loop: regardless of the initial cause of lymphatic stasis, the dysfunctional adipose tissue and its secretion products can worsen lymphatic vessels' function, aggravating lymph leakage and stagnation, which can promote further adipose tissue deposition and fibrosis, similar to what may happen in obesity...
June 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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