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Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29271111/the-lifetime-costs-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-childhood-and-adolescence-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
D Hamilton, A Dee, I J Perry
BACKGROUND: Research into lifetime costs of obesity in childhood is growing. This review synthesizes that knowledge. METHODOLOGY: A computerized search of the international literature since 2000 was conducted. Mean total lifetime healthcare and productivity costs were estimated and inflated to 2014 Irish euros. RESULTS: This resulted in 13 published articles. The methodology used in these studies varied widely, and only one study estimated both healthcare and productivity costs...
December 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266778/promoting-healthy-food-preferences-from-the-start-a-narrative-review-of-food-preference-learning-from-the-prenatal-period-through-early-childhood
#2
REVIEW
S Anzman-Frasca, A K Ventura, S Ehrenberg, K P Myers
The palatable, energy-dense foods that characterize modern environments can promote unhealthy eating habits, along with humans' predispositions to accept sweet tastes and reject those that are sour or bitter. Yet food preferences are malleable, and examining food preference learning during early life can highlight ways to promote acceptance of healthier foods. This narrative review describes research from the past 10 years focused on food preference learning from the prenatal period through early childhood (ages 2-5 years)...
December 20, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266740/early-major-complications-after-bariatric-surgery-in-the-usa-2003-2014-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
S-H Chang, N L B Freeman, J A Lee, C R T Stoll, A J Calhoun, J C Eagon, G A Colditz
The effectiveness of bariatric surgery has been well-studied. However, complications after bariatric surgery have been understudied. This review assesses <30-d major complications associated with bariatric procedures, including anastomotic leak, myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism. This review included 71 studies conducted in the USA between 2003 and 2014 and 107,874 patients undergoing either gastric bypass, adjustable gastric banding or sleeve gastrectomy, with mean age of 44 years and pre-surgery body mass index of 46...
December 20, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266677/paying-people-to-lose-weight-the-effectiveness-of-financial-incentives-provided-by-health-insurers-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
J Ananthapavan, A Peeterson, G Sacks
Curbing the obesity epidemic is likely to require a suite of interventions targeting the obesogenic environment as well as individual behaviour. Evidence suggests that the effectiveness of behaviour modification programmes can be enhanced by financial incentives that immediately reward weight loss behaviour. This systematic review investigated the effectiveness of incentives with a focus on assessing the relative effectiveness of incentives that target different behaviours as well as factors of importance when implementing these programmes in real-world settings (health insurer settings)...
December 20, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266655/long-term-risk-of-diabetes-in-women-at-varying-durations-after-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-with-more-than-2-million-women
#5
REVIEW
C Song, Y Lyu, C Li, P Liu, J Li, R C Ma, X Yang
This study aims to investigate the impact of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) on the long-term risks of diabetes in women with prior GDM, including the effect at different time periods after GDM. We searched PubMed and other databases to retrieve articles which were published prior to February 28, 2017. Cohort studies which evaluated the risk and time of onset of diabetes postpartum in women with and without GDM were included. Meta-analysis with random effects models was used to obtain pooled relative risks and 95% confidence intervals for the risk of diabetes...
December 20, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266851/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-weight-status-perceptions-and-weight-loss-attempts-strategies-behaviours-and-outcomes
#6
REVIEW
A Haynes, I Kersbergen, A Sutin, M Daly, E Robinson
It is commonly assumed that a person identifying that they are 'overweight' is an important prerequisite to successful weight management. However, there has been no systematic evaluation of evidence supporting this proposition. The aim of the present research was to systematically review evidence on the relationship between perceived overweight and (i) weight loss attempts, (ii) weight control strategies (healthy and unhealthy), (iii) weight-related behaviours (physical activity and eating habits), (iv) disordered eating and (v) weight change...
December 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266702/predicting-childhood-overweight-and-obesity-using-maternal-and-early-life-risk-factors-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
N Ziauddeen, P J Roderick, N S Macklon, N A Alwan
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a serious public health challenge, and identification of high-risk populations with early intervention to prevent its development is a priority. We aimed to systematically review prediction models for childhood overweight/obesity and critically assess the methodology of their development, validation and reporting. METHODS: Medline and Embase were searched systematically for studies describing the development and/or validation of a prediction model/score for overweight and obesity between 1 to 13 years of age...
December 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266643/association-of-eating-while-television-viewing-and-overweight-obesity-among-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#8
REVIEW
S Ghobadi, Z Hassanzadeh-Rostami, M Salehi-Marzijarani, N Bellissimo, N R Brett, J O Totosy de Zepetnek, S Faghih
The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to examine the association between eating while television viewing (TVV) and overweight or obesity in children (<18 years). A systematic search of PubMed, Scopus, Web of science, PreQuest and Embase was conducted up to April 2017; pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using a random effects model. Of 4,357 articles identified, 20 observational studies met inclusion criteria (n = 84,825) and 8 of these 20 (n = 41,617) reported OR...
December 19, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265683/childhood-obesity-policies-mighty-concerns-meek-reactions
#9
REVIEW
S Vallgårda
BACKGROUND: The increasing number of children defined as overweight or obese is causing concern among politicians and health advocates; several countries have launched policies addressing the issue. METHOD: The paper presents an analysis of how the childhood obesity is defined, explained and suggested policies to address the problem from the WHO, the EU, Canada, England and New Zealand. RESULTS: Considering the dramatic language used when describing childhood obesity, the proposed interventions are modest...
December 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29265593/obesity-genetics-insights-from-the-pakistani-population
#10
REVIEW
M Pigeyre, M Saqlain, M Turcotte, G K Raja, D Meyre
The Pakistani population is extensively diverse, indicating a genetic admixture of European and Central/West Asian migrants with indigenous South Asian gene pools. Pakistanis are organized in different ethnicities/castes based on cultural, linguistic and geographical origin. While Pakistan is facing a rapid nutritional transition, the rising prevalence of obesity is driving a growing burden of health complications and mortality. This represents a unique opportunity for the research community to study the interplay between obesogenic environmental changes and obesity predisposing genes in the time frame of one generation...
December 18, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243375/parental-experiences-and-perceptions-of-infant-complementary-feeding-a-qualitative-evidence-synthesis
#11
REVIEW
K Matvienko-Sikar, C Kelly, C Sinnott, J McSharry, C Houghton, C Heary, E Toomey, M Byrne, P M Kearney
BACKGROUND: Interventions to prevent childhood obesity increasingly focus on infant feeding, but demonstrate inconsistent effects. A comprehensive qualitative evidence synthesis is essential to better understand feeding behaviours and inform intervention development. The aim of this study is to synthesize evidence on perceptions and experiences of infant feeding and complementary feeding recommendations. METHODS: Databases CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Academic Search Complete, SocIndex and Maternity and Infant Care were searched from inception to May 2017...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243354/effectiveness-of-extended-contact-interventions-for-weight-management-delivered-via-text-messaging-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
J R Job, B S Fjeldsoe, E G Eakin, M M Reeves
BACKGROUND: Extended contact interventions provide support for continued weight management (weight loss/prevention of weight regain) following a weight loss intervention. Text messages offer a medium for delivery in a potentially cost-effective, broad-reach manner. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine (i) the effectiveness of extended contact, text message interventions for adults in supporting weight management, and (ii) which intervention characteristics are common to those that are effective...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243339/causes-and-mechanisms-of-adipocyte-enlargement-and-adipose-expansion
#13
REVIEW
F Haczeyni, K S Bell-Anderson, G C Farrell
Adipose tissue plays a significant role in whole body energy homeostasis. Obesity-associated diabetes, fatty liver and metabolic syndrome are closely linked to adipose stress and dysfunction. Genetic predisposition, overeating and physical inactivity influence the expansion of adipose tissues. Under conditions of constant energy surplus, adipocytes become hypertrophic and adipose tissues undergo hyperplasia so as to increase their lipid storage capacity, thereby keeping circulating blood glucose and fatty acids below toxic levels...
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243337/actual-body-weight-or-perceived-body-weight-comment-on-childhood-obesity-and-school-absenteeism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
LETTER
J Zhang, A R Hansen, D T Duncan, Y Li, S H Tedders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 15, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239089/response-to-actual-body-weight-or-perceived-body-comments-on-childhood-obesity-and-school-absenteeism-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-%C3%A2
#15
LETTER
R An, Y Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 13, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239066/the-obesity-supine-death-syndrome-osds
#16
REVIEW
M Lemyze, A Guiot, J Mallat, D Thevenin
The obesity supine death syndrome refers to a catastrophic cascade of cardiorespiratory complications resulting from the supine positioning of a morbidly obese subject which can ultimately lead to death. It was first described in 1977 in two massively obese patients who were forced to lie down for medical procedures. But surprisingly, despite the current worldwide epidemic of obesity, very few cases have been reported yet. It can be assumed that the syndrome is poorly recognized in clinical practice and may participate in the high rate of unexplained death in morbidly obese patients...
December 13, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193744/what-are-the-position-and-power-of-supermarkets-in-the-australian-food-system-and-the-implications-for-public-health-a-systematic-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
C E Pulker, G S A Trapp, J A Scott, C M Pollard
Supermarkets have been described as having unprecedented and disproportionate power in the food system. This scoping review synthesized the literature that describes the position and power of supermarkets in the Australian food system, and the implications for public health. A systematic search of peer-reviewed and grey literature identified 68 documents that described supermarket power. Implications for public health were also recorded. Data revealed that supermarkets hold a powerful position in the Australian food system, acting as the primary gatekeepers...
November 29, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178252/the-cross-sectional-associations-between-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-and-cardiometabolic-health-markers-in-adults-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-component
#18
REVIEW
C Powell, M P Herring, K P Dowd, A E Donnelly, B P Carson
Sedentary time is viewed as an independent risk factor for adverse cardiometabolic health (CMH). No systematic review and meta-analysis on the cross-sectional associations between objectively measured sedentary time and CMH markers has been conducted. PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science Core Collection were searched for papers that examined the cross-sectional association between objectively measured sedentary time and CMH markers in adults. Forty-six papers met the inclusion criteria. The included papers had a combined sample size of 70,576 and an age range of 18-87 years...
November 27, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178423/effectiveness-of-lifestyle-interventions-for-preventing-harmful-weight-gain-among-young-adults-from-lower-socioeconomic-status-and-ethnically-diverse-backgrounds-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
N Hayba, S R Partridge, M M Nour, A Grech, M Allman Farinelli
The incidence of overweight and obesity are increasing with each successive generation of young adults. Associated co-morbidities will emerge at an earlier age unless weight gain is prevented. Evidence has demonstrated young adults (aged 18-35 years) from low socioeconomic and ethnically diverse backgrounds are at greater risk of overweight or obesity, yet it is unclear how to effectively intervene in this population. This systematic review aimed to assess the effectiveness of lifestyle interventions conducted in this population...
November 26, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164765/maternal-pre-pregnancy-obesity-and-child-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
C E Sanchez, C Barry, A Sabhlok, K Russell, A Majors, S H Kollins, B F Fuemmeler
This review examined evidence of the association between maternal pre-pregnancy overweight/obesity status and child neurodevelopmental outcomes. PubMed and PsycINFO databases were systematically searched for empirical studies published before April 2017 using keywords related to prenatal obesity and children's neurodevelopment. Of 1483 identified papers, 41 were included in the systematic review, and 32 articles representing 36 cohorts were included in the meta-analysis. Findings indicated that compared with children of normal weight mothers, children whose mothers were overweight or obese prior to pregnancy were at increased risk for compromised neurodevelopmental outcomes (overweight: OR = 1...
November 22, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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