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Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30375160/viewpoints-of-adolescents-with-overweight-and-obesity-attending-lifestyle-obesity-treatment-interventions-a-qualitative-systematic-review
#1
H M Jones, L Al-Khudairy, G J Melendez-Torres, O Oyebode
BACKGROUND: Current UK guidance recommends that adolescents with obesity attend a family-based multi-component obesity intervention. However, these programmes suffer from low recruitment and high rates of attrition. Understanding the views of adolescents is necessary for developing future interventions. The aim of this systematic review was to synthesize and explore the views of adolescents who have attended an obesity intervention. METHODS: Published literature was identified by searching six databases...
October 29, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358074/should-metabolically-healthy-obesity-be-defined-as-the-total-absence-of-metabolic-risk-factors
#2
LETTER
D Thivel, J Roche, J P Chaput
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358051/homeostatic-and-neurocognitive-control-of-energy-intake-in-response-to-exercise-in-pediatric-obesity-a-psychobiological-framework
#3
REVIEW
D Thivel, G Finlayson, J E Blundell
While energy intake and energy expenditure have long been studied independently, the alarming progression of obesity has led to a more integrative approach to energy balance considering their potential interactions. Although the available literature concerned with the effect of chronic and acute exercise on energy intake and appetite control in adults is considerable, these questions remain less explored among children and adolescents. Based on the search of four databases (Medline, Embase, PsycINFO and Cochrane Library; articles published until May 2018), the objective of this review is to summarize and discuss the effect of acute and chronic physical exercise on energy intake and appetite control in children and adolescents with obesity, and to identify the physiological and neurocognitive signals and pathways involved...
October 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30358046/the-impact-of-multicomponent-weight-management-interventions-on-quality-of-life-in-adolescents-affected-by-overweight-or-obesity-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#4
M Murray, J L Pearson, A L Dordevic, M P Bonham
Adolescents affected by overweight or obesity report similar quality of life to adolescents with cancer. While weight management is important for physiological outcomes, it is unclear whether weight management improves quality of life in this age group. This meta-analysis assessed the impact of multicomponent weight management interventions on quality of life in adolescents affected by overweight or obesity. Ovid PsycINFO, Ovid Medline, Ovid Embase, Cochrane Library, Scopus and CINAHL Plus databases were searched up to July 2017...
October 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30353704/established-and-emerging-strategies-to-crack-the-genetic-code-of-obesity
#5
V Tam, M Turcotte, D Meyre
Tremendous progress has been made in the genetic elucidation of obesity over the past two decades, driven largely by technological, methodological and organizational innovations. Current strategies for identifying obesity-predisposing loci/genes, including cytogenetics, linkage analysis, homozygosity mapping, admixture mapping, candidate gene studies, genome-wide association studies, custom genotyping arrays, whole-exome sequencing and targeted exome sequencing, have achieved differing levels of success, and the identified loci in aggregate explain only a modest fraction of the estimated heritability of obesity...
October 23, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30345630/-the-rollercoaster-of-follow-up-care-after-bariatric-surgery-a-rapid-review-and-qualitative-synthesis
#6
H M Parretti, C A Hughes, L L Jones
Benefits of bariatric surgery for obesity related comorbidities are well established. However, in the longer term, patients can become vulnerable to procedure specific problems, experience weight regain and continue to need monitoring and management of comorbidities. Effective longer term follow-up is vital due to these complex needs post-surgery. Current guidance recommends annual long-term follow-up after bariatric surgery. However, attendance can be low, and failure to attend is associated with poorer outcomes...
October 21, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30339316/metabolic-syndrome-in-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-meta-regression
#7
REVIEW
S S Lim, N S Kakoly, J W J Tan, G Fitzgerald, M Bahri Khomami, A E Joham, S D Cooray, M L Misso, R J Norman, C L Harrison, S Ranasinha, H J Teede, L J Moran
Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) have increased risk of metabolic syndrome. The relative contribution of clinical, demographic or biochemical factors to metabolic syndrome in PCOS is not known. A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, EMBASE and clinical trial registries. Of 4530 studies reviewed, 59 were included in the systematic review and 27 in the meta-analysis and meta-regression. In good and fair quality studies, women with PCOS had an overall increased prevalence of metabolic syndrome (odds ratio, OR 3...
October 19, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30324651/determinants-of-weight-loss-maintenance-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
R D M Varkevisser, M M van Stralen, W Kroeze, J C F Ket, I H M Steenhuis
BACKGROUND: Discerning the determinants of weight loss maintenance is important in the planning of future interventions and policies regarding overweight and obesity. We have therefore systematically synthesized recent literature on determinants of weight loss maintenance for individuals with overweight and obesity. METHODS: With the use of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement, prospective studies were identified from searches in PubMed and PsycINFO from 2006 to 2016...
October 16, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306717/neighbourhood-social-capital-and-obesity-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#9
E Carrillo-Álvarez, I Kawachi, J Riera-Romaní
Social capital, defined as the resources accessed by individuals and groups through social connections, has been posited to be a social determinant of obesity. However, empirical evidence for this association has been inconsistent - namely, some studies have found a protective association while others have reported no correlation. We sought to conduct a systematic review on the relation between neighbourhood social capital and obesity, considering potential differences on the results based on the measures used and the covariates and mediators included in the studies...
October 10, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30306707/gain-of-function-variants-in-the-melanocortin-4-receptor-gene-confer-susceptibility-to-binge-eating-disorder-in-subjects-with-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
A Qasim, A J Mayhew, S Ehtesham, A Alyass, A-L Volckmar, S Herpertz, A Hinney, J Hebebrand, D Meyre
The association between coding variants in the melanocortin 4 receptor gene (MC4R) and binge eating disorder (BED) in patients with obesity is controversial. Two independent reviewers systematically searched MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, BIOSIS Previews, Web of Science Core Collection and Google Scholar up to February 2018, using terms describing the MC4R gene and BED. Six of 103 identified references were included. Studies examined associations between at least one coding variant/mutation in MC4R and BED and screened for BED as per the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders...
October 10, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270528/network-meta-analysis-of-the-relative-efficacy-of-bariatric-surgeries-for-diabetes-remission
#11
REVIEW
S Kodama, K Fujihara, C Horikawa, M Harada, H Ishiguro, M Kaneko, K Furukawa, Y Matsubayashi, S Matsunaga, H Shimano, S Tanaka, K Kato, H Sone
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery leads to a higher remission rate for type 2 diabetes mellitus than non-surgical treatment. However, it remains unsolved which surgical procedure is the most efficacious. This network meta-analysis aimed to rank surgical procedures in terms of diabetes remission. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We electronically searched for randomized controlled trials in which at least one surgical treatment was included among multiple arms and the diabetes remission rate was included in study outcomes...
September 30, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30270500/the-prospective-association-between-objectively-measured-sedentary-time-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-cardiometabolic-risk-factors-in-youth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
T Skrede, J Steene-Johannessen, S A Anderssen, G K Resaland, U Ekelund
Sedentary time and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) may be uniquely related to cardiometabolic health. Excessive sedentary time is suggested as an independent cardiometabolic risk factor, while MVPA is favourably associated with cardiometabolic health. This systematic review and meta-analysis summarizes the evidence on a prospective relationship between objectively measured sedentary time, MVPA and cardiometabolic health indicators in youth. PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, PhyscINFO and SPORTDiscus were systematically searched from January 2000 until April 2018...
September 30, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261553/effects-of-health-at-every-size%C3%A2-interventions-on-health-related-outcomes-of-people-with-overweight-and-obesity-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
M D Ulian, L Aburad, M S da Silva Oliveira, A C M Poppe, F Sabatini, I Perez, B Gualano, F B Benatti, A J Pinto, O J Roble, A Vessoni, P de Morais Sato, R F Unsain, F Baeza Scagliusi
CONTEXT: The growing use of interventions based on the Health at Every Size® (HAES®) in obesity management. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to summarize the health-related effects of HAES®-based interventions on people with overweight and obesity. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (via PubMed), EMBASE, Cochrane Library, LILACS, Google Scholar, OpenGrey and Grey Literature Report. STUDY SELECTION: A systematic review of studies published until January 2017 reporting on HAES®-based randomized and non-randomized controlled trials in people with overweight and/or obesity...
September 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30261552/revisiting-the-evolutionary-origins-of-obesity-lazy-versus-peppy-thrifty-genotype-hypothesis
#14
H Reddon, Y Patel, M Turcotte, M Pigeyre, D Meyre
The recent global obesity epidemic is attributed to major societal and environmental changes, such as excessive energy intake and sedentary lifestyle. However, exposure to 'obesogenic' environments does not necessarily result in obesity at the individual level, as 40-75% of body mass index variation in population is attributed to genetic differences. The thrifty genotype theory posits that genetic variants promoting efficient food sequestering and optimal deposition of fat during periods of food abundance were evolutionarily advantageous for the early hunter-gatherer and were positively selected...
September 27, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30257277/interventions-to-increase-physical-activity-in-children-0-5-years-old-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis-and-realist-synthesis
#15
REVIEW
J A Hnatiuk, H E Brown, K L Downing, T Hinkley, J Salmon, K D Hesketh
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions to increase physical activity (PA) in 0-5 year olds and to determine what works, for whom, in what circumstances. DESIGN: Systematic review, meta-analysis and realist synthesis. DATA SOURCES: Embase and EBSCOhost (Academic Search Complete, CINAHL Complete, Global Health, MEDLINE Complete, PsycINFO, SPORTDiscus with full text), up to and including April 2017...
September 26, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253075/built-environment-and-cardio-metabolic-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-longitudinal-studies
#16
REVIEW
M Chandrabose, J N Rachele, L Gunn, A Kavanagh, N Owen, G Turrell, B Giles-Corti, T Sugiyama
Built environment attributes may be related to cardio-metabolic diseases (e.g. type 2 diabetes, heart disease and stroke) and their risk factors, potentially by influencing residents' physical activity. However, existing literature reviews on the built environment and health for the most part focus on obesity as the outcome and rely on cross-sectional studies. This systematic review synthesized current evidence on longitudinal relationships between built environment attributes and cardio-metabolic health outcomes among adults and on the potential mediating role of physical inactivity...
September 25, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253050/weight-loss-associated-with-sodium-glucose-cotransporter-2-inhibition-a-review-of-evidence-and-underlying-mechanisms
#17
REVIEW
P C Lee, S Ganguly, S-Y Goh
With their novel, insulin-independent mechanism, sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT2) inhibitors are a major turning point in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus. At present, there are several SGLT2 inhibitors available or in development, and these oral anti-hyperglycaemic agents lower plasma glucose through the inhibition of SGLT2-mediated reuptake of filtered glucose in the kidney. This unique mechanism of action is also expected to result in other beneficial effects, such as weight loss and blood pressure reduction...
September 25, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30253045/oxytocin-in-metabolic-homeostasis-implications-for-obesity-and-diabetes-management
#18
REVIEW
C Ding, M K-S Leow, F Magkos
Oxytocin was once understood solely as a neuropeptide with a central role in social bonding, reproduction, parturition, lactation and appetite regulation. Recent evidence indicates that oxytocin enhances glucose uptake and lipid utilization in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle, suggesting that dysfunction of the oxytocin system could underlie the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. Murine studies revealed that deficiencies in oxytocin signalling and oxytocin receptor expression lead to obesity despite normal food intake, motor activity and increased leptin levels...
September 25, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30248223/adipose-may-actively-delay-progression-of-nafld-by-releasing-tumor-suppressing-anti-fibrotic-mir-122-into-circulation
#19
A Baranova, D Maltseva, A Tonevitsky
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver pathology. Here we propose tissue-cooperative, homeostatic model of NAFLD. During early stages of NAFLD the intrahepatic production of miR-122 falls, while the secretion of miRNA-containing exosomes by adipose increases. Bloodstream carries exosome to the liver, where their miRNA cargo is released to regulate their intrahepatic targets. When the deterioration of adipose catches up with the failing hepatic parenchyma, the external supply of liver-supporting miRNAs gradually tapers off, leading to the fibrotic decompensation of the liver and an increase in hepatic carcinogenesis...
September 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30230164/overweight-and-obesity-as-major-modifiable-risk-factors-for-urinary-incontinence-in-young-to-mid-aged-women-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
T J Lamerton, L Torquati, W J Brown
The purpose of this review and meta-analysis was to evaluate overweight and obesity as risk factors for urinary incontinence in young to mid-aged women. Understanding these relationships during this life stage is important as early onset increases the risk for developing severe and persistent incontinence. A systematic search resulted in 497 citations, 14 of which were retained for review. Data were analysed by overweight and obesity and by subtype of urinary incontinence - stress, urge, mixed and severe. When compared with 'normal' body mass index, overweight was associated with a one-third increase in risk of urinary incontinence (relative risk = 1...
September 19, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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