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Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30378247/understanding-human-enhancement-technologies-through-critical-phenomenology
#1
Pierre Pariseau-Legault, Dave Holmes, Stuart J Murray
Human enhancement technologies raise serious ethical questions about health practices no longer content simply to treat disease, but which now also propose to "optimize" human beings' physical, cognitive and psychological abilities. These technologies call for a reassessment of our relationship to health, the human body and the body's organic, identity and social functions. In nursing, such considerations are in their infancy. In this paper, we argue for the relevance of critical phenomenology as a way to better understand the ethical issues related to human enhancement technologies (HET)...
October 30, 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30328248/the-central-question-and-the-scope-of-nursing-research
#2
Elizabeth Moulton, Rosemary Wilson, Pilar Camargo Plazas, Kathryn Halverson
As nursing continues to develop as a professional discipline, it is important for nurses to have a central question to guide their research. Since the 1800s, nursing practice and research have covered a wide scope in cooperation with other disciplines. This wide area of nursing practice and research has led to the proposal that the central question be: How can the well-being of a person, family, community, or population be improved? The proposed question must remain flexible and open to revision because nurses will continue to adapt to the changing needs of their patients and populations and to their complex and evolving work environments...
October 17, 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30264549/middle-range-theories-as-models-new-criteria-for-analysis-and-evaluation
#3
Mark Risjord
This essay argues for a new perspective on the analysis and evaluation of middle-range theory. The commonly used criteria for theory evaluation in nursing are not as useful as they should be, and the root of the problem is an inappropriate understanding of middle-range theory. In spite of their name, middle-range theories should not be analysed and evaluated as concrete or limited versions of more general theories. Rather, they are best understood as models. The latter sections of this essay present a new method for analysing middle-range theories and new criteria for their evaluation...
September 27, 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259638/from-expert-to-novice-shocking-transitions-in-nursing
#4
EDITORIAL
Derek Sellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259637/recognition-theory-in-nurse-patient-relationships-the-contribution-of-gillian-rose
#5
Rachel Cummings
Recognition theory attempts to conceptualize interpersonal relationships and their normative political implications. British social philosopher Gillian Rose developed her own version of recognition rooted in the work of Georg Hegel. This article applies Rose's theory of recognition to care, arguing that its emphasis on lack of identity, the dynamic process of recognition and the existential risks involved accurately describes the relationship between nurse and patient. Rose's version is compared to both contemporary notions of the interpersonal in healthcare literature, other forms of recognition theory and Emmanuel Levinas's vision of intersubjective relationships, a traditional philosophical basis for nursing care...
October 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30239115/living-the-intensive-order-common-sense-and-schizophrenia-in-deleuze-and-guattari
#6
Julie Van der Wielen
In Anti-Oedipus, Deleuze and Guattari aim to describe schizophrenia in a positive manner. According to them, the schizophrenic lives on the intensive order. To fully comprehend what this means, it is key to address some of Deleuze's insights regarding the notion of intensity in relation to experience and cognition. This is why I will combine ideas from Anti-Oedipus with theory from Difference and Repetition, in order to explain Deleuze and Guattari's conception of intensity in its relation to common sense and to schizophrenia...
October 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30221451/nursing-and-music-considerations-of-nightingale-s-environmental-philosophy-and-phenomenology
#7
Jon Parr Vijinski, Sandra P Hirst, Suzanne Goopy
A philosophy of nursing is to express our considered opinion on what we believe to be true about the nature of the profession of nursing and provide a basis for nursing activities. It affirms the ethical values that we hold as fundamental to our practice. For many of us in nursing, our philosophy derives from Nightingale and phenomenology. We believe Nightingale and phenomenology are uniquely placed within nursing philosophies, to assist the nurse to understand the use of music within a holistic, caring-healing paradigm, as nursing continues to adapt and evolve in the 21st century...
October 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30203921/governing-through-lifestyle-lalonde-and-the-biopolitical-management-of-public-health-in-canada
#8
Thomas Foth, Dave Holmes
In 1974, the Liberal government of Pierre Trudeau released a "green paper" known as the Lalonde Report, after the health minister at that time. The report formulated perspectives on health and the main concepts and ideas developed in it, particularly the concept of "lifestyle," which became the foundation of public health policies in many different European countries and the United States. The concept of "lifestyle" connected personal behaviour and habits to the individual health condition; people were not dying due to a lack of access to medical care but because they lived a life prone to personal risk taking...
October 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29952072/embracing-the-wild-profusion-a-foucauldian-analysis-of-the-impact-of-healthcare-standardization-on-nursing-knowledge-and-practice
#9
Allie Slemon
Standardization has emerged as the dominant principle guiding the organization and provision of healthcare, with standards resultantly shaping how nurses conceptualize and deliver patient care. Standardization has been critiqued as homogenizing diverse patient experiences and diminishing nurses' skills and critical thinking; however, there has been limited examination of the philosophical implications of standardization for nursing knowledge and practice. In this manuscript, I draw on Foucault's philosophy of order and categorization to inform an analysis of the consequences of healthcare standardization for the profession of nursing...
October 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883057/grade-point-average-inequity-and-nursing-education
#10
EDITORIAL
Derek Sellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785721/heeding-humanity-in-an-age-of-electronic-health-records-heidegger-levinas-and-healthcare
#11
Casey Rentmeester
The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (ARRA) required healthcare providers in the United States to adopt and demonstrate meaningful use of electronic health records (EHRs) by January 1, 2014. In many ways, EHRs mark a notable improvement over paper medical records as they are more easily accessible and allow for electronic searching and sharing of medical history. However, as EHRs have become mandated by ARRA, many nurses now rely upon computers far more heavily during nurse-patient interactions, thereby decreasing the level of direct interpersonal communication between the two...
July 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642276/phenomenology-and-qualitative-research-amedeo-giorgi-s-hermetic-epistemology
#12
John Paley
Amedeo Giorgi has published a review article devoted to Phenomenology as Qualitative Research: A Critical Analysis of Meaning Attribution. However, anyone reading this article, but unfamiliar with the book, will get a distorted view of what it is about, whom it is addressed to, what it seeks to achieve and how it goes about presenting its arguments. Not mildly distorted, in need of the odd correction here and there, but systematically misrepresented. The article is a study in misreading. Giorgi misreads the book's mise en scène; he misreads its narrative arc; he misreads individual arguments; he misreads short, simple passages; he misreads the philosophy of the science literature; he misreads his own data; he misreads the title; he misreads the blurb; he misreads the acknowledgements...
July 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642270/meaning-lived-experience-empathy-and-boredom-max-van-manen-on-phenomenology-and-heidegger
#13
John Paley
Phenomenology as Qualitative Research: A Critical Analysis of Meaning Attribution has attracted the attention of Max van Manen, who has published a highly critical review article. Anyone reading this article, but unfamiliar with the book, will get a distorted view of what it is about, whom it is addressed to, what it tries to achieve, and how it goes about presenting its arguments. Not mildly distorted, in need of the odd correction here and there, but systematically misrepresented. One problem is that van Manen appears to have an idée fixe which prevents him from recognizing that the book is not about a certain philosophical tradition (known as "phenomenology"), but about a particular type of qualitative research (also known, unfortunately and confusingly, as "phenomenology")...
July 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607603/nursing-knowledge-a-middle-ground-exploration
#14
Mariko Liette Sakamoto
The discipline of nursing has long maintained that is has a unique contribution to make within the health care arena. This assertion of uniqueness lies in great part in the discipline's claim to a distinct body of knowledge. Nursing knowledge is characterized by diverse and multiple forms of knowing and underpins the work of all nurses, regardless of field of practice. Unfortunately, it has been challenging for the discipline to take full ownership of its epistemological diversity, largely due to factors such as competing worldviews, and ideological and binary positioning...
July 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573099/nursing-history-as-philosophy-towards-a-critical-history-of-nursing
#15
Thomas Foth, Jette Lange, Kylie Smith
Mainstream nursing history often positions itself in opposition to philosophy and many nursing historians are reticent of theorizing. In the quest to illuminate the lives of nurses and women current historical approaches are driven by reformist aspirations but are based on the conception that nursing or caring is basically good and the timelessness of universal values. This has the effect of essentialising political categories of identity such as class, race and gender. This kind of history is about affirmation rather than friction and about the conservation of memory and musealization...
July 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527796/in-praise-of-open-mindedness
#16
EDITORIAL
Derek Sellman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280271/nursing-as-concrete-philosophy-part-i-risjord-on-nursing-knowledge
#17
Kyriakos Theodoridis
This essay addresses the problem of the essentiality of nursing knowledge and what kind of theory, if any, is essential to nursing practice. The overarching aim of the essay was to argue for the thesis that nursing may be described as a kind of philosophical activity, and, consequently, that philosophy is the kind of "theory" that is essential to nursing practice and to the nursing discipline at large. The essay consists of two papers. The present paper, Part I, is a critical examination of Mark Risjord's discussion of the problem of the theory-practice gap in his Nursing Knowledge: Practice, Science, Philosophy, from 2010...
April 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29266625/nursing-as-concrete-philosophy-part-ii-engaging-with-reality
#18
Kyriakos Theodoridis
This is the second paper of an essay in two parts. The first paper (Part I) is a critical discussion of Mark Risjord's conception of nursing knowledge where I argued against the conception of nursing knowledge as a kind of nursing science. The aim of the present paper (Part II) is to explicate and substantiate the thesis of nursing as a kind of concrete philosophy. My strategy is to elaborate upon certain themes from Wittgenstein's Tractatus in order to canvass a general scheme of philosophy based on a distinction between reality and the world...
April 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052942/genealogies-of-recovery-the-framing-of-therapeutic-ambitions
#19
Brian Brown, Nick Manning
The notion of recovery has become prominent in mental healthcare discourse in the UK, but it is often considered as if it were a relatively novel notion, and as if it represented an alternative to conventional treatment and intervention. In this paper, we explore some of the origins of the notion of recovery in the early 20th century in movements such as Alcoholics Anonymous and Recovery Inc. Whilst these phenomena are not entirely continuous with recovery in the present day, some important antecedents of the contemporary notion can be detected...
April 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952175/reconciling-conceptualizations-of-ethical-conduct-and-person-centred-care-of-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-in-acute-care-settings
#20
Carole Rushton, David Edvardsson
Key commentators on person-centred care have described it as a "new ethic of care" which they link inextricably to notions of individual autonomy, action, change and improvement. Two key points are addressed in this article. The first is that few discussions about ethics and person-centred are underscored by any particular ethical theory. The second point is that despite the espoused benefits of person-centred care, delivery within the acute care setting remains largely aspirational. Choices nurses make about their practice tend to comply more often with prevailing norms than those championed by person-centred care...
April 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
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