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Primary Health Care Research & Development

Marcello Bertotti, Caroline Frostick, Patrick Hutt, Ratna Sohanpal, Dawn Carnes
This article adopts a realist approach to evaluate a social prescribing pilot in the areas of Hackney and City in London (United Kingdom). It unpacks the contextual factors and mechanisms that influenced the development of this pilot for the benefits of GPs, commissioners and practitioners, and reflects on the realist approach to evaluation as a tool for the evaluation of health interventions. Primary care faces considerable challenges including the increase in long-term conditions, GP consultation rates, and widening health inequalities...
December 7, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Patrick Tobin-Schnittger, Jane O'Doherty, Ray O'Connor, Andrew O'Regan
BACKGROUND: Referral letters sent from primary to secondary or tertiary care are a crucial element in the continuity of patient information transfer. Internationally, the need for improvement in this area has been recognised. This aim of this study is to review the current literature pertaining to interventions that are designed to improve referral letter quality. METHODS: A search strategy designed following a Problem, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome model was used to explore the PubMed and EMBASE databases for relevant literature...
December 7, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Leonardo Moscovici, Joao Mazzoncini de Azevedo-Marques, Lívia Maria Bolsoni, Antonio Luiz Rodrigues-Junior, Antonio Waldo Zuardi
Aim To compare the impact of three different approaches to primary care mental health on the prevalence of mental disorders. BACKGROUND: Millions of people suffer from mental disorders. As entry point into the health service, primary healthcare plays an important role in providing mental health prevention and treatment. METHODS: Random sample of households in three different areas of the city of Ribeirão Preto (state of São Paulo, Brazil) were selected, and 20 trained medical students conducted interviews using a mental health screening instrument, the Mini-Screening of Mental Disorders, and a socio-demographic datasheet...
December 5, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Ahmed Hashim, Margaret O'Sullivan, Hugh Williams, Sumita Verma
Background and aims Majority of the individuals with hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in England are people who inject drugs, a vulnerable and disenfranchised cohort with poor engagement with secondary care. Our aim is to describe our experiences in setting up a successful nurse led HCV service at a substance misuse service (SMS). METHODS: We justify the need for a community HCV service and review the different community based models. Our experiences in engaging with stakeholders, obtaining funding, service set up, challenges faced and key recommendations are discussed...
December 4, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Ivana T Croghan, Jill M Huber, Ryan T Hurt, Darrell R Schroeder, Mark L Wieland, Lila J Rutten, Jon O Ebbert
In a survey of 471 patients, we collected self-reported weight and height data and asked about self-perceptions of provider support toward weight loss and other weight management concerns. Multivariable analysis found that respondents with higher body mass index (BMI) were more likely to report that a physician had told them that they were overweight (OR=3.49, 95% CI 2.06-5.89, P<0.001). However, this conversation was less likely to change their personal view of their weight (OR=0.62 per 5 kg/m2, 95% CI 0...
November 21, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Sharon Johnston, Sabrina T Wong, Stephanie Blackman, Leena W Chau, Anne M Grool, William Hogg
BACKGROUND: Recruiting family physicians into primary care research studies requires researchers to continually manage information coming in, going out, and coming in again. In many research groups, Microsoft Excel and Access are the usual data management tools, but they are very basic and do not support any automation, linking, or reminder systems to manage and integrate recruitment information and processes. OBJECTIVE: We explored whether a commercial customer relationship management (CRM) software program - designed for sales people in businesses to improve customer relations and communications - could be used to make the research recruitment system faster, more effective, and more efficient...
November 16, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Alex A Florindo, Douglas R Andrade, Paulo H Guerra, Jorge Mota, Diane Crone, Ana C C N Mafra, Mario M Bracco
Aim To report an evaluation of health professionals' participation in a distance-learning physical activity training course developed in a low socio-economic region of São Paulo city, Brazil. BACKGROUND: In countries with public universal health systems, physical activity promotion in primary health care settings can reap results, particularly given that such interventions have the potential to reach a large percentage of the population. However, few studies proposed physical activity training for health professionals in low- and middle-income countries...
November 10, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Caroline Ferraz Ignacio, Martha Macedo de Lima Barata, Antonio Henrique Almeida de Moraes Neto
Aim This study analyzed the management of intestinal parasitic infections in the Family Health Strategy covering Brazilian urban slums. BACKGROUND: The Family Health Strategy is the preferred strategy for providing public, community-based primary health care in the Brazilian Unified Health System (SUS). Through this strategy, Family Health teams are responsible for the health of residents of a defined territory, including health promotion, health education and control of neglected tropical diseases such as intestinal parasitic infections...
November 8, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Steven Maxwell
Aim This study's objectives were to collate General Practitioners' (GPs) views and experiences on the barriers and facilitators for providing HIV and sexual health screening in primary care to men who have sex with men. BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) are disproportionately effected by sexually transmitted infections and HIV. Some MSM may not attend for testing and primary care may come in contact with this group. There may be varying barriers for MSM accessing services. Primary care can provide an opportunity to offer testing but with limited GPs views on this topic, it is important to understand the potential barriers and facilitators...
November 2, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Sandra Campbell, Nicolette Roux, Cilla Preece, Eileen Rafter, Bronwyn Davis, Jackie Mein, Jacqueline Boyle, Bronwyn Fredericks, Catherine Chamberlain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 23, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Adina Coroiu, Chelsea Moran, Rosalind Garland, Annett Körner
Skin self-examination (SSE) is a crucial preventive health behaviour in melanoma survivors, as it facilitates early detection. Physician endorsement of SSE is important for the initiation and maintenance of this behaviour. This study focussed on the preliminary validation of a new nine-item measure assessing physician support of SSE in melanoma patients. English and French versions of this measure were administered to 188 patients diagnosed with melanoma in the context of a longitudinal study investigating predictors and facilitators of SSE...
October 17, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Alexandre Baumgarten, Rochelle Santos Da Veiga, Patricia Tavora Bulgarelli, Vitor Motta Diesel, Alexandre Favero Bulgarelli
BACKGROUND: The Unified Health System (SUS) is the Brazilian set of public health services that offers global access to health care and disease treatments for all citizens. These services have been evaluated by means of a national survey assessing the users' perceptions. Aim To explore and characterize the SUS users' perceptions regarding primary dental team practices in the five Brazilian geographical regions. METHODS: Descriptive study. The sample consisted of 37 262 subjects...
October 9, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Catriona Matheson, Christiane Pflanz-Sinclair, Amna Almarzouqi, Christine M Bond, Amanda J Lee, Anwar Batieha, H Al Ghaferi, A El Kashef
Aim This project evaluated the effectiveness of screening brief intervention and referral for treatment (SBIRT) in primary care in Abu Dhabi to manage patients with problematic substance use. This study aimed to determine whether: (i) training primary care physicians on the SBIRT model increased the identification of patients using substances at a harmful, hazardous or dependent level; (ii) training improved physicians' knowledge, attitudes and beliefs in self-efficacy in managing substance use. BACKGROUND: Substance use is increasing in the United Arab Emirates yet there has been no formal primary care intervention...
October 9, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
James Amisi, Raymond Downing
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Anna H Glenngård, Anders Anell
Aim To study (a) the covariation between patient reported experience measures (PREMs) and registered process measures of access and continuity when ranking providers in a primary care setting, and (b) whether registered process measures or PREMs provided more or less information about potential linkages between levels of access and continuity and explaining variables. BACKGROUND: Access and continuity are important objectives in primary care. They can be measured through registered process measures or PREMs...
September 15, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Parminder K Hans, Carolyn Steele Gray, Ashlinder Gill, James Tiessen
Aim This qualitative study investigates how the Electronic Patient-Reported Outcome (ePRO) mobile application and portal system, designed to capture patient-reported measures to support self-management, affected primary care provider workflows. BACKGROUND: The Canadian health system is facing an ageing population that is living with chronic disease. Disruptive innovations like mobile health technologies can help to support health system transformation needed to better meet the multifaceted needs of the complex care patient...
September 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Diego Schrans, Pauline Boeckxstaens, An De Sutter, Sara Willems, Dirk Avonts, Thierry Christiaens, Jan Matthys, Thomas Kühlein
BACKGROUND: Family practice aims to recognize the health problems and needs expressed by the person rather than only focusing on the disease. Documenting person-related information will facilitate both the understanding and delivery of person-focused care. Aim To explore if the patients' ideas, concerns and expectations (ICE) behind the reason for encounter (RFE) can be coded with the International Classification of Primary Care, version 2 (ICPC-2) and what kinds of codes are missing to be able to do so...
September 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Kate S Williams, Stoyan Kurtev, Kay Phelps, Emma Regen, Simon Conroy, Andrew Wilson
Aim To examine how the introduction of intensive community support (ICS) affected admissions to community hospital (CH) and to explore the views of patients, carers and health professionals on this transition. BACKGROUND: ICS was introduced to provide an alternative to CH provision for patients (mostly very elderly) requiring general rehabilitation. METHOD: Routine data from both services were analysed to identify the number of admissions and length of stay between September 2012 and September 2014...
September 13, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Fiona Moffatt, Rob Goodwin, Paul Hendrick
BACKGROUND: Primary care faces unprecedented challenges. A move towards a more comprehensive, multi-disciplinary service delivery model has been proposed as a means with which to secure more sustainable services for the future. One seemingly promising response has been the implementation of physiotherapy self-referral schemes, however there is a significant gap in the literature regarding implementation. Aim This evaluation aimed to explore how the professionals and practice staff involved in the delivery of an in-practice physiotherapy self-referral scheme understood the service, with a focus on perceptions of value, barriers and impact...
September 12, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
Krishna Regmi
BACKGROUND: Although considerable attention has been paid to the use of quantitative methods in health research, there has been limited focus on decentralisation research using a qualitative-driven mixed method design. Decentralisation presents both a problematic concept and methodological challenges, and is more context-specific and is often multi-dimensional. Researchers often consider using more than one method design when researching phenomena is complex in nature. Aim To explore the effects of decentralisation on the provision of primary healthcare services...
September 11, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
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