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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809125/post-chemotherapy-perforation-in-cats-with-discrete-intermediate-or-large-cell-gastrointestinal-lymphoma
#1
Zachary Crouse, Brenda Phillips, Andi Flory, Jennifer Mahoney, Keith Richter, Linda Kidd
Objectives Gastrointestinal (GI) perforation is a well-described complication of GI lymphoma in people, commonly occurring within days of initiation of chemotherapy. There are no studies documenting the prevalence of GI perforation in cats with intermediate- or large-cell GI lymphoma or whether it is associated with induction of chemotherapy. The objectives of this study were to document the prevalence and timing of post-chemotherapy perforation in cats with discrete GI masses caused by intermediate- or large-cell lymphoma...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809124/measurement-of-the-normal-feline-pituitary-gland-in-brachycephalic-and-mesocephalic-cats
#2
Thomas Christian Häußler, Kerstin Heike von Pückler, Cetina Thiel, Sylke Enderlein, Klaus Failing, Nele Ondreka, Martin Kramer, Martin Jürgen Schmidt
Objectives The purpose of this study was to determine differences in normal feline pituitary dimensions in brachycephalic and mesocephalic cats as a basis for establishing cryohypophysectomy in cats. Methods Measurements were performed on sagittal T2-weighted and transverse post-gadolinium T1-weighted or T1 3D fast field echo-weighted MRI images. A total of 32 brachycephalic and 27 mesocephalic cats were examined. Inter-observer reproducibility was assessed by t-test and Bland-Altman analysis. Results The cats were 0...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795901/pine-processionary-caterpillar-thaumetopoea-pityocampa-envenomation-in-11-cats-a-retrospective-study
#3
Céline Pouzot-Nevoret, Maxime Cambournac, Amandine Violé, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, Gilles Bourdoiseau, Anthony Barthélemy
Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the clinical manifestations in cats of contact with caterpillars of the pine processionary moth. Methods Data were retrospectively obtained from the medical records (2004-2016) of cats that had been in contact with caterpillars of the pine processionary moth. Results Eleven cats were included in the study. The prevalence of lepidopterism was 0.13%. Tongue lesions and ptyalism were both present in 10/11 (90%) cats. Systemic signs consisted exclusively of vomiting and were encountered in 4/11 (36%) cats...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766985/hemodynamic-effects-of-low-dose-atipamezole-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-cats-receiving-an-infusion-of-dexmedetomidine
#4
Manuel Martin-Flores, Daniel M Sakai, Juhana Honkavaara, Luis Campoy
Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate the cardiovascular effects of low-dose atipamezole administered intravenously to isoflurane-anesthetized cats receiving dexmedetomidine. We hypothesized that atipamezole would increase heart rate (HR) and reduce arterial blood pressure in isoflurane-anesthetized cats receiving dexmedetomidine. Methods Six healthy adult domestic shorthair cats were anesthetized with isoflurane and instrumented for direct arterial pressures and cardiac output (CO) measurements...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718733/diagnostic-utility-of-renal-fine-needle-aspirate-cytology-and-ultrasound-in-the-cat
#5
Camille A McAloney, Leslie C Sharkey, Daniel A Feeney, Davis M Seelig
Objectives The primary objective of this study was to retrospectively assess the diagnostic utility of feline renal fine-needle aspiration cytology by assessing diagnostic yield, cytologic characteristics and diagnostic accuracy. The secondary objective was to characterize ultrasonographic features of sampled kidneys to determine if they influenced diagnostic yield. Methods Slides, images and patient data were collected from the University of Minnesota Veterinary Medical Center database. Slides were designated as diagnostic or non-diagnostic...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718700/use-of-single-dose-oral-gabapentin-to-attenuate-fear-responses-in-cage-trap-confined-community-cats-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-field-trial
#6
Katherine E Pankratz, Kelli K Ferris, Emily H Griffith, Barbara L Sherman
Objectives This double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the safety and efficacy of single-dose oral gabapentin administered for the attenuation of fear responses in cage-trap confined community cats. Methods Community cats presented in cage traps for trap-neuter-return (TNR) were recruited and screened for inclusion. Each enrolled cat was randomly assigned and administered one of three equal-volume, single-dose treatments: placebo, low-dose gabapentin (50 mg) or high-dose gabapentin (100 mg). At baseline, 1, 2, 3 and 12 h post-administration, a single, blinded observer scored each cat for signs of fear and sedation using published paradigms, calculated the respiratory rate and documented any observable facial injuries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718693/effects-of-sedation-with-dexmedetomidine-and-buprenorphine-on-echocardiographic-variables-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-healthy-cats
#7
Einar Johard, Anna Tidholm, Ingrid Ljungvall, Jens Häggström, Katja Höglund
Objectives Sedative agents are occasionally used to enable echocardiographic examination when screening cats for heart disease, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Owing to their haemodynamic effects, sedative agents may alter echocardiographic measurements. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the sedative combination dexmedetomidine and buprenorphine on echocardiographic variables, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in healthy cats. Methods Fifty healthy, client-owned cats were prospectively recruited and included after physical examination...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699814/survival-times-for-cats-with-hyperthyroidism-treated-with-a-3-35-mci-iodine-131-dose-a-retrospective-study-of-96-cases
#8
Marie Vagney, Loic Desquilbet, Edouard Reyes-Gomez, Françoise Delisle, Patrick Devauchelle, Maria Isabel Rodriguez-Piñeiro, Dan Rosenberg, Pauline de Fornel-Thibaud
Objectives Radioiodine ((131)I) dose determination using radiotracer kinetic studies or scoring systems, and fixed relatively high (131)I dose (ie, 4 or 5 mCi) administration, are effective and associated with prolonged survival times for hyperthyroid cats. The latter method is less complicated but could expose patients and veterinary personnel to unnecessary levels of radiation. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of a fixed 3.35 mCi (131)I dose for the treatment of 96 hyperthyroid cats with no length estimation for any palpated goitre ⩾20 mm, assess outcome and identify factors associated with survival...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696151/paravertebral-brachial-plexus-blockade-in-cats-a-cadaver-study
#9
Marina C Evangelista, Beatriz P Monteiro, Graeme M Doodnaught, Pascale Benoist, Paulo V Steagall
Objectives The aims of this study were to describe the paravertebral brachial plexus (PBP) blockade in cats, and compare the spread of bupivacaine-methylene blue solution (BMS) using two volumes of injection into the PBP. Methods Six cadavers (4.4 ± 1.8 kg) randomly received 0.15 ml/kg (LOW) or 0.2 ml/kg (HIGH) per injection of BMS into the PBP. The first injection was made ventral to the transverse process of the sixth cervical vertebra (nerves C6 and C7) at the emergence of nerve roots. A second injection was performed at the edge of the cranial border of the scapula and directed ventrally towards the first rib (C8 and T1)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696150/curative-intent-radical-en-bloc-resection-using-a-minimum-of-a-3%C3%A2-cm-margin-in-feline-injection-site-sarcomas-a-retrospective-analysis-of-131-cases
#10
Nina Müller, Martin Kessler
Objectives Owing to its highly infiltrative growth, feline injection-site sarcoma (FISS) carries a significant risk of local tumour recurrence. Parameters of possible prognostic significance (eg, tumour size and location, resection of de novo vs recurrent tumours, and achievement of tumour-free surgical margins) were examined with regard to their influence on recurrence rate (RR), disease-free interval (DFI) and survival time (ST). Methods This was a retrospective analysis of cats with FISSs located on the chest or abdominal wall or the interscapular region treated in a single institution using a standardised radical resection technique with 3 cm lateral margins and full-thickness body wall resection (tumours over chest/abdominal wall) or a minimum of two fascial planes (interscapular tumours)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689464/predictive-value-of-scintigraphic-semi-quantitative-thyroid-parameters-on-radioiodine-therapy-outcome-in-hyperthyroid-cats
#11
Veerle Volckaert, Eva Vandermeulen, Luc Duchateau, Sylvie Daminet, Jimmy H Saunders, Kathelijne Peremans
Objectives The outcome of radioiodine therapy in hyperthyroid cats is suspected to be influenced by multiple factors. The degree of activity of the thyroid gland, represented by uptake of sodium pertechnetate or tracer activities of radioiodine by the thyroid gland on thyroid scintigraphy, has been suggested in the literature as one of those. Thyroid gland pertechnetate uptake can be represented by (semi-)quantitative factors such as the thyroid to salivary gland (T/S) ratio, the thyroid to background (T/B) ratio and the percentage technetium uptake by the thyroid glands (%TcU)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675320/flow-cytometry-for-feline-lymphoma-a-retrospective-study-regarding-pre-analytical-factors-possibly-affecting-the-quality-of-samples
#12
Valeria Martini, Serena Bernardi, Priscilla Marelli, Marzia Cozzi, Stefano Comazzi
Objectives Flow cytometry (FC) is becoming increasingly popular among veterinary oncologists for the diagnosis of lymphoma or leukaemia. It is accurate, fast and minimally invasive. Several studies on FC have been carried out in canine oncology and applied with great results, whereas there is limited knowledge and use of this technique in feline patients. This is mainly owing to the high prevalence of intra-abdominal lymphomas in this species and the associated difficulty in the diagnostic procedures needed to collect the sample...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665170/dynamic-tomographic-studies-of-interscapular-feline-injection-site-sarcoma-essential-or-useless-practice
#13
Maurizio Longo, Davide Danilo Zani, Roberta Ferrari, Jessica Bassi, Maria Elena Andreis, Damiano Stefanello, Chiara Giudice, Valeria Grieco, Tiziana Liuti, Ian Handel, Mauro Di Giancamillo
Objectives Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISSs) are soft tissue tumours typically characterised by an interscapular location and highly infiltrative behaviour. CT is considered the modality of choice for FISS staging and double positioning (dynamic approach) was reported to successfully detect the exact extent of infiltration into the muscles. The aim of the present study was to investigate the utility of the dynamic approach in feline patients referred for preoperative staging of interscapular FISS. Methods Tumour volume estimates were compared between the ellipsoid and the semi-automated segmentation methods...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639458/use-of-computed-tomography-to-define-a-sacral-safe-corridor-for-placement-of-2-7-mm-cortical-screws-in-feline-sacroiliac-luxation
#14
Helen Philp, Alexane Durand, Felipe De Vicente
Objectives This study aimed to define a safe corridor for 2.7 mm cortical sacroiliac screw insertion in the dorsal plane (craniocaudal direction) using radiography and CT, and in the transverse plane (dorsoventral direction) using CT in feline cadavers. A further aim was to compare the values obtained by CT with those previously reported by radiography in the transverse plane. Methods Thirteen pelvises were retrieved from feline cadavers and dissected to expose one of the articular surfaces of the sacrum. A 2...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627284/treatment-of-neotrombicula-species-infestation-in-cats-using-a-10-w-v-fipronil-topical-spot-on-formulation-a-pilot-study
#15
Marie C Cadiergues, Christelle Navarro, Eloy Castilla-Castaño, Line A Lecru, Charline Pressanti
Objectives Few data are available concerning therapeutic aspects of feline trombiculiasis. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 10% w/v fipronil-based spot-on solution in 15 cats with natural Neotrombicula species infestation. Methods Ten cats received 1 drop per affected site on day (D)0 and D14, with the rest of the 0.5 ml pipette applied on the skin between the shoulders. Five cats served as non-treated controls. Parasite score (0 = absent; 3 = severe, >10 parasites/zone) was assessed on D0, D14 and D28 on all animals...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627283/epidemiological-investigation-of-euthanasia-in-an-ontario-animal-shelter
#16
Rachael Mozes, David L Pearl, Lee Niel, J Scott Weese
Objectives The objective was to evaluate factors associated with euthanasia in an animal shelter in Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Methods Shelter data from 3737 cats admitted to the shelter between January and December 2011 were evaluated. Results Overall, 1989/3737 (53%) of admitted cats were euthanized. Male cats had greater odds of being euthanized than females (odds ratio [OR] 1.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.29-2.05; P <0.001) and surrendered cats were more likely to be euthanized than strays (OR 38...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621156/pilot-study-use-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-in-feline-renal-transplant-recipients
#17
Esther H Greenbarg, David A Jiménez, Lucas A Nell, Chad W Schmiedt
Objectives The study aims were to evaluate the feasibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in feline renal transplant recipients in the post-transplantation period and to report findings in a case with presumptive delayed allograft ischemia. Methods Cats were imaged postoperatively using contrast harmonic ultrasonography after a bolus injection of a microbubble contrast medium. Time/mean pixel intensity curves were generated for cortical and medullary regions of interest in the renal allograft in each cat...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589743/rapid-and-sensitive-insulated-isothermal-pcr-for-point-of-need-feline-leukaemia-virus-detection
#18
Rebecca P Wilkes, Eman Anis, Dawn Dunbar, Pei-Yu A Lee, Yun-Long Tsai, Fu-Chun Lee, Hsiao-Fen G Chang, Hwa-Tang T Wang, Elizabeth M Graham
Objectives Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV), a gamma retrovirus, causes diseases of the feline haematopoietic system that are invariably fatal. Rapid and accurate testing at the point-of-need (PON) supports prevention of virus spread and management of clinical disease. This study evaluated the performance of an insulated isothermal PCR (iiPCR) that detects proviral DNA, and a reverse transcription (RT)-iiPCR that detects both viral RNA and proviral DNA, for FeLV detection at the PON. Methods Mycoplasma haemofelis, feline coronavirus, feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus and feline immunodeficiency virus were used to test analytical specificity...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569590/pharmacokinetic-comparison-of-two-buprenorphine-formulations-after-buccal-administration-in-healthy-male-cats
#19
Brett M Gulledge, Kristen M Messenger, Karen K Cornell, Heather Lindell, Chad W Schmiedt
Objectives The objective of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of compounded and commercially available aqueous formulations of buprenorphine after a single buccal dose to healthy cats and to evaluate the concentrations of a compounded buprenorphine solution over 21 days when stored at room temperature (RT; 22-24°C) with exposure to light or when refrigerated at 4°C while protected from light. Methods Six young healthy male cats were administered single buccal doses of compounded and commercially available formulations of buprenorphine (0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592225/diagnostic-bone-marrow-sampling-in-cats
#20
Christopher G Byers
Practical relevance: Hematologic disorders are relatively common in cats, as inflammatory, immune-mediated and infectious diseases have the potential to impact erythroid, myeloid and thrombopoietic lines within the bone marrow. Clinical challenges: Clinicians often benefit from information obtained from bone marrow cytology and histopathology in diagnosing hematologic disorders in feline patients. However, these sampling procedures are ones that many veterinarians are intimidated by and thus not comfortably performing in clinical practice...
July 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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