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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

Jeff M Gruntmeir, Chris B Adolph, Jennifer E Thomas, Mason V Reichard, Byron L Blagburn, Susan E Little
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pretreating diagnostic samples with heat increases the detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen in adult cats, we evaluated feline serum and plasma samples collected in heartworm-endemic areas of the southern United States. METHODS: Commercial microtiter well assays for detection of D immitis antigen were used to evaluate serum or plasma samples from 385 shelter and free-roaming cats from the southcentral and southeastern United States before and after heat treatment; commercial antibody tests were performed on a subset of samples...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Véronique Livet, Paul Pillard, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, David Maleca, Quentin Cabon, Denise Remy, Didier Fau, Éric Viguier, Céline Pouzot, Claude Carozzo, Thibaut Cachon
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the perioperative and postoperative complications as well as short-term and long-term outcomes in cats with ureteral obstructions treated by placement of a subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) device without imaging control. The second objective of this study was to compare cats treated by SUB device with cats treated by traditional surgical intervention. METHODS: Data were obtained retrospectively from the medical records (2014-2016) of cats that underwent SUB placement (SUB cats) and cats that underwent traditional ureteral surgery (C cats)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Paolo E Crisi, Giovanni Aste, Donato Traversa, Angela Di Cesare, Elettra Febo, Massimo Vignoli, Domenico Santori, Alessia Luciani, Andrea Boari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively describe clinical, radiographic and therapeutic features of feline lungworm infection. METHODS: Medical records of cats with lungworm diagnosis, thoracic radiography and without concurrent diseases between 2013 and 2015 were reviewed. Collection of data included physical examination, haematology, serum biochemistry, therapy with a variety of anthelmintics and outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-seven records were recovered and 26 were included in the study...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Gary Landsberg, Bill Milgram, Isabelle Mougeot, Stephanie Kelly, Christina de Rivera
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the anxiolytic effectiveness of a test diet (Royal Canin Feline Calm diet) supplemented with L-tryptophan and alpha-casozepine. METHODS: Subjects were 24 cats that were classified as mildly or markedly fearful based on the presence of a person in their home room. Three different protocols were used to assess anxiety: (1) evaluation of the response to a human in the cat's home room (home room test); (2) analysis of the response to placement in an empty test room (open-field test) and; (3) analysis of the response to an unfamiliar human (human interaction test)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Tekla M Lee-Fowler, Robert C Cole, A Ray Dillon, D Michael Tillson, Rachel Garbarino, Sharron Barney
OBJECTIVES: Bronchial lumen to pulmonary artery diameter (BA) ratio has been utilized to investigate pulmonary pathology on high-resolution CT images. Diseases affecting both the bronchi and pulmonary arteries render the BA ratio less useful. The purpose of the study was to establish bronchial lumen diameter to vertebral body diameter (BV) and pulmonary artery diameter to vertebral body diameter (AV) ratios in normal cats. METHODS: Using high-resolution CT images, 16 sets of measurements (sixth thoracic vertebral body [mid-body], each lobar bronchi and companion pulmonary artery diameter) were acquired from young adult female cats and 41 sets from pubertal female cats...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Kryssa L Johnson, Erin G Porter, Clifford R Berry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to establish a method for feline splenic measurement on abdominal radiographs and evaluate for correlation between the radiographic measurements and ultrasonographic measurements. METHODS: One hundred cats with normal abdominal radiographs and ultrasound (US) studies of the spleen were evaluated. The hypothesis was that the measurement of the spleen on the radiographs would correlate with the measurement of the spleen on US...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Kellyi K Benson, Lara B Zajic, Paula K Morgan, Sarah R Brown, Ryan J Hansen, Paul J Lunghofer, Luke A Wittenburg, Daniel L Gustafson, Jessica M Quimby
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to measure drug exposure and clinical effects after administration of transdermal mirtazapine (TMZ) in healthy cats. METHODS: Phase I: seven healthy research cats received (1) 3.75 mg and 7.5 mg TMZ once aurally with 48 h serum sampling (serum samples were obtained via jugular catheter at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 9, 12, 24, 36 and 48 h); (2) 7.5 mg TMZ and placebo daily aurally for 6 days then 48 h serum sampling; (3) 1.88 mg mirtazapine orally once with serum sampling at 1, 4 and 8 h...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Harriet Hahn, Pascaline Pey, Aurélie Baril, Julie Charpentier, Loic Desquilbet, Sophie Le Poder, Sophie Château-Joubert, Eve Laloy, Valerie Freiche
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the ultrasonographic, endoscopic and histological characteristics of the caecum and ileocaecocolic junction in cats suffering from chronic clinical signs compatible with caecocolic disease. METHODS: Cats presenting with clinical signs suggestive of a caecocolic disease were prospectively recruited. All cats underwent an ultrasonographic examination of the caecum, ileum, colon, ileocolic lymph nodes and local mesenteric fat, in addition to comprehensive abdominal ultrasonography...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Gabriela A Albarellos, Laura Montoya, Sabrina M Passini, Martín P Lupi, Paula M Lorenzini, María F Landoni
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the plasma pharmacokinetic profile, tissue concentrations and urine elimination of cefazolin in cats under surgical conditions after a single intravenous dose of 20 mg/kg. METHODS: Intravenous cefazolin (20 mg/kg) was administered to nine young mixed-breed cats 30 mins before they underwent surgical procedures (ovariectomy or orchiectomy). After antibiotic administration, samples from blood, some tissues and urine were taken...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Birgitt Wolfesberger, Ondrej Skor, Sabine E Hammer, Irene Flickinger, Miriam Kleiter, Barbara C Rütgen, Ilse Schwendenwein, Alexander Tichy, Katharina M Hittmair, Brigitte Degasperi, Andrea Fuchs-Baumgartinger
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to specify lymphoma subtypes according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in a group of cats and to investigate their potential prognostic value. METHODS: Records of cats from the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna suffering from lymphoma were reviewed in this retrospective study. To diagnose various subtypes specified in the WHO classification, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations, as well as clonality assays in some cases, were performed...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Sandra Schaefer, Hans S Kooistra, Barbara Riond, Jan S Suchodolski, Jörg M Steiner, Marrit Prins, Eric Zini, Claudia E Reusch
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate circulating insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), feline pancreas-specific lipase (fPLI) and total thyroxine (TT4) concentrations and urinary corticoid-to-creatinine ratio (UCCR) as indicators for the prevalence of acromegaly, pancreatitis, hyperthyroidism and hypercortisolism in cats with diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Blood and urine samples were collected from diabetic cats treated in primary care clinics in Switzerland and the Netherlands...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Angelica Stranieri, Alessia Giordano, Stefano Bo, Chiara Braghiroli, Saverio Paltrinieri
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the frequency of electrophoretic changes in serum of cats with feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) changed in recent years vs past years. METHODS: Agarose gel electrophoresis (AGE) and capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) from cats with FIP and healthy cats recorded in the periods 2004-2009 and 2013-2014 were retrospectively analysed. Relative and absolute values of each electrophoretic fraction were recorded and the number of cats showing single or combined electrophoretic changes consistent with FIP (hypoalbuminaemia, inverted albumin to globulin [A:G] ratio, increased total protein, total globulin, alpha (α)2-globulin and gamma (γ)-globulin concentration) were counted...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Enea Ferlizza, Francesco Dondi, Giulia Andreani, Diego Bucci, Joy Archer, Gloria Isani
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to validate a semi-automated high-resolution electrophoretic technique to quantify urinary albumin in healthy and diseased cats, and to evaluate its diagnostic performance in cases of proteinuria and renal diseases. METHODS: Urine samples were collected from 88 cats (healthy; chronic kidney disease [CKD]; lower urinary tract disease [LUTD]; non-urinary tract diseases [OTHER]). Urine samples were routinely analysed and high-resolution electrophoresis (HRE) was performed...
August 23, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Sara Ds Janssens, Annika N Haagsman, Gert Ter Haar
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to report the surgical outcome and complication rate of deep traction avulsion (TA) of feline aural inflammatory polyps after a lateral approach (LA) to the ear canal. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data retrieved from an electronic database of 62 cats treated with TA after an LA (TALA) for removal of ear canal polyps. Long-term outcome was assessed via a telephone questionnaire survey with the owners. RESULTS: Domestic shorthair cats (48%) and Maine Coons (37%) were over-represented...
August 22, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Karin Bachmann, Annette Pn Kutter, Rahel Jud Schefer, Charlotte Marly-Voquer, Nadja Sigrist
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine in-house reference intervals (RIs) for venous blood analysis with the RAPIDPoint 500 blood gas analyser using blood gas syringes (BGSs) and to determine whether immediate analysis of venous blood collected into lithium heparin (LH) tubes can replace anaerobic blood sampling into BGSs. METHODS: Venous blood was collected from 24 healthy cats and directly transferred into a BGS and a LH tube. The BGS was immediately analysed on the RAPIDPoint 500 followed by the LH tube...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Isadee Panboon, Sariya Asawakarn, Rosama Pusoonthornthum
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to compare urine protein, urine protein to creatinine ratio (UPC) and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) index between cats with idiopathic cystitis and clinically normal cats. METHODS: Urine and blood samples were collected from 19 clinically normal cats and 19 cats with idiopathic cystitis without azotaemia at the time of first presentation. Urine protein, urine creatinine and UPC were measured. Additionally, the urinary NAG concentration was measured using the colorimetric method, and the NAG index was calculated by dividing the urinary NAG concentration by the urine creatinine ratio...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Manuel Martin-Flores, Alicia Mastrocco, Augusto M Lorenzutti, Luis Campoy, Pati Kirch, Marisa Stone, McKenzie M Learn, Jordyn M Boesch
OBJECTIVES: The main goal of this study was to test the antiemetic effects of maropitant administered orally 2-2.5 h prior to morphine and dexmedetomidine in cats. METHODS: Eighty-three healthy female cats were randomized to receive maropitant (8 mg orally; n = 39) or no treatment (control; n = 44), 2-2.5 h prior to morphine 0.1 mg/kg and dexmedetomidine 20 µg/kg intramuscularly. The incidence of sialorrhea, lip licking, retching and vomiting were recorded after morphine/dexmedetomidine injection...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Kathryn M Smith, Ann R Strom, Margi A Gilmour, Elise LaDouceur, Christopher M Reilly, Barbara A Byrne, Verena K Affolter, Jane E Sykes, David J Maggs
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: This case series describes the clinical utility of antigen testing for the diagnosis of feline ocular histoplasmosis. Four cats with suspected (n = 2) or confirmed (n = 2) ocular histoplasmosis are described: three from Oklahoma and one from California. In one case, serial urine antigen tests, as well as a serum antigen test for Histoplasma capsulatum, were negative; however, light microscopy identified microorganisms consistent with H capsulatum in ocular tissues at necropsy...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Sara Burke, Vicki Black, Fernando Sánchez-Vizcaíno, Alan Radford, Angie Hibbert, Séverine Tasker
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to use electronic health records to describe the use of cefovecin (Convenia; Zoetis UK), a third-generation long-acting injectable antimicrobial, in a UK population of cats attending first-opinion practices, and to compare the use of Convenia to the licensed uses described on the UK Convenia datasheet. METHODS: Data were obtained as an Excel database from the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network for all feline consultations containing the word Convenia and/or cefovecin from 1 September 2012 to 23 September 2013 inclusive...
August 9, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Hirak K Mukhopadhyay, Mangadevi Nookala, Nobal Rk Thangamani, Amsaveni Sivaprakasam, Prabhakar X Antony, Jacob Thanislass, Mouttou V Srinivas, Raghavan M Pillai
OBJECTIVES: The present study was undertaken to characterise the viral polypeptide 2 (VP2) gene of parvovirus from domestic cats in India. METHODS: The faecal samples from diarrhoeic/healthy domestic cats were collected from different geographical regions of India for screening by PCR assay followed by sequence analysis of the VP2 gene. RESULTS: Canine parvovirus (CPV)/feline panleukopenia virus (FPV) infections were found in 12 samples (11...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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