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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

Eva Spada, Roberta Perego, Luciana Baggiani, Daniela Proverbio
Objectives Despite the increasing availability of feline blood collected and stored for transfusion purposes, few studies have been performed on feline blood units. The aim of this prospective in vitro study was to evaluate haematological and morphological changes in feline blood cells in whole blood units between collection and end of storage. Methods Haematological examination (red blood cells [RBCs], haemoglobin, haematocrit, red cell distribution width, mean cell volume, mean cell haemoglobin concentration, mean cell haemoglobin, white blood cells [WBCs] and platelet [PLT] count) was performed on 40 non-leukoreduced feline whole blood units at time of collection (day[D]0) and after storage (D35)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Meera Shah, David Yates, James Hunt, Jo Murrell
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the analgesic efficacy of methadone vs buprenorphine within the QUAD protocol for anaesthesia in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. Methods One hundred and twenty cats were recruited to an assessor-blinded, randomised clinical trial. Cats received either methadone (5  mg/m2 ) or buprenorphine (180  µg/m2 ) combined with ketamine, midazolam and medetomidine intramuscularly. Anaesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen. Atipamezole was administered at extubation...
September 14, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Charlotte Howes, Mark Longley, Natalia Reyes, Alison C Major, Margherita Gracis, Amy Fulton Scanlan, Steven Bailey, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
Case series summary The aim of this case series is to describe the clinical and radiological features of mandibular and maxillary abnormalities in cats diagnosed with patellar fractures and dental anomalies, a condition that we have named 'patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome' (PADS), also known previously as 'knees and teeth syndrome'. Where available, clinical records, skull and/or intraoral dental radiographs, head CT images, microbiology and histopathology reports were collected, and follow-up was obtained...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Fanny Schnauß, Franziska Hanisch, Iwan Anton Burgener
Objectives Pancreatitis is a frequent disease in cats for which the ante-mortem diagnosis remains challenging. Feline pancreatic lipase immunoreactivity (fPLI) has been reported to have a high sensitivity for the diagnosis of pancreatitis. The aim of this study was to compare the rapid in-house test SNAP fPL with the standard test Spec fPL and to evaluate the use of SNAP fPL to diagnose pancreatitis in an emergency setting. Methods fPLI of 111 cats with a clinical suspicion of pancreatitis was measured with both SNAP fPL and Spec fPL...
September 5, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Lauren E Demos, John S Munday, Christian E Lange, Mark D Bennett
Objectives Papillomaviruses (PVs) are ubiquitous host- and site-specific viruses. PV infections in cats are associated with oral papillomas, viral plaques, Bowenoid in situ carcinomas (BISCs), squamous cell carcinomas and sarcoids; this association is primarily based on PCR detection of PV DNA within said lesions. PV DNA is frequently detectable on normal feline skin; thus, it is possible that some of the implicated DNA is commensal rather than associated with lesion formation. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to use fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) to localize PV DNA within feline BISCs, to provide additional evidence that PV infection may influence the development of these neoplasms...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Duree Shin, Aryung Nam, Kun Ho Song, Kyoung Won Seo
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of two differently sized butterfly catheter needles and the effect of venepuncture difficulty on thromboelastography (TEG) results in healthy cats. Methods Twenty-four healthy cats were included. Blood samples were collected from the jugular vein by syringe aspiration via direct venepuncture with 21 G and 22 G butterfly needles. The venepuncture difficulty score was classified into four categories. The first 1.5 ml blood drawn from each subject was discarded before collecting a sample for TEG analysis...
September 4, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Teppei Kanda, Yuki Shimizu, Chisa Hanazono, Saya Maki, Noritaka Maeta, Takamasa Itoi, Kayo Furumoto, Yasuhiko Okamura, Yoshiki Itoh, Toshinori Furukawa
Objectives This study aimed to investigate the effects of intramuscular medetomidine and xylazine on tear flow in healthy cats. Methods Five cats each received medetomidine 10, 20, 40 and 80 µg/kg IM; xylazine 1.0, 2.0, 4.0 and 8.0 mg/kg IM; and physiological saline (2.0 ml IM) in a randomised order separated by intervals of at least 1 week. The Schirmer tear test (STT) I was performed in both eyes before and 0.25, 0.5, 0.75, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8 and 24 h after each dose. Results The STT I value decreased significantly at 0...
August 31, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Lingna Zhang, Rebekkah Plummer, John McGlone
Objectives The objective of this study was to determine kitten preferences towards different scratchers and the effects of catnip and cat odor on kitten scratching behaviors. Methods Two-choice preference tests were conducted to compare scratchers and preferred scratchers with or without additives (ie, catnip, catnip oil, cat hair) in six studies. Kittens (n = 40, <8 weeks old) had access to two scratchers on the floor of a simulated living room for 20 mins and interactions were video-recorded. The time each kitten spent scratching each scratcher was compared...
August 28, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Elettra Febo, Paolo Emidio Crisi, Donato Traversa, Alessia Luciani, Morena Di Tommaso, Stefania Pantaleo, Domenico Santori, Angela Di Cesare, Andrea Boari, Rossella Terragni, Massimo Vignoli
Objectives This study has compared clinical and imaging features in 52 cats naturally infected by respiratory nematodes Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, Troglostrongylus brevior and Capillaria aerophila, and in both monospecific and mixed infections. Methods Medical records of cats with a lungworm disease were retrospectively reviewed. Cats with clinical examination findings, haematobiochemical analysis and thoracic radiography were included in the study and clinical and radiographic scores were assigned. For eight cats CT of the thorax was also available and analysed...
August 22, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Sophie Martin, Randi Drees, Balazs Szladovits, Elsa Beltran
Objectives Feline intracranial abscessation or empyema is infrequently reported in the veterinary literature. To date, the largest study is based on a population of 19 cats with otogenic infection. The aim of this study was to review a larger population of cats with intracranial empyema from multiple aetiologies and document their signalment, imaging findings, treatment protocols (including medical and/or surgical management) and to compare outcomes. Methods Cases presenting to a single referral centre over a 10 year period with compatible history, neurological signs and imaging findings consistent with intracranial abscessation and empyema were reviewed retrospectively...
August 14, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Lisa D Morrow, Timothy J Gruffydd-Jones, Elizabeth Skillings, C Philippa Welsh, Jane K Murray
Objectives The aim of this study was to assess the performance of a patient-side blood test in determining neuter status in female cats. Methods Residual blood samples from female cats of unknown neuter status that were admitted to four cat adoption centres in the UK were tested for luteinising hormone (LH) using the Witness LH test (Zoetis). A positive LH test result indicated that the cat was neutered. Cats were assessed for evidence of a surgical scar suggestive of prior neutering; if none was found, an exploratory laparotomy was performed to confirm neuter status...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Michelle Pavlick, Cynthia Rl Webster, Dominique G Penninck
Objectives Liver biopsy is necessary for a diagnosis of liver disease; however, post-biopsy bleeding is a concern. The aim of this study was to describe the extent of bleeding and the occurrence of complications after percutaneous ultrasound-guided liver biopsy (PUGLB) in cats. Methods The medical records of 30 cats that had a PUGLB were retrospectively reviewed. Using human guidelines, bleeding was classified as minor or major when the absolute change in packed cell volume (ΔPCV) was >0 and <-6% or ≥-6%, respectively...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Roberta Troìa, Giulia Mascalzoni, Stefano Calipa, Ilaria Magagnoli, Francesco Dondi, Massimo Giunti
Objectives The current study was designed to evaluate the prevalence and prognostic significance of multi-organ dysfunction syndrome (MODS) in cats with sepsis. Methods Cats hospitalised in the intensive care unit of a veterinary university hospital with a diagnosis of sepsis were prospectively enrolled and divided according to disease severity and outcome (survivors; non-survivors). The feline acute patient physiological and laboratory evaluation (APPLE) scores were calculated upon admission, as previously described...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Ann E Cooper, Sara M Thomasy, Tracy L Drazenovich, Philip H Kass, Sanskruti S Potnis, Christian M Leutenegger, David J Maggs
Objectives In humans with herpetic disease, early or pre-emptive famciclovir therapy reduces disease duration and severity. This prospective, masked, placebo-controlled study tested therapeutic and prophylactic effects of two famciclovir doses given to cats for 7 days following shelter entry. Methods Cats were assigned to prophylactic or therapeutic study arms based on clinical evidence of herpetic disease at study entry. Cats in the therapeutic arm received no treatment (n = 19), placebo (lactulose; n = 18) or famciclovir at ~30 (n = 21) or ~90 mg/kg (n = 20) orally q12h for 7 days...
August 13, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
David L Haine, Kevin Parsons, Nicolas Barthelemy, Neil Burton, Sorrel L Langley-Hobbs
Objectives The aim of this study is to describe the presentation, surgical management and perioperative outcome of cats with acetabular fractures. Methods Case records and radiographs of cats with acetabular fractures were reviewed from presentation to the end of follow-up. Surgical technique, complications, radiographic reduction and the presence of neurological deficits were recorded. Results Sixteen cats with 17 acetabular fractures met the inclusion criteria. All fractures were associated with concurrent orthopaedic injuries...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Pia R Quitt, Sven Reese, Andrea Fischer, Simon Bertram, Clara Tauber, Lara Matiasek
Objectives Assessment and interpretation of menace response (MeR) in cats can be challenging. The prevalence of abnormal MeR in healthy cats is unknown. The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate MeR in visually healthy cats. Methods Fifty cats without history or clinical evidence of neurologic or ophthalmologic disease were assessed by two examiners: standing behind (mode A), in front of (mode B) and in front of the cat (mode C), covering the contralateral eye. MeR was scored from 1 to 5 (absent, weak, moderate, strong, complete)...
August 3, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Stefano Romagnoli, Anna Baldan, Silvia Ferro, Camilla Righetti, Ludovico Scenna, Gianfranco Gabai, Tamara Badon, Christelle Fontaine, Antonio Mollo, Calogero Stelletta, Chiara Milani
Objectives The objective of this study was to assess duration of efficacy, side effects and return to fertility following use of the 9.4 mg deslorelin implant (Suprelorin 12; Virbac) in cats, and test whether efficacy and duration of action are influenced by implantation site (interscapular vs periumbilical). Methods Sixteen healthy adult tom cats were checked with (1) reproductive examination, (2) gonadotropin-releasing hormone stimulation test and (3) semen collection until achievement of sterility, then with (1) and (2) only at 2, 4, 6 and 12 months, and every 6 months thereafter until treatment effect disappeared...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Georg Haider, Katharina Leschnik, Nikola Katic, Gilles Dupré
Objectives The aim of this study was to report complications, as well as short- and long-term clinical outcomes of cats suffering from surgically reduced intussusception with and without enteroplication. Methods Medical records of cats presented at our institution with intussusception between 2001 and 2016 were reviewed. The following data were retrieved: signalment; history; physical examination; diagnostic imaging, surgical and histological findings; and outcomes. Animals were grouped as with or without enteroplication...
July 30, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Derek E Adrian, Mark Rishniw, Margie Scherk, B Duncan X Lascelles
Objectives Despite the high prevalence and increasing awareness of chronic musculoskeletal pain in cats, approved treatment options are completely lacking in the USA, and few other options have sufficient safety and efficacy data. Knowledge of current prescribing practices should inform future research of putative therapies. We aimed to determine which drug and non-drug therapies were being used by general practitioners for the treatment of musculoskeletal pain in cats and to understand demographic influences on prescribing practices...
July 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Daniel SJ Pang, Polly Taylor, Louise Clark
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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