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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

Laura Sangl, Kaspar Matiasek, Sandra Felten, Stefanie Gründl, Michele Bergmann, Hans-Jörg Balzer, Nikola Pantchev, Christian M Leutenegger, Katrin Hartmann
Objectives The amino acid substitutions M1058L and S1060A in the spike protein of feline coronavirus (FCoV) have been postulated to be responsible for the development of the pathogenic feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), which causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). The aim of the following study was to investigate the presence of mutated virus in tissue samples of cats with and without FIP. Methods The study population consisted of 64 cats, 34 of which were diagnosed with FIP and 30 control cats...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Anne-Claire Gehrig, Katrin Hartmann, Felix Günther, André Klima, Gabriele Habacher, Michèle Bergmann
Objectives Vaccination is the most important measure for prevention of feline infectious diseases. Cat owner compliance with vaccination recommendations has been investigated in the UK but not in other European countries. The aim of the present study was to determine cat owners' attitudes towards vaccination in cats in Germany, to identify factors that are associated with the vaccination status of their cats and to compare the results with those of the UK survey. Methods The survey was conducted using an online questionnaire and was aimed at respondents throughout Germany...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Jessica G Rushton, Reinhard Ertl, Dieter Klein, Alexander Tichy, Barbara Nell
Objectives Feline diffuse iris melanoma (FDIM) is the most common malignant primary intraocular tumour in cats, with reported metastases rates between 19% and 63%. Currently, the only available diagnostic tool for a tentative diagnosis is histopathological examination of the enucleated eye. Therefore, the veterinary ophthalmologist is often faced with the dilemma of whether to enucleate an oftentimes visual eye or to continue monitoring, with the risk of metastases developing. In the past, cell-free DNA (cfDNA) gained more attention in human medicine, especially in the field of oncology...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Eleonora Malerba, Michela Mazzarino, Francesca Del Baldo, Sara Corradini, Gaia Carotenuto, Massimo Giunti, Federico Fracassi
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of lispro insulin for the treatment of feline diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Times to resolution of hyperglycaemia, ketosis and acidosis were compared between cats treated with continuous rate infusion (CRI) of lispro insulin and cats treated with CRI of regular insulin. Methods Client-owned cats with naturally occurring DKA, newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) or already receiving treatment for DM, were included. Diagnosis of DKA involved the presence of at least two clinical signs consistent with DKA (eg, polyuria/polydipsia, anorexia, severe lethargy, vomiting and dehydration), blood glucose (BG) concentration >13...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Jennifer E McGill, Andrew S Hanzlicek, Kate S Kukanich, Gary D Norsworthy, Audrey K Cook
Objectives The objective of this study was to determine if urine Histoplasma antigen ( HAg) enzyme immunoassay (EIA) concentrations at the time of diagnosis and prior to the administration of antifungal agents are predictive of outcome for cats infected with Histoplasma capsulatum and to determine if compromised renal function affects urine HAg EIA measurements. Methods Medical records at four institutions were searched to identify cats diagnosed with histoplasmosis between April 2012 and December 2015. Pretreatment urine Histoplasma EIA values were recorded, along with patient signalment, serum creatinine concentration, urine specific gravity, site(s) of infection and survival data...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Amanda E Coleman, Scott A Brown, Marcus Stark, Lawrence Bryson, Alicia Zimmerman, Tanja Zimmering, Anne M Traas
Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the effects of multiple once- or twice-daily oral dosage rates of the angiotensin II, type-1 receptor blocker, telmisartan (TEL), or placebo (PLA) on indirect systolic arterial blood pressure (SBP) in awake, clinically normal cats. Methods Utilizing an incomplete crossover design and following a 14 day acclimation period, 28 healthy laboratory cats were randomized to undergo treatment with three of the following 14 day treatment protocols, each separated by a 1 week washout period: oral PLA q24h, oral TEL at a dosage of 1, 1...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Rebecca C Reader, Bruce A Barton, Amanda L Abelson
Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the quality of sedation and recovery, and ease of venepuncture following sedation for feline blood donation using two intramuscular (IM) sedation protocols: alfaxalone/butorphanol (AB) and dexmedetomidine/butorphanol (DB). Methods This was an experimental randomized, blinded, crossover study. Ten client-owned healthy cats were recruited to participate in the study. Cats were sedated with AB (alfaxalone 2 mg/kg and butorphanol 0.2 mg/kg) for one donation and DB (dexmedetomidine 10 μg/kg and butorphanol 0...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Hitoshi Nakanishi, Masaru Furuya, Takehisa Soma, Yoshiki Hayashiuchi, Ryusaku Yoshiuchi, Makoto Matsubayashi, Hiroyuki Tani, Kazumi Sasai
Objectives Feline gingivostomatitis (FGS) is a painful chronic inflammatory disease of the oral cavity. The purpose of the study was to examine the frequency of detection of certain common feline bacteria and viruses to determine any potential associations with FGS. Methods A multicentre case-control study design was conducted. In total, 72 control cats and 32 cats with FGS were included in the study. Oral swabs were cultured for bacterial identification and a PCR assay was carried out to examine the infection of feline calicivirus (FCV), feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1), Chlamydia felis, Mycoplasma felis and Bordetella bronchiseptica...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Federica Rossi, Laura Marconato, Silvia Sabattini, Simona Cancedda, Paola Laganga, Vito F Leone, Carla Rohrer Bley
Objectives The aim of this retrospective, bi-institutional study was to evaluate the progression-free interval in a cohort of cats with postoperative microscopic injection-site sarcoma (ISS) treated with two different radiotherapy protocols. Methods Included in the study were cats with ISSs undergoing macroscopic surgical removal and subsequent electron beam radiotherapy treatment with either a finely fractionated protocol (48 or 52.8 Gy over 4 weeks delivered in 12 or 16 fractions) or a coarsely fractionated protocol (36 Gy over 3 weeks administered in six fractions)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Cory E Noble, Lesley M Wiseman-Orr, Marian E Scott, Andrea M Nolan, Jacky Reid
Objectives The objective of this study was to develop a valid, reliable web-based, generic feline health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaire instrument to measure the affective impact of chronic disease. Methods A large initial item pool, obtained through interviews with cat owners, was reduced using predetermined criteria, survey scores for relevance and clarity, and the ability of individual items to discriminate between healthy and sick cats when owners completed a prototype questionnaire. Using these data, factor analysis was used to derive a scoring algorithm and provide evidence for factorial validity...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Amy Fischer, Valerie Aw Benka, Joyce Briggs, Marc-Antoine Driancourt, Joanne Maki, Darcy So Mora, Kevin Morris, Kayla A Myers, Linda Rhodes, Lindsey M Vansandt, George Robert Weedon, Julie Wolf, Julie K Levy
Objectives Non-surgical contraceptive management of free-roaming cat populations is a global goal for public health and humane reasons. The objectives of this study were to measure the duration of contraception following a single intramuscular injection of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone-based vaccine (GonaCon) and to confirm its safe use in female cats living in colony conditions. Methods GonaCon (0.5 ml/cat) was administered intramuscularly to 20 intact female cats (queens), and saline was administered to 10 queens serving as sham-treated controls...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Irene Espadas, Thomas W Maddox, Felipe de Vicente
Objectives The objective of this study was to define safe corridors for the optimal placement of bicortical implants in the feline cervical spine (C2-T1) using CT. Methods CT images of feline cervical spines (n = 16) were reviewed retrospectively. Multiplanar reconstructions were used to define the optimal safe corridors. Safe corridors were defined by their angle of insertion, width and length. The insertion point within the vertebral body was also described. Vertebral measurements were compared between vertebrae using multilevel linear regression, and left and right measurements within vertebrae were compared with the paired samples Wilcoxon signed-rank test...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Natalie C Finch, Harriet M Syme, Jonathan Elliott
Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the variability in renal function markers in non-azotaemic and azotaemic cats, and also the rate of change in the markers. Methods Plasma creatinine concentration and its reciprocal, glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and urine specific gravity (USG) were studied as markers of renal function in client-owned cats. GFR was determined using a corrected slope-intercept iohexol clearance method. Renal function testing was performed at baseline and a second time point...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Chiara Locatelli, Danitza Pradelli, Giulia Campo, Ilaria Spalla, Alice Savarese, Paola G Brambilla, Claudio Bussadori
Objectives Large studies focusing on restrictive cardiomyopathy (RCM) in the cat are scarce. The aims of this retrospective study were to describe epidemiological characteristics and to analyse prognostic factors affecting survival in cats with RCM. Methods The clinical archives of the Gran Sasso Veterinary Clinic (Milan, Italy) and of the cardiology unit of the Department of Veterinary Medicine (University of Milan, Italy) from 1997-2015 were reviewed for all cats diagnosed with RCM based on an echocardiographic examination (left atrial/bi-atrial enlargement, normal left ventricle wall thickness, normal or mildly decreased systolic function and restrictive left ventricle filling pattern with pulsed Doppler echocardiography)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Vanessa Turinelli, Alessandra Gavazza
Objectives Cytological assessment of the bone marrow is an essential tool for understanding and investigating haematological abnormalities. Sometimes it represents the only way to reach a definitive diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to provide a general overview regarding the prevalence of feline bone marrow disorders encountered in a private European laboratory setting, to classify them and to assess the differential cell counts related to such disorders. Methods In total, 152 bone marrow samples were classified using cytological and numerical criteria...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Natalie Watson, Jane K Murray, Sonja Fonfara, Angie Hibbert
Objectives This study sought to explore the clinicopathological features and comorbidities of cats with mild, moderate and severe hyperthyroidism in a radioiodine referral population. Methods Medical records were reviewed, along with results of serum biochemistry, urinalysis, systolic blood pressure and diagnostic imaging performed at the time of radioiodine referral. Cats were grouped by total thyroxine (TT4) levels as mildly (TT4 60.1-124.9 nmol/l), moderately (TT4 125-250 nmol/l) or severely (TT4 >250 nmol/l) hyperthyroid at the time of diagnosis and referral...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Kendy T Teng, Paul D McGreevy, Jenny-Ann Lml Toribio, David Raubenheimer, Kim Kendall, Navneet K Dhand
Objectives The objective of the study was to investigate the associations of a 9-point body condition score (BCS) with survival time and lifespan in cats. Methods Electronic patient records from a cat-dominant primary practice in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, where the body condition of cats was regularly recorded using a 9-point BCS scale were obtained. The maximum BCS of each cat during the visits was used as the primary exposure variable. Two survival analyses were conducted to evaluate the associations of BCS with cats' survival and lifespan...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Hannah Darcy, Katherine Simpson, Isuru Gajanayake, Mayank Seth, Yvonne McGrotty, Balazs Szladovits, Barbara Glanemann
Case series summary A retrospective multicentre case series of feline primary erythrocytosis (PE) was evaluated. The aim was to gain better understanding of disease presentation and progression to guide management and prognostication. Case records were assessed for evidence of increased packed cell volume (PCV; >48%), sufficient investigation to rule out relative and secondary erythrocytosis, and follow-up data for at least 12 months or until death. Eighteen cats were included in the case series. No significant trends in signalment were noted...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Karin Nygren, Sari Jalomäki, Lena Karlstam, Kristina Narfström
Objectives The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of cataracts in the Russian Blue breed of cats in Sweden, and to describe the clinical appearance of this presumed inherited form of cataract. Methods A total of 66 Russian Blue cats were examined in Sweden, between March and October 2014, using standard examination techniques. The examined cats were between 3 months and 14 years of age. Pedigrees were collected from all examined cats for genetic studies. Results Mild-to-severe forms of mainly bilateral cataracts were observed in 22/66 examined Russian Blue cats of both sexes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Daniel M Sakai, Kailee Anne Zornow, Luis Campoy, Christina Cable, Leslie D Appel, Holly J Putnam, Manuel Martin-Flores
Objectives We evaluated the use of rocuronium 0.3 mg/kg intravenously (IV) to facilitate tracheal intubation in cats anesthetized for elective ovariohysterectomy. Methods Thirty female cats were randomly allocated to receive rocuronium 0.3 mg/kg IV or an equal volume of normal saline, following induction of anesthesia with ketamine and midazolam. Thirty seconds after induction, a single investigator, unaware of treatment allocation, attempted tracheal intubation. The number of attempts and the time to complete intubation were measured...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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