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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913779/comparison-of-proliferative-and-immunomodulatory-potential-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-young-and-geriatric-cats
#1
Lara B Zajic, Tracy L Webb, Polly Webb, Jonathan W Coy, Steve W Dow, Jessica M Quimby
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the ability of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSC) generated from young vs geriatric cats to proliferate in culture, suppress lymphocyte proliferation and undergo senescence. METHODS: Adipose tissues from five young (<5 years) and six geriatric (>10 years) cats were harvested and cryopreserved for subsequent aMSC isolation and culture. aMSC proliferation in culture was compared via determination of time until passage two and by 3-(4,5-demethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913778/effect-of-deslorelin-acetate-treatment-in-oocyte-recovery-and-in-vitro-embryo-production-in-domestic-cats
#2
Camila Louise Ackermann, Eduardo Trevisol, Leticia Ferrari Crocomo, Tatiana da Silva Rascado, Rodrigo Volpato, Carlos Renato de Freitas Guaitolini, Carlize Lopes, Talita de Almeida Costa, Maria Denise Lopes
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effect of contraceptive treatment with deslorelin acetate on in vitro embryo production and oocyte recovery in domestic queens. METHODS: Twenty-one mature domestic cats were used. Eleven queens (treated group) and one tom were kept in an experimental cattery, and 10 queens were privately owned (control group). When in interestrus or diestrus (day 0) a deslorelin acetate implant (Suprelorin, 4.7 mg/animal) was inserted into the subcutaneous tissue of the interscapular region in all queens in the treated group...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856784/usefulness-of-an-injectable-anaesthetic-protocol-for-semen-collection-through-urethral-catheterisation-in-domestic-cats
#3
Maria Carmela Pisu, Patrizia Ponzio, Chiara Rovella, Michela Baravalle, Maria Cristina Veronesi
OBJECTIVES: Although less often requested in comparison with dogs, the collection of semen in cats can be necessary for artificial insemination, for semen evaluation in tom cats used for breeding and for semen storage. Urethral catheterisation after pharmacological induction with medetomidine has proved to be useful for the collection of semen in domestic cats. However, most of the previously used protocols require the administration of high doses of medetomidine that can increase the risk of side effects, especially on the cardiovascular system...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827801/shape-of-the-feline-cerebellum-and-occipital-bone-related-to-breed-on-mri-of-200-cats
#4
Xander Huizing, Andy Sparkes, Ruth Dennis
OBJECTIVES: The MRI features of the feline cerebellum and occipital bone have not previously been described in the literature. The aims of this study were three-fold. Firstly, to document variations in cerebellar shape on MRI in neurologically normal cats to support our hypothesis that crowding of the contents of the caudal fossa or herniation of the cerebellar vermis through the foramen magnum occurs frequently as an anatomical variant. Secondly, to document variations in the morphology of the occipital bone...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827800/quantification-of-cerebral-lateral-ventricular-volume-in-cats-by-low-and-high-field-mri
#5
Paulina Przyborowska, Zbigniew Adamiak, Yauheni Zhalniarovich
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate variations in lateral ventricles in the examined feline population with the use of quantitative analysis methods to determine whether sex or body weight influenced the size of the ventricles, and to identify any significant differences in the results of low- and high-field MRI. METHODS: Twenty healthy European Shorthair cats, aged 1-3 years, with body weight of 2.85-4.35 kg, were studied. MRI of brain structures was performed in a low- and a high-field MRI system...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803312/effect-of-tetrastarch-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-on-plasma-creatinine-concentration-in-cats-a-retrospective-analysis-2010-2015
#6
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Katja N Adamik
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine survival and changes in creatinine concentrations after administration of 6% tetrastarch (hydroxyethyl starch [HES] 130/0.4) vs crystalloids in critically ill cats. METHODS: The medical records were reviewed for cats admitted to the intensive care unit with at least two plasma creatinine measurements and initial concentrations not exceeding the upper reference interval. Cats were excluded if they had received HES prior to admission or if they had received fluid therapy for <24 h between initial and subsequent measurements...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770018/duration-of-antibody-response-following-vaccination-against-feline-immunodeficiency-virus
#7
Mark E Westman, Richard Malik, Evelyn Hall, Matthew Harris, Margaret J Hosie, Jacqueline M Norris
OBJECTIVES: Recently, two point-of-care (PoC) feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV) antibody test kits (Witness and Anigen Rapid) were reported as being able to differentiate FIV-vaccinated from FIV-infected cats at a single time point, irrespective of the gap between testing and last vaccination (0-7 years). The aim of the current study was to investigate systematically anti-FIV antibody production over time in response to the recommended primary FIV vaccination series. METHODS: First, residual plasma from the original study was tested using a laboratory-based ELISA to determine whether negative results with PoC testing were due to reduced as opposed to absent antibodies to gp40...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765834/density-and-distribution-of-feline-conjunctival-goblet-cells
#8
Réka Eördögh, Csaba Jakab, Renáta Papp, Alexander Tichy, Barbara Nell
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to examine the density and distribution of goblet cells (GCs) in the feline conjunctiva and to investigate a potential effect of age and sex on GC density (GCD). METHODS: Thirty-nine eyes of 21 cats euthanased for reasons unrelated to this study were used. Fixed upper and lower eyelid and bulbar conjunctiva were divided into nasal and temporal regions. The third eyelid was excised and investigated separately. Samples were embedded in paraffin wax; sections were stained with periodic acid-Schiff reaction and analysed with light microscopy...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754938/an-online-survey-of-dietary-and-phosphate-binder-practices-of-owners-of-cats-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#9
Sarah Ma Caney
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to learn about owner experiences of chronic kidney disease (CKD), focusing on use of therapeutic renal diets (TRDs) and intestinal phosphate binders (IPBs). METHODS: An online survey was promoted to UK-based cat owners. RESULTS: In total, 859 owners participated. Most cats (n = 620; 72.18%) had two or more clinical signs at the time of their CKD diagnosis. Most common were polydipsia (n = 462; 53...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694369/increased-detection-of-dirofilaria-immitis-antigen-in-cats-after-heat-pretreatment-of-samples
#10
Jeff M Gruntmeir, Chris B Adolph, Jennifer E Thomas, Mason V Reichard, Byron L Blagburn, Susan E Little
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether pretreating diagnostic samples with heat increases the detection of Dirofilaria immitis antigen in adult cats, we evaluated feline serum and plasma samples collected in heartworm-endemic areas of the southern United States. METHODS: Commercial microtiter well assays for detection of D immitis antigen were used to evaluate serum or plasma samples from 385 shelter and free-roaming cats from the southcentral and southeastern United States before and after heat treatment; commercial antibody tests were performed on a subset of samples...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694368/placement-of-subcutaneous-ureteral-bypasses-without-fluoroscopic-guidance-in-cats-with-ureteral-obstruction-19-cases-2014-2016
#11
Véronique Livet, Paul Pillard, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, David Maleca, Quentin Cabon, Denise Remy, Didier Fau, Éric Viguier, Céline Pouzot, Claude Carozzo, Thibaut Cachon
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the perioperative and postoperative complications as well as short-term and long-term outcomes in cats with ureteral obstructions treated by placement of a subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) device without imaging control. The second objective of this study was to compare cats treated by SUB device with cats treated by traditional surgical intervention. METHODS: Data were obtained retrospectively from the medical records (2014-2016) of cats that underwent SUB placement (SUB cats) and cats that underwent traditional ureteral surgery (C cats)...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694367/single-and-mixed-feline-lungworm-infections-clinical-radiographic-and-therapeutic-features-of-26-cases-2013-2015
#12
Paolo E Crisi, Giovanni Aste, Donato Traversa, Angela Di Cesare, Elettra Febo, Massimo Vignoli, Domenico Santori, Alessia Luciani, Andrea Boari
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to retrospectively describe clinical, radiographic and therapeutic features of feline lungworm infection. METHODS: Medical records of cats with lungworm diagnosis, thoracic radiography and without concurrent diseases between 2013 and 2015 were reviewed. Collection of data included physical examination, haematology, serum biochemistry, therapy with a variety of anthelmintics and outcomes. RESULTS: Thirty-seven records were recovered and 26 were included in the study...
September 30, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677831/therapeutic-effects-of-an-alpha-casozepine-and-l-tryptophan-supplemented-diet-on-fear-and-anxiety-in-the-cat
#13
Gary Landsberg, Bill Milgram, Isabelle Mougeot, Stephanie Kelly, Christina de Rivera
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the anxiolytic effectiveness of a test diet (Royal Canin Feline Calm diet) supplemented with L-tryptophan and alpha-casozepine. METHODS: Subjects were 24 cats that were classified as mildly or markedly fearful based on the presence of a person in their home room. Three different protocols were used to assess anxiety: (1) evaluation of the response to a human in the cat's home room (home room test); (2) analysis of the response to placement in an empty test room (open-field test) and; (3) analysis of the response to an unfamiliar human (human interaction test)...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27647707/high-resolution-computed-tomography-evaluation-of-the-bronchial-lumen-to-vertebral-body-diameter-and-pulmonary-artery-to-vertebral-body-diameter-ratios-in-anesthetized-ventilated-normal-cats
#14
Tekla M Lee-Fowler, Robert C Cole, A Ray Dillon, D Michael Tillson, Rachel Garbarino, Sharron Barney
OBJECTIVES: Bronchial lumen to pulmonary artery diameter (BA) ratio has been utilized to investigate pulmonary pathology on high-resolution CT images. Diseases affecting both the bronchi and pulmonary arteries render the BA ratio less useful. The purpose of the study was to establish bronchial lumen diameter to vertebral body diameter (BV) and pulmonary artery diameter to vertebral body diameter (AV) ratios in normal cats. METHODS: Using high-resolution CT images, 16 sets of measurements (sixth thoracic vertebral body [mid-body], each lobar bronchi and companion pulmonary artery diameter) were acquired from young adult female cats and 41 sets from pubertal female cats...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619229/analysis-of-feline-splenic-radiographic-measurements-and-their-correlation-to-ultrasonographic-measurements
#15
Kryssa L Johnson, Erin G Porter, Clifford R Berry
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to establish a method for feline splenic measurement on abdominal radiographs and evaluate for correlation between the radiographic measurements and ultrasonographic measurements. METHODS: One hundred cats with normal abdominal radiographs and ultrasound (US) studies of the spleen were evaluated. The hypothesis was that the measurement of the spleen on the radiographs would correlate with the measurement of the spleen on US...
September 12, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613493/drug-exposure-and-clinical-effect-of-transdermal-mirtazapine-in-healthy-young-cats-a-pilot-study
#16
Kellyi K Benson, Lara B Zajic, Paula K Morgan, Sarah R Brown, Ryan J Hansen, Paul J Lunghofer, Luke A Wittenburg, Daniel L Gustafson, Jessica M Quimby
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to measure drug exposure and clinical effects after administration of transdermal mirtazapine (TMZ) in healthy cats. METHODS: Phase I: seven healthy research cats received (1) 3.75 mg and 7.5 mg TMZ once aurally with 48 h serum sampling (serum samples were obtained via jugular catheter at 0, 0.5, 1, 2, 5, 9, 12, 24, 36 and 48 h); (2) 7.5 mg TMZ and placebo daily aurally for 6 days then 48 h serum sampling; (3) 1.88 mg mirtazapine orally once with serum sampling at 1, 4 and 8 h...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613492/ultrasonographic-endoscopic-and-histological-appearances-of-the-caecum-in-cats-presenting-with-chronic-clinical-signs-of-caecocolic-disease
#17
Harriet Hahn, Pascaline Pey, Aurélie Baril, Julie Charpentier, Loic Desquilbet, Sophie Le Poder, Sophie Château-Joubert, Eve Laloy, Valerie Freiche
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to describe the ultrasonographic, endoscopic and histological characteristics of the caecum and ileocaecocolic junction in cats suffering from chronic clinical signs compatible with caecocolic disease. METHODS: Cats presenting with clinical signs suggestive of a caecocolic disease were prospectively recruited. All cats underwent an ultrasonographic examination of the caecum, ileum, colon, ileocolic lymph nodes and local mesenteric fat, in addition to comprehensive abdominal ultrasonography...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609113/cefazolin-pharmacokinetics-in-cats-under-surgical-conditions
#18
Gabriela A Albarellos, Laura Montoya, Sabrina M Passini, Martín P Lupi, Paula M Lorenzini, María F Landoni
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine the plasma pharmacokinetic profile, tissue concentrations and urine elimination of cefazolin in cats under surgical conditions after a single intravenous dose of 20 mg/kg. METHODS: Intravenous cefazolin (20 mg/kg) was administered to nine young mixed-breed cats 30 mins before they underwent surgical procedures (ovariectomy or orchiectomy). After antibiotic administration, samples from blood, some tissues and urine were taken...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26170278/acquired-fanconi-syndrome-in-four-cats-treated-with-chlorambucil
#19
Natalie C Reinert, David G Feldman
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: Fanconi syndrome (FS) is well described in humans and dogs, but has not been reported in cats. This case series describes four cats with acquired FS. On the basis of clinical signs and intestinal biopsies, all cats were initially diagnosed with alimentary lymphoma or inflammatory bowel disease. Treatment with chlorambucil and corticosteroids was started at standard doses, based on published protocols. Within 2-26 months of the start of treatment, glucosuria, despite normoglycemia, was identified incidentally on routine biochemical screening; FS was diagnosed with urine metabolic assays, confirming aminoaciduria and glucosuria in all four cases...
December 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27354227/can-clinical-signs-clinicopathological-findings-and-abdominal-ultrasonography-predict-the-site-of-histopathological-abnormalities-of-the-alimentary-tract-in-cats
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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