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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132245/radial-vs-coccygeal-artery-doppler-blood-pressure-measurement-in-conscious-cats
#1
Florian K Zeugswetter, Alexander Tichy, Katharina Weber
Objectives The aims of the study were to compare the results of systolic blood pressure (SBP) measurements at the radial and coccygeal artery by Doppler ultrasonography and to assess the impact of gender, age, body weight, body condition score (BCS) and stress score on disagreements. Methods Eighty cats were included in this prospective, block randomised crossover trial. Blood pressure measurements were performed at home, during hospitalisation or in a local animal shelter by a single trained observer according to the latest ISFM consensus guidelines...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115902/open-mouth-jaw-locking-in-cats-a-literature-review-and-use-of-computed-tomography-in-three-cases
#2
Anna E Nutt, Thomas Anderson, Margherita Gracis, Ivan Doran, Chris Warren-Smith, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
Case series summary This report summarises and reviews the published cases of open-mouth jaw locking in cats and describes three further cases. Case 1 was a 5-year-old, 5.3 kg male neutered domestic shorthair cat. CT identified changes consistent with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysplasia with osseous degenerative changes, and the cat subsequently underwent bilateral partial zygomectomy with bilateral partial coronoidectomy. Case 2 was a 10-year-old, 6.0 kg male neutered Exotic Shorthair. Aside from a fracture of the left maxillary canine tooth crown and absence of the left maxillary fourth premolar tooth, no abnormalities were found on CT scan...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110561/efficacy-of-zonisamide-on-interictal-electroencephalography-in-familial-spontaneous-epileptic-cats
#3
Masayasu Ukai, Yuji Hamamoto, Yoshihiko Yu, Aki Fujiwara-Igarashi, Michio Fujita, Daisuke Hasegawa
Objectives The effectiveness of zonisamide (ZNS) against spontaneous epilepsy in cats has not yet been described. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ZNS on interictal paroxysmal discharges (PDs) using scalp electroencephalography (EEG) in familial spontaneous epileptic cats (FSECs). Methods Eight FSECs were evaluated (six males and two females). Scalp EEG measurements were performed once a week for 3 weeks before ZNS administration (Pre-ZNS). Thereafter, administration of ZNS was started and an adjustment period was instituted until the drug in plasma achieved the steady state...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099270/accuracy-of-a-point-of-care-luteinizing-hormone-test-for-help-in-distinguishing-between-sexually-intact-and-ovariectomized-or-castrated-domestic-cats
#4
Matthew R Krecic, Brian A DiGangi, Brenda Griffin
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of a commercial luteinizing hormone (LH) test as an aid in distinguishing between sexually intact and ovariectomized or castrated domestic cats. Methods Convenience serum samples collected from sexually intact female and male cats (n = 67) undergoing elective sterilization surgery and archived sera from ovariectomized and castrated cats (n = 54) were tested for LH using a commercial diagnostic assay. Test results were compared with the known reproductive status of the cats...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082816/pilot-study-to-evaluate-the-potential-use-of-the-renal-resistive-index-as-a-preliminary-diagnostic-tool-for-chronic-kidney-disease-in-cats
#5
Ines Matos, Pedro Azevedo, L Miguel Carreira
Objectives Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is the most common renal pathology diagnosed in geriatric cats, and its prevalence increases with age. The arterial resistive index (RI) is important when evaluating vascular resistance and compliance, and can be applied in the kidney (renal RI [RRI]), allowing the evaluation of its vascular haemodynamics. The present study aimed to: (1) investigate in cats with CKD the relationships between the RRI and the following parameters: age, sex, body weight, plasmatic creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, potassium, urine specific gravity, urine protein:creatinine ratio, systolic arterial pressure; and (2) evaluate the potential use of the RRI as a preliminary diagnostic tool in cats with CKD...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082815/study-on-declawed-cats-misquotes-avma-policy
#6
Elizabeth Mackey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082814/survey-of-cat-owners-on-features-and-preventative-measures-of-feline-scratching-of-inappropriate-objects-a-pilot-study
#7
Alexandra Moesta, Deborah Keys, Sharon Crowell-Davis
Objectives The objective of this study was to collect preliminary data on relevant features and preventative measures of feline inappropriate scratching. Preliminary data could then be used to inform future randomized controlled studies. Methods A paper questionnaire was distributed to 140 cat-owning clients of a small animal practice. The response rate was 82.9%. Questions related to features of inappropriate and designated items scratched, frequency of the behavior and how owners attempted to modify the behavior...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065804/recurrence-of-spinal-anaplastic-astrocytoma-in-a-cat-after-surgical-treatment-and-long-term-follow-up
#8
Shinji Tamura, Yumiko Tamura, Kazuyuki Uchida
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065803/mechlorethamine-vincristine-melphalan-and-prednisolone-rescue-chemotherapy-protocol-for-resistant-feline-lymphoma
#9
Olya A Martin, Josh Price
Objectives The goals of this retrospective study were to evaluate the use of mechlorethamine, vincristine, melphalan and prednisolone (MOMP) chemotherapy for rescue of feline lymphoma, to describe the protocol's toxicity and to determine prognostic indicators for progression-free survival. Methods The medical records of 12 cats treated with MOMP chemotherapy at the University of Tennessee Veterinary Medical Center between 2007 and 2017 were evaluated. Parameters assessed included lymphoma cell size, anatomical location, number of previous chemotherapy drugs and number of previous rescue protocols received...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025320/efficacy-of-itraconazole-oral-solution-using-an-alternating-week-pulse-therapy-regimen-for-treatment-of-cats-with-experimental-microsporum-canis-infection
#10
Christopher Puls, Aaron Johnson, Karrie Young, Jonathan Hare, Kelly Rosenkrans, Lisa Young, Karen Moriello
Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate itraconazole 10 mg/ml oral solution for the treatment of Microsporum canis infection using an alternating-week pulse therapy regimen in a controlled laboratory setting. Methods Eighty cats with experimentally induced infections were randomly assigned to treatment (itraconazole vs control [sterile water]), administered 5 mg/kg orally once daily for 1 week on alternate weeks for 5 weeks, followed by a 4 week follow-up period. Topical therapeutic treatment was not administered...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019448/comparison-of-ultrasonographic-findings-in-cats-with-and-without-azotaemia
#11
Christopher R Lamb, Helen Dirrig, Stefano Cortellini
Objectives The objective of this study was to identify the renal ultrasonographic (US) findings most strongly associated with azotaemia in cats. Methods US findings in 238 cats with (serum creatinine >180 μmol/l) and 270 cats without azotaemia were compared in a retrospective case-control study. Cats with pre-renal azotaemia or urethral obstruction were excluded. Data extracted from the medical records included age, body weight and body condition score (BCS). Quantitative and subjective US findings were extracted from archived ultrasound images and contemporaneous reports...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019444/evaluation-of-intraoperative-analgesia-provided-by-incisional-lidocaine-and-bupivacaine-in-cats-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#12
David Vicente, Annika Bergström
Objectives The objective of this study was to assess the intraoperative analgesic effect of preoperative infiltration of the incision site with lidocaine or a mixture of lidocaine with bupivacaine in cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy (OHE). Methods This was a prospective, randomised clinical study. Healthy female intact cats (n = 75) undergoing OHE under medetomidine-ketamine-buprenorphine anaesthesia were assigned randomly into three treatment groups (n = 25 per group) to receive one of two local anaesthesia protocols or placebo preoperatively in the midline incision: lidocaine 1...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017390/pharmacokinetics-of-praziquantel-and-pyrantel-pamoate-combination-following-oral-administration-in-cats
#13
Alexandra Arion, Emilio Fernández-Varón, Carlos M Cárceles, László Gagyi, Laurent Ognean
Objectives The pharmacokinetics of praziquantel and pyrantel pamoate has never been reported in cats. The present study was designed to establish the plasma concentration-time profile and to derive pharmacokinetic data for a combined formulation of praziquantel and pyrantel in cats, after a single, oral administration. Methods Twenty-two clinically healthy adult cats were used, each receiving a single oral dose of praziquantel (8.5 mg/kg) and pyrantel (100 mg/kg). Blood samples were collected at regular time points up to 48 h post-dosing...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994640/serum-symmetric-dimethylarginine-and-creatinine-in-birman-cats-compared-with-cats-of-other-breeds
#14
Saverio Paltrinieri, Marco Giraldi, Amanda Prolo, Paola Scarpa, Eleonora Piseddu, Massimo Beccati, Benedetta Graziani, Stefano Bo
Objectives The aim of this study was to assess whether, in contrast to serum creatinine, which is higher in Birman cats than in other breeds, the serum concentration of symmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA) is comparable in clinically healthy Birmans and in the general feline population. This could allow, in this breed, to better evaluate chronic kidney disease (CKD). Methods Serum creatinine and SDMA were measured in clinically healthy Birmans (n = 50) and in cats of other breeds (n = 46), and the results were statistically compared...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994630/clinical-presentations-treatments-and-risk-factors-for-mortality-in-cats-with-tick-paralysis-caused-by-ixodes-holocyclus-2077-cases-2008-2016
#15
Ellie Leister, John Morton, Rick Atwell, Rob Webster
Objectives The objective of this study was to describe seasonality, demographics, presentations, treatments, complications and outcomes for cats with Ixodes holocyclus causing tick paralysis, and to identify risk factors for mortality. Methods This was a retrospective single cohort study with 2077 cases occurring between 2008 and 2016, and presenting to one of four emergency clinics in south-eastern Queensland, Australia. Case mortality at 5 days post-presentation could be determined for 1742 cases, and potential risk factors for mortality were assessed using random-effects logistic regression...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994629/high-resolution-ct-evaluation-of-bronchial-lumen-to-vertebral-body-pulmonary-artery-to-vertebral-body-and-bronchial-lumen-to-pulmonary-artery-ratios-in-dirofilaria-immitis-infected-cats-with-and-without-selamectin-administration
#16
Tekla M Lee-Fowler, Robert C Cole, A Ray Dillon, Shannon Graham, D Michael Tillson, Sharron Barney
Objectives The bronchial lumen to pulmonary artery (BA) ratio is utilized to evaluate pulmonary pathology on CT images. The BA ratio may be unreliable when changes are present in bronchial and pulmonary arteries concurrently. Bronchial lumen to vertebral body (BV) and pulmonary artery to vertebral body (AV) ratios have been established in normal cats and may serve as an alternative. This study aimed to evaluate the BV, AV and BA ratios in cats before and after infection with Dirofilaria immitis, with and without selamectin administration, and to characterize the distribution of disease...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980849/ultrasound-evaluation-of-the-renal-pelvis-in-cats-with-ureteral-obstruction-treated-with-a-subcutaneous-ureteral-bypass-a-retrospective-study-of-27-cases-2010-2015
#17
Julien Fages, Marilyn Dunn, Swan Specchi, Pascaline Pey
Objectives The objective of the study was to measure the preoperative and postoperative renal pelvic size and describe the ultrasound findings following successful decompression of a ureteral obstruction using the subcutaneous ureteral bypass (SUB) device in cats. Methods This retrospective study assessed the measurement of the renal pelvis of 27 cats with unilateral (n = 21) or bilateral (n = 6) ureteral obstruction before (pre-t0) and after placement of a SUB during short- (before t0 + 3 months) and long-term (after t0 + 3 months) follow-up...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967796/comparison-of-the-schirmer-tear-test-i-values-after-placement-in-ventral-and-dorsal-conjunctival-fornices-in-healthy-cats
#18
Ghazal Aftab, Seyed Mehdi Rajaei, Houman Faghihi
Objectives The objective of this study was to compare the Schirmer tear test I values obtained from placement of Schirmer tear test (STT) strips in ventral and dorsal conjunctival fornices and to investigate any correlation between age, body weight and STT values in clinically normal cats. Methods Twenty-eight intact adult domestic shorthair and Persian were used in this study. The cats were gently physically restrained in a sternal position, and a Schirmer tear strip was placed on each eye in the ventral conjunctival fornix at one-third of the distance from the temporal to nasal canthus for 60 s...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967795/epidemiological-study-of-feline-idiopathic-cystitis-in-seoul-south-korea
#19
Younjung Kim, Hyungjoon Kim, Dirk Pfeiffer, Dave Brodbelt
Objectives The objective of this study was to investigate potential risk factors for the diagnosis of feline idiopathic cystitis (FIC) in cats living in a primarily indoor environment. Methods A case-control study focusing on a cohort of cats attending a first-opinion veterinary practice in Seoul, South Korea, from 2012-2016, was undertaken. Data were collected from cats' owners by questionnaire and analysed using a multivariable logistic regression analysis. Results Fifty-eight cases of FIC and 281 randomly selected controls were surveyed...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948905/infrared-thermography-a-rapid-and-accurate-technique-to-detect-feline-aortic-thromboembolism
#20
Céline Pouzot-Nevoret, Anthony Barthélemy, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, Emmanuel Boselli, Maxime Cambournac, Julien Guillaumin, Jeanne-Marie Bonnet-Garin, Bernard Allaouchiche
Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of infrared thermography in cats with acute pelvic paralysis to differentiate feline aortic thromboembolism (FATE) from non-ischaemic affections. Methods Thermographic images were prospectively obtained at admission from cats presented for acute bilateral pelvic paralysis. Based on the final diagnosis, cats were divided into a FATE and a control group (ischaemic and non-ischaemic related pelvic paralysis, respectively). The maximum (Tmax), minimum (Tmin) and average (Tav) temperatures were determined for each of the four limbs within a hand-drawn region of interest on the dorsal limb extremity...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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