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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

Jessica M Abbate, Francesca Arfuso, Gabriella Gaglio, Ettore Napoli, Maria A Cavalera, Salvatore Giannetto, Domenico Otranto, Emanuele Brianti
OBJECTIVES: The dehydrating power of cat litters may reduce the vitality of first-stage larvae (L1s) of feline lungworms, limiting copromicroscopical diagnosis. This study assessed the effect of the most commonly used cat litters on Aelurostrongylus abstrusus L1 survival. METHODS: Four types of cat litters were used: clumpling clay (group A); non-clumpling clay (group B); silica crystals (group C); and biodegradable (group D). A control group without litter (group E) was also used...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Lisa K Uhl, Akihiko Saito, Hiroko Iwashita, David J Maggs, Jonathan P Mochel, Lionel Sebbag
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical findings, diagnostic test results and response to therapy of cats with Schirmer tear test 1 (STT-1) values below the reference interval. METHODS: The medical records of three institutions were searched for cats with ocular surface disease and STT-1 values <9 mm/min, confirmed at two or more separate visits. RESULTS: Ten cats (17 eyes) were included. The mean ± SD (range) age and STT-1 values in affected eye(s) were 6...
November 12, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Ioannis Panopoulos, Edoardo Auriemma, Swan Specchi, Alessia Diana, Marco Pietra, Anastasia Papastefanou, Eric Zini, Mario Cipone
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to provide a detailed anatomical study of the feline bronchial and vascular structures by using CT angiography (CTA). METHODS: Adult cats with no respiratory clinical signs were enrolled in a CTA protocol to provide an anatomical study of the thorax. The dimensions, number of branches and branching pattern (monopodial vs dichotomic) of both bronchial and pulmonary vascular structures were evaluated under positive inspiration apnoea...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Susan E Fielder, James H Meinkoth, Theresa E Rizzi, Andrew S Hanzlicek, Ruth Mackenzie Hallman
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe clinical and diagnostic findings in cats with bone and joint disease associated with histoplasmosis. METHODS: Medical records from between 2011 and 2017 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria required: (1) diagnosis of histoplasmosis by cytology, histology, urine or serum Histoplasma antigen testing, or culture; and (2) lameness or joint effusion as a presenting complaint or physical examination finding. RESULTS: Twenty-five cases met the inclusion criteria...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Dawn Dunbar, Wendy Kwok, Elizabeth Graham, Andy Armitage, Richard Irvine, Pamela Johnston, Michael McDonald, Dorothy Montgomery, Lesley Nicolson, Elise Robertson, William Weir, Diane D Addie
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate a feline coronavirus (FCoV) reverse transcriptase quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) on fine-needle aspirates (FNAs) from mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) collected in sterile saline for the purpose of diagnosing non-effusive feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) in cats. METHODS: First, the ability of the assay to detect viral RNA in MLN FNA preparations compared with MLN biopsy preparations was assessed in matched samples from eight cats...
November 8, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Pavel Slunsky, Mathias Brunnberg, Shenja Loderstedt, Alexander Haake, Leo Brunnberg
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate and quantify the changes in neurological status in cats after perineal urethrostomy performed in dorsal and ventral recumbency. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomised study. Twenty male castrated cats with feline lower urinary tract disease presented for perineal urethrostomy were enrolled in this study. Surgery was performed in either dorsal recumbency (group A) or ventral recumbency (group B). Motor response of patellar tendon, gastrocnemius muscle, pelvic limb withdrawal and perineal reflexes, as well as the presence of spinal pain in the lumbosacral region, motor function of the tail and faecal continence, were examined before surgery, and 24 h and 14 days after surgery...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Chika C Okafor, David L Pearl, Shauna L Blois, Sandra L Lefebvre, Mingyin Yang, Elizabeth M Lund, Cate E Dewey
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to identify any dietary, signalment, geographic and clinical factors associated with hematuric struvite crystalluria (HSC) in a population of cats that visit general care veterinary hospitals in the USA. METHODS: In total, 4032 cats that had a first-time diagnosis of HSC and 8064 control cats with no history of hematuria or crystalluria were identified from medical records of all cats examined between 2007 and 2011 at 790 US veterinary hospitals...
November 5, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Emma K Grigg, Lori R Kogan, Karen van Haaften, Cheryl Kolus
OBJECTIVES: This study assessed cat owners' perceptions of the use of psychoactive medications and alternative products for the treatment of behavioral problems in their cats. Factors that potentially impact these perceptions were explored and discussed. METHODS: An online, anonymous, cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess US-based cat owners' experience with behavior problems of their cats, familiarity with psychoactive medications for treatment of behavior problems and comfort levels using the following products for treatment of feline behavior problems: fast-acting or situational prescription medications, slow-acting or long-term prescription medications, herbal/nutritional supplements, pheromone products and cannabinoid products...
November 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Corrine M Camero, Zachary L Neumann, Laura D Garrett
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: Mediastinal cysts were diagnosed as incidental findings in six cats evaluated for non-thoracic disease, including staging for historic bladder leiomyosarcoma, flea dermatitis and hairballs, and hyperthyroidism. Radiographically, the cysts appeared as soft tissue opacities cranial to the heart. Ultrasound revealed the masses to be thin-walled, single lumen, anechoic fluid-filled structures. One cat also had thoracic and abdominal CT performed for cancer staging; the CT revealed a well-defined, fluid-attenuating mass without peripheral contrast enhancement in the cranial mediastinum...
October 30, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Natalia A Reyes, Mark Longley, Steven Bailey, Sorrel J Langley-Hobbs
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to document the incidence of preceding and subsequent fractures to the patellar fractures in cats with patellar fractures and dental anomaly syndrome. METHODS: Records of cats with patellar fracture and dental anomaly syndrome were retrieved from the combined databases at the University of Bristol, UK, and Exclusively Cats Veterinary Hospital, USA. A request was made to complete a questionnaire to obtain long-term follow-up of these cats with respect to their current status and fractures to other bones; radiographs and histories were requested and were reviewed for treatment of ongoing fractures and outcome...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Cyrina D van Beusekom, Tanja M Zimmering
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of angiotensin II (AT-II) and its main mediator, transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-β1), in the development of feline renal fibrosis. METHODS: Expression of marker genes indicating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), profibrotic mediators and matricellular proteins was measured in feline kidney epithelial cells (Crandell Rees feline kidney [CRFK] cells) after incubation with AT-II and/or TGF-β1...
October 22, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Maximilian Körner, Malgorzata Roos, Valeria S Meier, Alena Soukup, Simona Cancedda, Magdalena M Parys, Michelle Turek, Carla Rohrer Bley
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of cats with intracranial tumours presenting with neurological signs treated with radiation therapy. Methods This study comprised a retrospective multi-centre case series. Medical records of a total of 22 cats with intracranial space-occupying lesions, presenting with neurological signs and/or epileptic seizures and treated with external beam radiation therapy, were reviewed. In the treated cats, patient-, tumour- and treatment-related variables were investigated, including age, sex, tumour location, tumour volume, total radiation dose, equivalent dose in 2 Gy fractions (EQD2 ), corticosteroid dose, overall treatment time and institution for influence on local tumour control and survival...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Meg M Sleeper, Patricia O'Donnell, Caitlin Fitzgerald, Mark G Papich
Objectives The aim of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of furosemide in cats following intravenous (IV), oral and transdermal administration. Methods This study used six healthy adult cats in a three-phase design to compare plasma furosemide concentrations in cats that received one IV 2 mg/kg dose of furosemide, one oral 2 mg/kg dose of furosemide and 3 days of q12h dosing with 2 mg/kg furosemide administered transdermally applied to the ear pinna. Results After IV administration the elimination half-life was (mean and coefficient of variation) 2...
October 19, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Masoumeh Abbasi, Soodeh Shahsavari, Pia Quitt, Sven Reese, Andrea Fischer, Simon Bertram, Clara Tauber, Lara Matiasek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 18, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Astrid Wehner, Ines Koehler, Sabine Ramspott, Katrin Hartmann
Objectives Present-day diagnosis of hyperthyroidism is often established in the early stages where clinical signs and physical examination findings typically associated with the disease may not yet be present. The purpose of this study was to investigate thyroid palpation score (TPS), total thyroxine (T4), body weight, body condition score and a clinical scoring index, which assesses severity of illness and quality of life, in untreated hyperthyroid cats, healthy cats and cats with non-thyroidal illness. Methods Fifty-five cats with hyperthyroidism, 45 healthy cats and 327 euthyroid cats with non-thyroidal disease were prospectively enrolled...
October 17, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Paulo V Steagall, Beatriz P Monteiro
Practical relevance: Pain assessment has gained much attention in recent years as a means of improving pain management and treatment standards. It has become an elemental part of feline practice with ultimate benefit to feline health and welfare. Currently pain assessment involves mostly the investigation of sensory-discriminative (intensity, location and duration) and affective-motivational (emotional) domains of pain. Specific behaviors associated with acute pain have been identified and constitute the basis for its assessment in cats...
October 15, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Michael T Robbins, Martha G Cline, Joseph W Bartges, Erin Felty, Korinn E Saker, Richard Bastian, Angela L Witzel
Objectives The study objectives were to determine if method of water presentation (still [S], circulating [C] or free-falling [FF] bowl systems) influences daily water consumption in cats in a controlled environment, and whether differences in water intake affect urine relative super saturation (RSS) for calcium oxalate and struvite, urine specific gravity (USG), urine osmolality (Uosmol) and urine volume. Methods Sixteen healthy laboratory cats fed a dry diet were individually housed with urine collection systems...
October 10, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Daniela Ramos, Archivaldo Reche-Junior, Daniel S Mills, Priscila L Fragoso, Alexandre Gt Daniel, Mariana F Freitas, Silvia G Cortopassi, Geni Patricio
Objective The aim was to perform a case-control medical evaluation of cats from multi-cat households presenting with inappropriate latrining and spraying behavior. Methods Owners of 18 'spraying' and 23 'latrining' cats with normal control subjects available from the same households were recruited for a case-control study. Otherwise overtly healthy dyads (each dyad consisting of a case cat and a control cat) were brought together to the veterinary hospital of the University of São Paulo for a medical work-up (ie, physical examination, complete blood count, biochemical profile, urinalysis and urine culture, abdominal ultrasound of the urinary system and in females, where possible, cystoscopy)...
September 28, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Serhan Serhat Ay, Selim Aslan, Firdevs Önyay, Duygu Kaya, Ece Koldaş, Serhat Arslan, Murat Fındık
Objectives This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of oral misoprostol (MIS) administration in the induction of mid-term pregnancy termination in cats. Methods Twenty-eight cats that were pregnant for 30-40 days were allocated to four groups. The aglepristone (AGL) group (n = 7) received 10 mg/kg SC aglepristone q24h for two consecutive days. In the AGL+MIS group (n = 7), AGL (as administered in the AGL group) and MIS (200 µg/cat PO q12h until the start of abortion) were administered. The MIS200 (n = 7) and MIS400 groups (n = 7) received MIS (200 or 400 µg/cat misoprostol, respectively) alone PO q12h until the start of abortion...
September 19, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
Eva Spada, Roberta Perego, Luciana Baggiani, Daniela Proverbio
Objectives Despite the increasing availability of feline blood collected and stored for transfusion purposes, few studies have been performed on feline blood units. The aim of this prospective in vitro study was to evaluate haematological and morphological changes in feline blood cells in whole blood units between collection and end of storage. Methods Haematological examination (red blood cells [RBCs], haemoglobin, haematocrit, red cell distribution width, mean cell volume, mean cell haemoglobin concentration, mean cell haemoglobin, white blood cells [WBCs] and platelet [PLT] count) was performed on 40 non-leukoreduced feline whole blood units at time of collection (day[D]0) and after storage (D35)...
September 18, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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