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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792378/location-and-distribution-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures-in-45-cats-presented-for-the-treatment-of-head-trauma
#1
Ingrid Tundo, Peter Southerden, Andrew Perry, Richard M Haydock
Objectives The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the location and distribution of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) fractures in 45 cats presented to a veterinary referral centre between 2012 and 2017. Methods Cats with a history of head trauma, one or more CMF fractures and a pretreatment CT scan of the CMF region were included in this study. For the purpose of the study, the CMF skeleton was divided into 15 functional anatomical regions and the fracture sites were allocated to one of these functional regions...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788832/feline-injection-site-sarcoma-immunohistochemical-characteristics
#2
Carolina S Carneiro, Genilson F de Queiroz, Ana Cbcf Pinto, Maria Lz Dagli, Julia M Matera
Objectives Feline injection site sarcoma (FISS) is a rapid growing locally aggressive tumor with a low metastatic rate. Its histologic features are clearly defined, but there are few studies regarding its immunohistochemical characteristics. The present study investigated the immunohistochemical characteristics of 21 cases of FISS. Methods FISSs from 12 male and nine female cats, 20 mixed-breed and one Siamese, were included in the study. After histopathological diagnosis, additional histologic sections were immunostained for vimentin, cytokeratin, desmin, S100 protein, viral feline leukemia virus (FeLV) particles, cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2) and c-KIT...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788831/lumbosacral-transitional-vertebrae-in-cats-and-its-relationship-to-lumbosacral-vertebral-canal-stenosis
#3
Georgina Harris, Jessica Ball, Steven De Decker
Objectives Although a clear relationship has been demonstrated between the presence of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae and the development of lumbosacral stenosis in dogs, this relationship has not been evaluated in cats. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the presence of lumbosacral transitional vertebrae and lumbosacral stenosis in cats. Methods The medical records and diagnostic imaging studies of 13 cats diagnosed with lumbosacral stenosis were retrospectively reviewed for lumbosacral abnormalities and compared with findings of 405 cats that underwent CT for reasons unrelated to spinal disease...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788830/response-disease-free-interval-and-overall-survival-of-cats-with-nasal-planum-squamous-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-a-fractionated-vs-a-single-dose-protocol-of-strontium-plesiotherapy
#4
Davide Berlato, Sue Murphy, Silja Laberke, Sara Verganti
Objectives The main aim of the study was to establish response, disease-free interval (DFI) and overall survival of cats with nasal planum squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) treated with Sr90 plesiotherapy. A secondary aim was to determine whether a fractionated protocol is more effective than a single-dose protocol in terms of response, DFI and overall survival. The third aim was to evaluate whether we can identify prognostic factors that influence overall survival. Methods This was a retrospective study that included cats with a diagnosis of nasal planum SCC treated with Sr90 plesiotherapy at a single institution...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788829/owner-reported-flea-treatment-measures-and-skin-disease-in-cats
#5
Sophie Tyler, Claire Roberts, Aiden Foster, Natalie Barnard, Jane K Murray
Objectives The aim of this study was to obtain information regarding the use of flea treatments and owner-reported flea infestation and skin disease. Methods Owners of 1150 cats were recruited into a long-term longitudinal study ('Bristol Cats' study) and asked to complete questionnaires at set time points. Questionnaires 1 and 5 were used and included data collection for kittens aged 2-4 months (T1) and at 2.5 years of age (T2). Owners were asked which brand of flea treatment, if any, was used at each time point...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772964/incidence-of-arterial-catheter-complications-a-retrospective-study-of-35-cats-2010-2014
#6
Shaina Mooshian, Sarah J Deitschel, Jamie M Haggerty, Christine L Guenther
Objectives The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of complications associated with arterial catheterization in cats in a veterinary hospital, and to document which factors may increase the incidence of complications. Methods Medical records at a referral veterinary hospital were retrospectively reviewed to identify cats that had an arterial catheter placed between January 2010 and October 2014. Results Thirty-five cats having 38 arterial catheters were included in the study. There was a relatively high incidence of minor complications (23...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767566/external-beam-radiotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-feline-salivary-gland-carcinoma-six-new-cases-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
Laura Blackwood, Aaron Harper, James Elliott, Irina Gramer
Case series summary Salivary gland carcinoma is uncommon in cats. We report the outcome of radiation therapy in six cases (four salivary gland adenocarcinomas, one tubulopapillary adenocarcinoma, one carcinoma). Five were treated after surgical excision of the primary tumour, but four had gross disease (primary or metastatic) at the time of starting radiotherapy. Exact progression-free interval from the start of radiotherapy in the two cats where this was known was 120 and 144 days, respectively. One cat was signed off at 766 days with no evidence of recurrence...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767565/medical-management-of-deep-ulcerative-keratitis-in-cats-13-cases
#8
Michelle G Martin de Bustamante, Kathryn L Good, Brian C Leonard, Steven R Hollingsworth, Sydney G Edwards, Kelly E Knickelbein, Ann E Cooper, Sara M Thomasy, David J Maggs
Case series summary Described are 13 cats diagnosed with deep ulcerative keratitis and successfully managed medically without grafting procedures. Typical treatment involved frequent topical application of serum and antibiotics (usually a fluoroquinolone and a cephalosporin). Seven cats also received systemic antibiotics. Analgesia was achieved using various combinations of topical atropine and systemic buprenorphine, robenacoxib or corticosteroids. Six cats were hospitalized for a median (range) period of 2...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759020/corrigendum
#9
(no author information available yet)
ISFM Consensus Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Management of Hypertension in Cats Samantha S Taylor, Andrew H Sparkes, Katherine Briscoe, Jenny Carter, Salva Cervantes Sala, Rosanne E Jepson, Brice S Reynolds and Brian A Scansen J Feline Med Surg 2017; 19: 288-303 Readers should note that the version of the guidelines that appeared in print in March 2017 and online until May 2018 has been amended. The version now appearing online is the correct one. For information, the following amendment has been made to the original published version...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757071/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-an-appeasing-pheromone-diffuser-product-vs-placebo-for-management-of-feline-aggression-in-multi-cat-households-a-pilot-study
#10
Theresa L DePorter, David L Bledsoe, Alexandra Beck, Elodie Ollivier
Objectives Aggression and social tension among housemate cats is common and puts cats at risk of injury or relinquishment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new pheromone product in reducing aggression between housemate cats. Methods A new pheromone product (Feliway Friends) containing a proprietary cat-appeasing pheromone was evaluated for efficacy in reducing aggression between housemate cats via a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial of 45 multi-cat households (pheromone [n = 20], placebo [n = 25]) reporting aggression for at least 2 weeks...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741464/immunohistochemical-characterisation-of-the-hepatic-stem-cell-niche-in-feline-hepatic-lipidosis-a-preliminary-morphological-study
#11
Chiara Valtolina, Joris H Robben, Robert P Favier, Jan Rothuizen, Guy Cm Grinwis, Baukje A Schotanus, Louis C Penning
Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the cellular and stromal components of the hepatic progenitor cell niche in feline hepatic lipidosis (FHL). Methods Immunohistochemical staining for the progenitor/bile duct marker (K19), activated Kupffer cells (MAC387), myofibroblasts (alpha-smooth muscle actin [α-SMA]) and the extracellular matrix component laminin were used on seven liver biopsies of cats with FHL and three healthy cats. Double immunofluorescence stainings were performed to investigate co-localisation of different cell types in the hepatic progenitor cell (HPC) niche...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741463/influence-of-needle-gauge-used-for-venipuncture-on-measures-of-hemostasis-in-cats
#12
Susanna Solbak, Steven E Epstein, Kate Hopper
Objectives The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different needle sizes used to obtain blood via jugular venipuncture in cats on routine measures of hemostasis. Methods This was a prospective, observational, randomized, clinical study carried out at a university teaching hospital. Twenty healthy, client-owned cats were used. Results Each cat had blood collected via direct venipuncture from both jugular veins. Sampling of the right and left jugular vein was randomized to be collected with either a 22 G or a 25 G needle, respectively, and routine coagulation variables and platelet count were performed on all samples...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734854/aafp-and-isfm-guidelines-for-diagnosing-and-solving-house-soiling-behavior-in-cats
#13
(no author information available yet)
Hazel C Carney, Tammy P Sadek, Terry M Curtis, Vicky Halls, Sarah Heath, Pippa Hutchison, Kari Mundschenk and Jodi L Westropp J Feline Med Surg 2014; 16: 579-598 Readers should note that the version of the guidelines that appeared in print in July 2014 and online until May 2018 has been amended. The version now appearing online is the correct one. For information, the following amendments have been made to the original published version. 1) Reference 35 has been updated  to 'Guy NC, Hopson M and Vandestichel R...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667535/clinical-features-and-short-term-outcome-of-presumptive-intracranial-complications-associated-with-otitis-media-interna-a-multi-center-retrospective-study-of-19-cats-2009-2017
#14
Sarah A Moore, R Timothy Bentley, Sheila Carrera-Justiz, Kari D Foss, Ronaldo C da Costa, Laurie B Cook
Objectives The aim of this study was to compile an overview of the clinical features of intracranial complication of otitis media/interna (OMI) in cats managed across five veterinary referral hospitals. Of additional interest were culture results that could inform empirical antibiotic selection, as well as outcome with both medical and surgical management. Methods A retrospective medical record review was conducted at five veterinary referral practices to identify cats with a diagnosis of intracranial complication secondary to OMI between 2009 and 2017...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652208/age-based-ultrasonographic-criteria-for-diagnosis-of-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-in-persian-cats
#15
Juliana M Guerra, Mariana F Freitas, Alexandre Gt Daniel, Arine Pellegrino, Natália C Cardoso, Isac de Castro, Luiz F Onuchic, Bruno Cogliati
Objectives The aim of this study was to establish ultrasound criteria for the diagnosis of autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) in Persian cats. Methods Eighty-two Persian cats were assessed using renal ultrasound and genotyped for the C→A transversion in exon 29 of PKD1. The animals were also submitted to hematological characterization, serum biochemistry analyses and urinalysis. Results Age, sex and neutering status did not differ between ADPKD (n = 12) and non-ADPKD (n = 70) cats. After integrated molecular genetics/ultrasonographic analysis, the presence of at least one renal cyst was sufficient to establish a diagnosis of ADPKD in animals up to 15 months of age...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595359/feline-hyperaesthesia-syndrome-with-self-trauma-to-the-tail-retrospective-study-of-seven-cases-and-proposal-for-integrated-multidisciplinary-diagnostic-approach
#16
Pablo Amengual Batle, Clare Rusbridge, Tim Nuttall, Sarah Heath, Katia Marioni-Henry
Case series summary This was a retrospective study on the clinical features and response to treatment in seven cats with feline hyperaesthesia syndrome (FHS) and tail mutilation. FHS is a poorly understood disorder characterised by skin rippling over the dorsal lumbar area, episodes of jumping and running, excessive vocalisation, and tail chasing and self-trauma. The majority of the cats were young, with a median age of 1 year at the onset of clinical signs, male (n = 6) and with access to the outdoors (n = 5)...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542369/detection-of-feline-coronavirus-mutations-in-paraffin-embedded-tissues-in-cats-with-feline-infectious-peritonitis-and-controls
#17
Laura Sangl, Kaspar Matiasek, Sandra Felten, Stefanie Gründl, Michele Bergmann, Hans-Jörg Balzer, Nikola Pantchev, Christian M Leutenegger, Katrin Hartmann
Objectives The amino acid substitutions M1058L and S1060A in the spike protein of feline coronavirus (FCoV) have been postulated to be responsible for the development of the pathogenic feline infectious peritonitis virus (FIPV), which causes feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). The aim of the following study was to investigate the presence of mutated virus in tissue samples of cats with and without FIP. Methods The study population consisted of 64 cats, 34 of which were diagnosed with FIP and 30 control cats...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529958/a-survey-of-vaccine-history-in-german-cats-and-owners-attitudes-to-vaccination
#18
Anne-Claire Gehrig, Katrin Hartmann, Felix Günther, André Klima, Gabriele Habacher, Michèle Bergmann
Objectives Vaccination is the most important measure for prevention of feline infectious diseases. Cat owner compliance with vaccination recommendations has been investigated in the UK but not in other European countries. The aim of the present study was to determine cat owners' attitudes towards vaccination in cats in Germany, to identify factors that are associated with the vaccination status of their cats and to compare the results with those of the UK survey. Methods The survey was conducted using an online questionnaire and was aimed at respondents throughout Germany...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529957/circulating-cell-free-dna-does-not-harbour-a-diagnostic-benefit-in-cats-with-feline-diffuse-iris-melanomas
#19
Jessica G Rushton, Reinhard Ertl, Dieter Klein, Alexander Tichy, Barbara Nell
Objectives Feline diffuse iris melanoma (FDIM) is the most common malignant primary intraocular tumour in cats, with reported metastases rates between 19% and 63%. Currently, the only available diagnostic tool for a tentative diagnosis is histopathological examination of the enucleated eye. Therefore, the veterinary ophthalmologist is often faced with the dilemma of whether to enucleate an oftentimes visual eye or to continue monitoring, with the risk of metastases developing. In the past, cell-free DNA (cfDNA) gained more attention in human medicine, especially in the field of oncology...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29513157/use-of-lispro-insulin-for-treatment-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-in-cats
#20
Eleonora Malerba, Michela Mazzarino, Francesca Del Baldo, Sara Corradini, Gaia Carotenuto, Massimo Giunti, Federico Fracassi
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of lispro insulin for the treatment of feline diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). Times to resolution of hyperglycaemia, ketosis and acidosis were compared between cats treated with continuous rate infusion (CRI) of lispro insulin and cats treated with CRI of regular insulin. Methods Client-owned cats with naturally occurring DKA, newly diagnosed with diabetes mellitus (DM) or already receiving treatment for DM, were included. Diagnosis of DKA involved the presence of at least two clinical signs consistent with DKA (eg, polyuria/polydipsia, anorexia, severe lethargy, vomiting and dehydration), blood glucose (BG) concentration >13...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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