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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094661/diagnosis-of-pancreatic-disease-in-feline-platynosomosis
#1
Liza S Köster, Linda Shell, Jennifer Ketzis, Sreekumari Rajeev, Oscar Illanes
Objectives Platynosomum species are cat-specific parasitic trematodes that parasitize the biliary ducts and gall bladder. Due to the common connection to the major duodenal papilla of the pancreas and common bile ducts in addition to the periductal proximity of the pancreas, it is possible that platynosomosis could cause pancreatitis. The objective of this study was to determine whether platynosomosis, a commonly diagnosed parasitic disease in cats on St Kitts, has any association with pancreatic disease. Methods To investigate this possibility, the pancreas of free-roaming cats with naturally acquired platynosomosis were evaluated via ultrasound, serum concentrations of feline pancreatic lipase (fPL), cobalamin, folate and feline trypsin-like immunoreactivity (fTLI) and histopathology...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913779/comparison-of-proliferative-and-immunomodulatory-potential-of-adipose-derived-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-young-and-geriatric-cats
#2
Lara B Zajic, Tracy L Webb, Polly Webb, Jonathan W Coy, Steve W Dow, Jessica M Quimby
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to compare the ability of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (aMSC) generated from young vs geriatric cats to proliferate in culture, suppress lymphocyte proliferation and undergo senescence. METHODS: Adipose tissues from five young (<5 years) and six geriatric (>10 years) cats were harvested and cryopreserved for subsequent aMSC isolation and culture. aMSC proliferation in culture was compared via determination of time until passage two and by 3-(4,5-demethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913778/effect-of-deslorelin-acetate-treatment-in-oocyte-recovery-and-in-vitro-embryo-production-in-domestic-cats
#3
Camila Louise Ackermann, Eduardo Trevisol, Leticia Ferrari Crocomo, Tatiana da Silva Rascado, Rodrigo Volpato, Carlos Renato de Freitas Guaitolini, Carlize Lopes, Talita de Almeida Costa, Maria Denise Lopes
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the effect of contraceptive treatment with deslorelin acetate on in vitro embryo production and oocyte recovery in domestic queens. METHODS: Twenty-one mature domestic cats were used. Eleven queens (treated group) and one tom were kept in an experimental cattery, and 10 queens were privately owned (control group). When in interestrus or diestrus (day 0) a deslorelin acetate implant (Suprelorin, 4.7 mg/animal) was inserted into the subcutaneous tissue of the interscapular region in all queens in the treated group...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856784/usefulness-of-an-injectable-anaesthetic-protocol-for-semen-collection-through-urethral-catheterisation-in-domestic-cats
#4
Maria Carmela Pisu, Patrizia Ponzio, Chiara Rovella, Michela Baravalle, Maria Cristina Veronesi
OBJECTIVES: Although less often requested in comparison with dogs, the collection of semen in cats can be necessary for artificial insemination, for semen evaluation in tom cats used for breeding and for semen storage. Urethral catheterisation after pharmacological induction with medetomidine has proved to be useful for the collection of semen in domestic cats. However, most of the previously used protocols require the administration of high doses of medetomidine that can increase the risk of side effects, especially on the cardiovascular system...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827801/shape-of-the-feline-cerebellum-and-occipital-bone-related-to-breed-on-mri-of-200-cats
#5
Xander Huizing, Andy Sparkes, Ruth Dennis
OBJECTIVES: The MRI features of the feline cerebellum and occipital bone have not previously been described in the literature. The aims of this study were three-fold. Firstly, to document variations in cerebellar shape on MRI in neurologically normal cats to support our hypothesis that crowding of the contents of the caudal fossa or herniation of the cerebellar vermis through the foramen magnum occurs frequently as an anatomical variant. Secondly, to document variations in the morphology of the occipital bone...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827800/quantification-of-cerebral-lateral-ventricular-volume-in-cats-by-low-and-high-field-mri
#6
Paulina Przyborowska, Zbigniew Adamiak, Yauheni Zhalniarovich
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate variations in lateral ventricles in the examined feline population with the use of quantitative analysis methods to determine whether sex or body weight influenced the size of the ventricles, and to identify any significant differences in the results of low- and high-field MRI. METHODS: Twenty healthy European Shorthair cats, aged 1-3 years, with body weight of 2.85-4.35 kg, were studied. MRI of brain structures was performed in a low- and a high-field MRI system...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803312/effect-of-tetrastarch-hydroxyethyl-starch-130-0-4-on-plasma-creatinine-concentration-in-cats-a-retrospective-analysis-2010-2015
#7
Ivayla D Yozova, Judith Howard, Katja N Adamik
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine survival and changes in creatinine concentrations after administration of 6% tetrastarch (hydroxyethyl starch [HES] 130/0.4) vs crystalloids in critically ill cats. METHODS: The medical records were reviewed for cats admitted to the intensive care unit with at least two plasma creatinine measurements and initial concentrations not exceeding the upper reference interval. Cats were excluded if they had received HES prior to admission or if they had received fluid therapy for <24 h between initial and subsequent measurements...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044477/news-views
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044476/clinical-research-abstracts-accepted-for-presentation-at-aafp-conference-2016
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044475/a-bounty-of-riches
#10
Margie Scherk, Andy Sparkes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564915/dermatophyte-surveillance-in-cats-in-three-animal-shelters-in-ontario-canada
#11
Rachael Mozes, David L Pearl, Joyce Rousseau, Lee Niel, J Scott Weese
Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of dermatophyte shedding in cats admitted to three Ontario animal shelters from February to May 2013. Methods Four hundred cats were sampled within 48 h of admission, using a standard toothbrush sampling technique. Dermatophyte culture was performed. Results Dermatophytes were not identified in any of the 400 cats (0-0.9% one-sided exact 97.5% confidence interval). Conclusions and relevance These results imply that dermatophyte shedding is rare in cats admitted to Ontario animal shelters...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467540/association-of-mineralisations-in-the-stifle-joint-of-domestic-cats-with-degenerative-joint-disease-and-cranial-cruciate-ligament-pathology
#12
Katja Voss, Philemon Karli, Pierre M Montavon, Hans Geyer
Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence, size, location and appearance of mineralisations in feline stifle joints, and to evaluate their relationship with osteoarthritis and cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) status. Methods Presence or absence, and size of mineralisations were determined from lateral stifle radiographs of 25 cats with CrCL rupture, and 44 cat cadavers without CrCL rupture. Mineralisations were classified as small, medium or large. Prevalence was compared between the clinically affected cats and the cadavers; the cadaver group was subdivided into an age-matched and an older group...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26467539/effect-of-melatonin-on-the-reproductive-cycle-in-female-cats-a-review-of-clinical-experiences-and-previous-studies
#13
Sabine Schäfer-Somi
Practical relevance Cat breeders aim to suppress the sexual cycle for a defined period. This is a challenge as most preparations available for this intention are orally administered progestins; however, these drugs may have side effects, especially when used over a long period of time. Long-acting gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist implants have been used successfully to suppress the oestrous cycle in cats for a longer period. After removal of the implant, the duration of action was shortened; however, the re-occurrence of normal cyclicity cannot be foreseen...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26460080/faecal-consistency-and-risk-factors-for-diarrhoea-and-constipation-in-cats-in-uk-rehoming-shelters
#14
Allison C German, Nigel A Cunliffe, Kenton L Morgan
Objectives The aim of the study was to describe faecal consistency, prevalence and risk factors for diarrhoea and constipation in a rescue cat population. Methods Faecal samples in litter trays from a stratified random sample of cats in pens at 25 UK rehoming centres were scored for consistency in two discrete time periods, summer and winter. A six-point scale was used, with diarrhoea ⩽3, severe diarrhoea ⩽2 and constipation as 6. The effect on faecal consistency of age, number of cats per pen and season was investigated using multivariable hierarchical logistic regression with centre and pen as random effects...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26445978/management-and-long-term-outcome-of-pelvic-fractures-a-retrospective-study-of-43-cats
#15
Richard L Meeson, Alex T Geddes
Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate the management and long-term outcome of cats with pelvic fractures. Methods Cats with pelvic fractures had their records and radiographs reviewed. Radiographs were reviewed for fracture configuration, implants and pelvic canal narrowing. Owners were contacted for long-term follow-up. Results Forty-three cats met the criteria (mean follow-up 24 months [range 6-45 months]). The majority (93%) had more than one orthopaedic pelvic injury, with sacroiliac fracture luxations seen most commonly; 23% had presurgical neurological deficits...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26377703/presumptive-acute-non-compressive-nucleus-pulposus-extrusion-in-11-cats-clinical-features-diagnostic-imaging-findings-treatment-and-outcome
#16
Frances E Taylor-Brown, Steven De Decker
Objectives The aim of the study was to describe the clinical features, diagnostic imaging findings, treatment and outcome in cats diagnosed with presumptive acute non-compressive nucleus pulposus extrusion. Methods Medical records and imaging studies of cats diagnosed with presumptive acute non-compressive nucleus pulposus extrusion were retrospectively reviewed. Information on long-term outcome was acquired from patient records and from either owners or referring veterinary surgeons via a telephone questionnaire...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26297020/dystocia-in-the-cat-evaluated-using-an-insurance-database
#17
Bodil Ström Holst, Eva Axnér, Malin Öhlund, Lotta Möller, Agneta Egenvall
Objectives The aim of this study was to describe the incidence of feline dystocia with respect to breed. Methods The data used were reimbursed claims for veterinary care insurance and/or life insurance claims in cats registered in a Swedish insurance database from 1999-2006. Results The incidence rates for dystocia were about 22 cats per 10,000 cat-years at risk, 67 per 10,000 for purebred cats and seven per 10,000 for domestic shorthair cats. The median age was 2.5 years. A significant effect of breed was seen...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26265738/slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-in-17-maine-coon-cats
#18
Danilo Borak, Nadja Wunderlin, Michael Brückner, Günter Schwarz, Andrea Klang
Objectives From May 2009 to January 2015, 208 Maine Coon cats presented to the Tierklinik Hollabrunn - a small animal referral and first-opinion centre - and 17 (8.17%) cats were diagnosed with a slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). Over the same time period, 29 (0.67%) of 4348 cats (all breeds) were diagnosed with SCFE. Methods Clinical and orthopaedic examinations and diagnostic imaging were performed on all affected Maine Coons. Age at first presentation, sex, body weight, body condition score (BCS), unilateral or bilateral manifestation of the disease, activity level and duration of lameness, age at neutering and known family history of disease were recorded...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26239940/serum-cobalamin-concentrations-and-small-intestinal-ultrasound-changes-in-75-cats-with-clinical-signs-of-gastrointestinal-disease-a-retrospective-study
#19
Maria C Jugan, John R August
Objectives The aim of the study was to evaluate ultrasonographic changes in the small intestine of cats with clinical signs of gastrointestinal disease and low or low-normal serum cobalamin concentrations. Methods Records for client-owned cats presenting to the small animal hospital with signs of gastrointestinal disease and in which serum cobalamin concentrations were measured from 2000-2013 were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were cobalamin concentrations <500 ng/l, abdominal ultrasound within 1 month of cobalamin testing and definitive diagnosis...
January 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26170278/acquired-fanconi-syndrome-in-four-cats-treated-with-chlorambucil
#20
Natalie C Reinert, David G Feldman
CASE SERIES SUMMARY: Fanconi syndrome (FS) is well described in humans and dogs, but has not been reported in cats. This case series describes four cats with acquired FS. On the basis of clinical signs and intestinal biopsies, all cats were initially diagnosed with alimentary lymphoma or inflammatory bowel disease. Treatment with chlorambucil and corticosteroids was started at standard doses, based on published protocols. Within 2-26 months of the start of treatment, glucosuria, despite normoglycemia, was identified incidentally on routine biochemical screening; FS was diagnosed with urine metabolic assays, confirming aminoaciduria and glucosuria in all four cases...
December 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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