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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434280/use-of-a-custom-made-limb-press-model-to-assess-intra-and-extracapsular-techniques-for-treating-cranial-cruciate-ligament-rupture-in-cats
#1
Wolfgang Kneifel, Danilo Borak, Barbara Bockstahler, Eva Schnabl-Feichter
Objectives This study aimed to compare the under-and-over technique, a type of intracapsular treatment, and the standard fabella-tibial suture, a method for extracapsular treatment, in achieving immediate, postoperative stifle stability after cranial cruciate ligament (CrCL) rupture by using a feline, custom-made limb-press model. Methods Cadaveric feline hindlimb specimens (n = 14) were positioned in the limb press at predefined joint angles (stifle joint: 120°; hock joint: 120°), and vertical loads of 5%, 10%, 20% and 30% body weight were applied statically...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430011/demographics-of-hip-dysplasia-in-the-maine-coon-cat
#2
Randall T Loder, Rory J Todhunter
Objectives The aim of this study was to study the demographics of feline hip dysplasia (FHD) in the Maine Coon cat. Methods The complete hip dysplasia registry (public and private) collected by the Orthopedic Foundation for Animals through April 2015 was accessed. There were 2732 unique cats; 2708 (99.1%) were Maine Coons, and only these were studied. Variables analyzed were sex, month/season of birth and hip dysplasia score. Two groups were created: those with and without FHD. P <0.05 was considered statistically significant...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425361/assessment-of-real-time-pcr-cycle-threshold-values-in-microsporum-canis-culture-positive-and-culture-negative-cats-in-an-animal-shelter-a-field-study
#3
Linda S Jacobson, Lauren McIntyre, Jenny Mykusz
Objectives Real-time PCR provides quantitative information, recorded as the cycle threshold (Ct) value, about the number of organisms detected in a diagnostic sample. The Ct value correlates with the number of copies of the target organism in an inversely proportional and exponential relationship. The aim of the study was to determine whether Ct values could be used to distinguish between culture-positive and culture-negative samples. Methods This was a retrospective analysis of Ct values from dermatophyte PCR results in cats with suspicious skin lesions or suspected exposure to dermatophytosis...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425327/a-cross-sectional-quantitative-rt-pcr-study-of-feline-coronavirus-viremia-and-replication-in-peripheral-blood-of-healthy-shelter-cats-in-southern-california
#4
Eric J Fish, Pedro Paulo Vp Diniz, Yen-Chen Juan, Frank Bossong, Ellen W Collisson, Yvonne Drechsler, Bernhard Kaltenboeck
Objectives The objectives of this study were to determine the prevalence of feline coronavirus (FCoV) viremia, and its replication in peripheral blood using quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) methodology in a population of 205 healthy shelter cats in Southern California, as well as to assess any possible connection to longitudinal development of feline infectious peritonitis (FIP). Methods The study was performed on buffy-coat samples from EDTA-anticoagulated whole blood samples of 205 healthy shelter cats. From 50 of these cats, fecal samples were also examined...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425314/effect-of-transmucosal-corn-syrup-application-on-postoperative-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-kittens
#5
Heather N Cornell, Stephanie L Shaver, Danielle N Semick, Nancy C Bradley, Rachael E Kreisler
Objectives The aim of the study was to determine the effect of a common clinical practice, the transmucosal (TM) application of corn syrup, on postoperative blood glucose concentrations in kittens. Methods This study was designed as a randomized controlled trial. Seventy-five kittens between the age of 8 and 16 weeks scheduled for surgical sterilization by gonadectomy at an animal shelter were enrolled. Kittens were randomly assigned to either a routine treatment group that received the shelter's typical postoperative application of corn syrup immediately following gonadectomy or to a control group that did not receive typical treatment...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391757/dose-finding-study-comparing-three-treatments-of-remifentanil-in-cats-anesthetized-with-isoflurane-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#6
Marcela L Machado, João Henrique N Soares, Maria Alice Kuster de Albuquerque Gress, Douglas Dos Santos E Castro, Kaleizu Teodoro Rosa, Phillipe Bauer de Araujo Doria, Fabio Otero Ascoli
Objectives Three infusion rates of remifentanil were used in isoflurane-anesthetized cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy. The aim of this study was to identify a dosage regimen that would provide optimal anesthetic and surgical conditions, as well as to compare cardiovascular response to surgical stimulation, postoperative analgesia, anesthetic duration and quality of recovery among the tested remifentanil infusion rates. Methods Twenty-seven client-owned, mixed-breed adult healthy female cats were randomized to receive remifentanil 0...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379113/comparison-of-health-parameters-in-normal-cats-fed-a-limited-iodine-prescription-food-vs-a-conventional-diet
#7
Inke Paetau-Robinson, Lynda D Melendez, S Dru Forrester, Laura J Armbrust, Kent R Refsal, Patricia A Burris
Objectives The objective was to compare the effect on thyroid function in healthy, adult cats fed a limited iodine food or conventional diet for 24 months. Methods Cats in the limited iodine group (n = 14) were fed a commercial, dry food containing 0.2 ppm iodine on a dry-matter basis (DMB). Cats in the conventional diet group (n = 12) were fed an identical diet except that the iodine content was 3.2 ppm on a DMB. Both groups were maintained on their respective diets for 24 months. The median age of the cats at baseline was 3...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379112/comparison-of-two-sedation-protocols-for-short-electroretinography-in-cats
#8
María J Del Sole, Pablo Nejamkin, Verónica Cavilla, Paula Schaiquevich, Laura Moreno
Objectives The objectives were to compare two different sedative combinations, xylazine-ketamine and dexmedetomidine-ketamine, on the short electroretinography (ERG) protocol and their impact on sedative effect, reversal times and physiological variables in cats. Methods Six healthy spayed female domestic cats were sedated using one of two ketamine-containing protocols: intramuscular xylazine hydrochloride (1 mg/kg) plus ketamine hydrochloride (3 mg/kg) (XK), and dexmedetomidine hydrochloride (5 µg/kg) plus ketamine hydrochloride (3 mg/kg) (DK)...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375041/prevalence-of-external-ear-disorders-in-belgian-stray-cats
#9
Anouck Bollez, Hilde de Rooster, Alessandra Furcas, Sophie Vandenabeele
Objectives Feline otitis externa is a multifactorial dermatological disorder about which very little is known. The objective of this study was to map the prevalence of external ear canal disorders and the pathogens causing otitis externa in stray cats roaming around the region of Ghent, Belgium. Methods One hundred and thirty stray cats were randomly selected during a local trap-neuter-return programme. All cats were European Shorthairs. This study included clinical, otoscopic and cytological evaluation of both external ears of each cat...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367722/feline-urine-metabolomic-signature-characterization-of-low-molecular-weight-substances-in-urine-from-domestic-cats
#10
Sol-Maiam Rivera-Vélez, Nicolas F Villarino
Objectives This aim of this study was to characterize the composition and content of the feline urine metabolome. Methods Eight healthy domestic cats were acclimated at least 10 days before starting the study. Urine samples (~2 ml) were collected by ultrasound-guided cystocentesis. Samples were centrifuged at 1000 × g for 8 mins, and the supernatant was analyzed by gas chromatography/time-of-flight mass spectrometery. The urine metabolome was characterized using an untargeted metabolomics approach. Results Three hundred and eighteen metabolites were detected in the urine of the eight cats...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349721/immunohistochemical-evaluation-of-the-activation-of-hepatic-progenitor-cells-and-their-niche-in-feline-lymphocytic-cholangitis
#11
Corma Ma Otte, Chiara Valtolina, Sandra Vreman, Siobhan Hubers, Monique E van Wolferen, Robert P Favier, Jan Rothuizen, Louis C Penning
Objectives The aim of the study was to compare the hepatic progenitor cell niche in healthy feline livers and the liver tissue of cats with lymphocytic cholangitis. Methods Immunohistochemical stainings for vimentin, laminin, beta (β)-catenin and Notch1 intracellular domain (NICD) were used on formalin-fixed liver biopsies from affected (n = 12) and unaffected cats (n = 2). Results All immunohistochemical markers used were expressed in more cells, or more intensely, in the liver tissue of cats with lymphocytic cholangitis than in the liver tissue of unaffected cats...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206810/safety-of-oral-and-intravenous-mycophenolate-mofetil-in-healthy-cats
#12
Jennifer E Slovak, Nicolas F Villarino
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and clinical effects of intravenous (IV) and oral mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in healthy cats. Methods A total of 24 healthy adult cats weighing >3.5 kg were either administered IV MMF (over a 2 h infusion) or oral MMF. The dosages used were as follows: 5 mg/kg IV once (n = 2), 10 mg/kg q12h IV for 1 day (n = 1), 20 mg/kg q12h IV for 1 day (n = 6) and 10 mg/kg q12h IV for 3 days (n = 5). Blood was collected from each cat at intervals of up to 12 h from the last dose for analysis purposes...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195504/postponement-of-puberty-in-queens-treated-with-deslorelin
#13
Marta Cecchetto, Paola Salata, Anna Baldan, Chiara Milani, Antonio Mollo, Christelle Fontaine, Hasan Sontas, Donatella Gelli, Giulia De Benedictis, Calogero Stelletta, Stefano Romagnoli
Objectives The purpose of this study was to assess efficacy of deslorelin, a gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist marketed in Europe for the control of male dog reproduction, for the postponement of puberty in queens. Methods Nine prepubertal queens aged 3-9 months were selected for this study; their general and reproductive health was checked through clinical, haematological, vaginal cytology and hormonal tests. Following treatment with a 4.7 mg deslorelin implant each cat received a monthly clinical examination and blood was collected for hormonal assay every third month...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186425/influence-of-two-administration-rates-of-propofol-at-induction-of-anaesthesia-on-its-relative-potency-in-cats-a-pilot-study
#14
Sébastien H Bauquier, Wendy Bayldon, Leon N Warne, Jennifer E Carter, Thierry Beths
Objectives This was a randomised, blinded trial to investigate the influence of administration rate on the dose of propofol required for the orotracheal intubation of cats. Methods Twenty-four female domestic cats undergoing ovariohysterectomy were premedicated with oral tramadol (6 mg/kg) or intramuscular tramadol (4 mg/kg), and intramuscular dexmedetomidine (0.007 mg/kg). Oral or intramuscular (IM) tramadol was administered 60 or 30 mins prior to induction of anaesthesia, respectively. Dexmedetomidine was administered 30 mins prior to anaesthetic induction...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186424/defining-local-nerve-blocks-for-feline-distal-pelvic-limb-surgery-a-cadaveric-study
#15
Masataka Enomoto, B Duncan X Lascelles, Mathew P Gerard
Objectives Anatomical and methodological detail is lacking regarding local anesthetic peripheral nerve block techniques for distal pelvic limb surgery in cats. The aim of this study was to develop, describe and test nerve block methods based on cadaveric dissections and dye injections. Methods Ten pairs of feline pelvic limbs (n = 20) were dissected and the tibial nerve (T n.), common fibular (peroneal) nerve (CF n., and its two branches, the superficial fibular [peroneal] nerve [SpF n.] and the deep fibular [peroneal] nerve [DpF n...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181856/repeatability-of-quantitative-sensory-testing-in-healthy-cats-in-a-clinical-setting-with-comparison-to-cats-with-osteoarthritis
#16
Elena S Addison, Dylan N Clements
Objectives The aim of this study was to evaluate the repeatability of quantitative sensory tests (QSTs) in a group of healthy untrained cats (n = 14) and to compare the results with those from cats with osteoarthritis (n = 7). Methods Peak vertical force (PVF) and vertical impulse were measured on a pressure plate system. Thermal sensitivity was assessed using a temperature-controlled plate at 7°C and 40°C. Individual paw lifts and overall duration of paw lifts were counted and measured for each limb. Paw withdrawal thresholds were measured using manual and electronic von Frey monofilaments (MVF and EVF, respectively) applied to the metacarpal or metatarsal pads...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176530/effects-of-castration-on-penile-extracellular-matrix-morphology-in-domestic-cats
#17
Nathalia Cs Borges, Marco A Pereira-Sampaio, Vivian Alves Pereira, Marcelo Abidu-Figueiredo, Maurício Alves Chagas
Objectives This study was undertaken to verify the possible modifications caused by hormonal deprivation in the extracellular matrix in the penises of neutered cats. Methods Twenty-seven penises from domestic shorthair cats were collected: 14 samples from intact cats and 13 from neutered cats. Sections were stained with Weigert's resorcin-fuchsin, hematoxylin and eosin, and picrosirius red. Histomorphometric analysis was performed using light microscopy and image analysis software. The following parameters were analyzed: density of the elastic fibers and collagen fibers in the corpus spongiosum; density of the elastic fibers in the tunica albuginea of the corpus cavernosum and the tunica albuginea of the corpus spongiosum; luminal area of the urethra; area of the corpus spongiosum; area of the corpus cavernosum; and thickness of the urethral epithelium...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169564/demographics-lifestyle-and-veterinary-care-of-cats-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#18
Laura Johnston, Julia Szczepanski, Phillip McDonagh
Objectives The aim of this survey was to provide up-to-date information on the demographics, lifestyle and veterinary care of cats in Australia and New Zealand. Methods An online survey consisting of 19 questions was created using SurveyMonkey. Cat owners were invited to participate through advertisements in veterinary clinics and social media. Results The average number of cats in a household was two. The majority of cats lived in free-standing houses (78%) in the suburbs (66%). The majority of cats were desexed (94% [49% female neutered; 45% male neutered])...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164734/cutpoints-for-screening-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-healthy-senior-cats
#19
Mia K Reeve-Johnson, Jacquie S Rand, Dianne Vankan, Stephen T Anderson, Rhett Marshall, John M Morton
Objectives The objectives of this study were to determine the reference interval for screening blood glucose in senior cats, to apply this to a population of obese senior cats, to compare screening and fasting blood glucose, to assess whether screening blood glucose is predicted by breed, body weight, body condition score (BCS), behaviour score, fasting blood glucose and/or recent carbohydrate intake and to assess its robustness to changes in methodology. Methods The study included a total of 120 clinically healthy client-owned cats aged 8 years and older of varying breeds and BCSs...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156189/feline-glioma-a-retrospective-study-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Daniel R Rissi, Andrew D Miller
Case series summary This study aimed to evaluate the pathologic and diagnostic features of 13 cases of feline glioma diagnosed at two veterinary diagnostic institutions over 16 years. A retrospective search was conducted using the laboratory information system. Selected cases were reviewed, tumors were classified according to the 2007 World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System, and tissue sections were submitted to an immunohistochemistry panel for further characterization...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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