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Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718733/diagnostic-utility-of-renal-fine-needle-aspirate-cytology-and-ultrasound-in-the-cat
#1
Camille A McAloney, Leslie C Sharkey, Daniel A Feeney, Davis M Seelig
Objectives The primary objective of this study was to retrospectively assess the diagnostic utility of feline renal fine-needle aspiration cytology by assessing diagnostic yield, cytologic characteristics and diagnostic accuracy. The secondary objective was to characterize ultrasonographic features of sampled kidneys to determine if they influenced diagnostic yield. Methods Slides, images and patient data were collected from the University of Minnesota Veterinary Medical Center database. Slides were designated as diagnostic or non-diagnostic...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718700/use-of-single-dose-oral-gabapentin-to-attenuate-fear-responses-in-cage-trap-confined-community-cats-a-double-blind-placebo-controlled-field-trial
#2
Katherine E Pankratz, Kelli K Ferris, Emily H Griffith, Barbara L Sherman
Objectives This double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the safety and efficacy of single-dose oral gabapentin administered for the attenuation of fear responses in cage-trap confined community cats. Methods Community cats presented in cage traps for trap-neuter-return (TNR) were recruited and screened for inclusion. Each enrolled cat was randomly assigned and administered one of three equal-volume, single-dose treatments: placebo, low-dose gabapentin (50 mg) or high-dose gabapentin (100 mg). At baseline, 1, 2, 3 and 12 h post-administration, a single, blinded observer scored each cat for signs of fear and sedation using published paradigms, calculated the respiratory rate and documented any observable facial injuries...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718693/effects-of-sedation-with-dexmedetomidine-and-buprenorphine-on-echocardiographic-variables-blood-pressure-and-heart-rate-in-healthy-cats
#3
Einar Johard, Anna Tidholm, Ingrid Ljungvall, Jens Häggström, Katja Höglund
Objectives Sedative agents are occasionally used to enable echocardiographic examination when screening cats for heart disease, such as hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Owing to their haemodynamic effects, sedative agents may alter echocardiographic measurements. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of the sedative combination dexmedetomidine and buprenorphine on echocardiographic variables, blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in healthy cats. Methods Fifty healthy, client-owned cats were prospectively recruited and included after physical examination...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699814/survival-times-for-cats-with-hyperthyroidism-treated-with-a-3-35-mci-iodine-131-dose-a-retrospective-study-of-96-cases
#4
Marie Vagney, Loic Desquilbet, Edouard Reyes-Gomez, Françoise Delisle, Patrick Devauchelle, Maria Isabel Rodriguez-Piñeiro, Dan Rosenberg, Pauline de Fornel-Thibaud
Objectives Radioiodine ((131)I) dose determination using radiotracer kinetic studies or scoring systems, and fixed relatively high (131)I dose (ie, 4 or 5 mCi) administration, are effective and associated with prolonged survival times for hyperthyroid cats. The latter method is less complicated but could expose patients and veterinary personnel to unnecessary levels of radiation. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the efficacy of a fixed 3.35 mCi (131)I dose for the treatment of 96 hyperthyroid cats with no length estimation for any palpated goitre ⩾20 mm, assess outcome and identify factors associated with survival...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696151/paravertebral-brachial-plexus-blockade-in-cats-a-cadaver-study
#5
Marina C Evangelista, Beatriz P Monteiro, Graeme M Doodnaught, Pascale Benoist, Paulo V Steagall
Objectives The aims of this study were to describe the paravertebral brachial plexus (PBP) blockade in cats, and compare the spread of bupivacaine-methylene blue solution (BMS) using two volumes of injection into the PBP. Methods Six cadavers (4.4 ± 1.8 kg) randomly received 0.15 ml/kg (LOW) or 0.2 ml/kg (HIGH) per injection of BMS into the PBP. The first injection was made ventral to the transverse process of the sixth cervical vertebra (nerves C6 and C7) at the emergence of nerve roots. A second injection was performed at the edge of the cranial border of the scapula and directed ventrally towards the first rib (C8 and T1)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696150/curative-intent-radical-en-bloc-resection-using-a-minimum-of-a-3%C3%A2-cm-margin-in-feline-injection-site-sarcomas-a-retrospective-analysis-of-131-cases
#6
Nina Müller, Martin Kessler
Objectives Owing to its highly infiltrative growth, feline injection-site sarcoma (FISS) carries a significant risk of local tumour recurrence. Parameters of possible prognostic significance (eg, tumour size and location, resection of de novo vs recurrent tumours, and achievement of tumour-free surgical margins) were examined with regard to their influence on recurrence rate (RR), disease-free interval (DFI) and survival time (ST). Methods This was a retrospective analysis of cats with FISSs located on the chest or abdominal wall or the interscapular region treated in a single institution using a standardised radical resection technique with 3 cm lateral margins and full-thickness body wall resection (tumours over chest/abdominal wall) or a minimum of two fascial planes (interscapular tumours)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689464/predictive-value-of-scintigraphic-semi-quantitative-thyroid-parameters-on-radioiodine-therapy-outcome-in-hyperthyroid-cats
#7
Veerle Volckaert, Eva Vandermeulen, Luc Duchateau, Sylvie Daminet, Jimmy H Saunders, Kathelijne Peremans
Objectives The outcome of radioiodine therapy in hyperthyroid cats is suspected to be influenced by multiple factors. The degree of activity of the thyroid gland, represented by uptake of sodium pertechnetate or tracer activities of radioiodine by the thyroid gland on thyroid scintigraphy, has been suggested in the literature as one of those. Thyroid gland pertechnetate uptake can be represented by (semi-)quantitative factors such as the thyroid to salivary gland (T/S) ratio, the thyroid to background (T/B) ratio and the percentage technetium uptake by the thyroid glands (%TcU)...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675320/flow-cytometry-for-feline-lymphoma-a-retrospective-study-regarding-pre-analytical-factors-possibly-affecting-the-quality-of-samples
#8
Valeria Martini, Serena Bernardi, Priscilla Marelli, Marzia Cozzi, Stefano Comazzi
Objectives Flow cytometry (FC) is becoming increasingly popular among veterinary oncologists for the diagnosis of lymphoma or leukaemia. It is accurate, fast and minimally invasive. Several studies on FC have been carried out in canine oncology and applied with great results, whereas there is limited knowledge and use of this technique in feline patients. This is mainly owing to the high prevalence of intra-abdominal lymphomas in this species and the associated difficulty in the diagnostic procedures needed to collect the sample...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665170/dynamic-tomographic-studies-of-interscapular-feline-injection-site-sarcoma-essential-or-useless-practice
#9
Maurizio Longo, Davide Danilo Zani, Roberta Ferrari, Jessica Bassi, Maria Elena Andreis, Damiano Stefanello, Chiara Giudice, Valeria Grieco, Tiziana Liuti, Ian Handel, Mauro Di Giancamillo
Objectives Feline injection-site sarcomas (FISSs) are soft tissue tumours typically characterised by an interscapular location and highly infiltrative behaviour. CT is considered the modality of choice for FISS staging and double positioning (dynamic approach) was reported to successfully detect the exact extent of infiltration into the muscles. The aim of the present study was to investigate the utility of the dynamic approach in feline patients referred for preoperative staging of interscapular FISS. Methods Tumour volume estimates were compared between the ellipsoid and the semi-automated segmentation methods...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639458/use-of-computed-tomography-to-define-a-sacral-safe-corridor-for-placement-of-2-7-mm-cortical-screws-in-feline-sacroiliac-luxation
#10
Helen Philp, Alexane Durand, Felipe De Vicente
Objectives This study aimed to define a safe corridor for 2.7 mm cortical sacroiliac screw insertion in the dorsal plane (craniocaudal direction) using radiography and CT, and in the transverse plane (dorsoventral direction) using CT in feline cadavers. A further aim was to compare the values obtained by CT with those previously reported by radiography in the transverse plane. Methods Thirteen pelvises were retrieved from feline cadavers and dissected to expose one of the articular surfaces of the sacrum. A 2...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627284/treatment-of-neotrombicula-species-infestation-in-cats-using-a-10-w-v-fipronil-topical-spot-on-formulation-a-pilot-study
#11
Marie C Cadiergues, Christelle Navarro, Eloy Castilla-Castaño, Line A Lecru, Charline Pressanti
Objectives Few data are available concerning therapeutic aspects of feline trombiculiasis. This study evaluated the efficacy of a 10% w/v fipronil-based spot-on solution in 15 cats with natural Neotrombicula species infestation. Methods Ten cats received 1 drop per affected site on day (D)0 and D14, with the rest of the 0.5 ml pipette applied on the skin between the shoulders. Five cats served as non-treated controls. Parasite score (0 = absent; 3 = severe, >10 parasites/zone) was assessed on D0, D14 and D28 on all animals...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627283/epidemiological-investigation-of-euthanasia-in-an-ontario-animal-shelter
#12
Rachael Mozes, David L Pearl, Lee Niel, J Scott Weese
Objectives The objective was to evaluate factors associated with euthanasia in an animal shelter in Kitchener-Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. Methods Shelter data from 3737 cats admitted to the shelter between January and December 2011 were evaluated. Results Overall, 1989/3737 (53%) of admitted cats were euthanized. Male cats had greater odds of being euthanized than females (odds ratio [OR] 1.63, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.29-2.05; P <0.001) and surrendered cats were more likely to be euthanized than strays (OR 38...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621156/pilot-study-use-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasonography-in-feline-renal-transplant-recipients
#13
Esther H Greenbarg, David A Jiménez, Lucas A Nell, Chad W Schmiedt
Objectives The study aims were to evaluate the feasibility of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in feline renal transplant recipients in the post-transplantation period and to report findings in a case with presumptive delayed allograft ischemia. Methods Cats were imaged postoperatively using contrast harmonic ultrasonography after a bolus injection of a microbubble contrast medium. Time/mean pixel intensity curves were generated for cortical and medullary regions of interest in the renal allograft in each cat...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589743/rapid-and-sensitive-insulated-isothermal-pcr-for-point-of-need-feline-leukaemia-virus-detection
#14
Rebecca P Wilkes, Eman Anis, Dawn Dunbar, Pei-Yu A Lee, Yun-Long Tsai, Fu-Chun Lee, Hsiao-Fen G Chang, Hwa-Tang T Wang, Elizabeth M Graham
Objectives Feline leukaemia virus (FeLV), a gamma retrovirus, causes diseases of the feline haematopoietic system that are invariably fatal. Rapid and accurate testing at the point-of-need (PON) supports prevention of virus spread and management of clinical disease. This study evaluated the performance of an insulated isothermal PCR (iiPCR) that detects proviral DNA, and a reverse transcription (RT)-iiPCR that detects both viral RNA and proviral DNA, for FeLV detection at the PON. Methods Mycoplasma haemofelis, feline coronavirus, feline herpesvirus, feline calicivirus and feline immunodeficiency virus were used to test analytical specificity...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569590/pharmacokinetic-comparison-of-two-buprenorphine-formulations-after-buccal-administration-in-healthy-male-cats
#15
Brett M Gulledge, Kristen M Messenger, Karen K Cornell, Heather Lindell, Chad W Schmiedt
Objectives The objective of this study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of compounded and commercially available aqueous formulations of buprenorphine after a single buccal dose to healthy cats and to evaluate the concentrations of a compounded buprenorphine solution over 21 days when stored at room temperature (RT; 22-24°C) with exposure to light or when refrigerated at 4°C while protected from light. Methods Six young healthy male cats were administered single buccal doses of compounded and commercially available formulations of buprenorphine (0...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569081/owner-perceptions-of-their-cat-s-quality-of-life-when-treated-with-a-modified-university-of-wisconsin-madison-protocol-for-lymphoma
#16
Laura A Thornton, Nicholas Cave, Janis P Bridges, Anneliese J Stell
Objectives The objectives of this study were to assess owner perceptions of their cat's quality of life during treatment for lymphoma with a doxorubicin-containing multi-agent chemotherapy protocol, whether various health-related parameters correlated with quality of life scores, and to assess owner satisfaction with the protocol. Methods A postal questionnaire was sent to the owners of 33 treated cats. Owners retrospectively assessed their cat's quality of life using a Likert scale (1-10) before lymphoma was diagnosed, at diagnosis and during chemotherapy...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569080/comparison-of-carbohydrate-content-between-grain-containing-and-grain-free-dry-cat-diets-and-between-reported-and-calculated-carbohydrate-values
#17
Lori R Prantil, Cailin R Heinze, Lisa M Freeman
Objectives The aim of this study was to compare the carbohydrate content of grain-containing and grain-free dry cat diets and compare major protein and carbohydrate sources of these diets. Methods This was a cross-sectional study of 77 randomly selected dry cat diets (42 grain-containing, 35 grain-free). Reported carbohydrate values were compared between grain-containing and grain-free cat diets. A subset of 25% of diets from each category (grain-containing and grain-free) was analyzed and nitrogen-free extract was calculated as an estimate of carbohydrate content...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569079/effect-of-a-high-phosphorus-diet-on-indicators-of-renal-health-in-cats
#18
Britta Dobenecker, Anna Webel, Sven Reese, Ellen Kienzle
Objectives High phosphorus intake may further impair renal health in cats with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The hypothesis that a high phosphorus (HP) diet might be nephrotoxic for healthy animals was tested in cats, a species with a high incidence of naturally occurring CKD. Methods Thirteen healthy adult cats were fed a phosphorus excess diet (about five times maintenance requirements), and this HP group was compared with cats on a balanced control diet (CON). The trial lasted for 29 days (10 days of faeces and urine collection)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555510/perioperative-blood-glucose-concentrations-in-kittens-following-overnight-fasting-and-gonadectomy
#19
Danielle N Semick, Stephanie L Shaver, Heather N Cornell, Nancy C Bradley, Rachael E Kreisler
Objectives The objective of this study was to determine if hypoglycemia is an effect of overnight fasting and gonadectomy in kittens, as well as to determine predictors of baseline and postoperative blood glucose. Methods This was a prospective observational study. Seventy-five kittens between the age of 8 and 16 weeks undergoing routine castration or ovariohysterectomy at an animal shelter were included. Two blood glucose measurements were analyzed per kitten after an overnight fast: a baseline reading prior to preoperative examination, and a reading immediately postoperatively...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548551/comparison-of-intramuscular-butorphanol-and-buprenorphine-combined-with-dexmedetomidine-for-sedation-in-cats
#20
Rebecca J Bhalla, Toby A Trimble, Elizabeth A Leece, Enzo Vettorato
Objectives The objective of this study was to compare the sedative effect of butorphanol-dexmedetomidine with buprenorphine-dexmedetomidine following intramuscular (IM) administration in cats. Methods Using a prospective, randomised, blinded design, 40 client-owned adult cats were assigned to receive IM dexmedetomidine (10 µg/kg) combined with either butorphanol (0.4 mg/kg) ('BUT' group) or buprenorphine (20 µg/kg) ('BUP' group). Sedation was scored using a previously published multidimensional composite scale before administration (T0) and 5, 10, 15 and 20 mins afterwards (T5, T10, T15 and T20, respectively)...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
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