Read by QxMD icon Read

AAPS PharmSci

Donna A Volpe
This study was undertaken to categorize representative fluoroquinolone drug substance permeability based on the methods outlined in the Food and Drug Administration's biopharmaceutic classification system (BCS) Guidance for Industry. The permeability of ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, lomefloxacin, and ofloxacin was measured in an in vitro Caco-2 assay with previously demonstrated method suitability. The permeability class and efflux potential were ascertained by comparing test drug results with standard compounds (metoprolol, atenolol, labetalol, and rhodamine-123)...
April 5, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Pralhad T Tayade, Rajendrakumar D Kale
Ibuprofen-gelatin micropellets were prepared by the cross-linking technique using formaldehyde. Spherical micropellets having an entrapment efficiency of 65% to 85% were obtained. The effect of core to coat ratio, speed of agitation, temperature, and volume of oil phase was studied with respect to entrapment efficiency, micropellet size, and surface characteristics. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and differential scanning calorimetric analysis confirmed the absence of any drug-polymer interaction. X-ray diffraction patterns showed that there is a decrease in crystallinity of the drug...
March 22, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Diane J Burgess, Daan J A Crommelin, Ajaz S Hussain, Mei-Ling Chen
This is a summary report of the workshop, organized by the European Federation of Pharmaceutical Scientists in association with the American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists, the European Agency for the Evaluation of Medicinal Products, the European Pharmacopoeia, the US Food and Drug Administration and the United States Pharmacopoeia, on "Assuring Quality and Performance of Sustained and Controlled Release Parenterals" held in Basel, Switzerland, February 2003. Experts from the pharmaceutical industry, regulatory authorities and academia participated in this workshop to review, discuss and debate formulation, processing and manufacture of sustained and controlled release parenterals, and identify critical process parameters and their control...
March 22, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Susan S D'Souza, Francesca Selmin, Santos B Murty, Wei Qiu, B C Thanoo, Patrick P DeLuca
The purpose of this study was to assess whether male rats whose testosterone levels were suppressed to castration levels (<0.5 ng/mL) for a 1-year period by the sustained delivery of orntide acetate, a GnRH antagonist, would return to fertility (ie, produce offspring) after serum testosterone returned to control levels. Male rats comprising a treatment group (orntide microspheres, dose = 27 mg/kg/y), a vehicle control group, and a control group of proven male breeders were used. For the treatment and vehicle control groups, serum orntide and testosterone levels were monitored at periodic intervals for 14 months from the initiation of treatment...
March 11, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Feng Jin, Wojciech Krzyzanski
Thrombopoietin, TPO, a 353 amino acid cytokine, is a primary regulator of platelet production that was cloned recently. A target-mediated (platelet receptors) pharmacokinetic model was developed to characterize the disposition of TPO. Receptor-mediated endocytosis was assigned as the major elimination pathway in the model. A nonspecific binding compartment was also incorporated into the model. TPO concentration vs time profiles from a published phase 1 and 2 clinical trial were used to apply this model. Noncompartmental analysis demonstrated that TPO exhibits nonlinear kinetics...
March 9, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Ziping Yang, Micha Horn, Joanne Wang, Danny D Shen, Rodney J Y Ho
Multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP1) is one of the major proteins shown to mediate efflux transport of a broad range of antitumor drugs, glucuronide conjugates, and glutathione, in addition to endogenous substrates. Significant differences in substrate selectivity were reported for murine and human MRP1. As preclinical drug disposition and pharmacokinetics studies are often conducted in rats, we have recently cloned the rat MRP1 (rMRP1) and demonstrated that rMRP1 expressed in transfected cells effluxes calcein, a commonly used fluorescence substrate for human MRP1...
March 9, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
M Narender Reddy, Tasneem Rehana, S Ramakrishna, K P R Chowdhary, P V Diwan
Celecoxib, a specific inhibitor of cycloxygenase-2 (COX-2) is a poorly water-soluble nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug with relatively low bioavailability. The effect of beta-cyclodextrin on the aqueous solubility and dissolution rate of celecoxib was investigated. The possibility of molecular arrangement of inclusion complexes of celecoxib and beta-cyclodextrin were studied using molecular modeling and structural designing. The results offer a better correlation in terms of orientation of celecoxib inside the cyclodextrin cavity...
March 5, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Malcolm Rowland, Luc Balant, Carl Peck
A 2-day workshop on "Physiologically Based Pharmacokinetics (PBPK) in Drug Development and Regulatory Science" came to a successful conclusion on May 30, 2002, in Washington, DC. More than 120 international participants from the environmental and predominantly pharmaceutical industries, Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and universities attended this workshop, organized by the Center for Drug Development Science, Georgetown University, Washington, DC. The first of its kind specifically devoted to the subject, this intensive workshop, comprising 7 plenary presentations and 10 breakout sessions addressed 2 major objectives: (1) to "define demonstrated and potential contributions of PBPK in drug development and regulatory science," and (2) to "assess current PBPK methodologies with the identification of their limitations and outstanding issues...
February 9, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
N Arulsudar, N Subramanian, P Mishra, K Chuttani, R K Sharma, R S R Murthy
The purpose of this study was to prepare conventional and sterically stabilized liposomes containing leuprolide acetate in an attempt to prolong the biological half life of the drug, to reduce the uptake by reticuloendothelial system (RES), and to reduce the injection frequency of intravenously administered peptide drugs. The conventional and sterically stabilized liposomes containing leuprolide acetate were prepared by reverse phase evaporation method and characterized for entrapment efficiency and particle size...
February 6, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Vikas K Sharma, Devendra S Kalonia
Feasibility studies were performed on the development of a novel process based on polyethylene glycol (PEG)-induced precipitation of proteins followed by vacuum drying in the presence of sugars to obtain dry protein powders. Apparent solubility of interferon alpha-2a (IFNalpha2a) was determined in the presence of various PEGs and the effect of solution pH, ionic strength, and temperature was investigated. IFNalpha2a precipitate was dried at a shelf temperature of 25 degrees C at 100 mTorr either as it is or in the presence of mannitol and/or trehalose...
January 26, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
German L Perlovich, Sergey V Kurkov, Andrey N Kinchin, Annette Bauer-Brandl
Ibuprofen and acetylsalicylic acid were studied by thermoanalytical methods: sublimation calorimetry, solution calorimetry, and with respect to solubility. Upon measuring the temperature dependences of the saturated vapor pressure, enthalpies of sublimation, DeltaH(0) (sub), as well as the entropies of sublimation, DeltaS(0) (sub), and their respective relative fractions in the total process were calculated. The Gibbs energy of solvation in aliphatic alcohols as well as the enthalpic and entropic fractions thereof were also studied and compared with the respective properties of model substances and other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (benzoic acid, diflunisal, flurbiprofen, ketoprofen, and naproxen)...
January 26, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Rita Cortesi, Carlo Mischiati, Monica Borgatti, Laura Breda, Alessandra Romanelli, Michele Saviano, Carlo Pedone, Roberto Gambari, Claudio Nastruzzi
This article describes the production and characterization of cationic submicron particles constituted with Eudragit RS 100, plus different cationic surfactants, such as dioctadecyl-dimethyl-ammonium bromide (DDAB18) and diisobutylphenoxyethyl-dimethylbenzyl ammonium chloride (DEBDA), as a transport and delivery system for DNA/DNA and DNA/peptide nucleic acid (PNA) hybrids and PNA-DNA chimeras. Submicron particles could offer advantages over other delivery systems because they maintain unaltered physicochemical properties for long time periods, allowing long-term storage, and are suitable for industrial production...
January 20, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Anas Saadeddin, Francisca Torres-Molina, Jaime Cárcel-Trullols, Amparo Araico, José-Esteban Peris
The time-dependent elimination kinetics of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) has been associated with autoinduction of its metabolism and has led to the hypothesis that rapid development of acquired clinical resistance to ATRA may be prevented by coadministration of metabolic inhibitors. This study in rats was performed to investigate the pharmacokinetics and onset of time-dependent elimination of ATRA, with the purpose of establishing an animal model suitable for in vivo preclinical studies of compounds capable of inhibiting ATRA metabolism...
January 9, 2004: AAPS PharmSci
Karsten Hauschild, Katharina M Picker-Freyer
The development of new direct compression excipients should include a comprehensive and rapid determination of deformation properties. The aim of this study was to characterize StarLac, a new coprocessed compound for direct compression based on lactose and maize starch. For this purpose, the effects of the base materials (maize starch and spray-dried lactose) were considered and the influence of the spray-drying process was investigated. This was performed by comparing the physical mixture of starch and spray-dried lactose at the same ratio as for StarLac...
2004: AAPS PharmSci
João F Pinto, Kathrin F Wunder, Andrea Okoloekwe
The purpose of this study was to assess the potential use of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) as matrix-forming material for tablets and extrudates. Raw materials were characterized for size, size distribution, and shape. Tablets with 2- and 10-mm diameter were prepared by direct compression at both 13 and 38 MPa from mixtures with poly(ethylene oxide)s, a model drug (propranolol hydrochloride), and lactose. To these mixtures water was added (16%-43%) prior to extrusion in a ram extruder fit with different dies (1-, 3-, 6-, and 9-mm diameter and 4-mm length)...
2004: AAPS PharmSci
Ranjit Madhukar Bidhe, Sangita Ghosh
The toxicity of 2 new synthetic lipids, 1,2-dioleoyl-rac-glycerol-3-dodecaethylene glycol, GDO-12 (lipid 1) and 1,2-distearoyl-rac-glycerol-3-dodecaethylene glycol, GDS-12 (lipid 2) has been evaluated in acute and subchronic toxicity studies. Acute oral toxicity studies in male and female rats documented no deaths or treatment-related signs at high doses. The lipids were individually administered (by gavage) to male and female Sprague-Dawley rats at concentrations of 250, 500, and 1000 mg/Kg bodyweight for 28 days...
2004: AAPS PharmSci
Sharon L Bourke, Mohammad Al-Khalili, Tonye Briggs, Bozena B Michniak, Joachim Kohn, Laura A Poole-Warren
The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a hydrogel vehicle for sustained release of growth factors for wound healing applications. Hydrogels were fabricated using ultraviolet photo-crosslinking of acrylamide-functionalized nondegradable poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA). Protein permeability was initially assessed using trypsin inhibitor (TI), a 21 000 MW model protein drug. TI permeability was altered by changing the solids content of the gel and by adding hydrophilic PVA fillers. As the PVA content increased from 10% to 20%, protein flux decreased, with no TI permeating through 20% PVA hydrogels...
December 4, 2003: AAPS PharmSci
Gerald J Fetterly, Robert M Straubinger
In animal models, liposomal formulations of paclitaxel possess lower toxicity and equal antitumor efficacy compared with the clinical formulation, Taxol. The goal of this study was to determine the formulation dependence of paclitaxel pharmacokinetics in rats, in order to test the hypothesis that altered biodistribution of paclitaxel modifies the exposure of critical normal tissues. Paclitaxel was administered intravenously in either multilamellar (MLV) liposomes composed of phosphatidylglycerol/phosphatidylcholine (L-pac) or in the Cremophor EL/ethanol vehicle used for the Taxol formulation (Cre-pac)...
November 21, 2003: AAPS PharmSci
Petra M Fechner, Siegfried Wartewig, Manfred Füting, Andreas Heilmann, Reinhard H H Neubert, Peter Kleinebudde
In this study, the effect of powder cellulose (PC) and 2 types of microcrystalline cellulose (MCC 101 and MCC 301) on pellet properties produced by an extrusion/spheronization process was investigated. The different investigated types of cellulose displayed different behavior during the extrusion/spheronization process. Pure PC was unsuitable for extrusion, because too much water was required and the added water was partly squeezed during the extrusion process. In contrast, MCC 101 and MCC 301 were extrudable at a wide range of water content, but the quality of the resulting products varied...
November 19, 2003: AAPS PharmSci
Elisabetta Esposito, Nadia Eblovi, Silvia Rasi, Markus Drechsler, Giordano M Di Gregorio, Enea Menegatti, Rita Cortesi
This article describes the production and characterization of monoglyceride-based supramolecular systems by a simple processing technique, avoiding time-consuming procedures, high energy input, and the use of organic solvents. A preformulatory study was performed to study the influence of the experimental parameters on the production of monoglyceride-based disperse systems. In particular the effects of (1) stirring speed, (2) type and concentration of monoglyceride mixture, and (3) type and concentration of surfactant were investigated on the recovery, fraction of larger particles, mean diameter, and shape of smaller particles (so called nanosomes)...
November 18, 2003: AAPS PharmSci
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"