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Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929606/the-tiger-is-extinct-almost
#1
LETTER
Aditya Pradhan
Congratulations to Dr. Rao et al(1) for highlighting a sight threatening complication of the wonder drug Rociletinib. However, an important point regarding Rociletinib needs to be highlighted which was partially brought out in an earlier article by Liu et al.(2).
September 20, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926168/use-of-a-high-resolution-camera-gopro-for-the-slit-lamp
#2
LETTER
Graham A Lee, Peter Shah
The slit lamp enables a well-illuminated and magnified view of the eye. There have been previous imaging devices used for recording, however the quality of the stills and video is limited by cost. We present a relatively lower cost solution for the Haag-Streit slit lamp (Haag Streit AG, Switzerland) using a high definition camera, Hero5 Black (GoPro Inc., USA).
September 19, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898564/pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-and-pseudoexfoliation-glaucoma-in-new-zealand-m%C3%A4-ori
#3
LETTER
Samuel J Newlands, Graham A Wilson
Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which results in a progressive and characteristic optic neuropathy and visual loss. It is well known that the prevalence of glaucoma fluctuates in various societies and ethnicities around the world. Pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PXG) is a common form of secondary glaucoma worldwide.
September 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898521/design-and-methodology-of-the-shanghai-child-and-adolescent-large-scale-eye-study-scale
#4
Xiangui He, Rong Zhao, Padmaja Sankaridurg, Jianfeng Zhu, Thomas John, Yingyan Ma, Lina Lu, Minzhi Lv, Earl L Smith, Serge Resnikoff, Kovin Naidoo, Haidong Zou, Xun Xu
IMPORTANCE: Nearly half of children suffering vision impairment reside in China with myopia accounting for the vast majority. BACKGROUND: To describe the design and methodology of the Shanghai Child and Adolescent Large-scale Eye Study (SCALE). DESIGN: The SCALE was a city wide, school-based, prospective survey. PARTICIPANTS: Children and adolescents aged 4 to 14 years from kindergarten (middle and senior), primary schools and junior high schools of all 17 districts and counties of the city of Shanghai, China were examined in 2012-2013...
September 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898516/structural-and-functional-imaging-of-aqueous-humor-outflow-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Alex S Huang, Brian A Francis, Robert N Weinreb
Maintaining healthy aqueous humor outflow (AHO) is important for intraocular cellular health and stable vision. Impairment of AHO can lead to increased intraocular pressure, optic nerve damage, and concomitant glaucoma. An improved understanding of AHO will lead to improved glaucoma surgeries that enhance native AHO as well as facilitate the development of AHO-targeted pharmaceuticals. Recent AHO imaging has evolved to live human assessment and has focused on the structural evaluation of AHO pathways and the functional documentation of fluid flow...
September 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898515/age-related-changes-in-and-determinants-of-macular-ganglion-cell-inner-plexiform-layer-thickness-in-normal-chinese-adults
#6
Yan Jiao Huo, Yan Guo, Lei Li, Huai Zhou Wang, Ya Xing Wang, Ravi Thomas, Ning Li Wang
IMPORTANCE: Consideration of age-related changes in macular ganglion cell-inner plexiform layer (mGCIPL) thickness are important for glaucoma progression analysis. BACKGROUND: To report age-related changes in and the determinants of high-definition optical coherence tomography (HD-OCT) measurements of mGCIPL thickness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICPANTS: 326 healthy adults. METHODS: All subjects underwent Cirrus HD-OCT measurements of mGCIPL...
September 12, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887901/meta-analysis-of-accuracy-of-intraocular-lens-power-calculation-formulas-in-short-eyes
#7
Qiwei Wang, Wu Jiang, Tiao Lin, Xiaohang Wu, Haotian Lin, Weirong Chen
IMPORTANCE: Intraocular lens (IOL) power selection is a critical factor affecting visual outcome after IOL implantation in short eyes. Many formulas have been developed to achieve a precise prediction of the IOL power. However, controversy regarding the accuracy remains. BACKGROUND: To investigate the accuracy of different IOL power calculation formulas in short eyes. DESIGN: Meta-analysis PARTICIPANTS: Patients with the axial length of eyes less than 22mm from previously reported studies...
September 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881490/diabetic-retinopathy-screening-using-deep-neural-network
#8
Nishanthan Ramachandran, Hong Sheng Chiong, Mary Jane Sime, Graham A Wilson
Importance There is a burgeoning interest in the use of deep neural network in diabetic retinal screening. BACKGROUND: To determine whether a deep neural network could satisfactorily detect diabetic retinopathy that requires referral to an ophthalmologist from a local diabetic retinal screening programme and an international database. Design Retrospective audit Samples Diabetic retinal photos from Otago database photographed during October 2016 (485 photos); and 1200 photos from Messidor international database...
September 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881411/are-cataract-surgery-referrals-to-public-hospitals-in-australia-poorly-targeted
#9
Vu Quang Do, Peter McCluskey, Anna Palagyi, Fiona J Stapleton, Andrew White, Nicole Carnt, Lisa Keay
Importance Referral letters constitute the first step on the pathway to cataract surgery, however little is known on how effective referral letters are in providing adequate information to triage patients and inform surgical prioritisation. BACKGROUND: Benchmarking exercises are important to document referral processes and to identify areas where improvements can be made. Design Cross-sectional study with longitudinal follow-up conducted at two metropolitan public hospitals in New South Wales, Australia...
September 7, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862378/why-aren-t-we-prescribing-more-valaciclovir-for-herpes-infections-of-the-eye-is-it-time-for-a-change-of-practice-in-new-zealand
#10
LETTER
Elizabeth Conner, Sacha Moore
Based on the Herpetic Eye Disease Study,(1) aciclovir has been used in the prevention of recurrent Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) keratitis for nearly 20 years.(2) At that time aciclovir (Zovirax) and topical trifluridine (Viroptic) were the medications available for use. Based on clinical evidence, oral aciclovir is also used in the treatment of Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus.
September 1, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858414/association-of-intraocular-pressure-related-factors-and-retinal-vessel-diameter-with-optic-disc-rim-area-in-subjects-with-and-without-primary-open-angle-glaucoma
#11
Qing Zhang, Catherine Jan, Chun Yu Guo, Feng Hua Wang, Yuan Bo Liang, Kai Cao, Zheng Zhang, Di Ya Yang, Ravi Thomas, Ning Li Wang
IMPORTANCE: The data may supports the notion that the mechanical and vascular mechanisms of glaucomatous injury are intertwined BACKGROUND: To study the association of intraocular pressure (IOP) related factors, IOP, trans-lamina cribrosa pressure difference (TLCPD), cerebrospinal fluid pressure (CSFP) and retinal vessel diameters (RVD), central retinal arteriolar equivalent (CRAE), central retinal venular equivalent (CRVE) with neuro-retinal rim area (RA). DESIGN: A population-based, cross-sectional study PARTICIPANTS: 6830 people aged 30 years and over...
August 31, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842960/pre-operative-risk-stratification-of-646-cataract-cases-at-waikato-hospital-new-zealand
#12
LETTER
Lewis Lam, Benjamin Hoy
This article reports the results of a single-centre study which has applied prospective risk analysis to predict posterior capsule rupture or vitreous loss (PCR/VL) during cataract surgery at a tertiary teaching centre in New Zealand; this risk analysis was used to select cases for trainees based on risk of complications. Data was collected at Waikato Public Hospital from July 2014 to May 2017. A total of 646 cases were recorded for 9 surgeons: 1 consultant, 5 senior registrars and 3 junior registrars.
August 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842956/clinical-and-social-characteristics-associated-with-reduced-visual-acuity-at-presentation-in-australian-patients-with-neovascular-age-related-macular-degeneration-a-prospective-study-from-a-long-term-observational-dataset-the-fight-retinal-blindness-project
#13
Vuong Nguyen, Vincent Daien, Robyn H Guymer, Ian L McAllister, Nigel Morlet, Daniel Barthelmes, Mark C Gillies
IMPORTANCE: Identifying variables that influence presenting visual acuity (VA) in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) is important because it is a strong predictor of long-term outcomes. BACKGROUND: To assess the clinical and social characteristics associated with low presenting VA in nAMD patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis from a prospective, observational database. PARTICIPANTS: We identified 3242 treatment-naïve patients from 54 Australian practices in the Fight Retinal Blindness! registry...
August 25, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842945/minimal-iris-touch-excision-mite-a-novel-surgical-technique-for-local-excision-of-iris-melanoma
#14
LETTER
Jay J Meyer, Thiyaga Krishnan, Charles Nj McGhee
Surgical treatments of iris melanoma are aimed at complete resection with minimal manipulation or tumor disruption.(1) Sector iridectomy is a standard surgical intervention for circumscribed iris tumors without seeding or involvement of the iris root. We describe a novel, minimal-touch, variation of sector iridectomy for the excision of circumscribed iris lesions performed in three patients with iris tumors suspicious for melanoma.
August 25, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842942/risk-factors-of-age-related-cataract-in-a-chinese-adult-population-the-taizhou-eye-study
#15
Yating Tang, Xiaofeng Wang, Jiucun Wang, Li Jin, Wei Huang, Yi Luo, Yi Lu
IMPORTANCE: Cataract risk factors data will provide epidemic evidence for cataract prevention. BACKGROUND: To study the risk factors for age-related cataract (ARC) in a Chinese adult population. DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: 10,234 eligible subjects ≥45 years old (response rate 78.1%). METHODS: We conducted detailed eye examinations including presenting visual acuity (PVA), best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit lamp examination of lens opacities and fundus examination...
August 25, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793183/utilization-of-eye-health-care-services-in-australia-the-national-eye-health-survey
#16
Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
IMPORTANCE: National data on eye health-care service utilization will inform Australia's eye health policy. BACKGROUND: To investigate the utilization of eye health-care services by Australians. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. PARTICIPANTS: Indigenous Australians aged 40 years and older and non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years and older. METHODS: One thousand seven hundred thirty-eight Indigenous Australians and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians were recruited from 30 randomly selected sites, stratified by remoteness...
August 9, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778125/external-ophthalmomyiasis-caused-by-oestrus-ovis
#17
LETTER
K Sean Jenkins, Christopher J Layton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 4, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778114/comparison-of-hill-radial-basis-function-barrett-universal-and-current-third-generation-formulas-for-the-calculation-of-intraocular-lens-power-during-cataract-surgery
#18
Timothy V Roberts, Chris Hodge, Gerard Sutton, Michael Lawless
IMPORTANCE: This study represents a novel comparison of recently introduced intraocular lens power calculation formulas. BACKGROUND: To compare current new generation formulas for calculating the intraocular lens power for a standard cohort of patients undergoing cataract and lens replacement surgery in a private group practice in Australia. DESIGN: Retrospective case series comparison. PARTICIPANTS: Postoperative results from 400 consecutive patients undergoing implantation of an SN60WF intraocular lens post cataract removal by 12 surgeons were used...
August 4, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763832/are-we-overestimating-intraocular-pressure-in-overweight-patients
#19
LETTER
Kavita Aggarwal, Justin C Sherwin, Rashid Zia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 1, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752913/prevalence-of-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-the-australian-national-eye-health-survey
#20
Stuart Keel, Jing Xie, Joshua Foreman, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
IMPORTANCE: In Australia, knowledge of the epidemiology of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) remains scarce due to a paucity of recent population-based data. The National Eye Health Survey (NEHS, 2015-16) provides an up-to-date estimate of the prevalence of RVO in non-Indigenous and Indigenous Australian adults. BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and associations of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) in a national sample of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australian adults...
July 28, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
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