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Neurosurgical Focus

Mayur Sharma, Beatrice Ugiliweneza, Zaid Aljuboori, Maxwell Boakye
OBJECTIVE Opioid abuse is highly prevalent in patients with back pain. The aim of this study was to identify health care utilization and overall costs associated with opioid dependence in patients undergoing surgery for degenerative spondylolisthesis (DS). METHODS The authors queried the MarketScan database using ICD-9 and CPT-4 codes from 2000 to 2012. Opioid dependency was defined as having a diagnosis of opioid use disorder, having a prescription for opioid use disorder, or having 10 or more opioid prescriptions...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Brian C F Chan, B Catharine Craven, Julio C Furlan
OBJECTIVE Acute spine trauma (AST) has a relatively low incidence, but it often results in substantial individual impairments and societal economic burden resulting from the associated disability. Given the key role of neurosurgeons in the decision-making regarding operative management of individuals with AST, the authors performed a systematic search with scoping synthesis of relevant literature to review current knowledge regarding the economic burden of AST. METHODS This systematic review with scoping synthesis included original articles reporting cost-effectiveness, cost-utility, cost-benefit, cost-minimization, cost-comparison, and economic analyses related to surgical management of AST, whereby AST is defined as trauma to the spine that may result in spinal cord injury with motor, sensory, and/or autonomic impairment...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Meic H Schmidt, Frederick A Boop, Neil A Martin, Jonathan R Slotkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Sumit Thakar, Niranjana Rajagopal, Subramaniyan Mani, Maya Shyam, Saritha Aryan, Arun S Rao, Rakshith Srinivasa, Dilip Mohan, Alangar S Hegde
OBJECTIVE The utility of telemedicine (TM) in neurosurgery is underexplored, with most of the studies relating to teletrauma or telestroke programs. In this study, the authors evaluate the cost-effectiveness of TM consultations for follow-up care of a large population of patients who underwent neurosurgical procedures. METHODS A decision-analytical model was used to assess the cost-effectiveness of TM for elective post-neurosurgical care patients from a predominantly nonurban cohort in West Bengal, India. The model compared TM care via a nodal center in West Bengal to routine, in-person, per-episode care at the provider site in Bangalore, India...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Shelly D Timmons
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Joseph A Osorio, Michael M Safaee, Jennifer Viner, Sujatha Sankaran, Sarah Imershein, Ezekiel Adigun, Gabriela Weigel, Mitchel S Berger, Michael W McDermott
OBJECTIVE The authors' institution is in the top 5th percentile for hospital cost in the nation, and the neurointensive care unit (NICU) is one of the costliest units. The NICU is more expensive than other units because of lower staff/patient ratio and because of the equipment necessary to monitor patient care. The cost differential between the NICU and Neuro transitional care unit (NTCU) is $1504 per day. The goal of this study was to evaluate and to pilot a program to improve efficiency and lower cost by modifying the postoperative care of patients who have undergone a craniotomy, sending them to the NTCU as opposed to the NICU...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Arvin R Wali, Michael G Brandel, David R Santiago-Dieppa, Robert C Rennert, Jeffrey A Steinberg, Brian R Hirshman, James D Murphy, Alexander A Khalessi
OBJECTIVE Markov modeling is a clinical research technique that allows competing medical strategies to be mathematically assessed in order to identify the optimal allocation of health care resources. The authors present a review of the recently published neurosurgical literature that employs Markov modeling and provide a conceptual framework with which to evaluate, critique, and apply the findings generated from health economics research. METHODS The PubMed online database was searched to identify neurosurgical literature published from January 2010 to December 2017 that had utilized Markov modeling for neurosurgical cost-effectiveness studies...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Arjun Vivek Pendharkar, Paymon Garakani Rezaii, Allen Lin Ho, Eric Scott Sussman, David Arnold Purger, Anand Veeravagu, John Kevin Ratliff, Atman Mukesh Desai
OBJECTIVE There has been considerable debate about the utility of the operating microscope in lumbar discectomy and its effect on outcomes and cost. METHODS A commercially available longitudinal database was used to identify patients undergoing discectomy with or without use of a microscope between 2007 and 2015. Propensity matching was performed to normalize differences between demographics and comorbidities in the 2 cohorts. Outcomes, complications, and cost were subsequently analyzed using bivariate analysis...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Xinli You, Boon S Liew, Azmin K Rosman, Dcsn, Kamarul Imran Musa, Zamzuri Idris
OBJECTIVE Traumatic brain injury due to road traffic accidents occurs mainly in the younger age group in which injury-related disability leads to long-term impact on employment and economic and social consequences across the lifespan. This study was designed to assign a monetary cost (in Malaysian ringgits [RM]) to the treatment of patients with surgically treated isolated traumatic head injury as determined up to 1 year after injury. METHODS Relevant resource items used were identified and valued using the direct measurement of costs method, cost accounting methods, standard unit costs method, fees, charges and/or market prices method...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Spencer Twitchell, Hussam Abou-Al-Shaar, Jared Reese, Michael Karsy, Ilyas M Eli, Jian Guan, Philipp Taussky, William T Couldwell
OBJECTIVE With the continuous rise of health care costs, hospitals and health care providers must find ways to reduce costs while maintaining high-quality care. Comparing surgical and endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms may offer direction in reducing health care costs. The Value-Driven Outcomes (VDO) database at the University of Utah identifies cost drivers and tracks changes over time. In this study, the authors evaluate specific cost drivers for surgical clipping and endovascular management (i...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Seungwon Yoon, Michael A Mooney, Michael A Bohl, John P Sheehy, Peter Nakaji, Andrew S Little, Michael T Lawton
OBJECTIVE With drastic changes to the health insurance market, patient cost sharing has significantly increased in recent years. However, the patient financial burden, or out-of-pocket (OOP) costs, for surgical procedures is poorly understood. The goal of this study was to analyze patient OOP spending in cranial neurosurgery and identify drivers of OOP spending growth. METHODS For 6569 consecutive patients who underwent cranial neurosurgery from 2013 to 2016 at the authors' institution, the authors created univariate and multivariate mixed-effects models to investigate the effect of patient demographic and clinical factors on patient OOP spending...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Sumeet Vadera, Alvin Y Chan, Lilit Mnatsankanyan, Mona Sazgar, Indranil Sen-Gupta, Jack Lin, Frank P K Hsu
OBJECTIVE Surgical treatment of patients with medically refractory focal epilepsy is underutilized. Patients may lack access to surgically proficient centers. The University of California, Irvine (UCI) entered strategic partnerships with 2 epilepsy centers with limited surgical capabilities. A formal memorandum of understanding (MOU) was created to provide epilepsy surgery to patients from these centers. METHODS The authors analyzed UCI surgical and financial data associated with patients undergoing epilepsy surgery between September 2012 and June 2016, before and after institution of the MOU...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Tarek Abuelem, David Dornbos, Adam Arthur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Michael M Safaee, Cecilia L Dalle Ore, Corinna C Zygourakis, Vedat Deviren, Christopher P Ames
OBJECTIVE Proximal junctional kyphosis (PJK) is a well-recognized complication of surgery for adult spinal deformity and is characterized by increased kyphosis at the upper instrumented vertebra (UIV). PJK prevention strategies have the potential to decrease morbidity and cost by reducing rates of proximal junctional failure (PJF), which the authors define as radiographic PJK plus clinical sequelae requiring revision surgery. METHODS The authors performed an analysis of 195 consecutive patients with adult spinal deformity...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Arjun Vivek Pendharkar, Maryam Nour Shahin, Allen Lin Ho, Eric Scott Sussman, David Arnold Purger, Anand Veeravagu, John Kevin Ratliff, Atman Mukesh Desai
Spine surgery is a key target for cost reduction within the United States health care system. One possible strategy involves the transition of inpatient surgeries to the ambulatory setting. Lumbar laminectomy with or without discectomy, lumbar fusion, anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, and cervical disc arthroplasty all represent promising candidates for outpatient surgeries in select populations. In this focused review, the authors clarify the different definitions used in studies describing outpatient spine surgery...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Won Hyung A Ryu, Michael M H Yang, Sandeep Muram, W Bradley Jacobs, Steven Casha, Jay Riva-Cambrin
OBJECTIVE As the cost of health care continues to increase, there is a growing emphasis on evaluating the relative economic value of treatment options to guide resource allocation. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the current evidence regarding the cost-effectiveness of cranial neurosurgery procedures. METHODS The authors performed a systematic review of the literature using PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library, focusing on themes of economic evaluation and cranial neurosurgery following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) guidelines...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Nicole A Silva, Belinda Shao, Michael J Sylvester, Jean Anderson Eloy, Chirag D Gandhi
OBJECTIVE Observation and neurosurgical intervention for unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) in the elderly population is rapidly increasing. Cerebral aneurysm coiling (CACo) is favored over cerebral aneurysm clipping (CAC) in elderly patients, yet some elderly individuals still undergo CAC. The cost-effectiveness of treating UIAs requires further exploration. Understanding the effect of intervention on hospital charges and length of stay (LOS) as well as perioperative mortality and complications can further shed light on its economic impact...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Zachary S Hubbard, Tsun Yee Law, Samuel Rosas, Sarah C Jernigan, Harvey Chim
OBJECTIVE The epidemiology of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) has been extensively researched. However, data describing the economic burden of CTS is limited. The purpose of this study was to quantify the disease burden of CTS and determine the economic benefit of its surgical management. METHODS The authors utilized the PearlDiver database to identify the number of individuals with CTS in the Medicare patient population, and then utilized CPT codes to identify which individuals underwent surgical management. These data were used to calculate the total number of disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) associated with CTS...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
Spencer Twitchell, Michael Karsy, Jared Reese, Jian Guan, William T Couldwell, Andrew Dailey, Erica F Bisson
OBJECTIVE Efforts to examine the value of care-combining both costs and quality-are gaining importance in the current health care climate. This thrust is particularly evident in treating common spinal disease where both incidences and costs are generally high and practice patterns are variable. It is often challenging to obtain direct surgical costs for these analyses, which hinders the understanding of cost drivers and cost variation. Using a novel tool, the authors sought to understand the costs of posterior lumbar arthrodesis with interbody devices...
May 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
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