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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876409/poor-quality-prenatal-dietary-patterns-are-related-to-the-mental-health-of-mothers-and-children-could-dietary-improvement-break-the-cycle
#1
Samantha L Dawson, Wolfgang Marx, Felice Jacka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876408/mental-health-problems-among-medical-students-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
João P Pacheco, Henrique T Giacomin, Wilson W Tam, Tássia B Ribeiro, Claudia Arab, Italla M Bezerra, Gustavo C Pinasco
Objective: To provide a comprehensive picture of mental health problems (MHPs) in Brazilian medical students by documenting their prevalence and association with co-factors. Methods: We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases for cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of MHPs among medical students in Brazil published before September 29, 2016. We pooled prevalences using a random-effects meta-analysis, and summarized factors associated with MHP...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876407/alcohol-related-blackouts-among-college-students-impact-of-low-level-of-response-to-alcohol-ethnicity-sex-and-environmental-characteristics
#3
Priscila D Gonçalves, Tom L Smith, Robert M Anthenelli, George Danko, Marc A Schuckit
Objective: To explore how a genetically-influenced characteristic (the level of response to alcohol [LR]), ethnicity, and sex relate to environmental and attitudinal characteristics (peer drinking [PEER], drinking to cope [COPE], and alcohol expectancies [EXPECT]) regarding future alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs). Methods: Structural equation models (SEMs) were used to evaluate how baseline variables related to ARB patterns in 462 college students over 55 weeks...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876380/portuguese-and-brazilian-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-depression-exercise-as-medicine
#4
Lara F Carneiro, Maria P Mota, Felipe Schuch, Andrea Deslandes, José Vasconcelos-Raposo
Depression is a psychiatric disorder and major contributor to the burden of disease worldwide. The strength of evidence of the benefits of exercise as a therapeutic intervention for patients with depression has expanded in the last 30 years. In fact, the available evidence indicates exercise can not only help manage depressive symptoms, but also effect significant improvements in other health outcomes. Clinical guidelines including such recommendations have been issued by different agencies, namely the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP)...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876379/clinical-outcomes-of-psychotherapy-dropouts-does-dropping-out-of-psychotherapy-necessarily-mean-failure
#5
Rodrigo T Lopes, Miguel M Gonçalves, Dana Sinai, Paulo P Machado
Objective: A large proportion of psychotherapy patients remain untreated, mostly because they drop out. This study compares the short- and long-term outcomes of patients who dropped out of psychotherapy to those of therapy completers. Methods: The sample included 63 patients (23 dropouts and 40 completers) from a controlled clinical trial, which compared narrative therapy vs. cognitive-behavioral therapy for major depressive disorder. Patients were assessed at the eighth session, post-treatment, and at 31-month follow-up...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876378/screening-for-common-mental-disorders-using-the-srq-20-in-brazil-what-are-the-alternative-strategies-for-analysis
#6
Maria B Barreto do Carmo, Leticia M Dos Santos, Caroline A Feitosa, Rosemeire L Fiaccone, Nívea B da Silva, Darci N Dos Santos, Maurício L Barreto, Leila D Amorim
Objective: To analyze the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) assessed with the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), using the established cutoff point, and comparing it with the results of a joint correspondence factor analysis (CFA) and cluster analysis and of a latent class analysis (LCA). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in an urban sample of 1,095 women aged 19 to 55 years. Joint CFA-cluster analysis and LCA were used. Results: We found a high prevalence of CMD, regardless of classification method (37...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876377/crack-cocaine-users-have-less-family-cohesion-than-alcohol-users
#7
Nino C Marchi, Juliana N Scherer, Mayra P Pachado, Luciano S Guimarães, Gerson Siegmund, Melina N de Castro, Silvia Halpern, Daniela Benzano, Maria L Formigoni, Marcelo Cruz, Flavio Pechansky, Felix H Kessler
Objective: Many studies correlate characteristics of family functioning and the development of drug addiction. This study sought to evaluate and compare the family environment styles of two groups of psychoactive substance users: 1) alcohol-only users and 2) crack-cocaine users. Methods: Three hundred and sixty-four users of alcohol, crack-cocaine, and other drugs, recruited from research centers in four Brazilian capitals participated in this study. Subjects were evaluated through the Family Environment Scale and the Addiction Severity Index, 6th version (ASI-6)...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832751/analysis-of-suicide-mortality-in-brazil-spatial-distribution-and-socioeconomic-context
#8
Ana P Dantas, Ulicélia N de Azevedo, Aryelly D Nunes, Ana E Amador, Marilane V Marques, Isabelle R Barbosa
Objective: To perform a spatial analysis of suicide mortality and its correlation with socioeconomic indicators in Brazilian municipalities. Methods: This is an ecological study with Brazilian municipalities as a unit of analysis. Data on deaths from suicide and contextual variables were analyzed. The spatial distribution, intensity and significance of the clusters were analyzed with the global Moran index, MoranMap and local indicators of spatial association (LISA), seeking to identify patterns through geostatistical analysis...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832750/effectiveness-evaluation-of-mood-disorder-treatment-algorithms-in-brazilian-public-healthcare-patients
#9
Ana F Lima, Sandro R Miguel, Mírian Cohen, Jacques J Zimmermann, Flávio M Shansis, Luciane N Cruz, Patrícia K Ziegelmann, Carisi A Polanczyk, Marcelo P Fleck
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of three mood disorder treatment algorithms in a sample of patients seeking care in the Brazilian public healthcare system. Methods: A randomized pragmatic trial was conducted with an algorithm developed for treating episodes of major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar depressive episodes and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder (BD). Results: The sample consisted of 259 subjects diagnosed with BD or MDD (DSM-IV-TR)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832749/schizophrenia-and-work-aspects-related-to-job-acquisition-in-a-follow-up-study
#10
Larissa C Martini, Jair B Barbosa, Beatriz Petreche, Ana O Fonseca, Fernanda V Dos Santos, Lílian Magalhães, Alessandra G Marques, Camila Soares, Quirino Cordeiro, Cecília Attux, Rodrigo A Bressan
Objective: Work is considered one of the main forms of social organization; however, few individuals with schizophrenia find work opportunities. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between schizophrenia symptoms and job acquisition. Method: Fifty-three individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia from an outpatient treatment facility were included in an 18-month follow-up study. After enrollment, they participated in a prevocational training group...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832748/prevalence-clinical-correlates-and-maternal-psychopathology-of-deliberate-self-harm-in-children-and-early-adolescents-results-from-a-large-community-study
#11
André R Simioni, Pedro M Pan, Ary Gadelha, Gisele G Manfro, Jair J Mari, Eurípedes C Miguel, Luis A Rohde, Giovanni A Salum
Objectives: Little is known about the prevalence and correlates of deliberate self-harm (DSH) in children from low- and middle-income countries. We investigated the prevalence of DSH and its clinical and maternal psychopathological associations in Brazilian children (n=2,508, ages 6-14y) in a community-based study. Methods: Participants of the High Risk Cohort Study for the Development of Childhood Psychiatric Disorders (HRC) and their mothers were assessed in structured interviews...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700015/telomere-length-and-htert-in-mania-and-subsequent-remission
#12
Rugül Köse Çinar
Objective: The findings of telomere length (TL) studies in bipolar disorder (BD) are controversial. The aim of the present study was to detect TL, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in severe mania and subsequent remission. Methods: Twenty-one medication-free male patients and 20 age and gender matched controls were recruited. The patients were followed in the inpatient clinic, and comparisons were made between the same patients in their remission state and controls...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700014/predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-facility-in-a-general-hospital-a-prospective-study
#13
Fernanda L Baeza, Neusa S da Rocha, Marcelo P Fleck
Objective: There have been significant reductions in numbers of psychiatric beds and length of stay (LOS) worldwide, making LOS in psychiatric beds an interesting outcome. The objective of this study was to find factors measurable on admission that would predict LOS in the acute psychiatric setting. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study. Results: Overall, 385 subjects were included. The median LOS was 25 days. In the final model, six variables explained 14...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700013/correlations-between-caregiver-psychiatric-symptoms-and-offspring-psychopathology-in-a-low-resource-setting
#14
Camila T Matsuzaka, Milton L Wainberg, Andrea Norcini Pala, Elis V Hoffmann, Bruno M Coimbra, Rosaly F Braga, Cristiane S Duarte, Annika C Sweetland, Marcelo F Mello
Objective: Associations between parental/caregiver depression and adverse child outcomes are well established and have been described through one or more mechanisms: child psychopathology following exposure to a depressed caregiver, child psychopathology exacerbating a caregiver's depression, and caregiver and offspring depression sharing the same etiology. Data from low and middle-income countries is scarce. We examined correlations between common symptoms of mental disorders in caregivers and their offspring's psychopathology in a Brazilian sample...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813121/impairments-of-kleptomania-what-are-they
#15
LETTER
Hyoun S Kim, Aparecida Rangon Christianini, David C Hodgins, Hermano Tavares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813120/psychosis-glia-immunity-and-melatonin
#16
LETTER
George Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813119/biomarkers-in-first-degree-relatives-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-what-can-they-tell-us
#17
LETTER
Gabriel R Fries, Joao Quevedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813118/bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-and-memory-performance-in-older-adults-the-met-carrier-effect-is-more-complex-than-previously-thought-authors-reply
#18
LETTER
Lucas A Azeredo, Tatiana De Nardi, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813117/bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-and-memory-performance-in-older-adults-the-met-carrier-effect-is-more-complex-than-previously-thought
#19
LETTER
Eugene Lipov, Kenneth Candido
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813116/analyzing-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-bipolar-disorder-authors-reply
#20
LETTER
Florencia M Barbé-Tuana, Mariana M Parisi, Bruna S Panizzutti, Gabriel R Fries, Lucas K Grun, Fátima T Guma, Flávio Kapczinski, Michael Berk, Clarissa S Gama, Adriane R Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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