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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898197/sexual-compulsivity-anxiety-depression-and-sexual-risk-behavior-among-treatment-seeking-men-in-s%C3%A3-o-paulo-brazil
#1
Marco D T Scanavino, Ana Ventuneac, Carmita H N Abdo, Hermano Tavares, Maria L S Amaral, Bruna Messina, Sirlene C Reis, João P L B Martins, Jeffrey T Parsons
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of studies on negative mood states and sexual risk behavior in men of all sexual orientations who seek treatment for excessive sexual behavior (ESB). We aim to examine sexual compulsivity (SC), anxiety, depression, and sexual risk behavior in a treatment-seeking sample of men and controls. METHODS: We enrolled 88 (37 [42%] gay or bisexual and 51 [58%] heterosexual) ESB outpatients and 64 controls. Assessments included the Sexual Compulsivity Scale (SCS), the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and sexual risk behaviors...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898196/pituitary-gland-volumes-in-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-before-and-after-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#2
Murad Atmaca, Hanefi Yildirim, Seda Yilmaz, Neslihan Caglar, Sema Baykara, Yasemin Kekilli, Filiz Koseoglu, Hakan Turkcapar
OBJECTIVE: The beneficial effects of psychopharmacological and cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) on the brain are not well understood. In a previous study, we found smaller pituitary volumes in patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of CBT on pituitary gland volume. METHODS: A total of 81 patients with various anxiety disorders and the same number of healthy controls underwent magnetic resonance imaging, and their pituitary gland volumes were compared at baseline...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898195/psychometric-properties-of-the-modified-yale-food-addiction-scale-2-0-in-a-large-brazilian-sample
#3
Paulo R Nunes-Neto, Cristiano A Köhler, Felipe B Schuch, João Quevedo, Marco Solmi, Andrea Murru, Eduard Vieta, Michael Maes, Brendon Stubbs, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: The field of food addiction has attracted growing research attention. The modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2.0 (mYFAS 2.0) is a screening tool based on DSM-5 criteria for substance use disorders. However, there is no validated instrument to assess food addiction. METHODS: The mYFAS 2.0 has been transculturally adapted to Brazilian Portuguese. The data for this study was obtained through an anonymous web-based research platform: participants provided sociodemographic data and answered Brazilian versions of the the mYFAS 2...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898194/potential-antidepressant-effect-of-amantadine-a-review-of-preclinical-studies-and-clinical-trials
#4
Inara F Raupp-Barcaro, Maria A Vital, José C Galduróz, Roberto Andreatini
OBJECTIVE: Amantadine blocks N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors and has dopaminergic and noradrenergic action, a neurochemical profile that suggests its potential as an antidepressant drug. We conducted a systematic review of preclinical and clinical studies addressing the effects of amantadine in animal models of depression and in patients with depression. METHODS: PubMed, Science Direct, and Web of Science were searched up to September 1, 2017 to identify clinical and preclinical studies...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898193/gender-related-dimensions-of-childhood-adversities-in-the-general-population
#5
Bruno M Coêlho, Geilson L Santana, Maria C Viana, Laura H Andrade, Yuan-Pang Wang
OBJECTIVE: Childhood adversities (CAs) comprise a group of negative experiences individuals may suffer in their lifetimes. The goal of the present study was to investigate the cluster discrimination of CAs through psychometric determination of the common attributes of such experiences for men and women. METHODS: Parental mental illness, substance misuse, criminality, death, divorce, other parental loss, family violence, physical abuse, sexual abuse, neglect, physical illness, and economic adversity were assessed in a general-population sample (n=5,037)...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898192/effects-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-on-neurotrophic-factors-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#6
Sally K da Silva, Carolina Wiener, Gabriele Ghisleni, Jean P Oses, Karen Jansen, Mariane L Molina, Ricardo Silva, Luciano D Souza
OBJECTIVE: To correlate neurotrophic factors - brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and beta-nerve growth factor (beta-NGF) - and severity of depressive symptoms in patients diagnosed with major depressive disorder (MDD) undergoing cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). METHODS: In this quasi-experimental study, participants were selected by convenience and received 16 sessions of CBT. The outcomes of interest were severity of depressive symptoms and changes in neurotrophic factor levels after CBT...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898191/satisfaction-and-burden-of-mental-health-personnel-data-from-healthcare-services-for-substance-users-and-their-families
#7
Juliana B Hilgert, Augusto B Bidinotto, Mayra P Pachado, Letícia S Fara, Lisia von Diemen, Raquel B De Boni, Mary C Bozzetti, Flávio Pechansky
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate satisfaction and burden of mental health personnel providing mental health services for substance users and their families. METHOD: Five hundred twenty-seven mental health workers who provide treatment for substance users in five Brazilian states were interviewed. Data on sociodemographic characteristics and measures of satisfaction (SATIS-BR) and burden of mental health personnel (IMPACTO-BR) were collected. RESULTS: Type of mental health service and educational attainment were associated with degree of satisfaction and burden...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898190/obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-children-with-first-degree-relatives-diagnosed-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#8
Priscila Chacon, Elisa Bernardes, Lívia Faggian, Marcelo Batistuzzo, Tais Moriyama, Eurípedes C Miguel, Guilherme V Polanczyk
OBJECTIVE: A first-degree relative affected by obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive symptoms (OCS) in childhood is an important risk factor for developing the disorder in adulthood. The relationship between a family history of OCD and the presence of OCS and its correlates in childhood is not well established. METHODS: A total of 66 children whose parents or siblings have been diagnosed with OCD were assessed for the presence of OCS and clinical correlates...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898189/cross-cultural-adaptation-validity-and-reliability-of-the-parenting-styles-and-dimensions-questionnaire-short-version-psdq-for-use-in-brazil
#9
Thaís D Oliveira, Danielle de S Costa, Maicon R Albuquerque, Leandro F Malloy-Diniz, Débora M Miranda, Jonas J de Paula
OBJECTIVE: The Parenting Styles and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) is used worldwide to assess three styles (authoritative, authoritarian, and permissive) and seven dimensions of parenting. In this study, we adapted the short version of the PSDQ for use in Brazil and investigated its validity and reliability. METHODS: Participants were 451 mothers of children aged 3 to 18 years, though sample size varied with analyses. The translation and adaptation of the PSDQ followed a rigorous methodological approach...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898188/comorbid-addictive-behaviors-in-disordered-gamblers-with-psychosis
#10
Hyoun S Kim, Briana D Cassetta, David C Hodgins, Daniel S McGrath, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Hermano Tavares
OBJECTIVE: While it has been shown that disordered gamblers with psychosis are at increased risk for comorbid psychopathology, it is unclear whether this dual-diagnosis population is also at greater risk of problematic engagement with comorbid addictive behaviors. METHODS: We tested for association between disordered gambling with psychosis and comorbid addictive behaviors in a sample of 349 treatment-seeking disordered gamblers. RESULTS: Twenty-five (7...
June 11, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846470/positive-response-to-clozapine-augmentation-in-a-patient-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-complicated-by-a-tardive-movement-disorder
#11
Trino Baptista, José de Leon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846469/discriminant-analysis-of-caregivers-psychiatric-symptoms-according-to-offspring-psychopathology
#12
Camila T Matsuzaka, Milton L Wainberg, Andrea Norcini Pala, Marcelo F Mello
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846468/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-major-depression-during-pregnancy
#13
Ygor Arzeno Ferrão, Renata de Melo Felipe da Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412334/gender-differences-of-cannabis-smoking-on-serum-leptin-levels-population-based-study
#14
Fernanda P Moreira, Carolina D Wiener, Jacqueline F de Oliveira, Luciano D M Souza, Ricardo A da Silva, Luis V Portela, Diogo R Lara, Karen Jansen, Jean Pierre Oses
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the serum leptin levels in cannabis smokers. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional population-based study of participants between the ages of 18 and 35 years. The data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire covering sociodemographic data and the use of psychoactive substances. Leptin levels were measured using a commercial ELISA kit. RESULTS: Of the 911 participants, 6.7% were identified as cannabis smokers and had significantly lower leptin levels (p = 0...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267602/conceptions-and-practices-of-an-integrative-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-involving-amazonian-medicine-traditional-healers-perspectives
#15
Ilana Berlowitz, Christian Ghasarian, Heinrich Walt, Fernando Mendive, Vanessa Alvarado, Chantal Martin-Soelch
OBJECTIVE: The harmful use of psychoactive substances represents one of today's largest public health problems. Yet, in spite of its global relevance, current treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs) is still not entirely successful. The purpose of this study was to investigate alternative treatments and conceptions from traditional Amazonian medicine adapted to SUDs. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 13 practicing experts at a well-established addiction treatment center in the Peruvian Amazon and performed qualitative content analysis on the collected data...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236922/effects-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-amphetamine-induced-sensitization-in-mice
#16
Ana P Herrmann, Roberta Andrejew, Radharani Benvenutti, Clarissa S Gama, Elaine Elisabetsky
OBJECTIVE: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is beneficial in psychiatric conditions, including schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia exhibit mesolimbic dopamine hyperfunction consequent to an endogenous sensitization process. This sensitization can be modeled in rodents by repeated exposure to psychostimulants, provoking an enduring amplified response at subsequent exposure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of NAC on amphetamine sensitization in mice. METHODS: D-amphetamine was administered to C57BL/6 mice three times a week for 3 weeks; the dose was increased weekly from 1 to 3 mg/kg...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160337/can-parenting-practices-predict-externalizing-behavior-problems-among-children-with-hearing-impairment
#17
María J Pino, Rosa A Castillo, Antonio Raya, Javier Herruzo
OBJECTIVE: To identify possible differences in the level of externalizing behavior problems among children with and without hearing impairment and determine whether any relationship exists between this type of problem and parenting practices. METHODS: The Behavior Assessment System for Children was used to evaluate externalizing variables in a sample of 118 boys and girls divided into two matched groups: 59 with hearing disorders and 59 normal-hearing controls. RESULTS: Significant between-group differences were found in hyperactivity, behavioral problems, and externalizing problems, but not in aggression...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069253/plasma-il-17a-levels-in-patients-with-late-life-depression
#18
Smita Saraykar, Bo Cao, Lucelia S Barroso, Kelly S Pereira, Laiss Bertola, Mariana Nicolau, Jessica D Ferreira, Natalia S Dias, Erica L Vieira, Antonio L Teixeira, Ana Paula M Silva, Breno S Diniz
OBJECTIVE: A consistent body of research has confirmed that patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have increased concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, the soluble IL-2 receptor, and C-reactive protein, compared to controls; however, there is limited information on IL-17A in MDD. Moreover, information about IL-17A in older populations, i.e., patients with late-life depression (LLD), is conspicuously missing from the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of IL-17A in LLD...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069252/stress-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-migrants-a-comprehensive-review
#19
REVIEW
Lineth H U Bustamante, Raphael O Cerqueira, Emilie Leclerc, Elisa Brietzke
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence supporting the association between migration and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Considering the growing population of migrants and the particularities of providing culturally sensitive mental health care for these persons, clinicians should be kept up to date with the latest information regarding this topic. The objective of this study was to critically review the literature regarding migration, trauma and PTSD, and mental health services. METHODS: The PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and ISI Web of Science databases were searched for articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish, or French, and indexed from inception to 2017...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977069/gender-incongruence-a-comparative-study-using-icd-10-and-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bianca M Soll, Rebeca Robles-García, Angelo Brandelli-Costa, Daniel Mori, Andressa Mueller, Anna M Vaitses-Fontanari, Dhiordan Cardoso-da-Silva, Karine Schwarz, Maiko Abel-Schneider, Alexandre Saadeh, Maria-Inês-Rodrigues Lobato
OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of criteria listed in the DSM-5 and ICD-10 diagnostic manuals in a Brazilian sample of transgender persons seeking health services specifically for physical transition. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study included a sample of 103 subjects who sought services for gender identity disorder in two main reference centers in Brazil. The method involved a structured interview encompassing the diagnostic criteria in the two manuals...
April 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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