Read by QxMD icon Read

Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

Gustavo C Oliveira, Alexandre M Valença, Talvane M de Moraes, Mauro V Mendlowicz, Miles C Forrest, Fred F Batista, Gabriella A Mendes, Tiago N Lima, Vinicius R Gonçalves, Kátia Mecler
Objectives: To evaluate factors related to dangerousness cessation at the end of involuntary commitment based on an analysis of expert reports. In light of the current legal requirement of dangerousness cessation as a pre-requisite for prison or internment release of individuals subjected to the safety measure, we sought elements to reflect on the practice of expert examiners in charge of making this decision. Methods: The authors revised 224 expert psychiatric dangerousness cessation reports released 2011 through 2014 and collected data for a statistical analysis...
September 29, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Elisa Brietzke, Adriane R Rosa, Mariana Pedrini, Mariane N Noto, Flavio Kapczinski, Jan Scott
Recently, attention in the field of bipolar disorder (BD) has focused on prevention, including early detection and intervention, as these strategies have the potential to delay, lessen the severity, or even prevent full-blown episodes of BD. Although knowledge of the neurobiology of BD has advanced substantially in the last two decades, most research was conducted with chronic patients. The objective of this paper is to comprehensively review the literature regarding the early stages of BD, to explore recent discoveries on the neurobiology of these stages, and to discuss implications for research and clinical care...
August 11, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Ivan R Zimmermann, Marcus T Silva, Tais F Galvao, Mauricio G Pereira
Objective: To estimate and compare the effect of self-reported long-term health conditions and sociodemographic factors on perceived health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Methods: A population-based survey of adults (18 to 65 years) living in Brasilia, Brazil, was conducted in 2012. Descriptive and multivariate analyses using a Tobit model were performed with data on sociodemographic variables, self-reported conditions, and the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D) health states, providing utility scores (preferred health state) between 0 and 1 for HRQoL estimates...
August 11, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Sabrina B de Freitas, Alessandra A Marques, Mário C Bevilaqua, Marcele Regine de Carvalho, Pedro Ribeiro, Stephen Palmer, Antonio E Nardi, Gisele P Dias
Objective: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent psychiatric condition characterized by multiple symptoms that cause great distress. Uncovering the brain areas involved in MDD is essential for improving therapeutic strategies and predicting response to interventions. This systematic review discusses recent findings regarding cortical alterations in depressed patients during emotional or cognitive tasks, as measured by electroencephalography (EEG). Methods: A search of the MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane databases was carried out using the keywords EEG and depression, confined to article title...
August 4, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Patrícia J Peter, Christian L de Mola, Mariana B de Matos, Fábio M Coelho, Karen A Pinheiro, Ricardo A da Silva, Rochele D Castelli, Ricardo T Pinheiro, Luciana A Quevedo
Objective: To evaluate the association between perceived social support and anxiety disorders in pregnant adolescents. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study with a sample of 871 pregnant women aged 10 to 19 years who received prenatal care in the national public health care system in the urban area of Pelotas, state of Rio Grande do Sul, southern Brazil. We assessed perceived social support and anxiety disorders using the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey and the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview...
August 4, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Felipe B Schuch, Davy Vancampfort, Simon Rosenbaum, Justin Richards, Philip B Ward, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Eduardo L Cadore, Brendon Stubbs
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the antidepressant effects of exercise in older adults, using randomized controlled trial (RCT) data. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of exercise in older adults, addressing limitations of previous works. RCTs of exercise interventions in older people with depression (≥ 60 years) comparing exercise vs. control were eligible. A random-effects meta-analysis calculating the standardized mean difference (SMD) (95% confidence interval [95%CI]), meta-regressions, and trim, fill, and fail-safe number analyses were conducted...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
July S Gomes, Daniella V Ducos, Henrique Akiba, Álvaro M Dias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Lineth Hiordana Ugarte Bustamante, Emilie Leclerc, Jair de Jesus Mari, Elisa Brietzke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Jonas J de Paula, Leandro F Malloy-Diniz, Marco A Romano-Silva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Marina D Mochcovitch, Andréa C Deslandes, Raphael C Freire, Rafael F Garcia, Antonio E Nardi
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety symptoms are common in older adults with or without anxiety disorders. Pharmacological options may be limited for these patients. Alternative treatments, such as physical activity (PA), are often indicated, although few trials have evaluated their efficacy. The aim of this review was to evaluate the efficacy of regular PA on improving anxiety symptoms in older adults without anxiety disorders. Potential neuroendocrine, inflammatory, and oxidative mechanisms, as well as cognitive factors to explain these effects are also discussed...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Sandra Hernández, Beatriz Camarena, Laura González, Alejandro Caballero, Griselda Flores, Alejandro Aguilar
OBJECTIVE: To explore the association of three polymorphisms of the serotonin receptor 1Dβ gene (HTR1B) in the etiology of eating disorders and their relationship with clinical characteristics. METHODS: We analyzed the G861C, A-161T, and A1180G polymorphisms of the HTR1B gene through a family-based association test (FBAT) in 245 nuclear families. The sample was stratified into anorexia nervosa (AN) spectrum and bulimia nervosa (BN) spectrum. In addition, we performed a quantitative FBAT analysis of anxiety severity, depression severity, and Yale-Brown-Cornell Eating Disorders Scale (YBC-EDS) in the AN and BN-spectrum groups...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
William Simpson, Meir Steiner, Marg Coote, Benicio N Frey
OBJECTIVE: Perinatal depressive symptoms often co-occur with other inflammatory morbidities of pregnancy. The goals of our study were 1) to examine whether changes in inflammatory markers from the third trimester of pregnancy to 12 weeks postpartum were associated with changes in depressive symptoms; 2) to examine whether third trimester inflammatory markers alone were predictive of postpartum depressive symptoms; and 3) to examine the relationship between inflammatory markers and depressive symptoms during the third trimester of pregnancy and at 12 weeks postpartum...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Juliana Augusta Garcia, Maria Teresa Lourenço, Jair de Jesus Mari
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Jonas J de Paula, Maicon R Albuquerque, Guilherme M Lage, Maria A Bicalho, Marco A Romano-Silva, Leandro F Malloy-Diniz
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive impairment is a hallmark of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease dementia (AD). Although the cognitive profile of these patients and its association with activities of daily living (ADLs) is well documented, few studies have assessed deficits in fine motor dexterity and their association with ADL performance. The objective of this research paper is to evaluate fine motor dexterity performance among MCI and AD patients and to investigate its association with different aspects of ADLs...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Luiz Gustavo Ruas, Breno S Diniz, Josélia O Firmo, Sérgio V Peixoto, Juliana V Mambrini, Antônio Ignácio de Loyola-Filho, Maria Fernanda Lima-Costa, Érico Castro-Costa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the moderating effect of an increasing number of clustered metabolic syndrome (MetS) components on the association between MetS and depressive symptoms in a population-based cohort of older adults in Brazil. METHODS: This analysis used data from the Bambuí Cohort Aging Study. Participants in this cross-sectional study comprised 1,469 community-dwelling older people aged ≥ 60 years. Analyses were performed to assess both the association between depressive symptoms and each individual MetS component and the association between depressive symptoms and clustering of an increasing number of MetS components...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Breno F Cruz, Camilo B de Resende, Carolina F Carvalhaes, Clareci S Cardoso, Antonio L Teixeira, Richard S Keefe, Fábio L Rocha, João V Salgado
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the correlation between quality of life, symptoms, and cognition assessed by the interview-based Schizophrenia Cognition Rating Scale (SCoRS). METHODS: Seventy-nine outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia were evaluated with the Quality of Life Scale - Brazilian version (QLS-BR), the SCoRS, and symptoms scales (Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale [PANSS]). After determining the potential explanatory variables using Spearman's correlation and Student's t test results, we ran simple, multivariate, and decision-tree regression analyses to assess the impact of SCoRS and PANSS ratings on mean overall quality of life...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Cristiane P Lázaro, Milena P Pondé, Luiz E A Rodrigues
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are characterized by deficits in the individual's ability to socialize, communicate, and use the imagination, in addition to stereotyped behaviors. These disorders have a heterogenous phenotype, both in relation to symptoms and regarding severity. Organic problems related to the gastrointestinal tract are often associated with ASD, including dysbiosis, inflammatory bowel disease, exocrine pancreatic insufficiency, celiac disease, indigestion, malabsorption, food intolerance, and food allergies, leading to vitamin deficiencies and malnutrition...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Gabriel Coutinho, Cláudia Drummond, Alina Teldeschi, Paulo Mattos
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the level of awareness of memory deficits is useful for discriminating between major depressive disorder (MDD) and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in the elderly. METHODS: Sixty-three consecutively referred patients (38 women and 25 men) with memory concerns comprising three groups (clinical control, MDD and MCI) underwent a memory test (Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test [RAVLT]) and completed the Memory Assessment Complaints-Questionnaire (MAC-Q)...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Batya Engel-Yeger, Xenia Gonda, Caterina Muzio, Giorgio Rinosi, Maurizio Pompili, Mario Amore, Gianluca Serafini
OBJECTIVE: To compare sensory processing, coping strategies, and quality of life (QoL) in unipolar and bipolar patients; to examine correlations between sensory processing and QoL; and to investigate the relative contribution of sociodemographic characteristics, sensory processing, and coping strategies to the prediction of QoL. METHODS: Two hundred sixty-seven participants, aged 16-85 years (53.6±15.7), of whom 157 had a diagnosis of unipolar major depressive disorder and 110 had bipolar disorder type I and type II, completed the Adolescent/Adult Sensory Profile, Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced, and 12-item Short-Form Health Survey version 2...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Fabiano G Nery, Alexandre D Gigante, Jose A Amaral, Francy B Fernandes, Mariangeles Berutti, Karla M Almeida, Laura Stertz, Giovana Bristot, Flavio Kapczinski, Beny Lafer
OBJECTIVE: Unaffected relatives of bipolar disorder (BD) patients have been investigated for the identification of endophenotypes in an attempt to further elucidate the pathophysiology of the disease. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is considered to be implicated in the pathophysiology of BD, but its role as an endophenotype has been poorly studied. We investigated abnormal serum BDNF levels in BD patients, in their unaffected relatives, and in healthy controls. METHODS: BDNF levels were obtained from 25 DSM-IV bipolar I disorder patients, 23 unaffected relatives, and 27 healthy controls...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"