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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069253/plasma-il-17a-levels-in-patients-with-late-life-depression
#1
Smita Saraykar, Bo Cao, Lucelia S Barroso, Kelly S Pereira, Laiss Bertola, Mariana Nicolau, Jessica D Ferreira, Natalia S Dias, Erica L Vieira, Antonio L Teixeira, Ana Paula M Silva, Breno S Diniz
OBJECTIVE: A consistent body of research has confirmed that patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have increased concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, the soluble IL-2 receptor, and C-reactive protein, compared to controls; however, there is limited information on IL-17A in MDD. Moreover, information about IL-17A in older populations, i.e., patients with late-life depression (LLD), is conspicuously missing from the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of IL-17A in LLD...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069252/stress-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-migrants-a-comprehensive-review
#2
Lineth H U Bustamante, Raphael O Cerqueira, Emilie Leclerc, Elisa Brietzke
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence supporting the association between migration and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Considering the growing population of migrants and the particularities of providing culturally sensitive mental health care for these persons, clinicians should be kept up to date with the latest information regarding this topic. The objective of this study was to critically review the literature regarding migration, trauma and PTSD, and mental health services. METHODS: The PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and ISI Web of Science databases were searched for articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish, or French, and indexed from inception to 2017...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069251/reappraising-the-dimensional-structure-of-the-ptsd-checklist-lessons-from-the-dsm-iv-based-pcl-c
#3
Michael E Reichenheim, Aline G Oliveira, Claudia L Moraes, Evandro S Coutinho, Ivan Figueira, Gustavo Lobato
OBJECTIVE: The dimensional structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been extensively debated, but the literature is still inconclusive and contains gaps that require attention. This article sheds light on hitherto unvisited methodological issues, reappraising several key models advanced for the DSM-IV-based civilian version of the PTSD Checklist (PCL-C) as to their configural and metric structures. METHODS: The sample comprised 456 women, interviewed at 6-8 weeks postpartum, who attended a high-complexity facility in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069250/dysfunctional-eating-behaviors-anxiety-and-depression-in-italian-boys-and-girls-the-role-of-mass-media
#4
Barbara Barcaccia, Viviana Balestrini, Angelo M Saliani, Roberto Baiocco, Francesco Mancini, Barry H Schneider
OBJECTIVE: Extensive research has implicated identification with characters in mass media in the emergence of disordered eating behavior in adolescents. We explored the possible influence of the models offered by television (TV) on adolescents' body image, body uneasiness, eating-disordered behavior, depression, and anxiety. METHODS: Three hundred and one adolescents (aged 14-19) from southern Italy participated. They completed a questionnaire on media exposure and body dissatisfaction, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Body Uneasiness Test, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Form Y...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977072/the-relationship-between-multiple-sclerosis-and-neuropsychiatric-syndromes
#5
James McLoughlin, Brian P Hallahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977071/when-the-past-is-present
#6
Albina R Torres, Daniel L C Costa, Eurípedes C Miguel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977070/cardiovascular-risk-and-bipolar-disorder-factors-associated-with-a-positive-coronary-calcium-score-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-type-1
#7
Aline R Wageck, Felipe S Torres, Clarissa S Gama, Dayane S Martins, Ellen Scotton, Ramiro Reckziegel, Monise Costanzi, Regis G Rosa, Flávio Kapczinski, Maurício Kunz
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with positive coronary calcium score (CCS) in individuals with bipolar disorder type 1. METHODS: Patients from the Bipolar Disorder Program at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, underwent computed tomography scanning for calcium score measurement. Clinical and sociodemographic variables were compared between patients according to their CCS status: negative (CCS = 0) or positive (CCS > 0)...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977069/gender-incongruence-a-comparative-study-using-icd-10-and-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria
#8
Bianca M Soll, Rebeca Robles-García, Angelo Brandelli-Costa, Daniel Mori, Andressa Mueller, Anna M Vaitses-Fontanari, Dhiordan Cardoso-da-Silva, Karine Schwarz, Maiko Abel-Schneider, Alexandre Saadeh, Maria-Inês-Rodrigues Lobato
OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of criteria listed in the DSM-5 and ICD-10 diagnostic manuals in a Brazilian sample of transgender persons seeking health services specifically for physical transition. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study included a sample of 103 subjects who sought services for gender identity disorder in two main reference centers in Brazil. The method involved a structured interview encompassing the diagnostic criteria in the two manuals...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977068/childhood-emotional-and-behavior-problems-and-their-associations-with-cesarean-delivery
#9
Erigene Rutayisire, Xiaoyan Wu, Kun Huang, Shuman Tao, Yunxiao Chen, Fangbiao Tao
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of childhood emotional and behavioral problems and examine their associations with cesarean delivery. METHODS: Our sample consisted of 8,900 preschoolers from 35 kindergartens in four cities in East China. Parents completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and provided other information. Children's emotional and behavioral problems were assessed using five subscales of the SDQ. Mode of delivery was classified as vaginal or cesarean section (CS); in sub-analyses, we divided CS into elective or emergency delivery...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977067/barriers-to-early-identification-of-autism-in-brazil
#10
Sabrina H Ribeiro, Cristiane S de Paula, Daniela Bordini, Jair J Mari, Sheila C Caetano
OBJECTIVE: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) seem to perceive that their child's development is not following the normal pattern as early as the first year of life. However, ASD children may not receive a diagnosis until they are of preschool age, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pathway between initial parental concerns about atypical child development and ASD diagnosis in Brazil. METHODS: Nineteen mothers whose children had been diagnosed with ASD participated and were interviewed...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977066/support-vector-machine-based-classification-of-neuroimages-in-alzheimer-s-disease-direct-comparison-of-fdg-pet-rcbf-spect-and-mri-data-acquired-from-the-same-individuals
#11
Luiz K Ferreira, Jane M Rondina, Rodrigo Kubo, Carla R Ono, Claudia C Leite, Jerusa Smid, Cassio Bottino, Ricardo Nitrini, Geraldo F Busatto, Fabio L Duran, Carlos A Buchpiguel
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first support vector machine (SVM)-based study comparing the diagnostic accuracy of T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI), F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and regional cerebral blood flow single-photon emission computed tomography (rCBF-SPECT) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHOD: Brain T1-MRI, FDG-PET and rCBF-SPECT scans were acquired from a sample of mild AD patients (n=20) and healthy elderly controls (n=18)...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876409/poor-quality-prenatal-dietary-patterns-are-related-to-the-mental-health-of-mothers-and-children-could-dietary-improvement-break-the-cycle
#12
Samantha L Dawson, Wolfgang Marx, Felice Jacka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876408/mental-health-problems-among-medical-students-in-brazil-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
João P Pacheco, Henrique T Giacomin, Wilson W Tam, Tássia B Ribeiro, Claudia Arab, Italla M Bezerra, Gustavo C Pinasco
Objective: To provide a comprehensive picture of mental health problems (MHPs) in Brazilian medical students by documenting their prevalence and association with co-factors. Methods: We systematically searched the MEDLINE/PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and PsycINFO databases for cross-sectional studies on the prevalence of MHPs among medical students in Brazil published before September 29, 2016. We pooled prevalences using a random-effects meta-analysis, and summarized factors associated with MHP...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876407/alcohol-related-blackouts-among-college-students-impact-of-low-level-of-response-to-alcohol-ethnicity-sex-and-environmental-characteristics
#14
Priscila D Gonçalves, Tom L Smith, Robert M Anthenelli, George Danko, Marc A Schuckit
Objective: To explore how a genetically-influenced characteristic (the level of response to alcohol [LR]), ethnicity, and sex relate to environmental and attitudinal characteristics (peer drinking [PEER], drinking to cope [COPE], and alcohol expectancies [EXPECT]) regarding future alcohol-related blackouts (ARBs). Methods: Structural equation models (SEMs) were used to evaluate how baseline variables related to ARB patterns in 462 college students over 55 weeks...
August 31, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876380/portuguese-and-brazilian-guidelines-for-the-treatment-of-depression-exercise-as-medicine
#15
Lara F Carneiro, Maria P Mota, Felipe Schuch, Andrea Deslandes, José Vasconcelos-Raposo
Depression is a psychiatric disorder and major contributor to the burden of disease worldwide. The strength of evidence of the benefits of exercise as a therapeutic intervention for patients with depression has expanded in the last 30 years. In fact, the available evidence indicates exercise can not only help manage depressive symptoms, but also effect significant improvements in other health outcomes. Clinical guidelines including such recommendations have been issued by different agencies, namely the UK National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE), the American Psychiatric Association (APA), and the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists (RANZCP)...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876379/clinical-outcomes-of-psychotherapy-dropouts-does-dropping-out-of-psychotherapy-necessarily-mean-failure
#16
Rodrigo T Lopes, Miguel M Gonçalves, Dana Sinai, Paulo P Machado
Objective: A large proportion of psychotherapy patients remain untreated, mostly because they drop out. This study compares the short- and long-term outcomes of patients who dropped out of psychotherapy to those of therapy completers. Methods: The sample included 63 patients (23 dropouts and 40 completers) from a controlled clinical trial, which compared narrative therapy vs. cognitive-behavioral therapy for major depressive disorder. Patients were assessed at the eighth session, post-treatment, and at 31-month follow-up...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876378/screening-for-common-mental-disorders-using-the-srq-20-in-brazil-what-are-the-alternative-strategies-for-analysis
#17
Maria B Barreto do Carmo, Leticia M Dos Santos, Caroline A Feitosa, Rosemeire L Fiaccone, Nívea B da Silva, Darci N Dos Santos, Maurício L Barreto, Leila D Amorim
Objective: To analyze the prevalence of common mental disorders (CMD) assessed with the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20), using the established cutoff point, and comparing it with the results of a joint correspondence factor analysis (CFA) and cluster analysis and of a latent class analysis (LCA). Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in an urban sample of 1,095 women aged 19 to 55 years. Joint CFA-cluster analysis and LCA were used. Results: We found a high prevalence of CMD, regardless of classification method (37...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876377/crack-cocaine-users-have-less-family-cohesion-than-alcohol-users
#18
Nino C Marchi, Juliana N Scherer, Mayra P Pachado, Luciano S Guimarães, Gerson Siegmund, Melina N de Castro, Silvia Halpern, Daniela Benzano, Maria L Formigoni, Marcelo Cruz, Flavio Pechansky, Felix H Kessler
Objective: Many studies correlate characteristics of family functioning and the development of drug addiction. This study sought to evaluate and compare the family environment styles of two groups of psychoactive substance users: 1) alcohol-only users and 2) crack-cocaine users. Methods: Three hundred and sixty-four users of alcohol, crack-cocaine, and other drugs, recruited from research centers in four Brazilian capitals participated in this study. Subjects were evaluated through the Family Environment Scale and the Addiction Severity Index, 6th version (ASI-6)...
August 30, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832751/analysis-of-suicide-mortality-in-brazil-spatial-distribution-and-socioeconomic-context
#19
Ana P Dantas, Ulicélia N de Azevedo, Aryelly D Nunes, Ana E Amador, Marilane V Marques, Isabelle R Barbosa
Objective: To perform a spatial analysis of suicide mortality and its correlation with socioeconomic indicators in Brazilian municipalities. Methods: This is an ecological study with Brazilian municipalities as a unit of analysis. Data on deaths from suicide and contextual variables were analyzed. The spatial distribution, intensity and significance of the clusters were analyzed with the global Moran index, MoranMap and local indicators of spatial association (LISA), seeking to identify patterns through geostatistical analysis...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832750/effectiveness-evaluation-of-mood-disorder-treatment-algorithms-in-brazilian-public-healthcare-patients
#20
Ana F Lima, Sandro R Miguel, Mírian Cohen, Jacques J Zimmermann, Flávio M Shansis, Luciane N Cruz, Patrícia K Ziegelmann, Carisi A Polanczyk, Marcelo P Fleck
Objective: To assess the effectiveness of three mood disorder treatment algorithms in a sample of patients seeking care in the Brazilian public healthcare system. Methods: A randomized pragmatic trial was conducted with an algorithm developed for treating episodes of major depressive disorder (MDD), bipolar depressive episodes and mixed episodes of bipolar disorder (BD). Results: The sample consisted of 259 subjects diagnosed with BD or MDD (DSM-IV-TR)...
August 21, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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