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Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700015/telomere-length-and-htert-in-mania-and-subsequent-remission
#1
Rugül Köse Çinar
Objective: The findings of telomere length (TL) studies in bipolar disorder (BD) are controversial. The aim of the present study was to detect TL, human telomerase reverse transcriptase (hTERT), and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in severe mania and subsequent remission. Methods: Twenty-one medication-free male patients and 20 age and gender matched controls were recruited. The patients were followed in the inpatient clinic, and comparisons were made between the same patients in their remission state and controls...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700014/predictors-of-length-of-stay-in-an-acute-psychiatric-inpatient-facility-in-a-general-hospital-a-prospective-study
#2
Fernanda L Baeza, Neusa S da Rocha, Marcelo P Fleck
Objective: There have been significant reductions in numbers of psychiatric beds and length of stay (LOS) worldwide, making LOS in psychiatric beds an interesting outcome. The objective of this study was to find factors measurable on admission that would predict LOS in the acute psychiatric setting. Methods: This was a prospective, observational study. Results: Overall, 385 subjects were included. The median LOS was 25 days. In the final model, six variables explained 14...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700013/correlations-between-caregiver-psychiatric-symptoms-and-offspring-psychopathology-in-a-low-resource-setting
#3
Camila T Matsuzaka, Milton L Wainberg, Andrea Norcini Pala, Elis V Hoffmann, Bruno M Coimbra, Rosaly F Braga, Cristiane S Duarte, Annika C Sweetland, Marcelo F Mello
Objective: Associations between parental/caregiver depression and adverse child outcomes are well established and have been described through one or more mechanisms: child psychopathology following exposure to a depressed caregiver, child psychopathology exacerbating a caregiver's depression, and caregiver and offspring depression sharing the same etiology. Data from low and middle-income countries is scarce. We examined correlations between common symptoms of mental disorders in caregivers and their offspring's psychopathology in a Brazilian sample...
July 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658442/mood-disorder-anxiety-and-suicide-risk-among-subjects-with-alcohol-abuse-and-or-dependence-a-population-based-study
#4
Carolina D Wiener, Fernanda P Moreira, Alethea Zago, Luciano M Souza, Jeronimo C Branco, Jacqueline F de Oliveira, Ricardo A da Silva, Luis V Portela, Diogo R Lara, Karen Jansen, Jean P Oses
Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of alcohol abuse and/or dependence in a population-based sample of young adults and assess the prevalence of comorbid mood disorders, anxiety, and suicide risk in this population. Methods: This cross-sectional, population-based study enrolled 1,953 young adults aged 18-35 years. The CAGE questionnaire was used to screen for alcohol abuse and/or dependence, with CAGE scores ≥ 2 considered positive. Psychiatric disorders were investigated through the structured Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI)...
June 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658441/indirect-self-destructiveness-in-individuals-with-schizophrenia
#5
Konstantinos Tsirigotis
Objective: To explore the indirect self-destructiveness syndrome in patients with schizophrenia. Methods: Two hundred individuals with paranoid schizophrenia (117 men and 83 women, mean age 37.15 years), all in remission, were examined using the Polish version of the Chronic Self-Destructiveness Scale. Two hundred well-matched healthy individuals served as a control group. Results: The intensity of indirect self-destructiveness was greater in the schizophrenia group than in controls...
June 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614494/further-evidence-of-psychological-factors-underlying-choice-of-elective-cesarean-delivery-ecd-by-primigravidae
#6
Nasrin Matinnia, Mohammad Haghighi, Leila Jahangard, Faisal B Ibrahim, Hejar A Rahman, Ali Ghaleiha, Edith Holsboer-Trachsler, Serge Brand
Objective: Requests for elective cesarean delivery (ECD) have increased in Iran. While some sociodemographic and fear-related factors have been linked with this choice, psychological factors such as self-esteem, stress, and health beliefs are under-researched. Methods: A total of 342 primigravidae (mean age = 25 years) completed questionnaires covering psychological dimensions such as self-esteem, perceived stress, marital relationship quality, perceived social support, and relevant health-related beliefs...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614493/bipolar-disorders-is-there-an-influence-of-seasonality-or-photoperiod
#7
Andrea Aguglia, Antonio Borsotti, Giuseppe Maina
Objective: To increase understanding of the influence of photoperiod variation in patients with bipolar disorders. Methods: We followed a sample of Italian bipolar patients over a period of 24 months, focusing on inpatients. All patients admitted to the Psychiatric Inpatient Unit of San Luigi Gonzaga Hospital in Orbassano (Turin, Italy) between September 1, 2013 and August 31, 2015 were recruited. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected. Results: Seven hundred and thirty patients were included...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614492/clinical-improvement-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-after-treatment-with-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-preliminary-results
#8
Julian Reyes-López, Josefina Ricardo-Garcell, Gabriela Armas-Castañeda, María García-Anaya, Iván Arango-De Montis, Jorge J González-Olvera, Francisco Pellicer
Objective: Current treatment of borderline personality disorder (BPD) consists of psychotherapy and pharmacological interventions. However, the use of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) could be beneficial to improve some BPD symptoms. The objective of this study was to evaluate clinical improvement in patients with BPD after application of rTMS over the right or left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC). Method: Twenty-nine patients with BPD from the National Institute of Psychiatry, Mexico, were randomized in two groups to receive 15 sessions of rTMS applied over the right (1 Hz, n=15) or left (5 Hz, n=14) DLPFC...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614491/depression-and-psychodynamic-psychotherapy
#9
Ângela Ribeiro, João P Ribeiro, Orlando von Doellinger
Depression is a complex condition, and its classical biological/psychosocial distinction is fading. Current guidelines are increasingly advocating psychotherapy as a treatment option. Psychodynamic psychotherapy models encompass a heterogeneous group of interventions derived from early psychoanalytic conceptualizations. Growing literature is raising awareness in the scientific community about the importance of these treatment options, as well as their favorable impact on post-treatment outcomes and relapse prevention...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614490/empathic-skills-and-theory-of-mind-in-female-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder
#10
Olber E Arango Tobón, Antonio Olivera-La Rosa, Viviana Restrepo Tamayo, Isabel C Puerta Lopera
Objective: Most studies on conduct disorder (CD) have focused on male adolescents, disregarding analysis of this psychopathology in women. The purpose of this study was to identify differences in empathy and theory of mind (ToM) in a group of adolescent women with CD and a control group. Method: Thirty-six adolescent women were selected from an initial sample of 239 adolescents (CD group = 18, control group = 18). Empathy and ToM were evaluated through objective instruments...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614489/maternal-recognition-of-child-mental-health-problems-in-two-brazilian-cities
#11
Isabel A Bordin, Bartira M Curto, Joseph Murray
Objective: To identify child behaviors and types of impairment that increase the likelihood of maternal recognition of emotional/behavioral problems (EBP) in children and adolescents. Methods: Maternal-reported data were obtained from two subsamples of 11-to-16-year-olds derived from cross-sectional studies conducted in two Brazilian municipalities: Itaboraí, state of Rio de Janeiro (n=480), and Embu, state of São Paulo (n=217). The Itaboraí study involved a representative sample of 6-to-16-year-olds (n=1,248; response rate = 86...
June 12, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538757/brazilian-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-list-of-threatening-events-questionnaire-lte-q
#12
Patrícia B de Abreu, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Regina A Pose, Ronaldo Laranjeira, Raul Caetano, Carolina M Gaya, Clarice S Madruga
Objective: To perform a construct validation of the List of Threatening Events Questionnaire (LTE-Q), as well as convergence validation by identifying its association with drug use in a sample of the Brazilian population. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of the Second Brazilian National Alcohol and Drugs Survey (II BNADS), which used a cross-cultural adaptation of the LTE-Q in a probabilistic sample of 4,607 participants aged 14 years and older. Latent class analysis was used to validate the latent trait adversity (which considered the number of events from the list of 12 item in the LTE experienced by the respondent in the previous year) and logistic regression was performed to find its association with binge drinking and cocaine use...
May 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813121/impairments-of-kleptomania-what-are-they
#13
LETTER
Hyoun S Kim, Aparecida Rangon Christianini, David C Hodgins, Hermano Tavares
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813120/psychosis-glia-immunity-and-melatonin
#14
LETTER
George Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813119/biomarkers-in-first-degree-relatives-of-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-what-can-they-tell-us
#15
LETTER
Gabriel R Fries, Joao Quevedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813118/bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-and-memory-performance-in-older-adults-the-met-carrier-effect-is-more-complex-than-previously-thought-authors-reply
#16
LETTER
Lucas A Azeredo, Tatiana De Nardi, Rodrigo Grassi-Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813117/bdnf-val66met-polymorphism-and-memory-performance-in-older-adults-the-met-carrier-effect-is-more-complex-than-previously-thought
#17
LETTER
Eugene Lipov, Kenneth Candido
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813116/analyzing-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-bipolar-disorder-authors-reply
#18
LETTER
Florencia M Barbé-Tuana, Mariana M Parisi, Bruna S Panizzutti, Gabriel R Fries, Lucas K Grun, Fátima T Guma, Flávio Kapczinski, Michael Berk, Clarissa S Gama, Adriane R Rosa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813115/analyzing-leukocyte-telomere-length-in-bipolar-disorder
#19
LETTER
Nancy Monroy-Jaramillo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813114/dimensions-of-youth-psychopathy-differentially-predict-concurrent-pro-and-antisocial-behavior
#20
Guilherme W Wendt, Alice J Bartoli, Adriane Arteche
Objective: To investigate the unique contribution of narcissism and impulsivity, in addition to callous-unemotional (CU) traits, in explaining concurrent prosocial and antisocial behavior. Method: Two hundred and forty-nine schoolchildren (53% female; age 9-12 years) completed the self-report Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and the Antisocial Process Screening Device (APSD). Two statistical models were tested, predicting conduct problems (CP) and prosocial behavior (PB)...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
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