journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267604/profile-and-costs-involved-in-long-term-compulsory-hospitalization-of-psychiatric-patients
#1
Fernando Venturini, Eduardo C de Moura, Paula A Bastos, Lourdes C Martins, Yara D Fragoso
OBJECTIVE: Involuntary hospitalization for acute psychiatry cases can be acceptable when there is potential harm. However, there are few reasons for a patient committed on these grounds to stay in an institution for a long period. The objective of the present study was to identify the profile and costs of compulsory hospitalizations over 20 days in a public psychiatric hospital in the coastal region of the state of São Paulo. METHODS: Retrospective data were collected from the medical records of 1,064 patients admitted between July 2013 and June 2016 from an intensive mental healthcare unit in Santos, state of São Paulo, Brazil...
December 18, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267603/introducing-care-management-to-brazil-s-alcohol-and-substance-use-disorder-population
#2
Ilana Pinsky, Camila Bernal, Lindsey Vuolo, Charles Neighbors
Brazil has a sizable alcohol and substance use disorder (ASUD) population, yet there are considerable gaps in treatment access and retention. ASUD, a chronic medical condition, is highly comorbid with medical and behavioral health disorders. This indicates a need for more targeted interventions in order to achieve health care integration (a major goal of Brazil's health care system). Care management - that is, the organization of patient care by an institution - is a viable strategy to engage individuals with ASUD who might benefit from treatment but are not aware of or do not use the available resources, as well as to help maintain patients in treatment...
December 18, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267602/conceptions-and-practices-of-an-integrative-treatment-for-substance-use-disorders-involving-amazonian-medicine-traditional-healers-perspectives
#3
Ilana Berlowitz, Christian Ghasarian, Heinrich Walt, Fernando Mendive, Vanessa Alvarado, Chantal Martin-Soelch
OBJECTIVE: The harmful use of psychoactive substances represents one of today's largest public health problems. Yet, in spite of its global relevance, current treatment for substance use disorders (SUDs) is still not entirely successful. The purpose of this study was to investigate alternative treatments and conceptions from traditional Amazonian medicine adapted to SUDs. METHODS: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 13 practicing experts at a well-established addiction treatment center in the Peruvian Amazon and performed qualitative content analysis on the collected data...
December 18, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29267601/impact-of-a-provider-training-program-on-the-treatment-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-at-psychosocial-care-units-in-brazil
#4
Luciana C Silva, Maria C T V Teixeira, Edith L Ribeiro, Cristiane S Paula
OBJECTIVE: To develop, implement, and verify the impact of a training program for health care providers working with children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in psychosocial care centers for children and adolescents (Centro de Atenção Psicossocial à Infância e à Adolescência - CAPSi) in São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study was conducted with 14 professionals from four CAPSi units. The training program consisted of six phases: 1) pre-intervention observation; 2) meeting with staff to assess the main needs of the training program; 3) developing materials for training and evaluation; 4) meetings to discuss program implementation; 5) a final meeting for case discussion and evaluation; and 6) distance supervision...
December 18, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236922/effects-of-n-acetylcysteine-on-amphetamine-induced-sensitization-in-mice
#5
Ana P Herrmann, Roberta Andrejew, Radharani Benvenutti, Clarissa S Gama, Elaine Elisabetsky
OBJECTIVE: N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is beneficial in psychiatric conditions, including schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia exhibit mesolimbic dopamine hyperfunction consequent to an endogenous sensitization process. This sensitization can be modeled in rodents by repeated exposure to psychostimulants, provoking an enduring amplified response at subsequent exposure. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of NAC on amphetamine sensitization in mice. METHODS: D-amphetamine was administered to C57BL/6 mice three times a week for 3 weeks; the dose was increased weekly from 1 to 3 mg/kg...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236921/intermittent-theta-burst-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-open-label-pilot-study
#6
Caio Abujadi, Paul E Croarkin, Bianca B Bellini, Helena Brentani, Marco A Marcolin
OBJECTIVE: Theta-burst stimulation (TBS) modulates synaptic plasticity more efficiently than standard repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation delivery and may be a promising modality for neuropsychiatric disorders such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD). At present there are few effective interventions for prefrontal cortex dysfunction in ASD. We report on an open-label, pilot study of intermittent TBS (iTBS) to target executive function deficits and restricted, repetitive behaviors in male children and adolescents with ASD...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236920/brazilian-version-of-the-cognitive-failures-questionnaire-cfq-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-evidence-of-validity-and-reliability
#7
Jonas J de Paula, Danielle S Costa, Débora M de Miranda, Marco A Romano-Silva
OBJECTIVE: Cognitive failures are simple mistakes in routine activities, such as forgetting commitments and experiencing difficulty concentrating. The Cognitive Failures Questionnaire (CFQ) was designed to assess the frequency of these errors in everyday life. Although widely used in psychiatry and psychology, both in clinical and research settings, it has not been adapted for use in Brazil. Our objective was to perform cross-cultural adaptation of the CFQ for the Brazilian reality and assess its validity and reliability...
December 11, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160338/changes-in-energy-and-motor-activity-core-symptoms-of-bipolar-mania-and-depression
#8
Elie Cheniaux, Rafael de A da Silva, Cristina M Santana, Alberto Filgueiras
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate how well symptom rating scales differentiate bipolar disorder (BD) episode types. METHODS: One hundred and six patients with BD were followed for 13 years. At each visit, the following clinical scales were administered: Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS), Hamilton Depression Scale (HAM-D) and Clinical Global Impressions scale for use in bipolar illness (CGI-BP). To perform a comparison between the affective states of BP, three time points in each patient's follow-up period were chosen for evaluation: the most severe manic episode, the most severe depressive episode, and the euthymic period with least symptoms...
November 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160337/can-parenting-practices-predict-externalizing-behavior-problems-among-children-with-hearing-impairment
#9
María J Pino, Rosa A Castillo, Antonio Raya, Javier Herruzo
OBJECTIVE: To identify possible differences in the level of externalizing behavior problems among children with and without hearing impairment and determine whether any relationship exists between this type of problem and parenting practices. METHODS: The Behavior Assessment System for Children was used to evaluate externalizing variables in a sample of 118 boys and girls divided into two matched groups: 59 with hearing disorders and 59 normal-hearing controls. RESULTS: Significant between-group differences were found in hyperactivity, behavioral problems, and externalizing problems, but not in aggression...
November 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069253/plasma-il-17a-levels-in-patients-with-late-life-depression
#10
Smita Saraykar, Bo Cao, Lucelia S Barroso, Kelly S Pereira, Laiss Bertola, Mariana Nicolau, Jessica D Ferreira, Natalia S Dias, Erica L Vieira, Antonio L Teixeira, Ana Paula M Silva, Breno S Diniz
OBJECTIVE: A consistent body of research has confirmed that patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) have increased concentrations of pro-inflammatory cytokines, including IL-6, TNF-α, IL-1β, the soluble IL-2 receptor, and C-reactive protein, compared to controls; however, there is limited information on IL-17A in MDD. Moreover, information about IL-17A in older populations, i.e., patients with late-life depression (LLD), is conspicuously missing from the literature. The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of IL-17A in LLD...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069252/stress-trauma-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-migrants-a-comprehensive-review
#11
Lineth H U Bustamante, Raphael O Cerqueira, Emilie Leclerc, Elisa Brietzke
OBJECTIVE: There is growing evidence supporting the association between migration and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Considering the growing population of migrants and the particularities of providing culturally sensitive mental health care for these persons, clinicians should be kept up to date with the latest information regarding this topic. The objective of this study was to critically review the literature regarding migration, trauma and PTSD, and mental health services. METHODS: The PubMed, SciELO, LILACS, and ISI Web of Science databases were searched for articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish, or French, and indexed from inception to 2017...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069251/reappraising-the-dimensional-structure-of-the-ptsd-checklist-lessons-from-the-dsm-iv-based-pcl-c
#12
Michael E Reichenheim, Aline G Oliveira, Claudia L Moraes, Evandro S Coutinho, Ivan Figueira, Gustavo Lobato
OBJECTIVE: The dimensional structure of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been extensively debated, but the literature is still inconclusive and contains gaps that require attention. This article sheds light on hitherto unvisited methodological issues, reappraising several key models advanced for the DSM-IV-based civilian version of the PTSD Checklist (PCL-C) as to their configural and metric structures. METHODS: The sample comprised 456 women, interviewed at 6-8 weeks postpartum, who attended a high-complexity facility in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069250/dysfunctional-eating-behaviors-anxiety-and-depression-in-italian-boys-and-girls-the-role-of-mass-media
#13
Barbara Barcaccia, Viviana Balestrini, Angelo M Saliani, Roberto Baiocco, Francesco Mancini, Barry H Schneider
OBJECTIVE: Extensive research has implicated identification with characters in mass media in the emergence of disordered eating behavior in adolescents. We explored the possible influence of the models offered by television (TV) on adolescents' body image, body uneasiness, eating-disordered behavior, depression, and anxiety. METHODS: Three hundred and one adolescents (aged 14-19) from southern Italy participated. They completed a questionnaire on media exposure and body dissatisfaction, the Eating Disorder Inventory-2, the Body Uneasiness Test, the Beck Depression Inventory, and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory - Form Y...
October 19, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977072/the-relationship-between-multiple-sclerosis-and-neuropsychiatric-syndromes
#14
James McLoughlin, Brian P Hallahan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977071/when-the-past-is-present
#15
Albina R Torres, Daniel L C Costa, Eurípedes C Miguel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977070/cardiovascular-risk-and-bipolar-disorder-factors-associated-with-a-positive-coronary-calcium-score-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder-type-1
#16
Aline R Wageck, Felipe S Torres, Clarissa S Gama, Dayane S Martins, Ellen Scotton, Ramiro Reckziegel, Monise Costanzi, Regis G Rosa, Flávio Kapczinski, Maurício Kunz
OBJECTIVE: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in patients with bipolar disorder. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors associated with positive coronary calcium score (CCS) in individuals with bipolar disorder type 1. METHODS: Patients from the Bipolar Disorder Program at Hospital de Clínicas de Porto Alegre, Brazil, underwent computed tomography scanning for calcium score measurement. Clinical and sociodemographic variables were compared between patients according to their CCS status: negative (CCS = 0) or positive (CCS > 0)...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977069/gender-incongruence-a-comparative-study-using-icd-10-and-dsm-5-diagnostic-criteria
#17
Bianca M Soll, Rebeca Robles-García, Angelo Brandelli-Costa, Daniel Mori, Andressa Mueller, Anna M Vaitses-Fontanari, Dhiordan Cardoso-da-Silva, Karine Schwarz, Maiko Abel-Schneider, Alexandre Saadeh, Maria-Inês-Rodrigues Lobato
OBJECTIVE: To compare the presence of criteria listed in the DSM-5 and ICD-10 diagnostic manuals in a Brazilian sample of transgender persons seeking health services specifically for physical transition. METHODS: This multicenter cross-sectional study included a sample of 103 subjects who sought services for gender identity disorder in two main reference centers in Brazil. The method involved a structured interview encompassing the diagnostic criteria in the two manuals...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977068/childhood-emotional-and-behavior-problems-and-their-associations-with-cesarean-delivery
#18
Erigene Rutayisire, Xiaoyan Wu, Kun Huang, Shuman Tao, Yunxiao Chen, Fangbiao Tao
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of childhood emotional and behavioral problems and examine their associations with cesarean delivery. METHODS: Our sample consisted of 8,900 preschoolers from 35 kindergartens in four cities in East China. Parents completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) and provided other information. Children's emotional and behavioral problems were assessed using five subscales of the SDQ. Mode of delivery was classified as vaginal or cesarean section (CS); in sub-analyses, we divided CS into elective or emergency delivery...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977067/barriers-to-early-identification-of-autism-in-brazil
#19
Sabrina H Ribeiro, Cristiane S de Paula, Daniela Bordini, Jair J Mari, Sheila C Caetano
OBJECTIVE: Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) seem to perceive that their child's development is not following the normal pattern as early as the first year of life. However, ASD children may not receive a diagnosis until they are of preschool age, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this study was to evaluate the pathway between initial parental concerns about atypical child development and ASD diagnosis in Brazil. METHODS: Nineteen mothers whose children had been diagnosed with ASD participated and were interviewed...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977066/support-vector-machine-based-classification-of-neuroimages-in-alzheimer-s-disease-direct-comparison-of-fdg-pet-rcbf-spect-and-mri-data-acquired-from-the-same-individuals
#20
Luiz K Ferreira, Jane M Rondina, Rodrigo Kubo, Carla R Ono, Claudia C Leite, Jerusa Smid, Cassio Bottino, Ricardo Nitrini, Geraldo F Busatto, Fabio L Duran, Carlos A Buchpiguel
OBJECTIVE: To conduct the first support vector machine (SVM)-based study comparing the diagnostic accuracy of T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (T1-MRI), F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) and regional cerebral blood flow single-photon emission computed tomography (rCBF-SPECT) in Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHOD: Brain T1-MRI, FDG-PET and rCBF-SPECT scans were acquired from a sample of mild AD patients (n=20) and healthy elderly controls (n=18)...
October 2, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
journal
journal
34799
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"