journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

American Journal of Clinical Dermatology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994020/vitamin-d-and-the-skin-an-update-for-dermatologists
#1
REVIEW
Elio Kechichian, Khaled Ezzedine
Vitamin D plays a key role in skeletal and cardiovascular disorders, cancers, central nervous system diseases, reproductive diseases, infections, and autoimmune and dermatological disorders. The two main sources of vitamin D are sun exposure and oral intake, including vitamin D supplementation and dietary intake. Multiple factors are linked to vitamin D status, such as Fitzpatrick skin type, sex, body mass index, physical activity, alcohol intake, and vitamin D receptor polymorphisms. Patients with photosensitive disorders tend to avoid sun exposure, and this practice, along with photoprotection, can put this category of patients at risk for vitamin D deficiency...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993993/a-practical-guide-about-tattooing-in-patients-with-chronic-skin-disorders-and-other-medical-conditions
#2
Nicolas Kluger, Christa De Cuyper
With tattoos becoming increasingly mainstream, dermatologists are more and more often consulted by patients who are considering getting an ornamental, cosmetic, or even a medical tattoo, and who subsequently ask for advice. This includes not only patients with chronic skin diseases such as psoriasis or atopic dermatitis but also patients with other medical conditions. This review first explores the reasons why patients may want to get a tattoo and aims to offer some key information to dermatologists on what they should know about tattooing and the main risks associated with this procedure...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921458/pharmacogenetics-and-pharmacogenomics-in-moderate-to-severe-psoriasis
#3
REVIEW
María C Ovejero-Benito, Ester Muñoz-Aceituno, Alejandra Reolid, Miriam Saiz-Rodríguez, Francisco Abad-Santos, Esteban Daudén
Pharmacogenetics is the study of variations in DNA sequence related to drug response. Moreover, the evolution of biotechnology and the sequencing of human DNA have allowed the creation of pharmacogenomics, a branch of genetics that analyzes human genes, the RNAs and proteins encoded by them, and the inter-and intra-individual variations in expression and function in relation to drug response. Pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics are being used to search for biomarkers that can predict response to systemic treatments, including those for moderate-to-severe psoriasis...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891036/acne-scars-how-do-we-grade-them
#4
Ashley K Clark, Suzana Saric, Raja K Sivamani
Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that can lead to permanent scarring. Although grading scales exist for acne scarring, there are many limitations, and there is still a need for a well validated gold standard scale for use in clinical practice or research trials. An objective measure of scar severity should be a component of global acne severity evaluations. This manuscript reviews currently available acne scar grading modalities: lesion counting; subjective self-assessment; Acne Scar Rating Scale (ASRS); evaluator-based qualitative and quantitative scarring grading systems; Echelle d'Evaluation Clinique des Cicatrices d'acne (ECCA); Global Scale for Acne Scar Severity (SCAR-S); and imaging...
September 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887802/small-molecule-inhibitors-of-the-hedgehog-pathway-in-the-treatment-of-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-skin
#5
REVIEW
Rebecca Danhof, Karl Lewis, Mariah Brown
Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) is the most common type of skin cancer, with rising incidence rates primarily attributed to an aging population and ultraviolet radiation exposure. While the majority of BCCs are localized and respond to standard therapies, a very small minority of these tumors become locally destructive or metastasize. These advanced BCCs may not be amenable to localized treatment with surgery and/or radiation therapy. Most BCCs result from mutations in key receptors in the Hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway...
September 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871562/teledermatology-a-review-and-update
#6
REVIEW
Jonathan J Lee, Joseph C English
Telemedicine is slowly transforming the way in which healthcare is delivered and has the potential to improve access to subspecialty expertise, reduce healthcare costs, and improve the overall quality of care. While many subspecialty fields within medicine today have either experimented with or begun to implement telemedicine platforms to enable remote consultation and care, dermatology is particularly suited for this care system as skin disorders are uniquely visible to the human eye. Through teledermatology, diagnostic images of skin disorders with accompanying clinical histories can be remotely reviewed by teledermatologists by any number of modalities, such as photographic clinical images or live video teleconferencing...
September 4, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861871/combinatorial-therapies-in-melanoma-mapk-inhibitors-and-beyond
#7
REVIEW
Alice Y Zhou, Douglas B Johnson
Melanoma is the most aggressive of the skin cancers, with historically high rates of morbidity and mortality due to its resistance to traditional cytotoxic therapies. Recently, however, breakthroughs in new therapies have dramatically changed clinical outcomes of this disease. These advances emerged from an improved understanding of tumor oncogenesis and the interacting tumor microenvironment. Small molecules that target the oncogenic mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway, specifically the tyrosine kinase BRAF and its downstream signaling partner MEK, have demonstrated an improved overall survival and progression-free survival for BRAF-mutant melanoma...
August 31, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849428/topical-corticosteroid-concerns-among-parents-of-children-with-psoriasis-versus-atopic-dermatitis-a-french-multicenter-cross-sectional-study
#8
Sandra Moawad, Emmanuel Mahé, Hélène Aubert-Wastiaux, Alice Phan, Annabel Maruani, Christine Chiaverini, Christine Bodemer, Juliette Mazereeuw-Hautier, Audrey Lasek-Duriez, Catherine Droitcourt, Sébastien Barbarot, Alain Beauchet, Anne-Claire Bursztejn
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) and psoriasis are chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorders for which the gold standard treatment is topical corticosteroids. Although fears about topical corticosteroids are known to be a primary cause of poor therapeutic adherence in AD, this has not been evaluated in psoriasis. TOPICOP is a helpful and easy-to-use tool for the evaluation of topical corticosteroid concerns (TCC). It may help clinicians improve adherence to treatment and correct misconceptions...
August 28, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815464/inherited-nonsyndromic-ichthyoses-an-update-on-pathophysiology-diagnosis-and-treatment
#9
REVIEW
Anders Vahlquist, Judith Fischer, Hans Törmä
Hereditary ichthyoses are due to mutations on one or both alleles of more than 30 different genes, mainly expressed in the upper epidermis. Syndromic as well as nonsyndromic forms of ichthyosis exist. Irrespective of etiology, virtually all types of ichthyosis exhibit a defective epidermal barrier that constitutes the driving force for hyperkeratosis, skin scaling, and inflammation. In nonsyndromic forms, these features are most evident in severe autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) and epidermolytic ichthyosis, but to some extent also occur in the common type of non-congenital ichthyosis...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801732/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-alopecia-areata-and-viral-antigen-exposure
#10
Christopher T Richardson, Matthew S Hayden, Elaine S Gilmore, Brian Poligone
BACKGROUND: Alopecia areata (AA) is an autoimmune disease characterized by non-scarring alopecia with T-cell infiltration at the affected hair follicle. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the potential link between hepatitis B virus (HBV) antigen exposure and AA. METHODS: Two pediatric patients with AA following hepatitis B vaccination were identified in a general dermatology clinic. A bioinformatics analysis and an electronic medical record (EMR) database query were performed at the University of Rochester Medical Center to identify patients with AA, coexisting viral infections, vaccinations, or interferon (IFN) therapy in order to determine if the presence of AA and these conditions was higher than in AA patients without these associated conditions or therapy...
August 11, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791605/laser-and-light-treatments-for-hair-reduction-in-fitzpatrick-skin-types-iv-vi-a-comprehensive-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Rachel A Fayne, Marina Perper, Ariel E Eber, Adam S Aldahan, Keyvan Nouri
Unwanted facial and body hair presents as a common finding in many patients, such as females with hirsutism. With advances in laser and light technology, a clinically significant reduction in hair can be achieved in patients with light skin. However, in patients with darker skin, Fitzpatrick skin types (FST) IV-VI, the higher melanin content of the skin interferes with the proposed mechanism of laser-induced selective photothermolysis, which is to target the melanin in the hair follicle to cause permanent destruction of hair bulge stem cells...
August 8, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755065/comment-on-assessing-pruritus-in-hidradenitis-suppurativa-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
LETTER
Valerio De Vita, Łukasz Matusiak, Jacek C Szepietowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 28, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597180/author-s-reply-to-cohen-facial-hyperpigmentation-in-skin-of-color-special-considerations-and-treatment
#13
LETTER
Neelam A Vashi, Mayra B C Maymone, Roopal V Kundu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597179/comment-on-facial-hyperpigmentation-in-skin-of-color-special-considerations-and-treatment
#14
LETTER
Philip R Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374407/cutaneous-manifestations-of-diabetes-mellitus-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Ana Luiza Lima, Tanja Illing, Sibylle Schliemann, Peter Elsner
Diabetes mellitus is a widespread endocrine disease with severe impact on health systems worldwide. Increased serum glucose causes damage to a wide range of cell types, including endothelial cells, neurons, and renal cells, but also keratinocytes and fibroblasts. Skin disorders can be found in about one third of all people with diabetes and frequently occur before the diagnosis, thus playing an important role in the initial recognition of underlying disease. Noninfectious as well as infectious diseases have been described as dermatologic manifestations of diabetes mellitus...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342016/severity-of-psoriasis-differs-between-men-and-women-a-study-of-the-clinical-outcome-measure-psoriasis-area-and-severity-index-pasi-in-5438-swedish-register-patients
#16
David Hägg, Anders Sundström, Marie Eriksson, Marcus Schmitt-Egenolf
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common skin disease and moderate to severe psoriasis is associated with a dose-dependent risk for metabolic and cardiovascular morbidity. It has previously been speculated that women have less severe psoriasis, as men are overrepresented in psoriasis registers and consume more care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate, for the first time, the sex differences in the severity of psoriasis using the gold standard of severity measurement, the Psoriasis Area and Severity Index (PASI), and the distinct elements of the PASI score...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324233/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-kaposi-sarcoma
#17
REVIEW
Johann W Schneider, Dirk P Dittmer
Kaposi sarcoma (KS) is the most common neoplasm of people living with HIV today. In Sub-Saharan Africa, KS is among the most common cancers in men, overall. Not only HIV-positive individuals present with KS; any immune compromised person infected with KS-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) or human herpesvirus 8 is at risk: the elderly, children in KSHV-endemic areas, and transplant recipients. KS diagnosis is based on detection of the viral protein latency-associated nuclear antigen (LANA) in the biopsy, but not all cases of KS are the same or will respond to the same therapy...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321796/development-and-validation-of-a-novel-questionnaire-for-adherence-with-topical-treatments-in-psoriasis-qatop
#18
Ana Teixeira, Carolina Oliveira, Maribel Teixeira, A Rita Gaio, José Manuel Sousa Lobo, Isabel Filipa Martins de Almeida, Vera Almeida
BACKGROUND: Self-report measures are the most used methodologies for the evaluation of adherence to psoriasis topical treatment, although currently there is no standard questionnaire for this purpose. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed at developing a novel questionnaire (Questionnaire for Adherence to TOPical treatment [QATOP]) for the assessment of adherence to topical treatment in psoriasis. METHODS: A questionnaire containing nine items organized into two parts (part 1: current patient treatment; part 2: adherence to treatment, amount used, and treatment-associated variables) was developed, supported by a systematic literature review, qualitative patient focus interviews, and expert-group input...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303481/morphea-and-eosinophilic-fasciitis-an-update
#19
REVIEW
Jorre S Mertens, Marieke M B Seyger, Rogier M Thurlings, Timothy R D J Radstake, Elke M G J de Jong
Morphea, also known as localized scleroderma, encompasses a group of idiopathic sclerotic skin diseases. The spectrum ranges from relatively mild phenotypes, which generally cause few problems besides local discomfort and visible disfigurement, to subtypes with severe complications such as joint contractures and limb length discrepancies. Eosinophilic fasciitis (EF, Shulman syndrome) is often regarded as belonging to the severe end of the morphea spectrum. The exact driving mechanisms behind morphea and EF pathogenesis remain to be elucidated...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289986/topical-botanical-agents-for-the-treatment-of-psoriasis-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Benjamin Farahnik, Divya Sharma, Joseph Alban, Raja K Sivamani
BACKGROUND: Patients with psoriasis often enquire about the use of numerous botanical therapeutics. It is important for dermatologists to be aware of the current evidence regarding these agents. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search using the PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases for controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials that assessed the use of topical botanical therapeutics for psoriasis. The search included the following keywords: 'psoriasis' and 'plant' or 'herbal' or 'botanical'...
August 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
journal
journal
34795
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"