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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987503/impact-of-a-child-abuse-primary-prevention-strategy-for-new-mothers
#1
Kay M G O'Neill, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Lori Burrell, Sarah Shea Crowne, Anne Duggan
First Steps (FS) is a brief obstetrics-based primary prevention strategy that aims to strengthen protective factors to prevent child maltreatment. This randomized controlled trial assessed how well FS services aligned with family interests and needs, how FS providers used communication strategies to build partnership with mothers, and the impact of FS on mothers' parenting knowledge in core content areas and access to services. Mothers completed a baseline survey and were randomly assigned to FS and control conditions (n = 374 and 375, respectively)...
July 9, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29968007/observed-family-and-friendship-dynamics-in-adolescence-a-latent-profile-approach-to-identifying-mesosystem-adaptation-for-intervention-tailoring
#2
Thomas J Dishion, Chung Jung Mun, Thao Ha, Jenn-Yun Tein
Nuanced understanding of adolescents' interpersonal relationships with family and peers is important for developing more personalized interventions that prevent problem behaviors and adjustment issues. We used latent profile analysis (LPA) to classify a community sample of 784 adolescents with respect to their observed relationship dynamics with friends and family using videotaped observations and five-minute audiotaped speech samples collected at ages 16-17. The resulting latent classes served to predict behavioral and emotional health in early adulthood...
July 2, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959717/embracing-causal-complexity-in-health-disparities-metabolic-syndemics-and-structural-prevention-in-rural-minority-communities
#3
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael Kenneth Lemke, Niyousha Hosseinichimeh, Idethia Shevon Harvey, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Jameisha Brown
Chronic discrimination and associated socioeconomic inequalities have shaped the health and well-being of Black Americans. As a consequence of the intersection of these factors with rural deprivation, rural Black Americans live and work in particularly pathogenic environments that generate disproportionate and interacting chronic comorbidities (syndemics) compared to their White and/or urban counterparts. Traditional prevention research has been unable to fully capture the underlying complexity of rural minority health and has generated mostly low-leverage interventions that have failed to reverse adverse metabolic outcomes among rural Black Americans...
June 29, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959716/encompassing-cultural-contexts-within-scientific-research-methodologies-in-the-development-of-health-promotion-interventions
#4
Daniel Dickerson, Julie A Baldwin, Annie Belcourt, Lorenda Belone, Joel Gittelsohn, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, John Lowe, Christi A Patten, Nina Wallerstein
American Indians/Alaska Natives/Native Hawaiians (AI/AN/NHs) disproportionately experience higher rates of various health conditions. Developing culturally centered interventions targeting health conditions is a strategy to decrease the burden of health conditions among this population. This study analyzes characteristics from 21 studies currently funded under the Interventions for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention in Native American (NA) Populations program among investigators currently funded under this grant mechanism...
June 29, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29951974/reducing-risk-behavior-with-family-centered-prevention-during-the-young-adult-years
#5
Elizabeth Stormshak, Allison Caruthers, Krista Chronister, David DeGarmo, Jenna Stapleton, Corrina Falkenstein, Elisa DeVargas, Whitney Nash
Family-centered prevention is effective at reducing risk behavior throughout the life span and promoting healthy development. Despite research that suggests parents continue to play a significant role in the lives of their children during emerging adulthood, very few studies have examined effective family-centered strategies for preventing risk behavior in young adults. Typical prevention efforts for this age group have focused on college students and substance use prevention, with no integration of families or systems of support that may sustain the effects of the intervention...
June 27, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29946914/constructing-sound-and-reliable-ethical-guidelines-for-prevention-science
#6
EDITORIAL
Patrick Tolan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 26, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29936579/ethical-challenges-in-promoting-the-implementation-of-preventive-interventions-report-of-the-spr-task-force
#7
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Tom Dishion, Irwin Sandler, Catherine P Bradshaw, Kenneth Dodge, Denise Gottfredson, Phillip W Graham, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Mildred M Maldonado-Molina, Anne M Mauricio, Emilie Phillips Smith
Prevention science researchers and practitioners are increasingly engaged in a wide range of activities and roles to promote evidence-based prevention practices in the community. Ethical concerns invariably arise in these activities and roles that may not be explicitly addressed by university or professional guidelines for ethical conduct. In 2015, the Society for Prevention Research (SPR) Board of Directors commissioned Irwin Sandler and Tom Dishion to organize a series of roundtables and establish a task force to identify salient ethical issues encountered by prevention scientists and community-based practitioners as they collaborate to implement evidence-based prevention practices...
June 23, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29948437/evaluation-of-the-olweus-bully-prevention-program-in-an-urban-school-system-in-the-usa
#8
Albert D Farrell, Terri N Sullivan, Kevin S Sutherland, Rosalie Corona, Saba Masho
This study evaluated the Olweus Bully Prevention Program (OBPP) in urban middle schools serving a mostly African American student population. Participants were 1791 students from three communities with high rates of crime and poverty. We evaluated the impact of the OBPP using a multiple-baseline experimental design in which we randomized the order and timing of intervention activities across three schools. We assessed the frequency of violence and victimization using self-report and teachers' ratings of students collected every 3 months over 5 years...
June 14, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876790/pathways-of-adaptation-two-case-studies-with-one-evidence-based-substance-use-prevention-program-tailored-for-indigenous-youth
#9
Jerreed D Ivanich, Alicia C Mousseau, Melissa Walls, Les Whitbeck, Nancy Rumbaugh Whitesell
Indigenous communities often face disproportionate challenges across a variety of health domains, and effective prevention strategies are sorely needed. Unfortunately, evidence is scant regarding what approaches are effective for these communities. A common approach is to take an evidence-based practice or program with documented effectiveness in other populations and implement it with Indigenous populations. While a science of intervention adaptation is emerging, there remains little guidance on processes for adaptation that strategically leverage both existing scientific evidence and Indigenous prevention strategies...
June 6, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869733/child-abuse-risk-in-male-partner-selection-and-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-of-women-of-the-european-union
#10
Juan Herrero, Andrea Torres, Francisco J Rodríguez
The revictimization of women during the life cycle has attracted the interest of many researchers in recent years. In this study, we examined the relationship between the experience of child abuse and the subsequent victimization by a male partner in adulthood. Specifically, we proposed that childhood abuse experiences negatively affect the development of healthy interpersonal relationships in adulthood. Thus, some female victims of child abuse are more likely to select potentially abusive intimate male partners...
June 5, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868998/impact-of-behavioral-drug-abuse-treatment-on-sexual-risk-behaviors-an-integrative-data-analysis-of-eight-trials-conducted-within-the-national-drug-abuse-treatment-clinical-trials-network
#11
Jennifer L Brown, Michael D Eriksen, Nicole K Gause, Gene H Brody, Jessica M Sales
The extent to which behavioral drug abuse treatments affect sexual risk behaviors is largely unknown. This study examined the impact of behavioral drug abuse treatments on sexual risk behaviors using an integrative data analysis approach across eight trials conducted within the National Drug Abuse Treatment Clinical Trials Network (CTN). Participants (N = 1305) from eight randomized controlled trials who were sexually active at baseline were included in the pooled dataset; 48.7% were female, 64.1% self-identified as a racial/ethnic minority, with M (SD) age of 34...
June 4, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860640/multilevel-and-community-level-interventions-with-native-americans-challenges-and-opportunities
#12
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Bonnie Duran, Dedra Buchwald
Multilevel and community-level interventions that target the social determinants of health and ultimately health disparities are seldom conducted in Native American communities. To contextualize the importance of multilevel and community-level interventions, major contributors to and causes of health disparities in Native communities are highlighted. Among the many documented socioeconomic factors influencing health are poverty, low educational attainment, and lack of insurance. Well-recognized health disparities include obesity, diabetes, and hypertension...
June 2, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858760/granger-causality-testing-with-intensive-longitudinal-data
#13
Peter C M Molenaar
The availability of intensive longitudinal data obtained by means of ambulatory assessment opens up new prospects for prevention research in that it allows the derivation of subject-specific dynamic networks of interacting variables by means of vector autoregressive (VAR) modeling. The dynamic networks thus obtained can be subjected to Granger causality testing in order to identify causal relations among the observed time-dependent variables. VARs have two equivalent representations: standard and structural...
June 1, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856040/a-cost-analysis-of-school-based-lifestyle-interventions
#14
Marije Oosterhoff, Hans Bosma, Onno C P van Schayck, Manuela A Joore
A uniform approach for costing school-based lifestyle interventions is currently lacking. The objective of this study was to develop a template for costing primary school-based lifestyle interventions and apply this to the costing of the "Healthy Primary School of the Future" (HPSF) and the "Physical Activity School" (PAS), which aim to improve physical activity and dietary behaviors. Cost-effectiveness studies were reviewed to identify the cost items. Societal costs were reflected by summing up the education, household and leisure, labor and social security, and health perspectives...
May 31, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29856039/correction-to-when-marijuana-is-used-before-cigarettes-or-alcohol-demographic-predictors-and-associations-with-heavy-use-cannabis-use-disorder-and-other-drug-related-outcomes
#15
Brian J Fairman, C Debra Furr-Holden, Renee M Johnson
The original version of this article contained a mistake: The first sentence in the Results section of the Abstract should read as follows: "The proportion who had initiated marijuana before other substances increased from 4.4% to 8.0%".
May 31, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845401/the-impact-of-the-urban-neighborhood-environment-on-marijuana-trajectories-during-emerging-adulthood
#16
Beth A Reboussin, Nicholas S Ialongo, Kerry M Green, Debra M Furr-Holden, Renee M Johnson, Adam J Milam
Although there is little difference in rates of marijuana use between White and Black youth, Blacks have significantly higher rates of marijuana use and disorder in young adulthood. Theory suggests that factors tied to social disadvantage may explain this disparity, and neighborhood setting may be a key exposure. This study sought to identify trajectories of marijuana use in an urban sample during emerging adulthood, neighborhood contexts that predict these trajectories and social role transitions or "turning points" that may redirect them...
May 29, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789997/non-gaussian-methods-for-causal-structure-learning
#17
REVIEW
Shohei Shimizu
Causal structure learning is one of the most exciting new topics in the fields of machine learning and statistics. In many empirical sciences including prevention science, the causal mechanisms underlying various phenomena need to be studied. Nevertheless, in many cases, classical methods for causal structure learning are not capable of estimating the causal structure of variables. This is because it explicitly or implicitly assumes Gaussianity of data and typically utilizes only the covariance structure. In many applications, however, non-Gaussian data are often obtained, which means that more information may be contained in the data distribution than the covariance matrix is capable of containing...
May 22, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781050/testing-the-causal-direction-of-mediation-effects-in-randomized-intervention-studies
#18
Wolfgang Wiedermann, Xintong Li, Alexander von Eye
In a recent update of the standards for evidence in research on prevention interventions, the Society of Prevention Research emphasizes the importance of evaluating and testing the causal mechanism through which an intervention is expected to have an effect on an outcome. Mediation analysis is commonly applied to study such causal processes. However, these analytic tools are limited in their potential to fully understand the role of theorized mediators. For example, in a design where the treatment x is randomized and the mediator (m) and the outcome (y) are measured cross-sectionally, the causal direction of the hypothesized mediator-outcome relation is not uniquely identified...
May 21, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770947/when-marijuana-is-used-before-cigarettes-or-alcohol-demographic-predictors-and-associations-with-heavy-use-cannabis-use-disorder-and-other-drug-related-outcomes
#19
Brian J Fairman, C Debra Furr-Holden, Renee M Johnson
Recent loosening of state and federal policy restrictions on marijuana, along with changes in social norms regarding marijuana use and decreases in prevalence of other types of substance use, may lead to increases in youth initiating marijuana before other types of substances such as alcohol and tobacco. We investigated predictors and potential consequences of initiating marijuana before other drugs for youth aged 12-21-years in the USA. Nationally representative, cross-sectional survey data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health supplied self-reported age of first marijuana, cigarettes, alcohol, other tobacco, and other illegal drug use among 12-21-year-old samples from 2004 to 2014 (n = 275,559)...
May 17, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767282/the-effect-of-medical-marijuana-laws-on-marijuana-related-attitude-and-perception-among-us-adolescents-and-young-adults
#20
Hefei Wen, Jason M Hockenberry, Benjamin G Druss
Marijuana liberalization policies are gaining momentum in the USA, coupled with limited federal interference and growing dispensary industry. This evolving regulatory landscape underscores the importance of understanding the attitudinal/perceptual pathways from marijuana policy to marijuana use behavior, especially for adolescents and young adults. Our study uses the restricted-access National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) 2004-2012 data and a difference-in-differences design to compare the pre-policy, post-policy changes in marijuana-related attitude/perception between adolescents and young adults from ten states that implemented medical marijuana laws during the study period and those from the remaining states...
May 16, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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