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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631235/prevention-of-aggression-violence-and-mental-health-problems-in-childhood-and-adolescence-innovative-and-sustainable-approaches-from-around-the-world-introduction-and-overview
#1
Nancy Guerra, Suzanne Duryea
This special issue, Prevention of Aggression, Violence, and Mental Health Problems in Childhood and Adolescence: Innovative and Sustainable Approaches from Around the World, represents a broad set of studies from lower- and middle-income countries. The intent of the special issue was to expand our knowledge of evidence-based programs in less-resourced settings, given that most of the current evidence comes from the USA and other higher-income countries. Many of the articles describe adaptations of evidence-based programs developed in higher-income countries, and their findings suggest that this can be an effective approach...
June 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631234/quality-matters-implementation-moderates-student-outcomes-in-the-paths-curriculum
#2
Neil Humphrey, Alexandra Barlow, Ann Lendrum
Analyses of the relationship between levels of implementation and outcomes of school-based social and emotional learning (SEL) interventions are relatively infrequent and are typically narrowly focused. Thus, our objective was to assess the relationship between variability in a range of implementation dimensions and intervention outcomes in the Promoting Alternative Thinking Strategies (PATHS) curriculum. Implementation of PATHS was examined in 69 classrooms across 23 schools in the first year of a major randomized controlled trial...
June 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620723/advances-in-ebi-development-for-diverse-populations-towards-a-science-of-intervention-adaptation
#3
Felipe Gonzalez Castro, Miwa Yasui
This introduction examines major issues and challenges as presented in this special issue of Prevention Science, "Challenges to the Dissemination and Implementation of Evidence Based Prevention Interventions for Diverse Populations." We describe the Fidelity-Adaptation Dilemma that became the origin of dynamic tensions in prevention science. It generated controversies and debates and new perspectives on the dissemination and implementation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) within diverse populations. The five articles in this special issue address many of these challenges...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620722/testing-the-amotivational-syndrome-marijuana-use-longitudinally-predicts-lower-self-efficacy-even-after-controlling-for-demographics-personality-and-alcohol-and-cigarette-use
#4
Andrew Lac, Jeremy W Luk
The marijuana amotivational syndrome posits that cannabis use fosters apathy through the depletion of motivation-based constructs such as self-efficacy. The current study pursued a two-round design to rule out concomitant risk factors responsible for the connection from marijuana intake to lower general self-efficacy. College students (N = 505) completed measures of marijuana use, demographics (age, gender, and race), personality (extraversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, openness, and neuroticism), other substance use (alcohol and tobacco), and general self-efficacy (initiative, effort, and persistence) in two assessments separated by a month...
June 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597177/dynamical-systems-modeling-of-couple-interaction-a-new-method-for-assessing-intervention-impact-across-the-transition-to-parenthood
#5
Mark E Feinberg, Mengya Xia, Gregory M Fosco, Richard E Heyman, Sy-Miin Chow
This study explored the use of dynamical systems modeling techniques to evaluate self- and co-regulation of affect in couples' interactions before and after the transition to parenthood, and the impact of the Family Foundations program on these processes. Thirty-four heterosexual couples, randomized to intervention and control conditions, participated in videotaped dyadic interaction tasks at pretest (during pregnancy) and posttest (1 year after birth). Husbands' and wives' positivity and negativity were micro-coded throughout interactions...
June 9, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593529/bisexual-specific-minority-stressors-psychological-distress-and-suicidality-in-bisexual-individuals-the-mediating-role-of-loneliness
#6
Ethan H Mereish, Sabra L Katz-Wise, Julie Woulfe
Bisexual individuals are at higher risk for poor mental health outcomes compared to heterosexual as well as lesbian and gay individuals and experience minority stressors, such as discrimination, from both heterosexual and sexual minority communities. However, there is little research examining the negative effects of bisexual-specific minority stressors on bisexual individuals' mental health as well as psychological factors that might help explain minority stressors' deleterious effects. This research examined the effects of distal minority stressors (i...
June 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578516/risk-perception-sexual-behaviors-and-prep-adherence-among-substance-using-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-qualitative-study
#7
Erik D Storholm, Jonathan E Volk, Julia L Marcus, Michael J Silverberg, Derek D Satre
The antiretroviral drug combination emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF/FTC) taken as pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is effective in preventing HIV infection, yet it also requires adherence and potentially decreases condom use. This study sought to examine these issues among a key population at risk of HIV infection, substance-using men who have sex with men (MSM). We conducted semi-structured interviews with an ethnically diverse sample of 30 young (aged 20-35) MSM prescribed PrEP within a large integrated healthcare system in San Francisco, who had reported recent drug use or hazardous drinking and one or more missed doses of PrEP...
June 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573426/cultural-adaptations-conceptual-ethical-contextual-and-methodological-issues-for-working-with-ethnocultural-and-majority-world-populations
#8
Guillermo Bernal, Cristina Adames
Mayor advancements have been achieved in research on the cultural adaptation of prevention and treatment interventions that are conducted with diverse ethnocultural groups. This commentary addresses conceptual, ethical, contextual, and methodological issues related to cultural adaptations. The articles in this special issue represent a major contribution to the study of cultural adaptations in prevention science. We frame our analysis of fidelity to core intervention components using a conceptual approach that examines (a) the propositional model (theory of change), (b) the procedural model (theory of action, methods), and (c) the philosophical assumptions that undergird these models...
June 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550456/what-doesn-t-work-for-whom-exploring-heterogeneity-in-responsiveness-to-the-family-check-up-in-early-childhood-using-a-mixture-model-approach
#9
William E Pelham, Thomas J Dishion, Jenn-Yun Tein, Daniel S Shaw, Melvin N Wilson
This study applied latent class analysis to a family-centered prevention trial in early childhood to identify subgroups of families with differential responsiveness to the Family Check-Up (FCU) intervention. The sample included 731 families with 2-year-olds randomized to the FCU or control condition and followed through age 5 with yearly follow-up assessments. A two-step mixture model was used to examine whether specific constellations of family characteristics at age 2 (baseline) were related to intervention response across ages 3, 4, and 5...
May 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526973/predictors-of-adult-marijuana-use-among-parents-and-nonparents
#10
Marina Epstein, Jennifer A Bailey, Christine M Steeger, Karl G Hill, Martie L Skinner
The current study examined predictors of marijuana use among adults, including subsamples of adults who are actively parenting (i.e., have regular face-to-face contact with a child) and those who have no children. Participants were a community sample of 808 adults and two subsamples drawn from the full group: 383 adults who were actively parenting and 135 who had no children. Multilevel models examined predictors of marijuana use in these three groups from ages 27 to 39. Becoming a parent was associated with a decrease in marijuana use...
May 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516308/the-charlie-sheen-effect-on-rapid-in-home-human-immunodeficiency-virus-test-sales
#11
Jon-Patrick Allem, Eric C Leas, Theodore L Caputi, Mark Dredze, Benjamin M Althouse, Seth M Noar, John W Ayers
One in eight of the 1.2 million Americans living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are unaware of their positive status, and untested individuals are responsible for most new infections. As a result, testing is the most cost-effective HIV prevention strategy and must be accelerated when opportunities are presented. Web searches for HIV spiked around actor Charlie Sheen's HIV-positive disclosure. However, it is unknown whether Sheen's disclosure impacted offline behaviors like HIV testing. The goal of this study was to determine if Sheen's HIV disclosure was a record-setting HIV prevention event and determine if Web searches presage increases in testing allowing for rapid detection and reaction in the future...
May 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508155/retention-of-south-african-adolescents-in-a-54-month-longitudinal-hiv-risk-reduction-trial
#12
Larry D Icard, John B Jemmott, Craig Carty, Ann O'Leary, Lulama Sidloyi, Janet Hsu, JoAnn Tyler, Omar Martinez
Retention of participants in clinical trials is a central concern of HIV/STI behavioral researchers and research sponsors. This article describes the strategies used for addressing the challenges in retaining South African adolescents for a 54-month longitudinal study. The objective of the South African adolescent health promotion long-term follow-up trial was to test the sustainability of the effects of an HIV/STI risk reduction intervention, "Let Us Protect Our Future," on young adolescents as they aged into middle and late adolescence...
May 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500558/natural-peer-leaders-as-substance-use-prevention-agents-the-teens-life-choice-project
#13
Megan M Golonka, Kristen F Peairs, Patrick S Malone, Christina L Grimes, Philip R Costanzo
In adolescent social groups, natural peer leaders have been found to engage in more frequent experimentation with substance use and to possess disproportionate power to affect the behavior and social choices of their associated peer followers. In the current exploratory study, we used sociometrics and social cognitive mapping to identify natural leaders of cliques in a seventh grade population and invited the leaders to develop anti-drug presentations for an audience of younger peers. The program employed social-psychological approaches directed at having leaders proceed from extrinsic inducements to intrinsic identification with their persuasive products in the context of the group intervention process...
May 12, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480494/knowing-every-child-validation-of-the-holistic-student-assessment-hsa-as-a-measure-of-social-emotional-development
#14
Tina Malti, Antonio Zuffianò, Gil G Noam
Knowing every child's social-emotional development is important as it can support prevention and intervention approaches to meet the developmental needs and strengths of children. Here, we discuss the role of social-emotional assessment tools in planning, implementing, and evaluating preventative strategies to promote mental health in all children and adolescents. We, first, selectively review existing tools and identify current gaps in the measurement literature. Next, we introduce the Holistic Student Assessment (HSA), a tool that is based in our social-emotional developmental theory, The Clover Model, and designed to measure social-emotional development in children and adolescents...
May 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480493/effects-of-sectoral-diversity-on-community-coalition-processes-and-outcomes
#15
Louis D Brown, Rebecca Wells, Eric C Jones, Sarah Meyer Chilenski
Collaboration with diverse partners is challenging but essential for the implementation of prevention programs and policies. Increased communication with partners from diverse sectors may help community coalitions overcome the challenges that diversity presents. We examined these issues empirically in a study of 17 substance use prevention coalitions in Mexico. Building on coalition and workgroup literatures, we hypothesized that sectoral diversity would improve outcomes but undermine coalition processes. Conversely, we expected uniformly positive effects from higher levels of intersectoral communication...
May 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470587/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-long-term-professional-mentoring-program-for-children-at-risk-outcomes-across-the-first-5-years
#16
J Mark Eddy, Charles R Martinez, Jean Baldwin Grossman, Jennifer J Cearley, Danita Herrera, Alice C Wheeler, Jeff S Rempel, Dana Foney, Jeff M Gau, Bert O Burraston, Tracy W Harachi, Kevin P Haggerty, John R Seeley
Child outcomes due to a paid professional mentoring program, Friends of the Children (FOTC), were investigated across the first 5 years of an ongoing multi-site randomized controlled trial. Participants were 278 children attending kindergarten or first grade who were identified as "at risk" for adjustment problems during adolescence. The program was delivered through established nonprofit community-based organizations. Mentors were hired to work full time and were provided training, supervision, and support to work individually with small numbers of children...
May 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451922/adapting-current-strategies-to-implement-evidence-based-prevention-programs-for-paraprofessional-home-visiting
#17
Erin Rotheram-Fuller, Dallas Swendeman, Kim Becker, Eric Daleiden, Bruce Chorpita, Maryann Koussa Youssef, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
This paper describes a strategy for using evidence-based interventions (EBI) that does not require replication and fidelity. Eight parents, identified as positive role models, conducted home visits for 101 low-income Latina and Korean pregnant women. The home visitors, called mentor mothers (MM), were trained in 10 of the practice elements common to 80% of child-focused EBI and how to apply these skills to support mothers in obesity prevention, to increase the duration of breastfeeding, and to reduce depression...
April 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444519/intention-to-enact-and-enactment-of-gatekeeper-behaviors-for-suicide-prevention-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#18
Shane T W Kuhlman, Susan E Walch, Kristina N Bauer, April D Glenn
Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention was evaluated on a college campus to examine the impact of training on gatekeeper enactment of behaviors in support of suicide prevention and identify predictors of enactment of gatekeeper behaviors. Trained gatekeepers (N = 216) displayed greater perceived knowledge and self-efficacy for suicide prevention and reported higher rates of self-reported actual gatekeeper behaviors, including inquiring about suicidal ideation and referring for mental health treatment when they encountered someone in distress, compared to their untrained counterparts (N = 169)...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444518/video-based-approach-to-engaging-parents-into-a-preventive-parenting-intervention-for-divorcing-families-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Emily B Winslow, Sanford Braver, Robert Cialdini, Irwin Sandler, Jennifer Betkowski, Jenn-Yun Tein, Liza Hita, Mona Bapat, Lorey Wheeler, Monique Lopez
The public health impact of evidence-based, preventive parenting interventions has been severely constrained by low rates of participation when interventions are delivered under natural conditions. It is critical that prevention scientists develop effective and feasible parent engagement methods. This study tested video-based methods for engaging parents into an evidence-based program for divorcing parents. Three alternative versions of a video were created to test the incremental effectiveness of different theory-based engagement strategies based on social influence and health behavior models...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434056/beyond-the-primary-endpoint-paradigm-a-test-of-intervention-effect-in-hiv-behavioral-intervention-trials-with-numerous-correlated-outcomes
#20
Jessica M Harwood, Robert E Weiss, W Scott Comulada
Behavioral interventions are increasingly based on holistic approaches to health with an understanding that health-related behaviors are linked. A motivating example is provided by the Philani study, an intervention trial conducted to improve the health of South African mothers and their children. Inter-related health problems around maternal alcohol use, malnutrition, and HIV were addressed; multiple endpoints were targeted. The traditional hypothesis testing paradigm that tests significance on one primary outcome did not suffice...
April 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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