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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434056/beyond-the-primary-endpoint-paradigm-a-test-of-intervention-effect-in-hiv-behavioral-intervention-trials-with-numerous-correlated-outcomes
#1
Jessica M Harwood, Robert E Weiss, W Scott Comulada
Behavioral interventions are increasingly based on holistic approaches to health with an understanding that health-related behaviors are linked. A motivating example is provided by the Philani study, an intervention trial conducted to improve the health of South African mothers and their children. Inter-related health problems around maternal alcohol use, malnutrition, and HIV were addressed; multiple endpoints were targeted. The traditional hypothesis testing paradigm that tests significance on one primary outcome did not suffice...
April 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434055/addressing-methodologic-challenges-and-minimizing-threats-to-validity-in-synthesizing-findings-from-individual-level-data-across-longitudinal-randomized-trials
#2
Ahnalee Brincks, Samantha Montag, George W Howe, Shi Huang, Juned Siddique, Soyeon Ahn, Irwin N Sandler, Hilda Pantin, C Hendricks Brown
Integrative Data Analysis (IDA) encompasses a collection of methods for data synthesis that pools participant-level data across multiple studies. Compared with single-study analyses, IDA provides larger sample sizes, better representation of participant characteristics, and often increased statistical power. Many of the methods currently available for IDA have focused on examining developmental changes using longitudinal observational studies employing different measures across time and study. However, IDA can also be useful in synthesizing across multiple randomized clinical trials to improve our understanding of the comprehensive effectiveness of interventions, as well as mediators and moderators of those effects...
April 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413856/erratum-to-the-relationship-between-marijuana-and-conventional-cigarette-smoking-behavior-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood
#3
Allison N Kristman-Valente, Karl G Hill, Marina Epstein, Rick Kosterman, Jennifer A Bailey, Christine M Steeger, Tiffany M Jones, Robert D Abbott, Renee M Johnson, Denise Walker, J David Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409280/critical-issues-in-the-inclusion-of-genetic-and-epigenetic-information-in-prevention-and-intervention-trials
#4
Shawn J Latendresse, Rashelle Musci, Brion S Maher
Human genetic research in the past decade has generated a wealth of data from the genome-wide association scan era, much of which is catalogued and freely available. These data will typically test the relationship between a single nucleotide variant or polymorphism (SNP) and some outcome, disease, or trait. Ongoing investigations will yield a similar wealth of data regarding epigenetic phenomena. These data will typically test the relationship between DNA methylation at a single genomic location/region and some outcome...
April 13, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397156/long-term-sustainability-of-evidence-based-prevention-interventions-and-community-coalitions-survival-a-five-and-one-half-year-follow-up-study
#5
Knowlton Johnson, David Collins, Steve Shamblen, Tara Kenworthy, Abraham Wandersman
This study examines (1) coalition survival, (2) prevalence of evidence-based prevention interventions (EBPIs) to reduce substance abuse implemented as part of the Tennessee Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) State Incentive Grant (SIG), (3) EBPI sustainability, and (4) factors that predict EBPI sustainability. Secondary data were collected on 27 SPF SIG-funded coalitions and 88 EBPI and non-EBPI implementations. Primary data were collected by a telephone interview/web survey five and one-half years after the SPF SIG ended...
April 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397155/does-the-good-schools-toolkit-reduce-physical-sexual-and-emotional-violence-and-injuries-in-girls-and-boys-equally-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Karen M Devries, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Jenny Parkes, Nambusi Kyegombe, Dipak Naker
We aimed to investigate whether the Good School Toolkit reduced emotional violence, severe physical violence, sexual violence and injuries from school staff to students, as well as emotional, physical and sexual violence between peers, in Ugandan primary schools. We performed a two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial with parallel assignment. Forty-two schools in one district were allocated to intervention (n = 21) or wait-list control (n = 21) arms in 2012. We did cross-sectional baseline and endline surveys in 2012 and 2014, and the Good School Toolkit intervention was implemented for 18 months between surveys...
April 10, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391588/exploring-multilevel-factors-for-family-engagement-in-home-visiting-across-two-national-models
#7
Amanda D Latimore, Lori Burrell, Sarah Crowne, Kristen Ojo, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Sunday Gustin, Lakota Kruse, Daniela Hellman, Lenore Scott, Annette Riordan, Anne Duggan
The associations of family, home visitor and site characteristics with family engagement within the first 6 months were examined. The variation in family engagement was also explored. Home visiting program participants were drawn from 21 Healthy Families America sites (1707 families) and 9 Nurse-Family Partnership sites (650 families) in New Jersey. Three-level nested generalized linear mixed models assessed the associations of family, home visitor and site characteristics with family receipt of a high dose of services in the first 6 months of enrollment...
April 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389746/addendum-to-four-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-group-for-parent-and-child-outcomes
#8
Nina Heinrichs, Sören Kliem, Kurt Hahlweg
A previous article published in Prevention Science 3 years ago (Heinrichs et al. 2014) presented the results of a randomized controlled trial of the Triple P group program 4 years (FU4) after administration as a universal prevention approach in preschools. The present addendum resolves inconsistencies in outcome reporting (e.g., total scores of scales versus subscale scores) and provides information on measures that were additionally available to analyze further potential effects of the intervention. Effects in secondary outcome domains not reported in Heinrichs et al...
April 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386808/predictors-of-group-leaders-perceptions-of-parents-initial-and-dynamic-engagement-in-a-family-preventive-intervention
#9
J Douglas Coatsworth, Katharine T Hemady, Melissa W George
Attendance and participant engagement are two consistent predictors of the efficacy of preventive interventions. Although both are typically measured and analyzed as static factors, evidence indicates patterns of attendance and participant engagement change over the course of intervention. Understanding parent characteristics that predict engagement may inform strategies to maximize parents' involvement thereby increasing intervention uptake and improving effects. This study examined whether parents' baseline characteristics predicted their engagement in a family-based intervention...
April 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378102/posttraumatic-stress-and-problem-drinking-at-the-transition-out-of-college
#10
Jennifer P Read, Sharon Radomski, Jeffrey D Wardell
The objective of the present study was to examine how symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may confer drinking risk as students with trauma histories complete college and move toward independent adulthood. Students (N = 283) completed assessments of trauma, posttraumatic stress, and alcohol use and consequences at four time points during the year following their fourth year of college. Some students had transitioned out of the college environment, whereas others had not. We examined how transition status moderated within-person associations between changes in PTSD and corresponding changes in alcohol outcomes over time...
April 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361199/the-tamojunto-drug-prevention-program-in-brazilian-schools-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Zila M Sanchez, Juliana Y Valente, Adriana Sanudo, Ana Paula D Pereira, Joselaine I Cruz, Daniela Schneider, Solange Andreoni
A randomized controlled trial was conducted in 2014 with 7th and 8th grade students from 72 public schools in 6 Brazilian cities. This trial aimed to evaluate the effects of an adapted European school-based drug prevention program Unplugged, called #Tamojunto in Brazil, which was implemented by the Ministry of Health as part of public policy. The experimental group (n = 3340) attended 12 classes in the #Tamojunto program, and the control group (n = 3318) did not receive a school prevention program. Baseline data were collected prior to program implementation, and follow-up data were collected 9 months later, allowing a matching of 4213 adolescents in both waves...
March 31, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361198/peer-influence-peer-selection-and-adolescent-alcohol-use-a-simulation-study-using-a-dynamic-network-model-of-friendship-ties-and-alcohol-use
#12
Cheng Wang, John R Hipp, Carter T Butts, Rupa Jose, Cynthia M Lakon
While studies suggest that peer influence can in some cases encourage adolescent substance use, recent work demonstrates that peer influence may be on average protective for cigarette smoking, raising questions about whether this effect occurs for other substance use behaviors. Herein, we focus on adolescent drinking, which may follow different social dynamics than smoking. We use a data-calibrated Stochastic Actor-Based (SAB) Model of adolescent friendship tie choice and drinking behavior to explore the impact of manipulating the size of peer influence and selection effects on drinking in two school-based networks...
March 30, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357550/attendance-trajectory-classes-among-divorced-and-separated-mothers-and-fathers-in-the-new-beginnings-program
#13
Anne M Mauricio, Gina L Mazza, Cady Berkel, Jenn-Yun Tein, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik, Emily Winslow
We examined attendance trajectories among mothers and fathers in the effectiveness trial of the New Beginnings Program, a parenting-focused prevention program for divorced and separated parents. We also investigated attendance trajectory class differences on two sets of pretest covariates: one set previously linked to participation in programs not specifically targeting divorced parents (i.e., sociodemographics, perceived parenting skills, child problem behaviors, parent psychological distress) and another that might be particularly salient to participation in the context of divorce (i...
March 29, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353126/preventing-adolescent-substance-use-through-an-evidence-based-program-effects-of-the-italian-adaptation-of-life-skills-training
#14
Veronica Velasco, Kenneth W Griffin, Gilbert J Botvin
Evidence-based preventive interventions for adolescent substance use, violence, and mental health issues are increasingly being adapted and disseminated internationally. In the present paper, we report the results of an effectiveness study that was part of a comprehensive initiative by a coalition of health promotion organizations in the Lombardy region of Italy to select, culturally adapt, implement, evaluate, and sustain an evidence-based drug abuse prevention program developed in the USA. Findings are presented from a large-scale effectiveness study of the Life Skills Training prevention program among over 3000 students attending 55 middle schools in Italy...
March 28, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349236/concurrent-trajectories-of-female-drinking-and-smoking-behaviors-throughout-transitions-to-pregnancy-and-early-parenthood
#15
Weiwei Liu, Elizabeth A Mumford
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to investigate whether there are distinct etiological processes explaining dual usage of alcohol and conventional cigarettes by mothers from preconception through the early parenting years. Data on 8800 biological mothers were drawn from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), representative of US births in 2001. A general growth mixture model (GGMM) was used to empirically identify developmental trajectories of maternal smoking and drinking over the 5-6-year study period...
March 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349235/the-relationship-between-marijuana-and-conventional-cigarette-smoking-behavior-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood
#16
Allison N Kristman-Valente, Karl G Hill, Marina Epstein, Rick Kosterman, Jennifer A Bailey, Christine M Steeger, Tiffany M Jones, Robert D Abbott, Renee M Johnson, Denise Walker, J David Hawkins
Longitudinal analyses investigated (a) the co-occurrence of marijuana use and conventional cigarette smoking within time and (b) bidirectional associations between marijuana and conventional cigarette use in three developmental periods: adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood. A cross-lag model was used to examine the bidirectional model of marijuana and conventional cigarette smoking frequency from ages 13 to 33 years. The bidirectional model accounted for gender, school-age economic disadvantage, childhood attention problems, and race...
March 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337693/the-role-of-norms-in-marijuana-use-among-american-indian-adolescents
#17
Linda R Stanley, Randall C Swaim, Sara E Dieterich
American Indian adolescents residing on reservations report high levels of marijuana use. Understanding the relationships between normative mechanisms and marijuana use in this group can be especially important in designing effective strategies to prevent use. Participants were 3446 students identifying as American Indian in grades 7-12 across four academic years (2009-2012) from 45 schools. Multilevel logistic analysis was used to examine the relationships between lifetime, last month, and frequent marijuana use and measures of the normative environment...
March 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337692/a-successful-strategy-for-linking-anonymous-data-from-students-and-parents-questionnaires-using-self-generated-identification-codes
#18
Jaroslav Vacek, Hana Vonkova, Roman Gabrhelík
We conducted a feasibility study for matching children (N = 2571, average age 12 years, 50.4% female) and their parents (N = 1931, average age 41 years, 83.3% female) represented by an anonymous self-generated identification code (SGIC) and assessed its methodological properties. We used a nine-character SGIC with the children and a mirrored version of the same code with the parents. The average overall error rate in generating the SGIC was 9.7% (4.0% in the parents and 13.9% in the children). We were able to link a total of 1765 parents' and children's codes uniquely (94...
March 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317075/reducing-truancy-and-fostering-a-willingness-to-attend-school-results-from-a-randomized-trial-of-a-police-school-partnership-program
#19
Lorraine Mazerolle, Emma Antrobus, Sarah Bennett, Elizabeth Eggins
Truancy is a major social issue that is linked to a range of poor outcomes across the life course, including poor educational outcomes, drug and alcohol abuse, and antisocial behavior. Interventions that seek to reduce truancy problems range from school-based police officers to programs that reward good attendance to community-based interventions. This study reports primary outcome results of a randomized trial of a collaborative, police-school partnership that sought to reduce truancy and increase students' willingness to attend school...
March 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303422/efficacy-of-the-fun-for-wellness-online-intervention-to-promote-multidimensional-well-being-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Nicholas D Myers, Isaac Prilleltensky, Ora Prilleltensky, Adam McMahon, Samantha Dietz, Carolyn L Rubenstein
Subjective well-being refers to people's level of satisfaction with life as a whole and with multiple dimensions within it. Interventions that promote subjective well-being are important because there is evidence that physical health, mental health, substance use, and health care costs may be related to subjective well-being. Fun For Wellness (FFW) is a new online universal intervention designed to promote growth in multiple dimensions of subjective well-being. The purpose of this study was to provide an initial evaluation of the efficacy of FFW to increase subjective well-being in multiple dimensions in a universal sample...
March 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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