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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526973/predictors-of-adult-marijuana-use-among-parents-and-nonparents
#1
Marina Epstein, Jennifer A Bailey, Christine M Steeger, Karl G Hill, Martie L Skinner
The current study examined predictors of marijuana use among adults, including subsamples of adults who are actively parenting (i.e., have regular face-to-face contact with a child) and those who have no children. Participants were a community sample of 808 adults and two subsamples drawn from the full group: 383 adults who were actively parenting and 135 who had no children. Multilevel models examined predictors of marijuana use in these three groups from ages 27 to 39. Becoming a parent was associated with a decrease in marijuana use...
May 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523585/pathways-to-preventing-substance-use-among-youth-in-foster-care
#2
Hyoun K Kim, Rohanna Buchanan, Joseph M Price
Substance use problems are highly prevalent among youth in foster care. Such problems in adolescence have long-lasting implications for subsequent adjustment throughout adulthood and even across generations. Although several programs have demonstrated positive results in reducing substance use in at-risk youth, few studies have systemically examined how such programs work for foster youth and whether they are effective for both genders. This study examined the efficacy of KEEP SAFE, a family-based and skill-focused program designed to prevent substance use and other related health risking behaviors among youth in foster care...
May 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516308/the-charlie-sheen-effect-on-rapid-in-home-human-immunodeficiency-virus-test-sales
#3
Jon-Patrick Allem, Eric C Leas, Theodore L Caputi, Mark Dredze, Benjamin M Althouse, Seth M Noar, John W Ayers
One in eight of the 1.2 million Americans living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are unaware of their positive status, and untested individuals are responsible for most new infections. As a result, testing is the most cost-effective HIV prevention strategy and must be accelerated when opportunities are presented. Web searches for HIV spiked around actor Charlie Sheen's HIV-positive disclosure. However, it is unknown whether Sheen's disclosure impacted offline behaviors like HIV testing. The goal of this study was to determine if Sheen's HIV disclosure was a record-setting HIV prevention event and determine if Web searches presage increases in testing allowing for rapid detection and reaction in the future...
May 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508155/retention-of-south-african-adolescents-in-a-54-month-longitudinal-hiv-risk-reduction-trial
#4
Larry D Icard, John B Jemmott, Craig Carty, Ann O'Leary, Lulama Sidloyi, Janet Hsu, JoAnn Tyler, Omar Martinez
Retention of participants in clinical trials is a central concern of HIV/STI behavioral researchers and research sponsors. This article describes the strategies used for addressing the challenges in retaining South African adolescents for a 54-month longitudinal study. The objective of the South African adolescent health promotion long-term follow-up trial was to test the sustainability of the effects of an HIV/STI risk reduction intervention, "Let Us Protect Our Future," on young adolescents as they aged into middle and late adolescence...
May 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500558/natural-peer-leaders-as-substance-use-prevention-agents-the-teens-life-choice-project
#5
Megan M Golonka, Kristen F Peairs, Patrick S Malone, Christina L Grimes, Philip R Costanzo
In adolescent social groups, natural peer leaders have been found to engage in more frequent experimentation with substance use and to possess disproportionate power to affect the behavior and social choices of their associated peer followers. In the current exploratory study, we used sociometrics and social cognitive mapping to identify natural leaders of cliques in a seventh grade population and invited the leaders to develop anti-drug presentations for an audience of younger peers. The program employed social-psychological approaches directed at having leaders proceed from extrinsic inducements to intrinsic identification with their persuasive products in the context of the group intervention process...
May 12, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480494/knowing-every-child-validation-of-the-holistic-student-assessment-hsa-as-a-measure-of-social-emotional-development
#6
Tina Malti, Antonio Zuffianò, Gil G Noam
Knowing every child's social-emotional development is important as it can support prevention and intervention approaches to meet the developmental needs and strengths of children. Here, we discuss the role of social-emotional assessment tools in planning, implementing, and evaluating preventative strategies to promote mental health in all children and adolescents. We, first, selectively review existing tools and identify current gaps in the measurement literature. Next, we introduce the Holistic Student Assessment (HSA), a tool that is based in our social-emotional developmental theory, The Clover Model, and designed to measure social-emotional development in children and adolescents...
May 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480493/effects-of-sectoral-diversity-on-community-coalition-processes-and-outcomes
#7
Louis D Brown, Rebecca Wells, Eric C Jones, Sarah Meyer Chilenski
Collaboration with diverse partners is challenging but essential for the implementation of prevention programs and policies. Increased communication with partners from diverse sectors may help community coalitions overcome the challenges that diversity presents. We examined these issues empirically in a study of 17 substance use prevention coalitions in Mexico. Building on coalition and workgroup literatures, we hypothesized that sectoral diversity would improve outcomes but undermine coalition processes. Conversely, we expected uniformly positive effects from higher levels of intersectoral communication...
May 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470587/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-long-term-professional-mentoring-program-for-children-at-risk-outcomes-across-the-first-5-years
#8
J Mark Eddy, Charles R Martinez, Jean Baldwin Grossman, Jennifer J Cearley, Danita Herrera, Alice C Wheeler, Jeff S Rempel, Dana Foney, Jeff M Gau, Bert O Burraston, Tracy W Harachi, Kevin P Haggerty, John R Seeley
Child outcomes due to a paid professional mentoring program, Friends of the Children (FOTC), were investigated across the first 5 years of an ongoing multi-site randomized controlled trial. Participants were 278 children attending kindergarten or first grade who were identified as "at risk" for adjustment problems during adolescence. The program was delivered through established nonprofit community-based organizations. Mentors were hired to work full time and were provided training, supervision, and support to work individually with small numbers of children...
May 3, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451922/adapting-current-strategies-to-implement-evidence-based-prevention-programs-for-paraprofessional-home-visiting
#9
Erin Rotheram-Fuller, Dallas Swendeman, Kim Becker, Eric Daleiden, Bruce Chorpita, Maryann Koussa Youssef, Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus
This paper describes a strategy for using evidence-based interventions (EBI) that does not require replication and fidelity. Eight parents, identified as positive role models, conducted home visits for 101 low-income Latina and Korean pregnant women. The home visitors, called mentor mothers (MM), were trained in 10 of the practice elements common to 80% of child-focused EBI and how to apply these skills to support mothers in obesity prevention, to increase the duration of breastfeeding, and to reduce depression...
April 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444519/intention-to-enact-and-enactment-of-gatekeeper-behaviors-for-suicide-prevention-an-application-of-the-theory-of-planned-behavior
#10
Shane T W Kuhlman, Susan E Walch, Kristina N Bauer, April D Glenn
Gatekeeper training for suicide prevention was evaluated on a college campus to examine the impact of training on gatekeeper enactment of behaviors in support of suicide prevention and identify predictors of enactment of gatekeeper behaviors. Trained gatekeepers (N = 216) displayed greater perceived knowledge and self-efficacy for suicide prevention and reported higher rates of self-reported actual gatekeeper behaviors, including inquiring about suicidal ideation and referring for mental health treatment when they encountered someone in distress, compared to their untrained counterparts (N = 169)...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444518/video-based-approach-to-engaging-parents-into-a-preventive-parenting-intervention-for-divorcing-families-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Emily B Winslow, Sanford Braver, Robert Cialdini, Irwin Sandler, Jennifer Betkowski, Jenn-Yun Tein, Liza Hita, Mona Bapat, Lorey Wheeler, Monique Lopez
The public health impact of evidence-based, preventive parenting interventions has been severely constrained by low rates of participation when interventions are delivered under natural conditions. It is critical that prevention scientists develop effective and feasible parent engagement methods. This study tested video-based methods for engaging parents into an evidence-based program for divorcing parents. Three alternative versions of a video were created to test the incremental effectiveness of different theory-based engagement strategies based on social influence and health behavior models...
April 25, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434056/beyond-the-primary-endpoint-paradigm-a-test-of-intervention-effect-in-hiv-behavioral-intervention-trials-with-numerous-correlated-outcomes
#12
Jessica M Harwood, Robert E Weiss, W Scott Comulada
Behavioral interventions are increasingly based on holistic approaches to health with an understanding that health-related behaviors are linked. A motivating example is provided by the Philani study, an intervention trial conducted to improve the health of South African mothers and their children. Inter-related health problems around maternal alcohol use, malnutrition, and HIV were addressed; multiple endpoints were targeted. The traditional hypothesis testing paradigm that tests significance on one primary outcome did not suffice...
April 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434055/addressing-methodologic-challenges-and-minimizing-threats-to-validity-in-synthesizing-findings-from-individual-level-data-across-longitudinal-randomized-trials
#13
Ahnalee Brincks, Samantha Montag, George W Howe, Shi Huang, Juned Siddique, Soyeon Ahn, Irwin N Sandler, Hilda Pantin, C Hendricks Brown
Integrative Data Analysis (IDA) encompasses a collection of methods for data synthesis that pools participant-level data across multiple studies. Compared with single-study analyses, IDA provides larger sample sizes, better representation of participant characteristics, and often increased statistical power. Many of the methods currently available for IDA have focused on examining developmental changes using longitudinal observational studies employing different measures across time and study. However, IDA can also be useful in synthesizing across multiple randomized clinical trials to improve our understanding of the comprehensive effectiveness of interventions, as well as mediators and moderators of those effects...
April 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413856/erratum-to-the-relationship-between-marijuana-and-conventional-cigarette-smoking-behavior-from-early-adolescence-to-adulthood
#14
Allison N Kristman-Valente, Karl G Hill, Marina Epstein, Rick Kosterman, Jennifer A Bailey, Christine M Steeger, Tiffany M Jones, Robert D Abbott, Renee M Johnson, Denise Walker, J David Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409280/critical-issues-in-the-inclusion-of-genetic-and-epigenetic-information-in-prevention-and-intervention-trials
#15
Shawn J Latendresse, Rashelle Musci, Brion S Maher
Human genetic research in the past decade has generated a wealth of data from the genome-wide association scan era, much of which is catalogued and freely available. These data will typically test the relationship between a single nucleotide variant or polymorphism (SNP) and some outcome, disease, or trait. Ongoing investigations will yield a similar wealth of data regarding epigenetic phenomena. These data will typically test the relationship between DNA methylation at a single genomic location/region and some outcome...
April 13, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397156/long-term-sustainability-of-evidence-based-prevention-interventions-and-community-coalitions-survival-a-five-and-one-half-year-follow-up-study
#16
Knowlton Johnson, David Collins, Steve Shamblen, Tara Kenworthy, Abraham Wandersman
This study examines (1) coalition survival, (2) prevalence of evidence-based prevention interventions (EBPIs) to reduce substance abuse implemented as part of the Tennessee Strategic Prevention Framework (SPF) State Incentive Grant (SIG), (3) EBPI sustainability, and (4) factors that predict EBPI sustainability. Secondary data were collected on 27 SPF SIG-funded coalitions and 88 EBPI and non-EBPI implementations. Primary data were collected by a telephone interview/web survey five and one-half years after the SPF SIG ended...
April 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397155/does-the-good-schools-toolkit-reduce-physical-sexual-and-emotional-violence-and-injuries-in-girls-and-boys-equally-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Karen M Devries, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Jenny Parkes, Nambusi Kyegombe, Dipak Naker
We aimed to investigate whether the Good School Toolkit reduced emotional violence, severe physical violence, sexual violence and injuries from school staff to students, as well as emotional, physical and sexual violence between peers, in Ugandan primary schools. We performed a two-arm cluster randomised controlled trial with parallel assignment. Forty-two schools in one district were allocated to intervention (n = 21) or wait-list control (n = 21) arms in 2012. We did cross-sectional baseline and endline surveys in 2012 and 2014, and the Good School Toolkit intervention was implemented for 18 months between surveys...
April 10, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391588/exploring-multilevel-factors-for-family-engagement-in-home-visiting-across-two-national-models
#18
Amanda D Latimore, Lori Burrell, Sarah Crowne, Kristen Ojo, Fallon Cluxton-Keller, Sunday Gustin, Lakota Kruse, Daniela Hellman, Lenore Scott, Annette Riordan, Anne Duggan
The associations of family, home visitor and site characteristics with family engagement within the first 6 months were examined. The variation in family engagement was also explored. Home visiting program participants were drawn from 21 Healthy Families America sites (1707 families) and 9 Nurse-Family Partnership sites (650 families) in New Jersey. Three-level nested generalized linear mixed models assessed the associations of family, home visitor and site characteristics with family receipt of a high dose of services in the first 6 months of enrollment...
April 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389746/addendum-to-four-year-follow-up-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-triple-p-group-for-parent-and-child-outcomes
#19
Nina Heinrichs, Sören Kliem, Kurt Hahlweg
A previous article published in Prevention Science 3 years ago (Heinrichs et al. 2014) presented the results of a randomized controlled trial of the Triple P group program 4 years (FU4) after administration as a universal prevention approach in preschools. The present addendum resolves inconsistencies in outcome reporting (e.g., total scores of scales versus subscale scores) and provides information on measures that were additionally available to analyze further potential effects of the intervention. Effects in secondary outcome domains not reported in Heinrichs et al...
April 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386808/predictors-of-group-leaders-perceptions-of-parents-initial-and-dynamic-engagement-in-a-family-preventive-intervention
#20
J Douglas Coatsworth, Katharine T Hemady, Melissa W George
Attendance and participant engagement are two consistent predictors of the efficacy of preventive interventions. Although both are typically measured and analyzed as static factors, evidence indicates patterns of attendance and participant engagement change over the course of intervention. Understanding parent characteristics that predict engagement may inform strategies to maximize parents' involvement thereby increasing intervention uptake and improving effects. This study examined whether parents' baseline characteristics predicted their engagement in a family-based intervention...
April 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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