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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30397737/growing-from-our-roots-strategies-for-developing-culturally-grounded-health-promotion-interventions-in-american-indian-alaska-native-and-native-hawaiian-communities
#1
Karina L Walters, Michelle Johnson-Jennings, Sandra Stroud, Stacy Rasmus, Billy Charles, Simeon John, James Allen, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula, Mele A Look, Māpuana de Silva, John Lowe, Julie A Baldwin, Gary Lawrence, Jada Brooks, Curtis W Noonan, Annie Belcourt, Eugenia Quintana, Erin O Semmens, Johna Boulafentis
Given the paucity of empirically based health promotion interventions designed by and for American Indian, Alaska Native, and Native Hawaiian (i.e., Native) communities, researchers and partnering communities have had to rely on the adaptation of evidence-based interventions (EBIs) designed for non-Native populations, a decidedly sub-optimal approach. Native communities have called for development of Indigenous health promotion programs in which their cultural worldviews and protocols are prioritized in the design, development, testing, and implementation...
November 6, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30362085/moving-toward-a-precision-based-personalized-framework-for-prevention-science-introduction-to-the-special-issue
#2
Gerald J August, Abigail Gewirtz
The goal of this Special Issue is to introduce prevention scientists to an emerging form of healthcare, called precision medicine. This approach integrates investigation of the mechanisms of disease and health-compromising behaviors with prevention, treatment, and cure resolved at the level of the individual. Precision Medicine and its derivative personalized prevention represents a promising paradigm for prevention science as it accounts for response heterogeneity and guides development of targeted interventions that may enhance program effect sizes...
October 25, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284683/building-capacity-for-productive-indigenous-community-university-partnerships
#3
Joel Gittelsohn, Annie Belcourt, Maya Magarati, Cathryn Booth-LaForce, Bonnie Duran, Shiraz I Mishra, Lorenda Belone, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
This paper describes capacity development as a key aspect of community-based research with indigenous communities. University research engagement with indigenous communities includes extensive, and often negative, historical antecedents. We discuss strategies for developing effective, egalitarian, and balanced indigenous community-university relationships to build research capacity of these communities, and to create sustainable partnerships to improve health and wellness, and to reduce health disparities. We draw on the experience of eight investigators conducting research with indigenous communities to assess effective strategies for building and enhancing partnerships, including (1) supporting indigenous investigator development; (2) developing university policies and practices sensitive and responsive to Indigenous community settings and resources, and training for research; (3) developing community and scientifically acceptable research designs and practices; (4) aligning indigenous community and university review boards to enhance community as well as individual protection (e...
October 4, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284159/using-zoning-as-a-public-health-tool-to-reduce-oversaturation-of-alcohol-outlets-an-examination-of-the-effects-of-the-new-300-foot-rule-on-packaged-goods-stores-in-a-mid-atlantic-city
#4
Christopher L Hippensteel, Richard C Sadler, Adam J Milam, Victoria Nelson, C Debra Furr-Holden
The oversaturation of alcohol outlets can have disastrous public health consequences. The goal of this study was to evaluate the potential impact of new zoning legislation, TransForm Baltimore on locations of alcohol outlets. More specifically, the study sought to determine the effect of the new zoning code on the potential redistribution of alcohol outlets and also provide empirical support for the need to actively monitor redistribution of outlets to avoid further inequitable oversaturation in disadvantaged neighborhoods...
October 3, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30284158/prevention-research-with-indigenous-communities-to-expedite-dissemination-and-implementation-efforts
#5
Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan, Elizabeth J D'Amico, Joseph Keawe'aimoku Kaholokula
Effectively translating evidence-based interventions into clinic and community settings is an increasing priority for health researchers. The successful dissemination and implementation (D&I) of interventions found efficacious ensures that major health funders such as the National Institutes of Health can demonstrate a return on investment in biomedical and behavioral research and that all populations receive maximum benefit from scientific discoveries. However, the products of research efficacy trials, the evidence-based interventions, are rarely designed with D&I in mind, rendering these interventions fundamentally misaligned with real-world settings...
October 3, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259235/using-mhealth-to-deliver-a-home-based-testing-and-counseling-program-to-improve-linkage-to-care-and-art-adherence-in-rural-south-africa
#6
W Scott Comulada, Adriane Wynn, Heidi van Rooyen, Ruanne V Barnabas, Rajeev Eashwari, Alastair van Heerden
Community-based HIV testing and counseling (HTC) programs have become an important part of the healthcare system in South Africa and other low- and middle-income countries with a high HIV prevalence and strained primary healthcare system. Current HTC programs excel at identifying people living with HIV (PLH) but leave gaps in linkage to care and antiretroviral therapy (ART) as most HTC programs do not have the capacity to ensure that linkage has occurred. This article presents the protocol for an mHealth study, that is, pilot testing a mobile platform in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa, to improve linkage to care and ART adherence after home-based HTC...
September 27, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30171431/demographic-moderation-of-the-prediction-of-adolescent-alcohol-involvement-trajectories
#7
Nisha C Gottfredson, Blythe E Rhodes, Susan T Ennett
Several school- and family-based preventive interventions target and effectively reduce adolescent alcohol misuse. However, whether demographic groups achieve equal success with these interventions is unclear. In particular, most interventions target younger adolescents, and program effectiveness tends to be measured with majority White samples; subgroup analyses are rarely reported. We analyze longitudinal data from a sample of N = 6189 adolescents (40% Black, 60% White; 50% female) in 6th through 12th grade to quantify the degree to which age, race, and gender moderate the associations between seven well-known risk and protective factors (RPFs) that serve as common intervention targets...
August 31, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168036/perceived-social-acceptability-and-longitudinal-trends-in-adolescent-cigarette-smoking
#8
Emily Long, Thomas W Valente
The current study uses methods from social network analysis to predict longitudinal trends in adolescent cigarette smoking based on perceived social acceptability from friends, in addition to typical measures of peer influence (e.g., self-reported cigarette use of friends). By concurrently investigating the role of perceived social acceptability of smoking and peer influence, the current study offers new insight into the mechanisms through which peers influence adolescent smoking. Two waves of data from five high schools within one US school district (n = 1563) were used...
August 30, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30259288/how-program-users-enhance-fidelity-implementing-the-wits-programs-in-rural-canadian-elementary-schools
#9
Bonnie Leadbeater, Kara Thompson, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Gabriel J Merrin
Research on the processes that enhance implementation fidelity is needed to increase understanding of ways to advance the uptake and sustainability of evidence-based programs (Berkel et al. in Prevention Science, 12, 23-33, 2011; Berkel et al. 2017). We propose and test a theoretical model of interrelations among implementation fidelity (i.e., adherence to program components), and rarely investigated activities of program users that may enhance fidelity; namely integration of program strategies into daily activities and children's use of program strategies (CUoPS)...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151670/protective-factors-for-sexual-violence-understanding-how-trajectories-relate-to-perpetration-in-high-school
#10
Kathleen C Basile, Whitney L Rostad, Ruth W Leemis, Dorothy L Espelage, Jordan P Davis
Adolescent sexual violence (SV) perpetration is a significant public health problem. Many risk factors for perpetration are known, but less is known about what protects youth from perpetration, or how protective factors change over time. This longitudinal study reports trajectories of four potential protective factors for SV perpetration (empathy, parental monitoring, social support, and school belonging) across middle and high school and examines their relationship to SV perpetration in high school. Findings reveal that youth who identified as SV perpetrators had significantly lower mean empathy scores (d =  - 0...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136245/empirically-based-mean-effect-size-distributions-for-universal-prevention-programs-targeting-school-aged-youth-a-review-of-meta-analyses
#11
REVIEW
Emily E Tanner-Smith, Joseph A Durlak, Robert A Marx
This review of reviews presents an empirically based set of mean effect size distributions for judging the relative impact of the effects of universal mental health promotion and prevention programs for school-age youth (ages 5 through 18) across a range of program targets and types of outcomes. Mean effect size distributions were established by examining the findings from 74 meta-analyses of universal prevention and promotion programs that included more than 1100 controlled outcome studies involving over 490,000 school-age youth...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121877/behavioral-trajectories-during-middle-childhood-differential-effects-of-the-school-wide-positive-behavior-support-model
#12
Mari-Anne Sørlie, Thormod Idsoe, Terje Ogden, Asgeir Røyrhus Olseth, Torbjørn Torsheim
The aims of this study were to assess the longitudinal trajectories of externalizing problem behavior during middle childhood among typically developing children and to examine subgroup differences in the effectiveness of the School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS) model, called N-PALS in Norway. Participants were approximately 3000 students, and behavioral assessments were performed by class head teachers at four time points from the 4th or 5th grade through the 7th grade. Using a combination of latent class growth analyses (LCGA) and growth mixture modeling (GMM), four distinct trajectory classes were identified, i...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056616/designed-cultural-adaptation-and-delivery-quality-in-rural-substance-use-prevention-an-effectiveness-trial-for-the-keepin-it-real-curriculum
#13
Michael L Hecht, YoungJu Shin, Jonathan Pettigrew, Michelle Miller-Day, Janice L Krieger
This study examined how cultural adaptation and delivery quality of the school-based intervention keepin' it REAL (kiR) influenced adolescent substance use. The goal of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the multi-cultural, urban (non-adapted) kiR intervention, a re-grounded (adapted) rural version of the kiR intervention and control condition in a new, rural setting. A total of 39 middle schools in rural communities of two states in the USA were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (i.e...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022357/the-incredible-years-teacher-classroom-management-program-outcomes-from-a-group-randomized-trial
#14
Wendy M Reinke, Keith C Herman, Nianbo Dong
This group randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the efficacy of the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management Program (IY TCM) on student social behavioral and academic outcomes among a large diverse sample of students within an urban context. Participants included 105 teachers and 1817 students in kindergarten to third grade. Three-level hierarchical linear models (HLM) were conducted to examine the overall treatment effects on teacher-reported student behavior and academic outcomes. In addition, multi-level moderation analyses were conducted to examine whether the treatment effects on student outcomes differed by demographic variables and pretest measures of social emotional and disruptive behavior and academics...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022356/can-teenage-men-be-targeted-to-prevent-teenage-pregnancy-a-feasibility-cluster-randomised-controlled-intervention-trial-in-schools
#15
Maria Lohan, Áine Aventin, Mike Clarke, Rhonda M Curran, Clíona McDowell, Ashley Agus, Lisa McDaid, Chris Bonell, Honor Young
The World Health Organisation advocates a direct focus on adolescent men in reducing adolescent pregnancy; however, no trials have been conducted. This trial (ISRCTN11632300; NCT02092480) determines whether a novel Relationship and Sexuality Educational intervention, If I Were Jack, is acceptable and feasible to implement in mixed sex UK classrooms. The intervention is a teacher-delivered intervention that emphasises male alongside female  responsibility in preventing unintended pregnancies and is designed to prevent unprotected sex...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29959717/embracing-causal-complexity-in-health-disparities-metabolic-syndemics-and-structural-prevention-in-rural-minority-communities
#16
Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Michael Kenneth Lemke, Niyousha Hosseinichimeh, Idethia Shevon Harvey, Kristen Hassmiller Lich, Jameisha Brown
Chronic discrimination and associated socioeconomic inequalities have shaped the health and well-being of Black Americans. As a consequence of the intersection of these factors with rural deprivation, rural Black Americans live and work in particularly pathogenic environments that generate disproportionate and interacting chronic comorbidities (syndemics) compared to their White and/or urban counterparts. Traditional prevention research has been unable to fully capture the underlying complexity of rural minority health and has generated mostly low-leverage interventions that have failed to reverse adverse metabolic outcomes among rural Black Americans...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869733/child-abuse-risk-in-male-partner-selection-and-intimate-partner-violence-victimization-of-women-of-the-european-union
#17
Juan Herrero, Andrea Torres, Francisco J Rodríguez
The revictimization of women during the life cycle has attracted the interest of many researchers in recent years. In this study, we examined the relationship between the experience of child abuse and the subsequent victimization by a male partner in adulthood. Specifically, we proposed that childhood abuse experiences negatively affect the development of healthy interpersonal relationships in adulthood. Thus, some female victims of child abuse are more likely to select potentially abusive intimate male partners...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748899/implementing-a-coach-delivered-dating-violence-prevention-program-with-high-school-athletes
#18
Maria Catrina D Jaime, Heather L McCauley, Daniel J Tancredi, Michele R Decker, Jay G Silverman, Brian O'Connor, Elizabeth Miller
Teen dating violence and sexual violence are severe public health problems. Abusive behaviors within the context of dating or romantic relationships are associated with adverse health outcomes. Promoting positive bystander intervention and increasing knowledge of abusive behaviors are promising strategies for preventing dating and sexual violence. Coaching Boys Into Men (CBIM) is an evidence-based, athletic coach-delivered dating violence prevention program that has been shown to increase positive bystander behaviors and reduce abuse perpetration among high school male athletes...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29633176/promoting-adolescent-girls-well-being-in-pakistan-a-mixed-methods-study-of-change-over-time-feasibility-and-acceptability-of-the-compass-program
#19
Khudejha Asghar, Yana Mayevskaya, Marni Sommer, Ayesha Razzaque, Betsy Laird, Yasmin Khan, Shamsa Qureshi, Kathryn Falb, Lindsay Stark
Promoting resilience among displaced adolescent girls in northern Pakistan may buffer against developmental risks such as violence exposure and associated longer-term consequences for physical and mental well-being. However, girls' access to such programming may be limited by social norms restricting movement. A mixed-method evaluation examined change over time, feasibility, and acceptability of the COMPASS program in three districts of Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa province through a single-group within-participant pretest-posttest of adolescent girls aged 12-19 enrolled in the intervention (n = 78), and qualitative in-depth interviews with girls following posttest completion (n = 15)...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629508/contextual-risk-profiles-and-trajectories-of-adolescent-dating-violence-perpetration
#20
H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, Nathan Markiewitz, May S Chen, Susan T Ennett
Social ecological and developmental system perspectives suggest that interactions among factors within and across multiple contexts (e.g., neighborhood, peer, family) must be considered in explaining dating violence perpetration. Yet, to date, most extant research on dating violence has focused on individual, rather than contextual predictors, and used variable-centered approaches that fail to capture the configurations of factors that may jointly explain involvement in dating violence. The current study used a person-centered approach, latent profile analysis, to identify key configurations (or profiles) of contextual risk and protective factors for dating violence perpetration across the neighborhood, school, friend and family contexts...
November 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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