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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028741/can-universal-sel-programs-benefit-universally-effects-of-the-positive-action-program-on-multiple-trajectories-of-social-emotional-and-misconduct-behaviors
#1
Robert Duncan, Isaac J Washburn, Kendra M Lewis, Niloofar Bavarian, David L DuBois, Alan C Acock, Samuel Vuchinich, Brian R Flay
Behavioral trajectories during middle childhood are predictive of consequential outcomes later in life (e.g., substance abuse, violence). Social and emotional learning (SEL) programs are designed to promote trajectories that reflect both growth in positive behaviors and inhibited development of negative behaviors. The current study used growth mixture models to examine effects of the Positive Action (PA) program on behavioral trajectories of social-emotional and character development (SECD) and misconduct using data from a cluster-randomized trial that involved 14 schools and a sample of predominately low-income, urban youth followed from 3rd through 8th grade...
December 28, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028740/impact-of-ethnic-composition-on-mechanisms-of-change-in-school-based-substance-use-intervention-groups
#2
Guadalupe A Bacio, Kristin L Tomlinson, Tracey A Garcia, Kristen G Anderson, Mark G Myers, Sandra A Brown
Delivering alcohol use intervention services in the school setting represents a key approach to engaging youth of all backgrounds, particularly underserved populations, in such programming. Relative progress has been made toward implementing culturally responsive services for youth; however, little is known about the role of ethnic composition on group processes purported to underlie mechanisms of change. We examined associations between ethnic group composition and therapeutic processes within a voluntary, school-based alcohol use intervention at seven schools across three cities (N groups = 353)...
December 27, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013420/two-year-impact-of-prevention-programs-on-adolescent-depression-an-integrative-data-analysis-approach
#3
C Hendricks Brown, Ahnalee Brincks, Shi Huang, Tatiana Perrino, Gracelyn Cruden, Hilda Pantin, George Howe, Jami F Young, William Beardslee, Samantha Montag, Irwin Sandler
This paper presents the first findings of an integrative data analysis of individual-level data from 19 adolescent depression prevention trials (n = 5210) involving nine distinct interventions across 2 years post-randomization. In separate papers, several interventions have been found to decrease the risk of depressive disorders or elevated depressive/internalizing symptoms among youth. One type of intervention specifically targets youth without a depressive disorder who are at risk due to elevated depressive symptoms and/or having a parent with a depressive disorder...
December 24, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995431/prototype-willingness-model-drinking-cognitions-mediate-personalized-normative-feedback-efficacy
#4
Melissa A Lewis, Dana M Litt, Mary Tomkins, Clayton Neighbors
Personalized normative feedback (PNF) interventions have been shown to be efficacious at reducing college student drinking. Because descriptive norms have been shown to mediate PNF efficacy, the current study focused on examining additional prototype willingness model social reaction cognitions, namely, prototypes and willingness, as mediators of intervention efficacy. We expected the PNF interventions to be associated with increased prototype favorability of students who do not drink, which would in turn be associated with decreased willingness to drink and subsequently, less drinking...
December 19, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981448/short-term-effects-on-family-communication-and-adolescent-conduct-problems-familias-unidas-in-ecuador
#5
Lourdes Molleda, Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Sofia Poma, Ana M Quevedo Terán, Cecilia Condo Tamayo, Monica Bahamon, Maria I Tapia, Maria R Velázquez, Hilda Pantin, Guillermo Prado
: Familias Unidas, a Hispanic/Latino-specific, parent-centered intervention, found to be efficacious in improving family functioning and reducing externalizing behaviors among youth in the USA, was recently adapted and tested for use in Ecuador. This study examined the short-term efficacy of Familias Unidas in Ecuador on parent-adolescent communication, parental monitoring of peers, and youth conduct problems. Two hundred thirty-nine youths (ages 12-14 years) and their primary care givers were randomized to either Familias Unidas or Community Practice and assessed pre- and post-intervention...
December 16, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981447/the-differential-effects-of-an-opt-out-hiv-testing-policy-for-pregnant-women-in-ethiopia-when-accounting-for-stigma-secondary-analysis-of-dhs-data
#6
Michelle R Kaufman, Alyssa Mooney, Lakew Abebe Gebretsadik, Morankar N Sudhakar, Rachel Rieder, Rupali J Limaye, Eshetu Girma, Rajiv N Rimal
Individual factors associated with HIV testing have been studied across multiple populations; however, testing is not just an individual-level phenomenon. This secondary analysis of 2005 and 2011 Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey data was conducted to determine the extent to which the 2007 institution of an opt-out policy of HIV testing during antenatal care increased testing among women, and whether effects differed by women's stigmatizing beliefs about HIV. A logit model with interaction between pre-/post-policy year and policy exposure (birth in the past year) was used to estimate the increased probability of past-year testing, which may be attributable to the policy...
December 15, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957668/are-all-program-elements-created-equal-relations-between-specific-social-and-emotional-learning-components-and-teacher-student-classroom-interaction-quality
#7
Tashia Abry, Sara E Rimm-Kaufman, Timothy W Curby
School-based social and emotional learning (SEL) programs are presented to educators with little understanding of the program components that have the greatest leverage for improving targeted outcomes. Conducted in the context of a randomized controlled trial, the present study used variation in treatment teachers' (N = 143) implementation of four core components of the Responsive Classroom approach to examine relations between each component and the quality of teachers' emotional, organizational, and instructional interactions in third, fourth, and fifth grade classrooms (controlling for pre-intervention interaction quality and other covariates)...
December 12, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943075/informing-prevention-and-intervention-policy-using-genetic-studies-of-resistance
#8
Brion S Maher, Shawn Latendresse, Michael M Vanyukov
The common paradigm for conceptualizing the influence of genetic and environmental factors on a particular disease relies on the concept of risk. Consequently, the bulk of etiologic, including genetic, work focuses on "risk" factors. These factors are aggregated at the high end of the distribution of liability to disease, the latent variable underlying the distribution of probability and severity of a disorder. However, liability has a symmetric but distinct aspect to risk, resistance to disorder. Resistance factors, aggregated at the low end of the liability distribution and supporting health and recovery, appear to be more promising for effective prevention and intervention...
December 9, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933425/ethical-issues-in-using-social-media-to-deliver-an-hiv-prevention-intervention-results-from-the-hope-peru-study
#9
Renee Garett, Luis Menacho, Sean D Young
Social media technologies have become increasingly useful tools for research-based interventions. However, participants and social media users have expressed ethical concerns with these studies, such as risks and benefits of participation, as well as privacy, confidentiality, and informed consent issues. This study was designed to follow up with and assess experiences and perceptions of ethics-related issues among a sample of 211 men who have sex with men who participated in the Harnessing Online Peer Education (HOPE) Peru study, a randomized controlled HIV prevention intervention conducted in Peru...
December 9, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933424/-home-practice-is-the-program-parents-practice-of-program-skills-as-predictors-of-outcomes-in-the-new-beginnings-program-effectiveness-trial
#10
Cady Berkel, Irwin N Sandler, Sharlene A Wolchik, C Hendricks Brown, Carlos G Gallo, Amanda Chiapa, Anne M Mauricio, Sarah Jones
An examination of the content and processes of evidence-based programs is critical for empirically evaluating theories about how programs work, the "action theory" of the program (West et al. in American Journal of Community Psychology, 21, 571-605, 1993). The New Beginnings Program (NBP; Wolchik et al., 2007), a parenting-after-divorce preventive intervention, theorizes that program-induced improvements in parenting across three domains: positive relationship quality, effective discipline, and protecting children from interparental conflict, will reduce the negative outcomes that are common among children from divorced families...
December 8, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896644/the-effects-of-musical-training-on-child-development-a-randomized-trial-of-el-sistema-in-venezuela
#11
Xiomara Alemán, Suzanne Duryea, Nancy G Guerra, Patrick J McEwan, Rodrigo Muñoz, Marco Stampini, Ariel A Williamson
: Many studies have explored the links between music and children's outcomes; however, study designs have not been sufficiently rigorous to support causal findings. This study aims to assess the effects of a large-scale music program on children's developmental functioning in the context of high rates of exposure to violence. The paper describes the results of an experimental evaluation of Venezuela's National System of Youth and Children's Orchestras. The curriculum of the program, better known as "El Sistema," emphasizes social interactions through group instruction and group performances...
November 28, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882498/parent-training-programs-for-ethnic-minorities-a-meta-analysis-of-adaptations-and-effect
#12
K van Mourik, M R Crone, M S de Wolff, R Reis
This meta-analysis focuses on parent training programs for ethnic minority families and reports on (i) the adaptation of program content and (ii) the process that informs these adaptations. Relevant studies are reviewed to determine the adaptations made and the impact of the adaptations on parenting and child outcomes. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they enrolled predominantly ethnic minority parents with children aged 0-12 years, used a randomized controlled trial design with post-intervention assessments, focused on group-based parent training programs and on prevention of parenting problems, and reported parenting behavior outcomes...
November 23, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873045/the-interplay-between-early-father-involvement-and-neonatal-medical-risk-in-the-prediction-of-infant-neurodevelopment
#13
Dylan B Jackson
The current study examines the association between early father involvement and infant neurodevelopment, and whether neonatal medical risk moderates this association. Data from approximately 6000 fathers and their children were obtained from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). Hierarchical regression was employed to analyze the data. The findings reveal that the association between early father involvement and infant neurodevelopment is contingent on both the timing of involvement (i...
November 22, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858282/improving-mental-health-outcomes-of-burmese-migrant-and-displaced-children-in-thailand-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-parenting-and-family-skills-intervention
#14
Jeannie Annan, Amanda Sim, Eve S Puffer, Carmel Salhi, Theresa S Betancourt
: The negative effects of displacement and poverty on child mental health are well-known, yet research on prevention interventions in low- and middle-income countries, especially fragile states, remains limited. We examined the effectiveness of a parenting skills intervention on mental health outcomes among Burmese migrant and displaced children living in 20 communities in Thailand. Participants were primary caregivers and children aged 7 to 15 years (n = 479 families). Families were randomly assigned to receive an adapted version of the Strengthening Families Program (n = 240) or a wait-list control condition (n = 239)...
November 17, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848116/pretest-measures-of-the-study-outcome-and-the-elimination-of-selection-bias-evidence-from-three-within-study-comparisons
#15
Kelly Hallberg, Thomas D Cook, Peter M Steiner, M H Clark
This paper examines how pretest measures of a study outcome reduce selection bias in observational studies in education. The theoretical rationale for privileging pretests in bias control is that they are often highly correlated with the outcome, and in many contexts, they are also highly correlated with the selection process. To examine the pretest's role in bias reduction, we use the data from two within study comparisons and an especially strong quasi-experiment, each with an educational intervention that seeks to improve achievement...
November 15, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838802/intervention-with-adolescent-mother-child-dyads-and-cognitive-development-in-early-childhood-a-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Claire Baudry, George M Tarabulsy, Leslie Atkinson, Jessica Pearson, Audrey St-Pierre
The cognitive development of children of adolescent mothers has often been considered to be at risk. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to examine whether early intervention could help foster more positive cognitive development in the 0- to 4-year-old children of adolescent mothers. Twenty-two studies were reviewed, involving 29 different intervention strategies and 3577 participants. An overall effect size (corrected for publication bias) of d = .24 was found (95% CI .11, .36). Intervention strategies that focused specifically on the quality of parent-child interaction (d = ...
November 12, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834033/introduction-to-the-special-series-current-directions-for-measuring-parenting-constructs-to-inform-prevention-science
#17
EDITORIAL
Oliver Lindhiem, Anne Shaffer
Parenting behaviors are multifaceted and dynamic and therefore challenging to quantify. Measurement methods have critical implications for study results, particularly for prevention trials designed to modify parenting behaviors. Although multiple approaches can complement one another and contribute to a more complete understanding of prevention trials, the assumptions and implications of each approach are not always clearly addressed. Greater attention to the measurement of complex constructs such as parenting is needed to advance the field of prevention science...
November 10, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822663/effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-based-indicated-prevention-program-for-children-with-elevated-anxiety-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Manon L A van Starrenburg, Rowella C M W Kuijpers, Marloes Kleinjan, Giel J M Hutschemaekers, Rutger C M E Engels
Childhood anxiety is a problem not only because of its negative consequences on the well-being of children but also because of its adverse effects on society and its role in mental disorders later in life. Adequate prevention might be the key in tackling this problem. The effectiveness of Coping Cat, as an indicated CBT-based prevention program in Dutch primary school children, was assessed by means of a randomized controlled trial. In total, 141 children aged 7-13 with elevated levels of anxiety and their mothers were included and randomly assigned to an intervention group and a waiting list control group...
November 8, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817096/glucocorticoid-receptor-nr3c1-gene-polymorphism-moderate-intervention-effects-on-the-developmental-trajectory-of-african-american-adolescent-alcohol-abuse
#19
Yao Zheng, Dustin Albert, Robert J McMahon, Kenneth Dodge, Danielle Dick
Accumulative evidence from recent genotype × intervention studies suggests that individuals carrying susceptible genotypes benefit more from intervention and provides one avenue to identify subgroups that respond differentially to intervention. This study examined the moderation by glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) gene variants of intervention effects on the developmental trajectories of alcohol abuse through adolescence. Participants were randomized into Fast Track intervention and control groups self-reported past-year alcohol abuse annually from grade 7 through 2 years post-high school and provided genotype data at age 21 (69% males; European Americans [EAs] = 270, African-Americans [AAs] = 282)...
November 6, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817095/polygenic-score-%C3%A3-intervention-moderation-an-application-of-discrete-time-survival-analysis-to-model-the-timing-of-first-marijuana-use-among-urban-youth
#20
Rashelle J Musci, Brian Fairman, Katherine E Masyn, George Uhl, Brion Maher, Danielle Y Sisto, Sheppard G Kellam, Nicholas S Ialongo
The present study examines the interaction between a polygenic score and an elementary school-based universal preventive intervention trial and its effects on a discrete-time survival analysis of time to first smoking marijuana. Research has suggested that initiation of substances is both genetically and environmentally driven (Rhee et al., Archives of general psychiatry 60:1256-1264, 2003; Verweij et al., Addiction 105:417-430, 2010). A previous work has found a significant interaction between the polygenic score and the same elementary school-based intervention with tobacco smoking (Musci et al...
November 5, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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