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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913717/after-deployment-adaptive-parenting-tools-1-year-outcomes-of-an-evidence-based-parenting-program-for-military-families-following-deployment
#1
Abigail H Gewirtz, David S DeGarmo, Osnat Zamir
Despite significant stressors facing military families over the past 15 years of wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, no parenting programs adapted or developed for military families with school-aged children have been rigorously tested. We present outcome data from the first randomized controlled trial of a behavioral parent training program for families with a parent deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. In the present study, 336 primarily National Guard and Reserve families with 4-12-year-old children were recruited from a Midwestern state...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913703/using-technology-and-assessment-to-personalize-instruction-preventing-reading-problems
#2
Carol McDonald Connor
Children who fail to learn to read proficiently are at serious risk of referral to special education, grade retention, dropping out of high school, and entering the juvenile justice system. Accumulating research suggests that instruction regimes that rely on assessment to inform instruction are effective in improving the implementation of personalized instruction and, in turn, student learning. However, teachers find it difficult to interpret assessment results in a way that optimizes learning opportunities for all of the students in their classrooms...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913663/effects-of-a-program-to-promote-high-quality-parenting-by-divorced-and-separated-fathers
#3
Irwin Sandler, Heather Gunn, Gina Mazza, Jenn-Yun Tein, Sharlene Wolchik, Cady Berkel, Sarah Jones, Michele Porter
This paper reports on the effects on parenting and on children's mental health problems and competencies from a randomized trial of a parenting program for divorced and separated fathers. The program, New Beginnings Program-Dads (NBP-Dads), includes ten group sessions (plus two phone sessions) which promote parenting skills to increase positive interactions with children, improve father-child communication, use of effective discipline strategies, and skills to protect children from exposure to interparental conflict...
September 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884268/can-a-parenting-intervention-to-prevent-early-conduct-problems-interrupt-girls-risk-for-intimate-partner-violence-10%C3%A2-years-later
#4
Miriam K Ehrensaft, Heather Knous Westfall, Phyllis Holditch Niolon, Thailyn Lopez, Dimitra Kamboukos, Keng-Yen Huang, Laurie Miller Brotman
This study tests whether a parenting intervention for families of preschoolers at risk for conduct problems can prevent later risk for intimate partner violence (IPV). Ninety-nine preschoolers at familial risk for conduct problems were randomly assigned to intervention or control conditions. Ten years later, 45 preschoolers and 43 of their siblings completed an assessment of their romantic relationships, including measures of physical and psychological IPV. The study focuses on the 54 females, including targets (n = 27) and siblings (n = 27) who participated in a 10-year follow-up (M age = 16...
September 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875252/childhood-trauma-and-two-stages-of-alcohol-use-in-african-american-and-european-american-women-findings-from-a-female-twin-sample
#5
Carolyn E Sartor, Julia D Grant, Lauren R Few, Kimberly B Werner, Vivia V McCutcheon, Alexis E Duncan, Elliot C Nelson, Pamela A F Madden, Kathleen K Bucholz, Andrew C Heath, Arpana Agrawal
The current investigation assessed for moderating effects of childhood trauma on genetic and environmental contributions to timing of alcohol use initiation and alcohol use disorder in African American (AA) and European American (EA) women. Data were drawn from diagnostic telephone interviews conducted with 3786 participants (14.6% AA) in a longitudinal female twin study. Childhood trauma was defined alternately as child maltreatment and more broadly to include other events (e.g., witnessing violence). Phenotypic associations between childhood trauma and alcohol outcomes were estimated using logistic regression analyses...
September 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865044/the-implications-of-genetics-for-prevention-and-intervention-programming
#6
EDITORIAL
Rashelle J Musci, Gabriel Schlomer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849362/translating-prevention-research-for-evidence-based-policymaking-results-from-the-research-to-policy-collaboration-pilot
#7
Max Crowley, J Taylor Bishop Scott, Diana Fishbein
The importance of basing public policy on sound scientific evidence is increasingly being recognized, yet many barriers continue to slow the translation of prevention research into legislative action. This work reports on the feasibility of a model for overcoming these barriers-known as the Research-to-Policy Collaboration (RPC). The RPC employs strategic legislative needs assessments and a rapid response researcher network to accelerate the translation of research findings into usable knowledge for policymakers...
August 29, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28849338/associations-between-peer-network-gender-norms-and-the-perpetration-of-intimate-partner-violence-among-urban-tanzanian-men-a-multilevel-analysis
#8
Marta I Mulawa, H Luz McNaughton Reyes, Vangie A Foshee, Carolyn T Halpern, Sandra L Martin, Lusajo J Kajula, Suzanne Maman
Male perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in sub-Saharan Africa is widespread. Theory and empirical evidence suggest peer networks may play an important role in shaping IPV perpetration, though research on this topic in the region is limited. We assessed the degree to which peer network gender norms are associated with Tanzanian men's perpetration of IPV and examined whether the social cohesion of peer networks moderates this relationship. Using baseline data from sexually active men (n = 1103) nested within 59 peer networks enrolled in an on-going cluster-randomized HIV and IPV prevention trial, we fit multilevel logistic regression models to examine peer network-level factors associated with past-year physical IPV perpetration...
August 29, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842828/a-biopsychological-model-of-anti-drug-psa-processing-developing-effective-persuasive-messages
#9
Zachary P Hohman, Justin Robert Keene, Breanna N Harris, Elizabeth M Niedbala, Collin K Berke
For the current study, we developed and tested a biopsychological model to combine research on psychological tension, the Limited Capacity Model of Motivated Mediated Message Processing, and the endocrine system to predict and understand how people process anti-drug PSAs. We predicted that co-presentation of pleasant and unpleasant information, vs. solely pleasant or unpleasant, will trigger evaluative tension about the target behavior in persuasive messages and result in a biological response (increase in cortisol, alpha amylase, and heart rate)...
August 26, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819763/factors-associated-with-teacher-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-tier-2-prevention-program
#10
Kevin S Sutherland, Maureen A Conroy, Bryce D McLeod, James Algina, Rachel L Kunemund
Teachers sometimes struggle to deliver evidence-based programs designed to prevent and ameliorate chronic problem behaviors of young children with integrity. Identifying factors associated with variations in the quantity and quality of delivery is thus an important goal for the field. This study investigated factors associated with teacher treatment integrity of BEST in CLASS, a tier-2 prevention program designed for young children at risk for developing emotional/behavioral disorders. Ninety-two early childhood teachers and 231 young children at-risk for emotional/behavioral disorders participated in the study...
August 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812181/visit-attendance-patterns-in-nurse-family-partnership-community-sites
#11
Margaret L Holland, David L Olds, Ann M Dozier, Harriet J Kitzman
We examined visit attendance patterns of mothers enrolled in the Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) home visitation program and associations between these patterns and characteristics of the families and sites, with the goal of increasing participant engagement. We utilized repeated measures latent class analysis to identify attendance patterns among 66,967 mothers in NFP sites across the USA. Mothers enrolled from 1996 to 2010. Data were collected by home visitors and aggregated by the NFP National Service Office...
August 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786046/do-school-based-programs-prevent-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Ali Mirzazadeh, M Antonia Biggs, Amanda Viitanen, Hacsi Horvath, Li Yan Wang, Richard Dunville, Lisa C Barrios, James G Kahn, Elliot Marseille
We systematically reviewed the literature to assess the effectiveness of school-based programs to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) among adolescents in the USA. We searched six databases including PubMed for studies published through May 2017. Eligible studies included youth ages 10-19 years and assessed any school-based programs in the USA that reported changes in HIV/STI incidence or testing. We used Cochrane tool to assess the risk of bias and GRADE to determine the evidence quality for each outcome...
August 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786044/multi-level-cultural-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-suicide-and-alcohol-use-risk-with-alaska-native-youth-a-nonrandomized-comparison-of-treatment-intensity
#13
James Allen, Stacy M Rasmus, Carlotta Ching Ting Fok, Billy Charles, David Henry
Suicide and alcohol use disorders are primary determinants of health disparity among Alaska Native people in contrast to the US general population. Qungasvik, a Yup'ik word for toolbox, is a strengths-based, multi-level, community/cultural intervention for rural Yup'ik youth ages 12-18. The intervention uses "culture as intervention" to promote reasons for life and sobriety in young people using local expertise, high levels of community direction, and community based staff. The intervention is grounded in local practices and adaptive to local cultural differences distinctive to rural Yup'ik communities...
August 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766191/promoting-afterschool-quality-and-positive-youth-development-cluster-randomized-trial-of-the-pax-good-behavior-game
#14
Emilie Phillips Smith, D Wayne Osgood, Yoonkyung Oh, Linda C Caldwell
This randomized trial tested a strategy originally developed for school settings, the Pax Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG), in the new context of afterschool programs. We examined this approach in afterschool since 70% of all juvenile crime occurs between the hours of 3-6 pm, making afterschool an important setting for prevention and promotion. Dual-career and working families need monitoring and supervision for their children in quality settings that are safe and appropriately structured. While substantial work has identified important features of afterschool programs, increasing attention is being given to how to foster quality...
August 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755244/a-brief-smoking-cessation-advice-by-youth-counselors-for-the-smokers-in-the-hong-kong-quit-to-win-contest-2010-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Sophia Siu Chee Chan, Yee Tak Derek Cheung, Yee Man Bonny Wong, Antonio Kwong, Vienna Lai, Tai-Hing Lam
Smoking cessation counseling by healthcare professionals is effective, but very few healthcare professionals can deliver these interventions in the busy clinical settings. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief smoking cessation advice delivered by briefly-trained youth counselors at the enrolment of an incentive-based smoking cessation campaign. The study design was a cluster 2-arm randomized controlled trial of 831 Chinese adult smokers who were recruited in public areas to participate in the Hong Kong Quit to Win Contest 2010...
July 28, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735447/cost-benefit-analysis-of-two-child-abuse-and-neglect-primary-prevention-programs-for-us-states
#16
Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens
We assessed the US state-level budget and societal impact of implementing two child abuse and neglect (CAN) primary prevention programs. CAN cost estimates and data from two prevention programs (Child-Parent Centers and Nurse-Family Partnership) were combined with current population, cost, and CAN incidence data by US state. A cost-benefit mathematical model for each program by US state compared program costs with the future monetary value of benefits from reduced CAN. The models used a lifetime time horizon from government payer and societal perspectives...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735446/commentary-for-special-issue-of-prevention-science-using-genetics-in-prevention-science-fiction-or-science-fact
#17
Danielle M Dick
A growing number of prevention studies have incorporated genetic information. In this commentary, I discuss likely reasons for growing interest in this line of research and reflect on the current state of the literature. I review challenges associated with the incorporation of genotypic information into prevention studies, as well as ethical considerations associated with this line of research. I discuss areas where developmental psychologists and prevention scientists can make substantive contributions to the study of genetic predispositions, as well as areas that could benefit from closer collaborations between prevention scientists and geneticists to advance this area of study...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733855/transportability-of-an-evidence-based-early-childhood-intervention-in-a-low-income-african-country-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#18
Keng-Yen Huang, Janet Nakigudde, Dana Rhule, Joy Louise Gumikiriza-Onoria, Gloria Abura, Bukky Kolawole, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Sharon Kim, Edward Seidman, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Laurie Miller Brotman
Children in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are burdened by significant unmet mental health needs. Despite the successes of numerous school-based interventions for promoting child mental health, most evidence-based interventions (EBIs) are not available in SSA. This study investigated the implementation quality and effectiveness of one component of an EBI from a developed country (USA) in a SSA country (Uganda). The EBI component, Professional Development, was provided by trained Ugandan mental health professionals to Ugandan primary school teachers...
July 21, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733854/process-evaluation-of-a-clinical-trial-to-test-school-support-as-hiv-prevention-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya
#19
Denise Dion Hallfors, Hyunsan Cho, Shane Hartman, Isabella Mbai, Carolyne Atieno Ouma, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
Orphaned adolescents are a large and vulnerable population in sub-Saharan Africa, at higher risk for HIV than non-orphans. Yet prevention of new infection is critical for adolescents since they are less likely than adults to enter and remain in treatment and are the only age group with rising AIDS death rates. We report process evaluation for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing support to stay in school (tuition, uniform, nurse visits) as an HIV prevention strategy for orphaned Kenyan adolescents. The RCT found no intervention effect on HIV/HSV-2 biomarker outcomes...
July 21, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#20
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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