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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337693/the-role-of-norms-in-marijuana-use-among-american-indian-adolescents
#1
Linda R Stanley, Randall C Swaim, Sara E Dieterich
American Indian adolescents residing on reservations report high levels of marijuana use. Understanding the relationships between normative mechanisms and marijuana use in this group can be especially important in designing effective strategies to prevent use. Participants were 3446 students identifying as American Indian in grades 7-12 across four academic years (2009-2012) from 45 schools. Multilevel logistic analysis was used to examine the relationships between lifetime, last month, and frequent marijuana use and measures of the normative environment...
March 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337692/a-successful-strategy-for-linking-anonymous-data-from-students-and-parents-questionnaires-using-self-generated-identification-codes
#2
Jaroslav Vacek, Hana Vonkova, Roman Gabrhelík
We conducted a feasibility study for matching children (N = 2571, average age 12 years, 50.4% female) and their parents (N = 1931, average age 41 years, 83.3% female) represented by an anonymous self-generated identification code (SGIC) and assessed its methodological properties. We used a nine-character SGIC with the children and a mirrored version of the same code with the parents. The average overall error rate in generating the SGIC was 9.7% (4.0% in the parents and 13.9% in the children). We were able to link a total of 1765 parents' and children's codes uniquely (94...
March 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317075/reducing-truancy-and-fostering-a-willingness-to-attend-school-results-from-a-randomized-trial-of-a-police-school-partnership-program
#3
Lorraine Mazerolle, Emma Antrobus, Sarah Bennett, Elizabeth Eggins
Truancy is a major social issue that is linked to a range of poor outcomes across the life course, including poor educational outcomes, drug and alcohol abuse, and antisocial behavior. Interventions that seek to reduce truancy problems range from school-based police officers to programs that reward good attendance to community-based interventions. This study reports primary outcome results of a randomized trial of a collaborative, police-school partnership that sought to reduce truancy and increase students' willingness to attend school...
March 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303422/efficacy-of-the-fun-for-wellness-online-intervention-to-promote-multidimensional-well-being-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Nicholas D Myers, Isaac Prilleltensky, Ora Prilleltensky, Adam McMahon, Samantha Dietz, Carolyn L Rubenstein
Subjective well-being refers to people's level of satisfaction with life as a whole and with multiple dimensions within it. Interventions that promote subjective well-being are important because there is evidence that physical health, mental health, substance use, and health care costs may be related to subjective well-being. Fun For Wellness (FFW) is a new online universal intervention designed to promote growth in multiple dimensions of subjective well-being. The purpose of this study was to provide an initial evaluation of the efficacy of FFW to increase subjective well-being in multiple dimensions in a universal sample...
March 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303421/oxytocin-receptor-gene-variant-interacts-with-intervention-delivery-format-in-predicting-intervention-outcomes-for-youth-with-conduct-problems
#5
Andrea L Glenn, John E Lochman, Thomas Dishion, Nicole P Powell, Caroline Boxmeyer, Lixin Qu
Coping Power is an evidence-based preventive intervention program for youth with aggressive behavior problems that has traditionally been delivered in small group formats. Because of concerns about iatrogenic effects secondary to aggregation of high risk youth, the current study examined whether genetic risk may moderate intervention outcome when youth were randomly assigned to group versus individual formats of an intervention. The oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) has been associated with social behavior and may influence susceptibility to social reinforcement in general and deviant peer influence in particular...
March 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293777/engaging-parents-in-preventive-interventions-for-young-children-working-with-cultural-diversity-within-low-income-urban-neighborhoods
#6
Spring Dawson-McClure, Esther J Calzada, Laurie M Brotman
A robust literature documents the impact of poverty on child development and lifelong health, well-being and productivity. Racial and ethnic minority children continue to bear the burden of poverty disproportionately. Evidence-based parenting interventions in early childhood have the potential to attenuate risk attributable to poverty and stress. To reduce racial, ethnic, and socioeconomic disparities in the USA, parenting interventions must be accessible, engaging, and effective for low-income families of color living in large urban centers...
March 14, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271181/erratum-to-history-of-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-subsequent-parenting-stress-in-at-risk-first-time-mothers-identifying-points-of-intervention-during-home-visiting
#7
Chad E Shenk, Robert T Ammerman, Angelique R Teeters, Heather E Bensman, Elizabeth K Allen, Frank W Putnam, Judith B Van Ginkel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243828/erratum-to-prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-dispositional-mindfulness-in-early-adolescence
#8
Nathaniel R Riggs, Samantha M Brown
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 28, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243827/limitations-in-using-multiple-imputation-to-harmonize-individual-participant-data-for-meta-analysis
#9
Juned Siddique, Peter J de Chavez, George Howe, Gracelyn Cruden, C Hendricks Brown
Individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis is a meta-analysis in which the individual-level data for each study are obtained and used for synthesis. A common challenge in IPD meta-analysis is when variables of interest are measured differently in different studies. The term harmonization has been coined to describe the procedure of placing variables on the same scale in order to permit pooling of data from a large number of studies. Using data from an IPD meta-analysis of 19 adolescent depression trials, we describe a multiple imputation approach for harmonizing 10 depression measures across the 19 trials by treating those depression measures that were not used in a study as missing data...
February 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214963/investigating-the-potential-impact-of-social-talk-on-prevention-through-social-networks-the-relationships-between-social-talk-and-refusal-self-efficacy-and-norms
#10
Hye Jeong Choi, Michael Hecht, Rachel A Smith
Interpersonal communication among participants plays an important role in the impact and effectiveness of prevention programs (Southwell & Yzer, Communication Theory 19:1-8, 2009). This study focused on adolescents' informal conversations about a prevention program, referred to as social talk, from a social network perspective. We provide both a conceptualization of social talk in relation to prevention programs and an operationalization of it by examining adolescents' social networks. Participants (N = 185) were eighth-grade students attending a middle school substance-abuse prevention program called keepin' it REAL (kiR)...
February 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210919/prevalence-of-past-year-sexual-assault-victimization-among-undergraduate-students-exploring-differences-by-and-intersections-of-gender-identity-sexual-identity-and-race-ethnicity
#11
Robert W S Coulter, Christina Mair, Elizabeth Miller, John R Blosnich, Derrick D Matthews, Heather L McCauley
A critical step in developing sexual assault prevention and treatment is identifying groups at high risk for sexual assault. We explored the independent and interaction effects of sexual identity, gender identity, and race/ethnicity on past-year sexual assault among college students. From 2011 to 2013, 71,421 undergraduate students from 120 US post-secondary education institutions completed cross-sectional surveys. We fit multilevel logistic regression models to examine differences in past-year sexual assault...
February 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190136/population-density-and-aids-related-stigma-in-large-urban-small-urban-and-rural-communities-of-the-southeastern-usa
#12
Seth Kalichman, Harold Katner, Ellen Banas, Moira Kalichman
AIDS stigmas delay HIV diagnosis, interfere with health care, and contribute to mental health problems among people living with HIV. While there are few studies of the geographical distribution of AIDS stigma, research suggests that AIDS stigmas are differentially experienced in rural and urban areas. We conducted computerized interviews with 696 men and women living with HIV in 113 different zip code areas that were classified as large-urban, small-urban, and rural areas in a southeast US state with high-HIV prevalence...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#13
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185103/prosper-intervention-effects-on-adolescents-alcohol-misuse-vary-by-gabra2-genotype-and-age
#14
Michael A Russell, Gabriel L Schlomer, H Harrington Cleveland, Mark E Feinberg, Mark T Greenberg, Richard L Spoth, Cleve Redmond, David J Vandenbergh
Preventive intervention effects on adolescent alcohol misuse may differ based on genotypes in gene-by-intervention (G x I) interactions, and these G x I interactions may vary as a function of age. The current study uses a novel statistical method, time-varying effect modeling (TVEM), to test an age-varying interaction between a single nucleotide polymorphism in the GABRA2 gene (rs279845) and a preventive intervention in predicting alcohol misuse in a longitudinal study of adolescents (ages 11-20). The preventive intervention was PROSPER, a community-based system for delivery of family and school programs selected from a menu of evidence-based interventions...
February 10, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181173/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-reactivity-to-acute-stress-an-investigation-into-the-roles-of-perceived-stress-and-family-resources
#15
Ezemenari M Obasi, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff, Lucia Cavanagh, Kristen L Ratliff, Delishia M Pittman, Jessica J Brooks
Rurally situated African Americans suffer from chronic exposure to stress that may have a deleterious effect on health outcomes. Unfortunately, research on potential mechanisms that underlie health disparities affecting the African American community has received limited focus in the scientific literature. This study investigated the relationship between perceived stress, family resources, and cortisol reactivity to acute stress. A rural sample of African American emerging adults (N = 60) completed a battery of assessments, the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), and provided four samples of salivary cortisol: prior to receiving TSST instructions, prior to conducting the speech task, immediately following the TSST, and 15-20 min following the TSST...
February 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168607/history-of-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-subsequent-parenting-stress-in-at-risk-first-time-mothers-identifying-points-of-intervention-during-home-visiting
#16
Chad E Shenk, Robert T Ammerman, Angelique R Teeters, Heather E Bensman, Elizabeth K Allen, Frank W Putnam, Judith B Van Ginkel
Home visiting is an effective preventive intervention that can improve parenting outcomes for at-risk, new mothers, thereby optimizing subsequent child development. A history of maltreatment in childhood is common in mothers participating in home visiting, yet the extent to which such a history is related to parenting outcomes during home visiting is unknown. The current study evaluated whether mothers with a history of maltreatment in childhood respond less favorably to home visiting by examining the direct and indirect pathways to subsequent parenting stress, a key parenting outcome affecting child development...
February 6, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150062/transactions-between-substance-use-intervention-the-oxytocin-receptor-oxtr-gene-and-peer-substance-use-predicting-youth-alcohol-use
#17
H Harrington Cleveland, Amanda M Griffin, Pedro S A Wolf, Richard P Wiebe, Gabriel L Schlomer, Mark E Feinberg, Mark T Greenberg, Richard L Spoth, Cleve Redmond, David J Vandenbergh
This study investigated the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene's moderation of associations between exposure to a substance misuse intervention, average peer substance use, and adolescents' own alcohol use during the 9th-grade. OXTR genetic risk was measured using five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and peer substance use was based on youths' nominated closest friends' own reports of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use, based on data from the PROSPER project. Regression models revealed several findings...
February 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138944/impacts-of-family-rewards-on-adolescents-mental-health-and-problem-behavior-understanding-the-full-range-of-effects-of-a-conditional-cash-transfer-program
#18
Pamela A Morris, J Lawrence Aber, Sharon Wolf, Juliette Berg
This paper examines the effects of Opportunity New York City-Family Rewards, the first holistic conditional cash transfer (CCT) program evaluated in the USA, on adolescents' mental health and problem behavior (key outcomes outside of the direct targets of the program) as well as on key potential mechanisms of these effects. The Family Rewards program, launched by the Center for Economic Opportunity in the Mayor's Office of the City of New York in 2007 and co-designed and evaluated by MDRC, offered cash assistance to low-income families to reduce economic hardship...
January 31, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130751/exploration-of-pathways-to-binge-drinking-among-american-indian-adolescents
#19
Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Lauren Tingey, Cleve Redmond, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere-Hinton, Allison Barlow
Binge drinking is a serious public health problem among American Indian adolescents, yet few theoretical models specific to this population and type of problematic drinking have been tested. The White Mountain Apache Tribe has begun surveillance of binge drinking and a related line of research to inform tailored prevention efforts. The goal of this paper is to use structural equation modeling to understand the relationships between different individual, family, peer, and cultural factors that predict or protect against binge drinking behavior among Apache adolescents ages 10-19 years old...
January 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120160/the-effects-of-continuities-in-parent-and-peer-aggression-on-relational-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#20
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Brett Holfeld, Jeffery R Temple
Past research suggests that exposure to parent psychological control and peer relational aggression and victimization experienced during adolescence is associated with relational intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adults (ages 22 to 29). However, the effects of continuities in these concerns across young adulthood have not been assessed. Relational IPV is characterized by behaviors intended to damage partner's emotional well-being and security in a romantic relationship (e.g., threatening to break up, purposefully ignoring, or causing jealousy)...
January 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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