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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214963/investigating-the-potential-impact-of-social-talk-on-prevention-through-social-networks-the-relationships-between-social-talk-and-refusal-self-efficacy-and-norms
#1
Hye Jeong Choi, Michael Hecht, Rachel A Smith
Interpersonal communication among participants plays an important role in the impact and effectiveness of prevention programs (Southwell & Yzer, Communication Theory 19:1-8, 2009). This study focused on adolescents' informal conversations about a prevention program, referred to as social talk, from a social network perspective. We provide both a conceptualization of social talk in relation to prevention programs and an operationalization of it by examining adolescents' social networks. Participants (N = 185) were eighth-grade students attending a middle school substance-abuse prevention program called keepin' it REAL (kiR)...
February 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210919/prevalence-of-past-year-sexual-assault-victimization-among-undergraduate-students-exploring-differences-by-and-intersections-of-gender-identity-sexual-identity-and-race-ethnicity
#2
Robert W S Coulter, Christina Mair, Elizabeth Miller, John R Blosnich, Derrick D Matthews, Heather L McCauley
A critical step in developing sexual assault prevention and treatment is identifying groups at high risk for sexual assault. We explored the independent and interaction effects of sexual identity, gender identity, and race/ethnicity on past-year sexual assault among college students. From 2011 to 2013, 71,421 undergraduate students from 120 US post-secondary education institutions completed cross-sectional surveys. We fit multilevel logistic regression models to examine differences in past-year sexual assault...
February 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190136/population-density-and-aids-related-stigma-in-large-urban-small-urban-and-rural-communities-of-the-southeastern-usa
#3
Seth Kalichman, Harold Katner, Ellen Banas, Moira Kalichman
AIDS stigmas delay HIV diagnosis, interfere with health care, and contribute to mental health problems among people living with HIV. While there are few studies of the geographical distribution of AIDS stigma, research suggests that AIDS stigmas are differentially experienced in rural and urban areas. We conducted computerized interviews with 696 men and women living with HIV in 113 different zip code areas that were classified as large-urban, small-urban, and rural areas in a southeast US state with high-HIV prevalence...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188476/classrooms-in-peace-within-violent-contexts-field-evaluation-of-aulas-en-paz-in-colombia
#4
Enrique Chaux, Madeleine Barrera, Andrés Molano, Ana María Velásquez, Melisa Castellanos, Maria Paula Chaparro, Andrea Bustamante
Classrooms in Peace (Aulas en Paz) is an elementary school-based multicomponent program for prevention of aggression and promotion of peaceful relationships. Inspired by international programs and socio-emotional research, it includes (1) a classroom universal curriculum, (2) parent workshops and home visits to parents of the 10% most aggressive children, and (3) extracurricular peer groups of two aggressive and four prosocial children. Activities seek to promote socio-emotional competencies such as empathy, anger management, creative generation of alternatives, and assertiveness...
February 11, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185103/prosper-intervention-effects-on-adolescents-alcohol-misuse-vary-by-gabra2-genotype-and-age
#5
Michael A Russell, Gabriel L Schlomer, H Harrington Cleveland, Mark E Feinberg, Mark T Greenberg, Richard L Spoth, Cleve Redmond, David J Vandenbergh
Preventive intervention effects on adolescent alcohol misuse may differ based on genotypes in gene-by-intervention (G x I) interactions, and these G x I interactions may vary as a function of age. The current study uses a novel statistical method, time-varying effect modeling (TVEM), to test an age-varying interaction between a single nucleotide polymorphism in the GABRA2 gene (rs279845) and a preventive intervention in predicting alcohol misuse in a longitudinal study of adolescents (ages 11-20). The preventive intervention was PROSPER, a community-based system for delivery of family and school programs selected from a menu of evidence-based interventions...
February 10, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181173/hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-reactivity-to-acute-stress-an-investigation-into-the-roles-of-perceived-stress-and-family-resources
#6
Ezemenari M Obasi, Elizabeth A Shirtcliff, Lucia Cavanagh, Kristen L Ratliff, Delishia M Pittman, Jessica J Brooks
Rurally situated African Americans suffer from chronic exposure to stress that may have a deleterious effect on health outcomes. Unfortunately, research on potential mechanisms that underlie health disparities affecting the African American community has received limited focus in the scientific literature. This study investigated the relationship between perceived stress, family resources, and cortisol reactivity to acute stress. A rural sample of African American emerging adults (N = 60) completed a battery of assessments, the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST), and provided four samples of salivary cortisol: prior to receiving TSST instructions, prior to conducting the speech task, immediately following the TSST, and 15-20 min following the TSST...
February 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168607/history-of-maltreatment-in-childhood-and-subsequent-parenting-stress-in-at-risk-first-time-mothers-identifying-points-of-intervention-during-home-visiting
#7
Chad E Shenk, Robert T Ammerman, Angelique R Teeters, Heather E Bensman, Elizabeth K Allen, Frank W Putnam, Judith B Van Ginkel
Home visiting is an effective preventive intervention that can improve parenting outcomes for at-risk, new mothers, thereby optimizing subsequent child development. A history of maltreatment in childhood is common in mothers participating in home visiting, yet the extent to which such a history is related to parenting outcomes during home visiting is unknown. The current study evaluated whether mothers with a history of maltreatment in childhood respond less favorably to home visiting by examining the direct and indirect pathways to subsequent parenting stress, a key parenting outcome affecting child development...
February 6, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150062/transactions-between-substance-use-intervention-the-oxytocin-receptor-oxtr-gene-and-peer-substance-use-predicting-youth-alcohol-use
#8
H Harrington Cleveland, Amanda M Griffin, Pedro S A Wolf, Richard P Wiebe, Gabriel L Schlomer, Mark E Feinberg, Mark T Greenberg, Richard L Spoth, Cleve Redmond, David J Vandenbergh
This study investigated the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene's moderation of associations between exposure to a substance misuse intervention, average peer substance use, and adolescents' own alcohol use during the 9th-grade. OXTR genetic risk was measured using five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and peer substance use was based on youths' nominated closest friends' own reports of alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use, based on data from the PROSPER project. Regression models revealed several findings...
February 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138944/impacts-of-family-rewards-on-adolescents-mental-health-and-problem-behavior-understanding-the-full-range-of-effects-of-a-conditional-cash-transfer-program
#9
Pamela A Morris, J Lawrence Aber, Sharon Wolf, Juliette Berg
This paper examines the effects of Opportunity New York City-Family Rewards, the first holistic conditional cash transfer (CCT) program evaluated in the USA, on adolescents' mental health and problem behavior (key outcomes outside of the direct targets of the program) as well as on key potential mechanisms of these effects. The Family Rewards program, launched by the Center for Economic Opportunity in the Mayor's Office of the City of New York in 2007 and co-designed and evaluated by MDRC, offered cash assistance to low-income families to reduce economic hardship...
January 31, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130751/exploration-of-pathways-to-binge-drinking-among-american-indian-adolescents
#10
Mary F Cwik, Summer Rosenstock, Lauren Tingey, Cleve Redmond, Novalene Goklish, Francene Larzelere-Hinton, Allison Barlow
Binge drinking is a serious public health problem among American Indian adolescents, yet few theoretical models specific to this population and type of problematic drinking have been tested. The White Mountain Apache Tribe has begun surveillance of binge drinking and a related line of research to inform tailored prevention efforts. The goal of this paper is to use structural equation modeling to understand the relationships between different individual, family, peer, and cultural factors that predict or protect against binge drinking behavior among Apache adolescents ages 10-19 years old...
January 27, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120160/the-effects-of-continuities-in-parent-and-peer-aggression-on-relational-intimate-partner-violence-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#11
Bonnie J Leadbeater, Paweena Sukhawathanakul, Brett Holfeld, Jeffery R Temple
Past research suggests that exposure to parent psychological control and peer relational aggression and victimization experienced during adolescence is associated with relational intimate partner violence (IPV) in young adults (ages 22 to 29). However, the effects of continuities in these concerns across young adulthood have not been assessed. Relational IPV is characterized by behaviors intended to damage partner's emotional well-being and security in a romantic relationship (e.g., threatening to break up, purposefully ignoring, or causing jealousy)...
January 24, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108927/impact-of-a-brief-group-intervention-to-enhance-parenting-and-the-home-learning-environment-for-children-aged-6-36%C3%A2-months-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#12
N J Hackworth, D Berthelsen, J Matthews, E M Westrupp, W Cann, O C Ukoumunne, S K Bennetts, T Phan, A Scicluna, M Trajanovska, M Yu, J M Nicholson
: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a group parenting intervention designed to strengthen the home learning environment of children from disadvantaged families. Two cluster randomised controlled superiority trials were conducted in parallel and delivered within existing services: a 6-week parenting group (51 locations randomised; 986 parents) for parents of infants (aged 6-12 months), and a 10-week facilitated playgroup (58 locations randomised; 1200 parents) for parents of toddlers (aged 12-36 months)...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108926/prospective-associations-between-peer-victimization-and-dispositional-mindfulness-in-early-adolescence
#13
Nathaniel R Riggs, Samantha M Brown
Peer victimization is associated with several mental health and behavioral problems during childhood and adolescence. Identifying prospective associations between victimization and factors known to protect against these problems may ultimately contribute to more precise developmental models for victimization's role in behavioral and mental health. This study tested prospective associations between peer victimization and dispositional mindfulness, defined by non-judgmental and accepting awareness of the constant stream of lived experience, during early adolescence...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105552/differentiating-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-risky-drinking-a-role-for-outcome-expectancies-and-self-efficacy-beliefs
#14
Penelope Hasking
Social cognitive theory articulates a role for two key thought processes in governing volitional behaviour: outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies. These cognitions are behaviour-specific, and should thus differentiate people who engage in one behaviour over another. This paper presents the results of a study applying social cognitive theory to explore how outcome expectancies and self-efficacy expectancies differentially relate to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and risky alcohol use amongst a sample of young adults...
January 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101813/a-multi-us-city-assessment-of-awareness-and-uptake-of-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-prep-for-hiv-prevention-among-black-men-and-transgender-women-who-have-sex-with-men
#15
Lisa A Eaton, Derrick D Matthews, Daniel D Driffin, Leigh Bukowski, Patrick A Wilson, Ron D Stall
The HIV epidemic among Black men and transgender women who have sex with men (BMTW) demands an urgent public health response. HIV point prevalence among this population ranges from 25 to 43%-a rate far exceeding any other group. Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention is a very promising prevention tool; however, its full potential to slow the epidemic has yet to be realized. For the current study, random time-location sampling at Black Gay Pride Events was used to collect data from N = 1274 BMTW, from five US cities, reporting HIV-negative/unknown status...
January 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093649/naturalistic-experimental-designs-as-tools-for-understanding-the-role-of-genes-and-the-environment-in-prevention-research
#16
Leslie D Leve, Jenae M Neiderhiser, Gordon T Harold, Misaki N Natsuaki, Brendan J M Bohannan, William A Cresko
Before genetic approaches were applied in experimental studies with human populations, they were used by animal and plant breeders to observe, and experimentally manipulate, the role of genes and environment on specific phenotypic or behavioral outcomes. For obvious ethical reasons, the same level of experimental control is not possible in human populations. Nonetheless, there are natural experimental designs in human populations that can serve as logical extensions of the rigorous quantitative genetic experimental designs used by animal and plant researchers...
January 16, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091964/facing-a-fundamental-problem-in-prevention-science-the-measurement-of-a-key-construct
#17
J Mark Eddy
While many attempts have been made to measure various aspects of parenting within a variety of theoretical frameworks, there remains much work to do on the development of reliable and valid measures. Common themes across the papers included in a special issue on the measurement of parenting are discussed. Parenting constructs are a vital part of the work of prevention scientists, and more support is needed for researchers to engage in measurement development. Fortunately, there are some bright spots in this regard today, such as the Common Fund Science of Behavior Change Program sponsored by the National Institutes of Health...
January 13, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028740/impact-of-ethnic-composition-on-mechanisms-of-change-in-school-based-substance-use-intervention-groups
#18
Guadalupe A Bacio, Kristin L Tomlinson, Tracey A Garcia, Kristen G Anderson, Mark G Myers, Sandra A Brown
Delivering alcohol use intervention services in the school setting represents a key approach to engaging youth of all backgrounds, particularly underserved populations, in such programming. Relative progress has been made toward implementing culturally responsive services for youth; however, little is known about the role of ethnic composition on group processes purported to underlie mechanisms of change. We examined associations between ethnic group composition and therapeutic processes within a voluntary, school-based alcohol use intervention at seven schools across three cities (N groups = 353)...
December 27, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013420/two-year-impact-of-prevention-programs-on-adolescent-depression-an-integrative-data-analysis-approach
#19
C Hendricks Brown, Ahnalee Brincks, Shi Huang, Tatiana Perrino, Gracelyn Cruden, Hilda Pantin, George Howe, Jami F Young, William Beardslee, Samantha Montag, Irwin Sandler
This paper presents the first findings of an integrative data analysis of individual-level data from 19 adolescent depression prevention trials (n = 5210) involving nine distinct interventions across 2 years post-randomization. In separate papers, several interventions have been found to decrease the risk of depressive disorders or elevated depressive/internalizing symptoms among youth. One type of intervention specifically targets youth without a depressive disorder who are at risk due to elevated depressive symptoms and/or having a parent with a depressive disorder...
December 24, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995431/prototype-willingness-model-drinking-cognitions-mediate-personalized-normative-feedback-efficacy
#20
Melissa A Lewis, Dana M Litt, Mary Tomkins, Clayton Neighbors
Personalized normative feedback (PNF) interventions have been shown to be efficacious at reducing college student drinking. Because descriptive norms have been shown to mediate PNF efficacy, the current study focused on examining additional prototype willingness model social reaction cognitions, namely, prototypes and willingness, as mediators of intervention efficacy. We expected the PNF interventions to be associated with increased prototype favorability of students who do not drink, which would in turn be associated with decreased willingness to drink and subsequently, less drinking...
December 19, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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