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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896644/the-effects-of-musical-training-on-child-development-a-randomized-trial-of-el-sistema-in-venezuela
#1
Xiomara Alemán, Suzanne Duryea, Nancy G Guerra, Patrick J McEwan, Rodrigo Muñoz, Marco Stampini, Ariel A Williamson
: Many studies have explored the links between music and children's outcomes; however, study designs have not been sufficiently rigorous to support causal findings. This study aims to assess the effects of a large-scale music program on children's developmental functioning in the context of high rates of exposure to violence. The paper describes the results of an experimental evaluation of Venezuela's National System of Youth and Children's Orchestras. The curriculum of the program, better known as "El Sistema," emphasizes social interactions through group instruction and group performances...
November 28, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882498/parent-training-programs-for-ethnic-minorities-a-meta-analysis-of-adaptations-and-effect
#2
K van Mourik, M R Crone, M S de Wolff, R Reis
This meta-analysis focuses on parent training programs for ethnic minority families and reports on (i) the adaptation of program content and (ii) the process that informs these adaptations. Relevant studies are reviewed to determine the adaptations made and the impact of the adaptations on parenting and child outcomes. Studies were eligible for inclusion if they enrolled predominantly ethnic minority parents with children aged 0-12 years, used a randomized controlled trial design with post-intervention assessments, focused on group-based parent training programs and on prevention of parenting problems, and reported parenting behavior outcomes...
November 23, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873045/the-interplay-between-early-father-involvement-and-neonatal-medical-risk-in-the-prediction-of-infant-neurodevelopment
#3
Dylan B Jackson
The current study examines the association between early father involvement and infant neurodevelopment, and whether neonatal medical risk moderates this association. Data from approximately 6000 fathers and their children were obtained from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study: Birth Cohort (ECLS-B). Hierarchical regression was employed to analyze the data. The findings reveal that the association between early father involvement and infant neurodevelopment is contingent on both the timing of involvement (i...
November 22, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866307/explicating-the-conditions-under-which-multilevel-multiple-imputation-mitigates-bias-resulting-from-random-coefficient-dependent-missing-longitudinal-data
#4
Nisha C Gottfredson, Sonya K Sterba, Kristina M Jackson
Random coefficient-dependent (RCD) missingness is a non-ignorable mechanism through which missing data can arise in longitudinal designs. RCD, for which we cannot test, is a problematic form of missingness that occurs if subject-specific random effects correlate with propensity for missingness or dropout. Particularly when covariate missingness is a problem, investigators typically handle missing longitudinal data by using single-level multiple imputation procedures implemented with long-format data, which ignores within-person dependency entirely, or implemented with wide-format (i...
November 19, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858282/improving-mental-health-outcomes-of-burmese-migrant-and-displaced-children-in-thailand-a-community-based-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-parenting-and-family-skills-intervention
#5
Jeannie Annan, Amanda Sim, Eve S Puffer, Carmel Salhi, Theresa S Betancourt
: The negative effects of displacement and poverty on child mental health are well-known, yet research on prevention interventions in low- and middle-income countries, especially fragile states, remains limited. We examined the effectiveness of a parenting skills intervention on mental health outcomes among Burmese migrant and displaced children living in 20 communities in Thailand. Participants were primary caregivers and children aged 7 to 15 years (n = 479 families). Families were randomly assigned to receive an adapted version of the Strengthening Families Program (n = 240) or a wait-list control condition (n = 239)...
November 17, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848116/pretest-measures-of-the-study-outcome-and-the-elimination-of-selection-bias-evidence-from-three-within-study-comparisons
#6
Kelly Hallberg, Thomas D Cook, Peter M Steiner, M H Clark
This paper examines how pretest measures of a study outcome reduce selection bias in observational studies in education. The theoretical rationale for privileging pretests in bias control is that they are often highly correlated with the outcome, and in many contexts, they are also highly correlated with the selection process. To examine the pretest's role in bias reduction, we use the data from two within study comparisons and an especially strong quasi-experiment, each with an educational intervention that seeks to improve achievement...
November 15, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27838802/intervention-with-adolescent-mother-child-dyads-and-cognitive-development-in-early-childhood-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Claire Baudry, George M Tarabulsy, Leslie Atkinson, Jessica Pearson, Audrey St-Pierre
The cognitive development of children of adolescent mothers has often been considered to be at risk. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to examine whether early intervention could help foster more positive cognitive development in the 0- to 4-year-old children of adolescent mothers. Twenty-two studies were reviewed, involving 29 different intervention strategies and 3577 participants. An overall effect size (corrected for publication bias) of d = .24 was found (95% CI .11, .36). Intervention strategies that focused specifically on the quality of parent-child interaction (d = ...
November 12, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834033/introduction-to-the-special-series-current-directions-for-measuring-parenting-constructs-to-inform-prevention-science
#8
EDITORIAL
Oliver Lindhiem, Anne Shaffer
Parenting behaviors are multifaceted and dynamic and therefore challenging to quantify. Measurement methods have critical implications for study results, particularly for prevention trials designed to modify parenting behaviors. Although multiple approaches can complement one another and contribute to a more complete understanding of prevention trials, the assumptions and implications of each approach are not always clearly addressed. Greater attention to the measurement of complex constructs such as parenting is needed to advance the field of prevention science...
November 10, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822663/effectiveness-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-based-indicated-prevention-program-for-children-with-elevated-anxiety-levels-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Manon L A van Starrenburg, Rowella C M W Kuijpers, Marloes Kleinjan, Giel J M Hutschemaekers, Rutger C M E Engels
Childhood anxiety is a problem not only because of its negative consequences on the well-being of children but also because of its adverse effects on society and its role in mental disorders later in life. Adequate prevention might be the key in tackling this problem. The effectiveness of Coping Cat, as an indicated CBT-based prevention program in Dutch primary school children, was assessed by means of a randomized controlled trial. In total, 141 children aged 7-13 with elevated levels of anxiety and their mothers were included and randomly assigned to an intervention group and a waiting list control group...
November 8, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817096/glucocorticoid-receptor-nr3c1-gene-polymorphism-moderate-intervention-effects-on-the-developmental-trajectory-of-african-american-adolescent-alcohol-abuse
#10
Yao Zheng, Dustin Albert, Robert J McMahon, Kenneth Dodge, Danielle Dick
Accumulative evidence from recent genotype × intervention studies suggests that individuals carrying susceptible genotypes benefit more from intervention and provides one avenue to identify subgroups that respond differentially to intervention. This study examined the moderation by glucocorticoid receptor (NR3C1) gene variants of intervention effects on the developmental trajectories of alcohol abuse through adolescence. Participants were randomized into Fast Track intervention and control groups self-reported past-year alcohol abuse annually from grade 7 through 2 years post-high school and provided genotype data at age 21 (69% males; European Americans [EAs] = 270, African-Americans [AAs] = 282)...
November 6, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817095/polygenic-score-%C3%A3-intervention-moderation-an-application-of-discrete-time-survival-analysis-to-model-the-timing-of-first-marijuana-use-among-urban-youth
#11
Rashelle J Musci, Brian Fairman, Katherine E Masyn, George Uhl, Brion Maher, Danielle Y Sisto, Sheppard G Kellam, Nicholas S Ialongo
The present study examines the interaction between a polygenic score and an elementary school-based universal preventive intervention trial and its effects on a discrete-time survival analysis of time to first smoking marijuana. Research has suggested that initiation of substances is both genetically and environmentally driven (Rhee et al., Archives of general psychiatry 60:1256-1264, 2003; Verweij et al., Addiction 105:417-430, 2010). A previous work has found a significant interaction between the polygenic score and the same elementary school-based intervention with tobacco smoking (Musci et al...
November 5, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785662/a-meta-analysis-of-the-effectiveness-of-interactive-middle-school-cannabis-prevention-programs
#12
Steven E Lize, Aidyn L Iachini, Weizhou Tang, Joshua Tucker, Kristen D Seay, Stephanie Clone, Dana DeHart, Teri Browne
This meta-analysis examines the effectiveness of interactive middle school-based drug prevention programs on adolescent cannabis use in North America, as well as program characteristics that could moderate these effects. Interactive programs, compared to more didactic, lecture style programs, involve participants in skill-building activities and focus on interaction among participants. A systematic literature search was conducted for English-language studies from January 1998 to March 2014. Studies included evaluations using random assignment or a quasi-experimental design of interactive school-based substance use prevention programs delivered to adolescents (aged 12-14) in North American middle schools (grades 6-8)...
October 27, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757773/cultural-adaptation-and-implementation-of-family-evidence-based-interventions-with-diverse-populations
#13
Karol Kumpfer, Catia Magalhães, Jing Xie
Family evidence-based interventions (FEBIs) are effective in creating lasting improvements and preventing children's behavioral health problems, even in genetically at-risk children. Most FEBIs, however, were designed for English-speaking families. Consequently, providers have difficulty engaging non-English-speaking populations in their own country or in other countries where the content, language, and recruitment methods of the FEBIs do not reflect their culture. The practical solution has been to culturally adapt existing FEBIs...
October 18, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738783/true-love-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-program-to-reduce-dating-violence-among-adolescents-in-mexico-city
#14
Sandra G Sosa-Rubi, Biani Saavedra-Avendano, Claudia Piras, S Janae Van Buren, Sergio Bautista-Arredondo
Dating violence is a significant problem in Mexico. National survey data estimated 76 % of Mexican youth have been victims of psychological aggression in their relationships; 15.5 % have experienced physical violence; and 16.5 % of women have been the victims of sexual violence. Female adolescents perpetrate physical violence more frequently than males, while perpetration between genders of other types of violence is unclear. Furthermore, poor, marginalized youth are at a higher risk for experiencing dating violence...
October 14, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738782/evaluation-of-the-responsible-engaged-and-loving-real-fathers-initiative-on-physical-child-punishment-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-northern-uganda
#15
Kim Ashburn, Brad Kerner, Dickens Ojamuge, Rebecka Lundgren
Violence against women and violence against children in Uganda are recognized as significant public health concerns. Exposure to violence at home as a child can increase the likelihood of perpetrating or experiencing violence later in life. These two forms of violence share similar risk factors and often, but not always, co-occur at the household level. Parenting programs have shown promise in reducing physical child punishment. Targeting men has also been proven effective in transforming attitudes related to gender roles and expectations and intimate partner violence (IPV) against women...
October 13, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722816/bullying-prevention-a-summary-of-the-report-of-the-national-academies-of-sciences-engineering-and-medicine-committee-on-the-biological-and-psychosocial-effects-of-peer-victimization-lessons-for-bullying-prevention
#16
Daniel J Flannery, Jonathan Todres, Catherine P Bradshaw, Angela Frederick Amar, Sandra Graham, Mark Hatzenbuehler, Matthew Masiello, Megan Moreno, Regina Sullivan, Tracy Vaillancourt, Suzanne M Le Menestrel, Frederick Rivara
Long tolerated as a rite of passage into adulthood, bullying is now recognized as a major and preventable public health problem. The consequences of bullying-for those who are bullied, the perpetrators of bullying, and the witnesses-include poor physical health, anxiety, depression, increased risk for suicide, poor school performance, and future delinquent and aggressive behavior. Despite ongoing efforts to address bullying at the law, policy, and programmatic levels, there is still much to learn about the consequences of bullying and the effectiveness of various responses...
October 9, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718104/the-family-socialization-interview-revised-fsi-r-a-comprehensive-assessment-of-parental-disciplinary-behaviors
#17
Sarah L O'Dor, Damion J Grasso, Danielle Forbes, John E Bates, Kimberly J McCarthy, Lauren S Wakschlag, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan
Elucidating the complex mechanisms by which harsh parenting increases risk of child psychopathology is key to targeted prevention. This requires nuanced methods that capture the varied perceptions and experiences of diverse families. The Family Socialization Interview-Revised (FSI-R), adapted from an interview developed by Dodge et al. (Child Development, 65, 649-665, 1994), is a comprehensive, semi-structured interview for characterizing methods of parental discipline used with young children. The FSI-R coding system systematically rates parenting style, usual discipline techniques, and most intense physical and psychological discipline based on rater judgment across two eras: (1) birth to the previous year, and (2) the previous year to present...
October 7, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709406/preliminary-effectiveness-study-of-coping-power-program-for-aggressive-children-in-pakistan
#18
Asia Mushtaq, John E Lochman, Pervaiz N Tariq, Fazaila Sabih
Aggression is a characteristic feature of many psychiatric disorders. To address the scarceness for evidence-based interventions for behavioral problems in Pakistan, we evaluated the effectiveness of culturally adapted version of Coping Power Program. The purpose of the study was to determine the extent to which Coping Power Program is capable of reducing aggressive behavior and improving competent behavior, when delivered in a different culture, i.e., Pakistan. With randomized control trial (RCT) of pre- and post-testing, 112 fourth grade boys were allocated to Coping Power intervention condition and waitlist control condition...
October 5, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704326/predictors-of-participation-in-an-ehealth-family-based-preventive-intervention-for-hispanic-youth
#19
Tatiana Perrino, Yannine Estrada, Shi Huang, Sara St George, Hilda Pantin, Miguel Ángel Cano, Tae Kyoung Lee, Guillermo Prado
The Familias Unidas intervention is an efficacious family-based preventive intervention for reducing substance use and other health risks among Hispanic youth. A current randomized controlled trial (RCT) is examining this intervention's efficacy when delivered via the Internet (eHealth). eHealth interventions can overcome logistical barriers to participation, yet there is limited information about the feasibility of these interventions, especially among ethnic minorities. This paper examines participation and predictors of participation in the eHealth Familias Unidas intervention in a sample of 113 Hispanic families whose adolescent had behavioral problems...
October 4, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699620/influence-of-early-onset-of-alcohol-use-on-the-development-of-adolescent-alcohol-problems-a-longitudinal-binational-study
#20
Min Jung Kim, W Alex Mason, Todd I Herrenkohl, Richard F Catalano, John W Toumbourou, Sheryl A Hemphill
This study examined cross-national similarities in a developmental model linking early age of alcohol use onset to frequent drinking and heavy drinking and alcohol problems 1 and 2 years later in a binational sample of 13-year-old students from two states: Washington State, USA and Victoria, Australia (N = 1833). A range of individual, family, school, and peer influences was included in analyses to investigate their unique and shared contribution to development of early and more serious forms of alcohol use and harms from misuse...
October 3, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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