journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819763/factors-associated-with-teacher-delivery-of-a-classroom-based-tier-2-prevention-program
#1
Kevin S Sutherland, Maureen A Conroy, Bryce D McLeod, James Algina, Rachel L Kunemund
Teachers sometimes struggle to deliver evidence-based programs designed to prevent and ameliorate chronic problem behaviors of young children with integrity. Identifying factors associated with variations in the quantity and quality of delivery is thus an important goal for the field. This study investigated factors associated with teacher treatment integrity of BEST in CLASS, a tier-2 prevention program designed for young children at risk for developing emotional/behavioral disorders. Ninety-two early childhood teachers and 231 young children at-risk for emotional/behavioral disorders participated in the study...
August 17, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812181/visit-attendance-patterns-in-nurse-family-partnership-community-sites
#2
Margaret L Holland, David L Olds, Ann M Dozier, Harriet J Kitzman
We examined visit attendance patterns of mothers enrolled in the Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) home visitation program and associations between these patterns and characteristics of the families and sites, with the goal of increasing participant engagement. We utilized repeated measures latent class analysis to identify attendance patterns among 66,967 mothers in NFP sites across the USA. Mothers enrolled from 1996 to 2010. Data were collected by home visitors and aggregated by the NFP National Service Office...
August 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786046/do-school-based-programs-prevent-hiv-and-other-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
REVIEW
Ali Mirzazadeh, M Antonia Biggs, Amanda Viitanen, Hacsi Horvath, Li Yan Wang, Richard Dunville, Lisa C Barrios, James G Kahn, Elliot Marseille
We systematically reviewed the literature to assess the effectiveness of school-based programs to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STI) among adolescents in the USA. We searched six databases including PubMed for studies published through May 2017. Eligible studies included youth ages 10-19 years and assessed any school-based programs in the USA that reported changes in HIV/STI incidence or testing. We used Cochrane tool to assess the risk of bias and GRADE to determine the evidence quality for each outcome...
August 8, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786044/multi-level-cultural-intervention-for-the-prevention-of-suicide-and-alcohol-use-risk-with-alaska-native-youth-a-nonrandomized-comparison-of-treatment-intensity
#4
James Allen, Stacy M Rasmus, Carlotta Ching Ting Fok, Billy Charles, David Henry
Suicide and alcohol use disorders are primary determinants of health disparity among Alaska Native people in contrast to the US general population. Qungasvik, a Yup'ik word for toolbox, is a strengths-based, multi-level, community/cultural intervention for rural Yup'ik youth ages 12-18. The intervention uses "culture as intervention" to promote reasons for life and sobriety in young people using local expertise, high levels of community direction, and community based staff. The intervention is grounded in local practices and adaptive to local cultural differences distinctive to rural Yup'ik communities...
August 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766191/promoting-afterschool-quality-and-positive-youth-development-cluster-randomized-trial-of-the-pax-good-behavior-game
#5
Emilie Phillips Smith, D Wayne Osgood, Yoonkyung Oh, Linda C Caldwell
This randomized trial tested a strategy originally developed for school settings, the Pax Good Behavior Game (PAX GBG), in the new context of afterschool programs. We examined this approach in afterschool since 70% of all juvenile crime occurs between the hours of 3-6 pm, making afterschool an important setting for prevention and promotion. Dual-career and working families need monitoring and supervision for their children in quality settings that are safe and appropriately structured. While substantial work has identified important features of afterschool programs, increasing attention is being given to how to foster quality...
August 1, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755244/a-brief-smoking-cessation-advice-by-youth-counselors-for-the-smokers-in-the-hong-kong-quit-to-win-contest-2010-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Sophia Siu Chee Chan, Yee Tak Derek Cheung, Yee Man Bonny Wong, Antonio Kwong, Vienna Lai, Tai-Hing Lam
Smoking cessation counseling by healthcare professionals is effective, but very few healthcare professionals can deliver these interventions in the busy clinical settings. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of a brief smoking cessation advice delivered by briefly-trained youth counselors at the enrolment of an incentive-based smoking cessation campaign. The study design was a cluster 2-arm randomized controlled trial of 831 Chinese adult smokers who were recruited in public areas to participate in the Hong Kong Quit to Win Contest 2010...
July 28, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735447/cost-benefit-analysis-of-two-child-abuse-and-neglect-primary-prevention-programs-for-us-states
#7
Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Robert Thomas, Joanne Klevens
We assessed the US state-level budget and societal impact of implementing two child abuse and neglect (CAN) primary prevention programs. CAN cost estimates and data from two prevention programs (Child-Parent Centers and Nurse-Family Partnership) were combined with current population, cost, and CAN incidence data by US state. A cost-benefit mathematical model for each program by US state compared program costs with the future monetary value of benefits from reduced CAN. The models used a lifetime time horizon from government payer and societal perspectives...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735446/commentary-for-special-issue-of-prevention-science-using-genetics-in-prevention-science-fiction-or-science-fact
#8
Danielle M Dick
A growing number of prevention studies have incorporated genetic information. In this commentary, I discuss likely reasons for growing interest in this line of research and reflect on the current state of the literature. I review challenges associated with the incorporation of genotypic information into prevention studies, as well as ethical considerations associated with this line of research. I discuss areas where developmental psychologists and prevention scientists can make substantive contributions to the study of genetic predispositions, as well as areas that could benefit from closer collaborations between prevention scientists and geneticists to advance this area of study...
July 22, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733855/transportability-of-an-evidence-based-early-childhood-intervention-in-a-low-income-african-country-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-study
#9
Keng-Yen Huang, Janet Nakigudde, Dana Rhule, Joy Louise Gumikiriza-Onoria, Gloria Abura, Bukky Kolawole, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Sharon Kim, Edward Seidman, Gbenga Ogedegbe, Laurie Miller Brotman
Children in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are burdened by significant unmet mental health needs. Despite the successes of numerous school-based interventions for promoting child mental health, most evidence-based interventions (EBIs) are not available in SSA. This study investigated the implementation quality and effectiveness of one component of an EBI from a developed country (USA) in a SSA country (Uganda). The EBI component, Professional Development, was provided by trained Ugandan mental health professionals to Ugandan primary school teachers...
July 21, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733854/process-evaluation-of-a-clinical-trial-to-test-school-support-as-hiv-prevention-among-orphaned-adolescents-in-western-kenya
#10
Denise Dion Hallfors, Hyunsan Cho, Shane Hartman, Isabella Mbai, Carolyne Atieno Ouma, Carolyn Tucker Halpern
Orphaned adolescents are a large and vulnerable population in sub-Saharan Africa, at higher risk for HIV than non-orphans. Yet prevention of new infection is critical for adolescents since they are less likely than adults to enter and remain in treatment and are the only age group with rising AIDS death rates. We report process evaluation for a randomized controlled trial (RCT) testing support to stay in school (tuition, uniform, nurse visits) as an HIV prevention strategy for orphaned Kenyan adolescents. The RCT found no intervention effect on HIV/HSV-2 biomarker outcomes...
July 21, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730396/prevention-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-swedish-school-children-a-cluster-randomized-effectiveness-study
#11
Johan Ahlen, Timo Hursti, Lindsey Tanner, Zelal Tokay, Ata Ghaderi
Our study aimed at evaluating FRIENDS for Life, an intervention to prevent anxiety and depression in Swedish school children. A total of 695 children between the ages of 8 and 11 were recruited from 17 schools in Stockholm, Sweden, and cluster-randomized to either the intervention or control group. Teachers in the intervention group received a full day of training and administered FRIENDS for Life in their classrooms. We assessed the children's anxiety and depressive symptoms, general mental health, and academic performance at pre- and post-intervention as well as at the 12-month follow-up...
July 20, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725991/preventive-effect-heterogeneity-causal-inference-in-personalized-prevention
#12
George W Howe
This paper employs a causal inference framework to explore two logically distinct forms of preventive effect heterogeneity relevant for studying variation in preventive effect as a basis for developing more personalized interventions. Following VanderWeele (2015), I begin with a discussion of causal interaction involving manipulable moderators that combine to yield more complex nonadditive effects. This is contrasted with effect heterogeneity, which involves variation in causal structure indexed by stable characteristics of populations or contexts...
July 19, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28786045/longitudinal-predictors-of-behavioral-intentions-and-hiv-service-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#13
Larissa A McGarrity, David M Huebner, Carol J Nemeroff, Rae Jean Proeschold-Bell
HIV prevention interventions are generally effective at reducing sexual risk. Although these interventions have been widely disseminated in the USA, their success depends largely on whether subpopulations who have been prioritized for risk reduction are willing to participate. Understanding the factors predicting service utilization is critical to maximizing public health benefit. HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM) (n = 613) were enrolled in a longitudinal study investigating whether theoretically derived psychosocial variables (past behavior, cues to action, perceived susceptibility, positive expectations, perceived barriers, personal discomfort, and recent condomless anal intercourse) predicted intentions to use HIV prevention services and service use behavior across multiple categories (information seeking, structured service use, HIV testing, and volunteering/working in prevention services)...
July 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725992/social-profile-of-middle-school-aged-adolescents-who-use-electronic-cigarettes-implications-for-primary-prevention
#14
Alfgeir L Kristjansson, Michael J Mann, Megan L Smith, Inga Dora Sigfusdottir
Electronic cigarette (EC) use continues to increase among adolescents. From a primary prevention point of view, an important gap in our knowledge includes determining whether young smokers that use EC maintain a distinct social profile from kids who use combustible cigarettes (CC). Survey data from middle school students in West Virginia, USA were collected between September and November of 2015 (N = 6547, response rate 84.7%) as part of a state wide school-based mental health intervention program. Data was analyzed using multinomial logistic regression for categorical data...
July 18, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685211/predicting-the-emergence-of-sexual-violence-in-adolescence
#15
Michele L Ybarra, Richard E Thompson
This study aims to report the epidemiology of sexual violence (SV) perpetration for both female and male youth across a broad age spectrum. Additionally, the etiology of SV perpetration is examined by identifying prior exposures that predict a first SV perpetration. Six waves of data were collected nationally online, between 2006 and 2012, from 1586 youth between 10 and 21 years of age. Five types of SV were assessed: sexual harassment, sexual assault, coercive sex, attempted rape, and rape. To identify how prior exposures may predict the emergence of SV in adolescence, parsimonious lagged multivariable logistic regression models estimated the odds of first perpetrating each of the five types of SV within the context of other variables (e...
July 7, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685210/lifetime-cost-of-abusive-head-trauma-at-ages-0-4-usa
#16
Ted R Miller, Ryan Steinbeigle, Bruce A Lawrence, Cora Peterson, Curtis Florence, Marilyn Barr, Ronald G Barr
This paper aims to estimate lifetime costs resulting from abusive head trauma (AHT) in the USA and the break-even effectiveness for prevention. A mathematical model incorporated data from Vital Statistics, the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids' Inpatient Database, and previous studies. Unit costs were derived from published sources. From society's perspective, discounted lifetime cost of an AHT averages $5.7 million (95% CI $3.2-9.2 million) for a death. It averages $2.6 million (95% CI $1.0-2.9 million) for a surviving AHT victim including $224,500 for medical care and related direct costs (2010 USD)...
July 6, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681197/a-school-support-intervention-and-educational-outcomes-among-orphaned-adolescents-results-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-in-kenya
#17
Hyunsan Cho, Renee Catherine Ryberg, Karam Hwang, Lisa D Pearce, Bonita J Iritani
Globally, significant progress has been made in primary school enrollment. However, there are millions of adolescents-including orphans in sub-Saharan Africa-who still experience barriers to remaining in school. We conducted a 4-year cluster randomized controlled trial (cRCT) (N = 835) in a high HIV prevalence area in western Kenya to test whether providing orphaned adolescents with a school support intervention improves their educational outcomes. The school support intervention consisted of directly paying tuition, exam fees, and uniform costs to primary and secondary schools for those students who remained enrolled...
July 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681196/school-friends-and-substance-use-gender-differences-on-the-influence-of-attitudes-toward-school-and-close-friend-networks-on-cannabis-involvement
#18
Nikola Zaharakis, Michael J Mason, Jeremy Mennis, John Light, Julie C Rusby, Erika Westling, Stephanie Crewe, Brian R Flay, Thomas Way
The school environment is extremely salient in young adolescents' lives. Adolescents who have unfavorable attitudes toward school and teachers are at elevated risk for dropping out of school and engaging in behavioral health risks. Peer network health-a summation of the positive and negative behaviors in which one's close friend group engages-may be one way by which attitudes toward school exert influence on youth substance use. Utilizing a sample of 248 primarily African-American young urban adolescents, we tested a moderated mediation model to determine if the indirect effect of attitude to school on cannabis involvement through peer network health was conditioned on gender...
July 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681195/exposure-to-and-content-of-marijuana-product-reviews
#19
Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg, Melissa J Krauss, Shaina J Sowles, Gabrielle M Murphy, Laura J Bierut
Many individuals now seek out product reviews in order to make an informed decision prior to making a purchase. In this study, we investigate consumers' exposure to and content within product reviews about marijuana because of their potential to shape marijuana purchasing decisions. The terms "weed review," "marijuana review," and "cannabis review" were searched on YouTube on June 10-11, 2015; the team viewed and coded the content of 83 product review videos about marijuana. In addition, we surveyed young adult (18-34 years old) current (past month) marijuana users (n = 742) from across the USA online to assess exposure to product reviews about marijuana and associations with socio-demographic characteristics and marijuana use behaviors...
July 5, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677089/policy-and-prevention-approaches-for-disordered-and-hazardous-gaming-and-internet-use-an-international-perspective
#20
REVIEW
Daniel L King, Paul H Delfabbro, Young Yim Doh, Anise M S Wu, Daria J Kuss, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Mentzoni, Natacha Carragher, Hiroshi Sakuma
Problems related to high levels of gaming and Internet usage are increasingly recognized as a potential public health burden across the developed world. The aim of this review was to present an international perspective on prevention strategies for Internet gaming disorder and related health conditions (e.g., Internet addiction), as well as hazardous gaming and Internet use. A systematic review of quantitative research evidence was conducted, followed by a search of governmental reports, policy and position statements, and health guidelines in the last decade...
July 4, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
journal
journal
34793
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"