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Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30171431/demographic-moderation-of-the-prediction-of-adolescent-alcohol-involvement-trajectories
#1
Nisha C Gottfredson, Blythe E Rhodes, Susan T Ennett
Several school- and family-based preventive interventions target and effectively reduce adolescent alcohol misuse. However, whether demographic groups achieve equal success with these interventions is unclear. In particular, most interventions target younger adolescents, and program effectiveness tends to be measured with majority White samples; subgroup analyses are rarely reported. We analyze longitudinal data from a sample of N = 6189 adolescents (40% Black, 60% White; 50% female) in 6th through 12th grade to quantify the degree to which age, race, and gender moderate the associations between seven well-known risk and protective factors (RPFs) that serve as common intervention targets...
August 31, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168036/perceived-social-acceptability-and-longitudinal-trends-in-adolescent-cigarette-smoking
#2
Emily Long, Thomas W Valente
The current study uses methods from social network analysis to predict longitudinal trends in adolescent cigarette smoking based on perceived social acceptability from friends, in addition to typical measures of peer influence (e.g., self-reported cigarette use of friends). By concurrently investigating the role of perceived social acceptability of smoking and peer influence, the current study offers new insight into the mechanisms through which peers influence adolescent smoking. Two waves of data from five high schools within one US school district (n = 1563) were used...
August 30, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30151670/protective-factors-for-sexual-violence-understanding-how-trajectories-relate-to-perpetration-in-high-school
#3
Kathleen C Basile, Whitney L Rostad, Ruth W Leemis, Dorothy L Espelage, Jordan P Davis
Adolescent sexual violence (SV) perpetration is a significant public health problem. Many risk factors for perpetration are known, but less is known about what protects youth from perpetration, or how protective factors change over time. This longitudinal study reports trajectories of four potential protective factors for SV perpetration (empathy, parental monitoring, social support, and school belonging) across middle and high school and examines their relationship to SV perpetration in high school. Findings reveal that youth who identified as SV perpetrators had significantly lower mean empathy scores (d =  - 0...
August 27, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30145751/genomics-big-data-and-broad-consent-a-new-ethics-frontier-for-prevention-science
#4
Celia B Fisher, Deborah M Layman
Emerging technologies for analyzing biospecimens have led to advances in understanding the interacting role of genetics and environment on development and individual responsivity to prevention and intervention programs. The scientific study of gene-environment influences has also benefited from the growth of Big Data tools that allow linking genomic data to health, educational, and other information stored in large integrated datasets. These advances have created a new frontier of ethical challenges for scientists as they collect, store, or engage in secondary use of potentially identifiable information and biospecimens...
August 25, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136246/a-meta-analysis-of-parenting-practices-and-child-psychosocial-outcomes-in-trauma-informed-parenting-interventions-after-violence-exposure
#5
REVIEW
Sarah Lindstrom Johnson, Kit Elam, Adam A Rogers, Chanler Hilley
Over half of all youth are exposed to violence, which a growing body of literature suggests is associated with a broad range of negative developmental outcomes over the life course. However, best practices for supporting parenting are not widely applied to parents with children exposed to violence-related trauma. This meta-analyses seeks to synthesize the literature base of trauma-informed parenting interventions to better understand their potential impact on parenting and child outcomes. Specifically, 21 trauma-informed parenting interventions were identified that quantitatively assessed intervention effects on parenting and child outcomes...
August 22, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30136245/empirically-based-mean-effect-size-distributions-for-universal-prevention-programs-targeting-school-aged-youth-a-review-of-meta-analyses
#6
REVIEW
Emily E Tanner-Smith, Joseph A Durlak, Robert A Marx
This review of reviews presents an empirically based set of mean effect size distributions for judging the relative impact of the effects of universal mental health promotion and prevention programs for school-age youth (ages 5 through 18) across a range of program targets and types of outcomes. Mean effect size distributions were established by examining the findings from 74 meta-analyses of universal prevention and promotion programs that included more than 1100 controlled outcome studies involving over 490,000 school-age youth...
August 22, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121877/behavioral-trajectories-during-middle-childhood-differential-effects-of-the-school-wide-positive-behavior-support-model
#7
Mari-Anne Sørlie, Thormod Idsoe, Terje Ogden, Asgeir Røyrhus Olseth, Torbjørn Torsheim
The aims of this study were to assess the longitudinal trajectories of externalizing problem behavior during middle childhood among typically developing children and to examine subgroup differences in the effectiveness of the School-Wide Positive Behavior Support (SWPBS) model, called N-PALS in Norway. Participants were approximately 3000 students, and behavioral assessments were performed by class head teachers at four time points from the 4th or 5th grade through the 7th grade. Using a combination of latent class growth analyses (LCGA) and growth mixture modeling (GMM), four distinct trajectory classes were identified, i...
August 18, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30121876/what-affects-attendance-and-engagement-in-a-parenting-program-in-south-africa
#8
Yulia Shenderovich, Manuel Eisner, Lucie Cluver, Jenny Doubt, McKenzie Berezin, Sybil Majokweni, Aja Louise Murray
Parenting programs are a promising approach to improving family well-being. For families to benefit, programs need to be able to engage families actively in the interventions. Studies in high-income countries show varying results regarding whether more disadvantaged families are equally engaged in parenting interventions. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), almost nothing is known about the patterns of participation in parent training. This paper examines group session attendance and engagement data from 270 high-risk families enrolled in the intervention arm of a cluster-randomized controlled trial in South Africa...
August 18, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30058025/strengthening-a-culture-of-prevention-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-balancing-scientific-expectations-and-contextual-realities
#9
Rubén Parra-Cardona, Patty Leijten, Jamie M Lachman, Anilena Mejía, Ana A Baumann, Nancy G Amador Buenabad, Lucie Cluver, Jenny Doubt, Frances Gardner, Judy Hutchings, Catherine L Ward, Inge M Wessels, Rachel Calam, Victoria Chavira, Melanie M Domenech Rodríguez
Relevant initiatives are being implemented in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) aimed at strengthening a culture of prevention. However, cumulative contextual factors constitute significant barriers for implementing rigorous prevention science in these contexts, as defined by guidelines from high-income countries (HICs). Specifically, disseminating a culture of prevention in LMICs can be impacted by political instability, limited health coverage, insecurity, limited rule of law, and scarcity of specialized professionals...
July 30, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056616/designed-cultural-adaptation-and-delivery-quality-in-rural-substance-use-prevention-an-effectiveness-trial-for-the-keepin-it-real-curriculum
#10
Michael L Hecht, YoungJu Shin, Jonathan Pettigrew, Michelle Miller-Day, Janice L Krieger
This study examined how cultural adaptation and delivery quality of the school-based intervention keepin' it REAL (kiR) influenced adolescent substance use. The goal of the study was to compare the effectiveness of the multi-cultural, urban (non-adapted) kiR intervention, a re-grounded (adapted) rural version of the kiR intervention and control condition in a new, rural setting. A total of 39 middle schools in rural communities of two states in the USA were randomly assigned to one of three conditions (i.e...
July 28, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30056615/scaling-up-evidence-based-programs-using-a-public-funding-stream-a-randomized-trial-of-functional-family-therapy-for-court-involved-youth
#11
Denise C Gottfredson, Brook Kearley, Terence P Thornberry, Molly Slothower, Deanna Devlin, Jamie J Fader
The Affordable Care Act expanded access to Medicaid programs and required them to provide essential health benefits, which can include prevention services. This study assesses the costs and benefits to using Medicaid funding to implement a well-known evidence-based program, Functional Family Therapy (FFT), with a sample of juvenile justice-involved youth. The study also provides a rigorous test of FFT accommodated for a contemporary urban population that is gang at risk or gang-involved. One hundred twenty-nine predominantly minority and low income families were randomly assigned to receive an enhanced version of FFT or an alternative family therapy...
July 28, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054778/feasibility-of-implementing-infant-home-visiting-in-a-central-australian-aboriginal-community
#12
Ha Nguyen, Dorota Zarnowiecki, Leonie Segal, Debra Gent, Bronwyn Silver, John Boffa
The Australian Nurse-Family-Partnership Program, an adaption of the Olds' Nurse-Family-Partnership (NFP), commenced in Alice Springs in 2009 (Central Australia FPP), aiming to improve the health and social outcomes of Aboriginal mothers and infants. This study explores the feasibility of NFP implementation in a remote Australian Aboriginal community. Feasibility was defined by programme uptake by eligible women, retention in the programme, actual vs. scheduled visits and extent of programme content delivery...
July 28, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054777/the-efficacy-of-an-event-specific-text-message-personalized-drinking-feedback-intervention
#13
Jennifer M Cadigan, Matthew P Martens, Emily R Dworkin, Kenneth J Sher
Tailgating drinking prior to a football game is a type of event-specific drinking associated with increased alcohol use and related problems. Personalized drinking feedback interventions (PFI) are efficacious in reducing alcohol use and problems. The current study aimed to advance understanding of event-specific interventions by examining: (1) the efficacy of an event-specific, text message PFI on tailgating alcohol outcomes, and (2) the extent to which intervention effects generalize to "typical" alcohol outcomes at 1-month follow-up...
July 27, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30043198/adolescent-marijuana-use-marijuana-related-perceptions-and-use-of-other-substances-before-and-after-initiation-of-retail-marijuana-sales-in-colorado-2013-2015
#14
Ashley Brooks-Russell, Ming Ma, Arnold H Levinson, Leo Kattari, Tom Kirchner, Erin M Anderson Goodell, Renee M Johnson
Due to the recentness of changes to marijuana policies in a number of states, the effect on adolescent use and perceptions is not yet well understood. This study examines change in adolescent marijuana use and related perceptions in Colorado, before and after the implementation of legal commercial sale of recreational marijuana for adults starting on January 1, 2014. The data are from a repeated cross-sectional survey of a representative sample of Colorado high school students, with separately drawn samples surveyed in fall 2013 (prior to implementation) and fall 2015 (18 months after implementation)...
July 24, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039328/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-healthy-families-6-month-and-1-year-follow-up
#15
Craig Winston LeCroy, Darlene Lopez
Home visitation research remains on the forefront as policy makers look to evidence for programs they believe are worthy of investment, particularly in terms of child abuse prevention. A randomized controlled trial (N = 245) of the Healthy Families Arizona home visitation program was conducted. Outcomes were assessed across several key domains related to child abuse and neglect: safety and resources, parenting attitudes and behaviors, health and maternal outcomes, and mental health and coping. Findings revealed significant differences between the groups at both 6-month and 1-year follow-up assessments on use of resources, mobilizing resources, home environment, subsequent pregnancy, positive affect, and problem solving favoring the Healthy Families group...
July 23, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30032407/facilitators-and-barriers-in-cross-country-transport-of-evidence-based-preventive-interventions-a-case-study-using-the-family-check-up
#16
Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Thomas J Dishion, Daniel S Shaw, Anne M Gill, Julie S Lundgren, Jenny Thunberg
This study is a qualitative analysis of facilitators and barriers in the dissemination of Family Check-Up (FCU), a U.S.-developed preventive intervention in Sweden. The FCU is inherently culturally flexible because it was designed to be tailored to each family's needs and context, including cultural norms and values. We present the FCU implementation framework (IF) as a conceptual framework for cross-country transport of the FCU and evidence-based programs (EBP) more generally. The FCU IF draws from implementation science literature and involves specifying barriers and facilitators related to implementation drivers (e...
July 21, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30032406/sample-size-planning-for-cluster-randomized-interventions-probing-multilevel-mediation
#17
Ben Kelcey, Jessaca Spybrook, Nianbo Dong
Multilevel mediation analyses play an essential role in helping researchers develop, probe, and refine theories of action underlying interventions and document how interventions impact outcomes. However, little is known about how to plan studies with sufficient power to detect such multilevel mediation effects. In this study, we describe how to prospectively estimate power and identify sufficient sample sizes for experiments intended to detect multilevel mediation effects. We outline a simple approach to estimate the power to detect mediation effects with individual- or cluster-level mediators using summary statistics easily obtained from empirical literature and the anticipated magnitude of the mediation effect...
July 21, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022357/the-incredible-years-teacher-classroom-management-program-outcomes-from-a-group-randomized-trial
#18
Wendy M Reinke, Keith C Herman, Nianbo Dong
This group randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluated the efficacy of the Incredible Years Teacher Classroom Management Program (IY TCM) on student social behavioral and academic outcomes among a large diverse sample of students within an urban context. Participants included 105 teachers and 1817 students in kindergarten to third grade. Three-level hierarchical linear models (HLM) were conducted to examine the overall treatment effects on teacher-reported student behavior and academic outcomes. In addition, multi-level moderation analyses were conducted to examine whether the treatment effects on student outcomes differed by demographic variables and pretest measures of social emotional and disruptive behavior and academics...
July 19, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30022356/can-teenage-men-be-targeted-to-prevent-teenage-pregnancy-a-feasibility-cluster-randomised-controlled-intervention-trial-in-schools
#19
Maria Lohan, Áine Aventin, Mike Clarke, Rhonda M Curran, Clíona McDowell, Ashley Agus, Lisa McDaid, Chris Bonell, Honor Young
The World Health Organisation advocates a direct focus on adolescent men in reducing adolescent pregnancy; however, no trials have been conducted. This trial (ISRCTN11632300; NCT02092480) determines whether a novel Relationship and Sexuality Educational intervention, If I Were Jack, is acceptable and feasible to implement in mixed sex UK classrooms. The intervention is a teacher-delivered intervention that emphasises male alongside female  responsibility in preventing unintended pregnancies and is designed to prevent unprotected sex...
July 18, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30014343/editorial-the-life-and-contributions-of-thomas-dishion
#20
EDITORIAL
Daniel S Shaw, Marion S Forgatch, Diana H Fishbein, Irwin N Sandler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2018: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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