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Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795480/poliovirus-study-in-the-endgame-of-the-polio-eradication-program
#1
Minetaro Arita
Since the start of Global Polio Eradication Initiative in 1988, poliomyelitis cases caused by wild poliovirus (PV) were drastically reduced to only 74 cases in 2 endemic countries in 2015. With established vaccine campaign, current limited PV transmission suggested the endgame of the polio eradication program. In the endgame, we have emerging challenges specific to the endgame; tight budget, switching of the vaccines, and changes in the biorisk management. To overcome these challenges, several projects of PV study attract attention in the eradication program...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795479/orbital-cellulitis-with-endogenous-panophthalmitis-caused-by-methicillin-sensitive-staphylococcus-aureus-in-pregnancy
#2
Simranjeet Aulakh, Akshay Gopinathan Nair, Rahul Gandhi, Amit H Palkar, Mihir G Trivedi, Nayana A Potdar, Chhaya A Shinde
Orbital cellulitis along with panophthalmitis is uncommon. The causes are usually trauma-related or endogenous. The prognosis in terms of globe salvage is very poor with most cases usually requiring enucleation or evisceration of the affected eye. Immunosuppression in some form is usually present, which accounts for the aggressive course of the infection. In this communication, we report a case of a 25-year-old female, in the second trimester of pregnancy, who developed orbital cellulitis and panophthalmitis caused by Methicillin sensitive Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA); with the primary source of infection being cellulitis on her forearm following intravenous therapy for severe anaemia...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795478/high-rates-of-contamination-of-poultry-meat-products-with-drug-resistant-campylobacter-in-metro-manila-philippines
#3
Patrick Wilson N Lim, Daphne C Tiam-Lee, Phyllis Anne P Paclibare, Ma Socorro Edden P Subejano, Juvy Ann S Cabero-Palma, Gil M Penuliar
A total of 265 chicken parts were collected from 15 wet markets and 15 supermarkets in Metro Manila, Philippines. Campylobacter spp. was isolated on modified charcoal cefoperazone deoxycholate agar plates and identified through biochemical tests and PCR amplification of genus and species specific genes. Antimicrobial resistance profiles were determined following Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute protocols. Two hundred seven (78%) Campylobacter spp. were isolated. C. jejuni and C. coli were detected from 170 (64%) and 32 (12%) of the samples, respectively...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795477/first-human-case-of-rickettsia-sibirica-mongolotimonae-infection-in-northern-greece-in-a-teenager-from-thrace
#4
Dimosthenis Chochlakis, Elpis Mantadakis, Stavros Thomaidis, Yannis Tselentis, Athanassios Chatzimichael, Anna Psaroulaki
Spotted fever group (SFG) rickettsioses usually present with high fever, a maculopapular rash, and frequently an inoculation eschar at the site of tick bite. Among the SFG species, Rickettsia sibirica mongolitimonae is the etiologic agent of lymphangitis-associated rickettsiosis that has been described in France, Spain, Portugal and Crete. We describe herein a male adolescent from Thrace, Northern Greece with clinical and serological evidence of infection due to this rickettsia species, who recovered uneventfully with appropriate therapy...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795476/a-decennium-of-etiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-patterns-in-patients-with-infective-endocarditis-at-a-university-hospital-thailand
#5
Chotirat Nakaranurack, Chankit Puttilerpong, Gompol Suwanpimolkul
Infective endocarditis is an infection with a high mortality rate. Antimicrobial therapy is important in treatment but data on antimicrobial susceptibilities are limited. This retrospective study analyzed the data of causative microorganisms and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns in patients with infective endocarditis who were aged 18 years or older and received inpatient care between 2006 and 2015 at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital. A total of 213 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Streptococcus spp...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795475/detection-of-antibodies-to-borna-disease-virus-proteins-in-an-autistic-child-and-her-mother
#6
Tomoyuki Honda, Kozue Sofuku, Hidenori Matsunaga, Masaya Tachibana, Ikuko Mohri, Masako Taniike, Keizo Tomonaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795474/an-ecological-survey-of-mosquitoes-and-the-distribution-of-japanese-encephalitis-virus-in-ishikawa-prefecture-japan-between-2010-and-2014
#7
Manabu Murakami, Kiyoe Hori, Yoko Kitagawa, Yosaburo Oikawa, Kiyoshi Kamimura, Tsutomu Takagemi
Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV) is a flavivirus and is responsible for over 30,000 annual cases of encephalitis worldwide, with a mortality rate of approximately 30%. Therefore, it is important to check the distribution of JEV in fields, although recently, the number of Japanese encephalitis (JE) cases has been approximately five per year in Japan. We report the seasonal dynamics of mosquitoes between 2010 and 2014 in Ishikawa Prefecture, Japan. We collected 39,308 female adult mosquitoes, 98.2% of which were classified as Culex tritaeniorhynchus Giles...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795473/dengue-associated-acute-encephalitis-syndrome-cases-in-son-la-province-vietnam-in-2014
#8
Mya Myat Ngwe Tun, Rohitha V Muthugala, Nguyen Thi Thu Thuy, Pham Hoai Linh Ly, Le Thi Hien Thu, Dang Thi Dinh, Nguyen Viet Hoang, Le Thi Quynh Mai, Meng Ling Moi, Corazon C Buerano, Kouichi Morita, Futoshi Hasebe
Acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, and affects both children and adults. The main etiologic agent is Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV), however there are also reports on Dengue virus (DENV) encephalitis cases. The objectives of this paper were to determine the proportion of encephalitic patients due to JEV during the 2014 outbreak in Son La Province in Vietnam and to find the association of DENV in non-JEV viral encephalitis cases. Out of 90 patients, 6 (6.7%) were positive for anti-JEV IgM, 5 (5...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795472/population-dependency-of-measles-syphilis-and-amebiasis-in-japan-and-community-evolution
#9
Hiroshi Yoshikura, Fumihiko Takeuchi
Population size dependency of measles, syphilis and amebiasis was expressed as P = kN(m), where P, N and m were respectively number of patients, population size and a constant (~2 for measles and 1.3~1.4 for syphilis and amebiases). The population size dependency emerged only when conditions other than the population size, such as, infant mortality, hygienic condition, vaccination practices, etc., were improved to the same level in all the prefectures in Japan. Formation of prefectures and municipalities was well simulated by the random coin toss assuming that people are attracted to a community with a probability proportional to the number of the residents to the 1...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795471/difference-of-the-change-of-the-hospitalization-for-pneumonia-in-children-between-japanese-secondary-and-tertiary-medical-facilities-after-the-introduction-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccine
#10
Kaoru Haro, Masato Ogawa, Takayuki Hoshina, Masumi Kojiro, Koichi Kusuhara
The aim of this study is to compare pneumonia hospitalization in children between secondary and tertiary medical facilities, hospitalizing many children without and with underlying diseases, respectively, after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). Our retrospective study was performed on the children who were admitted to the Department of Pediatrics at Kitakyushu General Hospital, a secondary medical facility, and at Hospital of the University of Occupational and Environment Health, Japan, a tertiary medical facility, from 2009 to 2013 for pneumonia...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795470/predictors-of-hospitalization-and-admission-to-intensive-care-units-of-influenza-patients-in-serbia-through-four-influenza-seasons-from-2010-2011-to-2013-2014
#11
Dragana Dimitrijević, Dragan Ilić, Slavica Rakić Adrović, Vesna Šuljagić, Mijomir Pelemiš, Goran Stevanović, Milunka Milinković, Sandra Šipetić Grujićić
Retrospective analysis of the surveillance of laboratory confirmed cases of influenza in four post pandemic seasons in Serbia, was performed to evaluate predictors of hospitalization and admission to intensive care units (ICU). The specimens, which combined nasal and throat swabs were tested for influenza. For statistical analysis univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used. 777 confirmed influenza cases were analyzed. Age over 65 years, the presence of any co-morbidity or the presence of two or more comorbidities, infection with influenza A(H1)pdm09 and the interval of more than 3 days from the onset of symptoms to the first visit to a physician were independently associated with admission to the hospital...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795469/impaired-thiol-disulphide-balance-in-acute-brucellosis
#12
Servet Kolgelier, Merve Ergin, Lutfi Saltuk Demir, Ahmet Cagkan Inkaya, Nazlim Aktug Demir, Murat Alisik, Ozcan Erel
The objective of this study was to examine a novel profile: thiol-disulphide homeostasis in acute brucellosis. The study included 90 patients with acute brucellosis, and 27 healthy controls. Thiol-disulphide profile tests were analysed by a recently developed method, and ceruloplasmin levels were determined. Native thiol levels were 256.72 ± 48.20 µmol/L in the acute brucellosis group and 461.13 ± 45.37 µmol/L in the healthy group, and total thiol levels were 298.58 ± 51.78 µmol/L in the acute brucellosis group and 504...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795468/prevalence-and-determinants-of-hsv-2-syphilis-co-infection-and-hsv-2-mono-infection-among-hiv-positive-men-who-have-sex-with-men-a-cross-sectional-study-in-northeast-china
#13
Qing-Hai Hu, Jun-Jie Xu, Zhen-Xing Chu, Jing Zhang, Yan-Qiu Yu, Huan Yu, Hai-Bo Ding, Yong-Jun Jiang, Wen-Qing Geng, Ning Wang, Hong Shang
We aimed to assess the prevalence and determinants of herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) mono-infection and HSV-2/syphilis co-infection in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in China. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 545 HIV-positive MSM in Shenyang between February 2009 and October 2014. Participants received physical examinations and serological tests for HSV-2 and syphilis. A multinomial logistic regression was used to identify risk factors associated with HSV-2/syphilis co-infection and HSV-2 mono-infection...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795467/bloodstream-infection-due-to-ctx-m-15-and-tem-1-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamase-producing-salmonella-enterica-serovar-virchow-st16
#14
Jeong-Hwan Hwang, Gee-Wook Shin, Joo-Hee Hwang, Chang-Seop Lee
A 57-year-old man presented with a high fever and diarrhea. A blood culture showed the presence of a Group C nontyphoidal Salmonella isolate. On Salmonella serotyping, the isolate was Salmonella enterica serovar Virchow. Its sequence type was determined to be ST16 by sequence analysis of seven different housekeeping genes. The blaCTX-M group 1 and blaTEM genes were amplified by multiplex PCR assays for detecting ESBL genes. Sequences of both amplicons were respectively identical to CTX-M-15- and TEM-1-encoding genes...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795466/the-characteristics-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-producing-escherichia-coli-in-hospital-faecal-carriage-in-beijing-tongren-hospital
#15
Maoye Xu, Yanyan Fan, Mei Wang, Xinxin Lu
We aimed to investigate the prevalence of extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli (E. coli) in Beijing Tongren hospital and find the relationship between colonization and infection. The clinical data of 650 inpatients included between March 2012 and July 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. The prevalence of ESBL-producing E. coli among inpatients was 25.7% (167/650), with the highest of 50.0% in rheumatology ward and lowest of 10.0% in intensive care unit. Hospital stay more than 2 years, usage of antibiotics less than 3 months, and use of glucocorticoids or immunosuppressive were found to be significantly associated with ESBL carriage (P < 0...
October 31, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357995/novel-isolation-of-mycoplasma-amphoriforme-from-a-pediatric-patient-with-protracted-bronchitis-in-japan
#16
Chihiro Katsukawa, Sadasaburo Asai, Kayoko Mizutani, Kazuko Arai, Urara Kohdera, Chieko Kushibiki, Masashi Shiomi, Yoshihiro Takeda, Atsuko Naka, Keiji Nakano, Tohru Matsushita, Kazuo Takahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357993/a-case-of-scrub-typhus-imported-from-south-korea-to-yamagata-japan
#17
Yu Suzuki, Miwa Shimanuki, Junji Seto, Kazue Yahagi, Katsumi Mizuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357992/hela-ace2-tmprss2-cells-are-useful-for-the-isolation-of-human-coronavirus-229e
#18
Yohei Matoba, Yoko Aoki, Shizuka Tanaka, Kazue Yahagi, Yuriko Katsushima, Fumio Katsushima, Kanetsu Sugawara, Yoko Matsuzaki, Katsumi Mizuta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27357982/canine-echinococcosis-due-to-echinococcus-multilocularis-a-second-notifiable-case-from-mainland-japan
#19
Yasuyuki Morishima, Yuko Tomaru, Shin-Ichiro Fukumoto, Hiromu Sugiyama, Hiroshi Yamasaki, Chihiro Hashimoto, Kasumi Harada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27169939/investigation-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-antibody-among-domestic-bovines-transported-to-slaughterhouse-in-shimane-prefecture-japan
#20
Kenji Tabara, Hiromi Fujita, Atau Hirata, Daisuke Hayasaka
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 21, 2016: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
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