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Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175738/first-practical-major-step-toward-appropriate-antimicrobial-use-by-the-government-of-japan
#1
Hiroki Saito, Hiroyuki Noda, Shunji Takakura, Kazuaki Jindai, Rieko Takahashi McLellan, Kazunari Asanuma
Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is one of the top public health agendas in Japan. Since Japan published the national action plan (NAP) on AMR in 2016, the NAP implementation has been a major focus in Japan Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW). Japan MHLW recently published the 1st edition of "Manual of Antimicrobial Stewardship" (including English version), a narrative review with particular focus on outpatient setting of primary care and two common infectious disease conditions. This is one of very few occasions where MHLW proactively set a clinical guidance for health care delivery at facility level...
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175737/fatal-amoebic-meningoencephalitis-caused-by-balamuthia-mandrillaris-in-a-sarcoidosis-patient
#2
Bansidhar Tarai, Puneet Agarwal, Sivanantham Krishnamoorthi, Abhishek Mewara, Sumeeta Khurana
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175736/low-incidence-of-macrolide-resistant-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-between-april-2016-and-march-2017-in-akita-prefecture-japan
#3
Sumie Suzuki, Takayuki Konno, Chihiro Shibata, Hiroyuki Saito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175735/molecular-epidemiological-analysis-of-the-spreading-conditions-of-trichophyton-in-the-long-term-care-facilities-in-japan
#4
Shusaku Suzuki, Yoko Mano, Nobuhiko Furuya, Katsumi Fujitani
Tinea pedis and Tinea unguium are the common infectious disease, and it is reported a lot of the elderly people develop these infections. In this study, in order to investigate whether strains from the same type origin are spreading inside the long-term care facility or not, we analyzed Trichophyton rubrum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes isolated from the residents and the staff at the facilities located in Kanto area, using a genomic analytical method targeting tandem repeat regions in the non-transcribed spacer (NTS) region of ribosomal DNA...
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175734/nasopharyngeal-carriage-prevalence-serotype-distribution-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-streptococcus-pneumoniae-among-children-with-chronic-diseases
#5
Serdar Pekuz, Ahmet Soysal, Gulsen Akkoc, Serkan Atıcı, Nurhayat Yakut, Gulsen Altınkanat Gelmez, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Deniz Güneser, Sevliya Ocal Demir, Guner Söyletir, Mustafa Bakır
The aim of this study is to evaluate the nasopharyngeal (NP) carriage prevalence, serotype distribution and antimicrobial resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) in children with chronic diseases that predispose them to invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in comparison with healthy children.A cross sectional prevalence study was performed between February 2015 and February 2016 in Istanbul, Turkey. We enrolled 1024 children with chronic diseases and 394 healthy children aged 0-18 years.Overall prevalence of SPNP carriage was 9...
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175733/the-research-of-the-tetanus-seropositivity-levels-in-registered-family-physicians-in-ankara-province-turkey-2017
#6
Selda Sahan, Yasemin Demirbilek, Cemile Sonmez, Fehminaz Temel, Irfan Sencan
The aim of this research is to determine the seropositivity levels of tetanus vaccine according to age groups in Ankara province, to identify possible factors that could affect the immune status, and to make recommendations especially in people aged 50 years and older. This cross-sectional epidemiological study covers people over three years of age registered in the Family Medicine Information System. We received blood samples from 992 people and 968 of them were surveyed. Protective tetanus antibody levels were 80...
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175732/detection-of-subgenotype-ia-and-iiia-hepatitis-a-viruses-in-rivers-flowing-through-metro-manila-the-philippines
#7
Huimin Bai, Tomoyuki Shiota, Sayaka Yoshizaki, Mariko Saito-Obata, Fedelino F Malbas, Socorro P Lupisan, Hitoshi Oshitani, Naokazu Takeda, Masamichi Muramatsu, Takaji Wakita, Koji Ishii, Tian-Cheng Li
Hepatitis A virus (HAV) is a common infectious etiology of acute hepatitis worldwide. The Philippines remains highly endemic for hepatitis A, but there is still lack of information about HAV in the Philippines. To understand the contamination of environment water with HAV in the Philippines, we performed detection and genetic analyses of HAV RNA using samples from the river water. A total of 12 water samples were collected at six sampling sites of three rivers in both dry and wet seasons in Metro Manila in 2012 to 2013...
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30175731/streptococcus-mitis-oralis-causing-blood-stream-infections-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Sevgen Tanır Basaranoglu, Yasemin Ozsurekci, Kubra Aykac, Ahmet Emre Aycan, Asiye Bıcakcigil, Belgin Altun, Banu Sancak, Ali Bülent Cengiz, Ates Kara, Mehmet Ceyhan
Viridans streptococci are still under investigation concerning epidemiology, pathogenesis and clinical presentations. We aimed to investigate the clinical presentations and outcomes of the pediatric patients infected with Streptococcus mitis/oralis. Based on accumulation of blood stream infections (BSI) caused by S. mitis /oralis in four patients in Hematology and Bone Marrow Transplantation Department in a particular time, review of medical and microbiological records of pediatric patients with positive blood cultures for S...
August 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068890/cocirculation-of-influenza-c-viruses-with-distinct-internal-genome-constellations-in-iwate-prefecture-japan-in-2016
#9
Masaki Takahashi, Takahiro Obara, Yoko Matsuzaki, Shun-Ichi Maisawa, Yutaka Sasaki, Naoto Yoshino, Akira Shirasawa, Kaori Iwabuchi, Tomoko Takahashi, Hiroko Kajita, Yasushi Ono, Akihide Ryo, Hirokazu Kimura, Yasushi Muraki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068889/molecular-typing-of-escherichia-coli-o157-isolates-from-romanian-human-cases
#10
Mihaela Oprea, Adriana Simona Ciontea, Mădălina Militaru, Sorin Dinu, Daniela Cristea, Codruţa-Romaniţa Usein
Verocytotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) of serogroup O157 are among the most important causes of severe cases of foodborne disease and outbreaks worldwide. As little is known about the characteristic of these strains in Romania, we aimed to provide reference information on the virulence gene content, phylogenetic background, and genetic diversity of seven autochthonous O157 strains collected during 2016 and 2017 from epidemiologically non-related cases. These strains were typed by a combination of phenotypic and molecular methods routinely used by the national reference laboratory...
July 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068888/single-amino-acid-mutation-in-dengue-virus-ns4b-protein-has-opposing-effects-on-viral-proliferation-in-mammalian-and-mosquito-cells
#11
Jumpei Fujiki, Haruaki Nobori, Akihiko Sato, Michihito Sasaki, Michael Carr, William Walmsley Hall, Yasuko Orba, Hirofumi Sawa
Dengue virus (DENV) has a considerable impact on global health and causes morbidity and mortality each year. Through the passages of a DENV2 in BHK-21 cells, we have isolated a mutant clone of DENV2 which reveals cytopathic effects (CPE) rapidly compared to the parent strain in BHK-21 cells. To investigate the relationship between amino acid mutations and proliferation activity of the isolated DENV2 clone, we performed full genome sequencing and identified three amino acid mutations in its coding region, the Envelope (Env) T120K, NS4A M85T and NS4B G124A, compared to that of the parent strain...
July 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068887/genetic-characterization-of-rarely-reported-gi-pc_gi-5-norovirus-strain-detected-from-a-foodborne-suspected-outbreak-in-japan
#12
Takayuki Kobayashi, Hideaki Yoshitomi, Asako Nakamura, Yuki Ashizuka, Jumboku Kajiwara, Mamoru Noda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068886/an-outbreak-of-enterohemorrhagic-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-infection-associated-with-minced-meat-cutlets-in-kanagawa-japan
#13
Ichiro Furukawa, Miyuki Suzuki, Tomoka Masaoka, Naoki Nakajima, Eriko Mitani, Masako Tasaka, Hiroshi Teranishi, Yuko Matsumoto, Mitsumasa Koizumi, Atsuko Ogawa, Yoshimi Oota, Sachiko Homma, Kuniharu Sasaki, Hiroki Satoh, Ken Sato, Shunichi Muto, Yayoiko Anan, Toshiro Kuroki
An outbreak of enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli (EHEC) O157:H7 infection occurred in October 2016 in Kanagawa, Japan. A total of 61 patients and 17 asymptomatic cases were confirmed to be infected with EHEC O157:H7 by laboratory testing. Among these cases, 24 patients were hospitalized and four patients developed hemolytic-uremic syndrome. An epidemiological investigation found that this outbreak of EHEC O157:H7 infection was associated with the consumption of uncooked minced meat cutlets that were sold frozen at branches of a supermarket chain...
July 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30068885/poliovirus-detection-and-genetic-characteristic-from-sewage-in-heilongjiang-province-from-2013-to-2016
#14
Yujie Ma, Xiaoyu Wang, Xue Zhou, Po Lv, Han Wang, Jing Song, Changjiang Song, Zhaodan Sun
By monitoring sewage in Heilongjiang Province from 2013 to 2016, in this research we analyzed the epidemiological tendency and genetic mutation found in the poliovirus in the environment in order to setup a warning system for vaccine-derived poliovirus (VDPV) and spread of wild poliovirus. In this study, we collected 139 sewage samples from eight regions in Heilongjiang Province. Poliovirus was identified from 72 samples and the positive rate was 51%. 263 strains of poliovirus were isolated, including 22 type1, 104 type2 and 137 type3 polioviruses...
July 31, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962490/human-papillomavirus-genotypes-and-hpv16-e6-e7-variants-among-patients-with-genital-cancers-in-vietnam
#15
Trang Thi Thu Pham, Xiuqiong Bi, Huyen Thi Thanh Hoang, Azumi Ishizaki, Mai Thi Phuong Nguyen, Cuong Hung Nguyen, Hung Phi Nguyen, Thuc Van Pham, Hiroshi Ichimura
We previously reported human papillomavirus type 52 (HPV52) as the most prevalent high-risk genotype in non-cancer individuals in Vietnam. This study aimed to evaluate HPV genotypes and HPV16 E6 and E7 (E6/E7) gene variations in Vietnamese patients with genital cancers. Biopsy samples were collected from 124 Vietnamese patients with genital cancers (20 with vaginal, 50 with vulvar, and 54 with penile cancer). The HPV-DNA was amplified and genotyped, and HPV16 E6/E7 genes were compared with those previously reported for women with a normal cervical cytology (N=23)...
June 29, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962489/comparison-of-neutralizing-antibody-titers-against-japanese-encephalitis-virus-genotype-v-strain-with-those-against-genotype-i-and-iii-strains-in-the-sera-of-japanese-encephalitis-patients-in-japan-in-2016
#16
Takahiro Maeki, Shigeru Tajima, Aung Kyaw Kyaw, Fumiaki Matsumoto, Kana Miura, Ayaka Yamashita, Akira Yoshikawa, Kodai Negishi, Yuji Noguchi, Koh Tadokoro, Koji Abe, Junko Taruya, Jinsoo Koh, Hidefumi Ito, Asaka Ikegaya, Fuyuki Abe, Mieko Wada, Tsuyoshi Nishigata, Makiko Ikeda, Fumihiro Kato, Satoshi Taniguchi, Eri Nakayama, Tomohiko Takasaki, Kouichi Morita, Chang-Kweng Lim, Masayuki Saijo
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is an acute viral disease caused by the Japanese encephalitis virus (JEV). JEV strains are classified into five genotypes (I-V). JEV genotype V strains have never been detected in Japan to date, but they have been recently detected in South Korea. In the present analysis, we tried to determine if a JEV genotype V strain caused any JE case in Japan in 2016. The serum and cerebrospinal fluid samples were collected from 10 JE patients reported in Japan in 2016. JEV RNA was not detected in any of the samples...
June 29, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962488/the-largest-measles-outbreak-including-38-modified-measles-and-22-typical-measles-cases-yamagata-japan-2017-in-its-elimination-era
#17
Kenichi Komabayashi, Junji Seto, Shizuka Tanaka, Yu Suzuki, Tatsuya Ikeda, Noriko Onuki, Keiko Yamada, Tadayuki Ahiko, Hitoshi Ishikawa, Katsumi Mizuta
Modified measles (M-Me), characterized by milder symptoms than typical measles (T-Me), has been increasing in Japan, but M-Me dominated outbreak has not been investigated sufficiently worldwide. During March-April 2017, there was the largest importation-related outbreak of measles with genotype D8 in Yamagata, Japan, after Japan had achieved measles elimination in 2015. We confirmed 60 cases by detecting measles virus (MeV) genome, among whom 38 M-Me and 22 T-Me cases were identified. Thirty-nine cases (65...
June 29, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962487/epidemiology-characteristics-of-human-coxsackievirus-a16-and-enterovirus-71-circulating-from-2009-to-2017-in-linyi-china
#18
De-Qing Yin, Chuan-Bao Wang, Xiao-Zhou, Sheng-Xiang Ji
In China, a rapid expansion of Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) outbreaks has occurred since 2004 and HFMD has become an important issue for China. There are more than 20 types of enterovirus causing HFMD, of which Coxsackievirus A16 (CA16) and enterovirus 71 (EV71) are the most common. To analyze the epidemiological characteristics of HFMD caused by EV71 and CA16 in Linyi, Shandong province, China from 2009 to 2017. 5324 stool specimens or throat samples were collected from 5324 HFMD cases for nucleic acid detection of enterovirus...
June 29, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962486/cutaneous-findings-of-crimean-congo-haemorrhagic-fever-a-study-of-269-cases
#19
Fazilet Duygu, Tugba Sari, Ozgur Gunal, Sener Barut, Ayfer Atay, Feyza Aytekin
Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a viral zoonotic disease. We aimed here in this study to investigate the cutaneous manifestations of CCHF and reveal their associations with fatality. Two hundred and sixty-nine patients diagnosed with CCHF were recorded. Skin findings were seen in 170 (63.1%) patients. A facial rash was most common cutaneous finding (82 (30.4%)). In the severe cases, haemorrhagic cutaneous manifestations (petechiae and ecchymoses) were recognised. A statistically significant correlation was obtained between the cutaneous manifestations and fatality, and it was determined that there was a strong positive correlation between the fatality and ecchymosis (r=567, p<0...
June 29, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29962485/epidemiological-outbreaks-of-measles-virus-in-kazakhstan-during-2015
#20
Arman Abeev, Assylbek Zhylkibayev, Dinara Kamalova, Nadezhda Kusheva, Gauhar Nusupbaeva, Nazim Tleumbetova, Manar Smagul, Sarkit Beissenova, Saltanat Aubakirova, Zhuldiz Kassenova, Balzira Demessinova, Altay Amanbayev, Yerlan Ramankulov, Alexander Shevtsov
This study was addressed to epidemiological surveillance of measles virus (MV) in the territory of Republic of Kazakhstan during 2015 - 2016 years. In our study we have detected D8 genotype of MV occurred in outbreak season of measles disease. Totally 2341 cases were registered and 19 of them were identified by genotyping. As a result, 16 samples attributed to subgroup A of D8 genotype, and 3 import cases were represented by B3 and H1 genotype of MV. Vaccination coverage analysis showed that large group of infected people were not vaccinated and did not have a reliable report on vaccination status...
June 29, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
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