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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

K H Pitkälä, F C Martin, S Maggi, S K Jyväkorpi, T E Strandberg
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to describe the current status of geriatrics and position of geriatricians in 22 countries of three continents, and to portray their attitudes towards and resources allocated to geriatrics. METHODS: An electronic survey was delivered to a convenience sample of 22 geriatricians in leading positions of their countries. RESULTS: The time required in post graduation specialist training to become a geriatrician varied from one year (subspecialty in the USA) to six years (independent specialty in Belgium)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Woo, B W M Yu, R S M Chan, J Leung
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of various dietary patterns on ankle-brachial index (ABI) as a surrogate of atherosclerosis, taking into account serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) and factors that predispose to inflammation and/or endothelial damage (homocysteine) or may be protective (tryptophan, vitamin D), as well as age, gender, and lifestyle risk factors. DESIGN: Cross sectional analysis. SETTING: Cohort of 4000 men and women aged 65 years living in the community in Hong Kong SAR China...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y Wang, Q Hao, L Su, Y Liu, S Liu, B Dong
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a common geriatric syndrome in old people. It remains controversial whether Mediterranean diet could prevent old people from developing into frailty. The aim of this study is to summarize the relevant studies and assess the effectiveness of adherence to Mediterranean diet on frailty in old people. METHOD: A systematic search of MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted to identify all relevant studies up to Oct 2017...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S Giovannini, G Onder, F Lattanzio, S Bustacchini, G Di Stefano, R Moresi, A Russo, R Bernabei, F Landi
BACKGROUND: Selenium has a wide range of pleiotropic effects, influencing redox homeostasis, thyroid hormone metabolism, and protecting from oxidative stress and inflammation. Serum selenium levels are reduced in the older population. OBJECTIVES: to investigate the association of serum selenium levels with all-cause mortality in a sample of community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN AND SETTING: Data are from the 'Invecchiamento e Longevità nel Sirente' (Aging and Longevity in the Sirente geographic area, ilSIRENTE) study, a prospective cohort study that collected information on individuals aged 80 years and older living in an Italian mountain community (n=347)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C E Graf, F R Herrmann, L Genton
BACKGROUND: A low phase angle (PA) has been associated with negative outcome in specific diseases. However, many patients suffer from several co-morbidities. This study aims at identifying the impact of the type and the severity of diseases on PA in a retrospective cohort study of older people. METHODS: We included all people ≥65 years who underwent a PA measurement (Nutriguard®) between 1990 and 2011 at the Geneva University Hospitals. PA was standardized for gender, age and body mass index according to German reference values...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R Otsuka, Y Nishita, C Tange, M Tomida, Y Kato, T Imai, F Ando, H Shimokata
OBJECTIVES: This study describes trends in dietary diversity and food intake over 12 years according to age at first participation in the study. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging, a community-based study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 922 men and 879 women who participated in the first study-wave (age, 40-79 years) and also participated in at least one study-wave from the second to seventh study-wave...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Pourhassan, S Böttger, G Janssen, L Sieske, R Wirth
OBJECTIVES: An acute inflammatory process may play a role in inhibiting appetite and food intake particularly in acutely ill older individuals. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the effect of inflammation on food intake in humans. In this study, we sought to investigate the association of C-reactive protein (CRP), as an inflammatory marker, with food intake in acutely ill older hospitalized patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: This cross-sectional study investigated older participants who were consecutively admitted to a geriatric acute care ward...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Wleklik, I Uchmanowicz, B Jankowska-Polańska, C Andreae, B Regulska-Ilow
Evidence indicates that malnutrition very frequently co-occurs with chronic heart failure (HF) and leads to a range of negative consequences. Studies show associations between malnutrition and wound healing disorders, an increased rate of postoperative complications, and mortality. In addition, considering the increasing age of patients with HF, a specific approach to their treatment is required. Guidelines proposed by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) for treating acute and chronic HF refer to the need to monitor and prevent malnutrition in HF patients...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
I Nogueira Bezerra, A O de Carvalho Gurgel, R G Bastos Barbosa, G Bezerra da Silva Junior
OBJECTIVES: To describe healthy and unhealthy dietary behaviors among young and older Brazilian adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on secondary data from the Brazilian National Health Survey 2013/2014, conducted by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE). SETTINGS: Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 59,402 Brazilian adults (18 years or over), representative of the whole community-dwelling Brazilian adult population...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
G Pagliai, F Sofi, F Vannetti, S Caiani, G Pasquini, R Molino Lova, F Cecchi, S Sorbi, C Macchi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate eating habits and adherence to Mediterranean Diet (MD) in relation to the risk of depression in a cohort of nonagenarians enrolled within the Mugello Study, an epidemiological study aimed at investigating both clinically relevant geriatric items and various health issues, including those related to nutritional status. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Homes and nursing homes in the Mugello area, Florence, Italy...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
B Fougère, M Cesari, H Arai, J Woo, R A Merchant, L Flicker, A Cherubini, J M Bauer, B Vellas, J E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Payne, J E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Ishaq, J Schröder, N Edwards, T von Zglinicki, G Saretzki
Ageing is associated with redistribution of fat around the body and saturation of visceral adipose depots. Likewise, the presence of excess fat in obesity or during ageing places extra stress on visceral depots, resulting in chronic inflammation and increased senescence. This process can contribute to the establishment of the metabolic syndrome and accelerated ageing. Dietary restriction (DR) is known to alleviate physiological signs of inflammation, ageing and senescence in various tissues including adipose tissue...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
H Umegaki, T Makino, H Shimada, T Hayashi, X Wu Cheng, M Kuzuya
OBJECTIVES: A number of studies have reported that frailty is cross-sectionally associated with cognitive decline and is also a risk for future cognitive decline or dementia; however, there have been only a few studies that focus on the association between prefrailty and cognitive dysfunction. In the current study, we investigated the association between prefrailty and cognition. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of the data obtained at registration in a randomized control trial...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Å von Berens, A Koochek, M Nydahl, R A Fielding, T Gustafsson, D R Kirn, T Cederholm, M Södergren
OBJECTIVES: Studies show that regular exercise in combination with nutritional support can be effective in managing sarcopenia, which is age-related involuntary loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength. Qualitative investigations of participants' experiences from interventions in this domain are scarce. In this study, we explored older persons' experiences from an intervention designed to prevent sarcopenia, with the aim of capturing the participants' thoughts and opinions. DESIGN: A qualitative study embedded in the multicenter randomized clinical trial The Vitality and Vigor in the Elderly study, VIVE2...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Da Boit, S Tommasi, D Elliot, A Zinellu, S Sotgia, R Sibson, J R Meakin, R M Aspden, C Carru, A A Mangoni, S R Gray
OBJECTIVES: The current study was designed to explore the associations between L-arginine metabolites and muscle mass and function in old age, which are largely unknown. DESIGN: The study used a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled design. SETTING: The study was carried out in a laboratory setting. PARTICIPANTS: 50 healthy older adults [median age 70 years (IQR 67-73); 27 males]. INTERVENTION: Participants undertook an 18-week resistance exercise program, and a nutritional intervention (fish oil vs...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S Santiago, I Zazpe, A Gea, J M Nuñez-Córdoba, S Carlos, M Bes-Rastrollo, M A Martínez-González
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between a dietary fat quality index (FQI), and the risk of incident cardiovascular events or deaths in the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis during 10.1 years of median follow-up. Cox models were used to estimate adjusted hazard ratios (HR) of incident cardiovascular diseases (CVD) according to tertiles of FQI and of different fat subtypes. SETTING: University of Navarra, Spain...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Cho, J L Thorud, S Marishak-Simon, L Hammack, A B Stevens
BACKGROUND: Patients recently discharged from the hospital are vulnerable and are at high risk for readmission. Home-delivered meals may be beneficial in improving their health and facilitating independent living in the community. The purpose of this study was to identify the association between home-delivered meals and use of hospital services. METHODS: This study includes 120 clients recently discharged from an inpatient hospital stay or from an emergency department (ED) visit who received meal services from Meals On Wheels, Inc...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A L Hansen, G Ambroziak, D Thornton, L Dahl, B Grung
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of a long-term fatty fish intervention on a pure cognitive mechanism important for self-regulation and mental health, i.e. working memory (WM), controlling for age and IQ. DESIGN: A randomized controlled trial. SETTING: A forensic facility. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-four young to middle aged male forensic inpatients with psychiatric disorders. INTERVENTION: Consumption of farmed salmon or control meal (meat) three times a week during 23 weeks...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Feng, C Hua, H Sun, L-Y Qin, P-P Niu, Z-N Guo, Y Yang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between serum uric acid level and the presence and progression of carotid atherosclerosis in Chinese individuals aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Case-control study. SETTING: In a teaching hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred and sixty-four elderlies (75 years or above) who underwent general health screening in our hospital were enrolled. MEASUREMENTS: The detailed carotid ultrasound results, physical examination information, medical history, and laboratory test results including serum uric acid level were recorded, these data were used to analyze the relationship between serum uric acid level and carotid atherosclerosis...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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