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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

A Nouvenne, A Ticinesi, F Lauretani, M Maggio, G Lippi, B Prati, L Borghi, T Meschi
OBJECTIVES: To establish the predictive value on mortality after 2 months from hospital admission of two laboratory markers of nutritional and inflammatory status, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and prealbumin, in a cohort of frail multimorbid elderly without terminal illness. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Internal medicine ward of a large teaching hospital in Italy. PARTICIPANTS: 544 Caucasian patients with acute disease consecutively admitted from January to June 2013...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
F S Schreiber, I Becker, P Deckert, H Elsbernd, C Isensee
OBJECTIVES: There is minimal information on malnutrition in neurologic-psychiatric patients compared to internal and trauma-surgical patients. The aim of the present study was to explore if there is a correlation of these different disease groups with the nutritional assessment and biochemical markers. DESIGN: Cross - sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study was done in a department of geriatric medicine with subspecialisation in neurologic diseases and stroke unit...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
H Umegaki, A Asai, S Kanda, K Maeda, T Shimojima, H Nomura, M Kuzuya
OBJECTIVES: Older patients receiving home medical care often have declining functional status and multiple disease conditions. It is important to identify the risk factors for care transition events in this population in order to avoid preventable transitions. In the present study, therefore, we investigated the factors associated with discontinuation of home medical care as a potentially preventable care transition event in older patients. METHODS: Baseline data for participants in the Observational study of Nagoya Elderly with HOme MEdical (ONEHOME) study and data on the mortality, institutionalization, or hospitalisation of the study participants during a 2-year follow-up period were used...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J F Abrahamsen, C Haugland, R M Nilsen, A H Ranhoff
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the recovery and outcome of older communitydwelling patients admitted to intermediate care (IC) in nursing homes after acute hospitalization, and to compare patients who were able and unable to return directly to their own homes. DESIGN: Prospective, observational, cohort study conducted between June 2011 and 2014. SETTING: A 19- bed IC unit in a nursing home with increased multidisciplinary staffing. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 961 community-dwelling patients, ≥70 years of age, considered to have a rehabilitation potential and no major cognitive impairment or delirium, transferred from internal medicine, cardiac, pulmonary and orthopaedic hospital departments...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S W Muir-Hunter, G Lim Fat, R Mackenzie, J Wells, M Montero-Odasso
OBJECTIVE: To quantify the magnitude of functional recovery in older adults with and without dementia admitted to an inpatient geriatric rehabilitation program by measuring change in measures of global physical function and physical therapy treatment outcomes. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Rehabilitation academic hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Consecutive subjects, with (N=65, age 81.9±6.0 y) and without (N=157, age 82...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
E Berggren, Y Orrevall, A Ödlund Olin, P Strang, R Szulkin, L Törnkvist
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the effectiveness of a continuing educational intervention on primary health care professionals' familiarity with information important to nutritional care in a palliative phase, their collaboration with other caregivers, and their level of knowledge about important aspects of nutritional care. DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: 10 primary health care centers in Stockholm County, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: 140 district nurses/registered nurses and general practitioners/physicians working with home care...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Zhang, H Xie, M Fang, K Wang, J Chen, W Sun, L Yang, H Lin
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Low protein diets supplemented with keto acid (sLPD) are recommended for patients with stage 3-5 chronic kidney disease (CKD). This study assessed whether sLPD is beneficial for patients with steroid-resistant proteinuria during early-stage CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: A 1-year randomized controlled trial was conducted from 2010 to 2012. In this study, 108 proteinuric patients who were steroid-resistant were assigned to a sLPD group (0...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
B Fougère, S Mazzuco, P Spagnolo, S Guyonnet, B Vellas, M Cesari, M Gallucci
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between Mediterranean-Style Dietary Pattern Score and physical performance. DESIGN: Data analysis of a longitudinal study of a representative, age stratified, population sample. SETTING: The TREVISO LONGEVA (TRELONG) Study, in Treviso, Italy. PARTICIPANTS: In 2010, 123 men and 181 women, age 77 years and over (mean age 86.3 ± 6.8 years). MEASUREMENTS: Performing a logistic regression in a multivariate analysis, hand grip strength and Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB) were tested in relation to Mediterranean-Style Dietary Pattern Score (MSDPS)...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Hentzien, M Dramé, C Allavena, C Jacomet, M-A Valantin, A Cabié, L Cuzin, D Rey, P Pugliese, F Bani-Sadr
OBJECTIVES: To identify main prognostic factors for 5-year mortality among age-related comorbidities (ARCs) in older people living with HIV (PLHIV). DESIGN: A prospective, multicentre cohort study with a 5-year follow-up period in the late HAART era (from January 2008 to December 2012). SETTING: The Dat'AIDS cohort involving 12 French hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: All actively followed HIV-1 infected patients aged 60 or older...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
D Wu, L Feng, Q Gao, J L Li, K S Rajendran, J C M Wong, E H Kua, T P Ng
OBJECTIVE: Our aim of this study was to investigate the association between fish consumption and depressive symptoms in senior ethnic Chinese residents of Singapore. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING: The Singapore Longitudinal Aging Studies (SLAS). PARTICIPANT: The study consisted of 2,034 participants from the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Studies (SLAS) project who were at least 55 years old...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
P Soysal, A T Isik
OBJECTIVES: Nutritional status is one of the factors that affects disease progression, morbidity and mortality in elderly patients with dementia. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of acetylcholinesterase inhibitor (AchEI) therapy on nutritional status and food intake in the elderly. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Newly diagnosed patients with dementia, who underwent comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) and were followed at regular intervals, were retrospectively evaluated...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C Hau, K F Reid, K F Wong, R J Chin, T J Botto, M Eliasziw, O I Bermudez, R A Fielding
OBJECTIVES: There is a growing demand to reduce ethnic health disparities. The Healthy Habits Program (HHP) was implemented to provide a community-based physical activity and education intervention for Chinese older adults living in Boston, Massachusetts. This study evaluated the HHP by assessing outcomes that are critical for maintaining independence of older persons. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Quantitative evaluation was performed on 50 Chinese older adults enrolled in the HHP...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R Otsuka, Y Kato, Y Nishita, C Tange, M Tomida, M Nakamoto, T Imai, F Ando, H Shimokata
OBJECTIVE: This study attempts to describe trends in energy intake and weight change over 12 years according to age at first participation in the study. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: The National Institute for Longevity Sciences - Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA), a community-based study. PARTICIPANTS: Participants included 922 men and 879 women who participated in the first study-wave (age 40-79 years) and also participated in at least one study-wave from the second to seventh study-wave...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
N A Perigo Nascimento, P F P Moreira, R V Marin, L D F Moreira, M Lazaretti Castro, C A F Santos, C M A Filho, M Seabra Cendoroglo
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate if there is a relation among 25(OH)D, aquatic training, and multifunctional fitness on functional performance of elderly woman from the community. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: We evaluated elderly women aged ≥ 60 years (67±5 years old). One-hundred eighty were engaged in aquatic training (AT), 119 in multifunctional fitness (MF) for at least one year, and sedentary group (SED) with 162 independent elderly women from the community centers who had not practicing any regular physical exercise at least one year before...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Martín, E Ruiz, A Sanz, J M García, C Gómez-Candela, R Burgos, P Matía, E Ramalle-Gomera
BACKGROUND: Disease-associated malnutrition (DAM) is a health problem involving all sanitary levels, especially hospitalised elderly patients. Different MNA (Mini Nutritional Assessment)-based forms have been validated in different settings, but it remains unclear if they are appropriate to evaluate the nutritional status of geriatric hospitalised patients with diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to analyse the accuracy of several MNA reduced forms to detect malnutrition in hospitalised elderly diabetic patients...
April 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S Pohlhausen, K Uhlig, E Kiesswetter, R Diekmann, H Heseker, D Volkert, P Stehle, S Lesser
OBJECTIVE: To date, no study has examined the nutritional status and disease burden of elderly home-care receivers living in Germany. Aim of this cross-sectional study was, first, to assess disease burden and nutritional status, denoted in anthropometrics, and, second, to investigate associations between anthropometrics and disease burden. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multi-centre study. SETTING: Home-care receivers living in three urban areas of Germany in 2010...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
H Wakabayashi, M Matsushima
OBJECTIVES: The purpose was to assess the association between neck circumference, dysphagia, and undernutrition in elderly individuals requiring long-term care. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric health services facilities, acute hospitals, and the community. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly individuals ≥65 years of age with dysphagia or possible dysphagia (N=385). MEASUREMENTS: Neck circumference, the Dysphagia Severity Scale (DSS) and the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF)...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Joly, D Mandry, A Verger, C Labat, G Watfa, V Roux, G Karcher, P-Y Marie, A Benetos
BACKGROUND: Vascular aging is accompanied by gradual remodeling affecting both arterial and cardiac structure and mechanical properties. Hypertension is suggested to exert pro-inflammatory actions enhancing arterial stiffness. OBJECTIVE: To determine the influence of thoracic aortic inflammation and calcifications on arterial stiffness and cardiac function in hypertensive and normotensive older subjects. DESIGN: A prospective study. SETTING: An acute geriatrics ward of the University Hospital of Nancy in France...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
K-I Kim, S Kim, K-W Kim, H-C Jang, C-H Kim, H J Chin
OBJECTIVE: To describe the health characteristics of individuals with low HbA1c levels and evaluate the association between HbA1c level and disability or all-cause mortality in non-diabetic older adults. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort study. SETTING: Seongnam, Gyeongi Province, Korea. PARTICIPANTS: Among the 1,000 community-dwelling Koreans ≥ 65 years of age who were followed for 5 years, 760 non-diabetic individuals were analyzed...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R Armamento-Villareal, L E Aguirre, C Qualls, D T Villareal
OBJECTIVE: Obesity-associated hypogonadism is hypothesized to be due to the suppressive effect of high estradiol (from an increase in aromatase activity present in the abundant adipose tissue) on the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal unit resulting in low testosterone production. Although weight loss has been found to be effective in reducing estradiol and raising testosterone levels in studies of younger men, its effect in frail, obese older men is understudied. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine the effect of lifestyle intervention on hormone levels in frail, obese older men...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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