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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346575/perceptions-of-healthcare-professionals-on-the-usage-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-in-a-teaching-hospital-from-a-middle-income-south-east-asian-country
#1
M H Jaafar, S Mahadeva, P Subramanian, M P Tan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the perceptions of healthcare professionals' (HCPs) in a South East Asian nation towards percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) feeding. DESIGN: Semi-structured, qualitative interviews. SETTINGS: A teaching hospital in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 17 healthcare professionals aged 23-43 years, 82% women. RESULTS: Thematic analysis revealed five themes that represent HCPs' perceptions in relation to the usage of PEG feeding: 1) knowledge of HCPs, 2) communication, 3) understanding among patients, and 4) financial and affordability...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346574/size-matters-differences-in-nutritional-care-between-small-medium-and-large-nursing-homes-in-germany
#2
C Burger, E Kiesswetter, A Gietl, U Pfannes, U Arens-Azevedo, C C Sieber, D Volkert
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to comprehensively describe nutritional care in German nursing homes (NHs) and to examine if nutritional care differs between small, medium and large NHs. DESIGN: Nationwide cross-sectional postal survey. SETTING: Nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: 541 NHs across Germany. MEASUREMENTS: Information on structural NH characteristics and nutritional care (food provision and menu planning, nursing care, and management and quality assurance) was collected by means of a questionnaire addressed to the management of a random sample of German NHs...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346573/assessment-of-glycemic-control-in-nursing-home-residents-with-diabetes
#3
F Retornaz, M Grino, L Mari, C Oliver
OBJECTIVE: To describe glycemic control in nursing home residents with diabetes and to evaluate the relevance of HbA1c in the detection of hypoglycemia risk. DESIGN AND METHODS: Diabetes treatment, geriatric assessment, blood capillary glucose (n= 24,682), and HbA1c were collected from medical charts of 236 southern France nursing home residents during a 4-month period. Glycemic control was divided into four categories: tight, fair, and moderate or severe chronic hyperglycemia using the High Blood Glucose Index or the analysis of blood glucose frequency distribution...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346572/effectiveness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#4
H Harada, H Kai, H Niiyama, Y Nishiyama, A Katoh, N Yoshida, Y Fukumoto, H Ikeda
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, with the risk of frailty and poor quality of life. This study aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of sarcopenia and to investigate the effects of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR), including nutrition, physical exercise and medication, in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 322 inpatients with CVD (age 72±12 years)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346571/is-the-ergogenicity-of-caffeine-affected-by-increasing-age-the-direct-effect-of-a-physiological-concentration-of-caffeine-on-the-power-output-of-maximally-stimulated-edl-and-diaphragm-muscle-isolated-from-the-mouse
#5
J Tallis, R S James, V M Cox, M J Duncan
INTRODUCTION: Caffeine is a well-established performance enhancing nutritional supplement in a young healthy population, however far less is known about how its ergogenicity is affected by increasing age. A recent review has highlighted the value of studies examining the direct effect of caffeine on isolated skeletal muscle contractility, but the present work is the first to assess the direct effect of 70µM caffeine (physiological maximum) on the maximal power output of isolated mammalian muscle from an age range representing developmental to early ageing...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346570/tolerance-and-long-term-efficacy-of-polyethylene-glycol-4000-forlax%C3%A2-compared-to-lactulose-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-constipation
#6
P Chassagne, P Ducrotte, P Garnier, H Mathiex-Fortunet
OBJECTIVES: To assess the tolerance and potential nutritional consequences of long-term repeated doses of PEG 4000 (10 to 30 g/day) in elderly patients with chronic constipation as compared to lactulose (10-30 g/day). DESIGN: Single blind, randomised, multicentre, parallel group comparative study. SETTING: Community-dwelling patients and nursing homes residents aged 70 years and older with a history of chronic constipation. Treatment intervention: PEG 4000 (10-30 g/day) or lactulose (10-30 g/day) for six months...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346569/vitamin-d-supplementation-in-nursing-home-residents-randomized-single-cholecalciferol-loading-protocol-vs-individualized-loading-dose-regimen
#7
C Delomas, M Hertzog, T Vogel, P O Lang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of a single cholecalciferol loading protocol in nursing home (NH) residents taking no VitD supplementation at regular basis. DESIGN: Randomized single-blind controlled study. SETTING: One NH. PARTICIPANTS: All residents. INTERVENTION: From March 21st to May 19th, 2015, NH residents were randomly assigned to either 4x100'000IU to be taken every 2 weeks (treatment group) or an individualized regimen according to baseline 25(OH)VitD level (control group)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346568/impact-of-3-monthly-vitamin-d-supplementation-plus-exercise-on-survival-after-surgery-for-osteoporotic-hip-fracture-in-adult-patients-over-50-years-a-pragmatic-randomized-partially-blinded-controlled-trial
#8
A Laiz, J Malouf, A Marin, V Longobardi, J de Caso, J Farrerons, J Casademont
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 3-monthly supplementation of an oral vitamin D widely used in Spain (calcifediol) plus daily exercise could influence survival at one and four years after surgery for osteoporotic hip fracture. DESIGN: A pragmatic, randomized, partially single-blind placebo-controlled study. SETTING: Patients admitted to a tertiary university hospital for acute hip fracture. PARTICIPANTS: 675 healthy adult patients undergoing surgery for osteoporotic hip fracture were recruited from January 2004 to December 2007...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346567/effect-of-a-low-glycemic-index-mediterranean-diet-on-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-randomized-controlled-clinici-trial
#9
G Misciagna, M Del Pilar Díaz, D V Caramia, C Bonfiglio, I Franco, M R Noviello, M Chiloiro, D I Abbrescia, A Mirizzi, M Tanzi, M G Caruso, M Correale, R Reddavide, R Inguaggiato, A M Cisternino, A R Osella
INTRODUCTION: Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common form of liver disease worldwide affecting all ages and ethnic groups and it has become a consistent threat even in young people. Our aim was to estimate the effect of a Low Glycemic Index Mediterranean Diet (LGIMD) on the NAFLD score as measured by a Liver Ultrasonography (LUS). DESIGN: NUTRIzione in EPAtologia (NUTRIEPA) is a population-based Double-Blind RCT. Data were collected in 2011 and analyzed in 2013-14...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346566/gene-gene-interaction-between-pparg-and-apoe-gene-on-late-onset-alzheimer-s-disease-a-case-control-study-in-chinese-han-population
#10
S Wang, L Guan, D Luo, J Liu, H Lin, X Li, X Liu
AIMS: The aim was to investigate the impact of PPARG and APOE gene single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and additional gene- gene interaction on late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD) risk based on Chinese Han population. METHODS: A total of 928 participants (466 males, 462 females), with a mean age of 81.3 ± 16.4 years old, were included in the study, including 460 LOAD patients and 468 normal controls participants. Logistic regression was performed to investigate association between SNP and LOAD risk and generalized multifactor dimensionality reduction (GMDR) was used to analysis the gene-gene interaction...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346565/anticholinergic-burden-and-functional-status-in-older-people-with-cognitive-impairment-results-from-the-regal-project
#11
V Boccardi, M Baroni, L Paolacci, S Ercolani, A Longo, M Giordano, C Ruggiero, P Mecocci
OBJECTIVE: The use of drugs with intrinsic anticholinergic properties is widespread among old age persons. A growing body of evidences suggest that a high anticholinergic burden is associated with physical and cognitive impairment. However, the association between anticholinergic drug use and functional status is still poorly investigated, particularly among subjects with initial cognitive impairment. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study examining the association between drug-related anticholinergic burden and functional status in cognitively healthy (CH) (n=691), mild cognitive impairment (MCI) (n=541) or mild Alzheimer's diseases (AD) (n=1127) subjects...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346564/the-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-10-year-trajectories-of-physical-functioning-in-middle-aged-and-older-russians-prospective-results-of-the-russian-hapiee-study
#12
Y Hu, S Malyutina, H Pikhart, A Peasey, M V Holmes, J Hubacek, D Denisova, Y Nikitin, M Bobak
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations of overweight and obesity with longitudinal decline in physical functioning (PF) among middle-aged and older Russians. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Four rounds of data collection in the Russian Health, Alcohol and Psychosocial factors In Eastern Europe study with up to 10 years of follow-up. PARTICIPANTS: 9,222 men and women aged 45-69 years randomly selected from the population of two districts of Novosibirsk, Russia...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346563/delivery-of-nutritious-meals-to-elderly-receiving-home-care-feasibility-and-effectiveness
#13
K F M Denissen, L M J Janssen, S J P M Eussen, M C J M van Dongen, N E G Wijckmans, N D M van Deurse, P C Dagnelie
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Elderly with functional disabilities are at increased risk of inadequate dietary intake. Little is known about the effectiveness of interventions aimed at improving their dietary intake and nutritional status, nor about the determinants of successful implementation. We performed a feasibility study to evaluate the implementation and effectiveness of a home delivery service providing nutritious meals. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental, with participants allocated to treatment group based on municipality of residence...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346562/joint-association-of-obesity-and-hypertension-with-disability-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-study-of-residents-in-shanghai-china
#14
P Su, H Ding, W Zhang, G Duan, Y Yang, J Long, L Du, C Xie, C Jin, C Hu, Z Sun, Z Duan, L Gong, W Tian
BACKGROUND: Although both obesity and hypertension are known risk factors for disability, the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability is unknown. This paper is aim to examine the joint association of obesity and hypertension with risk of disability. METHODS: Cross-sectional study with 8060 elderly community-dwelling individuals participating in the survey initiated by Shanghai Health and Family Planning Commission from March to September 2013...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346561/reduced-intestinal-motility-mucosal-barrier-function-and-inflammation-in-aged-monkeys
#15
E L Mitchell, A T Davis, K Brass, M Dendinger, R Barner, R Gharaibeh, A A Fodor, K Kavanagh
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to examine the general health and intestinal physiology of young and old non-human primates with comparable life histories and dietary environments. DESIGN: Vervet monkeys (Chlorcebus aethiops sabaeus) in stable and comparable social and nutritional environments were selected for evaluation. Health phenotype, circulating cytokines and biomarkers of microbial translocation (MT) were measured (n=26-44). Subsets of monkeys additionally had their intestinal motility, intestinal permeability, and fecal microbiomes characterized...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244577/high-technology-based-gait-assessment-in-frail-people-associations-between-spatio-temporal-and-three-dimensional-gait-characteristics-with-frailty-status-across-four-different-frailty-measures
#16
M Ritt, S Schülein, H Lubrich, L C Bollheimer, C C Sieber, K-G Gaßmann
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed associations between a battery of gait characteristics and frailty status across four different frailty instruments in old patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric wards of a general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 123 hospitalized patients aged ≥65 years. MEASUREMENTS: Spatio-temporal and three-dimensional gait characteristics were assessed by an electronic walkway and a shoe-mounted, inertial sensor-based mobile gait analysis system...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244576/appendicular-lean-mass-and-mortality-among-prefrail-and-frail-older-adults
#17
J C Brown, M O Harhay, M N Harhay
OBJECTIVE: Prefrail and frail older adults are a heterogeneous population. The measurement of appendicular lean mass (ALM) may distinguish those at higher versus lower risk of poor outcomes. We examined the relationship between ALM and mortality among prefrail and frail older adults. DESIGN: This was a population-based cohort study. SETTING: The Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III; 1988-1994). PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (age ≥65 years) with pre-frailty or frailty defined using the Fried criteria...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244575/pharyngeal-residue-and-aspiration-and-the-relationship-with-clinical-nutritional-status-of-patients-with-oropharyngeal-dysphagia-submitted-to-videofluoroscopy
#18
D L Oliveira, E A M Moreira, M B de Freitas, J de A Gonçalves, A M Furkim, P Clavé
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the videofluoroscopic (VFS) signs of impaired efficacy (pharyngeal residue) and safety (aspiration) swallowing and the clinical/nutritional status of patients with suspect of dysphagia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with patients submitted to videofluoroscopy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data of 76 patients were analyzed between March 2011 and December 2014...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244574/the-role-of-uric-acid-for-predicting-future-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes-in-older-people
#19
J-B Chang, Y-L Chen, Y-J Hung, C-H Hsieh, C-H Lee, D Pei, J-D Lin, C-Z Wu, Y-J Liang, C-M Lin
OBJECTIVE: Although it is known that high uric acid (UA) level is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome (MetS), most of the previous studies were focused on adults. Since aging becomes a major problem for many societies, in this longitudinal study, we investigated the role of UA in future T2DM and MetS in a large cohort of people who were older than 65 years. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and longitudinal study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: 18,907 elderly (9,732 men, 9,175 women) aged above 65 years, enrolled from health check-up centers, were classified into three subgroups by 10-year intervals (young old 65-74 years, YO; old old 75-84 years, OO; and oldest old 85-94 years, ODO), with the average follow-up period of 4...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244573/the-impact-of-trained-volunteer-mealtime-assistants-on-the-dietary-intake-of-older-female-in-patients-the-southampton-mealtime-assistance-study
#20
H C Roberts, A L Pilgrim, K A Jameson, C Cooper, A A Sayer, S Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition among older hospital inpatients is common and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Time-pressured staff may struggle to provide mealtime assistance. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of trained volunteer mealtime assistants on the dietary intake of older inpatients. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental two year pre and post- test study of the introduction of volunteer mealtime assistants to one acute medical female ward, with contemporaneous comparison with a control ward...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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