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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

M Ritt, S Schülein, H Lubrich, L C Bollheimer, C C Sieber, K-G Gaßmann
OBJECTIVE: We analyzed associations between a battery of gait characteristics and frailty status across four different frailty instruments in old patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Geriatric wards of a general hospital. PARTICIPANTS: 123 hospitalized patients aged ≥65 years. MEASUREMENTS: Spatio-temporal and three-dimensional gait characteristics were assessed by an electronic walkway and a shoe-mounted, inertial sensor-based mobile gait analysis system...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J C Brown, M O Harhay, M N Harhay
OBJECTIVE: Prefrail and frail older adults are a heterogeneous population. The measurement of appendicular lean mass (ALM) may distinguish those at higher versus lower risk of poor outcomes. We examined the relationship between ALM and mortality among prefrail and frail older adults. DESIGN: This was a population-based cohort study. SETTING: The Third National Health and Nutrition Survey (NHANES III; 1988-1994). PARTICIPANTS: Older adults (age ≥65 years) with pre-frailty or frailty defined using the Fried criteria...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
D L Oliveira, E A M Moreira, M B de Freitas, J de A Gonçalves, A M Furkim, P Clavé
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the videofluoroscopic (VFS) signs of impaired efficacy (pharyngeal residue) and safety (aspiration) swallowing and the clinical/nutritional status of patients with suspect of dysphagia. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study was conducted with patients submitted to videofluoroscopy. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Data of 76 patients were analyzed between March 2011 and December 2014...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J-B Chang, Y-L Chen, Y-J Hung, C-H Hsieh, C-H Lee, D Pei, J-D Lin, C-Z Wu, Y-J Liang, C-M Lin
OBJECTIVE: Although it is known that high uric acid (UA) level is associated with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and metabolic syndrome (MetS), most of the previous studies were focused on adults. Since aging becomes a major problem for many societies, in this longitudinal study, we investigated the role of UA in future T2DM and MetS in a large cohort of people who were older than 65 years. DESIGN: A cross-sectional and longitudinal study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: 18,907 elderly (9,732 men, 9,175 women) aged above 65 years, enrolled from health check-up centers, were classified into three subgroups by 10-year intervals (young old 65-74 years, YO; old old 75-84 years, OO; and oldest old 85-94 years, ODO), with the average follow-up period of 4...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
H C Roberts, A L Pilgrim, K A Jameson, C Cooper, A A Sayer, S Robinson
OBJECTIVE: Malnutrition among older hospital inpatients is common and is associated with poor clinical outcomes. Time-pressured staff may struggle to provide mealtime assistance. This study aimed to evaluate the impact of trained volunteer mealtime assistants on the dietary intake of older inpatients. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental two year pre and post- test study of the introduction of volunteer mealtime assistants to one acute medical female ward, with contemporaneous comparison with a control ward...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y-X Zou, M-H Ruan, J Luan, X Feng, S Chen, Z-Y Chu
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the effect of riboflavin on aging in Drosophila melanogaster (fruit fly). DESIGN: Experimental study. SETTING: Naval Medical Research Institute. PARTICIPANTS: Fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. INTERVENTION: After lifelong supplement of riboflavin, the lifespan and the reproduction of fruit flies were observed. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) was used to mimic oxidative stress damage to fruit flies and the survival time was recorded...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y-F Liu, C-W Yang, H Liu, S-G Sui, X-D Li
The present study investigates curcumin effect against sepsis-induced chronic lung injury (CLI) of male albino rats. Rats were grouped into four groups such rats undergoing a sham cecal ligature puncture (CLP), rats undergoing CLP, rats undergoing CLP and treated with saline and rats undergoing CLP and treated with curcumin (100 mg/kg bwt). After 45 days of treatment, bronchoalveolar fluid (BALF), blood and lung tissues were collected from the each animal. The total protein content, wet and dry (W/D) weight of lung tissues and some inflammatory cells in the BALF were measured...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Hajek, T Luck, C Brettschneider, T Posselt, C Lange, B Wiese, S Steinmann, S Weyerer, J Werle, M Pentzek, A Fuchs, J Stein, H Bickel, E Mösch, M Wagner, K Heser, W Maier, J M Scherer, S G Riedel-Heller, H-H König
OBJECTIVE: To investigate causal factors of functional impairment in old age in a longitudinal approach. DESIGN: A population-based prospective cohort study. SETTING: Elderly individuals were recruited via GP offices at six study centers in Germany. They were observed every 1.5 years over six waves. PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand two hundred fifty-six people aged 75 years and older at baseline. MEASUREMENTS: Functional impairment was quantified by the Lawton and Brody Instrumental Activities of Daily Living scale (IADL) and the Barthel-Index (BI)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Johansson, H Wijk, L Christensson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate the outcome of change in body weight associated with use of a structured preventive care process among persons with dementia assessed as at risk of malnutrition or malnourished. The preventive care process is a pedagogical model used in the Senior Alert (SA) quality register, where nutrition is one of the prioritized areas and includes four steps: assessment, analysis of underlying causes, actions performed and outcome. DESIGN: An analysis of data from SA with a pre-post design was performed...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R Forte, C Pesce, G De Vito, C A G Boreham
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between regional and whole body fat accumulation and core cognitive executive functions. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTINGS AND PARTICIPANTS: 78 healthy men and women aged between 65 and 75 years recruited through consumer's database. MEASUREMENTS: DXA measured percentage total body fat, android, gynoid distribution and android/gynoid ratio; inhibition and working memory updating through Random Number Generation test and cognitive flexibility by Trail Making test...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
T M Rush, D Kritz-Silverstein, G A Laughlin, T T Fung, E Barrett-Connor, L K McEvoy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of dietary sodium intake with cognitive function in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Southern California community. PARTICIPANTS: White men (n=373) and women (n=552), aged 50-96 years from the Rancho Bernardo Study, a longitudinal study of cardiovascular disease risk factors and healthy aging. MEASUREMENTS: During the 1992-1996 research clinic visit, a food frequency questionnaire was used to determine daily sodium intake; cognitive function was assessed with Trails Making Test, part B (Trails B), Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE), and Verbal Fluency Test (VFT); and medical, clinical and demographic information was obtained...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C Qualls, D L Waters, B Vellas, D T Villareal, P J Garry, A Gallini, S Andrieu
OBJECTIVES: To determine 1) age-adjusted transition probabilities to worsening physical/cognitive function states, reversal to normal cognition/physical function, or maintenance of normal state; 2) whether these transitions are modulated by sex, BMI, education, hypertension (HTN), health status, or APOE4; 3) whether worsening gait speed preceded cognition change, or vice versa. DESIGN: Analysis of 9-year prospective cohort data from the New Mexico Aging Process Study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S R Dias Medici Saldiva, L Bassani, A L da Silva Castro, I B Gonçalves, C R de Oliveira Sales, D M Lobo Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the degree of agreement of dietary intake reported by the patient subject with the dietary intake reported by a respondent (a next-of-kin or a caregiver), collected by a validated Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ). METHODOLOGY: 126 adults, both sexes, the average age was 65.9 years for patients and 54.4 years for respondents. They were recruited from the General Practice Clinic at the Clinical Hospital of São Paulo (AGD-FMUSP). The agreement between the responses given by patients and respondents was assessed using Spearman, weighted Kappa and Bland Altman tests...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C García-Peña, M U Pérez-Zepeda
OBJECTIVE: The main objective was to test the validity of height estimated by knee height in Mexican older adults, as a surrogate for standing height. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Data were drawn from the first and third waves of the Mexican Health and Aging Study. PARTICIPANTS: Included participants were community-dwelling 50-year or older adults with measured height at baseline and in follow-up. Subjects with a lower limb fracture in the follow-up were excluded...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R Moran, J M Nolan, J Stack, A M O'Halloran, J Feeney, K O Akuffo, R A Kenny, S Beatty
OBJECTIVE: To investigate non-dietary correlates and determinants of plasma lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) concentrations in The Irish Longitudinal Study on Ageing (TILDA) sample. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community dwelling adults in the Republic of Ireland (ROI). PARTICIPANTS: 3,681 participants aged 50 years and older. MEASUREMENTS: TILDA is a nationally representative prospective cohort study of community dwelling adults aged 50 years and over in the ROI...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S M Robinson, K A Jameson, I Bloom, G Ntani, S R Crozier, H Syddall, E M Dennison, C R Cooper, A A Sayer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the use of a short questionnaire to assess diet quality in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Hertfordshire, UK. PARTICIPANTS: 3217 community-dwelling older adults (59-73 years). MEASUREMENTS: Diet was assessed using an administered food frequency questionnaire (FFQ); two measures of diet quality were defined by calculating participants' 'prudent diet' scores, firstly from a principal component analysis of the data from the full FFQ (129 items) and, secondly, from a short version of the FFQ (including 24 indicator foods)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R A Tibana, D da Cunha Nascimento, N M Frade de Souza, V C de Souza, I V de Sousa Neto, F A Voltarelli, G B Pereira, J W Navalta, J Prestes
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to determine whether Irisin levels are correlated with body composition changes following 16 weeks of resistance training (RT) in older women with and without obesity. Design, Setting, Participants, Intervention: We recruited 49 inactive women (n = 23, non-obese: < 41.0% and n = 26, obese: ≥ 41.0% of body fat) aged 61-68 years to perform 16-week of RT consisting of 10 exercises (three sets of 10 exercises, 6-12 repetitions maximum and 1-min and 30-s rest intervals between sets and exercises, respectively) with two sessions per week...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L A Tucker
OBJECTIVES: Consumption of nuts and seeds is associated favorably with all-cause mortality. Nuts and seeds could reduce disease and prolong life by influencing telomeres. Telomere length is a good indicator of the senescence of cells. The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between nuts and seeds intake and leukocyte telomere length, a biomarker of biologic aging. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 5,582 randomly selected men and women from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 1999-2002, were studied...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M-J Chi, C-K Liang, W-J Lee, L-N Peng, M-Y Chou, L-K Chen
OBJECTIVE: Older patients with diabetes mellitus are at a higher risk of developing diabetic macro- and micro-vascular complications and cardiovascular diseases than younger diabetes mellitus patients. However, older diabetes mellitus patients are very heterogeneous in their clinical characteristics, diabetes mellitus-related complications and age at disease onset. This study aimed to evaluate the all-cause mortality rates and adverse health outcomes among older adults with new-onset diabetes mellitus through a nationwide population-based study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S A Eshkoor, T A Hamid, S Shahar, C Y Mun
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition in the elderly that is the spontaneous leakage of urine. It is an age-related problem and increases especially in people aged above 65 years. It can cause many psychological, behavioral, biological, economic and social effects. The treatment of urinary incontinence can reduce morbidity and mortality. Thus, this study aimed to determine the effects of variables including age, ethnicity, gender, education, marital status, body weight, blood elements and nutritional parameters on urinary incontinence among the Malaysian elderly...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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