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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

C Laffon de Mazières, M Romain, S Hermabessière, G Abellan, S Gerard, A Castex, T Krams, B Vellas, Y Rolland
BACKGROUND: The transfer rate of residents from nursing homes (NH) to emergency rooms is high. These transfers are often inappropriate but also potentially avoidable. Recent studies have shown that in terms of methods for training NH teams, proposals for improvement of the healthcare sector must be organized. Given this observation, Gérontopôle de Toulouse (France) opened in October 2015, a responsive day hospital dedicated to NH residents (DH NH). This day hospital is characterized by its vocation, exclusively dedicated to NH residents and its ability to provide patient care within a short period of time...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
E R Oommen, Y Kim
OBJECTIVE: Lingual strengthening exercises are established to improve lingual function, thereby oral swallowing. This study measured submental muscle activation during maximum isometric pressure (MIP) lingual tasks in healthy adults, tasks that are or can be adopted in lingual strengthening exercises. In addition, the effects of age and gender on submental muscle activation are examined. METHOD: Forty-nine participants between the ages of 18 to 35 years and greater than 60 years were included in the study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C El Hajj, J-M Chardigny, Y Boirie, K Yammine, M Helou, S Walrand
BACKGROUND: A low serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [(25(OH) D)] concentration was shown to correlate with higher fasting blood glucose (FBG) and insulin levels. Since age affect insulin sensitivity and the metabolism, we aimed in this randomized controlled trial to investigate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on glucose homeostasis and index of insulin resistance in elderly subjects living in Beirut, Lebanon. METHODS: Participants (n= 115) deficient in vitamin D were randomly divided into two groups, a group receiving 30,000 IU cholecalciferol/week for a period of 6 months, and a placebo group...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Woo, R Yu, K Tsoi, H Meng
OBJECTIVES: Variation in repeated blood pressure measurements may represent a decline in homeostatic mechanisms in blood pressure regulation in response to various internal or external stressors, indicating a frail state. We tested this hypothesis by examining the association between variability in repeated blood pressure measurements (BPV) and frailty status, adjusting for other confounding factors. DESIGN: A longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Community centres in all three regions of Hong Kong...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
F de Souza Orlandi, R Brochine Lanzotti, J Gomes Duarte, H Novais Mansur, M S Zazzetta, S C Iost Pavarini, M R Cominetti, S Matumoto
OBJECTIVES: Translate, cross-culturally adapt and validate the Rapid Geriatric Assessment (RGA) for Brazilian community-dwelling adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study, using a quantitative approach. SETTING: Urban population from the city of São Carlos, located in the interior of São Paulo State, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 148 individuals aged 60 or over. MEASUREMENTS: Participants were assessed using the RGA, Fried Frailty Phenotype, International Physical Activity Questionnaire - long version, Addenbrooke´s Cognitive Exam - Revised Version, Mini Nutritional Assessment, short Form - 36, EuroQol 5-Dimension, Geriatric Depression Scale - short version, in addition to performing Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry to diagnose sarcopenia, according to the criteria established by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
D S M Ten Haaf, M F De Regt, M Visser, B J M Witteman, J H M de Vries, T M H Eijsvogels, M T E Hopman
OBJECTIVES: Sufficient protein intake and habitual physical activity are key factors in the prevention and treatment of sarcopenia. In the present study, we assessed habitual dietary protein intake and the contribution of animal proteins in male versus female physically active elderly and identified determinants of protein intake. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING: the study was performed within the Nijmegen Exercise Study. PARTICIPANTS: physically active elderly ≥ 65 yrs...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Chen, S Wang, J C Xu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the relationship between sports law project selection and physical health, cardiovascular function of the city elderly. DESIGN AND SETTING: To investigate the state of regular physical activity, physical health, and cardiovascular function. PARTICIPANTS: 1,555 city elderly people aged 60-69 years in 10 cities of Shaanxi Province. MEASUREMENTS: Clinical and anthropometrics measurements included height, weight, waistline, blood pressure, heart rate, strength, balance, flexibility...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Calle, G Onder, A Morandi, G Bellelli, E Ortolani, L M Pérez, M Mesas, A Sanniti, P Mazzanti, C N Platto, S Gentile, N Martinez, M Roquè, M Inzitari
BACKGROUND: Frailty-related characteristics, such as sarcopenia, malnutrition and cognitive impairment, are often overlooked, both in clinical practice and research, as potential contributors to functional recovery during geriatric rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to identify frailty-related characteristics associated with functional recovery in a cohort of post-orthopedic surgery and post-stroke older adults. DESIGN: Multi-centric cohort study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
I M Petyaev, V A Klochkov, N E Chalyk, D V Pristensky, M P Chernyshova, N H Kyle, Y K Bashmakov
OBJECTIVE: To determine if ingestion of lycosome-formulated dark chocolate (DC) containing astaxanthin (ASTX) improves bioavailability of ASTX and affects markers of hypoxia and oxidative stress in aging individuals. DESIGN: Randomized, blinded, four-arm, prospective study. SETTINGS: Lycotec Ltd, Cambridge, United Kingdom and Institute of Cardiology, Saratov, Russian Federation. PARTICIPANTS: 32 healthy individuals aged 60-70 years with confirmed signs of oxidative stress (increased serum levels of oxidized LDL and malonic dialdehyde) randomized into four study groups (8 volunteers each)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
E O Hoogendijk, T Flores Ruano, M Martínez-Reig, M López-Utiel, S Lozoya-Moreno, E Dent, P Abizanda
OBJECTIVES: Low socioeconomic position (SEP) is related to many health-related conditions in older adults. However, there is a lack of knowledge on the association between SEP and malnutrition, a condition with serious consequences for older people in terms of quality of life and adverse health events. In the current study, we investigated socioeconomic inequalities in malnutrition and sub-domains of malnutrition in a sample of Spanish older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
T Abe, R S Thiebaud, J P Loenneke, E Fujita, T Akamine
OBJECTIVE: Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived appendicular lean soft tissue mass (aLM) is used to diagnose sarcopenia. However, DXA-derived aLM includes non-skeletal muscle components, such as fat-free component of adipose tissue fat cell. These components, if not accounted for, could falsely inflate the aLM in individuals with a high amount of adipose tissue mass. B-mode ultrasound accurately measures muscle size in older adults. We sought to develop regression-based prediction equations for estimating DXA-rectified appendicular lean tissue mass (i...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
F Xu, S A Cohen, I E Lofgren, G W Greene, M J Delmonico, M L Greaney
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research shows that diet quality and physical activity (PA) are associated with health-related quality of life (HRQOL). However, no study to date has assessed this association using the Healthy Eating Index-2015 as a measure of diet quality. Furthermore, few studies have examined the association between PA dose and HRQOL among a nationally representative sample of older adults. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between diet quality, physical activity, and HRQOL...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S Nakakubo, H Makizako, T Doi, K Tsutsumimoto, R Hotta, S Lee, S Lee, S Bae, K Makino, T Suzuki, H Shimada
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate whether older adults who have a particularly long sleep duration are likely to exhibit physical frailty, similar to those with a particularly short sleep duration. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The National Center for Geriatrics and Gerontology - Study of Geriatric Syndromes. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 9,824 older adults (mean age: 73.6 ± 5.5 years, 4,812 men and 5,012 women) met the entry criteria for this study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R A Merchant, R M van Dam, L W L Tan, M Y Lim, J L Low, J E Morley
INTRODUCTION: Low levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) has been associated with many negative health outcomes including falls and fractures. 25(OH)D is largely bound to vitamin D binding protein (VDBP). There is increasing evidence that free or bioavailable 25(OH)D may be a better measure of vitamin D deficiency. OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of 25(OH)D deficiency and VDBP levels in multi-ethnic population, and its impact on muscle strength. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of older adults in Western region of Singapore...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M R J van Lieshout, N Bleijenberg, M J Schuurmans, N J de Wit
BACKGROUND: There is an increase in functional limitations and a decline in physical and mental well-being with age. Very few effective lifestyle interventions are available to prevent adverse outcomes such as disability in (pre-) frail older people. The effectiveness of an interdisciplinary multicomponent intervention program to prevent disability in older people in the community was tested. METHOD: A randomized controlled trial (RCT) with a one-year follow-up was conducted in the Netherlands...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A McKee, S M Lima Ribeiro, T K Malmstrom, H M Perry, D K Miller, S S Farr, M L Niehoff, S G Albert
OBJECTIVES: There is debate surrounding the adequacy of total and free 25 hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels in black Americans who have inherently high bone mineral density [BMD] and low serum concentration of vitamin D binding proteins [VDBP]. DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of serum samples and BMD analyses from the African American Health Study [AAHS] cohort. SETTING: The AAHS is a population-based longitudinal study initiated to examine issues of disability and frailty among urban-dwelling black Americans in the city of Saint Louis, Missouri...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
B İlhan, G Bahat, M M Oren, C BKılıç, S Durmazoglu, M A Karan
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate reliability and validity of the Turkish version of the Simplified Nutritional Appetite Questionnaire (SNAQ) in geriatric outpatients. DESIGN/SETTING: A cross-sectional study was designed through 2013-2016 years. At first, translation and back translation processes of the SNAQ from English to Turkish languages were done consecutively. Then construct validity was performed. PARTICIPANTS: They were recruited among the outpatients aged >=60 years that were consecutively admitted to the geriatric outpatient clinic of the Istanbul University hospital...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
G Bahat, M M Oren, O Yilmaz, C Kılıç, K Aydin, M A Karan
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic value of the SARC-F combined with calf circumference (SARC-CalF) with the standard SARC-F to screen sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, diagnostic accuracy study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient clinic of a university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults >= 65 years. MEASUREMENTS: Muscle mass (bioimpedance analysis device), muscle strength (hand grip strength-Jamar hydraulic hand dynamometer), and physical performance (usual gait speed)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Shams, J E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Woo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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