Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

F Formiga, J Franch-Nadal, L Rodriguez, L Ávila, E Fuster
OBJECTIVES: The glycaemic goals for older patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) are recommended to avoid an HbA1c levels <7%. The purpose of this study was to analyse the glycaemic control and therapeutic management of older adults (≥65 years) with type 2 DM. DESIGN: Pooled analysis of patients enrolled in three Spanish cross-sectional epidemiological studies. SETTING: The study was conducted between 2009 and 2011 by primary care or specialist physicians...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
D P Brostow, E Gunzburger, K S Thomas
OBJECTIVES: We examined the prevalence of food insecurity in an older population, specifically assessing factors associated with food insecurity among U.S. military Veterans. METHODS: Data from the 2012 wave of the Health and Retirement Study and the 2013 Health Care and Nutrition Mail Survey of 2560 male participants (1254 Veterans) were used to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity and to identify significant predictors of food insecurity among male Veterans...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y Osuka, S Fujita, N Kitano, K Kosaki, J Seol, Y Sawano, H Shi, Y Fujii, S Maeda, T Okura, H Kobayashi, K Tanaka
OBJECTIVES: Fortified milk and resistance training (RT) increase muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults, but it remains unclear whether RT combined with aerobic training (AT) would have stronger effects on these outcomes. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aerobic and resistance training (ART) combined with fortified milk consumption on muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in older adults. DESIGN: Open-labeled randomized controlled trial...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Ç Kalkan, A Ç Kartal, F Karakaya, A Tüzün, I Soykan
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy is a method of providing enteral feeding to patients who cannot take adequate oral nutrition. The aims of this study were to determine the performance of malnutrition and mortality scoring systems for predicting short and long-term mortality in elderly patients who had undergone gastrostomy procedure due to non-malignant conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: University hospital in Turkey...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
G Rezende Yanagihara, R Carminati Shimano, J Atsuko Tida, J Suzuki Yamanaka, S Yasuyo Fukada, J P Mardegan Issa, A C Shimano, J M Tavares
BACKGROUND: The relationship between obesity and bone tissue remains contradictory, especially when the effect of high-fat diet is assessed in experimental models. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of high-fat diet on bone metabolism of growing rats. METHODS: Twenty weaned female Wistar rats were equally divided into two groups: SD (standard diet) and HFD (high-fat diet with 60 % of energy as fat). After five weeks of the two diets, the rats were euthanized, and the liver, blood and bones extracted...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
W N Souza, R Aparicio-Ugarriza, M M Bibiloni, G Palacios, I Aguilar, J A Tur, M González-Gross
Studies have shown that vitamin D deficiency increases the risk for lipid metabolism disorders, but this relationship has provided inconsistent results in elderly. Thus the aim was to assess the association between body composition and blood lipid profile levels on serum 25-hydrovitamin D [25(OH)D] concentration in Spanish elderly. A cross-sectional multicentre study was carried out in 383 participants (58.2% females) aged of 55-88 years. Fasting blood samples analyzed serum concentrations of 25(OH)D, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), triglycerides (TG) and total cholesterol (TC)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M L Vidoni, K Pettee Gabriel, S T Luo, E M Simonsick, R S Day
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess the independent associations of serum levels of vitamin B12 and plasma concentrations of homocysteine with gait speed decline. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: This study utilized longitudinal analysis of participants 50 years or older from The Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging, N=774. MEASUREMENTS: Gait speed (m/s) was assessed using the 6-meter usual pace test. Vitamin B12 and homocysteine concentrations were collected using standard clinical protocols...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y Zhou, Q Xu, Y Dong, S Zhu, S Song, S Sun
OBJECTIVES: Aging is associated with glucose and lipid metabolism disorder. We aimed to examine the effects of mussel peptides on protecting against aging by regulating glucose and lipid metabolism. METHODS: For the aging model, d-galactose (200 mg/kg) was administered subcutaneously to 8-month-old mice for 8 weeks. Mussel peptides (1,000 mg/kg) were simultaneously administered by intragastric gavage. The glucose and lipid metabolism profiles, aging phenotype and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) expression in the liver and adipose tissue of ICR mice were measured...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
G T Duval, P-Y Paré, J Gautier, S Walrand, M Dinomais, C Annweiler
OBJECTIVES: To determine i) whether cases of elderly fallers had lower serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) concentration than controls without history of falls; and ii) whether serum 25OHD concentration was associated with specific mechanisms, circumstances and consequences of falls. DESIGN: Case-control study with a 1:2 ratio. SETTING: Geriatric ward of the University Hospital of Angers, France, between February 2012 and March 2014. PARTICIPANTS: 216 inpatients (72 cases and 144 age- and gender-matched controls)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
N Z Shaban, I M Talaat, F H Elrashidy, A Y Hegazy, A S Sultan
CONTEXT: Postmenopausal osteoporosis is mostly caused by increased bone remodeling resulting from estrogen deficiency. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) is used to prevent osteoporosis, but it increases the risk for breast cancer, thromboembolism, strokes, and heart attacks. Pomegranate seed oil extract (SOE) is rich in phytoestrogen and antioxidant compounds. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the therapeutic role of SOE against bone turnover, resorption and osteoporosis induced in ovariectomized rats as a postmenopausal model and comparing the results with those from Generic CycloProgynova drug (D)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
V A Andreeva, K E Assmann, M Adjibade, C Lemogne, S Hercberg, P Galan, E Kesse-Guyot
OBJECTIVES: Knowledge about moderation of the association between hearing loss and depression is scant. We investigated dyslipidemia as a potential moderator of the association between hearing/hearing loss and depressive symptoms. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: General population-based cohort in France (SU.VI.MAX 2; 2007-2009). PARTICIPANTS: N= 4,307 adults (mean age = 61.5 ± 6.1 y; 59.6% women). MEASUREMENTS: A score ≥ 16 on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale defined presence of depressive symptoms...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Wu, D Sun, Y Tan
OBJECTIVES: No quantitative assessment has been performed to specifically link the consumption of fruit and vegetables with the incident risk of cognitive disorders. METHODS: We searched the PubMed and the Embase databases (both from the inception to June 13th, 2016) for records that report the intake of fruit and vegetables and the risk of developing cognitive disorders (Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and cognitive decline/impairment). A generic inverse-variance method (random-effects model) was used to combine the relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Saban-Ruiz, M Fabregate-Fuente, R Fabregate-Fuente, A Andres-Castillo, A Palomino-Antolin, D Barrio-Carreras, L Martin-Fernandez, F Altamirano, C Fernandez-Fernandez, C Andres-Lacueva
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that dietary components such as oleic acid or polyphenols exert beneficial effects on endothelium. We aimed to assess the impact of regular consumption of Iberian cured-ham (ICH) on endothelial function. DESIGN: An open-label, randomized controlled parallel study. SETTING: Volunteers recruited through advertisements at a hospital in Madrid, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 102 Caucasian adults (76...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J P van Wijngaarden, R A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, E M Brouwer-Brolsma, A W Enneman, K M A Swart, S C van Dijk, P H In 't Veld, N M van Schoor, N van der Velde, R de Jonge, P Lips, A G Uitterlinden, L C P G M de Groot
BACKGROUND: Vitamin B12 status is measured by four plasma/ serum biomarkers: total vitamin B12 (total B12), holotranscobalamin (holoTC), methylmalonic acid (MMA) and homocysteine (tHcy). Associations of B12 intake with holoTC and tHcy and associations between all four biomarkers have not been extensively studied. A better insight in these associations may contribute to an improved differentiation between vitamin B12 deficiency and a normal vitamin B12 status. OBJECTIVE: This study investigates associations between vitamin B12 intake and biomarkers and associations between biomarkers...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S P Bell, D Liu, L R Samuels, A S Shah, K A Gifford, T J Hohman, A L Jefferson
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of late-life body mass index (BMI) and rapid weight loss on incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD). DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: National Alzheimer's Coordinating Center (NACC) Uniform Data Set, including 34 past and current National Institute on Aging-funded AD Centers across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: 6940 older adults (n=5061 normal cognition [NC]; n=1879 MCI)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J E Winter, R J MacInnis, C A Nowson
OBJECTIVES: To assess BMI range with the lowest mortality for those aged <65 years and those ≥65 years, utilising cohort studies that spanned the entire adult age range. DESIGN: A two-stage random effects meta-analysis of studies that reported mortality in cohorts both ≥65 years and <65 years. Setting / Participants: Community living adults aged ≥65 and <65 years. RESULTS: Eight studies were included with a total of 370 416 subjects (306 340 aged <65 years; 64 076 ≥65 years)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
D P Williams, N Joseph, E Sones, S Chetluru, T K Hillecke, J F Thayer, J Koenig
Vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV), defined as the beat-to-beat fluctuations in a heart series mediated by the vagus nerve, serves as a non-invasive index of parasympathetic nervous system (PNS) activity. Lower resting state vmHRV is associated with greater body mass index (BMI), providing a psychophysiological pathway linking obesity with health and disease. However little research has been conducted to examine how BMI may influence PNS reactivity to orthostatic stress. The present study sought to explore this in a sample of 59 individuals (44 females, mean age = 24...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
G Lobos, B Schnettler, K G Grunert, C Adasme
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study is to show why perceived resources are a strong predictor of satisfaction with food-related life in Chilean older adults. Design, sampling and participants: A survey was conducted in rural and urban areas in 30 communes of the Maule Region with 785 participants over 60 years of age who live in their own homes. The Satisfaction with Food-related Life (SWFL) scale was used. Generalized linear models (GLM) were used for the regression analysis...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
W Zhang, L Jia, G Cai, F Shao, H Lin, Z Liu, F Liu, D Zhao, Z Li, X Bai, Z Feng, X Sun, X Chen
OBJECTIVES: Biological age (BA) has been proposed to evaluate the aging status in an objective way instead of chronological age (CA). The purpose of our study is to construct a more precise formula of BA in the cross-sectional study based on a largest-ever sample of our studies. This formula aims at better evaluation of body function and exploring the disciplines of aging in different genders and age stages. METHODS: A total of 1,373 healthy Chinese Han (age range, 19-93 years) were recruited from five cities in China, including 581 males and 792 females...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
P Zou, C-L Dennis, R Lee, M Parry
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of culturally sensitive dietary interventions targeting Chinese Canadians despite unhealthy dietary behaviours being identified as the most important modifiable risk factor for hypertension in the Chinese population. AIMS: To determine the feasibility of a culturally sensitive dietary intervention for hypertension control; to examine the potential effects of the intervention on blood pressure and health-related quality of life among Chinese Canadians in community...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"