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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

C María Pérez-Sánchez, D Nicolás Torres, J J Hernández Morante
BACKGROUND: although eating disorders are usually linked to young adolescents, these mental disorders can also appear in the elderly, especially in those living in nursing homes, which might be associated or not with the cognitive decline; however, there are few data regarding elderly subjects. OBJECTIVES: the objective of the present work was to evaluate the presence of abnormal eating attitudes in nursing home residents and its relation with several cognitive, nutritional and psychological factors that could be influencing their nutritional state...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S L Ullevig, E T Sosa, S Crixell, E Uc, B Greenwald, S Marceaux, B J Friedman
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to measure changes in nutrition risk and nutrient intake after older adults received home-delivered meals (HDM) for 3 months. DESIGN: This study used a pre-posttest study design, with data collected before and after 3 months of HDM services. SETTING: Two HDM programs that serve the metropolitan areas of Austin and San Antonio, Texas. PARTICIPANTS: Study participants were aged 60 years or older, without dementia or terminal illness, and receiving HDM in Austin, Texas and San Antonio, Texas for 3 months...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L Ma, J Wang, Z Tang, P Chan
OBJECTIVE: Frailty, which involves low physical activity (PA), is as a well-established factor of increased risk of hospitalization, disability, and mortality. To date, there are no specific tools to assess PA among Chinese elderly. As part of the Beijing Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA), we aimed to develop the BLSA Leisure-Time Physical Activity Questionnaire (BLSA-PAQ) and assess its prediction of mortality. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Community...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
T W AuYeung, J Leung, R Yu, J S W Lee, T Kwok, J Woo
BACKGROUND: It is widely recognized that fat will accumulate with ageing and is more prominent centrally. However, there were studies reported that fat might not gain either centrally or generally with ageing. METHODS: The baseline, 2-year and 4-year total body fat mas, trunk fat mass and percentage fat mass, were measured by DXA in 3018 community-living Chinese older than 65 years. The respective 4-year trajectories of adiposity were analyzed by repeated measure ANOVA p-for-trend test...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
O T Carmichael, S Pillai, P Shankapal, A McLellan, D G Kay, B T Gold, J N Keller
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of a combination of omega 3 essential fatty acids, green tea catechins, and ginsenosides on cognition and brain functioning in healthy older adults. DESIGN: Double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover design randomized controlled trial with 26-day intervention phases and a 30-day washout period. SETTING: The Institute for Dementia Research and Prevention at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center. PARTICIPANTS: Ten independently-living, cognitively-healthy older adults (mean age: 67...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Daboul, C Schwahn, R Bülow, S Kiliaridis, T Kocher, T Klinke, T Mundt, S Mourad, H Völzke, M Habes, R Biffar
BACKGROUND: Aging is associated with a decline in masticatory muscles mass and performance. The present study aims to examine the differences in the cross-sectional areas of the masseter, medial and lateral pterygoid muscles in relation to age and the present dental status in a population-based magnetic resonance imaging study. METHODS: This cross sectional study involved 747 subjects aged between 30-89 years (344 male, 403 female) who underwent both a whole body MRI and a full oral examination...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Maltais, Y Rolland, P-E Haÿ, D Armaingaud, P Cestac, L Rouch, P de Souto Barreto
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effects of a 24-week exercise intervention against a social intervention on body weight, body mass index (BMI) and nutritional status in PWD living in nursing homes. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-one older people with dementia living in nursing homes. INTERVENTIONS: Exercise (n=44) or social-based activities (n=47), taking place twice per week, for 60 minutes/session, during 24 weeks...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Yamada, Y Kimura, D Ishiyama, N Nishio, T Tanaka, S Ohji, Y Otobe, S Koyama, A Sato, M Suzuki, H Ogawa, T Ichikawa, D Ito, H Arai
BACKGROUND: Although several previous studies have found benefits for amino acid supplementation in terms of muscle function, the role of plasma amino acid concentrations on sarcopenia are not well addressed yet. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the amino acid concentrations at each stage of sarcopenia (normal, pre-sarcopenia, dynapenia, and sarcopenia) in community-dwelling older Japanese adults. SETTING AND SUBJECTS: Community-dwelling older Japanese women (n=232, 79...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
T D R Hortencio, A P B S Golucci, F A L Marson, A F Ribeiro, R J Nogueira
BACKGROUND: Parenteral nutrition (PN)-dependent adults and elderly individuals who are admitted to hospital treatment are potentially susceptible to mineral disorder complications due to depleted physiological reserves, loss of lean body mass, and increased fat mass, thus worsening inflammation. AIM: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of hypophosphatemia, hypokalemia, and hypomagnesaemia prior and within the first 7 days of PN infusion. Furthermore, whether malnutrition and old age are associated with these disorders was also investigated...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
K Sun, H Hu, C Yang, L Wang, Y Ai, X Dong, Y Shi, M Li, Q Yao, Y Zhang
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between cognitive function and dietary intake in older adults was under-studied in China. This study examined this relationship in a Chinese sample while controlling for the effects of sleep quality and socio demographic confounders. METHODS: The sample consisted of 340 Chinese older adults (age > 60) who were randomly selected from Wuhan city in central China. Cognitive function was assessed by the Mini-mental State Examination [MMSE], sleep quality by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI], and dietary intake by frequencies of intake of meat products, fruits, fish/seafood/aquatic products, nuts and mushroom/algae over the past year...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
K Seerangaiyan, F Jüch, F Atefeh, E G Winkel
OBJECTIVE: Tongue coating, which refers to a greyish white deposit on the tongue surface, often covers the taste papillae on the dorsal tongue surface, decreasing taste sensitivity. This study investigated whether mechanical removal of the tongue coating affected the intensity of salt taste perception. PARTICIPANTS: This cross-sectional single blind study included 90 subjects (29 males, 61 females) with a mean age of 45 years (range 25-70 years). INTERVENTION: The presence and the amount of coating on the six sextants of the tongue were scored using the Winkel Tongue Coating Index (WTCI); the 90 included subjects had total WTCI scores ≥ 3...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A I Rodriguez-Rejon, R Artacho, A Puerta, A Zuñiga, M D Ruiz-Lopez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of sarcopenia in elderly care homes using the algorithm of the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and to evaluate the applicability, sensitivity, and specificity of two simplified algorithms that do not include gait speed measurement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Long-term care homes. PARTICIPANTS: 249 residents (187 females and 62 males) with a mean age of 84...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J-H Kim, D Chon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between elder's cognitive impairment and mortality. Additionally, interaction between cognitive impairment and cardio- and cerebrovascular diseases was considered. METHODS: Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (KLoSA) from 2006 to 2014 was assessed using 10,026 participants at baseline with no missing information. Chi-square test, log-rank test, and Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the association between cognitive impairment and mortality...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
H Li, L Hao, Y Li, R Wang
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the most common and devastating aging related neurodegenerative diseases. Aging is a natural physiological process, a progressive deterioration of the overall homeostatic brain mechanisms, accompanied by cognitive decline. CXCL12/CXCR4 chemokine signaling plays a critical role in modulating various nervous system developmental processes and in regulating synaptic plasticity. RESULTS: In this article, we have firstly shown that CXCR4 is critical for cell proliferation and cytotoxicity in the SH-SY5Y cell model...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Y Tong, S Jiang, L Cai, X Guan, S Hou, Z Wang, Q Lu, J Liu
BACKGROUND: Pleiotropic cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) has been suggested as modifying risk for atherosclerosis. Promoter region genetic polymorphism of IL-10 gene is known to be associated with the level of IL-10 production. Through these effects, they might be involved with the ischemic stroke (IS). Our aim was to assess the nature of the functional polymorphisms in IL-10 promoter and any links with IS in Chinese Han population. METHODS: The IL-10 -1082 G>A, -819 C>T and -592 C>A functional polymorphisms were determined by TaqMan SNP Genotyping assays in 1296 subjects (648 IS patients diagnosed by CTs or/and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and 648 normal healthy controls from Chinese Han Population)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Kim, Y Lee, C W Won, K E Lee, D Chon
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between nutritional status and frailty in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Community-dwelling older adults were recruited from 10 study sites in South Korea. PARTICIPANTS: 1473 volunteers aged 70-84 years without severe cognitive impairment and who participated in the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS) conducted in 2016. MEASUREMENTS: Nutritional status was measured using the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short Form (MNA-SF)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
D M Mijnarends, Y C Luiking, R J G Halfens, S M A A Evers, E L A Lenaerts, S Verlaan, M Wallace, J M G A Schols, J M M Meijers
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between muscle parameters (mass, strength, physical performance) and activities of daily living (ADL), quality of life (QoL), and health care costs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional Maastricht Sarcopenia Study (MaSS). SETTING: Community-dwelling, assisted-living, residential living facility. PARTICIPANTS: 227 adults aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Muscle mass, hand grip strength and physical performance were assessed by bio-electrical impedance, JAMAR dynamometer and the Short Physical Performance Battery, respectively...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
D H Sullivan, S C Sullivan, M M Bopp, P K Roberson, S Y Lensing
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: An elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) in known to be an important prognostic indicator in patients with end-stage heart or kidney disease or certain other life-threatening illnesses. However, it is less certain as to whether an elevated BUN is an independent predictor of long-term mortality risk in less seriously ill patients. To address this issue, we examined the relationship between BUN and long-term mortality after adjusting for potential confounders and other indicators of health status/disease severity, in a select population of older medically stable Veterans...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C E Neville, S Montgomery, G Silvestri, A McGowan, E Moore, V Silvestri, C Cardwell, C T McEvoy, A P Maxwell, J V Woodside, G J McKay
BACKGROUND: Retinal vessel abnormalities are associated with cardiovascular disease risk. Widening of retinal venules is associated with increased risk of stroke while narrowing of retinal arterioles independently predicts incident hypertension, coronary heart disease and diabetes. Dietary factors are known to play an important role in cardiovascular health. However, few studies have examined the association between dietary patterns (DPs) and retinal microvascular health. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between 'a posteriori'-derived DPs and retinal vascular caliber (RVC) in older women with a restricted lifestyle...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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