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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112781/association-of-new-onset-diabetes-mellitus-in-older-people-and-mortality-in-taiwan-a-10-year-nationwide-population-based-study
#1
M-J Chi, C-K Liang, W-J Lee, L-N Peng, M-Y Chou, L-K Chen
OBJECTIVE: Older patients with diabetes mellitus are at a higher risk of developing diabetic macro- and micro-vascular complications and cardiovascular diseases than younger diabetes mellitus patients. However, older diabetes mellitus patients are very heterogeneous in their clinical characteristics, diabetes mellitus-related complications and age at disease onset. This study aimed to evaluate the all-cause mortality rates and adverse health outcomes among older adults with new-onset diabetes mellitus through a nationwide population-based study...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112780/factors-related-to-urinary-incontinence-among-the-malaysian-elderly
#2
S A Eshkoor, T A Hamid, S Shahar, C Y Mun
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a prevalent condition in the elderly that is the spontaneous leakage of urine. It is an age-related problem and increases especially in people aged above 65 years. It can cause many psychological, behavioral, biological, economic and social effects. The treatment of urinary incontinence can reduce morbidity and mortality. Thus, this study aimed to determine the effects of variables including age, ethnicity, gender, education, marital status, body weight, blood elements and nutritional parameters on urinary incontinence among the Malaysian elderly...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112779/successful-aging-a-new-challenge-for-developing-countries-the-coyoac%C3%A3-n-cohort
#3
J M A García-Lara, A P Navarrete-Reyes, R Medina-Méndez, S G Aguilar-Navarro, J A Avila-Funes
OBJECTIVE: To determine the socio-demographic and health factors associated with a biomedical phenotype of successful aging (SA) among Mexican community-dwelling elderly. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional study of 935 older adults aged 70 or older participating in the Mexican Study of Nutritional and Psychosocial Markers of Frailty. MEASUREMENTS: SA was operationalized in accordance with the phenotype proposed by Rowe and Kahn...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112778/use-of-health-resources-and-healthcare-costs-associated-with-frailty-the-fradea-study
#4
I García-Nogueras, I Aranda-Reneo, L M Peña-Longobardo, J Oliva-Moreno, P Abizanda
BACKGROUND: Frailty is associated with adverse health outcomes, but its association with hospital healthcare costs has not been analyzed. The main objective was to estimate the adjusted annual costs and use of hospital healthcare resources in frail older adults compared to non frail ones. DESIGN: FRADEA Study. Mean follow-up 1044 days (SD 314). SETTING: Albacete city, Spain. PARTICIPANTS: 830 adults ≥70 years. MEASUREMENTS: Age, sex, comorbidity measured with the Charlson index and Fried´s Frailty phenotype as independent variables, and use of hospital resources (hospital admissions, emergency visits, and specialist visits), and hospital healthcare costs as outcome variables...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112777/slow-gait-speed-is-an-independent-predictor-of-early-death-in-older-cancer-outpatients-results-from-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
F Pamoukdjian, V Lévy, G Sebbane, M Boubaya, T Landre, C Bloch-Queyrat, E Paillaud, L Zelek
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive value of gait speed for early death in older outpatients with cancer. DESIGN: Prospective bicentric observational cohort study. SETTING: The Physical Frailty in Elder Cancer patients (PF-EC) study (France). PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and ninety outpatients with cancer during the first 6 months of follow up in the PF-EC study. MEASUREMENTS: The association between usual gait speed over 4 m alone (GS) or included in the short physical performance battery (SPPB) and overall survival within 6 months following a comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112776/climbing-stairs-handrail-use-and-survival
#6
J Stessman, Y Rottenberg, J M Jacobs
BACKGROUND: Negotiating stairs is identified as a challenging task by older people, and using a handrail to climb stairs is a compensatory gait strategy to overcome mobility difficulties. We examine the association between handrail use to climb stairs at increasing ages, and long term survival. METHODS: Data were collected by the Jerusalem Longitudinal Study, which is a prospective study of a representative sample from the 1920-1921 birth-cohort living in West Jerusalem...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112775/editorial-frailty-an-emerging-high-impact-complication-of-diabetes-requiring-specific-management-approaches
#7
A Sinclair, B Vellas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112774/efficacy-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-supplementation-in-managing-overweight-and-obesity-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#8
Y Y Zhang, W Liu, T Y Zhao, H M Tian
OBJECTIVE: Studies in rodents and humans have indicated that omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may reduce weight. The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate evidence for the efficacy of n-3 PUFA in managing overweight and obesity. METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials until May 2015. Two reviewers independently determined the eligibility of studies and assessed the reporting quality of included randomized controlled trials (RCTs)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112773/combination-of-recreational-soccer-and-caloric-restricted-diet-reduces-markers-of-protein-catabolism-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#9
M Vieira de Sousa, R Fukui, P Krustrup, S Dagogo-Jack, M E Rossi da Silva
BACKGROUND: Moderate calorie-restricted diets and exercise training prevent loss of lean mass and cardiovascular risk. Because adherence to routine exercise recommendation is generally poor, we utilized recreational soccer training as a novel therapeutic exercise intervention in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients. OBJECTIVE: We compared the effects of acute and chronic soccer training plus calorie-restricted diet on protein catabolism and cardiovascular risk markers in T2D...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112772/protein-enrichment-of-familiar-foods-as-an-innovative-strategy-to-increase-protein-intake-in-institutionalized-elderly
#10
J Beelen, N M de Roos, L C P G M de Groot
OBJECTIVE: To increase the protein intake of older adults, protein enrichment of familiar foods and drinks might be an effective and attractive alternative for oral nutritional supplements (ONS). We performed a pilot study to test whether these products could help institutionalized elderly to reach a protein intake of 1.2 gram per kg body weight per day (g/kg/d). DESIGN: Intervention study with one treatment group (no control group). Dietary assessment was done before and at the end of a 10-day intervention...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112771/minimal-important-change-and-minimal-detectable-change-in-activities-of-daily-living-in-community-living-older-people
#11
J J Suijker, M van Rijn, G Ter Riet, E P Moll van Charante, S E de Rooij, B M Buurman
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the minimal important change (MIC) and the minimal detectable change (MDC) of the Katz-activities of daily living (ADL) index score and the Lawton instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) scale. DESIGN: Data from a cluster-randomized clinical trial and a cohort study. SETTING: General practices in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 3184 trial participants and 51 participants of the cohort study with a mean age of 80...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112770/depressive-symptoms-increase-the-risk-of-mild-neurocognitive-disorders-among-elderly-chinese
#12
L Feng, W-S Lim, M-S Chong, T-S Lee, Q Gao, M S Z Nyunt, L Feng, E-H Kua, T-P Ng
BACKGROUND: Depression is prevalent among patients with late life neurocognitive disorders but its role as an independent risk factor is not established. We aimed to examine the longitudinal relationship between depression and the incidence of mild neurocognitive disorders (NCD) in a Chinese population. METHODS: We analyzed data from 889 community-living Chinese elderly in the Singapore Longitudinal Aging Study (SLAS) cohort. All subjects were cognitively normal at baseline based on their performance on the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112769/assessing-the-current-state-of-cognitive-frailty-measurement-properties
#13
L Sargent, R Brown
BACKGROUND: Currently, an estimated 25-30% of people ages 85 or older have dementia, with a projected 115 million people worldwide living with dementia by 2050. With this worldwide phenomenon fast approaching, early detection of at-risk older adults and development of interventions focused on preventing loss in quality of life are increasingly important. A new construct defined by the International Consensus Group (I.A.N.A/I.A.G.G) as «cognitive frailty» combines domains of physical frailty with cognitive impairment and provides a framework for research that may provide a means to identify individuals with cognitive impairment caused by nonneurodegenerative conditions...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112768/dietary-quality-is-associated-with-abdominal-aortic-calcification-a-mean-of-18-year-longitudinal-study-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#14
X Shang, D Scott, A Hodge, B Khan, N Khan, D R English, G G Giles, P R Ebeling, K M Sanders
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between baseline and changes in dietary quality assessed by the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and abdominal aortic calcification (AAC) among community-dwelling older adults. DESIGN: Population-based longitudinal study. SETTING: A subset of the Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (MCCS). PARTICIPANTS: 262 community-dwelling adults (60% female) aged 53 ± 5 years at baseline...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112767/nutritional-status-and-habitual-dietary-intake-are-associated-with-frail-skin-conditions-in-community-dwelling-older-people
#15
S Iizaka, S Nagata, H Sanada
OBJECTIVE: Prevention of frail skin is important in older people because frail skin is associated with a risk of injury in this population. In this study, we investigated the association of nutritional status and habitual dietary intake with skin conditions in community-dwelling older people. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Three community settings in Japan from autumn to winter. PARTICIPANTS: Older people aged ≥65 years without care-need certification (n=118)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112766/factors-influencing-serum-hydroxivitamin-d-levels-and-other-bone-metabolism-parameters-in-healthy-older-women
#16
C Trevisan, N Veronese, L Berton, S Carraro, F Bolzetta, M De Rui, F Miotto, E M Inelmen, A Coin, E Perissinotto, E Manzato, G Sergi
OBJECTIVE: Older women have frequently low serum 25-hydroxivitamin D (25[OH]D) concentrations, high parathormone (PTH) levels and low bone mineral density (BMD) values. Endogenous synthesis, dietary habits, sunlight exposure and fat-mass-mediated storage may influence 25(OH)D levels and bone metabolism, but the relevance of these factors in the elderly has yet to be fully elucidated. We aimed to investigate the influence of dietary vitamin D intake and fat mass on serum 25(OH)D levels and bone metabolism in older women...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999858/frailty-syndrome-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-frailty-in-patients-with-symptomatic-severe-aortic-stenosis
#17
M Pinheiro, J Mancio, G Conceição, W Ferreira, M Carvalho, A Santos, L Vouga, V Gama Ribeiro, A Leite-Moreira, I Falcão-Pires, N Bettencourt
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), frailty is a clinically relevant measure of increased vulnerability that should be included in the preoperative risk assessment. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) derived phase angle (PA) reflects cell membrane integrity and function. Few studies are available on the relative contribution of adiposity distribution on frailty, and about the influences of frailty and visceral obesity in PA value. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate associations among frailty, visceral fat depots and PA in patients with symptomatic severe AS...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999857/association-of-dynamics-in-lean-and-fat-mass-measures-with-mortality-in-frail-older-women
#18
O Zaslavsky, E Rillamas-Sun, W Li, S Going, M Datta, L Snetselaar, S Zelber-Sagi
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between body composition and mortality in frail older people is unclear. We used dual-x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) data to examine the association between dynamics in whole-body composition and appendicular (4 limbs) and central (trunk) compartments and all-cause mortality in frail older women. DESIGN: Prospective study with up to 19 years of follow up. SETTING: Community dwelling older (≥65) women. PARTICIPANTS: 876 frail older participants of the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study with a single measure of body composition and 581 participants with two measures...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999856/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-decline-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-older-patients-with-severe-aortic-stenosis
#19
A S Boureau, J N Trochu, A Rouaud, R Hureau, P Jaafar, T Manigold, V Letocart, P Guerin, G Berrut, L de Decker
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic-valve implantation (TAVI) has been shown to improve survival and quality of life in patients with severe aortic stenosis. However, one-third of patients have poor outcome as death, functional decline or quality of life (QoL) decline. The aim of this study was to determine cardiac and geriatric predictors of physical and mental QoL decline 6 months after a TAVI procedure in patients aged 75 and older. METHODS: Between January 2013 and June 2014, we did a prospective and multicenter study including patients ≥ 75 years old referred for TAVI...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999855/building-bridges-for-innovation-in-ageing-synergies-between-action-groups-of-the-eip-on-aha
#20
J Bousquet, M Bewick, A Cano, P Eklund, G Fico, N Goswami, N A Guldemond, D Henderson, M J Hinkema, G Liotta, A Mair, W Molloy, A Monaco, I Monsonis-Paya, A Nizinska, H Papadopoulos, A Pavlickova, S Pecorelli, A Prados-Torres, R E Roller-Wirnsberger, D Somekh, C Vera-Muñoz, F Visser, J Farrell, J Malva, K Andersen Ranberg, T Camuzat, A M Carriazo, G Crooks, Z Gutter, G Iaccarino, E Manuel de Keenoy, G Moda, L Rodriguez-Mañas, T Vontetsianos, C Abreu, J Alonso, C Alonso-Bouzon, J Ankri, M T Arredondo, F Avolio, A Bedbrook, A Z Białoszewski, H Blain, R Bourret, M F Cabrera-Umpierrez, A Catala, R O'Caoimh, M Cesari, N H Chavannes, J Correia-da-Sousa, T Dedeu, M Ferrando, M Ferri, W J Fokkens, F Garcia-Lizana, O Guérin, P W Hellings, T Haahtela, M Illario, M C Inzerilli, K C Lodrup Carlsen, P Kardas, T Keil, M Maggio, A Mendez-Zorrilla, E Menditto, J Mercier, J P Michel, R Murray, M Nogues, I O'Byrne-Maguire, D Pappa, A S Parent, M Pastorino, C Robalo-Cordeiro, B Samolinski, P Siciliano, A M Teixeira, S I Tsartara, A Valiulis, O Vandenplas, T Vasankari, B Vellas, M Vollenbroek-Hutten, M Wickman, A Yorgancioglu, T Zuberbier, M Barbagallo, G W Canonica, L Klimek, S Maggi, W Aberer, C Akdis, I M Adcock, I Agache, C Albera, F Alonso-Trujillo, M Angel Guarcia, I Annesi-Maesano, J Apostolo, S H Arshad, V Attalin, A Avignon, C Bachert, I Baroni, E Bel, M Benson, C Bescos, F Blasi, C Barbara, K C Bergmann, P L Bernard, S Bonini, P J Bousquet, B Branchini, C E Brightling, V Bruguière, C Bunu, A Bush, D P Caimmi, M A Calderon, G Canovas, V Cardona, K H Carlsen, A Cesario, E Chkhartishvili, R Chiron, T Chivato, K F Chung, M d'Angelantonio, G De Carlo, D Cholley, F Chorin, B Combe, B Compas, D J Costa, E Costa, O Coste, A-L Coupet, G Crepaldi, A Custovic, R Dahl, S E Dahlen, P Demoly, P Devillier, A Didier, A T Dinh-Xuan, R Djukanovic, D Dokic, G Du Toit, R Dubakiene, A Dupeyron, R Emuzyte, A Fiocchi, A Wagner, M Fletcher, J Fonseca, B Fougère, A Gamkrelidze, G Garces, J Garcia-Aymeric, B Garcia-Zapirain, B Gemicioğlu, C Gouder, B Hellquist-Dahl, I Hermosilla-Gimeno, D Héve, C Holland, M Humbert, M Hyland, S L Johnston, J Just, M Jutel, I P Kaidashev, M Khaitov, O Kalayci, A F Kalyoncu, W Keijser, H Kerstjens, J Knezović, M Kowalski, G H Koppelman, T Kotska, M Kovac, I Kull, P Kuna, V Kvedariene, V Lepore, W MacNee, M Maggio, A Magnan, I Majer, P Manning, M Marcucci, T Marti, M Masoli, E Melen, N Miculinic, F Mihaltan, B Milenkovic, J Millot-Keurinck, H Mlinarić, I Momas, S Montefort, M Morais-Almeida, T Moreno-Casbas, R Mösges, J Mullol, R Nadif, M Nalin, E Navarro-Pardo, K Nekam, G Ninot, D Paccard, S Pais, E Palummeri, P Panzner, N K Papadopoulos, C Papanikolaou, G Passalacqua, E Pastor, M Perrot, D Plavec, T A Popov, D S Postma, D Price, N Raffort, J C Reuzeau, J M Robine, F Rodenas, F Robusto, N Roche, A Romano, V Romano, J Rosado-Pinto, F Roubille, F Ruiz, D Ryan, T Salcedo, P Schmid-Grendelmeier, H Schulz, H J Schunemann, E Serrano, A Sheikh, M Shields, N Siafakas, N Scichilone, P Siciliano, I Skrindo, H A Smit, S Sourdet, E Sousa-Costa, O Spranger, T Sooronbaev, V Sruk, P J Sterk, A Todo-Bom, J Touchon, D Tramontano, M Triggiani, S I Tsartara, A L Valero, E Valovirta, E van Ganse, M van Hage, M van den Berge, O Vandenplas, M T Ventura, I Vergara, G Vezzani, D Vidal, G Viegi, M Wagemann, B Whalley, M Wickman, N Wilson, P K Yiallouros, M Žagar, A Zaidi, M Zidarn, E J Hoogerwerf, J Usero, R Zuffada, A Senn, B de Oliveira-Alves
The Strategic Implementation Plan of the European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP on AHA) proposed six Action Groups. After almost three years of activity, many achievements have been obtained through commitments or collaborative work of the Action Groups. However, they have often worked in silos and, consequently, synergies between Action Groups have been proposed to strengthen the triple win of the EIP on AHA. The paper presents the methodology and current status of the Task Force on EIP on AHA synergies...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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