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Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging

C Hu, X He, X Li, L Sun, C Zheng, Q Liang, Z Lv, Z Huang, K Qi, H Yuan, X Zhu, Y Yang, Q Zhou, Z Yang
BACKGROUND: Our previous study suggested that mitochondrial haplogroup F (mtDNA F) was a longevity-associated biomarker, but the effect of mitochondrial haplogroup F on longevity individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) was not clear. Thus we explored the association between mtDNA F and MetS among longevity and control population in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China. METHOD: A total of 793 individuals consisting of 307 long-lived participants and 486 local healthy controls were involved in this study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J-H Kim, Y Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between stroke and incident dementia in the presence of a competing risk of death. METHODS: This study used the National Health Insurance Service-Senior (NHIS-Senior) claim database from 2002 to 2013 (n = 22,792). Stroke (I69.0-I69.9) and dementia (F01-F03, G30, G31.1) patients were defined by the International Classification of Disease 10th revision. The association of stroke with dementia or death was assessed with Cox proportional hazards model and competing-risk model...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C A Nowson, C Service, J Appleton, J A Grieger
OBJECTIVES: There has been little evaluation of the evidence relating dietary factors to functional capacity in older adults. The aims were to i) conduct a systematic review of studies assessing dietary factors in relation to six key functional indicators which impact on quality of life in adults ≥65 yrs: non-fatal cardiovascular events, cognition, mental health, falls and fractures, physical health (muscle mass, strength) and frailty; and ii) assess if there was sufficient evidence to devise food-based dietary recommendations...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
W-G Zhang, L-P Jia, J Ma, S-Y Zhu, S-S Nie, K-K Song, X-M Liu, Y-P Zhang, D Cao, X-P Yang, D-L Zhao, M-J Xiu, L Lin, Z-X Li, Q Huang, X-Z Chen, L Chen, P Wang, X-J Bai, Z Feng, B Fu, J Hunag, J-P Zhang, G-Y Cai, X-F Sun, X-M Chen
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the relationship between baseline renal function and changes in telomere length in Han Chinese. METHODS: The telomere restriction fragment (TRF) length of leukocytes in the peripheral blood was measured in healthy volunteers recruited in 2014. The estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated based on serum creatinine (Scr) and serum cystatin C (CysC)-eGFRcys and eGFRScr-cys through the Cockcroft-Gault formula (eGFRC-G) or the Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI / eGFRCKD-EPI) equation...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
R A Dennis, K K Garner, P M Kortebein, C M Parkes, M M Bopp, S Li, K P Padala, P R Padala, D H Sullivan
OBJECTIVES: Determine if the muscle mRNA levels of three growth factors (insulin-like growth factor-1 [IGF1], ciliary neurotropic factor [CNTF], and vascular endothelial growth factor-D [VEGFD]) are correlated with muscle size and strength gains from resistance exercise while piloting a training program in older adults taking medications and supplements for age-associated problems. DESIGN: Single-arm prospective study. SETTING: US Veterans Affairs hospital...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
J Wang, A W Taylor, T Zhang, S Appleton, Z Shi
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between BMI and all-cause mortality in the oldest old (≥80 years). DESIGN: The study used a prospective cohort study design. SETTING: Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) between 1998/99 and 2011. POPULATION: 8026 participants aged 80 years and older were followed every two to three years. MEASUREMENTS: Body weight and knee height were measured...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
L L Wu, K Y Cheung, P Y P Lam, X L Gao
OBJECTIVES: Using both clinical parameters and subjective measures of oral health, this study aimed to identify useful oral health indicators for the risk of malnutrition in elders. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Five community centers run by non-government organizations (NGOs). PARTICIPANTS: 195 community dwelling elders (65 or above). MEASUREMENTS: An interviewer-administered questionnaire was completed to collect information on elders' socio-demographic background and oral health perception and practice...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C M Koolhaas, K Dhana, F J A van Rooij, J D Schoufour, A Hofman, O H Franco
OBJECTIVES: Physical activity (PA) is associated with health-related quality of life (HRQL). The specific PA types that provide beneficial effects in an older population remain unclear. We assessed the association of total PA, walking, cycling, domestic work, sports and gardening with HRQL in middle-aged and elderly adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Rotterdam, the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: 5,554 participants, with a mean age of 69 years...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
K Hidayat, G-C Chen, Y Wang, Z Zhang, X Dai, I M Y Szeto, L-Q Qin
BACKGROUND: Older adults experience age-related physiological changes that affect body weight and body composition. In general, nutrition and exercise have been identified as potent stimulators of protein synthesis in skeletal muscle. Milk proteins are excellent sources of all the essential amino acids and may represent an ideal protein source to promote muscle anabolism in older adults undergoing resistance training. However, several randomized control trials (RCTs) have yielded mixed results on the effects of milk proteins supplementation in combination with resistance training on body weight and composition...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C M Timon, S E Cooper, M E Barker, A J Astell, T Adlam, F Hwang, E A Williams
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the ability of older adults, younger adults and nutritionists to assess portion size using traditional methods versus a computer-based method. This was to inform the development of a novel dietary assessment method for older adults "The NANA system". DESIGN: Older and younger adults assessed the portion size of self-served portions of foods from a buffet style set up using traditional and computerised portion size assessment aids. Nutritionists assessed the portion size of foods from digital photographs using computerised portion size aids...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A M Berendsen, J H Kang, E J M Feskens, C P G M de Groot, F Grodstein, O van de Rest
OBJECTIVES: There is increasing attention for dietary patterns as a potential strategy to prevent cognitive decline. We examined the association between adherence to a recently developed Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diet with cognitive function and cognitive decline, taking into account the interaction between the apolipoprotein E ε4 genotype and the MIND diet. DESIGN: Population-based prospective cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 16,058 older women aged 70 and over from the Nurses' Health Study...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
H Huang, G-Y Han, L-P Jing, Z-Y Chen, Y-M Chen, S-M Xiao
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies found that tea consumption was related to a reduction in the risks of some chronic diseases, but limited data are available on bone health. This study aimed to examine the associations of tea consumption with hip bone strength in Chinese women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: The participants were from the ongoing Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study. This was a cohort study started in 2008. The examination data conducted between June 2010 and December 2013 were used...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Miller, J Hamilton, R Scupham, L Matwiejczyk, I Prichard, O Farrer, A Yaxley
BACKGROUND: Food service staff are integral to delivery of quality food in aged care homes yet measurement of their satisfaction is unable to be performed due to an absence of a valid and reliable questionnaire. The aim of this study was to develop and perform psychometric testing for a new Food Service Satisfaction Questionnaire developed in Australia specifically for use by food service staff working in residential aged care homes (Flinders FSSQFSAC). METHODS: A mixed methods design utilizing both a qualitative (in-depth interviews, focus groups) and a quantitative approach (cross sectional survey) was used...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
K Folven, E Biringer, J F Abrahamsen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate whether nutritional status as measured by the Mini Nutritional Assessment Short-Form (MNA-SF) predicts level of care of the discharge destination after post-acute care in a nursing home. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Post-acute intermediate care nursing home, 19-bed unit with increased multidisciplinary staff. PARTICIPANTS: Patients ≥70 years in post-acute care (N=900) following an acute admission to the hospital...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
C Van Den Broeke, T De Burghgraeve, M Ummels, N Gescher, L Deckx, V Tjan-Heijnen, F Buntinx, M van den Akker
OBJECTIVES: In older adults, nutritional health is essential for good quality of life and living independently at home. Especially in cancer patients, malnutrition is common and known to complicate treatment. This study aims to evaluate the nutritional status and its associated factors in community-dwelling older adults with and without cancer. DESIGN: This is an observational study. SETTING: This study focuses on older community-dwelling people...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
B Vellas, J E Morley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
S Y Moon, P de Souto Barreto, M Chupin, J F Mangin, A Bouyahia, L Fillon, S Andrieu, B Vellas
OBJECTIVES: The association between circulating biomarkers of red blood cells (RBC) omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and cerebral white matter hyperintensities (WMH) on the brain MRI remains yet unclear. We investigated the cross-sectional and prospective associations of RBC omega-3 PUFAs with WMH in dementia-free older adults with subjective memory complaints. DESIGN: Participants were 234 older adults with assessments for both PUFA and MRI near to baseline; among them, 79 also had an MRI assessment at 3-year follow-up...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
E Chaussade, O Hanon, C Boully, F Labourée, L Caillard, G Gerotziafas, J-S Vidal, I Elalamy
BACKGROUND: Few geriatric patients were included in studies on direct oral anticoagulants and data on dabigatran concentration and safety are needed in this population. Our objectives were to evaluate peak and trough dabigatran plasma concentrations over time in a geriatric population and to identify factors associated with dabigatran plasma concentrations and to assess the relationship with bleeding events. METHODS: Peak and trough dabigatran plasma concentration were performed 4,8,15,30,45 days after inception of dabigatran treatment in 68 consecutive patients ≥75 years old hospitalized in a geriatric hospital with atrial fibrillation...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
M Vidgren, J K Virtanen, T Tolmunen, T Nurmi, T-P Tuomainen, S Voutilainen, A Ruusunen
OBJECTIVES: Low concentrations of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] have been postulated to associate with an increased prevalence of depression. As there are a limited number of publications on this issue, we examined the association between serum 25(OH)D and depression in a general middle-aged or older population. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1602 men and women from the population-based Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study (KIHD) in Eastern Finland, aged 53-73 y in 1998-2001, were analysed...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
A Luukkonen, M Tiihonen, T Rissanen, S Hartikainen, I Nykänen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine orthostatic hypotension (OH) and associated factors among home care clients aged 75 years or older. DESIGN: Non-randomised controlled study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: The study sample included 244 home care clients aged 75 years or older living in Eastern and Central Finland. MEASUREMENTS: Nurses, nutritionists and pharmacists collected clinical data including orthostatic blood pressure, depressive symptoms (15-item Geriatric Depression Scale GDS-15), nutritional status (Mini Nutritional Assessment MNA), drug use, self-rated health, daily activities (Barthel ADL Index and Lawton and Brody IADL scale) and self-rated ability to walk 400 metres...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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