journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214239/feasibility-and-factor-structure-of-the-frail-scale-in-older-adults
#1
Ivan Aprahamian, Sumika Mori Lin, Claudia Kimie Suemoto, Daniel Apolinario, Natália Oiring de Castro Cezar, Serpui Marie Elmadjian, Wilson Jacob Filho, Mônica Sanches Yassuda
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to (1) evaluate a geriatric outpatient sample with the FRAIL scale; (2) investigate the psychometric properties of the scale; and (3) characterize different associations of the subdimensions of the scale with demographic and clinical data. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Geriatric outpatient center a university-based hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 811 men and women aged 60 years or older evaluated between March 2015 and September 2015...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214238/high-prevalence-of-low-serum-biologically-active-testosterone-in%C3%A2-older-male-veterans
#2
Christine F Conover, Joshua F Yarrow, Timothy J Garrett, Fan Ye, Eoin P Quinlivan, Darryl F Cannady, Mark D Peterson, Stephen E Borst
OBJECTIVES: Assess the prevalence of hypogonadism in older male Veterans by comparing direct measurements of total testosterone (T) and bioavailable testosterone (BioT) versus indirect BioT values derived from existing and newly developed regression analyses. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Malcom Randall VA Medical Center, Gainesville, FL. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling male Veterans aged 60 and older (n = 203). MEASUREMENTS: Total T, BioT, albumin, sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), and body mass index were evaluated...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214237/knowledge-attitudes-and-preferences-of-advance-decisions-end-of-life-care-and-place-of-care-and-death-in-hong-kong-a%C3%A2-population-based-telephone-survey-of-1067-adults
#3
Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Eliza Lai-Yi Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Yuen-Kwan Chau, Janice Y C Lau, Samuel Yeung-Shan Wong, Eng-Kiong Yeoh, Jean W Woo
OBJECTIVES: According to the 2015 Quality of Death Index published by the Intelligence Unit of the Economist, Hong Kong is ranked 22nd in terms of quality of palliative care in the world, behind many other major developed countries in Asia, including Taiwan, Singapore, Japan, and South Korea. The objectives of the present study were to describe the knowledge, attitude, and preferences of the general Hong Kong adult population across different age groups regarding end-of-life (EOL) care decisions, place of care and death, as well as advance directive (AD)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214236/are-hospital-ed-transfers-less-likely-among-nursing-home-residents-with-do-not-hospitalize-orders
#4
Taeko Nakashima, Yuchi Young, Wan-Hsiang Hsu
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine whether an advance directive "Do Not Hospitalize" (DNH) would be effective in reducing hospital/emergency department (ED) transfers. Similar effects in residents with dementia were also examined. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING/SUBJECTS: New York State (NYS) nursing home residents (n = 43,024). MEASUREMENTS AND ANALYSIS: The Minimum Data Set 2.0 was used to address the study aims...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214235/effects-of-postacute-settings-on-readmission-rates-and-reasons-for%C3%A2-readmission-following-total-knee-arthroplasty
#5
Rodney Laine Welsh, James E Graham, Amol M Karmarkar, Natalie E Leland, Jacques G Baillargeon, Dana L Wild, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
OBJECTIVES: Examine the effects of postacute discharge setting on unplanned hospital readmissions following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in older adults. DESIGN: Secondary analyses of 100% Medicare (inpatient) claims files. SETTING: Acute hospitals across the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries ≥66 years of age who were discharged from an acute hospital following TKA in 2009-2011 (n = 608,031)...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214234/reablement-reactivation-rehabilitation-and-restorative-interventions-with-older-adults-in-receipt-of-home-care-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Joanie Sims-Gould, Catherine E Tong, Lutetia Wallis-Mayer, Maureen C Ashe
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the impact of reablement, reactivation, rehabilitation, and restorative (4R) programs for older adults in receipt of home care services. DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: We searched the following electronic bibliographic databases: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health), SPORTDiscus and The Cochrane Library and reference lists. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials that describe original data on the impact of home-based rehabilitative care and were written in English...
February 14, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202349/muscle-ultrasound-and-sarcopenia-in-older-individuals-a-clinical-perspective
#7
REVIEW
Andrea Ticinesi, Tiziana Meschi, Marco V Narici, Fulvio Lauretani, Marcello Maggio
INTRODUCTION: A precise quantitative measurement of skeletal muscle mass is fundamental for diagnosing sarcopenia in older individuals. The current techniques of assessment, including dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA), bioimpedance analysis (BIA), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are either difficult to perform in everyday clinical practice or biased by concurrent clinical confounders. B-mode muscle ultrasound can be helpful in assessing muscle mass and architecture, and thus possibly useful for diagnosing or screening sarcopenia...
February 12, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162927/the-standardization-of-frailty-phenotype-criteria-improves-its-predictive-ability-the-toledo-study-for-healthy-aging
#8
Cristina Alonso Bouzón, Jose Antonio Carnicero, Jimmy Gonzáles Turín, Francisco J García-García, Andrés Esteban, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have assessed the performance of the original frailty phenotype criteria (FPC) and the standardized version according to the characteristics of the population. No studies exist, however, evaluating the impact of this standardization on its predictive ability. OBJECTIVE: To compare how the original FPC and the standardized-frailty phenotype criteria (S-FPC) estimate the prevalence of frailty and their ability to predict mortality, hospitalization, incident disability, and falls...
February 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159469/efforts-to-reduce-antipsychotic-use-in-dementia-care-are-starting-to-bear-fruit-but-a-lot-of-work-remains-to-be-done
#9
EDITORIAL
M Susan Macaulay
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159468/rethinking-dementia-care-the-value-of-green-care-farming
#10
EDITORIAL
Simone de Bruin, Bram de Boer, Hanneke Beerens, Yvette Buist, Hilde Verbeek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159467/c-reactive-protein-predicts-incidence-of-dementia-in-an-elderly-asian-community-cohort
#11
Pai-Feng Hsu, Wen-Harn Pan, Bak-Sau Yip, Rosalind Chia-Yu Chen, Hao-Min Cheng, Shao-Yuan Chuang
BACKGROUND: Many studies have investigated the association between markers for peripheral inflammation and risk of dementia, but the results have been conflicting. We aimed to evaluate the association between a specific inflammation marker, C-reactive protein (CRP), and dementia in an elderly Asian community cohort. METHODS: The cohort included 1436 individuals (ages 65 and older) from a national representative sample in Taiwan. Dementia incidence was identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for vascular dementia, Alzheimer disease, and nonvascular dementia...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159466/use-of-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors-and-risk-of-hip-fracture-in-the-elderly-a-case-control-study-in-taiwan
#12
Shih-Chang Hung, Chih-Hsueh Lin, Hung-Chang Hung, Cheng-Li Lin, Shih-Wei Lai
BACKGROUND: This population based study investigated the relationship between use of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and hip fractures in the elderly in Taiwan. METHODS: Analysis of a random sample of 1 million insurance enrollees' data identified 4,891 patients with newly diagnosed hip fractures and 4,891 controls without hip fracture between 2000 and 2011. Both cases and controls were ≥65 years of age and were matched by sex, age, comorbidities, and index year of hip fracture diagnosis...
January 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131720/how-important-are-health-care-expenditures-for-life-expectancy-a-comparative-european-analysis
#13
Wim J A van den Heuvel, Marinela Olaroiu
OBJECTIVES: The relationship between health care expenditures and health care outcomes, such as life expectancy and mortality, is complex. Research outcomes show different and contradictory results on this relationship. How and why health care expenditures affect health outcomes is not clear. A causal link between the two is not proven. Without such knowledge, effects of increase/decrease in health care expenses on health outcomes may be overestimated/underestimated. This study analyzes the relationship between life expectancy at birth and expenditures on health care, taking into account expenditures of social production and education, as well as the quantity and quality of health care provisions and lifestyles...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131719/the-association-of-potentially-inappropriate-medication-at-older-age-with-cardiovascular-events-and-overall-mortality-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#14
REVIEW
Dana Clarissa Muhlack, Liesa Katharina Hoppe, Janick Weberpals, Hermann Brenner, Ben Schöttker
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to identify, evaluate, and meta-analyze cohort studies reporting the association of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) intake with mortality and cardiovascular events. DESIGN: A systematic review and meta-analysis of prospective and retrospective cohort studies were conducted. Study appraisal included a thorough risk of bias assessment. Data synthesis followed a random-effects model. DATA SOURCES: The included studies were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE and ISI Web of Knowledge...
January 25, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109688/development-of-a-healthy-aging-score-in-the-population-based-rotterdam-study-evaluating-age-and-sex-differences
#15
Loes Jaspers, Josje D Schoufour, Nicole S Erler, Sirwan K L Darweesh, Marileen L P Portegies, Sanaz Sedaghat, Lies Lahousse, Guy G Brusselle, Bruno H Stricker, Henning Tiemeier, M Arfan Ikram, Joop S E Laven, Oscar H Franco, Maryam Kavousi
OBJECTIVES: To develop a healthy aging score (HAS), to assess age and sex differences in HAS, and to evaluate the association of the HAS with survival. DESIGN: Prospective population-based cohort. SETTING: Inhabitants of Ommoord, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 1405 men and 2122 women, mean (standard deviation) age 75.9 (6.4) years. MAIN MEASURES: We included 7 domains in the total score of HAS: chronic diseases, mental health, cognitive function, physical function, pain, social support, and quality of life; each scored 0, 1, or 2 in each domain...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108209/the-impact-of-cognitive-impairment-on-efficacy-of-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#16
Fiona A H M Cleutjens, Martijn A Spruit, Rudolf W H M Ponds, Lowie E G W Vanfleteren, Frits M E Franssen, Jeanette B Dijkstra, Candy Gijsen, Emiel F M Wouters, Daisy J A Janssen
OBJECTIVES: To compare changes in pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) dropout and outcomes between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with and without cognitive impairment. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Patients with COPD were recruited from a PR centre in the Netherlands. PARTICIPANTS: The study population consisted of 157 patients with clinically stable COPD who were referred for and completed PR...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108208/less-than-one-fifth-of-people-aged-75%C3%A2-years-or-older-in-the-real-world-were-suitable-for-sprint-results
#17
LETTER
Chih-Jen Wang, Ting-Ching Tang, Cheng-Hao Hung, Li-Kuo Liu, Li-Ning Peng, Liang-Kung Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108207/cognitive-impairment-is-very-common-in-elderly-patients-with-syncope-and-unexplained-falls
#18
Susanne C de Ruiter, Jos F M de Jonghe, Tjeerd Germans, Jaap H Ruiter, René W M M Jansen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of cognitive impairment (CI), including mild CI and dementia, in elderly patients with syncope and unexplained falls. In this population, we compared the use of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) with a cognitive screening test that assesses executive dysfunction typical of subcortical (vascular) CI, that is, the Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING: Outpatient fall and syncope clinic...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108206/circadian-variation-in-post-void-residual-in-nursing-home-residents-with-moderate-impairment-in-activities-of-daily-living
#19
Veerle Decalf, Anja Huion, Marie-Astrid Denys, Candy Kumps, Mirko Petrovic, Karel Everaert
BACKGROUND: Despite the conflicting evidence about postvoid residual (PVR) and its variation in time and corresponding voided volume (VV), studies with urinary diaries and systematic measurements of PVR after each void have never been conducted in nursing home (NH) residents. OBJECTIVE: To describe the circadian rhythm of PVR and residual fraction (RF, the net quantity of PVR) and to identify the time window with the highest PVR and RF. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A multicentre prospective study conducted between 2014 and 2015 in 5 Belgian NHs...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108205/modifying-the-phenotypic-frailty-model-in-predicting-risk-of-major-osteoporotic-fracture-in-the-elderly
#20
Guowei Li, Alexandra Papaioannou, Lehana Thabane, Mitchell A H Levine, George Ioannidis, Andy K O Wong, Arthur Lau, Jonathan D Adachi
INTRODUCTION: The phenotypic frailty (PF) model (including slow walking, low physical activity, exhaustion, weakness, and unintentional weight loss) has been widely used to quantify the degree of frailty and predict risks of adverse health outcomes for the elderly. However, evidence has shown that not all the components included in the PF model contribute equally, and low predictive accuracy of the PF model has been reported in predicting risks of outcomes. We aimed to improve predictive accuracy of the PF model in risk of major osteoporotic fracture (MOF) in the elderly by modifying its weighting of individual components...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
journal
journal
34775
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"