journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006016/cardiovascular-risk-factors-and-the-risk-of-disability-in-older-adults-variation-by-age-and-functional-status
#1
Emerald G Heiland, Anna-Karin Welmer, Rui Wang, Giola Santoni, Laura Fratiglioni, Chengxuan Qiu
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to quantify the increased risk of disability associated with cardiovascular risk factors among older adults, and to verify whether this risk may vary by age and functional status. DESIGN: Longitudinal population-based cohort study. SETTING: Urban area of Stockholm, Sweden. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling and institutionalized adults ≥60 years in the Swedish National study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen free of cardiovascular diseases and disability (n = 1756) at baseline (2001-2004)...
July 10, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006015/effect-of-low-dose-statins-and-apolipoprotein-e-genotype-on-cerebral-small-vessel-disease-in-older-hypertensive-patients-a-subgroup-analysis-of-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#2
Tiantian Ji, Yingxin Zhao, Juan Wang, Yi Cui, Dandan Duan, Qiang Chai, Hua Zhang, Zhendong Liu
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of low-dose statins and apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes on cerebral small vessel disease (CSVD) to prevent CSVD in older hypertensive patients. DESIGN: A subgroup analysis of a randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Shandong area, China. PARTICIPANTS: Hypertensive patients aged ≥60 years were recruited from April 2008 to November 2010. MEASUREMENTS: Patients were randomly assigned to rosuvastatin (10 mg/day) or placebo groups...
July 10, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006014/access-to-and-confidence-in-using-technology-among-homebound-older-adults-and-caregivers
#3
LETTER
Karen A Abrashkin, Vidhi Patel, Andrzej Kozikowski, Meng Zhang, Asantewaa Poku, Renee Pekmezaris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 10, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983362/the-effect-of-xerostomic-medication-on-oral-health-in-persons-with-dementia
#4
Duangjai Lexomboon, Edwin Ck Tan, Jonas Höijer, Sara Garcia-Ptacek, Maria Eriksdotter, Dorota Religa, Johan Fastbom, Kristina Johnell, Gunilla Sandborgh-Englund
OBJECTIVES: Medication-induced hyposalivation can increase the risk for oral complications, including dental caries and tooth loss. This problem is particularly important in people with dementia because of their declining ability to maintain oral care. The objective of this study was to describe the association between the number of xerostomic medications used and tooth loss and restorative and dental preventive treatment in a population of persons with dementia. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based register study with a 3-year follow-up was conducted...
July 5, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983361/socioeconomic-and-geographic-disparities-in-accessing-nursing-homes-with-high-star-ratings
#5
Yiyang Yuan, Christopher Louis, Howard Cabral, Jeffrey C Schneider, Colleen M Ryan, Lewis E Kazis
OBJECTIVES: The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services Nursing Home Compare (NHC) serves as the most comprehensive repository of Medicaid- and/or Medicare-certified nursing homes providing services to approximately 1.4 million US residents. A gap in the literature exists in understanding on the national level whether residents from socioeconomically disadvantaged counties experience disparities in the access to nursing homes with higher NHC star ratings. The study aimed to examine nursing home quality variations with regard to county-level socioeconomic, geographic, and metropolitan status, while adjusting for nursing home facility-level characteristics...
July 5, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29983360/assessment-of-skeletal-muscle-mass-in-older-people-comparison-between-2-anthropometry-based-methods-and-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry
#6
Vincenzo Carnevale, Valeria Castriotta, Pamela Angela Piscitelli, Luciano Nieddu, Maria Mattera, Giuseppe Guglielmi, Alfredo Scillitani
OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia is a common geriatric syndrome, whose diagnosis implies the assessment of muscle mass. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is the reference method for clinical practice, but it is not universally available. We compared DXA with 2 anthropometry-based methods to assess muscle mass in older adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Ambulatory patients. PARTICIPANTS: 148 (87 female and 61 male) white older adults...
July 5, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29980481/are-the-kihon-checklist-and-the-kaigo-yobo-checklist-compatible-with-the-frailty-index
#7
Gotaro Kojima, Yu Taniguchi, Akihiko Kitamura, Shoji Shinkai
OBJECTIVES: To explore comparability of Kihon Checklist (KCL) and Kaigo-Yobo Checklist (KYCL) to Frailty Index (FI) in predicting risks of long-term care insurance (LTCI) certification and/or mortality over 3 years. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 1023 Japanese community-dwelling older adults from the Kusatsu Longitudinal Study of Aging and Health. MEASURES: Frailty status was quantified at baseline using KCL, KYCL, and 32-deficit and 68-deficit FI...
July 3, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29970296/drug-administration-to-the-wrong-nursing-home-residents-reported-to-the-qu%C3%A3-bec-poison-center-a-retrospective-study
#8
Pierre-André Dubé, Jessie Portelance, Olivier Corbeil, Mélanie Tessier, Maude St-Onge
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the association between the administration of drugs to the wrong nursing home residents with a need for hospital treatment or as an indicator of mortality. DESIGN: A retrospective observational study of medical records from February 1, 2016, to January 31, 2017. SETTING: Calls made to the Quebec Poison Center. PARTICIPANTS: Nursing home residents aged ≥65 years. INTERVENTION(S): Medication administered to the wrong resident...
June 30, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958818/effects-of-geriatric-team-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
REVIEW
Peter Nordström, Karl-Gunnar Thorngren, Ami Hommel, Lena Ziden, Sten Anttila
OBJECTIVE: Systematic rehabilitation by geriatric interdisciplinary teams has been associated with favorable outcomes in frail older patients. The aim of the present meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of interdisciplinary geriatric team rehabilitation in older patients with hip fracture. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Randomized controlled trials involving participants sustaining hip fractures at the age of 65 years or older were included. Included trials evaluated effects of interdisciplinary geriatric team rehabilitation compared with usual postoperative care and reported on at least one of the following outcomes: activities of daily living (ADLs), physical function, mobility, depression, cognitive function, discharge to home, quality of life, influence on relatives, complications, and survival...
June 26, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29941344/orthostatic-hypotension-in-the-elderly-a-marker-of-clinical-frailty
#10
Ilaria Liguori, Gennaro Russo, Vincenzo Coscia, Luisa Aran, Giulia Bulli, Francesco Curcio, David Della-Morte, Gaetano Gargiulo, Gianluca Testa, Francesco Cacciatore, Domenico Bonaduce, Pasquale Abete
BACKGROUND: Orthostatic hypotension (OH) has high prevalence in frail older adults. However, its effect on mortality, disability, and hospitalization in frail older adults is poorly investigated. Thus, we assessed the relationship between the prevalence of OH and its effect on mortality, disability, and hospitalization in noninstitutionalized older adults stratified by frailty degree. METHODS: Prospective, observational study of 510 older participants (≥65 years of age) consecutively admitted to a geriatric evaluation unit to perform a geriatric comprehensive assessment...
June 22, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935982/handgrip-strength-cannot-be-assumed-a-proxy-for-overall-muscle-strength
#11
Suey S Y Yeung, Esmee M Reijnierse, Marijke C Trappenburg, Jean-Yves Hogrel, Jamie S McPhee, Mathew Piasecki, Sarianna Sipila, Anu Salpakoski, Gillian Butler-Browne, Mati Pääsuke, Helena Gapeyeva, Marco V Narici, Carel G M Meskers, Andrea B Maier
OBJECTIVES: Dynapenia, low muscle strength, is predictive for negative health outcomes and is usually expressed as handgrip strength (HGS). Whether HGS can be a proxy for overall muscle strength and whether this depends on age and health status is controversial. This study assessed the agreement between HGS and knee extension strength (KES) in populations differing in age and health status. DESIGN: Data were retrieved from 5 cohorts. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Community, geriatric outpatient clinics, and a hospital...
June 20, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29935981/higher-level-of-obesity-is-associated-with-intensive-personal-care-assistance-in-the-nursing-home
#12
Cyrus M Kosar, Kali S Thomas, Pedro L Gozalo, Vincent Mor
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether higher obesity level was associated with extensive staffing assistance (from 2 or more persons) for completing activities of daily living (ADL) among older nursing home residents. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional study. SETTING: US government-certified nursing homes. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare beneficiaries residing in a nursing home on April 1, 2015. Exclusion criteria were age less than 65 years and body mass index (BMI) below 18...
June 20, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29934089/antimicrobial-stewardship-in-long-term-care-facilities-approaches-to-creating-an-antibiogram-when-few-bacterial-isolates-are-cultured-annually
#13
Maria-Stephanie A Tolg, David M Dosa, Robin L P Jump, Angelike P Liappis, Kerry L LaPlante
Antibiograms are important clinical tools to report and track antibiotic susceptibility and help guide empiric antimicrobial therapy. Antibiograms support compliance with antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) requirements from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and are in line with recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Core Elements of AMS for nursing homes/long-term care facilities (LTCFs). Unlike most acute-care settings, LTCFs are challenged in creating antibiograms because of the low number of bacterial isolates collected annually...
June 19, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921508/an-exoskeleton-in-the-rehabilitation-of-institutionalized-elderly-patients-at-high-risk-of-falls-a-pilot-study
#14
LETTER
Walter Verrusio, Alessia Renzi, Maurizio Ripani, Mauro Cacciafesta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921507/comparison-of-computerized-and-paper-and-pencil-memory-tests-in-detection-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-diagnostic-studies
#15
REVIEW
Joyce Y C Chan, Joey S W Kwong, Adrian Wong, Timothy C Y Kwok, Kelvin K F Tsoi
OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic performance of computerized and paper-and-pencil memory tests in detection of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. DESIGN: Diagnostic studies comparing computerized or paper-and-pencil memory tests with the standard diagnostic criterion for MCI or dementia were identified from OVID databases. The primary outcome was the diagnostic performance of memory tests for detection of MCI, and detection of dementia was the secondary outcome...
June 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921506/innovative-use-of-cognitive-interviewing-for-nursing-home-research
#16
LETTER
Renée Shield, Denise Tyler, Clara Berridge, Melissa Clark, Susan C Miller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29921505/implementing-integrated-care-into-assisted-living-the-road-finally-taken
#17
LETTER
Alan Kronhaus, Sheryl Zimmerman, Steven Fuller, David Reed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 16, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910137/the-development-of-a-decision-tool-for-the-empiric-treatment-of-suspected-urinary-tract-infection-in-frail-older-adults-a-delphi-consensus-procedure
#18
Laura W van Buul, Hilde L Vreeken, Suzanne F Bradley, Christopher J Crnich, Paul J Drinka, Suzanne E Geerlings, Robin L P Jump, Lona Mody, Joseph J Mylotte, Mark Loeb, David A Nace, Lindsay E Nicolle, Philip D Sloane, Rhonda L Stuart, Pär-Daniel Sundvall, Peter Ulleryd, Ruth B Veenhuizen, Cees M P M Hertogh
OBJECTIVES: Nonspecific signs and symptoms combined with positive urinalysis results frequently trigger antibiotic therapy in frail older adults. However, there is limited evidence about which signs and symptoms indicate urinary tract infection (UTI) in this population. We aimed to find consensus among an international expert panel on which signs and symptoms, commonly attributed to UTI, should and should not lead to antibiotic prescribing in frail older adults, and to integrate these findings into a decision tool for the empiric treatment of suspected UTI in this population...
June 14, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909052/comparing-mini-sarcopenia-risk-assessment-with-sarc-f-for-screening-sarcopenia-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#19
Ming Yang, Xiaoyi Hu, Lingling Xie, Luoying Zhang, Jie Zhou, Jing Lin, Ying Wang, Yaqi Li, Zengli Han, Daipei Zhang, Yun Zuo, Ying Li
OBJECTIVE: The Mini Sarcopenia Risk Assessment (MSRA), a new sarcopenia screening tool, has 2 versions: MSRA-7 (full version, 7 items) and MSRA-5 (short version, 5 items). We aimed to compare the diagnostic values of MSRA-7 and MSRA-5 to SARC-F for screening sarcopenia. DESIGN: A diagnostic accuracy study. SETTING: A community in Chengdu, China. PARTICIPANTS: Older adults. MEASUREMENTS: Muscle mass, strength, and physical performance were tested using a bioimpedance analysis (BIA) device, handgrip strength, and walking speed, respectively...
June 13, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891183/the-prevalence-of-sarcopenia-in-chinese-elderly-nursing-home-residents-a-comparison-of-4-diagnostic-criteria
#20
Yanli Zeng, Xiaoyi Hu, Lingling Xie, Zengli Han, Yun Zuo, Ming Yang
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the prevalence and associated factors of sarcopenia defined by different criteria in nursing home residents. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Four nursing homes in Chengdu, China. PARTICIPANTS: Elderly adults aged 65 years or older. MEASUREMENTS: We applied 4 diagnostic criteria [European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP), Asia Working Group for Sarcopenia (AWGS), International Working Group on Sarcopenia (IWGS), and Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH)] to define sarcopenia...
June 8, 2018: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
journal
journal
34775
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"