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Journal of the American Medical Directors Association

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629717/sarcopenia-screened-by-the-sarc-f-questionnaire-and-physical-performances-of-elderly-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Yves Rolland, Charlotte Dupuy, Gabor Abellan Van Kan, Matteo Cesari, Bruno Vellas, Marie Faruch, Cedric Dray, Philipe de Souto Barreto
OBJECTIVES: Screening for sarcopenia in daily practice can be challenging. Our objective was to explore whether the SARC-F questionnaire is a valid screening tool for sarcopenia (defined by the Foundation for the National Institutes of Health [FNIH] criteria). Moreover, we evaluated the physical performance of older women according to the SARC-F questionnaire. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: Data from the Toulouse and Lyon EPIDémiologie de l'OStéoporose study (EPIDOS) on 3025 women living in the community (mean age: 80...
June 16, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625389/higher-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-to-saturated-fatty-acid-ratio-is-associated-with-cognition-mobility-nutrient-intakes-and-higher-diet-quality-in-heterogeneous-older-populations
#2
LETTER
Satu K Jyväkorpi, Kaisu H Pitkälä, Taija M Puranen, Mikko P Björkman, Merja H Suominen, Timo E Strandberg, Helena Soini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625388/management-of-comorbidities-in-older-persons-with-type-2-diabetes
#3
EDITORIAL
John E Morley, Angela M Abbatecola, Jean Woo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623158/the-disaster-evacuation-or-shelter-in-place-decision-who-will-decide
#4
EDITORIAL
David A Smith, Paul J Swacina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623157/mortality-and-antipsychotic-drug-use-in-elderly-patients-with-parkinson-disease-in-nursing-homes
#5
Dao Thu Trang, Charlène Cool, Clarisse Laffon de Mazieres, Maryse Lapeyre-Mestre, Jean-Louis Montastruc, Olivier Rascol, Yves Rolland, Agnès Sommet
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate mortality rate in elderly and very elderly (≥85 years) residents with Parkinson disease (PD) in nursing homes (NHs) with and without antipsychotic drugs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PARTICIPANTS: All residents with PD from the 6275 NH residents participating in the Impact d'une démarche QUAlité sur l'évolution des pratiques et le déclin fonctionnel des Résidents en Etablissement d'hébergement pour personnes âgées dépendantes (IQUARE) study...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623156/trends-in-influenza-and-pneumococcal-vaccination-among-us-nursing-home-residents-2006-2014
#6
Carla L Black, Walter W Williams, Inaki Arbeloa, Natasa Kordic, Lindsay Yang, Tom MaCurdy, Chris Worrall, Jeffrey A Kelman
BACKGROUND: Institutionalized adults are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality from influenza and pneumococcal infection. Influenza and pneumococcal vaccination have been shown to be effective in reducing hospitalization and deaths due to pneumonia and influenza in this population. OBJECTIVE: To assess trends in influenza vaccination coverage among US nursing home residents from the 2005-2006 through 2014-2015 influenza seasons and trends in pneumococcal vaccination coverage from 2006 to 2014 among US nursing home residents, by state and demographic characteristics...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623155/care-toward-the-end-of-life-in-older-populations-and-its-implementation-facilitators-and-barriers-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Diane Erin Threapleton, Roger Y Chung, Samuel Y S Wong, Eliza L Y Wong, Nicole Kiang, Patsy Y K Chau, Jean Woo, Vincent C H Chung, Eng Kiong Yeoh
PURPOSE: To inform health system improvements for care of elderly populations approaching the end of life (EOL) by identifying important elements of care and implementation barriers and facilitators. DESIGN: A scoping review was carried out to identify key themes in EOL care. Articles were identified from MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library, organizational websites, and internet searches. Eligible publications included reviews, reports, and policy documents published between 2005 and 2016...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623154/standardizing-protection-of-patients-rights-from-polst-to-moeli-medical-orders-for-end-of-life-intervention
#8
EDITORIAL
Richard B Stuart, Stephen Thielke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623153/cognitive-status-of-older-adults-on-admission-to-a-skilled-nursing-facility-according-to-a-hospital-discharge-diagnosis-of-dementia
#9
Brian Downer, Kali S Thomas, Vincent Mor, James S Goodwin, Kenneth J Ottenbacher
OBJECTIVE: Describe the cognitive status on admission to a skilled nursing facility (SNF) according to a hospital discharge diagnosis of dementia in a national sample of Medicare beneficiaries. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort design. SETTING: SNFs in the United States. PARTICIPANTS: Medicare-fee-for-service beneficiaries newly admitted to an SNF within 3 days of discharge from an acute hospital during 2013-2014 (n = 1,885,015)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623152/singapore-healthy-older-people-everyday-hope-study-prevalence-of-frailty-and-associated-factors-in-older-adults
#10
Reshma A Merchant, Matthew Zhixuan Chen, Linda Wei Lin Tan, Moses YiDong Lim, Han Kwee Ho, Rob M van Dam
BACKGROUND: In the context of a rapidly ageing population, Singapore is anticipating a rise in multimorbidity, disability, and dependency, which are driven by physical frailty. Healthy Older People Everyday (HOPE) is an epidemiologic population-based study on community-dwelling older adults aged 65 years and older in Singapore. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of frail and prefrail states and their association with polypharmacy, multimorbidity, cognitive and functional status, and perceived health status among community-dwelling older adults in Singapore...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623151/cognitive-performance-across-3-frailty-phenotypes-toledo-study-for-healthy-aging
#11
Cristina Rosado-Artalejo, Jose Antonio Carnicero, Jose Losa-Reyna, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Carmen Castillo-Gallego, Gonzalo Gutierrez-Avila, Ana Alfaro-Acha, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo, Leocadio Rodríguez-Mañas, Francisco José García-García
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is a strong predictor of adverse health events, but its impact on cognitive function is poorly understood. AIM: To assess cognitive performance in frailty and to identify the frailty stage where cognitive impairment begins. METHODS: Data were taken from 2044 people aged ≥65 years without cognitive impairment selected from the Toledo Study for Healthy Aging, a population-based cohort of older adults. Frailty status was assessed by 3 different scales: Frailty Phenotype (FP), Frailty Trait Scale (FTS), and Frailty Index (FI)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623150/another-impairment-in-older-age-what-does-osteosarcopenic-obesity-syndrome-mean-for-middle-aged-and-older-women
#12
EDITORIAL
Jasminka Z Ilich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 13, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602617/objective-measures-of-activity-in-the-elderly-distribution-and-associations-with-demographic-and-health-factors
#13
Chantal M Koolhaas, Frank J A van Rooij, Josje D Schoufour, Magda Cepeda, Henning Tiemeier, Soren Brage, Oscar H Franco
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the distribution of activity over the full 24-hour spectrum in late old age and its association with demographic and health factors. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the distribution of physical activity (PA), sedentary behavior, and sleep, and associated factors in the elderly population. METHODS: Our study included 1210 participants (51.9% women) aged 70-94 years [mean age 77.5 years, standard deviation (SD) 5.0] from the population-based Rotterdam Study...
June 8, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587851/incidence-of-pressure-ulcers-during-home-and-institutional-care-among-long-term-care-insurance-beneficiaries-with-dementia-using-the-korean-elderly-cohort
#14
Juyeong Kim, Young Choi, Jaeyong Shin, Suk-Yong Jang, Kyeong Hee Cho, Jin Young Nam, Eun Cheol Park
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether type of long-term care service is a risk factor of the incidence of pressure ulcers among older adults with dementia who are receiving long-term care insurance (LTCI). METHODS: Data from LTCI beneficiaries (benefit level 1 or 2) with dementia, aged 60 and older (n = 7841), in the Korean Elderly Cohort data set from 2008 to 2013 were used. Type of long-term care service was categorized into home or institutional care using the LTCI Claims Database...
June 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587850/frailty-and-risk-of-adverse-outcomes-in-hospitalized-older-adults-a%C3%A2-comparison-of-different-frailty-measures
#15
Edward Chong, Esther Ho, Jewel Baldevarona-Llego, Mark Chan, Lynn Wu, Laura Tay
OBJECTIVES: There is a paucity of data for the assessment of frailty in acutely ill hospitalized older adults. We aim to (1) compare the performance of frailty measures [5-item scale of fatigue, resistance, ambulation, illnesses, and loss of weight) (FRAIL), Tilburg Frailty Indicator (TFI), and Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS)] in identifying frailty, using the widely adopted Frailty Index (FI) as "gold standard," and (2) compare their ability to predict negative outcomes among hospitalized older adults...
June 3, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578883/hospital-at-home-integrated-care-program-for-older-patients-with-orthopedic-processes-an-efficient-alternative-to-usual-hospital-based-care
#16
Conxita Closa, Miquel À Mas, Sebastià J Santaeugènia, Marco Inzitari, Aida Ribera, Miquel Gallofré
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes and costs for patients with orthogeriatric conditions in a home-based integrated care program versus conventional hospital-based care. DESIGN: Quasi-experimental longitudinal study. SETTING: An acute care hospital, an intermediate care hospital, and the community of an urban area in the North of Barcelona, in Southern Europe. PARTICIPANTS: In a 2-year period, we recruited 367 older patients attended at an orthopedic/traumatology unit in an acute hospital for fractures and/or arthroplasty...
May 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578882/exercise-for-disease-prevention-and-management-a-precision-medicine-approach
#17
LETTER
Robinson Ramírez-Vélez, Felipe Lobelo, Mikel Izquierdo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578881/increased-myogenic-and-protein-turnover-signaling-in-skeletal-muscle-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients-with-sarcopenia
#18
Anita E M Kneppers, Ramon C J Langen, Harry R Gosker, Lex B Verdijk, Nanca Cebron Lipovec, Pieter A Leermakers, Marco C J M Kelders, Chiel C de Theije, Daniel Omersa, Mitja Lainscak, Annemie M W J Schols
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia was recently recognized as an independent condition by an International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision, Clinical Modification code, and is a frequently observed comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Muscle mass is primarily dictated by the balance between protein degradation and synthesis, but their relative contribution to sarcopenia is unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess potential differential molecular regulation of protein degradation and synthesis, as well as myogenesis, in the skeletal muscle of COPD patients with and without sarcopenia...
May 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578880/quality-of-care-in-nursing-homes-in-brazil
#19
Wagner Ivan Fonseca de Oliveira, Pedro Jesus Saturno Hernández, Kelienny de Meneses Sousa, Gérson da Silva, Zenewton André da Silva Gama
BACKGROUND: There is an increased demand for nursing homes (NHs) in middle-income countries such as Brazil. To monitor the quality of NHs, there is a need for reliable instruments to assess the extent to which the care provided meets the expectations and rights of residents and their families. PURPOSE: To evaluate the reliability, applicability, and measurement results of an instrument for assessing the quality of NH care assessment. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study in 31 NHs, applying the Observable Indicators of Nursing Home Care Quality Instrument (OINHQ) adapted to the Brazilian context...
May 31, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558966/advanced-glycation-end-products-are-associated-with-the-presence-and-severity-of-paratonia-in-early-stage-alzheimer-disease
#20
Hans Drenth, Sytse U Zuidema, Wim P Krijnen, Ivan Bautmans, Cees van der Schans, Hans Hobbelen
OBJECTIVE: Paratonia, a distinctive form of hypertonia in patients with dementia, causes loss of functional mobility in early stage dementia to severe contractures and pain in the late stages. The pathogenesis of paratonia is not well understood. Patients in early stage dementia with diabetes mellitus showed a significantly higher risk for the development of paratonia. Both Alzheimer disease and diabetes mellitus are related to higher concentrations of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs)...
May 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
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