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Biomacromolecules

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731680/nitrilotriacetic-amine-functionalized-polymeric-core-shell-nanoparticles-as-enzyme-immobilization-supports
#1
Dominic Keller, Ana Beloqui, Monica Martínez-Martínez, Manuel Ferrer, Guillaume Delaittre
Nitrilotriacetic amine (NTA) functionalized nanoparticles obtained by aqueous polymerization-induced self-assembly (PISA) are introduced as immobilization supports for polyhistidine-functionalized (His-tagged) enzymes. A novel initiator for nitroxide-mediated polymerization based on the nitroxide SG1 and carrying a protected NTA moiety was first synthesized. Size-exclusion chromatography (SEC) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) proved the ability of this initiator to produce well-defined end-functional vinyl polymers...
July 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731679/binding-of-bacteria-to-poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-modified-with-vancomycin-comparison-of-behavior-of-linear-and-highly-branched-polymers
#2
Pavintorn Teratanatorn, Richard Hoskins, Thomas Swift, C W Ian Douglas, Joanna Shepherd, Stephen Rimmer
The behavior of a linear copolymer of N-isopropyl acrylamide with pendant vancomycin functionality was compared to an analogous highly branched copolymer with vancomycin functionality at the chain ends. Highly branched poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) modified with vancomycin (HB-PNIPAM-van) was synthesized by functionalization of the HB-PNIPAM, prepared using reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization. Linear PNIPAM with pendant vancomycin functionality (L-PNIPAM-van) was synthesized by functionalization of poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide-co-vinyl benzoic acid)...
July 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731677/an-evaluation-of-optimal-pegylation-strategies-for-maximizing-the-lymphatic-exposure-and-antiviral-activity-of-interferon-after-subcutaneous-administration
#3
Linda J Chan, Orlagh M Feeney, Nathania J Leong, Victoria M Mcleod, Christopher J H Porter, Charlotte C Williams, Lisa M Kaminskas
Interferon α2 is an antiviral/antiproliferative protein that is currently used to treat hepatitis C infections and several forms of cancer. Two PEGylated variants of interferon α2 (containing 12 and 40 kDa PEGs) are currently marketed and display longer plasma circulation times than unmodified interferon. With increasing realization that the lymphatic system plays an important role in the extrahepatic replication of the hepatitis C virus and in the metastatic dissemination of cancers, this study sought to evaluate PEGylation strategies to optimally enhance the antiviral activity and plasma and lymphatic exposure of interferon after subcutaneous administration in rats...
July 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731675/sustained-release-of-a-peptide-based-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-inhibitor-to-attenuate-adverse-cardiac-remodeling-and-improve-cardiac-function-following-myocardial-infarction
#4
Zhaobo Fan, Minghuan Fu, Zhaobin Xu, Bo Zhang, Zhihong Li, Haichang Li, Xinyu Zhou, Xuanyou Liu, Yunyan Duan, Pei-Hui Lin, Pu Duann, Xiaoyun Xie, Jianjie Ma, Zhenguo Liu, Jianjun Guan
Following myocardial infarction (MI), degradation of extracellular matrix (ECM) by upregulated matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) especially MMP-2 decreases tissue mechanical properties, leading to cardiac function deterioration. Attenuation of cardiac ECM degradation at the early stage of MI has the potential to preserve tissue mechanical properties, resulting in cardiac function increase. Yet the strategy for efficiently preventing cardiac ECM degradation remains to be established. Current preclinical approaches have shown limited efficacy due to low drug dosage allocated to the heart tissue, dose-limiting side effects, and cardiac fibrosis...
July 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682629/biodegradable-strain-promoted-click-hydrogels-for-encapsulation-of-drug-loaded-nanoparticles-and-sustained-release-of-therapeutics
#5
Robert J Ono, Ashlynn L Z Lee, Zhi Xiang Voo, Shrinivas Venkataraman, Bei Wei Koh, Yi Yan Yang, James L Hedrick
Biodegradable polycarbonate-based ABA triblock copolymers were synthesized via organocatalyzed ring-opening polymerization and successfully formulated into chemically cross-linked hydrogels by strain-promoted alkyne-azide cycloaddition (SPAAC). The synthesis and cross-linking of these polymers are copper-free, thereby eliminating the concern over metallic contaminants for biomedical applications. Gelation occurs rapidly within a span of 60 s by simple mixing of the azide- and cyclooctyne-functionalized polymer solutions...
July 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679037/biopolymer-molecular-weight-can-modulate-the-wound-healing-efficacy-of-multivalent-sonic-hedgehog-hyaluronic-acid-conjugates
#6
Taylor A Holstlaw, Mavish Mahomed, Livia W Brier, David M Young, Nancy J Boudreau, Wesley M Jackson
There is a clinical need for new therapeutics to improve healing of chronic impaired wounds. Thus, we investigated how biopolymer conjugation could be used to improve the wound healing performance of a key growth factor for tissue regeneration: Sonic hedgehog (Shh). We generated two multivalent Shh conjugates (mvShh) using hyaluronic acid with two different MWs, which exhibited equivalent potency and proteolytic protection in vitro. Using db/db diabetic mice, we showed that mvShh made with smaller HyA MW resulted in more rapid and robust neovascularization compared to mvShh made with larger MW HyA...
July 21, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726393/bioreducible-peptide-dendrimeric-nanogels-with-abundant-expanded-voids-for-efficient-drug-entrapment-and-delivery
#7
Dan Zhong, Zhaoxu Tu, Xiao Zhang, Yachao Li, Xianghui Xu, Zhongwei Gu
Dendrimer-based nanoplatforms have exhibited the wide prospect in the field of nanomedicine for drug delivery, without great success due to many predicaments of cytotoxicity, high cost and low yield. In this work, we report a feasible strategy on dynamic cross-linkings of low-generation peptide dendrimers into bioreducible nanogels for efficient drug controlled release. With a facile fabrication, the disulfide cross-linkings of biocompatible peptide dendrimers successfully possess well-defined and stable nanostructures with abundant expanded voids for efficient molecular encapsulation...
July 20, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724292/adsorption-of-proteins-on-colloidal-lignin-particles-for-advanced-biomaterials
#8
Timo Leskinen, Joanna Witos, Juan José Valle Delgado, Kalle Sakari Lintinen, Mauri A Kostiainen, Susanne Kristina Wiedmer, Monika Österberg, Maija-Liisa Mattinen
Coating of colloidal lignin particles (CLPs), or lignin nanoparticles (LNPs), with proteins was evaluated in order to establish a safe, self-assembly-mediated modification technique to tune their surface chemistry. Gelatin and poly- L-lysine formed the most pronounced protein corona on the CLP surface, as determined by dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential measurements. Spherical morphology of individual protein coated CLPs was confirmed by transmission electron (TEM) and atomic force (AFM) microscopy...
July 19, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721731/self-assembled-injectable-peptide-hydrogels-capable-of-triggering-antitumor-immune-response
#9
Ruirui Xing, Shukun Li, Ning Zhang, Guizhi Shen, Helmuth Möhwald, Xuehai Yan
Self-assembled peptide hydrogels are particularly appealing for drug delivery, tissue engineering, and anti-tumor therapy due to various advantageous features including excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, defined molecular and higher organized structures and easy availability. However, the poor mechanical and rheological properties of assembled peptide hydrogels cause difficulties in injection, thus limiting further applications. Herein, injectable peptide-based hydrogels with tunable mechanical and rheological properties were obtained by combination with a positively charged poly-peptide (poly-L-lysine, PLL)...
July 19, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679056/self-healing-dynamic-hydrogel-as-injectable-shock-absorbing-artificial-nucleus-pulposus
#10
Adrián Pérez-San Vicente, Marianna Peroglio, Manuela Ernst, Pablo Casuso, Iraida Loinaz, Hans-Jürgen Grande, Mauro Alini, David Eglin, Damien Dupin
The intervertebral discs (IVDs) provide unique flexibility to the spine and exceptional shock absorbing properties under impact. The inner core of the IVD, the nucleus pulposus (NP) is responsible for this adaptive behavior. Herein, we evaluate an injectable, self-healing dynamic hydrogel (DH) based on gold(I)-thiolate/disulfide (Au-S/SS) exchange as NP replacement in a spine motion segment model. For the first time, we report the application of dynamic covalent hydrogels inside biological tissues. The dynamic exchange between Au-S species and disulfide bonds (SS) resulted in self-healing ability and frequency-dependent stiffness of the hydrogel, which was also confirmed in spine motion segments...
July 19, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631927/stabilization-of-a-virus-like-particle-and-its-application-as-a-nanoreactor-at-physiological-conditions
#11
Lise Schoonen, Sjors Maassen, Roeland J M Nolte, Jan C M van Hest
Virus-like particles are very interesting tools for application in bionanotechnology, due to their monodisperse features and biocompatibility. In particular, the cowpea chlorotic mottle virus (CCMV) capsid has been studied extensively as it can be assembled and disassembled reversibly, facilitating cargo encapsulation. CCMV is, however, only stable at physiological conditions when its endogenous nucleic acid cargo is present. To gain more flexibility in the type of cargo encapsulated and to broaden the window of operation, it is interesting to improve the stability of the empty virus-like particles...
July 19, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719196/thermoresponsive-elastin-b-collagen-like-peptide-bioconjugate-nanovesicles-for-targeted-drug-delivery-to-collagen-containing-matrices
#12
Tianzhi Luo, Michael A David, Lucas C Dunshee, Rebecca A Scott, Morgan A Urello, Christopher Price, Kristi L Kiick
Over the past few decades, (poly)peptide block copolymers have been widely employed in generating well-defined nanostructures as vehicles for targeted drug delivery applications. We previously reported the assembly of thermoresponsive nanovesicles from an elastin-b-collagen like peptide (ELP-CLP). The nanoparticles were observed to dissociate at elevated temperatures, despite the LCST-like behavior of the tethered ELP domain, which is suggested to be triggered by the unfolding of the CLP domain. Here, the potential of using the nanoparticles as drug delivery vehicles for targeting collagen-containing matrices is evaluated...
July 18, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686432/synergistic-reinforcing-mechanisms-in-cellulose-nanofibrils-composite-hydrogels-interfacial-dynamics-energy-dissipation-and-damage-resistance
#13
Jun Yang, Feng Xu
Engineering reversible cross-links between nanoparticles and polymer matrix is a promising avenue to reinforce the mechanical properties of elastomers and in particular soft hydrogels. In this work, we study a model system of composite hydrogel reinforced with cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs), where the integration of reversible hydrogen bonds into a lightly covalently cross-linked polyacrylamide (PAAm) matrix. This approach yields the dual cross-linked networks with synergistically improved strength, modulus, and toughness...
July 18, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682053/biobased-epoxy-resins-from-deconstructed-native-softwood-lignin
#14
Daniel J van de Pas, Kirk M Torr
The synthesis of novel epoxy resins from lignin hydrogenolysis products is reported. Native lignin in pine wood was depolymerized by mild hydrogenolysis to give an oil product that was reacted with epichlorohydrin to give epoxy prepolymers. These were blended with bisphenol A diglycidyl ether or glycerol diglycidyl ether and cured with diethylenetriamine or isophorone diamine. The key novelty of this work lies in using the inherent properties of the native lignin in preparing new biobased epoxy resins. The lignin-derived epoxy prepolymers could be used to replace 25-75% of the bisphenol A diglycidyl ether equivalent, leading to increases of up to 52% in the flexural modulus and up to 38% in the flexural strength...
July 18, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648055/poly-ethylene-glycol-mediated-collagen-gel-mechanics-regulates-cellular-phenotypes-in-a-microchanneled-matrix
#15
Max H Rich, Min Kyung Lee, William C Ballance, Marni Boppart, Hyunjoon Kong
For the past few decades, efforts have been extensively made to reproduce tissue of interests for various uses including fundamental bioscience studies, clinical treatments, and even soft robotic systems. In these studies, cells are often cultured in micropores introduced in a provisional matrix despite that bulk rigidity may negatively affect cellular differentiation involved in tissue formation. To this end, we hypothesized that suspending cells within a soft fibrous matrix that is encapsulated within the microchannels of a provisional matrix would allow us to mediate effects of the matrix rigidity on cells and, in turn, to increase the cell differentiation level...
July 18, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715182/revisiting-the-helical-cooperativity-of-synthetic-polypeptides-in-solution
#16
Yuan Ren, Ryan Baumgartner, Hailin Fu, Paul van der Schoot, Jianjun Cheng, Yao Lin
Using synthetic polypeptides as a model system, the theories of helix-coil transition were developed into one of the most beautiful and fruitful subjects in macromolecular science. The classic models proposed by Schellman and Zimm-Bragg more than 50 years ago, differ in the assumption on whether the configuration of multiple helical sequences separated by random coil sections is allowed in a longer polypeptide chain. Zimm also calculated the critical chain lengths that facilitate such interrupted helices in different solvent conditions...
July 17, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715174/tunable-upper-critical-solution-temperatures-for-acrylamide-copolymers-with-bile-acid-pendants
#17
Yongguang Jia, Qixuan Yu, Zhiyuan Ma, Meng Zhang, Julian X X Zhu
Acrylamide derivatives of bile acids are chosen as a hydrophobic comonomer to copolymerize with acrylamide via reversible addition and fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization to afford a series of copolymers of P(AAm-co-CAA). These copolymers exhibit a sharp and reversible insoluble-soluble transition in water upon heating to a mixing temperature (Tmix) related to the upper critical solution temperature (UCST). Tmix of these copolymers can be conveniently tuned to a practical temperature range, around 37 °C for biomedical applications...
July 17, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686016/a-combination-of-guanidyl-and-phenyl-groups-on-a-dendrimer-enables-efficient-sirna-and-dna-delivery
#18
Hong Chang, Jia Zhang, Hui Wang, Jia Lv, Yiyun Cheng
Gene therapy has received considerable attention due to its great potential in the treatment of various diseases; however, the design of efficient and biocompatible carriers for the delivery of siRNA as well as DNA still remains a major challenge. In this study, we developed an efficient carrier for gene delivery by modification of a compound containing both guanidyl and phenyl groups on the surface of a cationic dendrimer. The guanidyl group on the dendrimer facilitates nucleic acid condensation via specific guanidinium-phosphate interactions, whereas the phenyl group on the polymer is critical for efficient endosomal escape...
July 17, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708390/softwood-lignin-self-assembly-for-nanomaterial-design
#19
Stefan Salentinig, Mark Schubert
Lignin is a natural, renewable biopolymer synthesized by plants. It is a macromolecule consisting of aromatic structures with high density of functional groups making it an ideal precursor for the design of sustainable biomaterials for applications such as drug delivery. The rational design of these materials requires an in-depth understanding of the underlying lignin self-assembly in solution. Colloidal transformations from nano-sized lignin assemblies to sub-micron sized spherical particles upon solvent exchange were studied using small angle X-ray scattering, dynamic light scattering and electron microscopy...
July 14, 2017: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708385/chloroquine-modified-hydroxyethyl-starch-as-a-polymeric-drug-for-cancer-therapy
#20
Richard Sleightholm, Bin Yang, Fei Yu, Ying Xie, David Oupický
Hydroxyethyl starch (HES) is a clinically used polysaccharide colloidal plasma volume expander. The goal of this study was to synthesize HES modified with hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) as a novel polymeric drug with the ability to inhibit the invasive character of pancreatic cancer (PC) cells. HES was conjugated with HCQ using a simple carbonyldiimidazole coupling to prepare Chloroquine-modified HES (CQ-HES). CQ-HES with various degrees of HCQ substitution were synthesized and characterized. Atomic force microscopy was used to demonstrate a pH-dependent assembly of CQ-HES into well-defined nanoparticles...
July 14, 2017: Biomacromolecules
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