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Marine Biotechnology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204970/a-carbonic-anhydrase-serves-as-an-important-acid-base-regulator-in-pacific-oyster-crassostrea-gigas-exposed-to-elevated-co2-implication-for-physiological-responses-of-mollusk-to-ocean-acidification
#1
Xiudan Wang, Mengqiang Wang, Zhihao Jia, Limei Qiu, Lingling Wang, Anguo Zhang, Linsheng Song
Carbonic anhydrases (CAs) have been demonstrated to play an important role in acid-base regulation in vertebrates. However, the classification and modulatory function of CAs in marine invertebrates, especially their responses to ocean acidification remain largely unknown. Here, a cytosolic α-CA (designated as CgCAII-1) was characterized from Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and its molecular activities against CO2 exposure were investigated. CgCAII-1 possessed a conserved CA catalytic domain, with high similarity to invertebrate cytoplasmic or mitochondrial α-CAs...
February 16, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204969/convergent-evolution-of-the-osmoregulation-system-in-decapod-shrimps
#2
Jianbo Yuan, Xiaojun Zhang, Chengzhang Liu, Hu Duan, Fuhua Li, Jianhai Xiang
In adaptating to different aquatic environments, seawater (SW) and freshwater (FW) shrimps have exploited different adaptation strategies, which should generate clusters of genes with different adaptive features. However, little is known about the genetic basis of these physiological adaptations. Thus, in this study, we performed comparative transcriptomics and adaptive evolution analyses on SW and FW shrimps and found that convergent evolution may have happened on osmoregulation system of shrimps. We identified 275 and 234 positively selected genes in SW and FW shrimps, respectively, which enriched in the functions of ion-binding and membrane-bounded organelles...
February 15, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181038/transcriptomic-profiling-of-egg-quality-in-sea-bass-dicentrarchus-labrax-sheds-light-on-genes-involved-in-ubiquitination-and-translation
#3
Daniel Żarski, Thaovi Nguyen, Aurélie Le Cam, Jérôme Montfort, Gilbert Dutto, Marie Odile Vidal, Christian Fauvel, Julien Bobe
Variable and low egg quality is a major limiting factor for the development of efficient aquaculture production. This stems from limited knowledge on the mechanisms underlying egg quality in cultured fish. Molecular analyses, such as transcriptomic studies, are valuable tools to identify the most important processes modulating egg quality. However, very few studies have been devoted to this aspect so far. Within this study, the microarray-based transcriptomic analysis of eggs (of different quality) of sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax) was performed...
February 8, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181037/de-novo-transcriptome-characterization-and-growth-related-gene-expression-profiling-of-diploid-and-triploid-bighead-catfish-clarias-macrocephalus-g%C3%A3-nther-1864
#4
Satid Chatchaiphan, Prapansak Srisapoome, Jin-Hyoung Kim, Robert H Devlin, Uthairat Na-Nakorn
To enhance understanding of triploid gene expression, the transcriptome information from bighead catfish (Clarias macrocephalus Günther, 1864) was studied using the paired-end Illumina HiSeq™ 2000 sequencing platform. In total, 68,227,832 raw reads were generated from liver tissues and 53,149 unigenes were assembled, with an average length of 765 bp and N50 length of 1283 bp. Of these unigenes, 33,428 (62.89%) could be annotated according to their homology with matches in the NCBI non-redundant (Nr), NCBI nucleotide (Nt), Swiss-Prot, Clusters of Orthologous Groups (COG), gene ontology (GO), or Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) databases...
February 8, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168542/copy-number-variations-in-tilapia-genomes
#5
Bi Jun Li, Hong Lian Li, Zining Meng, Yong Zhang, Haoran Lin, Gen Hua Yue, Jun Hong Xia
Discovering the nature and pattern of genome variation is fundamental in understanding phenotypic diversity among populations. Although several millions of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) have been discovered in tilapia, the genome-wide characterization of larger structural variants, such as copy number variation (CNV) regions has not been carried out yet. We conducted a genome-wide scan for CNVs in 47 individuals from three tilapia populations. Based on 254 Gb of high-quality paired-end sequencing reads, we identified 4642 distinct high-confidence CNVs...
February 6, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161851/genome-sequence-of-microbulbifer-mangrovi-dd-13-t-reveals-its-versatility-to-degrade-multiple-polysaccharides
#6
Md Imran, Poonam Pant, Yogini P Shanbhag, Samir V Sawant, Sanjeev C Ghadi
Microbulbifer mangrovi strain DD-13(T) is a novel-type species isolated from the mangroves of Goa, India. The draft genome sequence of strain DD-13 comprised 4,528,106 bp with G+C content of 57.15%. Out of 3479 open reading frames, functions for 3488 protein coding sequences were predicted on the basis of similarity with the cluster of orthologous groups. In addition to protein coding sequences, 34 tRNA genes and 3 rRNA genes were detected. Analysis of nucleotide sequence of predicted gene using a Carbohydrate-Active Enzymes (CAZymes) Analysis Toolkit indicates that strain DD-13 encodes a large set of CAZymes including 255 glycoside hydrolases, 76 carbohydrate esterases, 17 polysaccharide lyases, and 113 carbohydrate-binding modules (CBMs)...
February 4, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161850/potential-anti-proliferative-and-immunomodulatory-effects-of-marine-microalgal-exopolysaccharide-on-various-human-cancer-cells-and-lymphocytes-in-vitro
#7
Geon-Tae Park, Ryeo-Eun Go, Hae-Miru Lee, Geum-A Lee, Cho-Won Kim, Jeong-Woo Seo, Won-Kyung Hong, Kyung-Chul Choi, Kyung-A Hwang
Marine microalgal exopolysaccharides (EPSs) have drawn great attention due to their biotechnological potentials such as anti-viral, anti-oxidant, anti-lipidemic, anti-proliferative, and immunomodulatory activities, etc. In the present study, the EPS derived from microalgae Thraustochytriidae sp.-derived mutant GA was investigated for its anti-proliferation and immunomodulation. Anti-cancer efficacy of the microalgal EPS was examined for the alterations in cell proliferation and cell cycle-related gene expression that occur in three types of human cancer cell lines, BG-1 ovarian, MCF-7 breast, and SW-620 colon cancer cell lines, by its treatment...
February 4, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150103/purification-biochemical-characterization-and-amino-acid-sequence-of-a-novel-type-of-lectin-from-aplysia-dactylomela-eggs-with-antibacterial-antibiofilm-potential
#8
Rômulo Farias Carneiro, Renato Cézar Farias Torres, Renata Pinheiro Chaves, Mayron Alves de Vasconcelos, Bruno Lopes de Sousa, André Castelo Rodrigues Goveia, Francisco Vassiliepe Arruda, Maria Nágila Carneiro Matos, Helena Matthews-Cascon, Valder Nogueira Freire, Edson Holanda Teixeira, Celso Shiniti Nagano, Alexandre Holanda Sampaio
A new lectin from Aplysia dactylomela eggs (ADEL) was isolated by affinity chromatography on HCl-activated Sepharose™ media. Hemagglutination caused by ADEL was inhibited by several galactosides, mainly galacturonic acid (Ka = 6.05 × 10(6) M(-1)). The primary structure of ADEL consists of 217 residues, including 11 half-cystines involved in five intrachain and one interchain disulfide bond, resulting in a molecular mass of 57,228 ± 2 Da, as determined by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time of flight mass spectrometry...
February 1, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138936/rna-seq-analysis-of-the-antioxidant-status-and-immune-response-of-portunus-trituberculatus-following-aerial-exposure
#9
Yuquan Li, Shoumin Lai, Renjie Wang, Yuchao Zhao, Hao Qin, Lingxu Jiang, Na Li, Qiang Fu, Chao Li
Desiccation tolerance has been long considered as an important trait for the life survival under acute environmental stress. One of the biggest problems for modern commercial crab farming is desiccation during transportation; high mortality could occur following the aerial exposure. In this regard, here, we utilized RNA-seq-based transcriptome profiling to characterize the molecular responses of swimming crab in response to aerial exposure. In present study, following aerial exposure, the gill samples were sequenced at 0, 6, 12, and 18 h...
January 30, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138935/immunostimulatory-effect-of-enzyme-modified-hizikia-fusiformein-a-mouse-model-in-vitro-and-ex-vivo
#10
Sang-Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Yu-Kyong Shin, Don-Gil Lee, Jung-Eun Yang, Jae-Hee Park, Tae-Hoo Yi
Hizikia fusiforme, a brown seaweed, has been utilized as a health food and in traditional medicine. In this study, we investigated whether enzyme-modified H. fusiforme extracts (EH) have immunological effects compared with normal H. fusiforme extracts (NH). The effects of NH and EH on immune responses were investigated by assessing nitric oxide (NO) production, phagocytosis, and cytokine secretion in RAW 264.7 murine macrophages and mice. Also, fucosterol was evaluated to find the active component of NH and EH by addressing cytotoxicity test and NO production...
January 30, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28083715/characterization-of-luxi-and-luxr-protein-homologs-of-n-acylhomoserine-lactone-dependent-quorum-sensing-system-in-pseudoalteromonas-sp-520p1
#11
Hoang Tran Dang, Shinya Komatsu, Hideyuki Masuda, Keiichi Enomoto
Pseudoalteromonas sp. 520P1 (hereafter referred to as strain 520P1) produces N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs), which serve as signaling molecules in Gram-negative bacterial quorum sensing. In a previous genomic analysis of the 5.25-Mb genome of strain 520P1, we detected the presence of at least one homolog of the AHL synthase gene (luxI) and five homologs of the transcriptional regulator protein gene (luxR). The LuxI homolog of strain 520P1 (PalI) contained the conserved amino acid motifs shared by all the LuxI family proteins of the different species examined here...
January 12, 2017: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909912/identification-and-characterization-of-the-lysine-rich-matrix-protein-family-in-pinctada-fucata-indicative-of-roles-in-shell-formation
#12
Jian Liang, Jun Xie, Jing Gao, Chao-Qun Xu, Yi Yan, Gan-Chu Jia, Liang Xiang, Li-Ping Xie, Rong-Qing Zhang
Mantle can secret matrix proteins playing key roles in regulating the process of shell formation. The genes encoding lysine-rich matrix proteins (KRMPs) are one of the most highly expressed matrix genes in pearl oysters. However, the expression pattern of KRMPs is limited and the functions of them still remain unknown. In this study, we isolated and identified six new members of lysine-rich matrix proteins, rich in lysine, glycine and tyrosine, and all of them are basic matrix proteins. Combined with four members of the KRMPs previously reported, all these proteins can be divided into three subclasses according to the results of phylogenetic analyses: KRMP1-3 belong to subclass KPI, KRMP4-5 belong to KPII, and KRMP6-10 belong to KPIII...
December 2, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888371/protective-effect-of-the-sulfated-agaran-isolated-from-the-red-seaweed-laurencia-aldingensis-against-toxic-effects-of-the-venom-of-the-snake-lachesis-muta
#13
Ana Cláudia Rodrigues da Silva, Luciana Garcia Ferreira, Maria Eugênia Rabello Duarte, Mutue Toyota Fujii, Eladio Flores Sanchez, Miguel Daniel Noseda, André Lopes Fuly
Snakebite is a serious occupational hazard affecting mainly rural populations of tropical and subtropical developing countries. Lachesis muta (Bushmaster) bites are extremely serious but are rarely reported in the literature. Bushmaster envenomings are characterized by intense local pain, edema, neurotoxicity, hypotension, local hemorrhage, and dramatic systemic alterations. Antivenom treatment has regularly been used for more than a century; however, it fails to neutralize local tissue damage and hemorrhage, leading to morbidity or disabilities in victims...
November 25, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844293/widespread-distribution-of-dehalococcoides-mccartyi-in-the-houston-ship-channel-and-galveston-bay-texas-sediments-and-the-potential-for-reductive-dechlorination-of-pcdd-f-in-an-estuarine-environment
#14
Anne-Sophie Charlotte Hieke, Robin Brinkmeyer, Kevin M Yeager, Kimberly Schindler, Saijin Zhang, Chen Xu, Patrick Louchouarn, Peter H Santschi
Sediments in the Houston Ship Channel and upper Galveston Bay, Texas, USA, are polluted with polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins/furans (PCDD/F; ≤46,000 ng/kg dry weight (wt.)) with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD), the most toxic congener, contributing >50 % of the total toxic equivalents (TEQ) at most locations. We measured PCDD/F concentrations in sediments and evaluated the potential for enhanced in situ biodegradation by surveying for Dehalococcoides mccartyi, an obligate organohalide respiring bacterium...
November 14, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819120/metagenomic-analysis-of-genes-encoding-nutrient-cycling-pathways-in-the-microbiota-of-deep-sea-and-shallow-water-sponges
#15
Zhiyong Li, Yuezhu Wang, Jinlong Li, Fang Liu, Liming He, Ying He, Shenyue Wang
Sponges host complex symbiotic communities, but to date, the whole picture of the metabolic potential of sponge microbiota remains unclear, particularly the difference between the shallow-water and deep-sea sponge holobionts. In this study, two completely different sponges, shallow-water sponge Theonella swinhoei from the South China Sea and deep-sea sponge Neamphius huxleyi from the Indian Ocean, were selected to compare their whole symbiotic communities and metabolic potential, particularly in element transformation...
November 7, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27778119/identification-of-mitochondrial-genome-encoded-small-rnas-related-to-egg-deterioration-caused-by-postovulatory-aging-in-rainbow-trout
#16
Hao Ma, Gregory M Weber, Hairong Wei, Jianbo Yao
Many factors have been reported to affect rainbow trout egg quality, among which, postovulatory aging is one of the most significant causes as reared rainbow trout do not usually volitionally oviposit the ovulated eggs. In order to uncover the genetic regulation underling egg deterioration caused by postovulatory aging in rainbow trout, mitochondrial genome-encoded small RNA (mitosRNAs) were analyzed from unfertilized eggs on Days 1, 7, and 14 postovulation with fertilization rates of 91.8, 73.4, and less than 50 %, respectively...
October 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771778/genome-wide-analysis-of-alternative-splicing-provides-insights-into-stress-adaptation-of-the-pacific-oyster
#17
Baoyu Huang, Linlin Zhang, Xueying Tang, Guofan Zhang, Li Li
Alternative splicing (AS) is thought to enhance transcriptome diversity dramatically and play an important role in stress adaptation. While well studied in vertebrates, AS remains poorly understood in invertebrates. Here, we used high-throughput RNA-sequencing data to perform a genome-wide survey of AS in the Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas), an economically important mollusk that is cultivated worldwide. This analysis identified 8223 AS events corresponding to 4480 genes in the Pacific oyster, suggesting that about 16 % of oyster multiexonic genes undergo AS...
October 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752851/improving-production-of-protease-from-pseudoalteromonas-sp-csn423-by-random-mutagenesis
#18
Cuiling Wu, Dan Liu, Xinghao Yang, Ribang Wu, Jiang Zhang, Jiafeng Huang, Hailun He
Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423, a marine strain, can express a major protease designated as E423 and it was secreted into the supernatant. To improve the protease E423 yield, Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423 was subjected to mutagenesis using UV irradiation. Mutant strain with 5.1-fold higher protease yield was isolated and named as Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423-M. Three protease bands were detected by zymography with casein as substrate, and results of mass spectrometry (MS) showed that two lower molecular weight protein bands were the same protease but with different mature forms...
October 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704224/genomic-selection-using-extreme-phenotypes-and-pre-selection-of-snps-in-large-yellow-croaker-larimichthys-crocea
#19
Linsong Dong, Shijun Xiao, Junwei Chen, Liang Wan, Zhiyong Wang
Genomic selection (GS) is an effective method to improve predictive accuracies of genetic values. However, high cost in genotyping will limit the application of this technology in some species. Therefore, it is necessary to find some methods to reduce the genotyping costs in genomic selection. Large yellow croaker is one of the most commercially important marine fish species in southeast China and Eastern Asia. In this study, genotyping-by-sequencing was used to construct the libraries for the NGS sequencing and find 29,748 SNPs in the genome...
October 2016: Marine Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27704223/gene-co-expression-network-analysis-reveals-the-correlation-patterns-among-genes-in-euryhaline-adaptation-of-crassostrea-gigas
#20
Xuelin Zhao, Hong Yu, Lingfeng Kong, Qi Li
The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is a dominant aquaculture species in many intertidal zones throughout the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and can tolerate a wide range of salinity. Studying the gene expression profiles of oyster gills had found differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in salinity tolerance. A systematic study of cellular response to salinity stress may provide insights into the mechanism of acquired salinity tolerance. Here, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was carried out using RNA-seq data from gill transcriptome in response to different salinity...
October 2016: Marine Biotechnology
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