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Marine Biotechnology

Cuiling Wu, Dan Liu, Xinghao Yang, Ribang Wu, Jiang Zhang, Jiafeng Huang, Hailun He
Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423, a marine strain, can express a major protease designated as E423 and it was secreted into the supernatant. To improve the protease E423 yield, Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423 was subjected to mutagenesis using UV irradiation. Mutant strain with 5.1-fold higher protease yield was isolated and named as Pseudoalteromonas sp. CSN423-M. Three protease bands were detected by zymography with casein as substrate, and results of mass spectrometry (MS) showed that two lower molecular weight protein bands were the same protease but with different mature forms...
October 17, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Linsong Dong, Shijun Xiao, Junwei Chen, Liang Wan, Zhiyong Wang
Genomic selection (GS) is an effective method to improve predictive accuracies of genetic values. However, high cost in genotyping will limit the application of this technology in some species. Therefore, it is necessary to find some methods to reduce the genotyping costs in genomic selection. Large yellow croaker is one of the most commercially important marine fish species in southeast China and Eastern Asia. In this study, genotyping-by-sequencing was used to construct the libraries for the NGS sequencing and find 29,748 SNPs in the genome...
October 4, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Xuelin Zhao, Hong Yu, Lingfeng Kong, Qi Li
The Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas is a dominant aquaculture species in many intertidal zones throughout the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans and can tolerate a wide range of salinity. Studying the gene expression profiles of oyster gills had found differentially expressed genes (DEGs) involved in salinity tolerance. A systematic study of cellular response to salinity stress may provide insights into the mechanism of acquired salinity tolerance. Here, weighted gene co-expression network analysis (WGCNA) was carried out using RNA-seq data from gill transcriptome in response to different salinity...
October 4, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Tom Levy, Ohad Rosen, Brit Eilam, Dudu Azulay, Eliahu D Aflalo, Rivka Manor, Assaf Shechter, Amir Sagi
Monosex culture, common in animal husbandry, enables gender-specific management. Here, production of all-female prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) was achieved by a novel biotechnology comprising three steps: (a) A single injection of suspended hypertrophied androgenic gland cells caused fully functional sex reversal of females into "neo-males" bearing the WZ genotype; (b) crossing neo-males with normal females (WZ) yielded genomically validated WW females; and (c) WW females crossed with normal males (ZZ) yielded all-female progeny...
September 21, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Zhaofei Fan, Zhihao Wu, Lijuan Wang, Yuxia Zou, Peijun Zhang, Feng You
Olive flounder Paralichthys olivaceus is an important commercially cultured marine flatfish in China, Korea, and Japan. Gynogenesis, via meiogynogenesis and mitogynogenesis, shows advantages in breeding and sex control, but the low survival rate, especially for mitogynogenesis, limits its application. In this study, we sequenced the embryo transcriptomes of gynogenetic haploid, meiogynogenetic diploid, mitogynogenetic diploid, and common diploid flounder and investigated their respective genetic characteristics by analyzing differentiated expressed genes...
September 17, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Woongsic Jung, Eun Jae Kim, Se Jong Han, Han-Gu Choi, Sanghee Kim
Stearoyl-CoA desaturase is a key regulator in fatty acid metabolism that catalyzes the desaturation of stearic acid to oleic acid and controls the intracellular levels of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFAs). Two stearoyl-CoA desaturases (SCD, Δ9 desaturases) genes were identified in an Antarctic copepod, Tigriopus kingsejongensis, that was collected in a tidal pool near the King Sejong Station, King George Island, Antarctica. Full-length complementary DNA (cDNA) sequences of two T. kingsejongensis SCDs (TkSCDs) were obtained from next-generation sequencing and isolated by reverse transcription PCR...
September 14, 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Songqian Huang, Xiaojuan Cao, Xianchang Tian
Dojo loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) is an air-breathing fish species by using its posterior intestine to breathe on water surface. So far, the molecular mechanism about accessory air-breathing in fish is seldom addressed. Five cDNA libraries were constructed here for loach posterior intestines form T01 (the initial stage group), T02 (mid-stage of normal group), T03 (end stage of normal group), T04 (mid-stage of air-breathing inhibited group), and T05 (the end stage of air-breathing inhibited group) and subjected to perform RNA-seq to compare their transcriptomic profilings...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Chuang Mu, Ruijia Wang, Tianqi Li, Yuqiang Li, Meilin Tian, Wenqian Jiao, Xiaoting Huang, Lingling Zhang, Xiaoli Hu, Shi Wang, Zhenmin Bao
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) structurally resembles mRNA but cannot be translated into protein. Although the systematic identification and characterization of lncRNAs have been increasingly reported in model species, information concerning non-model species is still lacking. Here, we report the first systematic identification and characterization of lncRNAs in two sea cucumber species: (1) Apostichopus japonicus during lipopolysaccharide (LPS) challenge and in heathy tissues and (2) Holothuria glaberrima during radial organ complex regeneration, using RNA-seq datasets and bioinformatics analysis...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Willian G Birolli, Natália Alvarenga, Mirna H R Seleghim, André L M Porto
Esfenvalerate biodegradation by marine-derived fungi is reported here. Esfenvalerate (S,S-fenvalerate) and its main metabolites [3-phenoxybenzaldehyde (PBAld), 3-phenoxybenzoic acid (PBAc), 3-phenoxybenzyl alcohol (PBAlc), and 2-(4-chlorophenyl)-3-methylbutyric acid (CLAc)] were quantitatively analyzed by a validated method in triplicate experiments. All the strains (Penicillium raistrickii CBMAI 931, Aspergillus sydowii CBMAI 935, Cladosporium sp. CBMAI 1237, Microsphaeropsis sp. CBMAI 1675, Acremonium sp...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Hong Jiang, Yan Ma, Zhe Chi, Guang-Lei Liu, Zhen-Ming Chi
After screening of over 300 yeast strains isolated from the mangrove ecosystems, it was found that Aureobasidium sp. P6 strain had the highest inulin-hydrolyzing activity. Under the optimal conditions, this yeast strain produced an inulin-hydrolyzing activity of 30.98 ± 0.8 U/ml after 108 h of a 10-l fermentation. After the purification, a molecular weight of the enzyme which had the inulin-hydrolyzing activity was estimated to be 47.6 kDa, and the purified enzyme could actively hydrolyze both sucrose and inulin and exhibit a transfructosylating activity at 30...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Carola E Dehler, Pierre Boudinot, Samuel A M Martin, Bertrand Collet
CRISPR/Cas9 system has been used widely in animals and plants to direct mutagenesis. To date, no such method exists for fish somatic cell lines. We describe an efficient procedure for genome editing in the Chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha CHSE. This cell line was genetically modified to firstly overexpress a monomeric form of EGFP (cell line CHSE-E Geneticin resistant) and additionally to overexpress nCas9n, a nuclear version of Cas9 (cell line CHSE-EC, Hygromycin and Geneticin resistant). A pre-validated sgRNA was produced in vitro and used to transfect CHSE-EC cells...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Yangping Li, Lingling Zhang, Yan Sun, Xiaoli Ma, Jing Wang, Ruojiao Li, Meiwei Zhang, Shi Wang, Xiaoli Hu, Zhenmin Bao
Bivalve mollusks have fascinatingly diverse modes of reproduction. However, research investigating sex determination and reproductive regulation in this group of animals is still in its infancy. In this study, transcriptomes of three ovaries and three testes of Yesso scallop were sequenced and analyzed. Transcriptome comparison revealed that 4394 genes were significantly different between ovaries and testes, of which 1973 were ovary-biased (upregulated in the ovaries) and 2421 were testis-biased. Crucial sex-determining genes that were previously reported in vertebrates and putatively present in bivalves, namely FOXL2, DMRT, SOXH, and SOXE, were investigated...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Byung Geun Ha, Jung-Eun Park, Yun Hee Shon
Deep-sea water (DSW) and chitosan oligosaccharides (COS) have recently drawn much attention because of their potential medical and pharmaceutical applications. Balanced DSW (BDSW) was prepared by mixing DSW mineral extracts and desalinated water. This study investigated the effects of BDSW, COS, and BDSW containing COS on glucose uptake and their mode of action in mature C2C12 myotubes. BDSW and COS increased glucose uptake in a dose-dependent manner. BDSW containing COS synergistically increased glucose uptake; this was dependent on the activation of insulin receptor substrate 1 and protein kinase C in insulin-dependent signaling pathways as well as liver kinase B1, AMP-activated protein kinase, and mammalian target of rapamycin in insulin-independent signaling pathways...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Annemarie Kramer, Antje Labes, Johannes F Imhoff
Strains originally affiliated to the genera Scopulariopsis and Microascus were compared regarding the scopularide production in order to investigate their ability to produce the cyclodepsipeptides and select the best suited candidate for subsequent optimisation processes. Phylogenetic calculations using available sequences of the genera Scopulariopsis and Microascus revealed that most of the sequences clustered within two closely related groups, comprising mainly Scopulariopsis/Microascus brevicaulis and Microascus sp...
August 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Bhuiyan Sharmin Siddique, Shigeharu Kinoshita, Chaninya Wongkarangkana, Shuichi Asakawa, Shugo Watabe
Myosin heavy chain (MYH) genes belong to a multigene family, and the regulated expression of each member determines the physiological and contractile muscle properties. Among these, MYH6, MYH7, and MYH14 occupy unique positions in the mammalian MYH gene family because of their specific expression in slow/cardiac muscles and the existence of intronic micro(mi) RNAs. MYH6, MYH7, and MYH14 encode miR-208a, miR-208b, and miR-499, respectively. These MYH encoded miRNAs are designated as myomiRs because of their muscle-specific expression and functions...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Tyler D Brown, Tiago S Hori, Xi Xue, Chang Lin Ye, Derek M Anderson, Matthew L Rise
The inclusion of plant meals in diets of farmed Atlantic salmon can elicit inflammatory responses in the distal intestine (DI). For the present work, fish were fed a standard fish meal (FM) diet or a diet with partial replacement of FM with solvent-extracted camelina meal (CM) (8, 16, or 24 % CM inclusion) during a 16-week feeding trial. A significant decrease in growth performance was seen in fish fed all CM inclusion diets (Hixson et al. in Aquacult Nutr 22:615-630, 2016). A 4x44K oligonucleotide microarray experiment was carried out and significance analysis of microarrays (SAM) and rank products (RP) methods were used to identify differentially expressed genes between the DIs of fish fed the 24 % CM diet and those fed the FM diet...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Min Chen, Wei Zhang, Chang-Lun Shao, Zhen-Ming Chi, Chang-Yun Wang
Chemical epigenetic manipulation was applied to the marine-derived fungus Cochliobolus lunatus (TA26-46) with a DNA methyltransferase inhibitor resulting in the significant changes of the secondary metabolites. Cultivation of C. lunatus (TA26-46) with 5-azacytidine led to the isolation of seven new diethylene glycol phthalate esters, cochphthesters A-G (1-6, 10), along with four known analogues (7-9, 11). Their structures were determined by extensive NMR spectroscopic spectra as well as MS data. Compounds 2-6 and 8-11, characterized by the cross-polymerization of phthalate across diethylene glycol via ester bonds, represent the first example of naturally occurring phthalate ester oligomers...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Konstantinos Karakostis, Caterina Costa, Francesca Zito, Franz Brümmer, Valeria Matranga
Carbonic anhydrases (CA) are zinc metalloenzymes that catalyze the reversible hydration of carbon dioxide to bicarbonate. In the sea urchin, CA has a role in the formation of the calcitic skeleton during embryo development. Here, we report a newly identified mRNA sequence from embryos of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus, referred to as Pl-can. The complete coding sequence was identified with the aid of both EST databases and experimental procedures. Pl-CAN is a 447 aa-long protein, with an estimated molecular mass of 48...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Duarte Toubarro, Analuce Gouveia, Raquel Mesquita Ribeiro, Nélson Simões, Gonçalo da Costa, Carlos Cordeiro, Romana Santos
Marine bioadhesives perform in ways that manmade products simply cannot match, especially in wet environments. Despite their technological potential, bioadhesive molecular mechanisms are still largely understudied, and sea urchin adhesion is no exception. These animals inhabit wave-swept shores, relying on specialized adhesive organs, tube feet, composed by an adhesive disc and a motile stem. The disc encloses a duo-gland adhesive system, producing adhesive and deadhesive secretions for strong reversible substratum attachment...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
Yaohua Shi, Xing Zheng, Xin Zhan, Aimin Wang, Zhifeng Gu
Biomineralization is a common biological phenomenon resulting in strong tissue, such as bone, tooth, and shell. Pinctada fucata martensii is an ideal animal for the study of biomineralization. Here, microarray technique was used to identify biomineralization gene in mantle edge (ME), mantle center (MC), and both ME and MC (ME-MC) for this pearl oyster. Results revealed that 804, 306, and 1127 contigs expressed at least three times higher in ME, MC, and ME-MC as those in other tissues. Blast against non-redundant database showed that 130 contigs (16...
June 2016: Marine Biotechnology
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