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Marine Biotechnology

Takashi Honda, Daichi Morimoto, Yoshihiko Sako, Takashi Yoshida
Previously, we showed that DNA replication and cell division in toxic cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa are coordinated by transcriptional regulation of cell division gene ftsZ and that an unknown protein specifically bound upstream of ftsZ (BpFz; DNA-binding protein to an upstream site of ftsZ) during successful DNA replication and cell division. Here, we purified BpFz from M. aeruginosa strain NIES-298 using DNA-affinity chromatography and gel-slicing combined with gel electrophoresis mobility shift assay (EMSA)...
May 17, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Fei Sun, Rongjian Tu, Jun Hong Xia, Xiao Jun Liu, Gen Hua Yue
Polymorphisms in the FTO gene are associated with obesity and body mass index in humans and livestock. Little information of whether FTO plays an important role in aquaculture fish species is available. We cloned and characterized the FTO gene in an economically important food fish species: Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer). The full-length cDNA of the gene is 3679 bp, containing an ORF of 1935 bp encoding 644 amino acids, a 216 bp 5' UTR and a 1538 bp 3' UTR. The gene consisted of nine exons and eight introns and was 117,679 bp in length...
May 16, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Yeonju Na, Ha-Nul Lee, Jiwoong Wi, Won-Joong Jeong, Dong-Woog Choi
Pyropia are commercially valuable marine red algae that grow in the intertidal zone. They are extremely tolerant to desiccation stress. We have previously identified and reported desiccation response genes (DRGs) based on transcriptome analysis of P. tenera. Among them, PtDRG1 encodes a polypeptide of 22.6 kDa that is located in the chloroplast. PtDRG1 does not share sequence homology with any known gene deposited in public database. Transcription of PtDRG1 gene was upregulated by osmotic stress induced by mannitol or H2 O2 as well as desiccation stress, but not by heat...
May 4, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Keisuke Motone, Toshiyuki Takagi, Shunsuke Aburaya, Wataru Aoki, Natsuko Miura, Hiroyoshi Minakuchi, Haruko Takeyama, Yukio Nagasaki, Chuya Shinzato, Mitsuyoshi Ueda
Coral reefs are one of the most biologically diverse and economically important ecosystems on earth. However, the destruction of coral reefs has been reported worldwide owing to rising seawater temperature associated with global warming. In this study, we investigated the potential of a redox nanoparticle (RNPO ) to scavenge reactive oxygen species (ROS), which are overproduced under heat stress and play a crucial role in causing coral mortality. When reef-building coral (Acropora tenuis) larvae, without algal symbionts, were exposed to thermal stress at 33 °C, RNPO treatment significantly increased the survival rate...
April 28, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
A Taylor, D Mills, T Wang, N Ntalamagka, S F Cummins, A Elizur
Pheromones are considered to play an important role in broadcast spawning in aquatic animals, facilitating synchronous release of gametes. In oysters, the sperm has been implicated as a carrier for the spawn-inducing pheromone (SIP). In hatchery conditions, male pearl oysters (Pinctata maxima) can be stimulated to spawn through a variety of approaches (e.g. rapid temperature change), while females can only be induced to spawn through exposure to conspecific sperm, thus limiting development of targeted pairing, required for genetic research and management...
April 28, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Dennis Versluis, Kyle McPherson, Mark W J van Passel, Hauke Smidt, Detmer Sipkema
The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. In the "Nucleotide Sequence Accession Numbers" section, the accession number "PRJEB4784" that links to the deposited data is incorrect.
April 26, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Keiji Sasuga, Tomoya Yamanashi, Shigeru Nakayama, Syuetsu Ono, Koji Mikami
The red seaweed Pyropia yezoensis has been demonstrated to be a novel resource for the production of high-quality agar. P. yezoensis is grown for the food industry in large-scale Japanese mariculture operations. However, discolored P. yezoensis is mostly discarded as an industrial waste, although it has some kind of utility values. Here, we evaluated the utility of discolored P. yezoensis as a resource for agar production. The quality of agar from the discolored seaweed was comparable to that from normal seaweed...
April 26, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Thillai Punitha, Siew-Moi Phang, Joon Ching Juan, John Beardall
Vanadium-dependent haloperoxidases (V-HPO), able to catalyze the reaction of halide ions (Cl- , Br- , I- ) with hydrogen peroxide, have a great influence on the production of halocarbons, which in turn are involved in atmospheric ozone destruction and global warming. The production of these haloperoxidases in macroalgae is influenced by changes in the surrounding environment. The first reported vanadium bromoperoxidase was discovered 40 years ago in the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum. Since that discovery, more studies have been conducted on the structure and mechanism of the enzyme, mainly focused on three types of V-HPO, the chloro- and bromoperoxidases and, more recently, the iodoperoxidase...
April 24, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Hanbo Li, Baofeng Su, Guyu Qin, Zhi Ye, Ahmed Elaswad, Ahmed Alsaqufi, Dayan A Perera, Zhenkui Qin, Ramji Odin, Khoi Vo, David Drescher, Dalton Robinson, Sheng Dong, Dan Zhang, Mei Shang, Nermeen Abass, Sanjay K Das, Max Bangs, Rex A Dunham
Repressible knockdown approaches were investigated to manipulate for transgenic sterilization in channel catfish, Ictalurus punctatus. Two primordial germ cell (PGC) marker genes, nanos and dead end, were targeted for knockdown and an off-target gene, vasa, was monitored. Two potentially copper-sensitive repressible promoters, yeast ctr3 (M) and ctr3-reduced (Mctr), were coupled with four knockdown strategies separately including: ds-sh RNA targeting the 5' end (N1) or 3' end (N2) of channel catfish nanos, full-length cDNA sequence of channel catfish nanos for overexpression (cDNA), and ds-sh RNA-targeting channel catfish dead end (DND)...
April 20, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Clementina Sansone, Genoveffa Nuzzo, Christian Galasso, Raffaella Casotti, Angelo Fontana, Giovanna Romano, Adrianna Ianora
Dinoflagellates are one of the most important components in marine phytoplankton, second only to diatoms as primary producers. Dinoflagellates have also been reported to produce bioactive secondary metabolites such as polyethers and macrolides with potential applications as pharmaceuticals. Here, we tested the effect of the organic extract and its related enriched extracts from solid-phase extraction (SPE) of a strain of the dinoflagellate Alexandrium andersoni. We found that the SPE extracts induced high cytotoxicity towards two cancer cell lines (A549 lung cancer and HT29 colorectal cancer) without affecting normal cell viability...
April 20, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Jingqiang Fu, Minghui Shen, Yawei Shen, Wengang Lü, Miaoqin Huang, Xuan Luo, Jinjin Yu, Caihuan Ke, Weiwei You
Ivory shell, Babylonia areolata, is one of the commercially important mariculture species in China and South East Asia. Survival varies in the artificial hatching and larval rearing of B. areolata. Food deprivation may be involved in rearing mortality, and so, a better understanding of how larvae respond and adjust to starvation is needed. In this study, the metabolite profiles of newly hatched larvae with yolk (I), larvae with yolk exhaustion (II), larvae suffering 24 h starvation after yolk exhaustion (III), and larvae fed with exogenous nutrients after yolk exhaustion (IV) were analyzed by LC-MS/MS...
April 20, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Carole Blay, Serge Planes, Chin-Long Ky
Nucleated pearls are produced by molluscs of the Pinctada genus through the biomineralisation activity of the pearl sac tissue within the recipient oyster. The pearl sac originates from graft tissue taken from the donor oyster mantle and its functioning is crucial in determining key factors that impact pearl quality surface characteristics. The specific role of related gene regulation during gem biogenesis was unknown, so we analysed the expression profiles of eight genes encoding nacreous (PIF, MSI60, PERL1) or prismatic (SHEM5, PRISM, ASP, SHEM9) shell matrix proteins or both (CALC1) in the pearl sac (N = 211) of Pinctada margaritifera during pearl biogenesis...
April 16, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Vidhyapriya Murugan, Krishnan Sankaran
In ELISA, a popular analytical diagnostic tool, the stable non-covalent immobilization (coating) of hydrophilic proteins/peptides on to hydrophobic polystyrene surface has remained a major common challenge. Recombinant bacterial lipid modification of proteins in Escherichia coli system has been shown in this study to solve this problem owing to the hydrophobic anchorage provided by three fatty acyl groups in N-acyl-S-diacylglyceryl Cys at the N-terminus. Exploiting this first post-translational protein engineering, the most abundantly expressed white spot syndrome viral protein ICP11 was lipid-modified and tested as a new target in a new ELISA method useful to shrimp farming...
April 14, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Don-Gil Lee, Yu-Kyong Shin, Jae-Hee Park, Sang-Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Jung-Eun Yang, Hae Jo, Ki-Young Kim, Gafurjon T Mavlonov, Tae-Hoo Yi
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of hiziki extract on alveolar bone loss, inflammation, and osteo-biomarker expression in hPDL cells (10, 50, 100 μg/ml final concentrations in culture medium) and on a ligature-induced periodontitis rat model (50, 100, 200 mg/kg with oral administration). Hiziki extract increased alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralized nodule formation in hPDL cell. In western blot analysis, hiziki extract resulted in increased expression of osteoblast markers, including transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), SMAD anchor for receptor activation (SARA) and runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) in hDPL cells...
April 14, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Jiun Yan Loh, Gemma L Kay, Adeline Su Yien Ting
Predominance of beneficial bacteria helps to establish a healthy microbiota in fish gastrointestinal system and thus to reduce emerging pathogen. In this study, the colonization efficacy of Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis CF4MRS in Artemia franciscana and its potential as a probiotic in suppressing Edwardsiella sp. infection were investigated in vivo. The colonization extent of the bioencapsulated L. lactis was established through visualization of gfp gene-transformed L. lactis in A. franciscana. Here, we demonstrate that when A...
April 13, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Paulina Corral, Fortunato Palma Esposito, Pietro Tedesco, Angela Falco, Emiliana Tortorella, Luciana Tartaglione, Carmen Festa, Maria Valeria D'Auria, Giorgio Gnavi, Giovanna Cristina Varese, Donatella de Pascale
The exploration of poorly studied areas of Earth can highly increase the possibility to discover novel bioactive compounds. In this study, the cultivable fraction of fungi and bacteria from Barents Sea sediments has been studied to mine new bioactive molecules with antibacterial activity against a panel of human pathogens. We isolated diverse strains of psychrophilic and halophilic bacteria and fungi from a collection of nine samples from sea sediment. Following a full bioassay-guided approach, we isolated a new promising polyextremophilic marine fungus strain 8Na, identified as Aspergillus protuberus MUT 3638, possessing the potential to produce antimicrobial agents...
April 12, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Eduardo Quiroz-Guzmán, Ricardo Vázquez-Juárez, Antonio Luna-González, José L Balcázar, Diana R Barajas-Sandoval, Sergio F Martínez-Díaz
In this study, we evaluated a consortium of probiotic bacteria as an environmentally-friendly strategy for controlling pathogenic Vibrio species during the brine shrimp incubation period. Probiotic strains were initially selected on basis of (i) their ability to colonize the cyst surfaces, (ii) their absence of cross-inhibitory effects, and (iii) no detrimental effect on cyst hatching. The cysts and nauplius surfaces were immediately colonized after the application of selected probiotic strains, without detrimental effects on survival...
April 11, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Manish Kumar, Amandeep Brar, V Vivekanand, Nidhi Pareek
Chitin-metabolizing products are of high industrial relevance in current scenario due to their wide biological applications, relatively lower cost, greater abundance, and sustainable supply. Chitooligosaccharides have remarkably wide spectrum of applications in therapeutics such as antitumor agents, immunomodulators, drug delivery, gene therapy, wound dressings, as chitinase inhibitors to prevent malaria. Hypocholesterolemic and antimicrobial activities of chitooligosaccharides make them a molecule of choice for food industry, and their functional profile depends on the physicochemical characteristics...
April 10, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Mouloud Bouyoucef, Rodolphe Rakic, Tangni Gómez-Leduc, Thomas Latire, Frédéric Marin, Sylvain Leclercq, Franck Carreiras, Antoine Serpentini, Jean-Marc Lebel, Philippe Galéra, Florence Legendre
The shells of the bivalve mollusks are organo-mineral structures predominantly composed of calcium carbonate, but also of a minor organic matrix, a mixture of proteins, glycoproteins, and polysaccharides. These proteins are involved in mineral deposition and, more generally, in the spatial organization of the shell crystallites in well-defined microstructures. In this work, we extracted different organic shell extracts (acid-soluble matrix, acid-insoluble matrix, water-soluble matrix, guanidine HCl/EDTA-extracted matrix, referred as ASM, AIM, WSM, and EDTAM, respectively) from the shell of the scallop Pecten maximus and studied their biological activities on human articular chondrocytes (HACs)...
April 7, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
Shunto Sakurada, Shoko Fujiwara, Michio Suzuki, Toshihiro Kogure, Tatsuya Uchida, Tomonari Umemura, Mikio Tsuzuki
Coccolithophorids, unicellular marine microalgae, have calcified scales with elaborate structures, called coccoliths, on the cell surface. Coccoliths generally comprise a base plate, CaCO3 , and a crystal coat consisting of acidic polysaccharides. In this study, the in vitro calcification conditions on the base plate of Pleurochrysis haptonemofera were examined to determine the functions of the base plate and acidic polysaccharides (Ph-PS-1, -2, and -3). When EDTA-treated coccoliths (acidic polysaccharide-free base plates) or low pH-treated coccoliths (whole acidic polysaccharide-containing base plates) were used, mineralization was not detected on the base plate...
April 4, 2018: Marine Biotechnology
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