journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutritional Neuroscience

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628424/agaricus-blazei-extract-abrogates-rotenone-induced-dopamine-depletion-and-motor-deficits-by-its-anti-oxidative-and-anti-inflammatory-properties-in-parkinsonic-mice
#1
Veerappan Venkatesh Gobi, Srinivasagam Rajasankar, Muthu Ramkumar, Chinnasamy Dhanalakshmi, Thamilarasan Manivasagam, Arokiasamy Justin Thenmozhi, Musthafa Mohamed Essa, Ranganathan Chidambaram, Ameer Kalandar
Neuroinflammation and oxidative damage are the two main malfactors that play an important role in the pathogenesis of experimental and clinical Parkinson's disease (PD). The current study was aimed to study the possible anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory effects of the methanolic extract of Agaricus blazei (A. blazei) against rotenone-induced PD in mice. Male Albino mice were randomized and divided into the following groups: control, treated with rotenone (1 mg/kg/day), co-treated with rotenone and A. blazei (50, 100, and 200 mg/kg b...
June 19, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602133/nutritional-and-environmental-factors-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Ismael San Mauro Martín, Javier Andrés Blumenfeld Olivares, Elena Garicano Vilar, Manuela Echeverry López, Marta García Bernat, Yaiza Quevedo Santos, Marta Blanco López, Paloma Elortegui Pascual, Elena Borregon Rivilla, Mario Rincón Barrado
OBJECTIVES: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) has been related to nutrient deficiencies and 'unhealthy' diets, and to date there is only one study that examined the relationship between the Mediterranean diet and ADHD. The aim was to determine the association between those environmental, nutritional, and body composition factors that may affect the pathogenesis and symptomatology of patients with ADHD in Spain. METHODS: A total of 89 children and adolescents (41 with diagnosed ADHD and 48 controls) were studied in an observation case-control study...
June 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569623/increased-total-dna-damage-and-oxidative-stress-in-brain-are-associated-with-decreased-longevity-in-high-sucrose-diet-fed-wnin-gr-ob-obese-rats
#3
Aruna Potukuchi, Uma Addepally, Kirankumar Sindhu, Raghunath Manchala
BACKGROUND: Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) are chronic nutrient-related disorders that occur together and pose a grave burden to society. They are among the most common causes of ageing and death. Obesity and T2D per se accelerate ageing albeit the underlying mechanisms are unclear yet. Also, it is not clear whether or not superimposing T2D on obesity accelerates ageing. Present study validated the hypothesis, 'super-imposing T2D on obesity accelerates ageing' in WNIN/Gr-Ob, the impaired glucose tolerant, obese rat as the model and evaluated probable underlying mechanisms...
June 1, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553986/epigenetics-nutrition-and-mental-health-is-there-a-relationship
#4
Aaron J Stevens, Julia J Rucklidge, Martin A Kennedy
Many aspects of human development and disease are influenced by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. Understanding how our genes respond to the environment is central to managing health and disease, and is one of the major contemporary challenges in human genetics. Various epigenetic processes affect chromosome structure and accessibility of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) to the enzymatic machinery that leads to expression of genes. One important epigenetic mechanism that appears to underlie the interaction between environmental factors, including diet, and our genome, is chemical modification of the DNA...
May 29, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552045/erythrocyte-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-composition-is-associated-with-depression-and-fads-genotype-in-caucasians
#5
Lachlan Cribb, Jenifer Murphy, Amy Froud, Georgina Oliver, Chad A Bousman, Chee H Ng, Jerome Sarris
BACKGROUND: Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) play an important role in the pathophysiology of major depressive disorder (MDD), related, in part, to their role in inflammatory systems. The enzymes δ-5 and δ-6 desaturase are the rate-limiting steps in the metabolism of PUFAs and are encoded in the genes fatty acid desaturase (FADS) 1 and 2, respectively. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes within the FADS gene cluster have been shown to influence PUFA composition...
May 29, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535707/macular-pigment-optical-density-is-positively-associated-with-academic-performance-among-preadolescent-children
#6
Sasha M Barnett, Naiman A Khan, Anne M Walk, Lauren B Raine, Christopher Moulton, Neal J Cohen, Arthur F Kramer, Billy R Hammond, Lisa Renzi-Hammond, Charles H Hillman
OBJECTIVE: Macular pigment optical density (MPOD) - a non-invasive indicator of retinal xanthophylls and correlate of brain lutein - has been associated with superior cognitive function among adult populations. Given that lutein accumulation in the brain occurs in early life, it is possible that the cognitive implications of greater MPOD may be evident in childhood. METHODS: Participants aged 8-9 years (n = 56) completed MPOD measurements via heterochromatic flicker photometry...
May 23, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523982/caffeine-intake-and-meni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-is-there-relationship
#7
Inés Sánchez-Sellero, Elena San-Román-Rodríguez, Sofía Santos-Pérez, Marcos Rossi-Izquierdo, Andrés Soto-Varela
OBJECTIVES: Although it is commonly recognized that dietary restrictions may improve the clinical course of Menière's disease, their effectiveness has not been definitely demonstrated. The aim of this study was to examine whether caffeine consumption could be involved in Menière's disease. METHODS: Cross-sectional, observational, case-control study, comparing caffeine consumption (intake of coffee, tea, kola-type beverages, energy drinks, and chocolate-containing beverages or foods) between patients with Menière's disease (group A) and patients affected by vertigo with other origins (group B) and/or control subjects (group C)...
May 19, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511588/an-evening-milk-drink-can-affect-word-recall-in-indonesian-children-with-decreased-sleep-efficiency-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Rini Sekartini, Dian Novita Chandra, Tiana Arsianti, Saptawati Bardosono, Tjhin Wiguna, Anne Schaafsma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sleep is important for memory consolidation in children. This study intended to find out whether an evening milk-based drink could influence sleep efficiency and memory recall in a group of Indonesian children (5-6 years old) with sleep deprivation. METHODS: Children were randomly allocated to one of three interventions: Reference product, satiety-stimulating product, and a relaxing product. The intervention lasted for 6 weeks and children consumed two servings per day of each 200 ml, the serving in the morning being the same for all children...
May 16, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504078/a-review-on-therapeutic-potentials-of-trigonella-foenum-graecum-fenugreek-and-its-chemical-constituents-in-neurological-disorders-complementary-roles-to-its-hypolipidemic-hypoglycemic-and-antioxidant-potential
#9
Saima Zameer, Abul Kalam Najmi, Divya Vohora, Mohd Akhtar
OBJECTIVES: The growing rate of neurological disorders is a major concern in today's scenario. Today's research is focusing on therapeutic interventions providing benefits in these disorders. Presently, drugs of natural origin have gained more interest for the treatment of central nervous system disorders for their efficacy and less/ no side effects. This review is emphasizing the cited roles of Trigonella foenum graecum (fenugreek) and its constituents in different neurological manifestations...
May 15, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494696/oxidative-injuries-induced-by-maternal-low-protein-diet-in-female-brainstem
#10
Shirley Maria de Sousa, Glauber Rudá F Braz, Cristiane de Moura Freitas, David Filipe de Santana, Donald F Sellitti, Mariana P Fernandes, Claudia J Lagranha
Many studies have shown that a maternal low-protein diet increases the susceptibility of offspring to cardiovascular disease in later-life. Moreover, a lower incidence of cardiovascular disease in females than in males is understood to be largely due to the protective effect of high levels of estrogens throughout a woman's reproductive life. However, to our knowledge, the role of estradiol in moderating the later-life susceptibility of offspring of nutrient-deprived mothers to cardiovascular disease is not fully understood...
May 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492102/determinants-of-fluid-intelligence-in-healthy-aging-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-status-and-frontoparietal-cortex-structure
#11
Marta K Zamroziewicz, Erick J Paul, Chris E Zwilling, Aron K Barbey
INTRODUCTION: Accumulating evidence indicates that cognitive decline depends not only upon changes in brain health, but critically, also upon nutritional status. Decline in fluid intelligence, one of the most debilitating aspects of cognitive aging, has been linked to omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status; however, it is not known whether this phenomenon results from specific omega-3 PUFAs acting on particular aspects of brain health. Therefore, this study aims to explore whether particular patterns of omega-3 PUFAs influence fluid intelligence by supporting specific neural structures...
May 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482757/n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-supplementation-restored-impaired-memory-and-gabaergic-synaptic-efficacy-in-the-hippocampus-of-stressed-rats
#12
Miguel Ángel Pérez, Valentín Peñaloza-Sancho, Juan Ahumada, Marco Fuenzalida, Alexies Dagnino-Subiabre
While chronic stress induces dendritic atrophy in the hippocampus and impairs learning and memory, supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) is known to improve learning and memory of control rats. Whether n-3 PUFA supplementation improves dendritic morphology, synaptic transmission, and memory of chronically stressed rats remains unknown. In this work, we randomly assigned male Sprague-Dawley rats in four experimental groups: two unsupplemented groups, control and stress, and two supplemented groups with n-3 PUFA (DHA and EPA mix), control + n-3 PUFA and stress + n-3 PUFA...
May 8, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475473/the-effect-of-vitamin-d-supplement-on-the-score-and-quality-of-sleep-in-20-50-year-old-people-with-sleep-disorders-compared-with-control-group
#13
Mohammad Shahi Majid, Hosseini Seyed Ahmad, Helli Bizhan, Haghighi Zade Mohammad Hosein, Abolfathi Mohammad
OBJECTIVES: Sleep quality may be directly related with vitamin D serum level. Some studies found that people with lower vitamin D serum level experienced a lower sleep quality. Consequently, this study aimed at determining the effect of vitamin D supplements on sleep score and quality in 20-50 year-old people with sleep disorders. METHODS: This double blind, clinical trial was performed in November 2015-February 2016 on 89 people with sleep disorders based on Petersburg's Sleep Index...
May 5, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466678/omega-3-fatty-acids-supplementation-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
Scheine Canhada, Kamila Castro, Ingrid Schweigert Perry, Vivian Cristine Luft
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegeneration disorder characterized by progressive impairments of memory, language, reasoning, and other cognitive functions. Evidence suggests that omega-3 fatty acids may act as a possible protection factor in AD. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results available in the literature involving omega-3 fatty acids supplementation and its effect on cognitive function in AD patients. METHODS: A systematic review of MEDLINE (from PubMed), Excerpta Medica Database, and Cochrane Library databases was conducted according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines...
May 3, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448247/oleuropein-isolated-from-fraxinus-rhynchophylla-inhibits-glutamate-induced-neuronal-cell-death-by-attenuating-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#15
Mi Hye Kim, Ju-Sik Min, Joon Yeop Lee, Unbin Chae, Eun-Ju Yang, Kyung-Sik Song, Hyun-Shik Lee, Hong Jun Lee, Sang-Rae Lee, Dong-Seok Lee
Glutamate-induced neurotoxicity is related to excessive oxidative stress accumulation and results in the increase of neuronal cell death. In addition, glutamate has been reported to lead to neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases.It is well known that Fraxinus rhynchophylla contains a significant level of oleuropein (Ole), which exerts various pharmacological effects. However, the mechanism of neuroprotective effects of Ole is still poorly defined. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether Ole prevents glutamate-induced toxicity in HT-22 hippocampal neuronal cells...
April 27, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424045/a-modified-mediterranean-dietary-intervention-for-adults-with-major-depression-dietary-protocol-and-feasibility-data-from-the-smiles-trial
#16
Rachelle S Opie, Adrienne O'Neil, Felice N Jacka, Josephine Pizzinga, Catherine Itsiopoulos
BACKGROUND: The SMILES trial was the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) explicitly designed to evaluate a dietary intervention, conducted by qualified dietitians, for reducing depressive symptomatology in adults with clinical depression. OBJECTIVES: Here we detail the development of the prescribed diet (modified Mediterranean diet (ModiMedDiet)) for individuals with major depressive disorders (MDDs) that was designed specifically for the SMILES trial. We also present data demonstrating the extent to which this intervention achieved improvements in diet quality...
April 19, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421879/dna-methylation-mechanism-of-intracellular-zinc-deficiency-induced-injury-in-primary-hippocampal-neurons-in-the-rat-brain
#17
Cong-Cong He, Zi-Yu Wang, Kun Tian, Wei Liu, Yi-Bo Li, Yan Hong, Li-Xia Yu, Wei Pang, Yu-Gang Jiang, Yan-Qiang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To explore Zn(2+) deficiency-induced neuronal injury in relation to DNA methylation, providing valuable data and basic information for clarifying the mechanism of Zn(2+) deficiency-induced neuronal injury. METHODS: Cultured hippocampal neurons were exposed to the cell membrane-permeant Zn(2+) chelator N,N,N',N'-Tetrakis (2-pyridylmethyl) ethylenediamine (TPEN) (2 μM), and to TPEN (2 μM) plus ZnSO4 (5 μM) for 24 hours. We analyzed intracellular Zn(2+) levels, neuronal viability, and protein/mRNA levels for DNA (cytosine-5) methyltransferase 1 (DNMT1), DNA (cytosine-5-) methyltransferase 3 alpha (DNMT3a), methyl CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2), Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible, beta (GADD45b) in the treated neurons...
April 19, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410563/wernicke-s-encephalopathy-following-reduced-food-intake-due-to-depressive-disorders
#18
Donato Melchionda, Tommaso Martino, Elena Carapelle, Alessandra Lalla, Daniela Cologno, Carlo Avolio
Wernicke's encephalopathy (WE) is an unexpected common neurological disorder caused by thiamine deficiency often due to alcohol abuse, but WE-not alcohol related is also frequent. A prolonged reduction of food intake can cause WE. This condition can arise in depression disorders, especially in the early stages of these psychiatric syndromes. WE is characterized by the triad of signs: ataxia, ocular dysfunctions and confusional state. However, they rarely appear together and this makes the diagnosis particularly difficult, especially when there is not a history of alcohol abuse...
April 14, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399791/highly-palatable-food-access-during-adolescence-increased-anxiety-depression-like-behaviors-in-male-but-not-in-female-rats
#19
Jin Young Kim, Doyun Kim, Kyungpyo Park, Jong-Ho Lee, Jeong Won Jahng
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to examine the sexual dimorphic effects of highly palatable food (HPF) access during adolescence on the neurochemistry and depression-/anxiety-like behaviors of rats. METHODS: Male and female Sprague-Dawley pups had free access to chocolate cookie rich in fat (HPF) from postnatal day 28 in addition to ad libitum chow, and the control groups received only chow. The food conditions were continued throughout the entire experimental period, and the neurochemical and behavioral measurements were performed during young adulthood...
April 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399718/neural-correlates-of-the-healthiness-evaluation-processes-of-food-labels
#20
M Prevost, P Hot, L Muller, B Ruffieux, E Cousin, C Pichat, M Baciu
OBJECTIVES: This fMRI study evaluated the cognitive mechanisms and the cerebral substrates when evaluating the healthiness of food products from nutritional information displayed either with a traffic light (TL) system, a colored nutritional label, or with a guideline daily amount (GDA) system, a numeric label. We postulated that TL label would recruit emotional processes and activation of subjacent cerebral regions (e.g. insula and amygdala). On the contrary, the nutritional information presented in a GDA label, would recruit, due to its numeric format and higher complexity, supplementary cognitive processes and activation of related brain regions (e...
April 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
journal
journal
34759
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"