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Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779423/cognitive-performance-and-locomotor-adaptation-in-persons-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#1
Amanda E Stone, Jaimie A Roper, Daniel C Herman, Chris J Hass
BACKGROUND: Persons with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR) show deficits in gait and neuromuscular control following rehabilitation. This altered behavior extends to locomotor adaptation and learning, however the contributing factors to this observed behavior have yet to be investigated. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess differences in locomotor adaptation and learning between ACLR and controls, and identify underlying contributors to motor adaptation in these individuals...
May 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683030/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-enhances-motor-skill-learning-but-not-generalization-in-chronic-stroke
#2
Manuela Hamoudi, Heidi M Schambra, Brita Fritsch, Annika Schoechlin-Marx, Cornelius Weiller, Leonardo G Cohen, Janine Reis
BACKGROUND: Motor training alone or combined with transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) positioned over the motor cortex (M1) improves motor function in chronic stroke. Currently, understanding of how tDCS influences the process of motor skill learning after stroke is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of tDCS on the stages of motor skill learning and on generalization to untrained motor function. METHODS: In this randomized, sham-controlled, blinded study of 56 mildly impaired chronic stroke patients, tDCS (anode over the ipsilesional M1 and cathode on the contralesional forehead) was applied during 5 days of training on an unfamiliar, challenging fine motor skill task (sequential visual isometric pinch force task)...
April 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676956/high-intensity-interval-training-after-stroke-an-opportunity-to-promote-functional-recovery-cardiovascular-health-and-neuroplasticity
#3
Jennifer Crozier, Marc Roig, Janice J Eng, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Joyce Fung, Michelle Ploughman, Damian M Bailey, Shane N Sweet, Nicholas Giacomantonio, Alexander Thiel, Michael Trivino, Ada Tang
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is the leading cause of adult disability. Individuals poststroke possess less than half of the cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) as their nonstroke counterparts, leading to inactivity, deconditioning, and an increased risk of cardiovascular events. Preserving cardiovascular health is critical to lower stroke risk; however, stroke rehabilitation typically provides limited opportunity for cardiovascular exercise. Optimal cardiovascular training parameters to maximize recovery in stroke survivors also remains unknown...
April 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676210/reduced-purposeful-head-movements-during-community-ambulation-following-unilateral-vestibular-loss
#4
Serene Sulyn Paul, Leland E Dibble, Raymond G Walther, Clough Shelton, Richard Klaus Gurgel, Mark Eric Lester
BACKGROUND: Individuals with unilateral vestibular hypofunction (UVH) alter their movement and reduce mobility to try to stabilize their gaze and avoid symptoms of dizziness and vertigo. OBJECTIVE: To determine if individuals with UVH 6 weeks after surgery demonstrate altered head and trunk kinematics during community ambulation. METHODS: A total of 15 vestibular schwannoma patients with documented postoperative unilateral vestibular loss and 9 healthy controls with symmetrical vestibulo-ocular reflexes participated in this cross-sectional study...
April 1, 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783910/wcnr-2018-oral-abstracts
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783909/wcnr-2018-poster-abstracts
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668401/phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-part-2-effect-on-white-matter-integrity
#7
Ameen Barghi, Jane B Allendorfer, Edward Taub, Brent Womble, Jarrod M Hicks, Gitendra Uswatte, Jerzy P Szaflarski, Victor W Mark
BACKGROUND: Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is a method of physical rehabilitation that has demonstrated clinical efficacy in patients with chronic stroke, cerebral palsy, and multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVE: This pilot randomized controlled trial tested whether CIMT can also induce increases in white matter integrity in patients with MS. METHODS: Twenty adults with chronic hemiparetic MS were randomized to receive either CIMT or complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatment (reported in the first article of this pair)...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668400/abstracts-from-the-2017-annual-meeting
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668399/phase-ii-randomized-controlled-trial-of-constraint-induced-movement-therapy-in-multiple-sclerosis-part-1-effects-on-real-world-function
#9
Victor W Mark, Edward Taub, Gitendra Uswatte, David M Morris, Gary R Cutter, Terrie L Adams, Mary H Bowman, Staci McKay
BACKGROUND: Constraint-Induced Movement therapy (CIMT) has controlled evidence of efficacy for improving real-world paretic limb use in non-progressive physically disabling disorders (stroke, cerebral palsy). OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine whether this therapy can produce comparable results with a progressive disorder such as multiple sclerosis (MS). We conducted a preliminary phase II randomized controlled trial of CIMT versus a program of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) treatments for persons with MS, to evaluate their effect on real-world disability...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29600726/aerobic-with-resistance-training-or-aerobic-training-alone-poststroke-a-secondary-analysis-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Susan Marzolini, Dina Brooks, Paul Oh, David Jagroop, Bradley J MacIntosh, Nicole D Anderson, David Alter, Dale Corbett
BACKGROUND: Stroke is associated with muscle atrophy and weakness, mobility deficits, and cardiorespiratory deconditioning. Aerobic and resistance training (AT and RT) each have the potential to improve deficits, yet there is limited evidence on the utility of combined training. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of AT+RT versus AT on physiological outcomes in chronic stroke with motor impairments. METHODS: Participants (n = 73) were randomized to 6 months of AT (5 d/wk) or AT+RT (3 and 2 d/wk, respectively)...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561244/longitudinal-recovery-of-executive-control-functions-after-moderate-severe-traumatic-brain-injury-examining-trajectories-of-variability-and-ex-gaussian-parameters
#11
Brandon P Vasquez, Jennifer C Tomaszczyk, Bhanu Sharma, Brenda Colella, Robin E A Green
BACKGROUND: Executive control deficits are deleterious and enduring consequences of moderate-severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) that disrupt everyday functioning. Clinically, such impairments can manifest as behavioural inconsistency, measurable experimentally by the degree of variability across trials of a reaction time (RT) task (also known as intraindividual variability [IIV]). Growing research on cognition after TBI points to cognitive deterioration in the chronic stages postinjury...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546797/evidence-for-differential-effects-of-2-forms-of-exercise-on-prefrontal-plasticity-during-walking-in-parkinson-s-disease
#12
Inbal Maidan, Freek Nieuwhof, Hagar Bernad-Elazari, Bastiaan R Bloem, Nir Giladi, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Jurgen A H R Claassen, Anat Mirelman
BACKGROUND: In a randomized control trial conducted in patients with Parkinson's disease, a treadmill training program combined with virtual reality that targeted motor and cognitive aspects of safe ambulation led to fewer falls, compared with treadmill training alone. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the 2 types of training differentially affected prefrontal activation and if this might explain differences in fall rates after the intervention. METHODS: Sixty-four patients with Parkinson's disease were randomized into the treadmill training arm (n = 34, mean age 73...
March 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554851/the-impact-of-dual-tasking-on-postural-stability-in-people-with-parkinson-s-disease-with-and-without-freezing-of-gait
#13
Esther M J Bekkers, Kim Dockx, Surendar Devan, Sam Van Rossom, Sabine M P Verschueren, Bastiaan R Bloem, Alice Nieuwboer
BACKGROUND: Postural instability and freezing of gait (FOG) are major problems in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), and both contribute to falls. However, the interrelationship between these 2 deficits is still unclear. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether dual-tasking influenced postural control differently in freezers (FOG+) and nonfreezers (FOG-). METHODS: Thirty-three patients with PD (19 FOG+, 14 FOG-, well-matched) and 28 healthy controls underwent 4 postural control tasks, consisting of standing on either stable or unstable surfaces with eyes open or closed...
February 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554850/sensorimotor-and-physiological-indicators-of-impairment-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-meta-analysis
#14
Olivia A Galea, Michelle A Cottrell, Julia M Treleaven, Shaun P O'Leary
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature with meta-analysis to determine whether persistence of sensorimotor or physiological impairment exists between 4 weeks to 6 months post mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), and assign level of evidence to findings. METHOD: The databases PubMed, pscyINFO, SPORTdiscus, Medline, CINAHL and Embase were searched from inception to November 2016 using a priori inclusion criteria. Critical appraisal was performed, and an evidence matrix established level of evidence...
February 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554849/accelerating-stroke-recovery-body-structures-and-functions-activities-participation-and-quality-of-life-outcomes-from-a-large-rehabilitation-trial
#15
Rebecca Lewthwaite, Carolee J Winstein, Christianne J Lane, Sarah Blanton, Burl R Wagenheim, Monica A Nelsen, Alexander W Dromerick, Steven L Wolf
BACKGROUND: Task-oriented therapies have been developed to address significant upper extremity disability that persists after stroke. Yet, the extent of and approach to rehabilitation and recovery remains unsatisfactory to many. OBJECTIVE: To compare a skill-directed investigational intervention with usual care treatment for body functions and structures, activities, participation, and quality of life outcomes. METHODS: On average, 46 days poststroke, 361 patients were randomized to 1 of 3 outpatient therapy groups: a patient-centered Accelerated Skill Acquisition Program (ASAP), dose-equivalent usual occupational therapy (DEUCC), or usual therapy (UCC)...
February 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554848/reduced-kinematic-redundancy-and-motor-equivalence-during-whole-body-reaching-in-individuals-with-chronic-stroke
#16
Yosuke Tomita, Aditi A Mullick, Mindy F Levin
Kinematic redundancy of the human body provides abundant movement patterns to accomplish the same motor goals (motor equivalence). Compensatory movement patterns such as excessive trunk displacement in stroke subjects during reaching can be viewed as a consequence of the motor equivalent process to accomplish a task despite limited available ranges in some joints. However, despite compensations, the ability to adapt reaching performance when perturbations occur may still be limited when condition-specific changes of joint angles are required...
February 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357743/evidence-for-training-dependent-structural-neuroplasticity-in-brain-injured-patients-a-critical-review
#17
Karen Caeyenberghs, Adam Clemente, Phoebe Imms, Gary Egan, Darren R Hocking, Alexander Leemans, Claudia Metzler-Baddeley, Derek K Jones, Peter H Wilson
Acquired brain injury (ABI) is associated with a range of cognitive and motor deficits, and poses a significant personal, societal, and economic burden. Rehabilitation programs are available that target motor skills or cognitive functioning. In this review, we summarize the existing evidence that training may enhance structural neuroplasticity in patients with ABI, as assessed using structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based techniques that probe microstructure or morphology. Twenty-five research articles met key inclusion criteria...
February 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353543/tai-chi-improves-cognition-and-plasma-bdnf-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Somporn Sungkarat, Sirinun Boripuntakul, Sirinart Kumfu, Stephen R Lord, Nipon Chattipakorn
BACKGROUND: Effects of Tai Chi (TC) on specific cognitive function and mechanisms by which TC may improve cognition in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI) remain unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of TC on cognitive functions and plasma biomarkers (brain-derived neurotrophic factor [BDNF], tumor necrosis factor-α [TNF-α], and interleukin-10 [IL-10]) in a-MCI. METHODS: A total of 66 older adults with a-MCI (mean age = 67...
February 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347868/differential-white-matter-regional-alterations-in-motor-subtypes-of-early-drug-naive-parkinson-s-disease-patients
#19
Ming-Ching Wen, Hannah S E Heng, Zhonghao Lu, Zheyu Xu, Ling Ling Chan, Eng King Tan, Louis C S Tan
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's disease (PD) can be classified into tremor dominant (TD) and postural instability and gait difficulty (PIGD) subtypes with TD considered as the benign subtype. The neural alterations of the 2 subtypes in the early stages before administration of medications remain elusive. OBJECTIVE: This study assessed the subtype-related white matter (WM) microstructural features in newly diagnosed and drug-naive PD patients from the Parkinson's Progression Markers Initiative (PPMI)...
February 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366377/pulse-width-does-not-influence-the-gains-achieved-with-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-double-blind-randomized-trial
#20
Awad M Almuklass, Leah Davis, Landon D Hamilton, Jeffrey R Hebert, Enrique Alvarez, Roger M Enoka
BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) eventually compromises the walking ability of most individuals burdened with the disease. Treatment with neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) can restore some functional abilities in persons with MS, but its effectiveness may depend on stimulus-pulse duration. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects of a 6-week intervention with narrow- or wide-pulse NMES on walking performance, neuromuscular function, and disability status of persons with relapsing-remitting MS...
January 2018: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
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