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Nursing & Health Sciences

Sagrario Pérez-de la Cruz, Amelia Victoria García-Luengo
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and attitudes of students of health sciences faculties (medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy) regarding specific issues related to death and end of life in both professional and personal realms. A descriptive, cross-sectional, and multi-center approach was used. The modified Bugen Scale for facing death was used. The study population (411 students) encompassed three distinct groups: students from the degrees of medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy. In total, 12 items showed significant differences between the three groups...
March 9, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Marivic B Torregosa, Rosemary Sada, Ilse Perez
Globally, stroke is the leading cause of death and disease burden. While post-stroke studies have been conducted, they excluded survivors and caregivers from underserved communities. It can be argued that the impact of stroke on survivors and caregivers from underserved communities may be greater. Using qualitative exploratory research design, the purpose of this study was to examine the lived experiences of post-stroke recovery and readjustment among stroke survivors and stroke caregivers from an underserved community...
March 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Nelouise-Marié Geyer, Siedine K Coetzee, Suria M Ellis, Leana R Uys
This study aimed to describe intrapersonal characteristics (professional values, personality, empathy, and job involvement), work performance as perceived by nurses, and caring behaviors as perceived by patients, and to examine the relationships among these variables. A cross-sectional design was employed. A sample was recruited of 218 nurses and 116 patients in four private hospitals and four public hospitals. Data were collected using self-report measures. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, hierarchical linear modelling, correlations, and structural equation modeling...
February 28, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Su Hyun Kim, Sonja Utz
Low health literacy has been recognized as a potential barrier to obtaining knowledge and maintaining self-care in older people. However, little is known about information-seeking preference in relation to health literacy among older people. The aim of the present study was to understand the influence of health literacy on the information-seeking preference of older people. A total of 129 community-residing Korean older people completed a survey in 2016. The findings revealed that health literacy was a significant predictor of information-seeking preference in older people after controlling for demographic and illness variables...
February 28, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Vikram Mohan, Aatit Paungmali, Patraporn Sitilerpisan, Ummi F Hashim, Munifa B Mazlan, Tuan N Nasuha
Non-specific low back pain (NS-LBP) is known to cause respiratory dysfunction. In this study, we investigated alterations in breathing, respiratory strength and endurance, core stability, diaphragm mobility, and chest expansion among patients with NS-LBP and healthy individuals. The specific aim of the study was to correlate between respiratory function and other variables among NS-LBP patients. Thirty four patients with NS-LBP were matched with 34 healthy participants before undergoing total faulty breathing scale, spirometer, respiratory pressure meter, chest expansion, ultrasound, and pressure biofeedback measurements...
February 8, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Mieko Omura, Teresa E Stone, Tracy Levett-Jones
Culture influences the way health-care professionals communicate with each other and their ability to relate to colleagues in an assertive manner. Cultural barriers can also make it difficult for nurses to speak up even when they have concerns about patient safety. An understanding of the potential impact of cultural factors is therefore needed when developing assertiveness communication training programs. This paper presents the findings from a study that explored Japanese nurses' perceptions of how culture and values impact assertive communication in health care...
February 6, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ashley Kable, Brian Kelly, Jon Adams
Adverse events in health care significantly impact health professionals who become the second victims of medical error. The aim of the present study was to understand the effects of adverse events in health care on nurses in acute health-care settings in an Australian context. In this qualitative, descriptive study, we used purposeful sampling and recruited 10 acute care nurses. Interviews were conducted from 2011 to 2012 and were recorded, transcribed, and returned to participants to verify their accuracy...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Arpaporn Powwattana, Pimrat Thammaraksa, Sroy Manora
Teenage pregnancy-prevention interventions have fallen short in significantly decreasing risk of pregnancy for Thai populations. The "breaking the voice" ("rak luk khun tong pood") culture-appropriate teenage pregnancy-prevention program was developed using community-based research. Qualitative analyses of focus group data identified salient factors related to sexual communication and behavior. The integration of focus group results with theoretical constructs guided the development of an intervention to reduce risky sexual behavior by increasing communication between mothers and their adolescent daughters...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Jiyoung Park
In this study, we investigated the ecological factors that influence health-promoting behaviors in children from low-income families in South Korea using a descriptive correlational design. The participants included 297 elementary school students who used community childcare centers, 297 caregivers, and 68 teachers at the centers. Data were collected using a structured self-report survey, and were subjected to a multi-level regression analysis. The factors influencing the health-promoting behaviors of children were as follows: self-efficacy and self-regulation as intrapersonal factors; caregivers' parenting behavior and peer relationships as interpersonal factors; and the number of months since the centers' establishment, teachers workloads, and centers' perceived environments as institutional factors...
February 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Helena McDonald, Jennifer Browne, Julia Perruzza, Ruby Svarc, Corinne Davis, Karen Adams, Claire Palermo
The aim of the present systematic review was to investigate whether placements in Aboriginal health affect the self-perceived skill in working in Aboriginal health settings and career aspirations of health students, and in particular, aspects of the placement that had the greatest impact. The Embase, Cinahl, ProQuest, Scopus, Informit, Ovid MEDLINE, PsychINFO, and PubMed databases were searched in April/May 2016. Placements of at least 1 week duration in an Aboriginal health setting involving Australian students of medical, nursing, dentistry, or allied health disciplines, with outcomes relating to changes in students' knowledge, attitudes, and/or career aspirations, were included...
February 2, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Sol Yu, Young Sook Roh
The optimal performance of gastrointestinal (GI) endoscopy nurses is required for patient safety and quality improvement. The aim of the present study was to assess the educational needs for simulation-based training for Korean GI endoscopy nurses using importance-performance analysis. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 238 Korean nurses from 25 endoscopy units. The educational needs of these nurses were identified using the 35 item clinical competence importance-performance scale. Exploratory factor analysis of the scale identified the following eight factors: emergency care, patient monitoring, evidence-based practice, documentation and referral, patient safety, nursing process, patient assessment, and infection control...
January 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Donna M Wilson, Jill Murphy, Mavis A Nam, Anne Fahy, Susanna Tella
For 10 years, select Irish nurses and midwives who pass a rigorous 6 month theory and practical program can prescribe medications and other medicinal products. Given the need for timely, accessible, and affordable health-care services in all countries, this nursing/midwifery education and practice development is worthy of examination. Irish nurse/midwife prescribing occurred following long-term deliberative nursing profession advocacy, nursing education planning, nursing administration and practice planning, interdisciplinary health-care team support and complementary efforts, and government action...
January 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Helen Wright, Lin Zhao, Melanie Birks, Jane Mills
The aim of this integrative review was to update a mixed method systematic review by Skirton, O'Connor, and Humphreys (2012) that reported on nurses' levels of competence in using genetics in clinical practice. Three electronic databases were searched using selected key words. Research studies published in English between January 2011 and September 2017 reporting levels of nurse competence in genetics or genomics were eligible for inclusion. The selected studies were subjected to thematic analysis. Three main themes were identified: (i) genomic knowledge and utilization, (ii) perceived relevance to practice, and (iii) genomic education...
January 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Hagit Ofir, Hadas Shefler, Rachel Kornhaber, Michelle Cleary, Moti Harats, Josef Haik
The opening of the National Burns Center (NBC) in Sheba Medical Center (SMC) in 2014 was a keystone point in the development of specialized burns trauma services for Israel to ensure burn care and disaster planning at international standards. The NBC is a purpose-built, level 1 burns trauma center that receives patients from Israel, Gaza, West Bank, and abroad. Hosting six intensive care and four step-down burns beds, the center serves as a referral center for patients in other health-care facilities with indication for hospitalization...
January 22, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Alison I Machin, Amornrat Ngamsuoy, Pauline Pearson
Child home accidental injury is a global health issue, and promoting child safety is a pediatric nursing challenge worldwide. Planning child home accidental injury prevention requires understanding of factors influencing parents' behavior. Evidence suggests that participatory health promotion positively influences behavior; however, research on Thai parents is limited. This qualitative, action research study aimed to understand Thai parents' experiences of participating in a collaborative child home accidental injury prevention program and its influence on their behavior...
January 18, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Dianne Clifton, Margaret Ross, Clare O'Callaghan
Despite widespread steroid usage for treating hematological conditions, minimal attention focuses on associated psychiatric side-effects. In the present study, we examined hematology patients' experiences of high-dose steroid treatment. This was undertaken by the use of a qualitative, descriptive design, which included convenience sampling and the inductive, cyclic, and constant comparative thematic analysis of interview transcripts. Eighteen patients participated, who were diagnosed with lymphoma, myeloma, leukemia, or idiopathic thrombocytopenia purpura...
January 18, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Erna Rochmawati, Rick Wiechula, Kate Cameron
Experiencing life-threatening illness could impact on an individual's spirituality or religious beliefs. In this paper, we report on a study which explored cultural elements that influence the provision of palliative care for people with cancer. A contemporary ethnographic approach was adopted. Observations and interviews were undertaken over 3 months with 48 participants, including palliative care staff, patients, and their families. An ethnographic data analysis framework was adopted to assist in the analysis of data at item, pattern, and structural levels...
January 16, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Wei-Wen Wu, Chieh-Yu Liu, Shiann-Tarng Jou, Giun-Yi Hung, Shu-Yuan Liang
Cancer during adolescence increases the risk for bone mass deficiency later in life. Adolescents with cancer must learn to improve their bone health to avoid osteoporosis. In the present cross-sectional study, we developed and tested scales to assess the bone health self-efficacy and beliefs of adolescents with cancer in Taiwan. Test development followed three stages: item generation and scale formatting, examination of content validity, and validation of psychometric properties with a sample of 100 adolescents with cancer...
January 8, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Rachel Milte, Julie Ratcliffe, Gang Chen, Michelle Miller, Maria Crotty
There has been little empirical investigation of the preferences of people living in aged care homes for food services. The aim of the present study was to elicit consumer preferences and their willingness to pay for food service in aged care homes. Current residents or their family members were invited to take part in the discrete choice experiment questionnaire administered via interview. Of the 109 eligible residents and 175 eligible family members approached for consent 121 (43%) participated, including 43 residents...
January 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Anita Berlin, Michael Rosander, Karin Forslund Frykedal, Mia Barimani
Expectant and new parents are offered parental education groups as a way to support their transition to parenthood. Group leadership in these groups has been found to be challenging. Using a qualitative and summative design, the aim of the present study was to investigate how health professionals describe their role in parental education groups compared to their actual behavior. Thirteen health professional leaders in antenatal and child health services were interviewed. These descriptions were compared with the leaders' actual behavior in video and audio-recordings of 16 different group sessions...
January 3, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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