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Nursing & Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636135/job-satisfaction-mediates-subjective-social-status-and-turnover-intention-among-chinese-nurses
#1
Danjun Feng, Shan Su, Yang Yang, Jinghua Xia, Yonggang Su
Nurse turnover is one of the reasons for the global nurse shortage. Although previous studies have examined the determinants of turnover intention in detail, there is limited knowledge on the effect of subjective social status on nurse turnover intention. Therefore, in this study, we examined this relationship, including job satisfaction as a mediator, among Chinese nurses. This cross-sectional study employed questionnaires to assess subjective social status, job satisfaction, and turnover intention in 581 nurses who were randomly recruited from 10 hospitals in Jinan, China...
June 21, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631876/incidence-of-episiotomy-in-slovenia-the-story-behind-the-numbers
#2
Anita Jug Došler, Ana Polona Mivšek, Ivan Verdenik, Teja Škodič Zakšek, Tina Levec, Petra Petročnik
Episiotomy is a surgical cut of the perineum performed in the second stage of labor in order to widen the vaginal opening and thus facilitate the birth of an infant. Despite current recommendations against the routine use of episiotomy, it is one of the most commonly performed surgical interventions during childbirth. This retrospective study explores the number of episiotomies performed in Slovenian maternity hospitals and the differences in episiotomy rates in relation to parity. Data were obtained from the Slovenian National Perinatal Information System and pooled for 2013...
June 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631343/exploration-of-difficult-conversations-among-australian-paramedics
#3
Brett Williams, Bronwyn Beovich, Geoff Flemming, Grant Donovan, Ian Patrick
Previous studies indicate that healthcare professionals find it challenging to engage in difficult conversations regarding concerning behavior of colleagues. As a result, these conversations are often avoided. The inability to have these difficult conversations is associated with poorer patient outcomes, staff commitment, discretionary effort, and employee satisfaction. This descriptive study used an online questionnaire to examine responses of paramedics employed by Ambulance Victoria (Australia) regarding difficult conversations between colleagues about concerning behavior of co-workers...
June 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631279/nurses-attitudes-and-knowledge-regarding-organ-and-tissue-donation-and-transplantation-in-a-provincial-hospital-a-descriptive-and-multivariate-analysis
#4
Maria Del Mar Lomero, María F Jiménez-Herrera, Maria José Rasero, Alberto Sandiumenge
The attitudes and knowledge of nursing personnel regarding organ and tissue donation can influence the decision to donate. This study aimed to determine these two factors among nurses at a district hospital in Barcelona, Spain. A survey was carried out using a 35 item questionnaire. Results were subjected to descriptive and comparative statistical analyses using bivariate and multivariate analyses to examine the relation between demographic data and attitudes toward donation. The completion rate was 68.2%, with 98...
June 20, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618087/telephone-nursing-in-sweden-a-narrative-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Elenor Kaminsky, Marta Röing, Annica Björkman, Inger K Holmström
Telephone nursing services are expanding globally. Swedish Healthcare Direct is the largest healthcare provider in Sweden. This paper provides a comprehensive understanding of telephone nursing, as reflected by research on Swedish national telephone nursing, and discusses the findings in relation to international literature. A descriptive, mixed-studies literature review was conducted. Twenty-four articles from January 2003 to April 2015 were identified from PubMed, Scopus, and CINAHL, and included. The issues explored in this study are how telephone nursing is perceived by callers, telephone nurses, and managers, and what characterizes such calls...
June 15, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612352/pain-management-in-home-hospice-patients-a-retrospective-descriptive-study
#6
Cathy L Campbell, Meghan Kelly, Virginia Rovnyak
The development and evaluation of evidence-based, safe, and effective home-based pain management models for caregivers implementation is receiving greater attention in the literature because of international initiatives intended to increase the number of people who receive end-of-life care in home-based settings. The purpose of this "retrospective descriptive design" study was to describe pharmacological pain management and outcomes for 40 cancer and non-cancer patients receiving hospice care at home. While the median pain score was higher at admission in the cancer group than in the hospice care at home group, the difference was not significant at or within 48 hour of admission...
June 13, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590081/resilience-as-a-mediator-between-cardiorespiratory-fitness-and-mental-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Diana P Pozuelo-Carrascosa, Vicente Martínez-Vizcaíno, Mairena Sánchez-López, Raquel Bartolomé-Gutiérrez, Beatriz Rodríguez-Martín, Blanca Notario-Pacheco
In this cross-sectional study, we analyzed the relationship between resilience, cardiorespiratory fitness, and mental health-related quality of life, and examined whether resilience acts as a mediator between the latter two. The study included 770 university students, aged 18-30 years, from Cuenca, Spain. Anthropometric, sociodemographic, cardiorespiratory fitness (20 m shuttle run test), biochemical parameters, resilience, and mental health-related quality of life measurements were analyzed. The results showed that mental health-related quality-of-life values were significantly higher in students who had good cardiorespiratory fitness and a high level of resilience...
June 7, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590048/educational-needs-of-nurses-to-provide-genetic-services-in-prenatal-care-a-cross-sectional-study-from-turkey
#8
Memnun Seven, Kafiye Eroglu, Aygül Akyüz, Charlotta Ingvoldstad
The latest advances in genetics/genomics have significantly impacted prenatal screening and diagnostic tests. This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in inpatient and outpatient obstetric clinics in 24 hospitals in Turkey to determine knowledge of genetics related to prenatal care and the educational needs of perinatal nurses. A total of 116 nurses working in these clinics agreed to participate. The results included the level of knowledge among nurses was not affected by sociodemographic factors...
June 7, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544230/cardiac-diabetes-self-management-program-for-australians-and-taiwanese-a-randomized-blocked-design-study
#9
Chiung-Jung Jo Wu, Huei-Chuan Sung, Anne M Chang, John Atherton, Karam Kostner, Steven M McPhail
Cardiac disease and type 2 diabetes are prevalent diseases globally. Cardiac rehabilitation and diabetes self-management programs empower patients' self-management to improve their health outcomes. However, inappropriate delivery modes and continuing low participation rates indicate some programs are less than optimal. A previous study demonstrated the feasibility of incorporating telephone and text messages into a cardiac-diabetes self-management program in Australia; however, the program did not specifically address patients' cultural backgrounds...
May 25, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517173/breast-cancer-awareness-among-indonesian-women-at-moderate-to-high-risk
#10
Aira Putri Mardela, Khomapak Maneewat, Hathairat Sangchan
In this descriptive cross-sectional study, we examined awareness of breast cancer among Indonesian women at moderate-to high-risk of developing breast cancer. Data were obtained from 87 eligible participants using the Modified Breast Cancer Awareness Measure. The International Breast Cancer Intervention Study model was used to identify women at moderate-to-high risk of developing breast cancer. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results showed that none of the participants had knowledge of age-related risk (0%)...
May 18, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436138/predictors-of-health-related-quality-of-life-among-industrial-workers-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#11
Malakeh Z Malak
Assessment and evaluation of the health-related quality of life of industrial workers is an important research focus. This descriptive correlational study identifies the predictors of health-related quality of life using a random sampling of industrial workers (n = 640) from construction factories in Amman Governorate in Jordan using demographic characteristics, a health and work-related factors questionnaire, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief scale. Results showed that industrial workers had good physical health but a poor working environment...
April 24, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436091/effects-of-pre-education-combined-with-a-simulation-for-caring-for-children-with-croup-on-senior-nursing-students
#12
Myung-Nam Lee, Kyung-Ah Kang, Sun-Jung Park, Shin-Jeong Kim
Educational outcomes, such as knowledge, confidence in performance, ability in nursing practice, and satisfaction with learning methods in caring for children with croup, were compared between groups of students that received education through simulation combined with pre-education, simulation only, and pre-education only. In this quasi-experimental design, the educational intervention for the experimental group was the pre-education modality. Data from a convenience sample of 127 senior nursing students were drawn from three nursing schools in South Korea...
April 24, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422388/comparison-of-the-effectiveness-of-two-different-interventions-to-reduce-preoperative-anxiety-a-randomized-controlled-study
#13
Nurcan Ertuğ, Özge Ulusoylu, Ayça Bal, Hazal Özgür
This study was conducted to determine and compare the effectiveness of nature sounds and relaxation exercises for reducing preoperative anxiety. A repeated measures randomized controlled trial design was used. We divided 159 preoperative patients into three groups: nature sounds (n = 53), relaxation exercises (n = 53), and control groups (n = 53). We evaluated anxiety using the visual analog scale and state anxiety inventory scores immediately before, immediately after, and 30 min after interventions in nature sounds and relaxation exercises groups, and silent rest in the control...
April 19, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570030/swearing-and-verbal-aggression-in-china-a-call-to-action
#14
EDITORIAL
Yan Sun, Teresa E Stone, Marcia A Petrini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688004/understanding-the-rise-of-yinao-in-china-a-commentary-on-the-little-known-phenomenon-of-healthcare-violence
#15
Liuyi Zhang, Teresa E Stone, Jingping Zhang
Yinao (healthcare disturbance) refers to violent incidents directed against healthcare staff and facilities for financial benefit. In China, incidences of Yinao are widespread and increasing, but little is known of this phenomenon in the wider global community. This commentary investigates the factors behind Yinao to achieve a deeper understanding. Causes include a lack of trust in medical staff, fueled by costly medical expenses; difficulties in accessing treatment; poor treatment outcomes; high patient expectations; a misunderstanding or rejection of medical ethics; misleading media reports; and a complex appeals process...
June 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550799/identifying-the-essential-components-of-cultural-competence-in-a-chinese-nursing-context-a-qualitative-study
#16
Duanying Cai, Wipada Kunaviktikul, Areewan Klunklin, Acharaporn Sripusanapan, Patricia Kay Avant
This qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted to identify the essential components of cultural competence from the perspective of Chinese nurses. A purposive sample of 20 nurse experts, including senior clinical nurses, nurse administrators, and educators in transcultural nursing, was recruited. Using thematic analysis, four themes: awareness, attitudes, knowledge, and skills, with two subthemes for each, were identified. Notably, culture in China was understood in a broad way. The participants' responses focused upon demographic attributes, individuality, and efforts to facilitate quality care rather than on the cultural differences of ethnicity and race and developing the capacity to change discrimination or health disparities...
June 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282918/quality-of-life-of-nursing-home-residents-in-china-a-mediation-analysis
#17
Huimin Xiao, Ju Young Yoon, Barbara Bowers
We examined whether the relationship between activities of daily living and quality of life was mediated by depression, and identified differences of the mediating effects by age group. In this cross-sectional survey, 231 older adults were recruited from eight nursing homes. The path analysis indicated that depression played an important mediating role in the relationship between activities of daily living and quality of life. Depression appeared to be more significant for the mental health component as an outcome compared to the physical health component of quality of life...
June 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109014/predictors-of-quality-of-life-among-chinese-people-with-schizophrenia
#18
Xiao Qin Wang, Marcia A Petrini, Donald E Morisky
This study was designed to investigate the association of quality of life, perceived stigma, and medication adherence among Chinese patients with schizophrenia, and to ascertain the predictors of quality of life. A cross-sectional correlation study was conducted with 146 participants. All participants completed self-report scales: the Schizophrenia Quality of Life Scale, Link's Stigma Scale, and the Morisky Medication Adherence Scale. Pearson parametric correlations and stepwise multiple regressions were performed...
June 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371304/clinical-nurse-leaders-and-academics-perspectives-in-clinical-assessment-of-final-year-nursing-students-a-qualitative-study
#19
Xi Vivien Wu, Karin Enskär, Lay Hoon Pua, Doreen Gek Noi Heng, Wenru Wang
The nature of nursing practice is diverse; therefore, clinical assessment is a complex process. This study explores the perceptions of clinical nurse leaders and academics on clinical assessment for undergraduate nursing education during transition to practice. An explorative qualitative approach was applied. Eight nurse managers, six clinical nurse educators, and eight academics from two tertiary hospitals and a university in Singapore participated in four focus group discussions. Thematic analysis was conducted...
March 30, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371120/condom-use-among-swedes-while-traveling-internationally-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#20
Eva Lejelind, Ragnar Westerling, Kerstin Sjögren Fugl-Meyer, Kjerstin Larsson
This study explores factors influencing condom use among Swedish women and men who visited a sexual health clinic after unprotected sex during international travel. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 women and 25 men. The data were analyzed using conventional content analysis. The informants' narratives were categorized as strategies and barriers. Strategies found were: risk assessment, testing, and treatment for sexually transmitted infections. The barriers were characterized as technical and personal or emotional...
March 30, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
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