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Nursing & Health Sciences

Joan E Dodgson, Michiko Yahiro, Carolyn S Melby, Keiko Takeo, Takamasa Tanaka, Hitoshi Asano
There has been little research exploring Japanese nursing students' experiences of having Western instructors in their nursing programs. The purpose of the present study was to describe Japanese nursing students' lived experiences of being taught by foreign faculty. A qualitative design using an interpretive phenomenology approach was used with purposeful sampling. Graduate and undergraduate nursing students (n = 13), who had the experience of being taught by a foreign faculty member for at least one semester, were recruited...
September 14, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Jin Suk Ra, Yoon Hee Cho
In this study, we investigated the relationship between risk-taking tendency and smoking intention as moderated by social normative beliefs among Korean female adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 274 female adolescents in middle school. Multiple regression and simple slope analyses were employed to test the moderating effects of social normative beliefs regarding smoking on the relationship between risk-taking tendency and smoking intention. Results determined that risk-taking tendency, social normative beliefs regarding smoking, and their interaction were significant factors influencing smoking intention among adolescents...
September 12, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Geldine Chironda, Busisiwe Rosemary Bhengu
The integrated management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) demands significant changes, as patients need to adhere to dialysis, medication, and dietary and fluid restrictions. Therefore, there is a need to identify the motivators of adherence to improve the quality of life of these patients. The aim of the present study was to explore the motivators of adherence to integrated management among patients with CKD in South Africa. A phenomenological design was used. A sample size of 12 participants was selected according to data saturation...
September 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Eli Mang Yee Chu, Loretta Sheppard, Stephen Guinea, Christine Imms
Simulation is increasingly used to supplement clinical placement in preregistration health professional programs. However, there are no conceptual frameworks to guide the design of these learning experiences when replacing a clinical placement. In the present study, the conceptual framework for simulated clinical placements (CF-SCP) is presented. Evolving from an iterative process of synthesizing learning and simulation theory, findings from the empirical literature, and the perspectives and ideas from experts in occupational therapy practice, education and simulation-based learning, the CF-SCP aligns principles and processes of workplace and simulation learning...
September 4, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Aiko Tanaka, Nobuko Tokuda, Kiyoshi Ichihara
The purpose of this pilot study was to examine and evaluate the psychological and physiological effects of multiple sessions of laughter yoga on community members. Participants took part in a 45 min laughter yoga session once per month for 6 months. Before and after all sessions, participants completed the Profile of Mood States-Brief Japanese Version (J-POMS-B) questionnaire to assess their mood, and had blood drawn for the measurement of stress indicators and immune function. Serial changes in J-POMS-B scores were tested by three way analysis of variance, and changes in laboratory results per session were evaluated with a paired t-test...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Fiona Wing Ki Tang, Gigi Cheuk Chi Ling, Adela Shuet Fun Lai, Sek Ying Chair, Winnie Kwok Wei So
Caring seems to be undervalued in the technologically-advanced and fast-paced clinical environment. To improve nursing practice, it is important to understand the meanings of caring to nurses. The aim of the present study was to explore nurses' perspectives of caring in the contemporary clinical environment. A focus group exploration was employed. Multiple perspectives were elicited from 80 nurses with different backgrounds: nursing students, nurse educators, registered nurses, advanced clinical nurses, and nurse executives...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Nimisha Vandan, Janet Y-H Wong, Daniel Y-T Fong
The aim of the present qualitative study was to understand the experiences of South Asian ethnic minority women in accessing health-care services in Hong Kong, a Chinese-oriented society. Levesque's framework (2013) was adopted to conduct and analyze focus group discussions among 30 South Asian women aged between 21 and 72 years, who came from India, Nepal, and Pakistan. The overarching theme was identified as disengagement between South Asian women and the health-care system, with the following five themes: attitude and awareness, sociocultural factors, time constraints, financial burdens, and inadequate interaction...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Molly Adrian, Megan Moreno, Semret Nicodimos, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
Social media is being used for recruitment and the study of health-care choices and behavior, and could be particularly helpful to reach young adult populations outside of a 4 year college setting. The aim of this study was to report on overall success of recruiting young adults in diverse settings with respect to education and employment into a study using Facebook (FB). Young adults (n = 380, 50% male, 44% white) who had been involved in a longitudinal research project received a friend request from the research study group's profile...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Maria Rönnerhag, Elisabeth Severinsson, Megumi Haruna, Ingela Berggren
Few studies have focused on women's childbirth experiences in relation to patient safety. The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of safety as a process phenomenon by outlining women's positive and negative experiences of safety in childbirth. A descriptive explorative design was chosen and 16 interviews were conducted. Qualitative content analysis was used. One main theme emerged: safe childbirth through involvement and guidance, based on four subthemes. The characteristics of women's experiences of safe childbirth included the need to be informed and involved by sharing and receiving trustworthy information...
August 22, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Fang Yu, Hongyu Li, Chunling Tai, Ting Guo, Dong Pang
People who have had a stroke face high risks of cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression. Health education for family members contributes to better outcomes in various diseases, but the effects of health education on family members of people who have had a stroke are unclear. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the family member education program (FMEP) on cognitive impairment, anxiety, and depression in persons who have had a stroke. In total, 144 persons who experienced a stroke were randomly allocated to the FMEP group or control group (1:1 ratio)...
August 16, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ella Ottrey, Judi Porter, Catherine E Huggins, Claire Palermo
Nutrition care is a fundamental component of quality health care provided to patients in hospital, yet little is known about the staff who deliver this care and their interrelationships, and how this impacts nutrition care. In this ethnographic study on two subacute wards, 67 h of fieldwork was conducted over 3 months to explore the relationships, roles, and responsibilities of those involved at mealtimes, and the influence on meal provision. Data were analyzed inductively and thematically. Three themes describing ward culture and staff relationships emerged: (i) defining mealtime roles and maintaining boundaries; (ii) balancing the need for teamwork and having time and space; and (iii) effective communication supports role completion and problem solving...
August 13, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Marija Trus, Nijole Galdikiene, Sigitas Balciunas, Philip Green, Mika Helminen, Tarja Suominen
Health-care organizations differ from other institutions due to their unique structure and management. Organizational culture and climate are the key constructs that compose the organizational social context, and might have an impact on employees, such as nurse managers, and the organization itself. The aim of this study was to analyze the connections between organizational culture and climate and work-related empowerment, and also to present culture and climate profiles at team and organization levels. The research was carried out in Lithuania among 193 nurse managers in seven hospitals using a questionnaire that measured organizational culture and climate (Organizational Social Context instrument), and work-related empowerment (Conditions for Work Effectiveness Questionnaire-II and Work Empowerment Questionnaire)...
August 9, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ting Li, Su-Wei Wang, Jing-Jing Zhou, Qing-Zhuo Ren, Yu-Lin Gao
In this study, we examined the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Stress-Related Growth Scale-Short Form (SRGS-SF) for undergraduate nursing students. Using a cross-sectional design, a convenience sample of 253 undergraduate nursing students was included in this study. Half of the sample (n = 126) was randomly selected to explore the factorial structure of the SRGS-SF via exploratory factor analysis. The rest of the sample (n = 127) was selected to confirm the structure via confirmatory factor analysis...
August 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
So Sun Kim, Young Sook Roh
There are relatively few initiatives to promote children's health and prevent disease in Korean child-care centers. The purpose of this study was to describe the effects of the nurse-led child health service in Korean child-care centers. A total of 9664 parents and 3892 teachers at child-care centers and 49 nurses completed self-administered questionnaires. Parent satisfaction, teacher satisfaction, and nurses' self-evaluation were surveyed. Case-management reports of children were collected over 5 years...
August 2, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Sevilay Erden, Nevra Demir, Gulay A Ugras, Umut Arslan, Sevban Arslan
Pain is a stressor for intensive care unit (ICU) patients, and inadequate pain assessment has been linked to increased morbidity and mortality. One hundred and twenty patients were evaluated during three periods: (T1) 1 min before, (T2) during, and (T3) 20 min after the nociceptive procedure. For each patient, data were obtained through at least two nociceptive procedures. Conscious patients' self-reports of pain were assessed using the Numerical Rating Scale and Visual Analog Scale. For unconscious patients, the Behavioral Pain Scale was used instead...
July 20, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Shadi Dehghanzadeh, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Shokoh Varaei
Heart failure is associated with low quality of life and a high mortality rate. There is limited information about patients' experiences of living with cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). In the present study, we sought to explore the process of living with CRT defibrillator. This qualitative study was completed from December 2014 to April 2016 using a grounded theory approach. Twenty semistructured interviews were held with 17 patients with heart failure. Data analysis was done via a previously-published approach...
July 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Mariko Kuroda, Taisuke Togari
The Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011 resulted in radiation exposure, and many evacuees felt anxious of its health risks. However, little is known about the difficulties faced by fathers whose families evacuated voluntarily. Therefore, the aim of the present case study was to clarify the difficulties and concerns of fathers whose families evacuated voluntarily after the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Eleven fathers in Fukushima were interviewed between 14 December 2014 and 25 February 2015. Four themes emerged: (i) seeking a safe place away from radiation exposure; (ii) burdens of a double life; (iii) feelings of isolation and perceived deterioration of health; and (iv) deciding on whether to continue voluntary evacuation...
July 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Manee Arpanantikul
The number of people with chronic illness who need home-based care is increasing globally. Home-based care is socially constructed to be work carried out by women. However, little attention has been paid to the opinions of middle-aged women caring for family members with chronic illness at home. In this study, Thai women's perspectives on home-based care for family members with chronic illness using interpretive phenomenology were identified. Fifteen middle-aged women were interviewed twice, and the data were analyzed using thematic analysis...
July 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Mahni Rahkar Farshi, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Mryam Rssouli, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
In Iran, as in other nations, adolescence can be a challenging period for both parents and their children. Typically, mothers assume the main role of parenting, which can have a negative impact either directly or indirectly on paternal involvement, or conversely, play a positive role of mediation between fathers and their adolescent children. In the present study, we report on a qualitative study conducted in 2016 that explored the perceptions of Iranian parents toward the paternal role in raising adolescent children...
July 3, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Lina Mrayan, Sanaa Abujilban, Jamila Abuidhail, Ali Alshraifeen
Traditional practices during the first months of neonatal life are common in developing countries, such as Jordan. Many international studies and reports have highlighted the fact that traditional neonatal practices are the cause of high neonatal mortality and morbidity rates in some countries. The aim of the present study was to identify neonatal care practices in Jordan. A descriptive, qualitative research design was used across four Jordanian cities across diverse regions. Forty mothers of neonates were interviewed over a period of 6 months (from January to June 2016)...
June 27, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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