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Nursing & Health Sciences

Ting Liu, Jeffrey Fuller, Alison Hutton, Julian Grant
Chinese adolescents are increasingly engaging in romantic experiences and high-risk sexual behaviors within a rapidly-changing cultural and socio-economic context. Parental communication about sexuality has been recognized as protective for adolescents to make informed decisions about sexual practice. In this study, we explored what was discussed about adolescent romantic experience between parents and adolescents in China. Twenty-seven parents and 38 adolescents from a northern-eastern city of China were interviewed...
February 24, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Hong Tao, Susan McRoy, Lin Wang
It has been well-established that social environmental factors can increase the risk of rehospitalization for people receiving home healthcare services. For caregivers who might be challenged to keep up with sometimes unfamiliar health monitoring tasks or to know when to seek help, mobile health technology offers the potential to enhance the skills of informal caregivers and to improve the communication between home and clinical care. This paper described our recent work to determine the usability, functionality, and style of interaction that would be needed to provide an effective and well-accepted tool...
February 22, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Maria Amelia Miquelutti, José Guilherme Cecatti
This study protocol will evaluate the effectiveness and safety during labor and delivery of the Kinesio Taping bandage for pain sensation, satisfaction of patients, and obstetric and neonatal outcomes. A randomized controlled trial with 60 participants divided into two groups will be conducted. The intervention group will receive bandage application on the vertebral regions corresponding to uterine dermatomes - from T10 to L1 and from S2 to S4. The control group will receive bandage application away from uterine dermatomes, from T1 to T4...
February 21, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Xiaorong Luan, Ping Wang, Wenxiu Hou, Lili Chen, Fenglan Lou
Senior nurses can suffer from high job stress and burnout, which can lead to negative patient outcomes and higher turnover rates; however, few studies have examined this topic. We recruited 224 head and senior nurses from September to December 2015 using convenience and cluster sampling, to compare job stress and burnout levels between the two groups. The Nurse Job Stressors Inventory and Maslach Burnout Inventory scales were used to evaluate job stress and burnout, respectively. Results indicated that job stress scores significantly differed between head and senior nurses...
January 31, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Shadi Dehghanzadeh, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Shokoh Varaei, Jalal Kheirkhah
The number of people with heart failure requiring implantation of a cardiac resynchronization device is increasing in Iran. Although this intervention is an effective life-saving treatment, several challenges are associated with patients' lifestyle after insertion. This study identified the challenges and coping mechanisms of Iranians with heart failure living with cardiac resynchronization therapy. A qualitative approach using conventional content analysis was adopted. Seventeen people with heart failure and three nurses were recruited between December 2014 and November 2015 from a teaching hospital and a private clinic in Rasht, Iran...
January 18, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Peter M Sinclair, Tracey Levett-Jones, Amanda Morris, Ben Carter, Paul N Bennett, Ashley Kable
E-learning involves the transfer of skills and knowledge via technology so that learners can access meaningful and authentic educational materials. While learner engagement is important, in the context of healthcare education, pedagogy must not be sacrificed for edu-tainment style instructional design. Consequently, health professional educators need to be competent in the use of current web-based educational technologies so that learners are able to access relevant and engaging e-learning materials without restriction...
January 16, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Sousan Valizadeh, Mina Hosseinzadeh, Eesa Mohammadi, Hadi Hassankhani, Marjaneh M Fooladi, Virginia Schmied
Breastfeeding mothers returning to work often feel exhausted as they must feed on demand and attend to family and employment responsibilities, leading to concerns for their personal health. This study was prompted by a desire to understand and identify barriers to mothers' health. We describe the experiences of 12 Iranian breastfeeding and employed mothers through in-depth and semi-structured interviews and thematic analysis. Two main themes emerged: (i) working and mothering alone and (ii) facing concerns about health...
January 9, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ahmed Mohammad Al-Smadi, Loai Issa Tawalbeh, Omar Salem Gammoh, Ala Fawzi Ashour, Ali Alshraifeen, Yazeed Mohammed Gougazeh
This study was conducted to identify the predictors, levels, and prevalence of anxiety and stress and to assess the relationship between these factors and quality of life in recently displaced Iraqis. A cross-sectional design was used. A convenience sample of 171 Iraqi refugees was recruited. The results indicated that more than half of the sample suffered from high anxiety levels, while 42.8% reported high stress. The regression model explained 46.3% of the variance in levels of quality of life. Unemployment, fewer than three family members, and high anxiety significantly predicted low-level quality of life...
January 5, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Manee Arpanantikul, Rutja Phuphaibul, Kusuma Khuwatsumrit
Globalization has led to the rapid modernization of Thai villagers' traditional lifestyle, with significant consequential changes in health. The integration of the sufficiency economy philosophy with health - a concept known as "sufficient health" - can improve health and wellbeing; however, little is known of the actual meaning of "sufficient health." This qualitative study explored the meaning of sufficient health as perceived by Thai villagers. Data were collected from 122 villagers living in a rural Thai community and analyzed using content analysis...
January 5, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Eli Manning, Marilou Gagnon
Over the last decade, the concept of the "complex patient" has not only been more widely used in multidisciplinary healthcare teams and across various healthcare disciplines, but it has also become more vacuous in meaning. The uptake of the concept of the "complex patient" spans across disciplines, such as medicine, nursing, and social work, with no consistent definition. We review the chronological evolution of this concept and its surrogate terms, namely "comorbidity," "multimorbidity," "polypathology," "dual diagnosis," and "multiple chronic conditions...
January 5, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ya-Fen Lien, Hui-Man Huang
Families in Taiwan are considered central in caring for frail older people. However, rapid social changes are reshaping Taiwanese family values and structures. In this study, we explored the challenges of intergenerational families in caring for frail older people in Taiwan. Using a multiple-case study, 32 participants representing 12 families comprising three or more generations participated in individual, semistructured interviews. A grounded theory technique was used for the data analysis. Four themes emerged in the findings: intergenerational and intragenerational disharmony, restrictions in the physical environment, financial caregiving burdens, and lack of support from the healthcare system...
December 27, 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
Rachel Cathrine Rossiter, Teresa Elizabeth Stone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
Susumu Tomonaga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
Andi Masyitha Irwan, Mayumi Kato, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Eiichi Ueno, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Miho Shogenji
We conducted a randomized, controlled trial to examine the effects of a salt-reduction and efficacy-maintenance program on the improvement and maintenance of self-care and self-efficacy in reducing the salt intake of older people with high blood pressure. A total of 51 participants with hypertension/prehypertension in Indonesia were randomly assigned to a control group or one of two intervention groups: salt-reduction training or salt-reduction and efficacy-maintenance. The salt-reduction and efficacy-maintenance group received educational training and a maintenance meeting; the participants' knowledge, attitudes, self-care practices, and self-efficacy significantly improved after training and were maintained after the maintenance meeting...
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
Rutja Phuphaibul, Watana Teamprathom, Apa Puckpinyo, Supannee Tharakul
There is insufficient evidence in the literature to indicate whether the promotion of lifestyle changes to prevent renal dysfunction and activate regeneration is effective. We examined the effectiveness of a community-based intervention program on renal restoration using a non-randomized clinical trial design with a follow-up period of six months. The training focused on lifestyle changes, including health education and personal consultation with a multidisciplinary health team. Our study included 120 patients with fractional excretion of magnesium levels of > 2%, who were assigned to experimental or control groups...
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
Koren Hazut, Pnina Romem, Smadar Malkin, Ilana Livshiz-Riven
The purpose of this study was to compare the predictive validity, economic efficiency, and faculty staff satisfaction of a computerized test versus a personal interview as admission methods for graduate nursing studies. A mixed method study was designed, including cross-sectional and retrospective cohorts, interviews, and cost analysis. One hundred and thirty-four students in the Master of Nursing program participated. The success of students in required core courses was similar in both admission method groups...
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
Yongxia Song, Xiaoqing Lv, Jingjing Liu, Dan Huang, Jingfang Hong, Weili Wang, Wenru Wang
This study was conducted to understand patients' experiences of nursing support, to identify gaps between patients' expected needs and the nursing support they received, and to explore reasons for such disparity. A qualitative study with a phenomenological approach was used. A purposive sample of 22 patients with different types of cancer was recruited and interviewed using semistructured guidelines. The data were analyzed using phenomenological analytic methods. Several needs regarding nursing support were expressed, including informational, psychological, clinical, care coordination and communication needs, and there were some unmet or partially-met needs...
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
José Manuel Martínez Linares, Rafael Guisado Barrilao, Francisco Manuel Ocaña Peinado, Francisco Javier Salgado Parreño
In this study, we estimated the risk of acute coronary syndrome and stroke associated with several emerging cardiovascular risk factors. This was a case-control study, where an age - and sex-matched acute coronary syndrome group and stroke group were compared with controls. Demographic and clinical data were collected through patient interviews, and blood samples were taken for analysis. In the bivariate analysis, all cardiovascular risk factors analyzed showed as predictors of acute coronary syndrome and stroke, except total cholesterol and smoking...
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
So Sun Kim, Young Sook Roh
In this study, we explored the status of curricula for nursing students and identified the priorities for curricula improvement using importance-performance analysis. A cross-sectional, descriptive survey was conducted, which included 62 instructors in charge of resuscitation training. The participants completed the self-administered, 32-item Resuscitation Curricula Attributes Importance-Performance Scale. With Wilcoxon signed-rank test, an importance-performance analysis matrix was created. There was a significant overall mean difference between importance and performance in all 32 items, with "recognition of arrest rhythms" showing the largest difference...
December 2016: Nursing & Health Sciences
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