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Nursing & Health Sciences

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771469/health-literacy-in-pressure-injury-findings-from-a-mixed-methods-study-of-community-based-patients-and-carers
#1
Lisa A Durrant, James Taylor, Helen Thompson, Kim Usher, Debra Jackson
The present study, drawn from a larger mixed-methods case study, provides insights into the health literacy of community-based patients with pressure injuries, and their carers, and critically analyzes the patient information resources available; crucial because health literacy is associated with patient care and outcomes for patients. Two datasets were used to better understand patient literacy in relation to pressure injury: (i) narratives from patients and carers; and (ii) analysis of patient education resources...
May 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771463/adverse-events-witnessed-by-nursing-students-during-clinical-learning-experiences-findings-from-a-longitudinal-study
#2
Simone Stevanin, Giulia Causero, Antonietta Zanini, Giampiera Bulfone, Valentina Bressan, Alvisa Palese
No evidence from any longitudinal study design has been reported to date with regard to patient safety (PS) incidents witnessed by nursing students during their training. Therefore, with the aim of closing this gap in available knowledge, a longitudinal study was performed from 2012 to 2015 by involving all nursing students (n = 145) enrolled in two Italian nursing programs. At the end of each academic year, students were invited to report in writing all PS incidents witnessed during their clinical learning experience; the number of days each student spent in their clinical setting was also collected from administrative records...
May 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745001/focus-group-discussions-of-registered-nurses-perceptions-of-challenges-in-the-medication-administration-process
#3
Marja Härkänen, Alwiena Blignaut, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
Medication administration (MA) holds a great threat to patient safety, as MA errors remain a global problem. Nurses are key role players in the MA process and can give valuable information from the grassroots level. The aim of the present study was to describe registered nurses' perceptions related to challenges in the MA process. Focus group interviews with registered nurses (n = 20) in two central hospitals in Finland were conducted in 2015. Inductive content analysis was performed. Nurses described multiple challenges during MA, which made the process demanding...
May 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744997/nursing-students-experience-with-fall-risk-assessment-in-older-adults
#4
Susan Kane Patton, Leah Jean Henry
The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of nursing students regarding barriers and facilitators to integrating falls risk evaluation and management into practice as well as effective strategies for learning falls prevention. The qualitative research method of thematic analysis was adopted to collect data through semi-structured interviews with senior nursing students. Open and axial coding was used to analyze the data and those with greatest support generated final categories. Thematic analysis identified five central themes (learning to do a fall risk assessment, addressing health beliefs of older adults, barriers to fall assessment, and overcoming barriers) that describe nursing student perceptions of incorporating fall prevention into practice...
May 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736953/cognitive-and-physical-factors-affecting-daily-function-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#5
Fang Yu, Yan Chen, Michelle A Mathiason, Qiaoqin Wan, Feng V Lin
Understanding the factors affecting activities of daily living (ADL) is important in Alzheimer's disease (AD), because decline in ADL contributes to many poor health outcomes. Existing studies often investigate the factors in isolation without a theoretical framework. The purpose of the present study was to provide preliminary results on how cognition, physical performance, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia mediate the relationship of aerobic fitness and ADL in AD. A cross-sectional analysis was used (n = 28: average age 78 [8] years, education 16 (3) years, Mini-Mental State Examination scores 20 [4])...
May 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726611/recognition-of-and-beliefs-about-causes-of-mental-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study-of-us-and-chinese-undergraduate-nursing-students
#6
Wei Liu
Nursing students' beliefs about etiology and manifestation of mental illness will impact on their professional attitudes in future clinical practice. The aims of the present study were to examine and compare US and Chinese undergraduate nursing students' recognition of, and beliefs about, causes of depression and schizophrenia. A total of 310 US (n = 152) and Chinese (n = 158) nursing students completed the Australian National Mental Health Literacy Survey questionnaire between April 2016 and April 2017...
May 4, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29700967/retrospective-cohort-study-on-korean-adolescents-sleep-depression-school-adjustment-and-life-satisfaction
#7
Sook Ja Yang, Hyo Sung Cha
Sleep patterns have an important role in the physical and psychological health of adolescents. In this study, we investigated the effects of sleep duration on depression, school adjustment, and life satisfaction of adolescents. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using secondary data on first and second grade students in middle schools from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. Those who responded to all items about sleep were selected, and those who were within 30 min of sleep duration difference across 1 year were selected...
April 27, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687562/self-care-management-of-thai-buddhists-and-muslims-with-type-2-diabetes-after-an-empowerment-education-program
#8
Pranee C Lundberg, Supunnee Thrakul
The aim of the present study was to explore self-care management of Thai Buddhists and Muslims with type 2 diabetes and inadequate blood glucose levels, after they had been subjected to a 6-month diabetes empowerment education program. Twenty-seven participants (male and female) were selected through purposive convenience sampling for an explorative qualitative study. Semistructured focus group interviews with four open-ended questions were used to study the participants' self-care behavior at the beginning and the end of the program, and the data obtained were subjected to content analysis...
April 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682890/work-engagement-and-its-predictors-in-registered-nurses-a-cross-sectional-design
#9
Qiaoqin Wan, Weijiao Zhou, Zhaoyang Li, Shaomei Shang, Fang Yu
Nurses are key staff members of health-care organizations. Nurse engagement directly influences quality of care and organizational performance. The purpose of the present study was to understand the state of work engagement and explore its predictors among registered nurses in China by using a descriptive, cross-sectional survey design (n = 1065). Work engagement was measured with the Chinese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. The results showed that the average work engagement of Chinese nurses was 3...
April 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637679/behavioral-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-among-adolescents
#10
GyuYoung Lee, Ok Kyung Ham
Suicidal ideation poses a serious threat to the well-being of adolescents and is the strongest risk factor for suicide. Indeed, Korea ranks first among Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development countries regarding the age-standardized suicide rates. In the present study, we examined multiple levels of factors associated with the suicidal ideation of adolescents in Korea by applying the Ecological Models of Health Behavior. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 860 adolescents...
April 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607583/occupancy-rate-and-adverse-patient-outcomes-in-general-hospitals-in-thailand-a-predictive-study
#11
Kulwadee Abhicharttibutra, Orn-Anong Wichaikhum, Wipada Kunaviktikul, Apiradee Nantsupawat, Raymoul Nantsupawat
Patient outcomes are important indicators of the quality of care. Occupancy rate is one factor that significantly affects adverse patient outcomes. The aim of the present study was to determine factors associated with adverse patient outcomes in Thailand. A retrospective study was conducted with 146 inpatient units from 16 general hospitals. Hospital characteristics and adverse patient outcomes were recorded, and data were analyzed by using frequency, percentage, and binomial logistic regression. The results revealed that the average number of beds per hospital was 430...
April 1, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29570923/cultural-factors-influencing-japanese-nurses-assertive-communication-part-2-hierarchy-and-power
#12
Mieko Omura, Teresa E Stone, Tracy Levett-Jones
Hierarchy and power characterize health-care relationships around the world, constituting a barrier to assertive communication and a risk to patient safety. This issue is more problematic and complex in countries such as Japan, where deep-seated cultural values related to hierarchy and power persist. The current paper is the second of two that present the findings from a study exploring Japanese nurses' views and experiences of how cultural values impact assertive communication for health-care professionals...
March 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520976/comparative-study-among-spanish-students-of-health-sciences-degrees-facing-death
#13
Sagrario Pérez-de la Cruz, Amelia Victoria García-Luengo
The purpose of this study was to explore the perceptions and attitudes of students of health sciences faculties (medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy) regarding specific issues related to death and end of life in both professional and personal realms. A descriptive, cross-sectional, and multi-center approach was used. The modified Bugen Scale for facing death was used. The study population (411 students) encompassed three distinct groups: students from the degrees of medicine, nursing, and physiotherapy. In total, 12 items showed significant differences between the three groups...
March 9, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512845/dealing-with-stroke-perspectives-from-stroke-survivors-and-stroke-caregivers-from-an-underserved-hispanic-community
#14
Marivic B Torregosa, Rosemary Sada, Ilse Perez
Globally, stroke is the leading cause of death and disease burden. While post-stroke studies have been conducted, they excluded survivors and caregivers from underserved communities. It can be argued that the impact of stroke on survivors and caregivers from underserved communities may be greater. Using qualitative exploratory research design, the purpose of this study was to examine the lived experiences of post-stroke recovery and readjustment among stroke survivors and stroke caregivers from an underserved community...
March 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488674/relationship-of-nurses-intrapersonal-characteristics-with-work-performance-and-caring-behaviors-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Nelouise-Marié Geyer, Siedine K Coetzee, Suria M Ellis, Leana R Uys
This study aimed to describe intrapersonal characteristics (professional values, personality, empathy, and job involvement), work performance as perceived by nurses, and caring behaviors as perceived by patients, and to examine the relationships among these variables. A cross-sectional design was employed. A sample was recruited of 218 nurses and 116 patients in four private hospitals and four public hospitals. Data were collected using self-report measures. Data analysis included descriptive statistics, exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, hierarchical linear modelling, correlations, and structural equation modeling...
February 28, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29488295/association-of-health-literacy-with-health-information-seeking-preference-in-older-people-a-correlational-descriptive-study
#16
Su Hyun Kim, Sonja Utz
Low health literacy has been recognized as a potential barrier to obtaining knowledge and maintaining self-care in older people. However, little is known about information-seeking preference in relation to health literacy among older people. The aim of the present study was to understand the influence of health literacy on the information-seeking preference of older people. A total of 129 community-residing Korean older people completed a survey in 2016. The findings revealed that health literacy was a significant predictor of information-seeking preference in older people after controlling for demographic and illness variables...
February 28, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29504211/lifelong-learning-and-professional-practice
#17
EDITORIAL
Rose McMaster, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399934/predictors-of-health-promoting-behaviors-in-children-from-low-income-families-an-ecological-approach
#18
Jiyoung Park
In this study, we investigated the ecological factors that influence health-promoting behaviors in children from low-income families in South Korea using a descriptive correlational design. The participants included 297 elementary school students who used community childcare centers, 297 caregivers, and 68 teachers at the centers. Data were collected using a structured self-report survey, and were subjected to a multi-level regression analysis. The factors influencing the health-promoting behaviors of children were as follows: self-efficacy and self-regulation as intrapersonal factors; caregivers' parenting behavior and peer relationships as interpersonal factors; and the number of months since the centers' establishment, teachers workloads, and centers' perceived environments as institutional factors...
March 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314590/taste-choice-and-timing-investigating-resident-and-carer-preferences-for-meals-in-aged-care-homes
#19
Rachel Milte, Julie Ratcliffe, Gang Chen, Michelle Miller, Maria Crotty
There has been little empirical investigation of the preferences of people living in aged care homes for food services. The aim of the present study was to elicit consumer preferences and their willingness to pay for food service in aged care homes. Current residents or their family members were invited to take part in the discrete choice experiment questionnaire administered via interview. Of the 109 eligible residents and 175 eligible family members approached for consent 121 (43%) participated, including 43 residents...
March 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282864/sun-protective-behaviors-at-an-outdoor-entertainment-event-in-australia
#20
Fiona Barrett, Kim Usher, Cindy Woods, Simone L Harrison, Jane Nikles, Jane Conway
An observational study was conducted to examine the use of sun protective hats, clothing, and sunglasses of people attending an outdoor entertainment event in an area of high-to-extreme ultraviolet radiation in New South Wales, Australia. Armidale is unique, as it is a highly-elevated area, almost 1000 m above sea level, and temperatures are often mild with very high-to-extreme levels of ultraviolet radiation. Four trained data collectors observed attendees as they entered the event, and recorded their use of sun protective hats, clothing, and sunglasses...
March 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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