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Nursing & Health Sciences

Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Mariko Kuroda, Taisuke Togari
The Fukushima nuclear disaster in 2011 resulted in radiation exposure, and many evacuees felt anxious of its health risks. However, little is known about the difficulties faced by fathers whose families evacuated voluntarily. Therefore, the aim of the present case study was to clarify the difficulties and concerns of fathers whose families evacuated voluntarily after the Fukushima nuclear disaster. Eleven fathers in Fukushima were interviewed between 14 December 2014 and 25 February 2015. Four themes emerged: (i) seeking a safe place away from radiation exposure; (ii) burdens of a double life; (iii) feelings of isolation and perceived deterioration of health; and (iv) deciding on whether to continue voluntary evacuation...
July 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Manee Arpanantikul
The number of people with chronic illness who need home-based care is increasing globally. Home-based care is socially constructed to be work carried out by women. However, little attention has been paid to the opinions of middle-aged women caring for family members with chronic illness at home. In this study, Thai women's perspectives on home-based care for family members with chronic illness using interpretive phenomenology were identified. Fifteen middle-aged women were interviewed twice, and the data were analyzed using thematic analysis...
July 5, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Mahni Rahkar Farshi, Leila Valizadeh, Vahid Zamanzadeh, Mryam Rssouli, Violeta Lopez, Michelle Cleary
In Iran, as in other nations, adolescence can be a challenging period for both parents and their children. Typically, mothers assume the main role of parenting, which can have a negative impact either directly or indirectly on paternal involvement, or conversely, play a positive role of mediation between fathers and their adolescent children. In the present study, we report on a qualitative study conducted in 2016 that explored the perceptions of Iranian parents toward the paternal role in raising adolescent children...
July 3, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Lina Mrayan, Sanaa Abujilban, Jamila Abuidhail, Ali Alshraifeen
Traditional practices during the first months of neonatal life are common in developing countries, such as Jordan. Many international studies and reports have highlighted the fact that traditional neonatal practices are the cause of high neonatal mortality and morbidity rates in some countries. The aim of the present study was to identify neonatal care practices in Jordan. A descriptive, qualitative research design was used across four Jordanian cities across diverse regions. Forty mothers of neonates were interviewed over a period of 6 months (from January to June 2016)...
June 27, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Sheila M Mortimer-Jones, Peter G Wall, Susan Russell
Nursing students traditionally find bioscience difficult and anxiety provoking. This has important ramifications, as anxiety can hinder comprehension and lead to poor exam performance. The aim of the present study was to assess whether there was any difference between the anxiety levels of nursing students during their bioscience laboratory classes compared to their clinical laboratory classes. Students were recruited from a first year Bachelor of Nursing program. The self-report State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (short form) was administered at the start of all classes throughout the semester...
June 21, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Yingyi Bao, Cannas Kwok, Chun Fan Lee
In the present study, we reported on the current breast cancer screening rates among Chinese women in China and examined whether demographic factors and cultural beliefs were associated with their screening behavior. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 494 Chinese women who completed the modified Breast Cancer Screening Beliefs Questionnaire (BCSBQ). Two-sample t-tests and multivariable logistic regression were employed to analyze the data. The results indicated that participation in screening practices ranged from 27...
June 19, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Norma Barrett, Lisa Hanna, Owen Vincent Fitzpatrick
First-time parents' groups are offered to new parents in Australia to support their transition to parenthood. Not all parents avail of the service, some cease attendance, and fathers are under-represented. In the present descriptive, qualitative study, we examined first-time mothers' perspectives on the barriers to parental participation in the groups. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of eight first-time mothers in a regional city in Victoria, Australia. Interviews revealed groups were perceived as sites strongly reinforcing traditional social norms of parenting...
June 19, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Bo Min Jeon, Su Hyun Kim, Soo Jung Lee
The aims of this study were to examine the extent of decisional conflict in end-of-life cancer treatments and to investigate the influences and predictors of decisional conflict among family surrogates. A cross-sectional, descriptive, correlational design was applied. Data were collected from a convenience sample of 102 family members who had participated in end-of-life cancer decision-making. We enrolled participants from inpatient oncology units at a university hospital in South Korea from May 2014 to January 2016...
June 19, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Lisa A Durrant, James Taylor, Helen Thompson, Kim Usher, Debra Jackson
The present study, drawn from a larger mixed-methods case study, provides insights into the health literacy of community-based patients with pressure injuries, and their carers, and critically analyzes the patient information resources available; crucial because health literacy is associated with patient care and outcomes for patients. Two datasets were used to better understand patient literacy in relation to pressure injury: (i) narratives from patients and carers; and (ii) analysis of patient education resources...
May 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Simone Stevanin, Giulia Causero, Antonietta Zanini, Giampiera Bulfone, Valentina Bressan, Alvisa Palese
No evidence from any longitudinal study design has been reported to date with regard to patient safety (PS) incidents witnessed by nursing students during their training. Therefore, with the aim of closing this gap in available knowledge, a longitudinal study was performed from 2012 to 2015 by involving all nursing students (n = 145) enrolled in two Italian nursing programs. At the end of each academic year, students were invited to report in writing all PS incidents witnessed during their clinical learning experience; the number of days each student spent in their clinical setting was also collected from administrative records...
May 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Marja Härkänen, Alwiena Blignaut, Katri Vehviläinen-Julkunen
Medication administration (MA) holds a great threat to patient safety, as MA errors remain a global problem. Nurses are key role players in the MA process and can give valuable information from the grassroots level. The aim of the present study was to describe registered nurses' perceptions related to challenges in the MA process. Focus group interviews with registered nurses (n = 20) in two central hospitals in Finland were conducted in 2015. Inductive content analysis was performed. Nurses described multiple challenges during MA, which made the process demanding...
May 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Susan Kane Patton, Leah Jean Henry
The purpose of this study was to examine the perceptions of nursing students regarding barriers and facilitators to integrating falls risk evaluation and management into practice as well as effective strategies for learning falls prevention. The qualitative research method of thematic analysis was adopted to collect data through semi-structured interviews with senior nursing students. Open and axial coding was used to analyze the data and those with greatest support generated final categories. Thematic analysis identified five central themes (learning to do a fall risk assessment, addressing health beliefs of older adults, barriers to fall assessment, and overcoming barriers) that describe nursing student perceptions of incorporating fall prevention into practice...
May 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Fang Yu, Yan Chen, Michelle A Mathiason, Qiaoqin Wan, Feng V Lin
Understanding the factors affecting activities of daily living (ADL) is important in Alzheimer's disease (AD), because decline in ADL contributes to many poor health outcomes. Existing studies often investigate the factors in isolation without a theoretical framework. The purpose of the present study was to provide preliminary results on how cognition, physical performance, and behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia mediate the relationship of aerobic fitness and ADL in AD. A cross-sectional analysis was used (n = 28: average age 78 [8] years, education 16 (3) years, Mini-Mental State Examination scores 20 [4])...
May 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Wei Liu
Nursing students' beliefs about etiology and manifestation of mental illness will impact on their professional attitudes in future clinical practice. The aims of the present study were to examine and compare US and Chinese undergraduate nursing students' recognition of, and beliefs about, causes of depression and schizophrenia. A total of 310 US (n = 152) and Chinese (n = 158) nursing students completed the Australian National Mental Health Literacy Survey questionnaire between April 2016 and April 2017...
May 4, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Sook Ja Yang, Hyo Sung Cha
Sleep patterns have an important role in the physical and psychological health of adolescents. In this study, we investigated the effects of sleep duration on depression, school adjustment, and life satisfaction of adolescents. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using secondary data on first and second grade students in middle schools from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey. Those who responded to all items about sleep were selected, and those who were within 30 min of sleep duration difference across 1 year were selected...
April 27, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Pranee C Lundberg, Supunnee Thrakul
The aim of the present study was to explore self-care management of Thai Buddhists and Muslims with type 2 diabetes and inadequate blood glucose levels, after they had been subjected to a 6-month diabetes empowerment education program. Twenty-seven participants (male and female) were selected through purposive convenience sampling for an explorative qualitative study. Semistructured focus group interviews with four open-ended questions were used to study the participants' self-care behavior at the beginning and the end of the program, and the data obtained were subjected to content analysis...
April 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Qiaoqin Wan, Weijiao Zhou, Zhaoyang Li, Shaomei Shang, Fang Yu
Nurses are key staff members of health-care organizations. Nurse engagement directly influences quality of care and organizational performance. The purpose of the present study was to understand the state of work engagement and explore its predictors among registered nurses in China by using a descriptive, cross-sectional survey design (n = 1065). Work engagement was measured with the Chinese version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. The results showed that the average work engagement of Chinese nurses was 3...
April 23, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Manuel-María Ortega-Marlasca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Rose McMaster
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
GyuYoung Lee, Ok Kyung Ham
Suicidal ideation poses a serious threat to the well-being of adolescents and is the strongest risk factor for suicide. Indeed, Korea ranks first among Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development countries regarding the age-standardized suicide rates. In the present study, we examined multiple levels of factors associated with the suicidal ideation of adolescents in Korea by applying the Ecological Models of Health Behavior. A cross-sectional study was conducted with a convenience sample of 860 adolescents...
April 10, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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