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Nursing & Health Sciences

Stéphane L Bouchoucha, Kathleen A Moore
Despite the mandated use of standard precaution guidelines to limit infection transmission in health-care settings, adherence by health-care professionals is suboptimal. There is currently no psychometrically-validated scale to assess influences on workers' adherence. After the data collection was conducted, Michinov et al. (2016) published a questionnaire to determine sociocognitive determinants of adherence to Standard Precautions. The aim of the present study was to develop and test the psychometric properties of such a scale...
October 26, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Queenie Pui Sze Law, Alice Hoi Ying Yau, Joanne Wai Yee Chung
The study aimed to investigate Chinese adults' nutrition label literacy in Hong Kong. It employed a web-based survey with structured questions. A total of 368 Chinese adults aged 18-59 participated in the survey and their nutrition label literacy was measured by the Newest Vital Sign (NVS). About two-thirds (68%) of the participants had limited nutrition literacy skills. Although they were able to identify correctly the calorie and sugar content of food products, 44% and 48% of them had difficulty in determining the consumption of calories and serving food sizes respectively...
October 22, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Leah I Stein Duker, Alix G Sleight
The everyday landscape of occupational therapy (OT) in oncology is underexplored, hindering targeted improvements. The purpose of the present study was to identify the OT interventions commonly provided and reimbursed in oncology. A survey utilizing snowball sampling was disseminated online to OT working in oncology care; 167 surveys were received from 21 states in the United States. Results found that over 90% of therapists reported focusing on physical impairment, weakness, fatigue, and activities of daily living...
October 21, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Shin Yuh Ang, Thendral Uthaman, Tracy Carol Ayre, Siew Hoon Lim, Violeta Lopez
It is well-recognized that nurses are exposed to high levels of stress, thus resilience has been postulated as a key trait in enabling nurses to cope successfully and remain in the profession. In this qualitative study, we used Glaser's approach to grounded theory. Nine nurses who scored low and nine nurses who scored high on the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale were recruited for one-on-one semistructured interviews of the factors contributing to their work-related stress and how they overcome these stressors...
October 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Myeongji Kwag, Ogcheol Lee
The aim of the present study was to identify difficulties experienced by Korean disaster relief workers during humanitarian aid deployment. A convenience sample of disaster relief workers aged >18 years, who had been dispatched to an overseas disaster site, were recruited; 107 relief workers completed the Humanitarian Aid Difficulty Scale that consists of 23 items comprising five factors. The average difficulty rating was 2.64 on a five point scale. By item, participants gave the highest scores for bathroom use and the lowest scores for cooperation among team members...
October 17, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Muahammad Alqudah, Leanne Cowin, Ajesh George, Maree Johnson
Health literacy, or the ability to read and understand health information, is critical to the health of children. In this study, we compared the fever management knowledge of parents attending the emergency department with a child with fever. A cross-sectional survey of 33 parents/carers with limited health literacy and 122 with functional health literacy was undertaken. There were no differences in the overall proportion of correct responses to knowledge or management questions posed by the two scales between the two groups...
October 16, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ling Jie Cheng, Vivien Xi Wu, Susan Dawkes, Suan Tee Lim, Wenru Wang
The aim of the present descriptive correlational study was to investigate diet barriers and their influencing factors among outpatients with poorly-controlled type 2 diabetes in Singapore. One hundred and ten patients with poorly-controlled type 2 diabetes were recruited from a tertiary hospital in Singapore. The Personal Diabetes Questionnaire and Appraisal of Diabetes Scale were used to measure the study variables. Our participants reported that the most common diet barriers were eating out, followed by food cravings...
September 28, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Shu-Mei Tsai, Jung-Ta Kao, Yun-Fang Tsai
Little is known about how the initial infection and diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) impacts a patient's experience of living with and adjusting to the disease. In the present qualitative, descriptive study, we explored the initial experiences of patients in Taiwan diagnosed with HCV. Eighteen participants were recruited from hepatology clinics of a teaching hospital in Taichung, Taiwan by purposive sampling. Data were collected via in-depth face-to-face interviews and analyzed by conventional content analysis...
September 25, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Inger K Holmström, Sofia Bohlin, Anders Wanhainen, Martin Björck, Camilla Fröjd
Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA), most common among elderly male smokers, often show no symptoms before rupture. To facilitate better care and counselling targeted to smoking cessation for these patients, more knowledge is required about their views. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to describe the views on AAA and smoking among male smokers with screening-detected AAA. A qualitative approach with individual interviews with 16 men with screening-detected AAA was applied. Three had quit smoking by the time of the interviews...
September 21, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Ha Dinh, Ann Bonner, Joanne Ramsbotham, Robyn Clark
Globally, the increasing prevalence of heart failure is a burden on health-care systems, especially in under-resourced countries, such as Vietnam. We describe a prospective single-site, cluster randomized controlled trial of an intervention designed to teach adult patients about heart failure and how to undertake self-care activities. The intervention, delivered by a nurse, comprises of an individual teaching session using teach-back, a heart failure booklet, weighing scales, a diary to document daily weight, and a follow-up phone call 2 weeks after hospital discharge...
September 21, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Joan E Dodgson, Michiko Yahiro, Carolyn S Melby, Keiko Takeo, Takamasa Tanaka, Hitoshi Asano
There has been little research exploring Japanese nursing students' experiences of having Western instructors in their nursing programs. The purpose of the present study was to describe Japanese nursing students' lived experiences of being taught by foreign faculty. A qualitative design using an interpretive phenomenology approach was used with purposeful sampling. Graduate and undergraduate nursing students (n = 13), who had the experience of being taught by a foreign faculty member for at least one semester, were recruited...
September 14, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Jin Suk Ra, Yoon Hee Cho
In this study, we investigated the relationship between risk-taking tendency and smoking intention as moderated by social normative beliefs among Korean female adolescents. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 274 female adolescents in middle school. Multiple regression and simple slope analyses were employed to test the moderating effects of social normative beliefs regarding smoking on the relationship between risk-taking tendency and smoking intention. Results determined that risk-taking tendency, social normative beliefs regarding smoking, and their interaction were significant factors influencing smoking intention among adolescents...
September 12, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Geldine Chironda, Busisiwe Rosemary Bhengu
The integrated management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) demands significant changes, as patients need to adhere to dialysis, medication, and dietary and fluid restrictions. Therefore, there is a need to identify the motivators of adherence to improve the quality of life of these patients. The aim of the present study was to explore the motivators of adherence to integrated management among patients with CKD in South Africa. A phenomenological design was used. A sample size of 12 participants was selected according to data saturation...
September 7, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Tomoko Kamei, Yuko Yamamoto, Takuya Kanamori, Yuki Nakayama, Sarah E Porter
Chronic diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, and diabetes mellitus, require long-term management, which daily telenurse monitoring can provide. The aim of the present feasibility study was to determine if using a telenursing protocol with home monitoring during a 12 week implementation could also identify early signs of deterioration and factors correlated with participants' change in status, while attaining patient acceptance and satisfaction. The purposive sample of 43 participants provided 4533 combined days of monitoring...
September 4, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Eli Mang Yee Chu, Loretta Sheppard, Stephen Guinea, Christine Imms
Simulation is increasingly used to supplement clinical placement in preregistration health professional programs. However, there are no conceptual frameworks to guide the design of these learning experiences when replacing a clinical placement. In the present study, the conceptual framework for simulated clinical placements (CF-SCP) is presented. Evolving from an iterative process of synthesizing learning and simulation theory, findings from the empirical literature, and the perspectives and ideas from experts in occupational therapy practice, education and simulation-based learning, the CF-SCP aligns principles and processes of workplace and simulation learning...
September 4, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Aiko Tanaka, Nobuko Tokuda, Kiyoshi Ichihara
The purpose of this pilot study was to examine and evaluate the psychological and physiological effects of multiple sessions of laughter yoga on community members. Participants took part in a 45 min laughter yoga session once per month for 6 months. Before and after all sessions, participants completed the Profile of Mood States-Brief Japanese Version (J-POMS-B) questionnaire to assess their mood, and had blood drawn for the measurement of stress indicators and immune function. Serial changes in J-POMS-B scores were tested by three way analysis of variance, and changes in laboratory results per session were evaluated with a paired t-test...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Fiona Wing Ki Tang, Gigi Cheuk Chi Ling, Adela Shuet Fun Lai, Sek Ying Chair, Winnie Kwok Wei So
Caring seems to be undervalued in the technologically-advanced and fast-paced clinical environment. To improve nursing practice, it is important to understand the meanings of caring to nurses. The aim of the present study was to explore nurses' perspectives of caring in the contemporary clinical environment. A focus group exploration was employed. Multiple perspectives were elicited from 80 nurses with different backgrounds: nursing students, nurse educators, registered nurses, advanced clinical nurses, and nurse executives...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Nimisha Vandan, Janet Y-H Wong, Daniel Y-T Fong
The aim of the present qualitative study was to understand the experiences of South Asian ethnic minority women in accessing health-care services in Hong Kong, a Chinese-oriented society. Levesque's framework (2013) was adopted to conduct and analyze focus group discussions among 30 South Asian women aged between 21 and 72 years, who came from India, Nepal, and Pakistan. The overarching theme was identified as disengagement between South Asian women and the health-care system, with the following five themes: attitude and awareness, sociocultural factors, time constraints, financial burdens, and inadequate interaction...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Molly Adrian, Megan Moreno, Semret Nicodimos, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
Social media is being used for recruitment and the study of health-care choices and behavior, and could be particularly helpful to reach young adult populations outside of a 4 year college setting. The aim of this study was to report on overall success of recruiting young adults in diverse settings with respect to education and employment into a study using Facebook (FB). Young adults (n = 380, 50% male, 44% white) who had been involved in a longitudinal research project received a friend request from the research study group's profile...
August 29, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
Maria Rönnerhag, Elisabeth Severinsson, Megumi Haruna, Ingela Berggren
Few studies have focused on women's childbirth experiences in relation to patient safety. The aim of this study was to explore the meaning of safety as a process phenomenon by outlining women's positive and negative experiences of safety in childbirth. A descriptive explorative design was chosen and 16 interviews were conducted. Qualitative content analysis was used. One main theme emerged: safe childbirth through involvement and guidance, based on four subthemes. The characteristics of women's experiences of safe childbirth included the need to be informed and involved by sharing and receiving trustworthy information...
August 22, 2018: Nursing & Health Sciences
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