journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905159/atypical-postictal-transient-subcortical-t2-hypointensity-in-a-newly-diagnosed-diabetic-patient-with-seizures
#1
Matteo Paoletti, Ana Bacila, Anna Pichiecchio, Lisa Maria Farina, Elisa Rognone, Riccardo Cremascoli, Simona Fanucchi, Raffaele Manni, Stefano Bastianello
Common postictal MRI findings include transient cortical T2 hyperintensity, restricted diffusion, and gyral and/or adjacent leptomeningeal contrast enhancement. In certain uncommon pathological conditions, other signal abnormalities can be present, suggesting a different underlying pathogenic mechanism. We report the case of a 66-year-old man, recently diagnosed with diabetes mellitus type 2, presenting with new-onset visual and auditory hallucinations, "absence" seizures, and repeated peaks of hyperglycaemia without hyperketonaemia or increased serum osmolarity...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905158/antiepileptic-effect-of-olanzapine-in-epilepsy-patients-with-atypical-depressive-comorbidity
#2
Xiangmiao Qiu, Bianca Zingano, Shixu He, Xi Zhu, Anjiao Peng, Jianan Duan, Peter Wolf, Lei Chen
Depression is relatively common among patients with epilepsy, but often with predominant atypical symptoms. Some antiepileptic drugs show positive psychotropic effects, but these are not always sufficient to stabilize mood in epilepsy patients. Antidepressants are recommended to treat atypical depression but are not always effective and present a certain risk of seizure provocation. Thus, new treatment options are welcome. Here, we describe three cases of refractory epilepsy with atypical depression in which olanzapine, contrary to its earlier reported proconvulsant effect, showed excellent antidepressant action and resulted in seizure control...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905157/idiopathic-generalised-epilepsies-of-adult-onset-a-reappraisal-and-literature-review
#3
José Pimentel, Sara Varanda, Pedro Guimarães, Fernando Lopes da Silva
Idiopathic generalised epilepsies are characterised by widespread, symmetric, bilateral spike-and-wave discharges on EEG. Onset typically occurs in children and adolescents, but may also start in adulthood. These forms of adult onset constitute the focus of this review. A critical analysis of the medical literature was conducted through a narrative review search of PubMed and Medline databases. Cases of idiopathic generalised epilepsies with adult onset, in general, are not considered to be independent nosological entities...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905156/two-cases-of-opercular-myoclonic-anarthric-status-epilepticus
#4
Amaia Muñoz-Lopetegi, Gorka Fernández García de Eulate, Jon Rodríguez-Antigüedad Muñoz, Alberto Bergareche, Juan José Poza
Opercular myoclonic-anarthric status epilepticus (OMASE) is a rare form of epilepsia partialis continua presenting as fluctuating dysarthria, or even anarthria. The condition is caused by an epileptogenic lesion involving the opercular cortex of either hemisphere. Speech impairment is secondary to bilateral epileptic activity affecting the glossopharyngeal muscles. This bilateral nature of the condition is due to the fact that innervation of cranial nerves V, VII, IX, X and XII from the opercular area of the primary motor cortex is bilateral...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905155/a-case-of-perioral-myoclonia-with-absences-and-its-evolution-in-adulthood
#5
Reyhan Surmelı, Hatice Kurucu, Ayse Destina Yalcın, Seher Naz Yenı
The rare syndrome of perioral myoclonia with absences (POMA) is described as a specific type of idiopathic generalized epilepsy in which absence seizures are accompanied by prominent perioral myoclonus as a consistent symptom. We present a 52-year-old man who was referred to our department due to treatment-resistant epilepsy. Typical seizures were described as rhythmic twitching of the lips which started at six years old, and his first convulsive seizure occurred at around 20 years old. Based on video-EEG recordings, we present two distinct EEG patterns accompanied by slight differences in clinical manifestations, which appear to be atypical of POMA...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905154/high-level-visual-manifestations-of-epileptic-seizures-originating-from-the-medial-parietal-cortex
#6
Shrita Pendekanti, Sori Baek, Yagmur Basak Kilinc, Josef Parvizi
We describe the case of a patient with well-localized focal seizures originating from the medial parietal cortex. Seizures originated from area 7m, and findings revealed clear visuospatial semiological signs that may be used clinically to help diagnose similar cases of seizures in non-lesional patients.
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905153/chromosome-14q11-2-q21-1-duplication-a-rare-cause-of-west-syndrome
#7
Özdem Ertürk Çetin, Cengiz Yalçınkaya, Birsen Karaman, Veysi Demirbilek, Beyhan Tüysüz
Proximal duplication of chromosome 14q, including the FOXG1 gene located on 14q12, is a rare condition characterised by developmental delay, dysmorphic craniofacial features, epilepsy, and severe speech delay. Here, we report a patient with West syndrome whose chromosome analysis revealed 14q11.2-21.1 duplication. The patient was admitted due to infantile epileptic spasms at eight months of age, motor developmental delay, and dysmorphic features. Chromosome and array-CGH analysis revealed de novo 14q11.2-21...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905152/epileptic-seizure-semiology-in-different-age-groups
#8
Guadalupe Fernandez-Baca Vaca, Carlos L Mayor, Naira García Losarcos, Jun T Park, Hans O Lüders
Seizure semiology provides information about the eloquent cortex involved during a seizure and helps to generate a hypothesis regarding the localization of the epileptogenic zone (EZ), a prerequisite for surgical management of epilepsy. We aimed to study the seizure semiology among all different age groups to better characterize semiological changes that occur with age. We performed a retrospective review of video-EEG data in paediatric and adult patients admitted to the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit over a three-year period...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905150/gad65-antibody-associated-autoimmune-epilepsy-with-unique-independent-bitemporal-onset-ictal-asystole
#9
Caitlin E D'Souza, Anteneh M Feyissa
Antibodies against the 65-kDa isoform of the intracellular enzyme, glutamate decarboxylase (GAD65), have been found in patients with limbic encephalitis and drug-resistant autoimmune epilepsy. We report a 22-year-old female who presented with new-onset seizures and neuropsychiatric symptoms. Video-EEG captured unique, independent bitemporal-onset focal seizures with impaired awareness and ictal asystole. An autoimmune epilepsy panel revealed elevated GAD65 antibodies in the serum (225 nmol/l) and CSF (2.78 nmol/l), while [18 F]-fluoro-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography showed bitemporal hypometabolism (left > right)...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897043/early-onset-epileptic-encephalopathy-with-myoclonic-seizures-related-to-9q33-3-q34-11-deletion-involving-stxbp1-and-sptan1-genes
#10
Akilandeswari Aravindhan, Kinal Shah, Jayoung Pak, Aravindhan Veerapandiyan
We describe a 10-month-old boy with early-onset epileptic encephalopathy who was found to have a hemizygous deletion in 9q33.3-q34.11 involving STXBP1 and SPTAN1 genes. He presented at the age of 2.5 months with frequent upper extremity myoclonus, hypotonia, and facial dysmorphisms. Interictal EEG showed multifocal polyspike and wave during wakefulness and sleep. Ictal EEG revealed low-amplitude generalized sharp slow activity, followed by diffuse attenuation. Metabolic testing was unrevealing. Brain MRI showed thinning of the corpus callosum with an absence of rostrum...
June 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624180/unilateral-abdominal-clonic-seizures-of-parietal-lobe-origin-eeg-findings
#11
Danah Aljaafari, Fábio A Nascimento, Alon Abraham, Danielle M Andrade, Richard A Wennberg
Unilateral abdominal clonic seizures represent a peculiar and rare manifestation of focal onset epilepsy. We present the case of a 26-year-old man with right-sided abdominal clonic movements associated with seizures arising from the left parietal area. We show the ictal EEG correlates of these events, including source localization of early ictal spikes; findings that have not been demonstrated in previously reported cases. The electro-clinical features in this patient suggested that clinical onset occurred after anterior propagation of ictal activity from a region posterior to the neck and trunk area of the sensory homunculus of the postcentral gyrus...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623877/long-term-seizure-outcome-following-epilepsy-surgery-in-the-parietal-lobe-a-meta-analysis
#12
Sanja Pilipović-Dragović, Aleksandar J Ristić, Zoran Bukumirić, Goran Trajković, Dragoslav Sokić
Due to a limited number of patients with drug-resistant parietal lobe epilepsy in surgical series, there are insufficient data about long-term seizure outcome following surgery restricted to the parietal lobe. We performed a meta-analysis to asses long-term outcomes in patients with parietal lobe epilepsy who underwent surgery confined to the parietal lobe or resection with major involvement of the parietal cortex. An English language literature search for studies on parietal lobe surgery and outcome was conducted using the MEDLINE database, followed by a manual search based on specific criteria...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623876/averaging-in-time-frequency-domain-reveals-the-temporal-and-spatial-extent-of-seizures-recorded-by-scalp-eeg
#13
Rafeed Alkawadri, Nicolas Gaspard
To demonstrate the importance of averaging in time-frequency space and the added localizing value in time and space in a case of cortical myoclonus. One hundred myoclonic jerks were averaged in time series and in spectral domain. For the latter, we chose 100 (10-second) segments from interictal background and used the unpaired t-test for the jerk-related and control spectral data to obtain the t value and corresponding p value at each pixel. We corrected for multiple comparisons using false discovery rate procedure...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620013/the-2017-ilae-classification-of-seizure-types-and-the-epilepsies-what-do-people-with-epilepsy-and-their-caregivers-need-to-know
#14
Martin J Brodie, Sameer M Zuberi, Ingrid E Scheffer, Robert S Fisher
The International League against Epilepsy (ILAE) published in the April 2017 edition of Epilepsia three companion articles on the classification of seizures and the epilepsies. These represent a long-awaited update on the original 1981 and 1989 publications and provide a modern descriptive template. The new classification presents three levels of terminology, involving seizure types, epilepsy types, and syndromes. In this fourth paper, we present an interpretation of these new concepts for people with epilepsy and those who care for them, as well as for young medical doctors not specialized in epilepsy and nurses...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620012/rapid-antiepileptic-drug-withdrawal-may-obscure-localizing-information-obtained-during-presurgical-eeg-recordings
#15
Yulia Novitskaya, Mandy Hintz, Andreas Schulze-Bonhage
Withdrawal of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is a standard procedure during presurgical epilepsy assessment. Rapid and, at times, even pre-hospital withdrawal of medication is performed in some centres to enhance the yield of recorded seizures during video-EEG monitoring. AED withdrawal, however, affects the propensity and speed of propagation of epileptic activity, may evoke more severe seizures, and may cause pitfalls in EEG interpretation. We report a case which had been recommended to undergo intracranial EEG recordings in order to clarify apparently discordant MRI findings and ictal EEG patterns when monitoring was performed following complete AED withdrawal...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620011/ictal-laryngospasm-monitored-by-video-eeg-and-polygraphy-a-potential-sudep-mechanism
#16
Nuria Lacuey, Laura Vilella, Johnson P Hampson, Jayakumar Sahadevan, Samden D Lhatoo
A 56-year-old man with refractory bitemporal epilepsy was monitored in the Epilepsy Monitoring Unit (EMU). In a video-EEG captured seizure, brief oroalimentary automatisms were followed by increased inspiratory effort, accompanied by prominent, visible tracheal movements and audible inspiratory stridor. The patient's oxygen saturation rapidly declined to 62%; persistent severe hypoxemia ended with spontaneous effective respiration commencing at seizure end. Subsequent seizures necessitated intensive care unit admission for respiratory distress, and ventilator support...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620010/epilepsy-surgery-for-patients-with-genetic-refractory-epilepsy-a-systematic-review
#17
Remi Stevelink, Maurits Wcb Sanders, Maarten P Tuinman, Eva H Brilstra, Bobby Pc Koeleman, Floor E Jansen, Kees Pj Braun
In recent years, many different DNA mutations underlying the development of refractory epilepsy have been discovered. However, genetic diagnostics are still not routinely performed during presurgical evaluation and reports on epilepsy surgery outcome for patients with genetic refractory epilepsy are limited. We aimed to create an overview of the literature on seizure outcome following epilepsy surgery in patients with different genetic causes of refractory epilepsy. We systematically searched PubMed and Embase prior to January 2017 and included studies describing treatment outcome following epilepsy surgery in patients with genetic causes of epilepsy...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620009/the-link-between-structural-connectivity-and-neurocognition-illustrated-by-focal-epilepsy
#18
Elise Roger, Laurent Petit, Marcela Perrone-Bertolotti, Anne-Sophie Job, Lorella Minotti, Philippe Kahane, Monica Baciu
Increasing attention is being paid to the assessment of white matter properties and its structural connectivity, both in healthy subjects and patients with cerebral lesions. Within this framework, new neurocognitive models based on hodological properties have been developed under a connectomic perspective in order to explain substrates and cognitive mechanisms related to cerebral functions such as language and memory. With regards to focal and drug-resistant epilepsy conceived as a network disorder, new insights in terms of structural connectivity have led to significant advances in epilepsy research, concerning fundamental research (neurocognitive mechanisms of plasticity) and clinical application (optimization of decision making for curative surgery)...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620008/de-novo-late-onset-absence-status-epilepticus-or-late-onset-idiopathic-generalized-epilepsy-a-case-report-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Francesco Brigo, Veronica Tavernelli, Raffaele Nardone, Eugen Trinka
Idiopathic (genetic) generalized epilepsies (IGEs) are age-related epileptic syndromes with typical age onset in childhood or adolescence. We report a patient with de novo late-onset absence status epilepticus (ASE) occurring at the age of 64 years, with clinical and EEG features suggestive of late-onset IGE. We also discuss the relationship between de novo late-onset ASE and late-onset IGE, and provide a comprehensive and critical review of the available literature on late-onset (i.e. onset ≥60 years) IGE...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620007/ictal-spitting-in-non-dominant-temporal-lobe-epilepsy-an-anatomo-electrophysiological-correlation
#20
Marcos Quevedo-Diaz, Adrià Tauste Campo, Manel Vila-Vidal, Alessandro Principe, Miguel Ley, Rodrigo Rocamora
We report a patient presenting drug-resistant, non-dominant temporal lobe epilepsy with ictal spitting and prosopometamorphopsia, both extremely rare semiologies. Second-phase pre-surgical monitoring was performed using SEEG due to lesion-negative imaging and the rare semiology. The seizure onset zone was delimited to the right anterior hippocampus and the temporobasal cortex, with the propagation zone within the entorhinal cortex. Interestingly, direct electrical stimulation to the entorhinal cortex, which was reproduced in a number of trials, evoked spitting without leading to seizures or post-discharges...
April 1, 2018: Epileptic Disorders: International Epilepsy Journal with Videotape
journal
journal
34754
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"