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Health Promotion Practice

Stacey Cutbush, Deborah Gibbs, Kathleen Krieger, Monique Clinton-Sherrod, Shari Miller
Fidelity of implementation is an essential factor in realizing outcomes of evidence-based interventions. Yet perspectives vary on the degree to which fidelity is necessary or desirable, implementers may receive limited guidance on fidelity, and research on implementers' understanding and operationalization of fidelity is lacking. We conducted key informant interviews with 20 individuals who implemented an evidence-based teen dating violence prevention curriculum in seven sites. Interviews addressed how implementers defined fidelity and the adaptations they made in implementing the curriculum...
October 20, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Laila E van Lier, Jennifer Utter, Simon Denny, Mathijs Lucassen, Ben Dyson, Terryann Clark
BACKGROUND: The current article explores the associations between home gardening and dietary behaviors, physical activity, mental health, and social relationships among secondary school students in New Zealand. METHOD: Data were drawn from a national youth health and well-being survey, conducted in 2012. In total, 8,500 randomly selected students from 91 randomly selected secondary schools completed the survey. RESULTS: Two thirds of students had a vegetable garden at home and one quarter of all students participated in home gardening...
October 19, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Andiara Schwingel, Angela R Wiley, Margarita Teran-Garcia, Jennifer McCaffrey, Patricia Gálvez, Marcela Vizcarra
Promotoras are identified as a unique group of community health workers adept at reducing health disparities. This qualitative study was conducted to better understand perceptions of the term promotora, broadly used in research but not well documented in everyday Latina vocabulary. Six focus groups to better understand perceptions of the term promotora were conducted with 36 Latina women living in three nonmetropolitan areas in Illinois. Results suggest that Latina participants in the study do not understand the meaning of "promotora" in the same way as it is used in the literature...
October 18, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Sheryl Scott, Joanne D'Silva, Carol Hernandez, Nicole Toves Villaluz, Jaime Martinez, Chris Matter
While the reduction in the overall U.S. smoking prevalence has been declared one of the top 10 public health achievements of the past century, the growing disparity in smoking between American Indians and the general population is one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century. Minnesota in particular has very high smoking rates among American Indians (59%). Tribal Nations in Minnesota share a past of attempted cultural genocide and a present of restoring the strength of their cultural teachings, including the prominence of traditional tobacco as a sacred "first medicine...
October 14, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Natalie Ingraham, Dawn Harbatkin, Jennifer Lorvick, Marj Plumb, Alexandra M Minnis
INTRODUCTION: Lesbian and bisexual (LB) women have higher body weight than heterosexual women. Interventions focused on health and well-being versus weight loss may be more likely to succeed among LB women. This article describes effects of Women's Health and Mindfulness, a 12-week pilot intervention addressing mindfulness, healthy eating, and physical activity, on outcomes associated with chronic disease risk among overweight and obese LB women older than 40 years. METHOD: Eighty women were randomized, using a stepped-wedge design, to either an immediate- or a delayed-start intervention group; the delayed-start group served as the control...
October 2, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Brandon L Grimm, Kathleen Brandert, David Palm, Colleen Svoboda
In 2013, the Nebraska Department of Health & Human Services, Division of Public Health (Nebraska's State Health Department); and the University of Nebraska Medical Center, College of Public Health developed a comprehensive approach to assess workforce training needs. This article outlines the method used to assess the education and training needs of Division staff, and develop comprehensive workforce development plans to address those needs. The EDIC method (Engage, Develop, Identify, and Create) includes the following four phases: (1) Engage Stakeholders, (2) Develop Assessment, (3) Identify Training Needs, and (4) Create Development Plans...
September 29, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Amber L Stephenson
In the past two decades, evidence-based status has been a coveted credential for many nonprofit organizations hoping to legitimize their programs or interventions. Several formal registries exist to provide a collection of health and prevention programs evaluated by experts and deemed "evidence-based." While registries offer positive benefits like allowing for a centralized listing of approved programs, there have been concerns about issues pertaining to the process of obtaining the evidence-based credential...
September 19, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Vivien Suchert, Katrin Steinvoord, Jessica Schwarz, Barbara Isensee, Claus Krieger
BACKGROUND: Existing research shows significant effects of pedometer interventions on students' physical activity (PA). The current study investigates motivational aspects of quantitative increases in PA in the course of a school-based pedometer intervention for adolescents using qualitative data analysis. In addition, critical issues regarding pedometer use in adolescence were examined. METHOD: Data were obtained in the "läuft." evaluation trial. Students of the intervention group received pedometers and took part in class competitions over a time period of 12 weeks...
September 17, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Alice A Kuo, Mienah Z Sharif, Michael L Prelip, Deborah C Glik, Stephanie L Albert, Thomas Belin, William J McCarthy, Christian K Roberts, Rosa Elena Garcia, Alexander N Ortega
Reducing health disparities is a national public health priority. Latinos represent the largest racial/ethnic minority group in the United States and suffer disproportionately from poor health outcomes, including cardiovascular disease risk. Academic training programs are an opportunity for reducing health disparities, in part by increasing the diversity of the public health workforce and by incorporating training designed to develop a skill set to address health disparities. This article describes the Training and Career Development Program at the UCLA Center for Population Health and Health Disparities: a multilevel, transdisciplinary training program that uses a community-engaged approach to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in two urban Mexican American communities...
September 8, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Lauren J Parker, Haslyn Hunte, Anita Ohmit, Roland J Thorpe
Black men are less likely to seek routine health care examinations or preventative care compared with their racial/ethnic and gender counterparts. Because of Black men's limited engagement with the health system, Black men's preference to receive health information is unclear. Guided by a revised version of the Andersen Healthcare Utilization Model, the aim of the study is to examine factors associated with Black men's preference for informal or formal health information. Findings from the study demonstrate that financial barriers to care (odds ratio [OR] = 0...
August 22, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Bonni C Hodges
The arrival of a new summer collegiate baseball league franchise to a small central New York city was seen as an opportunity for health promotion. The initiative was set up to explore two overarching questions: (1) Are summer collegiate baseball events acceptable to local public health organizations as viable places for health promotion activities addressing local health issues? (2) Are summer collegiate baseball organizations amenable to health promotion activities built in to their fan and/or player experiences? Planning and implementation were guided by precede-proceed, social cognitive theory, social marketing, and diffusion of innovations constructs...
August 18, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Edward J Saunders
The U.S. Office of Adolescent Health and the Centers for Disease Control continue to promote a community mobilization model in support of teen pregnancy prevention in new grant initiatives. The most recent federal grant program-the "Communitywide Initiatives (2010-2015)" grant-promoted pregnancy prevention using three teams within the nine targeted communities to promote evidence-based sexuality education programs and enhanced access to contraceptive services among adolescents. The "lessons" reported in this article are compiled from three key informant interviews conducted with all project coordinators over the course of the 5 years (2010-2015) that this grant was implemented...
August 16, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Loretta Sweet Jemmott, John B Jemmott, Yzette Lanier, Ciarra Thompson, Jillian Lucas Baker
Young, heterosexual African American men ages 18 to 24 years continue to be at high risk for HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. However, few interventions have been designed to meet the needs of this "forgotten" population. The article describes the systematic development of a theory-based, culturally-tailored, gender-specific, barbershop-based HIV risk reduction intervention for heterosexual African American men ages 18 to 24. The process included developing a community advisory board, selecting a guiding theoretical framework, incorporating community-based participatory research principles, and conducting formative research with African American males, barbers, and barbershop owners...
August 12, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Marlyn Allicock, Carol E Golin, Leanne Kaye, Catherine Grodensky, Loneke T Blackman, Herbert Thibodeaux
As multiple effective interventions emerge to reduce the spread of HIV, there is a need to implement and disseminate such programs cost-effectively, such as by expanding service delivery through integration of peer supporters. The benefits of peer support are well established. However, knowledge about peer counseling initiatives remain limited. This pilot study tested the feasibility, fidelity, and acceptability of a motivational interviewing (MI) counseling training with individuals living with HIV to serve as peer counselors in order to address medication adherence and safer sex...
August 12, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Sarah Stotz, Jung Sun Lee, Hui Rong, Deborah Murray
BACKGROUND: Online eLearning may be an innovative, efficient, and cost-effective method of providing nutrition education to a diverse low-income audience. AIMS: The intent of this project is to examine perceptions of nutrition educators regarding the feasibility of an eLearning nutrition education program tailored to low-income Georgians. METHOD: Semistructured individual interviews were conducted, guided by the constructivist theory. The interview guide focused on three themes: accessibility, literacy, and content...
August 9, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Danielle Liffmann Kruger, David B Rein, Natalie Kil, Cynthia Jordan, Kimberly A Brown, Anthony Yartel, Bryce D Smith
Hepatitis C virus infection affects approximately 2.2 to 3.2 million Americans. In 2012, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommended a one-time antibody test of all persons belonging to the 1945-1965 birth cohort. Efforts to implement this recommendation in clinical settings are in their infancy; this case study report therefore seeks to share the experiences of three sites that implemented interventions to increase birth-cohort testing through participation in the Birth-cohort Evaluation to Advance Screening and Testing for Hepatitis C...
August 5, 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Melanie T Tucker, Dwight W Lewis, Pamela Payne Foster, Felecia Lucky, Lea G Yerby, Lisle Hites, John C Higginbotham
Developing meaningful community-based participatory relationships between researchers and the community can be challenging. The overall success of a community-based participatory relationship should be predicated on commitment and respect from empowered stakeholders. Prior to developing the technique discussed in this article, we hypothesized that the process of fostering relationships between researchers and the community was much like a social relationship: It has to develop organically and cannot be forced...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Lydia Rivera, Bethany Starry, Catherine Gangi, Lauren M Lube, Anders Cedergren, Emily Whitney, Keely Rees
This commentary provides insight from Community Health Education and Master of Public Health students on the benefits of participating in a state-level Advocacy Experience and provides a theoretical framework for increased advocacy intention among students as a result of participating in a state-level Advocacy Experience. Providing students the opportunity to translate what they learn about advocacy in the classroom into advocacy in action with policy makers is vital to the career development of our future health education professionals and is key to increasing advocacy capacity within our profession...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Mercy Mwaria, ChiaChing Chen, Nanci Coppola, Ingrid Maurice, Mary Phifer
Youth-serving agencies continually turn to evidence-based interventions that have been empirically assessed for effectiveness in influencing young people's lives, particularly those living in communities with considerable health inequities. Replicating promising evidence-based interventions requires thoughtful adaptation and modification to better fit participants' sociocultural context and to enhance their learning experiences. Due to the restrictive nature of a replication model, adaptations to the intervention curriculum must be minimized during full implementation...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
Emery R Eaves, Mark Nichter, Amy Howerter, Lysbeth Floden, Cheryl Ritenbaugh, Judith S Gordon, Myra L Muramoto
Printed educational materials (PEMs) have long demonstrated their usefulness as economical and effective media for health communication. In this article, we evaluate the impact of targeted tobacco cessation PEMS for use along with a brief intervention training designed for three types of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners: chiropractic, acupuncture, and massage. We describe how PEMs in CAM practitioners' offices were perceived and used by practitioners and by patients. Semistructured qualitative interviews were conducted with 53 practitioners and 38 of their patients...
November 2016: Health Promotion Practice
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