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Health Promotion Practice

Marianna S Wetherill, Mary B Williams, Tori Taniguchi, Alicia L Salvatore, Tvli Jacob, Tamela Cannady, Mandy Grammar, Joy Standridge, Jill Fox, Jennifer Spiegel, Valarie Blue Bird Jernigan
In rural American Indian (AI) communities, where supermarkets are rare, tribally owned and operated convenience stores are an important food source. Food environment measures for these settings are needed to understand and address the significant diet-related disparities among AIs. Through a tribal-university partnership that included tribal health and commerce representatives from two Native Nations in rural southeastern Oklahoma, we developed the Nutrition Environment Measures Survey for Tribal Convenience Stores (NEMS-TCS) to inform the development and evaluation of a healthy food retail intervention...
September 21, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Neel Shimpi, Ingrid Glurich, Dixie Schroeder, Callahan Katrak, Po-Huang Chyou, Amit Acharya
This cross-sectional study sought to assess the current awareness, knowledge, and behavior regarding diabetes mellitus (DM) and periodontal disease (PD) association among a convenience sample of patients from a large Wisconsin-based integrated medical-dental health care organization serving largely rurally based communities. An anonymous 10-question survey was distributed at regional medical and dental centers of dental and medical clinics of a single health care institution over a 4-week period, to achieve a cross-sectional sampling of patients aged 18 to 80 years...
September 21, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Nelly D Oelke, Lorna Milkovich, Bev Whitmore
PURPOSE: To use the Awareness, Motivation, Skills, and Opportunity (AMSO) framework as a foundation for service delivery in a primary care network (PCN). METHOD: The AMSO framework (awareness, motivation, skills, opportunity) was integrated into PCN program design: Health Basics (8 weeks with monthly follow-up) focused on healthy living and Happiness Basics (6 weeks) used positive psychology. Evaluation included quality of life (QofL) and participant experience; weight, body mass index, and waist circumference were included for Health Basics...
September 18, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Joanne Christaldi, Gina Pazzaglia
Food security refers to the ideal state or condition of households that have access at all times to enough food for their members to live an active, healthy life. To better understand local food insecurity, a needs assessment was implemented to explore contributing factors and discuss solutions. A qualitative study including nine focus groups with low-income adults who receive food assistance (N = 82) and four focus groups with emergency food providers (N = 21) was conducted. Focus group data were analyzed using phenomenological methods...
September 18, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Lauren L Knight, Katherine Wagner, Yuridia Leyva, Veronica R Bruce, Kirsten A M White, Yvonne S Talamantes, Brittany Price, Kimberly Page, Martha L Carvour
INTRODUCTION: Young adults who inject drugs and live in rural communities are at high risk for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Recent changes in HCV treatment must be communicated within these communities to improve access to care and reduce HCV transmission. METHODS: Field workers in the ¡VÁLE! Hepatitis Treatment and Integrated Prevention Services study identified frequently asked questions (FAQs) posed by young-adult participants at high risk for HCV during screening and educational sessions...
September 18, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Sabnam Mahmuda, Adam Wade-Vallance, Alix Stosic, Dale Guenter, Michelle Howard, Gina Agarwal, Brent McLeod, Ricardo Angeles
INTRODUCTION: Frequent users of emergency medical services (EMS) have disproportionately high 9-1-1 call frequency. Evidence suggests that this small group burdens the health care system, leading to misallocation of already-limited health resources. AIM: To understand frequent users' perceptions and experiences regarding EMS, as well as the driving factors underlying their frequent use. METHOD: A grounded theory approach guided our qualitative research process...
September 15, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Erin Haas, Christine Truong, Laura Bartolomei-Hill, Michael Baier, Barbara Bazron, Kathleen Rebbert-Franklin
This study compiled and detailed recommendations from Maryland Local Overdose Fatality Review Teams (LOFRTs) to provide state and local health departments with innovative strategies to address the worsening opioid epidemic and overdose-related deaths. LOFRTs consist of jurisdictional multiagency, multidisciplinary teams that share data to critically examine drug overdose cases. Goals include identification of risk factors and intervention opportunities to inform overdose prevention programs and policy. The authors qualitatively analyzed reports from Maryland LOFRTs case reviews to categorize outcomes and assess using frequency analyses...
September 11, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Dori Pekmezi, Cole Ainsworth, Renee Desmond, Maria Pisu, Victoria Williams, Kaiying Wang, Taylor Holly, Karen Meneses, Bess Marcus, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried
African American women report low participation in physical activity and are disproportionately burdened by related conditions (obesity, breast, and colon cancer). Physical activity interventions have shown promising results among African American women, but most studies in this area have focused on short-term increases. More enduring changes in health behavior will be needed to eliminate existing health disparities. Thus, the current study examined 12-month physical activity and psychosocial outcomes from a pilot randomized controlled trial ( N = 84) of a Home-based Individually tailored Physical activity Print (HIPP) intervention for African American women in the Deep South...
September 11, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Calpurnyia B Roberts, Jane Bedell
Teens from neighborhoods that have experienced historical and contemporary disinvestment have among the highest rates of teen pregnancy, yet they have less access to resources to reduce unintended pregnancies. In recognition of this, the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene (NYCDOHMH) developed the Youth-Friendly Pharmacy Initiative. Over 7 consecutive months in 2015, educational materials and free NYCDOHMH condoms were placed strategically in independent pharmacies in the South Bronx. Refills were made monthly...
September 3, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Emily Kroshus, Laura A Gonzalez, Sara P D Chrisman, Nathalia Jimenez
All but one U.S. state has passed legislation requiring that concussion information be provided to parents of youth participants in school-sponsored sport. Such information should be accessible and easily understood if it is to be used by parents to make informed decisions regarding their children's health and safety. Accessing and understanding information about concussion may be challenging for parents who lack fluency in English. The current study sought to describe the extent and nature of Spanish-language concussion information available on the websites of U...
August 28, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Cheryl A Vamos, Shana M Green, Stacey Griner, Ellen Daley, Rita DeBate, Tom Jacobs, Steve Christiansen
BACKGROUND: Oral health is a significant public health issue; yet barriers to implementing the prenatal oral health guidelines into practice remain. This formative research aimed to identify key implementation science characteristics to inform the development of an eHealth application (app) to assist providers in implementing the prenatal oral health guidelines during prenatal visits. METHOD: Guided by the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research, the clinic's infrastructure, workflow, and contextual factors were assessed via clinic observation, technology assessment, prenatal provider interviews ( n = 4), clinic staff interviews ( n = 8), and two focus groups with oral health providers ( n = 16)...
August 28, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Jasmyne J Womack, LaKesha N Anderson, Christy J W Ledford
Pregnant women are increasingly using mobile apps as a source of supplemental information. These pregnancy-related mobile apps present women with contradictory risk recommendations without the medical research to support their claims. The content analysis describes a sample of the pregnancy-tracking mobile application environment open to pregnant mothers and uses the social amplification of risk framework. Within this framework, written recommendations and the presence or absence of corresponding citations on controversial topics in pregnancy were recorded and risk was coded as received contradictory information...
August 27, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Tara Wong, Jennifer R Pharr, Tim Bungum, Courtney Coughenour, Nancy L Lough
OBJECTIVE: College peer health education groups have grown in popularity to provide information about health and wellness topics. The purpose of this systematic review was to evaluate the effectiveness of peer education groups on reducing sexual health risks and increasing sexual health knowledge on a college campus. METHOD: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed in searching, extracting, appraising, and synthesizing the evidence...
August 24, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Susan M Havercamp, Rosalind Gjessing, Cara N Whalen Smith
The Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) is an evidence-based program that is affective in managing chronic conditions and improving health outcomes in diverse populations; however, the program may not effectively reach the Deaf community. Deafness is associated with chronic health conditions and low health literacy, making a health education program such as CDSMP a good fit for this population. This study adapted and evaluated CDSMP in American Sign Language (ASL). The aims of this study were to (1) adapt the CDSMP curriculum for Deaf participants; (2) evaluate the program fidelity, participant satisfaction, and qualitative feedback; and (3) provide recommendations for improving the accessibility of CDSMP for the Deaf community...
August 22, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Dale Ainsworth, Julie A Chesley
Coalitions implementing health promotion initiatives are composed of organizations that collaborate with one another. However, organizations do not collaborate; rather it is people representing organizations that make partnerships happen, and some collaborators are more effective than others. The way organizations are designed markedly influences the manner in which collaborators represent their organizations in coalitions. In this study, we explore how organizations are designed to support effective collaboration...
August 22, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Stephanie T Broyles, Elizabeth A Gollub, Allison Tohme, Peter T Katzmarzyk
There is increasing recognition that community-based approaches may have merit in improving physical activity and healthy eating behaviors. The "Challenge for a Healthier Louisiana" program supported twelve projects that addressed the root causes of obesity through integrated community-level changes. Partnerships provided community-based obesity prevention by promoting healthier eating and/or physical activity through enhanced infrastructure, policy changes, and programming. To evaluate whether the program resulted in changes in healthy eating and/or physical activity among adults, surveys were conducted pre- and postintervention among participants...
August 22, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Any'e Carson, Heidi L Hancher-Rauch, Yordanos Gebru
The purpose of this article is to provide public health organizations and practitioners a guide for organizing an advocacy summit to develop and practice advocacy skills. Further development of advocacy skills in current and prospective public health practitioners is vital in improving health outcomes among communities creating sustainable change. Though many approaches are available to help students and professionals acquire advocacy skills, an engaging real-life event such as the advocacy summit described within this commentary can be highly beneficial for both novice and seasoned advocates...
August 22, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Judy Kruger, Brenda Chen, Suzanne Heitfeld, Lauren Witbart, Crystal Bruce, Dana L Pitts
This study assessed adults' perceptions toward preparedness to better inform emergency planning efforts for households and communities. The 2016 Styles, an Internet panel survey, was used to assess emergency preparedness competencies. Descriptive analyses were performed to describe the sociodemographic factors by preparedness status. Multivariable logistic regressions were used to examine the association between perceived preparedness and characteristics associated with preparedness attitudes, motivators, and barriers...
August 20, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Abby L Gold, Keith Bennett, Rick J Jansen, Amy R Mobley, Sandra B Procter, Carol Smathers, Dawn Contreras, Paula Peters, Ann Keim, Renee Oscarson
This research examines the practice of community coaching within coalitions in the Communities Preventing Childhood Obesity project. A quasi-experimental design was used in seven Midwestern states. Each state selected two rural, low-income communities with functioning health coalitions. Coalitions were randomly assigned to be intervention or comparison communities. After 4 years of the coaching intervention, ripple effect mapping served as one method for examining the coalitions' work that may affect children's weight status...
August 17, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Susannah Spratt, Margaret Stewart, Samantha R Paige, Michael Stellefson
The hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a preventable infection that can lead to chronic HBV and liver cancer without timely detection and treatment. The Hepatitis B Foundation is a national organization that helps coordinate local coalitions that work at the community level. The Hepatitis B Foundation website ( ) serves as an interactive, educational website for patients, informal caregivers (e.g., family members), physicians, and community stakeholders such as local/regional health organizations and community coalitions...
August 15, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
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