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Health Promotion Practice

Lisa G Yazel-Smith, Julie Pike, Dustin Lynch, Courtney Moore, Kathryn Haberlin, Jennifer Taylor, Tamara S Hannon
BACKGROUND: The obesity epidemic has led to an increase in prediabetes in youth, causing a serious public health concern. Education on diabetes risk and initiation of lifestyle change are the primary treatment modalities. There are few existing age-appropriate health education tools to address diabetes prevention for high-risk youth. AIM: To develop an age-appropriate health education tool(s) to help youth better understand type 2 diabetes risk factors and the reversibility of risk...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Mads Christensen, Viola Burau, Loni Ledderer
Intersectoral health promotion (IHP) has pushed health professions to engage in new tasks and interprofessional ways of working. We studied how care assistants from a nursing home and school teachers implemented a cookery project targeted at children ("Cool Beans") as an example of an IHP project in Denmark. Our aim was to examine the impact of the IHP project on the practices of the professions involved. We used a qualitative case study to investigate joint care and teaching situations with the two professions and their users...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Ashley Singleton, Regena Spratling
Historically, African Americans (AAs) have been underrepresented as blood donors. Having a lack of racially diverse blood donors contributes to transfusion complications, particularly in patients with sickle cell disease, who are both disproportionately AA and the recipients of frequent transfusions. Increasing AA blood donation is a complex public health issue. This review article serves to fill a gap in translating research regarding known hindrances and facilitators of AA blood donation to improve real-world donation practice and ultimately, patient outcomes...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Yamile Molina, Cindy San Miguel, Stephanie Sanz, Liliana San Miguel, Kristin Rankin, Arden Handler
Understanding how safety net programs adapt to systemic health care changes is pivotal for creating feasible recommendations for policy implementation. This study characterizes perspectives of Lead Agency (LA) coordinators of the Illinois Breast and Cervical Cancer Program (IBCCP) in response to sociopolitical changes at state and national levels. Our cross-sectional study included 29 semistructured telephone interviews between December 2015 and January 2016. Respondents indicated some changes in the priority population served, changes in referrals and clinical services, and, a continued commitment to IBCCP...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Jessica E Ramsay, Mary R Janevic, Cainnear K Hogan, Dominique L Edwards, Cathleen M Connell
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. African Americans and people of low socioeconomic status suffer disproportionately from heart disease-related morbidity and mortality. In Detroit, Michigan, a primarily African American and low-income urban area, heart disease mortality is at twice the national rate. Despite evidence for the effectiveness of self-management support interventions in reducing chronic disease burden for older adults, few are adapted for communities most in need...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Sandra Young, Norma Gomez, Annette E Maxwell
Originating from one of the poorest areas in Mexico, Mixtecs are one of the largest indigenous groups of workers in California. Providing health education to this group is challenging because many do not speak English or Spanish, and indigenous languages are mainly oral, not written. We explored the feasibility of conveying health information through the radio and in promotora-led workshops. The study included an evaluation of the workshops through surveys before the workshop and 4 to 6 months later in a subsample of 96 indigenous women...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Cheryl Holly, Sallie Porter, Mary Kamienski, Aubrianne Lim
BACKGROUND: Nearly 1,300 children in the United States die because of firearm-related injury each year and another 5,790 survive gunshot wounds, making the prevention of firearm-related unintentional injury to children of vital importance to families, health professionals, and policy makers. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence on school-based and community-based gun safety programs for children aged 3 to 18 years. STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Tashara M Leak, Taylor A Aasand, Zata Vickers, Marla Reicks
The purpose of this study was to understand adolescents' from low-income households perceptions of their involvement in home food preparation, reasons underlying the extent to which they were involved, and positive and negative consequences associated with their involvement. Semistructured interviews were conducted with a convenience sample of 19 adolescents (13-18 years). Audio-recorded interviews were transcribed verbatim. Themes were identified using grounded theory and the constant comparative method. Eight adolescents described cooking as a primary responsibility due to adult work and family schedules, age, gender, and/or cultural expectations...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Heather J-M Diaz, Dale Ainsworth, Mathew C Schmidtlein
The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 mandated nonprofit hospitals to complete community health needs assessments (CHNAs) every 3 years to identify priority health needs for the community they serve. The CHNA must include input from the community in the determination of health needs. Large variation exists across CHNAs on methods used in the integration of quantitative and qualitative data both in the determination and prioritization of health needs and those needs chosen by the hospital for community benefit funding...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Borja Jurio-Iriarte, Sara Maldonado-Martín
The goal of the study was to compare the effects of two supervised aerobic exercise programs (moderate-intensity continuous training [MICT] vs. high-intensity interval training [HIIT]) after 8-, 12-, and 16-week intervention periods on cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in overweight/obese adults diagnosed with hypertension. Participants ( N = 64) were divided into three intervention cohorts (control group [CG], MICT, and HIIT) and each of these, in turn, into three intervention length cohorts (8, 12, and 16 weeks)...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Anamica Batra, Richard C Palmer, Elena Bastida, H Virginia McCoy, Hafiz M R Khan
OBJECTIVE: In 2015, only half (48%) of older adults in the United States (≥60 years) reported engaging in any kind of physical activity. Few studies examine the impact of evidence-based programs when adopted in community-based settings. The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of EnhanceFitness (EF) upto 12-months. METHOD: EF was offered to older adults in South Florida. A total of 222 EF classes were offered between October 2008 and December 2014...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Reina Doyle, Karen Albright, Laura P Hurley, Catia Chávez, Melanie Stowell, Suzanne Dircksen, Edward P Havranek, Mark Anderson
INTRODUCTION: This study investigated participants' acceptance of a short messaging service (SMS) intervention designed to support asthma management, including suggestions regarding program delivery and message content. METHODS: Individual and group interviews were conducted with patients from a safety-net health care system in Denver, Colorado. Eligible participants were English or Spanish speakers between the ages of 13 and 40 years, with diagnosed persistent asthma...
May 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Grant R Martsolf, Jennifer Sloan, Antonia Villarruel, Diana Mason, Cheryl Sullivan
In this study, we explore the experiences of innovative nurses who have developed cross-sector collaborations toward promoting a culture of health, with the aim of identifying lessons that can inform similar efforts of other health care professionals. We used a mixed-methods approach based on data from both an online survey and telephone interviews. A majority of the participants had significant collaborations with health care providers and non-health care providers. Strong partners included mental health providers, specialists, and primary care providers on the health side, and for non-health partners, the strongest collaborations were with community leaders, research institutions, and local businesses...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Victoria Orrego Dunleavy, Elena Chudnovskaya, Jazmyne Vanecia Simmons
BACKGROUND: HIV is one of the primary causes of death in Guatemala, and during the period 2005 to 2013, Guatemala exhibited a 95% increase in such deaths. HIV transmission rates are nearly 3 times higher among the indigenous Mayan population than nonindigenous Guatemalans. Guided by the community-based participatory research approach, this article demonstrates the iterative formative research process necessary to develop a deeper and more informed understanding of HIV prevention attitudes and behaviors in the priority population...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Julie Y Takishima-Lacasa, Velma A Kameoka
Epidemiological data suggest that Native Hawaiian, Pacific Islander, and Asian American (NHPIA) adolescent females in Hawai'i are at elevated risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). These data also indicate that teen girls in Hawai'i are more likely to engage in high-risk sexual behaviors than boys. Despite this compelling evidence, there is a paucity of published research on effective STI prevention protocols that target NHPIA female adolescents. In light of this need, the purpose of this study was to adapt an evidence-based, group-level STI behavioral prevention intervention targeting local NHPIA adolescent girls in Hawai'i for implementation by community-based organizations (CBOs)...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Lauren Walter, Kelly Dumke, Ariana Oliva, Emily Caesar, Zoë Phillips, Nathan Lehman, Linda Aragon, Paul Simon, Tony Kuo
Efforts to reverse the obesity epidemic require policy, systems, and environmental (PSE) change strategies. Despite the availability of evidence-based and other promising PSE interventions, limited evidence exists on the "how-to" of transitioning them into practice. For the past 13 years, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health has been building capacity among community residents and other stakeholders to create effective community coalitions and to implement well-designed policy strategy campaigns using an evidence-based approach to policy change, the policy adoption model (PAM)...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Samantha R Paige, David R Black, Marifran Mattson, Daniel C Coster, Michael Stellefson
Plain language techniques are health literacy universal precautions intended to enhance health care system navigation and health outcomes. Physical activity (PA) is a popular topic on the Internet, yet it is unknown if information is communicated in plain language. This study examined how plain language techniques are included in PA websites, and if the use of plain language techniques varies according to search procedures (keyword, search engine) and website host source (government, commercial, educational/organizational)...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Camelia Singletary, Marquivieus Wright, Anthony Crimarco, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Trisha Mandes, Delia Smith West, Sara Wilcox, Clemens Drenowatz, Andrew Hester, Matthew J McGrievy
BACKGROUND: Wearable physical activity (PA) trackers are becoming increasingly popular for intervention and assessment in health promotion research and practice. The purpose of this article is to present lessons learned from four studies that used commercial PA tracking devices for PA intervention or assessment, present issues encountered with their use, and provide guidelines for determining which tools to use. METHOD: Four case studies are presented that used PA tracking devices (iBitz, Zamzee, FitBit Flex and Zip, Omron Digital Pedometer, Sensewear Armband, and MisFit Flash) in the field-two used the tools for intervention and two used the tools as assessment methods...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Javier H Ospina, Toshiko A Langford, Kimberly L Henry, Tristan Q Nelson
Despite the value of community health worker programs, such as Promotores de Salud, for addressing health disparities in the Latino community, little consensus has been reached to formally define the unique roles and duties associated with the job, thereby creating unique job training challenges. Understanding the job tasks and worker attributes central to this work is a critical first step for developing the training and evaluation systems of promotores programs. Here, we present the process and findings of a job analysis conducted for promotores working for Planned Parenthood...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Shilpa Krishnan, Monique R Pappadis, Ray Runo, James E Graham
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the experiences and needs of older adults during and following Hurricane Ike. METHOD: Two focus group interviews were conducted among older adults who lived in or around Galveston Island before Hurricane Ike. Nine older adults (six women and three men) participated in two focus group sessions. These qualitative interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and analyzed using thematic content analyses. RESULTS: The findings of this study reveal the need for continuity in health care services, medications, psychological support, social and family support, community-level services, and information among older adults...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
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