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Health Promotion Practice

Stephen Fawcett, Jose Torres, Lucia Jones, Molly Moffett, Karole Bradford, Mariana Ramirez Mantilla, Ana Paula Cupertino, Johana Bravo de Los Rios, Vicki Collie-Akers
Although the importance of health care access is widely acknowledged, less is known about how partnerships can help assure access to quality health services for those experiencing health inequities. This report describes implementation of collaborative efforts through the Health Access Committee of the Latino Health for All Coalition (Wyandotte County/Kansas City, Kansas) to address its three goal areas (1) improving cultural competence through organizational change, (2) improving access to quality health services through access to diabetes prevention services, and (3) improving access and linkage to care via enrollment in health insurance...
July 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Charlotte V Farewell, Jini Puma, Mondi A Mason, Paula Peirce, Michele Shimomura, Megan Harms
Early childhood obesity is at epidemic proportions. Early child care providers have a unique opportunity to instill healthy eating and active living behaviors in children that can foster lifelong health. Academic-community partnerships that involve collaborations between child care centers, local public health departments, and universities provide one avenue to strengthening healthy eating and active living-related knowledge and skills among early child care providers. This quality improvement pilot intervention, titled Healthy Child Care Makes a Healthy Start, is one example of this type of collaboration...
July 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Mollie E Aleshire, Kristin Ashford, Amanda Fallin-Bennett, Jennifer Hatcher
The purpose of this article is to review the current literature describing primary care providers' (PCPs) attitudes related to lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer/questioning (LGBTQ) people. LGBTQ individuals experience significant health disparities, and these inequities may be better understood via an ecological systems framework. PCPs' actual or perceived discriminatory attitudes can lead to suboptimal treatment or health outcomes for LGBTQ people. A review of the literature from 2005 through January 2017 was completed using the Cumulative Index for Nursing and Allied Health Literature and PubMed (Medline) databases...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Kristi Rahrig Jenkins, Nour Fakhoury, Caroline R Richardson, Michelle Segar, Erin Krupka, Jeffrey Kullgren
BACKGROUND: Many employers now incentivize employees to engage in wellness programs, yet few studies have examined differences in preferences for incentivizing participation in healthy behaviors and wellness programs. METHOD: We surveyed 2,436 employees of a large university about their preferences for incentivizing participation in different types of healthy behaviors and then used multivariable logistic regression to estimate associations between employees' socioeconomic and demographic characteristics and their preferences for incentives for engaging in healthy behaviors...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Echezona E Ezeanolue, Jennifer R Pharr, Dina V Patel, Chinenye O Ezeanolue, Michael C Obiefune, Amaka G Ogidi, John E Ehiri
A theoretical framework serves as a roadmap for the implementation and application of a complex, health promotion intervention; is used to test hypotheses; and guides analysis and evaluation of the intervention. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how a theoretical framework was developed and used to guide the implementation of Healthy Beginning Initiative (HBI) to promote uptake of HIV services in a low-income country. We used the guide for developing a theoretical framework published in Health Promotion Practice...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Kristy J Sherrer, Michael L Prelip
The purpose of this article is to describe how a multifaceted approach to career and professional development training, focused on core competencies, student-driven programming, inter and multidisciplinary collaboration, and cultivating a community of insight and support, is being implemented by a university Public Health Career Services office with limited staff and resources and to share these practices for other public health programs to scale this approach to their own students' needs. The design of the career and professional development training program comprised five main approaches: (1) one-on-one career counseling, (2) peer-to-peer learning workshops, (3) community partnerships and experiential opportunities, (4) student-driven programming, and (5) accessible training and digital resources...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Monisha Arya, Haley G Marek, Rachel E Marren, Vagish Hemmige, Richard L Street, Thomas P Giordano
INTRODUCTION: Despite national recommendations, routine opt-out HIV testing has not been widely adopted by physicians. Guided by previous research on physician barriers to HIV testing, we developed a physician-targeted video to promote routine opt-out HIV screening. The objective of this study was to evaluate this video intervention. METHODS: From June to July 2016, physicians in two primary care clinics completed an online survey prior to and after watching the video...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Rebecca Berman, Kim Weber Yorga, Jeanelle Sheeder
Group prenatal care (GPNC) is an alternative model to traditional individual care and may improve public health outcomes. Prior studies suggest that interest in GPNC varies widely and few studies have examined characteristics predictive of interest in this model. The purpose of this study was to inform GPNC recruitment efforts by examining likelihood of participation delineated by characteristics and GPNC perceptions. Pregnant participants received information about GPNC then completed a survey measuring demographic, psychosocial, and reproductive characteristics, likelihood to participate in GPNC, and factors influencing selections...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Christopher M Seitz, Thomas L Ragsdale
A common approach to enforcing a university smoke-free policy is through "community-based" enforcement, in which the entire campus community is responsible for asking smokers in violation to abide by the policy. The purpose of the study was to explore university students' experiences with this strategy of enforcing a smoke-free policy. A total of 43 undergraduate students were interviewed regarding their experiences and opinions of community enforcement. The interviews were transcribed and analyzed using phenomenological methods, in which six major themes emerged from the data: Fear (alarm that smokers might respond with verbal insults or physical violence), Situational (enforcing the policy depended on violators' distance, group settings, strangers vs...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Anne Elizabeth Glassgow, Yamile Molina, Sage Kim, Richard T Campbell, Julie Darnell, Elizabeth A Calhoun
BACKGROUND: Patient navigation is a practice strategy to address barriers to timely diagnosis and treatment of cancer. The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of varying intensities of patient navigation and timely diagnostic resolution after abnormal mammography. METHOD: This is a secondary analysis of a subset of women with an abnormal screening or diagnostic mammogram who participated in the "patient navigation in medically underserved areas" 5-year randomized trial...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Aaron Plant, Jorge A Montoya, Emerald G Snow, Karin Coyle, Cornelis Rietmeijer
Older adolescent African American and Latina females have disproportionately high rates of unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). This article describes the development of a new video intervention for this population, modeled on Safe in the City (SITC), an evidence-based STI prevention video. Plan A was created from 2015 to 2016, using a systematic process similar to SITC. This included forming a project team with reproductive health experts, hiring a video production company and screenwriter, conducting a clinic staff survey (n = 8), and soliciting priority population input using three focus groups (n = 41) followed by a review panel (n = 9)...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Kelcy McNally, Laura Lee Noonan, Marguerite Cameron, Karen Phillips, Shamara Baidoobonso, David Sabapathy
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a population-based, public education campaign designed to increase awareness of the Canadian Low-Risk Alcohol Drinking Guidelines (LRDG). METHOD: A province-wide mass media campaign was introduced. To measure campaign effectiveness, we completed a cross-sectional study using pre- and postcampaign surveys. Measurements included awareness of the LRDG, specific knowledge of the LRDG, and beliefs toward drinking and behavior change...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Acadia Webber
The South Dakota Healthy Vending & Snack Bar Toolkit is a document designed by the South Dakota Department of Health (SD DOH) Office of Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion as part of a 5-year policy project to increase healthy food and beverage choices in vending machines, snack bars, and cafeterias in South Dakota. The toolkit includes guidelines, steps, and tools for businesses to implement the Healthy Vending and Snack Bar (HVSB) Policy. Although the toolkit was prepared as part of a policy project that ran from July 1, 2015 to June 30, 2016, the toolkit's guidelines and templates remain relevant to anyone interested in an improved approach to healthy food and beverage options...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Louis D Brown, Joseph C Berryhill, Eric C Jones
Media coverage of mental health and other social issues often relies on episodic narratives that suggest individualistic causes and solutions, while reinforcing negative stereotypes. Community narratives can provide empowering alternatives, serving as media advocacy tools used to shape the policy debate on a social issue. This article provides health promotion researchers and practitioners with guidance on how to develop and disseminate community narratives to broaden awareness of social issues and build support for particular programs and policy solutions...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Omonyêlé L Adjognon, Jennifer L Sullivan, Ann Hendricks, Carol VanDeusen Lukas
With the increased use of multisite evaluation and implementation studies in health care, our team of evaluators reflects on our evaluation of a large-scale multiyear geriatric and extended care program implementation. We share lessons from conducting multiple rounds of data collection, analyses, and reporting. We also identify some key factors that can facilitate or hinder multisite evaluation efforts involving programs with different models of implementation. This article strives to improve the quality of large-scale evaluations of health programs implementation...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Jessica Deas, Sandra J Bean, Iva Sokolovska, Charlie Fautin
We sought to examine parent vaccine information sources and to understand vaccine beliefs and concerns of a representative sample of Oregon parents from an area where low vaccination levels occur. We hoped to understand how these beliefs affect pediatric vaccine uptake and to inform efforts to shift vaccine-hesitant habits toward a norm of full vaccination. Oregon still permits nonmedical exemptions. We passively recruited parents of children ages 0 to 13 years, then divided them into focus groups by stance-whether vaccine-accepting or -hesitant...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Carol Strike, Tara Marie Watson
Needle and syringe programs (NSPs) are key public health and HIV prevention programs. We sought to compare over time the quality of relationships between NSPs and police, and implementation of best practices. We conducted cross-sectional surveys in 2008 ( n = 32) and 2015 ( n = 28) with NSP managers in Ontario, Canada. Participants were recruited via e-mail to complete an online survey. Over the period studied, self-reported quality of NSP-police relationships did not change-roughly two thirds of NSP managers reported a positive/mostly positive relationship...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Kristen E Ortega
In this Career Development commentary, the author highlights the value of tailored mentoring and experiential learning from the perspective of a first-generation college student. University faculty and practitioners in diverse settings have the opportunity to mentor emerging public health professionals but may not have experience mentoring first-generation college students. We hope that this commentary encourages our readers to reflect on mentoring strategies, opportunities, and benefits for first-generation college students...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Michael Stellefson, Samantha R Paige, Julia M Alber, Margaret Stewart
People living with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) commonly report feelings of loneliness and social isolation due to lack of support from family, friends, and health care providers. COPD360social is an interactive and disease-specific online community and social network dedicated to connecting people living with COPD to evidence-based resources. Through free access to collaborative forums, members can explore, engage, and discuss an array of disease-related topics, such as symptom management. This social media review provides an overview of COPD360social, specifically its features that practitioners can leverage to facilitate patient-provider communication, knowledge translation, and community building...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
Tamara Vehige Calise, Wendy Chow, Amanda Ryder, Chloe Wingerter
Understanding social inequalities in terms of neighborhood characteristics and the context to which individuals belong is important for reducing disparities. This article describes how perceptions of food access are related to three physical and social environmental factors: perceived neighborhood walkability, safety, and social cohesion. A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a random sample of 1,500 households in Springfield, Missouri. The main outcome measures were ease of purchase; availability of a large selection and quality; and affordability of fresh fruits and vegetables (FVs) and low-fat products (LFPs)...
June 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
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